Text: H.R.4086 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (03/17/1994)

 
[Congressional Bills 103th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 4086 Introduced in House (IH)]

103d CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 4086

To establish a youth development grant program, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             March 17, 1994

 Mr. Payne of New Jersey (for himself and Mrs. Morella) introduced the 
 following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and 
                                 Labor

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
To establish a youth development grant program, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Youth Development 
Block Grant Act of 1993''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings.
Sec. 3. Purposes.
Sec. 4. Definitions.
Sec. 5. Allocation and distribution of funds.
Sec. 6. Local Youth Development Board.
Sec. 7. State Youth Development Commission.
Sec. 8. National Youth Development Commission.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds the following:
            (1) In an increasingly complex and competitive world 
        economy, the human capital of the United States is its most 
        important resource. Too many young people in the United States 
        are reaching adulthood unprepared to be productive workers, 
        effective parents, or responsible citizens. The United States 
        cannot remain strong unless the Nation ends this tragic waste 
        of human potential.
            (2) Over the past decade, public concern related to young 
        people has focused primarily on improving academic performance 
        and combating youth problems such as substance abuse and 
        juvenile delinquency. The Federal Government has established 
        ambitious National Education Goals and declared a ``War on 
        Drugs'', and Federal Government investment related to both 
        initiatives has increased dramatically.
            (3) It is becoming increasingly clear, however, that the 
        United States will neither achieve the education goals of the 
        Nation nor make significant progress on problems such as 
        substance abuse and juvenile delinquency unless the Nation 
        addresses the broader developmental needs of youth. Young 
        people who lack self-confidence, self-discipline, respect for 
        others, and a sense of connection to their families and 
        communities, are unlikely to be successful in school, and far 
        more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors.
            (4) Parents have primary responsibility for the social, 
        moral, emotional, physical, and cognitive development of their 
        children. However, tremendous social and demographic changes 
        during the last 30 years have had a significant effect on 
        family life and youth development, creating the need for 
        programs to strengthen families and help parents meet the 
        social, moral, emotional, physical, and cognitive needs of 
        their children.
            (5) The lack of supervision of youth by parents and the 
        lack of meaningful activity after school for youth contributes 
        to the spread of violent juvenile delinquency in the form of 
        youth and gang violence, drug trafficking, dangerous and self-
        destructive behavior, and lack of hope among youth in our 
        Nation.
            (6) The United States expects too much of its schools if 
        the Nation asks the schools to meet single-handedly the needs 
        described in paragraph (5) in addition to accomplishing their 
        basic educational mission. Only a strong partnership among 
        families, schools, local government, religious organizations, 
        community-based youth-serving organizations, community-based 
        family-serving organizations, business, and labor can create a 
        community environment that truly supports the youth of the 
        Nation in reaching their highest potential.
            (7) Nonschool-based youth development programs, including 
        youth clubs, sports and recreation programs, mentoring 
        programs, and leadership development and community service 
        programs, make a major contribution to helping youth develop 
        the life skills and moral values that will prepare the youth 
        for the challenges of adolescence and the independence and 
        responsibilities of adulthood.
            (8) Participation in positive youth development programs 
        can lead to a reduction in high-risk behaviors, including 
        school failure, teenage pregnancy, use of alcohol and drugs, 
        and juvenile delinquency. Youth from low-income, at-risk 
        communities, who would greatly benefit from such programs, 
        however, are least likely to have access to such programs.
            (9) Community-based youth-serving organizations are an 
        effective resource in developing and implementing community 
        youth development plans, both because of the responsiveness of 
        the organizations to local community values and concerns, and 
        the ability of the organizations to mobilize community 
        resources. For example, the 15 member organizations of the 
        National Collaboration for Youth collectively serve over 
        25,000,000 youth, and mobilize over 4,000,000 volunteers to 
        carry out community-based youth development services.
            (10) Notwithstanding the efforts of community-based youth-
        serving organizations, in most local communities youth 
        development efforts are so fragmented and underfunded that 
        millions of youth nationwide go unserved, and no process exists 
        through which key groups regularly come together to develop a 
        comprehensive youth development plan. Without a mechanism for 
        coordination, narrowly focused Federal programs are unable to 
        meet the comprehensive needs of the youth of the Nation.
            (11) Increased Federal investment in programs under the 
        Head Start Act and other early childhood development programs 
        signals an encouraging shift toward a comprehensive long-term, 
        holistic, investment-oriented strategy in promoting the healthy 
        development of children in the United States.
            (12) It is critical that the Federal Government adopt the 
        same type of comprehensive strategy in promoting the positive 
        development of youth, and encourage and empower communities to 
        develop and implement comprehensive youth development plans.

SEC. 3. PURPOSES.

    It is the purpose of this Act to expand community-based youth 
development services, and to support communities in designing strategic 
plans for youth development that--
            (1) give priority to prevention of youth problems through 
        youth development;
            (2) support the primary role of the family in positive 
        youth development;
            (3) support community-based youth development organizations 
        in expanding youth development opportunities; and
            (4) promote increased community coordination and 
        collaboration in meeting the developmental needs of youth.

SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS.

