There is one summary for this bill. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Introduced in House (03/16/1994)

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Title I: Definitions

Title II: Compliance and Increased Participation

Title III: Ratings and Incentives for Community Floodplain

Management Programs

Title IV: Mitigation of Flood and Erosion Risks

Title V: Task Force, Advisory Council, and Studies

Title VI: Miscellaneous Provisions

National Flood Insurance Program Improvement Act of 1994 - Title I: Definitions - Defines specified terms under the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 and the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968.

Title II: Compliance and Increased Participation - Amends the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 to expand flood insurance purchase requirements for borrowers securing loans through the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, and Federal agency mortgage lenders.

Requires residential real estate lenders to establish flood insurance premium escrow accounts. Requires Federal lenders and regulated lending institutions (banks, savings and loans, credit unions) and loan servicers to notify borrowers of special flood hazards and of the need to purchase and maintain flood insurance. Requires such entities, after 60 days' notice, to purchase such insurance on behalf of the borrower and charge the borrower for premium costs. Provides for review of special hazards determinations by the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Requires the Director to develop a standard flood hazard determination form for use in connection with loans for residential properties located in an area of special flood hazards and in which flood insurance is available.

Amends the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and the Federal Credit Union Act to require regulated lending institutions to conduct examinations and report to the Congress with respect to compliance with the National Flood Insurance Program. Provides penalties for lenders who fail to require flood insurance, maintain escrow accounts, or provide appropriate borrower notification with respect to the need for flood insurance.

Amends the Federal Financial Institutions Examinations Council Act of 1978 to direct the Financial Examinations Council to coordinate with Federal entities for lending regulation to develop uniform lender standards.

Title III: Ratings and Incentives for Community Floodplain Management Programs - Amends the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 to provide for a community rating system and premium rate incentives for community floodplain management. Requires the FEMA Director to carry out a community erosion hazard management program which provides incentives for reduction of erosion damage and promotes the reduction of Federal flood insurance losses related to erosion hazards. Provides program funding.

Title IV: Mitigation of Flood and Erosion Risks - Amends the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 to require the FEMA Director to coordinate all flood and erosion mitigation activities under the Federal Insurance Administrator. Provides funding for such activities.

Amends the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 to require the FEMA Director to develop and implement a State, community, and individual flood and erosion mitigation financial assistance program for structures insured under such Act. Requires such activities to be technically feasible and cost-effective. Provides assistance limitations. Repeals (with a transition period) the current program for the purchase of certain insured properties, as well as the current program for the demolition or relocation of threatened structures.

Title V: Task Force, Advisory Council, and Studies - Establishes a two-year interagency Flood Insurance Task Force to: (1) develop standardized flood insurance enforcement procedures; (2) study Federal agency and secondary mortgage market assistance with respect to such enforcement; and (3) study the possibility of existing Federal and corporate flood insurance programs as models for new programs.

Establishes the Technical Mapping Advisory Council to undertake certain activities with respect to the preparation, dissemination, and use of flood insurance rate maps. Authorizes appropriations.

Requires the FEMA Director to report to the Congress on whether it would be feasible for the national flood insurance program to be administered by the private insurance industry, as well as on such industry's impact on the availability and affordability of flood insurance.

Title VI: Miscellaneous Provisions - Amends the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 to: (1) increase flood insurance coverage amounts for nonresidential, single family, and multifamily structures; (2) allow additional coverage for compliance with land use and control measures; (3) permit flood insurance private sector participation; and (4) require an assessment (and revision if necessary) of flood insurance maps (with identification of erosion hazard areas) at least every five years.

Amends the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 to: (1) allow for the repair and restoration of certain flood damaged agricultural structures; (2) require the National Flood Insurance Fund to be maintained as a separate account in the Treasury; (3) require the FEMA Director to establish a ten-day waiting period for the initial purchase of flood insurance; and (4) require the Director to include in a certain biennial report the effects of provisions of this Act on the national flood insurance program.

Amends the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act to prohibit the waiver of flood insurance purchase requirements for recipients of Federal disaster assistance.