Text: H.R.5244 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)

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Enrolled Bill

 
[Congressional Bills 103th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 5244 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.5244

                       One Hundred Third Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
 the twenty-fifth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-
                                  four


                                 An Act

  
 
  To amend title 38, United States Code, to revise and improve veterans' 
benefits programs, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Veterans' Benefits 
Improvements Act of 1994''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. References to title 38, United States Code.

                   TITLE I--PERSIAN GULF WAR VETERANS

Sec. 101. Short title.
Sec. 102. Findings.
Sec. 103. Purposes.
Sec. 104. Development of medical evaluation protocol.
Sec. 105. Outreach to Persian Gulf veterans.
Sec. 106. Compensation benefits for disability resulting from illness 
          attributed to service during the Persian Gulf War.
Sec. 107. Evaluation of health status of spouses and children of Persian 
          Gulf War veterans.
Sec. 108. Clarification of scope of health examinations provided for 
          veterans eligible for inclusion in health-related registries.
Sec. 109. Survey of Persian Gulf veterans.
Sec. 110. Authorization for epidemiological studies.
Sec. 111. Cost-savings provisions.

           TITLE II--BOARD OF VETERANS' APPEALS ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 201. Appointment, pay comparability, and performance reviews for 
          members of the Board of Veterans' Appeals.
Sec. 202. Deadline for establishment of performance evaluation criteria 
          for Board members.
Sec. 203. Continuation in office of Chairman pending appointment of 
          successor.

                  TITLE III--ADJUDICATION IMPROVEMENTS

Sec. 301. Acceptance of certain documentation for claims purposes.
Sec. 302. Expedited treatment of remanded claims.
Sec. 303. Screening of appeals.
Sec. 304. Report on feasibility of reorganization of adjudication 
          divisions in VBA regional offices.

           TITLE IV--VETERANS' CLAIMS ADJUDICATION COMMISSION

Sec. 401. Establishment of commission.
Sec. 402. Duties of the commission.
Sec. 403. Powers of the commission.
Sec. 404. Commission personnel matters.
Sec. 405. Termination of the commission.
Sec. 406. Definitions.
Sec. 407. Funding.

                    TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 501. Restatement of intent of Congress concerning coverage of 
          Radiation-Exposed Veterans Compensation Act of 1988.
Sec. 502. Extension of authority to maintain regional office in the 
          Philippines.
Sec. 503. Renouncement of benefit rights.
Sec. 504. Clarification of payment of attorney fees under contingent fee 
          agreements.
Sec. 505. Codification of herbicide-exposure presumptions established 
          administratively.
Sec. 506. Treatment of certain income of Alaska natives for purposes of 
          needs-based benefits.
Sec. 507. Elimination of requirement for payment of certain benefits in 
          Philippine pesos.
Sec. 508. Study of health consequences for family members of atomic 
          veterans of exposure of atomic veterans to ionizing radiation.
Sec. 509. Center for Minority Veterans and Center for Women Veterans.
Sec. 510. Advisory Committee on Minority Veterans.
Sec. 511. Mailing of notices of appeal to the Court of Veterans Appeals.

                TITLE VI--EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS

Sec. 601. Flight training.
Sec. 602. Training and rehabilitation for veterans with service-
          connected disabilities.
Sec. 603. Alternative teacher certification programs.
Sec. 604. Education outside the United States.
Sec. 605. Correspondence courses.
Sec. 606. State approving agencies.
Sec. 607. Measurement of courses.
Sec. 608. Veterans' Advisory Committee on Education.
Sec. 609. Contract educational and vocational counseling.
Sec. 610. Service Members Occupational Conversion and Training Act of 
          1992.

                     TITLE VII--EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS

Sec. 701. Job counseling, training, and placement.
Sec. 702. Employment and training of veterans.

               TITLE VIII--CEMETERIES AND MEMORIAL AFFAIRS

Sec. 801. Eligibility for burial in national cemeteries of spouses who 
          predecease veterans.
Sec. 802. Restoration of burial eligibility for unremarried spouses.
Sec. 803. Extension of authorization of appropriations for State 
          cemetery grant program.
Sec. 804. Authority to use flat grave markers at the Willamette National 
          Cemetery, Oregon.

                       TITLE IX--HOUSING PROGRAMS

Sec. 901. Eligibility.
Sec. 902. Revision in computation of aggregate guaranty.
Sec. 903. Public and community water and sewerage systems.
Sec. 904. Authority to guarantee home refinance loans for energy 
          efficiency improvements.
Sec. 905. Authority to guarantee loans to refinance adjustable rate 
          mortgages to fixed rate mortgages.
Sec. 906. Manufactured home loan inspections.
Sec. 907. Procedures on default.
Sec. 908. Minimum active-duty service requirement.

                   TITLE X--HOMELESS VETERANS PROGRAMS

Sec. 1001. Reports on activities of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
          to assist homeless veterans.
Sec. 1002. Report on assessment and plans for response to needs of 
          homeless veterans.
Sec. 1003. Increase in number of demonstration programs under Homeless 
          Veterans Comprehensive Service Programs Act of 1992.
Sec. 1004. Removal of funding requirement of Homeless Veterans 
          Comprehensive Service Programs Act of 1992.
Sec. 1005. Sense of Congress.

    TITLE XI--REDUCTIONS IN DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS PERSONNEL

Sec. 1101. Findings.
Sec. 1102. Requirement for minimum number of full-time equivalent 
          positions.
Sec. 1103. Enhanced authority to contract for necessary services.
Sec. 1104. Study.

              TITLE XII--TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS

Sec. 1201. Amendments to title 38, United States Code.
Sec. 1202. Amendments to other laws administered by Secretary of 
          Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1203. Amendments to other laws.

SEC. 2. REFERENCES TO TITLE 38, UNITED STATES CODE.

    Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an 
amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal 
of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to 
be made to a section or other provision of title 38, United States 
Code.

                   TITLE I--PERSIAN GULF WAR VETERANS

SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Persian Gulf War Veterans' Benefits 
Act''.

SEC. 102. FINDINGS.

    The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) During the Persian Gulf War, members of the Armed Forces 
    were exposed to numerous potentially toxic substances, including 
    fumes and smoke from military operations, oil well fires, diesel 
    exhaust, paints, pesticides, depleted uranium, infectious agents, 
    investigational drugs and vaccines, and indigenous diseases, and 
    were also given multiple immunizations. It is not known whether 
    these servicemembers were exposed to chemical or biological warfare 
    agents. However, threats of enemy use of chemical and biological 
    warfare heightened the psychological stress associated with the 
    military operation.
        (2) Significant numbers of veterans of the Persian Gulf War are 
    suffering from illnesses, or are exhibiting symptoms of illness, 
    that cannot now be diagnosed or clearly defined. As a result, many 
    of these conditions or illnesses are not considered to be service 
    connected under current law for purposes of benefits administered 
    by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
        (3) The National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment 
    Workshop on the Persian Gulf Experience and Health, held in April 
    1994, concluded that the complex biological, chemical, physical, 
    and psychological environment of the Southwest Asia theater of 
    operations produced complex adverse health effects in Persian Gulf 
    War veterans and that no single disease entity or syndrome is 
    apparent. Rather, it may be that the illnesses suffered by those 
    veterans result from multiple illnesses with overlapping symptoms 
    and causes that have yet to be defined.
        (4) That workshop concluded that the information concerning the 
    range and intensity of exposure to toxic substances by military 
    personnel in the Southwest Asia theater of operations is very 
    limited and that such information was collected only after a 
    considerable delay.
        (5) In response to concerns regarding the health-care needs of 
    Persian Gulf War veterans, particularly those who suffer from 
    illnesses or conditions for which no diagnosis has been made, the 
    Congress, in Public Law 102-585, directed the establishment of a 
    Persian Gulf War Veterans Health Registry, authorized health 
    examinations for veterans of the Persian Gulf War, and provided for 
    the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a comprehensive review 
    and assessment of information regarding the health consequences of 
    military service in the Persian Gulf theater of operations and to 
    develop recommendations on avenues for research regarding such 
    health consequences. In Public Law 103-210, the Congress authorized 
    the Department of Veterans Affairs to provide health care services 
    on a priority basis to Persian Gulf War veterans. The Congress also 
    provided in Public Law 103-160 (the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 1994) for the establishment of a specialized 
    environmental medical facility for the conduct of research into the 
    possible health effects of exposure to low levels of hazardous 
    chemicals, especially among Persian Gulf veterans, and for research 
    into the possible health effects of battlefield exposure in such 
    veterans to depleted uranium.
        (6) In response to concerns about the lack of objective 
    research on Gulf War illnesses, Congress included research 
    provisions in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 1995, which was passed by the House and Senate in September 
    1994. This legislation requires the Secretary of Defense to provide 
    research grants to non-Federal researchers to support three types 
    of studies of the Gulf War syndrome. The first type of study will 
    be an epidemiological study or studies of the incidence, 
    prevalence, and nature of the illness and symptoms and the risk 
    factors associated with symptoms or illnesses. This will include 
    illnesses among spouses and birth defects and illnesses among 
    offspring born before and after the Gulf War. The second group of 
    studies shall be conducted to determine the health consequences of 
    the use of pyridostigmine bromide as a pretreatment antidote 
    enhancer during the Persian Gulf War, alone or in combination with 
    exposure to pesticides, environmental toxins, and other hazardous 
    substances. The final group of studies shall include clinical 
    research and other studies on the causes, possible transmission, 
    and treatment of Gulf War syndrome, and will include studies of 
    veterans and their spouses and children.
        (7) Further research and studies must be undertaken to 
    determine the underlying causes of the illnesses suffered by 
    Persian Gulf War veterans and, pending the outcome of such 
    research, veterans who are seriously ill as the result of such 
    illnesses should be given the benefit of the doubt and be provided 
    compensation benefits to offset the impairment in earnings 
    capacities they may be experiencing.

SEC. 103. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this title are--
        (1) to provide compensation to Persian Gulf War veterans who 
    suffer disabilities resulting from illnesses that cannot now be 
    diagnosed or defined, and for which other causes cannot be 
    identified;
        (2) to require the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to develop at 
    the earliest possible date case assessment strategies and 
    definitions or diagnoses of such illnesses;
        (3) to promote greater outreach to Persian Gulf War veterans 
    and their families to inform them of ongoing research activities, 
    as well as the services and benefits to which they are currently 
    entitled; and
        (4) to ensure that research activities and accompanying surveys 
    of Persian Gulf War veterans are appropriately funded and 
    undertaken by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
    SEC. 104. DEVELOPMENT OF MEDICAL EVALUATION PROTOCOL.
    (a) Uniform Medical Evaluation Protocol.--(1) The Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs shall develop and implement a uniform and 
comprehensive medical evaluation protocol that will ensure appropriate 
medical assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of Persian Gulf War 
veterans who are suffering from illnesses the origins of which are (as 
of the date of the enactment of this Act) unknown and that may be 
attributable to service in the Southwest Asia theater of operations 
during the Persian Gulf War. The protocol shall include an evaluation 
of complaints relating to illnesses involving the reproductive system.
    (2) If such a protocol is not implemented before the end of the 
120-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall, before the end of such period, submit to the 
Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report as to why such a protocol has not yet been 
developed.
    (3)(A) The Secretary shall ensure that the evaluation under the 
protocol developed under this section is available at all Department 
medical centers that have the capability of providing the medical 
assessment, diagnosis, and treatment required under the protocol.
    (B) The Secretary may enter into contracts with non-Department 
medical facilities for the provision of the evaluation under the 
protocol.
    (C) In the case of a veteran whose residence is distant from a 
medical center described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary may provide 
the evaluation through a Department medical center described in that 
subparagraph and, in such a case, may provide the veteran the travel 
and incidental expenses therefor pursuant to the provisions of section 
111 of title 38, United States Code.
    (4)(A) If the Secretary is unable to diagnose the symptoms or 
illness of a veteran provided an evaluation, or if the symptoms or 
illness of a veteran do not respond to treatment provided by the 
Secretary, the Secretary may use the authority in section 1703 of title 
38, United States Code, in order to provide for the veteran to receive 
diagnostic tests or treatment at a non-Department medical facility that 
may have the capability of diagnosing or treating the symptoms or 
illness of the veteran. The Secretary may provide the veteran the 
travel and incidental expenses therefor pursuant to the provisions of 
section 111 of title 38, United States Code.
    (B) The Secretary shall request from each non-Department medical 
facility that examines or treats a veteran under this paragraph such 
information relating to the diagnosis or treatment as the Secretary 
considers appropriate.
    (5) In each year after the implementation of the protocol, the 
Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the National Academy of 
Sciences under which agreement appropriate experts shall review the 
adequacy of the protocol and its implementation by the Department of 
Veterans Affairs.
    (b) Relationship to Other Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation 
Protocols.--The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Defense, shall ensure that the information collected through the 
protocol described in this section is collected and maintained in a 
manner that permits the effective and efficient cross-reference of that 
information with information collected and maintained through the 
comprehensive clinical protocols of the Department of Defense for 
Persian Gulf War veterans.
    (c) Case Definitions and Diagnoses.--The Secretary shall develop 
case definitions or diagnoses for illnesses associated with the service 
described in subsection (a)(1). The Secretary shall develop such 
definitions or diagnoses at the earliest possible date.

