H.R.3721 - Violent and Repeat Offenders Act of 1994103rd Congress (1993-1994)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Andrews, Michael [D-TX-25] (Introduced 01/25/1994)|
|Committees:||House - Agriculture; Armed Services; Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs; Education and Labor; Foreign Affairs; Government Operations; House Administration; Energy and Commerce; Natural Resources; Judiciary; Post Office and Civil Service; Public Works and Transportation; Rules; Science, Space and Technology; Veterans' Affairs; Ways and Means|
|Latest Action:||04/28/1994 See H.R.4278. (All Actions)|
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Summary: H.R.3721 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)
Introduced in House (01/25/1994)
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Title I: Targeting Habitual Repeat and Violent
Subtitle A: Expanding the Capacity of State
Subtitle B: Major Offenders Programs and Felony
Title II: Ending the Double Victimization of Society
Subtitle A: Denial of Federal Benefits
Subtitle B: Prison Work Programs
Title III: Repeal of Supervised Release Program
Title IV: Drug Paraphernalia Tax
Title V: Financing
Subtitle A: National Security
Subtitle B: Physical Capital, Natural Resources, and
Subtitle C: Government Management
Subtite D: Human Resources
Subtitle E: Social Services and Retirement
Violent and Repeat Offenders Act of 1994 - Title I: Targeting Habitual Repeat and Violent Criminal Offenders - Subtitle A: Expanding the Capacity of State Correctional Facilities - Authorizes the Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance to make grants to States to construct additional correctional facilities for the purpose of increasing prison capacity to make habitual and violent criminal offenders serve the full term of their sentences. Specifies that such construction should aim to provide sufficient capacity to incarcerate such offenders who exhibit a high risk for continued or violent criminal activity for such terms, including individuals: (1) with three or more arrests by age 18; (2) with a history of violent criminal offenses; and (3) exhibiting a pattern of crimes of premeditation and deliberation for whom a prison stay may have a significant deterrent value. Authorizes the Director to make such grants to States to operate prison facilities including costs for administration and staff.
(Sec. 102) Sets forth application requirements. Directs that each State application include a comprehensive plan containing: (1) a description of the correctional facility needs in the State, including relevant supporting data; (2) a description of the resources available to build additional correctional facility capacity, together with an account of the expenses involved that cannot be met with existing resources at the State and local levels; (3) an explanation of how the State will be able to sustain the increased operation and maintenance costs of expanded correctional facility capacity; and (4) an evaluation component, including quantifiable data, that measures progress toward meeting the prison capacity goals under this subtitle.
(Sec. 103) Sets forth provisions regarding: (1) fund allocation; (2) grant renewal and limitations; and (3) grant approval and disapproval procedures.
Subtitle B: Major Offenders Programs and Felony Parole Violators - Authorizes the Director to make grants to States, for use by the States and units of local government, for purposes of developing and increasing the capacity and the effectiveness of major offenders programs that prioritize the arrest and prosecution of habitual and violent criminal offenders. Specifies that such programs shall include: (1) establishment or expansion of specialized major offender units in law enforcement and criminal prosecutor offices to identify, monitor, arrest, and prosecute major offenders; and (2) establishment or expansion of a State crime information center computer database to include the complete arrest histories of major offenders and parole violator units and other relevant information for use by law enforcement officers and criminal prosecutors.
(Sec. 113) Sets forth application requirements. Directs that each State application include a comprehensive plan containing: (1) a description, with supporting data, of the crime problems attributable to major offenders and parole violators that improved law enforcement and prosecution programs may be able to decrease; (2) a description of the resources available to implement or expand major offenders and parole violators programs; and (3) an evaluation component.
(Sec. 114) Sets forth provisions regarding: (1) local applications; (2) fund allocation; (3) grant renewal and limitations; and (4) grant approval and disapproval procedures. Authorizes appropriations.