    As used in this Act:
            (1) Assistant secretary.--The term ``Assistant Secretary'' 
        means the Assistant Secretary for Children and Families of the 
        Department of Health and Human Services.
            (2) Community-based.--The term ``community-based'', used 
        with respect to a youth development organization or a youth-
        serving organization, means such an organization that--
                    (A) is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3) 
                of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986;
                    (B) is not a government entity; and
                    (C) is representative of a community or a 
                significant segment of a community and is engaged in 
                providing services to the community.
            (3) County.--The term ``county'' includes a political 
        subdivision of a State.
            (4) Local board.--The term ``Local Board'' means a Local 
        Youth Development Board established under section 6.
            (5) Low income family.--The term ``low income family'' 
        means a family with an income below the poverty line.
            (6) National commission.--The term ``National Commission'' 
        means the National Youth Development Commission established 
        under section 8.
            (7) National youth development organization.--The term 
        ``national youth development organization'' means an 
        organization whose purpose and activities are national in 
        scope, and that, either directly or through its local 
        affiliates, provides youth development programs in at least 7 
        States.
            (8) Outcome objective.--The term ``outcome objective'' 
        means an objective that relates to the impact of a program or 
        initiative, with respect to the participants in the program or 
        initiative or the community that the program or initiative 
        serves, such as an objective relating to changes--
                    (A) in the competencies described in paragraph 
                (15)(A) of individual participants in the program or 
                initiative;
                    (B) in the incidence of positive or negative 
                behaviors among such participants; or
                    (C) in the incidence of such behaviors among youth 
                in such community.
            (9) Poverty line.--The term ``poverty line'' means the 
        income official poverty line (as defined by the Office of 
        Management and Budget, and revised annually in accordance with 
        section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 
        U.S.C. 9902(2)) applicable to a family of the size involved.
            (10) Process objective.--The term ``process objective'' 
        means an objective that relates to the manner in which a 
        program or initiative is carried out, such as an objective 
        relating to--
                    (A) the degree to which the program or initiative 
                is reaching its intended target population;
                    (B) the number, age, gender, and ethnicity of the 
                youth involved in the program or initiative;
                    (C) the degree to which the services delivered are 
                consistent with the intended program model; and
                    (D) the cost of delivering services under the 
                program or initiative.
            (11) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the several 
        States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the United States 
        Virgin Islands.
            (12) State commission.--The term ``State Commission'' means 
        a State Youth Development Commission established under section 
        7.
            (13) Youth.--The term ``youth'' means an individual who is 
        not younger than 6 and not older than 19.
            (14) Youth development organization.--The term ``youth 
        development organization'' means a youth-serving organization 
        with a major emphasis on providing youth development programs.
            (15) Youth development program.--The term ``youth 
        development program'' means a program that--
                    (A) in order to enable youth to deal successfully 
                with the challenges of adolescence and prepare the 
                youth for the independence and responsibilities of 
                being parents, workers, and citizens, helps the youth 
                to develop--
                            (i) social competencies, such as work and 
                        family life skills, problem-solving skills, and 
                        communication skills;
                            (ii) moral competencies, such as personal 
                        values and ethics, a sense of responsibility 
                        and citizenship (including participation in 
                        civic life and community service), and respect 
                        for diversity;
                            (iii) emotional competencies, such as a 
                        sense of personal identity, self-confidence, 
                        autonomy, and the ability to resist negative 
                        peer pressure;
                            (iv) physical competencies, such as 
                        physical conditioning and endurance, and an 
                        appreciation for and strategies to achieve 
                        lifelong physical health and fitness; and
                            (v) cognitive competencies, such as 
                        knowledge, reasoning ability, creativity, and a 
                        lifelong commitment to learning and 
                        achievement;
                    (B) conducts activities with a primarily 
                nonacademic focus;
                    (C) employs primarily active and experiential 
                learning methods; and
                    (D) promotes the competencies described in 
                subparagraph (A) through group and one-to-one 
                activities, which may include activities in youth 
                clubs, sports and recreation, mentoring, arts, values 
                education, leadership development, crime and 
                delinquency prevention, community service or 
                volunteerism, child care, career counseling, job skills 
                training, life skills training, health education 
                including drug and alcohol prevention, parenting skills 
                activities, camping, environmental education, ethnic or 
                cultural enrichment, tutoring, and academic enrichment.
            (16) Youth-serving organization.--The term ``youth-serving 
        organization'' means an organization with a primary focus on 
        providing youth development, medical, educational, special 
        education, psychological, vocational and training, 
        rehabilitative, or housing services to youth.

