Text: H.R.3721 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (01/25/1994)

 
[Congressional Bills 103th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 3721 Introduced in House (IH)]

103d CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 3721

  To provide grants to the Bureau of Justice Assistance to expand the 
 capacity of correctional facilities in the States, increase programs 
       for major offenders and parolees, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                            January 25, 1994

Mr. Andrews of Texas introduced the following bill; which was referred 
  jointly to the Committees on the Judiciary, Ways and Means, Foreign 
Affairs, Public Works and Transportation, Armed Services, Agriculture, 
   Science, Space, and Technology, Government Operations, Energy and 
  Commerce, Natural Resources, House Administration, Rules, Banking, 
Finance and Urban Affairs, Veterans' Affairs, Education and Labor, and 
                     Post Office and Civil Service

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To provide grants to the Bureau of Justice Assistance to expand the 
 capacity of correctional facilities in the States, increase programs 
       for major offenders and parolees, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Violent and Repeat Offenders Act of 
1994''.

   TITLE I--TARGETING HABITUAL REPEAT AND VIOLENT CRIMINAL OFFENDERS

  Subtitle A--Expanding the Capacity of State Correctional Facilities

SEC. 101. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.

    (a) In General.--The Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance 
may make grants under this subtitle to States to construct additional 
correctional facilities for the purpose of increasing prison capacity 
to make habitual repeat and violent criminal offenders serve the full 
term of their sentences.
    (b) Construction of Additional Prisons.--The construction referred 
to in subsection (a) should aim to provide sufficient capacity to 
incarcerate habitual repeat and violent criminal offenders who exhibit 
a high risk for continued or violent criminal activity, for the full 
length of their sentences, including--
            (1) individuals with 3 or more arrests by the age of 18, 
        representing less than 2 percent of all juveniles arrested, but 
        who commit a disproportionate share of crimes;
            (2) individuals with a history of violent criminal 
        offenses, including murder, aggravated assault, rape, and armed 
        robbery; and
            (3) individuals exhibiting a pattern of crimes of 
        premeditation and deliberation for whom a prison stay may have 
        a significant deterrent value.
    (c) Operational Assistance.--The Director of the Bureau of Justice 
Assistance may make grants under this subtitle to States to operate 
prison facilities, including costs for administration and staff.

SEC. 102. STATE APPLICATIONS.

    (a) In General.--(1) To be eligible to receive a grant under this 
subtitle, the chief executive of the State, in consultation with the 
State Department of Corrections, shall submit an application to the 
Director in such a form and containing such information as the Director 
may reasonably require.
    (2) In such application, a State office or agency shall be 
designated by the chief executive as the lead agency responsible for 
the coordination, implementation, administration, and evaluation of the 
services described in the application in accordance with this subtitle.
    (3) Each State application will contain assurances that the lead 
agency will work in cooperation with the State Department of 
Corrections, and other appropriate State and local agencies to 
implement inter agency agreements to carry out the provisions of this 
subtitle.
    (b) General Contents.--Each State application under subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) a description of the prison overcrowding problems 
        encountered in the areas and populations to be served under 
        this grant;
            (2) assurances that Federal funds received under this 
        subtitle shall supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that 
        would otherwise be available for activities funded under this 
        subtitle; and
            (3) assurances that the State has eliminated parole for 
        criminal offenders described in section 101(b).
    (c) Comprehensive Plan.--Each State application shall include a 
comprehensive plan that contains--
            (1) a description of the correctional facility needs in the 
        State, including relevant supporting data;
            (2) a description of the resources available to build 
        additional correctional facility capacity, together with an 
        account of the expenses involved that cannot be met with 
        existing resources at the State and local levels;
            (3) an explanation of how the State will be able to sustain 
        the increased operation and maintenance costs of expanded 
        correctional facility capacity; and
            (4) an evaluation component, including quantifiable data, 
        that measures progress toward meeting the prison capacity goals 
        under this subtitle.

SEC. 103. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.

    Funds appropriated for this subtitle shall be allocated as follows:
            (1) 0.4 percent shall be allocated to each of the States; 
        and
            (2) of the total funds remaining after the allocation under 
        paragraph (1), there shall be allocated to each State an amount 
        which bears the same ratio to the amount of remaining funds 
        described in this paragraph as the population of such State 
        bears to the population of all States.

SEC. 104. RENEWAL AND LIMITATIONS OF GRANTS.

    (a) Renewal of Grants.--A grant may be renewed to each State up to 
4 additional years after the initial grant is awarded, subject to 
availability of funds, if the Director determines that the funds were 
used in a manner required under the approved application and if the 
applicant can demonstrate significant progress in attaining the stated 
goals of this subtitle.
    (b) Construction Funds.--Funds allocated under this subtitle shall 
be used only for the construction of correctional facilities. Funds 
provided under this subtitle shall not be used for purposes of land 
acquisition or for additional correctional facility operations and 
maintenance costs.
    (c) Administrative Cost Limitation.--The State shall use not more 
than 5 percent of the funds available under this subtitle for purposes 
of administration, technical assistance, and evaluation.

SEC. 105. GRANT AWARDS.

    (a) Approval.--The application submitted under this subtitle shall 
be considered approved, in whole or in part, by the Bureau not later 
than 45 days after first received unless the Bureau informs the 
applicant of specific reasons for disapproval.
    (b) Disapproval Notice and Reconsideration.--The Bureau shall not 
disapprove any application without first affording the applicant 
reasonable notice and an opportunity for reconsideration.

SEC. 106. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this subtitle, the term ``correctional facilities'' 
means high security prison facilities.

    Subtitle B--Major Offenders Programs and Felony Parole Violators

SEC. 111. PURPOSES.

    The purpose of this subtitle is to establish or increase the 
capacity of programs in prosecutorial offices and law enforcement 
agencies that prioritize the arrest and prosecution of major offenders 
and felony parole violators.

SEC. 112. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.

    (a) In General.--The Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance 
may make grants under this subtitle to States, for use by the States 
and units of local governments in the States, for purposes of 
developing and increasing the capacity and the effectiveness of major 
offenders programs that prioritize the arrest and prosecution of 
habitual repeat and violent criminal offenders.
    (b) Major Offenders Programs.--The programs referred to in 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) Establishment or expansion of specialized major 
        offender units in law enforcement and criminal prosecutor 
        offices to identify, monitor, arrest, and prosecute major 
        offenders.
            (2) Establishment or expansion of a State crime information 
        center computer data base to include the complete arrest 
        histories of major offenders and parole violator units and 
        other relevant information for use by law enforcement officers 
        and criminal prosecutors.

SEC. 113. STATE APPLICATIONS.

    (a) In General.--(1) To be eligible to receive a grant under this 
subtitle, the chief executive of a State shall submit an application to 
the Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance in such a form and 
containing such information as the Director may reasonably require.
    (2) The State application shall be drafted in consultation and 
cooperation with State and local law enforcement, State and local 
criminal prosecution offices, local governing bodies, and other 
appropriate State and local agencies.
    (3) In such application, a State office or agency shall be 
designated by the chief executive as the lead agency responsible for 
the coordination, implementation, administration, and evaluation of the 
services described in the application in accordance with this subtitle.
    (4) Each State application will contain assurances that the lead 
agency will work in cooperation with the appropriate State and local 
agencies and offices to implement inter agency agreements to carry out 
the provisions of this subtitle.
    (b) General Contents.--Each State application under subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) a description of the law enforcement and prosecutorial 
        problems, as well as the crime problems attributable to major 
        offenders that are encountered in the areas and populations to 
        be served under this grant; and
            (2) assurances that Federal funds received under this 
        subtitle shall supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that 
        would otherwise be available for activities funded under this 
        subtitle.
    (c) Comprehensive Plan.--Under this subtitle, each State 
application shall include a comprehensive plan, containing--
            (1) a description, with supporting data, of the crime 
        problems attributable to major offenders and parole violators 
        that improved law enforcement and prosecution programs may be 
        able to decrease;
            (2) a description of the resources available to implement 
        or expand major offenders and parole violators programs, 
        together with an account of the expenses involved in the plan 
        that cannot be met with existing resources at the State and 
        county levels; and
            (3) an evaluation component, including quantifiable data, 
        that will measure progress toward meeting the goals under this 
        subtitle.

SEC. 114. LOCAL APPLICATIONS.

    (a) In General.--To request funds under this subtitle from a State, 
the chief executive of a unit of local government shall submit an 
application to the lead agency designated under section 112(a)(2) which 
shall, to the extent possible, include all the elements required for 
State grant applications enumerated under this subtitle.
    (b) Approval.--(1) Such application shall be considered approved, 
in whole or in part, by the State not later than 45 days after such 
application is received unless the State informs the applicant in 
writing of specific reasons for disapproval.
    (2) The State shall not disapprove any application submitted to the 
State without first affording the applicant reasonable notice and an 
opportunity for reconsideration.
    (3) If such application is approved, the unit of local government 
is eligible to receive such funds.
    (c) Priority.--In drafting a grant proposal for funds under this 
section, the State shall give priority to applications from local 
governments or geographic regions which have the highest crime rate per 
capita, relative to the rest of the State.

SEC. 115. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.

    (a) Allocation to the States.--Funds appropriated for this subtitle 
shall be allocated as follows:
            (1) 0.4 percent shall be allocated to each of the States; 
        and
            (2) of the total funds remaining after the allocation under 
        paragraph (1), there shall be allocated to each State an amount 
        which bears the same ratio to the amount of remaining funds 
        described in this paragraph as the population of such State 
        bears to the population of all States.
    (b) Allocation to Units of Local Government.--(1) Each State which 
receives funds under subsection (a) in a fiscal year shall distribute 
among units of local government in such State that portion of such 
funds which bears the same ratio to the aggregate amount of such funds 
as the amount of funds expended by all units of local government for 
major offenders in the preceding fiscal year bears to the aggregate 
amount of funds expended by the State and all units of local government 
in such State for major offenders in such preceding fiscal year.
    (2) In distributing funds received under this subtitle among urban, 
rural, and suburban units of local government, the State shall give 
priority to jurisdictions with the greatest need.

SEC. 116. RENEWAL AND LIMITATIONS.

    (a) Renewal of Grants.--A grant may be renewed to each State for up 
to 4 additional years after the first fiscal year a grant is received, 
subject to availability of funds, if the Director determines that funds 
were used in a manner required under the approved application and if 
the applicant can demonstrate significant progress in attaining the 
stated goals of this subtitle.
    (b) Land Restriction.--Funds provided under this subtitle shall not 
be used for purposes of land acquisition, construction, or facility 
operations and maintenance costs.
    (c) Administrative Cost Limitation.--The chief executive of the 
State shall use not more than 5 percent of the funds available under 
this subtitle for purposes of administration, technical assistance, and 
evaluation.

SEC. 117. AWARD OF GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--The Bureau of Justice Assistance shall make a 
grant to carry out the projects described in the State application upon 
determining that--
            (1) the application is consistent with the requirements 
        under this subtitle; and
            (2) before the approval of the application the Bureau has 
        made an affirmative finding in writing that the application has 
        been reviewed in accordance with this title.
    (b) Approval.--The application submitted under this subtitle shall 
be considered approved, in whole or in part, by the Bureau not later 
than 45 days after first received unless the Bureau informs the 
applicant of specific reasons for disapproval.
    (c) Disapproval Notice and Reconsideration.--The Bureau shall not 
disapprove any application without first affording the applicant 
reasonable notice and an opportunity for reconsideration.
    (d) Restriction.--Grant funds received under this subtitle shall 
not be used for land acquisition or construction purposes.

SEC. 118. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this subtitle:
            (1) The term ``major offender'' includes the meaning of the 
        terms habitual repeat offender and violent criminal offender 
        defined in paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively.
            (2) The term ``habitual repeat offender'' means an 
        individual with more than 3 State or Federal felony 
        convictions.
            (3) The term ``violent criminal offender'' means an 
        individual with a conviction for a State or Federal felony 
        offense which--
                    (A) has as an element the use, attempted use, or 
                threatened use of physical force against the person of 
                another; or
                    (B) is burglary, arson, or extortion, involves the 
                use of explosives, or otherwise involves conduct that 
                presents a serious potential risk of physical injury to 
                another.
            (4) The term ``felony parole violator'' means an individual 
        who violates parole.

SEC. 119. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000,000 for each of 
the fiscal years 1994 through 1998 to carry out the projects under this 
title.

          TITLE II--ENDING THE DOUBLE VICTIMIZATION OF SOCIETY

SEC. 201. PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this title is to address the ``double 
victimization'' of society by restricting taxpayer funds that support 
individuals who make a career of committing criminal offenses against 
society and requiring all able-bodied prisoners to repay society for 
the expense of incarceration through prison work programs.

                 Subtitle A--Denial of Federal Benefits

SEC. 211. DENIAL OF FEDERAL BENEFITS TO THIRD-TIME FELONS.

    Any individual who is convicted of 3 Federal or State felony 
offenses shall be ineligible for any Federal benefits.

SEC. 212. CLEARINGHOUSE AND PUBLICATION.

    (a) State and Federal Courts.--State and Federal courts shall send 
information, as determined necessary by the Director of the Office of 
Justice Assistance, regarding the conviction of third-time felons to 
the Office of Justice Assistance in a timely manner.
    (b) Justice Assistance.--The Office of Justice Assistance shall 
maintain a computer listing of individuals convicted of a third Federal 
or State felony offense and update such list in a timely manner.
    (c) General Services Administration.--The Office of Justice 
Assistance shall transfer the names of such individuals to the General 
Services Administration for inclusion in the publication ``Lists of 
Parties Excluded from Federal Procurement or Nonprocurement Programs''.
    (d) Government Agencies.--Representatives of a Government agency 
that is responsible for the distribution of a Federal benefit shall 
consult such publication before granting such benefit.

SEC. 213. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this title, the term ``Federal benefit''--
            (1) means the issuance of any grant, contract, loan, 
        professional license, commercial license, welfare, or public 
        housing provided by an agency of the United States or by 
        appropriated funds of the United States; and
            (2) does not include a benefit for which payment or 
        services are required for eligibility.

SEC. 214. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
necessary to carry out the provisions of this subtitle.

SEC. 215. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    The denial of Federal benefits set forth in this subtitle shall 
take effect for convictions occurring after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.

                    Subtitle B--Prison Work Programs

SEC. 221. FORMULA GRANT REDUCTION.

    Section 506 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) In order not to reduce the funds available under this subpart 
by 25 percent (for redistribution to other participating States), a 
State shall, on the first day of each fiscal year succeeding fiscal 
year 1993 implement or continue a prison work fare program that 
requires an inmate, who is physically able (as determined by the State 
Director of Corrections), to work a portion of each day.''.

            TITLE III--REPEAL OF SUPERVISED RELEASE PROGRAM

SEC. 301. ELIMINATION OF SUPERVISED RELEASE.

    Section 3583 of title 18, United States Code, is repealed.

                    TITLE IV--DRUG PARAPHERNALIA TAX

SEC. 401. TAX ON SMOKING PARAPHERNALIA; DRUG USE PREVENTION TRUST FUND.

    (a) Tax on Smoking Paraphernalia.--
            (1) In general.--Section 5701 of the Internal Revenue Code 
        of 1986 (relating to rate of tax on cigars, cigarettes, 
        smokeless tobacco, pipe tobacco, and cigarette papers and 
        tubes) is amended by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
        (h) and by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g) Certain Smoking Paraphernalia.--On taxable smoking 
paraphernalia manufactured in or imported into the United States, there 
shall be imposed a tax equal to 100 percent of the price for which 
sold.''.
            (2) Determination of price.--Subsection (m) of section 5702 
        of such Code is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``on Cigars'' in the heading, and
                    (B) by striking ``section 5701(a)(2)'' and 
                inserting ``subsections (a)(2) and (g) of section 
                5701''.
            (3) Taxable smoking paraphernalia.--Section 5702 of such 
        Code is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(o) Taxable Smoking Paraphernalia.--The term `taxable smoking 
paraphernalia' means metal, plastic, or glass smoking pipes; water 
pipes; smoking and carburetion masks; chamber pipes; carburetor pipes; 
electric pipes; air-driven pipes; chillums; bongs; ice pipes or 
chillers, and any other item that the Secretary determines is primarily 
used for smoking any substance other than tobacco.''.
    (b) Increase in Tax on Cigarette Papers.--Subsection (c) of section 
5701 of such Code is amended by striking ``0.75 cent (0.625 cent on 
cigarette papers removed during 1991 or 1992)'' and inserting ``2 
cents''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall apply to articles removed after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.

                           TITLE V--FINANCING

                     Subtitle A--National Security

SEC. 501. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INCREASED BURDEN SHARING BY ALLIES OF 
              THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Defense Cost-Sharing Agreements.--It is the sense of Congress 
that the President should enter into negotiations with each foreign 
nation referred to in subsection (b)(1) that is not excluded by 
subsection (b)(2) to seek to conclude an agreement that provides for 
such nation to pay at least 50 percent of the overseas basing costs 
that are incurred for the stationing of members of the Armed Forces of 
the United States and related civilian employees of the Department of 
Defense in that nation as a result of the implementation of a bilateral 
or multilateral defense agreement with that nation.
    (b) Covered Foreign Nations.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph 
(2), subsection (a) applies with respect to the following foreign 
nations:
            (A) Each member nation of the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization (other than the United States).
            (B) Every other foreign nation with which the United States 
        has a bilateral or multilateral defense agreement that provides 
        for the assignment of combat units of the Armed Forces of the 
        United States to permanent duty ashore in that nation.
    (2) Subsection (a) does not apply with respect to any foreign 
nation--
            (A) that receives assistance or financing under--
                    (i) section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
                U.S.C. 2763), relating to the foreign military 
                financing program; or
                    (ii) the provisions of chapter 4 of part II of the 
                Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et 
                seq.);
            (B) in which not more than 1,000 members of the Armed 
        Forces of the United States and related civilian employees of 
        the Department of Defense are assigned to permanent duty ashore 
        as a result of the implementation of a bilateral or 
        multilateral defense agreement; or
            (C) that has agreed to assume, not later than January 1, 
        1995, at least 50 percent of the overseas basing costs of the 
        United States in that nation.
    (c) Use of Funds for Paying Overseas Basing Costs.--(1) It is the 
sense of Congress that funds should not be expended to pay more than 
the allowable percent of the overseas basing costs that are incurred 
during a fiscal year referred to in paragraph (2) for the stationing of 
members of the Armed Forces of the United States and related civilian 
employees of the Department of Defense in a nation referred to in 
subsection (a) as a result of the implementation of a bilateral or 
multilateral defense agreement with that nation.
    (2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the allowable percent for a 
fiscal year is as follows:
            (A) For fiscal year 1995, 84 percent.
            (B) For fiscal year 1996, 75 percent.
            (C) For fiscal year 1997, 60 percent.
            (D) For each fiscal year that begins after September 30, 
        1997, 50 percent.
    (d) Overseas Basing Costs Defined.--In this section, the term 
``overseas basing costs'' means all costs related to the operation of 
installations in foreign countries at which forces of the Armed Forces 
of the United States are based, as determined by the Secretary of 
Defense using the methodology used in preparing the ``Fiscal Year 1994 
Budget Estimate, Department of Defense'', dated April 1993, and the 
``Report on Allied Contributions to the Common Defense'', dated May 
1993. The term--
            (1) includes, among other costs--
                    (A) pay for foreign nationals;
                    (B) costs of utilities;
                    (C) costs of local services;
                    (D) costs of military construction projects;
                    (E) costs of real property maintenance;
                    (F) costs of environmental restoration;
                    (G) leasing costs;
                    (H) taxes;
                    (I) user fees;
                    (J) tolls; and
                    (K) import duties;
            (2) does not include--
                    (A) the rent value of land or facilities provided 
                to the United States by foreign nations covered by this 
                section in excess of amounts actually paid by such 
                nations to private owners of such land or facilities; 
                and
                    (B) revenue foregone by foreign nations covered by 
                this section in providing rent-free land or facilities 
                to the United States; and
            (3) does not include the pay and allowances of members of 
        the Armed Forces of the United States and civilian employees of 
        the Department of Defense.

SEC. 502. STREAMLINING AND REORGANIZATION OF CORPS OF ENGINEERS.

    The Secretary of the Army shall reorganize the United States Army 
Corps of Engineers by reorganizing the headquarters offices, reducing 
the number of division offices from 11 to not more than 6, and 
restructuring the district functions so as to increase the efficiency 
of the United States Army Corps of Engineers and reduce staff and 
costs, to achieve at least $50,000,000 in net annual savings by fiscal 
year 1998.

SEC. 503. RESCISSION OF CERTAIN DEFENSE ADD-ONS.

    (a) Military Construction.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``Military Construction, Army Reserve'' in the Military 
Construction Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-110), $15,000,000 is 
rescinded, to be derived from the Georgia-Fort McPherson Command 
Headquarters, Phase I, project.
    (b) Defense Procurement.--Of the funds made available in the 
Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-139), the 
following amounts are rescinded from the following accounts and 
programs:
            (1) ``Other Procurement, Army'', $15,000,000, to be derived 
        from common hardware and software.
            (2) ``Other Procurement, Navy'', $30,000,000, to be derived 
        from spare and repair parts.
            (3) ``Other Procurement, Navy'', $12,000,000, to be derived 
        from weapons range support equipment.
            (4) ``Other Procurement, Army'', $10,000,000, to be derived 
        from tactical trailers/dolly sets.
            (5) ``Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy'', $50,000,000, to 
        be derived from advance procurement of LHD-7.

SEC. 504. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR MK-19 GRENADE LAUNCHER PROGRAM.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``Procurement of 
Weapons and Tracked Combat Vehicles, Army'' in the Department of 
Defense Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-139), $15,000,000 is 
rescinded, to be derived from the MK-19 automatic grenade launcher 
program.

SEC. 505. TERMINATION OF C-26 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of Defense shall cancel the C-26 aircraft program. 
Funds appropriated for the Department of Defense may not be obligated 
after the date of the enactment of this Act for procurement of new 
aircraft under that program other than for contract termination or 
cancellation costs.

SEC. 506. TERMINATION OF MOBILE IN-SHORE UNDERSEA WARFARE VANS PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of Defense shall cancel the Mobile In-Shore Undersea 
Warfare Vans program. Funds appropriated for the Department of Defense 
may not be obligated after the date of the enactment of this Act for 
procurement under that program other than for contract termination or 
cancellation costs.

SEC. 507. RESCISSION OF CERTAIN DEFENSE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE 
              FUNDS.

