Text: H.R.2333 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)

Text available as:

  • TXT
  • PDF (PDF provides a complete and accurate display of this text.) Tip?

Shown Here:
Enrolled Bill

 
[Congressional Bills 103th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 2333 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

<DOC>

        H.R.2333

                       One Hundred Third Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
 the twenty-fifth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-
                                  four


                                 An Act

  
 
  To authorize appropriations for the Department of State, the United 
States Informa-


       tion Agency, and related agencies, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.

            TITLE I_DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCIES

                 Part A_Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Administration of foreign affairs.
Sec. 102. International organizations, programs, and conferences.
Sec. 103. International commissions.
Sec. 104. Migration and refugee assistance.
Sec. 105. Other programs.
Sec. 106. United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

                    Part B_Authorities and Activities

Sec. 121. Authorized strength of the Foreign Service.
Sec. 122. Transfers and reprogrammings.
Sec. 123. Expenses relating to certain international claims and 
          proceedings.
Sec. 124. Child care facilities at certain posts abroad.
Sec. 125. Emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service.
Sec. 126. Role of the National Foreign Affairs Training Center.
Sec. 127. Consular authorities.
Sec. 128. Report on consolidation of administrative operations.
Sec. 129. Facilitating access to the Department of State building.
Sec. 130. Report on safety and security of United States personnel in 
          Sarajevo.
Sec. 131. Passport security.
Sec. 132. Record of place of birth for Taiwanese-Americans.
Sec. 133. Terrorism rewards and reports.
Sec. 134. Property agreements.
Sec. 135. Capital investment fund.
Sec. 136. Fees for commercial services.
Sec. 137. Personal services contracts abroad.
Sec. 138. Publishing international agreements.
Sec. 139. Repeal of reporting requirements.
Sec. 140. Visas.
Sec. 141. Local guard contracts abroad.
Sec. 142. Women's human rights protection.

                 Part C_Department of State Organization

Sec. 161. Organization of the Department of State.
Sec. 162. Technical and conforming amendments.
Sec. 163. Director General of the Foreign Service.
Sec. 164. Administrative expenses.

                            Part D_Personnel


                       SUBPART 1_GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 171. Labor-management relations.
Sec. 172. Waiver of limitation for certain claims for personal property 
          damage or loss.
Sec. 173. Senior Foreign Service performance pay.
Sec. 174. Reassignment and retirement of former presidential appointees.
Sec. 175. Report on classification of Senior Foreign Service positions.
Sec. 176. Allowances.
Sec. 177. Grievances.
Sec. 178. Mid-level women and minority placement program.
Sec. 179. Employment assistance referral system for certain members of 
          the Foreign Service.
Sec. 180. United States citizens hired abroad.
Sec. 181. Reduction in force authority with regard to certain members of 
          the Foreign Service.
Sec. 182. Restoration of withheld benefits.


     SUBPART 2_FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMPETENCE WITHIN THE FOREIGN SERVICE

Sec. 191. Foreign language competence within the Foreign Service.
Sec. 192. Designation of Foreign Language Resources Coordinator.
Sec. 193. Foreign language services.

TITLE II_UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND CULTURAL PROGRAMS

                 Part A_Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

       Part B_USIA and Related Agencies Authorities and Activities

Sec. 221. USIA office in Lhasa, Tibet.
Sec. 222. Changes in administrative authorities.
Sec. 223. Employment authority.
Sec. 224. Buying power maintenance account.
Sec. 225. Contract authority.
Sec. 226. United States transmitter in Kuwait.
Sec. 227. Fulbright-Hays Act Authorities.
Sec. 228. Separate ledger accounts for NED grantees.
Sec. 229. Coordination of United States exchange programs.
Sec. 230. Limitation concerning participation in international 
          expositions.
Sec. 231. Private sector opportunities.
Sec. 232. Authority to respond to public inquiries.
Sec. 233. Technical amendment relating to Near and Middle East research 
          and training.
Sec. 234. Distribution within the United States of certain materials of 
          the United States Information Agency.
Sec. 235. American studies collections.
Sec. 236. Educational and cultural exchanges with Tibet.
Sec. 237. Scholarships for East Timorese students.
Sec. 238. Cambodian scholarship and exchange programs.
Sec. 239. Increasing African participation in USIA exchange programs.
Sec. 240. Environment and sustainable development exchange program.
Sec. 241. South Pacific exchange programs.
Sec. 242. International exchange programs involving disability related 
          matters.

                    Part C_Mike Mansfield Fellowships

Sec. 251. Short title.
Sec. 252. Establishment of fellowship program.
Sec. 253. Program requirements.
Sec. 254. Separation of Government personnel during the fellowships.
Sec. 255. Mansfield Fellows on detail from Government service.
Sec. 256. Liability for repayments.
Sec. 257. Definitions.

         TITLE III_UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACT

Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Congressional findings and declaration of purposes.
Sec. 303. Standards and principles.
Sec. 304. Establishment of broadcasting Board of Governors.
Sec. 305. Authorities of the Board.
Sec. 306. Foreign policy guidance.
Sec. 307. International Broadcasting Bureau.
Sec. 308. Limits on grants for Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty.
Sec. 309. Radio Free Asia.
Sec. 310. Transition.
Sec. 311. Preservation of American jobs.
Sec. 312. Privatization of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty.
Sec. 313. Requirement for authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 314. Definitions.
Sec. 315. Technical and conforming amendments.

                  TITLE IV_INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

        Part A_United Nations Reform and Peacekeeping Operations

Sec. 401. United Nations Office of Inspector General.
Sec. 402. United States participation in management of the United 
          Nations.
Sec. 403. Sense of the Senate on Department of Defense funding for 
          United Nations peacekeeping operations.
Sec. 404. Assessed contributions for United Nations peacekeeping 
          operations.
Sec. 405. United States personnel taken prisoner while serving in 
          multinational forces.
Sec. 406. Transmittals of certain United Nations documents.
Sec. 407. Consultations and reports.
Sec. 408. Transfers of excess defense articles for international 
          peacekeeping operations.
Sec. 409. Reform in budget decisionmaking procedures of the United 
          Nations and its specialized agencies.
Sec. 410. Limitation on contributions to the United Nations and 
          affiliated organizations.
Sec. 411. United Nations Security Council membership.
Sec. 412. Reforms in the World Health Organization.
Sec. 413. Reforms in the Food and Agriculture Organization.
Sec. 414. Sense of Congress regarding adherence to United Nations 
          Charter.
Sec. 415. Designated congressional committees.

     Part B_General Provisions and Other International Organizations

Sec. 421. Agreement on State and local taxation.
Sec. 422. Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
Sec. 423. International Boundary and Water Commission.
Sec. 424. United States membership in the Asian-Pacific Economic 
          Cooperation Organization.
Sec. 425. United States membership in the International Copper Study 
          Group.
Sec. 426. Extension of the International Organizations Immunities Act to 
          the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural 
          Resources.
Sec. 427. Inter-American organizations.
Sec. 428. Prohibition on contributions to the International Coffee 
          Organization.
Sec. 429. Prohibition on contributions to the International Jute 
          Organization.
Sec. 430. Migration and refugee amendments.
Sec. 431. Withholding of United States contributions for certain 
          programs of international organizations.

                         TITLE V_FOREIGN POLICY

                        Part A_General Provisions

Sec. 501. United States policy concerning overseas assistance to 
          refugees and displaced persons.
Sec. 502. Interparliamentary exchanges.
Sec. 503. Food as a human right.
Sec. 504. Transparency in armaments.
Sec. 505. Sense of the Senate concerning Inspector General Act.
Sec. 506. Torture convention implementation.
Sec. 507. United States policy concerning Iraq.
Sec. 508. High-level visits to Taiwan.
Sec. 509. Transfer of certain obsolete or surplus defense articles in 
          the War Reserve Allies Stockpile to the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 510. Extension of the Fair Trade in Auto Parts Act of 1988.
Sec. 511. Report on the use of foreign frozen or blocked assets.
Sec. 512. Extension of certain adjudication provisions.
Sec. 513. Policy regarding the conditions which the Government of the 
          People's Republic of China should meet to continue to receive 
          nondiscriminatory most-favored-nation treatment.
Sec. 514. Implementation of Partnership for Peace.
Sec. 515. Policy toward Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, and Burma.
Sec. 516. Peace process in Northern Ireland.
Sec. 517. Policy with respect to the establishment of an international 
          criminal court.
Sec. 518. International criminal court participation.
Sec. 519. Protection of first and fourth amendment rights.
Sec. 520. Policy on termination of United States arms embargo.
Sec. 521. Sense of Senate on relations with Vietnam.
Sec. 522. Report on sanctions on Vietnam.
Sec. 523. Report on People's Mujaheddin of Iran.
Sec. 524. Amendments to the PLO Commitments Compliance Act.
Sec. 525. Free trade in ideas.
Sec. 526. Embargo against Cuba.
Sec. 527. Expropriation of United States property.
Sec. 528. Report on Russian military operations in the independent 
          states of the former Soviet Union.
Sec. 529. United States policy on North Korea.
Sec. 530. Enforcement of nonproliferation treaties.
Sec. 531. Taiwan.
Sec. 532. Waiver of sanctions with respect to the Federal Republic of 
          Yugoslavia to promote democracy abroad.
Sec. 533. Freedom of information exemption for certain Open Skies Treaty 
          data.
Sec. 534. Effectiveness of democracy programs.
Sec. 535. Sense of Congress concerning United States citizens victimized 
          by Germany during World War II.
Sec. 536. Reporting requirements on occupied Tibet.

                        Part B_Spoils of War Act

Sec. 551. Short title.
Sec. 552. Transfers of spoils of war.
Sec. 553. Prohibition on transfers to countries which support terrorism.
Sec. 554. Report on previous transfers.
Sec. 555. Definitions.
Sec. 556. Construction.

                 Part C_Anti-Economic Discrimination Act

Sec. 561. Short title.
Sec. 562. Israel's diplomatic status.
Sec. 563. Policy on Middle East arms sales.
Sec. 564. Prohibition on certain sales and leases.
Sec. 565. Prohibition on discriminatory contracts.

                Part D_The Cambodian Genocide Justice Act

Sec. 571. Short title.
Sec. 572. Policy.
Sec. 573. Establishment of State Department Office.
Sec. 574. Reporting requirement.

                  Part E_Middle East Peace Facilitation

Sec. 581. Short title.
Sec. 582. Findings.
Sec. 583. Authority to suspend certain provisions.

                          TITLE VI_PEACE CORPS

Sec. 601. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 602. Amendments to the Peace Corps Act.

                         TITLE VII_ARMS CONTROL

          Part A_Arms Control and Nonproliferation Act of 1994-

Sec. 701. Short title; references in part; table of contents.
Sec. 702. Congressional declarations; purpose.
Sec. 703. Purposes.
Sec. 704. Repeals.
Sec. 705. Director.
Sec. 706. Bureaus, offices, and divisions.
Sec. 707. Scientific and Policy Advisory Committee.
Sec. 708. Presidential Special Representatives.
Sec. 709. Policy formulation.
Sec. 710. Negotiation management.
Sec. 711. Report on measures to coordinate research and development.
Sec. 712. Verification of compliance.
Sec. 713. Negotiating records.
Sec. 714. Authorities with respect to nonproliferation matters.
Sec. 715. Appointment and compensation of personnel.
Sec. 716. Security requirements.
Sec. 717. Reports.
Sec. 718. Funding.
Sec. 719. Conforming amendments.

            Part B_Amendments to the Arms Export Control Act

Sec. 731. Limitation on authority to transfer excess defense articles.
Sec. 732. Reports under the Arms Export Control Act.
Sec. 733. Prohibition on incentive payments under the Arms Export 
          Control Act.
Sec. 734. Missile technology exports to certain Middle Eastern and Asian 
          countries.
Sec. 735. Notification of Congress on certain events involving the 
          Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
Sec. 736. Control of reexports to terrorist countries.

             TITLE VIII_NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION PREVENTION ACT

Sec. 801. Short title.

                   Part A_Reporting on Nuclear Exports

Sec. 811. Reports to Congress.

               Part B_Sanctions for Nuclear Proliferation

Sec. 821. Imposition of sanction procurement on persons engaging in 
          export activities that contribute to proliferation.
Sec. 822. Eligibility for assistance.
Sec. 823. Role of international financial institutions.
Sec. 824. Prohibition on assisting nuclear proliferation through the 
          provision of financing.
Sec. 825. Export-Import Bank.
Sec. 826. Amendment to the Arms Export Control Act.
Sec. 827. Reward.
Sec. 828. Reports.
Sec. 829. Technical correction.
Sec. 830. Definitions.
Sec. 831. Effective date.

                Part C_International Atomic Energy Agency

Sec. 841. Bilateral and multilateral initiatives.
Sec. 842. IAEA internal reforms.
Sec. 843. Reporting requirement.
Sec. 844. Definitions.

                           Part D_Termination

Sec. 851. Termination upon enactment of next Foreign Relations Act.

    TITLE IX_COMMISSION ON PROTECTING AND REDUCING GOVERNMENT SECRECY

Sec. 901. Short title.
Sec. 902. Findings.
Sec. 903. Purpose.
Sec. 904. Composition of the Commission.
Sec. 905. Functions of the Commission.
Sec. 906. Powers of the Commission.
Sec. 907. Staff of the Commission.
Sec. 908. Compensation and travel expenses.
Sec. 909. Security clearances for Commission members and staff.
Sec. 910. Final report of Commission; termination.

            TITLE I_DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCIES

                 PART A_AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

SEC. 101. ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

    (a) In General._The following amounts are authorized to be 
appropriated for the Department of State under ``Administration of 
Foreign Affairs'' to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and 
responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United 
States and for other purposes authorized by law, including the 
diplomatic security program:
        (1) Diplomatic and consular programs._For ``Diplomatic and 
    Consular Programs'', of the Department of State $1,704,589,000 for 
    the fiscal year 1994 and $1,781,139,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (2) Salaries and expenses._For ``Salaries and Expenses'', of 
    the Department of State $396,722,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and 
    $391,373,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (3) Acquisition and maintenance of buildings abroad._For 
    ``Acquisition and Maintenance of Buildings Abroad'', $381,481,000 
    for the fiscal year 1994 and $309,760,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (4) Representation allowances._For ``Representation 
    Allowances'', $4,780,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and $4,780,000 
    for the fiscal year 1995.
        (5) Emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service._For 
    ``Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service'', $7,805,000 
    for the fiscal 1994 and $6,500,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (6) Office of the inspector general._For ``Office of the 
    Inspector General'', $23,469,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and 
    $23,798,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (7) Payment to the american institute in taiwan._For ``Payment 
    to the American Institute in Taiwan'', $15,165,000 for the fiscal 
    year 1994 and $15,465,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (8) Protection of foreign missions and officials._For 
    ``Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials'', $10,551,000 for 
    the fiscal year 1994 and $10,079,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (9) Repatriation loans._For ``Repatriation Loans'', $776,000 
    for the fiscal year 1994 and $776,000 for the fiscal year 1995, for 
    administrative expenses.
    (b) Limitations._
        (1) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for ``Salaries 
    and Expenses'' under subsection (a)(2) $500,000 is authorized to be 
    appropriated for the fiscal year 1994 and $500,000 for the fiscal 
    year 1995 for the Department of State for the recruitment of 
    Hispanic American students from United States institutions of 
    higher education with a high percentage enrollment of Hispanic 
    Americans and for the training of Hispanic Americans for careers in 
    the Foreign Service and in international affairs.
        (2) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
    ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'' under subsection (a)(1)_
            (A) $5,000,000 is authorized to be appropriated for each of 
        the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 for grants, contracts, and other 
        activities to conduct research and promote international 
        cooperation on environmental and other scientific issues;
            (B) $11,500,000 is authorized to be available for fiscal 
        year 1994 and $11,900,000 is authorized to be available for 
        fiscal year 1995, only for administrative expenses of the 
        bureau charged with carrying out the purposes of the Migration 
        and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962;
            (C) $700,000 is authorized to be appropriated for each of 
        the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to carry out the activities of 
        the Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy 
        established under title IX of this Act and such amounts under 
        this subparagraph are authorized to remain available until 
        expended; and
            (D) $400,000 is authorized to be appropriated for each of 
        the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to carry out the activities of 
        the Office of Cambodian Genocide Investigations established 
        under title 5 of this Act.
            (E) $2,000,000 is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
        year 1995 for computer upgrades for the Bureau of Intelligence 
        and Research.
        (3) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
    ``Acquisition and Maintenance of Buildings Abroad'' under 
    subsection (a)(3), $95,904,000 is authorized to be appropriated for 
    the fiscal year 1994 and $114,825,000 is authorized to be 
    appropriated for the fiscal year 1995 for Maintenance of Buildings 
    and Facility Rehabilitation.
        (4) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
    ``Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials'' in subsection 
    (a)(8)_
            (A) $940,000 is authorized to be available to reimburse the 
        City of Seattle and the State of Washington for security costs 
        associated with the Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation 
        conference held in Seattle in November 1993, on a one-time-only 
        basis, and for purposes of obligation and expenditure of 
        amounts under this subparagraph under Public Law 103-121 as 
        reimbursement for extraordinary protective services under 
        section 208 of title 3, United States Code, the limitations of 
        section 202(10) of title 3, United States Code (concerning 20 
        or more consulates), shall not apply; and
            (B) $1,000,000 is authorized to be available for fiscal 
        year 1995 to reimburse State and local government agencies for 
        security costs associated with the Western Hemisphere summit 
        scheduled to be held in Miami, Florida in December 1994.
    (c) Repeal._Effective October 1, 1995, section 401(a)(3) of the 
Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (Public Law 
99-399) is repealed.
    SEC. 102. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, PROGRAMS, AND CONFERENCES.
    (a) Assessed Contributions to International Organizations._There 
are authorized to be appropriated for ``Contributions to International 
Organizations'', $865,885,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and $873,222,000 
for the fiscal year 1995 for the Department of State to carry out the 
authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in the conduct of 
the foreign affairs of the United States with respect to international 
organizations and to carry out other authorities in law consistent with 
such purposes.
    (b) Assessed Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
Activities._There are authorized to be appropriated for ``Contributions 
for International Peacekeeping Activities'', $401,607,000 for the 
fiscal year 1994 and $510,204,000 for the fiscal year 1995 for the 
Department of State to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, 
and responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the 
United States with respect to international peacekeeping activities and 
to carry out other authorities in law consistent with such purposes.
    (c) Peacekeeping Operations._There are authorized to be 
appropriated for ``Peacekeeping Operations'', $75,623,000 for the 
fiscal year 1994 and $75,000,000 for the fiscal year 1995 for the 
Department of State to carry out section 551 of Public Law 87-195.
    (d) Supplemental Peacekeeping._In addition to amounts authorized to 
be appropriated for such purpose by subsection (b), there are 
authorized to be appropriated $670,000,000 for ``Assessed Contributions 
for International Peacekeeping Activities'' for the period beginning on 
the date of enactment of this Act and ending September 30, 1995.
    (e) International Conferences and Contingencies._There are 
authorized to be appropriated for ``International Conferences and 
Contingencies'', $6,000,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and $6,000,000 for 
the fiscal year 1995 for the Department of State to carry out the 
authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in the conduct of 
the foreign affairs of the United States with respect to international 
conferences and contingencies and to carry out other authorities in law 
consistent with such purposes.
    (f) Foreign Currency Exchange Rates._In addition to amounts 
otherwise authorized to be appropriated by subsections (a) and (b) of 
this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may 
be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to offset 
adverse fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. Amounts 
appropriated under this subsection shall be available for obligation 
and expenditure only to the extent that the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget determines and certifies to Congress that such 
amounts are necessary due to such fluctuations.
    (g) Withholding of Funds._Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the funds authorized to be appropriated for ``Contributions for 
International Organizations'' shall be reduced in the amount of 
$118,875,000 for each of the fiscal years 1994 and 1995, and for each 
year thereafter, unless the President certifies to the Speaker of the 
House of Representatives and the President of the Senate that no United 
States agency or United Nations affiliated agency grants any official 
status, accreditation, or recognition to any organization which 
promotes, condones, or seeks the legalization of pedophilia, or which 
includes as a subsidiary or member any such organization.

SEC. 103. INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated under 
``International Commissions'' for the Department of State to carry out 
the authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in the conduct 
of the foreign affairs of the United States and for other purposes 
authorized by law:
        (1) International boundary and water commission, united states 
    and mexico._For ``International Boundary and Water Commission, 
    United States and Mexico''_
            (A) for ``Salaries and Expenses'' $11,200,000 for the 
        fiscal year 1994 and $15,358,000 for the fiscal year 1995; and
            (B) for ``Construction'' $14,400,000 for the fiscal year 
        1994 and $10,398,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (2) International boundary commission, united states and 
    canada._For ``International Boundary Commission, United States and 
    Canada'', $740,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and $740,000 for the 
    fiscal year 1995.
        (3) International joint commission._For ``International Joint 
    Commission'', $3,550,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and $3,550,000 
    for the fiscal year 1995.
        (4) International fisheries commissions._For ``International 
    Fisheries Commissions'', $16,200,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and 
    $14,669,000 for the fiscal year 1995.

SEC. 104. MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations._
        (1) There are authorized to be appropriated for ``Migration and 
    Refugee Assistance'' for authorized activities, $589,188,000 for 
    the fiscal year 1994 and $592,000,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (2) There are authorized to be appropriated $80,000,000 for the 
    fiscal year 1994 and $80,000,000 for the fiscal year 1995 for 
    assistance for refugees resettling in Israel.
        (3) There are authorized to be appropriated $1,500,000 for the 
    fiscal year 1994 and $1,500,000 for the fiscal year 1995 for 
    humanitarian assistance, including but not limited to, food, 
    medicine, clothing, and medical and vocational training to persons 
    displaced as a result of civil conflict in Burma, including persons 
    still within Burma.
    (b) Availability of Funds._Funds appropriated pursuant to 
subsection (a) are authorized to be available until expended.

SEC. 105. OTHER PROGRAMS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of State to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, 
and responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the 
United States and for other purposes authorized by law:
        (1) United states bilateral science and technology agreements._
    For ``United States Bilateral Science and Technology Agreements'', 
    $4,275,000 for the fiscal year 1994.
        (2) Asia foundation._For ``Asia Foundation'', $16,000,000 for 
    the fiscal year 1994 and $16,068,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
    SEC. 106. UNITED STATES ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT AGENCY.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations._There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out the purposes of the Arms Control and 
Disarmament Act_
        (1) $53,500,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and $59,292,000 for 
    the fiscal year 1995; and
        (2) such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 
    1994 and 1995 for increases in salary, pay, retirement, other 
    employee benefits authorized by law, and other nondiscretionary 
    costs, and to offset adverse fluctuations in foreign currency 
    exchange rates.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments._Section 49 of the Arms 
Control and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 2589) is amended_
        (1) by striking subsection (a); and
        (2) in the first sentence of subsection (b) by striking 
    ``pursuant to this section'' and inserting ``to carry out this 
    Act''.

                   PART B_AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

SEC. 121. AUTHORIZED STRENGTH OF THE FOREIGN SERVICE.

    (a) End Fiscal Year 1994 Levels._The number of members of the 
Foreign Service authorized to be employed as of September 30, 1994_
        (1) for the Department of State, shall not exceed 9,100, of 
    whom not more than 820 shall be members of the Senior Foreign 
    Service;
        (2) for the United States Information Agency, shall not exceed 
    1,200, of whom not more than 175 shall be members of the Senior 
    Foreign Service; and
        (3) for the Agency for International Development, not to exceed 
    1,850, of whom not more than 250 shall be members of the Senior 
    Foreign Service.
    (b) End Fiscal Year 1995 Levels._The number of members of the 
Foreign Service authorized to be employed as of September 30, 1995_
        (1) for the Department of State, shall not exceed 9,100, of 
    whom not more than 770 shall be members of the Senior Foreign 
    Service;
        (2) for the United States Information Agency, not to exceed 
    1,200, of whom not more than 165 shall be members of the Senior 
    Foreign Service; and
        (3) for the Agency for International Development, not to exceed 
    1,850, of whom not more than 240 shall be members of the Senior 
    Foreign Service.
    (c) Definition._For the purposes of this section, the term 
``members of the Foreign Service'' is used within the meaning of such 
term under section 103 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C 
3903), except that such term does not include_
        (1) members of the Service under paragraphs (6) and (7) of such 
    section;
        (2) members of the Service serving under temporary resident 
    appointments abroad;
        (3) members of the Service employed on less than a full-time 
    basis;
        (4) members of the Service subject to involuntary separation in 
    cases in which such separation has been suspended pursuant to 
    section 1106(8) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980; and
        (5) members of the Service serving under non-career limited 
    appointments.
    (d) Waiver Authority._(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
of State and the Director of the United States Information Agency may 
waive any limitation under subsection (a) or (b) which applies to the 
Department of State or the United States Information Agency, as the 
case may be, to the extent that such waiver is necessary to carry on 
the foreign affairs functions of the United States.
    (2) Not less than 15 days before any agency head implements a 
waiver under paragraph (1), such agency head shall notify the Chairman 
of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Speaker of 
the House of Representatives. Such notice shall include an explanation 
of the circumstances and necessity for such waiver.

SEC. 122. TRANSFERS AND REPROGRAMMINGS.

    (a) Amendments to Section 24 of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956._Section 24 of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2696) is amended_
        (1) in subsection (b)(7) by striking subparagraph (E);
        (2) in subsection (d)(1)_
            (A) by striking ``the second'' and inserting ``either''; 
        and
            (B) by striking ``such second'' and inserting ``such'';
        (3) in subsection (d)(2) by amending the first sentence to read 
    as follows: ``Amounts appropriated for the `Diplomatic and Consular 
    Programs' account may not exceed by more than 5 percent the amount 
    specifically authorized to be appropriated for such account for a 
    fiscal year.''; and
        (4) by striking subsection (d)(4).
    (b) Diplomatic Construction Program._Section 401 of the Omnibus 
Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 4851) is 
amended by striking subsections (c) and (h)(3).
    (c) Reprogramming._Section 34 of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2706) is amended in subsection 
(a)(7) by striking ``$500,000'' and inserting ``$1,000,000''.
    SEC. 123. EXPENSES RELATING TO CERTAIN INTERNATIONAL CLAIMS AND 
      PROCEEDINGS.
    Section 38 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 2710) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsections:
    ``(c) Procurement of Services._The Secretary of State may use 
competitive procedures or procedures other than competitive procedures 
to procure the services of experts for use in preparing or prosecuting 
a proceeding before an international tribunal or a claim by or against 
a foreign government or other foreign entity, whether or not the expert 
is expected to testify, or to procure other support services for such 
proceedings or claims. The Secretary need not provide any written 
justification for the use of procedures other than competitive 
procedures when procuring such services under this subsection and need 
not furnish for publication in the Commerce Business Daily or otherwise 
any notice of solicitation or synopsis with respect to such 
procurement.
    ``(d) International Litigation Fund._
        ``(1) Establishment._In order to provide the Department of 
    State with a dependable, flexible, and adequate source of funding 
    for the expenses of the Department related to preparing or 
    prosecuting a proceeding before an international tribunal, or a 
    claim by or against a foreign government or other foreign entity, 
    there is established an International Litigation Fund (hereafter in 
    this subsection referred to as the ``ILF''). The ILF may be 
    available without fiscal year limitation. Funds otherwise available 
    to the Department for the purposes of this paragraph may be 
    credited to the ILF.
        ``(2) Reprogramming procedures._Funds credited to the ILF shall 
    be treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 34 and shall 
    not be available for obligation or expenditure except in compliance 
    with the procedures applicable to such reprogrammings. This 
    paragraph shall not apply to the transfer of funds under paragraph 
    (3).
        ``(3) Transfers of funds._Funds received by the Department of 
    State from another agency of the United States Government or 
    pursuant to the Department of State Appropriations Act of 1937 (49 
    Stat. 1321, 22 U.S.C. 2661) to meet costs of preparing or 
    prosecuting a proceeding before an international tribunal, or a 
    claim by or against a foreign government or other foreign entity, 
    shall be credited to the ILF.
        ``(4) Use of funds._Funds deposited in the ILF shall be 
    available only for the purposes of paragraph (1).''.
    SEC. 124. CHILD CARE FACILITIES AT CERTAIN POSTS ABROAD.
    Section 31 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 2703) is amended in subsection (e) by striking ``For the 
fiscal years 1992 and 1993, the'' and inserting ``The''.
    SEC. 125. EMERGENCIES IN THE DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE.
    Section 4 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 
U.S.C. 2671) is amended in subsection (c)_
        (1) by striking ``and the Foreign Service''; and
        (2) by striking ``an annual confidential'' and inserting ``a 
    periodic''.
    SEC. 126. ROLE OF THE NATIONAL FOREIGN AFFAIRS TRAINING CENTER.
    Chapter 7 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 is amended_
        (1) in the chapter title, by striking ``Foreign Service 
    Institute,'';
        (2) in section 701 (22 U.S.C. 4021)_
            (A) by striking the section title and inserting 
        ``Institution for Training.'';
            (B) in subsection (a)_
                (i) by striking the subsection heading and inserting 
            ``Institution or Center for Training'';
                (ii) by striking ``the Foreign Service Institute 
            (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the 
            `Institute')'' and inserting ``an institution or center for 
            training (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the 
            `institution')''; and
                (iii) by striking ``Institute'' and inserting 
            ``institution''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) The Secretary of State is authorized to provide for 
special professional foreign affairs training and instruction of 
employees of foreign governments through the institution.
    ``(2) Training and instruction under paragraph (1) shall be on a 
reimbursable or advance-of-funds basis. Such reimbursements or advances 
to the Department of State may be provided by an agency of the United 
States Government or by a foreign government and shall be credited to 
the currently available applicable appropriation account.
    ``(3) In making such training available to employees of foreign 
governments, priority consideration should be given to officials of 
newly emerging democratic nations and then to such other countries as 
the Secretary determines to be in the national interest of the United 
States.
    ``(4) The authorities of section 704 shall apply to training and 
instruction provided under this section.''; and
        (3) in sections 701(b), 702, 704, 705, and 707, by striking 
    ``Foreign Service Institute'' and ``Institute'' each place such 
    terms appear and inserting ``institution''.
    SEC. 127. CONSULAR AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Persons Authorized To Issue Passports Abroad._The Act entitled 
``An Act to regulate the issue and validity of passports, and for other 
purposes'', approved July 3, 1926 (44 Stat. 887, 22 U.S.C. 211a) is 
amended by striking ``by diplomatic representatives of the United 
States, and by such consul generals, consuls, or vice consuls when in 
charge,'' and inserting ``by diplomatic and consular officers of the 
United States, and by other employees of the Department of State who 
are citizens of the United States,''.
    (b) Notarial Authority._The Act entitled ``An Act to provide for 
the reorganization of the consular service of the United States'', 
approved April 5, 1906 (34 Stat. 100, 22 U.S.C. 4221) is amended in 
section 7 by adding at the end ``Pursuant to such regulations as the 
Secretary of State may prescribe, the Secretary may designate any other 
employee of the Department of State who is a citizen of the United 
States to perform any notarial function authorized to be performed by a 
consular officer of the United States under this Act.''.
    SEC. 128. REPORT ON CONSOLIDATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of State, jointly with the Director of the United 
States Information Agency, the Director of the Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency, and the Administrator of the Agency for 
International Development) shall submit, to the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate, a report concerning the feasibility of 
consolidating domestic administrative operations for the Department of 
State, the Agency for International Development, the Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency and the United States Information Agency. Such 
report shall include specific recommendations for implementation.
    SEC. 129. FACILITATING ACCESS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE BUILDING.
    (a) Procedures To Facilitate Access._The Department of State shall 
maintain procedures to ensure that the members and staff of the 
congressional committees of jurisdiction are granted easy access to the 
Department of State in the conduct of their duties.
    (b) Parking._The Department of State shall also make available 
adequate parking for members and staff of the congressional committees 
of jurisdiction in order to facilitate attendance of meetings at the 
Department of State.
    SEC. 130. REPORT ON SAFETY AND SECURITY OF UNITED STATES PERSONNEL 
      IN SARAJEVO.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State shall report to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
the Senate on the steps taken to enhance the security and physical 
safety of United States diplomatic personnel in Sarajevo, Bosnia-
Hercegovina.

SEC. 131. PASSPORT SECURITY.

    (a) Sense of Congress._The Congress strongly urges the Secretary of 
State to ensure that any new passport issuances should, to the maximum 
extent practicable_
        (1) be secure against counterfeiting, alteration, duplication, 
    or simulation;
        (2) be easily verifiable with appropriate inspection by public 
    officials and private and commercial personnel; and
        (3) contain only United States-sourced materials and 
    technology.
    (b) Report to Congress._Not later than 30 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to 
the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives detailing actions taken 
by the Department of State to accomplish the goals set forth in 
subsection (a).

SEC. 132. RECORD OF PLACE OF BIRTH FOR TAIWANESE-AMERICANS.

    For purposes of the registration of birth or certification of 
nationality of a United States citizen born in Taiwan, the Secretary of 
State shall permit the place of birth to be recorded as Taiwan.

SEC. 133. TERRORISM REWARDS AND REPORTS.

    (a) Rewards for Information on Acts of International Terrorism in 
the United States._
        (1) State department basic authorities act of 1956._Section 36 
    of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 
    2708) is amended in subsection (a) by striking ``and is primarily 
    outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States''.
        (2) Notwithstanding section 36(g) of the State Department Basic 
    Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2708), in addition to amounts 
    otherwise available the Department of State may expend not more 
    than $4,000,000 in fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to pay rewards 
    pursuant to section 36(a) of such Act.
    (b) Annual Reports on Terrorism._
        (1) Section 140 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 2656f) is amended in 
    subsection (b)(2)_
            (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C);
            (B) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (D) 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) efforts by the United States to eliminate 
        international financial support provided to those groups 
        directly or provided in support of their activities.''.
        (2) Section 304(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138) is amended_
            (A) by striking ``Treasury'' and inserting ``Treasury, in 
        consultation with the Attorney General and appropriate 
        investigative agencies,''; and
            (B) by inserting at the end ``Each such report shall 
        provide a detailed list and description of specific assets.''.

SEC. 134. PROPERTY AGREEMENTS.

    Whenever the Department of State enters into lease-purchase 
agreements involving property in foreign countries pursuant to section 
1 of the Foreign Service Buildings Act (22 U.S.C. 292), the Department 
shall account for such transactions in accordance with fiscal year 
obligations.

SEC. 135. CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND.

    (a) Establishment._There is established within the Department of 
State a Capital Investment Fund to provide for the procurement of 
information technology and other related capital investments for the 
Department of State and to ensure the efficient management, 
coordination, operation, and utilization of such resources.
    (b) Funding._Funds otherwise available for the purposes of 
subsection (a) may be deposited in such Fund.
    (c) Availability._Amounts deposited into the Fund are authorized to 
remain available until expended.
    (d) Expenditures From the Fund._Amounts deposited in the Fund shall 
be available for expenditure to procure capital equipment and 
information technology.
    (e) Reprogramming Procedures._Funds credited to the Capital 
Investment Fund shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under 
section 34 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 
U.S.C. 2710) and shall not be available for obligation or expenditure 
except in compliance with the procedures applicable to such 
reprogrammings.

SEC. 136. FEES FOR COMMERCIAL SERVICES.

    Title I of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 
U.S.C. 2669 et seq.) is amended by adding the following new section at 
the end:

``SEC. 52. FEES FOR COMMERCIAL SERVICES.

    ``(a) Authority To Charge Fee._(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
Secretary of State is authorized to charge a fee to cover the actual or 
estimated cost of providing any person, firm or organization (other 
than agencies of the United States Government) with commercial services 
at posts abroad on matters within the authority of the Department of 
State.
    ``(2) The authority of this section may be exercised only in 
countries where the Department of Commerce does not perform commercial 
services for which it collects fees.
    ``(b) Use of Fees._Funds collected under the authority of 
subsection (a) shall be deposited as an offsetting collection to any 
Department of State appropriation to recover the costs of providing 
commercial services.''.

SEC. 137. PERSONAL SERVICES CONTRACTS ABROAD.

    Section 2(c) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 2669(c)) is amended by inserting before the period ``; and 
such contracts are authorized to be negotiated, the terms of the 
contracts to be prescribed, and the work to be performed, where 
necessary, without regard to such statutory provisions as relate to the 
negotiation, making, and performance of contracts and performance of 
work in the United States''.

SEC. 138. PUBLISHING INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS.

    Section 112a of title 1 of the United States Code is amended_
        (1) by inserting ``(a)'' immediately before ``The Secretary of 
    State''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(b) The Secretary of State may determine that publication of 
certain categories of agreements is not required, if the following 
criteria are met:
        ``(1) such agreements are not treaties which have been brought 
    into force for the United States after having received Senate 
    advice and consent pursuant to section 2(2) of Article II of the 
    Constitution of the United States;
        ``(2) the public interest in such agreements is insufficient to 
    justify their publication, because (A) as of the date of enactment 
    of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 
    1995, the agreements are no longer in force, (B) the agreements do 
    not create private rights or duties, or establish standards 
    intended to govern government action in the treatment of private 
    individuals; (C) in view of the limited or specialized nature of 
    the public interest in such agreements, such interest can 
    adequately be satisfied by an alternative means; or (D) the public 
    disclosure of the text of the agreement would, in the opinion of 
    the President, be prejudicial to the national security of the 
    United States; and
        ``(3) copies of such agreements (other than those in paragraph 
    (2)(D)), including certified copies where necessary for litigation 
    or similar purposes, will be made available by the Department of 
    State upon request.
    ``(c) Any determination pursuant to subsection (b) shall be 
published in the Federal Register.''.

SEC. 139. REPEAL OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    The following provisions of law are repealed:
        (1) Section 37(d) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act 
    of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2709), relating to firearms regulations for 
    special agents.
        (2) Section 214(c) of the State Department Basic Authorities 
    Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 4314), relating to extraordinary protective 
    services to foreign missions.
        (3) Section 216(d) of the State Department Basic Authorities 
    Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 4316(d)), relating to application of travel 
    restrictions to personnel of certain countries and organizations.
        (4) Section 108 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Year 1978 (22 U.S.C. 2151n-1), relating to Americans 
    incarcerated abroad.
        (5) Section 512(b)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
    Act, Fiscal Year 1978 (22 U.S.C. 2428a(b)), relating to withdrawal 
    of United States troops from Korea.
        (6) Section 412(b) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
    U.S.C. 3972(b)), relating to special differentials for Foreign 
    Service officers.
        (7) The second sentence of section 2207(c) of the Foreign 
    Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4171(c)), relating to foreign 
    language competence requirements: exceptions.
        (8) The second sentence of section 103(b) of the Department of 
    State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1982 and 1983 (22 U.S.C. 2656 
    note), relating to status of certain consulates to be reopened.
        (9) Section 9 of the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act (22 U.S.C. 
    1465g), relating to evaluation of Cuba service programming.
        (10) Section 130(c) of the Department of State Authorization 
    Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (22 U.S.C. 3982 note), relating to 
    merger of Foreign Service Information Corps into the Foreign 
    Service Corps.
        (11) Section 207(b) of the Department of State Authorization 
    Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (22 U.S.C. 2460 note), relating to 
    foreign travel financed from the United States Information Agency's 
    private sector program.
        (12) Section 120(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93), relating to Foreign 
    Service associates pilot project.
        (13) Section 611 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (22 U.S.C. 4711), relating to United 
    States scholarship program for developing countries.
        (14) Section 812(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93), relating to Japan's 
    fulfillment of its common defense commitments.
        (15) Section 153(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 4301 note; Public Law 100-
    204), relating to United States-Soviet reciprocity in matters 
    relating to embassies.
        (16) Section 1(5) of the joint resolution entitled ``Joint 
    resolution relating to NASA and the International Space Year'', 
    approved July 31, 1990 (Public Law 101-339), relating to the 
    international space year_1992.
        (17) Section 232 of the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty 
    Implementation Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-228), relating to 
    activities to reduce Soviet military threat.
        (18) Section 401(c) of the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty 
    Implementation Act of 1991 (22 U.S.C. 2551 note), relating to the 
    Arms Control and Disarmament Agency's revitalization report.
        (19) Section 708(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 287 note) relating to the 
    protection of Tyre by UNIFIL.
        (20) Section 408(b) of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
    Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 2349aa) relating to perimeter 
    security at United States embassies and consulates abroad.
        (21) Section 162(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (22 U.S.C. 287(e)) relating to 
    contributions to and procedures of the United Nations.
        (22) Section 531(i) of the Foreign Operations, Export 
    Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 (22 U.S.C. 
    2370 note) relating to El Salvador.
        (23) Section 724 of the International Security Development 
    Cooperation Act of 1981 (22 U.S.C. 2384) relating to assistance to 
    Nicaragua.
        (24) Section 201(f) of the Fishery Conservation and Management 
    Act, 1976 (16 U.S.C. 1821(f)) relating to assistance allocation of 
    United States fish stock surplus.
        (25) The second sentence of section 2207(c) of the Foreign 
    Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4171) relating to foreign language 
    competence.
        (26) Section 209A(b)(2) of the State Department Basic 
    Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 4309a) relating to United States 
    responsibility for employees of the United Nations.
        (27) Section 117 of the Department of State Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (22 U.S.C. 287(b) note) relating to 
    policies pursued by other countries in the United Nations.

SEC. 140. VISAS.