SEC. 5. ALLOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this Act, $400,000,000 for fiscal year 1995, 
and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1996, 
1997, and 1998.
    (b) Allocation and Distribution of Local Allocation for Fiscal 
Years for Which Appropriations Equal or Exceed $100,000,000.--
            (1) Total local allocation.--For any fiscal year for which 
        the total sums appropriated under subsection (a) are not less 
        than $100,000,000, the Assistant Secretary shall reserve 93.5 
        percent of such sums (referred to in this subsection as the 
        ``total local allocation'') to make allocations under this 
        subsection to States to assist Local Boards in carrying out the 
        activities described in section 6.
            (2) Allocation of funds to states.--
                    (A) In general.--For each such fiscal year, the 
                Assistant Secretary shall allocate to each State 
                Commission the sum (referred to in this subsection as 
                the ``State portion of the total local allocation'') 
                of--
                            (i) an amount that bears the same relation 
                        to \1/3\ of the total local allocation as the 
                        number of youth in the State bears to the 
                        number of youth in all States;
                            (ii) an amount that bears the same relation 
                        to \1/3\ of such allocation as the number of 
                        youth from low income families in the State 
                        bears to the number of such youth in all 
                        States; and
                            (iii) an amount from the remaining \1/3\ of 
                        such allocation, calculated in accordance with 
                        a formula prescribed by the Secretary that 
                        takes into account the extent to which violent 
                        juvenile crime has increased in the State since 
                        1990, relative to the extent to which violent 
                        juvenile crime has increased in all States 
                        since 1990.
                    (B) Regulation.--The Secretary shall prescribe the 
                formula described in subparagraph (A)(iii) by 
                regulation issued after consultation with the Attorney 
                General.
            (3) Distribution of funds to states.--To be eligible to 
        receive such State portion of the total local allocation, the 
        State Commission shall prepare, and submit to the Assistant 
        Secretary, an application at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information, as the Assistant Secretary may 
        reasonably require. Such application shall include, at a 
        minimum, an assurance that the State Commission is prepared to 
        administer such amount in compliance with all the requirements 
        of this Act, and, in the case of any application submitted 
        after the first year in which the State Commission receives 
        funds under this Act, the State strategic plan described in 
        section 7(c)(4).
            (4) Allocation of funds to local boards.--
                    (A) In general.--For each fiscal year for which a 
                State receives such State portion of the total local 
                allocation, the State Commission shall allocate to each 
                Local Board in the State the sum (referred to in this 
                subsection as the ``local allocation'') of--
                            (i) an amount that bears the same relation 
                        to \1/3\ of the State portion of the total 
                        local allocation as the number of youth in the 
                        county served by the Local Board bears to the 
                        number of youth in the State;
                            (ii) an amount that bears the same relation 
                        to \1/3\ of such State portion as the number of 
                        youth from low income families in the county 
                        bears to the number of such youth in the State; 
                        and
                            (iii) an amount from the remaining \1/3\ of 
                        such State portion, calculated in accordance 
                        with a formula prescribed by the Secretary that 
                        takes into account the extent to which violent 
                        juvenile crime has increased in the county 
                        since 1990, relative to the extent to which 
                        violent juvenile crime has increased in the 
                        State since 1990.
                    (B) Regulation.--The Secretary shall prescribe the 
                formula described in subparagraph (A)(iii) by 
                regulation issued after consultation with the Attorney 
                General.
            (5) Distribution of funds to local boards.--
                    (A) Initial planning funds.--For the first fiscal 
                year for which Local Boards in a State are eligible to 
                receive funds under this subsection, the State 
                Commission shall make available to each eligible Local 
                Board in the State, 5 percent of the local allocation 
                of such Board, to be used for initial planning 
                purposes. To be eligible to receive such amount, the 
                Local Board shall submit to the State Commission a 
                letter of intent to apply for funds under this 
                subsection. Such letter of intent shall include a list 
                of the members of the Local Board, including sufficient 
                information about their organizational affiliations to 
                demonstrate compliance with the requirements of 
                subsections (c) and (d) of section 6.
                    (B) Distribution of program funds.--
                            (i) In general.--For each fiscal year for 
                        which a State receives a State portion of the 
                        total local allocation, the State Commission 
                        shall distribute to each eligible Local Board 
                        in the State an amount equal to the remainder 
                        of the local allocation of such Board.
                            (ii) Application.--To be eligible to 
                        receive such amount, the Local Board shall 
                        prepare, and submit to the State Commission, an 
                        application, at such time, in such manner, and 
                        containing such information as the State 
                        Commission may reasonably require to assure 
                        compliance with this Act. Such application 
                        shall include, at a minimum, a local strategic 
                        plan described in section 6(f), a description 
                        of the programs for which funding will be 
                        provided, and information indicating the extent 
                        to which the programs meet the effective 
                        practice standards described in section 
                        8(c)(3)(C).
    (c) Allocation and Distribution of State Allocation for Fiscal 
Years for Which Appropriations Equal or Exceed $100,000,000.--
            (1) Total state allocation.--For any fiscal year for which 
        the total sums appropriated under subsection (a) are not less 
        than $100,000,000, the Assistant Secretary shall reserve 4 
        percent of such sums (referred to in this section as the 
        ``total State allocation'') to make allocations to State 
        Commissions to carry out the activities described in section 7.
            (2) General allocation.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (3), for each such year, the Assistant Secretary shall make 
        such allocations in accordance with the requirements of 
        subsection (b)(2). For the purposes of the application of such 
        requirements to allocations under this subsection, references 
        in subsection (b)(2) to the total local allocation shall be 
        deemed to be references to the total State allocation.
            (3) Minimum state allocation.--For each such year, the 
        Assistant Secretary shall allocate to each State Commission 