SEC. 105. OUTREACH TO PERSIAN GULF VETERANS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall implement 
a comprehensive outreach program to inform Persian Gulf War veterans 
and their families of the medical care and other benefits that may be 
provided by the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of 
Defense arising from service in the Persian Gulf War.
    (b) Newsletter.--(1) The outreach program shall include a 
newsletter which shall be updated and distributed at least semi-
annually and shall be distributed to the veterans listed on the Persian 
Gulf War Veterans Health Registry. The newsletter shall include 
summaries of the status and findings of Government sponsored research 
on illnesses of Persian Gulf War veterans and their families, as well 
as on benefits available to such individuals through the Department of 
Veterans Affairs. The newsletter shall be prepared in consultation with 
veterans service organizations.
    (2) The requirement under this subsection for the distribution of 
the newsletter shall terminate on December 31, 1999.
    (c) Toll-Free Number.--The outreach program shall include 
establishment of a toll-free telephone number to provide Persian Gulf 
War veterans and their families information on the Persian Gulf War 
Veterans Health Registry, health care and other benefits provided by 
the Department of Veterans Affairs, and such other information as the 
Secretary considers appropriate. Such toll-free telephone number shall 
be established not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
    SEC. 106. COMPENSATION BENEFITS FOR DISABILITY RESULTING FROM 
      ILLNESS ATTRIBUTED TO SERVICE DURING THE PERSIAN GULF WAR.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 11 is amended by adding at the end of 
subchapter II the following new section:
``Sec. 1117. Compensation for disabilities occurring in Persian Gulf 
     War veterans
    ``(a) The Secretary may pay compensation under this subchapter to 
any Persian Gulf veteran suffering from a chronic disability resulting 
from an undiagnosed illness (or combination of undiagnosed illnesses) 
that--
        ``(1) became manifest during service on active duty in the 
    Armed Forces in the Southwest Asia theater of operations during the 
    Persian Gulf War; or
        ``(2) became manifest to a degree of 10 percent or more within 
    the presumptive period prescribed under subsection (b).
    ``(b) The Secretary shall prescribe by regulation the period of 
time following service in the Southwest Asia theater of operations 
during the Persian Gulf War that the Secretary determines is 
appropriate for presumption of service connection for purposes of this 
section. The Secretary's determination of such period of time shall be 
made following a review of any available credible medical or scientific 
evidence and the historical treatment afforded disabilities for which 
manifestation periods have been established and shall take into account 
other pertinent circumstances regarding the experiences of veterans of 
the Persian Gulf War.
    ``(c)(1) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to carry out 
this section.
    ``(2) Those regulations shall include the following:
        ``(A) A description of the period and geographical area or 
    areas of military service in connection with which compensation 
    under this section may be paid.
        ``(B) A description of the illnesses for which compensation 
    under this section may be paid.
        ``(C) A description of any relevant medical characteristic 
    (such as a latency period) associated with each such illness.
    ``(d) A disability for which compensation under this subchapter is 
payable shall be considered to be service connected for purposes of all 
other laws of the United States.
    ``(e) For purposes of this section, the term `Persian Gulf veteran' 
means a veteran who served on active duty in the Armed Forces in the 
Southwest Asia theater of operations during the Persian Gulf War.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1116 the 
following new item:
``1117. Compensation for disabilities occurring in Persian Gulf War 
          veterans.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1113 is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``section 1112 or 1116'' in the first and 
    third place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 
    1112, 1116, or 1117'';
        (2) by striking out ``title'' the second place it appears and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``title, or payments of compensation 
    pursuant to section 1117 of this title,''; and
        (3) by inserting ``or disabilities'' after ``diseases'' both 
    places it appears in subsection (a).
    (c) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall submit to the 
Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report stating whether or not the Secretary intends 
to pay compensation as provided in section 1117 of title 38, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a).
    (d) Regulations.--If the Secretary states in the report under 
subsection (c) that the Secretary intends to pay compensation as 
provided in section 1117 of title 38, United States Code, as added by 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall, not later than 30 days after the 
date on which such report is submitted, publish in the Federal Register 
proposed regulations under subsections (b) and (c) of that section.
    SEC. 107. EVALUATION OF HEALTH STATUS OF SPOUSES AND CHILDREN OF 
      PERSIAN GULF WAR VETERANS.
    (a) Evaluation Program.--Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary 
of the Veterans Affairs shall conduct a study to evaluate the health 
status of spouses and children of Persian Gulf War veterans. Under the 
study, the Secretary shall provide for the conduct of diagnostic 
testing and appropriate medical examinations of any individual--
        (1) who is the spouse or child of a veteran who--
            (A) is listed in the Persian Gulf War Veterans Registry 
        established under section 702 of Public Law 102-585; and
            (B) is suffering from an illness or disorder;
        (2) who is apparently suffering from, or may have suffered 
    from, an illness or disorder (including a birth defect, 
    miscarriage, or stillbirth) which cannot be disassociated from the 
    veteran's service in the Southwest Asia theater of operations; and
        (3) who, in the case of a spouse, has granted the Secretary 
    permission to include in the Registry relevant medical data 
    (including a medical history and the results of diagnostic testing 
    and medical examinations) and such other information as the 
    Secretary considers relevant and appropriate with respect to such 
    individual.
Such testing and examinations shall be carried out so as to gather such 
medical data as the Secretary considers relevant and appropriate in 
order to determine the nature and extent of the association, if any, 
between illness or disorder of the spouse or child and the illness of 
the veteran.
    (b) Duration of Program.--The program shall be carried out during 
the period beginning on November 1, 1994, and ending on September 30, 
1996.
    (c) Funding Limitation.--The amount spent for the program under 
subsection (a) may not exceed $2,000,000.
    (d) Contracting.--The Secretary shall provide for the conduct of 
testing and examinations under subsection (a) through appropriate 
contract arrangements.
    (e) Standard Protocols and Guidelines.--The Secretary shall seek to 
ensure uniform development of medical data through the development of 
standard protocols and guidelines for such testing and examinations. If 
such protocols and guidelines have not been adopted before the end of 
the 120-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall, before the end of such period, submit to the 
Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report as to why such protocols and guidelines have 
not yet been developed.
    (f) Entry of Results in Registry.--The results of diagnostic tests, 
medical histories, and medical examinations conducted under subsection 
(a) shall be entered into the Persian Gulf War Veterans Health 
Registry.
    (g) Outreach.--The Secretary shall conduct such outreach activities 
as the Secretary determines necessary to ensure that implementation of 
this section results in sufficient information to enable the 
Secretary--
        (1) to analyze the health status of large numbers of spouses 
    and children of Persian Gulf veterans; and
        (2) to formulate research hypotheses regarding possible 
    association between illnesses or disorders suffered by Persian Gulf 
    veterans and illnesses or disorders (including birth defects, 
    miscarriages, and stillbirths) suffered by their spouses and 
    children.
    (h) Use Outside Department of Standard Protocols and Guidelines.--
The Secretary shall--
        (1) make the standard protocols and guidelines developed under 
    this section available to any entity which requests a copy of such 
    protocols and guidelines; and
        (2) enter into the registry the results of any examination of 
    the spouse or child of a veteran who served in the Persian Gulf 
    theater which a licensed physician certifies was conducted using 
    those standard protocols and guidelines.
    (i) Reports to Congress.--(1) The Secretary shall submit to 
Congress no later than October 31, 1995, a report on the Secretary's 
implementation of this section.
    (2) The Secretary shall analyze the data entered into the registry 
under this section and shall submit to Congress, not later than March 
1, 1997, a report on that analysis and on the Secretary's 
recommendation for any further legislation or studies regarding the 
health status of spouses and children of Persian Gulf War veterans.
    (j) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the terms ``child'' 
and ``spouse'' have the meanings given those terms in paragraphs (4) 
and (31), respectively, of section 101 of title 38, United States Code.
    SEC. 108. CLARIFICATION OF SCOPE OF HEALTH EXAMINATIONS PROVIDED 
      FOR VETERANS ELIGIBLE FOR INCLUSION IN HEALTH-RELATED REGISTRIES.
    Section 703 of the Persian Gulf War Veterans' Health Status Act 
(title VII of Public Law 102-585; 38 U.S.C. 527 note) is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(including diagnostic tests)'' after 
    ``examination'' each place it appears other than in subsection 
    (a)(1)(A);
        (2) in subsection (a)(1)(A)--
            (A) by inserting ``(including any appropriate diagnostic 
        tests)'' after ``a health examination''; and
            (B) by inserting ``and the tests'' after ``the 
        examination''; and
        (3) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``(including any 
    diagnostic tests)'' after ``examinations''.

SEC. 109. SURVEY OF PERSIAN GULF VETERANS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs may carry out a 
survey of Persian Gulf veterans to gather information on the incidence 
and nature of health problems occurring in Persian Gulf veterans and 
their families.
    (b) Coordination With Department of Defense.--Any survey under 
subsection (a) shall be carried out in coordination with the Secretary 
of Defense.
    (c) Persian Gulf Veteran.--For purposes of this section, a Persian 
Gulf veteran is an individual who served on active duty in the Armed 
Forces in the Southwest Asia theater of operations during the Persian 
Gulf War as defined in section 101(33) of title 38, United States Code.
    SEC. 110. AUTHORIZATION FOR EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES.
    (a) Study of Health Consequences of Persian Gulf Service.--If the 
National Academy of Sciences includes in the report required by section 
706(b) of the Veterans Health Care Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-585) a 
finding that there is a sound basis for an epidemiological study or 
studies on the health consequences of service in the Persian Gulf 
theater of operations during the Persian Gulf War and recommends the 
conduct of such a study or studies, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
is authorized to carry out such study.
    (b) Oversight.--(1) The Secretary shall seek to enter into an 
agreement with the Medical Follow-Up Agency (MFUA) of the Institute of 
Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences for (A) the review of 
proposals to conduct the research referred to in subsection (a), (B) 
oversight of such research, and (C) review of the research findings.
    (2) If the Secretary is unable to enter into an agreement under 
paragraph (1) with the entity specified in that paragraph, the 
Secretary shall enter into an agreement described in that paragraph 
with another appropriate scientific organization which does not have a 
connection to the Department of Veterans Affairs. In such a case, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the 
Senate and House of Representatives, at least 90 days before the date 
on which the agreement is entered into, notice in writing identifying 
the organization with which the Secretary intends to enter into the 
agreement.
    (c) Access to Data.--The Secretary shall enter into agreements with 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Health and Human Services 
to make available for the purposes of any study described in subsection 
(a) all data that the Secretary, in consultation with the National 
Academy of Sciences and the contractor for the study, considers 
relevant to the study.
    (d) Authorization.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Department such sums as are necessary for the conduct of studies 
described in subsection (a).

SEC. 111. COST-SAVINGS PROVISIONS.

    (a) Election of Death Pension by Surviving Spouse.--Section 1317 is 
amended--
        (1) by striking out ``No person'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), no person''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) A surviving spouse who is eligible for dependency and 
indemnity compensation may elect to receive death pension instead of 
such compensation.''.
    (b) Policy Regarding Cost-of-Living Adjustment in Compensation 
Rates for Fiscal Year 1995.--The fiscal year 1995 cost-of-living 
adjustments in the rates of and limitations for compensation payable 
under chapter 11 of title 38, United States Code, and of dependency and 
indemnity compensation payable under chapter 13 of such title will be 
no more than a percentage equal to the percentage by which benefit 
amounts payable under title II of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
401 et seq.) are increased effective December 1, 1994, as a result of a 
determination under section 215(i) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 415(i)), with 
all increased monthly rates and limitations (other than increased rates 
or limitations equal to a whole dollar amount) rounded down to the next 
lower dollar.