    (a) Surcharge for Processing Certain Visas._
        (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary 
    of State is authorized to charge a fee or surcharge for processing 
    machine readable nonimmigrant visas and machine readable combined 
    border crossing identification cards and nonimmigrant visas.
        (2) Fees collected under the authority of subsection (a) shall 
    be deposited as an offsetting collection to any Department of State 
    appropriation, to recover the costs of providing consular services. 
    Such fees shall remain available for obligation until expended.
        (3) For fiscal years 1994 and 1995, fees deposited under the 
    authority of paragraph (2) may not exceed a total of $107,500,000. 
    For subsequent fiscal years, fees may be collected under the 
    authority of paragraph (1) only in such amounts as shall be 
    prescribed in subsequent authorization Acts.
        (4) The provisions of the Act of August 18, 1856 (Revised 
    Statutes 1726-28; 22 U.S.C. 4212-14), concerning accounting for 
    consular fees shall not apply to fees collected under this 
    subsection.
        (5) No fee or surcharge authorized under paragraph (1) may be 
    charged to a citizen of a country that is a signatory as of the 
    date of enactment of this Act to the North American Free Trade 
    Agreement, except that the Secretary of State may charge such fee 
    or surcharge to a citizen of such a country if the Secretary 
    determines that such country charges a visa application or issuance 
    fee to citizens of the United States.
    (b) Automated Visa Lookout System._Not later than 18 months after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall 
implement an upgrade of all overseas visa lookout operations to 
computerized systems with automated multiple-name search capabilities.
    (c) Processing of Visas for Admission to the United States._
        (1)(A) Beginning 24 months after the date of the enactment of 
    this Act, whenever a United States consular officer issues a visa 
    for admission to the United States, that official shall certify, in 
    writing, that a check of the Automated Visa Lookout System, or any 
    other system or list which maintains information about the 
    excludability of aliens under the Immigration and Nationality Act, 
    has been made and that there is no basis under such system for the 
    exclusion of such alien.
        (B) If, at the time an alien applies for an immigrant or 
    nonimmigrant visa, the alien's name is included in the Department 
    of State's visa lookout system and the consular officer to whom the 
    application is made fails to follow the procedures in processing 
    the application required by the inclusion of the alien's name in 
    such system, the consular officer's failure shall be made a matter 
    of record and shall be considered as a serious negative factor in 
    the officer's annual performance evaluation.
        (2) If an alien to whom a visa was issued as a result of a 
    failure described in paragraph (1)(B) is admitted to the United 
    States and there is thereafter probable cause to believe that the 
    alien was a participant in a terrorist act causing serious loss of 
    life or property in the United States, the Secretary of State shall 
    convene an Accountability Review Board under the authority of title 
    III of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 
    1986.
    (d) Access to the Interstate Identification Index._
        (1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the Department of State 
    Consolidated Immigrant Visa Processing Center shall have on-line 
    access, without payment of any fee or charge, to the Interstate 
    Identification Index of the National Crime Information Center 
    solely for the purpose of determining whether a visa applicant has 
    a criminal history record indexed in such Index. Such access does 
    not entitle the Department of State to obtain the full content of 
    automated records through the Interstate Identification Index. To 
    obtain the full content of a criminal history record, the 
    Department shall submit a separate request to the Identification 
    Records Section of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and shall 
    pay the appropriate fee as provided for in the Departments of 
    Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies 
    Appropriations Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-162).
        (2) The Department of State shall be responsible for all one-
    time start-up and recurring incremental non-personnel costs of 
    establishing and maintaining the access authorized in paragraph 
    (1).
        (3) The individual primarily responsible for the day-to-day 
    implementation of paragraph (1) shall be an employee of the Federal 
    Bureau of Investigation selected by the Department of State, and 
    detailed to the Department on a fully reimbursable basis.
        (4) Not later than December 31, 1996, the Secretary of State 
    and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall 
    jointly submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the 
    Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, and the 
    Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on the Judiciary 
    of the Senate, a report on the effectiveness of the procedure 
    authorized in this subsection.
        (5) This subsection shall cease to have effect after December 
    31, 1997.

SEC. 141. LOCAL GUARD CONTRACTS ABROAD.

    Section 136 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246) is amended_
        (1) in subsection (c)_
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``due to their distance 
        from the post'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (6) and (7) respectively; and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) absent compelling reasons, award such contracts through 
    the competitive process;
        ``(3) in evaluating and scoring proposals for such contracts, 
    award not less than 60 percent of the total points on the basis of 
    technical factors and subfactors;
        ``(4) in countries where contract denomination and/or payment 
    in local currencies constitutes a barrier to competition by United 
    States firms_
            ``(A) allow solicitations to be bid in United States 
        dollars; and
            ``(B) allow contracts awarded to United States firms to be 
        paid in United States dollars;
        ``(5) ensure that United States diplomatic and consular posts 
    assist United States firms in obtaining local licenses and 
    permits;''; and
        (2) in subsection (d)_
            (A) paragraph (1)(D), by striking ``and'' and inserting 
        ``or''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (4):
        ``(4) the term `barrier to local competition' means_
            ``(A) conditions of extreme currency volatility;
            ``(B) restrictions on repatriation of profits;
            ``(C) multiple exchange rates which significantly 
        disadvantage United States firms;
            ``(D) government restrictions inhibiting the free 
        convertibility of foreign exchange; or
            ``(E) conditions of extreme local political instability.'';
            (C) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (2); and
            (D) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and 
        inserting ``; and''.

SEC. 142. WOMEN'S HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION.

    (a) Sense of Congress._The Congress makes the following 
declarations:
        (1) The State Department should designate a senior advisor to 
    the appropriate Undersecretary to promote international women's 
    human rights within the overall human rights policy of the United 
    States Government.
        (2) The purpose of assigning a special assistant on women's 
    human rights issues is not, to segregate such issues, but rather to 
    assure that they are considered along with other human rights 
    issues in the development of United States foreign policy.
        (3) A specifically designated special assistant is necessary 
    because within the human rights field and the foreign policy 
    establishment, the issues of gender-based discrimination and 
    violence against women have long been ignored or made invisible.
        (4) The Congress believes that abuses against women would have 
    greater visibility and protection of women's human rights would 
    improve if the advocate were responsible for integrating women's 
    human rights issues into United States foreign policy, bilateral 
    assistance, multilateral diplomacy, trade policy, and democracy 
    promotion.
    (b) Congressional Notification._Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall notify the 
Congress of the steps taken to fulfill the objectives detailed in 
subsection (a).

                PART C_DEPARTMENT OF STATE ORGANIZATION

SEC. 161. ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

    (a) Organization._Section 1 of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 is amended to read as follows:


                ``organization of the department of state

    ``Section 1. (a) Secretary of State._
        ``(1) The Department of State shall be administered, in 
    accordance with this Act and other provisions of law, under the 
    supervision and direction of the Secretary of State (hereinafter 
    referred to as the `Secretary').
        ``(2) The Secretary shall be appointed by the President, by and 
    with the advice and consent of the Senate.
        ``(3)(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and except 
    as provided in this section, the Secretary shall have and exercise 
    any authority vested by law in any office or official of the 
    Department of State. The Secretary shall administer, coordinate, 
    and direct the Foreign Service of the United States and the 
    personnel of the Department of State, except where authority is 
    inherent in or vested in the President.
        ``(B)(i) The Secretary shall not have the authority of the 
    Inspector General or the Chief Financial Officer.
        ``(ii) The Secretary shall not have any authority given 
    expressly to diplomatic or consular officers.
        ``(4) The Secretary is authorized to promulgate such rules and 
    regulations as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the 
    Secretary of State and the Department of State. Unless otherwise 
    specified in law, the Secretary may delegate authority to perform 
    any of the functions of the Secretary or the Department to officers 
    and employees under the direction and supervision of the Secretary. 
    The Secretary may delegate the authority to redelegate any such 
    functions.
    ``(b) Under Secretaries._There shall be in the Department of State 
not more than 5 Under Secretaries of State, who shall be appointed by 
the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and 
who shall be compensated at the rate provided for at level III of the 
Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, United States Code.
    ``(c) Assistant Secretaries._
        ``(1) In general._There shall be in the Department of State not 
    more than 20 Assistant Secretaries of State, each of whom shall be 
    appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of 
    the Senate, and who shall be compensated at the rate provided for 
    at level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 
    5.
        ``(2) Assistant secretary of state for democracy, human rights, 
    and labor._(A) There shall be in the Department of State an 
    Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor 
    who shall be responsible to the Secretary of State for matters 
    pertaining to human rights and humanitarian affairs (including 
    matters relating to prisoners of war and members of the United 
    States Armed Forces missing in action) in the conduct of foreign 
    policy and such other related duties as the Secretary may from time 
    to time designate. The Secretary of State shall carry out the 
    Secretary's responsibility under section 502B of the Foreign 
    Assistance Act of 1961 through the Assistant Secretary.
        ``(B) The Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human 
    Rights, and Labor shall maintain continuous observation and review 
    all matters pertaining to human rights and humanitarian affairs 
    (including matters relating to prisoners of war and members of the 
    United States Armed Forces missing in action) in the conduct of 
    foreign policy including the following:
            ``(i) Gathering detailed information regarding humanitarian 
        affairs and the observance of and respect for internationally 
        recognized human rights in each country to which requirements 
        of sections 116 and 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
        are relevant.
            ``(ii) Preparing the statements and reports to Congress 
        required under section 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961.
            ``(iii) Making recommendations to the Secretary of State 
        and the Administrator of the Agency for International 
        Development regarding compliance with sections 116 and 502B of 
        the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and as part of the 
        Assistant Secretary's overall policy responsibility for the 
        creation of United States Government human rights policy, 
        advising the Administrator of the Agency for International 
        Development on the policy framework under which section 116(e) 
        projects are developed and consulting with the Administrator on 
        the selection and implementation of such projects.
            ``(iv) Performing other responsibilities which serve to 
        promote increased observance of internationally recognized 
        human rights by all countries.
    ``(d) Deputy Assistant Secretaries._There shall be in the 
Department of State not more than 66 Deputy Assistant Secretaries of 
State.
    ``(e) Other Senior Officials._In addition to officials of the 
Department of State who are otherwise authorized to be appointed by the 
President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and to be 
compensated at level IV of the Executive Schedule of section 5315 of 
title 5, United States Code, four other such appointments are 
authorized.''.
    (b) Application._The amendments made by this section and section 
133 shall apply with respect to officials, offices, and bureaus of the 
Department of State when executive orders, regulations, or departmental 
directives implementing such amendments become effective, or 90 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act, whichever comes earlier.
    (c) Transition._Any officer of the Department of State holding 
office on the date of the enactment of this Act shall not be required 
to be reappointed to any other office, at the Department of State at 
the same level performing similar functions, as determined by the 
President, by reason of the enactment of the amendments made by this 
section and section 162.
    (d) References in Other Acts._Except as specifically provided in 
this Act, or the amendments made by this Act, a reference in any other 
provision of law to an official or office of the Department of State 
affected by the amendment made by subsection (a) (other than the 
Inspector General of the Department of State and the Chief Financial 
Officer of the Department of State) shall be deemed to be a reference 
to the Secretary of State or the Department of State, as may be 
appropriate.
    (e) Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism._Notwithstanding 
any other provision of this section, for not less than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act there shall be in the Department 
of State an Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism which shall 
be headed by a Coordinator for Counterterrorism. The office shall have 
the same responsibilities and functions as the Office of the 
Coordinator for Counterterrorism at the Department of State had as of 
January 20, 1993.
    (f) Deputy Assistant Secretary for Burdensharing._
        (1) Establishment._None of the funds authorized to be 
    appropriated by this Act shall be available for obligation or 
    expenditure during fiscal year 1995 unless, not later than 90 days 
    after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State has 
    established within the Department of State the position of Deputy 
    Assistant Secretary for Burdensharing, the incumbent of which shall 
    be an official of ambassadorial rank, appointed by the President by 
    and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
        (2) Responsibilities._The Deputy Assistant Secretary for 
    Burdensharing shall perform such duties and exercise such 
    authorities as the Secretary of State shall prescribe, including 
    the principal duty of negotiations for the following:
            (A) Increased in-kind and financial support (including 
        increased payment of basing costs) by countries allied to the 
        United States for Department of Defense military units and 
        personnel assigned to permanent duty ashore outside the United 
        States in support of the security of such countries.
            (B) Recoupment of funds associated with financial 
        commitments from such countries for paying the United States 
        the residual value of United States facilities in such 
        countries that the United States relinquishes to such countries 
        upon the termination of the use of such facilities by the 
        United States.

SEC. 162. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Act of May 26, 1949._The Act entitled ``An Act to strengthen 
and improve the organization and administration of the Department of 
State, and for other purposes'' (May 26, 1949; Public Law 81-73; 22 
U.S.C. 2652 et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1979._Section 
115 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1979 (22 
U.S.C. 2652a) is amended by striking subsection (a).
    (c) Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 
1993._Section 122 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2652b) is amended_
        (1) by striking subsection (c);
        (2) in subsection (a) by striking ``, which is in addition to 
    the positions provided under the first section of the Act of May 
    26, 1949 (22 U.S.C. 2652); and
        (3) by striking subsection (d)(1).
    (d) Title 5, United States Code._
        (1) Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking_
        ``Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs and Under 
    Secretary of State for Economic and Agricultural Affairs and an 
    Under Secretary of State for Coordinating Security Assistance 
    Programs and Under Secretary of State for Management.
        ``Counselor of the Department of State.''
    and inserting_
        ``Under Secretaries of State (5).''.
        (2) Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking ``Assistant Secretaries of State (15).'', ``Legal Adviser 
    of the Department of State.'', ``Chief of Protocol, Department of 
    State.'', ``Assistant Secretary for Oceans and International 
    Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Department of State.'', 
    ``Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics Matters, 
    Department of State.'', ``Assistant Secretary for South Asian 
    Affairs, Department of State.'', and inserting ``20 Assistant 
    Secretaries of State and 4 other State Department officials to be 
    appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of 
    the Senate.''.
    (e) Foreign Assistance Act of 1961._The Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 is amended_
        (1) in section 116(c) (22 U.S.C. 2151n), by striking 
    ``Assistant Secretary for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs'' 
    and inserting ``Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human 
    Rights, and Labor'';
        (2) in sections 502B(b) (22 U.S.C. 2304(b)), 502B(c)(1) (22 
    U.S.C. 2304(c)), and 505(g)(4)(A) (22 U.S.C. 2314(g)(4)(A)) by 
    striking ``Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs'' each place it 
    appears and inserting ``Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor'';
        (3) in section 573(c) by striking ``Human Rights and 
    Humanitarian Affairs'' and inserting ``Democracy, Human Rights, and 
    Labor''; and
        (4) in section 624 by striking subsection (f).
    (f) Arms Export Control Act._Section 5(d)(1) of the Arms Export 
Control Act is amended (22 U.S.C. 2755(d)(1)) by striking ``Assistant 
Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs'' and 
inserting ``Secretary of State''.
    (g) Diplomatic Security Act._The Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
Antiterrorism Act of 1986 is amended_
        (1) in section 102(b) (22 U.S.C. 4801(b)) by_
            (A) striking paragraph (2); and
            (B) redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as paragraphs 
        (2) through (5), respectively;
        (2) in subsection 103(a)_
            (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary of State'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
        subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively; and
            (C) by inserting at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Security responsibilities shall include the following:
        ``(A) Former office of security functions._Functions and 
    responsibilities exercised by the Office of Security, Department of 
    State, before November 11, 1985.
        ``(B) Security and protective operations._
            ``(i) Establishment and operations of post security and 
        protective functions abroad.
            ``(ii) Development and implementation of communications, 
        computer, and information security.
            ``(iii) Emergency planning.
            ``(iv) Establishment and operation of local guard services 
        abroad.
            ``(v) Supervision of the United States Marine Corps 
        security guard program.
            ``(vi) Liaison with American overseas private sector 
        security interests.
            ``(vii) Protection of foreign missions and international 
        organizations, foreign officials, and diplomatic personnel in 
        the United States, as authorized by law.
            ``(viii) Protection of the Secretary of State and other 
        persons designated by the Secretary of State, as authorized by 
        law.
            ``(ix) Physical protection of Department of State 
        facilities, communications, and computer and information 
        systems in the United States.
            ``(x) Conduct of investigations relating to protection of 
        foreign officials and diplomatic personnel and foreign missions 
        in the United States, suitability for employment, employee 
        security, illegal passport and visa issuance or use, and other 
        investigations, as authorized by law.
            ``(xi) Carrying out the rewards program for information 
        concerning international terrorism authorized by section 36(a) 
        of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956.
            ``(xii) Performance of other security, investigative, and 
        protective matters as authorized by law.
        ``(C) Counterterrorism planning and coordination._Development 
    and coordination of counterterrorism planning, emergency action 
    planning, threat analysis programs, and liaison with other Federal 
    agencies to carry out this paragraph.
        ``(D) Security technology._Development and implementation of 
    technical and physical security programs, including security-
    related construction, radio and personnel security communications, 
    armored vehicles, computer and communications security, and 
    research programs necessary to develop such measures.
        ``(E) Diplomatic courier service._Management of the diplomatic 
    courier service.
        ``(F) Personnel training._Development of facilities, methods, 
    and materials to develop and upgrade necessary skills in order to 
    carry out this section.
        ``(G) Foreign government training._Management and development 
    of antiterrorism assistance programs to assist foreign government 
    security training which are administered by the Department of State 
    under chapter 8 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
    (22 U.S.C. 2349aa et seq.).'';
        (3) by striking section 104;
        (4) by striking section 105;
        (5) in section 107, by striking ``The Chief of Protocol of the 
    Department of State shall consult with the Assistant Secretary of 
    Diplomatic Security'' and inserting ``The Secretary of State shall 
    take into account security considerations'';
        (6) in title II by amending the title heading to read as 
    follows: ``TITLE II_PERSONNEL'';
        (7) by amending section 201 to read as follows:

``SEC. 201. DIPLOMATIC SECURITY SERVICE.

    ``The Secretary of State may establish a Diplomatic Security 
Service, which shall perform such functions as the Secretary may 
determine.'';
        (8) in section 202_
            (A) by striking ``The'' in the first sentence and inserting 
        ``Any such'';
            (B) by striking ``shall'' each place it appears in the 
        first, third, and fourth sentences and inserting ``should''; 
        and
            (C) by striking the last sentence;
        (9) in section 203_
            (A) by amending the heading to read as follows:

``SEC. 203. SPECIAL AGENTS.'';

            (B) in the first sentence by striking ``Positions in the 
        Diplomatic Security Service'' and inserting ``Special agent 
        positions''; and
            (C) in the last sentence by striking ``In the case of 
        positions designated for special agents, the'' and inserting 
        ``The''; and
        (10) in section 402(a)(2) by striking ``Assistant Secretary for 
    Diplomatic Security'' and inserting ``Secretary of State''.
    (h) Immigration and Nationality Act._The Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.) is amended_
        (1) in section 101(a)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(1)) by striking 
    ``Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs'' and inserting 
    ``official designated by the Secretary of State pursuant to section 
    104(b) of this Act'';
        (2) in section 104 (8 U.S.C. 1104)_
            (A) in the heading by striking ``; bureau of consular 
        affairs'';
            (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``the Bureau of Consular 
        Affairs'' and inserting ``the Administrator'';
            (C) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) The Secretary of State shall designate an Administrator who 
shall be a citizen of the United States, qualified by experience. The 
Administrator shall maintain close liaison with the appropriate 
committees of Congress in order that they may be advised regarding the 
administration of this Act by consular officers. The Administrator 
shall be charged with any and all responsibility and authority in the 
administration of this Act which are conferred on the Secretary of 
State as may be delegated to the Administrator by the Secretary of 
State or which may be prescribed by the Secretary of State, and shall 
perform such other duties as the Secretary of State may prescribe.'';
            (D) in subsection (c), by striking ``Bureau'' and inserting 
        ``Department of State''; and
            (E) in subsection (d), by striking all after 
        ``respectively'' before the period; and
        (3) in section 105 (8 U.S.C. 1105) by striking ``Assistant 
    Secretary of State for Consular Affairs'' and inserting 
    ``Administrator'' each place it appears.
    (i) Department of State Appropriations Act, 1989._Section 306 of 
the Department of State Appropriations Act, 1989 (Public Law 100-459) 
is repealed.
    (j) Department of Defense Appropriations Act, Fiscal Year 1989._
Section 8125 of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, Fiscal 
Year 1989 (Public Law 100-463) is amended by striking subsection (c).
    (k) State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956._(1) Section 35 
of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2707) 
is amended_
        (A) by striking subsection (a); and
        (B) in subsection (b)_
            (i) by striking the text preceding paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following: ``The Secretary of State shall be 
        responsible for formulation, coordination, and oversight of 
        foreign policy related to international communications and 
        information policy. The Secretary of State shall_'';
            (ii) by striking paragraph (2);
            (iii) by redesignating paragraph (1) as paragraph (2);
            (iv) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
        ``(1) exercise primary authority for the conduct of foreign 
    policy with respect to such telecommunications functions, including 
    the determination of United States positions and the conduct of 
    United States participation in negotiations with foreign 
    governments and international bodies. In exercising this 
    responsibility, the Secretary shall coordinate with other agencies 
    as appropriate, and, in particular, shall give full consideration 
    to the authority vested by law or Executive order in the Federal 
    Communications Commission, the Department of Commerce and the 
    Office of the United States Trade Representative in this area;'';
            (v) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) by striking 
        ``with the bureaus and offices of the Department of State 
        and'', and inserting before the semicolon ``and with the 
        Federal Communications Commission, as appropriate''; and
            (vi) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the Senior Interagency 
        Group on International Communications and Information Policy'' 
        and inserting ``any senior interagency policymaking group on 
        international telecommunications and information policy and 
        chair such interagency meetings as may be necessary to 
        coordinate actions on pending issues;''.
    (2) Nothing in the amendments made by paragraph (1) affects the 
nature or scope of the authority that is on the date of enactment of 
this Act vested by law or Executive order in the Department of 
Commerce, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the 
Federal Communications Commission, or any officer thereof.
    (3) Section 3 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 2670) is amended_
        (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subsection (k);
        (B) by striking the period at the end of subsection (l) and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(m) establish, maintain, and operate passport and dispatch 
    agencies.''.
    (4) Section 2 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
is amended by striking ``(l) pay'' and inserting ``(m) pay''.
    (m) Refugee Act of 1980._The Refugee Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-
212) is amended_
        (1) in the heading for title III, by striking ``UNITED STATES 
    COORDINATOR FOR REFUGEE AFFAIRS AND'';
        (2) by striking the heading for part A;
        (3) by repealing section 301; and
        (4) by striking the heading for part B.
    (n) Immigration and Nationality Act._
        (1) Section 411(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
    U.S.C. 1521(b)) is amended by striking ``and under the general 
    policy guidance of the United States Coordinator for Refugee 
    Affairs (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the 
    `Coordinator')'' and inserting ``the Secretary of State''.
        (2) Section 412 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
    U.S.C. 1522) is amended_
            (A) in subsection (a)(2)(A), by striking ``, together with 
        the Coordinator,'';
            (B) in subsections (b)(3) and (b)(4), by striking ``in 
        consultation with the Coordinator,''; and
            (C) in subsection (e)(7)(C), by striking ``, in 
        consultation with the United States Coordinator for Refugee 
        Affairs,''.
        (3) Section 413(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
    U.S.C. 1523) is amended by striking ``, in consultation with the 
    Coordinator,''.
    (o) State Department Basic Authorities Act._Title II of the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 4301 et seq.) is 
amended_
        (1) in section 202(a) by striking paragraph (3) and 
    redesignating paragraphs (4) through (8) as paragraphs (3) through 
    (7);
        (2) in section 203 by amending such section to read as follows:


                 ``authorities of the secretary of state

    ``Sec. 203. The Secretary shall carry out the following functions:
        ``(1) Assist agencies of Federal, State, and municipal 
    government with regard to ascertaining and according benefits, 
    privileges, and immunities to which a foreign mission may be 
    entitled.
        ``(2) Provide or assist in the provision of benefits for or on 
    behalf of a foreign mission in accordance with section 204.
        ``(3) As determined by the Secretary, dispose of property 
    acquired in carrying out the purposes of this Act.
        ``(4) As determined by the Secretary, designate an office 
    within the Department of State to carry out the purposes of this 
    Act. If such an office is established, the President may appoint, 
    by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, a Director, with 
    the rank of ambassador. Of the Director and the next most senior 
    person in the office, one should be an individual who has served in 
    the Foreign Service and the other should be an individual who has 
    served in the United States intelligence community.
        ``(5) Perform such other functions as the Secretary may 
    determine necessary in furtherance of the policy of this title.'';
        (3) in section 204_
            (A) in subsections (a), (b), and (c), by striking 
        ``Director'' each place it appears and inserting ``Secretary''; 
        and
            (B) in paragraph (d), by striking ``the Director or any 
        other'' and inserting ``any'';
        (4) in section 204A, by striking ``Director'' each place it 
    appears and inserting ``Secretary'';
        (5) in section 205_
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Director'' and 
        inserting ``Secretary''; and
            (B) in subsection (c)(2) by striking ``authorize the 
        Director to''; and
        (6) in section 208_
            (A) in subsection (d) by striking ``Director'' and 
        inserting in its place ``Secretary'';
            (B) in subsections (c), (e), and (f), by striking ``Office 
        of Foreign Missions'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``Department of State''; and
            (C) in subsection (h)(2) by striking ``Director or the''.
    (p) Office of Counselor; Legal Adviser._
        (1) The Act entitled ``An Act to create the Office of Counselor 
    of the United States'' (May 18, 1937; Public Law 75-91; 22 U.S.C. 
    2655) is repealed.
        (2) The Act entitled ``An Act for the reorganization and 
    improvement of the Foreign Service of the United States and for 
    other purposes'' (May 24, 1924; Public Law 68-135; 22 U.S.C. 2654) 
    is amended by striking section 30.
    (q) Amendment to the Department of State Appropriations 
Authorization Act of 1973._Section 9 of the Department of State 
Appropriations Authorization Act of 1973 (22 U.S.C. 2655) is amended_
        (1) in subsection (a)_
            (A) by striking ``In addition to the positions provided 
        under the first section of the Act of May 26, 1949, as amended 
        (22 U.S.C. 2652), there'' and inserting ``There''; and
            (B) by inserting before the period at the end of the 
        subsection ``and for such other related duties as the Secretary 
        may from time to time designate''; and
        (2) by striking subsection (b).

SEC. 163. DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE FOREIGN SERVICE.

    Section 208 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3928) is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 208. DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE FOREIGN SERVICE.

    ``The President shall appoint, by and with the advice and consent 
of the Senate, a Director General of the Foreign Service, who shall be 
a current or former career member of the Foreign Service. The Director 
General should assist the Secretary of State in the management of the 
Service and perform such functions as the Secretary of State may 
prescribe.''.

SEC. 164. ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.

    (a) Administrative Expenses for Narcotics, Terrorism, and Crime._
Section 482 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291a) is 
amended by adding the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Administrative Assistance._(1) Except as provided in 
paragraph (2), personnel funded pursuant to this section are authorized 
to provide administrative assistance to personnel assigned to the 
bureau designated by the Secretary of State to replace the Bureau for 
International Narcotics Matters.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the extent that it would 
result in a reduction in funds available for antinarcotics assistance 
to foreign countries.''.
    (b) Amendment to the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act._Section 
5 of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act (22 U.S.C. 2605) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Personnel funded pursuant to this section are authorized to 
provide administrative assistance to personnel assigned to the bureau 
charged with carrying out this Act.''.

                            PART D_PERSONNEL

                      Subpart 1_General Provisions

SEC. 171. LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS.

    Section 1017(e) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
4117(e)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e)(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter_
        ``(A) participation in the management of a labor organization 
    for purposes of collective bargaining or acting as a representative 
    of a labor organization for such purposes is prohibited under this 
    chapter_
            ``(i) on the part of any management official or 
        confidential employee;
            ``(ii) on the part of any individual who has served as a 
        management official or confidential employee during the 
        preceding two years; or
            ``(iii) on the part of any other employee if the 
        participation or activity would result in a conflict of 
        interest or apparent conflict of interest or would otherwise be 
        incompatible with law or with the official functions of such 
        employee; and
        ``(B) service as a management official or confidential employee 
    is prohibited on the part of any individual having participated in 
    the management of a labor organization for purposes of collective 
    bargaining or having acted as a representative of a labor 
    organization during the preceding two years.
    ``(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(A)(ii) and paragraph 
(1)(B), the term `management official' shall not include chiefs of 
mission, principal officers and their deputies, and administrative and 
personnel officers abroad.''.
    SEC. 172. WAIVER OF LIMITATION FOR CERTAIN CLAIMS FOR PERSONAL 
      PROPERTY DAMAGE OR LOSS.
    (a) Claims Resulting From Emergency Evacuation in a Foreign 
Country._Subsection 3721(b) of title 31 of the United States Code is 
amended_
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)''; and
        (2) by adding after paragraph (1), as so designated, the 
    following:
    ``(2) The Secretary of State may waive the settlement and payment 
limitation referred to in paragraph (1) for claims for damage or loss 
by United States Government personnel under the jurisdiction of a chief 
of mission in a foreign country if such claims arise in circumstances 
where there is in effect a departure from the country authorized or 
ordered under circumstances described in section 5522(a) of title 5, if 
the Secretary determines that there exists exceptional circumstances 
that warrant such a waiver.''.
    (b) Retroactive Application._The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall apply with respect to claims arising on or after October 31, 
1988.

SEC. 173. SENIOR FOREIGN SERVICE PERFORMANCE PAY.

    (a) Prohibition on Awards._Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the Secretary of State may not award or pay performance payments 
for fiscal years 1994 and 1995 under section 405 of the Foreign Service 
Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3965), unless the Secretary awards or pays 
performance awards to other Federal employees for such fiscal years.
    (b) Awards in Subsequent Fiscal Years._The Secretary may not make a 
performance award or payment in any fiscal year after a fiscal year 
referred to in subsection (a) for the purpose of providing an 
individual with a performance award or payment to which the individual 
would otherwise have been entitled in a fiscal year referred to in such 
subsection but for the prohibition described in such subsection.
    (c) Application to USIA, AID, and ACDA._Subsections (a) and (b) 
shall apply to the United States Information Agency, the Agency for 
International Development, and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 
in the same manner as such subsections apply to the Department of 
State, except that the Director of the United States Information 
Agency, the Administrator of the Agency for International Development, 
and the Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency shall be 
subject to the limitations and authority of the Secretary of State 
under subsections (a) and (b) for their respective agencies.
    (d) Amendment to Foreign Service Act of 1980._Section 405(b)(4) of 
the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3965(b)(4)) is amended to 
read as follows:
        ``(4) Any award under this section shall be subject to the 
    limitation on certain payments under section 5307 of title 5, 
    United States Code.''.
    SEC. 174. REASSIGNMENT AND RETIREMENT OF FORMER PRESIDENTIAL 
      APPOINTEES.
    Section 813 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4053) is 
amended by striking all that follows the section caption and inserting 
the following:
    ``(a) A participant, who completes an assignment under section 
302(b) in a position to which the participant was appointed by the 
President, and is not otherwise eligible for retirement_
        ``(1) shall be reassigned within 90 days after the termination 
    of such assignment and any period of authorized leave, or
        ``(2) if the Secretary of State determines that reassignment is 
    not in the interest of the Foreign Service, shall be retired from 
    the Service and receive retirement benefits in accordance with 
    section 806 or 855, as appropriate.
    ``(b) A participant who completes an assignment under section 
302(b) in a position to which the participant was appointed by the 
President and is eligible for retirement and is not reassigned within 
90 days after the termination of such assignment and any period of 
authorized leave, shall be retired from the Service and receive 
retirement benefits in accordance with section 806 or section 855, as 
appropriate.
    ``(c) A participant who is retired under subsection (a)(2) and is 
subsequently employed by the United States Government, thereafter, 
shall be eligible to retire only under the terms of the applicable 
retirement system.''.
    SEC. 175. REPORT ON CLASSIFICATION OF SENIOR FOREIGN SERVICE 
      POSITIONS.
    (a) Audit and Review._Not later than December 31, 1994, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a classification 
audit of all Senior Foreign Service positions in Washington, District 
of Columbia, assigned to the Department of State, the Agency for 
International Development, and the United States Information Agency and 
shall review the methods for classification of such positions.
    (b) Report._Not later than March 1, 1995, the Comptroller General 
shall submit a report of such audit and review to the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives.

SEC. 176. ALLOWANCES.

    (a) Away-From-Post Education Allowance._Section 5924(4)(A) of title 
5, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the first sentence 
the following: ``When travel from school to post is infeasible, travel 
may be allowed between the school attended and the home of a designated 
relative or family friend or to join a parent at any location, with the 
allowable travel expense not to exceed the cost of travel between the 
school and the post.''.
    (b) Educational Travel for College Students Studying Abroad._
Section 5924(4)(B) of title 5, United States Code, is amended in the 
first sentence after ``in the United States'' by inserting ``(or to and 
from a school outside the United States if the dependent is attending 
that school for less than one year under a program approved by the 
school in the United States at which the dependent is enrolled, with 
the allowable travel expense not to exceed the cost of travel to and 
from the school in the United States)''.

SEC. 177. GRIEVANCES.

    (a) Grievance Board Procedures._Section 1106 of the Foreign Service 
Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4136) is amended in the first sentence of 
paragraph (8) by striking ``until the Board has ruled upon the 
grievance.'' and inserting ``until the date which is one year after 
such determination or until the Board has ruled upon the grievance, 
whichever comes first. The Board shall extend the one-year limitation 
under the preceding sentence and the Department shall continue to 
suspend such action, if the Board determines that the agency or the 
Board is responsible for the delay in the resolution of the grievance. 
The Board may also extend the 1-year limit if it determines that the 
delay is due to the complexity of the case, the unavailability of 
witnesses or to circumstances beyond the control of the agency, the 
Board or the grievant.''.
    (b) Time Limitation on Requests for Judicial Review._Section 1110 
of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4140) is amended in the 
first sentence by inserting before the period ``, if the request for 
judicial review is filed not later than 180 days after the final action 
of the Secretary or the Board (or in the case of an aggrieved party who 
is posted abroad at the time of the final action of the Secretary or 
the Board, if the request for judicial review is filed not later than 
180 days after the aggrieved party's return to the United States)''.

SEC. 178. MID-LEVEL WOMEN AND MINORITY PLACEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Purpose._It is the purpose of this section to promote the 
acquisition and retention of highly qualified, trained, and experienced 
women and minority personnel within the Foreign Service, to provide the 
maximum opportunity for the Foreign Service to meet staffing needs and 
to acquire the services of experienced and talented women and minority 
personnel, and to help alleviate the impact of downsizing, reduction-
in-force, and budget restrictions occurring in the defense and national 
security-related agencies of the United States.
    (b) Establishment._For each of the fiscal years 1994 and 1995, the 
Secretary of State shall to the maximum extent practicable appoint to 
the Foreign Service qualified women and minority applicants who are 
participants in the priority placement program of the Department of 
Defense, the Department of Defense out-placement referral program, the 
Office of Personnel Management Automated Applicant Referral System, or 
the Office of Personnel Management Interagency Placement Program. The 
Secretary shall make such appointments through the mid-level entry 
program of the Department of State under section 306 of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980.
    (c) Report._Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of State shall prepare and submit a report 
concerning the implementation of subsection (a) to the Chairman of the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Speaker of the 
House of Representatives. Such report shall include recommendations on 
methods to improve implementation of the purpose of this section.
    SEC. 179. EMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE REFERRAL SYSTEM FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS 
      OF THE FOREIGN SERVICE.
    (a) Referral System._Certain members of the Foreign Service (as 
described in subsection (b)), may participate in the Office of 
Personnel Management's Interagency Placement programs or any successor 
program. Such members of the Foreign Service shall be treated in the 
same manner as employees participating in such a program as of the 
effective date of this Act.
    (b) Certain Members of the Foreign Service._For purposes of this 
section, the term ``members of the Foreign Service'' means any 
individual holding a career or career candidate appointment under 
chapter 3 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980.

SEC. 180. UNITED STATES CITIZENS HIRED ABROAD.

    (a) Amendments to the Foreign Service Act of 1980._The Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.) is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 309(b) of such Act is amended_
            (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (3);
            (B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (4); and
            (C) by inserting at the end ``; and (5) as a foreign 
        national employee.''.
        (2) Section 311 of such Act is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) The Secretary, under section 303, may appoint United States 
citizens, who are family members of government employees assigned 
abroad or are hired for service at their post of residence, for 
employment in positions customarily filled by Foreign Service officers, 
Foreign Service personnel, and foreign national employees.
    ``(b) The fact that an applicant for employment in a position 
referred to in subsection (a) is a family member of a Government 
employee assigned abroad shall be considered an affirmative factor in 
employing such person.
    ``(c)(1) Non-family members employed under this section for service 
at their post of residence shall be paid in accordance with local 
compensation plans established under section 408.
    ``(2) Family members employed under this section shall be paid in 
accordance with the Foreign Service Schedule or the salary rates 
established under section 407.
    ``(3) In exceptional circumstances, non-family members may be paid 
in accordance with the Foreign Service Schedule or the salary rates 
established under section 407, if the Secretary determines that the 
national interest would be served by such payments.
    ``(d) Nonfamily member United States citizens employed under this 
section shall not be eligible for benefits under chapter 8 of this Act, 
or under chapters 83 or 84 of title 5, United States Code.''.
        (3) Section 404(a) of such Act is amended by striking ``who are 
    family members of Government employees paid in accordance with a 
    local compensation plan established under''.
        (4) Section 408 of such Act is amended_
            (A) in subsection (a)(1) by striking the first sentence and 
        inserting ``The Secretary shall establish compensation 
        (including position classification) plans for foreign national 
        employees of the Service and United States citizens employed 
        under section 311(c)(1).'';
            (B) in the second sentence of subsection (a)(1), by 
        striking ``employed in the Service abroad who were hired while 
        residing abroad and to those family members of Government 
        employees who are paid in accordance with such plans'';
            (C) in the third sentence of subsection (a)(1), by striking 
        ``foreign national'' each place it appears; and
            (D) by adding at the end of subsection (a)(1) the 
        following: ``For United States citizens under a compensation 
        plan, the Secretary shall (A) provide such citizens with a 
        total compensation package (including wages, allowances, 
        benefits, and other employer payments, such as for social 
        security) that has the equivalent cost to that received by 
        foreign national employees occupying a similar position at that 
        post and (B) define those allowances and benefits provided 
        under United States law which shall be included as part of this 
        total compensation package, notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, except that this section shall not be used to override 
        United States minimum wage requirements, or any provision of 
        the Social Security Act or the Internal Revenue Code.
        (5) Section 504(b) of such Act is amended by inserting ``(other 
    than those employed in accordance with section 311)'' after 
    ``citizen of the United States''.
        (6) Section 601(b)(2) of such Act is amended_
            (A) by striking ``and'' the last place it appears; and
            (B) by inserting ``and other members of the Service'' after 
        ``categories of career candidates,''.
        (7) Section 611 of such Act is amended by striking all that 
    follows ``Foreign Service Schedule'' and inserting ``or who is paid 
    in accordance with section 407 or is a United States citizen paid 
    under a compensation plan under section 408.''.
        (8) Section 903(a) of such Act is amended by inserting ``(other 
    than a member employed under section 311)'' after ``member of the 
    Service'' each place it appears.
        (9) Section 1002(8)(A) of such Act is amended by inserting ``a 
    member of the Service who is a United States citizen (other than a 
    family member) employed under section 311,'' after ``a consular 
    agent,''.
        (10) Section 1101(a)(1) of such Act is amended by inserting 
    ``(other than a United States citizen employed under section 311 
    who is not a family member)'' after ``citizen of the United 
    States''.
    (b) Amendments to the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956._Section 2(c) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956 (22 U.S.C. 2669(c)) is amended by inserting before the period: ``; 
and such contracts are authorized to be negotiated, the terms of the 
contracts to be prescribed, and the work to be performed, where 
necessary, without regard to such statutory provisions as relate to the 
negotiation, making, and performance of contracts and performance of 
work in the United States''.
    SEC. 181. REDUCTION IN FORCE AUTHORITY WITH REGARD TO CERTAIN 
      MEMBERS OF THE FOREIGN SERVICE.
    (a) In General._The Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4001 et 
seq.) is amended as follows:
        (1) By redesignating sections 611, 612, and 613 as sections 
    612, 613, and 614, respectively.
        (2) By inserting after section 610 the following new section:

``SEC. 611. REDUCTIONS IN FORCE.

    ``(a) The Secretary may conduct reductions in force and shall 
prescribe regulations for the separation of members of the Service 
holding a career or career candidate appointment under chapter 3 of 
this Act, under such reductions in force which give due effect to the 
following:
        ``(1) Organizational changes.
        ``(2) Documented employee knowledge, skills, or competencies.
        ``(3) Tenure of employment.
        ``(4) Documented employee performance.
        ``(5) Military preference, subject to section 3501(a)(3) of 
    title 5, United States Code.
    ``(b) The provisions of section 609 shall be applicable to any 
member of the Service holding a career or career candidate appointment 
under chapter 3 of this Act, who is separated under the provisions of 
this section.
    ``(c) An employee against whom action is taken under this section 
may elect either to file a grievance under chapter 11 or to appeal to 
the Merit Systems Protection Board under procedures prescribed by the 
Board. Grievances under chapter 11 shall be limited to cases of 
reprisal, interference in the conduct of an employee's official duties, 
or similarly inappropriate use of the authority of this section.''.
        (3) By amending section 609 (22 U.S.C. 4009)_
            (A) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``or 611'' after 
        ``608(b)''; and
            (B) in subsection (b) by inserting ``or 611'' after 
        ``608(b)''.
        (4) Chapter 11 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 is amended_
            (A) in section 1101(b)(3) by striking ``611'' and inserting 
        ``612''; and
            (B) in section 1106(8) by inserting before the period at 
        the end of the paragraph ``or with respect to any action which 
        would delay the separation of an employee pursuant to a 
        reduction in force conducted under section 611''.
        (5) The table of contents for the Foreign Service Act is 
    amended by striking out the items related to sections 611, 612, and 
    613 and inserting in lieu thereof the following:
``Sec. 611. Reductions in force.
``Sec. 612. Termination of limited appointments.
``Sec. 613. Termination of appointments of consular agents and foreign 
          national employees.
``Sec. 614. Foreign Service awards.''.

    (b) Management Rights._Section 1005 of the Foreign Service Act of 
1980 (22 U.S.C. 4105(a)) is amended_
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as paragraphs 
    (4) through (7), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(3) to conduct reductions in force, and to prescribe 
    regulations for the separation of employees pursuant to such 
    reductions in force conducted under section 611;''.
    (c) Consultation._The Secretary of State (or in the case of any 
other agency authorized by law to utilize the Foreign Service personnel 
system), the head of that agency shall consult with the Director of the 
Office of Personnel Management before prescribing regulations for 
reductions in force under section 611 of the Foreign Service Act of 
1980 (as added by subsection (a) of this section), and shall publish 
such regulations.

SEC. 182. RESTORATION OF WITHHELD BENEFITS.

    (a) Eligibility._With respect to any person for which the Secretary 
of State and the Secretary concerned within the Department of Defense 
has approved the employment or the holding of a position pursuant to 
the provisions of section 1058, title 10, United States Code, before 
the date of enactment of this Act, the consents, approvals and 
determinations under that section shall be deemed to be effective as of 
January 1, 1993.
    (b) Technical Correction._Subsection (d) of section 1433 of Public 
Law 103-160 is repealed.

