Text: H.R.3000 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)

Text available as:

  • TXT
  • PDF (PDF provides a complete and accurate display of this text.) Tip?

Shown Here:
Enrolled Bill

 
[Congressional Bills 103th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 3000 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.3000
                       One Hundred Third Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE FIRST SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
  the fifth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-three


                                 An Act

  
 


  
  For reform in emerging new democracies and support and help for 
improved partnership with Russia, Ukraine, and other new independent 
states of the former Soviet Union.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLES.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Act For Reform In Emerging New 
Democracies and Support and Help for Improved Partnership with Russia, 
Ukraine, and Other New Independent States'' or as the ``FRIENDSHIP 
Act''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short titles.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. Definition.

              TITLE I--POLICY OF FRIENDSHIP AND COOPERATION

Sec. 101. Statement of purpose.
Sec. 102. Findings.
Sec. 103. Statutory provisions that have been applicable to the Soviet 
          Union.

                 TITLE II--TRADE AND BUSINESS RELATIONS

Sec. 201. Policy under Export Administration Act.
Sec. 202. Representation of countries of Eastern Europe and the 
          Independent States of the former Soviet Union in legal 
          commercial transactions.
Sec. 203. Procedures regarding transfers of certain Department of 
          Defense-funded items.
Sec. 204. Soviet slave labor.

      TITLE III--CULTURAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND OTHER EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

Sec. 301. Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961.
Sec. 302. Soviet-Eastern European research and training.
Sec. 303. Fascell Fellowship Act.
Sec. 304. Board for International Broadcasting Act.
Sec. 305. Scholarship programs for developing countries.
Sec. 306. Report on Soviet participants in certain exchange programs.

                         TITLE IV--ARMS CONTROL

Sec. 401. Arms Control and Disarmament Act.
Sec. 402. Arms Export Control Act.
Sec. 403. Annual reports on arms control matters.
Sec. 404. United States/Soviet direct communication link.

                      TITLE V--DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS

Sec. 501. Personnel levels and limitations.
Sec. 502. Other provisions related to operation of embassies and 
          consulates.
Sec. 503. Foreign Service Buildings Act.

                  TITLE VI--OCEANS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Sec. 601. Arctic Research and Policy Act.
Sec. 602. Fur seal management.
Sec. 603. Global climate protection.

            TITLE VII--REGIONAL AND GENERAL DIPLOMATIC ISSUES

Sec. 701. United Nations assessments.
Sec. 702. Soviet occupation of Afghanistan.
Sec. 703. Angola.
Sec. 704. Self determination of the people from the Baltic States.
Sec. 705. Obsolete references in Foreign Assistance Act.
Sec. 706. Review of United States policy toward the Soviet Union.

      TITLE VIII--INTERNAL SECURITY; WORLDWIDE COMMUNIST CONSPIRACY

Sec. 801. Civil defense.
Sec. 802. Report on Soviet press manipulation in the United States.
Sec. 803. Subversive Activities Control Act.
Sec. 804. Report on Soviet and international communist behavior.

                         TITLE IX--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 901. Ballistic missile tests near Hawaii.
Sec. 902. Nondelivery of international mail.
Sec. 903. State-sponsored harassment of religious groups.
Sec. 904. Murder of Major Arthur Nicholson.
Sec. 905. Monument to honor victims of communism.

SEC. 3. DEFINITION.

    As used in this Act (including the amendments made by this Act), the 
terms ``independent states of the former Soviet Union'' and 
``independent states'' have the meaning given those terms by section 3 
of the Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open 
Markets Support Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 5801).
              TITLE I--POLICY OF FRIENDSHIP AND COOPERATION

SEC. 101. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this Act is to amend or repeal numerous statutory 
provisions that restrict or otherwise impede normal relations between 
the United States and the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the other 
independent states of the former Soviet Union. All of the statutory 
provisions amended or repealed by this Act were relevant and appropriate 
at the time of enactment, but with the end of the Cold War, they have 
become obsolete. It is not the purpose of this Act to rewrite or erase 
history, or to forget those who suffered in the past from the injustices 
or repression of communist regimes in the Soviet Union, but rather to 
update United States law to reflect changed international circumstances 
and to demonstrate for reformers and democrats in the independent states 
of the former Soviet Union the resolve of the people of the United 
States to support the process of democratic and economic reform and to 
conduct business with those states in a new spirit of friendship and 
cooperation.