          TITLE II--BOARD OF VETERANS' APPEALS ADMINISTRATION

    SEC. 201. APPOINTMENT, PAY COMPARABILITY, AND PERFORMANCE REVIEWS 
      FOR MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF VETERANS' APPEALS.
    (a) Members Other Than Chairman.--(1) Chapter 71 is amended by 
inserting after section 7101 the following new section:
``Sec. 7101A. Members of Board: appointment; pay; performance review
    ``(a) The members of the Board of Veterans' Appeals other than the 
Chairman (and including the Vice Chairman) shall be appointed by the 
Secretary, with the approval of the President, based upon 
recommendations of the Chairman.
    ``(b) Members of the Board (other than the Chairman and any member 
of the Board who is a member of the Senior Executive Service) shall, in 
accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary, be paid basic 
pay at rates equivalent to the rates payable under section 5372 of 
title 5.
    ``(c)(1)(A) The Chairman shall establish a panel to review the 
performance of members of the Board. The panel shall be comprised of 
the Chairman and two other members of the Board (other than the Vice 
Chairman). The Chairman shall periodically rotate membership on the 
panel so as to ensure that each member of the Board (other than the 
Vice Chairman) serves as a member of the panel for and within a 
reasonable period.
    ``(B) Not less than one year after the job performance standards 
under subsection (f) are initially established, and not less often than 
once every three years thereafter, the performance review panel shall 
determine, with respect to each member of the Board (other than the 
Chairman or a member who is a member of the Senior Executive Service), 
whether that member's job performance as a member of the Board meets 
the performance standards for a member of the Board established under 
subsection (f). Each such determination shall be in writing.
    ``(2) If the determination of the performance review panel in any 
case is that the member's job performance as a member of the Board 
meets the performance standards for a member of the Board established 
under subsection (f), the Chairman shall recertify the member's 
appointment as a member of the Board.
    ``(3) If the determination of the performance review panel in any 
case is that the member's job performance does not meet the performance 
standards for a member of the Board established under subsection (f), 
the Chairman shall, based upon the individual circumstances, either--
        ``(A) grant the member a conditional recertification; or
        ``(B) recommend to the Secretary that the member be 
    noncertified.
    ``(4) In the case of a member of the Board who is granted a 
conditional recertification under paragraph (3)(A) or (5)(A), the 
performance review panel shall review the member's job performance 
record and make a further determination under paragraph (1) concerning 
that member not later than one year after the date of the conditional 
recertification. If the determination of the performance review panel 
at that time is that the member's job performance as a member of the 
Board still does not meet the performance standards for a member of the 
Board established under subsection (f), the Chairman shall recommend to 
the Secretary that the member be noncertified.
    ``(5) In a case in which the Chairman recommends to the Secretary 
under paragraph (3) or (4) that a member be noncertified, the 
Secretary, after considering the recommendation of the Chairman, may 
either--
        ``(A) grant the member a conditional recertification; or
        ``(B) determine that the member should be noncertified.
    ``(d)(1) If the Secretary, based upon the recommendation of the 
Chairman, determines that a member of the Board should be noncertified, 
that member's appointment as a member of the Board shall be terminated 
and that member shall be removed from the Board.
    ``(2) Upon removal from the Board under paragraph (1), a member of 
the Board (other than the Chairman) who was a career or career-
conditional employee in the civil service before commencement of 
service as a member of the Board shall revert to the civil service 
grade and series held by the member immediately before the appointment 
of the member to the Board.
    ``(e)(1) A member of the Board (other than the Chairman or a member 
of the Senior Executive Service) may be removed as a member of the 
Board by reason of job performance only as provided in subsections (c) 
and (d). Such a member may be removed by the Secretary, upon the 
recommendation of the Chairman, for any other reason as determined by 
the Secretary.
    ``(2) In the case of a removal of a member under this section for a 
reason other than job performance that would be covered by section 7521 
of title 5 in the case of an administrative law judge, the removal of 
the member of the Board shall be carried out subject to the same 
requirements as apply to removal of an administrative law judge under 
that section. Section 554(a)(2) of title 5 shall not apply to a removal 
action under this subsection. In such a removal action, a member shall 
have the rights set out in section 7513(b) of that title.
    ``(f) The Chairman, subject to the approval of the Secretary, shall 
establish standards for the performance of the job of a member of the 
Board (other than the Chairman or a member of the Senior Executive 
Service). Those standards shall establish objective and fair criteria 
for evaluation of the job performance of a member of the Board.
    ``(g) The Secretary shall prescribe procedures for the 
administration of this section, including deadlines and time schedules 
for different actions under this section.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 7101 the 
following new item:
``7101A. Members of Board: appointment; pay; performance review.''.

    (b) Save Pay Provision.--The rate of basic pay payable to an 
individual who is a member of the Board of Veterans' Appeals on the 
date of the enactment of this Act may not be reduced by reason of the 
amendments made by this section to a rate below the rate payable to 
such individual on the day before such date.
    (c) Effective Date.--Section 7101A(b) of title 38, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a), shall take effect on the first day of 
the first pay period beginning after December 31, 1994.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Section 7101(b) is amended--
        (1) by striking out paragraph (2);
        (2) by designating as paragraph (2) the text in paragraph (1) 
    beginning ``The Chairman may be removed''; and
        (3) by striking out ``Members (including the Chairman)'' in 
    paragraph (3) and inserting in lieu thereof ``The Chairman''.
    SEC. 202. DEADLINE FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF PERFORMANCE EVALUATION 
      CRITERIA FOR BOARD MEMBERS.
    (a) Deadline.--The job performance standards required to be 
established by section 7101A(f) of title 38, United States Code, as 
added by section 201(a), shall be established not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Submission to Congressional Committees.--Not later than the 
date on which the standards referred to in subsection (a) take effect, 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall submit to the Committees on 
Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
describing the standards established by the Chairman of the Board of 
Veterans' Appeals.
    SEC. 203. CONTINUATION IN OFFICE OF CHAIRMAN PENDING APPOINTMENT OF 
      SUCCESSOR.
    Section 7101(b)(3) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new sentence: ``If, upon the expiration of the term of office for which 
the Chairman was appointed, the position of Chairman would become 
vacant, the individual serving as Chairman may, with the approval of 
the Secretary, continue to serve as Chairman until either appointed to 
another term or a successor is appointed, but not beyond the end of the 
Congress during which the term of office expired.''.

                  TITLE III--ADJUDICATION IMPROVEMENTS

    SEC. 301. ACCEPTANCE OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTATION FOR CLAIMS PURPOSES.
    (a) Statements of Claimant To Be Accepted as Proof of 
Relationships.--Chapter 51 is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 5124. Acceptance of claimant's statement as proof of 
     relationship
    ``(a) For purposes of benefits under laws administered by the 
Secretary, the Secretary may accept the written statement of a claimant 
as proof of the existence of any relationship specified in subsection 
(b) for the purpose of acting on such individual's claim for benefits.
    ``(b) Subsection (a) applies to proof of the existence of any of 
the following relationships between a claimant and another person:
        ``(1) Marriage.
        ``(2) Dissolution of a marriage.
        ``(3) Birth of a child.
        ``(4) Death of any family member.
    ``(c) The Secretary may require the submission of documentation in 
support of the claimant's statement if--
        ``(1) the claimant does not reside within a State;
        ``(2) the statement on its face raises a question as to its 
    validity;
        ``(3) there is conflicting information of record; or
        ``(4) there is reasonable indication, in the statement or 
    otherwise, of fraud or misrepresentation.''.
    (b) Reports of Examinations by Private Physicians.--Such chapter, 
as amended by subsection (a), is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new section:
``Sec. 5125. Acceptance of reports of private physician examinations
    ``For purposes of establishing any claim for benefits under chapter 
11 or 15 of this title, a report of a medical examination administered 
by a private physician that is provided by a claimant in support of a 
claim for benefits under that chapter may be accepted without a 
requirement for confirmation by an examination by a physician employed 
by the Veterans Health Administration if the report is sufficiently 
complete to be adequate for the purpose of adjudicating such claim.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new items:
``5124. Acceptance of claimant's statement as proof of relationship.
``5125. Acceptance of reports of private physician examinations.''.

SEC. 302. EXPEDITED TREATMENT OF REMANDED CLAIMS.

    The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall take such actions as may be 
necessary to provide for the expeditious treatment, by the Board of 
Veterans' Appeals and by the regional offices of the Veterans Benefits 
Administration, of any claim that has been remanded by the Board of 
Veterans' Appeals or by the United States Court of Veterans Appeals for 
additional development or other appropriate action.

SEC. 303. SCREENING OF APPEALS.

    Section 7107 is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking out ``Each case'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``Except as provided in subsection (f), 
    each case''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Nothing in this section shall preclude the screening of cases 
for purposes of--
        ``(1) determining the adequacy of the record for decisional 
    purposes; or
        ``(2) the development, or attempted development, of a record 
    found to be inadequate for decisional purposes.''.
    SEC. 304. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF REORGANIZATION OF ADJUDICATION 
      DIVISIONS IN VBA REGIONAL OFFICES.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall submit to the Committees 
on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
report addressing the feasibility and impact of a reorganization of the 
adjudication divisions located within the regional offices of the 
Veterans Benefits Administration to a number of such divisions that 
would result in improved efficiency in the processing of claims filed 
by veterans, their survivors, or other eligible persons for benefits 
administered by the Secretary.

           TITLE IV--VETERANS' CLAIMS ADJUDICATION COMMISSION

SEC. 401. ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMISSION.

    (a) Establishment of Commission.--There is hereby established a 
commission to be known as the Veterans' Claims Adjudication Commission 
(hereinafter in this title referred to as the ``commission'').
    (b) Membership.--(1) The commission shall be composed of nine 
members, appointed by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs as follows:
        (A) One member shall be appointed from among former officials 
    of the Department of Veterans Affairs (or the Veterans' 
    Administration).
        (B) Two members shall be appointed from among individuals in 
    the private sector who have expertise in the adjudication of claims 
    relating to insurance or similar benefits.
        (C) Two members shall be appointed from among individuals 
    employed in the Federal Government (other than the Department of 
    Veterans Affairs) who have expertise in the adjudication of claims 
    for benefits under Federal law other than under laws administered 
    by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
        (D) Two members shall be appointed from among individuals 
    recommended to the Secretary by representatives of veterans service 
    organizations.
        (E) One member shall be appointed based on a recommendation of 
    the American Bar Association or a similar private organization from 
    among individuals who have expertise in the field of administrative 
    law.
        (F) One member shall be appointed from among current officials 
    of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
    (2) The appointment of members of the commission under this 
subsection shall be made not later than February 1, 1995.
    (c) Period of Appointment; Vacancies.--Members of the commission 
shall be appointed for the life of the commission. A vacancy in the 
commission shall not affect its powers, but shall be filled in the same 
manner as the original appointment.
    (d) Initial Meeting.--The commission shall hold its first meeting 
not later than 30 days after the date on which all members of the 
commission have been appointed.
    (e) Meetings.--The commission shall meet at the call of the 
chairman.
    (f) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the commission shall 
constitute a quorum, but a lesser number may hold hearings.
    (g) Chairman.--The Secretary shall designate a member of the 
commission (other than the commission member who is a current official 
of the Department of Veterans Affairs) to be chairman of the 
commission.

SEC. 402. DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION.

    (a) In General.--The commission shall carry out a study of the 
Department of Veterans Affairs system for the disposition of claims for 
veterans benefits.
    (b) Purpose of Study.--The purpose of the study is to evaluate the 
Department of Veterans Affairs system for the disposition of claims for 
veterans benefits in order to determine the following:
        (1) The efficiency of current processes and procedures under 
    the system for the adjudication, resolution, review, and final 
    disposition of claims for veterans benefits, including the effect 
    of judicial review on the system, and means of increasing the 
    efficiency of the system.
        (2) Means of reducing the number of claims under the system for 
    which final disposition is pending.
        (3) Means of enhancing the ability of the Department of 
    Veterans Affairs to achieve final determination regarding claims 
    under the system in a prompt and appropriate manner.
    (c) Contents of Study.--The study to be carried out by the 
commission under this section is a comprehensive evaluation and 
assessment of the Department of Veterans Affairs system for the 
disposition of claims for veterans benefits (as defined in section 406) 
and of the system for the delivery of such benefits, together with any 
related issues that the commission determines are relevant to the 
study. The study shall include an evaluation and assessment of the 
following:
        (1) The preparation and submission of claims by veterans under 
    the system.
        (2) The processes and procedures under the system for the 
    disposition of claims, including--
            (A) the scope and nature of the review undertaken with 
        respect to a claim at each stage in the claims disposition 
        process, including the role of hearings throughout the process;
            (B) the number, Federal employment grade, and experience 
        and qualifications required of the persons undertaking such 
        review at each such stage;
            (C) opportunities for the submittal of new evidence; and
            (D) the availability of alternative means of completing 
        claims.
        (3) The effect on the system of the participation of attorneys, 
    members of veterans service organizations, and other advocates on 
    behalf of veterans.
        (4) The effect on the system of actions taken by the Secretary 
    to modernize the information management system of the Department, 
    including the use of electronic data management systems.
        (5) The effect on the system of any work performance standards 
    used by the Secretary at regional offices of the Department and at 
    the Board of Veterans' Appeals.
        (6) The extent of the implementation in the system of the 
    recommendations of the Blue Ribbon Panel on Claims Processing 
    submitted to the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and 
    House of Representatives on December 2, 1993, and the effect of 
    such implementation on the system.
        (7) The effectiveness in improving the system of any pilot 
    programs carried out by the Secretary at regional offices of the 
    Department and of efforts by the Secretary to implement such 
    programs throughout the system.
        (8) The effectiveness of the quality control practices and 
    quality assurance practices under the system in achieving the goals 
    of such practices.
    (d) Cooperation of Secretary.--Upon the request of the chairman of 
the commission, the Secretary shall, within 30 days of such request, 
submit to the commission, and to the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of 
the Senate and House of Representatives, such information as the 
chairman shall determine is necessary for the commission to carry out 
the study required under this section.
    (e) Reports.--(1) Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the commission shall submit to the Secretary and 
to the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a preliminary report on the study required under 
subsection (c). The report shall contain the preliminary findings and 
conclusions of the commission with respect to the evaluation and 
assessment required under the study.
    (2) Not later than 18 months after such date, the commission shall 
submit to the Secretary and to such committees a report on such study. 
The report shall include the following:
        (A) The findings and conclusions of the commission, including 
    its findings and conclusions with respect to the matters referred 
    to in subsection (c).
        (B) The recommendations of the commission for means of 
    improving the Department of Veterans Affairs system for the 
    disposition of claims for veterans benefits.
        (C) Such other information and recommendations with respect to 
    the system as the commission considers appropriate.

SEC. 403. POWERS OF THE COMMISSION.

    (a) Hearings.--The commission may hold such hearings, sit and act 
at such times and places, take such testimony, and receive such 
evidence as the commission considers advisable to carry out the 
purposes of this title.
    (b) Information From Federal Agencies.--In addition to the 
information referred to in section 402(d), the commission may secure 
directly from any Federal department or agency such information as the 
commission considers necessary to carry out the provisions of this 
title. Upon request of the chairman of the commission, the head of such 
department or agency shall furnish such information to the commission.
    (c) Postal Services.--The commission may use the United States 
mails in the same manner and under the same conditions as other 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
    (d) Gifts.--The commission may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or 
donations of services or property.

SEC. 404. COMMISSION PERSONNEL MATTERS.

