All Information (Except Text) for H.R.3131 - Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1993103rd Congress (1993-1994)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Brooks, Jack B. [D-TX-9] (Introduced 09/23/1993)|
|Committees:||House - Judiciary|
|Latest Action:||04/21/1994 See H.R.4092. (All Actions)|
This bill has the status Introduced
Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:
There is 1 version of this bill. View text
Click the check-box to add or remove the section, click the text link to scroll to that section.
Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries
Crime Control bill (Identified by CRS)
Short Titles - House of Representatives
Short Titles as Introduced
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1993
Short Titles as Introduced for portions of this bill
- Illegal Drug Profits Act of 1991
Actions Overview (1)
|09/23/1993||Introduced in House|
09/23/1993 Introduced in House
All Actions (8)
|11/05/1993||Titles II, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXII, XXIII, XXV, XXVI, XXVII, XXIX, XXX and XXXI referred to the Subcommittee on Crime and Criminal Justice.|
|11/05/1993||Titles III and IV referred to the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights.|
|11/05/1993||Titles XIII, XXI and XXVII referred to the Subcommittee on Intellectual Property and Judicial Administration.|
|10/26/1993||Sponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR E2532)|
Action By: House of Representatives
|09/23/1993||Referred to the House Committee on Judiciary.|
Action By: House of Representatives
|09/23/1993||Sponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR H6956-6962)|
Action By: House of Representatives
|09/23/1993||Introduced in House|
Action By: House of Representatives
04/21/1994 See H.R.4092.
11/05/1993 Titles II, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXII, XXIII, XXV, XXVI, XXVII, XXIX, XXX and XXXI referred to the Subcommittee on Crime and Criminal Justice.
11/05/1993 Titles III and IV referred to the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights.
11/05/1993 Titles XIII, XXI and XXVII referred to the Subcommittee on Intellectual Property and Judicial Administration.
10/26/1993 Sponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR E2532)
09/23/1993 Referred to the House Committee on Judiciary.
09/23/1993 Sponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR H6956-6962)
09/23/1993 Introduced in House
|Rep. Schumer, Charles E. [D-NY-9]*||09/23/1993|
|Rep. Hughes, William J. [D-NJ-2]*||09/23/1993|
|Rep. Derrick, Butler C. [D-SC-3]||10/13/1993|
|Rep. McHale, Paul [D-PA-15]||11/01/1993|
|Committee / Subcommittee||Date||Activity||Reports|
|House Judiciary||09/23/1993||Referred to|
Subject — Policy Area:
One Policy Area term, which best describes an entire measure, is assigned to every public bill or resolution.
- Administration of criminal justice
- Administrative responsibility
- Air piracy
- Alcohol and youth
- Alzheimer's disease
- Americans in foreign countries
- Appellate procedure
- Art objects
- Assault weapons
- Automobile theft
- Aviation safety
- Bank failures
- Bank robberies
- Biological weapons
- Brain diseases
- Business records
- Cabinet officers
- Capital punishment
- Chemical industries
- Chemical weapons
- Child abuse
- Child molesting
- Child pornography
- Citizen participation in crime prevention
- Civil actions and liability
- Community policing
- Compensation for victims of crime
- Computer crimes
- Computer viruses
- Confession (Law)
- Congressional reporting requirements
- Correctional personnel
- Credit cards
- Credit unions
- Crime prevention
- Crimes against the elderly
- Criminal investigation
- Criminal justice information
- Criminal justice information systems
- Criminal procedure
- Criminal statistics
- Cultural property
- Custody of children
- DNA fingerprints
- Data banks
- Day care
- Debit cards
- Department of Justice
- Destruction of property
- Discrimination in criminal justice administration
- Drug abuse
- Drug abuse prevention
- Drug law enforcement
- Drug testing
- Drugs and youth
- Drunk driving
- Elementary education
- Evidence (Law)
- Executive reorganization
- Export controls
- Family violence
- Federal advisory bodies
- Federal aid to alcoholism programs
- Federal aid to education
- Federal aid to higher education
- Federal aid to law enforcement agencies
- Federal aid to research
- Federal aid to youth services
- Federal employees
- Federal installations
- Fines (Penalties)
- Firearms control
- Forensic medicine
- Fugitives from justice
- Government liability
- Government paperwork
- Government property
- Habeas corpus
- Hate crimes
- Hazardous waste disposal
- Identification devices
- Identification of criminals
- Illegal aliens
- Import restrictions
- Income tax
- Indian law enforcement
- Information services
- Insurance companies
- Insurance law
- Interstate commerce
- Judicial officers
- Judicial review
- Juvenile corrections