SEC. 102. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds and declares as follows:
        (1) The Vancouver Declaration issued by President Clinton and 
    President Yeltsin in April 1993 marked a new milestone in the 
    development of the spirit of cooperation and partnership between the 
    United States and Russia. The Congress affirms its support for the 
    principles contained in the Vancouver Declaration.
        (2) The Vancouver Declaration underscored that--
            (A) a dynamic and effective partnership between the United 
        States and Russia is vital to the success of Russia's historic 
        transformation;
            (B) the rapid integration of Russia into the community of 
        democratic nations and the world economy is important to the 
        national interest of the United States; and
            (C) cooperation between the United States and Russia is 
        essential to the peaceful resolution of international conflicts 
        and the promotion of democratic values, the protection of human 
        rights, and the solution of global problems such as 
        environmental pollution, terrorism, and narcotics trafficking.
        (3) The Congress enacted the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 
    102-511), as well as other legislation such as the Soviet Nuclear 
    Threat Reduction Act of 1991 (title II of Public Law 102-228) and 
    the Former Soviet Union Demilitarization Act of 1992 (title XIV of 
    Public Law 102-484), to help meet the historic opportunities and 
    challenges presented by the transformation that has taken place, and 
    is continuing to take place, in what once was the Soviet Union.
        (4) The process of reform in Russia, Ukraine, and the other 
    independent states of the former Soviet Union is ongoing. The 
    holding of a referendum in Russia on April 25, 1993, that was free 
    and fair, and that reflected the support of the Russian people for 
    the process of continued and strengthened democratic and economic 
    reform, represents an important and encouraging hallmark in this 
    ongoing process.
        (5) There remain in force many United States laws that are 
    relics of the Cold War, and repeals or revisions of these provisions 
    can play an important role in efforts to foster and strengthen the 
    bonds of trust and friendship, as well as mutually beneficial trade 
    and economic relations, between the United States and Russia, the 
    United States and Ukraine, and the United States and the other 
    independent states of the former Soviet Union.
    SEC. 103. STATUTORY PROVISIONS THAT HAVE BEEN APPLICABLE TO THE 
      SOVIET UNION.
    (a) In General.--There are numerous statutory provisions that were 
enacted in the context of United States relations with a country, the 
Soviet Union, that are fundamentally different from the relations that 
now exist between the United States and Russia, between the United 
States and Ukraine, and between the United States and the other 
independent states of the former Soviet Union.
    (b) Extent of Such Provisions.--Many of the provisions referred to 
in subsection (a) imposed limitations specifically with respect to the 
Soviet Union, and its constituent republics, or utilized language that 
reflected the tension that existed between the United States and the 
Soviet Union at the time of their enactment. Other such provisions did 
not refer specifically to the Soviet Union, but nonetheless were 
directed (or may be construed as having been directed) against the 
Soviet Union on the basis of the relations that formerly existed between 
the United States and the Soviet Union, particularly in its role as the 
leading communist country.
    (c) Findings and Affirmation.--The Congress finds and affirms that 
provisions such as those described in this section, including--
        (1) section 216 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
    1956 (22 U.S.C. 4316),
        (2) sections 136 and 804 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
    Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93),
        (3) section 1222 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1411),
        (4) the Multilateral Export Control Enhancement Amendments Act 
    (50 U.S.C. 2410 note, et seq.),
        (5) the joint resolution providing for the designation of 
    ``Captive Nations Week'' (Public Law 86-90),
        (6) the Communist Control Act of 1954 (Public Law 83-637),
        (7) provisions in the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
    1101 et seq.), including sections 101(a)(40), 101(e)(3), and 
    313(a)(3),
        (8) section 2 of the joint resolution entitled ``A joint 
    resolution to promote peace and stability in the Middle East'', 
    approved March 9, 1957 (Public Law 85-7), and
        (9) section 43 of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 
    286aa),
should not be construed as being directed against Russia, Ukraine, or 
the other independent states of the former Soviet Union, connoting an 
adversarial relationship between the United States and the independent 
states, or signifying or implying in any manner unfriendliness toward 
the independent states.
                 TITLE II--TRADE AND BUSINESS RELATIONS

SEC. 201. POLICY UNDER EXPORT ADMINISTRATION ACT.