    (a) Compensation of Members.--Each member of the commission who is 
not an officer or employee of the Federal Government shall be 
compensated at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the annual rate 
of basic pay prescribed for level IV of the Executive Schedule under 
section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, for each day (including 
travel time) during which such member is engaged in the performance of 
the duties of the commission. All members of the commission who are 
officers or employees of the United States shall serve without 
compensation in addition to that received for their services as 
officers or employees of the United States.
    (b) Travel Expenses.--The members of the commission shall be 
allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at 
rates authorized for employees of agencies under subchapter I of 
chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, while away from their homes 
or regular places of business in the performance of services for the 
commission.
    (c) Staff.--(1) The chairman of the commission may, without regard 
to the civil service laws and regulations, appoint an executive 
director and such other personnel as may be necessary to enable the 
commission to perform its duties. The appointment of an executive 
director shall be subject to approval by the commission.
    (2) The chairman of the commission may fix the compensation of the 
executive director and other personnel without regard to the provisions 
of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United 
States Code, relating to classification of positions and General 
Schedule pay rates, except that the rate of pay for the executive 
director and other personnel may not exceed the rate payable for level 
V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of such title.
    (d) Detail of Government Employees.--Upon request of the chairman 
of the commission, the head of any Federal department or agency may 
detail, on a nonreimbursable basis, any personnel of the department or 
agency to the commission to assist it in carrying out its duties.
    (e) Procurement of Temporary and Intermittent Services.--The 
chairman of the commission may procure temporary and intermittent 
services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, at rates 
for individuals which do not exceed the daily equivalent of the annual 
rate of basic pay prescribed for level V of the Executive Schedule 
under section 5316 of such title.

SEC. 405. TERMINATION OF THE COMMISSION.

    The commission shall terminate 90 days after the date on which the 
commission submits its report under section 402(e)(2).

SEC. 406. DEFINITIONS.

    For the purposes of this title:
        (1) The term ``Department of Veterans Affairs system for the 
    disposition of claims for veterans benefits'' means the processes 
    and procedures of the Department of Veterans Affairs for the 
    adjudication, resolution, review, and final disposition of claims 
    for benefits under the laws administered by the Secretary.
        (2) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Veterans 
    Affairs.
        (3) The term ``veterans service organizations'' means any 
    organization approved by the Secretary under section 5902(a) of 
    title 38, United States Code.

SEC. 407. FUNDING.

    (a) Fiscal Year 1995.--From amounts appropriated to the Department 
of Veterans Affairs for fiscal year 1995 for the payment of 
compensation and pension, the amount of $400,000 is hereby made 
available for the activities of the commission under this title.
    (b) Availability.--Any sums appropriated to the commission shall 
remain available until expended.

                   TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

    SEC. 501. RESTATEMENT OF INTENT OF CONGRESS CONCERNING COVERAGE OF 
      RADIATION-EXPOSED VETERANS COMPENSATION ACT OF 1988.
    (a) Restatement of Absence of Statutory Limitation to United States 
Tests.--Clause (i) of section 1112(c)(3)(B) is amended by inserting 
``(without regard to whether the nation conducting the test was the 
United States or another nation)'' after ``nuclear device''.
    (b) Proof of Service Connection of Disabilities Relating to 
Exposure to Ionizing Radiation.--(1) Section 1113(b) is amended--
        (A) by striking out ``title or'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``title,''; and
        (B) by inserting ``, or section 5 of Public Law 98-542 (38 
    U.S.C. 1154 note)'' after ``of this section''.
    (2) The amendments made by paragraph (1) shall apply with respect 
to applications for veterans benefits that are submitted to the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    SEC. 502. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO MAINTAIN REGIONAL OFFICE IN THE 
      PHILIPPINES.
    Section 315(b) is amended by striking out ``December 31, 1994'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``December 31, 1999''.

SEC. 503. RENOUNCEMENT OF BENEFIT RIGHTS.

    Section 5306 is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c) Notwithstanding subsection (b), if a new application for 
pension under chapter 15 of this title or for dependency and indemnity 
compensation for parents under section 1315 of this title is filed 
within one year after renouncement of that benefit, such application 
shall not be treated as an original application and benefits will be 
payable as if the renouncement had not occurred.''.
    SEC. 504. CLARIFICATION OF PAYMENT OF ATTORNEY FEES UNDER 
      CONTINGENT FEE AGREEMENTS.
    (a) Clarification.--Subparagraph (A) of section 5904(d)(2) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(A) A fee agreement referred to in paragraph (1) is one under 
which the total amount of the fee payable to the attorney--
        ``(i) is to be paid to the attorney by the Secretary directly 
    from any past-due benefits awarded on the basis of the claim; and
        ``(ii) is contingent on whether or not the matter is resolved 
    in a manner favorable to the claimant.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to fee agreements entered into on or after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 505. CODIFICATION OF HERBICIDE-EXPOSURE PRESUMPTIONS 
      ESTABLISHED ADMINISTRATIVELY.
    Section 1116(a)(2) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new subparagraphs:
        ``(D) Hodgkin's disease becoming manifest to a degree of 
    disability of 10 percent or more.
        ``(E) Porphyria cutanea tarda becoming manifest to a degree of 
    disability of 10 percent or more within a year after the last date 
    on which the veteran performed active military, naval, or air 
    service in the Republic of Vietnam during the Vietnam era.
        ``(F) Respiratory cancers (cancer of the lung, bronchus, 
    larynx, or trachea) becoming manifest to a degree of 10 percent or 
    more within 30 years after the last date on which the veteran 
    performed active military, naval, or air service in the Republic of 
    Vietnam during the Vietnam era.
        ``(G) Multiple myeloma becoming manifest to a degree of 
    disability of 10 percent or more.''.
    SEC. 506. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN INCOME OF ALASKA NATIVES FOR 
      PURPOSES OF NEEDS-BASED BENEFITS.
    Any receipt by an individual from a Native Corporation under the 
Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) of cash, 
stock, land, or other interests referred to in subparagraphs (A) 
through (E) of section 29(c) of that Act (43 U.S.C. 1626(c)) (whether 
such receipt is attributable to the disposition of real property, 
profits from the operation of real property, or otherwise) shall not be 
countable as income for purposes of any law administered by the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    SEC. 507. ELIMINATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR PAYMENT OF CERTAIN 
      BENEFITS IN PHILIPPINE PESOS.
    (a) General Rule.--The second sentence of each of subsections (a) 
and (b) of section 107 is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``rate in pesos as is equivalent to'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``rate of''; and
        (2) by striking out ``rate in Philippine pesos as is equivalent 
    to'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``rate of''.
    (b) Survivors' and Dependents' Educational Assistance.--Sections 
3532(d) and 3565(b)(1) are amended by striking out ``a rate in 
Philippine pesos equivalent to'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the 
rate of''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply with respect to payments made after December 31, 1994.
    SEC. 508. STUDY OF HEALTH CONSEQUENCES FOR FAMILY MEMBERS OF ATOMIC 
      VETERANS OF EXPOSURE OF ATOMIC VETERANS TO IONIZING RADIATION.
    (a) Interagency Agreement.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall 
enter into an agreement with the Medical Follow-Up Agency of the 
Institute of the Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences under 
which that agency shall convene a panel of appropriate individuals to 
carry out the evaluation described in subsection (b).
    (b) Evaluation of Feasibility of Study.--(1) The panel convened 
under subsection (a) shall evaluate the feasibility of carrying out a 
study as described in subsection (c).
    (2) The panel shall submit the results of the evaluation under 
paragraph (1) to the Secretary not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall promptly notify the 
Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives of such results.
    (c) Description of Study To Be Evaluated.--The study referred to in 
subsection (b) (the feasibility of which is to be evaluated under that 
subsection by the panel convened under subsection (a)) is one which 
would determine the nature and extent, if any, of the relationship 
between the exposure of veterans described in subsection (d) to 
ionizing radiation and the following:
        (1) Genetic defects and illnesses in the children and 
    grandchildren of such veterans.
        (2) Untoward pregnancy outcomes experienced by the wives of 
    such veterans, including premature births, stillbirths, 
    miscarriages, neonatal illnesses and deaths.
        (3) Periparturient diseases of the mother which are the direct 
    result of such untoward pregnancy outcomes.
    (d) Covered Veterans.--Subsection (c) applies to--
        (1) any veteran who was exposed (as determined by the 
    Secretary) to ionizing radiation as a result of--
            (A) participation while on active duty in the Armed Forces 
        in an atmospheric nuclear test that included the detonation of 
        a nuclear device;
            (B) service in the Armed Forces with the United States 
        occupation force of Hiroshima or Nagasaki, Japan, before July 
        1, 1946; or
            (C) internment or detention as a prisoner of war of Japan 
        before that date in circumstances providing the opportunity for 
        exposure to ionizing radiation comparable to the exposure of 
        individuals who served with such occupation force before that 
        date; and
        (2) any other veteran who the Secretary designates for coverage 
    under the study.
    SEC. 509. CENTER FOR MINORITY VETERANS AND CENTER FOR WOMEN 
      VETERANS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 3 is amended by striking out section 317 
and inserting in lieu thereof the following new sections:

``Sec. 317. Center for Minority Veterans

    ``(a) There is in the Department a Center for Minority Veterans. 
There is at the head of the Center a Director.
    ``(b) The Director shall be a noncareer appointee in the Senior 
Executive Service. The Director shall be appointed for a term of six 
years.
    ``(c) The Director reports directly to the Secretary or the Deputy 
Secretary concerning the activities of the Center.
    ``(d) The Director shall perform the following functions with 
respect to veterans who are minorities:
        ``(1) Serve as principal adviser to the Secretary on the 
    adoption and implementation of policies and programs affecting 
    veterans who are minorities.
        ``(2) Make recommendations to the Secretary, the Under 
    Secretary for Health, the Under Secretary for Benefits, and other 
    Department officials for the establishment or improvement of 
    programs in the Department for which veterans who are minorities 
    are eligible.
        ``(3) Promote the use of benefits authorized by this title by 
    veterans who are minorities and the conduct of outreach activities 
    to veterans who are minorities, in conjunction with outreach 
    activities carried out under chapter 77 of this title.
        ``(4) Disseminate information and serve as a resource center 
    for the exchange of information regarding innovative and successful 
    programs which improve the services available to veterans who are 
    minorities.
        ``(5) Conduct and sponsor appropriate social and demographic 
    research on the needs of veterans who are minorities and the extent 
    to which programs authorized under this title meet the needs of 
    those veterans, without regard to any law concerning the collection 
    of information from the public.
        ``(6) Analyze and evaluate complaints made by or on behalf of 
    veterans who are minorities about the adequacy and timeliness of 
    services provided by the Department and advise the appropriate 
    official of the Department of the results of such analysis or 
    evaluation.
        ``(7) Consult with, and provide assistance and information to, 
    officials responsible for administering Federal, State, local, and 
    private programs that assist veterans, to encourage those officials 
    to adopt policies which promote the use of those programs by 
    veterans who are minorities.
        ``(8) Advise the Secretary when laws or policies have the 
    effect of discouraging the use of benefits by veterans who are 
    minorities.
        ``(9) Publicize the results of medical research which are of 
    particular significance to veterans who are minorities.
        ``(10) Perform such other duties consistent with this section 
    as the Secretary shall prescribe.
    ``(e) The Secretary shall ensure that the Director is furnished 
sufficient resources to enable the Director to carry out the functions 
of the Center in a timely manner.
    ``(f) The Secretary shall include in documents submitted to 
Congress by the Secretary in support of the President's budget for each 
fiscal year--
        ``(1) detailed information on the budget for the Center;
        ``(2) the Secretary's opinion as to whether the resources 
    (including the number of employees) proposed in the budget for that 
    fiscal year are adequate to enable the Center to comply with its 
    statutory and regulatory duties; and
        ``(3) a report on the activities and significant 
    accomplishments of the Center during the preceding fiscal year.