    Subpart 2_Foreign Language Competence Within the Foreign Service

    SEC. 191. FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMPETENCE WITHIN THE FOREIGN SERVICE.
    (a) Regulations._Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall promulgate 
regulations_
        (1) establishing hiring preferences for Foreign Service Officer 
    candidates competent in languages, with priority preference given 
    to those languages in which the Department of State has a deficit;
        (2) establishing a standard that employees will not receive 
    long-term training in more than 3 languages, and requiring that 
    employees achieve full professional proficiency (S4/R4) in 1 
    language as a condition for training in a third, with exceptions 
    for priority needs of the service at the discretion of the Director 
    General;
        (3) requiring that employees receiving long-term training in a 
    language, or hired with a hiring preference for a language, serve 
    at least 2 tours in jobs requiring that language, with exceptions 
    for certain limited-use languages and priority needs of the service 
    at the discretion of the Director General;
        (4) requiring that significant consideration be given to 
    foreign language competence and use in the evaluation, assignment, 
    and promotion of all Foreign Service Officers of the Department of 
    State;
        (5) requiring the identification of appropriate Washington, 
    D.C. metropolitan area positions as language-designated; and
        (6) requiring remedial training and suspension of language 
    differential payments for employees receiving such payments who 
    have failed to maintain required levels of proficiency.
    (b) Repeal._Section 164 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (22 U.S.C. 4001 note; Public Law 101-246) is 
repealed.
    SEC. 192. DESIGNATION OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE RESOURCES COORDINATOR.
    (a) Policy._It is the sense of the Congress that_
        (1) the Department of State, by virtue of the Secretary's 
    overall responsibility under section 701(a) of the Foreign Service 
    Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4011(a)) for training and instruction in the 
    field of foreign relations to meet the needs of all Federal 
    agencies, should take the lead in this interagency effort; and
        (2) in order to promote efficiency and quality in the training 
    provided by the Secretary of State and other Federal agencies, the 
    Secretary should call upon other agencies to share in the joint 
    management and coordination of Federal foreign language resources.
    (b) Foreign Language Resources Coordinator._
        (1) The Secretary of State should appoint a Foreign Language 
    Resources Coordinator (in this subsection referred to as the 
    ``Coordinator'') who shall be responsible_
            (A) for coordinating the efforts of the appropriate 
        agencies of Government_
                (i) to strengthen mechanisms for sharing of foreign 
            language resources; and
                (ii) to identify Federal foreign language resource 
            requirements in the areas of diplomacy, military 
            preparedness, international security, and other foreign 
            policy objectives; and
            (B) for making recommendations to the Secretary of State as 
        to which Federal foreign language assets, if any, should be 
        made available to the private sector in support of national 
        global economic competitiveness goals.
        (2) All appropriate United States Government agencies 
    maintaining and utilizing Federal foreign language training and 
    related resources shall cooperate fully with any Coordinator.

SEC. 193. FOREIGN LANGUAGE SERVICES.

    (a) Surcharge for Certain Foreign Language Services._
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of State is 
authorized to require the payment of an appropriate fee, surcharge, or 
reimbursement for providing other Federal agencies with foreign 
language translation and interpretation services.
    (b) Use of Funds._Funds collected under the authority of subsection 
(a) shall be deposited as an offsetting collection to any Department of 
State appropriation to recover the cost of providing translation or 
interpretation services in any foreign language. Such funds may remain 
available until expended.

    TITLE II_UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND CULTURAL 
                                PROGRAMS

                 PART A_AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General._The following amounts are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out international information activities, and 
educational and cultural exchange programs under the United States 
Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, the Mutual 
Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, Reorganization Plan 
Number 2 of 1977, the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act, the Television 
Broadcasting to Cuba Act, the Board for International Broadcasting Act, 
the Inspector General Act of 1978, the Center for Cultural and 
Technical Interchange Between North and South Act, the National 
Endowment for Democracy Act, and to carry out other authorities in law 
consistent with such purposes:
        (1) Salaries and expenses._For ``Salaries and Expenses'', 
    $487,988,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and $494,862,000 for the 
    fiscal year 1995.
        (2) Educational and cultural exchange programs._
            (A) Fulbright academic exchange programs._For the 
        ``Fulbright Academic Exchange Programs'', $130,538,000 for the 
        fiscal year 1994 and $126,312,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
            (B) Other programs._For ``Hubert H. Humphrey Fellowship 
        Program'', ``Edmund S. Muskie Fellowship Program'', 
        ``International Visitors Program'', ``Israeli-Arab Scholarship 
        Program'', ``Mike Mansfield Fellowship Program'', ``Claude and 
        Mildred Pepper Scholarship Program of the Washington Workshops 
        Foundation'', ``Citizen Exchange Programs'', ``Congress-
        Bundestag Exchange Program'', ``Newly Independent States and 
        Eastern Europe Training'', ``Institute for Representative 
        Government'', ``American Studies Collections'', ``South Pacific 
        Exchanges'', ``East Timorese Scholarships'', ``Cambodian 
        Scholarships'', and ``Arts America'', $96,962,000 for the 
        fiscal year 1994 and $97,046,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (3) Broadcasting to cuba._For ``Broadcasting to Cuba'', 
    $21,000,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and $27,609,000 for the fiscal 
    year 1995.
        (4) International broadcasting activities._For ``International 
    Broadcasting Activities'' under title III, $541,676,000 for the 
    fiscal year 1994, and $609,740,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (5) Office of the inspector general._For ``Office of the 
    Inspector General'', $4,247,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and 
    $4,396,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (6) Center for cultural and technical interchange between east 
    and west._For ``Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange 
    between East and West'', $26,000,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and 
    $24,500,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
        (7) Title v of public law 98-164._To carry out title V of 
    Public Law 98-164, $35,000,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and 
    $35,000,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
    (b) Limitations._
        (1) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for ``Salaries 
    and Expenses'' under section 201(a)(1) for fiscal year 1995, 
    $500,000 is authorized to be appropriated for expenses and 
    activities related to United States participation in the 1996 
    Budapest World's Fair (Budapest Expo '96).
        (2) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
    ``Fulbright Academic Exchange Programs'' under subsection 
    (a)(2)(A)_
            (A) $3,000,000 is authorized to be available for fiscal 
        year 1995 for the Vietnam Scholarship Program established by 
        section 229 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
        Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138); and
            (B) $1,500,000 is authorized to be available for fiscal 
        year 1994 and $2,000,000 is authorized to be available for 
        fiscal year 1995, for the ``Environment and Sustainable 
        Development Exchange Program'' established by section 241.
        (3) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for ``Other 
    Programs'' under subsection (a)(2)(B) $1,000,000 is authorized to 
    be available for each of the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 for the 
    ``American Studies Collections'' program established under section 
    235.

      PART B_USIA AND RELATED AGENCIES AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

SEC. 221. USIA OFFICE IN LHASA, TIBET.

    (a) Establishment of Office._The Director of the United States 
Information Agency shall seek to establish an office in Lhasa, Tibet, 
for the purpose of_
        (1) disseminating information about the United States;
        (2) promoting discussions on conflict resolution and human 
    rights;
        (3) facilitating United States private sector involvement in 
    educational and cultural activities in Tibet; and
        (4) advising the United States Government with respect to 
    Tibetan public opinion.
    (b) Report by the Director of USIA._Not later than April 1 of each 
year, the Director of the United States Information Agency shall submit 
a detailed report on developments relating to the implementation of 
this section to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 222. CHANGES IN ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITIES.

    Section 801 of the United States Informational and Educational 
Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1471) is amended_
        (1) in paragraph (5) by striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
        (2) in paragraph (6) by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(7) notwithstanding any other provision of law, to carry out 
    projects involving security construction and related improvements 
    for Agency facilities not physically located together with 
    Department of State facilities abroad.''.

SEC. 223. EMPLOYMENT AUTHORITY.

    For fiscal years 1994 and 1995, the Director of the United States 
Information Agency may, in carrying out the provisions of the United 
States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, employ 
individuals or organizations by contract for services to be performed 
in the United States or abroad, who shall not, by virtue of such 
employment, be considered to be employees of the United States 
Government for the purposes of any law administered by the Office of 
Personnel Management, except that the Director may determine the 
applicability to such individuals of section 804(5) of that Act.

SEC. 224. BUYING POWER MAINTENANCE ACCOUNT.

    Section 704(c) of the United States Information and Educational 
Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1477b(c)) is amended_
        (1) by redesignating clauses (1) and (2) as clauses (A) and 
    (B), respectively;
        (2) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(c)''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) In carrying out this subsection, there may be established a 
Buying Power Maintenance account.
    ``(3) In order to eliminate substantial gains to the approved 
levels of overseas operations for the United States Information Agency, 
the Director shall transfer to the Buying Power Maintenance account 
such amounts appropriated for `Salaries and Expenses' as the Director 
determines are excessive to the needs of the approved level of 
operations under that appropriation account because of fluctuations in 
foreign currency exchange rates or changes in overseas wages and 
prices.
    ``(4) In order to offset adverse fluctuations in foreign currency 
exchange rates or foreign wages and prices, the Director may transfer 
from the Buying Power Maintenance account to the `Salaries and 
Expenses' appropriations account such amounts as the Director 
determines are necessary to maintain the approved level of operations 
under that appropriation account.
    ``(5) Funds transferred by the Director from the Buying Power 
Maintenance account to another account shall be merged with and be 
available for the same purpose, and for the same time period, as the 
funds in that other account. Funds transferred by the Director from 
another account to the Buying Power Maintenance account shall be merged 
with the funds in the Buying Power Maintenance account and shall be 
available for the purposes of that account until expended.
    ``(6) Any restriction contained in an appropriation Act or other 
provision of law limiting the amounts that may be obligated or expended 
by the United States Information Agency shall be deemed to be adjusted 
to the extent necessary to offset the net effect of fluctuations in 
foreign currency exchange rates or overseas wage and price changes in 
order to maintain approved levels.
    ``(7)(A) Subject to the limitations contained in this paragraph, 
not later than the end of the 5th fiscal year after the fiscal year for 
which funds are appropriated or otherwise made available for the 
`Salaries and Expenses' account, the Director may transfer any 
unobligated balance of such funds to the Buying Power Maintenance 
account.
    ``(B) The balance of the Buying Power Maintenance account may not 
exceed $50,000,000 as a result of any transfer under this paragraph.
    ``(C) Any transfer pursuant to this paragraph shall be treated as a 
reprogramming of funds under section 705 and shall be available for 
obligation or expenditure only in accordance with the procedures under 
such section.
    ``(D) The authorities contained in this section may only be 
exercised to such an extent and in such amounts as specifically 
provided in advance in appropriation Acts.''.

SEC. 225. CONTRACT AUTHORITY.

    Section 802(b) of the United States Information and Educational 
Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1472(b)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(4)(A) Notwithstanding the other provisions of this subsection, 
the United States Information Agency is authorized to enter into 
contracts for periods not to exceed 7 years for circuit capacity to 
distribute radio and television programs.
    ``(B) The authority of this paragraph may be exercised for a fiscal 
year only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance 
in appropriations Acts.''.

SEC. 226. UNITED STATES TRANSMITTER IN KUWAIT.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this or any 
other Act may be obligated or expended for the design, development, or 
construction of a United States short-wave radio transmitter in Kuwait.

SEC. 227. FULBRIGHT-HAYS ACT AUTHORITIES.

    Section 105(a) of Public Law 87-256 is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Amounts appropriated to carry out the purposes of this Act 
are authorized to be made available until expended.''.

SEC. 228. SEPARATE LEDGER ACCOUNTS FOR NED GRANTEES.

    Section 504(h)(1) of the National Endowment for Democracy Act (22 
U.S.C. 4413(h)(1)) is amended by striking ``accounts'' and inserting 
``bank accounts or separate self-balancing ledger accounts''.
    SEC. 229. COORDINATION OF UNITED STATES EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.
    (a) Coordination._Section 112 of the Mutual Educational and 
Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2460) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(f)(1) The President shall ensure that all exchange programs 
conducted by the United States Government, its departments and 
agencies, directly or through agreements with other parties, are 
reported at a time and in a format prescribed by the Director. The 
President shall ensure that such exchanges are consistent with United 
States foreign policy and avoid duplication of effort.
    ``(2) Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this 
subsection, and annually thereafter, the President shall submit to the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Chairman of the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report pursuant to 
paragraph (1). Such report shall include information for each exchange 
program supported by the United States on the objectives of such 
exchange, the number of exchange participants supported, the types of 
exchange activities conducted, the total amount of Federal expenditures 
for such exchanges, and the extent to which such exchanges are 
duplicative.''.
    (b) Report by the Director of USIA._Not later than 120 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the United States 
Information Agency shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
the Senate a report_
        (1) detailing the range of exchange programs administered by 
    the Agency;
        (2) identifying possible areas of duplication of inefficiency; 
    and
        (3) recommending program consolidation and administrative 
    restructuring as warranted.
    SEC. 230. LIMITATION CONCERNING PARTICIPATION IN INTERNATIONAL 
      EXPOSITIONS.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the United States 
Information Agency shall not obligate or expend any funds for a United 
States Government funded pavilion or other major exhibit at any 
international exposition or world's fair registered by the Bureau of 
International Expositions in excess of amounts expressly authorized and 
appropriated for such purpose.

SEC. 231. PRIVATE SECTOR OPPORTUNITIES.

    Section 104(e)(4) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange 
Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2454) is amended by inserting before the period 
``, and of similar services and opportunities for interchange not 
supported by the United States Government''.

SEC. 232. AUTHORITY TO RESPOND TO PUBLIC INQUIRIES.

    Section 208 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1986 and 1987 (22 U.S.C. 1461-1a) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new sentence: ``The provisions of this section shall not 
prohibit the United States Information Agency from responding to 
inquiries from members of the public about its operations, policies, or 
programs.''.
    SEC. 233. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT RELATING TO NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST 
      RESEARCH AND TRAINING.
    Section 228(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452 note) is amended by inserting ``and 
includes the Republic of Turkey'' before the period at the end thereof.
    SEC. 234. DISTRIBUTION WITHIN THE UNITED STATES OF CERTAIN 
      MATERIALS OF THE UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY.
    Notwithstanding section 208 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (22 U.S.C. 1461-1a) and the second 
sentence of section 501 of the United States Information and 
Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1461), the Director of the 
United States Information Agency may make available for distribution 
within the United States the following:
        (1) The United States Information Agency's Thomas Jefferson 
    Paper Show, which commemorates the 250th anniversary of the birth 
    of Thomas Jefferson.
        (2) The documentary entitled ``Crimes Against Humanity'', a 
    film about the ensuing conflict in the former Yugoslavia.

SEC. 235. AMERICAN STUDIES COLLECTIONS.

    (a) Authority._In order to promote a thorough understanding of the 
United States among emerging elites abroad, the Director of the United 
States Information Agency is authorized to establish and support 
collections at appropriate university libraries abroad to further the 
study of the United States, and to enter into agreements with such 
universities for such purposes.
    (b) Design and Development._Such collections_
        (1) shall be developed in consultation with United States 
    associations and organizations of scholars in the principal 
    academic disciplines in which American studies are conducted; and
        (2) shall be designed primarily to meet the needs of 
    undergraduate and graduate students of American studies.
    (c) Site Selection._In selecting universities abroad as sites for 
such collections, the Director shall_
        (1) ensure that such universities are able, within a reasonable 
    period of the establishment of such collections, to assume 
    responsibility for their maintenance in current form;
        (2) ensure that undergraduate and graduate students shall enjoy 
    reasonable access to such collections; and
        (3) include in any agreement entered into between the United 
    States Information Agency and a university abroad, terms embodying 
    a contractual commitment of such maintenance and access under this 
    subsection.
    (d) Funding._
        (1) The Director of the United States Information Agency is 
    authorized to establish an endowment fund (hereafter in this 
    section referred to as the ``fund'') to carry out the purposes of 
    this section and to enter into such agreements as may be necessary 
    to carry out the purposes of this section.
        (2)(A) The Director shall make deposits to the fund of amounts 
    appropriated or otherwise made available to carry out this section.
        (B) The Director is authorized to accept, use, and dispose of 
    gifts of donations of services or property to carry out this 
    section. Sums donated to carry out the purposes of this section 
    shall be deposited into the fund.
        (3) The corpus of the fund shall be invested in federally-
    insured bank savings accounts or comparable interest-bearing 
    accounts, certificates of deposit, money market funds, obligations 
    of the United States, or other low-risk instruments and securities.
        (4) The Director may withdraw or expend amounts from the fund 
    for any expenses necessary to carry out the purposes of this 
    section.
    (e) Availability of Authorizations of Appropriations._
Authorizations of appropriations for the purposes of this section shall 
be available without fiscal year limitation and shall remain available 
until used.

SEC. 236. EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGES WITH TIBET.

    The Director of the United States Information Agency shall 
establish programs of educational and cultural exchange between the 
United States and the people of Tibet. Such programs shall include 
opportunities for training and, as the Director considers appropriate, 
may include the assignment of personnel and resources abroad.

SEC. 237. SCHOLARSHIPS FOR EAST TIMORESE STUDENTS.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Bureau of 
Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Information 
Agency shall make available for each of the fiscal years 1994 and 1995, 
scholarships for East Timorese students qualified to study in the 
United States for the purpose of studying at the undergraduate level in 
a United States college or university. Each scholarship made available 
under this subsection shall be for not less than one semester of study.

SEC. 238. CAMBODIAN SCHOLARSHIP AND EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Purpose._It is the purpose of this section to provide financial 
assistance_
        (1) to establish a scholarship program for Cambodian college 
    and post-graduate students to study in the United States; and
        (2) to expand Cambodian participation in exchange programs of 
    the United States Information Agency.
    (b) Program._(1) The Director of the United States Information 
Agency shall establish a scholarship program to enable Cambodian 
college students and post-graduate students to study in the United 
States.
    (2) The Director of the United States Information Agency shall also 
include qualified Cambodian citizens in exchange programs funded or 
otherwise sponsored by the Agency, in particular the Fulbright Academic 
Program, the International Visitor Program, and the Citizen Exchange 
Program.
    (c) Definition._For the purposes of this section, the term 
``scholarship'' means an amount to be used for full or partial support 
of tuition and fees to attend an educational institution, and may 
include fees, books, and supplies, equipment required for courses at an 
educational institution, living expenses at a United States educational 
institution, and travel expenses to and from, and within, the United 
States.
    SEC. 239. INCREASING AFRICAN PARTICIPATION IN USIA EXCHANGE 
      PROGRAMS.
    The Director of the United States Information Agency shall expand 
exchange program allocations to Africa, in particular Fulbright 
Academic Exchanges, International Visitor Programs, and Citizen 
Exchanges, and shall further encourage a broadening of affiliations and 
links between United States and African institutions.
    SEC. 240. ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT EXCHANGE PROGRAM.
    (a) Purpose._The purpose of this section is to establish a program 
to promote academic exchanges in disciplines relevant to environment 
and sustainable development.
    (b) Program Authority._Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
the Director of the United States Information Agency, through the 
Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, shall provide scholarships 
beginning in the fiscal year 1994, and for each fiscal year thereafter, 
for study at United States institutions of higher education in 
furtherance of the purpose of this section for foreign students who 
have completed their undergraduate education and for postsecondary 
educators.
    (c) Guidelines._The scholarship program under this section shall be 
carried out in accordance with the following guidelines:
        (1) Consistent with section 112(b) of the Mutual Educational 
    and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2460(b)), all programs 
    created pursuant to this Act shall be nonpolitical and balanced, 
    and shall be administered in keeping with the highest standards of 
    academic integrity and cost-effectiveness.
        (2) The United States Information Agency shall administer this 
    program under the auspices of the Fulbright Academic Exchange 
    Program.
        (3) The United States Information Agency shall ensure the 
    regional diversity of this program through the selection of 
    candidates from Asia, Africa, Latin America, as well as Europe and 
    the Middle East.
    (d) Definition._For purposes of this section, the term 
``institution of higher education'' has the same meaning given to such 
term by section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965.

SEC. 241. SOUTH PACIFIC EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Authorized Programs._The Director of the United States 
Information Agency is authorized to award academic scholarships to 
qualified students from the sovereign nations of the South Pacific 
region to pursue undergraduate and postgraduate study at institutions 
of higher education in the United States; to make grants to 
accomplished United States scholars and experts to pursue research, to 
teach, or to offer training in such nations; and to make grants for 
youth exchanges.
    (b) Limitation._Grants awarded to United States scholars and 
experts may not exceed 10 percent of the total funds awarded for any 
fiscal year for programs under this section.
    SEC. 242. INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS INVOLVING DISABILITY 
      RELATED MATTERS.
    (a) Authority._In carrying out the authorities of section 102(b) of 
the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2452(b)), the President shall ensure that such authorities are used to 
promote educational, cultural, medical, and scientific meetings, 
training, research, visits, interchanges, and other activities, with 
respect to disability matters, including participation by individuals 
with disabilities (within the meaning of section 3(2) of the Americans 
with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(2)) in such activities, 
through such nonprofit organizations as have a demonstrated capability 
to coordinate exchange programs involving disability-related matters.
    (b) Report._Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Director of the United States Information Agency shall 
submit a report to Congress describing implementation of the 
requirements of this section.
    (c) Annual Summary of Activities._As part of the Congressional 
presentation materials submitted in connection with the annual budget 
request for the United States Information Agency, the Director of the 
Agency shall include a summary of the international exchange activities 
which meet the requirements of this section.

                   PART C_MIKE MANSFIELD FELLOWSHIPS

SEC. 251. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Mike Mansfield Fellowship Act''.

SEC. 252. ESTABLISHMENT OF FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment._(1) There is hereby established the ``Mike 
Mansfield Fellowship Program'' pursuant to which the Director of the 
United States Information Agency will make grants, subject to the 
availability of appropriations, to the Mansfield Center for Pacific 
Affairs to award fellowships to eligible United States citizens for 
periods of 2 years each (or, pursuant to section 253(5)(C), for such 
shorter period of time as the Center may determine based on a Fellow's 
level of proficiency in the Japanese language or knowledge of the 
political economy of Japan) as follows:
        (A) During the first year each fellowship recipient will study 
    the Japanese language as well as Japan's political economy.
        (B) During the second year each fellowship recipient will serve 
    as a fellow in a parliamentary office, ministry, or other agency of 
    the Government of Japan or, subject to the approval of the Center, 
    a nongovernmental Japanese institution associated with the 
    interests of the fellowship recipient, and the agency of the United 
    States Government from which the fellow originated, consistent with 
    the purposes of this part.
    (2) Fellowships under this part may be known as ``Mansfield 
Fellowships'', and individuals awarded such fellowships may be known as 
``Mansfield Fellows''.
    (b) Eligibility of Center for Grants._Grants may be made to the 
Center under this section only if the Center agrees to comply with the 
requirements of section 253.
    (c) International Agreement._The Director of the United States 
Information Agency should enter into negotiations for an agreement with 
the Government of Japan for the purpose of placing fellows in the 
Government of Japan.
    (d) Private Sources._The Center is authorized to accept, use, and 
dispose of gifts or donations of services or property in carrying out 
the fellowship program, subject to the review and approval of the 
Director of the United States Information Agency.
    (e) Use of Federal Facilities._The National Foreign Affairs 
Training Center is authorized and encouraged to assist, on a 
reimbursable basis, in carrying out Japanese language training by the 
Center through the provision of teachers, classroom space, teaching 
materials, and facilities, to the extent that such provision is not 
detrimental to the Institute's carrying out its other responsibilities 
under law.

SEC. 253. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.

    The program established under this part shall comply with the 
following requirements:
        (1) United States citizens who are eligible for fellowships 
    under this part shall be employees of the Federal Government having 
    at least two years experience in any branch of the Government, a 
    strong career interest in United States-Japan relations, and a 
    demonstrated commitment to further service in the Federal 
    Government, and such other qualifications as are determined by the 
    Center.
        (2) Not more than 10 fellowships may be awarded each year of 
    which not more than 3 shall be awarded to individuals who are not 
    detailed employees of the Government.
        (3)(A) Fellows shall agree to maintain satisfactory progress in 
    language training and appropriate behavior in Japan, as determined 
    by the Center, as a condition of continued receipt of Federal 
    funds.
        (B) Fellows who are not detailees shall agree to return to the 
    Federal Government for further employment for a period of at least 
    2 years following the end of their fellowships, unless, in the 
    determination of the Center, the fellow is unable (for reasons 
    beyond the fellow's control and after receiving assistance from the 
    Center as provided in paragraph (8)) to find reemployment for such 
    period.
        (4) During the period of the fellowship, the Center shall 
    provide_
            (A) to each fellow who is not a detailee a stipend at a 
        rate of pay equal to the rate of pay that individual was 
        receiving when he or she entered the program, plus a cost-of-
        living adjustment calculated at the same rate of pay, and for 
        the same period of time, for which such adjustments were made 
        to the salaries of individuals occupying competitive positions 
        in the civil service during the same period as the fellowship; 
        and
            (B) to each fellow (including detailees) certain allowances 
        and benefits as that individual would have been entitled to, 
        but for his or her separation from Government service, as a 
        United States Government civilian employee overseas under the 
        Standardized Regulations (Government Civilians, Foreign Areas) 
        of the Department of State, as follows: a living quarters 
        allowance to cover the higher cost of housing in Japan, a post 
        allowance to cover the significantly higher costs of living in 
        Japan, an education allowance to assist parents in providing 
        their children with educational services ordinarily provided 
        without charge by United States public schools, moving expenses 
        of up to $1,000 for personal belongings of fellows and their 
        families in their move to Japan and one-round-trip economy-
        class airline ticket to Japan for each fellow and the fellow's 
        immediate family.
        (5)(A) For the first year of each fellowship, the Center shall 
    provide fellows with intensive Japanese language training in the 
    Washington, D.C., area, as well as courses in the political economy 
    of Japan.
        (B) Such training shall be of the same quality as training 
    provided to Foreign Service officers before they are assigned to 
    Japan.
        (C) The Center may waive any or all of the training required by 
    subparagraph (A) to the extent that a fellow has Japanese language 
    skills or knowledge of Japan's political economy, and the 2-year 
    fellowship period shall be shortened to the extent such training is 
    less than one year.
        (6) Any fellow who is not a detailee who does not comply with 
    the requirements of this section shall reimburse the United States 
    Information Agency for the Federal funds expended for the Fellow's 
    participation in the fellowship, together with interest on such 
    funds (calculated at the prevailing rate), as follows:
            (A) Full reimbursement for noncompliance with paragraph 
        (3)(A) or (9).
            (B) Pro rata reimbursement for noncompliance with paragraph 
        (3)(B) for any period the fellow is reemployed by the Federal 
        Government that is less than the period specified in paragraph 
        (3)(B), at a rate equal to the amount the fellow received 
        during the final year of the fellowship for the same period of 
        time, including any allowances and benefits provided under 
        paragraph (4).
        (7) The Center shall select fellows based solely on merit. The 
    Center shall make positive efforts to recruit candidates reflecting 
    the cultural, racial, and ethnic diversity of the United States.
        (8) The Center shall assist, to the extent possible, any fellow 
    who is not a detailee in finding employment in the Federal 
    Government if such fellow was not able, at the end of the 
    fellowship, to be reemployed in the agency from which he or she 
    separated to become a fellow.
        (9) No fellow may engage in any intelligence or intelligence-
    related activity on behalf of the United States Government.
        (10) The financial records of the Center shall be audited 
    annually in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards 
    by independent certified public accountants or independent licensed 
    public accountants, certified or licensed by a regulatory authority 
    of a State or other political subdivision of the United States. The 
    audit shall be conducted at the place or places where the financial 
    records of the Center are normally kept. All books, financial 
    records, files, and other papers, things, and property belonging to 
    or in use by the Center and necessary to facilitate the audit shall 
    be made available to the person or persons conducting the audit, 
    and full facilities for verifying transactions with the balances or 
    securities held by depositories, fiscal agents, and custodians 
    shall be afforded to such person or persons.
        (11) The Center shall provide a report of the audit to the 
    Director of the United States Information Agency no later than six 
    months following the close of the fiscal year for which the audit 
    is made. The report shall set forth the scope of the audit and 
    include such statements, together with the independent auditor's 
    opinion of those statements, as are necessary to present fairly the 
    Center's assets and liabilities, surplus or deficit, with 
    reasonable detail, including a statement of the Center's income and 
    expenses during the year, including a schedule of all contracts and 
    grants requiring payments in excess of $5,000 and any payments of 
    compensation, salaries, or fees at a rate in excess of $5,000 per 
    year. The report shall be produced in sufficient copies for the 
    public.
    SEC. 254. SEPARATION OF GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL DURING THE 
      FELLOWSHIPS.
    (a) Separation._Under such terms and conditions as the agency head 
may direct, any agency of the United States Government may separate 
from Government service for a specified period any officer or employee 
of that agency who accepts a fellowship under the program established 
by this part and is not detailed under section 255.
    (b) Reemployment._Any fellow who is not a detailee, at the end of 
the fellowship, is entitled to be reemployed in the same manner as if 
covered by section 3582 of title 5, United States Code.
    (c) Rights and Benefits._Notwithstanding section 8347(o), 8713, or 
8914 of title 5, United States Code, and in accordance with regulations 
of the Office of Personnel Management, an employee, while serving as a 
fellow who is not a detailee, is entitled to the same rights and 
benefits as if covered by section 3582 of title 5, United States Code. 
The Center shall reimburse the employing agency for any costs incurred 
under section 3582 of title 5, United States Code.
    (d) Compliance With Budget Act._Funds are available under this 
section to the extent and in the amounts provided in appropriation 
Acts.
    SEC. 255. MANSFIELD FELLOWS ON DETAIL FROM GOVERNMENT SERVICE.
    (a) In General._(1) An agency head may detail, for a period of not 
more than 2 years, an employee of the agency who has been awarded a 
Mansfield Fellowship, to the Center.
    (2) Each fellow who is detailed under this section shall enter into 
a written agreement with the Federal Government before receiving a 
fellowship that the fellow will_
        (A) continue in the service of the fellow's agency at the end 
    of the fellowship for a period of at least 2 years unless the 
    fellow is involuntarily separated from the service of such agency; 
    and
        (B) pay to the United States Information Agency any additional 
    expenses incurred by the Federal Government in connection with the 
    fellowship if the fellow is voluntarily separated from service with 
    the fellow's agency before the end of the period for which the 
    fellow has agreed to continue in the service of such agency.
    (3) The payment agreed to under paragraph (2)(B) may not be 
required of a fellow who leaves the service of such agency to enter 
into the service of another agency in any branch of the United States 
Government unless the head of the agency that authorized the fellowship 
notifies the employee before the effective date of entry into the 
service of the other agency that payment will be required under this 
section.
    (b) Status as Government Employee._A fellow detailed under 
subsection (a) is deemed, for the purpose of preserving allowances, 
privileges, rights, seniority, and other benefits, an employee of the 
agency from which detailed, and is entitled to pay, allowances, and 
benefits from funds available to that agency. The authorization and 
payment of such allowances and other benefits from appropriations 
available therefore is deemed to comply with section 5536 of title 5, 
United States Code.
    (c) Reimbursement._Fellows may be detailed under subsection (a) 
without reimbursement to the United States by the Center.
    (d) Allowances and Benefits._A fellow detailed under subsection (a) 
may be paid by the Center for allowances and benefits listed in section 
253(4)(B).

SEC. 256. LIABILITY FOR REPAYMENTS.

    If any fellow fails to fulfill the fellow's agreement to pay the 
United States Information Agency for the expenses incurred by the 
United States Information Agency in connection with the fellowship, a 
sum equal to the amount of the expenses of the fellowship shall be 
recoverable by the United States Information Agency from the fellow (or 
a legal representative) by_
        (1) setoff against accrued pay, compensation, amount of 
    retirement credit, or other amount due the fellow from the Federal 
    Government; and
        (2) such other method as is provided by law for the recovery of 
    amounts owing to the Federal Government.

SEC. 257. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this part_
        (1) the term ``agency of the United States Government'' 
    includes any agency of the legislative branch and any court of the 
    judicial branch as well as any agency of the executive branch;
        (2) the term ``agency head'' means_
            (A) in the case of the executive branch of Government or an 
        agency of the legislative branch other than the House of 
        Representatives or the Senate, the head of the respective 
        agency;
            (B) in the case of the judicial branch of Government, the 
        chief judge of the respective court;
            (C) in the case of the Senate, the President pro tempore, 
        in consultation with the Majority Leader and Minority Leader of 
        the Senate; and
            (D) in the case of the House of Representatives, the 
        Speaker of the House, in consultation with the Majority Leader 
        and Minority Leader of the House;
        (3) the term ``Center'' means the Mansfield Center for Pacific 
    Affairs; and
        (4) the term ``detailee'' means an employee of an agency of the 
    United States Government on assignment or loan to the Mansfield 
    Center for Pacific Affairs without a change of position from the 
    agency by which he or she is employed.

         TITLE III_UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACT

SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``United States International 
Broadcasting Act of 1994''.
    SEC. 302. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS AND DECLARATION OF PURPOSES.
    The Congress makes the following findings and declarations:
        (1) It is the policy of the United States to promote the right 
    of freedom of opinion and expression, including the freedom ``to 
    seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media 
    and regardless of frontiers,'' in accordance with Article 19 of the 
    Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
        (2) Open communication of information and ideas among the 
    peoples of the world contributes to international peace and 
    stability and the promotion of such communication is in the 
    interests of the United States.
        (3) It is in the interest of the United States to support 
    broadcasting to other nations consistent with the requirements of 
    this title.
        (4) The continuation of existing United States international 
    broadcasting, and the creation of a new broadcasting service to the 
    people of the People's Republic of China and other countries of 
    Asia which lack adequate sources of free information, would enhance 
    the promotion of information and ideas, while advancing the goals 
    of United States foreign policy.
        (5) The reorganization and consolidation of United States 
    international broadcasting will achieve important economies and 
    strengthen the capability of the United States to use broadcasting 
    to support freedom and democracy in a rapidly changing 
    international environment.

SEC. 303. STANDARDS AND PRINCIPLES.

    (a) Broadcasting Standards._United States international 
broadcasting shall_
        (1) be consistent with the broad foreign policy objectives of 
    the United States;
        (2) be consistent with the international telecommunications 
    policies and treaty obligations of the United States;
        (3) not duplicate the activities of private United States 
    broadcasters;
        (4) not duplicate the activities of government supported 
    broadcasting entities of other democratic nations;
        (5) be conducted in accordance with the highest professional 
    standards of broadcast journalism;
        (6) be based on reliable information about its potential 
    audience; and
        (7) be designed so as to effectively reach a significant 
    audience.
    (b) Broadcasting Principles._United States international 
broadcasting shall include_
        (1) news which is consistently reliable and authoritative, 
    accurate, objective, and comprehensive;
        (2) a balanced and comprehensive projection of United States 
    thought and institutions, reflecting the diversity of United States 
    culture and society;
        (3) clear and effective presentation of the policies of the 
    United States Government and responsible discussion and opinion on 
    those policies;
        (4) programming to meet needs which remain unserved by the 
    totality of media voices available to the people of certain 
    nations;
        (5) information about developments in each significant region 
    of the world;
        (6) a variety of opinions and voices from within particular 
    nations and regions prevented by censorship or repression from 
    speaking to their fellow countrymen;
        (7) reliable research capacity to meet the criteria under this 
    section;
        (8) adequate transmitter and relay capacity to support the 
    activities described in this section; and
        (9) training and technical support for independent indigenous 
    media through government agencies or private United States 
    entities.
    SEC. 304. ESTABLISHMENT OF BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS.
    (a) Establishment._There is hereby established within the United 
States Information Agency a Broadcasting Board of Governors (hereafter 
in this title referred to as the ``Board'').
    (b) Composition of the Board._
        (1) The Board shall consist of 9 members, as follows:
            (A) 8 voting members who shall be appointed by the 
        President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
            (B) The Director of the United States Information Agency 
        who shall also be a voting member.
        (2) The President shall designate one member (other than the 
    Director of the United States Information Agency) as Chairman of 
    the Board.
        (3) Exclusive of the Director of the United States Information 
    Agency, not more than 4 of the members of the Board appointed by 
    the President shall be of the same political party.
    (c) Term of Office._The term of office of each member of the Board 
shall be three years, except that the Director of the United States 
Information Agency shall remain a member of the Board during the 
Director's term of service. Of the other 8 voting members, the initial 
terms of office of two members shall be one year, and the initial terms 
of office of 3 other members shall be two years, as determined by the 
President. The President shall appoint, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate, Board members to fill vacancies occurring prior 
to the expiration of a term, in which case the members so appointed 
shall serve for the remainder of such term. Any member whose term has 
expired may serve until a successor has been appointed and qualified. 
When there is no Director of the United States Information Agency, the 
acting Director of the agency shall serve as a member of the Board 
until a Director is appointed.
    (d) Selection of Board._Members of the Board appointed by the 
President shall be citizens of the United States who are not regular 
full-time employees of the United States Government. Such members shall 
be selected by the President from among Americans distinguished in the 
fields of mass communications, print, broadcast media, or foreign 
affairs.
    (e) Compensation._Members of the Board, while attending meetings of 
the Board or while engaged in duties relating to such meetings or in 
other activities of the Board pursuant to this section (including 
travel time) shall be entitled to receive compensation equal to the 
daily equivalent of the compensation prescribed for level IV of the 
Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code. 
While away from their homes or regular places of business, members of 
the Board may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
subsistence, as authorized by law (5 U.S.C. 5703) for persons in the 
Government service employed intermittently. The Director of the United 
States Information Agency shall not be entitled to any compensation 
under this title, but may be allowed travel expenses as provided under 
this subsection.
    (f) Decisions._Decisions of the Board shall be made by majority 
vote, a quorum being present. A quorum shall consist of 5 members.

SEC. 305. AUTHORITIES OF THE BOARD.

    (a) Authorities._The Board shall have the following authorities:
        (1) To direct and supervise all broadcasting activities 
    conducted pursuant to this title, the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba 
    Act, and the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act.
        (2) To review and evaluate the mission and operation of, and to 
    assess the quality, effectiveness, and professional integrity of, 
    all such activities within the context of the broad foreign policy 
    objectives of the United States.
        (3) To ensure that United States international broadcasting is 
    conducted in accordance with the standards and principles contained 
    in section 303.
        (4) To review, evaluate, and determine, at least annually, the 
    addition or deletion of language services.
        (5) To make and supervise grants for broadcasting and related 
    activities in accordance with sections 308 and 309.
        (6) To allocate funds appropriated for international 
    broadcasting activities among the various elements of the 
    International Broadcasting Bureau and grantees, subject to the 
    limitations in sections 308 and 309 and subject to reprogramming 
    notification requirements in law for the reallocation of funds.
        (7) To review engineering activities to ensure that all 
    broadcasting elements receive the highest quality and cost-
    effective delivery services.
        (8) To undertake such studies as may be necessary to identify 
    areas in which broadcasting activities under its authority could be 
    made more efficient and economical.
        (9) To submit to the President and the Congress, through the 
    Director of the United States Information Agency, an annual report 
    which summarizes and evaluates activities under this title, the 
    Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act, and the Television Broadcasting to 
    Cuba Act.
        (10) To the extent considered necessary to carry out the 
    functions of the Board, procure supplies, services, and other 
    personal property.
        (11) To appoint such staff personnel for the Board as the Board 
    may determine to be necessary, subject to the provisions of title 
    5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive 
    service, and to fix their compensation in accordance with the 
    provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such 
    title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates.
        (12) To obligate and expend, for official reception and 
    representation expenses, such amount as may be made available 
    through appropriations (which for each of the fiscal years 1994 and 
    1995 may not exceed the amount made available to the Board for 
    International Broadcasting for such purposes for fiscal year 1993).
        (13) To make available in the annual report required by 
    paragraph (9) information on funds expended on administrative and 
    managerial services by the Bureau and by grantees and the steps the 
    Board has taken to reduce unnecessary overhead costs for each of 
    the broadcasting services.
        (14) The Board may provide for the use of United States 
    Government transmitter capacity for relay to Radio Free Asia.
    (b) Broadcasting Budgets._
        (1) The Director of the Bureau and the grantees identified in 
    sections 308 and 309 shall submit proposed budgets to the Board. 
    The Board shall forward its recommendations concerning the proposed 
    budget for the Board and broadcasting activities under this title, 
    the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act, and the Television Broadcasting 
    to Cuba Act to the Director of the United States Information Agency 
    for the consideration of the Director as a part of the Agency's 
    budget submission to the Office of Management and Budget.
        (2) The Director of the United States Information Agency shall 
    include in the Agency's submission to the Office of Management and 
    Budget the comments and recommendations of the Board concerning the 
    proposed broadcasting budget.
    (c) Implementation._The Director of the United States Information 
Agency and the Board, in carrying out their functions, shall respect 
the professional independence and integrity of the International 
Broadcasting Bureau, its broadcasting services, and grantees.
    (d) Technical Amendment._
        (1) Section 4 of the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act (22 U.S.C. 
    1465b) is amended by striking ``and the Associate Director for 
    Broadcasting of the United States Information Agency'' and 
    inserting ``of the Voice of America''.
        (2) Section 5(b) of the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act (22 
    U.S.C.1465c(b)) is amended by striking ``Director and Associate 
    Director for Broadcasting of the United States Information Agency'' 
    and inserting ``Broadcasting Board of Governors''.

SEC. 306. FOREIGN POLICY GUIDANCE.

    To assist the Board in carrying out its functions, the Secretary of 
State, acting through the Director of the United States Information 
Agency, shall provide information and guidance on foreign policy issues 
to the Board.

SEC. 307. INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING BUREAU.