    (a) Conforming Amendments.--Section 2 of the Export Administration 
Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2401) is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (11); and
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (12) and (13) as paragraphs (11) 
    and (12), respectively.
    (b) Policy Regarding KAL.--
        (1) The Congress finds that--
            (A) President Yeltsin should be commended for meeting 
        personally with representatives of the families of the victims 
        of the shootdown of Korean Airlines (KAL) Flight 7;
            (B) President Yeltsin's Government has met on two separate 
        occasions with United States Government and family members to 
        answer questions associated with the shootdown and has arranged 
        for the families to interview Russians involved in the incident 
        or the search and rescue operations that followed;
            (C) President Yeltsin's Government has also cooperated fully 
        with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to 
        allow it to complete its investigation of the incident and has 
        provided numerous materials requested by the ICAO, including 
        radar data and so-called ``black boxes'', the digital flight 
        data and cockpit voice recorders from the flight;
            (D) the Export Administration Act of 1979 continues to state 
        that the United States should continue to object to exceptions 
        to the International Control List for the Union of Soviet 
        Socialist Republics in light of the KAL tragedy, even though the 
        ``no exceptions'' policy was rescinded by President Bush in 
        1990;
            (E) the Government of the United States is seeking 
        compensation from the Russian Government on behalf of the 
        families of the KAL victims, and the Congress expects the 
        Administration to continue to pursue issues related to the 
        shootdown, including that of compensation, with officials at the 
        highest level of the Russian Government; and
            (F) in view of the cooperation provided by President Yeltsin 
        and his government regarding the KAL incident and these other 
        developments, it is appropriate to remove such language from the 
        Export Administration Act of 1979.
        (2) Section 3(15) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 
    U.S.C. App. 2402(15)) is repealed.
    SEC. 202. REPRESENTATION OF COUNTRIES OF EASTERN EUROPE AND THE 
      INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION IN LEGAL COMMERCIAL 
      TRANSACTIONS.
    Section 951(e) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``the Soviet Union'' and all that follows through ``or Cuba'' 
and inserting ``Cuba or any other country that the President determines 
(and so reports to the Congress) poses a threat to the national security 
interest of the United States for purposes of this section''.
    SEC. 203. PROCEDURES REGARDING TRANSFERS OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE-FUNDED ITEMS.
    (a) Limitation on Certain Military Technology Transfers.--(1) 
Section 223 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 
1988 and 1989 (10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 223. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF CERTAIN MILITARY TECHNOLOGY TO 
              INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.

    ``Military technology developed with funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available for the Ballistic Missile Defense Program may not be 
transferred (or made available for transfer) to Russia or any other 
independent state of the former Soviet Union by the United States (or 
with the consent of the United States) unless the President determines, 
and certifies to the Congress at least 15 days prior to any such 
transfer, that such transfer is in the national interest of the United 
States and is to be made for the purpose of maintaining peace.''.
    (2) Section 6 of that Act is amended by amending the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 223 to read as follows:
``Sec. 223. Limitation on transfer of certain military technology to 
          independent states of the former Soviet Union.''.
    (b) Repeal of Obsolete Provision.--Section 709 of the Department of 
Defense Appropriations Authorization Act, 1975 (50 U.S.C. App. 2403-1) 
is repealed.

SEC. 204. SOVIET SLAVE LABOR.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1906 of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness 
Act of 1988 (19 U.S.C. 1307 note) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by 
striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1906.
      TITLE III--CULTURAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND OTHER EXCHANGE PROGRAMS
    SEC. 301. MUTUAL EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE ACT OF 1961.
    The Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 is 
amended--
        (1) in section 112(a)(8) (22 U.S.C. 2460(a)(8)), by striking 
    ``Soviet Union'' both places it occurs and inserting ``independent 
    states of the former Soviet Union''; and
        (2) in section 113 (22 U.S.C. 2461)--
            (A) by amending the section caption to read ``Exchanges 
        Between The United States and the Independent States of the 
        Former Soviet Union.--'';
            (B) by striking ``an agreement with the Union of Soviet 
        Socialist Republics'' and inserting ``agreements with the 
        independent states of the former Soviet Union'';
            (C) by striking ``made by the Soviet Union'' and inserting 
        ``made by the independent states'';
            (D) by striking ``and the Soviet Union'' and inserting ``and 
        the independent states''; and
            (E) by striking ``by Soviet citizens in the United States'' 
        and inserting ``in the United States by citizens of the 
        independent states''.