``Sec. 318. Center for Women Veterans

    ``(a) There is in the Department a Center for Women Veterans. There 
is at the head of the Center a Director.
    ``(b) The Director shall be a noncareer appointee in the Senior 
Executive Service. The Director shall be appointed for a term of six 
years.
    ``(c) The Director reports directly to the Secretary or the Deputy 
Secretary concerning the activities of the Center.
    ``(d) The Director shall perform the following functions with 
respect to veterans who are women:
        ``(1) Serve as principal adviser to the Secretary on the 
    adoption and implementation of policies and programs affecting 
    veterans who are women.
        ``(2) Make recommendations to the Secretary, the Under 
    Secretary for Health, the Under Secretary for Benefits, and other 
    Department officials for the establishment or improvement of 
    programs in the Department for which veterans who are women are 
    eligible.
        ``(3) Promote the use of benefits authorized by this title by 
    veterans who are women and the conduct of outreach activities to 
    veterans who are women, in conjunction with outreach activities 
    carried out under chapter 77 of this title.
        ``(4) Disseminate information and serve as a resource center 
    for the exchange of information regarding innovative and successful 
    programs which improve the services available to veterans who are 
    women.
        ``(5) Conduct and sponsor appropriate social and demographic 
    research on the needs of veterans who are women and the extent to 
    which programs authorized under this title meet the needs of those 
    veterans, without regard to any law concerning the collection of 
    information from the public.
        ``(6) Analyze and evaluate complaints made by or on behalf of 
    veterans who are women about the adequacy and timeliness of 
    services provided by the Department and advise the appropriate 
    official of the Department of the results of such analysis or 
    evaluation.
        ``(7) Consult with, and provide assistance and information to, 
    officials responsible for administering Federal, State, local, and 
    private programs that assist veterans, to encourage those officials 
    to adopt policies which promote the use of those programs by 
    veterans who are women.
        ``(8) Advise the Secretary when laws or policies have the 
    effect of discouraging the use of benefits by veterans who are 
    women.
        ``(9) Publicize the results of medical research which are of 
    particular significance to veterans who are women.
        ``(10) Advise the Secretary and other appropriate officials on 
    the effectiveness of the Department's efforts to accomplish the 
    goals of section 492B of the Public Health Service Act (relating to 
    the inclusion of women and minorities in clinical research) and of 
    particular health conditions affecting women's health which should 
    be studied as part of the Department's medical research program and 
    promote cooperation between the Department and other sponsors of 
    medical research of potential benefit to veterans who are women.
        ``(11) Provide support and administrative services to the 
    Advisory Committee on Women Veterans established under section 542 
    of this title.
        ``(12) Perform such other duties consistent with this section 
    as the Secretary shall prescribe.
    ``(e) The Secretary shall ensure that the Director is furnished 
sufficient resources to enable the Director to carry out the functions 
of the Center in a timely manner.
    ``(f) The Secretary shall include in documents submitted to 
Congress by the Secretary in support of the President's budget for each 
fiscal year--
        ``(1) detailed information on the budget for the Center;
        ``(2) the Secretary's opinion as to whether the resources 
    (including the number of employees) proposed in the budget for that 
    fiscal year are adequate to enable the Center to comply with its 
    statutory and regulatory duties; and
        ``(3) a report on the activities and significant 
    accomplishments of the Center during the preceding fiscal year.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by striking out the item relating to section 
317 and inserting in lieu thereof the following new items:
``317. Center for Minority Veterans.
``318. Center for Women Veterans.''.

SEC. 510. ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON MINORITY VETERANS.

    (a) Establishment.--Subchapter III of chapter 5 is amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 544. Advisory Committee on Minority Veterans

    ``(a)(1) The Secretary shall establish an advisory committee to be 
known as the Advisory Committee on Minority Veterans (hereinafter in 
this section referred to as `the Committee').
    ``(2)(A) The Committee shall consist of members appointed by the 
Secretary from the general public, including--
        ``(i) representatives of veterans who are minority group 
    members;
        ``(ii) individuals who are recognized authorities in fields 
    pertinent to the needs of veterans who are minority group members;
        ``(iii) veterans who are minority group members and who have 
    experience in a military theater of operations; and
        ``(iv) veterans who are minority group members and who do not 
    have such experience.
    ``(B) The Committee shall include, as ex officio members, the 
following:
        ``(i) The Secretary of Labor (or a representative of the 
    Secretary of Labor designated by the Secretary after consultation 
    with the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment).
        ``(ii) The Secretary of Defense (or a representative of the 
    Secretary of Defense designated by the Secretary of Defense).
        ``(iii) The Secretary of the Interior (or a representative of 
    the Secretary of the Interior designated by the Secretary of the 
    Interior).
        ``(iv) The Secretary of Commerce (or a representative of the 
    Secretary of Commerce designated by the Secretary of Commerce).
        ``(v) The Secretary of Health and Human Services (or a 
    representative of the Secretary of Health and Human Services 
    designated by the Secretary of Health and Human Services).
        ``(vi) The Under Secretary for Health and the Under Secretary 
    for Benefits, or their designees.
    ``(C) The Secretary may invite representatives of other departments 
and agencies of the United States to participate in the meetings and 
other activities of the Committee.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall determine the number, terms of service, 
and pay and allowances of members of the Committee appointed by the 
Secretary, except that a term of service of any such member may not 
exceed three years. The Secretary may reappoint any such member for 
additional terms of service.
    ``(4) The Committee shall meet as often as the Secretary considers 
necessary or appropriate, but not less often than twice each fiscal 
year.
    ``(b) The Secretary shall, on a regular basis, consult with and 
seek the advice of the Committee with respect to the administration of 
benefits by the Department for veterans who are minority group members, 
reports and studies pertaining to such veterans and the needs of such 
veterans with respect to compensation, health care, rehabilitation, 
outreach, and other benefits and programs administered by the 
Department.
    ``(c)(1) Not later than July 1 of each year, the Committee shall 
submit to the Secretary a report on the programs and activities of the 
Department that pertain to veterans who are minority group members. 
Each such report shall include--
        ``(A) an assessment of the needs of veterans who are minority 
    group members with respect to compensation, health care, 
    rehabilitation, outreach, and other benefits and programs 
    administered by the Department;
        ``(B) a review of the programs and activities of the Department 
    designed to meet such needs; and
        ``(C) such recommendations (including recommendations for 
    administrative and legislative action) as the Committee considers 
    appropriate.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall, within 60 days after receiving each 
report under paragraph (1), submit to Congress a copy of the report, 
together with any comments concerning the report that the Secretary 
considers appropriate.
    ``(3) The Committee may also submit to the Secretary such other 
reports and recommendations as the Committee considers appropriate.
    ``(4) The Secretary shall submit with each annual report submitted 
to the Congress pursuant to section 529 of this title a summary of all 
reports and recommendations of the Committee submitted to the Secretary 
since the previous annual report of the Secretary submitted pursuant to 
such section.
    ``(d) In this section, the term `minority group member' means an 
individual who is--
        ``(1) Asian American;
        ``(2) Black;
        ``(3) Hispanic;
        ``(4) Native American (including American Indian, Alaskan 
    Native, and Native Hawaiian); or
        ``(5) Pacific-Islander American.
    ``(e) The Committee shall cease to exist December 31, 1997.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding after the item relating to section 
543 the following new item:
``544. Advisory Committee on Minority Veterans.''.
    SEC. 511. MAILING OF NOTICES OF APPEAL TO THE COURT OF VETERANS 
      APPEALS.
    (a) In General.--Section 7266(a) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) In order to obtain review by the Court of Veterans Appeals 
of a final decision of the Board of Veterans' Appeals, a person 
adversely affected by such decision shall file a notice of appeal with 
the Court within 120 days after the date on which notice of the 
decision is mailed pursuant to section 7104(e) of this title.
    ``(2) An appellant shall file a notice of appeal under this section 
by delivering or mailing the notice to the Court.
    ``(3) A notice of appeal shall be deemed to be received by the 
Court as follows:
        ``(A) On the date of receipt by the Court, if the notice is 
    delivered.
        ``(B) On the date of the United States Postal Service postmark 
    stamped on the cover in which the notice is posted, if the notice 
    is properly addressed to the Court and is mailed.
    ``(4) For a notice of appeal mailed to the Court to be deemed to be 
received under paragraph (3)(B) on a particular date, the United States 
Postal Service postmark on the cover in which the notice is posted must 
be legible. The Court shall determine the legibility of any such 
postmark and the Court's determination as to legibility shall be final 
and not subject to review by any other Court.''.
    (b) Application.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply to 
notices of appeal that are delivered or mailed to the United States 
Court of Veterans Appeals on or after that date.

               TITLE VI--EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS

SEC. 601. FLIGHT TRAINING.

    (a) Active Duty Program.--Section 3034(d) is amended--
        (1) by striking out paragraph (2);
        (2) by striking out ``(1)'' after ``(d)''; and
        (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as 
    paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively.
    (b) Post-Vietnam Era.--Section 3241(b) is amended--
        (1) by striking out paragraph (2);
        (2) by striking out ``(1)'' after ``(b)''; and
        (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as 
    paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively.
    (c) Reserve Program.--Section 2136(c) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking out paragraph (2);
        (2) by striking out ``(1)'' after ``(c)''; and
        (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as 
    paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect as of October 1, 1994.
    SEC. 602. TRAINING AND REHABILITATION FOR VETERANS WITH SERVICE-
      CONNECTED DISABILITIES.
    (a) Rehabilitation Resources.--Section 3115 is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking out ``or'' after ``(including the 
            Department of Veterans Affairs),''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``or of any federally recognized 
            Indian tribe,'' after ``financial assistance,''; and
            (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``any federally 
        recognized Indian tribe,'' after ``contributions,''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) For purposes of this section, the term `federally recognized 
Indian tribe' means any Indian tribe, band, nation, pueblo, or other 
organized group or community, including any Alaska Native village or 
regional corporation as defined in or established pursuant to the 
Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, which is recognized as eligible 
for the special programs and services provided by the United States to 
Indians because of their status as Indians.''.
    (b) Allowances.--Section 3108(c)(2) is amended by inserting ``or 
federally recognized Indian tribe'' after ``local government agency''.
    (c) Technical Correction.--(1) Section 404(b) of the Veterans' 
Benefits Act of 1992 (106 Stat. 4338) is amended by striking out the 
period at the end and inserting in lieu thereof ``, but shall not apply 
to veterans and other persons who originally applied for assistance 
under chapter 31 of title 38, United States Code, before November 1, 
1990.''.
    (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect as of 
October 29, 1992.

SEC. 603. ALTERNATIVE TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 3452(c) is amended by adding at the end 
the following: ``For the period ending on September 30, 1996, such term 
includes any entity that provides training required for completion of 
any State-approved alternative teacher certification program (as 
determined by the Secretary).''.
    (b) Clarifying Amendment.--Section 3002 is amended by adding at the 
end the following new paragraph:
    ``(8) The term `educational institution' has the meaning given such 
term in section 3452(c) of this title.''.

SEC. 604. EDUCATION OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) In General.--The first sentence of section 3476 is amended to 
read as follows: ``An eligible veteran may not enroll in any course 
offered by an educational institution not located in a State unless 
that educational institution is an approved institution of higher 
learning and the course is approved by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to courses approved on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 605. CORRESPONDENCE COURSES.

    (a) Approval of Programs of Education.--(1) Section 3672 is amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) A program of education exclusively by correspondence, and the 
correspondence portion of a combination correspondence-residence course 
leading to a vocational objective, that is offered by an educational 
institution (as defined in section 3452(c) of this title) may be 
approved only if (1) the educational institution is accredited by an 
entity recognized by the Secretary of Education, and (2) at least 50 
percent of those pursuing such a program or course require six months 
or more to complete the program or course.''.
    (2)(A) Section 3675(a)(2)(B) is amended by striking out ``A State'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``Except as provided in section 3672(e) 
of this title, a State''.
    (B) Section 3680(a) is amended--
        (i) by inserting ``or'' at the end of paragraph (2);
        (ii) by striking out ``; or'' at the end of paragraph (3) and 
    inserting in lieu thereof a period; and
        (iii) by striking out paragraph (4).
    (C) Section 3686(c) is amended by striking out ``(other than one 
subject to the provisions of section 3676 of this title)''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to programs of education exclusively by 
correspondence and to correspondence-residence courses commencing more 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 606. STATE APPROVING AGENCIES.

    (a) Reimbursement.--(1) Section 3674(a)(4) is amended by striking 
out ``$12,000,000'' each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof 
``$13,000,000''.
    (2) The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply with respect 
to services provided under such section after September 30, 1994.
    (b) Elimination of Requirement for Quarterly Report to Congress.--
Section 3674(a)(3) is amended--
        (1) by striking out subparagraph (B); and
        (2) by striking out ``(A)'' after ``(3)''.
    (c) Evaluation of Agency Performance.--Section 3674A is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking out paragraph (3); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking out ``subsection (a)(5) of this section'' 
        both places it appears and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``subsection (a)(4)''; and
            (B) by inserting ``of this title'' after ``section 
        3674(a)'' both places it appears.

SEC. 607. MEASUREMENT OF COURSES.

    Section 3688(b) is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``this chapter or'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``this chapter,''; and
        (2) by inserting before the period at the end thereof the 
    following: ``, or chapter 106 of title 10''.
    SEC. 608. VETERANS' ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION.
    Section 3692 is amended--
        (1) in the first sentence of subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking out ``34,''; and
            (B) by inserting ``and chapter 106 of title 10'' before the 
        period at the end;
        (2) in the first sentence of subsection (b), by striking out 
    ``this chapter'' and all that follows through ``of this title'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``this chapter, chapter 30, 32, and 35 of 
    this title, and chapter 106 of title 10''; and
        (3) in subsection (c), by striking out ``December 31, 1994'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``December 31, 2003''.
    SEC. 609. CONTRACT EDUCATIONAL AND VOCATIONAL COUNSELING.
    (a) Payment Limitation.--Section 3697(b) is amended by striking out 
``$5,000,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``$6,000,000''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on October 1, 1994.

SEC. 610. SERVICE MEMBERS OCCUPATIONAL CONVERSION AND TRAINING ACT OF 
              1992.