    (a) Establishment._There is hereby established an International 
Broadcasting Bureau within the United States Information Agency 
(hereafter in this title referred to as the ``Bureau''), to carry out 
all nonmilitary international broadcasting activities supported by the 
United States Government other than those described in sections 308 and 
309.
    (b) Selection of the Director of the Bureau._
        (1) The Director of the Bureau shall be appointed by the 
    Chairman of the Board, in consultation with the Director of the 
    United States Information Agency and with the concurrence of a 
    majority of the Board. The Director of the Bureau shall be entitled 
    to receive compensation at the rate prescribed by law for level IV 
    of the Executive Schedule.
        (2) Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
    adding at the end the following:
        ``Director of the International Broadcasting Bureau, the United 
    States Information Agency.''.
    SEC. 308. LIMITS ON GRANTS FOR RADIO FREE EUROPE AND RADIO LIBERTY.
    (a) Board of RFE/RL, Incorporated._The Board may not make any grant 
to RFE/RL, Incorporated, unless the certificate of incorporation of 
RFE/RL, Incorporated, has been amended to provide that_
        (1) the Board of Directors of RFE/RL, Incorporated, shall 
    consist of the members of the Broadcasting Board of Governors 
    established under section 304 and of no other members; and
        (2) such Board of Directors shall make all major policy 
    determinations governing the operation of RFE/RL, Incorporated, and 
    shall appoint and fix the compensation of such managerial officers 
    and employees of RFE/RL, Incorporated, as it considers necessary to 
    carry out the purposes of the grant provided under this title.
    (b) Location of Principal Place of Business._
        (1) The Board may not make any grant to RFE/RL, Incorporated 
    unless the headquarters of RFE/RL, Incorporated and its senior 
    administrative and managerial staff are in a location which ensures 
    economy, operational effectiveness, and accountability to the 
    Board.
        (2) Not later than 90 days after confirmation of all members of 
    the Board, the Board shall provide a report to Congress on the 
    number of administrative, managerial, and technical staff of RFE/
    RL, Incorporated who will be located within the metropolitan area 
    of Washington, D.C., and the number of employees whose principal 
    place of business will be located outside the metropolitan area of 
    Washington, D.C.
    (c) Limitation on Grant Amounts._The total amount of grants made by 
the Board for the operating costs of Radio Free Europe and Radio 
Liberty may not exceed $75,000,000 for any fiscal year after fiscal 
year 1995.
    (d) Alternative Grantee._If the Board determines at any time that 
RFE/RL, Incorporated, is not carrying out the functions described in 
section 309 in an effective and economical manner, the Board may award 
the grant to carry out such functions to another entity after 
soliciting and considering applications from eligible entities in such 
manner and accompanied by such information as the Board may reasonably 
require.
    (e) Not a Federal Agency or Instrumentality._Nothing in this title 
may be construed to make RFE/RL, Incorporated a Federal agency or 
instrumentality.
    (f) Authority._Grants authorized under section 305 for RFE/RL, 
Incorporated, shall be available to make annual grants for the purpose 
of carrying out similar functions as were carried out by RFE/RL, 
Incorporated, on the day before the date of enactment of this Act with 
respect to Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, consistent with section 
2 of the Board for International Broadcasting Act of 1973, as in effect 
on such date.
    (g) Grant Agreement._Grants to RFE/RL, Incorporated, by the Board 
shall only be made in compliance with a grant agreement. The grant 
agreement shall establish guidelines for such grants. The grant 
agreement shall include the following provisions_
        (1) that a grant be used only for activities which the Board 
    determines are consistent with the purposes of subsection (f);
        (2) that RFE/RL, Incorporated, shall otherwise comply with the 
    requirements of this section;
        (3) that failure to comply with the requirements of this 
    section may result in suspension or termination of a grant without 
    further obligation by the Board or the United States;
        (4) that duplication of language services and technical 
    operations between RFE/RL, Incorporated and the International 
    Broadcasting Bureau be reduced to the extent appropriate, as 
    determined by the Board; and
        (5) that RFE/RL, Incorporated, justify in detail each proposed 
    expenditure of grant funds, and that such funds may not be used for 
    any other purpose unless the Board gives its prior written 
    approval.
    (h) Prohibited Uses of Grant Funds._No grant funds provided under 
this section may be used for the following purposes:
        (1)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), to pay any 
    salary or other compensation, or enter into any contract providing 
    for the payment of salary or compensation in excess of the rates 
    established for comparable positions under title 5 of the United 
    States Code or the foreign relations laws of the United States, 
    except that no employee may be paid a salary or other compensation 
    in excess of the rate of pay payable for level IV of the Executive 
    Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code.
        (B) Salary and other compensation limitations under 
    subparagraph (A) shall not apply prior to October 1, 1995, with 
    respect to any employee covered by a union agreement requiring a 
    salary or other compensation in excess of such limitations.
        (2) For any activity for the purpose of influencing the passage 
    or defeat of legislation being considered by Congress.
        (3) To enter into a contract or obligation to pay severance 
    payments for voluntary separation for employees hired after 
    December 1, 1990, except as may be required by United States law or 
    the laws of the country where the employee is stationed.
        (4) For first class travel for any employee of RFE/RL, 
    Incorporated, or the relative of any employee.
        (5) To compensate freelance contractors without the approval of 
    the Board.
    (i) Report on Management Practices._(1) Effective not later than 
March 31 and September 30 of each calendar year, the Inspector General 
of the United States Information Agency shall submit to the Board, the 
Director of the United States Information Agency, and the Congress a 
report on management practices of RFE/RL, Incorporated, under this 
section. The Inspector General of the United States Information Agency 
shall establish a special unit within the Inspector General's office to 
monitor and audit the activities of RFE/RL, Incorporated, and shall 
provide for on-site monitoring of such activities.
    (j) Audit Authority._
        (1) Such financial transactions of RFE/RL, Incorporated, as 
    relate to functions carried out under this section may be audited 
    by the General Accounting Office in accordance with such principles 
    and procedures and under such rules and regulations as may be 
    prescribed by the Comptroller General of the United States. Any 
    such audit shall be conducted at the place or places where accounts 
    of RFE/RL, Incorporated, are normally kept.
        (2) Representatives of the General Accounting Office shall have 
    access to all books, accounts, records, reports, files, papers, and 
    property belonging to or in use by RFE/RL, Incorporated pertaining 
    to such financial transactions and necessary to facilitate an 
    audit. Such representatives shall be afforded full facilities for 
    verifying transactions with any assets held by depositories, fiscal 
    agents, and custodians. All such books, accounts, records, reports, 
    files, papers, and property of RFE/RL, Incorporated, shall remain 
    in the possession and custody of RFE/RL, Incorporated.
        (3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and upon repeal 
    of the Board for International Broadcasting Act, the Inspector 
    General of the United States Information Agency is authorized to 
    exercise the authorities of the Inspector General Act of 1978 with 
    respect to RFE/RL, Incorporated.
    (k) Plan for Relocation._None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated for the fiscal years 1994 or 1995 may be used to relocate 
the offices or operations of RFE/RL, Incorporated from Munich, Germany, 
unless_
        (1) such relocation is specifically provided for in an 
    appropriation Act or pursuant to a reprogramming notification; and
        (2)(A) such relocation is authorized by the Board and the Board 
    submits to the Comptroller General of the United States and the 
    appropriate Congressional committees a detailed plan for such 
    relocation, including cost estimates and any and all fiscal data, 
    audits, business plans, and other documents which justify such 
    relocation; or
        (B) prior to the confirmation of all members of the Board, such 
    relocation is authorized by the President, the President certifies 
    that a significant national interest requires that such relocation 
    determination be made before the confirmation of all members of the 
    Board, and the President submits to the Comptroller General of the 
    United States and the appropriate congressional committees a 
    detailed plan for such relocation, including cost estimates and any 
    and all fiscal data, audits, business plans, and other documents 
    which justify such relocation.
    (l) Reports on Personnel Classification._Not later than 90 days 
after the date of confirmation of all members of the Board, the Board 
shall submit a report to the Congress containing a justification, in 
terms of the types of duties performed at specific rates of salary and 
other compensation, of the classification of personnel employed by RFE/
RL, Incorporated. The report shall include a comparison of the rates of 
salary or other compensation and classifications provided to employees 
of RFE/RL, Incorporated, with the rates of salary or other compensation 
and classifications of employees of the Voice of America stationed 
overseas in comparable positions and shall identify any disparities and 
steps which should be taken to eliminate such disparities.

SEC. 309. RADIO FREE ASIA.

    (a) Authority._
        (1) Grants authorized under section 305 shall be available to 
    make annual grants for the purpose of carrying out radio 
    broadcasting to the following countries: The People's Republic of 
    China, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, North Korea, Tibet, and Vietnam.
        (2) Such broadcasting service shall be referred to as ``Radio 
    Free Asia''.
    (b) Functions._Radio Free Asia shall_
        (1) provide accurate and timely information, news, and 
    commentary about events in the respective countries of Asia and 
    elsewhere; and
        (2) be a forum for a variety of opinions and voices from within 
    Asian nations whose people do not fully enjoy freedom of 
    expression.
    (c) Submission of Detailed Plan for Radio Free Asia._
        (1) No grant may be awarded to carry out this section unless 
    the Board, through the Director of the United States Information 
    Agency, has submitted to Congress a detailed plan for the 
    establishment and operation of Radio Free Asia, including_
            (A) a description of the manner in which Radio Free Asia 
        would meet the funding limitations provided in subsection 
        (d)(4);
            (B) a description of the numbers and qualifications of 
        employees it proposes to hire; and
            (C) how it proposes to meet the technical requirements for 
        carrying out its responsibilities under this section.
        (2) The plan required by paragraph (1) shall be submitted not 
    later than 90 days after the date on which all members of the Board 
    are confirmed.
        (3) No grant may be awarded to carry out the provisions of this 
    section unless the plan submitted by the Board includes a 
    certification by the Board that Radio Free Asia can be established 
    and operated within the funding limitations provided for in 
    subsection (d)(4) and subsection (d)(5).
        (4) If the Board determines that a Radio Free Asia cannot be 
    established or operated effectively within the funding limitations 
    provided for in this section, the Board may submit, through the 
    Director of the United States Information Agency, an alternative 
    plan and such proposed changes in legislation as may be necessary 
    to the appropriate congressional committees.
    (d) Grant Agreement._Any grant agreement or grants under this 
section shall be subject to the following limitations and restrictions:
        (1)(A) The Board may not make any grant to Radio Free Asia 
    unless the headquarters of Radio Free Asia and its senior 
    administrative and managerial staff are in a location which ensures 
    economy, operational effectiveness, and accountability to the 
    Board.
        (B) Not later than 90 days after confirmation of the Board, the 
    Board shall provide a report to Congress on the number of 
    administrative, managerial, and technical staff of Radio Free Asia 
    who will be located within the metropolitan area of Washington, 
    D.C., and the number of employees whose principal place of business 
    will be located outside the metropolitan area of Washington, D.C.
        (2) Any grant agreement under this section shall require that 
    any contract entered into by Radio Free Asia shall specify that all 
    obligations are assumed by Radio Free Asia and not by the United 
    States Government, and shall further specify that funds to carry 
    out the activities of Radio Free Asia may not be available after 
    September 30, 1999.
        (3) Any grant agreement shall require that any lease agreements 
    entered into by Radio Free Asia shall be, to the maximum extent 
    possible, assignable to the United States Government.
        (4) Grants made for the operating costs of Radio Free Asia may 
    not exceed $22,000,000 in any fiscal year.
        (5) The total amount of grant funds made available for one-time 
    capital costs of Radio Free Asia may not exceed $8,000,000.
        (6) Grants awarded under this section shall be made pursuant to 
    a grant agreement which requires that grant funds be used only for 
    activities consistent with this section, and that failure to comply 
    with such requirements shall permit the grant to be terminated 
    without fiscal obligation to the United States.
    (e) Limitations on Administrative and Managerial Costs._It is the 
sense of the Congress that administrative and managerial costs for 
operation of Radio Free Asia should be kept to a minimum and, to the 
maximum extent feasible, should not exceed the costs that would have 
been incurred if Radio Free Asia had been operated as a Federal entity 
rather than as a grantee.
    (f) Assessment of the Effectiveness of Radio Free Asia._Not later 
than 3 years after the date on which initial funding is provided for 
the purpose of operating Radio Free Asia, the Board shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on_
        (1) whether Radio Free Asia is technically sound and cost-
    effective,
        (2) whether Radio Free Asia consistently meets the standards 
    for quality and objectivity established by this title,
        (3) whether Radio Free Asia is received by a sufficient 
    audience to warrant its continuation,
        (4) the extent to which such broadcasting is already being 
    received by the target audience from other credible sources; and
        (5) the extent to which the interests of the United States are 
    being served by maintaining broadcasting of Radio Free Asia.
    (g) Sunset Provision._The Board may not make any grant for the 
purpose of operating Radio Free Asia after September 30, 1998, unless 
the President of the United States determines in the President's fiscal 
year 1999 budget submission that continuation of funding for Radio Free 
Asia for 1 additional year is in the interest of the United States.
    (h) Notification and Consultation Regarding Displacement of Voice 
of America Broadcasting._The Board shall notify the appropriate 
congressional committees before entering into any agreements for the 
utilization of Voice of America transmitters, equipment, or other 
resources that will significantly reduce the broadcasting activities of 
the Voice of America in Asia or any other region in order to 
accommodate the broadcasting activities of Radio Free Asia. The 
Chairman of the Board shall consult with such committees on the impact 
of any such reduction in Voice of America broadcasting activities.
    (i) Not a Federal Agency or Instrumentality._Nothing in this title 
may be construed to make Radio Free Asia a Federal agency or 
instrumentality.

SEC. 310. TRANSITION.

    (a) Authorization._
        (1) The President is authorized consistent with the purposes of 
    this Act to direct the transfer of all functions and authorities 
    from the Board for International Broadcasting to the United States 
    Information Agency, the Board, or the Bureau as may be necessary to 
    implement this title.
        (2)(A) Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of 
    this Act, the Director of the United States Information Agency and 
    the Chairman of the Board for International Broadcasting shall 
    jointly prepare and submit to the President for approval and 
    implementation a plan to implement the provisions of this title. 
    Such plan shall include at a minimum a detailed cost analysis to 
    implement fully the recommendations of such plan. The plan shall 
    identify all costs in excess of those authorized for such purposes 
    and shall provide that any excess cost to implement the plan shall 
    be derived only from funds authorized in section 201 of this Act.
        (B) The President shall transmit copies of the approved plan, 
    together with any recommendations for legislative changes that may 
    be necessary, to the appropriate congressional committees.
    (b) New Appointees._The Director of the United States Information 
Agency may assign employees of the Agency for service with RFE/RL, 
Incorporated, with the concurrence of the president of RFE/RL, 
Incorporated. Such assignment shall not affect the rights and benefits 
of such personnel as employees of the United States Information Agency.
    (c) Board for International Broadcasting Personnel._All Board for 
International Broadcasting full-time United States Government personnel 
(except special Government employees) and part-time United States 
Government personnel holding permanent positions shall be transferred 
to the United States Information Agency, the Board, or the Bureau. Such 
transfer shall not cause any such employee to be separated or reduced 
in grade or compensation.
    (d) Other Authorities._The Director of the United States 
Information Agency is authorized to utilize the provisions of titles 
VIII and IX of the United States Information and Educational Exchange 
Act of 1948, and any other authority available to the Director on the 
date of enactment of this Act, to the extent that the Director 
considers necessary in carrying out the provisions and purposes of this 
title.
    (e) Repeal._The Board for International Broadcasting Act of 1973 
(22 U.S.C. 2871, et seq.) is repealed effective September 30, 1995, or 
the date on which all members of the Board are confirmed, whichever is 
earlier.
    (f) Savings Provisions._
        (1) Continuing effect of legal documents._All orders, 
    determinations, rules, regulations, permits, agreements, grants, 
    contracts, certificates, licenses, registrations, privileges, and 
    other administrative actions_
            (A) which have been issued, made, granted, or allowed to 
        become effective by the President, any Federal agency or 
        official thereof, or by a court of competent jurisdiction, in 
        the performance of functions which are transferred under this 
        title; and
            (B) which are in effect at the time this title takes 
        effect, or were final before the effective date of this title 
        and are to become effective on or after the effective date of 
        this title,
    shall continue in effect according to their terms until modified, 
    terminated, superseded, set aside, or revoked in accordance with 
    law by the President, the Director of the United States Information 
    Agency or other authorized official, a court of competent 
    jurisdiction, or by operation of law.
        (2) Proceedings not affected._The provisions of this title 
    shall not affect any proceedings pending before the Board for 
    International Broadcasting at the time this title takes effect, 
    with respect to functions transferred by this title, but such 
    proceedings shall be continued. Orders shall be issued in such 
    proceedings, appeals shall be taken therefrom, and payments shall 
    be made pursuant to such orders, as if this title had not been 
    enacted, and orders issued in any such proceedings shall continue 
    in effect until modified, terminated, superseded, or revoked by a 
    duly authorized official, by a court of competent jurisdiction, or 
    by operation of law. Nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to 
    prohibit the termination or modification of any such proceeding 
    under the same terms and conditions and to the same extent that 
    such proceeding could have been terminated or modified if this 
    title had not been enacted.
        (3) Suits not affected._The provisions of this title shall not 
    affect suits commenced before the effective date of this title, and 
    in all such suits, proceedings shall be had, appeals taken, and 
    judgments rendered in the same manner and with the same effect as 
    if this title had not been enacted.
        (4) Nonabatement of actions._No suit, action, or other 
    proceeding commenced by or against the Board for International 
    Broadcasting or by or against any individual in the official 
    capacity of such individual as an officer of the Board for 
    International Broadcasting shall abate by reason of the enactment 
    of this title.
        (5) Administrative actions relating to promulgation of 
    regulations._Any administrative action relating to the preparation 
    or promulgation of a regulation by the Board for International 
    Broadcasting relating to a function transferred under this title 
    may be continued by the United States Information Agency with the 
    same effect as if this title had not been enacted.
        (6) References._A reference in any provision of law, 
    reorganization plan, or other authority to the Associate Director 
    for Broadcasting of the United States Information Agency shall be 
    considered to be a reference to the Director of the International 
    Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Information Agency.
        (7) Effect on other laws._The provisions of, and authorities 
    contained in or transferred pursuant to, this title are not 
    intended to repeal, limit, or otherwise derogate from the 
    authorities or functions of or available to the Director of the 
    United States Information Agency or the Secretary of State under 
    law, reorganization plan, or otherwise, unless such provision 
    hereof_
            (A) specifically refers to the provision of law or 
        authority existing on the effective date of this title, so 
        affected; or
            (B) is in direct conflict with such law or authority 
        existing on the effective date of this title.

SEC. 311. PRESERVATION OF AMERICAN JOBS.

    It is the sense of the Congress that the Director of the United 
States Information Agency and the Chairman of the Board for 
International Broadcasting should, in developing the plan for 
consolidation and reorganization of overseas international broadcasting 
services, limit, to the maximum extent feasible, consistent with the 
purposes of the consolidation, elimination of any United States-based 
positions and should affirmatively seek to transfer as many positions 
as possible to the United States.
    SEC. 312. PRIVATIZATION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE AND RADIO LIBERTY.
    (a) Declaration of Policy._It is the sense of the Congress that, in 
furtherance of the objectives of section 302 of this Act, the funding 
of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty should be assumed by the private 
sector not later than December 31, 1999, and that the funding of Radio 
Free Europe and Radio Liberty Research Institute should be assumed by 
the private sector at the earliest possible time.
    (b) Presidential Submission._The President shall submit with his 
annual budget submission as provided for in section 307 an analysis and 
recommendations for achieving the objectives of subsection (a).
    (c) Reports on Transfer of RFE/RL Research Institute._Not later 
than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Board for 
International Broadcasting, or the Board, if established, shall submit 
to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the steps being 
taken to transfer RFE/RL Research Institute pursuant to subsection (a) 
and shall provide periodic progress reports on such efforts until such 
transfer has been achieved.

SEC. 313. REQUIREMENT FOR AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Limitation on Obligation and Expenditure of Funds._
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the fiscal year 1994 
and for each subsequent fiscal year, any funds appropriated for the 
purposes of broadcasting subject to the direction and supervision of 
the Board shall not be available for obligation or expenditure_
        (1) unless such funds are appropriated pursuant to an 
    authorization of appropriations; or
        (2) in excess of the authorized level of appropriations.
    (b) Subsequent Authorization._The limitation under subsection (a) 
shall not apply to the extent that an authorization of appropriations 
is enacted after such funds are appropriated.
    (c) Application._The provisions of this section_
        (1) may not be superseded, except by a provision of law which 
    specifically repeals, modifies, or supersedes the provisions of 
    this section; and
        (2) shall not apply to, or affect in any manner, permanent 
    appropriations, trust funds, and other similar accounts which are 
    authorized by law and administered under or pursuant to this title.

SEC. 314. DEFINITIONS.

    For the purposes of this title_
        (1) the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
    Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations 
    of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the 
    Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives;
        (2) the term ``RFE/RL, Incorporated'' includes_
            (A) the corporation having the corporate title described in 
        section 307(b)(3); and
            (B) any alternative grantee described in section 307(e); 
        and
        (3) the term ``salary or other compensation'' includes any 
    deferred compensation or pension payments, any payments for 
    expenses for which the recipient is not obligated to itemize, and 
    any payments for personnel services provided to an employee of RFE/
    RL, Incorporated.

SEC. 315. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Voice of America Broadcasts._Section 503 of the United States 
Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1463) is 
repealed.
    (b) Israel Relay Station._Section 301(c) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, is repealed.
    (c) Board for International Broadcasting Act._Section 4(a)(1) of 
the Board for International Broadcasting Act of 1973 is amended to read 
as follows:
            ``(1) to make grants to RFE/RL, Incorporated and, until 
        September 30, 1995, to make grants to entities established in 
        the privatization of certain functions of RFE/RL, Incorporated 
        in order to carry out the purposes set forth in section 2 of 
        this Act;''.

                  TITLE IV_INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

        PART A_UNITED NATIONS REFORM AND PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

SEC. 401. UNITED NATIONS OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL.

    (a) Withholding of Portion of Certain Assessed Contributions._Until 
a certification is made under subsection (b), the following amounts 
shall be withheld from obligation and expenditure (in addition to any 
amounts required to be withheld by any other provision of this Act):
        (1) FY 1994 assessed contributions for u.n. regular budget._Of 
    the funds appropriated for ``Contributions to International 
    Organizations'' for fiscal year 1994, 10 percent of the amount for 
    United States assessed contributions to the regular budget of the 
    United Nations shall be withheld.
        (2) FY 1995 assessed contributions for u.n. regular budget._Of 
    the funds appropriated for ``Contributions to International 
    Organizations'' for fiscal year 1995, 20 percent of the amount for 
    United States assessed contributions to the regular budget of the 
    United Nations shall be withheld.
        (3) Supplemental assessed peacekeeping contributions._Of the 
    funds appropriated for ``Contributions for International 
    Peacekeeping Activities'' for a fiscal year pursuant to the 
    authorization of appropriations under section 102(d), 50 percent 
    shall be withheld.
    (b) Certification._The certification referred to in subsection (a) 
is a certification by the President to the Congress that_
        (1) the United Nations has established an independent office of 
    Inspector General to conduct and supervise objective audits, 
    inspections, and investigations relating to the programs and 
    operations of the United Nations;
        (2) the Secretary General of the United Nations has appointed 
    an Inspector General, with the approval of the General Assembly, 
    and that appointment was made principally on the basis of the 
    appointee's integrity and demonstrated ability in accounting, 
    auditing, financial analysis, law, management analysis, public 
    administration, or investigations;
        (3) the Inspector General is authorized to_
            (A) make investigations and reports relating to the 
        administration of the programs and operations of the United 
        Nations;
            (B) have access to all records, documents, and other 
        available materials relating to those programs and operations; 
        and
            (C) have direct and prompt access to any official of the 
        United Nations;
        (4) the United Nations has procedures in place designed to 
    protect the identity of, and to prevent reprisals against, any 
    staff member making a complaint or disclosing information to, or 
    cooperating in any investigation or inspection by, the Inspector 
    General;
        (5) the United Nations has procedures in place designed to 
    ensure compliance with the recommendations of the Inspector 
    General; and
        (6) the United Nations has procedures in place to ensure that 
    all annual and other relevant reports submitted by the Inspector 
    General are made available to the General Assembly without 
    modification.
    (c) Specialized Agencies._United States representatives to the 
United Nations should promote complete Inspector General access to all 
records and officials of the specialized agencies of the United 
Nations, and should strive to achieve such access by fiscal year 1996.
    (d) Definition._For purposes of this part, the term ``Inspector 
General'' means the head of an independent office (or other independent 
entity) established by the United Nations to conduct and supervise 
objective audits, inspections, and investigations relating to the 
programs and operations of the United Nations.
    SEC. 402. UNITED STATES PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT OF THE UNITED 
      NATIONS.
    It is the sense of the Congress that, consistent with the United 
Nations Charter, United States nationals should have equitable 
representation at senior management levels in the United Nations 
system, especially in the Department for Administration and Mangement 
and in the office of the Inspector General.
    SEC. 403. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FUNDING FOR 
      UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.
    It is the sense of the Senate that beginning October 1, 1995, funds 
made available to the Department of Defense (including funds for 
``Operation and Maintenance'') shall be available for_
        (1) United States assessed or voluntary contributions for 
    United Nations peacekeeping operations, or
        (2) the unreimbursable incremental costs associated with the 
    participation of United States Armed Forces in any United Nations 
    peacekeeping operation (other than an operation necessary to 
    protect American lives or United States national interests),
only to the extent that the Congress has authorized, appropriated, or 
otherwise approved funds for such purposes.
    SEC. 404. ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS FOR UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING 
      OPERATIONS.
    (a) Reassessment of Contribution Percentages._The Permanent 
Representative of the United States to the United Nations should make 
every effort to ensure that the United Nations completes an overall 
review and reassessment of each nation's assessed contributions for 
United Nations peacekeeping operations. As part of the overall review 
and assessment, the Permanent Representative should make every effort 
to advance the concept that, when appropriate, host governments and 
other governments in the region where a United Nations peacekeeping 
operation is carried out should bear a greater burden of its financial 
cost.
    (b) Limitation on United States Contributions._
        (1) Fiscal years 1994 and 1995._Funds authorized to be 
    appropriated for ``Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
    Activities'' for fiscal years 1994 and 1995 shall not be available 
    for the payment of the United States assessed contribution for a 
    United Nations peacekeeping operation in an amount which is greater 
    than 30.4 percent of the total of all assessed contributions for 
    that operation, notwithstanding the last sentence of the paragraph 
    headed ``Contributions to International Organizations'' in Public 
    Law 92-544, as amended by section 203 of the Foreign Relations 
    Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1976 (22 U.S.C. 287e note).
        (2) Subsequent fiscal years._Funds authorized to be 
    appropriated for ``Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
    Activities'' for any fiscal year after fiscal year 1995 shall not 
    be available for the payment of the United States assessed 
    contribution for a United Nations peacekeeping operation in an 
    amount which is greater than 25 percent of the total of all 
    assessed contributions for that operation.
        (3) Conforming amendment._The last sentence of the paragraph 
    headed ``Contributions to International Organizations'' in Public 
    Law 92-544, as amended by section 203 of the Foreign Relations 
    Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1976 (22 U.S.C. 287e note), is 
    amended by striking ``conducted by or under the auspices of the 
    United Nations or'' and inserting ``(other than United Nations 
    peacekeeping operations) conducted''.
    SEC. 405. UNITED STATES PERSONNEL TAKEN PRISONER WHILE SERVING IN 
      MULTINATIONAL FORCES.
    It is the sense of the Congress that_
        (1) the President should take immediate steps, unilaterally and 
    in appropriate international bodies, to assure that any United 
    States military personnel serving as part of a multinational force 
    who are captured are accorded protections equivalent to those 
    accorded to prisoners of war under the 1949 Geneva Conventions and 
    other international agreements intended to protect prisoners of 
    war; and
        (2) the President should also take all necessary steps to bring 
    to justice all individuals responsible for any mistreatment or 
    torture of, or for causing the death of, United States military 
    personnel who are captured while serving in a multinational force.
    SEC. 406. TRANSMITTALS OF CERTAIN UNITED NATIONS DOCUMENTS.
    Section 4 of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 
U.S.C. 287b) is amended_
        (1) by inserting ``(a) Periodic Reports._'' after ``Sec. 4.''; 
    and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Transmittal of Security Council Resolutions._Not later than 3 
days (excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays) after adoption 
of any resolution by the Security Council, the Secretary of State shall 
transmit the text of such resolution and any supporting documentation 
to the designated congressional committees.
    ``(c) Reports on Peacekeeping Operations._The Secretary of State 
shall promptly transmit to the designated congressional committees any 
published report prepared by the United Nations and distributed to the 
members of the Security Council that contains assessments of any 
proposed, ongoing, or concluded United Nations peacekeeping 
operation.''.

SEC. 407. CONSULTATIONS AND REPORTS.

    (a) Consultations and Reports on U.N. Peacekeeping Operations._
        (1) Consultations._Each month the President shall consult with 
    the Congress on the status of United Nations peacekeeping 
    operations.
        (2) Information to be provided._In connection with these 
    consultations, the following information shall be provided each 
    month to the designated congressional committees:
            (A) With respect to ongoing United Nations peacekeeping 
        operations, the following:
                (i) A list of all resolutions of the United Nations 
            Security Council anticipated to be voted on during such 
            month that would extend or change the mandate of any United 
            Nations peacekeeping operation.
                (ii) For each such operation, any changes in the 
            duration, mandate, and command and control arrangements 
            that are anticipated as a result of the adoption of the 
            resolution.
                (iii) An estimate of the total cost to the United 
            Nations of each such operation for the period covered by 
            the resolution, and an estimate of the amount of that cost 
            that will be assessed to the United States.
                (iv) Any anticipated significant changes in United 
            States participation in or support for each such operation 
            during the period covered by the resolution, and the 
            estimated costs to the United States of such changes.
            (B) With respect to each new United Nations peacekeeping 
        operation that is anticipated to be authorized by a Security 
        Council resolution during such month, the following information 
        for the period covered by the resolution:
                (i) The anticipated duration, mandate, and command and 
            control arrangements of such operation.
                (ii) An estimate of the total cost to the United 
            Nations of the operation, and an estimate of the amount of 
            that cost that will be assessed to the United States.
                (iii) A description of the functions that would be 
            performed by any United States Armed Forces participating 
            in or otherwise operating in support of the operation, an 
            estimate of the number of members of the Armed Forces that 
            will participate in or otherwise operate in support of the 
            operation, and an estimate of the cost to the United States 
            of such participation or support.
        (3) Written information._The information described in clauses 
    (i) and (iii) of paragraph (2)(A) and the information described in 
    clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (2)(B) shall be provided each 
    month to the designated congressional committees in written form 
    not later than the 10th day of that month.
        (4) Interim information._(A) The President shall submit to the 
    designated congressional committees a written interim report if, 
    during the period between the monthly consultations required by 
    paragraph (1), the United States learns that the United Nations 
    Security Council is likely, before the next such consultation, to 
    vote on a resolution that would authorize a new United Nations 
    peacekeeping operation and that resolution was not previously 
    reported on pursuant to paragraph (2)(B). Each interim report shall 
    include the information described in clauses (i) and (ii) of 
    paragraph (2)(B).
        (B) Any such interim report shall be submitted not less than 5 
    days before the vote of the United Nations Security Council, unless 
    the President determines that exceptional circumstances prevented 
    compliance with the requirement to report 5 days in advance. If the 
    President makes such a determination, the interim report shall be 
    submitted promptly (but in no case later than 3 days after the 
    vote) and shall include a copy of the determination and a 
    description of the exceptional circumstances which were the basis 
    for that determination.
        (5) Notification and quarterly reports regarding united states 
    assistance._(A) The President shall notify the designated 
    congressional committees at least 15 days before the United States 
    provides any assistance to the United Nations to support 
    peacekeeping operations. This subparagraph does not apply to_
            (i) assistance having a value of less than $3,000,000 in 
        the case of nonreimburseable assistance or less than 
        $14,000,000 in the case of reimburseable assistance, or
            (ii) assistance provided under the emergency drawdown 
        authority of sections 506(a)(1) and 552(c)(2) of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2318(a)(1) and 2348a(c)(2)).
        (B) The President shall submit quarterly reports to the 
    designated congressional committees on all assistance provided by 
    the United States during the preceding calendar quarter to the 
    United Nations to support peacekeeping operations. Each report 
    shall describe the assistance provided for each such operation, 
    listed by category of assistance. The report for the fourth 
    calendar quarter of each year shall be submitted as part of the 
    annual report required by section 4(d) of the United Nations 
    Participation Act of 1945 (as added by subsection (b) of this 
    section) and shall include cumulative information for the preceding 
    calendar year.
    (b) Annual Reports._Section 4 of the United Nations Participation 
Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287b), as amended by the preceding section of 
this title, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Annual Report._In addition to the report required by 
subsection (a), the President, at the time of submission of the annual 
budget request to the Congress, shall submit to the designated 
congressional committees a report that includes the following:
        ``(1) Costs of peacekeeping operations._
            ``(A) In accordance with section 407(a)(5)(B) of the 
        Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 
        1995, a description of all assistance provided by the United 
        States to the United Nations to support peacekeeping operations 
        during the previous calendar quarter and during the previous 
        year.
            ``(B) With respect to United Nations peacekeeping 
        operations_
                ``(i) the aggregate cost of all United Nations 
            peacekeeping operations for the prior fiscal year;
                ``(ii) the costs of each United Nations peacekeeping 
            operation for the prior fiscal year; and
                ``(iii) the amount of United States contributions (both 
            assessed and voluntary) to United Nations peacekeeping 
            operations on an operation-by-operation basis for the prior 
            fiscal year.
            ``(C) With respect to other international peacekeeping 
        operations in which the United States participates_
                ``(i) the aggregate cost of all such operations for the 
            prior fiscal year;
                ``(ii) the costs of each such operation for the prior 
            fiscal year; and
                ``(iii) the amount of United States contributions (both 
            assessed and voluntary) to such operations on an operation-
            by-operation basis for the prior fiscal year.
            ``(D) In the case of the first 2 reports submitted pursuant 
        to this subsection, a projection of all United States costs for 
        United Nations peacekeeping operations during each of the next 
        2 fiscal years, including assessed and voluntary contributions.
        ``(2) Other matters regarding peacekeeping operations._
            ``(A) An assessment of the effectiveness of ongoing 
        international peacekeeping operations, their relevance to 
        United States national interests, the efforts by the United 
        Nations and other international organizations (as applicable) 
        to resolve the relevant armed conflicts, and the projected 
        termination dates for all such operations.
            ``(B) The dollar value and percentage of total peacekeeping 
        contracts that have been awarded to United States contractors 
        during the previous year.
        ``(3) United nations reform._
            ``(A)(i) A description of the status of efforts to 
        establish and implement an independent office of the Inspector 
        General at the United Nations.
            ``(ii) If an office of the Inspector General has been 
        established at the United Nations, a discussion of whether the 
        Inspector General is keeping the Secretary General and the 
        members of the General Assembly fully informed about problems, 
        deficiencies, the necessity for corrective action, and the 
        progress of corrective action.
            ``(iii) For purposes of this subparagraph, the term `office 
        of the Inspector General' means an independent office (or other 
        independent entity) established by the United Nations to 
        conduct and supervise objective audits, inspections, and 
        investigations relating to the programs and operations of the 
        United Nations.
            ``(B) A description of the status of efforts to reduce the 
        United States peacekeeping assessment rate.
            ``(C) A description of the status of other United States 
        efforts to achieve financial and management reform at the 
        United Nations.
        ``(4) Military personnel participating in multinational 
    forces._A description of_
            ``(A) the status under international law of members of 
        multinational forces, including the legal status of such 
        personnel if captured, missing, or detained;
            ``(B) the extent of the risk for United States military 
        personnel who are captured while participating in multinational 
        forces in cases where their captors fail to respect the 1949 
        Geneva Conventions and other international agreements intended 
        to protect prisoners of war; and
            ``(C) the specific steps that have been taken to protect 
        United States military personnel participating in multinational 
        forces, together (if necessary) with any recommendations for 
        the enactment of legislation to achieve that objective.
        ``(5) Human rights and u.n. peacekeeping forces._A description 
    of the efforts by United Nations peacekeeping forces to promote and 
    protect internationally recognized human rights standards, 
    including the status of investigations in any case of alleged human 
    rights violations during the preceding year by personnel 
    participating in United Nations peacekeeping forces, as well as any 
    action taken in such cases.
    ``(e) Designated Congressional Committees._As used in this section, 
the term `designated congressional committees' has the meaning given 
that term by section 415 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995.''.
    SEC. 408. TRANSFERS OF EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR INTERNATIONAL 
      PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.
    Chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 
amended by adding after section 519 (22 U.S.C. 2321m) the following:
``SEC. 520. TRANSFERS OF EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR INTERNATIONAL 
PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.
    ``(a) General Authority._The President may transfer to 
international and regional organizations of which the United States is 
a member such excess defense articles as the President determines 
necessary to support international peacekeeping operations and other 
activities and operations to maintain and restore international peace 
and security. Such transfers shall be on such terms and conditions as 
the President may determine, consistent with this section.
    ``(b) Conditionality of Authority._
        ``(1) In general._The authority of subsection (a) may not be 
    exercised with respect to an international or regional organization 
    until the United States has entered into a written agreement with 
    that organization providing that the value of any excess defense 
    articles transferred under this section shall be credited against 
    United States assessed contributions to that organization. For 
    purposes of this paragraph, the term `value' means such amount as 
    may be agreed upon by the United States and the recipient 
    organization, except that such amount may not be less than the 
    value (as defined in section 644(m)(1) of this Act) of the articles 
    transferred.
        ``(2) Crediting of transfers._(A) The credit provided for 
    pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be counted against United States 
    assessed contributions to the recipient organization that are 
    payable from the `Contribution to International Peacekeeping 
    Activities' account of the Department of State, except to the 
    extent such credit is counted, in accordance with subparagraph (B), 
    against an assessed contribution payable from an account 
    established within the Department of Defense.
        ``(B) If_
            ``(i) an account is established within the Department of 
        Defense for payment of a portion of United States assessed 
        contributions for United Nations operations,
            ``(ii) excess defense articles are transferred under this 
        section for a United Nations operation, and
            ``(iii) the United States assessed contribution for that 
        operation is payable from that account,
    the credit for those excess defense articles shall be counted 
    against the assessed contribution payable from that account, but 
    only to the extent that the value of the excess defense articles so 
    transferred for that operation during a fiscal year does not exceed 
    the total United States assessed contribution payable for that 
    operation from that account during that fiscal year.
    ``(c) Limitations on Transfers._The President may transfer excess 
defense articles under this section only if_
        ``(1) they are drawn from existing stocks of the Department of 
    Defense (or the Coast Guard);
        ``(2) funds available to the Department of Defense (or the 
    Coast Guard) for the procurement of defense equipment are not 
    expended in connection with the transfer;
        ``(3) the transfer of the excess defense articles will not have 
    an adverse impact on the military readiness of the United States; 
    and
        ``(4) the President has established procedures and 
    requirements, comparable to those applicable under section 505 of 
    this Act, to ensure that such excess defense articles will be used 
    only for purposes that have been agreed to by the United States.
    ``(d) Notification to Congress._
        ``(1) In general._The President shall notify the designated 
    congressional committees regarding any transfer of excess defense 
    articles under this section in accordance with paragraph (2). This 
    notification shall include_
            ``(A) a discussion of the need for the transfer;
            ``(B) an assessment of the impact of the transfer on the 
        military readiness of the United States; and
            ``(C) a statement of_
                ``(i) the acquisition cost and the value (as defined in 
            section 644(m)(1) of this Act) of the excess defense 
            articles to be transferred, and
                ``(ii) the aggregate acquisition cost and the aggregate 
            value (as so defined) of all excess defense articles for 
            which notification has been provided under this subsection 
            during that fiscal year with respect to transfers to the 
            same organization under this section.
        ``(2) Timing of notice._(A) The President shall notify the 
    designated congressional committees pursuant to paragraph (1) at 
    least 15 days before the excess defense articles are transferred 
    under this section, except as provided in subparagraph (B).
        ``(B) If the President determines that an unforeseen emergency 
    requires the immediate transfer of excess defense articles under 
    this section, the President_
            ``(i) may waive the requirement of subparagraph (A) that 
        notice be provided at least 15 days in advance of the transfer; 
        and
            ``(ii) shall promptly notify the designated congressional 
        committees of such waiver and transfer.
        ``(3) Designated committees._As used in this subsection, the 
    term `designated congressional committees' means the Committee on 
    Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee 
    on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
    on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Armed Services, and the 
    Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.
    ``(e) Transportation and Related Costs._
        ``(1) In general._Except as provided in paragraph (2), funds 
    available to the Department of Defense shall not be expended for 
    crating, packing, handling, and transporting excess defense 
    articles transferred under the authority of this section.
        ``(2) Exception._Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
    the President may direct the crating, packing, handling, and 
    transporting of excess defense articles without charge to an 
    international or regional organization if the President determines 
    that waiving such costs advances the foreign policy interests of 
    the United States.
    ``(f) Waiver of Requirement for Reimbursement of DOD Expenses._
Section 632(d) shall not apply with respect to transfers of excess 
defense articles under this section and to any costs of crating, 
packing, handling, and transporting incurred under subsection 
(e)(2).''.
    SEC. 409. REFORM IN BUDGET DECISIONMAKING PROCEDURES OF THE UNITED 
      NATIONS AND ITS SPECIALIZED AGENCIES.
    (a) Assessed Contributions._For assessed contributions authorized 
to be appropriated for ``Assessed Contributions to International 
Organizations'' by this Act, the President may withhold 20 percent of 
the funds appropriated for the United States assessed contribution to 
the United Nations or to any of its specialized agencies for any 
calendar year if the United Nations or any such agency has failed to 
implement or to continue to implement consensus-based decisionmaking 
procedures on budgetary matters which assure that sufficient attention 
is paid to the views of the United States and other member states that 
are the major financial contributors to such assessed budgets.
    (b) Notice to Congress._The President shall notify the Congress 
when a decision is made to withhold any share of the United States 
assessed contribution to the United Nations or its specialized agencies 
pursuant to subsection (a) and shall notify the Congress when the 
decision is made to pay any previously withheld assessed contribution. 
A notification under this subsection shall include appropriate 
consultation between the President (or the President's representative) 
and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
    (c) Contributions for Prior Years._Subject to the availability of 
appropriations, payment of assessed contributions for prior years may 
be made to the United Nations or any of its specialized agencies 
notwithstanding subsection (a) if such payment would further United 
States interests in that organization.
    (d) Report to Congress._Not later than February 1 of each year, the 
President shall submit to the Congress a report concerning the amount 
of United States assessed contributions paid to the United Nations and 
each of its specialized agencies during the preceding calendar year.
    (e) Repeal of Existing Law._Section 162 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 is amended by striking 
subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d).
    SEC. 410. LIMITATION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE UNITED NATIONS AND 
      AFFILIATED ORGANIZATIONS.
    The United States shall not make any voluntary or assessed 
contribution_
        (1) to any affiliated organization of the United Nations which 
    grants full membership as a state to any organization or group that 
    does not have the internationally recognized attributes of 
    statehood, or
        (2) to the United Nations, if the United Nations grants full 
    membership as a state in the United Nations to any organization or 
    group that does not have the internationally recognized attributes 
    of statehood,
during any period in which such membership is effective.
    SEC. 411. UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP.
    (a) Findings._The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The effectiveness of the United Nations Security Council in 
    maintaining international peace and security depends on its being 
    representative of the membership of the United Nations.
        (2) The requirement of equitable geographic distribution in 
    Article 23 of the United Nations Charter requires that the members 
    of the Security Council of the United Nations be chosen by 
    nondiscriminatory means.
        (3) The use of informal regional groups of the General Assembly 
    as the sole means for election of the nonpermanent members of the 
    Security Council is inherently discriminatory in the absence of 
    guarantees that all member states will have the opportunity to join 
    a regional group, and has resulted in discrimination against 
    Israel.
    (b) Sense of Congress._It is the sense of Congress that the 
President should direct the Secretary of State to request the Secretary 
General of the United Nations to seek immediate resolution of the 
problem described in this section. The President shall inform the 
Congress of any progress in resolving this situation, together with the 
submission to Congress of the request for funding for the 
``Contributions to International Organizations'' account of the 
Department of State for the fiscal year 1995.

SEC. 412. REFORMS IN THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION.