SEC. 302. SOVIET-EASTERN EUROPEAN RESEARCH AND TRAINING.

    The Soviet-Eastern European Research and Training Act of 1983 (22 
U.S.C. 4501-4508) is amended--
        (1) by amending the title heading to read ``TITLE VIII--RESEARCH 
    AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE 
    FORMER SOVIET UNION'';
        (2) in section 801, by striking ``Soviet-Eastern European 
    Research and Training'' and inserting ``Research and Training for 
    Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet 
    Union'';
        (3) in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3)(E) of section 802, by 
    striking ``Soviet Union and Eastern European countries'' and 
    inserting ``countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states 
    of the former Soviet Union'';
        (4) in section 803(2), by striking ``Soviet-Eastern European 
    Studies Advisory Committee'' and inserting ``Advisory Committee for 
    Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former 
    Soviet Union'';
        (5) in section 804--
            (A) in the section heading by striking ``the soviet-eastern 
        european studies'';
            (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``Soviet-Eastern European 
        Studies Advisory Committee'' and inserting ``Advisory Committee 
        for Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the 
        Former Soviet Union''; and
            (C) in subsection (d), by striking ``Soviet and Eastern 
        European countries'' and inserting ``the countries of Eastern 
        Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union''; 
        and
        (6) in section 805(b)--
            (A) in paragraphs (2)(A), (2)(B), and (6), by striking 
        ``Soviet and Eastern European studies'' and inserting ``studies 
        on the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of 
        the former Soviet Union'';
            (B) in paragraphs (3)(A) and (3)(B), by striking ``fields of 
        Soviet and Eastern European studies and related studies'' and 
        inserting ``independent states of the former Soviet Union and 
        the countries of Eastern Europe and related fields'';
            (C) in paragraph (3)(A) by striking ``the Soviet Union and 
        Eastern European countries'' and inserting ``those states and 
        countries'';
            (D) in paragraph (4)--
                (i) by striking ``Union of Soviet Socialist Republics'' 
            the first place it appears and inserting ``independent 
            states of the former Soviet Union'', and
                (ii) by striking ``the Union of Soviet Socialist 
            Republics and Eastern European countries'' and inserting 
            ``those states and countries''; and
            (E) in paragraph (5)--
                (i) by striking everything in the first sentence 
            following ``support'' and inserting ``training in the 
            languages of the independent states of the former Soviet 
            Union and the countries of Eastern Europe.''; and
                (ii) in the last sentence by inserting immediately 
            before the period ``and, as appropriate, studies of other 
            languages of the independent states of the former Soviet 
            Union''.

SEC. 303. FASCELL FELLOWSHIP ACT.

    Section 1002 of the Fascell Fellowship Act (22 U.S.C. 4901) is 
amended in the section heading by striking ``in the soviet union and 
eastern europe'' and inserting ``abroad''.

SEC. 304. BOARD FOR INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACT.

    (a) Baltic Division.--Section 307 of the Board for International 
Broadcasting Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (title III of 
Public Law 98-164; 97 Stat. 1037) is repealed.
    (b) Jamming of Broadcasts.--Section 308 of that Act (97 Stat. 1037) 
is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(a) The'' and all that follows through ``(b) 
    It'' and inserting ``It''; and
        (2) by striking ``Government of the Soviet Union'' and inserting 
    ``government of any country engaging in such activities''.

SEC. 305. SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.

    Section 602 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
1986 and 1987 (22 U.S.C. 4702) is amended by striking paragraphs (6) and 
(7) and by redesignating paragraphs (8), (9), and (10) as paragraphs 
(6), (7), and (8), respectively.
    SEC. 306. REPORT ON SOVIET PARTICIPANTS IN CERTAIN EXCHANGE 
      PROGRAMS.
    Section 126 of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1982 and 1983 (Public Law 102-138; 96 Stat. 282) is repealed.
                         TITLE IV--ARMS CONTROL

SEC. 401. ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT ACT.