        under this subsection an amount that is not less than \1/2\ of 
        1 percent of the total State allocation.
    (d) Allocation and Distribution of Local Allocation for Fiscal 
Years for Which Appropriations are Less Than $100,000,000.--
            (1) Grants.--For any fiscal year for which the total sums 
        appropriated under subsection (a) are less than $100,000,000, 
        the Assistant Secretary shall reserve 97.5 percent of such sums 
        and shall make grants from such reserved sums, on a competitive 
        basis, to eligible Local Boards to carry out the activities 
        described in section 6.
            (2) Considerations.--In making such grants, the Assistant 
        Secretary shall consider the criteria described in the formula 
        provided in subsection (b)(2). The Assistant Secretary shall 
        ensure an equitable geographic distribution of such grants, and 
        shall ensure that a variety of program models receive funding 
        under this subsection.
            (3) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
        this section, a Local Board shall submit to the Assistant 
        Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information as the Assistant Secretary may 
        require, including an assurance that the Local Board will 
        comply with such evaluation process as the Assistant Secretary 
        may reasonably require to assure compliance with this Act, and 
        including any information that a Local Board is required to 
        submit in an application described in subsection (b)(5)(B).
            (4) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
        this subsection, a Local Board shall meet such requirements as 
        the Assistant Secretary may by regulation require.
            (5) Initial distribution.--The Assistant Secretary may 
        award an initial grant to a Local Board under this subsection 
        for a period of up to 3 years. The Assistant Secretary may 
        terminate the funding made available through such grant during 
        such period if the Local Board fails to comply with the 
        provisions of this Act.
            (6) Renewal of grants.--After the initial grant period, in 
        determining whether to renew or continue a grant to a Local 
        Board to carry out activities, the Assistant Secretary shall 
        give substantial weight to the effectiveness of the activities 
        in achieving the process and outcome objectives specified in 
        the local strategic plan described in section 6(f)(1). If the 
        total sums appropriated under subsection (a) are greater than 
        $100,000,000 for the fiscal year for which the Local Board 
        seeks a renewal or continuation, the Local Board shall apply to 
        the State Commission for funding under subsection (b).
            (7) Treatment of grants.--For purposes of this Act, a grant 
        awarded to a Local Board under this section shall be considered 
        to be a local allocation.
            (8) Application of provisions.--The provisions of section 6 
        shall apply to Local Boards receiving funds under this 
        subsection. For purposes of the application of such provisions, 
        references to the State Commission shall be deemed to be 
        references to the Assistant Secretary.
    (e) Native American Organizations.--
            (1) In general.--From the sums appropriated under 
        subsection (a) for any fiscal year, the Assistant Secretary 
        shall reserve 1.5 percent of such sums to make grants to 
        eligible Native American organizations to assist the 
        organizations in carrying out the activities described in 
        section 6.
            (2) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
        paragraph (1), a Native American organization shall submit an 
        application to the Assistant Secretary at such time, in such 
        manner, and containing such information as the Assistant 
        Secretary may reasonably require to assure compliance with this 
        Act, including any information that a Local Board is required 
        to submit in an application described in subsection (b)(5)(B).
            (3) Application of provisions.--The provisions of section 6 
        shall apply to Native American organizations receiving funds 
        through grants made under this subsection. For purposes of the 
        application of such provisions, references to a county shall be 
        deemed to be references to the area served by the organization, 
        and references to the State Commission shall be deemed to be 
        references to the Assistant Secretary.
            (4) Definition.--As used in this subsection:
                    (A) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has 
                the meaning given the term in section 4(e) of the 
                Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act 
                (25 U.S.C. 250b(e)).
                    (B) Native american organization.--The term 
                ``Native American organization'' means an Indian tribe 
                or Native Hawaiian Organization.
                    (C) Native hawaiian organization.--The term 
                ``Native Hawaiian Organization'' has the meaning given 
                the term in section 4009(4) of the Augustus F. Hawkins-
                Robert T. Stafford Elementary and Secondary School 
                Improvement Amendments of 1988 (20 U.S.C. 4909(4)).
    (f) Reservation of Funds for Administration for Children and 
Families.--From the sums appropriated under subsection (a) for each 
fiscal year, the Assistant Secretary shall reserve 1 percent of such 
sums for the National Commission and the Administration for Children 
and Families to carry out the activities required by this Act.
    (g) Authority To Assist Local Boards in Nonparticipating States/
Reallocation of State Funds.--
            (1) In general.--For any fiscal year for which a State 
        Commission does not submit an application for an allocation 
        under subsection (b), the Assistant Secretary may use the 
        allocation of such State to make direct grants to eligible 
        Local Boards in the nonparticipating State.
            (2) Application.--To be eligible to receive a direct grant 
        under paragraph (1), a Local Board shall submit an application 
        to the Assistant Secretary at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information as the Assistant Secretary may 
        reasonably require to assure compliance with this Act, 
        including any information that a Local Board is required to 
        submit in an application described in subsection (b)(5)(B).
            (3) Application of provisions.--The provisions of section 6 
        shall apply to Local Boards receiving funds through grants made 
        under this subsection. For purposes of the application of such 
        provisions, references to the State Commission shall be deemed 
        to be references to the Assistant Secretary.
    (h) State Reallocation.--For any fiscal year for which a State 
Commission does not submit an application for an allocation under 
subsection (b), and the Assistant Secretary does not use the allocation 
as described in subsection (g), the Assistant Secretary shall make 
available the allocation of such State to such other States as the 
Assistant Secretary may determine to be appropriate.
    (i) County Reallocation.--For any fiscal year for which a Local 
Board in a State does not submit an application for an allocation under 
subsection (b), the State Commission shall make available the 
allocation of such county to such other counties in the State as the 
State Commission may determine to be appropriate.
    (j) Obligation and Expenditure of Funds.--
            (1) State obligation of funds.--Any State Commission that 
        receives an allocation from the Assistant Secretary under 
        subsection (b) or (c) shall obligate the allocation not later 
        than 1 year after the date of such receipt or return the 
        allocation to the Assistant Secretary for reallocation in 
        accordance with subsection (h).
            (2) Local board expenditure of funds.--Any Local Board that 
        receives an allocation from a State Commission under subsection 
        (b) or (d) shall expend the allocation not later than 3 years 
        after the date of such receipt or return the allocation to the 
        State Commission for reallocation in accordance with subsection 
        (i).