    (a) Sense of the Congress._It is the sense of the Congress that 
United States contributions to the World Health Organization (WHO) 
should be utilized in the most effective and efficient manner possible, 
particularly for the reduction of diseases and disabilities in 
developing countries.
    (b) Policy._The President shall direct the United States 
representatives to the World Health Assembly, the Executive Board, and 
the World Health Organization to monitor the activities of the World 
Health Organization to ensure that such organizations achieve_
        (1) the timely implementation of reforms and management 
    improvements, including those outlined in the resolutions of the 
    46th World Health Assembly related to the external Auditor (WHA 
    46.21), the Report of the Executive Board on the WHO Response to 
    Global Change (WHA 46.16) and actions for Budgetary Reform (WHA 
    46.35); and
        (2) the effective and efficient utilization and monitoring of 
    resources, including_
            (A) the determination of strategic and financial 
        priorities; and
            (B) the establishment of realistic and measurable targets 
        in accordance with the established health priorities.

SEC. 413. REFORMS IN THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION.

    In light of the longstanding efforts of the United States and the 
other major donor nations to reform the Food and Agriculture 
Organization (FAO) and the findings of the ongoing investigation of the 
General Accounting Office, the Congress makes the following 
declarations:
        (1) It should be the policy of the United States to promote the 
    following reforms in the Food and Agriculture Organization:
            (A) Decentralization of the administrative structure of 
        FAO, including eliminating redundant or unnecessary 
        headquarters staff, increased responsibilities of regional 
        offices, increased time for consideration of budget issues by 
        member states, and a more meaningful and direct role for member 
        states in the decisionmaking process.
            (B) Reform of the FAO Council, including formation of an 
        executive management committee to provide oversight of 
        management.
            (C) Limitation of the term of the Director General and the 
        number of terms which an individual may serve.
            (D) Restructuring of the Technical Cooperation Program 
        (TCP), including reducing the number of nonemergency projects 
        funded through the TCP and establishing procedures to deploy 
        TCP consultants, supplies, and equipment in a timely manner.
        (2) In an effort to increase the presence of United States 
    personnel at the international food agencies and to enhance the 
    professionalism of these institutions, it should be the policy of 
    the United States, to the maximum extent practicable, to utilize 
    existing personnel programs such as the United States Department of 
    Agriculture Associate Professional Officer program to place United 
    States personnel with unique skills in the Food and Agriculture 
    Organization, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, 
    and the World Food Program.
    SEC. 414. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ADHERENCE TO UNITED NATIONS 
      CHARTER.
    It is the sense of the Congress that_
        (1) the President should seek an assurance from the Secretary 
    General of the United Nations that the United Nations will comply 
    with Article 100 of the United Nations Charter;
        (2) neither the Secretary General of the United Nations nor his 
    staff should seek or receive instructions from any government or 
    from any other authority external to the United Nations; and
        (3) the President should report to Congress when he receives 
    such assurance from the Secretary General of the United Nations.

SEC. 415. DESIGNATED CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES.

    For purposes of this part, the term ``designated congressional 
committees'' means the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Appropriations and 
the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

    PART B_GENERAL PROVISIONS AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

SEC. 421. AGREEMENT ON STATE AND LOCAL TAXATION.

    The President is authorized to bring into force for the United 
States the Agreement on State and Local Taxation of Foreign Employees 
of Public International Organizations, which was signed by the United 
States on April 21, 1992, except that, notwithstanding the provisions 
of Article 1.B of such Agreement, such Agreement shall not require any 
refunds of monies paid with respect to tax years ending on or before 
December 31, 1993.
    SEC. 422. CONFERENCE ON SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE.
    The President is authorized to implement, for the United States, 
the provisions of Annex 1 of the Decision concerning Legal Capacity and 
Privileges and Immunities, issued by the Council of Ministers of the 
Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe on December 1, 1993, 
in accordance with the terms of that Annex.

SEC. 423. INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION.

    (a) Authorization To Receive Payments._Section 2 of the American-
Mexican Chamizal Convention Act of 1964 (Public Law 88-300; 22 U.S.C. 
277d-18) is amended_
        (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``The''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(b) The United States Commissioner is authorized to receive 
payments of money from public or private sources in the United States 
or Mexico made for the purpose of sharing in the cost of replacement of 
the Bridge of the Americas which crosses the Rio Grande between El 
Paso, Texas, and Cd. Juarez, Chihuahua. Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, such payments of money shall be credited to any 
appropriation to the Commission which is currently available. Funds 
received under this subsection shall be available only for the 
replacement of such bridge.
    ``(c) The authority of subsection (b) may be exercised only to the 
extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation 
Acts.''.
    (b) Expenditures for Water Pollution Problems._Title I of the Act 
of June 20, 1956 (70 Stat. 302, 22 U.S.C. 277d-12), is amended in the 
fourth undesignated paragraph under the heading ``international 
boundary and water commission, united states and mexico'' by striking 
``Tijuana Rivers,'' and all that follows before the period and 
inserting ``Tijuana Rivers, or other streams running across or near the 
boundary, and for taking emergency actions, consistent with the 
emergency provisions of the Safe Drinking Water Act, to protect against 
health threatening surface and ground water pollution problems along 
the United States-Mexico boundary''.
    (c) Falcon and Amistad Dams Maintenance Fund._Section 2 of the Act 
of June 18, 1954 (68 Stat. 255, as amended by the Act of December 23, 
1963, 77 Stat. 475) is amended to read as follows:
    ``Sec. 2. (a) A separate fund, known as the `Falcon and Amistad 
Operating and Maintenance Fund' (hereinafter referred to as the 
`Maintenance Fund'), shall be created in the Treasury of the United 
States. The Maintenance Fund shall be administered by the Administrator 
of the Western Area Power Administration for use by the Commissioner of 
the United States Section of the International Boundary and Water 
Commission to defray operation, maintenance, and emergency costs for 
the hydroelectric facilities at the Falcon and Amistad Dams.
    ``(b) All revenues collected in connection with the disposition of 
electric power generated at the Falcon and Amistad Dams, except those 
revenues paid pursuant to subsection (d) to the general fund of the 
Treasury of the United States, shall be credited to the Maintenance 
Fund and shall remain available until expended for defraying operation, 
maintenance, and emergency costs for the hydroelectric facilities at 
the dams.
    ``(c) The authority of subsection (b) may be exercised only to the 
extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation 
Acts.
    ``(d) Revenues in the Maintenance Fund in excess of operation, 
maintenance, and emergency needs shall be paid annually to the general 
fund of the Treasury of the United States to return the costs of 
replacements and the original investments, with interest.
    ``(e) All moneys received from the Government of Mexico for any 
energy which might be delivered to that Government by the United States 
Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission pursuant to 
any special agreement concluded in accordance with Article 19 of the 
said Treaty shall be credited to the general fund of the Treasury of 
the United States.''.
    SEC. 424. UNITED STATES MEMBERSHIP IN THE ASIAN-PACIFIC ECONOMIC 
      COOPERATION ORGANIZATION.
    (a) United States Membership._The President is authorized to 
maintain membership of the United States in the Asian-Pacific Economic 
Cooperation (APEC).
    (b) Payment of Assessed Contributions._For fiscal year 1994 and for 
each fiscal year thereafter, the United States assessed contributions 
to APEC may be paid from funds appropriated for ``Contributions to 
International Organizations''.
    SEC. 425. UNITED STATES MEMBERSHIP IN THE INTERNATIONAL COPPER 
      STUDY GROUP.
    (a) United States Membership._The President is authorized to accept 
the Terms of Reference of and maintain membership of the United States 
in the International Copper Study Group (ICSG).
    (b) Payments of Assessed Contributions._For fiscal year 1995 and 
thereafter the United States assessed contributions to the ICSG may be 
paid from funds appropriated for ``Contributions to International 
Organizations''.
    SEC. 426. EXTENSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IMMUNITIES 
      ACT TO THE INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND 
      NATURAL RESOURCES.
    The International Organizations Immunities Act (22 U.S.C. 288 et 
seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
    ``Sec. 14. The International Union for Conservation of Nature and 
Natural Resources shall be considered to be an international 
organization for the purposes of this title and may be extended the 
provisions of this title in the same manner, to the same extent, and 
subject to the same conditions, as such provisions may be extended to a 
public international organization in which the United States 
participates pursuant to any treaty or under the authority of any Act 
of Congress authorizing such participation or making an appropriation 
for such participation.''.

SEC. 427. INTER-AMERICAN ORGANIZATIONS.

    Taking into consideration the long-term commitment by the United 
States to the affairs of this Hemisphere and the need to build further 
upon the linkages between the United States and its neighbors, it is 
the sense of the Congress that the Secretary of State, in allocating 
the level of resources for international organizations, should pay 
particular attention to funding levels of the Inter-American 
organizations.
    SEC. 428. PROHIBITION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL COFFEE 
      ORGANIZATION.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
used to fund any United States contribution to the International Coffee 
Organization.
    SEC. 429. PROHIBITION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL JUTE 
      ORGANIZATION.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
used to fund any United States contribution to the International Jute 
Organization.

SEC. 430. MIGRATION AND REFUGEE AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Migration and Refugee Assistance Act Amendments._The Migration 
and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (22 U.S.C. 2601) is amended_
        (1) in section 2 by striking ``the Intergovernmental Committee 
    for European Migration'' and inserting ``the International 
    Organization for Migration'' each place it appears;
        (2) in section 2(a) by striking ``the Committee'' and inserting 
    ``the Organization'' each place it appears;
        (3) in the first sentence of section 2(a) by inserting before 
    the period ``, as amended in Geneva, Switzerland, on May 20, 
    1987''; and
        (4) in section 2(c)(2), by striking ``$50,000,000'' and 
    inserting ``$100,000,000''.
    (b) Public Law 100-204._Section 745 of Public Law 100-204 (22 
U.S.C. 2601 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 431. WITHHOLDING OF UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTIONS FOR CERTAIN 
      PROGRAMS OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.
    (a) Withholding of United States Contributions for Certain Programs 
of International Organizations._Section 307 of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 is amended_
        (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``the South-West Africa 
    People's Organization'' and inserting ``Burma, Iraq, North Korea, 
    Syria''; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) The limitations of subsection (a) shall not apply to 
contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency or the United 
Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).''.
    (b) United Nations Development Program._
        (1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), for fiscal 
    years 1994 and 1995 none of the funds made available for United 
    Nations Development Program or United Nations Development Program_
    Administered Funds shall be available for programs and activities 
    in or for Burma.
        (2) Of the funds made available for United Nations Development 
    Program and United Nations Development Program_Administered Funds 
    for fiscal year 1994, $11,000,000 may be available only if the 
    President certifies to the Congress that the United Nations 
    Development Program's programs and activities in or for Burma 
    promote the enjoyment of internationally guaranteed human rights in 
    Burma and do not benefit the State Law and Order Restoration 
    Council (SLORC) military regime.
        (3) Of the funds made available for United Nations Development 
    Program and United Nations Development Program_Administered Funds 
    for fiscal year 1995, $27,600,000 may be available only if the 
    President certifies to the Congress that_
            (A) the United Nations Development Program has approved or 
        initiated no new programs and no new funding for existing 
        programs in or for Burma since the United Nations Development 
        Program Governing Council (Executive Board) meeting of June 
        1993,
            (B) such programs address unforeseen urgent humanitarian 
        concerns, or
            (C) a democratically elected government in Burma has agreed 
        to such programs.

                         TITLE V_FOREIGN POLICY

                       PART A_GENERAL PROVISIONS

    SEC. 501. UNITED STATES POLICY CONCERNING OVERSEAS ASSISTANCE TO 
      REFUGEES AND DISPLACED PERSONS.
    (a) Standards for Refugee Women and Children._The United States 
Government, in providing for overseas assistance and protection of 
refugees and displaced persons, shall seek to address the protection 
and provision of basic needs of refugee women and children who 
represent 80 percent of the world's refugee population. As called for 
in the 1991 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 
``Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee Women'', whether directly, or 
through international organizations and nongovernmental voluntary 
organizations, the Secretary of State shall seek to ensure_
        (1) specific attention on the part of the United Nations and 
    relief organizations to recruit and employ female protection 
    officers;
        (2) implementation of gender awareness training for field staff 
    including, but not limited to, security personnel;
        (3) the protection of refugee women and children from violence 
    and other abuses on the part of governments or insurgent groups;
        (4) full involvement of women refugees in the planning and 
    implementation of (A) the delivery of services and assistance, and 
    (B) the repatriation process;
        (5) incorporation of maternal and child health needs into 
    refugee health services and education, specifically to include 
    education on and access to services in reproductive health and 
    birth spacing;
        (6) the availability of counseling and other services, 
    grievance processes, and protective services to victims of violence 
    and abuse, including but not limited to rape and domestic violence;
        (7) the provision of educational programs, particularly 
    literacy and numeracy, vocational and income-generation skills 
    training, and other training efforts promoting self-sufficiency for 
    refugee women, with special emphasis on women heads of household;
        (8) education for all refugee children, ensuring equal access 
    for girls, and special services and family tracing for 
    unaccompanied refugee minors;
        (9) the collection of data that clearly enumerate age and 
    gender so that appropriate health, education, and assistance 
    programs can be planned;
        (10) the recruitment, hiring, and training of more women 
    program professionals in the international humanitarian field; and
        (11) gender-awareness training for program staff of the United 
    Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and nongovernmental 
    voluntary organizations on implementation of the 1991 UNHCR 
    ``Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee Women''.
    (b) Procedures._The Secretary of State should adopt specific 
procedures to ensure that all recipients of United States Government 
refugee and migration assistance funds implement the standards outlined 
in subsection (a).
    (c) Requirements for Refugee and Migration Assistance._The 
Secretary of State, in providing migration and refugee assistance, 
should support the protection efforts set forth under this section by 
raising at the highest levels of government the issue of abuses against 
refugee women and children by governments or insurgent groups that 
engage in, permit, or condone_
        (1) a pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized 
    human rights, such as torture or cruel, inhumane, or degrading 
    treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges, or 
    other flagrant denial to life, liberty, and the security of person;
        (2) the blockage of humanitarian relief assistance;
        (3) gender-specific persecution such as systematic individual 
    or mass rape, forced pregnancy, forced abortion, enforced 
    prostitution, any form of indecent assault or act of violence 
    against refugee women, girls, and children; or
        (4) continuing violations of the integrity of the person 
    against refugee women and children on the part of armed insurgents, 
    local security forces, or camp guards.
    (d) Investigation of Reports._Upon receipt of credible reports of 
abuses under subsection (c), the Secretary of State should immediately 
investigate such reports through emergency fact-finding missions or 
other means of investigating such reports and help identify appropriate 
remedial measures.
    (e) Multilateral Implementation of the 1991 UNHCR ``Guidelines on 
the Protection of Refugee Women''._The Secretary of State should work 
to ensure that multilateral organizations fully incorporate the needs 
of refugee women and children into all elements of refugee assistance 
programs and work to encourage other governments that provide refugee 
assistance to adopt refugee assistance policies designed to encourage 
full implementation of the 1991 UNHCR's ``Guidelines on the Protection 
of Refugee Women''.

SEC. 502. INTERPARLIAMENTARY EXCHANGES.

    (a) Authorizations of Appropriations._
        (1) Section 2 of Public Law 86-420 is amended_
            (A) by striking ``$100,000'' and inserting ``$80,000''; and
            (B) by striking ``$50,000'' both places it appears and 
        inserting ``$40,000''.
        (2) Section 2 of Public Law 86-42 is amended_
            (A) by striking ``$50,000'' and inserting ``$70,000''; and
            (B) by striking ``$25,000'' both places it appears and 
        inserting ``$35,000''.
    (b) Deposit of Funds in Interest-Bearing Accounts._Funds 
appropriated and disbursed pursuant to section 303 of Title III of 
Public Law 100-202 (101 Stat. 1329-23; 22 U.S.C. 276 note) are 
authorized to be deposited in interest-bearing accounts and any 
interest which accrues shall be deposited, periodically, in a 
miscellaneous account of the Treasury.

SEC. 503. FOOD AS A HUMAN RIGHT.

    (a) The Right to Food and United States Foreign Policy._
        (1) In general._The United States should, in accordance with 
    its international obligations and in keeping with the longstanding 
    humanitarian tradition of the United States, promote increased 
    respect internationally for the rights to food and to medical care, 
    including the protection of these rights with respect to civilians 
    and noncombatants during times of armed conflict (such as through 
    ensuring safe passage of relief supplies and access to impartial 
    humanitarian relief organizations providing relief assistance).
        (2) Responsibilities of assistant secretary of state._The 
    responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary of State who is 
    responsible for human rights and humanitarian affairs shall include 
    promoting increased respect internationally for the rights to food 
    and to medical care in accordance with paragraph (1).
    (b) International Effort to Strengthen the Right to Food._It is the 
sense of the Congress that a major effort should be made to strengthen 
the right to food in international law to assure the access of all 
persons to adequate food supplies.

SEC. 504. TRANSPARENCY IN ARMAMENTS.

    It is the sense of the Congress that_
        (1) no sale of any defense article or defense service should be 
    made, no license should be issued for the export of any defense 
    article or defense service, and no agreement to transfer in any way 
    any defense article or defense service should be made to any nation 
    that does not fully furnish all pertinent data to the United 
    Nations Register of Conventional Arms pursuant to United Nations 
    General Assembly Resolution 46/36L by the reporting date specified 
    by such register;
        (2) if a nation has not submitted the required information by 
    the reporting date of a particular year, but subsequently submits 
    notification to the United Nations that it intends to provide such 
    information at the next reporting date, an agreement may be 
    negotiated with the nation or a license may be issued, but the 
    actual delivery of such defense article or service should not occur 
    until that nation submits such information; and
        (3) the President should seek to restart the United Nations 
    Security Council ``Perm-5'' talks and should report to the Congress 
    on the progress of such talks and the effects of United States 
    agreements since October 1991 to sell arms to the developing world.
    SEC. 505. SENSE OF THE SENATE CONCERNING INSPECTOR GENERAL ACT.
    It is the sense of the Senate that_
        (1) there is a growing concern among some of the Members of 
    this body that the unlimited terms of Office of Inspectors General 
    in Federal agencies may be undesirable, therefore
        (2) the issue of amending the Inspector General Act to 
    establish term limits for Inspectors General should be examined and 
    considered as soon as possible by the appropriate committees of 
    jurisdiction.

SEC. 506. TORTURE CONVENTION IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) In General._Part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after chapter 113A the following new chapter:

                         ``CHAPTER 113B_TORTURE

``Sec.
``2340. Definitions.
``2340A. Torture.
``2340B. Exclusive remedies.

``SEC. 2340. DEFINITIONS.

    ``As used in this chapter_
        ``(1) `torture' means an act committed by a person acting under 
    the color of law specifically intended to inflict severe physical 
    or mental pain or suffering (other than pain or suffering 
    incidental to lawful sanctions) upon another person with custody or 
    physical control;
        ``(2) `severe mental pain or suffering' means the prolonged 
    mental harm caused by or resulting from_
            ``(A) the intentional infliction or threatened infliction 
        of severe physical pain or suffering;
            ``(B) the administration or application, or threatened 
        administration or application, of mind-altering substances or 
        other procedures calculated to disrupt profoundly the senses or 
        the personality;
            ``(C) the threat of imminent death; or
            ``(D) the threat that another person will imminently be 
        subjected to death, severe physical pain or suffering, or the 
        administration or application of mind-altering substances or 
        other procedures calculated to disrupt profoundly the senses or 
        personality; and
        ``(3) `United States' includes all areas under the jurisdiction 
    of the United States including any of the places described in 
    sections 5 and 7 of this title and section 101(38) of the Federal 
    Aviation Act of 1958 (49 U.S.C. App. 1301(38)).

``SEC. 2340A. TORTURE.

    ``(a) Offense._Whoever outside the United States commits or 
attempts to commit torture shall be fined under this title or 
imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both, and if death results to any 
person from conduct prohibited by this subsection, shall be imprisoned 
for any term of years or for life.
    ``(b) Jurisdiction._There is jurisdiction over the activity 
prohibited in subsection (a) if_
        ``(1) the alleged offender is a national of the United States; 
    or
        ``(2) the alleged offender is present in the United States, 
    irrespective of the nationality of the victim or alleged offender.

``SEC. 2340B. EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES.

    ``Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as precluding the 
application of State or local laws on the same subject, nor shall 
anything in this chapter be construed as creating any substantive or 
procedural right enforceable by law by any party in any civil 
proceeding.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment._The part analysis for part I of title 18, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
chapter 113A the following new item:

``113B. Torture.................................................2340.''.

    (c) Effective Date._The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the later of_
        (1) the date of enactment of this Act; or
        (2) the date on which the United States has become a party to 
    the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or 
    Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

SEC. 507. UNITED STATES POLICY CONCERNING IRAQ.

    (a) Policy._It is the sense of the Congress that the President 
should_
        (1) take steps to encourage the United Nations Security 
    Council_
            (A) to reaffirm support for the protection of all Iraqi 
        Kurdish and other minorities pursuant to Security Council 
        Resolution 688;
            (B) to maintain the United Nations embargo on the Iraqi 
        regime until Iraq complies with all relevant Security Council 
        resolutions;
            (C) to consider lifting selectively the United Nations 
        embargo on the areas under the administration of the 
        democratically-elected leadership of Iraqi Kurdistan, subject 
        to the verifiable conditions that_
                (i) the inhabitants of such areas do not conduct trade 
            with the Iraqi regime, and
                (ii) the partial lifting of the embargo will not 
            materially assist the Iraqi regime;
            (D) to consider extending international protection, 
        including the establishment of a safe haven, to the marsh Arabs 
        in southern Iraq; and
            (E) to pursue international judgments against Iraqi 
        officials responsible for war crimes and crimes against 
        humanity, based upon documentary evidence obtained from Iraqi 
        and other sources;
        (2) continue to advocate the maintenance of Iraq's territorial 
    integrity and the transition to a unified, democratic Iraq;
        (3) take steps to encourage the provision of humanitarian 
    assistance for the people fleeing from the marshes in southern 
    Iraq;
        (4) design a multilateral assistance program for the people of 
    Iraqi Kurdistan to support their drive for self-sufficiency; and
        (5) take steps to intensify discussions with the Government of 
    Turkey, whose support and cooperation in the protection of the 
    people of Iraqi Kurdistan is critical, to ensure that the stability 
    of both Turkey and the entire region are enhanced by the measures 
    taken under this section.

SEC. 508. HIGH-LEVEL VISITS TO TAIWAN.

    It is the sense of the Congress that_
        (1) the President should be commended for meeting with Taiwan's 
    Minister of Economic Affairs during the Asia-Pacific Economic 
    Cooperation Conference in Seattle;
        (2) the President should send Cabinet-level appointees to 
    Taiwan to promote United States interests and to ensure the 
    continued success of United States business in Taiwan; and
        (3) in addition to Cabinet-level visits, the President should 
    take steps to show clear United States support for Taiwan both in 
    our bilateral relationship and in multilateral organizations of 
    which the United States is a member.
    SEC. 509. TRANSFER OF CERTAIN OBSOLETE OR SURPLUS DEFENSE ARTICLES 
      IN THE WAR RESERVE ALLIES STOCKPILE TO THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA.
    (a) Authority._(1) Notwithstanding section 514 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h), the President is authorized 
to transfer to the Republic of Korea, in return for concessions to be 
negotiated by the Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the 
Secretary of State, any or all of the items described in paragraph (2).
    (2) The items referred to in paragraph (1) are equipment, tanks, 
weapons, repair parts, and ammunition that_
        (A) are obsolete or surplus items;
        (B) are in the inventory of the Department of Defense;
        (C) are intended for use as reserve stocks for the Republic of 
    Korea; and
        (D) as of the date of enactment of this Act, are located in a 
    stockpile in the Republic of Korea.
    (b) Concessions._The value of the concessions negotiated pursuant 
to subsection (a) shall be at least equal to the fair market value of 
the items transferred. The concessions may include cash compensation, 
services, waiver of charges otherwise payable by the United States, and 
other items of value.
    (c) Advance Notification of Transfer._Not less than 30 days before 
making a transfer under the authority of this section, the President 
shall transmit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, and the 
congressional defense committees a notification of the proposed 
transfer. The notification shall identify the items to be transferred 
and the concessions to be received.
    (d) Expiration of Authority._No transfer may be made under the 
authority of this section more than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 510. EXTENSION OF THE FAIR TRADE IN AUTO PARTS ACT OF 1988.
    (a) In General._Section 2125 of the Fair Trade in Auto Parts Act of 
1988 (15 U.S.C. 4704) is amended by striking ``1993'' and inserting 
``1998''.
    (b) Effective Date._The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on December 30, 1993.
    SEC. 511. REPORT ON THE USE OF FOREIGN FROZEN OR BLOCKED ASSETS.
    Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
President shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives a report containing a detailed accounting analysis and 
justification for all expenditures made from the assets of foreign 
governments that have been frozen or blocked by the United States 
Government, including expenditures from frozen or blocked assets of 
Haiti, Iraq, and Iran.

SEC. 512. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN ADJUDICATION PROVISIONS.

    The Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-167), is amended_
        (1) in section 599D (8 U.S.C. 1157 note)_
            (A) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``1993 and 1994'' and 
        inserting ``1993, 1994, 1995, and 1996''; and
            (B) in subsection (e), by striking out ``October 1, 1994'' 
        each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``October 
        1, 1996''; and
        (2) in section 599E (8 U.S.C. 1255 note) in subsection (b)(2), 
    by striking out ``September 30, 1994'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``September 30, 1996''.
    SEC. 513. POLICY REGARDING THE CONDITIONS WHICH THE GOVERNMENT OF 
      THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA SHOULD MEET TO CONTINUE TO RECEIVE 
      NONDISCRIMINATORY MOST-FAVORED-NATION TREATMENT.
    (a) Findings._The Senate makes the following findings:
        (1) In an Executive Order of May 28, 1993, the President 
    established conditions for renewal of most-favored-nation (MFN) 
    status for the People's Republic of China in 1994.
        (2) The Executive Order requires that in making a 
    recommendation about the further extension of MFN status to China, 
    the Secretary of State shall not recommend extension unless the 
    Secretary determines that_
            (A) extension will substantially promote the freedom of 
        emigration objectives of section 402 of the Trade Act of 1974; 
        and
            (B) China is complying with the 1992 bilateral agreement 
        between the United States and China concerning prison labor.
        (3) The Executive Order further requires that in making a 
    recommendation, the Secretary of State shall determine whether 
    China has made overall, significant progress with respect to_
            (A) taking steps to begin adhering to the Universal 
        Declaration of Human Rights;
            (B) releasing and providing an acceptable accounting for 
        Chinese citizens imprisoned or detained for the non-violent 
        expression of their political and religious beliefs, including 
        such expression of religious beliefs in connection with the 
        Democracy Wall and Tiananmen Square movements;
            (C) ensuring humane treatment of prisoners, such as by 
        allowing access to prisons by international humanitarian and 
        human rights organizations;
            (D) protecting Tibet's distinctive religious and cultural 
        heritage; and
            (E) permitting international radio and television 
        broadcasts into China.
        (4) The Executive Order further requires the Executive Branch 
    to resolutely pursue all legislative and executive actions to 
    ensure that China abides by its commitments to follow fair, 
    nondiscriminatory trade practices in dealing with United States 
    businesses, and adheres to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, the 
    Missile Technology Control Regime guidelines and parameters, and 
    other nonproliferation commitments.
        (5) The Chinese government should cooperate with international 
    efforts to obtain North Korea's full, unconditional compliance with 
    the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
        (6) The President has initiated an intensive high-level 
    dialogue with the Chinese government which began last year with a 
    meeting between the Secretary of State and the Chinese Foreign 
    Minister, including a meeting in Seattle between the President and 
    the President of China, meetings in Beijing with the Secretary of 
    the Treasury, the Assistant Secretary for Human Rights and others, 
    a recent meeting in Paris between the Secretary of State and the 
    Chinese Foreign Minister, and recent meetings in Washington with 
    several Under Secretaries and their Chinese counterparts.
        (7) The President's efforts have led to some recent progress on 
    some issues of concern to the United States.
        (8) Notwithstanding this, substantially more progress is needed 
    to meet the standards in the President's Executive Order.
        (9) The Chinese government's overall human rights record in 
    1993 fell far short of internationally accepted norms as it 
    continued to repress critics and failed to control abuses by its 
    own security forces.
    (b) Sense of Senate._It is the sense of the Senate that the 
President of the United States should use all appropriate 
opportunities, in particular more high-level exchanges with the Chinese 
government, to press for further concrete progress toward meeting the 
standards for continuation of MFN status as contained in the Executive 
Order.

SEC. 514. IMPLEMENTATION OF PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE.

    (a) Report to Congress._The President shall submit annually, 
beginning 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, a detailed 
report to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives on the 
implementation of the ``Partnership for Peace'' initiative, including 
an assessment of the progress made by former members of the Warsaw 
Treaty Organization in meeting the criteria for full membership 
articulated in Article 10 of the North Atlantic Treaty, wherein any 
other European state may, by unanimous agreement, be invited to accede 
to the North Atlantic Treaty if it is in a position to further the 
principles of the Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North 
Atlantic area.
    (b) Authority of the President._The President is authorized to 
confer, pursuant to agreement with any country eligible to participate 
in the Partnership for Peace, rights in respect of the military and 
related civilian personnel (including dependents of any such personnel) 
and activities of that country in the United States comparable to the 
rights conferred by that country in respect of the military and related 
civilian personnel (including dependents of any such personnel) and 
activities of the United States in that country.

SEC. 515. POLICY TOWARD THAILAND, CAMBODIA, LAOS, AND BURMA.

    It is the sense of the Congress that_
        (1) the creation of a new Cambodian government through United 
    Nations sponsored elections offers a unique opportunity for the 
    revival of the Cambodian nation, an opportunity which the United 
    States should help realize;
        (2) the President should enunciate a clear policy toward Burma 
    and, in so doing, be guided by the approach in Senate Resolution 
    112;
        (3) the government and people of Thailand are to be commended 
    for Thailand's return to civilian, democratic rule, and for its 
    contribution to the implementation of the Paris Peace Accords on 
    Cambodia;
        (4) the President of the United States should convey to 
    Thailand United States concern over the continued support for the 
    Khmer Rouge by elements of the Thai military and to urge the Thai 
    Government to intensify its efforts to terminate that support, in 
    accordance with the Paris Peace Accords;
        (5) the Government of Thailand should continue to allow the 
    democratic leaders of Burma to operate freely within Thailand and 
    to grant them free passage to allow them to present their case at 
    the United Nations and other international gatherings;
        (6) the President of the United States should urge the 
    Government of Thailand to prosecute, with the full force of law, 
    those responsible for the trafficking, forced labor, and physical 
    and sexual abuse of women and children in Thailand, and to protect 
    the civil and human rights of Burmese women in Thailand and prevent 
    their further victimization; and
        (7) the United States should work with the United Nations High 
    Commissioner for Refugees, the Government of Thailand, and other 
    relevant parties to ensure that the rights of asylum seekers in 
    Thailand, and in particular the Hmong people from Laos, are fully 
    respected and that force is not used in any repatriations.

SEC. 516. PEACE PROCESS IN NORTHERN IRELAND.

    It is the sense of the Congress that the United States should_
        (1) strongly encourage all parties to the conflict in the North 
    of Ireland to renounce violence and to participate in the current 
    search for peace in the region; and
        (2) assist in furthering the peace process where appropriate.
    SEC. 517. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN 
      INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT.
    (a) Senate Findings._The Senate makes the following findings:
        (1) The freedom and security of the international community 
    rests on the sanctity of the rule of law.
        (2) The international community is increasingly threatened by 
    unlawful acts such as war crimes, genocide, aggression, crimes 
    against humanity, terrorism, drug trafficking, money laundering, 
    and other crimes of an international character.
        (3) The prosecution of individuals suspected of carrying out 
    such acts is often impeded by political and legal obstacles such as 
    amnesties, disputes over extradition, differences in the structure 
    and capabilities of national courts, and the lack of uniform 
    guidelines under which to try such individuals.
        (4) The war crimes trials held in the aftermath of World War II 
    at Nuremberg, Germany, and Tokyo, Japan, demonstrated that fair and 
    effective prosecution of war criminals could be carried out in an 
    international forum.
        (5) Since its inception in 1945 the United Nations has sought 
    to build on the precedent established at the Nuremberg and Tokyo 
    trials by establishing a permanent international criminal court 
    with jurisdiction over crimes of an international character.
        (6) United Nations General Assembly Resolution 44/39, adopted 
    on December 4, 1989, called on the International Law Commission to 
    study the feasibility of an international criminal court.
        (7) In the years after passage of that resolution the 
    International Law Commission has taken a number of steps to advance 
    the debate over such a court, including_
            (A) the provisional adoption of a draft Code of Crimes 
        Against the Peace and Security of Mankind;
            (B) the creation of a Working Group on an International 
        Criminal Jurisdiction and the formulation by that Working Group 
        of several concrete proposals for the establishment and 
        operation of an international criminal court; and
            (C) the determination that an international criminal court 
        along the lines of that suggested by the Working Group is 
        feasible and that the logical next step would be to proceed 
        with the formal drafting of a statute for such a court.
        (8) United Nations General Assembly Resolution 47/33, adopted 
    on November 25, 1992, called on the International Law Commission to 
    begin the process of drafting a statute for an international 
    criminal court at its next session.
        (9) Given the developments of recent years, the time is 
    propitious for the United States to lend its support to this 
    effort.
    (b) Sense of the Senate._It is the sense of the Senate that_
        (1) the establishment of an international criminal court with 
    jurisdiction over crimes of an international character would 
    greatly strengthen the international rule of law;
        (2) such a court would thereby serve the interests of the 
    United States and the world community; and
        (3) the United States delegation should make every effort to 
    advance this proposal at the United Nations.
    (c) Required Report._Not later than 14 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act the President shall submit to the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate a detailed report on developments 
relating to, and United States efforts in support of, the establishment 
of an international criminal court with jurisdiction over crimes of an 
international character.

SEC. 518. INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT PARTICIPATION.

    The United States Senate will not consent to the ratification of a 
treaty providing for United States participation in an international 
criminal court with jurisdiction over crimes of an international nature 
which permits representatives of any terrorist organization, including 
but not limited to the Palestine Liberation Organization, or citizens, 
nationals or residents of any country listed by the Secretary of State 
under section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 as having 
repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism, to sit 
in judgement on American citizens.
    SEC. 519. PROTECTION OF FIRST AND FOURTH AMENDMENT RIGHTS.
    The United States Senate will not consent to the ratification of 
any Treaty providing for United States participation in an 
international criminal court with jurisdiction over crimes of an 
international character unless American citizens are guaranteed, in the 
terms establishing such a court, and in the court's operation, that the 
court will take no action infringing upon or diminishing their rights 
under the First and Fourth Amendments of the Constitution of the United 
States, as interpreted by the United States.
    SEC. 520. POLICY ON TERMINATION OF UNITED STATES ARMS EMBARGO.
    (a) Findings._The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) On July 10, 1991, the United States adopted a policy 
    suspending all licenses and other approvals to export or otherwise 
    transfer defense articles and defense services to Yugoslavia.
        (2) On September 25, 1991, the United Nations Security Council 
    adopted Resolution 713, which imposed a mandatory international 
    embargo on all deliveries of weapons and military equipment to 
    Yugoslavia.
        (3) The United States considered the policy adopted July 10, 
    1991, to comply fully with Resolution 713 and therefore took no 
    additional action in response to that resolution.
        (4) On January 8, 1992, the United Nations Security Council 
    adopted Resolution 727, which decided that the mandatory arms 
    embargo imposed by Resolution 713 should apply to any independent 
    states that might thereafter emerge on the territory of Yugoslavia.
        (5) On February 29 and March 1, 1992, the people of Bosnia and 
    Herzegovina voted in a referendum to declare independence from 
    Yugoslavia.
        (6) On April 7, 1992, the United States recognized the 
    Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
        (7) On May 22, 1992, the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina 
    was admitted to full membership in the United Nations.
        (8) Consistent with Resolution 727, the United States has 
    continued to apply the policy adopted July 10, 1991, to independent 
    states that have emerged on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, 
    including Bosnia and Herzegovina.
        (9) Subsequent to the adoption of Resolution 727 and Bosnia and 
    Herzegovina's independence referendum, the siege of Sarajevo began 
    and fighting spread to other areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
        (10) The Government of Serbia intervened directly in the 
    fighting by providing significant military, financial, and 
    political support and direction to Serbian-allied irregular forces 
    in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
        (11) In statements dated May 1 and May 12, 1992, the Conference 
    on Security and Cooperation in Europe declared that the Government 
    of Serbia and the Serbian-controlled Yugoslav National Army were 
    committing aggression against the Government of Bosnia and 
    Herzegovina and assigned to them prime responsibility for the 
    escalation of bloodshed and destruction.
        (12) On May 30, 1992, the United Nations Security Council 
    adopted Resolution 757, which condemned the Government of Serbia 
    for its continued failure to respect the territorial integrity of 
    Bosnia and Herzegovina.
        (13) Serbian-allied irregular forces have occupied 
    approximately 70 percent of the territory of Bosnia and 
    Herzegovina, committed gross violations of human rights in the 
    areas they have occupied, and established a secessionist government 
    committed to eventual unification with Serbia.
        (14) The military and other support and direction provided to 
    Serbian-allied irregular forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina 
    constitutes an armed attack on the Government of Bosnia and 
    Herzegovina by the Government of Serbia within the meaning of 
    Article 51 of the United Nations Charter.
        (15) Under Article 51, the Government of Bosnia and 
    Herzegovina, as a member of the United Nations, has an inherent 
    right of individual or collective self-defense against the armed 
    attack from the Government of Serbia until the United Nations 
    Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain 
    international peace and security.
        (16) The measures taken by the United Nations Security Council 
    in response to the armed attack on Bosnia and Herzegovina have not 
    been adequate to maintain international peace and security.
        (17) Bosnia and Herzegovina have been unable successfully to 
    resist the armed attack from Serbia because it lacks the means to 
    counter heavy weaponry that Serbia obtained from the Yugoslav 
    National Army upon the dissolution of Yugoslavia, and because the 
    mandatory international arms embargo has prevented Bosnia and 
    Herzegovina from obtaining from other countries the means to 
    counter such heavy weaponry.
        (18) On December 18, 1992, with the affirmative vote of the 
    United States, the United Nations General Assembly adopted 
    Resolution 47/121, which urged the United Nations Security Council 
    to exempt Bosnia and Herzegovina from the mandatory arms embargo 
    imposed by Resolution 713.
        (19) In the absence of adequate measures to maintain 
    international peace and security, continued application to the 
    Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina of the mandatory international 
    arms embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council prior 
    to the armed attack on Bosnia and Herzegovina undermines that 
    government's right of individual or collective self-defense and 
    therefore contravenes Article 51 of the United Nations Charter.
        (20) Bosnia and Herzegovina's right of self-defense under 
    Article 51 of the United Nations Charter includes the right to ask 
    for military assistance from other countries and to receive such 
    assistance if offered.
    (b) Policy on Termination of Arms Embargo._(1) It is the sense of 
the Congress that the President should terminate the United States arms 
embargo of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina upon receipt from 
that government of a request for assistance in exercising its right of 
self-defense under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter.
    (2) As used in this subsection, the term ``United States arms 
embargo of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina'' means the 
application to the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina of_
        (A) the policy adopted July 10, 1991, and published in the 
    Federal Register of July 19, 1991 (58 Fed. Reg. 33322) under the 
    heading ``Suspension of Munitions Export Licenses to Yugoslavia''; 
    and
        (B) any similar policy being applied by the United States 
    Government as of the date of receipt of the request described in 
    subsection (a) pursuant to which approval is routinely denied for 
    transfers of defense articles and defense services to the former 
    Yugoslavia.
    (c) Policy on Military Assistance._The President should provide 
appropriate military assistance to the Government of Bosnia and 
Herzegovina upon receipt from that government of a request for 
assistance in exercising its right of self-defense under Article 51 of 
the United Nations Charter.

SEC. 521. SENSE OF SENATE ON RELATIONS WITH VIETNAM.

    It is the sense of the Senate that_
        (1) the Government of the United States is committed to seeking 
    the fullest possible accounting of American servicemen unaccounted 
    for during the war in Vietnam;
        (2) cooperation by the Government of Vietnam on resolving the 
    fate of those American servicemen unaccounted for has increased 
    significantly over the last three years and is essential to the 
    resolution of outstanding POW/MIA cases;
        (3) substantial and tangible progress has been made in the POW/
    MIA accounting process;
        (4) cooperative efforts between the United States and Vietnam 
    should continue in order to resolve all outstanding questions 
    concerning the fate of Americans missing-in-action;
        (5) United States senior military commanders and United States 
    personnel working in the field to account for United States POW/
    MIAs in Vietnam believe that lifting the United States trade 
    embargo against Vietnam will facilitate and accelerate the 
    accounting efforts;
        (6) therefore, in order to maintain and expand further United 
    States and Vietnamese efforts to obtain the fullest possible 
    accounting, the President should lift the United States trade 
    embargo against Vietnam expeditiously; and
        (7) moveover, as the United States and Vietnam move toward 
    normalization of relations, the Government of Vietnam should 
    demonstrate further improvements in meeting internationally 
    recognized standards of human rights.

SEC. 522. REPORT ON SANCTIONS ON VIETNAM.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
President shall submit a report, taking into account information 
available to the United States Government, to the Senate and the House 
of Representatives on achieving the fullest possible accounting of 
United States personnel unaccounted for from the Vietnam War, 
including_
        (1) progress on recovering and repatriating American remains 
    from Vietnam;
        (2) progress on resolution of discrepancy cases;
        (3) the status of Vietnamese cooperation in implementing 
    trilateral investigations with Laos; and
        (4) progress on accelerated efforts to obtain all POW/MIA 
    related documents from Vietnam.

SEC. 523. REPORT ON PEOPLE'S MUJAHEDDIN OF IRAN.