    (a) Reports on Standing Consultative Commission Activities.--Section 
38 of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 2578) is amended 
by striking ``United States-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics''.
    (b) Language Specialists.--Section 51 of that Act (22 U.S.C. 2591) 
is amended--
        (1) by amending the section heading to read ``specialists fluent 
    in russian or other languages of the independent states of the 
    former soviet union'';
        (2) by striking ``Soviet foreign and military policies'' and 
    inserting ``the foreign and military policies of the independent 
    states of the former Soviet Union''; and
        (3) by inserting ``or another language of the independent states 
    of the former Soviet Union'' after ``Russian language''.
    (c) Compliance With Agreements.--Section 52 of that Act (22 U.S.C. 
2592) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the Soviet Union'' both 
    places it appears and inserting ``Russia'';
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Soviet adherence'' and 
    inserting ``Russian adherence'' and by striking ``the Soviet Union'' 
    and inserting ``Russia''; and
        (3) in paragraph (5), by striking ``the Soviet Union'' and 
    inserting ``Russia''.
    (d) On-Site Inspection Agency.--Section 61(4) of that Act (22 U.S.C. 
2595(4)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the Soviet Union, 
    Czechoslovakia, and the German Democratic Republic'' and inserting 
    ``Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, 
    the Czech Republic, and Germany'';
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Soviet'';
        (3) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``the Soviet Union'' and 
    inserting ``Russia''; and
        (4) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``Soviet''.

SEC. 402. ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT.

    The Arms Export Control Act is amended--
        (1) in section 94(b)(3)(B) (22 U.S.C. 2799c(b)(3)(B)), by 
    striking ``Warsaw Pact country'' and inserting ``country of the 
    Eastern Group of States Parties''; and
        (2) in section 95(5) (22 U.S.C. 2799d(5))--
            (A) by striking ``Warsaw Pact country'' and inserting 
        ``country of the Eastern Group of States Parties''; and
            (B) by inserting before the period at the end ``or a 
        successor state to such a country''.

SEC. 403. ANNUAL REPORTS ON ARMS CONTROL MATTERS.

    (a) Soviet Compliance With Arms Control Commitments.--(1) Section 
1002 of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1986 (22 U.S.C. 
2592a) is repealed.
    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 1002.
    (b) Arms Control Strategy.--(1) Section 906 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (22 U.S.C. 2592b) is repealed.
    (2) Section 3 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 906.
    (c) Antiballistic Missile Capabilities and Activities of the Soviet 
Union.--(1) Section 907 of the National Defense Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 1989 (102 Stat. 2034) is repealed.
    (2) Section 3 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 907.

SEC. 404. UNITED STATES/SOVIET DIRECT COMMUNICATION LINK.

    (a) Changing References.--The joint resolution entitled ``Joint 
Resolution authorizing the Secretary of Defense to provide to the Soviet 
Union, on a reimbursable basis, equipment and services necessary for an 
improved United States/Soviet Direct Communication Link for crisis 
control,'' approved August 8, 1985 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
        (1) in the first section--
            (A) by striking ``to the Soviet Union'' both places it 
        appears and inserting ``to Russia''; and
            (B) by striking ``Soviet Union part'' and inserting 
        ``Russian part''; and
        (2) in section 2(b), by striking ``the Soviet Union'' and 
    inserting ``Russia''.
    (b) Savings Provision.--The amendment made by subsection (a)(2) does 
not affect the applicability of section 2(b) of that joint resolution to 
funds received from the Soviet Union.
                      TITLE V--DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS

SEC. 501. PERSONNEL LEVELS AND LIMITATIONS.