- Juvenile delinquency
- Juvenile delinquents
- Law enforcement officers
- Legal fees
- Liability for toxic substances pollution damages
- Limitation of actions
- Local officials and employees
- Marine safety
- Mass destruction weapons
- Members of Congress
- Mentally handicapped
- Military training camps
- Minority employment
- Missing persons
- Motor vehicles
- Narcotic traffic
- Nuclear weapons
- Offshore structures
- Organized crime
- Parental kidnapping
- Part-time employment
- Police corruption
- Police training
- Police-community relations
- Postal crimes
- Pregnant women
- Presidential protection
- Pretrial procedure
- Prison administration
- Prison violence
- Protection of foreign officials
- Protection of officials
- Public housing
- Racial discrimination
- Receiving stolen goods
- Recruiting of employees
- Regulatory impact statements
- Rehabilitation of criminals
- Rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents
- Religious liberty
- Research grants
- Residence requirements
- Right of privacy
- Right to counsel
- Rural affairs legislation
- Savings and loan associations
- School security
- School violence
- Sentences (Criminal procedure)
- Sentencing guidelines
- Sex crimes
- Signs and symbols
- State courts
- State laws
- State officials and employees
- Stress (Psychology)
- Student employment
- Summer employment
- Supreme Court justices
- Tax administration
- Traffic accidents and safety
- Treatment and rehabilitation of alcoholics
- Treatment and rehabilitation of narcotic addicts
- Truck drivers
- Undercover operations
- Victims of crimes
- White collar crime
- Wife abuse
Latest Summary (1)
Introduced in House (09/23/1993)
TABLE OF CONTENTS: Title I: Public Safety and Policing
Title II: Death Penalty
Title III: Habeas Corpus Reform
Title IV: Coerced Confessions
Title V: Firearms
Subtitle A: Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act
Subtitle B: Gun Crime Penalties
Title VI: Youth Violence
Subtitle A: General
Subtitle B: Criminal Street Gangs
Subtitle C: Certainty of Punishment for Young Offenders
Subtitle D: Juvenile Drug Trafficking and Gang
Title VII: Terrorism
Subtitle A: Maritime Navigation and Fixed Platforms
Subtitle B: General Provisions
Title VIII: Sexual Violence and Child Abuse
Subtitle A: Sexual Abuse
Subtitle B: Child Protection
Subtitle C: Crimes Against Children
Title IX: Crime Victims
Title X: State and Local Law Enforcement
Subtitle A: Safer Streets and Neighborhoods
Subtitle B: DNA Identification
Subtitle C: Department of Justice Community
Substances Abuse Prevention
Subtitle D: Drug Testing of Arrested Individuals
Subtitle E: Racial and Ethnic Bias Study Grants
Title XI: Provisions Relating to Police Officers
Subtitle A: Law Enforcement Relating to Police Officers
Subtitle B: Police Pattern or Practice
Subtitle C: Police Corps and Law Enforcement Officers
Subtitle D: Study Rights of Police Officers
Title XII: Grant Program for State Prisons
Title XIII: Federal Prisons
Subtitle A: General
Subtitle B: Drug Testing
Subtitle C: Enhanced Penalties for Drugs in Federal
Subtitle D: Drug Treatment in Federal Prisons
Subtitle E: Studies
Title XIV: Rural Crime
Subtitle A: Fighting Drug Trafficking in
Subtitle B: Drug Free Truck Stops and Safety Rest Areas
Title XV: Drug Control
Subtitle A: Drug Emergency Areas
Subtitle B: Precursor Chemicals
Subtitle C: General Provisions
Title XVI: Drunk Driving Provisions
Title XVII: Commissions
Subtitle A: Commission on Crime and Violence
Subtitle B: National Commission to Study the
Causes of the Demand for Drugs in the United States
Subtitle C: National Commission to Support Law
Title XVIII: Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention
Title XIX: Protections for the Elderly
Title XX: Consumer Protection
Title XXI: Sentencing Provisions
Title XXII: Computer Cime
Title XXIII: International Parental Kidnapping
Title XXIV: Safe Schools
Title XXV: Financial Institutions Fraud Prosecutions
Title XXVI: White Collar Crime Amendments
Title XXVII: Gambling
Title XXVIII: Bail Posting Reporting
Title XXIX: General Increased Penalty Provisions
Title XXX: Miscellaneous
Title XXXI: Technical Corrections
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1993 - Title I: Public Safety and Policing - Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (Omnibus Act) to authorize the Attorney General to make grants and provide technical assistance to units of State and local government, and to other public and private entities, to increase police presence (including the rehiring of law enforcement officers laid off as a result of State and local budget reductions, as well as the hiring of new, additional career law enforcement officers, for deployment in community-oriented policing), expand and improve cooperative efforts between law enforcement agencies (LEAs) and members of the community, and otherwise enhance public safety. Sets forth matching fund, application, and related requirements. Authorizes appropriations.