Title II: Ending the Double Victimization of Society - Subtitle A: Denial of Federal Benefits- Makes any individual who is convicted of three Federal or State felony offenses ineligible for any Federal benefits.
(Sec. 212) Requires: (1) State and Federal courts to send information, as determined necessary by the Director of the Office of Justice Assistance, regarding the conviction of third-time felons to such Office in a timely manner; (2) such Office to maintain a computer listing of individuals convicted of a third Federal or State felony offense and update such list in a timely manner; (3) such Office to transfer the names of such individuals to the General Services Administration for inclusion in the publication "Lists of Parties Excluded from Federal Procurement or Nonprocurement Programs"; and (4) representatives of a Government agency that is responsible for the distribution of a Federal benefit to consult such publication before granting such benefit.
(Sec. 214) Authorizes appropriations.
Subtitle B: Prison Work Programs - Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to require a State, in order to avoid a reduction of available funds by 25 percent (for redistribution to other participating States), to implement or continue a prison workfare program that requires an inmate who is physically able (as determined by the State Director of Corrections) to work a portion of each day.
Title III: Repeal of Supervised Release Program - Repeals provisions authorizing the court to include a term of supervised release after imprisonment.
Title IV: Drug Paraphernalia Tax - Amends the Internal Revenue Code to impose a tax, equal to 100 percent of the price for which sold, on taxable smoking paraphernalia manufactured in or imported into the United States. Increases the tax on cigarette papers.
Title V: Financing - Subtitle A: National Security - Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should negotiate with member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and any other foreign nation with which the United States has a bilateral or multilateral defense agreement, with certain exceptions, to seek an agreement that provides for such nation to pay at least 50 percent of the overseas basing costs incurred by the United States for stationing its members and civilian personnel in that nation. Limits the U.S. share of overseas basing coats for FY 1995 and thereafter, lowering such percentage from 84 percent of such costs for FY 1995 to 50 percent of such costs for FY 1998 and thereafter.
(Sec. 502) Directs the Secretary of the Army to reorganize and reduce offices of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in order to achieve at least $50 million in net annual savings by FY 1998.
(Sec. 503) Rescinds specified military construction and defense procurement funds during FY 1994, as well as specified funds for the MK-19 grenade launcher program.
(Sec. 505) Directs the Secretary of Defense to cancel the C-26 aircraft program and the Mobile In-Shore Undersea Warfare Vans program.
(Sec. 507) Rescinds or reduces: (1) FY 1994 defense operation and maintenance funds; (2) funding for the Food for Peace program under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (with a modification of loan terms); (3) funds for the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development; (4) funding for the International Development Association under the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1994; (5) funds for foreign military financing under the same Act; and (6) funds for the Agency for International Development, Department of State, and the United States Information Agency.
Subtitle B: Physical Capital, Natural Resources, and Science - Terminates the spacelifter program.
(Sec. 522) Department of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology Organization Act of 1993 - Establishes the Department of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology (Department).
Transfers the following entities to the Department: (1) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; (2) the National Institute of Standards and Technology; (3) the National Science Foundation; (4) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; (5) the Patent and Trademark Office; (6) the Department of Energy, renamed the National Energy Administration, except for specified facilities to be transferred to the Department of Defense; and (7) the National Telecommunications and Information Administration.
(Sec. 523) Amends the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 to eliminate and rescind funding for the magnetic levitation prototype development program.
(Sec. 524) Rescinds funding from specified National Institutes of Health, independent agencies, and Department of Defense accounts for federally sponsored university research and development programs.
(Sec. 525) Directs the Secretaries of Energy and Commerce to establish procedures for recoupment of certain grants undertaken by their respective Departments. Authorizes the Secretaries to require recoupment as necessary.
(Sec. 526) Eliminates the competitive contracting exclusion for contracts involving federally funded research and development centers and Federal executive agencies or the Department of Defense.
(Sec. 527) Terminates (and rescinds funding for) the Modular High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor program.