    (a) Report._Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the President shall submit to the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate a report detailing the structure, current 
activities, external support, and history of the People's Mujaheddin of 
Iran. Such report shall include information on any current direct or 
indirect support by the People's Mujaheddin for acts of international 
terrorism.
    (b) Consultation._In compiling the report required under subsection 
(a), the President shall consult with the Secretary of State, the 
Secretary of Defense, the Attorney General, the Secretary of 
Transportation, the intelligence community, and such law enforcement 
agencies as may be appropriate.
    (c) Classification._The President should, to the maximum extent 
possible, submit the report required under subsection (a) in an 
unclassified form.
    SEC. 524. AMENDMENTS TO THE PLO COMMITMENTS COMPLIANCE ACT.
    The PLO Commitments Compliance Act of 1989 (title VIII of Public 
Law 101-246) is amended_
        (1) in section 804(b), by striking ``Beginning 30 days after 
    the date of enactment of this Act, and every 120 days thereafter in 
    which the dialogue between the United States and the PLO has not 
    been discontinued'', and inserting ``In conjunction with each 
    written policy justification required under section (3)(b)(1) of 
    the Middle East Peace Facilitation Act of 1994 or every 180 
    days,'';
        (2) in section 804(b)(1), by striking ``regarding the cessation 
    of terrorism and recognition of Israel's right to exist'' and 
    inserting ``and each of the commitments described in section (4)(A) 
    of the Middle East Peace Facilitation Act of 1994 (Oslo 
    commitments)'';
        (3) in section 804(b)(2), by inserting ``and Oslo'' after 
    ``Geneva'';
        (4) in section 802(8), by inserting ``and on September 9, 
    1993'' after ``1988'';
        (5) in section 802, by redesignating paragraph (8) as paragraph 
    (10);
        (6) by striking ``and'' at the end of section 802(7); and
        (7) by inserting after section 802(7) the following:
        ``(8) the President, following an attempted terrorist attack 
    upon a Tel Aviv beach on May 30, 1990, suspended the United States 
    dialogue with the PLO;
        ``(9) the President resumed the United States dialogue with the 
    PLO in response to the commitments made by the PLO in letters to 
    the Prime Minister of Israel and the Foreign Minister of Norway of 
    September 9, 1993; and''.

SEC. 525. FREE TRADE IN IDEAS.

    (a) Sense of Congress._It is the sense of the Congress that the 
President should not restrict travel or exchanges for informational, 
educational, religious, cultural, or humanitarian purposes or for 
public performances or exhibitions, between the United States and any 
other country.
    (b) Amendments to Trading With the Enemy Act._(1) Section 5(b)(4) 
of the Trading With the Enemy Act (50 U.S.C. App. 5(b)(4)) is amended 
to read as follows:
        ``(4) The authority granted to the President by this section 
    does not include the authority to regulate or prohibit, directly or 
    indirectly, the importation from any country, or the exportation to 
    any country, whether commercial or otherwise, regardless of format 
    or medium of transmission, of any information or informational 
    materials, including but not limited to, publications, films, 
    posters, phonograph records, photographs, microfilms, microfiche, 
    tapes, compact disks, CD ROMs, artworks, and news wire feeds. The 
    exports exempted from regulation or prohibition by this paragraph 
    do not include those which are otherwise controlled for export 
    under section 5 of the Export Administration Act of 1979, or under 
    section 6 of that Act to the extent that such controls promote the 
    nonproliferation or antiterrorism policies of the United States, or 
    with respect to which acts are prohibited by chapter 37 of title 
    18, United States Code.''.
    (2) The authorities conferred upon the President by section 5(b) of 
the Trading With the Enemy Act, which were being exercised with respect 
to a country on July 1, 1977, as a result of a national emergency 
declared by the President before such date, and are being exercised on 
the date of the enactment of this Act, do not include the authority to 
regulate or prohibit, directly or indirectly, any activity which, under 
section 5(b)(4) of the Trading With the Enemy Act, as amended by 
paragraph (1) of this subsection, may not be regulated or prohibited.
    (c) Amendments to International Emergency Economic Powers Act._
        (1) Section 203(b) of the International Emergency Economic 
    Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)) is amended by striking paragraph (3) 
    and inserting the following new paragraphs:
        ``(3) the importation from any country, or the exportation to 
    any country, whether commercial or otherwise, regardless of format 
    or medium of transmission, of any information or informational 
    materials, including but not limited to, publications, films, 
    posters, phonograph records, photographs, microfilms, microfiche, 
    tapes, compact disks, CD ROMs, artworks, and news wire feeds. The 
    exports exempted from regulation or prohibition by this paragraph 
    do not include those which are otherwise controlled for export 
    under section 5 of the Export Administration Act of 1979, or under 
    section 6 of such Act to the extent that such controls promote the 
    nonproliferation or antiterrorism policies of the United States, or 
    with respect to which acts are prohibited by chapter 37 of title 
    18, United States Code; or
        ``(4) any transactions ordinarily incident to travel to or from 
    any country, including importation of accompanied baggage for 
    personal use, maintenance within any country including payment of 
    living expenses and acquisition of goods or services for personal 
    use, and arrangement or facilitation of such travel including 
    nonscheduled air, sea, or land voyages.''.
        (2) The amendments made by paragraph (1) to section 203(b)(3) 
    of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act apply to actions 
    taken by the President under section 203 of such Act before the 
    date of enactment of this Act which are in effect on such date and 
    to actions taken under such section on or after such date.
        (3) Section 203(b)(4) of the International Emergency Economic 
    Powers Act (as added by paragraph (1)) shall not apply to 
    restrictions on the transactions and activities described in 
    section 203(b)(4) in force on the date of enactment of this Act, 
    with respect to countries embargoed under the International 
    Emergency Economic Powers Act on the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 526. EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA.

    It is the sense of the Congress that the President should advocate 
and seek a mandatory international United Nations Security Council 
embargo against the dictatorship of Cuba.

SEC. 527. EXPROPRIATION OF UNITED STATES PROPERTY.

    (a) Prohibition._None of the funds made available to carry out this 
Act, the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, or the Arms Export Control Act 
may be provided to a government or any agency or instrumentality 
thereof, if the government of such country (other than a country 
described if subsection (d))_
        (1) has on or after January 1, 1956_
            (A) nationalized or expropriated the property of any United 
        States person,
            (B) repudiated or nullified any contract with any United 
        States person, or
            (C) taken any other action (such as the imposition of 
        discriminatory taxes or other exactions) which has the effect 
        of seizing ownership or control of the property of any United 
        States person, and
        (2) has not, within the period specified in subsection (c), 
    either_
            (A) returned the property,
            (B) provided adequate and effective compensation for such 
        property in convertible foreign exchange or other mutually 
        acceptable compensation equivalent to the full value thereof, 
        as required by international law,
            (C) offered a domestic procedure providing prompt, adequate 
        and effective compensation in accordance with international 
        law, or
            (D) submitted the dispute to arbitration under the rules of 
        the Convention for the Settlement of Investment Disputes or 
        other mutually agreeable binding international arbitration 
        procedure.
    (b) Other Actions._The President shall instruct the United States 
Executive Directors of each multilateral development bank and 
international financial institution to vote against any loan or other 
utilization of the funds of such bank or institution for the benefit of 
any country to which assistance is prohibited under subsection (a), 
unless such assistance is directed specifically to programs which serve 
the basic human needs of the citizens of that country.
    (c) Period for Settlement of Claims._The period of time described 
in subsection (a)(2) is the latest of the following_
        (1) 3 years after the date on which a claim was filed,
        (2) in the case of a country that has a totalitarian or 
    authoritarian government at the time of the action described in 
    subsection (a)(1), 3 years after the date of installation of a 
    democratically elected government, or
        (3) 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (d) Excepted Countries and Territories._This section shall not 
apply to any country established by international mandate through the 
United Nations or to any territory recognized by the United States 
Government to be in dispute.
    (e) Resumption of Assistance._A prohibition or termination of 
assistance under subsection (a) and an instruction to vote against 
loans under subsection (b) shall cease to be effective when the 
President certifies in writing to the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
that such government has taken one of the steps described in subsection 
(a)(2).
    (f) Reporting Requirement._Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act and at the beginning of each fiscal year 
thereafter, the Secretary of State shall transmit to the Speaker of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate, a report containing the following:
        (1) A list of every country in which the United States 
    Government is aware that a United States person has an outstanding 
    expropriation claim.
        (2) The total number of such outstanding expropriation claims 
    made by United States persons against each such country.
        (3) The period of time in which each such claim has been 
    outstanding.
        (4) The status of each case and efforts made by the United 
    States Government and the government of the country in which such 
    claim has been made, to take one or more of the steps described in 
    subsection (a)(2).
        (5) Each project a United States Executive Director voted 
    against as a result of the action described in subsection (b).
    (g) Waiver._The President may waive the prohibitions in subsections 
(a) and (b) for a country, on an annual basis, if the President 
determines and so notifies Congress that it is in the national interest 
to do so.
    (h) Definitions._For the purpose of this section, the term ``United 
States person'' means a United States citizen or corporation, 
partnership, or association at least 50 percent beneficially owned by 
United States citizens.
    SEC. 528. REPORT ON RUSSIAN MILITARY OPERATIONS IN THE INDEPENDENT 
      STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.
    (a) In General._Not later than 5 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the President shall submit to Congress a report on the 
operations and activities of the armed forces of the Russian 
Federation, including elements purportedly operating outside the chain 
of command of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, outside the 
borders of the Russian Federation and, specifically, in the other 
independent states that were a part of the former Soviet Union and in 
the Baltic States.
    (b) Content of Report._The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include, but not be limited to_
        (1) an assessment of the numbers and types of Russian armed 
    forces deployed in each of the other independent states of the 
    former Soviet Union and in the Baltic States and a summary of their 
    operations and activities since the demise of the Soviet Union in 
    December 1991;
        (2) a detailed assessment of the involvement of Russian armed 
    forces in conflicts in or involving Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, 
    Moldova, and Tajikistan, including support provided directly or 
    indirectly to one or more parties to these conflicts;
        (3) an assessment of the political and military objectives of 
    the operations and activities discussed in paragraphs (1) and (2) 
    and of the strategic objectives of the Russian Federation in its 
    relations with the other independent states of the former Soviet 
    Union and the Baltic States;
        (4) an assessment of other significant actions, including 
    political and economic, taken by the Russian Federation to 
    influence the other independent states of the former Soviet Union 
    and the Baltic States in pursuit of its strategic objectives; and
        (5) an analysis of the new Russian military doctrine adopted by 
    President Yeltsin on November 2, 1993, with particular regard to 
    its implications for Russian policy toward the other independent 
    states of the former Soviet Union and the Baltic States.
    (c) Definitions._For the purposes of this section_
        (1) ``the other independent states of the former Soviet Union'' 
    means Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, 
    Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and 
    Uzbekistan; and
        (2) ``the Baltic States'' means Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia.

SEC. 529. UNITED STATES POLICY ON NORTH KOREA.

    It is the sense of the Congress that:
        (1) It is in the United States national security interest to 
    curtail the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, 
    particularly nuclear weapons.
        (2) The North Korea nuclear weapons program is one of the most 
    pressing national security challenges the United States currently 
    faces.
        (3) North Korea's development of other weapons of mass 
    destruction and of ballistic missiles further threatens United 
    States national security interests and regional security.
        (4) United States policy should ensure that North Korea does 
    not possess a nuclear bomb or the capability to build one.
        (5) United States forces in Korea must remain vigilant and 
    maintain a robust defense posture.
        (6) While diplomacy is the preferable method of dealing with 
    the North Korean nuclear challenge, all options, including the 
    appropriate use of force, remain available.
        (7) In fashioning an appropriate policy for dealing with the 
    challenge presented by North Korea's nuclear program, the 
    Administration should consult closely with United States treaty 
    allies, particularly Japan and the Republic of Korea, as well as 
    with China, Russia, and other members of the United Nations 
    Security Council.
        (8) United States policy should support the efforts of the 
    International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), as the international 
    community's designated body for verifying compliance with the 
    Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, to perform inspections of North 
    Korea's nuclear program.
        (9) The United States should encourage strong and expeditious 
    action by the United Nations Security Council inasmuch as North 
    Korea has proved unwilling to comply fully with the following:
            (A) North Korea's December 1991 denuclearization agreement 
        with South Korea pledging not to possess, manufacture, or use 
        nuclear weapons, not to possess plutonium reprocessing 
        facilities, and to negotiate the establishment of a nuclear 
        inspection system.
            (B) The nuclear safeguards agreement North Korea signed 
        with the IAEA on January 30, 1992.
            (C) The agreement on IAEA inspections North Korea accepted 
        on February 15, 1994.
        (10) Unless North Korea unequivocally adheres to the Nuclear 
    Nonproliferation Treaty and abides by all provisions of that 
    treaty, the President should seek international consensus to 
    isolate North Korea, including the imposition of sanctions, in an 
    effort to persuade Pyongyang to halt its nuclear weapons program 
    and permit IAEA inspections of all its nuclear facilities.
        (11) Recognizing that within the international community China 
    has significant influence over Pyongyang, the nature and extent of 
    Chinese cooperation with the rest of the international community on 
    the North Korean nuclear issue, including Chinese support for 
    international sanctions should such sanctions be proposed and/or 
    adopted, will inevitably be a significant factor in United States-
    China relations.
        (12) If unable to achieve an international consensus to isolate 
    North Korea, the President should employ all unilateral means of 
    leverage over North Korea, including, but not limited to, the 
    prohibition of any transaction involving the commercial sale of any 
    good or technology to North Korea.
        (13) The President should consult with United States allies in 
    the region regarding the military posture of North Korea and the 
    ability of the United States and its allies to deter a North Korean 
    attack, or to defeat such an attack should it occur.
        (14) Toward these ends, the United States and South Korea 
    should take all steps necessary to ensure that United States and 
    South Korean forces stationed on the Korean peninsula can defend 
    themselves, including the holding of Team Spirit or other joint 
    military exercises, the deployment of Patriot missiles to South 
    Korea, and other appropriate measures.
        (15) The problem posed by North Korea's nuclear program is not 
    a bilateral problem between the United States and North Korea, but 
    a problem in which virtually the entire global community is united 
    against North Korea.
        (16) The international community must insist upon full 
    compliance by North Korea with all its nonproliferation commitments 
    including acceptance of regular and ad hoc inspections of its 
    declared nuclear facilities on a continuing basis, as well as 
    special inspections of all suspected nuclear sites as the IAEA 
    deems appropriate.
        (17) International concerns about North Korea's nuclear 
    intentions and capabilities will not be adequately addressed until 
    North Korea cooperates fully with the IAEA, all North Korea nuclear 
    facilities and materials are placed under fullscope safeguards, and 
    North Korea adheres unequivocally to the Nuclear Nonproliferation 
    Treaty as well as to its 1991 denuclearization agreement with South 
    Korea.
        (18) The Administration should work to encourage a productive 
    dialogue between North and South Korea that adequately addresses 
    all security concerns on the Korean peninsula.

SEC. 530. ENFORCEMENT OF NONPROLIFERATION TREATIES.

    (a) Policy._It is the sense of the Congress that the President 
should instruct the United States Permanent Representative to the 
United Nations to enhance the role of that institution in the 
enforcement of nonproliferation treaties through the passage of a 
United Nations Security Council resolution which would state that, any 
non-nuclear weapon state that is found by the United Nations Security 
Council, in consultation with the International Atomic Energy Agency 
(IAEA), to have terminated, abrogated, or materially violated an IAEA 
full-scope safeguards agreement would be subjected to international 
economic sanctions, the scope of which to be determined by the United 
Nations Security Council.
    (b) Prohibition._Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no 
United States assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall 
be provided to any non-nuclear weapon state that is found by the 
President to have terminated, abrogated, or materially violated an IAEA 
full-scope safeguard agreement or materially violated a bilateral 
United States nuclear cooperation agreement entered into after the date 
of enactment of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978.
    (c) Waiver._The President may waive the application of subsection 
(b) if_
        (1) the President determines that the termination of such 
    assistance would be seriously prejudicial to the achievement of 
    United States nonproliferation objectives or otherwise jeopardize 
    the common defense and security; and
        (2) the President reports such determination to the Congress at 
    least 15 days in advance of any resumption of assistance to that 
    state.

SEC. 531. TAIWAN.

    In view of the self-defense needs of Taiwan, the Congress makes the 
following declarations:
        (1) Sections 2 and 3 of the Taiwan Relations Act are 
    reaffirmed.
        (2) Section 3 of the Taiwan Relations Act take primacy over 
    statements of United States policy, including communiques, 
    regulations, directives, and policies based thereon.
        (3) In assessing the extent to which the People's Republic of 
    China is pursuing its ``fundamental policy'' to strive peacefully 
    to resolve the Taiwan issue, the United States should take into 
    account both the capabilities and intentions of the People's 
    Republic of China.
        (4) The President should on a regular basis assess changes in 
    the capabilities and intentions of the People's Republic of China 
    and consider whether it is appropriate to adjust arms sales to 
    Taiwan accordingly.
    SEC. 532. WAIVER OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC 
      OF YUGOSLAVIA TO PROMOTE DEMOCRACY ABROAD.
    (a) Authority._Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
President is authorized and encouraged to exempt from sanctions imposed 
against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia those United States-
supported programs, projects, or activities involving reform of the 
electoral process, or the development of democratic institutions or 
democratic political parties.
    (b) Policy._The President, acting through the United States 
Permanent Representative to the United Nations, should propose that any 
action, past or future, by the Security Council pursuant to Article 41 
of the United Nations Charter, with respect to the Federal Republic of 
Yugoslavia, should take account of the exemption described in 
subsection (a).
    SEC. 533. FREEDOM OF INFORMATION EXEMPTION FOR CERTAIN OPEN SKIES 
      TREATY DATA.
    (a) In General._Data with respect to a foreign country collected by 
sensors during observation flights conducted in connection with the 
Treaty on Open Skies, including flights conducted prior to entry into 
force of the treaty, shall be exempt from disclosure under the Freedom 
of Information Act_
        (1) if the country has not disclosed the data to the public; 
    and
        (2) if the country has not, acting through the Open Skies 
    Consultative Commission or any other diplomatic channel, authorized 
    the United States to disclose the data to the public.
    (b) Statutory Construction._This section constitutes a specific 
exemption within the meaning of section 552(b)(3) of title 5, United 
States Code.
    (c) Definitions._For the purposes of this section_
        (1) the term ``Freedom of Information Act'' means the 
    provisions of section 552 of title 5, United States Code;
        (2) the term ``Open Skies Consultative Commission'' means the 
    commission established pursuant to Article X of the Treaty on Open 
    Skies; and
        (3) the term ``Treaty on Open Skies'' means the Treaty on Open 
    Skies, signed at Helsinki on March 24, 1992.

SEC. 534. STUDY OF DEMOCRACY EFFECTIVENESS.

    (a) Report._Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the President shall submit a report to the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives on a streamlined, cost-effective 
organization of United States democracy assistance. The report shall 
include a review of all activities funded by the United States 
Government, including those funded through the National Endowment for 
Democracy, the United States Information Agency, and the Agency for 
International Development.
    (b) Content of Report._The report shall include the following:
        (1) A review of all United States-sponsored programs to promote 
    democracy, including identification and discussion of those 
    programs that are overlapping.
        (2) A clear statement of achievable goals and objectives for 
    all United States-sponsored democracy programs, and an evaluation 
    of the manner in which current democracy activities meet these 
    goals and objectives.
        (3) A review of the current United States Government 
    organization for the delivery of democracy assistance and 
    recommended changes to reduce costs and streamline overhead 
    involved in the delivery of democracy assistance.
        (4) Recommendations for coordinating programs, policies, and 
    priorities to enhance the United States Government's role in 
    democracy promotion.
        (5) A review of all agencies involved in delivering United 
    States Government funds in the form of democracy assistance and a 
    recommended focal point or lead agency within the United States 
    Government for policy oversight of the effort.
        (6) A review of the feasibility and desirability of mandating 
    non-United States Government funding, including matching funds and 
    in-kind support, for democracy promotion programs. If it is 
    determined that such non-Government funding is feasible and 
    desirable, recommendations should be made regarding goals and 
    procedures for implementation.
    SEC. 535. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONCERNING UNITED STATES CITIZENS 
      VICTIMIZED BY GERMANY DURING WORLD WAR II.
    It is the sense of the Congress that United States citizens who 
were victims of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the 
Government of Germany during the period 1939 to 1945 should be 
compensated by the Government of Germany.

SEC. 536. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS ON OCCUPIED TIBET.

    (a) Report on United States-Tibet Relations._Because Congress has 
determined that Tibet is an occupied sovereign country under 
international law and that its true representatives are the Dalai Lama 
and the Tibetan Government in exile_
        (1) it is the sense of the Congress that the United States 
    should seek to establish a dialogue with those recognized by 
    Congress as the true representatives of the Tibetan people, the 
    Dalai Lama, his representatives and the Tibetan Government in 
    exile, concerning the situation in Tibet and the future of the 
    Tibetan people and to expand and strengthen United States-Tibet 
    cultural and educational relations, including promoting bilateral 
    exchanges arranged directly with the Tibetan Government in exile; 
    and
        (2) not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this 
    Act, and every 12 months thereafter, the Secretary of State shall 
    transmit to the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations and 
    the Speaker of the House of Representatives a report on the state 
    of relations between the United States and those recognized by 
    Congress as the true representatives of the Tibetan people, the 
    Dalai Lama, his representatives and the Tibetan Government in 
    exile, and on conditions in Tibet.
    (b) Separate Tibet Reports._
        (1) It is the sense of the Congress that whenever a report is 
    transmitted to the Congress on a country-by-country basis there 
    should be included in such report, where applicable, a separate 
    report on Tibet listed alphabetically with its own state heading.
        (2) The reports referred to in paragraph (1) include, but are 
    not limited to, reports transmitted under sections 116(d) and 
    502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to human 
    rights).

                        PART B_SPOILS OF WAR ACT

SEC. 551. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Spoils of War Act of 1994''.

SEC. 552. TRANSFERS OF SPOILS OF WAR.

    (a) Eligibility for Transfer._Spoils of war in the possession, 
custody, or control of the United States may be transferred to any 
other party, including any government, group, or person, by sale, 
grant, loan or in any other manner, only to the extent and in the same 
manner that property of the same type, if otherwise owned by the United 
States, may be so transferred.
    (b) Terms and Conditions._Any transfer pursuant to subsection (a) 
shall be subject to all of the terms, conditions, and requirements 
applicable to the transfer of property of the same type otherwise owned 
by the United States.
    SEC. 553. PROHIBITION ON TRANSFERS TO COUNTRIES WHICH SUPPORT 
      TERRORISM.
    Spoils of war in the possession, custody, or control of the United 
States may not be transferred to any country determined by the 
Secretary of State, for purposes of section 40 of the Arms Export 
Control Act, to be a nation whose government has repeatedly provided 
support for acts of international terrorism.

SEC. 554. REPORT ON PREVIOUS TRANSFERS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report describing any spoils of war obtained subsequent to August 2, 
1990 that were transferred to any party, including any government, 
group, or person, before the date of enactment of this Act. Such report 
shall be submitted in unclassified form to the extent possible.

SEC. 555. DEFINITIONS.

    As used in this part_
        (1) the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
    Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on 
    Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, or, where required 
    by law for certain reporting purposes, the Select Committee on 
    Intelligence of the Senate and the Select Committee on Intelligence 
    of the House of Representatives;
        (2) the term ``enemy'' means any country, government, group, or 
    person that has been engaged in hostilities, whether or not 
    lawfully authorized, with the United States;
        (3) the term ``person'' means_
            (A) any natural person;
            (B) any corporation, partnership, or other legal entity; 
        and
            (C) any organization, association, or group; and
        (4) the term ``spoils of war'' means enemy movable property 
    lawfully captured, seized, confiscated, or found which has become 
    United States property in accordance with the laws of war.

SEC. 556. CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this part shall apply to_
        (1) the abandonment or failure to take possession of spoils of 
    war by troops in the field for valid military reasons related to 
    the conduct of the immediate conflict, including the burden of 
    transporting such property or a decision to allow allied forces to 
    take immediate possession of certain property solely for use during 
    an ongoing conflict;
        (2) the abandonment or return of any property obtained, 
    borrowed, or requisitioned for temporary use during military 
    operations without intent to retain possession of such property;
        (3) the destruction of spoils of war by troops in the field;
        (4) the return of spoils of war to previous owners from whom 
    such property had been seized by enemy forces; or
        (5) minor articles of personal property which have lawfully 
    become the property of individual members of the armed forces as 
    war trophies pursuant to public written authorization from the 
    Department of Defense.

                PART C_ANTI-ECONOMIC DISCRIMINATION ACT

SEC. 561. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Anti-Economic Discrimination Act of 
1994''.

SEC. 562. ISRAEL'S DIPLOMATIC STATUS.

    It is the sense of the Congress that the Secretary of State should 
make the issue of Israel's diplomatic status a priority and urge 
countries that receive United States assistance to immediately 
establish full diplomatic relations with the state of Israel.

SEC. 563. POLICY ON MIDDLE EAST ARMS SALES.

    (a) Boycott of Israel._Section 322 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138) is 
amended_
        (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end; and
        (2) in paragraph (3)_
            (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (A);
            (B) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (B) 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) does not participate in the Arab League primary or 
        secondary boycott of Israel.''.
    (b) Report to Congress._Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Chairman of the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report concerning steps 
taken to ensure that the goals of section 322 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 are being met.

SEC. 564. PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN SALES AND LEASES.

    (a) Prohibition._No defense article or defense service may be sold 
or leased by the United States Government to any country or 
international organization that, as a matter of policy or practice, is 
known to have sent letters to United States firms requesting compliance 
with, or soliciting information regarding compliance with, the Arab 
League primary or secondary boycott of Israel, unless the President 
determines, and so certifies to the appropriate congressional 
committees, that that country or organization does not currently 
maintain a policy or practice of making such requests or solicitations.
    (b) Waiver._
        (1) 1-year waiver._On or after the effective date of this 
    section, the President may waive, for a period of 1 year, the 
    application of subsection (a) with respect to any country or 
    organization if the President determines, and reports to the 
    appropriate congressional committees, that_
            (A) such waiver is in the national interest of the United 
        States, and such waiver will promote the objectives of this 
        section to eliminate the Arab boycott; or
            (B) such waiver is in the national security interest of the 
        United States.
        (2) Extension of waiver._If the President determines that the 
    further extension of a waiver will promote the objectives of this 
    section, the President, upon notification of the appropriate 
    congressional committees, may grant further extensions of such 
    waiver for successive 12-month periods.
        (3) Termination of waiver._The President may, at any time, 
    terminate any waiver granted under this subsection.
    (c) Definitions._As used in this section_
        (1) the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
    Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on 
    Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives; and
        (2) the terms ``defense article'' and ``defense service'' have 
    the meanings given to such terms by paragraphs (3) and (4), 
    respectively, of section 47 of the Arms Export Control Act.
    (d) Effective Date._This section shall take effect 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 565. PROHIBITION ON DISCRIMINATORY CONTRACTS.

    (a) Prohibition._
        (1) Except for real estate leases and as provided in subsection 
    (b), the Department of State may not enter into any contract that 
    expends funds appropriated to the Department of State for an amount 
    in excess of the small purchase threshold (as defined in section 
    4(11) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 
    403(11))_
            (A) with a foreign person that complies with the Arab 
        League boycott of Israel, or
            (B) with any foreign or United States person that 
        discriminates in the award of subcontracts on the basis of 
        religion.
        (2) For purposes of this section_
            (A) a foreign person complies with the boycott of Israel by 
        Arab League countries when that foreign person takes or 
        knowingly agrees to take any action, with respect to the 
        boycott of Israel by Arab League countries, which section 8(a) 
        of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 
        2407(a)) prohibits a United States person from taking, except 
        that for purposes of this paragraph, the term ``United States 
        person'' as used in subparagraphs (B) and (C) of section 
        8(a)(1) of such Act shall be deemed to mean ``person''; and
            (B) the term ``foreign person'' means any person other than 
        a United States person as defined in section 16(2) of the 
        Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2415).
        (3) For purposes of paragraph (1), a foreign person shall be 
    deemed not to comply with the boycott of Israel by Arab League 
    countries if that person, or the Secretary of State or his designee 
    on the basis of available information, certifies that the person 
    violates or otherwise does not comply with the boycott of Israel by 
    Arab League countries by taking any actions prohibited by section 
    8(a) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 
    2407(a)). Certification by the Secretary of State or his designee 
    may occur only 30 days after notice has been given to the Congress 
    that this certification procedure will be utilized at a specific 
    overseas mission.
    (b) Waiver by Secretary of State._The Secretary of State may waive 
the requirements of this section on a country-by-country basis for a 
period not to exceed one year upon certification to the Congress by the 
Secretary that such waiver is in the national interest and is necessary 
to carry on diplomatic functions of the United States. Each such 
certification shall include a detailed justification for the waiver 
with respect to each such country.
    (c) Responses to Contract Solicitations._(1) Except as provided in 
paragraph (2) of this subsection, the Secretary of State shall ensure 
that any response to a solicitation for a bid or a request for a 
proposal, with respect to a contract covered by subsection (a), 
includes the following clause, in substantially the following form:


                     ``arab league boycott of israel

    ``(a) Definitions._As used in this clause_
        ``(1) the term `foreign person' means any person other than a 
    United States person as defined in paragraph (2); and
        ``(2) the term `United States person' means any United States 
    resident or national (other than an individual resident outside the 
    United States and employed by other than a United States person), 
    any domestic concern (including any permanent domestic 
    establishment of any foreign concern), and any foreign subsidiary 
    or affiliate (including any permanent foreign establishment) of any 
    domestic concern which is controlled in fact by such domestic 
    concern, as determined under regulations of the President.
    ``(b) Certification._By submitting this offer, the Offeror 
certifies that it is not_
        ``(1) taking or knowingly agreeing to take any action, with 
    respect to the boycott of Israel by Arab League countries, which 
    section 8(a) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. 
    App. 2407(a)) prohibits a United States person from taking; or
        ``(2) discriminating in the award of subcontracts on the basis 
    of religion.''.
    (2) An Offeror would not be required to include the certification 
required by paragraph (1), if the Offeror is deemed not to comply with 
the Arab League boycott of Israel by the Secretary of State or a 
designee on the basis of available information. Certification by the 
Secretary of State or a designee may occur only 30 days after notice 
has been given to the Congress that this certification procedure will 
be utilized at a specific overseas mission.
    (3) The Secretary of State shall ensure that all State Department 
contract solicitations include a detailed explanation of the 
requirements of section 8(a) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 
(50 U.S.C. App. 2407(a)).
    (d) Review and Termination._(1) The Department of State shall 
conduct reviews of the certifications submitted pursuant to this 
section for the purpose of assessing the accuracy of the 
certifications.
    (2) Upon complaint of any foreign or United States person of a 
violation of the certification as required by this section, filed with 
the Secretary of State, the Department of State shall investigate such 
complaint, and if such complaint is found to be correct and a violation 
of the certification has been found, all contracts with such violator 
shall be terminated for default as soon as practicable, and, for a 
period of two years thereafter, the State Department shall not enter 
into any contracts with such a violator.
    (e) United States Information Agency._The provisions of this 
section shall apply to the United States Information Agency in the same 
manner and extent to which such provisions apply to the Department of 
State. In the application of this section to the United States 
Information Agency, the Director of the United States Information 
Agency or a designee shall have the authorities and responsibilities of 
the Secretary of State.

               PART D_THE CAMBODIAN GENOCIDE JUSTICE ACT

SEC. 571. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Cambodian Genocide Justice Act''.

SEC. 572. POLICY.

    (a) In General._Consistent with international law, it is the policy 
of the United States to support efforts to bring to justice members of 
the Khmer Rouge for their crimes against humanity committed in Cambodia 
between April 17, 1975, and January 7, 1979.
    (b) Specific Actions Urged._To that end, the Congress urges the 
President_
        (1) to collect, or assist appropriate organizations and 
    individuals to collect relevant data on crimes of genocide 
    committed in Cambodia;
        (2) in circumstances which the President deems appropriate, to 
    encourage the establishment of a national or international criminal 
    tribunal for the prosecution of those accused of genocide in 
    Cambodia; and
        (3) as necessary, to provide such national or international 
    tribunal with information collected pursuant to paragraph (1).

SEC. 573. ESTABLISHMENT OF STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICE.

    (a) Establishment._(1) None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act for ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'' shall 
be available for obligation or expenditure during fiscal years 1994 and 
1995 unless, not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of State has established within the Department of 
State under the Assistant Secretary for East Asia and Pacific Affairs 
(or any successor Assistant Secretary) the Office of Cambodian Genocide 
Investigation (hereafter in this part referred to as the ``Office'').
    (2) The Office may carry out its activities inside or outside of 
Cambodia, except that not less than 75 percent of the funds made 
available for the Office and its activities shall be used to carry out 
activities within Cambodia.
    (b) Purpose._The purpose of the Office shall be to support, through 
organizations and individuals with whom the Secretary of State may 
contract to carry out the operations of the Office, as appropriate, 
efforts to bring to justice members of the Khmer Rouge for their crimes 
against humanity committed in Cambodia between April 17, 1975, and 
January 7, 1979, including_
        (1) to investigate crimes against humanity committed by 
    national Khmer Rouge leaders during that period;
        (2) to provide the people of Cambodia with access to documents, 
    records, and other evidence held by the Office as a result of such 
    investigation;
        (3) to submit the relevant data to a national or international 
    penal tribunal that may be convened to formally hear and judge the 
    genocidal acts committed by the Khmer Rouge; and
        (4) to develop the United States proposal for the establishment 
    of an international criminal tribunal for the prosecution of those 
    accused of genocide in Cambodia.
    (c) Contracting Authority._The Secretary of State shall, subject to 
the availability of appropriations, contract with appropriate 
individuals and organizations to carry out the purpose of the Office.
    (d) Notification to Congress._The Committee on Foreign Relations 
and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives shall be notified of any exercise of the authority of 
section 34 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 with 
respect to the Office or any of its programs, projects, or activities 
at least 15 days in advance in accordance with procedures applicable to 
notifications under that section.

SEC. 574. REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

    (a) In General._Beginning 6 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, and every 6 months thereafter, the President shall submit a 
report to the appropriate congressional committees_
        (1) that describes the activities of the Office, and sets forth 
    new facts learned about past Khmer Rouge practices, during the 
    preceding 6-month period; and
        (2) that describes the steps the President has taken during the 
    preceding 6-month period to promote human rights, to support 
    efforts to bring to justice the national political and military 
    leadership of the Khmer Rouge, and to prevent the recurrence of 
    human rights abuses in Cambodia through actions which are not 
    related to United Nations activities in Cambodia.
    (b) Definition._For purposes of this section, the term 
``appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
House of Representatives.

                 PART E_MIDDLE EAST PEACE FACILITATION

SEC. 581. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Middle East Peace Facilitation Act 
of 1994''.

SEC. 582. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds that_
        (1) the Palestine Liberation Organization has recognized the 
    State of Israel's right to exist in peace and security; accepted 
    United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338; committed 
    itself to the peace process and peaceful coexistence with Israel, 
    free from violence and all other acts which endanger peace and 
    stability; and assumed responsibility over all Palestine Liberation 
    Organization elements and personnel in order to assure their 
    compliance, prevent violations, and discipline violators;
        (2) Israel has recognized the Palestine Liberation Organization 
    as the representative of the Palestinian people;
        (3) Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization signed a 
    Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements 
    on September 13, 1993, at the White House;
        (4) the United States has resumed a bilateral dialogue with the 
    Palestine Liberation Organization; and
        (5) in order to implement the Declaration of Principles on 
    Interim Self-Government Arrangements and facilitate the Middle East 
    peace process, the President has requested flexibility to suspend 
    certain provisions of law pertaining to the Palestine Liberation 
    Organization.

SEC. 583. AUTHORITY TO SUSPEND CERTAIN PROVISIONS.

    (a) In General._Subject to subsection (b), beginning July 1, 1994, 
the President may suspend for a period of not more than 6 months any 
provision of law specified in subsection (c). The President may 
continue the suspension for a period or periods of not more than 6 
months until July 1, 1995, if, before each such period, the President 
satisfies the requirements of subsection (b). Any suspension shall 
cease to be effective after 6 months, or at such earlier date as the 
President may specify.
    (b) Conditions._
        (1) Consultation._Prior to each exercise of the authority 
    provided in subsection (a), the President shall consult with the 
    relevant congressional committees. The President may not exercise 
    that authority until 30 days after a written policy justification 
    is submitted to the relevant congressional committees.
        (2) Presidential certification._The President may exercise the 
    authority provided in subsection (a) only if the President 
    certifies to the relevant congressional committees each time he 
    exercises such authority that_
            (A) it is in the national interest of the United States to 
        exercise such authority; and
            (B) the Palestine Liberation Organization continues to 
        abide by all the commitments described in paragraph (4).
        (3) Requirement for continuing plo compliance._Any suspension 
    under subsection (a) of a provision of law specified in subsection 
    (c) shall cease to be effective if the President certifies to the 
    relevant congressional committees that the Palestine Liberation 
    Organization has not continued to abide by all the commitments 
    described in paragraph (4).
        (4) PLO commitments described._The commitments referred to in 
    paragraphs (2) and (3) are the commitments made by the Palestine 
    Liberation Organization_
            (A) in its letter of September 9, 1993, to the Prime 
        Minister of Israel; in its letter of September 9, 1993, to the 
        Foreign Minister of Norway to_
                (i) recognize the right of the State of Israel to exist 
            in peace and security;
                (ii) accept United Nations Security Council Resolutions 
            242 and 338;
                (iii) renounce the use of terrorism and other acts of 
            violence;
                (iv) assume responsibility over all PLO elements and 
            personnel in order to assure their compliance, prevent 
            violations and discipline violators;
                (v) call upon the Palestinian people in the West Bank 
            and Gaza Strip to take part in the steps leading to the 
            normalization of life, rejecting violence and terrorism, 
            and contributing to peace and stability; and
                (vi) submit to the Palestine National Council for 
            formal approval the necessary changes to the Palestinian 
            National Covenant eliminating calls for Israel's 
            destruction, and
            (B) in, and resulting from, the good faith implementation 
        of, the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government 
        Arrangements signed on September 13, 1993.
        (5) Expectation of congress regarding any extension of 
    presidential authority._The Congress expects that any extension of 
    the authority provided to the President in subsection (a) will be 
    conditional on the Palestine Liberation Organization_
            (A) renouncing the Arab League boycott of Israel;
            (B) urging the nations of the Arab League to end the Arab 
        League boycott of Israel;
            (C) cooperating with efforts undertaken by the President of 
        the United States to end the Arab League boycott of Israel; and
            (D) condemning individual acts of terrorism and violence.
        (6) Reporting requirement._As part of the President's written 
    policy justification referred to in paragraph (1), the President 
    will report on the PLO's response to individual acts of terrorism 
    and violence, as well as its actions concerning the Arab League 
    boycott of Israel as enumerated in paragraph (5) and on the status 
    of the PLO office in the United States as enumerated in subsection 
    (c)(3).
    (c) Provisions That May Be Suspended._The provisions that may be 
suspended under the authority of subsection (a) are the following:
        (1) Section 307 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
    U.S.C. 2227) as it applies with respect to the Palestine Liberation 
    Organization or entities associated with it.
        (2) Section 114 of the Department of State Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal years 1984 and 1985 (22 U.S.C. 287e note) as it applies with 
    respect to the Palestine Liberation Organization or entities 
    associated with it.
        (3) Section 1003 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 5202).
        (4) Section 37 of the Bretton Woods Agreement Act (22 U.S.C. 
    286w) as it applies to the granting to the Palestine Liberation 
    Organization of observer status or other official status at any 
    meeting sponsored by or associated with the International Monetary 
    Fund. As used in this paragraph, the term ``other official status'' 
    does not include membership in the International Monetary Fund.
    (d) Relevant Congressional Committees Defined._As used in this 
section, the term ``relevant congressional committees'' means_
        (1) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Banking, 
    Finance and Urban Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of 
    the House of Representatives; and
        (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
    Appropriations of the Senate.

                          TITLE VI_PEACE CORPS

SEC. 601. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations._There are authorized to be 
appropriated $219,745,000 for the fiscal year 1994 and $234,745,000 for 
the fiscal year 1995 to carry out the Peace Corps Act.
    (b) Availability of Funds._Funds made available to the Peace Corps 
pursuant to the authorization under subsection (a) shall be available 
for the fiscal year for which appropriated and the subsequent fiscal 
year.

SEC. 602. AMENDMENTS TO THE PEACE CORPS ACT.

    (a) Extension of Contracting Authority._Section 10(c) of the Peace 
Corps Act (22 U.S.C. 2509(c)) is amended by striking ``thirty six 
months'' and inserting ``five years''.
    (b) Liability Insurance for Medical Services Personnel._Section 
10(j) of the Peace Corps Act (22 U.S.C. 2509(j)) is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end of the first sentence ``, and to 
individuals employed under personal services contracts to furnish 
medical services abroad pursuant to subsection (a)(5) of this 
section.''.

                         TITLE VII_ARMS CONTROL

         PART A_ARMS CONTROL AND NONPROLIFERATION ACT OF 1994-

    SEC. 701. SHORT TITLE; REFERENCES IN PART; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Short Title._This part may be cited as the ``Arms Control and 
Nonproliferation Act of 1994''.
    (b) References in Part._Except as specifically provided in this 
part, whenever in this part an amendment or repeal is expressed as an 
amendment to or repeal of a provision, the reference shall be deemed to 
be made to the Arms Control and Disarmament Act.

SEC. 702. CONGRESSIONAL DECLARATIONS; PURPOSE.

    (a) Congressional Declarations._The Congress declares that_
        (1) a fundamental goal of the United States, particularly in 
    the wake of the highly turbulent and uncertain international 
    situation fostered by the end of the Cold War, the disintegration 
    of the Soviet Union and the resulting emergence of fifteen new 
    independent states, and the revolutionary changes in Eastern 
    Europe, is to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and 
    their means of delivery and of advanced conventional armaments, to 
    eliminate chemical and biological weapons, and to reduce and limit 
    the large numbers of nuclear weapons in the former Soviet Union, as 
    well as to prevent regional conflicts and conventional arms races; 
    and
        (2) an ultimate goal of the United States continues to be a 
    world in which the use of force is subordinated to the rule of law 
    and international change is achieved peacefully without the danger 
    and burden of destabilizing and costly armaments.
    (b) Purpose._The purpose of this part is_
        (1) to strengthen the United States Arms Control and 
    Disarmament Agency; and
        (2) to improve congressional oversight of the arms control, 
    nonproliferation, and disarmament activities of the United States 
    Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and of the Agency's operating 
    budget.

SEC. 703. PURPOSES.

    Section 2 (22 U.S.C. 2551) is amended in the text following the 
third undesignated paragraph by striking paragraphs (a), (b), (c), and 
(d) and by inserting the following new paragraphs:
        ``(1) The preparation for and management of United States 
    participation in international negotiations and implementation fora 
    in the arms control and disarmament field.
        ``(2) When directed by the President, the preparation for, and 
    management of, United States participation in international 
    negotiations and implementation fora in the nonproliferation field.
        ``(3) The conduct, support, and coordination of research for 
    arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policy formulation.
        ``(4) The preparation for, operation of, or, as appropriate, 
    direction of, United States participation in such control systems 
    as may become part of United States arms control, nonproliferation, 
    and disarmament activities.
        ``(5) The dissemination and coordination of public information 
    concerning arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament.''.