Title II: Death Penalty - Amends the Federal criminal code to provide for imposition of the death penalty for various offenses, including: (1) murder by a Federal prisoner; (2) civil rights murders; (3) drive-by shootings and carjackings resulting in death; (4) foreign murder of U.S. nationals; (5) rape and child molestation murders; (6) gun murders during Federal crimes of violence and drug trafficking crimes; and (7) murder of Federal witnesses.
(Sec. 201) Sets forth procedures for the imposition, implementation, and review of such sentence. Limits mitigating factors (such as impaired capacity, duress, minor participation, and victim's consent) and aggravating factors (such as previous conviction of a violent felony involving a firearm, previous conviction of other serious offenses, vulnerability of victim, and continuing criminal enterprise involving drug sales to minors, and previous conviction of sexual assault or child molestation). Requires a special hearing to determine whether a death sentence is justified. Directs the court to instruct the jury not to consider the race, color, religious beliefs, national origin, or sex of the defendant or of any victim. Prohibits the execution of a woman while she is pregnant and of a person who is mentally retarded.
Title III: Habeas Corpus Reform - Amends the Federal judicial code to impose a 180-day limitations period for the filing of Federal habeas corpus petitions, applicable in both capital and non-capital cases in which the State has offered the petitioner counsel for State post-conviction review, which begins from the time the petitioner's conviction becomes final on State direct review. Tolls such period while the petitioner pursues State post-conviction remedies, unless the petitioner fails to initiate post-conviction review within 270 days in capital cases or 180 days in non-capital cases. Provides for a one-time 60-day extension of the period upon a showing of good cause.
(Sec. 302) Provides an automatic stay of execution in capital cases through the consideration of the first Federal habeas corpus petition. Permits a stay of execution to be granted thereafter only if the petition on its face satisfies the requirements for successive petitions.
(Sec. 303) Prohibits a Federal court from announcing or applying a new rule to grant relief to a habeas corpus petitioner, except where the new rule places a class of individual conduct beyond the power of the criminal lawmaking authority to proscribe or prohibits the imposition of a certain type of punishment for a class of persons because of their status or offense, or constitutes a watershed rule of criminal procedure implicating the fundamental fairness and accuracy of the criminal proceeding. Codifies case law providing for an independent Federal habeas corpus review of claims under Federal law, except for fourth amendment exclusionary rule claims. Specifies that the State bears the burden of proving harmless error in Federal habeas corpus review of State criminal convictions.
(Sec. 304) Allows a prisoner to bring a second or subsequent petition only upon a showing of cause for not having brought the claim before and prejudice if the claim is not heard.
(Sec. 306) Sets standards and procedures for the provision of counsel for indigent defendants. Requires each State in which a sentence of death may be imposed to establish a State counsel certification authority, comprised of members of the State's criminal defense bar, to recruit, train, monitor, and support attorneys involved at all stages of capital litigation.
(Sec. 307) Amends the Omnibus Act to require the Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) to make grants to States to help fund the provision of defense counsel. Authorizes: (1) Federal grants of up to 75 percent of the additional costs imposed by the new counsel requirements during the first three years following enactment of this title and 50 percent thereafter; and (2) grants for the prosecution of Federal habeas corpus cases in an amount equal to that allocated to capital resource centers.
Title IV: Coerced Confessions - Specifies that the admission into evidence of a coerced confession (i.e., one elicited in violation of the fifth or fourteenth amendments to the Constitution) shall not be considered harmless error.
Title V: Firearms - Subtitle A: Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act - Amends the Federal criminal code to provide for a five (business) day waiting period for the purchase of a handgun. Sets forth: (1) interim procedures (pending the establishment of a national instant criminal background check system) for checking with the chief law enforcement officer of the place of residence of the purchaser as to whether the purchaser has a criminal record or whether there is any other legal impediment to such individual's receiving a handgun; and (2) permanent procedures for conducting criminal background checks. Sets penalties for violations.
(Sec. 502) Directs the Attorney General to establish a national instant criminal background check system that any licensee may contact for information on whether receipt of a firearm by a prospective purchaser would violate specified legal provisions. Provides for the correction of erroneous information in the system.