    Of the funds made available in the Department of Defense 
Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-139), the following amounts are 
rescinded from the following accounts:
            (1) ``Operation and Maintenance, Army'', $88,020,000 to be 
        derived from general reduction DBOF, and $15,180,000 to be 
        derived from inventories.
            (2) ``Operation and Maintenance, Navy'', $109,270,000 to be 
        derived from general reduction DBOF, and $27,555,000 to be 
        derived from inventories.
            (3) ``Operation and Maintenance, Air Force'', $94,140,000 
        to be derived from general reduction DBOF, and $12,265,000 to 
        be derived from inventories.

SEC. 508. REDUCTION IN PUBLIC LAW 480 FOOD FOR PEACE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 103 of title I of the Agricultural Trade 
Development and Assistance Act of 1954 is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(f) Modification of Terms and Conditions During Certain Years.--
The Secretary shall set the terms and conditions of agreements entered 
into under this title after the date of the enactment of this 
subsection so that--
            ``(1) the length of the loan does not exceed 20 years;
            ``(2) the length of the grace period does not exceed 5 
        years;
            ``(3) the interest rate during the grace period is not less 
        than 3 percent; and
            ``(4) the interest rate during the payback period is not 
        less than 5 percent.''.
    (b) Rescission of Funds.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``Public Law 480 Program Account'' in the Agriculture, Rural 
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-111)--
            (1) $69,378,000 is rescinded from the amounts provided for 
        programs under title I of the Agricultural Trade Development 
        and Assistance Act of 1954 and the Food for Progress Act of 
        1985; and
            (2) $56,017,000 is rescinded from the amount provided for 
        commodities supplied in connection with dispositions abroad 
        pursuant to title III of the Agricultural Trade Development and 
        Assistance Act of 1954.

SEC. 509. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR WORLD BANK.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``Contribution to the 
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development'' in the Foreign 
Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
1994 (Pub. L. 103-87)--
            (1) $27,910,500 provided for paid-in capital is rescinded; 
        and
            (2) $902,439,500 provided for callable capital is 
        rescinded.

SEC. 510. REDUCTION IN FUNDING FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT 
              ASSOCIATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 526 of the Foreign Operations, Export 
Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1994 (Public Law 
103-87) is amended by inserting before the period at the end ``, of 
which not more than $957,142,857 shall be available for fiscal year 
1994, and not more than $957,142,857 shall be available for fiscal year 
1995''.
    (b) Rescission of Funds.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``Contribution to the International Development Association'' 
in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-87), $67,189,143 is rescinded.

SEC. 511. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``Foreign Military 
Financing Program'' in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and 
Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-87), $25,721,000 
is rescinded, to be derived from grants.

SEC. 512. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, 
              DEPARTMENT OF STATE, AND UNITED STATES INFORMATION 
              AGENCY.

    (a) AID.--Of the funds made available under the heading ``Agency 
for International Development--Development Assistance Fund'' in 
appropriations Acts for fiscal year 1994 and prior fiscal years to 
carry out the provisions of sections 103 through 106 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961, $160,000,000 is rescinded.
    (b) Department of State.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``Department of State--Administration of Foreign Affairs--
Diplomatic and Consular Programs'' in the Departments of Commerce, 
Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $600,000 is rescinded.
    (c) USIA.--
            (1) Salaries and expenses.--Of the funds made available 
        under the heading ``United States Information Agency--Salaries 
        and Expenses'' in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and 
        State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 
        1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $3,000,000 is rescinded.
            (2) North/south center.--Of the funds made available under 
        the heading ``United States Information Agency--North/South 
        Center'' in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, 
        the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 
        (Pub. L. 103-121), $8,700,000 is rescinded.

      Subtitle B--Physical Capital, Natural Resources, and Science

SEC. 521. TERMINATION OF SPACELIFTER PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The United States shall not obligate any funds for 
the acquisition or operation of any space launch system not in 
operation as of the date of enactment of this Act.
    (b) Rescission of Funds.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Defense-Wide'' in 
the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-139), 
$10,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from the new medium lift 
vehicle (Spacelifter) program.

SEC. 522. DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE, SPACE, ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Department of 
Science, Space, Energy, and Technology Organization Act of 1993''.
    (b) General Provisions.--
            (1) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
                    (A) the advancement of science and technology is a 
                vital national goal which is essential for the 
                continued economic well being of the United States;
                    (B) the creation of new scientific information and 
                technological development are generators of new wealth 
                and jobs;
                    (C) consolidation of the Federal agencies which 
                conduct and support science and technology activities 
                will focus the resources of the Federal Government and 
                will lead to better coordination of the overall effort 
                of those agencies to carry out the research and 
                development objectives of the United States;
                    (D) the elimination of duplication of functions 
                within the scientific and technical agencies of the 
                Federal Government will lead to cost savings for the 
                Government; and
                    (E) the creation of the Department of Science, 
                Space, Energy, and Technology will increase the 
                dissemination of technology through the improved 
                coordination of technology transfer from the Federal 
                Government to the private sector.
            (2) Definitions.--As used in this section, unless otherwise 
        provided or indicated by the context--
                    (A) the term ``Department'' means the Department of 
                Science, Space, Energy, and Technology;
                    (B) the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
                Science, Space, Energy, and Technology;
                    (C) the term ``Deputy Secretary'' means the Deputy 
                Secretary of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology;
                    (D) the term ``function'' includes any duty, 
                obligation, power, authority, responsibility, right, 
                privilege, activity, or program; and
                    (E) the term ``office'' includes any office, 
                institute, council, unit, or organizational entity, or 
                any component thereof.
    (c) Establishment of the Department.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is authorized an executive 
        department to be known as the Department of Science, Space, 
        Energy, and Technology. The Department shall be administered, 
        in accordance with the provisions of this section, under the 
        supervision and direction of a Secretary of Science, Space, 
        Energy, and Technology. The Secretary shall be appointed by the 
        President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. 
        The Secretary shall receive basic pay at the rate payable for 
        level I of the Executive Schedule under section 5312 of title 
        5, United States Code.
            (2) Principal officers.--
                    (A) Deputy secretary.--(i) There shall be in the 
                Department a Deputy Secretary of Science, Space, 
                Energy, and Technology who shall be appointed by the 
                President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
                Senate. During the absence or disability of the 
                Secretary, or in the event of a vacancy in the office 
                of the Secretary, the Deputy Secretary shall act as 
                Secretary. The Secretary shall designate the order in 
                which other officials of the Department shall act for 
                and perform the functions of the Secretary during the 
                absence or disability of both the Secretary and Deputy 
                Secretary or in the event of vacancies in both of those 
                offices. The Deputy Secretary shall receive basic pay 
                at the rate payable for level II of the Executive 
                Schedule under section 5313 of title 5, United States 
                Code.
                    (ii) The Deputy Secretary shall perform such other 
                duties and exercise such powers as the Secretary may 
                from time to time prescribe.
                    (B) Under secretaries.--(i) There shall be in the 
                Department--
                            (I) an Under Secretary of Research who 
                        shall, on the transfer of functions and offices 
                        under subsection (d), serve as the Director of 
                        the National Science Foundation;
                            (II) an Under Secretary of Technology who 
                        shall, on the transfer of functions and offices 
                        under subsection (d), serve as the 
                        Administrator of the National Institute of 
                        Standards and Technology, the National 
                        Technical Information Service, the National 
                        Telecommunications and Information 
                        Administration, and the Patent and Trademark 
                        Office;
                            (III) an Under Secretary of Energy who 
                        shall, on the transfer of functions and offices 
                        under subsection (d), serve as the 
                        Administrator of the National Energy 
                        Administration;
                            (IV) an Under Secretary of Space who shall, 
                        on the transfer of functions and offices under 
                        subsection (d), serve as the Administrator of 
                        the National Aeronautics and Space 
                        Administration; and
                            (V) an Under Secretary of Oceanic and 
                        Atmospheric Affairs who shall, on the transfer 
                        of functions and offices under subsection (d), 
                        serve as the Administrator of the National 
                        Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
                    (ii) Each of the Under Secretaries shall be 
                appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
                consent of the Senate. The Under Secretaries shall 
                receive basic pay at the rate payable for level III of 
                the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, 
                United States Code.
                    (C) Assistant secretaries.--(i) There shall be as 
                many as 20 Assistant Secretaries in the Department. 
                Among the Assistant Secretaries shall be--
                            (I) an Assistant Secretary for 
                        Administration who shall serve as the Chief 
                        Financial Officer of the Department;
                            (II) an Assistant Secretary for Policy and 
                        Budget;
                            (III) an Assistant Secretary for 
                        Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs;
                            (IV) an Assistant Secretary for Technology 
                        Transfer and Commercial Programs; and
                            (V) an Assistant Secretary for 
                        International Programs.
                    (ii) Each of the Assistant Secretaries shall be 
                appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
                consent of the Senate. The Assistant Secretaries shall 
                receive basic pay at the rate payable for level IV of 
                the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, 
                United States Code.
                    (D) General counsel.--There shall be in the 
                Department a General Counsel who shall administer the 
                Office of General Counsel. The General Counsel shall be 
                appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
                consent of the Senate. The General Counsel shall 
                receive basic pay at the rate payable for level IV of 
                the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, 
                United States Code.
                    (E) Inspector general.--There shall be in the 
                Department an Inspector General appointed in accordance 
                with the Inspector General Act of 1978. The Inspector 
                General shall receive basic pay at the rate payable for 
                level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 
                of title 5, United States Code.
                    (F) Additional officers.--In addition to the 
                officers specified in subparagraphs (A) through (E) and 
                the 24 members of the Board of Directors of the 
                National Science Foundation, there shall be in the 
                Department not more than 10 additional officers who 
                shall be appointed by the President, by and with the 
                advice and consent of the Senate. The officers 
                appointed under this subparagraph shall perform such 
                functions as the Secretary shall prescribe.
                    (G) Specification of functions.--Whenever the 
                President submits the name of an individual to the 
                Senate for confirmation as an officer of the Department 
                under this paragraph, the President shall state the 
                particular functions of the Department such individual 
                will exercise upon taking office, consistent with the 
                requirements of this section.
                    (H) Line of authority; additional functions.--Each 
                officer of the Department referred to in subparagraphs 
                (A) through (F) shall report directly to the Secretary 
                and shall, in addition to any functions vested in or 
                required to be delegated to such officer, perform such 
                additional functions as the Secretary may prescribe.
    (d) Transfers of Functions and Offices.--
            (1) Transfer of the national aeronautics and space 
        administration.--There is transferred to the Department the 
        National Aeronautics and Space Administration, along with all 
        of its functions and offices.
            (2) Transfer of the national institute of standards and 
        technology.--There is transferred to the Department the 
        National Institute of Standards and Technology, along with all 
        of its functions and offices.
            (3) Transfer of the national science foundation.--There is 
        transferred to the Department the National Science Foundation, 
        along with all of its functions and offices.
            (4) Transfer of the national oceanic and atmospheric 
        administration.--There is transferred to the Department the 
        National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, along with all 
        of its functions and offices.
            (5) Transfer of the national technical information 
        service.--There is transferred to the Department the National 
        Technical Information Service, along with all of its functions 
        and offices.
            (6) Transfer of the patent and trademark office.--There is 
        transferred to the Department the Patent and Trademark Office, 
        along with all of its functions and offices.
            (7) Transfer of the department of energy.--There is 
        transferred to the Department the Department of Energy, which 
        shall be renamed the National Energy Administration, along with 
        all of its functions and offices, except for the following 
        facilities, which shall be transferred to the Department of 
        Defense:
                    (A) The Feed Materials Production Center at 
                Fernald, Ohio.
                    (B) The Extrusion Plant at Ashtabula, Ohio.
                    (C) The Savannah River Plant, including the 
                Savannah River Weapons Facility, at Aiken, South 
                Carolina.
                    (D) The Hanford Production Operations at Richland, 
                Washington.
                    (E) The Nevada Test Site.
                    (F) The Kansas City Plant at Kansas City, Missouri.
                    (G) The Rocky Flats Plant located between Golden 
                and Boulder, Colorado.
                    (H) The Pantex Plant located near Amarillo, Texas.
                    (I) The Pinellas Plant at St. Petersburg, Florida.
                    (J) The Mound Facility at Miamisburg, Ohio.
                    (K) The Y-12 Plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
            (8) Transfer of the national telecommunications and 
        information administration.--There is transferred to the 
        Department the National Telecommunications and Information 
        Administration, along with all of its functions and offices.
            (9) Effective date.--This subsection shall take effect--
                    (A) 180 days after the first Secretary takes office 
                under subsection (c)(1); or
                    (B) on any date earlier than the date described in 
                subparagraph (A), but later than September 30, 1994, 
                that the President designates through publication in 
                the Federal Register.
    (e) Administrative Provisions.--
            (1) Personnel provisions.--
                    (A) Officers and employees.--
                            (i) General authority.--The Secretary is 
                        authorized to appoint and fix the compensation 
                        of such officers and employees as may be 
                        necessary to carry out the functions of the 
                        Secretary and the Department. Except as 
                        otherwise provided by law, such officers and 
                        employees shall be appointed in accordance with 
                        the civil service laws and their compensation 
                        fixed in accordance with title 5 of the United 
                        States Code.
                            (ii) Temporary super grade and technical 
                        positions.--(I)(aa) At the request of the 
                        Secretary, the Director of the Office of 
                        Personnel Management shall, under section 5108 
                        of title 5, United States Code, provide for the 
                        establishment in each of the grade levels GS-
                        16, GS-17, and GS-18 of a number of positions 
                        in the Department equal to the number of 
                        positions in that grade level which were used 
                        primarily for the performance of functions and 
                        offices transferred under subsection (d) and 
                        which were assigned and filled on the day 
                        before such transfer.
                            (bb) Appointments to positions provided for 
                        under this subclause may be made without regard 
                        to the provisions of section 3324 of title 5, 
                        United States Code, if the individual appointed 
                        in such position is an individual who is 
                        transferred in connection with the transfer of 
                        functions and offices under subsection (d) and, 
                        on the day before such transfer, holds a 
                        position and has duties comparable to those of 
                        the position to which appointed hereunder.
                            (II) At the request of the Secretary, the 
                        Director of the Office of Personnel Management 
                        shall, under section 3104 of title 5, United 
                        States Code, provide for the establishment in 
                        the Department of a number of scientific and 
                        professional positions outside of the General 
                        Schedule equal to the number of such positions 
                        which were used primarily for the performance 
                        of functions and offices transferred under 
                        subsection (d) and which were assigned and 
                        filled on the day before such transfer.
                            (III) The authority under this clause with 
                        respect to any position shall terminate when 
                        the person first appointed to fill such 
                        position ceases to hold such position.
                            (IV) For purposes of section 414(a)(3)(A) 
                        of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, an 
                        individual appointed under this clause shall be 
                        deemed to occupy the same position as the 
                        individual occupied on the day before the 
                        transfer of functions and offices under 
                        subsection (d).
                            (iii) Transitional senior executive service 
                        positions.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
                        of law, the Director of the Office of Personnel 
                        Management shall establish positions within the 
                        Senior Executive Service for 5 limited-term 
                        appointees. The Secretary shall appoint 
                        individuals to such positions as provided by 
                        section 3394 of title 5, United States Code. 
                        Such positions shall expire on the later of 3 
                        years after the date of the transfer of 
                        functions and offices under subsection (d) or 3 
                        years after the initial appointment to each 
                        position. Positions in effect under this clause 
                        shall be taken into account in applying the 
                        limitation on positions prescribed under 
                        section 3134(e) and section 5108 of such title.
                    (B) Experts and consultants.--The Secretary may as 
                provided in appropriation Acts obtain the services of 
                experts and consultants in accordance with the 
                provisions of section 3109 of title 5, United States 
                Code, and may compensate such experts and consultants 
                at rates not to exceed the daily rate prescribed for 
                GS-18 of the General Schedule under subchapter III of 
                chapter 53 of such title.
                    (C) Personnel reduction.--
                            (i) Full-time employee limitations.--Not 
                        later than the end of the first fiscal year 
                        beginning after the date of the transfer of 
                        functions and offices under subsection (d), the 
                        number of full-time equivalent personnel 
                        positions available for performing functions 
                        transferred to the Secretary or the Department 
                        under such subsection shall be reduced by not 
                        less than 350.
                            (ii) Computations.--Computations required 
                        to be made for purposes of this subparagraph 
                        shall be made on the basis of all personnel 
                        employed by the Department, including experts 
                        and consultants employed under section 3109 of 
                        title 5, United States Code, and all other 
                        part-time and full-time personnel employed to 
                        perform functions of the Secretary or the 
                        Department, except personnel employed under 
                        special programs for students and disadvantaged 
                        youth (including temporary summer employment).
                            (iii) Report to congress.--The Director of 
                        the Office of Personnel Management shall, as 
                        soon as practicable, but not later than one 
                        year after the date of the transfer of 
                        functions and offices under subsection (d), 
                        prepare and transmit to the Congress a report 
                        on the effects on employees of the 
                        reorganization under this section, which shall 
                        include--
                                    (I) an identification of any 
                                position within the Department or 
                                elsewhere in the executive branch, 
                                which it considers unnecessary due to 
                                consolidation of functions under this 
                                section;
                                    (II) a statement of the number of 
                                employees entitled to grade or pay 
                                retention under subchapter VI of 
                                chapter 53 of title 5, United States 
                                Code, by reason of the reorganization 
                                under this section;
                                    (III) a statement of the number of 
                                employees who are voluntarily or 
                                involuntarily separated by reason of 
                                such reorganization;
                                    (IV) an estimate of the personnel 
                                costs associated with such 
                                reorganization;
                                    (V) the effects of such 
                                reorganization on labor management 
                                relations; and
                                    (VI) such legislative and 
                                administrative recommendations for 
                                improvements in personnel management 
                                within the Department as the Director 
                                considers necessary.
            (2) General administrative provisions.--
                    (A) General authority.--In carrying out any 
                function transferred by this section, the Secretary, or 
                any officer or employee of the Department, may exercise 
                any authority available by law with respect to such 
                function to the official or agency from which such 
                function is transferred, and the actions of the 
                Secretary in exercising such authority shall have the 
                same force and effect as when exercised by such 
                official or agency.
                    (B) Delegation.--Except as otherwise provided in 
                this section, the Secretary may delegate any function 
                to such officers and employees of the Department as the 
                Secretary may designate, and may authorize such 
                successive redelegations of such functions within the 
                Department as may be necessary or appropriate. No 
                delegation of functions by the Secretary under this 
                subparagraph or under any other provision of this 
                section shall relieve the Secretary of responsibility 
                for the administration of such functions.
                    (C) Reorganization.--
                            (i) Authority of secretary.--Except as 
                        provided in clause (ii), the Secretary is 
                        authorized to allocate or reallocate functions 
                        among the officers of the Department, and to 
                        establish, consolidate, alter, or abolish such 
                        offices or positions within the Department as 
                        may be necessary or appropriate.
                            (ii) Authority with respect to statutory 
                        entities.--The Secretary may not--
                                    (I) abolish any office or position 
                                transferred to the Department and 
                                established by statute, or any function 
                                vested by statute in such an office or 
                                an officer of such an office;
                                    (II) abolish any office or position 
                                established by this section; or
                                    (III) alter the delegation of 
                                functions to any specific office or 
                                position required by this section,
                        unless a period of 90 days has passed after the 
                        receipt by the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
                        and Transportation of the Senate and the 
                        Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of 
                        the House of Representatives of notice given by 
                        the Secretary containing a full and complete 
                        statement of the action proposed to be taken 
                        pursuant to this clause and the facts and 
                        circumstances relied upon in support of such 
                        proposed action.
                    (D) Regulations.--The Secretary is authorized to 
                prescribe such rules and regulations as the Secretary 
                determines necessary or appropriate to administer and 
                manage the functions of the Secretary or the 
                Department, in accordance with chapter 5 of title 5, 
                United States Code.
                    (E) Contracts.--
                            (i) In general.--Subject to the Federal 
                        Property and Administrative Services Act of 
                        1949 and other applicable Federal law, the 
                        Secretary is authorized to make, enter into, 
                        and perform such contracts, grants, leases, 
                        cooperative agreements, and other similar 
                        transactions with Federal or other public 
                        agencies (including State and local 
                        governments) and private organizations and 
                        persons, and to make such payments, by way of 
                        advance or reimbursement, as the Secretary may 
                        determine necessary or appropriate to carry out 
                        functions of the Secretary or the Department.
                            (ii) Appropriation authority required.--No 
                        authority to enter into contracts or to make 
                        payments under this section shall be effective 
                        except to such extent or in such amounts as are 
                        provided in advance under appropriation Acts. 
                        This subsection shall not apply with respect to 
                        the authority granted under subparagraph (J).
                    (F) Regional and field offices.--The Secretary is 
                authorized to establish, alter, discontinue, or 
                maintain such regional or other field offices as the 
                Secretary may find necessary or appropriate to perform 
                functions of the Secretary or the Department.
                    (G) Acquisition and maintenance of property.--
                            (i) Authority of secretary.--To the extent 
                        necessary to carry out functions under this and 
                        any other Act, the Secretary is authorized to 
                        provide appropriate facilities and services 
                        necessary for carrying out such functions or 
                        necessary for the health and welfare of the 
                        Department's employees, including--
                                    (I) to acquire (by purchase, lease, 
                                condemnation, contract, or otherwise), 
                                construct, improve, repair, operate, 
                                maintain, and provide transportation 
                                to--
                                            (aa) schools and related 
                                        facilities;
                                            (bb) laboratories;
                                            (cc) research and testing 
                                        sites and facilities;
                                            (dd) quarters and related 
                                        accommodations, including 
                                        eating facilities, for 
                                        employees and dependents of 
                                        employees of the Department; 
                                        and
                                            (ee) personal property 
                                        (including patents), or any 
                                        interest therein; and
                                    (II) to provide reimbursement for 
                                food, clothing, medicine, and other 
                                supplies furnished by such employees in 
                                emergencies for the temporary relief of 
                                distressed persons.
                            (ii) Limitation.--The authority granted by 
                        clause (i) shall be available only with respect 
                        to facilities of a special purpose nature or at 
                        a remote location that cannot readily be 
                        reassigned from similar Federal activities and 
                        are not otherwise available for assignment to 
                        the Department by the Administrator of General 
                        Services.
                    (H) Use of facilities.--
                            (i) Authority to use.--With their consent, 
                        the Secretary may, with or without 
                        reimbursement, use the research, equipment, 
                        services, and facilities of any agency or 
                        instrumentality of the United States, of any 
                        State or political subdivision thereof, or of 
                        any foreign government, in carrying out any 
                        function of the Secretary or the Department.
                            (ii) Authority to permit use.--The 
                        Secretary is authorized to permit public and 
                        private agencies, corporations, associations, 
                        organizations, or individuals to use any real 
                        property, or any facilities, structures, or 
                        other improvements thereon, under the custody 
                        and control of the Secretary for Department 
                        purposes. The Secretary shall permit the use of 
                        such property, facilities, structures, or 
                        improvements under such terms and rates and for 
                        such period as may be in the public interest, 
                        except that the periods of such uses may not 
                        exceed 5 years. The Secretary may require 
                        permittees under this subparagraph to 
                        recondition and maintain, at their own expense, 
                        the real property, facilities, structures, and 
                        improvements used by such permittees to a 
                        standard satisfactory to the Secretary. This 
                        clause shall not apply to excess property as 
                        defined in section 3(e) of the Federal Property 
                        and Administrative Services Act of 1949.
                            (iii) Crediting of reimbursements.--
                        Proceeds from reimbursements under this 
                        subparagraph shall be deposited in a separate 
                        fund which shall be available to the Secretary 
                        without appropriation or fiscal year 
                        limitation, for carrying out the functions of 
                        the Secretary under this or any other Act.
                            (iv) Interests in real property.--Any 
                        interest in real property acquired pursuant to 
                        this section shall be acquired in the name of 
                        the United States Government.
                    (I) Copyrights and patents.--
                            (i) Acquisition of rights.--The Secretary 
                        is authorized to acquire any of the following 
                        described rights if the rights acquired thereby 
                        are for use by or for, or useful to, the 
                        Department:
                                    (I) Copyrights, patents, designs, 
                                processes, and manufacturing data.
                                    (II) Licenses in connection with 
                                copyrights and patents.
                                    (III) Releases for past 
                                infringement of patents or copyrights.
                            (ii) Disposition.--Notwithstanding clause 
                        (i), the disposition of all copyrights and 
                        patents and other intellectual property owned 
                        or developed for the Department shall be 
                        governed by chapter 18 of title 35, United 
                        States Code (commonly referred to as the Bayh-
                        Dole Act), section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler 
                        Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 
                        3710(a)), the National Aeronautics and Space 
                        Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2451 et seq.), or the 
                        National Competitiveness Technology Transfer 
                        Act of 1989, as appropriate.
                    (J) Gifts and bequests.--The Secretary is 
                authorized to accept, hold, administer, and utilize 
                gifts, bequests, and devises of property, both real and 
                personal, for the purpose of aiding or facilitating the 
                work of the Department. Gifts, bequests, and devises of 
                money, and proceeds from sales of other property 
                received as gifts, bequests, or devises, shall be 
                deposited in the Treasury and shall be available for 
                disbursement upon the order of the Secretary.
                    (K) Technical advice.--
                            (i) Authority to provide.--The Secretary is 
                        authorized, upon request, to provide advice, 
                        counsel, and technical assistance to applicants 
                        or potential applicants for grants and 
                        contracts and other interested persons with 
                        respect to any functions of the Secretary or 
                        the Department.
                            (ii) Consolidation of Applications.--The 
                        Secretary may permit the consolidation of 
                        applications for grants or contracts with 
                        respect to two or more functions of the 
                        Secretary or the Department, but such 
                        consolidation shall not alter the statutory 
                        criteria for approval of applications for 
                        funding with respect to such functions.
                    (L) Working capital fund.--
                            (i) Establishment and use.--The Secretary, 
                        with the approval of the Director of the Office 
                        of Management and Budget, is authorized to 
                        establish for the Department a working capital 
                        fund (in this subparagraph referred to as the 
                        ``fund''), to be available without fiscal year 
                        limitation, for expenses necessary for the 
                        maintenance and operation of an administrative 
                        services office to provide such common 
                        administrative services as the Secretary shall 
                        find to be desirable in the interests of 
                        economy and efficiency, including such services 
                        as--
                                    (I) a central supply service for 
                                stationery and other supplies and 
                                equipment for which adequate stocks may 
                                be maintained to meet in whole or in 
                                part the requirements of the Department 
                                and its offices;
                                    (II) central messenger, mail, 
                                telephone, and other communications 
                                services;
                                    (III) office space, and central 
                                services for document reproduction, for 
                                graphics, and for visual aids; and
                                    (IV) a central library service.
                            (ii) Operation of fund.--The capital of the 
                        fund shall consist of any appropriations made 
                        for the purpose of providing working capital 
                        and the fair and reasonable value of such 
                        stocks of supplies, equipment, and other assets 
                        and inventories on order as the Secretary may 
                        transfer to the administrative services office, 
                        less the related liabilities and unpaid 
                        obligations. There shall be transferred to the 
                        administrative services office the stocks of 
                        supplies, equipment, other assets, liabilities, 
                        and unpaid obligations relating to the services 
                        which the Secretary determines, with the 
                        approval of the Director of the Office of 
                        Management and Budget, will be performed. 
                        Administrative supplies and services provided 
                        by such office shall be paid for in advance 
                        from available funds of agencies and offices in 
                        the Department, or from other sources, at rates 
                        that will approximate the expense of operation. 
                        The fund shall also be credited with receipts 
                        from sale or exchange of property and receipts 
                        in payment for loss or damage to property.
                    (M) Funds transfer.--The Secretary may, when 
                authorized in an appropriation Act for any fiscal year, 
                transfer funds from one appropriation to another within 
                the Department, except that no appropriations for any 
                fiscal year shall be either increased or decreased 
                pursuant to this subparagraph by more than 10 percent 
                and no such transfer shall result in increasing any 
                such appropriation above the amount authorized to be 
                appropriated therefor.
                    (N) Seal of department.--The Secretary shall cause 
                a seal of office to be made for the Department of such 
                design as the Secretary shall approve. Judicial notice 
                shall be taken of such seal.
                    (O) Annual report.--
                            (i) In general.--The Secretary shall, as 
                        soon as practicable after the close of each 
                        fiscal year, make a single, comprehensive 
                        report to the President for transmission to the 
                        Congress on the activities of the Department 
                        during such fiscal year.
                            (ii) Contracting-out report.--The report 
                        required by clause (i) shall also include an 
                        estimate of the extent of the non-Federal 
                        personnel employed pursuant to contracts 
                        entered into by the Department under 
                        subparagraph (E) or under any other authority 
                        (including any subcontract thereunder), the 
                        number of such contracts and subcontracts 
                        pursuant to which non-Federal personnel are 
                        employed, and the total cost of those contracts 
                        and subcontracts.
    (f) Transitional, Savings, and Conforming Provisions.--
            (1) Transfer and allocation of appropriations and 
        personnel.--
                    (A) Transfer to secretary.--Except as otherwise 
                provided in this section, the personnel employed in 
                connection with, and the assets, liabilities, 
                contracts, property, records, and unexpended balance of 
                appropriations, authorizations, allocations, and other 
                funds employed, held, used, arising from, available to, 
                or to be made available in connection with, the 
                functions and offices, or portions thereof, transferred 
                by this section, subject to section 1531 of title 31, 
                United States Code, shall be transferred to the 
                Secretary for appropriate allocation. Unexpended funds 
                transferred pursuant to this subparagraph shall be used 
                only for the purposes for which the funds were 
                originally authorized and appropriated.
                    (B) Effect of terminations.--Positions expressly 
                specified by statute or reorganization plan to carry 
                out functions or offices transferred by this section, 
                personnel occupying those positions on the date of such 
                transfer, and personnel authorized to receive 
                compensation in such positions at the rate prescribed 
                for offices and positions at level IV or V of the 
                Executive Schedule under section 5315 or 5316 of title 
                5, United States Code, on the date of such transfer, 
                shall be subject to paragraph (3) of this subsection.
            (2) Effect on personnel.--
                    (A) Preservation of grade and compensation for 1 
                year.--Except as otherwise provided in this section, 
                the transfer pursuant to this section of full-time 
                personnel (except special Government employees) and 
                part-time personnel holding permanent positions shall 
                not cause any such employee to be separated or reduced 
                in grade or compensation for 1 year after the date of 
                transfer to the Department.
                    (B) Preservation of compensation for executive 
                schedule appointees.--Any person who, on the day 
                preceding the date of the transfer of functions and 
                offices under subsection (d), held a position 
                compensated in accordance with the Executive Schedule 
                prescribed in chapter 53 of title 5, United States 
                Code, and who, without a break in service, is appointed 
                in the Department to a position having duties 
                comparable to the duties performed immediately 
                preceding such appointment shall continue to be 
                compensated in the new position at not less than the 
                rate provided for the previous position, for the 
                duration of the service of such person in the new 
                position.
            (3) Agency terminations.--
                    (A) Terminations.--On the date of the transfer of 
                functions and offices under subsection (d), the 
                following entities shall terminate:
                            (i) The Office of the Secretary of 
                        Commerce.
                            (ii) The Office of the Deputy Secretary of 
                        Commerce.
                            (iii) The Office of the General Counsel of 
                        the Department of Commerce.
                            (iv) The Office of the Secretary of Energy.
                            (v) The Office of Deputy Secretary of 
                        Energy.
                            (vi) The Office of the Under Secretary of 
                        Commerce for Technology.
                            (vii) The Office of the Assistant Secretary 
                        of Commerce for Technology Policy.
                            (viii) The Office of Science and Technology 
                        Policy in the Executive Office of the 
                        President.
                    (B) Termination of executive schedule positions.--
                Each position which was expressly authorized by law, or 
                the incumbent of which was authorized to receive 
                compensation at the rate prescribed for levels I 
                through V of the Executive Schedule under sections 5312 
                through 5315 of title 5, United States Code, in an 
                office terminated pursuant to this section shall also 
                terminate.
            (4) Additional transfers.--
                    (A) In general.--The Director of the Office of 
                Management and Budget, in conjunction with the 
                Secretary, shall make such determinations as may be 
                necessary with regard to the functions, offices, or 
                portions thereof transferred by this section, and make 
                such additional incidental dispositions of personnel, 
                assets, liabilities, grants, contracts, property, 
                records, and unexpended balances of appropriations, 
                authorizations, allocations, and other funds held, 
                used, arising from, available to, or to be made 
                available in connection with such functions, offices, 
                or portions thereof, as may be necessary to carry out 
                this section. The Director shall provide for the 
                termination of the affairs of all entities terminated 
                by this section and, in conjunction with the Secretary, 
                for such further measures and dispositions as may be 
                necessary to effectuate the purposes of this section.
                    (B) Allocation of ses positions.--After 
                consultation with the Director of the Office of 
                Personnel Management, the Director of the Office of 
                Management and Budget is authorized to make such 
                determinations as may be necessary with regard to the 
                transfer of positions within the Senior Executive 
                Service in connection with functions and offices 
                transferred by this section.
                    (C) Miscellaneous functions.--(i) The Economics and 
                Statistics Administration, including the Bureau of 
                Census and the Bureau of Economic Analysis, and the 
                Bureau of Export Administration shall be transferred to 
                the Department of the Treasury.
                    (ii) The Economic Development Administration shall 
                be transferred to the Department of Housing and Urban 
                Development.
                    (iii) The International Trade Administration and 
                the United States Travel and Tourism Administration 
                shall be transferred to the Office of the United States 
                Trade Representative.
                    (iv) The Minority Business Development 
                Administration shall be transferred to the Small 
                Business Administration.
            (5) Savings provisions.--
                    (A) Continuity of legal force and effect.--All 
                orders, determinations, rules, regulations, permits, 
                grants, contracts, certificates, licenses, and 
                privileges--
                            (i) which have been issued, made, granted, 
                        or allowed to become effective by the 
                        President, by any Federal department or agency 
                        or official thereof, or by a court of competent 
                        jurisdiction, in the performance of functions 
                        which are transferred under this section to the 
                        Secretary or the Department; and
                            (ii) which are in effect at the time of 
                        such transfer,
                shall continue in effect according to their terms until 
                modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or revoked 
                by the President, the Secretary, or the authorized 
                official, a court of competent jurisdiction, or by 
                operation of law.
                    (B) Pending proceedings.--(i) This section shall 
                not affect any proceedings, including notices of 
                proposed rulemaking, or any application for any 
                license, permit, certificate, or financial assistance 
                pending on the date of the transfer of functions and 
                offices under subsection (d) before any department, 
                agency, commission, or component thereof, functions of 
                which are transferred by this section. Such proceedings 
                and applications, to the extent that they relate to 
                functions so transferred, shall be continued, except as 
                provided in clause (iii).
                    (ii) Orders may be issued in such proceedings, 
                appeals may be taken therefrom, and payments may be 
                made pursuant to such orders, as if this section had 
                not been enacted. Orders issued in any such proceedings 
                shall continue in effect until modified, terminated, 
                superseded, or revoked by the Secretary, by a court of 
                competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.
                    (iii) Nothing in this subparagraph shall be 
                considered to prohibit the discontinuance or 
                modification of any such proceeding under the same 
                terms and conditions and to the same extent that such 
                proceeding could have been discontinued or modified if 
                this section had not been enacted.
                    (iv) The Secretary is authorized to promulgate 
                regulations providing for the orderly transfer of 
                proceedings continued under this subparagraph to the 
                Department.
                    (C) No effect on judicial proceedings.--Except as 
                provided in subparagraph (E)--
                            (i) the transfer of functions and offices 
                        under subsection (d) shall not affect suits 
                        commenced prior to the date of such transfer; 
                        and
                            (ii) in all such suits, proceedings shall 
                        be had, appeals taken, and judgments rendered 
                        in the same manner and effect as if this 
                        section had not been enacted.
                    (D) Nonabatement of proceedings.--No suit, action, 
                or other proceeding commenced by or against any officer 
                in the official capacity of such individual as an 
                officer of any department or agency, functions of which 
                are transferred by this section, shall abate by reason 
                of the enactment of this section. No cause of action by 
                or against any department or agency, functions of which 
                are transferred by this section, or by or against any 
                officer thereof in the official capacity of such 
                officer shall abate by reason of the enactment of this 
                section.
                    (E) Continuation of proceeding with substitution of 
                parties.--If, before the date of the transfer of 
                functions and offices under subsection (d), any 
                department or agency, or officer thereof in the 
                official capacity of such officer, is a party to a 
                suit, and under this section any function of such 
                department, agency, or officer is transferred to the 
                Secretary or any other official of the Department, then 
                such suit shall be continued with the Secretary or 
                other appropriate official of the Department 
                substituted or added as a party.
                    (F) Reviewability of orders and actions under 
                transferred functions.--Orders and actions of the 
                Secretary in the exercise of functions transferred 
                under this section shall be subject to judicial review 
                to the same extent and in the same manner as if such 
                orders and actions had been by the agency or office, or 
                part thereof, exercising such functions immediately 
                preceding their transfer. Any statutory requirements 
                relating to notice, hearings, action upon the record, 
                or administrative review that apply to any function 
                transferred by this section shall apply to the exercise 
                of such function by the Secretary.
            (6) Reference.--With respect to any function transferred by 
        this section and exercised on or after the date of such 
        transfer, reference in any other Federal law to any department, 
        commission, or agency or any officer or office the functions of 
        which so transferred shall be deemed to refer to the Secretary, 
        other official, or component of the Department to which this 
        section transfers such functions.
            (7) Amendments.--
                    (A) Department of energy organization act.--
                Sections 201 through 203 of the Department of Energy 
                Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7131-7133) are repealed.
                    (B) Inspector general act of 1978.--The Inspector 
                General Act of 1978 is amended--
                            (i) in section 8E(a)(2), by striking ``the 
                        National Science Foundation,'';
                            (ii) in section 8E(a)(4), by striking ``, 
                        except that with respect to the National 
                        Science Foundation, such term means the 
                        National Science Board'';
                            (iii) in section 11(1)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Commerce,'';
                                    (II) by striking ``Energy,'';
                                    (III) by inserting ``Science, 
                                Space, Energy, and Technology,'' after 
                                ``the Interior, Labor,''; and
                                    (IV) by striking ``National 
                                Aeronautics and Space,''; and
                            (iv) in section 11(2)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Commerce,'';
                                    (II) by striking ``Energy,'';
                                    (III) by inserting ``Science, 
                                Space, Energy, and Technology,'' after 
                                ``Justice, Labor,''; and
                                    (IV) by striking ``the National 
                                Aeronautics and Space 
                                Administration,''.
                    (C) National aeronautics and space act of 1958.--
                Section 207 of the National Aeronautics and Space Act 
                of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2476a) is repealed.
            (8) Transition.--
                    (A) Use of funds.--Funds available to any 
                department or agency (or any official or component 
                thereof), the functions or offices of which are 
                transferred to the Secretary or the Department by this 
                section, may, with the approval of the Director of the 
                Office of Management and Budget, be used to pay the 
                compensation and expenses of any officer appointed 
                pursuant to this section and other transitional and 
                planning expenses associated with the establishment of 
                the Department or transfer of functions or offices 
                thereto until such time as funds for such purposes are 
                otherwise available.
                    (B) Use of personnel.--With the consent of the 
                appropriate department or agency head concerned, the 
                Secretary is authorized to utilize the services of such 
                officers, employees, and other personnel of the 
                departments and agencies from which functions or 
                offices have been transferred to the Secretary or the 
                Department, for such period of time as may reasonably 
                be needed to facilitate the orderly implementation of 
                this section.
            (9) Interim appointments.--
                    (A) Authority to appoint.--Notwithstanding any 
                other provision of law, in the event that one or more 
                officers required by this section to be appointed by 
                and with the advice and consent of the Senate shall not 
                have entered upon office on the date of the transfer of 
                functions and offices under subsection (d), the 
                President may designate an officer in the executive 
                branch to act in such office for 120 days or until the 
                office is filled as provided in this section, whichever 
                occurs first.
                    (B) Compensation.--Any officer acting in an office 
                in the Department pursuant to the provisions of 
                subparagraph (A) shall receive compensation at the rate 
                prescribed for such office under this section.
    (g) Relation to Other Provisions.--
            (1) Modifications in authority.--If any other section of 
        this Act increases, restricts, or otherwise modifies any 
        authority (including the authority to assess or collect fees) 
        with respect to any function or office, or portion thereof, 
        transferred by this section, the authority transferred by this 
        section shall be the authority as so modified.
            (2) Rescissions.--If any other section of this Act rescinds 
        funds that are to be transferred pursuant to this section, such 
        rescission shall be made prior to such transfer.