SEC. 704. REPEALS.

    The following provisions of law are hereby repealed:
        (1) Subsections (b) and (c) of section 36 (22 U.S.C. 2576), 
    relating to arms control impact information and analysis.
        (2) Section 38 (22 U.S.C. 2578), relating to reports on 
    Standing Consultative Commission activities.
        (3) Section 52 (22 U.S.C. 2592), relating to reports on 
    adherence to and compliance with agreements.

SEC. 705. DIRECTOR.

    Section 22 (22 U.S.C. 2562) is amended to read as follows:


                                ``director

    ``Sec. 22. (a) Appointment._The Agency shall be headed by a 
Director appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent 
of the Senate. No person serving on active duty as a commissioned 
officer of the Armed Forces of the United States may be appointed 
Director.
    ``(b) Duties._(1) The Director shall serve as the principal adviser 
to the Secretary of State, the National Security Council, and the 
President and other executive branch Government officials on matters 
relating to arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament. In 
carrying out his duties under this Act, the Director, under the 
direction of the President and the Secretary of State, shall have 
primary responsibility within the Government for matters relating to 
arms control and disarmament, and, whenever directed by the President, 
primary responsibility within the Government for matters relating to 
nonproliferation.
    ``(2) The Director shall attend all meetings of the National 
Security Council involving weapons procurement, arms sales, 
consideration of the defense budget, and all arms control, 
nonproliferation, and disarmament matters.''.

SEC. 706. BUREAUS, OFFICES, AND DIVISIONS.

    Section 25 (22 U.S.C. 2565) is amended to read as follows:


                    ``bureaus, offices, and divisions

    ``Sec. 25. The Director may establish within the Agency such 
bureaus, offices, and divisions as he may determine to be necessary to 
discharge his responsibilities pursuant to this Act, including a bureau 
of intelligence and information support and an office to perform legal 
services for the Agency.''.

SEC. 707. SCIENTIFIC AND POLICY ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

    Section 26 (22 U.S.C. 2566) is amended to read as follows:


                ``scientific and policy advisory committee

    ``Sec. 26. (a) Establishment._(1) The President may appoint a 
Scientific and Policy Advisory Committee (in this section referred to 
as the `Committee') of not to exceed 15 members, not less than eight of 
whom shall be scientists.
    ``(2) The members of the Committee shall be appointed as follows:
        ``(A) One member, who shall be a person of renown and 
    distinction, shall be appointed by the President, by and with the 
    advice and consent of the Senate, as Chairman of the Committee.
        ``(B) Fourteen other members shall be appointed by the 
    President.
    ``(3) The Committee shall meet at least twice each year.
    ``(b) Function._It shall be the responsibility of the Committee to 
advise the President, the Secretary of State, and the Director 
respecting scientific, technical, and policy matters affecting arms 
control, nonproliferation, and disarmament.
    ``(c) Reimbursement of Expenses._The members of the Committee may 
receive reimbursement of expenses only in accordance with the 
provisions applicable to the reimbursement of experts and consultants 
under section 41(d) of this Act.
    ``(d) Termination._The Committee shall terminate two years after 
the date of enactment of the Arms Control and Nonproliferation Act of 
1994.
    ``(e) Definition._As used in this section, the term `scientist' 
means an individual who has a demonstrated knowledge and technical 
expertise with respect to arms control, nonproliferation, and 
disarmament matters and who has distinguished himself or herself in any 
of the fields of physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, or 
engineering, including weapons engineering.''.

SEC. 708. PRESIDENTIAL SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVES.

    (a) In General._Section 27 (22 U.S.C. 2567) is amended to read as 
follows:


                  ``presidential special representatives

    ``Sec. 27. The President may appoint, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate, Special Representatives of the President for 
arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament matters. Each 
Presidential Special Representative shall hold the rank of ambassador. 
One such Representative may serve in the Agency as Chief Science 
Advisor. Presidential Special Representatives appointed under this 
section shall perform their duties and exercise their powers under the 
direction of the President and the Secretary of State, acting through 
the Director. The Agency shall be the Government agency responsible for 
providing administrative support, including funding, staff, and office 
space, to all Presidential Special Representatives.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment._Section 5315 of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by striking:
        ``Special Representatives for Arms Control and Disarmament 
    Negotiations, United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 
    (2).''
and inserting:
        ``Special Representatives of the President for arms control, 
    nonproliferation, and disarmament matters, United States Arms 
    Control and Disarmament Agency.''.

SEC. 709. POLICY FORMULATION.

    Section 33 (22 U.S.C. 2573) is amended to read as follows:


                           ``policy formulation

    ``Sec. 33. (a) Formulation._The Director shall prepare for the 
President, the Secretary of State, and the heads of such other 
Government agencies as the President may determine, recommendations and 
advice concerning United States arms control, nonproliferation, and 
disarmament policy.
    ``(b) Prohibition._No action shall be taken pursuant to this or any 
other Act that would obligate the United States to reduce or limit the 
Armed Forces or armaments of the United States in a militarily 
significant manner, except pursuant to the treaty-making power of the 
President set forth in Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 of the 
Constitution or unless authorized by the enactment of further 
affirmative legislation by the Congress of the United States.''.

SEC. 710. NEGOTIATION MANAGEMENT.

    Section 34 (22 U.S.C. 2574) is amended to read as follows:


                         ``negotiation management

    ``Sec. 34. (a) Responsibilities._The Director, under the direction 
of the President and the Secretary of State, shall have primary 
responsibility for the preparation, conduct, and management of United 
States participation in all international negotiations and 
implementation fora in the field of arms control and disarmament and 
shall have primary responsibility, whenever directed by the President, 
for the preparation, conduct, and management of United States 
participation in international negotiations and implementation fora in 
the field of nonproliferation. In furtherance of these 
responsibilities, Special Representatives of the President appointed 
pursuant to section 27, shall, as directed by the President, serve as 
the United States Government representatives to international 
organizations, conferences, and activities relating to the field of 
nonproliferation, such as the preparations for and conduct of the 
review relating to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear 
Weapons.
    ``(b) Functions With Respect to the United States Information 
Agency._The Director shall perform functions pursuant to section 2(c) 
of the Reorganization Plan 8 of 1953 with respect to providing to the 
United States Information Agency official United States positions and 
policy on arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament matters for 
dissemination abroad.
    ``(c) Authority._The Director is authorized_
        ``(1) for the purpose of conducting negotiations concerning 
    arms control, nonproliferation, or disarmament or for the purpose 
    of exercising any other authority given him by this Act_
            ``(A) to consult and communicate with, or to direct the 
        consultation and communication with, representatives of other 
        nations or of international organizations, and
            ``(B) to communicate in the name of the Secretary of State 
        with diplomatic representatives of the United States in the 
        United States or abroad;
        ``(2) to formulate plans and make preparations for the 
    establishment, operation, and funding of inspections and control 
    systems which may become part of the United States arms control, 
    nonproliferation, and disarmament activities; and
        ``(3) as authorized by law, to put into effect, direct, or 
    otherwise assume United States responsibility for such systems.''.
    SEC. 711. REPORT ON MEASURES TO COORDINATE RESEARCH AND 
      DEVELOPMENT.
    Not later than December 31, 1994, the President shall submit to the 
Congress a report prepared by the Director of the United States Arms 
Control and Disarmament Agency, in coordination with the Secretary of 
State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, the Chairman 
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of Central Intelligence, 
with respect to the procedures established pursuant to section 35 of 
the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 2575) for the effective 
coordination of research and development on arms control, 
nonproliferation, and disarmament among all departments and agencies of 
the executive branch of Government.

SEC. 712. VERIFICATION OF COMPLIANCE.

    Section 37 (22 U.S.C. 2577) is amended to read as follows:


                       ``verification of compliance

    ``Sec. 37. (a) In General._In order to ensure that arms control, 
nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements can be adequately 
verified, the Director shall report to Congress, on a timely basis, or 
upon request by an appropriate committee of the Congress_
        ``(1) in the case of any arms control, nonproliferation, or 
    disarmament agreement that has been concluded by the United States, 
    the determination of the Director as to the degree to which the 
    components of such agreement can be verified;
        ``(2) in the case of any arms control, nonproliferation, or 
    disarmament agreement that has entered into force, any significant 
    degradation or alteration in the capacity of the United States to 
    verify compliance of the components of such agreement;
        ``(3) the amount and percentage of research funds expended by 
    the Agency for the purpose of analyzing issues relating to arms 
    control, nonproliferation, and disarmament verification; and
        ``(4) the number of professional personnel assigned to arms 
    control verification on a full-time basis by each Government 
    agency.
    ``(b) Standard for Verification of Compliance._In making 
determinations under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a), the 
Director shall assume that all measures of concealment not expressly 
prohibited could be employed and that standard practices could be 
altered so as to impede verification.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction._Except as otherwise provided for by 
law, nothing in this section may be construed as requiring the 
disclosure of sensitive information relating to intelligence sources or 
methods or persons employed in the verification of compliance with arms 
control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements.
    ``(d) Participation of the Agency._In order to ensure adherence of 
the United States to obligations or commitments undertaken in arms 
control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements, and in order for 
the Director to make the assessment required by section 51(a)(5), the 
Director, or the Director's designee, shall participate in all 
interagency groups or organizations within the executive branch of 
Government that assess, analyze, or review United States planned or 
ongoing policies, programs, or actions that have a direct bearing on 
United States adherence to obligations undertaken in arms control, 
nonproliferation, or disarmament agreements.''.

SEC. 713. NEGOTIATING RECORDS.

    (a) In General._The Arms Control and Disarmament Act is amended by 
inserting after section 37 the following:


                          ``negotiating records

    ``Sec. 38. (a) Preparation of Records._The Director shall establish 
and maintain records for each arms control, nonproliferation, and 
disarmament agreement to which the United States is a party and which 
was under negotiation or in force on or after January 1, 1990, which 
shall include classified and unclassified materials such as 
instructions and guidance, position papers, reporting cables and 
memoranda of conversation, working papers, draft texts of the 
agreement, diplomatic notes, notes verbal, and other internal and 
external correspondence.
    ``(b) Negotiating and Implementation Records._In particular, the 
Director shall establish and maintain a negotiating and implementation 
record for each such agreement, which shall be comprehensive and 
detailed, and shall document all communications between the parties 
with respect to such agreement. Such records shall be maintained both 
in hard copy and magnetic media.
    ``(c) Participation of Agency Personnel._In order to implement 
effectively this section, the Director shall ensure that Agency 
personnel participate throughout the negotiation and implementation 
phases of all arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament 
agreements.''.
    (b) Report Required._Not later than January 31, 1995, the Director 
of the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency shall submit 
to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the chairman of 
the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a detailed report 
describing the actions he has undertaken to implement section 38 of the 
Arms Control and Disarmament Act.
    SEC. 714. AUTHORITIES WITH RESPECT TO NONPROLIFERATION MATTERS.
    (a) Amendments to the Arms Export Control Act._(1) Section 38(a)(2) 
of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(a)(2)) is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(2) Decisions on issuing export licenses under this section shall 
be made in coordination with the Director of the United States Arms 
Control and Disarmament Agency, taking into account the Director's 
assessment as to whether the export of an article would contribute to 
an arms race, aid in the development of weapons of mass destruction, 
support international terrorism, increase the possibility of outbreak 
or escalation of conflict, or prejudice the development of bilateral or 
multilateral arms control or nonproliferation agreements or other 
arrangements. The Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 
is authorized, whenever the Director determines that the issuance of an 
export license under this section would be detrimental to the national 
security of the United States, to recommend to the President that such 
export license be disapproved.''.
    (2) Section 42(a) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2791(a)) is amended_
        (A) in the second sentence, by redesignating clauses (1), (2), 
    and (3) as clauses (A), (B), and (C), respectively;
        (B) by inserting ``(1)'' immediately after ``(a)'';
        (C) by amending clause (C) (as redesignated) to read as 
    follows: ``(C) the assessment of the Director of the United States 
    Arms Control and Disarmament Agency as to whether, and the extent 
    to which, such sale might contribute to an arms race, aid in the 
    development of weapons of mass destruction, support international 
    terrorism, increase the possibility of outbreak or escalation of 
    conflict, or prejudice the development of bilateral or multilateral 
    arms control or nonproliferation agreements or other 
    arrangements.''; and
        (D) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) Any proposed sale made pursuant to this Act shall be approved 
only after consultation with the Director of the United States Arms 
Control and Disarmament Agency. The Director of the Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency is authorized, whenever the Director determines that 
a sale under this section would be detrimental to the national security 
of the United States, to recommend to the President that such sale be 
disapproved.''.
    (3) Section 71(a) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2797(a)) is amended by 
inserting ``, the Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament 
Agency,'' after ``the Secretary of Defense''.
    (4) Section 71(b)(1) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2797(b)(1)) is amended 
by inserting ``and the Director of the United States Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency'' after ``Secretary of Defense''.
    (5) Section 71(b)(2) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2797(b)(2)) is amended_
        (A) by striking ``and the Secretary of Commerce'' and inserting 
    ``, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Director of the United 
    States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency''; and
        (B) by inserting ``or the Director'' after ``relevant 
    Secretary''.
    (6) Section 71(c) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2797(c)) is amended by 
inserting ``with the Director of the United States Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency,'' after ``Director of Central Intelligence,''.
    (7) Section 73(d) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2797(d)) is amended by 
striking ``and the Secretary of Commerce,'' and inserting ``, the 
Secretary of Commerce, and the Director of the United States Arms 
Control and Disarmament Agency,''.
    (b) Amendment to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act._Section 309(c) 
of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 2139a(c)) is 
amended in the second sentence by striking out ``, as required,''.

SEC. 715. APPOINTMENT AND COMPENSATION OF PERSONNEL.

    Section 41(b) of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 
2581(b)) is amended by striking ``except that during the 2-year'' and 
all that follows through the end thereof and inserting ``except that 
the Director may, to the extent the Director determines necessary to 
the discharge of his responsibilities, appoint and fix the compensation 
of employees possessing specialized technical expertise without regard 
to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing 
appointments in the competitive service and the provisions of chapter 
51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to 
classification and General Schedule pay rates, if the Director ensures 
that_
        ``(1) any employee who is appointed under this exception is not 
    paid at a rate_
            ``(A) in excess of the rate payable for positions of 
        equivalent difficulty or responsibility, or
            ``(B) exceeding the maximum rate payable for grade 15 of 
        the General Schedule; and
        ``(2) the number of employees appointed under this exception 
    shall not exceed 10 percent of the Agency's full-time-equivalent 
    ceiling.''.

SEC. 716. SECURITY REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 45(a) (22 U.S.C. 2585) is amended in the third sentence_
        (1) by inserting ``or employed directly from other Government 
    agencies'' after ``persons detailed from other Government 
    agencies''; and
        (2) by striking ``by the Department of Defense or the 
    Department of State'' and inserting ``by such agencies''.

SEC. 717. REPORTS.

    (a) In General._Title IV of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act is 
amended_
        (1) by striking sections 49 and 50;
        (2) by redesignating sections 51 and 53 as sections 49 and 50, 
    respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after section 50 (as redesignated by paragraph 
    (2)) the following new sections:


                       ``annual report to congress

    ``Sec. 51. (a) In General._Not later than January 31 of each year, 
the President shall submit to the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives and to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate a report prepared by the Director, in 
consultation with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the 
Secretary of Energy, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the 
Director of Central Intelligence, on the status of United States policy 
and actions with respect to arms control, nonproliferation, and 
disarmament. Such report shall include_
        ``(1) a detailed statement concerning the arms control and 
    disarmament objectives of the executive branch of Government for 
    the forthcoming year;
        ``(2) a detailed statement concerning the nonproliferation 
    objectives of the executive branch of Government for the 
    forthcoming year;
        ``(3) a detailed assessment of the status of any ongoing arms 
    control or disarmament negotiations, including a comprehensive 
    description of negotiations or other activities during the 
    preceding year and an appraisal of the status and prospects for the 
    forthcoming year;
        ``(4) a detailed assessment of the status of any ongoing 
    nonproliferation negotiations or other activities, including a 
    comprehensive description of the negotiations or other activities 
    during the preceding year and an appraisal of the status and 
    prospects for the forthcoming year;
        ``(5) a detailed assessment of adherence of the United States 
    to obligations undertaken in arms control, nonproliferation, and 
    disarmament agreements, including information on the policies and 
    organization of each relevant agency or department of the United 
    States to ensure adherence to such obligations, a description of 
    national security programs with a direct bearing on questions of 
    adherence to such obligations and of steps being taken to ensure 
    adherence, and a compilation of any substantive questions raised 
    during the preceding year and any corrective action taken; and
        ``(6) a detailed assessment of the adherence of other nations 
    to obligations undertaken in all arms control, nonproliferation, 
    and disarmament agreements to which the United States is a 
    participating state, including information on actions taken by each 
    nation with regard to the size, structure, and disposition of its 
    military forces in order to comply with arms control, 
    nonproliferation, or disarmament agreements, and shall include, in 
    the case of each agreement about which compliance questions exist_
            ``(A) a description of each significant issue raised and 
        efforts made and contemplated with the other participating 
        state to seek resolution of the difficulty;
            ``(B) an assessment of damage, if any, to the United States 
        security and other interests; and
            ``(C) recommendations as to any steps that should be 
        considered to redress any damage to United States national 
        security and to reduce compliance problems.
    ``(b) Classification of the Report._The report required by this 
section shall be submitted in unclassified form, with classified 
annexes, as appropriate.


     ``public annual report on world military expenditures and arms 
                               transfers

    ``Sec. 52. Not later than December 31 of each year, the Director 
shall publish an unclassified report on world military expenditures and 
arms transfers. Such report shall provide detailed, comprehensive, and 
statistical information regarding military expenditures, arms 
transfers, armed forces, and related economic data for each country of 
the world. In addition, such report shall include pertinent in-depth 
analyses as well as highlights with respect to arms transfers and 
proliferation trends and initiatives affecting such developments.''.
    (b) Report on Revitalization of ACDA._Not later than December 31, 
1995, the Director of the United States Arms Control and Disarmament 
Agency shall submit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and 
the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a 
detailed report describing the actions that have been taken and that 
are underway to revitalize the United States Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency pursuant to the provisions of this part and the 
amendments made by this part.

SEC. 718. FUNDING.

    (a) In General._Title IV of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act, 
as amended by section 717, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:


            ``requirement for authorization of appropriations

    ``Sec. 53. (a) Limitation on Obligation and Expenditure of Funds._
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the fiscal year 1994 
and for each subsequent year, any funds appropriated for the Agency 
shall not be available for obligation or expenditure_
        ``(1) unless such funds are appropriated pursuant to an 
    authorization of appropriations; or
        ``(2) in excess of the authorized level of appropriations.
    ``(b) Subsequent Authorization._The limitation under subsection (a) 
shall not apply to the extent that an authorization of appropriations 
is enacted after such funds are appropriated.
    ``(c) Application._The provisions of this section_
        ``(1) may not be superseded, except by a provision of law which 
    specifically repeals, modifies, or supersedes the provisions of 
    this section; and
        ``(2) shall not apply to, or affect in any manner, permanent 
    appropriations, trust funds, and other similar accounts which are 
    authorized by law and administered by the Agency.


                      ``transfers and reprogrammings

    ``Sec. 54. (a) Transfer of Funds._Funds appropriated for the 
purpose of carrying out this Act may be allocated or transferred to any 
agency for such purpose. Such funds shall be available for obligation 
and expenditure in accordance with the authorities of this Act or in 
accordance with the authorities governing the activities of the 
agencies to which such funds are allocated or transferred.
    ``(b) Limitation._Not more than 12 percent of any appropriation 
made for the purpose of carrying out this Act shall be obligated or 
reserved during the last month of the fiscal year.''.
    ``(c) Congressional Notification of Certain Reprogrammings._Unless 
the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate are notified at least 
15 days in advance of the proposed reprogramming, funds appropriated to 
carry out this Act (other than funds to carry out title V) shall not be 
available for obligation or expenditure through any reprogramming of 
funds that_
        ``(1) would create or eliminate a program, project, or 
    activity;
        ``(2) would increase funds or personnel by any means for any 
    program, project, or activity for which funds have been denied or 
    restricted by the Congress;
        ``(3) would relocate an office or employees;
        ``(4) would reorganize offices, programs, projects, or 
    activities;
        ``(5) would involve contracting out functions which had been 
    performed by Federal employees; or
        ``(6) would involve a reprogramming in excess of $1,000,000 or 
    10 percent (whichever is less) and would_
            ``(A) augment existing programs, projects, or activities,
            ``(B) reduce by 10 percent or more the funding for any 
        existing program, project, activity, or personnel approved by 
        the Congress, or
            ``(C) result from any general savings from a reduction in 
        personnel that would result in a change in existing programs, 
        activities, or projects approved by the Congress.
    ``(d) Limitation on End-of-Year Reprogrammings._Funds appropriated 
to carry out this Act (other than funds to carry out title V) shall not 
be available for obligation or expenditure through any reprogramming 
described in paragraph (1) during the last 15 days in which such funds 
are available for obligation or expenditure (as the case may be) unless 
the notification required by that paragraph was submitted before that 
15-day period.''.

SEC. 719. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Section 2 (22 U.S.C. 2551) is amended_
        (1) in the second undesignated paragraph, by inserting ``, 
    nonproliferation,'' after ``Arms control''; and
        (2) in the second and third undesignated paragraphs, by 
    inserting ``, nonproliferation,'' after ``arms control'' each place 
    it appears.
    (b) Section 28 (22 U.S.C. 2568) is amended_
        (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``field of arms control 
    and disarmament'' and inserting ``fields of arms control, 
    nonproliferation, and disarmament''; and
        (2) in the second sentence, by inserting ``, 
    nonproliferation,'' after ``arms control''.
    (c) Section 31 (22 U.S.C. 2571) is amended_
        (1) in the text above paragraph (a), by striking ``field of 
    arms control and disarmament'' each of the three places it appears 
    and inserting ``fields of arms control, nonproliferation, and 
    disarmament'';
        (2) in the first sentence, by inserting ``and 
    nonproliferation'' after disarmament; and
        (3) in the fourth sentence, by inserting ``, 
    nonproliferation,'' after ``arms control'' each of the eight places 
    it appears.
    (d) Section 35 (22 U.S.C. 2575) is amended by inserting ``, 
nonproliferation,'' after ``arms control''.
    (e) Section 36 (22 U.S.C. 2576) is amended_
        (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows: ``arms 
    control information'';
        (2) by striking ``(a)''; and
        (3) by inserting ``, nonproliferation,'' after ``arms control'' 
    each of the two places it appears.
    (f) Section 39 (22 U.S.C. 2579) is amended by inserting ``, 
nonproliferation,'' after ``arms control'' each of the two places it 
appears.
    (g) Section 49 (as redesignated by section 817(a)(2)) is amended_
        (1) by striking ``Soviet''; and
        (2) by inserting ``of the former Soviet Union'' after 
    ``affairs''.

            PART B_AMENDMENTS TO THE ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT

    SEC. 731. LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER EXCESS DEFENSE 
      ARTICLES.
    (a) Transfers to Countries on the Southern and Southeastern Flank 
of NATO._Section 516(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
U.S.C. 2321j(b)) is amended_
        (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (2);
        (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) the President first considers the effects of the transfer 
    of the excess defense articles on the national technology and 
    industrial base, particularly the extent, if any, to which the 
    transfer reduces the opportunities of entities in the national 
    technology and industrial base to sell new equipment to the country 
    or countries to which the excess defense articles are 
    transferred.''.
    (b) Transfers to Countries Participating in a Comprehensive 
National Antinarcotics Program._Section 517(f) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321k(f)) is amended_
        (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (2);
        (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) the President first considers the effects of the transfer 
    of the excess defense articles on the national technology and 
    industrial base, particularly the extent, if any, to which the 
    transfer reduces the opportunities of entities in the national 
    technology and industrial base to sell new equipment to the country 
    or countries to which the excess defense articles are 
    transferred.''.
    (c) Transfers to Countries Eligible To Participate in a Foreign 
Military Financing Program._Section 519(b) of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321m(b)) is amended_
        (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (3);
        (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (4) and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) the President first considers the effects of the transfer 
    of the excess defense articles on the national technology and 
    industrial base, particularly the extent, if any, to which the 
    transfer reduces the opportunities of entities in the national 
    technology and industrial base to sell new equipment to the country 
    or countries to which the excess defense articles are 
    transferred.''.
    (d) Sales From Stock Under Arms Export Control Act._Section 21 of 
the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2761) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(k) Before entering into the sale under this Act of defense 
articles that are excess to the stocks of the Department of Defense, 
the President shall first consider the effects of the sale of the 
articles on the national technology and industrial base, particularly 
the extent, if any, to which the sale reduces the opportunities of 
entities in the national technology and industrial base to sell new 
equipment to the country or countries to which the excess defense 
articles are sold.''.
    (e) Leases Under Arms Export Control Act._Section 61(a) of the Arms 
Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2796(a)) is amended_
        (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (2);
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4);
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraph (3):
        ``(3) the President first considers the effects of the lease of 
    the articles on the national technology and industrial base, 
    particularly the extent, if any, to which the lease reduces the 
    opportunities of entities in the national technology and industrial 
    base to sell new equipment to the country or countries to which the 
    articles are leased; and''; and
        (4) in the matter following paragraph (4) (as redesignated by 
    paragraph (2) of this subsection) by striking ``paragraph (3)'' 
    each place it appears and inserting ``paragraph (4)''.
    SEC. 732. REPORTS UNDER THE ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT.
    (a) Numbered Certifications With Respect To Government-To-
Government Sales._Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
U.S.C. 2776(b)(1)) is amended_
        (1) by inserting after the second sentence the following new 
    sentence: ``Each such numbered certification shall contain an item 
    indicating whether any offset agreement is proposed to be entered 
    into in connection with such letter of offer to sell (if known on 
    the date of transmittal of such certification).''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (C) by inserting ``and a description from 
    such contractor of any offset agreements proposed to be entered 
    into in connection with such sale'' after ``sold''.
    (b) Numbered Certifications With Respect To Commercial Exports._
Section 36(c)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2776(c)(1)) 
is amended_
        (1) by inserting after the first sentence the following new 
    sentence: ``Each such numbered certification shall also contain an 
    item indicating whether any offset agreement is proposed to be 
    entered into in connection with such export (if known on the date 
    of transmittal of such certification).''; and
        (2) in the third sentence by inserting ``and a description from 
    the person who has submitted the license application of any offset 
    agreement proposed to be entered into in connection with such 
    export (if known on the date of transmittal of such statement)'' 
    after ``Secretary of Defense''.
    (c) Definitions._Section 36 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
U.S.C. 2776) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) For purposes of this section_
        ``(1) the term `offset agreement' means an agreement, 
    arrangement, or understanding between a United States supplier of 
    defense articles or defense services and a foreign country under 
    which the supplier agrees to purchase or acquire, or to promote the 
    purchase or acquisition by other United States persons of, goods or 
    services produced, manufactured, grown, or extracted, in whole or 
    in part, in that foreign country in consideration for the purchase 
    by the foreign country of defense articles or defense service from 
    the supplier; and
        ``(2) the term `United States person' means_
            ``(A) an individual who is a national or permanent resident 
        alien of the United States; and
            ``(B) any corporation, business association, partnership, 
        trust, or other juridical entity_
                ``(i) organized under the laws of the United States or 
            any State, district, territory, or possession thereof; or
                ``(ii) owned or controlled in fact by individuals 
            described in subparagraph (A).''.
    SEC. 733. PROHIBITION ON INCENTIVE PAYMENTS UNDER THE ARMS EXPORT 
      CONTROL ACT.
    The Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2779) is amended by 
inserting after section 39 the following new section:

``SEC. 39A. PROHIBITION ON INCENTIVE PAYMENTS.

    ``(a) No United States supplier of defense articles or services 
sold under this Act, nor any employee, agent, or subcontractor thereof, 
shall, with respect to the sale of any such defense article or defense 
service to a foreign country, make any incentive payments for the 
purpose of satisfying, in whole or in part, any offset agreement with 
that country.
    ``(b) Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall 
be subject to the imposition of civil penalties as provided for in this 
section.
    ``(c) In the enforcement of this section, the President is 
authorized to exercise the same powers concerning violations and 
enforcement and imposition of civil penalties which are conferred upon 
departments, agencies and officials by subsections (c), (d), (e), and 
(f) of section 11 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 and section 
12(a) of such Act, subject to the same terms and conditions as are 
applicable to such powers under that Act, except that notwithstanding 
section 11(c) of that Act, the civil penalty for each violation of this 
section may not exceed $500,000 or five times the amount of the 
prohibited incentive payment, whichever is greater.
    ``(d) For purposes of this section_
        ``(1) the term `offset agreement' means an agreement, 
    arrangement, or understanding between a United States supplier of 
    defense articles or defense services and a foreign country under 
    which the supplier agrees to purchase or acquire, or to promote the 
    purchase or acquisition by other United States persons of, goods or 
    services produced, manufactured, grown, or extracted, in whole or 
    in part, in that foreign country in consideration for the purchase 
    by the foreign country of defense articles or defense services from 
    the supplier;
        ``(2) the term `incentive payments' means direct monetary 
    compensation made by a United States supplier of defense articles 
    or defense services or by any employee, agent or subcontractor 
    thereof to any other United States person to induce or persuade 
    that United States person to purchase or acquire goods or services 
    produced, manufactured, grown, or extracted, in whole or in part, 
    in the foreign country which is purchasing those defense articles 
    or services from the United States supplier; and
        ``(3) the term `United States person' means_
            ``(A) an individual who is a national or permanent resident 
        alien of the United States; and
            ``(B) any corporation, business association, partnership, 
        trust, or other juridical entity_
                ``(i) organized under the laws of the United States or 
            any State, the District of Columbia, or any territory or 
            possession of the United States; or
                ``(ii) owned or controlled in fact by individuals 
            described in subparagraph (A).''.
    SEC. 734. MISSILE TECHNOLOGY EXPORTS TO CERTAIN MIDDLE EASTERN AND 
      ASIAN COUNTRIES.
    (a) Exports by United States Persons._Section 72 of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2797a) is amended_
        (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Presumption._In determining whether to apply sanctions under 
subsection (a) to a United States person involved in the export, 
transfer, or trade of an item on the MTCR Annex, it should be a 
rebuttable presumption that such item is designed for use in a missile 
listed in the MTCR Annex if the President determines that the final 
destination of the item is a country the government of which the 
Secretary of State has determined, for purposes of 6(j)(1)(A) of the 
Export Administration Act of 1979, has repeatedly provided support for 
acts of international terrorism.''.
    (b) Exports by Foreign Persons._Section 73 of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2797b) is amended_
        (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (g) 
    and (h), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following:
    ``(f) Presumption._In determining whether to apply sanctions under 
subsection (a) to a foreign person involved in the export, transfer, or 
trade of an item on the MTCR Annex, it should be a rebuttable 
presumption that such item is designed for use in a missile listed in 
the MTCR Annex if the President determines that the final destination 
of the item is a country the government of which the Secretary of State 
has determined, for purposes of 6(j)(1)(A) of the Export Administration 
Act of 1979, has repeatedly provided support for acts of international 
terrorism.''.
    SEC. 735. NOTIFICATION OF CONGRESS ON CERTAIN EVENTS INVOLVING THE 
      MISSILE TECHNOLOGY CONTROL REGIME (MTCR).
    (a) Sale of Defense Articles or Services._Section 36(b)(1) of the 
Arms Export Control Act is amended by inserting after ``sensitivity of 
such technology.'' the following new sentence: ``In a case in which 
such articles or services listed on the Missile Technology Control 
Regime Annex are intended to support the design, development, or 
production of a Category I space launch vehicle system (as defined in 
section 74), such report shall include a description of the proposed 
export and rationale for approving such export, including the 
consistency of such export with United States missile nonproliferation 
policy.''.
    (b) Export of Major Defense Equipment._Section 36(c)(1) of the Arms 
Export Control Act is amended by inserting after ``in consultation with 
the Secretary of Defense.'' the following new sentence: ``In a case in 
which such articles or services are listed on the Missile Technology 
Control Regime Annex and are intended to support the design, 
development, or production of a Category I space launch vehicle system 
(as defined in section 74), such report shall include a description of 
the proposed export and rationale for approving such export, including 
the consistency of such export with United States missile 
nonproliferation policy.''.
    (c) Licensing._Section 71 of the Arms Export Control Act is amended 
by inserting after subsection (c) the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Exports to Space Launch Vehicle Programs._Within 15 days 
after the issuance of a license for the export of items valued at less 
than $14,000,000 that are controlled under this Act pursuant to United 
States obligations under the Missile Technology Control Regime and 
intended to support the design, development, or production of a space 
launch vehicle system listed in Category I of the MTCR Annex, the 
Secretary shall transmit to the Congress a report describing the 
licensed export and rationale for approving such export, including the 
consistency of such export with United States missile nonproliferation 
policy. The requirement contained in the preceding sentence shall not 
apply to licenses for exports to countries that were members of the 
MTCR as of April 17, 1987.
    (d) Notification of Admittance on MTCR Adherents._The Arms Export 
Control Act is amended by inserting after section 73 the following new 
section:
    ``SEC. 73A. NOTIFICATION OF ADMITTANCE OF MTCR ADHERENTS.
    ``Following any action by the United States that results in a 
country becoming a MTCR adherent, the President shall transmit promptly 
to the Congress a report which describes the rationale for such action, 
together with an assessment of that country's nonproliferation 
policies, practices, and commitments. Such report shall also include 
the text of any agreements or understandings between the United States 
and such country regarding the terms and conditions of the country's 
adherence to the MTCR.''.
    SEC. 736. CONTROL OF REEXPORTS TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES.
    Section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. 
App. 2405(j)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(5) The Secretary and the Secretary of State shall include in 
    the notification required by paragraph (2)_
            ``(A) a detailed description of the goods or services to be 
        offered, including a brief description of the capabilities of 
        any article for which a license to export is sought;
            ``(B) the reasons why the foreign country or international 
        organization to which the export or transfer is proposed to be 
        made needs the goods or services which are the subject of such 
        export or transfer and a description of the manner in which 
        such country or organization intends to use such articles, 
        services, or design and construction services;
            ``(C) the reasons why the proposed export or transfer is in 
        the national interest of the United States;
            ``(D) an analysis of the impact of the proposed export or 
        transfer on the military capabilities of the foreign country or 
        international organization to which such export or transfer 
        would be made;
            ``(E) an analysis of the manner in which the proposed 
        export would affect the relative military strengths of 
        countries in the region to which the goods or services which 
        are the subject of such export would be delivered and whether 
        other countries in the region have comparable kinds and amounts 
        of articles, services, or design and construction services; and
            ``(F) an analysis of the impact of the proposed export or 
        transfer on the United States relations with the countries in 
        the region to which the goods or services which are the subject 
        of such export would be delivered.''.

            TITLE VIII_NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION PREVENTION ACT

SEC. 801. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Nuclear Proliferation Prevention 
Act of 1994''.

                  PART A_REPORTING ON NUCLEAR EXPORTS

SEC. 811. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

    Section 601(a) of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978 (22 
U.S.C. 3281(a)) is amended_
        (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
        (2) in paragraph (5), by striking the period and inserting a 
    semicolon; and
        (3) by adding after paragraph (5) the following:
        ``(6) a description of the implementation of nuclear and 
    nuclear-related dual-use export controls in the preceding calendar 
    year, including a summary by type of commodity and destination of_
            ``(A) all transactions for which_
                ``(i) an export license was issued for any good 
            controlled under section 309(c) of this Act;
                ``(ii) an export license was issued under section 109 
            b. of the 1954 Act;
                ``(iii) approvals were issued under the Export 
            Administration Act of 1979, or section 109 b.(3) of the 
            1954 Act, for the retransfer of any item, technical data, 
            component, or substance; or
                ``(iv) authorizations were made as required by section 
            57 b.(2) of the 1954 Act to engage, directly or indirectly, 
            in the production of special nuclear material;
            ``(B) each instance in which_
                ``(i) a sanction has been imposed under section 821(a) 
            or section 824 of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act 
            of 1994 or section 102(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control 
            Act;
                ``(ii) sales or leases have been denied under section 
            3(f) of the Arms Export Control Act or transactions 
            prohibited by reason of acts relating to proliferation of 
            nuclear explosive devices as described in section 40(d) of 
            that Act;
                ``(iii) a sanction has not been imposed by reason of 
            section 821(c)(2) of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention 
            Act of 1994 or the imposition of a sanction has been 
            delayed under section 102(b)(4) of the Arms Export Control 
            Act; or
                ``(iv) a waiver of a sanction has been made under_

                    ``(I) section 821(f) or section 824 of the Nuclear 
                Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994,
                    ``(II) section 620E(d) of the Foreign Assistance 
                Act of 1961, or paragraph (5) or (6)(B) of section 
                102(b) of the Arms Export Control Act,
                    ``(III) section 40(g) of the Arms Export Control 
                Act with respect to the last sentence of section 40(d) 
                of that Act, or
                    ``(IV) section 614 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
                1961 with respect to section 620E of that Act or 
                section 3(f), the last sentence of section 40(d), or 
                102(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act; and

            ``(C) the progress of those independent states of the 
        former Soviet Union that are non-nuclear-weapon states and of 
        the Baltic states towards achieving the objective of applying 
        full scope safeguards to all their peaceful nuclear activities.
Portions of the information required by paragraph (6) may be submitted 
in classified form, as necessary. Any such information that may not be 
published or disclosed under section 12(c)(1) of the Export 
Administration Act of 1979 shall be submitted as confidential.''.

               PART B_SANCTIONS FOR NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION

    SEC. 821. IMPOSITION OF PROCUREMENT SANCTION ON PERSONS ENGAGING IN 
      EXPORT ACTIVITIES THAT CONTRIBUTE TO PROLIFERATION.
    (a) Determination by the President._
        (1) In general._Except as provided in subsection (b)(2), the 
    President shall impose the sanction described in subsection (c) if 
    the President determines in writing that, on or after the effective 
    date of this part, a foreign person or a United States person has 
    materially and with requisite knowledge contributed, through the 
    export from the United States or any other country of any goods or 
    technology (as defined in section 830(2)), to the efforts by any 
    individual, group, or non-nuclear-weapon state to acquire 
    unsafeguarded special nuclear material or to use, develop, produce, 
    stockpile, or otherwise acquire any nuclear explosive device.
        (2) Persons against which the sanction is to be imposed._The 
    sanction shall be imposed pursuant to paragraph (1) on_
            (A) the foreign person or United States person with respect 
        to which the President makes the determination described in 
        that paragraph;
            (B) any successor entity to that foreign person or United 
        States person;
            (C) any foreign person or United States person that is a 
        parent or subsidiary of that person if that parent or 
        subsidiary materially and with requisite knowledge assisted in 
        the activities which were the basis of that determination; and
            (D) any foreign person or United States person that is an 
        affiliate of that person if that affiliate materially and with 
        requisite knowledge assisted in the activities which were the 
        basis of that determination and if that affiliate is controlled 
        in fact by that person.
        (3) Other sanctions available._The sanction which is required 
    to be imposed for activities described in this subsection is in 
    addition to any other sanction which may be imposed for the same 
    activities under any other provision of law.
        (4) Definition._For purposes of this subsection, the term 
    ``requisite knowledge'' means situations in which a person 
    ``knows'', as ``knowing'' is defined in section 104 of the Foreign 
    Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (15 U.S.C. 78dd-2).
    (b) Consultation With and Actions by Foreign Government of 
Jurisdiction._
        (1) Consultations._If the President makes a determination 
    described in subsection (a)(1) with respect to a foreign person, 
    the Congress urges the President to initiate consultations 
    immediately with the government with primary jurisdiction over that 
    foreign person with respect to the imposition of the sanction 
    pursuant to this section.
        (2) Actions by government of jurisdiction._In order to pursue 
    such consultations with that government, the President may delay 
    imposition of the sanction pursuant to this section for up to 90 
    days. Following these consultations, the President shall impose the 
    sanction unless the President determines and certifies in writing 
    to the Congress that that government has taken specific and 
    effective actions, including appropriate penalties, to terminate 
    the involvement of the foreign person in the activities described 
    in subsection (a)(1). The President may delay the imposition of the 
    sanction for up to an additional 90 days if the President 
    determines and certifies in writing to the Congress that that 
    government is in the process of taking the actions described in the 
    preceding sentence.
        (3) Report to congress._Not later than 90 days after making a 
    determination under subsection (a)(1), the President shall submit 
    to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
    Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign 
    Affairs of the House of Representatives a report on the status of 
    consultations with the appropriate government under this 
    subsection, and the basis for any determination under paragraph (2) 
    of this subsection that such government has taken specific 
    corrective actions.
    (c) Sanction._
        (1) Description of sanction._The sanction to be imposed 
    pursuant to subsection (a)(1) is, except as provided in paragraph 
    (2) of this subsection, that the United States Government shall not 
    procure, or enter into any contract for the procurement of, any 
    goods or services from any person described in subsection (a)(2).
        (2) Exceptions._The President shall not be required to apply or 
    maintain the sanction under this section_
            (A) in the case of procurement of defense articles or 
        defense services_
                (i) under existing contracts or subcontracts, including 
            the exercise of options for production quantities to 
            satisfy requirements essential to the national security of 
            the United States;
                (ii) if the President determines in writing that the 
            person or other entity to which the sanction would 
            otherwise be applied is a sole source supplier of the 
            defense articles or services, that the defense articles or 
            services are essential, and that alternative sources are 
            not readily or reasonably available; or
                (iii) if the President determines in writing that such 
            articles or services are essential to the national security 
            under defense coproduction agreements;
            (B) to products or services provided under contracts 
        entered into before the date on which the President publishes 
        his intention to impose the sanction;
            (C) to_
                (i) spare parts which are essential to United States 
            products or production;
                (ii) component parts, but not finished products, 
            essential to United States products or production; or
                (iii) routine servicing and maintenance of products, to 
            the extent that alternative sources are not readily or 
            reasonably available;
            (D) to information and technology essential to United 
        States products or production; or
            (E) to medical or other humanitarian items.
    (d) Advisory Opinions._Upon the request of any person, the 
Secretary of State may, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, 
issue in writing an advisory opinion to that person as to whether a 
proposed activity by that person would subject that person to the 
sanction under this section. Any person who relies in good faith on 
such an advisory opinion which states that the proposed activity would 
not subject a person to such sanction, and any person who thereafter 
engages in such activity, may not be made subject to such sanction on 
account of such activity.
    (e) Termination of the Sanction._The sanction imposed pursuant to 
this section shall apply for a period of at least 12 months following 
the imposition of the sanction and shall cease to apply thereafter only 
if the President determines and certifies in writing to the Congress 
that_
        (1) reliable information indicates that the foreign person or 
    United States person with respect to which the determination was 
    made under subsection (a)(1) has ceased to aid or abet any 
    individual, group, or non-nuclear-weapon state in its efforts to 
    acquire unsafeguarded special nuclear material or any nuclear 
    explosive device, as described in that subsection; and
        (2) the President has received reliable assurances from the 
    foreign person or United States person, as the case may be, that 
    such person will not, in the future, aid or abet any individual, 
    group, or non-nuclear-weapon state in its efforts to acquire 
    unsafeguarded special nuclear material or any nuclear explosive 
    device, as described in subsection (a)(1).
    (f) Waiver._
        (1) Criterion for waiver._The President may waive the 
    application of the sanction imposed on any person pursuant to this 
    section, after the end of the 12-month period beginning on the date 
    on which that sanction was imposed on that person, if the President 
    determines and certifies in writing to the Congress that the 
    continued imposition of the sanction would have a serious adverse 
    effect on vital United States interests.
        (2) Notification of and report to congress._If the President 
    decides to exercise the waiver authority provided in paragraph (1), 
    the President shall so notify the Congress not less than 20 days 
    before the waiver takes effect. Such notification shall include a 
    report fully articulating the rationale and circumstances which led 
    the President to exercise the waiver authority.