(Sec. 503) Permits the use of formula grants under the Omnibus Act for improvements in State criminal records. Authorizes appropriations. Sets forth provisions with respect to the withholding of State and Department of Justice (DOJ) funds for failure to meet set deadlines.
Subtitle B: Gun Crime Penalties - Directs the U.S. Sentencing Commission to amend its sentencing guidelines to enhance the penalty for: (1) use of a semiautomatic firearm during a crime of violence or a drug trafficking crime; (2) a second offense of using an explosive to commit a Federal felony; (3) use of a firearm in the commission of counterfeiting or forgery; and (4) firearms possession by violent felons and serious drug offenders.
(Sec. 506) Prohibits and sets penalties for: (1) smuggling firearms in aid of drug trafficking; (2) theft of firearms and explosives; (3) the transfer of firearms to a nonresident of a State, except for lawful sporting purposes; (4) conspiracies to commit firearms and explosives crimes; and (5) the distribution of explosives to a person who is legally disqualified from having the explosives.
(Sec. 508) Increases the penalty for: (1) knowingly making a false, material statement in connection with the acquisition of a firearm from a licensed dealer; and (2) interstate gun trafficking.
Title VI: Youth Violence - Subtitle A: General - Amends the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) to increase the penalty for employing, using, inducing, or coercing individuals under age 18 to violate provisions of such Act, or to assist in avoiding detection or apprehension for certain offenses under such Act by Federal, State, or local law enforcement officials.
(Sec. 602) Amends the Federal criminal code to prohibit a juvenile from being transferred to adult prosecution or a hearing from being held under section 5037 (disposition after a finding of juvenile delinquency) until any prior juvenile records have been received by the court or other specified conditions are met.
(Sec. 603) Amends the Omnibus Act to authorize grants for bindover systems for the prosecution of 16- and 17-year-olds as adults for certain violent crimes (first- and second-degree murder, attempted murder, armed robbery with a firearm, aggravated battery or assault with a firearm, criminal sexual penetration when armed with a firearm, and drive-by shooting).
Subtitle B: Criminal Street Gangs - Amends the Federal criminal code to provide for imprisonment of up to ten years for a gang member or person acting on behalf of a criminal street gang who commits a Federal drug or violent crime offense and who has had a prior drug or violent crime conviction, with the penalty to run consecutively to any other sentence imposed
Subtitle C: Certainty of Punishment for Young Offenders- Amends the Omnibus Act to authorize the Director of the BJA to make grants to States for the purpose of developing alternative methods of punishment for young offenders to traditional forms of incarceration and probation. Authorizes appropriations.
Subtitle D: Juvenile Drug Trafficking and Gang Prevention Grants - Amends the Omnibus Act to authorize the Director of the BJA to make grants for programs to reduce the formation or continuation of juvenile gangs and the use and sale of illegal drugs by juveniles. Authorizes appropriations.
Title VII: Terrorism - Subtitle A: Maritime Navigation and Fixed Platforms - Amends the Federal criminal code to prohibit and set penalties for the seizure of a ship or fixed platform by force, an act of violence against a person aboard, damage or destruction, or the injuring or killing of a person in connection with such activities. Provides the death penalty where death results.
Subtitle B: General Provisions - Provides the death penalty where death results from the use of a weapon of mass destruction.
(Sec. 705) Extends: (1) special maritime and territorial jurisdiction to offenses committed by or against a U.S. national during a voyage on a foreign vessel scheduled to depart from or arrive in the United States; and (2) the statute of limitations to ten years for certain terrorist offenses.
(Sec. 706) Provides: (1) the death penalty for the commission of torture outside the United States and for the killing of a U.S. national outside the country; (2) the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) with access to telephone subscriber information if the Director or Deputy Assistant Director certifies that such information is relevant to a foreign counterintelligence investigation and that it pertains to an agent of a foreign power; and (3) criminal penalties for willful violations of airport or airline security regulations.
(Sec. 709) Prohibits: (1) acts of terrorism at U.S. international airports (and provides the death penalty where death results); and (2) counterfeiting U.S. currency abroad. Enhances penalties for any felony that involves or is intended to promote international terrorism.
(Sec. 713) Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to authorize the Attorney General to grant a nonimmigrant visa to an alien who possesses critical information about a criminal organization and whose presence in the United States is essential to an investigation or prosecution of such organization; and (2) the Federal criminal code to set penalties for those who provide material support to terrorists.