SEC. 523. ELIMINATION OF FUNDING FOR MAGLEV PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENT 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 1036(d) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (49 U.S.C. 309 note; 105 Stat. 
1986) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``the following'' and all 
        that follows through ``demonstration program.--For'' and 
        inserting ``for''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2) by striking subparagraph (A) and by 
        redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as subparagraphs (A) 
        and (B), respectively.
    (b) Rescission of Funds.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``Federal Railroad Administration--Railroad Research and 
Development'' in the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-122), $20,000,000 is rescinded, 
to be derived from magnetic levitation research and analysis 
activities.

SEC. 524. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR FEDERALLY SPONSORED UNIVERSITY 
              RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In General.--Of the aggregate funds made available for the 
accounts specified in subsection (b), $220,000,000 is rescinded, to be 
derived from university research and development programs. The Director 
of the Office of Management and Budget shall allocate such rescission 
among such accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting 
forth such allocation.
    (b) Affected Accounts.--The funds subject to the rescission made by 
subsection (a) are the following:
            (1) National institutes of health.--The amounts made 
        available under the heading ``Department of Health and Human 
        Services--National Institutes of Health'' in the Departments of 
        Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related 
        Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-112), for the 
        following accounts:
                    (A) ``National Cancer Institute''.
                    (B) ``National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute''.
                    (C) ``National Institute of Dental Research''.
                    (D) ``National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive 
                and Kidney Diseases''.
                    (E) ``National Institute of Neurological Disorders 
                and Stroke''.
                    (F) ``National Institute of Allergy and Infectious 
                Diseases''.
                    (G) ``National Institute of General Medical 
                Sciences''.
                    (H) ``National Institute of Child Health and Human 
                Development''.
                    (I) ``National Eye Institute''.
                    (J) ``National Institute of Environmental Health 
                Sciences''.
                    (K) ``National Institute on Aging''.
                    (L) ``National Institute of Arthritis and 
                Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases''.
                    (M) ``National Institute on Deafness and Other 
                Communication Disorders''.
                    (N) ``National Institute of Nursing Research''.
                    (O) ``National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and 
                Alcoholism''.
                    (P) ``National Institute on Drug Abuse''.
                    (Q) ``National Institute of Mental Health''.
                    (R) ``National Center for Research Resources''.
                    (S) ``National Center for Human Genome Research''.
                    (T) ``John E. Fogarty International Center''.
                    (U) ``National Library of Medicine''.
                    (V) ``Office of the Director''.
            (2) Independent agencies.--The amounts made available in 
        the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban 
        Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 
        (Pub. L. 103-124), for the following accounts:
                    (A) ``National Science Foundation--Research and 
                Related Activities''.
                    (B) ``National Aeronautics and Space 
                Administration--Research and Development''.
            (3) Department of defense.--The amounts made available in 
        the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 
        103-139), for the following accounts:
                    (A) ``Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, 
                Army''.
                    (B) ``Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, 
                Navy''.
                    (C) ``Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, 
                Air Force''.
                    (D) ``Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, 
                Defense-Wide''.

SEC. 525. RECOUPMENT OF CERTAIN GRANTS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of Commerce shall establish 
procedures and criteria for the recoupment of the Federal share of all 
cost shared research, development, demonstration, and commercial 
application projects undertaken by such Departments. If required, such 
recoupment shall occur within a reasonable period of time following the 
date of completion of a project, but not later than 20 years following 
such date, taking into account the effect of recoupment on--
            (1) the commercial competitiveness of the entity carrying 
        out the project;
            (2) the profitability of the project; and
            (3) the commercial viability of the technology utilized.
The Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of Commerce may require 
recoupment under this section as appropriate.

SEC. 526. COVERAGE OF FEDERALLY FUNDED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTERS 
              BY COMPETITION IN CONTRACTING ACT.

    (a) Contracts with Executive Agencies.--Section 303 of the Federal 
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 253) is 
amended in subsection (b)(1)(C) and in subsection (c)(3) by striking 
out ``or a federally funded research and development center'' each 
place it appears.
    (b) Contracts with Department of Defense.--Section 2304 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended in subsection (b)(1)(C) and in 
subsection (c)(3) by striking out ``or a federally funded research and 
development center'' each place it appears.

SEC. 527. TERMINATION OF MODULAR HIGH-TEMPERATURE GAS-COOLED REACTOR 
              PROJECT.