    (a) Period of Training.--(1) Section 4485(d) of the Service Members 
Occupational Conversion and Training Act of 1992 (106 Stat. 2759; 10 
U.S.C. 1143 note) is amended by striking out ``or more than 18 
months''.
    (2)(A) Section 4486(d)(2) of such Act (102 Stat. 2760; 10 U.S.C. 
1143 note) is amended by striking out the period at the end thereof and 
inserting in lieu thereof the following: ``in the community for the 
entire period of training of the eligible person.''.
    (B) The amendment made by subparagraph (A) shall apply with respect 
to programs of training under the Service Members Occupational 
Conversion and Training Act of 1992 beginning after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (b) Payments.--Section 4487 of such Act (106 Stat. 2762; 10 U.S.C. 
1143 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) by striking out ``subparagraph (B)'' in subparagraph 
        (A) and inserting in lieu thereof ``subparagraphs (B) and 
        (C)'';
            (B) by inserting before the period at the end of 
        subparagraph (A) the following: ``but in no event to exceed 
        hours equivalent to 18 months of training''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) Assistance may be paid under this subtitle on behalf of an 
eligible person to that person's employer for training under two or 
more programs of job training under this subtitle if such employer has 
not received (or is not due) on that person's behalf assistance in an 
amount aggregating the applicable amount set forth in subparagraph 
(B).''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)(3), by inserting before the period at the 
    end thereof ``, or upon the completion of the 18th month of 
    training under the last training program approved for the person's 
    pursuit with that employer under this subtitle, whichever is 
    earlier''.
    (c) Entry Into Program of Job Training.--Section 4488(a) of such 
Act (106 Stat. 2764; 10 U.S.C. 1143 note) is amended by striking out 
the third sentence thereof and inserting in lieu thereof ``The eligible 
person may begin such program of job training with the employer on the 
day that notice is transmitted to such official by means prescribed by 
such official. However, assistance under this subtitle may not be 
provided to the employer if such official, within two weeks after the 
date on which such notice is transmitted, disapproves the eligible 
person's entry into that program of job training in accordance with 
this section.''.

                     TITLE VII--EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS

SEC. 701. JOB COUNSELING, TRAINING, AND PLACEMENT.

    (a) Deputy Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment 
and Training.--Section 4102A(a) is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``(1)'' and ``(2)'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``(A)'' and ``(B)'', respectively;
        (2) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) There shall be within the Department of Labor a Deputy 
Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training. The 
Deputy Assistant Secretary shall perform such functions as the 
Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training 
prescribes. The Deputy Assistant Secretary shall be a veteran.''.
    (b) DVOP Specialists Compensation Rates.--Section 4103A(a)(1) is 
amended by striking out ``a rate not less than the rate prescribed for 
an entry level professional'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``rates 
comparable to those paid other professionals performing essentially 
similar duties''.
    (c) Special Unemployment Study.--Subsection (a) of section 4110A is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) The Secretary, through the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 
shall conduct a study every two years of unemployment among each of the 
following categories of veterans:
        ``(A) Special disabled veterans.
        ``(B) Veterans of the Vietnam era who served in the Vietnam 
    theater of operations during the Vietnam era.
        ``(C) Veterans who served on active duty during the Vietnam era 
    who did not serve in the Vietnam theater of operations.
        ``(D) Veterans who served on active duty after the Vietnam era.
        ``(E) Veterans discharged or released from active duty within 
    four years of the applicable study.
    ``(2) Within each of the categories of veterans specified in 
paragraph (1), the Secretary shall include a separate category for 
women who are veterans.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall promptly submit to Congress a report on 
the results of each study under paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 702. EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING OF VETERANS.

    (a) Federal Contracts.--Section 4212(a) is amended by striking out 
``all of its suitable employment openings,'' in clause (1) of the third 
sentence and inserting in lieu thereof ``all of its employment openings 
except that the contractor may exclude openings for executive and top 
management positions, positions which are to be filled from within the 
contractor's organization, and positions lasting three days or less,''.
    (b) Eligibility Requirements for Veterans Under Federal Employment 
and Training Programs.--Section 4213 is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``chapters 11, 13, 31, 34, 35, and 36 of 
    this title by an eligible veteran and'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``chapters 11, 13, 30, 31, 35, and 36 of this title by an 
    eligible veteran,'';
        (2) by inserting ``and any amounts received by an eligible 
    person under chapter 106 of title 10,'' after ``chapters 13 and 35 
    of such title, and''; and
        (3) by striking out ``the needs or qualifications of 
    participants in'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``eligibility 
    under''.

              TITLE VIII--CEMETERIES AND MEMORIAL AFFAIRS

    SEC. 801. ELIGIBILITY FOR BURIAL IN NATIONAL CEMETERIES OF SPOUSES 
      WHO PREDECEASE VETERANS.
    Section 2402(5) is amended by inserting ``spouse,'' after ``The''.
    SEC. 802. RESTORATION OF BURIAL ELIGIBILITY FOR UNREMARRIED 
      SPOUSES.
    Section 2402(5), as amended by section 801, is further amended by 
inserting after ``surviving spouse'' the following: ``(which for 
purposes of this chapter includes an unremarried surviving spouse who 
had a subsequent remarriage which was terminated by death or 
divorce)''.
    SEC. 803. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR STATE 
      CEMETERY GRANT PROGRAM.
    Paragraph (2) of section 2408(a) is amended by striking out 
``nine'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``fourteen''.
    SEC. 804. AUTHORITY TO USE FLAT GRAVE MARKERS AT THE WILLAMETTE 
      NATIONAL CEMETERY, OREGON.
    Notwithstanding section 2404(c)(2) of title 38, United States Code, 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs may provide for flat grave markers at 
the Willamette National Cemetery, Oregon.

                       TITLE IX--HOUSING PROGRAMS

SEC. 901. ELIGIBILITY.

    (a) Reservists Discharged Because of a Service-Connected 
Disability.--Section 3701(b)(5)(A) is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(i)'' before ``who has''; and
        (2) by striking out the period at the end and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``, or (ii) who was discharged or released from the 
    Selected Reserve before completing 6 years of service because of a 
    service-connected disability.''.
    (b) Surviving Spouses of Reservists Who Died While in Active 
Military, Naval, or Air Service.--The second sentence of section 
3701(b)(2) is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``or service in the Selected Reserve'' after 
    ``duty'' each place it appears; and
        (2) by striking out ``spouse shall'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``deceased spouse shall''.
    SEC. 902. REVISION IN COMPUTATION OF AGGREGATE GUARANTY.
    Section 3702(b) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking out 
    ``loan, if--'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``loan under the 
    following circumstances:'';
        (2) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking out ``the property'' at the beginning of 
        subparagraph (A) and inserting in lieu thereof ``The 
        property'';
            (B) by striking out the semicolon at the end and inserting 
        in lieu thereof a period;
        (3) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking out ``a veteran-transferee'' at the 
        beginning and inserting in lieu thereof ``A veteran-
        transferee'';
            (B) by striking out ``; or'' at the end and inserting in 
        lieu thereof a period;
        (4) in paragraph (3), by striking out ``the loan'' at the 
    beginning of subparagraph (A) and inserting in lieu thereof ``The 
    loan'';
        (5) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(4) In a case not covered by paragraph (1) or (2)--
            ``(A) the loan has been repaid in full and, if the 
        Secretary has suffered a loss on the loan, the loss has been 
        paid in full; or
            ``(B) the Secretary has been released from liability as to 
        the loan and, if the Secretary has suffered a loss on the loan, 
        the loss has been paid in full.'';
        (6) in the last sentence, by striking out ``clause (1) of the 
    preceding sentence'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``paragraph 
    (1)''; and
        (7) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The 
    authority of the Secretary under this subsection to exclude an 
    amount of guaranty or insurance housing loan entitlement previously 
    used by a veteran may be exercised only once for that veteran under 
    the authority of paragraph (4).''.
    SEC. 903. PUBLIC AND COMMUNITY WATER AND SEWERAGE SYSTEMS.
    Section 3704 is amended--
        (1) by striking out subsection (e); and
        (2) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (e) 
    and (f), respectively.
    SEC. 904. AUTHORITY TO GUARANTEE HOME REFINANCE LOANS FOR ENERGY 
      EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS.
    (a) Loans.--Section 3710(a) is amended by inserting after paragraph 
(10) the following new paragraph:
        ``(11) To refinance in accordance with subsection (e) an 
    existing loan guaranteed, insured, or made under this chapter, and 
    to improve the dwelling securing such loan through energy 
    efficiency improvements, as provided in subsection (d).''.
    (b) Amount of Guaranty.--Section 3710(e)(1) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 
    for the purpose specified in subsection (a)(11)'' after 
    ``subsection (a)(8)''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking out ``may not exceed'' and 
    all that follows in such subparagraph and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``may not exceed--
            ``(i) an amount equal to the sum of the balance of the loan 
        being refinanced and such closing costs (including any discount 
        permitted pursuant to section 3703(c)(3)(A) of this title) as 
        may be authorized by the Secretary (under regulations which the 
        Secretary shall prescribe) to be included in the loan; or
            ``(ii) in the case of a loan for the purpose specified in 
        subsection (a)(11), an amount equal to the sum of the amount 
        referred to with respect to the loan under clause (i) and the 
        amount specified under subsection (d)(2);''.
    (c) Fee.--Section 3729(a)(2)(E) is amended by inserting 
``3710(a)(11),'' after ``3710(a)(9)(B)(i),''.
    SEC. 905. AUTHORITY TO GUARANTEE LOANS TO REFINANCE ADJUSTABLE RATE 
      MORTGAGES TO FIXED RATE MORTGAGES.
    Section 3710(e)(1)(A) is amended by inserting before the semicolon 
at the end the following: ``or, in a case in which the loan is a fixed 
rate loan and the loan being refinanced is an adjustable rate loan, the 
loan bears interest at a rate that is agreed upon by the veteran and 
the mortgagee''.

SEC. 906. MANUFACTURED HOME LOAN INSPECTIONS.

    (a) Certification of Conformity With Standards.--Paragraph (2) of 
subsection (h) of section 3712 is amended to read as follows:
    ``(2) Any manufactured housing unit properly displaying a 
certification of conformity to all applicable Federal manufactured home 
construction and safety standards pursuant to section 616 of the 
National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 
1974 (42 U.S.C. 5415) shall be deemed to meet the standards required by 
paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Repeal of Inspection Requirements.--Subsection (j) of such 
section is amended by striking out ``in the case of'' the first place 
it appears and all that follows and inserting in lieu thereof ``in the 
case of--
        ``(1) manufactured homes constructed by a manufacturer who 
    fails or is unable to discharge the manufacturer's obligations 
    under the warranty;
        ``(2) manufactured homes which are determined by the Secretary 
    not to conform to the standards provided for in subsection (h); or
        ``(3) a manufacturer of manufactured homes who has engaged in 
    procedures or practices determined by the Secretary to be unfair or 
    prejudicial to veterans or the Government.''.
    (c) Elimination of Reporting Requirement.--Subsection (l) of such 
section is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``the results of inspections required by 
    subsection (h) of this section,''; and
        (2) by striking out ``of this section,''.

SEC. 907. PROCEDURES ON DEFAULT.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (7) of section 3732(c) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking out 
    ``that was the minimum amount for which, under applicable State 
    law, the property was permitted to be sold at the liquidation 
    sale'';
        (2) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by striking out ``the Secretary may accept conveyance 
        of the property to the United States for a price not 
        exceeding'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(i) the amount was 
        the minimum amount for which, under applicable State law, the 
        property was permitted to be sold at the liquidation sale, the 
        holder shall have the option to convey the property to the 
        United States in return for payment by the Secretary of an 
        amount equal to''; and
            (B) by striking out ``and'' after ``loan;'' and inserting 
        in lieu thereof ``or'';
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(ii) there was no minimum amount for which the property had 
    to be sold at the liquidation sale under applicable State law, the 
    holder shall have the option to convey the property to the United 
    States in return for payment by the Secretary of an amount equal to 
    the lesser of such net value or total indebtedness; and''; and
        (3) in subparagraph (B), by striking out ``paragraph (6)(B)'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``paragraph (6)''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Paragraph (6) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) by striking out ``either'';
        (2) by striking out ``sale or acquires'' and all that follows 
    through ``(B) the'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``sale, the''; 
    and
        (3) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as clauses (A) and 
    (B), respectively.

SEC. 908. MINIMUM ACTIVE-DUTY SERVICE REQUIREMENT.

    Subparagraph (F) of section 5303A(b)(3) is amended by inserting 
``or chapter 37'' after ``chapter 30'' in the matter preceding clause 
(i).

                  TITLE X--HOMELESS VETERANS PROGRAMS

SEC. 1001. REPORTS ON ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS 
TO ASSIST HOMELESS VETERANS.
    (a) Annual Report.--(1) Not later than April 15 of each year, the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall submit to the Committees on 
Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
on the activities of the Department of Veterans Affairs during the year 
preceding the report under programs of the Department for the provision 
of assistance to homeless veterans.
    (2) The report shall--
        (A) set forth the number of homeless veterans provided 
    assistance under those programs;
        (B) describe the cost to the Department of providing such 
    assistance under those programs; and
        (C) provide any other information on those programs and on the 
    provision of such assistance that the Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    (b) Bi-Annual Requirement.--The Secretary shall include in the 
report submitted under subsection (a)(1) in 1995, and every two years 
thereafter, an evaluation of the effectiveness of the programs of the 
Department in providing assistance to homeless veterans.
    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 10 of Public Law 102-590 (106 Stat. 
5141; 37 U.S.C. 7721 note) is repealed.
SEC. 1002. REPORT ON ASSESSMENT AND PLANS FOR RESPONSE TO NEEDS OF 
HOMELESS VETERANS.
    (a) Update of Assessment.--Subsection (b) of section 107 of the 
Veterans' Medical Programs Amendments of 1992 (Public Law 102-405; 106 
Stat. 1977; 38 U.S.C. 527 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
    ``(6) The Secretary shall require that the directors referred to in 
paragraph (1) update the assessment required under that paragraph 
during each of 1995, 1996, and 1997.''.
    (b) Reports on Assessments and Plan.--Subsection (i) of such 
section (106 Stat. 1978) is amended--
        (1) by striking out ``Report.--'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``Reports.--(1)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) Not later than December 31, 1994, the Secretary shall submit 
to such committees a report that--
        ``(A) describes the results of the assessment carried out under 
    subsection (b);
        ``(B) sets forth the lists developed under paragraph (1) of 
    subsection (c); and
        ``(C) describes the progress, if any, made by the directors of 
    the medical centers and the directors of the benefits offices 
    referred to in such subsection (c) in developing the plan referred 
    to in paragraph (2) of such subsection (c).
    ``(3) Not later than December 31 of each of 1995, 1996, and 1997, 
the Secretary shall submit to such committees a report that describes 
the update to the assessment that is carried out under subsection 
(b)(6) in the year preceding the report.''.
SEC. 1003. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS UNDER HOMELESS 
VETERANS COMPREHENSIVE SERVICE PROGRAMS ACT OF 1992.
    Section 2(b) of the Homeless Veterans Comprehensive Service 
Programs Act of 1992 (38 U.S.C. 7721 note) is amended in the first 
sentence by striking out ``four'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``eight''.
SEC. 1004. REMOVAL OF FUNDING REQUIREMENT OF HOMELESS VETERANS 
COMPREHENSIVE SERVICE PROGRAMS ACT OF 1992.
    Section 12 of the Homeless Veterans Comprehensive Service Programs 
Act of 1992 (38 U.S.C. 7721 note) is amended by striking out the second 
sentence.