Title VIII: Sexual Violence and Child Abuse - Subtitle A: Sexual Abuse - Amends the Federal criminal code to include within the definition of "sexual act" the intentional touching, not through the clothing, of the genitalia of another person who has not attained age 16 with intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person.
Subtitle B: Child Protection - Provides for the establishment of a national background check system whereby child care organizations can determine whether prospective employees have histories of child abuse or other serious crimes. Requires State to have at least 80 percent currency of crime cases in their systems within three years. Directs the Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to begin a study of child abusers' criminal records.
(Sec. 806) Amends the Omnibus Act to provide for the use of drug control and system improvement grants for the improvement of State record systems and the sharing of records of child abuse crime information to implement this subtitle.
Subtitle C: Crimes Against Children Registration - Directs the Attorney General to establish guidelines for State programs requiring any person convicted of a criminal offense against a victim who is a minor to register a current address with a designated State LEA for ten yeas after release from prison, or being placed on parole or supervised release. Subjects to criminal penalties a person required to register under a State program who knowingly fails to register and keep such registration current.
(Sec. 808) Specifies that the allocation of BJA grant funds (under the Omnibus Act) received by a State not complying with provisions of this Act three years after its enactment shall be reduced by ten percent, with the unallocated funds to be reallocated to the States in compliance with this Act.
Title IX: Crime Victims - Amends the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 to: (1) specify the amounts available for grants under certain sections of the Act; and (2) provide that if the compensation paid by an eligible crime victim compensation program would cover costs that a Federal, or federally financed State or local, program would otherwise pay, such victim compensation program shall not pay such compensation and the other program shall make its payments without regard to the existence of the crime victim compensation program.
(Sec. 903) Amends Rule 32 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure to give victims of violent crimes and sexual abuse the right to address the court concerning the sentence to be imposed on convicted offenders. Permits such right to be exercised by a parent or guardian if the victim is under 18, or by one or more family members if the victim is deceased or incapacitated.
(Sec. 904) Directs the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services to report to specified congressional committees on the medical and psychological basis of "battered women's syndrome" and the extent to which evidence of the syndrome has been admitted as evidence of guilt or as a defense in criminal trials.
Title X: State and Local Law Enforcement - Subtitle A: Safer Streets and Neighborhoods - Continues the current Federal-State funding formula for grants under title I of the Omnibus Act.
(Sec. 1002) Amends such Act to authorize the Director of the BJA to make grants to, or enter into contracts with, non-Federal public or private agencies, institutions, or organizations to carry out specified purposes of the Act (current law does not specify "non-Federal"), effective October 1, 1994.
Subtitle B: DNA Identification - Amends the Omnibus Act to authorize the use of drug control and system improvement grants to develop or improve in a forensic laboratory a capability to analyze deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) for identification purposes. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 1004) Requires the Director of the FBI to appoint an advisory board on DNA quality assurance methods and issue standards for quality assurance. Authorizes the Director to establish an index of DNA identification records of persons convicted of crimes, and of analyses of DNA samples recovered from crime scenes and from unidentified human remains.
(Sec. 1006) Sets forth proficiency testing and privacy protection requirements, and penalties for violations.
(Sec. 1007) Authorizes appropriations.
Subtitle C: Department of Justice Community Substances Abuse Prevention - Amends the Omnibus Act to authorize the Attorney General to make grants to eligible coalitions to develop and implement substance abuse prevention programs, with the efforts of such coalitions involving substantial community participation. Grants priority to communities providing evidence of significant abuse. Authorizes appropriations.
Subtitle D: Drug Testing of Arrested Individuals- Amends the Omnibus Act to authorize the Director of the BJA to make grants to States for the purpose of developing, implementing, or continuing a drug testing project when individuals are arrested and during the pretrial period. Authorizes appropriations.
Subtitle E: Racial and Ethnic Bias Study Grants - Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants to States that have established, by State law or the court of last resort, plans for analyzing the role of race in their criminal justice systems. Requires State plans to include recommendations designed to correct any findings of racial and ethnic bias. Authorizes appropriations.
Title XI: Provisions Relating to Police Officers - Subtitle A: Law Enforcement Family Support - Amends the Omnibus Act to: (1) require the Director of the BJA to establish guidelines and oversee the implementation of family-friendly policies in law enforcement divisions of DOJ, identify model programs that provide support to law enforcement families, and provide technical assistance for stress reduction and family support efforts by State and local LEAs; and (2) authorize the Director to make grants to States and local LEAs and organizations representing State or local law enforcement personnel to provide family support services to law enforcement personnel. Authorizes appropriations.