    (a) In General.--The United States shall not obligate any funds for 
the Modular High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor program.
    (b) Amendments.--Section 2122(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 
(42 U.S.C. 13492(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``the modular high-
        temperature gas-cooled reactor technology and''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(C)--
                    (A) by striking ``high-temperature gas-cooled 
                reactor technology and''; and
                    (B) by striking ``one or both of those 
                technologies'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``that 
                technology''.
    (c) Rescission of Funds.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``Department of Energy--Energy Supply, Research and Development 
Activities'' in the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 
1994 (Pub. L. 103-126), $12,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from 
the gas turbine-modular helium reactor program.

SEC. 528. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FACILITIES CLOSURE AND RECONFIGURATION 
              COMMISSION.

    (a) Department of Energy Facilities Closure and Reconfiguration 
Commission.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is established an independent 
        commission to be known as the ``Department of Energy Facilities 
        Closure and Reconfiguration Commission''.
            (2) Duties.--The Commission shall carry out the duties 
        specified for the Commission in this section.
            (3) Appointment.--
                    (A) In general.--The Commission shall be composed 
                of 7 members appointed by the President, by and with 
                the advise and consent of the Senate. The President 
                shall transmit to the Senate the nominations for 
                appointment to the Commission not later than 3 months 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act.
                    (B) Consultation.--In selecting individuals for 
                nominations for appointments to the Commission, the 
                President should consult with--
                            (i) the Speaker of the House of 
                        Representatives concerning the appointment of 1 
                        member;
                            (ii) the majority leader of the Senate 
                        concerning the appointment of 1 member;
                            (iii) the minority leader of the House of 
                        Representatives concerning the appointment of 1 
                        member; and
                            (iv) the minority leader of the Senate 
                        concerning the appointment of 1 member.
                    (C) Chairperson.--At the time the President 
                nominates individuals for appointment to the 
                Commission, the President shall designate one such 
                individual who shall serve as Chairperson of the 
                Commission.
            (4) Terms.--Each member of the Commission shall serve until 
        the termination of the Commission under paragraph (12).
            (5) Meetings.--Each meeting of the Commission, other than 
        meetings in which classified information is to be discussed, 
        shall be open to the public.
            (6) Vacancies.--A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled 
        in the same manner as the original appointment, but the 
        individual appointed to fill the vacancy shall serve only for 
        the unexpired portion of the term for which the individual's 
        predecessor was appointed.
            (7) Pay and travel expenses.--
                    (A) In general.--
                            (i) Basic pay.--Each member, other than the 
                        Chairperson, shall be paid at a rate equal to 
                        the daily equivalent of the minimum annual rate 
                        of basic pay payable for level IV of the 
                        Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 
                        5, United States Code, for each day (including 
                        travel time) during which the member is engaged 
                        in the actual performance of duties vested in 
                        the Commission.
                            (ii) Pay of chairperson.--The Chairperson 
                        shall be paid for each day referred to in 
                        clause (i) at a rate equal to the daily 
                        equivalent of the minimum annual rate of basic 
                        pay payable for level III of the Executive 
                        Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, United 
                        States Code.
                    (B) Travel expenses.--Members shall receive travel 
                expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in 
                accordance with sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5, 
                United States Code.
            (8) Director.--
                    (A) In general.--The Commission shall, without 
                regard to section 5311(b) of title 5, United States 
                Code, appoint a Director who has not served as a 
                civilian employee of the Department of Energy during 
                the one-year period preceding the date of such 
                appointment.
                    (B) Pay.--The Director shall be paid at the rate of 
                basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive 
                Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States 
                Code.
            (9) Staff.--
                    (A) Appointment by director.--Subject to 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), the Director, with the 
                approval of the Commission, may appoint and fix the pay 
                of additional personnel.
                    (B) Applicability of certain civil service laws.--
                The Director may make such appointments without regard 
                to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, 
                governing appointments in the competitive service, and 
                any personnel so appointed may be paid without regard 
                to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of 
                chapter 53 of that title relating to classification and 
                General Schedule pay rates, except that an individual 
                so appointed may not receive pay in excess of the 
                annual rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the 
                Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, 
                United States Code.
                    (C) Limitation.--Not more than one-third of the 
                personnel employed by or detailed to the Commission may 
                be on detail from the Department of Energy.
                    (D) Support from other agencies.--Upon request of 
                the Director, the head of a Federal agency may detail 
                any of the personnel of that agency to the Commission 
                to assist the Commission in carrying out its duties 
                under this section.
                    (E) Support from comptroller general.--The 
                Comptroller General of the United States shall provide 
                assistance, including the detailing of employees, to 
                the Commission in accordance with an agreement entered 
                into with the Commission.
            (10) Other authority.--
                    (A) Temporary and intermittent services.--The 
                Commission may procure by contract, to the extent funds 
                are available, the temporary or intermittent services 
                of experts or consultants pursuant to section 3109 of 
                title 5, United States Code.
                    (B) Authority to lease space and acquire certain 
                property.--The Commission may lease space and acquire 
                personal property to the extent funds are available. To 
                the extent practicable, the Commission shall use 
                suitable real property available under the most recent 
                inventory of real property assets published by the 
                Resolution Trust Corporation under section 
                21A(b)(11)(F) of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (12 
                U.S.C. 1441a(b)(12)(F)).
            (11) Funding.--There is appropriated for fiscal year 1994, 
        out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, 
        $1,000,000 to the Commission to carry out its duties under this 
        section. Such funds shall remain available until expended.
            (12) Termination.--The Commission shall terminate not later 
        than 20 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Procedure for Making Recommendations for Closure and 
Reconfiguration of Facilities.--
            (1) Selection criteria.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 3 months after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
                Energy shall publish in the Federal Register and 
                transmit to the congressional energy committees the 
                criteria proposed to be used by the Secretary in making 
                recommendations for the closure or reconfiguration of 
                Department of Energy facilities resulting in an overall 
                budget for such facilities for a fiscal year in an 
                amount equal to the amount appropriated for such 
                facilities for the previous fiscal year reduced by 25 
                percent. The Secretary shall provide an opportunity for 
                public comment on the proposed criteria for a period of 
                at least 30 days and shall include notice of that 
                opportunity in the publication required under this 
                paragraph. In developing the criteria, the Secretary 
                shall consider--
                            (i) the program costs and program 
                        distributions on a State and county basis, 
                        including real and personal property costs 
                        associated with each Department of Energy 
                        facility considered;
                            (ii) the number of participants in programs 
                        conducted through a Department of Energy 
                        facility and staff resources involved;
                            (iii) duplication of effort by Department 
                        of Energy facilities and overhead costs as a 
                        proportion of program benefits distributed 
                        through a Department of Energy facility; and
                            (iv) cost savings and increases that would 
                        accrue through the reconfiguration of 
                        Department of Energy facilities.
                    (B) Final criteria.--Not later than 5 months after 
                the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
                shall publish in the Federal Register and transmit to 
                the congressional energy committees the final criteria 
                to be used in making recommendations for the closure or 
                reconfiguration of Department of Energy facilities 
                under this section.
            (2) Secretary's recommendations.--
                    (A) Publication in federal register.--Not later 
                than 9 months after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal 
                Register and transmit to the congressional energy 
                committees and to the Commission a list of the 
                Department of Energy facilities that the Secretary 
                recommends for closure or reconfiguration on the basis 
                of the final criteria referred to in paragraph (1).
                    (B) Summary of selection process.--The Secretary 
                shall include, with the list of recommendations 
                published and transmitted pursuant to subparagraph (A), 
                a summary of the selection process that resulted in the 
                recommendation for each Department of Energy facility, 
                including a justification for each recommendation.
                    (C) Equal consideration of facilities.--In 
                considering Department of Energy facilities for closure 
                or reconfiguration, the Secretary shall consider all 
                such facilities equally without regard to whether a 
                facility has been previously considered or proposed for 
                closure or reconfiguration by the Secretary.
                    (D) Availability of information.--The Secretary 
                shall make available to the Commission and the 
                Comptroller General of the United States all 
                information used by the Secretary in making 
                recommendations to the Commission for closures and 
                reconfiguration.
            (3) Review and recommendations by the commission.--
                    (A) Public hearings.--After receiving the 
                recommendations from the Secretary pursuant to 
                paragraph (2), the Commission shall conduct public 
                hearings on the recommendations.
                    (B) Report.--Not later than 15 months after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Commission shall 
                transmit to the President and the congressional energy 
                committees a report containing the Commission's 
                findings and conclusions based on a review and analysis 
                of the recommendations made by the Secretary, together 
                with the Commission's recommendations for closures and 
                reconfigurations of Department of Energy facilities.
                    (C) Deviation from secretary's recommendations.--In 
                making its recommendations, the Commission may make 
                changes in any of the recommendations made by the 
                Secretary if the Commission determines that the 
                Secretary deviated substantially from the final 
                criteria referred to in paragraph (1) in making 
                recommendations. The Commission shall explain and 
                justify in the report any recommendation made by the 
                Commission that is different from the recommendations 
                made by the Secretary.
                    (D) Provision of certain information.--After 
                transmitting the report, the Commission shall promptly 
                provide, upon request, to any Member of Congress 
                information used by the Commission in making its 
                recommendations.
            (4) Assistance from comptroller general.--The Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall--
                    (A) assist the Commission, to the extent requested, 
                in the Commission's review and analysis of the 
                recommendations made by the Secretary pursuant to 
                paragraph (2); and
                    (B) not later than 12 months after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, transmit to the congressional 
                energy committees and to the Commission a report 
                containing a detailed analysis of the Secretary's 
                recommendations and selection process.
            (5) Review by the president.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 16 months after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall 
                transmit to the Commission and to the congressional 
                energy committees a report containing the President's 
                approval or disapproval of the Commission's 
                recommendations.
                    (B) Presidential approval.--If the President 
                approves all of the recommendations of the Commission, 
                the President shall transmit a copy of such 
                recommendations to the congressional energy committees 
                together with a certification of such approval.
                    (C) Presidential disapproval.--If the President 
                disapproves the recommendations of the Commission, in 
                whole or in part, the President shall transmit to the 
                Commission and the congressional energy committees the 
                reasons for that disapproval. The Commission shall then 
                transmit to the President, not later than 17 months 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, a revised 
                list of recommendations for the closure and 
                reconfiguration of Department of Energy facilities 
                resulting in an overall budget for such facilities for 
                a fiscal year in an amount equal to the amount 
                appropriated for such facilities for the previous 
                fiscal year reduced by 25 percent.
                    (D) Certification.--If the President approves all 
                of the revised recommendations of the Commission 
                transmitted to the President under subparagraph (C), 
                the President shall transmit a copy of such revised 
                recommendations to the congressional energy committees, 
                together with a certification of such approval.
                    (E) Failure to certify.--If the President does not 
                transmit to the congressional energy committees an 
                approval and certification described in subparagraph 
                (B) or (D) by 18 months after the date of the enactment 
                of this Act, the process by which Department of Energy 
                facilities may be selected for closure or 
                reconfiguration under this section shall be terminated.
    (c) Closure and Reconfiguration of Department of Energy 
Facilities.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        shall--
                    (A) close all Department of Energy facilities 
                recommended for closure by the Commission in the report 
                transmitted to the congressional energy committees by 
                the President pursuant to subsection (b)(5);
                    (B) reconfigure all such facilities recommended for 
                reconfiguration by the Commission in the report; and
                    (C) complete the closures and reconfigurations not 
                later than the end of the 6-year period beginning on 
                the date on which the President transmits the report 
                pursuant to subsection (b)(5).
            (2) Congressional disapproval.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may not carry out 
                any closure or reconfiguration of a facility 
                recommended by the Commission in the report transmitted 
                from the President pursuant to subsection (b)(5) if a 
                joint resolution is enacted, in accordance with the 
                provisions of subsection (g), disapproving the 
                recommendations of the Commission before the earlier 
                of--
                            (i) the end of the 45-day period beginning 
                        on the date on which the President transmits 
                        the report; or
                            (ii) the adjournment of Congress sine die 
                        for the session during which the report is 
                        transmitted.
                    (B) For purposes of subparagraph (A) of this 
                paragraph and paragraphs (1) and (3) of subsection (g), 
                the days on which either House of Congress is not in 
                session because of an adjournment of more than three 
                days to a day certain shall be excluded in the 
                computation of a period.
    (d) Implementation of Closure and Reconfiguration Actions.--
            (1) Actions of the secretary.--In closing or reconfiguring 
        a Department of Energy facility under this section, the 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A) take such actions as may be necessary to close 
                or reconfigure the facility;
                    (B) provide outplacement assistance to any 
                employees employed by the Department of Energy at the 
                office whose employment is being terminated, and may 
                use for such purpose funds in the Account or funds 
                appropriated to the Department of Energy for 
                outplacement assistance to employees;
                    (C) take such steps as may be necessary to ensure 
                the safe keeping of all records stored at the facility; 
                and
                    (D) reimburse other Federal agencies for actions 
                performed at the request of the Secretary with respect 
                to any such closure or reconfiguration, and may use for 
                such purpose funds in the Account or funds appropriated 
                to the Department of Energy and available for such 
                purpose.
            (2) Management and disposal of property.--
                    (A) In general.--The Administrator of General 
                Services shall delegate to the Secretary of Energy, 
                with respect to excess and surplus real property and 
                facilities located at a Department of Energy facility 
                closed or reconfigured under this section--
                            (i) the authority of the Administrator to 
                        utilize excess property under section 202 of 
                        the Federal Property and Administrative 
                        Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 483);
                            (ii) the authority of the Administrator to 
                        dispose of surplus property under section 203 
                        of that Act (40 U.S.C. 484);
                            (iii) the authority of the Administrator to 
                        grant approvals and make determinations under 
                        section 13(g) of the Surplus Property Act of 
                        1944 (50 U.S.C. App. 1622(g)); and
                            (iv) the authority of the Administrator to 
                        determine the availability of excess or surplus 
                        real property for wildlife conservation 
                        purposes in accordance with the Act of May 19, 
                        1948 (16 U.S.C. 667b).
                    (B) Exercise of authority.--
                            (i) In general.--Subject to clause (iii), 
                        the Secretary shall exercise the authority 
                        delegated to the Secretary pursuant to 
                        subparagraph (A) in accordance with--
                                    (I) all regulations in effect on 
                                the date of the enactment of this Act 
                                governing the utilization of excess 
                                property and the disposal of surplus 
                                property under the Federal Property and 
                                Administrative Services Act of 1949; 
                                and
                                    (II) all regulations in effect on 
                                the date of the enactment of this Act 
                                governing the conveyance and disposal 
                                of property under section 13(g) of the 
                                Surplus Property Act of 1944 (50 U.S.C. 
                                App. 1622(g)).
                            (ii) Regulations.--The Secretary, after 
                        consulting with the Administrator of General 
                        Services, may issue regulations that are 
                        necessary to carry out the delegation of 
                        authority required by subparagraph (A).
                            (iii) Limitation.--The authority required 
                        to be delegated by subparagraph (A) to the 
                        Secretary by the Administrator of General 
                        Services shall not include the authority to 
                        prescribe general policies and methods for 
                        utilizing excess property and disposing of 
                        surplus property.
            (3) Waiver.--The Secretary may close or reconfigure 
        Department of Energy facilities under this section without 
        regard to any provision of law restricting the use of funds for 
        closing or reconfiguring such facilities included in any 
        appropriations or authorization Act.
    (e) Account.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is hereby established on the 
        books of the Treasury an account to be known as the 
        ``Department of Energy Facility Closure Account'' which shall 
        be administered by the Secretary as a single account.
            (2) Content of account.--There shall be deposited into the 
        Account--
                    (A) funds authorized for and appropriated to the 
                Account;
                    (B) any funds that the Secretary may, subject to 
                approval in an appropriation Act, transfer to the 
                Account from funds appropriated to the Department of 
                Energy for any purpose, except that such funds may be 
                transferred only after the date on which the Secretary 
                transmits written notice of, and justification for, 
                such transfer to the congressional energy committees; 
                and
                    (C) proceeds received from the transfer or disposal 
                of any property at an office closed or reconfigured 
                under this section.
            (3) Use of funds.--The Secretary may use the funds in the 
        Account only for the purposes described in subsection (d)(1).
            (4) Reports.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
                end of each fiscal year in which the Secretary carries 
                out activities under this section, the Secretary shall 
                transmit a report to the congressional energy 
                committees of the amount and nature of the deposits 
                into, and the expenditures from, the Account during 
                such fiscal year and of the amount and nature of other 
                expenditures made pursuant to subsection (d)(1) during 
                such fiscal year.
                    (B) Unobligated funds.--Unobligated funds which 
                remain in the Account after the termination of the 
                Commission shall be held in the Account until 
                transferred by law after the congressional energy 
                committees receive the report transmitted under 
                subparagraph (C).
                    (C) Accounting report.--Not later than 60 days 
                after the termination of the Commission, the Secretary 
                shall transmit to the congressional energy committees a 
                report containing an accounting of--
                            (i) all the funds deposited into and 
                        expended from the Account or otherwise expended 
                        under this section; and
                            (ii) any amount remaining in the Account.
    (f) Reports on Implementation.--As part of the budget request for 
each fiscal year in which the Secretary will carry out activities under 
this section, the Secretary shall transmit to the congressional energy 
committees--
            (1) a schedule of the closure and reconfiguration actions 
        to be carried out under this section in the fiscal year for 
        which the request is made and an estimate of the total 
        expenditures required and cost savings to be achieved by each 
        such closure and reconfiguration and of the time period in 
        which these savings are to be achieved in each case; and
            (2) a description of the Department of Energy facilities, 
        including those under construction and those planned for 
        construction, to which functions are to be transferred as a 
        result of such closures and reconfigurations.
    (g) Congressional Consideration of Commission Report.--
            (1) Terms of the resolution.--For purposes of subsection 
        (c)(2), the term ``joint resolution'' means only a joint 
        resolution which is introduced within the 10-day period 
        beginning on the date on which the President transmits the 
        report to the Congress under subsection (b)(5), and--
                    (A) which does not have a preamble;
                    (B) the matter after the resolving clause of which 
                is as follows: ``That Congress disapproves the 
                recommendations of the Department of Energy Facilities 
                Closure and Reconfiguration Commission as submitted by 
                the President on ______'', the blank space being filled 
                in with the appropriate date; and
                    (C) the title of which is as follows: ``Joint 
                resolution disapproving the recommendations of the 
                Department of Energy Facilities Closure and 
                Reconfiguration Commission.''.
            (2) Referral.--A resolution described in paragraph (1) that 
        is introduced in the House of Representatives shall be referred 
        to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives. 
        A resolution described in paragraph (1) introduced in the 
        Senate shall be referred to the Committee on Armed Services and 
        the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate.
            (3) Discharge.--If the committee to which a resolution 
        described in paragraph (1) is referred has not reported such 
        resolution (or an identical resolution) by the end of the 20-
        day period beginning on the date on which the President 
        transmits the report to the Congress under subsection (b)(5), 
        such committee shall be, at the end of such period, discharged 
        from further consideration of such resolution, and such 
        resolution shall be placed on the appropriate calendar of the 
        House involved.
            (4) Consideration.--
                    (A) In general.--On or after the third day after 
                the date on which the committee to which such a 
                resolution is referred has reported, or has been 
                discharged (under paragraph (3)) from further 
                consideration of, such a resolution, it is in order 
                (even though a previous motion to the same effect has 
                been disagreed to) for any Member of the respective 
                House to move to proceed to the consideration of the 
                resolution (but only on the day after the calendar day 
                on which such Member announces to the House concerned 
                the Member's intention to do so). All points of order 
                against the resolution (and against consideration of 
                the resolution) are waived. The motion is highly 
                privileged in the House of Representatives and is 
                privileged in the Senate and is not debatable. The 
                motion is not subject to amendment, or to a motion to 
                postpone, or to a motion to proceed to the 
                consideration of other business. A motion to reconsider 
                the vote by which the motion is agreed to or disagreed 
                to shall not be in order. If a motion to proceed to the 
                consideration of the resolution is agreed to, the 
                respective House shall immediately proceed to 
                consideration of the joint resolution without 
                intervening motion, order, or other business, and the 
                resolution shall remain the unfinished business of the 
                respective House until disposed of.
                    (B) Debate.--Debate on the resolution, and on all 
                debatable motions and appeals in connection therewith, 
                shall be limited to not more than 2 hours, which shall 
                be divided equally between those favoring and those 
                opposing the resolution. An amendment to the resolution 
                is not in order. A motion further to limit debate is in 
                order and not debatable. A motion to postpone, or a 
                motion to proceed to the consideration of other 
                business, or a motion to recommit the resolution is not 
                in order. A motion to reconsider the vote by which the 
                resolution is agreed to or disagreed to is not in 
                order.
                    (C) Quorum call.--Immediately following the 
                conclusion of the debate on a resolution described in 
                paragraph (1) and a single quorum call at the 
                conclusion of the debate if requested in accordance 
                with the rules of the appropriate House, the vote on 
                final passage of the resolution shall occur.
                    (D) Appeals from decision of chair.--Appeals from 
                the decisions of the Chair relating to the application 
                of the rules of the Senate or the House of 
                Representatives, as the case may be, to the procedure 
                relating to a resolution described in paragraph (1) 
                shall be decided without debate.
            (5) Consideration by other house.--
                    (A) If, before the passage by one House of a 
                resolution of that House described in paragraph (1), 
                that House receives from the other House a resolution 
                described in paragraph (1), then the following 
                procedures shall apply:
                            (i) The resolution of the other House shall 
                        not be referred to a committee and may not be 
                        considered in the House receiving it except in 
                        the case of final passage as provided in clause 
                        (ii)(II).
                            (ii) With respect to a resolution described 
                        in paragraph (1) of the House receiving the 
                        resolution--
                                    (I) the procedure in that House 
                                shall be the same as if no resolution 
                                had been received from the other House; 
                                but
                                    (II) the vote on final passage 
                                shall be on the resolution of the other 
                                House.
                    (B) Consideration after disposition by other 
                house.--Upon disposition of the resolution received 
                from the other House, it shall no longer be in order to 
                consider the resolution that originated in the 
                receiving House.
            (6) Rules of the senate and house.--This subsection is 
        enacted by Congress--
                    (A) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the 
                Senate and House of Representatives, respectively, and 
                as such it is deemed a part of the rules of each House, 
                respectively, but applicable only with respect to the 
                procedure to be followed in that House in the case of a 
                resolution described in paragraph (1), and it 
                supersedes other rules only to the extent that it is 
                inconsistent with such rules; and
                    (B) with full recognition of the constitutional 
                right of either House to change the rules (so far as 
                relating to the procedure of that House) at any time, 
                in the same manner, and to the same extent as in the 
                case of any other rule of that House.
    (h) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
            (1) The term ``Account'' means the Department of Energy 
        Facility Closure Account established in subsection (e)(1).
            (2) The term ``Commission'' means the Department of Energy 
        Facilities Closure and Reconfiguration Commission.
            (3) The term ``congressional energy committees'' means the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives, the Committee on Science, Space, and 
        Technology of the House of Representatives, and the Committee 
        on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate.
            (4) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Energy.