SEC. 6. LOCAL YOUTH DEVELOPMENT BOARD.

    (a) Establishment of Local Board.--
            (1) In general.--In order for entities within a county to 
        be eligible to receive assistance under this Act, the Chief 
        Elected Officer of a county shall facilitate the establishment 
        of a local entity, or designate an existing local entity, that 
        meets the requirements of this section, to serve as a Local 
        Youth Development Board.
            (2) Establishment of multicounty local board.--The Chief 
        Executive Officers of 2 or more counties may agree to 
        facilitate the establishment of a local entity, or designate an 
        existing entity, that meets the requirements of this section, 
        to serve as a multicounty Local Board. Such a multicounty Local 
        Board shall carry out the duties described in subsections (f), 
        (g), (i), and (j) with respect to the counties involved. If 
        such a multicounty Local Board is established, all duties 
        required by this section to be carried out by the Chief 
        Executive Officer of a county shall be carried out jointly by 
        the Chief Executive Officers of each participating county.
    (b) Number of Members on the Local Board.--The Chief Executive 
Officer of the county shall determine the total number of members on 
the Local Board.
    (c) Composition of Local Board.--
            (1) Representatives of youth development organizations.--
                    (A) Representatives of nationally affiliated youth 
                development organizations.--One-third of the members of 
                the Local Board shall be representatives of community-
                based youth development organizations that are 
                affiliated with national youth development 
                organizations.
                    (B) Representatives of nonaffiliated youth 
                development organizations.--One-third of the members of 
                the Local Board shall be representatives of community-
                based youth development organizations that are not 
                affiliated with national youth development 
                organizations.
                    (C) Special rule for less populated counties.--In 
                the case of a county with a population of 100,000 or 
                less, if the Chief Executive Officer of the county 
                determines that, because of the absence of community-
                based youth development organizations, the county 
                cannot establish a Local Board meeting the requirements 
                of subparagraph (A) or (B), representatives of 
                community-based youth-serving organizations may be 
                selected to serve on the Local Board, and may 
                participate on the Local Board, on the same basis as 
                representatives of community-based youth development 
                organizations.
            (2) Other community representatives.--One-third of the 
        members of the Local Board shall be representatives of the 
        community, such as representatives of youth-serving 
        organizations, local government, religious organizations, 
        educational institutions, business, labor, private funding 
        organizations, parents, or youth.
    (d) Selection of Local Board Members.--
            (1) Representatives of youth development organizations.--
        Organizations described in subsection (c)(1)(A) that provide 
        services within the county shall select the members described 
        in such subsection. Organizations described in subsection 
        (c)(1)(B) that provide services within the county shall select 
        the members described in such subsection. The Local Board shall 
        include, in the application described in section 5(b)(5), a 
        description of the processes used by both such types of 
        organizations to select members of the Local Board.
            (2) Other community representatives.--Members described in 
        subsection (c)(2) shall be appointed by the Chief Executive 
        Officer of the county. If any political subdivision of a State 
        is located totally or partially within the county, and the 
        population of the subdivision is more than 40 percent of the 
        total population of the county, the Chief Executive Officer of 
        the subdivision and the Chief Executive Officer shall jointly 
        appoint such members.
            (3) Age of members.--At least 2 of the members of the Local 
        Board shall be under the age of 20 at the time of such 
        appointment.
            (4) Background of members.--The membership of the Board 
        shall reflect the racial, ethnic, and gender composition of the 
        county population.
            (5) Terms; officers; vacancies.--The Local Board shall 
        adopt, and shall include in the application described in 
        section 5(b)(5), bylaws that include provisions regarding the 
        terms of office of members, the election of officers, and the 
        selection of members to fill vacancies, of the Local Board.
    (e) Fiscal Agent.--
            (1) Appointment of fiscal agent.--The Local Board shall 
        appoint a fiscal agent for the Board.
            (2) Duties.--The fiscal agent shall carry out such duties 
        as the Local Board may determine to be appropriate.
    (f) Duties of Local Board.--
            (1) Local strategic plan.--The Local Board shall prepare 
        and submit to the State Commission for approval, as part of the 
        application described in section 5(b)(5), a local strategic 
        plan for youth development in the county involved, including--
                    (A) the results of an assessment of local needs and 
                resources;
                    (B) specific process and outcome objectives for 
                youth development programs; and
                    (C) measures of program effectiveness that shall be 
                used to evaluate the progress of grant recipients in 
                achieving such objectives.
            (2) Monitoring, evaluation, and technical assistance.--The 
        Local Board shall be responsible for establishing monitoring 
        and evaluation procedures, consistent with such requirements as 
        may be established by the Assistant Secretary, to assess the 
        progress of grant recipients in achieving the process and 
        outcome objectives identified in the local strategic plan. Such 
        procedures shall utilize the measures of program effectiveness 
        described in paragraph (1)(C) and the standards for effective 
        practices described in section 8(c)(3)(C). Local Boards shall 
        also provide technical assistance to applicants and grant 
        recipients under subsection (g).
            (3) Appeal.--In the event that a State Commission denies 
        approval of the strategic plan of the Local Board described in 
        paragraph (1), the Local Board may, in accordance with 
        regulations to be established by the Assistant Secretary, 
        appeal the denial.
    (g) Grants.--
            (1) In general.--The Local Board shall award grants in 
        accordance with this subsection to--
                    (A) eligible community-based youth development 
                organizations; and
                    (B) eligible partnerships that--
                            (i) are comprised of youth-serving 
                        organizations and governmental entities; and
                            (ii) conduct youth development programs,
                to pay for the Federal share of carrying out youth 
                development programs addressing one or more of the 
                process objectives, and one or more of the outcome 
                objectives, established in the local strategic plan 
                described in subsection (f)(1).
            (2) Request for proposals.--The Local Board shall issue a 
        request for proposals, which shall invite the organizations and 
        partnerships described in paragraph (1) to apply for a grant 
        under paragraph (1). Such request shall specify the process and 
        outcome objectives to be addressed by the Local Board.
            (3) Eligible applicants.--
                    (A) Award of grants.--In awarding grants under 
                paragraph (1), the Local Board shall--
                            (i) award at least 85 percent of the funds 
                        made available through such grants to 
                        community-based youth development organizations 
                        certified under subparagraph (B); and
                            (ii) take into account the extent to which 
                        the program meets the effective practice 
                        standards described in section 8(c)(3)(C).
                    (B) Certification.--
                            (i) Procedure.--The Local Board shall 
                        establish a procedure, in accordance with 
                        regulations to be issued by the Assistant 
                        Secretary, for certifying organizations as 
                        community-based youth development 
                        organizations.
                            (ii) Appeal.--The Assistant Secretary shall 
                        issue regulations that specify a process by 
                        which an organization may appeal a denial of 
                        such certification.
            (4) Grant applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
        under this subsection, an organization or partnership described 
        in paragraph (1) shall submit an application to the Local Board 
        at such time, in such manner, and containing such information 
        as the Local Board reasonably may require, including, at a 
        minimum, the following information:
                    (A) In the case of an organization, a statement 
                regarding whether the organization is a community-based 
                youth development organization, and, if the 
                organization seeks certification as such an 
                organization, sufficient information to substantiate 
                the statement.
                    (B) The manner in which the program will address 
                the process and outcome objectives identified in the 
                local strategic plan described in subsection (f)(1).
                    (C) The extent to which the program utilizes the 
                effective practice standards established under section 
                8(c)(3)(C).
                    (D) A proposed budget for the program.
            (5) Funding period.--The Local Board may award a grant to 
        an organization or partnership under paragraph (1) for a period 
        of up to 3 years. The Local Board may terminate the funding 
        made available through such grant during such period if the 
        program fails to comply with the requirements of this Act, or 
        if insufficient Federal funds are appropriated under section 
        5(a) to permit the continuation of funding for the full grant 
        period of all such grants awarded by the Local Board.
            (6) Renewals of grants.--The Local Board may renew grants 
        made under paragraph (1). After the initial grant period, in 
        determining whether to renew a grant to a Local Board to carry 
        out activities, the Local Board shall give substantial weight 
        to the effectiveness of the activities in achieving process and 
        outcome objectives specified in a local strategic plan 
        described in subsection (f)(1).
            (7) Federal share requirement.--
                    (A) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost 
                of carrying out a youth development program described 
                in paragraph (1) shall be--
                            (i) 80 percent for the first year for which 
                        the program receives funding under this 
                        subsection;
                            (ii) 65 percent for the second such year;
                            (iii) 50 percent for the third such year; 
                        and
                            (iv) 30 percent for the fourth such year 
                        and any subsequent year.
                    (B) Non-federal share.--In providing for the 
                remaining share of the cost of carrying out such a 
                program, each recipient of assistance under this 
                subsection--
                            (i) shall provide for such share through 
                        private sources;
                            (ii) may provide for such share through a 
                        payment in cash; and
                            (iii) may provide for not more than 25 
                        percent of such share through a payment in 
                        kind, fairly evaluated, including facilities, 
                        equipment, or services.
    (h) Annual Reports to Local Board.--Each organization or 
partnership receiving a grant under subsection (g) to carry out a 
program shall, not later than 45 days after the end of each fiscal year 
of the Local Board, prepare and submit to the Local Board an annual 
report on the program during the fiscal year, in such manner and 
containing such information as the Assistant Secretary may reasonably 
require to determine compliance with this Act.
    (i) Annual Report to State Commission.--Each Local Board shall, not 
later than 75 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Local 
Board, prepare and submit to the State Commission an annual report in 
such manner and containing such information as the Assistant Secretary 
may reasonably require to determine compliance with this Act. Such 
report shall contain, at a minimum, information on the programs and 
activities funded by the Local Board during the fiscal year under this 
section and the extent to which the programs achieved the process and 
outcome objectives specified in the local strategic plan under 
subsection (f).
    (j) Planning, Administration, Coordination, Evaluation, and Fiscal 
Agent Expenses.--In addition to any initial planning funds provided 
under section 5(b)(5)(A), the Local Board may use up to 5 percent of 
the funds received under section 5(b)(5)(B) for planning, 
administration, coordination, and evaluation expenses, and expenses of 
the fiscal agent of the Local Board. Each organization or partnership 
that receives a grant under subsection (g) may use up to 10 percent of 
the funds received under the grant for planning, administration, and 
coordination, and may use up to an additional 5 percent of such funds 
for evaluation expenses.

SEC. 7. STATE YOUTH DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION.