    (a) Personnel Ceiling on United States and Soviet Missions.--Section 
602 of the Intelligence Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1990 (Public Law 
101-193; 103 Stat. 1710) is repealed.
    (b) Report on Personnel of Soviet State Trading Enterprises.--(1) 
Section 154 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1353) is repealed.
    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 154.
    (c) Report on Admission of Certain Aliens.--Section 501 of the 
Intelligence Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1988 (22 U.S.C. 254c-2) is 
repealed.
    (d) Soviet Mission at the United Nations.--Section 702 of the 
Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (22 U.S.C. 287 note) 
is repealed.
    (e) Diplomatic Equivalence and Reciprocity.--(1) Section 813 of the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public 
Law 99-93; 99 Stat. 455) is repealed.
    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 813.
    SEC. 502. OTHER PROVISIONS RELATED TO OPERATION OF EMBASSIES AND 
      CONSULATES.
    (a) Construction of Diplomatic Facilities.--Section 132 of the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public 
Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 662) is amended--
        (1) by repealing subsections (a) through (d) and subsections (h) 
    through (j); and
        (2) in subsection (e)--
            (A) by striking ``(e) Extraordinary Security Safeguards.--
        '';
            (B) by striking ``(1) In'' and inserting ``(a) Extraordinary 
        Security Safeguards.--In'' and by striking ``(2) Such'' and 
        inserting ``(b) Safeguards To Be Included.--Such'';
            (C) by setting subsections (a) and (b), as so redesignated, 
        on a full measure margin; and
            (D) in subsection (b), as so redesignated--
                (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting 
            ``subsection (a)''; and
                (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (E) as 
            paragraphs (1) through (5), respectively, and by setting 
            such redesignated paragraphs on a 2-em indention.
    (b) Possible Moscow Embassy Security Breach.--(1) Section 133 of the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public 
Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 665) is repealed.
    (2) Section 2 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 133.
    (c) United States-Soviet Reciprocity in Matters Relating to 
Embassies.--(1) Section 134 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (22 U.S.C. 4301 note) is repealed.
    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 134.
    (d) Reassessment of Soviet Electronic Espionage Capability From 
Mount Alto Embassy Site.--(1) Section 1232 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2056) 
is repealed.
    (2) Section 3 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 1232.
    (e) Diplomatic Reciprocity.--(1) Sections 151 through 153 of the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public 
Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1351) are repealed.
    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the items in the 
table of contents relating to sections 151 through 153.
    (f) Electronic Espionage Capability From Mount Alto Embassy Site.--
(1) Section 1122 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-180; 101 Stat. 1149) is repealed.
    (2) Section 6 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 1122.
    (g) Assessment of Soviet Electronic Espionage Capabilities.--Section 
901 of the Intelligence Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1988 (Public Law 
100-178; 101 Stat. 1017) is repealed.
    (h) Foreign Espionage Activities in the United States.--Section 1364 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (Public 
Law 99-661; 100 Stat. 4001) is amended by--
        (1) repealing subsections (a) and (c); and
        (2) striking ``(b) Congressional Policy.--''.

SEC. 503. FOREIGN SERVICE BUILDINGS ACT.

    Section 4(j) of the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 
295(j)) is repealed.
                  TITLE VI--OCEANS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

SEC. 601. ARCTIC RESEARCH AND POLICY ACT.

    Section 102(a) of the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 (15 
U.S.C. 4101(a)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``as'' and all that follows 
    through the comma; and
        (2) in paragraph (10), by striking ``, particularly the Soviet 
    Union,''.

SEC. 602. FUR SEAL MANAGEMENT.

    The Act of November 2, 1966, commonly known as the Fur Seal Act of 
1966, is amended--
        (1) in section 101(h) (16 U.S.C. 1151(h)), by striking ``the 
    Union of Soviet Socialist Republics'' and inserting ``Russia (except 
    that as used in subsection (b) of this section, `party' and 
    `parties' refer to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)''; and
        (2) in section 102 (16 U.S.C. 1152), by striking ``the Union of 
    Soviet Socialist Republics'' and inserting ``Russia''.

SEC. 603. GLOBAL CLIMATE PROTECTION.

    The Global Climate Protection Act of 1987 (title XI of the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989; 15 U.S.C. 2901 
note) is amended--
        (1) in section 1106--
            (A) by striking ``united states-soviet relations'' in the 
        section heading and inserting ``united states relations with the 
        independent states of the former soviet union'';
            (B) by striking ``Soviet Union'' and inserting ``independent 
        states of the former Soviet Union'';
            (C) by striking ``their joint role as the world's two 
        major'' and inserting ``the extent to which they are''; and
            (D) by striking ``United States-Soviet relations'' and 
        inserting ``United States relations with the independent 
        states''; and
        (2) in section 1(b), in the item in the table of contents 
    relating to section 1106, by striking ``United States-Soviet 
    relations'' and inserting ``United States relations with the 
    independent states of the former Soviet Union''.
            TITLE VII--REGIONAL AND GENERAL DIPLOMATIC ISSUES

SEC. 701. UNITED NATIONS ASSESSMENTS.