SEC. 529. ALASKA POWER ADMINISTRATION SALE.

    (a) Sale of Snettisham and Eklutna Hydroelectric Projects.--(1) The 
Secretary of Energy may sell the Snettisham Hydroelectric Project 
(referred to in this section as ``Snettisham'') to the State of Alaska 
Power Authority (now known as the Alaska Industrial Development and 
Export Authority, and referred to in this section as the 
``Authority''), or its successor, in accordance with the February 10, 
1989, Snettisham Purchase Agreement between the Alaska Power 
Administration of the United States Department of Energy and the 
Authority.
    (2) The Secretary of Energy may sell the Eklutna Hydroelectric 
Project (referred to in this section as ``Eklutna'') to the 
Municipality of Anchorage doing business as Municipal Light and Power, 
the Chugach Electric Association, Inc., and the Matanuska Electric 
Association, Inc. (referred to in this section as ``Eklutna 
Purchasers'') in accordance with the August 2, 1989, Eklutna Purchase 
Agreement between the United States Department of Energy and the 
Eklutna Purchasers.
    (3) The heads of other affected Federal departments and agencies, 
including the Secretary of the Interior, shall assist the Secretary of 
Energy in implementing the sales authorized by this Act.
    (4) The Secretary of Energy shall deposit sale proceeds in the 
Treasury of the United States to the credit of miscellaneous receipts.
    (5) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are 
necessary to prepare or acquire Eklutna and Snettisham assets for sale 
and conveyance, such preparations to provide sufficient title to ensure 
the beneficial use, enjoyment, and occupancy to the purchasers of the 
assets to be sold.
    (6) No later than one year after both of the sales authorized in 
this subsection have occurred, as measured by the Transaction Dates 
stipulated in the Purchase Agreements, the Secretary of Energy shall--
            (A) complete the business of, and close out, the Alaska 
        Power Administration; and
            (B) prepare and submit to Congress a report documenting the 
        sales.
    (b) Assessment of Alternative Options.--Before taking any action 
authorized in subsection (a), the Secretary shall assess the 
feasibility of alternative options for maximizing the return to the 
Treasury from the sale of the Alaska Power Marketing Administration.

SEC. 530. FEDERAL-PRIVATE COGENERATION OF ELECTRICITY.

    Section 804(2)(B) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act 
(42 U.S.C. 8287c(2)(B)) is amended by striking ``, excluding any 
cogeneration process for other than a federally owned building or 
buildings or other federally owned facilities''.

SEC. 531. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FROM SPR PETROLEUM ACCOUNT.

    The unobligated balance of the funds in the SPR petroleum account 
on the date of the enactment of this Act is rescinded.

SEC. 532. STUDY OF TERMINATION OF HELIUM SUBSIDY.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
            (1) the United States Government's helium recovery program 
        was instituted in 1925, when helium conservation was deemed to 
        be a matter of national security and no private sector helium 
        recovery industry existed;
            (2) today, as compared to 1925, there is little likelihood 
        that the United States will have to field a fleet of blimps on 
        an emergency basis;
            (3) private sources of helium are more than adequate for 
        serving existing and foreseeable future national needs;
            (4) since 1925, there has been a dramatic increase in 
        private industry's involvement in helium recovery, as a result 
        of the free market discovery of numerous commercial uses for 
        helium;
            (5) currently, private industry accounts for 90 percent of 
        all helium extraction and consumption;
            (6) the Government's helium recovery program currently owes 
        the Department of the Treasury $1,400,000,000 and loses an 
        additional $120,000,000 yearly on interest alone, and there is 
        no prospect for repayment of this debt without significant 
        reform; and
            (7) with combined public and private helium reserves 
        considerably in excess of foreseeable national helium needs, 
        there is no longer any need for the Federal Government to own 
        and operate a helium refining and marketing program.
    (b) Study.--(1) The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with 
private industry, shall conduct a study to determine how best to--
            (A) sell or otherwise dispose of, at the best possible 
        terms available to the United States, all facilities, 
        equipment, and other real or personal property, or rights 
        thereto, held by the United States in connection with 
        activities carried out under the Helium Act, unless such 
        facilities, equipment, or other real or personal property, or 
        rights thereto, are required for other Federal purposes;
            (B) sell or otherwise dispose of, at the best possible 
        terms available to the United States, the helium reserves held 
        by the United States other than amounts required for the 
        specific immediate needs of the Federal Government, in a manner 
        consistent with the orderly conduct of commercial helium 
        markets; and
            (C) ensure the full repayment of loans made under section 
        12 of the Helium Act.
    (2) The Secretary of the Interior shall transmit to the Congress 
within one year after the date of enactment of this Act a report 
containing the results of the study conducted under paragraph (1).

SEC. 533. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR LOW-PRIORITY WATER PROJECTS.

    (a) Corps of Engineers General Investigations.--Of the funds made 
available under the heading ``Corps of Engineers-Civil--General 
Investigations'' in the Energy and Water Development Appropriations 
Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-126), $24,970,000 is rescinded, to be derived 
from projects that--
            (1) are not continuations of ongoing work under contract;
            (2) are not economically justified, or environmentally 
        beneficial in a manner commensurate with costs;
            (3) are not environmentally acceptable;
            (4) are not in compliance with standard cost sharing;
            (5) do not have available the necessary non-Federal 
        sponsorship and funding;
            (6) represent a Federal assumption of traditionally non-
        Federal responsibility; or
            (7) have not completed normal executive branch project 
        review requirements.
    (b) Corps of Engineers Construction.--Of the funds made available 
under the heading ``Corps of Engineers-Civil--Construction, General'' 
in the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 
103-126), $97,319,000 is rescinded, to be derived from projects that--
            (1) are not continuations of ongoing work under contract;
            (2) are not economically justified, or environmentally 
        beneficial in a manner commensurate with costs;
            (3) are not environmentally acceptable;
            (4) are not in compliance with standard cost sharing;
            (5) do not have available the necessary non-Federal 
        sponsorship and funding;
            (6) represent a Federal assumption of traditionally non-
        Federal responsibility; or
            (7) have not completed normal executive branch project 
        review requirements.
    (c) Bureau of Reclamation.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``Department of the Interior--Bureau of Reclamation--
Construction Program'' in the Energy and Water Development 
Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-126), $16,000,000 is rescinded, 
to be derived from projects that--
            (1) are not continuations of ongoing work under contract;
            (2) in the case of new projects, are inconsistent with the 
        priorities of the Secretary of the Interior;
            (3) are not environmentally beneficial in a manner 
        commensurate with costs; or
            (4) do not have available the necessary non-Federal cost 
        sharing.

SEC. 534. PREFERENCE FOR INTERIM MEASURES IN SUPERFUND RESPONSE 
              ACTIONS.

    (a) Amendment of CERCLA.--Section 121(a) of the Comprehensive 
Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
U.S.C. 9621(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following: 
``Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, in selecting 
appropriate remedial actions in any record of decision issued on or 
after October 1, 1994, the President shall give a preference to the use 
of institutional controls (such as deed and access restrictions, 
monitoring, and provision of alternate water supplies), containment 
methods (including caps, slurry walls, and surface water diversion), 
and other interim measures, rather than permanent treatment 
technologies, if such measures are sufficient to assure the protection 
of human health and the environment.''.
    (b) Cleanup Standards.--Section 121(d)(2) of the Comprehensive 
Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)) shall not apply to any remedial action described in 
the amendment made by subsection (a).
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--(1) Section 517(b) of the 
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 is amended by 
striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (8), by striking paragraph (9) 
and by inserting the following after paragraph (8):
            ``(9) 1995, $1,065,536,000,
            ``(10) 1996, $1,100,198,000,
            ``(11) 1997, $1,254,824,000, and
            ``(12) 1998, $1,321,018,000,''.
    (2) Section 9507(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended 
by adding the following new paragraph at the end thereof:
                    ``(3) Limitation on Appropriations from Fund.--For 
                fiscal years 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998, the total of 
                all amounts authorized to be appropriated from the 
                Superfund shall not exceed the amounts specified in 
                paragraphs (9) through (12) of the Superfund Amendments 
                and Reauthorization Act of 1986.''.
    (d) Report Requirement.--(1) The President shall submit to Congress 
a report, during each of the 5 years listed in paragraph (2), on the 
use of measures under the last sentence of section 121(a) of the 
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act 
of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621), as required by the amendment made by 
subsection (a). The report shall cover the preceding fiscal year and 
shall include the estimated savings resulting from the use of such 
measures in comparison to using permanent treatment technologies.
    (2) The President shall submit the report required by paragraph (1) 
by December 1 of 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, and 1999.

SEC. 535. RESERVATION OF FUNDS FOR DISASTER RELIEF.

    (a) Establishment of Disaster Relief Account.--On the date of the 
enactment of this Act the Secretary of the Treasury shall establish a 
Disaster Relief Account within the Office of the Secretary of the 
Treasury.
    (b) Reservation of Funds.--For each domestic discretionary spending 
account, the head of each Federal agency shall transfer 1 percent of 
all funds appropriated for each fiscal year beginning after September 
30, 1993, to the account established under subsection (a) upon 
enactment of the appropriations Act for the agency for the fiscal year.
    (c) Transfer of Funds.--Upon enactment of an emergency disaster 
supplemental appropriations Act, the Secretary of the Treasury shall 
transfer such sums as are specified in such Act with respect to a 
disaster declared by the President from the Disaster Relief Account to 
the accounts specified by such Act.
    (d) Use of Disaster Relief Account Prior to Provision of Emergency 
Funds in Excess of Caps.--All funds in the Disaster Relief Account 
established under subsection (a) shall be exhausted before any funds 
shall be made available pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D) of the 
Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.
    (e) Release of Funds.--Any funds reserved under subsection (b) for 
a fiscal year which have not been transferred under subsection (c) by 
August 1 of such fiscal year shall after that date be returned to the 
account from which they were reserved in an amount proportionate to the 
amount originally reserved under subsection (b) if no emergency 
disaster supplemental appropriations bill has been reported from a 
committee of, or passed by, the House of Representatives or the Senate. 
If such a bill has been so reported or passed by August 1, such funds 
as may be required by such bill shall be retained in the Disaster 
Relief Account established under subsection (a) until transferred under 
subsection (c). Any funds in excess of those required for such bill 
shall be returned to the accounts from which they were reserved in an 
amount proportionate to the amount originally reserved under subsection 
(b) upon enactment of such bill as law.
    (f) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``domestic 
discretionary spending account'' means each budget account that was for 
purposes of section 601(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 
considered to be with respect to fiscal year 1993 within the domestic 
discretionary category, and each new account not classified as within 
function 050 or 150.
    (g) Rescission of Funds.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``Federal Emergency Management Agency--Disaster Relief'' in the 
Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and 
Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-124), 
$15,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 536. ELIMINATION OF WEATHER OFFICE CLOSURE CERTIFICATION 
              PROCEDURES.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration Authorization Act of 1992 is repealed.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that the 
repeal made by subsection (a) will not result in a degradation of 
weather forecasting service.
    (c) Rescission of Funds.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration--Operations, 
Research, and Facilities'' in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and 
State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 
(Pub. L. 103-121), $20,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from the 
National Weather Service.

SEC. 537. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR NOAA RESEARCH FLEET.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``National Oceanic 
And Atmospheric Administration--Fleet Modernization, Shipbuilding and 
Conversion'' in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the 
Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-
121), $77,064,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 538. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR NOAA ADD-ONS.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``National Oceanic 
And Atmospheric Administration'' in the Departments of Commerce, 
Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), there are rescinded the following amounts 
from the following accounts:
            (1) ``Operations, Research, and Facilities'', $71,298,000.
            (2) ``Construction'', $29,840,000.
            (3) ``Aircraft Procurement and Modernization'', 
        $43,000,000.

SEC. 539. STUDY CONCERNING MERGER OF BUREAU OF RECLAMATION AND UNITED 
              STATES ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS.

    (a) Finding.--The Congress finds--
            (1) that similar functions should be administered in the 
        same agency;
            (2) that the Bureau of Reclamation is currently 
        reevaluating its mission; and
            (3) now is the proper time for the Bureau of Reclamation 
        and the Corps of Engineers to evaluate the feasibility of a 
        merger.
    (b) Study.--Not later than one year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the 
Commissioner of Reclamation, and the Secretary of the Army, acting 
through the Chief of Engineers, shall jointly conduct a study and 
submit a report to the Congress on merging the Bureau of Reclamation 
with the Corps of Engineers. The study shall include an examination of 
the administrative efficiencies that could be achieved in addition to 
the change and reorganization referred to in subsection (a), 
including--
            (1) a the financial savings through administrative 
        efficiency that would be obtained through such a merger; and
            (2) the realignment of water projects such that similar 
        projects are treated in a similar manner.

SEC. 540. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR AGRICULTURE BUILDING AND FACILITIES 
              ACCOUNT.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``Cooperative State 
Research Service--Buildings and Facilities'' in the Agriculture, Rural 
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-111), $56,874,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 541. REPEAL OF AUTHORIZATIONS FOR THE AIRWAY SCIENCE PROGRAM, 
              COLLEGIATE TRAINING INITIATIVE, AND AIR CARRIER 
              MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN TRAINING FACILITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) Airway Science Program.--All authority for--
            (1) the Secretary of Transportation to enter into grant 
        agreements with universities or colleges having an airway 
        science curriculum recognized by the Federal Aviation 
        Administration for conducting demonstration projects with 
        respect to the development, advancement, and expansion of 
        airway science programs, and
            (2) the Federal Aviation Administration to enter into 
        competitive grant agreements with institutions of higher 
        education having airway science curricula,
and all authorizations to appropriate funds for such purposes, 
including all authorizations for which funds were appropriated for such 
purposes under the heading ``Federal Aviation Administration, 
Facilities and Equipment'' in the Department of Transportation and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Acts, 1994 are repealed.
    (b) Collegiate Training Initiative.--Section 362 of the Department 
of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (106 
Stat. 1560) is repealed. Notwithstanding such repeal, the Administrator 
of the Federal Aviation Administration may continue to convert 
appointment of persons who have been appointed pursuant to such section 
prior to the effective date of this Act from the excepted service to a 
career conditional or career appointment in the competitive civil 
service, pursuant to subsection (c) of such section.
    (c) Air Carrier Maintenance Technician Training Facility Grant 
Program.--Section 119 of the Airport and Airway Safety, Capacity, Noise 
Improvement, and Intermodal Transportation Act of 1992 (49 U.S.C. App. 
1354 note; 106 Stat. 4883-4884) is repealed.
    (d) Rescission of Funds.--
            (1) FAA operations.--Of the funds made available under the 
        heading ``Federal Aviation Administration--Operations'' in the 
        Department of Transportation and Related Agencies 
        Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-122), $2,750,000 is 
        rescinded, to be derived from grants to the Mid-American 
        Aviation Resource Consortium and vocational technical 
        institutions.
            (2) FAA facilities and equipment.--Of the unobligated 
        balance of funds made available under the heading ``Federal 
        Aviation Administration--Facilities and Equipment'' in 
        appropriations Acts for fiscal year 1994 and prior fiscal 
        years, $40,257,111 is rescinded, to be derived from the airway 
        science program.

SEC. 542. REPEAL OF NATIONAL RECREATIONAL TRAILS PROGRAM.

    The Symms National Recreational Trails Act of 1991 (16 U.S.C. 1261-
1262; 105 Stat. 2064-2069) is repealed.

SEC. 543. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR EDA.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``Economic 
Development Administration--Economic Development Assistance Programs'' 
in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), 
$159,892,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 544. ELIMINATION OF FUNDING FOR PUBLIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS 
              FACILITIES.

    (a) Repeal of Authorization of Appropriations.--Subpart A of Part 
IV of title III of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 390-393a) 
is repealed.
    (b) Rescission of Funds.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``National Telecommunications and Information Administration--
Public Telecommunications Facilities, Planning and Construction'' in 
the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), 
$24,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 545. MORATORIUM ON CONSTRUCTION AND ACQUISITION OF NEW FEDERAL 
              BUILDINGS.

    (a) General Rule.--After the date of the enactment of this Act and 
before October 1, 1998, the Administrator of General Services may not 
obligate any funds for construction or acquisition of any public 
building under the authority of the Public Buildings Act of 1959 or any 
other provision of law (other than a public building under construction 
or under contract for acquisition on such date of enactment).
    (b) Public Building Defined.--In this section, the term ``public 
building'' has the meaning such term has under the Public Buildings Act 
of 1959.

                   Subtitle C--Government Management

SEC. 551. GOVERNMENT INFORMATION DISSEMINATION AND PRINTING 
              IMPROVEMENT.

    (a) Transfer of Functions.--
            (1) Public printer.--The position of Public Printer and all 
        functions of the position of Public Printer (other than 
        functions of the Superintendent of Documents) under title 44, 
        United States Code, or any other provision of law are 
        transferred from the legislative branch of the Government to 
        the executive branch of the Government.
            (2) Superintendent of documents.--The position of 
        Superintendent of Documents and all functions of the position 
        of Superintendent of Documents under title 44, United States 
        Code, or any other provision of law are transferred to the 
        Library of Congress and shall be carried out by the 
        Superintendent of Documents under the direction of the 
        Librarian of Congress. The Superintendent of Documents shall be 
        appointed by, and serve at the pleasure of, the Librarian of 
        Congress.
            (3) Revocation of charters.--All printing plant charters 
        authorized under section 501 of title 44, United States Code, 
        are revoked.
            (4) Effective date.--The transfer under paragraph (1) and 
        the revocation under paragraph (3) shall each take effect 2 
        years after the date of the enactment of this Act. The transfer 
        under paragraph (2) shall take effect one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Government Publications to be Available Throughout the 
Government.--All Government publications shall be available throughout 
the Government to any department, agency, or entity of the Government 
for use or redissemination.
    (c) Inventory and Furnishing of Government Publications.--Each 
department, agency, and other entity of the Government shall--
            (1) establish and maintain a comprehensive inventory of its 
        Government publications;
            (2) make such inventory available through the electronic 
        directory under chapter 41 of title 44, United States Code; and
            (3) in the form and manner prescribed by the Superintendent 
        of Documents, furnish its Government publications to the 
        Superintendent of Documents.
    (d) Additional Responsibilities of the Public Printer.--
            (1) In general.--The Public Printer shall, with respect to 
        the executive branch of the Government and the judicial branch 
        of the Government--
                    (A) use all necessary measures to remedy neglect, 
                delay, duplication, and waste in the public printing 
                and binding of Government publications, including the 
                reduction and elimination of internal printing and 
                high-speed duplicating capacities of departments, 
                agencies, and entities;
                    (B) prescribe Government publishing standards, 
                which, to the greatest extent practicable, shall be 
                consistent with the United States Government Printing 
                Office Style Manual;
                    (C) prescribe Government procurement and 
                manufacturing requirements for printing paper and 
                writing paper, which, to the greatest extent 
                practicable, shall be consistent with Government Paper 
                Specification Standards;
                    (D) authorize the acquisition and transfer of 
                equipment requisitioned by publishing facilities 
                authorized under section 501 of title 44, United States 
                Code;
                    (E) authorize the disposal of such equipment 
                pursuant to section 312 of title 44, United States 
                Code; and
                    (F) establish policy for the acquisition of 
                printing, which, to the greatest extent practicable, 
                shall be consistent with (i) Printing Procurement 
                Regulation (GPO Publication 305.3), (ii) Government 
                Printing and Binding Regulations (JCP No. 26), and (ii) 
                Printing Procurement Department Instruction (PP304.1B).
            (2) Policy standards.--The policy referred to in paragraph 
        (1)(F) shall be formulated to maximize competitive procurement 
        from the private sector. Government in-house printing and 
        duplicating operations authorized under section 501 of title 
        44, United States Code, or otherwise authorized by law, may be 
        used if they provide printing at the lowest cost to the 
        Government, taking into consideration the total expense of 
        production, materials, labor, equipment, and general and 
        administrative expense, including all levels of overhead.
    (e) Additional Responsibilities of the Superintendent of 
Documents.--
            (1) Government publications to be furnished to the 
        superintendent of documents.--If a department, agency, or other 
        entity of the Government publishes a Government publication, 
        the head of the department, agency, or entity shall furnish the 
        Government publication to the Superintendent of Documents not 
        later than the date of release of the material to the public.
            (2) Dissemination or republication.--In addition to any 
        other dissemination provided for by law, the Superintendent of 
        Documents shall disseminate or republish Government 
        publications, if, as determined by the Superintendent, the 
        dissemination by the department, agency, or entity of the 
        Government is inadequate. The Superintendent shall have 
        authority to carry out the preceding sentence by appropriate 
        means, including the dissemination and republication of 
        Government publications furnished under paragraph (1), with the 
        cost of dissemination and republication to be borne by the 
        department, agency, or entity involved.
            (3) Cost.--The cost charged to the public by the 
        superintendent of documents under paragraph (2) for any 
        government publication (whether such government publication is 
        made available to the public by a department, agency, or entity 
        of the government, or by the superintendent of documents) may 
        include the incremental cost of dissemination, but may not 
        include any profit.
    (f) Depository Libraries..--In addition to any other distribution 
provided for by law, the Superintendent of Documents shall make 
Government publications available to designated depository libraries 
and State libraries. The Superintendent shall have authority to carry 
out the preceding sentence by appropriate means, including the 
dissemination and republication of Government publications furnished 
under subsection (e)(1), with the cost of dissemination and 
republication to be borne by the department, agency, or entity 
involved.
    (g) Definitions.--As used in this section--
            (1) the term ``Government publication'' means any 
        informational matter that is published at Government expense, 
        or as required by law; and
            (2) the term ``publish'' means, with respect to 
        informational matter, make available for dissemination.

SEC. 552. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING REORGANIZATION OF BUREAU OF 
              INDIAN AFFAIRS.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) the Bureau of Indian Affairs should be reorganized, 
        with special attention given to reorganizing the Bureau's 12 
        area offices into not more than 5 regional service centers and 
        2 special service offices; and
            (2) such reorganization should be pursued in coordination 
        with the Task Force on Bureau of Indian Affairs reorganization, 
        as provided in the Department of the Interior and Related 
        Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-138).