(Sec. 528) Establishes the Department of Energy Facilities Closure and Reconfiguration Commission which shall review and recommend (based upon the Secretary of Energy's recommendations) closures and reconfigurations for Department of Energy facilities. Appropriates Commission funds. Terminates the Commission not later than 20 months after enactment of this Act. Sets forth the procedures for facilities closure and reconfiguration, including presidential and congressional review. Establishes in the Treasury a Department of Energy Facility Closure Account.
(Sec. 529) Authorizes the Secretary of Energy to sell: (1) the Snettisham Hydroelectric Project to the Alaska Power Authority (now known as the Alaska Industrial Development and Export Authority) or its successor; and (2) the Eklutna Hydroelectric Project to the Municipality of Anchorage, doing business as Municipal Light and Power, the Chugach Electric Association, Inc., and the Matanuska Electric Association. Authorizes appropriations. Directs the Secretary of Energy to assess alternative options before making such sales.
(Sec. 531) Rescinds funding for the SPR petroleum account.
(Sec. 532) Directs the Secretary of the Interior to study the termination of the helium subsidy.
(Sec. 533) Rescinds funding for certain water projects.
(Sec. 534) Amends the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act to establish a preference for interim measures rather than permanent treatment technologies in Superfund response actions.
Amends the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 to authorize appropriations for the Superfund. Amends the Internal Revenue Code to limit funds from the Superfund to such authorization amounts.
(Sec. 535) Establishes in the Office of the Secretary of the Treasury a Disaster Relief Account. Rescinds specified disaster relief funding under the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994.
(Sec. 536) Repeals title VII (weather office closure procedures) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Authorization Act of 1992. Rescinds specified National Weather Service funding under the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994.
(Sec. 537) Rescinds specified funding for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) research fleet and certain other activities under the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994.
(Sec. 539) Directs the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of the Army to jointly study the feasibility of merging the Bureau of Reclamation and the United States Army Corps of Engineers.
(Sec. 540) Rescinds specified Cooperative State Research Service facilities funding under the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994.
(Sec. 541) Repeals authority for the: (1) airway science program; (2) collegiate training initiative; and (3) air carrier maintenance technician training facility grant program. Rescinds specified funding for Federal Aviation Administration operations and facilities and equipment.
(Sec. 542) Repeals the Symms National Recreational Trails Act of 1991.
(Sec. 543) Repeals specified Economic Development Administration funding under the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994.
(Sec. 544) Amends the Communications Act of 1934 to eliminate funding for public telecommunications facilities. Rescinds specified telecommunications funding under the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994.
(Sec. 545) Establishes a moratorium on construction or acquisition of new Federal buildings.
Subtitle C: Government Management - Transfers the position of Public Printer (PP) and all associated functions (except those of the Superintendent of Documents (SD)) to the executive branch.
(Sec. 551) Transfers the SD position and all associated functions to the Library of Congress where they will be carried out by the SD under the direction of the Librarian of Congress (LC). Requires the SD to be appointed by, and serve at the pleasure of, the LC.
Revokes all existing authorized printing plant charters.
Requires all Government publications to be available throughout the Government to any department, agency, or entity of the Government for use or redissemination.
Requires Government entities to: (1) establish and maintain a comprehensive inventory of their publications; (2) make such inventory available through the electronic directory; and (3) furnish their publications to the SD in the prescribed form and manner.
Imposes additional specified responsibilities on: (1) the PP with respect to the executive and judicial branches, including using all necessary measures to remedy duplication and waste in public printing and prescribing publishing standards and procurement requirements; and (2) the SD with respect to dissemination of Government publications, including making publications available to designated depository and State libraries.
(Sec. 552) Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the Bureau of Indian Affairs should be reorganized as specified; and (2) such reorganization should be pursued in coordination with the Task Force on Bureau of Indian Affairs reorganization.
(Sec. 553) Makes specified rescissions of various executive agencies' FY 1994 funding for printing and reproduction and for supplies and materials.