    (a) Establishment of Commission.--In order for entities within a 
State to be eligible to receive assistance under this Act, the Governor 
of the State shall establish an entity, or designate an existing 
entity, that meets the requirements of this section, to serve as a 
State Youth Development Commission.
    (b) Size, Composition, and Appointment of Commission.--
            (1) Number of members.--The Governor of the State shall 
        determine the total number of members on the Commission.
            (2) Appointment by the governor.--The members of the 
        Commission shall be appointed by the Governor.
            (3) Composition of commission.--
                    (A) Representatives of nationally affiliated youth 
                development organizations.--One-third of the members of 
                the State Commission shall be representatives described 
                in section 6(c)(1)(A).
                    (B) Representatives of nonaffiliated youth 
                development organizations.--One-third of the members of 
                the State Commission shall be representatives described 
                in section 6(c)(1)(B).
                    (C) Other members.--One-third of the members of the 
                State Commission shall be representatives of State 
                governments or representatives described in section 
                6(c)(2).
                    (D) Age of members.--At least 2 of the members 
                appointed to the Commission shall be under the age of 
                20 at the time of such appointment.
                    (E) Background of members.--The Governor shall 
                ensure that the membership of the State Commission 
                fairly represents urban and rural populations and 
                reflects the racial, ethnic, and gender composition of 
                the State population.
                    (F) Local board representation.--At least 2 of the 
                members appointed to the Commission shall be members of 
                different Local Boards in the State at the time of 
                their appointment.
            (4) Terms; officers; vacancies.--The State Commission shall 
        adopt, and shall include in the application described in 
        section 5(b)(3), bylaws that include provisions regarding the 
        terms of office of members, the election of officers, and the 
        selection of members to fill vacancies, of the State 
        Commission.
    (c) Duties of State Commission.--
            (1) Review of community youth development plans.--In 
        accordance with regulations issued by the Assistant Secretary, 
        within 30 days of the submission by a Local Board of an 
        application under section 5(b)(5), the State Commission shall 
        either approve the application and distribute to the Local 
        Board its local allocation under section 5, or notify the Local 
        Board of the additional steps that the Local Board shall take 
        to bring the plan into compliance with this Act.
            (2) Monitoring operations of local boards.--The Commission 
        shall have primary responsibility for ensuring that the Local 
        Boards operate in compliance with this Act.
            (3) Technical assistance to local boards.--The State 
        Commission shall provide technical assistance related to the 
        development and implementation of local strategic plans 
        described in section 6(f) to Local Boards that are applicants 
        for, or recipients of, local allocations under section 5(b).
            (4) Goals and strategic plan for youth development.--
                    (A) State policy goals.--After a review of local 
                strategic plans submitted by Local Boards within the 
                State under section 6(f), the State Commission and the 
                Governor shall develop policy goals for the State, 
                based on the process and outcome objectives in such 
                strategic plans.
                    (B) State strategic plan.--Based on the State 
                policy goals, the Commission and the Governor shall 
                develop a State strategic plan for youth development, 
                including specific State process and outcome 
                objectives, designed to achieve the State policy goals.
            (5) Annual report.--Each State Commission shall, not later 
        than 120 days after the end of each fiscal year of the State 
        Commission, prepare and submit to the Assistant Secretary and 
        the National Commission an annual report, in such manner and 
        containing such information as the Assistant Secretary may 
        reasonably require to determine compliance with this Act. Such 
        report shall contain, at a minimum, information on the programs 
        and activities funded in the State during the fiscal year under 
        this Act, and the extent to which the Local Boards in the State 
        achieved the process and outcome objectives specified in the 
        local strategic plan described in section 6(f)(1).
    (d) Relationship to Independent State Body Established Under the 
Claude Pepper Young Americans Act of 1990.--To provide improved 
coordination of public and private services for youth and their 
families, the State Commission shall--
            (1) consult with the Independent State Body established 
        under section 930 of the Claude Pepper Young Americans Act of 
        1990 (42 U.S.C. 12336) in the development of the State 
        strategic plan under subsection (c)(4);
            (2) consult with the Independent State Body in developing 
        and implementing strategies for improved coordination between 
        activities funded under this Act and other public and private 
        services for youth and their families; and
            (3) submit a copy of the annual report required under 
        subsection (c)(5) to the Independent State Body, concurrently 
        with the submission of the report to the Assistant Secretary 
        and the National Commission.
    (e) Coordination With Independent State Body Established Under the 
Claude Pepper Young Americans Act of 1990.--In addition to the annual 
report required under subsection (c)(5), the State Commission shall 
provide information obtained from the annual reports submitted by the 
Local Boards under section 6(i) to the Independent State Body under 
subsection (d)(3), including a detailed accounting of the number of 
participants in programs in the State that are funded under this Act, 
specified by age, gender, economic background, race, ethnicity, and 
disability.

SEC. 8. NATIONAL YOUTH DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION.