SEC. 553. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR PRINTING AND REPRODUCTION AND FOR 
              SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS.

    (a) In General.--Of the funds made available in appropriations Acts 
for fiscal year 1994 to the following agencies for printing and 
reproduction and for supplies and materials, the following amounts are 
rescinded:
            (1) Department of Agriculture, $186,000,000.
            (2) Department of Commerce, $6,000,000.
            (3) Department of Health and Human Services, $22,400,000.
            (4) Department of the Interior, $14,400,000.
            (5) Department of Justice, $15,600,000.
            (6) Department of Labor, $2,000,000.
            (7) Department of State, $4,400,000.
            (8) Department of the Treasury, $13,200,000.
            (9) Department of Education, $400,000.
            (10) Department of Energy, $2,800,000.
            (11) Environmental Protection Agency, $11,200,000.
            (12) Department of Transportation, $33,200,000.
            (13) Department of Housing and Urban Development, $240,000.
            (14) Department of Veterans Affairs, $97,200,000.
    (b) Allocation.--The Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget shall allocate the rescissions made by subsection (a) among the 
appropriate accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting 
forth such allocation.

SEC. 554. STREAMLINING OF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In General.--During the 5-year period beginning on the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban 
Development shall streamline the headquarters, regional, and field 
office structure of the Department of Housing and Urban Development by 
consolidating various such offices and reducing the size of the 
Department, without regard to the requirements of section 7(p) of the 
Department of Housing and Urban Development Act.
    (b) Workforce Reductions.--In carrying out subsection (a), during 
the period referred to in such subsection, the Secretary of Housing and 
Urban Development shall eliminate not less than 1,500 full-time 
employment positions in the Department of Housing and Urban 
Development.

SEC. 555. TERMINATION OF INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION.

    (a) In General.--There are transferred to the Secretary, effective 
January 1, 1994, all functions of the Commission.
    (b) Authority of Office of Management and Budget.--The Director of 
the Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with the 
Commission and the Secretary, may make such determinations as may be 
necessary with regard to the functions transferred by this section, and 
make such additional incidental dispositions of assets, liabilities, 
contracts, property, and records, as may be necessary to carry out the 
provisions of this section. The unobligated funds of the Commission 
shall not be transferred to the Department of Transportation in order 
to carry out the transfer of functions under this section, and the 
number of full-time employee positions within the Department of 
Transportation shall not be increased as a result of such transfer of 
functions.
    (c) Joint Planning for Transfer.--The Chairman of the Commission 
and the Secretary shall, beginning as soon as practicable after the 
date of enactment of this section, jointly plan for the orderly 
transfer of functions under this section.
    (d) Interim Use of Interstate Commerce Commission Personnel.--Prior 
to January 1, 1994, and with the consent of the Commission, the 
Secretary may use the services of officers, employees, and other 
personnel of the Commission under such terms and conditions as will 
reasonably facilitate the orderly transfer of functions under this 
section.
    (e) Savings Provisions.--
            (1) In general.--All orders, determinations, rules, 
        regulations, permits, contracts, certificates, licenses, and 
        privileges--
                    (A) which have been issued, made, granted, or 
                allowed to become effective by any agency or official 
                thereof, or by a court of competent jurisdiction, in 
                the performance of any function which is transferred by 
                this section to the Secretary from the Commission; and
                    (B) which are in effect immediately before the 
                transfer of functions by this section,
        shall continue in effect according to their terms until 
        modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or revoked in 
        accordance with law by the Secretary or any other duly 
        authorized official, by any court of competent jurisdiction, or 
        by operation of law.
            (2) Continuation of proceedings.--The transfer of functions 
        by this section shall not affect any proceedings, including 
        rulemaking proceedings, or any application for any license, 
        permit, or certificate, pending before the Commission 
        immediately before the transfer takes effect. Such proceedings 
        and applications shall be continued at the Department of 
        Transportation. Orders shall be issued in such proceedings, and 
        appeals shall be taken therefrom, as if this section had not 
        been enacted; and orders issued in any such proceedings shall 
        continue in effect until modified, terminated, superseded, or 
        revoked by the Secretary of Transportation, by a court of 
        competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law. Nothing in this 
        subsection shall be deemed to prohibit the discontinuance or 
        modification of any such proceeding under the same terms and 
        conditions and to the same extent that such proceeding could 
        have been discontinued or modified if this section had not been 
        enacted.
            (3) Effect on pending civil actions.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (5)--
                    (A) the transfer of any function under this section 
                shall not affect any civil action relating to such 
                function which is commenced prior to the date the 
                transfer takes effect; and
                    (B) in all such actions, proceedings shall be had, 
                appeals taken, and judgments rendered, in the same 
                manner and effect as if this section had not been 
                enacted.
            (4) Nonabatement of actions.--No action or other proceeding 
        commenced by or against any officer in that officer's official 
        capacity as an officer of the Commission shall abate by reason 
        of the transfer of any function under this section. No cause of 
        action by or against the Commission, or by or against any 
        officer thereof in that officer's official capacity, shall 
        abate by reason of the transfer of any function under this 
        section.
            (5) Judicial administrative provision.--If immediately 
        before the transfer of functions by this section the Commission 
        or any officer thereof in that officer's official capacity is a 
        party to an action relating to a function transfer by this 
        section, then such action shall be continued with the Secretary 
        or other appropriate official of the Department of 
        Transportation substituted or added as a party.
            (6) References.--With respect to any function transferred 
        by this section and performed on or after the effective date of 
        the transfer, reference in any Federal law to the Interstate 
        Commerce Commission or the Commission (insofar as such term 
        refers to the Interstate Commerce Commission), or to any 
        officer or office thereof, shall be deemed to refer to the 
        Department of Transportation, or other official or component of 
        the Department of Transportation in which such function vests.
            (7) Exercise of functions by secretary.--In the exercise of 
        any function transferred by this section, the Secretary shall 
        have the same authority as that vested in the Commission with 
        respect to such function immediately preceding its transfer, 
        and actions of the Secretary shall have the same force and 
        effect as when exercised by the Commission. Orders and actions 
        of the Secretary in the exercise of the functions transferred 
        under this section shall be subject to judicial review to the 
        same extent and in the same manner as if such orders and 
        actions had been by the Commission in the exercise of such 
        functions immediately preceding their transfer. Any statutory 
        requirements relating to notice, hearings, actions upon the 
        record, or administrative review that apply to any functions 
        transferred by this section shall apply to the exercise of such 
        functions by the Secretary.
    (f) Reports.--No later than July 1, 1994, the Secretary shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
functions transferred from the Commission to the Department of 
Transportation under this section. The report shall include--
            (1) an assessment of benefits compared to costs associated 
        with each of these functions, both with respect to persons 
        affected directly and to the public generally;
            (2) recommendations for the elimination of functions 
        identified as redundant, or substantially the same as functions 
        or services which are performed by the Department of 
        Transportation or other public or private organizations prior 
        to the transfer of functions under this section; and
            (3) recommendations to modify or eliminate those functions 
        that do not provide substantial economic or safety benefits to 
        the general public.
    (g) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Executive level pay rates.--
                    (A) Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is 
                amended by striking ``Chairman, Interstate Commerce 
                Commission.''.
                    (B) Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is 
                amended by striking ``Members, Interstate Commerce 
                Commission.''.
            (2) Termination of commission.--Sections 10301 through 
        10308 of title 49, United States Code, are repealed.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
        shall become effective on January 1, 1994.
    (h) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the term ``Commission'' means the Interstate Commerce 
        Commission;
            (2) the term ``function'' means a function, power, or duty; 
        and
            (3) the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        Transportation.
    (i) Rescission and Transfer of Funds.--Of the funds made available 
under the heading ``Interstate Commerce Commission--Salaries and 
Expenses'' in the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-122)--
            (1) $18,000,000 is rescinded; and
            (2) $15,000,000 shall be transferred to and merged with the 
        appropriation in such Act for ``DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION--
        OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY--Immediate Office of the Secretary''.

SEC. 556. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FROM TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY FUND.

    Of the funds in the Area and Regional Account of the Tennessee 
Valley Authority Fund, $23,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 557. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR APPALACHIAN REGIONAL COMMISSION.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``Appalachian 
Regional Commission'' in the Energy and Water Development 
Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-126), $59,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 558. IMPROVEMENTS TO MANAGMENT OF VETERANS' HOSPITALS.

    The Secretary of Veterans Affairs, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall implement for the 
Veterans Health Administration a financing system known as a 
``Prospective Payment System''. In implementing such a system, the 
Secretary shall classify each individual receiving health care and 
services under chapter 17 of title 38, United States Code, in a 
Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG). The Prospective Payment System 
implemented by the Secretary shall be modeled as closely as is 
practicable on the Prospective Payment System in use for the Medicare 
program under title XVIII of the Social Security Act. The Secretary 
may, to the extent necessary to implement this section, waive any 
provisions of law inconsistent with this section. In implementing this 
section, it shall be a goal of the Secretary to achieve savings in 
outlays for the Department of Veterans Affairs medical system of not 
less than $1,000,000,000 over the five-year period of fiscal years 1994 
through 1998.

SEC. 559. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``Legal Services 
Corporation--Payment to the Legal Services Corporation'' in the 
Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $20,000,000 is 
rescinded.

SEC. 560. TERMINATION OF STATE JUSTICE INSTITUTE.

    (a) In General.--The State Justice Institute Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 
10701 et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Rescission of Funds.--Of the funds made available under the 
heading ``State Justice Institute--Salaries and Expenses'' in the 
Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $6,775,000 is 
rescinded.

SEC. 561. IMPROVEMENT OF U.S. MARSHALS SERVICE.

    (a) Phasing Out of Political Appointees.--
            (1) Unconfirmed appointees.--Any individual serving as a 
        United States marshal to whose appointment to such office the 
        Senate has not given its advice and consent as of the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, may no longer serve in such position 
        on or after such date of enactment, except pursuant to 
        appointment by the Attorney General under the amendments made 
        by this section. The Attorney General shall, before appointing 
        any other individual to such vacated position, offer such 
        vacated position to the individual then serving as deputy 
        marshal in that office of United States marshal. The individual 
        appointed to fill such vacated position shall be appointed for 
        the remainder of the unexpired term of his or her predecessor.
            (2) Confirmed appointees.--Any individual who, on the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, is a United States marshal to 
        whose appointment the Senate has given its advice and consent, 
        may not serve in such position on or after December 31, 1994, 
        except pursuant to appointment by the Attorney General under 
        the amendments made by this section. The Attorney General 
        shall, before appointing any other individual to such vacated 
        position, offer such vacated position to the individual then 
        serving as deputy marshal in that office of United States 
        marshal. The individual appointed to fill such vacated position 
        shall be appointed for the remainder of the unexpired term of 
        his or her predecessor.
    (b) Appointment of United States Marshals.--Section 561 of title 
28, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c) by striking ``The President shall 
        appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate,'' 
        and inserting ``The Attorney General shall appoint''; and
            (2) in subsection (d) by striking ``President'' and 
        inserting ``Attorney General''.
    (c) Overall Reduction in Number of Positions.--
            (1) Elimination of positions of deputy marshal.--The 
        position of deputy marshal in the 70 judicial districts having 
        the least population of all judicial districts shall be 
        abolished, as of--
                    (A) the date of the enactment of this Act, in a 
                case in which subsection (a)(1) applies; or
                    (B) the date on which the United States marshal 
                leaves office under the first sentence of subsection 
                (a)(2), in a case in which such subsection applies;
        and no equivalent position in such districts shall thereafter 
        be created.
            (2) Overall reduction.--The number of full-time equivalent 
        positions in the United States Marshals Service as of January 
        1, 1995, may not exceed the number of full-time equivalent 
        positions in the United States Marshals Service on the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, minus 70.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 562 of title 28, United 
States Code, and the item relating to such section in the table of 
sections at the beginning of chapter 37 of such title, are repealed.
    (2) Section 569 of such title is amended--
            (A) by striking ``(a)''; and
            (B) by striking subsection (b).

SEC. 562. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR BATF.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco and Firearms--Salaries and Expenses'' in the Treasury, Postal 
Service, and General Government Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-
123), $2,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 563. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF NEW FEDERAL OFFICES 
              AND COURTHOUSES.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``General Services 
Administration--Federal Buildings Fund'' in the Treasury, Postal 
Service, and General Government Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-
123), $288,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 564. LIMITATION ON OFFICE EQUIPMENT AND FURNISHINGS PURCHASES BY 
              DEPARTING MEMBERS OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

    The first section of the Act entitled ``An Act to authorize the 
disposition of certain office equipment and furnishings, and for other 
purposes'', enacted October 20, 1974 (2 U.S.C. 59a) is repealed.

SEC. 565. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT.

    (a) In General.--Of the funds made available for each account under 
the heading ``Executive Office of the President and Funds Appropriated 
to the President'' in the Treasury, Postal Service, and General 
Government Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-123), there is 
rescinded an amount equal to 5 percent of such funds.
    (b) Additional Offices.--Of the funds made available for each 
account under the heading ``Executive Office of the President'' in the 
Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and 
Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-124), there 
is rescinded an amount equal to 5 percent of such funds.

SEC. 566. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR LEGISLATIVE BRANCH.

    (a) In General.--Of the funds made available for each account in 
the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-69), there 
is rescinded an amount equal to 7.5 percent of such funds.
    (b) Exceptions.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to--
            (1) funds made available under the heading ``Congressional 
        Operations--Senate''; or
            (2) funds for which amounts are rescinded by section 317.

SEC. 567. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR HOUSE FRANKING.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ``House of 
Representatives--Salaries and Expenses'' in the Legislative Branch 
Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-69), $12,000,000 is rescinded, to 
be derived from ``Official Mail Costs''.

SEC. 568. PROVISIONS RELATING TO ANNUAL PAY ADJUSTMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF 
              CONGRESS.

    (a) Calendar Year 1994.--Notwithstanding section 601(a)(2) of the 
Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 (2 U.S.C. 31(2)), the cost of 
living adjustment (relating to pay for Members of Congress) which would 
become effective under such provision of law during calendar year 1994 
shall not take effect.
    (b) Limitation on Future Adjustments.--Effective as of December 31, 
1994, paragraph (2) of section 601(a) of the Legislative Reorganization 
Act of 1946 is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(2) Effective'' and inserting ``(2)(A) 
        Subject to subparagraph (B), effective''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(B) In no event shall the percentage adjustment taking effect 
under subparagraph (A) in any calendar year exceed the percentage 
adjustment taking effect in such calendar year under section 5303 of 
title 5, United States Code, in the rates of pay under the General 
Schedule.''.

SEC. 569. SES ANNUAL LEAVE ACCUMULATION.

    (a) In General.--Effective on the last day of the last applicable 
pay period beginning in calendar year 1993, subsection (f) of section 
6304 of title 5, United States Code, is repealed.
    (b) Savings Provision.--Notwithstanding the amendment made by 
subsection (a), in the case of an employee who, on the effective date 
of subsection (a), is subject to subsection (f) of section 6304 of 
title 5, United States Code, and who has to such employee's credit 
annual leave in excess of the maximum accumulation otherwise permitted 
by subsection (a) or (b) of section 6304, such excess annual leave 
shall remain to the credit of the employee and be subject to reduction, 
in the same manner as provided in subsection (c) of section 6304.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 6304(a) of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``(e), (f), and (g)'' and inserting 
``(e) and (g)'', effective as of the effective date of subsection (a).
    (d) Rescission of Funds.--Of the aggregate funds made available to 
executive departments and agencies in appropriations Act for fiscal 
year 1994 for purposes of payments for accrued leave upon termination 
of employment, $2,000,000 is rescinded. The Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget shall allocate such rescission among the 
appropriate accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting 
forth such allocation.

SEC. 570. REDUCTION OF FEDERAL FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT POSITIONS.

    (a) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``agency'' 
means an Executive agency as defined under section 105 of title 5, 
United States Code, but does not include the General Accounting Office.
    (b) Limitations on Full-Time Equivalent Positions.--The President, 
through the Office of Management and Budget (in consultation with the 
Office of Personnel Management), shall ensure that the total number of 
full-time equivalent positions in all agencies shall not exceed--
            (1) 2,053,600 during fiscal year 1994;
            (2) 1,999,600 during fiscal year 1995;
            (3) 1,945,600 during fiscal year 1996;
            (4) 1,895,600 during fiscal year 1997; and
            (5) 1,851,600 during fiscal year 1998.
    (c) Monitoring and Notification.--The Office of Management and 
Budget, after consultation with the Office of Personnel Management, 
shall--
            (1) continuously monitor all agencies and make a 
        determination on the first date of each quarter of each 
        applicable fiscal year of whether the requirements under 
        subsection (b) are met; and
            (2) notify the President and the Congress on the first date 
        of each quarter of each applicable fiscal year of any 
        determination that any requirement of subsection (b) is not 
        met.
    (d) Compliance.--If at any time during a fiscal year, the Office of 
Management and Budget notifies the President and the Congress that any 
requirement under subsection (b) is not met, no agency may hire any 
employee for any position in such agency until the Office of Management 
and Budget notifies the President and the Congress that the total 
number of full-time equivalent positions for all agencies equals or is 
less than the applicable number required under subsection (b).
    (e) Waiver.--Any provision of this section may be waived upon--
            (1) a determination by the President of the existence of 
        war or a national security requirement; or
            (2) the enactment of a joint resolution upon an affirmative 
        vote of three-fifths of the Members of each House of the 
        Congress duly chosen and sworn.
    (f) Rescission of Funds.--Of the aggregate funds made available to 
executive departments and agencies in appropriations Act for fiscal 
year 1994 for purposes of employee compensation, $2,122,000,000 is 
rescinded. The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall 
allocate such rescission among the appropriate accounts, and shall 
submit to the Congress a report setting forth such allocation.

SEC. 571. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR TRAVEL ACCOUNTS.

    (a) In General.--Of the funds made available in any appropriations 
Act for fiscal year 1994 to any executive department or agency, or any 
entity in the legislative branch, for purposes of official travel, 15 
percent is rescinded. The Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget shall allocate such rescission among the appropriate accounts, 
and shall submit to the Congress a report setting forth such 
allocation.
    (b) Exceptions.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to--
            (1) the Department of Defense, the Department of Justice, 
        the Department of State, the Department of the Treasury, the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs, or any agency or office within 
        any such department; or
            (2) the Office of Personnel Management in carrying out its 
        responsibilities under the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

SEC. 572. TERMINATION OF FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEES.

    (a) Termination.--The entities described in subsection (b) are 
terminated.
    (b) Entities Described.--The entities referred to in subsection (a) 
are the following:
            (1) Preservation of Jazz Advisory Commission.
            (2) Mt. Saint Helen's Scientific Advisory Board.
            (3) Advisory Panel for the Dictionary of Occupational 
        Titles.
            (4) U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Advisory 
        Board.
            (5) Secretary of the Navy's Advisory Committee on Naval 
        History.
            (6) Scientific Advisory Committee on Effects.
            (7) Advisory Committee on Publications Subvention.
            (8) National Advisory Council on Educational Research and 
        Improvement.
            (9) Advisory Panel for the Decontamination of TMI-2.
            (10) Technical Advisory Group on Cigarette Fire Safety.
            (11) Advisory Commission of Swine Health Protection.
    (c) Savings Provisions.--
            (1) Continuation of agreements, grants, contracts, 
        privileges, and other administrative actions.--All agreements, 
        grants, contracts, privileges, and other administrative 
        actions--
                    (A) which have been issued, made, granted, or 
                allowed to become effective by an entity described in 
                subsection (b) in the performance of its functions or 
                by a court of competent jurisdiction with respect to 
                those functions, and
                    (B) which are in effect on the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, or were final before that date 
                of enactment and are to become effective on or after 
                that date of enactment,
        shall continue in effect according to their terms until 
        modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or revoked in 
        accordance with law by the President, any other authorized 
        official, a court of competent jurisdiction, or operation of 
        law.
            (2) Suits not affected.--The provisions of this section 
        shall not affect suits commenced before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, and in all such suits, proceedings shall 
        be had, appeals taken, and judgments rendered in the same 
        manner and with the same effect as if this section had not been 
        enacted.
            (3) Suits involving council or office.--No suit, action, or 
        other proceeding commenced by or against an entity described in 
        subsection (b), or by or against any individual in the official 
        capacity of such individual as an officer or employee of such 
        an entity, shall abate by reason of the enactment of this 
        section.

SEC. 573. INCREASE IN THRESHOLD FOR APPLICATION OF DAVIS-BACON ACT.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of the first section of the Act of 
March 3, 1931 (40 U.S.C. 276a et seq.) (known as the ``Davis-Bacon 
Act'') is amended by striking ``$2,000'' and inserting ``$100,000''.
    (b) Rescission of Funds.--Of the aggregate funds made available to 
executive departments and agencies in appropriations Act for fiscal 
year 1994 for purposes of construction activities under the Act of 
March 3, 1931 (40 U.S.C. 276a et seq.) (known as the ``Davis-Bacon 
Act'') or similar prevailing wage requirements applicable to projects 
assisted by Federal funds, $62,000,000 is rescinded. The Director of 
the Office of Management and Budget shall allocate such rescission 
among the appropriate accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a 
report setting forth such allocation.

SEC. 574. ELIMINATION OF CERTAIN REPORTS REQUIRED ON CONTRACTS COVERED 
              BY DAVIS-BACON ACT.

    (a) In General.--The first sentence of section 2 of the Act of June 
13, 1934, entitled ``An Act to effectuate the purpose of certain 
statutes concerning rates of pay for labor, by making it unlawful to 
prevent anyone from receiving the compensation contracted for 
thereunder, and for other purposes'' (40 U.S.C. 276c) (known as the 
``Copeland Act'') is amended by striking ``shall furnish weekly a 
statement with respect to the wages paid each employee during the 
preceding week'' and inserting ``shall furnish, at least once per 
month, a statement of compliance with the labor standards provisions of 
applicable law, certifying the payroll with respect to the wages paid 
employees during the preceding period for which the statement is 
furnished, covering each week any contract work is performed''.
    (b) Rescission of Funds.--Of the aggregate funds made available to 
executive departments and agencies in appropriations Act for fiscal 
year 1994 for purposes of construction activities submitted under 
section 2 of the Act of June 13, 1934 (40 U.S.C. 276c) (known as the 
``Copeland Act''), $55,000,000 is rescinded. The Director of the Office 
of Management and Budget shall allocate such rescission among the 
appropriate accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting 
forth such allocation.