    Section 717 of the International Security and Development 
Cooperation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-113; 95 Stat. 1549) is amended--
        (1) in the section heading by striking ``of the soviet union'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (B) in paragraph (3) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        period; and
            (C) by striking paragraph (4); and
        (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``a diplomatic'' and all that 
    follows through ``including its'', and inserting ``appropriate 
    diplomatic initiatives to ensure that members of the United Nations 
    make payments of all their outstanding financial obligations to the 
    United Nations, including their''.

SEC. 702. SOVIET OCCUPATION OF AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1241 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1420) is 
repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by 
striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1241.

SEC. 703. ANGOLA.

    Section 405 of the International Security Assistance and Arms Export 
Control Act of 1976 (22 U.S.C. 2293 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 704. SELF DETERMINATION OF THE PEOPLE FROM THE BALTIC STATES.
    Paragraph (1) of section 1206 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1411) is 
amended by striking ``from the Soviet Union''.

SEC. 705. OBSOLETE REFERENCES IN FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT.

    The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended--
        (1) in section 501 (22 U.S.C. 2301)--
            (A) in the second undesignated paragraph by striking 
        ``international communism and the countries it controls'' and 
        inserting ``hostile countries'';
            (B) in the fourth undesignated paragraph, by striking 
        ``Communist or Communist-supported''; and
            (C) in the fifth undesignated paragraph, by striking 
        everything following ``victims of'' and inserting ``aggression 
        or in which the internal security is threatened by internal 
        subversion inspired or supported by hostile countries.'';
        (2) in section 614(a)(4)(C) (22 U.S.C. 2364(a)(4)(C)), by 
    striking ``Communist or Communist-supported''; and
        (3) in section 620(h) (22 U.S.C. 2370(h)), by striking ``the 
    Communist-bloc countries'' and inserting ``any country that is a 
    Communist country for purposes of subsection (f)''.
    SEC. 706. REVIEW OF UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD THE SOVIET UNION.
    Section 24 of the International Security Assistance Act of 1978 (22 
U.S.C. 2151 note) is repealed.
      TITLE VIII--INTERNAL SECURITY; WORLDWIDE COMMUNIST CONSPIRACY

SEC. 801. CIVIL DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), section 
501(b)(2) of the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. App. 
2301(b)) is amended by striking the first comma and all that follows 
through ``stability,''.
    (b) Exception.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall not apply 
if, before the date of enactment of this Act, title V of the Federal 
Civil Defense Act of 1950 has been repealed.

SEC. 802. REPORT ON SOVIET PRESS MANIPULATION IN THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 147 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93; 99 Stat. 426) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by 
striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 147.

SEC. 803. SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITIES CONTROL ACT.

    The Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 781 and 
following) is amended--
        (1) by repealing sections 1 through 3, 5, 6, and 9 through 16; 
    and
        (2) in section 4--
            (A) by repealing subsections (a) and (f);
            (B) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as 
        subsections (a) through (d), respectively;
            (C) in subsection (a), as so redesignated, by striking ``or 
        an officer'' and all that follows through ``section 3 of this 
        title''; and
            (D) in subsection (b), as so redesignated, by striking ``, 
        or any officer'' and all that follows through ``section 3 of 
        this title,''.
    SEC. 804. REPORT ON SOVIET AND INTERNATIONAL COMMUNIST BEHAVIOR.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 155 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by 
striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 155.
                         TITLE IX--MISCELLANEOUS

SEC. 901. BALLISTIC MISSILE TESTS NEAR HAWAII.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1201 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1409) is 
repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by 
striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1201.

SEC. 902. NONDELIVERY OF INTERNATIONAL MAIL.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1203 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1411) is 
repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by 
striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1203.

SEC. 903. STATE-SPONSORED HARASSMENT OF RELIGIOUS GROUPS.