SEC. 1005. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) of the funds appropriated for any fiscal year to support 
    Federal programs which are designed to assist homeless individuals, 
    a share more closely approximating the proportion of the population 
    of homeless individuals who are veterans should be appropriated to 
    the Secretary of Veterans Affairs for programs to assist homeless 
    veterans that are administered by that Secretary;
        (2) of the Federal grants made available to assist community 
    organizations that assist homeless individuals, a share of such 
    grants more closely approximating the proportion of the population 
    of homeless individuals who are veterans should be provided to 
    community organizations that provide assistance primarily to 
    homeless veterans; and
        (3) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs should take such actions 
    as are necessary to ensure that Federal agencies that provide 
    assistance, either directly or indirectly, to homeless individuals, 
    including homeless veterans, are aware of and encouraged to make 
    appropriate referrals to facilities of the Department of Veterans 
    Affairs for benefits and services, such as health care, substance 
    abuse treatment, counseling, and income assistance.

    TITLE XI--REDUCTIONS IN DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS PERSONNEL

SEC. 1101. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) Under proposals for national health care reform, the 
    Department of Veterans Affairs will be required to provide health 
    care services to veterans on a competitive basis with other health 
    care providers.
        (2) The elimination of positions from the Department that the 
    Office of Management and Budget has scheduled to occur in fiscal 
    years 1995 through 1999 would prevent the Department from meeting 
    the responsibilities of the Department to provide health care to 
    veterans under law and from maintaining the quality of health care 
    that is currently provided to veterans.
SEC. 1102. REQUIREMENT FOR MINIMUM NUMBER OF FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT 
POSITIONS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 7 is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 712. Full-time equivalent positions: limitation on reduction
    ``(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the number of 
full-time equivalent positions in the Department of Veterans Affairs 
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
section and ending on September 30, 1999, may not (except as provided 
in subsection (c)) be less than 224,377.
    ``(b) In determining the number of full-time equivalent positions 
in the Department of Veterans Affairs during a fiscal year for purposes 
of ensuring under section 5(b) of the Federal Workforce Restructuring 
Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-226; 108 Stat. 115; 5 U.S.C. 3101 note) 
that the total number of full-time equivalent positions in all agencies 
of the Federal Government during a fiscal year covered by that section 
does not exceed the limit prescribed for that fiscal year under that 
section, the total number of full-time equivalent positions in the 
Department of Veterans Affairs during that fiscal year shall be the 
number equal to--
        ``(1) the number of such positions in the Department during 
    that fiscal year, reduced by
        ``(2) the sum of--
            ``(A) the number of such positions in the Department during 
        that fiscal year that are filled by employees whose salaries 
        and benefits are paid primarily from funds other than 
        appropriated funds; and
            ``(B) the number of such positions held during that fiscal 
        year by persons involved in medical care cost recovery 
        activities under section 1729 of this title.
    ``(c) The Secretary shall not be required to make a reduction in 
the number of full-time equivalent positions in the Department unless 
such reduction--
        ``(1) is necessary due to a reduction in funds available to the 
    Department; or
        ``(2) is required under a law that is enacted after the date of 
    the enactment of this section and that refers specifically to this 
    section.
    ``(d) The Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Veterans' 
Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives an annual report, 
through the year 2000, on the number and type of full-time equivalent 
positions in the Department that are reduced under this section. The 
report shall include a justification for the reductions and shall be 
submitted with the materials provided in support of the budget for the 
Department contained in the President's budget submitted to Congress 
for a fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``712. Full-time equivalent positions: limitation on reduction.''.
SEC. 1103. ENHANCED AUTHORITY TO CONTRACT FOR NECESSARY SERVICES.
    Section 8110(c) is amended by striking out paragraph (7) and 
inserting in lieu thereof the following:
    ``(7) Paragraphs (1) through (6) shall not be in effect during 
fiscal years 1995 through 1999.
    ``(8) During the period covered by paragraph (7), whenever an 
activity at a Department health-care facility is converted from 
performance by Federal employees to performance by employees of a 
contractor of the Government, the Secretary shall--
        ``(A) require in the contract for the performance of such 
    activity that the contractor, in hiring employees for the 
    performance of the contract, give priority to former employees of 
    the Department who have been displaced by the award of the 
    contract; and
        ``(B) provide to such former employees of the Department all 
    possible assistance in obtaining other Federal employment or 
    entrance into job training and retraining programs.
    ``(9) The Secretary shall include in the Secretary's annual report 
to Congress under section 529 of this title, for each fiscal year 
covered by paragraph (7), a report on the use during the year covered 
by the report of contracting-out authority made available by reason of 
paragraph (7). The Secretary shall include in each such report a 
description of each use of such authority, together with the rationale 
for the use of such authority and the effect of the use of such 
authority on patient care and on employees of the Department.''.

SEC. 1104. STUDY.

    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall enter 
into an agreement with an appropriate non-Federal entity under which 
the entity shall carry out a study of the feasibility and advisability 
of alternative organizational structures, such as the establishment of 
a wholly-owned Government corporation or a Government-sponsored 
enterprise, for the effective provision of health care services to 
veterans.
    (b) Submission of Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the study required under subsection (a). 
The report shall be submitted not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Authorization of Funds.--There is hereby authorized to be 
appropriated for the Department of Veterans Affairs the sum of 
$1,000,000 for the purposes of carrying out the study required under 
subsection (a).