SEC. 822. ELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Amendments to the Arms Export Control Act._
        (1) Prohibition._Section 3 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
    U.S.C. 2753) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(f) No sales or leases shall be made to any country that the 
President has determined is in material breach of its binding 
commitments to the United States under international treaties or 
agreements concerning the nonproliferation of nuclear explosive devices 
(as defined in section 830(4) of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention 
Act of 1994) and unsafeguarded special nuclear material (as defined in 
section 830(8) of that Act).''.
        (2) Definition of support for international terrorism._Section 
    40 of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2780) is amended_
            (A) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``For purposes of this subsection, such acts 
        shall include all activities that the Secretary determines 
        willfully aid or abet the international proliferation of 
        nuclear explosive devices to individuals or groups or willfully 
        aid or abet an individual or groups in acquiring unsafeguarded 
        special nuclear material.''; and
            (B) in subsection (l)_
                (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' after the 
            semicolon;
                (ii) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting a semicolon; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) the term `nuclear explosive device' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 830(4) of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention 
    Act of 1994; and
        ``(5) the term `unsafeguarded special nuclear material' has the 
    meaning given that term in section 830(8) of the Nuclear 
    Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994.''.
    (b) Foreign Assistance Act of 1961._
        (1) Presidential determination 82-7._Notwithstanding any other 
    provision of law, Presidential Determination No. 82-7 of February 
    10, 1982, made pursuant to section 670(a)(2) of the Foreign 
    Assistance Act of 1961, shall have no force or effect with respect 
    to any grounds for the prohibition of assistance under section 
    102(a)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act arising on or after the 
    effective date of this part.
        (2) Amendment._Section 620E(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
    1961 (22 U.S.C. 2375(d)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) The President may waive the prohibitions of section 101 of 
the Arms Export Control Act with respect to any grounds for the 
prohibition of assistance under that section arising before the 
effective date of part B of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 
1994 to provide assistance to Pakistan if he determines that to do so 
is in the national interest of the United States.''.
    SEC. 823. ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.
    (a) In General._The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the 
United States executive director to each of the international financial 
institutions described in section 701(a) of the International Financial 
Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262d(a)) to use the voice and vote of the 
United States to oppose any use of the institution's funds to promote 
the acquisition of unsafeguarded special nuclear material or the 
development, stockpiling, or use of any nuclear explosive device by any 
non-nuclear-weapon state.
    (b) Duties of United States Executive Directors._Section 701(b)(3) 
of the International Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262d(b)(3)) 
is amended to read as follows:
        ``(3) whether the recipient country_
            ``(A) is seeking to acquire unsafeguarded special nuclear 
        material (as defined in section 830(8) of the Nuclear 
        Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994) or a nuclear explosive 
        device (as defined in section 830(4) of that Act);
            ``(B) is not a State Party to the Treaty on the Non-
        Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; or
            ``(C) has detonated a nuclear explosive device; and''.
    SEC. 824. PROHIBITION ON ASSISTING NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION THROUGH 
      THE PROVISION OF FINANCING.
    (a) Prohibited Activity Defined._For purposes of this section, the 
term ``prohibited activity'' means the act of knowingly, materially, 
and directly contributing or attempting to contribute, through the 
provision of financing, to_
        (1) the acquisition of unsafeguarded special nuclear material; 
    or
        (2) the use, development, production, stockpiling, or other 
    acquisition of any nuclear explosive device,
by any individual, group, or non-nuclear-weapon state.
    (b) Prohibition._To the extent that the United States has 
jurisdiction to prohibit such activity by such person, no United States 
person and no foreign person may engage in any prohibited activity.
    (c) Presidential Determination and Order With Respect to United 
States and Foreign Persons._If the President determines, in writing 
after opportunity for a hearing on the record, that a United States 
person or a foreign person has engaged in a prohibited activity 
(without regard to whether subsection (b) applies), the President 
shall, by order, impose the sanctions described in subsection (d) on 
such person.
    (d) Sanctions._The following sanctions shall be imposed pursuant to 
any order issued under subsection (c) with respect to any United States 
person or any foreign person:
        (1) Ban on dealings in government finance._
            (A) Designation as primary dealer._Neither the Board of 
        Governors of the Federal Reserve System nor the Federal Reserve 
        Bank of New York may designate, or permit the continuation of 
        any prior designation of, the person as a primary dealer in 
        United States Government debt instruments.
            (B) Service as depositary._The person may not serve as a 
        depositary for United States Government funds.
        (2) Restrictions on operations._The person may not, directly or 
    indirectly_
            (A) commence any line of business in the United States in 
        which the person was not engaged as of the date of the order; 
        or
            (B) conduct business from any location in the United States 
        at which the person did not conduct business as of the date of 
        the order.
    (e) Judicial Review._Any determination of the President under 
subsection (c) shall be subject to judicial review in accordance with 
chapter 7 of part I of title 5, United States Code.
    (f) Consultation With and Actions by Foreign Government of 
Jurisdiction._
        (1) Consultations._If the President makes a determination under 
    subsection (c) with respect to a foreign person, the Congress urges 
    the President to initiate consultations immediately with any 
    appropriate foreign government with respect to the imposition of 
    any sanction pursuant to this section.
        (2) Actions by government of jurisdiction._
            (A) Suspension of period for imposing sanctions._In order 
        to pursue consultations described in paragraph (1) with any 
        government referred to in such paragraph, the President may 
        delay, for up to 90 days, the effective date of an order under 
        subsection (c) imposing any sanction.
            (B) Coordination with activities of foreign government._
        Following consultations described in paragraph (1), the order 
        issued by the President under subsection (c) imposing any 
        sanction on a foreign person shall take effect unless the 
        President determines, and certifies in writing to the Congress, 
        that the government referred to in paragraph (1) has taken 
        specific and effective actions, including the imposition of 
        appropriate penalties, to terminate the involvement of the 
        foreign person in any prohibited activity.
            (C) Extension of period._After the end of the period 
        described in subparagraph (A), the President may delay, for up 
        to an additional 90 days, the effective date of an order issued 
        under subsection (b) imposing any sanction on a foreign person 
        if the President determines, and certifies in writing to the 
        Congress, that the appropriate foreign government is in the 
        process of taking actions described in subparagraph (B).
        (3) Report to congress._Before the end of the 90-day period 
    beginning on the date on which an order is issued under subsection 
    (c), the President shall submit to the Congress a report on_
            (A) the status of consultations under this subsection with 
        the government referred to in paragraph (1); and
            (B) the basis for any determination under paragraph (2) 
        that such government has taken specific corrective actions.
    (g) Termination of the Sanctions._Any sanction imposed on any 
person pursuant to an order issued under subsection (c) shall_
        (1) remain in effect for a period of not less than 12 months; 
    and
        (2) cease to apply after the end of such 12-month period only 
    if the President determines, and certifies in writing to the 
    Congress, that_
            (A) the person has ceased to engage in any prohibited 
        activity; and
            (B) the President has received reliable assurances from 
        such person that the person will not, in the future, engage in 
        any prohibited activity.
    (h) Waiver._The President may waive the continued application of 
any sanction imposed on any person pursuant to an order issued under 
subsection (c) if the President determines, and certifies in writing to 
the Congress, that the continued imposition of the sanction would have 
a serious adverse effect on the safety and soundness of the domestic or 
international financial system or on domestic or international payments 
systems.
    (i) Enforcement Action._The Attorney General may bring an action in 
an appropriate district court of the United States for injunctive and 
other appropriate relief with respect to_
        (1) any violation of subsection (b); or
        (2) any order issued pursuant to subsection (c).
    (j) Knowingly Defined._
        (1) In general._For purposes of this section, the term 
    ``knowingly'' means the state of mind of a person with respect to 
    conduct, a circumstance, or a result in which_
            (A) such person is aware that such person is engaging in 
        such conduct, that such circumstance exists, or that such 
        result is substantially certain to occur; or
            (B) such person has a firm belief that such circumstance 
        exists or that such result is substantially certain to occur.
        (2) Knowledge of the existence of a particular circumstance._If 
    knowledge of the existence of a particular circumstance is required 
    for an offense, such knowledge is established if a person is aware 
    of a high probability of the existence of such circumstance, unless 
    the person actually believes that such circumstance does not exist.
    (k) Scope of Application._This section shall apply with respect to 
prohibited activities which occur on or after the date this part takes 
effect.

SEC. 825. EXPORT-IMPORT BANK.

    Section 2(b)(4) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 
635(b)(4)) is amended in the first sentence by inserting after 
``device'' the following: ``(as defined in section 830(4) of the 
Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994), or that any country has 
willfully aided or abetted any non-nuclear-weapon state (as defined in 
section 830(5) of that Act) to acquire any such nuclear explosive 
device or to acquire unsafeguarded special nuclear material (as defined 
in section 830(8) of that Act).''.

SEC. 826. AMENDMENT TO THE ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT.

    (a) In General._The Arms Export Control Act is amended by adding at 
the end the following new chapter:

             ``CHAPTER 10_NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION CONTROLS

``SEC. 101. NUCLEAR ENRICHMENT TRANSFERS.

    ``(a) Prohibitions; Safeguards and Management._Except as provided 
in subsection (b) of this section, no funds made available to carry out 
the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or this Act may be used for the 
purpose of providing economic assistance (including assistance under 
chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961), providing 
military assistance or grant military education and training, providing 
assistance under chapter 6 of part II of that Act, or extending 
military credits or making guarantees, to any country which the 
President determines delivers nuclear enrichment equipment, materials, 
or technology to any other country on or after August 4, 1977, or 
receives such equipment, materials, or technology from any other 
country on or after August 4, 1977, unless before such delivery_
        ``(1) the supplying country and receiving country have reached 
    agreement to place all such equipment, materials, or technology, 
    upon delivery, under multilateral auspices and management when 
    available; and
        ``(2) the recipient country has entered into an agreement with 
    the International Atomic Energy Agency to place all such equipment, 
    materials, technology, and all nuclear fuel and facilities in such 
    country under the safeguards system of such Agency.
    ``(b) Certification by President of Necessity of Continued 
Assistance; Disapproval by Congress._(1) Notwithstanding subsection (a) 
of this section, the President may furnish assistance which would 
otherwise be prohibited under such subsection if he determines and 
certifies in writing to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate that_
        ``(A) the termination of such assistance would have a serious 
    adverse effect on vital United States interests; and
        ``(B) he has received reliable assurances that the country in 
    question will not acquire or develop nuclear weapons or assist 
    other nations in doing so.
Such certification shall set forth the reasons supporting such 
determination in each particular case.
    ``(2)(A) A certification under paragraph (1) of this subsection 
shall take effect on the date on which the certification is received by 
the Congress. However, if, within thirty calendar days after receiving 
this certification, the Congress enacts a joint resolution stating in 
substance that the Congress disapproves the furnishing of assistance 
pursuant to the certification, then upon the enactment of that 
resolution the certification shall cease to be effective and all 
deliveries of assistance furnished under the authority of that 
certification shall be suspended immediately.
    ``(B) Any joint resolution under this paragraph shall be considered 
in the Senate in accordance with the provisions of section 601(b) of 
the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 
1976.

``SEC. 102. NUCLEAR REPROCESSING TRANSFERS, ILLEGAL EXPORTS FOR NUCLEAR 
              EXPLOSIVE DEVICES, TRANSFERS OF NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE 
              DEVICES, AND NUCLEAR DETONATIONS.

    ``(a) Prohibitions on Assistance to Countries Involved in Transfer 
of Nuclear Reprocessing Equipment, Materials, or Technology; 
Exceptions; Procedures Applicable._(1) Except as provided in paragraph 
(2) of this subsection, no funds made available to carry out the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or this Act may be used for the purpose 
of providing economic assistance (including assistance under chapter 4 
of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961), providing military 
assistance or grant military education and training, providing 
assistance under chapter 6 of part II of that Act, or extending 
military credits or making guarantees, to any country which the 
President determines_
        ``(A) delivers nuclear reprocessing equipment, materials, or 
    technology to any other country on or after August 4, 1977, or 
    receives such equipment, materials, or technology from any other 
    country on or after August 4, 1977 (except for the transfer of 
    reprocessing technology associated with the investigation, under 
    international evaluation programs in which the United States 
    participates, of technologies which are alternatives to pure 
    plutonium reprocessing), or
        ``(B) is a non-nuclear-weapon state which, on or after August 
    8, 1985, exports illegally (or attempts to export illegally) from 
    the United States any material, equipment, or technology which 
    would contribute significantly to the ability of such country to 
    manufacture a nuclear explosive device, if the President determines 
    that the material, equipment, or technology was to be used by such 
    country in the manufacture of a nuclear explosive device.
For purposes of clause (B), an export (or attempted export) by a person 
who is an agent of, or is otherwise acting on behalf of or in the 
interests of, a country shall be considered to be an export (or 
attempted export) by that country.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, the 
President in any fiscal year may furnish assistance which would 
otherwise be prohibited under that paragraph if he determines and 
certifies in writing during that fiscal year to the Speaker of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate that the termination of such assistance would be seriously 
prejudicial to the achievement of United States nonproliferation 
objectives or otherwise jeopardize the common defense and security. The 
President shall transmit with such certification a statement setting 
forth the specific reasons therefor.
    ``(3)(A) A certification under paragraph (2) of this subsection 
shall take effect on the date on which the certification is received by 
the Congress. However, if, within 30 calendar days after receiving this 
certification, the Congress enacts a joint resolution stating in 
substance that the Congress disapproves the furnishing of assistance 
pursuant to the certification, then upon the enactment of that 
resolution the certification shall cease to be effective and all 
deliveries of assistance furnished under the authority of that 
certification shall be suspended immediately.
    ``(B) Any joint resolution under this paragraph shall be considered 
in the Senate in accordance with the provisions of section 601(b) of 
the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 
1976.
    ``(b) Prohibitions on Assistance to Countries Involved in Transfer 
or Use of Nuclear Explosive Devices; Exceptions; Procedures 
Applicable._(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), in 
the event that the President determines that any country, after the 
effective date of part B of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 
1994_
        ``(A) transfers to a non-nuclear-weapon state a nuclear 
    explosive device,
        ``(B) is a non-nuclear-weapon state and either_
            ``(i) receives a nuclear explosive device, or
            ``(ii) detonates a nuclear explosive device,
        ``(C) transfers to a non-nuclear-weapon state any design 
    information or component which is determined by the President to be 
    important to, and known by the transferring country to be intended 
    by the recipient state for use in, the development or manufacture 
    of any nuclear explosive device, or
        ``(D) is a non-nuclear-weapon state and seeks and receives any 
    design information or component which is determined by the 
    President to be important to, and intended by the recipient state 
    for use in, the development or manufacture of any nuclear explosive 
    device,
then the President shall forthwith report in writing his determination 
to the Congress and shall forthwith impose the sanctions described in 
paragraph (2) against that country.
    ``(2) The sanctions referred to in paragraph (1) are as follows:
        ``(A) The United States Government shall terminate assistance 
    to that country under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, except 
    for humanitarian assistance or food or other agricultural 
    commodities.
        ``(B) The United States Government shall terminate_
            ``(i) sales to that country under this Act of any defense 
        articles, defense services, or design and construction 
        services, and
            ``(ii) licenses for the export to that country of any item 
        on the United States Munitions List.
        ``(C) The United States Government shall terminate all foreign 
    military financing for that country under this Act.
        ``(D) The United States Government shall deny to that country 
    any credit, credit guarantees, or other financial assistance by any 
    department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States 
    Government, except that the sanction of this subparagraph shall not 
    apply_
            ``(i) to any transaction subject to the reporting 
        requirements of title V of the National Security Act of 1947 
        (relating to congressional oversight of intelligence 
        activities), or
            ``(ii) to humanitarian assistance.
        ``(E) The United States Government shall oppose, in accordance 
    with section 701 of the International Financial Institutions Act 
    (22 U.S.C. 262d), the extension of any loan or financial or 
    technical assistance to that country by any international financial 
    institution.
        ``(F) The United States Government shall prohibit any United 
    States bank from making any loan or providing any credit to the 
    government of that country, except for loans or credits for the 
    purpose of purchasing food or other agricultural commodities.
        ``(G) The authorities of section 6 of the Export Administration 
    Act of 1979 shall be used to prohibit exports to that country of 
    specific goods and technology (excluding food and other 
    agricultural commodities), except that such prohibition shall not 
    apply to any transaction subject to the reporting requirements of 
    title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (relating to 
    congressional oversight of intelligence activities).
    ``(3) As used in this subsection_
        ``(A) the term `design information' means specific information 
    that relates to the design of a nuclear explosive device and that 
    is not available to the public; and
        ``(B) the term `component' means a specific component of a 
    nuclear explosive device.
    ``(4)(A) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, the 
President may, for a period of not more than 30 days of continuous 
session, delay the imposition of sanctions which would otherwise be 
required under paragraph (1)(A) or (1)(B) of this subsection if the 
President first transmits to the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, and to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate, a certification that he has determined that an 
immediate imposition of sanctions on that country would be detrimental 
to the national security of the United States. Not more than one such 
certification may be transmitted for a country with respect to the same 
detonation, transfer, or receipt of a nuclear explosive device.
    ``(B) If the President transmits a certification to the Congress 
under subparagraph (A), a joint resolution which would permit the 
President to exercise the waiver authority of paragraph (5) of this 
subsection shall, if introduced in either House within thirty days of 
continuous session after the Congress receives this certification, be 
considered in the Senate in accordance with subparagraph (C) of this 
paragraph.
    ``(C) Any joint resolution under this paragraph shall be considered 
in the Senate in accordance with the provisions of section 601(b) of 
the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 
1976.
    ``(D) For purposes of this paragraph, the term ``joint resolution'' 
means a joint resolution the matter after the resolving clause of which 
is as follows: ``That the Congress having received on 
&llmdash;&llmdash; a certification by the President under section 
102(b)(4) of the Arms Export Control Act with respect to 
&llmdash;&llmdash;, the Congress hereby authorizes the President to 
exercise the waiver authority contained in section 102(b)(5) of that 
Act.'', with the date of receipt of the certification inserted in the 
first blank and the name of the country inserted in the second blank.
    ``(5) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, if the 
Congress enacts a joint resolution under paragraph (4) of this 
subsection, the President may waive any sanction which would otherwise 
be required under paragraph (1)(A) or (1)(B) if he determines and 
certifies in writing to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate that the imposition of 
such sanction would be seriously prejudicial to the achievement of 
United States nonproliferation objectives or otherwise jeopardize the 
common defense and security. The President shall transmit with such 
certification a statement setting forth the specific reasons therefor.
    ``(6)(A) In the event the President is required to impose sanctions 
against a country under paragraph (1)(C) or (1)(D), the President shall 
forthwith so inform such country and shall impose the required 
sanctions beginning 30 days after submitting to the Congress the report 
required by paragraph (1) unless, and to the extent that, there is 
enacted during the 30-day period a law prohibiting the imposition of 
such sanctions.
    ``(B) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the sanctions 
which are required to be imposed against a country under paragraph 
(1)(C) or (1)(D) shall not apply if the President determines and 
certifies in writing to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
Committee on Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives that the application of 
such sanctions against such country would have a serious adverse effect 
on vital United States interests. The President shall transmit with 
such certification a statement setting forth the specific reasons 
therefor.
    ``(7) For purposes of this subsection, continuity of session is 
broken only by an adjournment of Congress sine die and the days on 
which either House is not in session because of an adjournment of more 
than three days to a day certain are excluded in the computation of any 
period of time in which Congress is in continuous session.
    ``(8) The President may not delegate or transfer his power, 
authority, or discretion to make or modify determinations under this 
subsection.
    ``(c) Non-Nuclear-Weapon State defined._As used in this section, 
the term `non-nuclear-weapon state' means any country which is not a 
nuclear-weapon state, as defined in Article IX(3) of the Treaty on the 
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

``SEC. 103. DEFINITION OF NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE DEVICE.

    ``As used in this chapter, the term `nuclear explosive device' has 
the meaning given that term in section 830(4) of the Nuclear 
Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994.''.
    (b) Repeals._Sections 669 and 670 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 are hereby repealed.
    (c) References in Law._Any reference in law as of the date of 
enactment of this Act to section 669 or 670 of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 shall, after such date, be deemed to be a reference to 
section 101 or 102, as the case may be, of the Arms Export Control Act.

SEC. 827. REWARD.

    Section 36(a) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 2708(a)) is amended_
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) as 
    subparagraphs (A) through (C), respectively;
        (2) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, the term `act of 
international terrorism' includes any act substantially contributing to 
the acquisition of unsafeguarded special nuclear material (as defined 
in section 830(8) of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994) 
or any nuclear explosive device (as defined in section 830(4) of that 
Act) by an individual, group, or non-nuclear-weapon state (as defined 
in section 830(5) of that Act).''.

SEC. 828. REPORTS.

    (a) Content of ACDA Annual Report._Section 51(a) of the Arms 
Control and Disarmament Act, as inserted by this Act, is amended_
        (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (5);
        (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (6) and 
    inserting ``; and'';
        (3) by adding after paragraph (6) the following new paragraph:
        ``(7) a discussion of any material noncompliance by foreign 
    governments with their binding commitments to the United States 
    with respect to the prevention of the spread of nuclear explosive 
    devices (as defined in section 830(4) of the Nuclear Proliferation 
    Prevention Act of 1994) by non-nuclear-weapon states (as defined in 
    section 830(5) of that Act) or the acquisition by such states of 
    unsafeguarded special nuclear material (as defined in section 
    830(8) of that Act), including_
            ``(A) a net assessment of the aggregate military 
        significance of all such violations;
            ``(B) a statement of the compliance policy of the United 
        States with respect to violations of those commitments; and
            ``(C) what actions, if any, the President has taken or 
        proposes to take to bring any nation committing such a 
        violation into compliance with those commitments.''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Reporting Consecutive Noncompliance._If the President in 
consecutive reports submitted to the Congress under this section 
reports that any designated nation is not in full compliance with its 
binding nonproliferation commitments to the United States, then the 
President shall include in the second such report an assessment of what 
actions are necessary to compensate for such violations.''.
    (b) Reporting on Demarches._(1) It is the sense of the Congress 
that the Department of State should, in the course of implementing its 
reporting responsibilities under section 602(c) of the Nuclear Non-
Proliferation Act of 1978, include a summary of demarches that the 
United States has issued or received from foreign governments with 
respect to activities which are of significance from the proliferation 
standpoint.
    (2) For purposes of this section, the term ``demarche'' means any 
official communication by one government to another, by written or oral 
means, intended by the originating government to express_
        (A) a concern over a past, present, or possible future action 
    or activity of the recipient government, or of a person within the 
    jurisdiction of that government, contributing to the global spread 
    of unsafeguarded special nuclear material or of nuclear explosive 
    devices;
        (B) a request for the recipient government to counter such 
    action or activity; or
        (C) both the concern and request described in subparagraphs (A) 
    and (B).

SEC. 829. TECHNICAL CORRECTION.

    Section 133 b. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2160c) 
is amended by striking ``20 kilograms'' and inserting ``5 kilograms''.

SEC. 830. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this part_
        (1) the term ``foreign person'' means_
            (A) an individual who is not a citizen of the United States 
        or an alien admitted for permanent residence to the United 
        States; or
            (B) a corporation, partnership, or other nongovernment 
        entity which is created or organized under the laws of a 
        foreign country or which has its principal place of business 
        outside the United States;
        (2) the term ``goods or technology'' means_
            (A) nuclear materials and equipment and sensitive nuclear 
        technology (as such terms are defined in section 4 of the 
        Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978), all export items 
        designated by the President pursuant to section 309(c) of the 
        Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978, and all technical 
        assistance requiring authorization under section 57 b. of the 
        Atomic Energy Act of 1954, and
            (B) in the case of exports from a country other than the 
        United States, any goods or technology that, if exported from 
        the United States, would be goods or technology described in 
        subparagraph (A);
        (3) the term ``IAEA safeguards'' means the safeguards set forth 
    in an agreement between a country and the International Atomic 
    Energy Agency, as authorized by Article III(A)(5) of the Statute of 
    the International Atomic Energy Agency;
        (4) the term ``nuclear explosive device'' means any device, 
    whether assembled or disassembled, that is designed to produce an 
    instantaneous release of an amount of nuclear energy from special 
    nuclear material that is greater than the amount of energy that 
    would be released from the detonation of one pound of 
    trinitrotoluene (TNT);
        (5) the term ``non-nuclear-weapon state'' means any country 
    which is not a nuclear-weapon state, as defined by Article IX (3) 
    of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, signed 
    at Washington, London, and Moscow on July 1, 1968;
        (6) the term ``special nuclear material'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 11 aa. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 
    U.S.C. 2014aa);
        (7) the term ``United States person'' means_
            (A) an individual who is a citizen of the United States or 
        an alien admitted for permanent residence to the United States; 
        or
            (B) a corporation, partnership, or other nongovernment 
        entity which is not a foreign person; and
        (8) the term ``unsafeguarded special nuclear material'' means 
    special nuclear material which is held in violation of IAEA 
    safeguards or not subject to IAEA safeguards (excluding any 
    quantity of material that could, if it were exported from the 
    United States, be exported under a general license issued by the 
    Nuclear Regulatory Commission).

SEC. 831. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    The provisions of this part, and the amendments made by this part, 
shall take effect 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

               PART C_INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY

SEC. 841. BILATERAL AND MULTILATERAL INITIATIVES.

    It is the sense of the Congress that in order to maintain and 
enhance international confidence in the effectiveness of IAEA 
safeguards and in other multilateral undertakings to halt the global 
proliferation of nuclear weapons, the United States should seek to 
negotiate with other nations and groups of nations, including the IAEA 
Board of Governors and the Nuclear Suppliers Group, to_
        (1) build international support for the principle that nuclear 
    supply relationships must require purchasing nations to agree to 
    full-scope international safeguards;
        (2) encourage each nuclear-weapon state within the meaning of 
    the Treaty to undertake a comprehensive review of its own 
    procedures for declassifying information relating to the design or 
    production of nuclear explosive devices and to investigate any 
    measures that would reduce the risk of such information 
    contributing to nuclear weapons proliferation;
        (3) encourage the deferral of efforts to produce weapons-grade 
    nuclear material for large-scale commercial uses until such time as 
    safeguards are developed that can detect, on a timely and reliable 
    basis, the diversion of significant quantities of such material for 
    nuclear explosive purposes;
        (4) pursue greater financial support for the implementation and 
    improvement of safeguards from all IAEA member nations with 
    significant nuclear programs, particularly from those nations that 
    are currently using or planning to use weapons-grade nuclear 
    material for commercial purposes;
        (5) arrange for the timely payment of annual financial 
    contributions by all members of the IAEA, including the United 
    States;
        (6) pursue the elimination of international commerce in highly 
    enriched uranium for use in research reactors while encouraging 
    multilateral cooperation to develop and to use low-enriched 
    alternative nuclear fuels;
        (7) oppose efforts by non-nuclear-weapon states to develop or 
    use unsafeguarded nuclear fuels for purposes of naval propulsion;
        (8) pursue an international open skies arrangement that would 
    authorize the IAEA to operate surveillance aircraft and would 
    facilitate IAEA access to satellite information for safeguards 
    verification purposes;
        (9) develop an institutional means for IAEA member nations to 
    share intelligence material with the IAEA on possible safeguards 
    violations without compromising national security or intelligence 
    sources or methods;
        (10) require any exporter of a sensitive nuclear facility or 
    sensitive nuclear technology to a non-nuclear-weapon state to 
    notify the IAEA prior to export and to require safeguards over that 
    facility or technology, regardless of its destination; and
        (11) seek agreement among the parties to the Treaty to apply 
    IAEA safeguards in perpetuity and to establish new limits on the 
    right to withdraw from the Treaty.

SEC. 842. IAEA INTERNAL REFORMS.

    In order to promote the early adoption of reforms in the 
implementation of the safeguards responsibilities of the IAEA, the 
Congress urges the President to negotiate with other nations and groups 
of nations, including the IAEA Board of Governors and the Nuclear 
Suppliers Group, to_
        (1) improve the access of the IAEA within nuclear facilities 
    that are capable of producing, processing, or fabricating special 
    nuclear material suitable for use in a nuclear explosive device;
        (2)(A) facilitate the IAEA's efforts to meet and to maintain 
    its own goals for detecting the diversion of nuclear materials and 
    equipment, giving particular attention to facilities in which there 
    are bulk quantities of plutonium; and
        (B) if it is not technically feasible for the IAEA to meet 
    those detection goals in a particular facility, require the IAEA to 
    declare publicly that it is unable to do so;
        (3) enable the IAEA to issue fines for violations of safeguards 
    procedures, to pay rewards for information on possible safeguards 
    violations, and to establish a ``hot line'' for the reporting of 
    such violations and other illicit uses of weapons-grade nuclear 
    material;
        (4) establish safeguards at facilities engaged in the 
    manufacture of equipment or material that is especially designated 
    or prepared for the processing, use, or production of special 
    fissionable material or, in the case of non-nuclear-weapon states, 
    of any nuclear explosive device;
        (5) establish safeguards over nuclear research and development 
    activities and facilities;
        (6) implement special inspections of undeclared nuclear 
    facilities, as provided for under existing safeguards procedures, 
    and seek authority for the IAEA to conduct challenge inspections on 
    demand at suspected nuclear sites;
        (7) expand the scope of safeguards to include tritium, uranium 
    concentrates, and nuclear waste containing special fissionable 
    material, and increase the scope of such safeguards on heavy water;
        (8) revise downward the IAEA's official minimum amounts of 
    nuclear material (``significant quantity'') needed to make a 
    nuclear explosive device and establish these amounts as national 
    rather than facility standards;
        (9) expand the use of full-time resident IAEA inspectors at 
    sensitive fuel cycle facilities;
        (10) promote the use of near real time material accountancy in 
    the conduct of safeguards at facilities that use, produce, or store 
    significant quantities of special fissionable material;
        (11) develop with other IAEA member nations an agreement on 
    procedures to expedite approvals of visa applications by IAEA 
    inspectors;
        (12) provide the IAEA the additional funds, technical 
    assistance, and political support necessary to carry out the goals 
    set forth in this subsection; and
        (13) make public the annual safeguards implementation report of 
    the IAEA, establishing a public registry of commodities in 
    international nuclear commerce, including dual-use goods, and 
    creating a public repository of current nuclear trade control laws, 
    agreements, regulations, and enforcement and judicial actions by 
    IAEA member nations.

SEC. 843. REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

    (a) Report Required._The President shall, in the report required by 
section 601(a) of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978, describe_
        (1) the steps he has taken to implement sections 841 and 842, 
    and
        (2) the progress that has been made and the obstacles that have 
    been encountered in seeking to meet the objectives set forth in 
    sections 841 and 842.
    (b) Contents of Report._Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
describe_
        (1) the bilateral and multilateral initiatives that the 
    President has taken during the period since the enactment of this 
    Act in pursuit of each of the objectives set forth in sections 841 
    and 842;
        (2) any obstacles that have been encountered in the pursuit of 
    those initiatives;
        (3) any additional initiatives that have been proposed by other 
    countries or international organizations to strengthen the 
    implementation of IAEA safeguards;
        (4) all activities of the Federal Government in support of the 
    objectives set forth in sections 841 and 842;
        (5) any recommendations of the President on additional measures 
    to enhance the effectiveness of IAEA safeguards; and
        (6) any initiatives that the President plans to take in support 
    of each of the objectives set forth in sections 841 and 842.

SEC. 844. DEFINITIONS.

    As used in this part_
        (1) the term ``highly enriched uranium'' means uranium enriched 
    to 20 percent or more in the isotope U-235;
        (2) the term ``IAEA'' means the International Atomic Energy 
    Agency;
        (3) the term ``near real time material accountancy'' means a 
    method of accounting for the location, quantity, and disposition of 
    special fissionable material at facilities that store or process 
    such material, in which verification of peaceful use is 
    continuously achieved by means of frequent physical inventories and 
    the use of in-process instrumentation;
        (4) the term ``special fissionable material'' has the meaning 
    given that term by Article XX(1) of the Statute of the 
    International Atomic Energy Agency, done at the Headquarters of the 
    United Nations on October 26, 1956;
        (5) the term ``the Treaty'' means the Treaty on the Non-
    Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, signed at Washington, London, and 
    Moscow on July 1, 1968; and
        (6) the terms ``IAEA safeguards'', ``non-nuclear-weapon 
    state'', ``nuclear explosive device'', and ``special nuclear 
    material'' have the meanings given those terms in section 830 of 
    this Act.

                           PART D_TERMINATION

    SEC. 851. TERMINATION UPON ENACTMENT OF NEXT FOREIGN RELATIONS ACT.
    On the date of enactment of the first Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act that is enacted after the enactment of this Act, the 
provisions of parts A and B of this title shall cease to be effective, 
the amendments made by those parts shall be repealed, and any provision 
of law repealed by those parts shall be reenacted.

   TITLE IX_COMMISSION ON PROTECTING AND REDUCING GOVERNMENT SECRECY

SEC. 901. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Protection and Reduction of 
Government Secrecy Act''.

SEC. 902. FINDINGS.

     The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) During the Cold War an extensive secrecy system developed 
    which limited public access to information and reduced the ability 
    of the public to participate with full knowledge in the process of 
    governmental decisionmaking.
        (2) In 1992 alone 6,349,532 documents were classified and 
    approximately three million persons held some form of security 
    clearance.
        (3) The burden of managing more than 6 million newly classified 
    documents every year has led to tremendous administrative expense, 
    reduced communication within the government and within the 
    scientific community, reduced communication between the government 
    and the people of the United States, and the selective and 
    unauthorized public disclosure of classified information.
        (4) It has been estimated that private businesses spend more 
    than $14 billion each year implementing government mandated 
    regulations for protecting classified information.
        (5) If a smaller amount of truly sensitive information were 
    classified the information could be held more securely.
        (6) In 1970 a Task Force organized by the Defense Science Board 
    and headed by Dr. Frederick Seitz concluded that ``more might be 
    gained than lost if our Nation were to adopt_unilaterally, if 
    necessary_a policy of complete openness in all areas of 
    information''.
        (7) The procedures for granting security clearances have 
    themselves become an expensive and inefficient part of the secrecy 
    system and should be closely examined.
        (8) A bipartisan study commission specially constituted for the 
    purpose of examining the consequences of the secrecy system will be 
    able to offer comprehensive proposals for reform.

SEC. 903. PURPOSE.

    It is the purpose of this title to establish for a two-year period 
a Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy_
        (1) to examine the implications of the extensive classification 
    of information and to make recommendations to reduce the volume of 
    information classified and thereby to strengthen the protection of 
    legitimately classified information; and
        (2) to examine and make recommendations concerning current 
    procedures relating to the granting of security clearances.

SEC. 904. COMPOSITION OF THE COMMISSION.

    (a) Establishment._To carry out the purpose of this title, there is 
established a Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy 
(in this title referred to as the ``Commission'').
    (b) Composition._The Commission shall be composed of twelve 
members, as follows:
        (1) Four members appointed by the President, of whom two shall 
    be appointed from the executive branch of the Government and two 
    shall be appointed from private life.
        (2) Two members appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate, 
    of whom one shall be a Member of the Senate and one shall be 
    appointed from private life.
        (3) Two members appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate, 
    of whom one shall be a Member of the Senate and one shall be 
    appointed from private life.
        (4) Two members appointed by the Speaker of the House of 
    Representatives, of whom one shall be a Member of the House and one 
    shall be appointed from private life.
        (5) Two members appointed by the Minority Leader of the House 
    of Representatives, of whom one shall be a Member of the House and 
    one shall be appointed from private life.
    (c) Chairman._The Commission shall elect a Chairman from among its 
members.
    (d) Quorum; Vacancies._After its initial meeting, the Commission 
shall meet upon the call of the Chairman or a majority of its members. 
Seven members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum. Any vacancy 
in the Commission shall not affect its powers but shall be filled in 
the same manner in which the original appointment was made.
    (e) Appointment of Members; Initial Meeting._(1) It is the sense of 
the Congress that members of the Commission should be appointed not 
later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this title.
    (2) If after 60 days from the date of enactment of this Act seven 
or more members of the Commission have been appointed, those members 
who have been appointed may meet and select a Chairman who thereafter 
shall have authority to begin the operations of the Commission, 
including the hiring of staff.

SEC. 905. FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION.

    The functions of the Commission shall be_
        (1) to conduct, for a period of 2 years from the date of its 
    first meeting, an investigation into all matters in any way related 
    to any legislation, executive order, regulation, practice, or 
    procedure relating to classified information or granting security 
    clearances; and
        (2) to submit to the Congress a final report containing such 
    recommendations concerning the classification of national security 
    information and the granting of security clearances as the 
    Commission shall determine, including proposing new procedures, 
    rules, regulations, or legislation.

SEC. 906. POWERS OF THE COMMISSION.

    (a) In General._(1) The Commission or, on the authorization of the 
Commission, any subcommittee or member thereof, may, for the purpose of 
carrying out the provisions of this title_
        (A) hold such hearings and sit and act at such times and 
    places, take such testimony, receive such evidence, administer such 
    oaths, and
        (B) require, by subpoena or otherwise, the attendance and 
    testimony of such witnesses and the production of such books, 
    records, correspondence, memoranda, papers, and documents,
as the Commission or such designated subcommittee or designated member 
may deem advisable.
    (2) Subpoenas issued under paragraph (1)(B) may be issued under the 
signature of the Chairman of the Commission, the chairman of any 
designated subcommittee, or any designated member, and may be served by 
any person designated by such Chairman, subcommittee chairman, or 
member. The provisions of sections 102 through 104 of the Revised 
Statutes of the United States (2 U.S.C. 192-194) shall apply in the 
case of any failure of any witness to comply with any subpoena or to 
testify when summoned under authority of this section.
    (b) Contracting._The Commission may, to such extent and in such 
amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts, enter into contracts to 
enable the Commission to discharge its duties under this title.
    (c) Information From Federal Agencies._The Commission is authorized 
to secure directly from any executive department, bureau, agency, 
board, commission, office, independent establishment, or 
instrumentality of the Government information, suggestions, estimates, 
and statistics for the purposes of this title. Each such department, 
bureau, agency, board, commission, office, establishment, or 
instrumentality shall, to the extent authorized by law, furnish such 
information, suggestions, estimates, and statistics directly to the 
Commission, upon request made by the Chairman.
    (d) Assistance From Federal Agencies._(1) The Secretary of State is 
authorized on a reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis to provide the 
Commission with administrative services, funds, facilities, staff, and 
other support services for the performance of the Commission's 
functions.
    (2) The Administrator of General Services shall provide to the 
Commission on a reimbursable basis such administrative support services 
as the Commission may request.
    (3) In addition to the assistance set forth in paragraphs (1) and 
(2), departments and agencies of the United States are authorized to 
provide to the Commission such services, funds, facilities, staff, and 
other support services as they may deem advisable and as may be 
authorized by law.
    (e) Gifts._The Commission may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or 
donations of services or property.
    (f) Postal Services._The Commission may use the United States mails 
in the same manner and under the same conditions as departments and 
agencies of the United States.

SEC. 907. STAFF OF THE COMMISSION.

    (a) In General._The Chairman, in accordance with rules agreed upon 
by the Commission, may appoint and fix the compensation of a staff 
director and such other personnel as may be necessary to enable the 
Commission to carry out its functions, without regard to the provisions 
of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the 
competitive service, and without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 
and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to 
classification and General Schedule pay rates, except that no rate of 
pay fixed under this subsection may exceed the equivalent of that 
payable to a person occupying a position at level V of the Executive 
Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code. Any Federal 
Government employee may be detailed to the Commission without 
reimbursement from the Commission, and such detailee shall retain the 
rights, status, and privileges of his or her regular employment without 
interruption.
    (b) Consultant Services._The Commission is authorized to procure 
the services of experts and consultants in accordance with section 3109 
of title 5, United States Code, but at rates not to exceed the daily 
rate paid a person occupying a position at level IV of the Executive 
Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code.

SEC. 908. COMPENSATION AND TRAVEL EXPENSES.

    (a) Compensation._(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
member of the Commission may be compensated at not to exceed the daily 
equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay in effect for a position at 
level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, 
United States Code, for each day during which that member is engaged in 
the actual performance of the duties of the Commission.
    (2) Members of the Commission who are officers or employees of the 
United States or Members of Congress shall receive no additional pay on 
account of their service on the Commission.
    (b) Travel Expenses._While away from their homes or regular places 
of business in the performance of services for the Commission, members 
of the Commission shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem 
in lieu of subsistence, in the same manner as persons employed 
intermittently in the Government service are allowed expenses under 
section 5703(b) of title 5, United States Code.
    SEC. 909. SECURITY CLEARANCES FOR COMMISSION MEMBERS AND STAFF.
    The appropriate executive departments and agencies shall cooperate 
with the Commission in expeditiously providing to the Commission 
members and staff appropriate security clearances in a manner 
consistent with existing procedures and requirements, except that no 
person shall be provided with access to classified information pursuant 
to this section who would not otherwise qualify for such security 
clearance.

SEC. 910. FINAL REPORT OF COMMISSION; TERMINATION.

    (a) Final Report._Not later than two years after the date of the 
first meeting of the Commission, the Commission shall submit to the 
Congress its final report, as described in section 905(2).
    (b) Termination._(1) The Commission, and all the authorities of 
this title, shall terminate on the date which is 60 days after the date 
on which a final report is required to be transmitted under subsection 
(a).
    (2) The Commission may use the 60-day period referred to in 
paragraph (1) for the purpose of concluding its activities, including 
providing testimony to committees of Congress concerning its final 
report and disseminating that report.







                               Speaker of the House of Representatives.







                            Vice President of the United States and    
                                               President of the Senate.

Share This