    (a) Policy.--Section 1204 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1411) is 
amended--
        (1) by amending the section heading to read ``sec. 1204. state 
    sponsored harassment of religious groups.'';
        (2) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``governments of the Union'' and all that 
        follows through ``countries'' and inserting ``government of any 
        country that engages in the harassment of religious groups'', 
        and
            (B) by striking ``to the harassment of Christians and other 
        religious believers'' and inserting ``to such activities'';
        (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the Union of Soviet 
    Socialist Republics and Eastern European'' and inserting ``all'' ; 
    and
        (4) by striking paragraph (3).
    (b) Repeal.--(1) Section 1202 of that Act (Public Law 100-204; 101 
Stat. 1410) is repealed.
    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended--
        (A) by striking the item in the table of contents relating to 
    section 1202; and
        (B) by amending the item in the table of contents relating to 
    section 1204 to read as follows:
``Sec. 1204. State sponsored harassment of religious groups.''.

    (c) Repeal.--(1) Section 805 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93; 99 Stat. 450) is 
repealed.
    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the 
table of contents relating to section 805.

SEC. 904. MURDER OF MAJOR ARTHUR NICHOLSON.

    (a) Foreign Relations Authorization Act.--Section 148 of the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-
93; 99 Stat. 427) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment to Table of Contents.--Section 1(b) of that 
Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to 
section 148.

SEC. 905. MONUMENT TO HONOR VICTIMS OF COMMUNISM.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
        (1) since 1917, the rulers of empires and international 
    communism led by Vladimir I. Lenin and Mao Tse-tung have been 
    responsible for the deaths of over 100,000,000 victims in an 
    unprecedented imperial communist holocaust through conquests, 
    revolutions, civil wars, purges, wars by proxy, and other violent 
    means;
        (2) the imperialist regimes of international communism have 
    brutally suppressed the human rights, national independence, 
    religious liberty, intellectual freedom, and cultural life of the 
    peoples of over 40 captive nations;
        (3) there is a danger that the heroic sacrifices of the victims 
    of communism may be forgotten as international communism and its 
    imperial bases continue to collapse and crumble; and
        (4) the sacrifices of these victims should be permanently 
    memorialized so that never again will nations and peoples allow so 
    evil a tyranny to terrorize the world.
    (b) Authorization of Memorial.--
        (1) Authorization.--
            (A) The National Captive Nations Committee, Inc., is 
        authorized to construct, maintain, and operate in the District 
        of Columbia an appropriate international memorial to honor 
        victims of communism.
            (B) The National Captive Nations Committee, Inc., is 
        encouraged to create an independent entity for the purposes of 
        constructing, maintaining, and operating the memorial.
            (C) Once created, this entity is encouraged and authorized, 
        to the maximum extent practicable, to include as active 
        participants organizations representing all groups that have 
        suffered under communism.
        (2) Compliance with standards for commemorative works.--The 
    design, location, inscription, and construction of the memorial 
    authorized by paragraph (1) shall be subject to the requirements of 
    the Act entitled ``An Act to provide standards for placement of 
    commemorative works on certain Federal lands in the District of 
    Columbia and its environs, and for other purposes'', approved 
    November 14, 1986 (40 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.).
    (c) Payment of Expenses.--The entity referred to in subsection 
(b)(1) shall be solely responsible for acceptance of contributions for, 
and payment of the expenses of, the establishment of the memorial. No 
Federal funds may be used to pay any expense of the establishment of the 
memorial.
    (d) Deposit of Excess Funds.--If, upon payment of all expenses of 
the establishment of the memorial, including the maintenance and 
preservation amount provided for in section 8(b) of the Act entitled 
``An Act to provide standards for placement of commemorative works on 
certain Federal lands in the District of Columbia and its environs, and 
for other purposes'', approved November 14, 1986 (40 U.S.C. 1008(b)), or 
upon expiration of the authority for the memorial under section 10(b) of 
such Act (40 U.S.C. 4010(b)), there remains a balance of funds received 
for the establishment of the memorial, the entity referred to in 
subsection (b)(1) shall transmit the amount of the balance to the 
Secretary of the Treasury for deposit in the account provided for in 
section 8(b)(1) of such Act (40 U.S.C. 1008(b)(1)).







                                Speaker of the House of Representatives.







                             Vice President of the United States and    
                                                President of the Senate.