(Sec. 554) Directs the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to streamline HUD, including eliminating a specified number of employee positions and consolidating various offices.
(Sec. 555) Terminates the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), transfers all associated functions to the Secretary of Transportation, and rescinds specified FY 1994 ICC funding, and transfers other ICC funding to the Department of Transportation.
(Sec. 556) Makes specified rescissions of Tennessee Valley Authority and Appalachian Regional Commission funds.
(Sec. 558) Directs the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to implement a prospective payment system for the Veterans Health Administration.
(Sec. 559) Makes a specified rescission of FY 1994 funding for the Legal Services Corporation.
(Sec. 560) Repeals the State Justice Institute Act of 1984, thereby abolishing the State Justice Institute (SJI), and rescinds a specified amount of FY 1994 SJI funding.
(Sec. 561) Reorganizes the U.S. Marshals Service.
(Sec. 562) Makes specified rescissions of FY 1994 funds for: (1) the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms; (2) construction of Federal offices and courthouses; (3) the Executive Office of the President and the legislative branch (except the Senate); (4) House of Representative franking; and (5) certain official Government travel.
(Sec. 568) Eliminates the 1994 calendar year cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) for Members of Congress, and limits future adjustments for Members to the same percentages as those for Federal employees.
(Sec. 569) Ends unlimited accumulation of annual leave for members of the Senior Executive Service and rescinds a specified amount of FY 1994 funds for executive agency accrued leave payments.
(Sec. 570) Sets specified limits on the total number of full-time equivalent executive agency positions each fiscal year through FY 1998. Gives the Office of Management and Budget enforcement authority over such limits, and, provides for waivers from such limits under certain conditions. Rescinds a specified amount of FY 1994 funds for executive agency employee compensation.
(Sec. 572) Terminates specified Federal advisory committees.
(Sec. 573) Increases the threshold for application of the Davis-Bacon Act. Rescinds a specified amount of FY 1994 executive agency funds for construction activities under Davis-Bacon.
(Sec. 574) Amends Federal law commonly known as the Copeland Act to require employers on contracts covered by Davis-Bacon to certify compliance with applicable labor law standards at least once a month to the Department of Labor, instead of submitting weekly payroll records.
Rescinds a specified amount of FY 1994 funds for executive agency construction activities under Copeland.
(Sec. 575) Requires the Secretary of the Treasury to establish a program requiring user fees for applications for alcohol labeling and formula reviews.
(Sec. 576) Amends the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to increase registration fees. Requires the amounts collected as registration fees to be deposited into the Treasury for use towards the salaries and expenses of Securities and Exchange Commission employees.
(Sec. 577) Requires States participating in marketing activities or tourism promotion abroad through the U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration to pay user fees to fund the Administration.
Requires the Secretary of Commerce to establish a program requiring the payment of user fees for all services provided to all non-Federal entities by the International Trade Administration in carrying out its export promotion programs.
Subtitle D: Human Resources - Terminates Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) assistance for public housing construction, other than Indian public housing. Reallocates specified rescinded funding to the Section 8 housing voucher program.
(Sec. 582) Amends the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 to revise provisions regarding the management and disposition of HUD-held multifamily properties and mortgages.
(Sec. 583) Terminates specified annual grant assistance to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands as of September 30, 1993.
Subtitle E: Social Services and Retirement - Amends Federal civil service law to add special rules for certain post-1993 new employees and Members of Congress.
(Sec. 592) Makes changes with regard to Government contributions to the Thrift Savings Plan.
(Sec. 593) Defers until age 62 COLAs for military retirees who first entered military service on or after January 1, 1994.
(Sec. 594) Amends title XX (Block Grants to States for Social Services) of the Social Security Act (SSA) to consolidate into a single block grant program various specified social services programs, including the at-risk child care program under SSA title VI part A (Aid to Families with Dependent Children).
(Sec. 595) Amends the Higher Education Act of 1965 to prohibit the award of Pell grants to prisoners.