    (a) Establishment of National Youth Development Commission.--There 
is established a National Youth Development Commission that shall 
advise the Assistant Secretary on the implementation of this Act.
    (b) Establishment, Size, Composition, and Appointment of National 
Commission.--
            (1) Establishment; number of members.--The National Youth 
        Development Commission shall be composed of 21 voting members, 
        and such ex officio nonvoting members as the President may 
        determine to be appropriate.
            (2) Appointment of national commission.--
                    (A) In general.--The voting members of the National 
                Commission shall be appointed by the President, by and 
                with the advice and consent of the Senate.
                    (B) Nominations from house of representatives.--
                Seven voting members of the National Commission shall 
                be appointed from among individuals nominated by the 
                Speaker and Minority Leader of the House of 
                Representatives.
                    (C) Nominations from senate.--Seven voting members 
                of the National Commission shall be appointed from 
                among individuals nominated by the Majority Leader and 
                Minority Leader of the Senate.
                    (D) Timing.--The President shall appoint the 
                initial voting members of the Commission within 90 days 
                after the date of enactment of this Act.
            (3) Composition of national commission.--
                    (A) Representatives of nationally affiliated youth 
                development organizations.--Seven of the voting members 
                of the National Commission shall be representatives of 
                national youth development organizations, or of the 
                affiliates of such organizations.
                    (B) Representatives of nonaffiliated youth 
                development organizations.--Seven of the voting members 
                of the National Commission shall be representatives 
                described in section 6(c)(1)(B).
                    (C) Other members.--Seven of the voting members of 
                the National Commission shall be appointed from among 
                representatives described in section 7(b)(3)(C).
                    (D) Age of members.--At least 2 of the voting 
                members appointed to the National Commission shall be 
                under the age of 20 at the time of such appointment.
                    (E) Background of members.--The President shall 
                ensure that the voting membership of the National 
                Commission fairly represents urban and rural 
                populations and reflects the racial, ethnic, and gender 
                composition of the population of the United States.
            (4) Term of office.--
                    (A) In general.--Each voting member of the 
                Commission shall serve for a term of 3 years, except 
                that one-third of the members first appointed to the 
                Commission after the date of enactment of this section 
                shall serve for a term of 1 year, and one-third of such 
                members shall serve for a term of 2 years, as 
                designated by the President. The members designated to 
                serve a term of 1 year, and the members designated to 
                serve a term of 2 years, shall include a fair 
                distribution of members from the 3 categories of 
                members described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of 
                paragraph (3), and a fair distribution of members 
                appointed as provided in paragraph (2)(B), of members 
                appointed as provided in paragraph (2)(C), and of other 
                members.
                    (B) Reappointment.--Members of the National 
                Commission may not serve more than 2 consecutive terms.
            (5) Vacancies.--Any vacancy on the National Commission 
        shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment. 
        In filling such a vacancy, the President shall ensure that the 
        National Commission meets the requirements of paragraph (3). 
        Any member appointed to fill such a vacancy shall serve for the 
        remainder of the term for which the predecessor of the member 
        was appointed or elected.
            (6) Chairperson and vice chairperson.--The National 
        Commission shall elect a Chairperson and Vice Chairperson from 
        among its members.
            (7) Other officers.--The Commission may elect from among 
        its membership such additional officers for the Commission as 
        the Commission determines to be appropriate.
            (8) Meetings.--The Commission shall meet not less often 
        than 2 times each year. The Commission shall hold additional 
        meetings if 15 members of the Commission request such meetings 
        in writing. A majority of the appointed members of the 
        Commission shall constitute a quorum.
            (9) Expenses.--While away from their homes or regular 
        places of business on the business of the Commission, members 
        of such Commission may be allowed travel expenses, including 
        per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for 
        employees of agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 
        5, United States Code, for persons employed intermittently in 
        the Government service.
            (10) Special government employees.--For purposes of the 
        provisions of chapter 11 of part I of title 18, United States 
        Code, and any other provision of Federal law, a member of the 
        Commission (to whom such provisions would not otherwise apply 
        except for this subsection) shall be a special Government 
        employee.
            (11) Status of members.--
                    (A) Tort claims.--For the purposes of the tort 
                claims provisions of chapter 171 of title 28, United 
                States Code, a member of the Commission shall be 
                considered to be a Federal employee.
                    (B) Other claims.--A member of the Commission has 
                no personal liability under Federal law with respect to 
                any claim arising out of or resulting from any act or 
                omission by such person, within the scope of the 
                service of the member on the Commission, in connection 
                with any transaction involving the provision of 
                financial assistance by the Commission or the 
                Administration for Children and Families. This 
                paragraph shall not be construed to limit personal 
                liability for criminal acts or omissions, willful or 
                malicious misconduct, acts or omissions for private 
                gain, or any other act or omission outside the scope of 
                the service of such member on the Commission.
                    (C) Effect on other law.--This subsection shall not 
                be construed--
                            (i) to affect any other immunities and 
                        protections that may be available to such 
                        member under applicable law with respect to 
                        such transactions; or
                            (ii) to affect any other right or remedy 
                        against the United States under applicable law, 
                        or against any person.
            (12) Administration.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 
        U.S.C. App.) shall not apply with respect to the National 
        Commission.
    (c) Duties of National Commission and Assistant Secretary.--
            (1) Duties of national commission.--The National Commission 
        shall--
                    (A) review and approve the proposal described in 
                paragraph (2)(A)(i), regarding the goals and strategic 
                plan referred to in such paragraph;
                    (B) review and approve the proposal described in 
                paragraph (2)(B)(i), regarding the grants, contracts, 
                allocations, reallocations, and payments described in 
                paragraph (2)(B);
                    (C) review and approve the proposal described in 
                paragraph (2)(C)(i), regarding the regulations, 
                standards, policies, and procedures, described in such 
                paragraph;
                    (D) review and approve the proposed plan for 
                evaluation and monitoring referred to in paragraph 
                (2)(D)(i);
                    (E) review and approve the proposed report referred 
                to in paragraph (2)(E)(i);
                    (F) review, and advise the Assistant Secretary 
                regarding, such standards, policies, procedures, 
                programs, and initiatives as are necessary or 
                appropriate to carry out this Act;
                    (G) inform the Assistant Secretary of any aspects 
                of the actions of the Assistant Secretary that are not 
                in compliance with the goals and strategic plan 
                approved under subparagraph (A), the proposals approved 
                under subparagraphs (B) and (C), the plan approved 
                under subparagraph (D), and the report approved under 
                subparagraph (E);
                    (H) advise the President and the Congress 
                concerning developments relating to youth development 
                that merit the attention of the President and the 
                Congress;
                    (I) ensure the effective dissemination of 
                information and facilitation of the transfer of 
                technology on youth development issues, including 
                program information, sources of funding, and methods of 
                evaluation;
                    (J) provide (directly or by contract) training and 
                technical assistance to State Commissions and Local 
                Boards; and
                    (K) carry out any other activities determined to be 
                appropriate by the Assistant Secretary.
            (2) General duties of assistant secretary.--The Assistant 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A)(i) prepare and submit to the National 
                Commission a proposal regarding the goals and strategic 
                plan described in paragraph (3)(A); and
                    (ii) after receiving and reviewing approved goals 
                and an approved strategic plan under paragraph (1)(A), 
                issue the goals and strategic plan described in 
                paragraph (3)(A);
                    (B)(i) prepare and submit to the National 
                Commission a proposal regarding such grants, contracts, 
                allocations, and reallocations, as are necessary or 
                appropriate to carry out this Act; and
                    (ii) after receiving and reviewing an approved 
                proposal under paragraph (1)(B), make such grants, 
                contracts, allocations, and reallocations, and make 
                such payments (in lump sum or installments, and in 
                advance or by way of reimbursement, and in the case of 
                financial assistance otherwise authorized under this 
                Act, with necessary adjustments on account of 
                overpayments and underpayments);
                    (C)(i) prepare and submit to the National 
                Commission a proposal regarding the regulations 
                described in paragraph (3)(B), and such other 
                standards, policies, and procedures, as are necessary 
                or appropriate to carry out this Act; and
                    (ii) after receiving and reviewing an approved 
                proposal under paragraph (1)(C)--
                            (I) establish such regulations, standards, 
                        policies, and procedures as are necessary or 