SEC. 575. FEES FOR APPLICATIONS FOR ALCOHOL LABELING AND FORMULA 
              REVIEWS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate (in 
this section referred to as the ``Secretary'') shall establish a 
program requiring the payment of user fees for--
            (1) requests for each certificate of alcohol label approval 
        required under the Federal Alcohol Administration Act (27 
        U.S.C. 201 et seq.) and for each request for exemption from 
        such requirement, and
            (2) requests for each formula review, and requests for each 
        statement of process (including laboratory tests and analyses), 
        under such Act or under chapter 51 of the Internal Revenue Code 
        of 1986.
    (b) Program Criteria.--
            (1) In general.--The fees charged under the program 
        required by subsection (a) shall be determined such that the 
        Secretary estimates that the aggregate of such fees received 
        during any fiscal year will be $5,000,000.
            (2) Minimum fees.--The fee charged under the program 
        required by subsection (a) shall not be less than--
                    (A) $50 for each request referred to in subsection 
                (a)(1), and
                    (B) $250 for each request referred to in subsection 
                (a)(2).
    (c) Application of Section.--Subsection (a) shall apply to requests 
made on or after the 90th day after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    (d) Deposit and Credit as Offsetting Receipts.--The amounts 
collected by the Secretary under the program required by subsection (a) 
(to the extent such amounts do not exceed $5,000,000) shall be 
deposited into the Treasury as offsetting receipts and ascribed to the 
alcohol compliance program of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and 
Firearms.

SEC. 576. INCREASE IN SEC REGISTRATION FEES.

    (a) Securities Act of 1933.--Section 6(b) of the Securities Act of 
1933 (15 U.S.C. 77f(b)) is amended by striking ``one-fiftieth of 1 per 
centum'' and inserting ``\1/29\ of 1 percent''.
    (b) Securities Exchange Act of 1934.--Sections 13(e)(3) and 
14(g)(1)(A)(i) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 
78m(e)(3), 78n(g)(1)(A)(i)) are each amended by striking ``\1/50\ of 1 
per centum'' and inserting ``\1/29\ of 1 percent''.
    (c) Deposit and Credit as Offsetting Receipts.--The amounts 
collected under the provisions amended by this section shall be 
deposited into the Treasury as offsetting receipts and ascribed to the 
salaries and expenses account of the Securities and Exchange 
Commission.
    (d) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall not apply after September 30, 1998.

SEC. 577. TRAVEL, TOURISM, AND EXPORT PROMOTION FEES.

    (a) Travel and Tourism Fees.--
            (1) In general.--Each State that participates in marketing 
        activities or tourism promotion abroad through the United 
        States Travel and Tourism Administration shall pay a fee in an 
        amount determined by such Administration so that the total 
        receipts from such fees shall equal the budget of such 
        Administration.
            (2) Deposit and credit as offsetting receipts.--The amounts 
        collected under this subsection shall be deposited into the 
        Treasury as offsetting receipts and ascribed to the salaries 
        and expenses account of the United States Travel and Tourism 
        Administration.
    (b) Export Promotion Fees.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Commerce or his delegate 
        (in this subsection referred to as the ``Secretary'') shall 
        establish a program requiring the payment of user fees for all 
        services provided to all entities outside the Federal 
        Government by the International Trade Administration in 
        carrying out its export promotion programs.
            (2) Setting of fees.--The fees charged under the program 
        required by paragraph (1) shall be determined such that the 
        Secretary estimates that the aggregate of such fees received 
        during the following fiscal years will equal the following 
        amounts:
                    (A) $100,000,000 during fiscal year 1994.
                    (B) $212,154,000 during fiscal year 1995.
                    (C) $224,821,000 during fiscal year 1996.
                    (D) $237,830,000 during fiscal year 1997.
                    (E) $251,648,000 during fiscal year 1998.
            (3) Application of section.--Paragraph (1) shall apply to 
        services provided on or after the 90th day after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.
            (4) Definition.--As used in this subsection, the term 
        ``export promotion program'' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 201(d) of the export administration amendments act of 
        1985 (15 U.S.C. 4051(d)) and includes--
                    (A) the provision of information and technical 
                assistance; and
                    (B) any form of assistance in the marketing of 
                goods and services.
            (5) Deposit and credit as offsetting receipts.--The amounts 
        collected by the Secretary under the program required by 
        paragraph (1) (to the extent such amounts do not exceed the 
        amounts specified in paragraph (2)) shall be deposited into the 
        Treasury as offsetting receipts and ascribed to the operations 
        and administrations account of the International Trade 
        Administration.

                      Subtitle D--Human Resources

SEC. 581. SUBSTITUTION OF VOUCHER ASSISTANCE FOR PUBLIC HOUSING NEW 
              CONSTRUCTION.

    (a) Termination of Assistance for Construction of Public Housing.--
            (1) Loan authority.--After the date of the enactment of 
        this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may 
        not enter into any new commitment to make loans under section 4 
        of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to public housing 
        agencies for the development or acquisition of public housing 
        projects by such agencies.
            (2) Contribution authority.--After the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban 
        Development may not enter into any new contract to make 
        contributions under section 5 of the United States Housing Act 
        of 1937 to public housing agencies for the development or 
        acquisition of public housing projects by such agencies.
            (3) Existing commitments.--After the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may 
        make contributions and loans for the development or acquisition 
        of public housing projects only pursuant to legally binding 
        commitments to make such loans or contracts for such 
        contributions entered into on or before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
            (4) Inapplicability to indian housing.--The provisions of 
        this section shall not apply to public housing developed 
        pursuant to a contract between the Secretary of Housing and 
        Urban Development and an Indian housing authority.
            (5) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the terms 
        ``Indian housing authority'', ``project'', ``public housing'', 
        and ``public housing agency'' have the meanings given the terms 
        in section 3(b) of the United States Housing Act of 1937.
    (b) Permissible Uses.--Vouchers for rental assistance provided with 
the amounts made available under this section may be used for the 
rental of dwelling units or costs of residency, as determined by 
qualified voucher recipients.
    (c) Rescission and Transfer of Funds.--Of the funds made available 
under the heading ``Department of Housing and Urban Development--
Housing Programs--Annual Contributions for Assisted Housing'' in the 
Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and 
Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-124)--
            (1) $367,000,000 is rescinded from the total amount under 
        such heading and from the amount specified under such heading 
        for the development or acquisition cost of public housing; and
            (2) $230,701,000 of the amount specified under such heading 
        for the development or acquisition cost of public housing shall 
        be reallocated to and merged with the amount specified under 
        such heading for the housing voucher program under section 8(o) 
        of the United States Housing Act of 1937.

SEC. 582. REFORM OF HUD MULTIFAMILY PROPERTY DISPOSITION.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
            (1) the portfolio of multifamily housing project mortgages 
        insured by the FHA is severely troubled and at risk of default, 
        requiring the Secretary to increase loss reserves from 
        $5,500,000,000 in 1991 to $11,900,000,000 in 1992 to cover 
        estimated future losses;
            (2) the inventory of multifamily housing projects owned by 
        the Secretary has more than tripled since 1989, and, by the end 
        of 1993, may exceed 75,000 units;
            (3) the cost to the Federal Government of owning and 
        maintaining multifamily housing projects escalated to 
        approximately $250,000,000 in fiscal year 1992;
            (4) the inventory of multifamily housing projects subject 
        to mortgages held by the Secretary has increased dramatically, 
        to more than 2,400 mortgages, and approximately half of these 
        mortgages, with over 230,000 units, are delinquent;
            (5) the inventory of insured and formerly insured 
        multifamily housing projects is rapidly deteriorating, 
        endangering tenants and neighborhoods;
            (6) over 5 million families today have a critical need for 
        housing that is affordable and habitable; and
            (7) the current statutory framework governing the 
        disposition of multifamily housing projects effectively impedes 
        the Government's ability to dispose of properties, protect 
        tenants, and ensure that projects are maintained over time.
    (b) Management and Disposition of Multifamily Housing Projects.--
Section 203 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 
(12 U.S.C. 1701z-11) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 203. MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSITION OF MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECTS.