Subtitle B: Police Pattern or Practice - Prohibits any governmental authority, or any agent or person acting on behalf of such authority, from engaging in a pattern or practice of conduct by law enforcement officers that deprives persons of their constitutional or Federal rights. Authorizes the Attorney General to bring a civil action against such officers to eliminate such practices.
(Sec. 1104) Directs the Attorney General to acquire data about the use of excessive force by law enforcement officers.
Subtitle C: Police Corps and Law Enforcement Officers Scholarship Programs - Chapter 1: Community Police Corps Initiatives - Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants for up to ten Community Police Corps Programs in which participants can receive scholarships of not more than $5,000 annually times the number of years in the educational institution's regular program in exchange for a commensurate period of work with a State or local police force upon graduation. Authorizes appropriations. Permits up to ten percent of grant funds to be awarded to law enforcement officers currently employed by the jurisdiction, and who are assigned to community-oriented policing or who exercise supervisory or training roles in relation to such officers, for college or post-graduate work.
Chapter 2: Law Enforcement Scholarship Program - Requires the Director of the BJA to provide scholarships for in-service law enforcement personnel who seek further education, allotting 80 percent of funds based on the relative number of law enforcement officers per State and 20 percent based on the relative shortage of officers. Provides grants for summer jobs or part-time jobs during the year for high school students interested in law enforcement careers. Authorizes appropriations.
Subtitle D: Study Rights of Police Officers - Directs the Attorney General to conduct a study of the procedures followed in internal, noncriminal investigations of State and local law enforcement officers to determine if such investigations are conducted fairly and effectively.
Title XII: Grant Programs for State Prisons - Amends the Omnibus Act to authorize the Director of the BJA to make grants to States for residential substance abuse treatment programs in State correctional facilities, as well as those in which inmates are incarcerated for a time sufficient to permit substance abuse treatment. Authorizes appropriations.
Title XIII: Federal Prisons - Subtitle A: General - Amends the Federal criminal code to: (1) prohibit the Bureau of Prisons from considering the social or economic status of a prisoner in designating such prisoner's place of imprisonment; and (2) require that any submission of legislation by the judicial or executive branch that might affect prison populations be accompanied by an impact statement (and requires the Attorney General to prepare and transmit to the Congress annual prison impact assessments).
(Sec. 1303) Requires notice to State and local law enforcement authorities concerning the release or relocation to their areas of Federal offenders under post-release supervision at least five days prior to such release or relocation, with respect to prisoners convicted of drug trafficking and violent crimes.
(Sec. 1304) Deems references to supervised release, in the case of prisoners convicted of offenses committed prior to November 1, 1987, to be references to probation or parole.
Subtitle B: Drug Testing - Requires the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts to establish a program of drug testing of Federal offenders on post-conviction release.
Subtitle C: Enhanced Penalties for Drugs in Federal Prisons - Provides for enhanced penalties for drug trafficking and illegal drug use in Federal prisons.
Subtitle D: Drug Treatment in Federal Prisons - Establishes a schedule for the Bureau of Prisons to place all eligible prisoners into residential substance abuse treatment programs for between nine and 12 months, in facilities separate from the general prison population. Specifies that prisoners who successfully complete such programs could be released up to a year early. Authorizes appropriations.
Subtitle E: Studies - Requires the National Institute of Justice to study: (1) the feasibility of establishing an information clearinghouse to facilitate the interstate transfer of prisoners to facilities near their families; (2) the recidivism rates of persons who were under the influence of alcohol at the time they committed their crimes, comparing recividism rates of those who participated in a residential treatment program while in custody with those who did not; and (3) the use of alcohol, alone or in combination with other drugs, as a factor in criminal activity.
Title XIV: Rural Crime - Subtitle A: Fighting Drug Trafficking in Rural Areas - Amends the Omnibus Act to authorize appropriations, and increase the base allocation, for rural drug enforcement assistance.
(Sec. 1402) Directs the Attorney General to establish a Rural Drug Enforcement Task Force in each of the Federal judicial districts which encompass significant rural lands.
(Sec. 1403) Authorizes the Attorney General to cross-designate up to 100 Federal officers with jurisdiction to enforce CSA provisions on non-Federal lands to the extent necessary to effect the purposes of this title.
(Sec. 1404) Requires the Director of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center to develop a specialized course of instruction devoted to training law enforcement officers from rural agencies in the investigation of drug trafficking and related crimes. Authorizes appropriations.
Subtitle B: Drug Free Truck Stops and Safety Rest Areas - Amends the CSA to enhance penalties for drug distribution at or near truck stops and safety rest areas.