                        appropriate to carry out this Act; and
                            (II) establish and administer such programs 
                        and initiatives as are necessary or appropriate 
                        to carry out this Act;
                    (D)(i) prepare and submit to the National 
                Commission a proposed plan for the evaluation and 
                monitoring of activities under this Act, in accordance 
                with paragraph (3)(D); and
                    (ii) after receiving an approved plan under 
                paragraph (1)(D) establish the system described in 
                paragraph (3)(D);
                    (E)(i) prepare and submit to the National 
                Commission a proposed report described in paragraph 
                (3)(F); and
                    (ii) after receiving an approved report under 
                paragraph (1)(E), submit the report described in 
                paragraph (3)(F);
                    (F) prepare and submit to the National Commission 
                an annual report, and such interim reports as may be 
                necessary, describing the major actions of the 
                Assistant Secretary with respect to the personnel that 
                carry out this Act, and with respect to the standards, 
                policies, procedures, programs, and initiatives 
                implemented to carry out this Act;
                    (G) inform the National Commission of, and provide 
                an explanation to the National Commission regarding, 
                any substantial differences regarding the 
                implementation of this Act between--
                            (i) the actions of the Assistant Secretary; 
                        and
                            (ii)(I) the goals and strategic plan 
                        approved by the National Commission under 
                        paragraph (1)(A);
                            (II) the proposals approved by the National 
                        Commission under subparagraph (B) or (C) of 
                        paragraph (1);
                            (III) the evaluation and monitoring plan 
                        approved by the National Commission under 
                        paragraph (1)(D); or
                            (IV) the report approved by the National 
                        Commission under paragraph (1)(E); and
                    (H) consult with appropriate Federal agencies in 
                administering the programs and initiatives carried out 
                under this Act.
            (3) Specific duties of the assistant secretary.--
                    (A) National policy goals and strategic plan.--
                            (i) National policy goals.--After a review 
                        of State strategic plans developed under 
                        section 7(c)(4), and input from Local Boards, 
                        the Assistant Secretary shall develop and issue 
                        national policy goals that are based on the 
                        process and outcome objectives specified in 
                        such plans.
                            (ii) National strategic plan for youth 
                        development.--Based on the national policy 
                        goals, the Assistant Secretary shall develop a 
                        national strategic plan for youth development, 
                        including specific process and outcome 
                        objectives, designed to achieve the national 
                        policy goals.
                    (B) Regulations.--The Assistant Secretary shall 
                issue all regulations necessary for the administration 
                of this Act, including--
                            (i) regulations (regarding funding 
                        formulas) described in paragraphs (2) and (4) 
                        of section 5(b);
                            (ii) regulations (regarding appeals of 
                        denials of local strategic plans) under section 
                        6(f)(3);
                            (iii) regulations (regarding certification, 
                        and appeals of denials of certification, of 
                        organizations as community-based youth 
                        development organizations) under section 
                        6(g)(3);
                            (iv) regulations (regarding review of the 
                        applications of Local Boards by State 
                        Commissions) under section 7(c)(1);
                            (v) effective practice standards described 
                        in subparagraph (C);
                            (vi) regulations that specify a process for 
                        certifying that an organization qualifies as a 
                        national youth development organization; and
                            (vii) interim final regulations governing 
                        the first fiscal year of operation under this 
                        Act, which shall be issued within 120 days 
                        after the appointment of the National 
                        Commission.
                    (C) Effective practice standards.--The Assistant 
                Secretary shall develop and issue standards that 
                specify effective practices for conducting community-
                based youth development programs, and such specified 
                practices shall include--
                            (i) addressing one or more of the process 
                        objectives, and one or more of the outcome 
                        objectives, identified in the local strategic 
                        plan described in section 6(f)(1);
                            (ii) incorporating components that promote 
                        the competencies described in section 4(15)(A) 
                        in youth;
                            (iii) recognizing the primary role of the 
                        family in positive youth development and 
                        seeking to strengthen families;
                            (iv) promoting the involvement of youth, 
                        parents, and other community members in the 
                        planning and implementation of the program;
                            (v) coordinating services with other youth 
                        and family services in the community, and 
                        helping participants access the services;
                            (vi) exposing youth to a variety of adult 
                        role models and mentors;
                            (vii) encouraging youth leadership and 
                        civic involvement;
                            (viii) seeking to establish a long-term 
                        relationship with participating youth;
                            (ix) employing strong outreach efforts to 
                        low-income youth and their families; 
                            (x) providing age-appropriate programs;
                            (xi) providing programs that--
                                    (I) are open to all youth 
                                regardless of such factors as race, 
                                color, religion, sex, national origin, 
                                disability, or social or economic 
                                background; or
                                    (II) target a population related on 
                                the basis of one or more of such 
                                factors, if such targeting is designed 
                                to meet the special needs of such 
                                population; and
                            (xii) using not less than 5 percent and not 
                        more than 10 percent of funds made available 
                        through the grant to provide preservice and 
                        inservice training and educational materials 
                        and services for program staff.
                    (D) Monitoring and evaluation.--The Assistant 
                Secretary shall develop and establish a system for 
                monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of 
                activities funded under this Act. The system shall 
                utilize the standards for effective practices issued 
                under subparagraph (C).
                    (E) Coordination.--The Assistant Secretary shall 
                consult with appropriate Federal agencies to ensure 
                effective coordination of programs funded under this 
                Act with other Federal programs serving youth and 
                families.
                    (F) Report.--Every 2 years, the Assistant Secretary 
                shall submit to the President and the Congress a report 
                describing the activities funded under this Act, and an 
                assessment of the effectiveness of the activities in 
                meeting the process and outcome objectives described in 
                subparagraph (A)(ii).
    (d) Relationship to Federal Council on Children, Youth, and 
Families.--To provide improved coordination of public and private 
services for youth and their families, the National Commission shall--
            (1) consult with the Federal Council on Children, Youth, 
        and Families established under section 918 of the Claude Pepper 
        Young Americans Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12314), in developing 
        and implementing strategies for improved coordination between 
        activities funded under this Act and other public and private 
        services for youth and their families; and
            (2) submit a copy of any reports required under subsection 
        (c)(3)(F) to the Federal Council on Children, Youth, and 
        Families, concurrently with the submission of the report to the 
        President and the Congress.
    (e) Staff and Consultants.--
            (1) Staff.--
                    (A) In general.--The National Commission may, 
                without regard to the civil service laws and 
                regulations, appoint and terminate an executive 
                director and such other additional personnel as may be 
                necessary to enable the Commission to perform its 
                duties.
                    (B) Compensation.--The National Commission may fix 
                the compensation of the executive director and other 
                personnel without regard to the provisions of chapter 
                51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United 
                States Code, relating to classification of positions 
                and General Schedule pay rates, except that the rate of 
                pay for the executive director and other personnel may 
                not exceed the rate payable for level V of the 
                Executive Schedule under section 5316 of such title.
            (2) Consultants.--The executive director may procure the 
        temporary and intermittent services of experts and consultants 
        and compensate the experts and consultants in accordance with 
        section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, at rates for 
        individuals that do not exceed the daily equivalent of the 
        annual rate of basic pay prescribed for level IV of the 
        Executive Schedule under section 5315 of such title.
            (3) Details of personnel.--The head of any Federal 
        department or agency may detail on a reimbursable basis, or on 
        a nonreimbursable basis for not to exceed 180 calendar days 
        during any fiscal year, as agreed upon by the Director and the 
        head of the Federal agency, any of the personnel of that 
        department or agency to the National Commission to assist the 
        Commission in carrying out the duties of the Commission under 
        this Act. Any detail shall not interrupt or otherwise affect 
        the civil service status or privileges of the Federal employee.

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