    ``(a) Goals.--The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (in 
this section referred to as the `Secretary') shall manage or dispose of 
multifamily housing projects that are owned by the Secretary or that 
are subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary in a manner that--
            ``(1) is consistent with the National Housing Act and this 
        section;
            ``(2) will protect the financial interests of the Federal 
        Government; and
            ``(3) will, in the least costly fashion among reasonable 
        available alternatives, further the goals of--
                    ``(A) preserving housing so that it can remain 
                available to and affordable by low-income persons;
                    ``(B) preserving and revitalizing residential 
                neighborhoods;
                    ``(C) maintaining existing housing stock in a 
                decent, safe, and sanitary condition;
                    ``(D) minimizing the involuntary displacement of 
                tenants;
                    ``(E) maintaining housing for the purpose of 
                providing rental housing, cooperative housing, and 
                homeownership opportunities for low-income persons; and
                    ``(F) minimizing the need to demolish multifamily 
                housing projects.
The Secretary, in determining the manner in which a project is to be 
managed or disposed of, may balance competing goals relating to 
individual projects in a manner that will further the purposes of this 
section.
    ``(b) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the following 
definitions shall apply:
            ``(1) Multifamily housing project.--The term `multifamily 
        housing project' means any multifamily rental housing project 
        which is, or prior to acquisition by the Secretary was, 
        assisted or insured under the National Housing Act, or was 
        subject to a loan under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959.
            ``(2) Subsidized project.--The term `subsidized project' 
        means a multifamily housing project receiving any of the 
        following types of assistance immediately prior to the 
        assignment of the mortgage on such project to, or the 
        acquisition of such mortgage by, the Secretary:
                    ``(A) Below market interest rate mortgage insurance 
                under the proviso of section 221(d)(5) of the National 
                Housing Act.
                    ``(B) Interest reduction payments made in 
                connection with mortgages insured under section 236 of 
                the National Housing Act.
                    ``(C) Direct loans made under section 202 of the 
                Housing Act of 1959.
                    ``(D) Assistance in the form of--
                            ``(i) rent supplement payments under 
                        section 101 of the Housing and Urban 
                        Development Act of 1965;
                            ``(ii) housing assistance payments made 
                        under section 23 of the United States Housing 
                        Act of 1937 (as in effect before January 1, 
                        1975); or
                            ``(iii) housing assistance payments made 
                        under section 8 of the United States Housing 
                        Act of 1937 (excluding payments made for 
                        tenant-based assistance under section 8),
                if (except for purposes of section 183(c) of the 
                Housing and Community Development Act of 1987) such 
                assistance payments are made to more than 50 percent of 
                the units in the project.
            ``(3) Formerly subsidized project.--The term `formerly 
        subsidized project' means a multifamily housing project owned 
        by the Secretary that was a subsidized project immediately 
        prior to its acquisition by the Secretary.
            ``(4) Unsubsidized project.--The term `unsubsidized 
        project' means a multifamily housing project owned by the 
        Secretary that is not a subsidized project or a formerly 
        subsidized project.
    ``(c) Management or Disposition of Property.--
            ``(1) Disposition to purchasers.--The Secretary is 
        authorized, in carrying out this section, to dispose of a 
        multifamily housing project owned by the Secretary on a 
        negotiated, competitive bid, or other basis, on such terms as 
        the Secretary deems appropriate considering the low-income 
        character of the project and the requirements of subsection 
        (a), to a purchaser determined by the Secretary to be capable 
        of--
                    ``(A) satisfying the conditions of the disposition;
                    ``(B) implementing a sound financial and physical 
                management program that is designed to enable the 
                project to meet anticipated operating and repair 
                expenses to ensure that the project will remain in 
                decent, safe, and sanitary condition;
                    ``(C) responding to the needs of the tenants and 
                working cooperatively with tenant organizations;
                    ``(D) providing adequate organizational staff and 
                financial resources to the project; and
                    ``(E) meeting such other requirements as the 
                Secretary may determine.
            ``(2) Contracting for management services.--The Secretary 
        is authorized, in carrying out this section--
                    ``(A) to contract for management services for a 
                multifamily housing project that is owned by the 
                Secretary (or for which the Secretary is mortgagee in 
                possession), on a negotiated, competitive bid, or other 
                basis at a price determined by the Secretary to be 
                reasonable, with a manager the Secretary has determined 
                is capable of--
                            ``(i) implementing a sound financial and 
                        physical management program that is designed to 
                        enable the project to meet anticipated 
                        operating and maintenance expenses to ensure 
                        that the project will remain in decent, safe, 
                        and sanitary condition;
                            ``(ii) responding to the needs of the 
                        tenants and working cooperatively with tenant 
                        organizations;
                            ``(iii) providing adequate organizational, 
                        staff, and other resources to implement a 
                        management program determined by the Secretary; 
                        and
                            ``(iv) meeting such other requirements as 
                        the Secretary may determine;
                    ``(B) to require the owner of a multifamily housing 
                project that is subject to a mortgage held by the 
                Secretary to contract for management services for the 
                project in the manner described in subparagraph (A).
    ``(d) Maintenance of Housing Projects.--
            ``(1) Housing projects owned by the secretary.--In the case 
        of multifamily housing projects that are owned by the Secretary 
        (or for which the Secretary is mortgagee in possession), the 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) to the greatest extent possible, maintain all 
                such occupied projects in a decent, safe, and sanitary 
                condition;
                    ``(B) to the greatest extent possible, maintain 
                full occupancy in all such projects; and
                    ``(C) maintain all such projects for purposes of 
                providing rental or cooperative housing.
            ``(2) Housing projects subject to a mortgage held by the 
        secretary.--In the case of any multifamily housing project that 
        is subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary, the Secretary 
        shall require the owner of the project to carry out the 
        requirements of paragraph (1).
    ``(e) Required Assistance.--In carrying out the goal specified in 
subsection (a)(3)(A), the Secretary shall take not less than one of the 
following actions:
            ``(1) Contract with owner.--Enter into contracts under 
        section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, to the 
        extent budget authority is available, with owners of 
        multifamily housing projects that are acquired by a purchaser 
        other than the Secretary at foreclosure or after sale by the 
        Secretary:
                    ``(A) Subsidized or formerly subsidized projects 
                receiving certain assistance.--In the case of a 
                subsidized or formerly subsidized project referred to 
                in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of subsection (b)(2)--
                            ``(i) the contract shall be sufficient to 
                        assist at least all units covered by an 
                        assistance contract under any of the 
                        authorities referred to in subsection (b)(2)(D) 
                        before acquisition, unless the Secretary acts 
                        pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph (C);
                            ``(ii) in the case of units requiring 
                        project-based rental assistance pursuant to 
                        this paragraph that are occupied by families 
                        who are not eligible for assistance under 
                        section 8, a contract under this subparagraph 
                        shall also provide that when a vacancy occurs, 
                        the owner shall lease the available unit to a 
                        family eligible for assistance under section 8; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) the Secretary shall take actions to 
                        ensure the availability and affordability, as 
                        defined in paragraph (3)(B), for the remaining 
                        useful life of the project, as defined by the 
                        Secretary, of any unit located in any project 
                        referred to in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of 
                        subsection (b)(2) that does not otherwise 
                        receive project-based assistance under this 
                        subparagraph. To carry out this clause, the 
                        Secretary may require purchasers to establish 
                        use or rent restrictions maintaining 
                        affordability, as defined in paragraph (3)(B).
                    ``(B) Subsidized or formerly subsidized projects 
                receiving other assistance.--In the case of a 
                subsidized or formerly subsidized project referred to 
                in subsection (b)(2)(D)--
                            ``(i) the contract shall be sufficient to 
                        assist at least all units in the project that 
                        are covered, or were covered immediately before 
                        foreclosure on or acquisition of the project by 
                        the Secretary, by an assistance contract under 
                        any of the authorities referred to in such 
                        subsection, unless the Secretary acts pursuant 
                        to provisions of subparagraph (C); and
                            ``(ii) in the case of units requiring 
                        project-based rental assistance pursuant to 
                        this paragraph that are occupied by families 
                        who are not eligible for assistance under 
                        section 8, a contract under this paragraph 
                        shall also provide that when a vacancy occurs, 
                        the owner shall lease the available unit to a 
                        family eligible for assistance under section 8.
                    ``(C) Exceptions to subparagraphs (a) and (b).--In 
                lieu of providing project-based assistance under 
                subparagraph (A) or (B), the Secretary may require 
                certain units in unsubsidized projects to contain use 
                restrictions providing that such units will be 
                available to and affordable by very low-income families 
                for the remaining useful life of the project, as 
                defined by the Secretary, if--
                            ``(i) the Secretary matches any reduction 
                        in units otherwise required to be assisted with 
                        project-based assistance under subparagraph (A) 
                        or (B) with at least an equivalent increase in 
                        units made affordable to very low-income 
                        persons within unsubsidized projects;
                            ``(ii) low-income tenants residing in units 
                        otherwise requiring project-based assistance 
                        under subparagraph (A) or (B) upon disposition 
                        receive section 8 tenant-based assistance; and
                            ``(iii) the units described in clause (i) 
                        are located within the same market area.
                    ``(D) Contract requirements for unsubsidized 
                projects.--Notwithstanding actions taken pursuant to 
                subparagraph (C), in unsubsidized projects, the 
                contract shall at least be sufficient to provide--
                            ``(i) project-based rental assistance for 
                        all units that are covered or were covered 
                        immediately before foreclosure or acquisition 
                        by an assistance contract under--
                                    ``(I) section 8(b)(2) of the United 
                                States Housing Act of 1937 (as such 
                                section existed before October 1, 1983) 
                                (new construction and substantial 
                                rehabilitation); section 8(b) of such 
                                Act (property disposition); section 
                                8(d)(2) of such Act (project-based 
                                certificates); section 8(e)(2) of such 
                                Act (moderate rehabilitation); section 
                                23 of such Act (as in effect before 
                                January 1, 1975); or section 101 of the 
                                Housing and Urban Development Act of 
                                1965 (rent supplements); or
                                    ``(II) section 8 of the United 
                                States Housing Act of 1937, following 
                                conversion from section 101 of the 
                                Housing and Urban Development Act of 
                                1965; and
                            ``(ii) tenant-based assistance under 
                        section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 
                        1937 for tenants currently residing in units 
                        that were covered by an assistance contract 
                        under the Loan Management Set-Aside program 
                        under section 8(b) of the United States Housing 
                        Act of 1937 immediately before foreclosure or 
                        acquisition of the project by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Annual contribution contracts.--In the case of 
        multifamily housing projects that are acquired by a purchaser 
        other than the Secretary at foreclosure or after sale by the 
        Secretary, enter into annual contribution contracts with public 
        housing agencies to provide tenant-based assistance under 
        section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to all low-
        income families who are eligible for such assistance on the 
        date that the project is acquired by the purchaser. The 
        Secretary shall take action under this paragraph only after 
        making a determination that there is available in the area an 
        adequate supply of habitable affordable housing for low-income 
        families. Actions taken pursuant to this paragraph may be taken 
        in connection with not more than 10 percent of the aggregate 
        number of units in subsidized or formerly subsidized projects 
        disposed of by the Secretary annually.
            ``(3) Other assistance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In accordance with the authority 
                provided under the National Housing Act, reduce the 
                selling price, apply use or rent restrictions on 
                certain units, or provide other financial assistance to 
                the owners of multifamily housing projects that are 
                acquired by a purchaser other than the Secretary at 
                foreclosure, or after sale by the Secretary, on terms 
                which will ensure that--
                            ``(i) at least those units otherwise 
                        required to receive project-based section 8 
                        assistance pursuant to subparagraphs (A), (B), 
                        or (D) of paragraph (1) are available to and 
                        affordable by low-income persons; and
                            ``(ii) for the remaining useful life of the 
                        project, as defined by the Secretary, there 
                        shall be in force such use or rent restrictions 
                        as the Secretary may prescribe.
                    ``(B) Definition.--A unit shall be considered 
                affordable under this paragraph if--
                            ``(i) for very low-income tenants, the rent 
                        for such unit does not exceed 30 percent of 50 
                        percent of the area median income, as 
                        determined by the Secretary, with adjustments 
                        for family size; and
                            ``(ii) for low-income tenants other than 
                        very low-income tenants, the rent for such unit 
                        does not exceed 30 percent of 80 percent of the 
                        area median income, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, with adjustments for family size.
                    ``(C) Very low-income tenants.--The Secretary shall 
                provide assistance under section 8 of the United States 
                Housing Act of 1937 to any very low-income tenant 
                currently residing in a unit otherwise required to 
                receive project-based assistance under section 8, 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A), (B), or (D) of paragraph 
                (1), if the rents charged such tenants as a result of 
                actions taken pursuant to this paragraph exceed the 
                amount payable as rent under section 3(a) of the United 
                States Housing Act of 1937.
            ``(4) Transfer for use under other programs of the 
        secretary.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Enter into an agreement 
                providing for the transfer of a multifamily housing 
                project--
                            ``(i) to a public housing agency for use of 
                        the project as public housing; or
                            ``(ii) to an owner or another appropriate 
                        entity for use of the project under section 202 
                        of the Housing Act of 1959 or under section 811 
                        of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable 
                        Housing Act.
                    ``(B) Requirements for agreement.--The agreement 
                described in subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) contain such terms, conditions, and 
                        limitations as the Secretary determines 
                        appropriate, including requirements to assure 
                        use of the project under the public housing, 
                        section 202, and section 811 programs; and
                            ``(ii) ensure that no current tenant will 
                        be displaced as a result of actions taken under 
                        this paragraph.
    ``(f) Other Assistance.--In addition to the actions authorized by 
subsection (e), the Secretary may take any of the following actions:
            ``(1) Short-term loans.--Provide short-term loans to 
        facilitate the sale of multifamily housing projects to 
        nonprofit organizations or to public agencies if--
                    ``(A) authority for such loans is provided in 
                advance in an appropriations Act;
                    ``(B) such loans are for a term of not more than 5 
                years;
                    ``(C) the Secretary is presented with satisfactory 
                documentation, evidencing a commitment of permanent 
                financing to replace such short-term loan, from a 
                lender who meets standards set forth by the Secretary; 
                and
                    ``(D) the terms of such loans are consistent with 
                prevailing practices in the marketplace or the 
                provision of such loans results in no cost to the 
                Government, as defined in section 502 of the 
                Congressional Budget Act.
            ``(2) Tenant-based assistance.--In connection with projects 
        referred to in subsection (e), make available tenant-based 
        assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 
        1937 to very low-income families (as defined in section 3(b)(2) 
        of the United States Housing Act of 1937) that do not otherwise 
        qualify for project-based assistance.
            ``(3) Alternative uses.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, and subject to notice to and comment 
                from existing tenants, allow not more than--
                            ``(i) 5 percent of the total number of 
                        units in multifamily housing projects that are 
                        disposed of by the Secretary during any 1-year 
                        period to be made available for uses other than 
                        rental or cooperative uses, including low-
                        income homeownership opportunities, or in any 
                        particular project, community space, office 
                        space for tenant or housing-related service 
                        providers or security programs, or small 
                        business uses, if such uses benefit the tenants 
                        of the project; and
                            ``(ii) 5 percent of the total number of 
                        units in multifamily housing projects that are 
                        disposed of by the Secretary during any 1-year 
                        period to be used in any manner, if the 
                        Secretary and the unit of general local 
                        government or area-wide governing body 
                        determine that such use will further fair 
                        housing, community development, or neighborhood 
                        revitalization goals.
                    ``(B) Displacement protection.--The Secretary shall 
                make available tenant-based rental assistance under 
                section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to 
                any tenant displaced as a result of actions taken by 
                the Secretary pursuant to subparagraph (A), and the 
                Secretary shall take such actions as the Secretary 
                determines necessary to ensure the successful use of 
                any tenant-based assistance.
    ``(g) Authorization of Use or Rent Restrictions in Unsubsidized 
Projects.--In carrying out the goals specified in subsection (a), the 
Secretary may require certain units in unsubsidized projects to contain 
use or rent restrictions providing that such units will be available to 
and affordable by very low-income persons for the remaining useful life 
of the property, as defined by the Secretary.
    ``(h) Contract Requirements.--
            ``(1) Contract term.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Contracts for project-based 
                rental assistance under section 8 of the United States 
                Housing Act of 1937 provided pursuant to this section 
                shall be for a term of not more than 15 years; and
                    ``(B) Contract term of less than 15 years.--
                Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), to the extent that 
                units receive project-based assistance for a contract 
                term of less than 15 years, the Secretary shall require 
                that rents charged to tenants for such units not exceed 
                the amount payable for rent under section 3(a) of the 
                United States Housing Act of 1937 for a period of at 
                least 15 years.
            ``(2) Contract rent.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall set contract 
                rents for section 8 project-based rental contracts 
                issued under this section at levels that, in 
                conjunction with other resources available to the 
                purchaser, provide for the necessary costs of 
                rehabilitation of such project and do not exceed the 
                percentage of the existing housing fair market rents 
                for the area (as determined by the Secretary under 
                section 8(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937) 
                as the Secretary may prescribe.
                    ``(B) Up-front grants and loans.--If such an 
                approach is determined to be more cost-effective, the 
                Secretary may utilize the budget authority provided for 
                project-based section 8 contracts issued under this 
                section to--
                            ``(i) provide project-based section 8 
                        rental assistance; and
                            ``(ii)(I) provide up-front grants for the 
                        necessary cost of rehabilitation; or
                            ``(II) pay for any cost to the Government, 
                        as defined in section 502 of the Congressional 
                        Budget Act, for loans made pursuant to 
                        subsection (f)(1).
    ``(i) Disposition Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--Prior to the sale of a multifamily 
        housing project that is owned by the Secretary, the Secretary 
        shall develop a disposition plan for the project that specifies 
        the minimum terms and conditions of the Secretary for 
        disposition of the project, the initial sales price that is 
        acceptable to the Secretary, and the assistance that the 
        Secretary plans to make available to a prospective purchaser in 
        accordance with this section. The initial sales price shall 
        reflect the intended use of the property after sale.
            ``(2) Community and tenant input into disposition plans and 
        sales.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this section, 
                the Secretary shall develop procedures to obtain 
                appropriate and timely input into disposition plans 
                from officials of the unit of general local government 
                affected, the community in which the project is 
                situated, and the tenants of the project.
                    ``(B) Tenant organizations.--The Secretary shall 
                develop procedures to facilitate, where feasible and 
                appropriate, the sale of multifamily housing projects 
                to existing tenant organizations with demonstrated 
                capacity or to public or nonprofit entities which 
                represent or are affiliated with existing tenant 
                organizations.
                    ``(C) Technical assistance.--
                            ``(i) Use of funds.--To carry out the 
                        procedures developed under subparagraphs (A) 
                        and (B), the Secretary is authorized to provide 
                        technical assistance, directly or indirectly, 
                        and to use amounts appropriated for technical 
                        assistance under the Emergency Low Income 
                        Housing Preservation Act of 1987, the Low-
                        Income Housing Preservation and Resident 
                        Homeownership Act of 1990, subtitle B of title 
                        IV of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable 
                        Housing Act, or under this section for the 
                        provision of technical assistance under this 
                        section.
                            ``(ii) Source of funds.--Recipients of 
                        technical assistance funding under the 
                        Emergency Low Income Housing Preservation Act 
                        of 1987, the Low-Income Housing Preservation 
                        and Resident Homeownership Act of 1990, 
                        subtitle B of title IV of the Cranston-Gonzalez 
                        National Affordable Housing Act, or under this 
                        section shall be permitted to provide technical 
                        assistance to the extent of such funding under 
                        any of such programs or under this section, 
                        notwithstanding the source of funding.
    ``(j) Right of First Refusal.--
            ``(1) Procedure.--
                    ``(A) Notification by secretary of the acquisition 
                of title.--Not later than 30 days after acquiring title 
                to a project, the Secretary shall notify the unit of 
                general local government and the State agency or 
                agencies designated by the Governor of the acquisition 
                of such title.
                    ``(B) Expression of interest.--Not later than 45 
                days after receiving notification from the Secretary 
                under subparagraph (A), the unit of general local 
                government or designated State agency may submit to the 
                Secretary a preliminary expression of interest in the 
                project. The Secretary may take such actions as may be 
                necessary to require the unit of general local 
                government or designated State agency to substantiate 
                such interest.
                    ``(C) Timely expression of interest.--If the unit 
                of general local government or designated State agency 
                has expressed interest in the project before the 
                expiration of the 45-day period referred to in 
                subparagraph (B), and has substantiated such interest 
                if requested, the Secretary, upon approval of a 
                disposition plan for a project, shall notify the unit 
                of general local government and designated State agency 
                of the terms and conditions of the disposition plan and 
                give the unit of general local government or designated 
                State agency not more than 90 days after the date of 
                such notification to make an offer to purchase the 
                project.
                    ``(D) No timely expression of interest.--If the 
                unit of general local government or designated State 
                agency does not express interest before the expiration 
                of the 45-day period referred to in subparagraph (B), 
                or does not substantiate an expressed interest if 
                requested, the Secretary, upon approval of a 
                disposition plan, may offer the project for sale to any 
                interested person or entity.
            ``(2) Acceptance of offers.--Where the Secretary has given 
        the unit of general local government or designated State agency 
        90 days to make an offer to purchase the project, the Secretary 
        shall accept an offer that complies with the terms and 
        conditions of the disposition plan. The Secretary may accept an 
        offer that does not comply with the terms and conditions of the 
        disposition plan if the Secretary determines that the offer 
        will further the goals specified in subsection (a) by actions 
        that include extension of the duration of low-income 
        affordability restrictions or otherwise restructuring the 
        transaction in a manner that enhances the long-term 
        affordability for low-income persons. The Secretary shall, in 
        particular, have discretion to reduce the initial sales price 
        in exchange for the extension of low-income affordability 
        restrictions beyond the period of assistance contemplated by 
        the attachment of assistance pursuant to subsection (e). If the 
        Secretary and the unit of general local government or 
        designated State agency cannot reach agreement within 90 days, 
        the Secretary may offer the project for sale to the general 
        public.
            ``(3) Purchase by unit of general local government or 
        designated state agency.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, a unit of general local government (including a public 
        housing agency) or designated State agency may purchase a 
        subsidized or formerly subsidized project in accordance with 
        this subsection.
            ``(4) Applicability.--This subsection shall apply to 
        projects that are acquired on or after the effective date of 
        this subsection. With respect to projects acquired before such 
        effective date, the Secretary may apply--
                    ``(A) the requirements of paragraphs (2) and (3) of 
                section 203(e) as such paragraphs existed immediately 
                before the effective date of this subsection; or
                    ``(B) the requirements of paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
                this subsection, if the Secretary gives the unit of 
                general local government or designated State agency--
                            ``(i) 45 days to express interest in the 
                        project; and
                            ``(ii) if the unit of general local 
                        government or designated State agency expresses 
                        interest in the project before the expiration 
                        of the 45-day period, and substantiates such 
                        interest if requested, 90 days from the date of 
                        notification of the terms and conditions of the 
                        disposition plan to make an offer to purchase 
                        the project.
    ``(k) Displacement of Tenants and Relocation Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--Whenever tenants will be displaced as a 
        result of the disposition of, or repairs to, a multifamily 
        housing project that is owned by the Secretary (or for which 
        the Secretary is mortgagee in possession), the Secretary shall 
        identify tenants who will be displaced, and shall notify all 
        such tenants of their pending displacement and of any 
        relocation assistance which may be available. In the case of a 
        multifamily housing project that is not owned by the Secretary 
        (and for which the Secretary is not mortgagee in possession), 
        the Secretary shall require the owner of the project to carry 
        out the requirements of this paragraph.
            ``(2) Rights of displaced tenants.--The Secretary shall 
        assure for any such tenant (who continues to meet applicable 
        qualification standards) the right--
                    ``(A) to return, whenever possible, to a repaired 
                unit;
                    ``(B) to occupy a unit in another multifamily 
                housing project owned by the Secretary;
                    ``(C) to obtain housing assistance under the United 
                States Housing Act of 1937; or
                    ``(D) to receive any other available relocation 
                assistance as the Secretary determines to be 
                appropriate.
    ``(l) Mortgage and Project Sales.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may not approve the sale 
        of any loan or mortgage held by the Secretary (including any 
        loan or mortgage owned by the Government National Mortgage 
        Association) on any subsidized project or formerly subsidized 
        project, unless such sale is made as part of a transaction that 
        will ensure that such project will continue to operate at least 
        until the maturity date of such loan or mortgage, in a manner 
        that will provide rental housing on terms at least as 
        advantageous to existing and future tenants as the terms 
        required by the program under which the loan or mortgage was 
        made or insured prior to the assignment of the loan or mortgage 
        on such project to the Secretary.
            ``(2) Sale of certain projects.--The Secretary may not 
        approve the sale of any subsidized project--
                    ``(A) that is subject to a mortgage held by the 
                Secretary; or
                    ``(B) if the sale transaction involves the 
                provision of any additional subsidy funds by the 
                Secretary or a recasting of the mortgage, unless such 
                sale is made as part of a transaction that will ensure 
                that such project will continue to operate at least 
                until the maturity date of the loan or mortgage, in a 
                manner that will provide rental housing on terms at 
                least as advantageous to existing and future tenants as 
                the terms required by the program under which the loan 
                or mortgage was made or insured prior to the proposed 
                sale of the project.
            ``(3) Mortgage sales to state and local governments.--
        Notwithstanding any provision of law that may require 
        competitive sales or bidding, the Secretary may carry out 
        negotiated sales of subsidized or formerly subsidized mortgages 
        held by the Secretary, without the competitive selection of 
        purchasers or intermediaries, to units of general local 
        government or State agencies, or groups of investors that 
        include at least one such unit of general local government or 
        State agency, if the negotiations are conducted with such 
        agencies, except that--
                    ``(A) the terms of any such sale shall include the 
                agreement of the purchasing agency or unit of local 
                government or State agency to act as mortgagee or owner 
                of a beneficial interest in such mortgages, in a manner 
                consistent with maintaining the projects that are 
                subject to such mortgages for occupancy by the general 
                tenant group intended to be served by the applicable 
                mortgage insurance program, including, to the extent 
                the Secretary determines appropriate, authorizing such 
                unit of local government or State agency to enforce the 
                provisions of any regulatory agreement or other program 
                requirements applicable to the related projects; and
                    ``(B) the sale prices for such mortgages shall be, 
                in the determination of the Secretary, the best prices 
                that may be obtained for such mortgages from a unit of 
                general local government or State agency, consistent 
                with the expectation and intention that the projects 
                financed will be retained for use under the applicable 
                mortgage insurance program for the life of the initial 
                mortgage insurance contract.
            ``(4) Sale of mortgages covering unsubsidized projects.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may 
        sell mortgages held on unsubsidized projects on such terms and 
        conditions as the Secretary may prescribe.
    ``(m) Report to Congress.--Not later than June 1 of each year, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban 
Affairs of the House of Representatives, a report describing the status 
of multifamily housing projects owned by or subject to mortgages held 
by the Secretary, which report shall include--
            ``(1) the name, address, and size of each project;
            ``(2) the nature and date of assignment;
            ``(3) the status of the mortgage;
            ``(4) the physical condition of the project;
            ``(5) an occupancy profile of the project, including the 
        income, family size, and race of current residents as well as 
        the rents paid by such residents;
            ``(6) the proportion of units in a project that are vacant;
            ``(7) the date on which the Secretary became mortgagee in 
        possession;
            ``(8) the date and conditions of any foreclosure sale;
            ``(9) the date of acquisition by the Secretary;
            ``(10) the date and conditions of any property disposition 
        sale;
            ``(11) a description of actions undertaken pursuant to this 
        section, including--
                    ``(A) a comparison of results between actions taken 
                after enactment of the Housing and Community 
                Development Act of 1993 and actions taken in years 
                prior to such enactment;
                    ``(B) a description of any impediments to the 
                disposition or management of multifamily housing 
                projects, together with a recommendation of proposed 
                legislative or regulatory changes designed to 
                ameliorate such impediments;
                    ``(C) a description of actions taken to restructure 
                or commence foreclosure on delinquent multifamily 
                mortgages held by the Department; and
                    ``(D) a description of actions taken to monitor and 
                prevent the default of multifamily housing mortgages 
                held by the Federal Housing Administration;
            ``(12) a description of any of the functions performed in 
        connection with this section that are contracted out to public 
        or private entities or to States, including--
                    ``(A) the costs associated with such delegation;
                    ``(B) the implications of contracting out or 
                delegating such functions for current Department field 
                or regional personnel, including anticipated personnel 
                or work load reductions;
                    ``(C) necessary oversight required by Department 
                personnel, including anticipated personnel hours 
                devoted to such oversight;
                    ``(D) a description of any authority granted to 
                such public or private entities or States in 
                conjunction with the functions that have been delegated 
                or contracted out or that are not otherwise available 
                for use by Department personnel; and
                    ``(E) the extent to which such public or private 
                entities or States include tenants of multifamily 
                housing projects in the disposition planning for such 
                projects;
            ``(13) a description of the activities carried out under 
        subsection (j) during the preceding year; and
            ``(14) a description and assessment of the rules, 
        guidelines, and practices governing the Department's management 
        of multifamily housing projects that are owned by the Secretary 
        (or for which the Secretary is mortgagee in possession) as well 
        as the steps that the Secretary has taken or plans to take to 
        improve the management performance of the Department.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The Secretary shall, by notice published in 
the Federal Register, which shall take effect upon publication, 
establish such requirements as may be necessary to implement the 
amendments made by this section. The notice shall invite public 
comments, and the Secretary shall issue final regulations based on the 
initial notice, taking into account any public comments received.

SEC. 583. TERMINATION OF ANNUAL DIRECT GRANT ASSISTANCE

    (a) Termination.--Pursuant to section 704(d) of the Covenant to 
Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political 
Union with the United States of America (48 U.S.C. 1681 note), the 
annual payments under section 702 of the Covenant shall terminate as of 
September 30, 1993.
    (b) Repeal.--Sections 3 and 4 of the Act of March 24, 1976 (Public 
Law 94-241; 48 U.S.C. 1681 note), as amended, are repealed, effective 
October 1, 1993.

               Subtitle E--Social Services and Retirement

SEC. 591. INCREASE IN RETIREMENT AGE UNDER FERS TO 65.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

 ``SUBCHAPTER VIII--SPECIAL RULES FOR CERTAIN POST-1993 NEW EMPLOYEES 
                              AND MEMBERS

``Sec. 8481. Applicability
    ``(a) This subchapter sets forth special rules in conformance with 
which this chapter shall be applied with respect to any employee who 
first becomes an employee subject to this chapter, or who is first 
elected as a Member, after December 31, 1993.
    ``(b) Nothing in this subchapter shall be considered to apply with 
respect to any employee or Member not described in subsection (a) or to 
have any effect except for the purpose referred to in such subsection.
``Sec. 8482. Immediate retirement
    ``Deem section 8412 to be amended as follows:
            ``(1) Subsection (c) is amended by striking `62' and 
        inserting `65'.
            ``(2) Subsections (a), (b), (f), and (g) are repealed.
``Sec. 8483. Deferred retirement
    ``Deem section 8413 to be amended as follows:
            ``(1) Subsection (a) is amended by striking `62' and 
        inserting `65'.
            ``(2) Subsection (b) is repealed.
``Sec. 8484. References to age 62
    ``(a) Deem section 8415 to be amended as follows:
            ``(1) Subsection (f) is repealed.
            ``(2) Subsection (g)(2)(B) is amended by striking `is at 
        least 62 years of age and'.
    ``(b) Deem section 8442 to be amended in subsections (c)(2)(B) and 
(g)(2)(B) by striking `62' each place it appears and inserting `65'.
    ``(c) Deem section 8452(b)(1) to be amended by striking `sixty-
second' and inserting `sixty-fifth'.''.
    (b) Chapter Analysis.--The analysis for chapter 84 of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ``special rules for certain post-1993 new employees and members
``8481. Applicability.
``8482. Immediate retirement.
``8483. Deferred retirement.
``8484. References to age 62.''.

SEC. 592. PROVISION RELATING TO GOVERNMENT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE THRIFT 
              SAVINGS PLAN.

    Section 8432(c)(2)(B) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
``Clause (ii) shall not apply with respect to any employee or Member 
described in section 8481(a).''.

SEC. 593. DEFERRAL UNTIL AGE 62 OF COST-OF-LIVING ADJUSTMENTS FOR 
              MILITARY RETIREES WHO FIRST ENTERED MILITARY SERVICE ON 
              OR AFTER JANUARY 1, 1994.

    Section 1401a(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new sentence: ``In the case of a member 
or former member under age 62 (other than a member retired under 
chapter 61 of this title) who first became a member on or after January 
1, 1994, such increase shall not become payable as part of the retired 
pay of the member or former member until the month in which the member 
or former member becomes 62 years of age.''.

SEC. 594. CONSOLIDATION OF CERTAIN SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS INTO A 
              SINGLE BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) At-Risk Child Care Program Merged Into Program of Block Grants 
to States for Social Services.--
            (1) Consolidation of services.--Section 2002(a)(2)(A) of 
        the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1397a(a)(2)(A)) is amended 
        by inserting ``(including services that could have been 
        provided under section 402(i), as in effect immediately before 
        the effective date of section 504 of the Common Cents Deficit 
        Reduction Act of 1993)'' after ``child care services''.
            (2) Consolidation of funding.--Section 2003(c) of such Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 1397b(c)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'';
                    (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``each fiscal 
                year after fiscal year 1989.'' and inserting ``the 
                fiscal years 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, and 1994; and''; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) $2,976,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1995, 
        1996, 1997, and 1998.''.
    (b) Certain Discretionary Social Services Programs Merged into 
Program of Block Grants to States for Social Services but Left 
Discretionary.--
            (1) Consolidation of services.--Section 2002 of such Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 1397a) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the 
                following:
    ``(3) In addition to payments pursuant to paragraph (1), the 
Secretary may make payments to a State under this title for a fiscal 
year in an amount equal to its additional allotment for such fiscal 
year, to be used by such State for services directed at the goals set 
forth in section 2001, subject to the requirements of this title.
    ``(4) For purposes of paragraph (3)--
            ``(A) services which are directed at the goals set forth in 
        section 2001 include services that could have been provided 
        under--
                    ``(i) the Community Services Block Grant Act;
                    ``(ii) the Child Care and Development Block Grant 
                Act of 1990;
                    ``(iii) title III or VII of the Older Americans Act 
                of 1965; or
                    ``(iv) the State Dependent Care Development Grants 
                Act,
        as in effect immediately before the effective date of section 
        504 of the Common Cents Deficit Reduction Act of 1993; and
            ``(B) expenditures for such services may include 
        expenditures described in paragraph (2)(B).''; and
                    (B) in each of subsections (b), (c), and (d), by 
                inserting ``or additional allotment'' after 
                ``allotment'' each place such term appears.
            (2) Consolidation of funding.--Section 2003 of such Act (42 
        U.S.C. 1397b) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) The additional allotment for any fiscal year to each State 
shall be determined in the same manner in which the allotment for the 
fiscal year is determined for the State under the preceding subsections 
of this section, except that, in making such determination the 
following amounts shall be used in lieu of the amount specified in 
subsection (c):
            ``(1) $2,301,000,000 for the fiscal year 1995.
            ``(2) $2,359,000,000 for the fiscal year 1996.
            ``(3) $2,419,000,000 for the fiscal year 1997.
            ``(4) $2,478,000,000 for the fiscal year 1998.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments and Repeals.--
            (1) Community services block grant act.--The Community 
        Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9901 et seq.) is hereby 
        repealed.
            (2) Child care and development block grant act of 1990.--
        The Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 
        U.S.C. 9858 et seq.) is hereby repealed.
            (3) Older americans act of 1965.--The Older Americans Act 
        of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.) is amended by striking titles 
        III and VII.
            (4) State dependent care development grants act.--The State 
        Dependent Care Development Grants Act (42 U.S.C. 9871 et seq.) 
        is hereby repealed.
            (5) At-risk child care program.--
                    (A) Program authority.--Section 402 of the Social 
                Security Act (42 U.S.C. 602) is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (g)(7), by striking ``and 
                        subsection (i)''; and
                            (ii) by striking subsection (i).
                    (B) Funding provisions.--Section 403 of the Social 
                Security Act (42 U.S.C. 603) is amended by striking 
                subsection (n).
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments and repeals made by this 
section shall take effect on October 1, 1994.

SEC. 595. AWARDS OF PELL GRANTS TO PRISONERS PROHIBITED.

    (a) In General.--Section 401(b)(8) the Higher Education Act of 1965 
(20 U.S.C. 1070a(b)(8)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(8) No basic grant shall be awarded under this subpart to any 
individual who is incarcerated in any Federal or State penal 
institution.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall apply 
with respect to periods of enrollment beginning on or after the date of 
enactment of this Act.

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