Title XV: Drug Control - Subtitle A: Drug Emergency Areas - Amends the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 to authorize the President to declare a State, or part thereof, a drug emergency area, to take all necessary actions to save lives and protect property, public health, and safety, and to make grants aggregating $25 million for any single major drug-related emergency. Requires grant money to be divided equally between drug supply and demand reduction efforts, unless State or local conditions dictate otherwise. Permits the President to direct any Federal agency to utilize its resources to assist State anti-drug efforts. Authorizes appropriations.
Subtitle B: Precursor Chemicals - Amends the CSA to impose registration requirements for precursor chemicals.
(Sec. 1504) Requires manufacturers to submit annual reports concerning listed chemicals manufactured during the year.
(Sec. 1505) Amends the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act to: (1) subject brokers and traders to the same recordkeeping and reporting requirements for international transactions, and the same criminal penalties, as exporters; and (2) authorize the Attorney General to require that the 15-day advance notice requirement with respect to the importation and exportation of listed chemicals apply to all exports of specific listed chemicals to specified countries, regardless of the status of certain customers in such countries as regular customers, if necessary to support effective diversion control programs or as required by treaty; and (3) establish criminal penalties for attempting to evade reporting requirements and for smuggling listed drugs.
(Sec. 1509) Grants the Attorney General the same inspection authority for listed chemicals as presently exists with respect to controlled substances.
(Sec. 1511) Makes it a felony to violate the Solid Waste Disposal Act in the handling of chemicals used to illegally manufacture a controlled substance. Requires that violators be assessed costs of the initial cleanup and disposal of the listed chemical and contaminated property and the costs of restoring property damaged by exposure to such chemical.
Subtitle C: General Provisions - Prohibits and sets penalties for: (1) drug dealing in or near public housing authority facilities; (2) a physical trainer or adviser who tries to persuade an individual to use anabolic steroids; and (3) advertising which aims to illegally solicit or sell drugs.
(Sec. 1518) Enhances penalties for drug dealing in "drug-free zones."
(Sec. 1519) Includes among the long-term goals of the National Drug Control Strategy making drug treatment available to all who need it.
Title XVI: Drunk Driving Provisions - Amends the Federal criminal code to provide supplementary prison terms and fine authorizations in cases where drunk driving endangers or injures a person under age 18.
(Sec. 1602) Expresses the sense of the Congress that in determining child custody and visitation rights the courts should consider the history of drunk driving of anyone involved in the determination.
Title XVII: Commissions - Subtitle A: Commission on Crime and Violence - Establishes the National Commission on Crime and Violence in America to develop a comprehensive crime control plan for the 1990's.
Subtitle B: National Commission to Study the Causes of the Demand for Drugs in the United States - Establishes a National Commission to Study the Causes of the Demand for Drugs in the United States.
Subtitle C: National Commission to Support Law Enforcement - Establishes a National Commission to Support Law Enforcement.
Title XVIII: Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention - Directs the Attorney General to develop a national voluntary motor vehicle theft prevention program which would involve placing identifiable decals on the vehicles of consenting owners, whereby such vehicles could then be stopped by law enforcement officers upon a reasonable suspicion that the vehicles were not being operated by or with the consent of their owners.
(Sec. 1802) Prohibits and sets penalties for tampering with the decals, with exceptions.
Title XIX: Protections for the Elderly - Directs the Attorney General to make grants in support of programs to protect and locate missing patients with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 1902) Directs the Sentencing Commission to ensure that the sentences for those convicted of crimes of violence against elderly victims be sufficiently stringent to deter such crimes, protect the public from additional crimes of such a defendant, and provide enhanced penalties under specified criteria.
Title XX: Consumer Protection - Amends the Federal criminal code to set penalties for insurance industry crimes, including embezzling from insurance companies, making false entries in insurance company books with intent to deceive, and corruptly influencing or obstructing proceedings before State insurance regulatory agencies or insurance examiners. Prohibits persons convicted of criminal felonies involving dishonesty or breach of trust from engaging in the insurance business without the written consent of an insurance regulatory official authorized to regulate the insurer.
(Sec. 2002) Consumer Protection Against Credit Card Fraud Act of 1993 - Prohibits the sale of credit cards without credit card company authorization, fraudulent receipt of payments via credit card for goods never received or inferior to those promised, and laundering to credit card receipts.
(Sec. 2003) Extends the mail fraud statute to include mail sent by private interstate carriers.
Title XXI: Sentencing Provisions - Amends the Federal criminal code to allow the court, in determining the sentence to be imposed in the case of a violation of probation or supervised release, to consider guidelines or policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission.