              TITLE XII--TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS

SEC. 1201. AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 38, UNITED STATES CODE.
    (a) References to ``Secretary'' and ``Department''.--Title 38, 
United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Paragraph (1) of section 101 is amended to read as follows:
    ``(1) The terms `Secretary' and `Department' mean the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs and the Department of Veterans Affairs, 
respectively.''.
        (2) Section 1532(c) is amended by striking out ``Secretary'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``Veterans' Administration''.
        (3) Section 3745(a) is amended by striking out ``Secretary'' 
    after ``consult with the'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``Administrator''.
        (4) Section 4102A(e) is amended by striking out ``Regional 
    Secretary'' both places it appears and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``Regional Administrator''.
        (5) Section 4110(d)(9) is amended by striking out ``Secretary 
    of the Small Business Administration'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``Administrator of the Small Business Administration''.
    (b) References to Department of Medicine and Surgery.--
        (1) The following sections of title 38, United States Code, are 
    amended by striking out ``Department of Medicine and Surgery'' each 
    place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``Veterans Health 
    Administration'': sections 3120(a), 3120(f), 3121(a)(3), 7603(a), 
    7603(c)(1)(B), 7604(1)(B), 7604(2)(D), 7612(c)(1)(B), 7615, 
    7616(b)(2), 7616(c), 7622(b)(1), 7622(c)(2)(A), 7623(b), 
    7635(a)(1), 7635(a)(2), and 8110(a).
        (2) Section 7622(c)(2)(B) of such title is amended by striking 
    out ``such Department'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the 
    Veterans Health Administration''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments Relating to Conversion of Positions of 
Chief Medical Director and Chief Benefits Director to Under Secretary 
Positions.--Title 38, United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 305 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking out ``a Under 
        Secretary'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``an Under 
        Secretary''; and
            (B) in subsection (d)(2)(F), by striking out ``Under 
        Secretary'' the second place it appears and all that follows 
        through the closing parenthesis and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``Chief Medical Director of the Veterans' Administration)''.
        (2) Section 306 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking out ``a Under 
        Secretary'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``an Under 
        Secretary''; and
            (B) in subsection (d)(2)(F), by striking out ``Under 
        Secretary'' the second place it appears and all that follows 
        through the closing parenthesis and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``Chief Benefits Director of the Veterans' Administration)''.
        (3) Section 7306 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in paragraph (3), by striking out ``Assistant Chief 
            Medical Directors'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
            ``Assistant Under Secretaries for Health'';
                (ii) by redesignating the last three paragraphs as 
            paragraphs (8), (7), and (9) respectively;
                (iii) by reversing the order in which the penultimate 
            and antepenultimate paragraphs appear; and
                (iv) in paragraph (8), as so redesignated, by striking 
            out ``Chief Medical Director'' and inserting in lieu 
            thereof ``Under Secretary for Health'';
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking out ``Assistant Chief 
        Medical Directors'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``Assistant Under Secretaries for 
        Health''; and
            (C) in subsection (c), by striking out ``and (7)'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``and (8)''.
        (4) Section 7314(d) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking out ``the Chief Medical Director and 
            the Secretary to carry out'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
            ``the Secretary and the Under Secretary for Health in 
            carrying out''; and
                (ii) by striking out ``the Assistant Chief Medical 
            Director described in section 7306(b)(3)'' and inserting in 
            lieu thereof ``the Assistant Under Secretary for Health 
            described in section 7306(b)(3)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking out ``Assistant Chief 
        Medical Director'' both places it appears and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``Assistant Under Secretary''.
        (5) Section 7318 is amended by striking out ``Chief Medical 
    Director'' each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``Under Secretary for Health''.
        (6) Section 7440(1) is amended by striking out ``Chief Medical 
    Director's'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Under Secretary for 
    Health's''.
        (7) Section 7451(g)(1) is amended by striking out ``Chief 
    Medical Director's'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Under 
    Secretary for Health's''.
    (d) Cross Reference Amendments to Provisions of Title 38.--Title 
38, United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 115 is amended by striking out ``sections 230'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``sections 314, 315, 316,''.
        (2) Section 1710(f)(3)(E) is amended by striking out ``section 
    1712(f)'' and ``section 1712(f)(4)'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``section 1712(a)'' and ``section 1712(f)'', respectively.
        (3) Section 1712 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (i)(5), by striking out ``section 
        1722(a)(1)(C)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 
        1722(a)(3)''; and
            (B) in subsection (j), by striking out ``Section 4116'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``Section 7316''.
        (4) Section 3018A(d)(3) is amended by striking out ``section 
    3015(e)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 3015(f)''.
        (5) Section 3018B(d)(3) is amended by striking out ``section 
    3015(e)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 3015(f)''.
        (6) Section 3032(f)(3) is amended by striking out ``(c), or 
    (d)(1)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(d), or (e)(1)''.
        (7) Section 3035(b) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``section 3015(c)'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 3015(d)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3)(C), by striking out ``section 
        3015(e)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 3015(f)''.
        (8) Section 3103(b)(3) is amended by striking out ``section 
    3102(1)(A)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 
    3102(1)(A)(i)''.
        (9) Section 3106(a) is amended by striking out ``section 
    3102(1)(A) or (B)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``clause (i) or 
    (ii) of section 3102(1)(A)''.
        (10) Section 3113(a) is amended by striking out ``section 
    3102(1)(B) and (2)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``subparagraphs 
    (A)(ii) and (B) of section 3102(1)''.
        (11) Section 3120(b) is amended by striking out ``section 
    3012(1)(A)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 
    3102(1)(A)(i)''.
        (12) Section 3241(c) is amended by striking out ``1663,''.
        (13) Section 3735(a)(1)(A) is amended by striking out ``section 
    3402'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 5902''.
        (14) Section 4103(c)(2) is amended by striking out ``subchapter 
    IV of chapter 3'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``subchapter II of 
    chapter 77''.
        (15) Section 5104(a) is amended by striking out ``section 
    211(a)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 511''.
        (16) Section 8103(d)(6)(A) is amended by striking out ``section 
    230(c)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 316''.
        (17) Section 8110(c)(3)(B) is amended by striking out ``section 
    213 or 4117'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 513 or 
    7409''.
        (18) Section 8135(a)(3) is amended by striking out ``section 
    8134(2)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 8134(a)(2)''.
        (19) Section 8155(a) is amended by striking out ``section 
    4112'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 7312''.
        (20) Section 8201(c) is amended by striking out ``section 
    4112(a)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 7312(a)''.
    (e) Punctuation, Capitalization, Spelling, Etc.--Title 38, United 
States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 111(b)(3)(B) is amended by striking out ``the 
    Department facility'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``a Department 
    facility''.
        (2) Sections 305(d)(2)(F) and 306(d)(2)(F) are amended by 
    striking out ``Commission'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``commission''.
        (3) Section 312(a) is amended by striking out ``(5 U.S.C. App. 
    3)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(5 U.S.C. App.)''.
        (4) Section 317(b)(2) is amended by striking out ``provided, by 
    the'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``provided by, the''.
        (5) Section 711(d) is amended by striking out ``Committees'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``committees''.
        (6) Section 1116(a)(1)(B) is amended by striking out ``(1)'' 
    and ``(2)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(i)'' and ``(ii)'', 
    respectively.
        (7) Section 1722A(a)(1) is amended by striking out the closing 
    parenthesis after ``veteran'' in the first sentence.
        (8) Section 1969(e) is amended--
            (A) by striking out ``sections 1971 (a) and (c)'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``subsections (a) and (c) of section 
        1971''; and
            (B) by striking out ``sections 1971 (d) and (e)'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``subsections (d) and (e) of section 
        1971''.
        (9) Section 1977(f) is amended by striking out ``sections 1971 
    (d) and (e)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``subsections (d) and 
    (e) of section 1971''.
        (10) Section 3011(f)(1) is amended by striking out ``whose 
    length'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the length of which''.
        (11) Section 3018B(d) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``(a)(2)(D) of this 
        subsection'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(a)(2)(D) of this 
        section''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) by striking out ``such Account'' and inserting in 
            lieu thereof ``such account''; and
                (ii) by striking out ``this chapter'' and inserting in 
            lieu thereof ``this title''.
        (12) Section 3688(a)(6) is amended by inserting a comma after 
    ``3241(a)(2)''.
        (13) Section 3706 is amended by striking out ``of this 
    chapter'' the second and third places it appears and inserting in 
    lieu thereof ``of this title''.
        (14) Section 3712 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (c)(3)--
                (i) by inserting ``of'' in subparagraph (D) after 
            ``subparagraph (B)''; and
                (ii) by striking out ``of this subsection'' in 
            subparagraph (E) and inserting in lieu thereof ``of this 
            paragraph''; and
            (B) in subsection (m), by striking out ``section 3704(d) 
        and section 3721 of this chapter'' and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``sections 3704(d) and 3721 of this title''.
        (15) Section 3713(b) is amended in the last sentence by 
    striking out ``subsection 5302(b) of this title, if eligible 
    thereunder'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 5302(b) of 
    this title, if the veteran is eligible for relief under that 
    section''.
        (16) Section 5702 is amended--
            (A) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``Any person desiring'';
            (B) by striking out ``custody of'' and all that follows 
        through ``stating'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``custody of 
        the Secretary that may be disclosed under section 5701 of this 
        title must submit to the Secretary an application in writing 
        for such copy. The application shall state''; and
            (C) in subsection (c), by striking out ``is authorized to 
        fix'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``may establish''.
        (17) Section 6101(a) is amended by inserting a comma after 
    ``title 18''.
        (18) Section 6103(d)(1) is amended in the second sentence--
            (A) by striking out ``(a)'' and ``(b)'' and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``(A)'' and ``(B)'', respectively; and
            (B) by striking out ``prior to'' and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``before''.
        (19) Section 6105(c) is amended--
            (A) in the first sentence, by striking out ``clauses (2), 
        (3), or (4) of subsection (b) of this section'' and inserting 
        in lieu thereof ``paragraph (2), (3), or (4) of subsection 
        (b)'';
            (B) in the second sentence, by striking out ``clause (1) of 
        that subsection'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``paragraph (1) 
        of subsection (b)''; and
            (C) by transposing the two sentences of that subsection (as 
        so amended).
        (20) Section 7312(d) is amended by striking out ``the advisory 
    groups activities'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the activities 
    of the advisory group''.
        (21) Section 7408(a) is amended by striking out ``civil-
    service'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``civil service''.
        (22) Sections 7433(b)(3)(A) and 7435(b)(3)(A) are amended by 
    striking out ``nation-wide'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``nationwide''.
        (23) Section 7451(d)(3)(C)(i)(I) is amended by striking out 
    ``labor market area'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``labor-market 
    area''.
        (24) Section 7453 is amended by striking out ``subsections'' in 
    subsections (f) and (g) and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``subsection''.
        (25) Section 7601(a) is amended by striking out the comma at 
    the end of paragraph (1) and inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon.
        (26) Section 7604 is amended by striking out ``subchapters'' in 
    paragraphs (1)(A), (2)(D), and (5) and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``subchapter''.
        (27) Section 8126 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (e)(1)(A), by striking out ``1-year'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``one-year''; and
            (B) in subsection (f)(2), by striking out ``, and'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof a period.
    (f) Date of Enactment References.--Title 38, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
        (1) Section 1922A(b) is amended by striking out ``insurance not 
    later than'' and all that follows through ``that the Department'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``insurance. Such application must be 
    filed not later than (1) October 31, 1993, or (2) the end of the 
    one-year period beginning on the date on which the Secretary''.
        (2) Sections 3011(e) and 3012(f) are amended by striking out 
    ``the end of the 24-month period beginning on the date of the 
    enactment of this subsection'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``October 28, 1994,''.
        (3) Section 3018B(a)(2)(A) is amended by striking out ``the 
    date of enactment of this section'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``October 23, 1992,''.
        (4) Section 3702(a)(2)(E) is amended by striking out ``For the 
    7-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this 
    subparagraph,'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``For the period 
    beginning on October 28, 1992, and ending on October 27, 1999,''.
        (5) Section 6103(d)(2) is amended by striking out ``the date of 
    enactment of this amendatory Act'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``June 30, 1972''.
        (6) Section 8126 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (e)(1)(A), by striking out ``30 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this section'' and inserting 
        in lieu thereof ``December 4, 1992''; and
            (B) in subsection (g), by striking out ``the date of the 
        enactment of this section'' in paragraphs (1) and (2) and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``November 4, 1992''.
    (g) Obsolete or Executed Provisions.--Title 38, United States Code, 
is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 312(b) is amended by striking out para-P
    graph (3).
        (2) Section 1524(a)(2) is amended by striking out ``Subject to 
    paragraph (3) of this subsection, if'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``If''.
        (3) Section 4110(c)(1) is amended by striking out ``shall, 
    within 90 days after the date of the enactment of this section, 
    appoint'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``shall appoint''.
        (4)(A) Section 5505 is repealed.
        (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 55 is 
    amended by striking out the item relating to section 5505.
        (5) Section 7311 is amended by striking out subsections (f) and 
    (g).
        (6) Section 7453(i)(3) is amended by striking out ``ofP
    title 5''.
        (7) Section 8110(c) is amended by striking out para-P
    graph (7).
        (8) Section 8111(b) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking out ``During fiscal years 1982 and 
            1983'' in the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof 
            ``During odd-numbered fiscal years'';
                (ii) by striking out ``During fiscal year 1984'' in the 
            third sentence and inserting in lieu thereof ``During even-
            numbered fiscal years''; and
                (iii) by striking out the fourth sentence; and
            (B) in paragraph (4), by striking out ``Within nine months 
        of the date of the enactment of this subsection and at such 
        times thereafter as'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``At such 
        times as''.
    (h) Amendments to Headings and Tables of Contents.--Title 38, 
United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) The table of chapters before part I and the table of 
    chapters at the beginning of part III are amended by striking out 
    the item relating to chapter 42 and inserting in lieu thereof the 
    following:

``42. Employment and Training of Veterans........................4211''.

        (2) The heading of section 2106 is amended by revising each 
    word after the first word so that the initial letter of each such 
    word is lower case.
        (3) The item relating to subchapter III in the table of 
    sections at the beginning of chapter 73 is amended to read as 
    follows:

            ``subchapter iii--protection of patient rights''.

        (4) The heading of section 7458 is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 7458. Recruitment and retention bonus pay''.

        (5) The heading of chapter 81 is amended by inserting 
    ``enhanced-use'' before ``leases of real''.
        (6) The item relating to section 8126 in the table of sections 
    at the beginning of chapter 81 is amended to read as follows:
``8126. Limitation on prices of drugs procured by Department and certain 
          other Federal agencies.''.

    (i) Other Miscellaneous Corrections.--Title 38, United States Code, 
is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 1718(c)(1) is amended by inserting ``of Veterans 
    Affairs'' after ``Department'' in the first sentence.
        (2) Section 1922(b)(4) is amended by striking out 
    ``Notwithstanding'' and all that follows through ``title,'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``Notwithstanding section 1917 of this 
    title,''.
        (3) Section 1969(d)(3) is amended by striking out ``General 
    Operating Expenses, Department'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``General Operating Expenses, Department of Veterans Affairs''.
        (4) Section 3018A(a)(1) is amended by striking ``after December 
    31, 1990,'' and all that follows through ``whichever is later,'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``after February 2, 1991,''.
        (5) Section 3121(a)(3) is amended by striking out ``Department 
    of Veterans' Benefits'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Veterans 
    Benefits Administration''.
        (6) Section 3680(a)(C) is amended by striking out ``1 full'' 
    and inserting in lieu thereof ``one full''.
        (7) Section 4110(e)(3)(B) is amended--
            (A) by striking out ``, United States Code,''; and
            (B) by striking out ``the Board'' and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``the advisory committee''.
        (8) Section 5110 is amended by striking out subsection (m).
        (9) Section 7315(b)(2) is amended by striking out 
    ``Department'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Veterans' 
    Administration''.
        (10) Section 8111(f)(6) is amended by inserting ``of Defense'' 
    after ``the Secretary'' the second place it appears.
        (11) Section 8502(d) is amended by striking out ``General Post 
    Fund, National Homes, Department,'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``General Post Fund, National Homes, Department of Veterans 
    Affairs,''.
SEC. 1202. AMENDMENTS TO OTHER LAWS ADMINISTERED BY SECRETARY OF 
VETERANS AFFAIRS.
    (a) Public Law 102-54.--Effective as of June 13, 1991, and as if 
included in the enactment of Public Law 102-54, Public Law 102-54 is 
amended as follows:
        (1) Section 13(e) (105 Stat. 275) is amended by striking out 
    ``subsection (b)(10)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``subsection 
    (c)(10)''.
        (2) Section 15(a)(1)(A) (105 Stat. 289) is amended by inserting 
    ``the first place it appears'' before ``in the first sentence''.
    (b) Public Law 102-83.--Effective as of August 6, 1991, and as if 
included in the enactment of Public Law 102-83, section 4(a) of Public 
Law 102-83 (105 Stat. 403) is amended as follows:
        (1) Paragraph (2)(E) is amended by striking out ``Section 
    601(4)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Section 601(3)''.
        (2) Paragraph (4) is amended by adding at the end the 
    following:
            ``(E) Sections 7314(b)(1) and 7315(b)(2).''.
    (c) Public Law 102-86.--Section 403(b)(4) of the Veterans' Benefits 
Programs Improvement Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-86; 105 Stat. 423; 36 
U.S.C. 493(b)(4)) is amended by striking out ``section 235'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``section 707''.
    (d) Public Law 102-547.--Section 10(b)(2) of the Veterans Home Loan 
Program Amendments of 1992 (106 Stat. 3643; 38 U.S.C. 3703 note) is 
amended by striking out ``paragraph 4'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``paragraph (4)''.
    (e) Public Law 102-585.--The Veterans Health Care Act of 1992 
(Public Law 102-585) is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 202 (38 U.S.C. 8111 note) is amended by striking 
    out ``the Chief Medical Director'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
    ``the Under Secretary for Health of the Department of Veterans 
    Affairs''.
        (2) Section 511(c) (38 U.S.C. 7318 note) is amended by striking 
    out ``Chief Medical Director'' each place it appears and inserting 
    in lieu thereof ``Under Secretary for Health''.

SEC. 1203. AMENDMENTS TO OTHER LAWS.

    (a) Public Health Service Act.--The Public Health Service Act is 
amended as follows:
        (1) Section 502(b)(2)(D) (42 U.S.C. 290aa-1(b)(2)(D)) is 
    amended to read as follows:
            ``(D) the Under Secretary for Health of the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs;''.
        (2) Section 542(b)(2) (42 U.S.C. 290dd-1(b)(2)) is amended by 
    striking out ``Chief Medical Director'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``Under Secretary for Health''.
        (3) Section 2604(b)(2)(A) (42 U.S.C. 300ff-14(b)(2)(A)) is 
    amended by striking out ``Veterans Administration facilities'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``Department of Veterans Affairs 
    facilities''.
    (b) Miscellaneous Department and Secretary References.--Section 
5102(c)(3) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking out 
the comma after ``Department of Veterans Affairs''.
    (c) Miscellaneous Cross-Reference Corrections.--
        (1) Section 1204(a)(1) of title 5, United States Code, is 
    amended by striking out ``section 4323'' and inserting in lieu 
    thereof ``section 4303''.
        (2) Section 441(b)(2)(B) of the Job Training Partnership Act 
    (29 U.S.C. 1721(b)(2)(B)) is amended--
            (A) by striking out ``subchapter IV of chapter 3'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``subchapter II of chapter 77''; and
            (B) by striking out ``sections 612A, 620A, 1787, and 
        2003A'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``sections 1712A, 1720A, 
        3687, and 4103A''.
        (3) Section 107 of the Local Public Works Capital Development 
    and Investment Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6706) is amended by striking 
    out ``section 4211(2)(A)'' and ``section 2011(1)'' inserting in 
    lieu thereof ``section 4211(2)'' and ``section 4211(1)'', 
    respectively.
        (4) Section 4(g)(2) of the Employment Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 
    1022a(g)(2)) is amended--
            (A) by striking out ``this subsection'' and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``this section''; and
            (B) by striking out ``section 2011(1) or (2)(A)'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``section 4211(1) or (2)''.







                               Speaker of the House of Representatives.







                            Vice President of the United States and    
                                               President of the Senate.