(Sec. 2103) Sets forth provisions regarding mandatory revocation of probation and of supervised release after imprisonment for possession of a controlled substance or firearm, or for refusal to comply with drug testing.
(Sec. 2105) Permits concurrent sentencing of a defendant to imprisonment and probation for petty offenses.
Title XXII: Computer Crime - Amends the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act to make it a felony to knowingly transmit an unauthorized program or code that alters the information stored in a computer with the intent to damage the system or information contained within the affected computer or system, or to withhold or deny the use of such system or information, if the transmission: (1) occurred without the authorization of the person responsible for the computer system receiving the program; and (2) causes damage exceeding $1,000 in any one-year period or modifies or impairs the medical care of any individual. Makes it a misdemeanor to recklessly transmit a destructive computer program or code. Creates a civil cause of action for persons suffering damage or loss by virtue of a violation of this title. Modifies the prohibition against accessing a Government computer where such conduct affects the use of the Government's operation of such computer to cover only actions that "adversely" affect such use.
Title XXIII: International Parental Kidnapping - Amends the Federal criminal code to establish penalties for removing a child from, or retaining a child outside, the United States with intent to obstruct the lawful exercise of parental rights.
(Sec. 2302) Authorizes appropriations to carry out under the State Justice Institute Act of 1984 national, regional, and in-State training and educational programs dealing with criminal and civil aspects of interstate and international parental child abduction.
Title XXIV: Safe Schools - Amends the Omnibus Act to: (1) authorize the Director of the BJA to make grants to local educational agencies for the purpose of providing assistance to such agencies most directly affected by crime and violence; and (2) require the Director to develop a written safe schools model in English and in Spanish and make such model available to any such agency that requests it. Authorizes appropriations.
Title XXV: Financial Institutions Fraud Prosecutions - Amends the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and the Federal Credit Union Act to disqualify certain persons with criminal records from participating in the affairs of insured depository institutions and credit unions.
Title XXVI: White Collar Crime Amendments - Establishes penalties for knowingly receiving the proceeds of: (1) extortion; (2) a kidnapping; and (3) a postal robbery.
(Sec. 2603) Extends the prohibition against obstructing civil investigative demands to include obstruction in racketeering and false claims investigations.
Title XXVII: Gambling - Sets forth provisions regarding the scope of the prohibition on gambling on ships in international waters. Grants a State gaming enforcement office located within a State Attorney General's office access to FBI criminal history record information for licensing purposes.
Title XXVIII: Bail Posting Reporting - Illegal Drug Profits Act of 1991 (sic) - Requires State and Federal criminal court clerks to report to the Internal Revenue Service and prosecutors the name and taxpayer identification number of anyone accused of a drug, money laundering, or racketeering crime who posts cash bail exceeding $10,000.
Title XXIX: General Increased Penalty Provision - Increases penalties for assault: (1) of Federal officers, foreign officials, and official guests and internationally protected persons; (2) within a maritime and territorial jurisdiction; and (3) of the President, presidential staff, congressional leaders, cabinet officials, and Supreme Court justices.
(Sec. 2902) Increases the maximum penalties for voluntary and involuntary manslaughter.
(Sec. 2903) Increases penalties for: (1) conspiracy to commit murder for hire; (2) trafficking in counterfeit goods and services; and (3) Travel Act violations.
(Sec. 2906) Broadens the scope and increases the penalties for conspiracies to deprive persons of their civil rights.
Title XXX: Miscellaneous - Extends the protection of the criminal civil rights statute to any person in a State. (Currently, the statute only covers a State "inhabitants.")
(Sec. 3003) Directs the Attorney General to: (1) require State and local LEAs to annually audit and detail the uses and expenses to which forfeiture funds were dedicated and the amount used for each use or expense; and (2) report to the Congress on the administrative and contracting expense paid from the DOJ Assets Forfeiture Fund.
(Sec. 3005) Creates an optional venue in the District of Columbia for espionage and related offenses regarding the gathering, transmitting, losing, or delivering of defense information.
(Sec. 3007) Prohibits: (1) the disclosure of information obtained through wiretapping or electronic surveillance with the intent to obstruct a criminal investigation; (2) the theft of major art works from museums; (3) misuse of the words "Drug Enforcement Administration" or the initials "DEA"; and (4) attempted robbery, kidnapping, smuggling, and property damage offenses.
(Sec. 3010) Permits trials by a magistrate judge in petty offense cases involving juveniles.
Title XXXI: Technical Corrections - Makes technical corrections to various criminal law provisions.