H.R.731 - Patriots of Peace Service Act of 1993103rd Congress (1993-1994)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Owens, Major R. [D-NY-11] (Introduced 02/02/1993)|
|Committees:||House - Armed Services; Veterans' Affairs|
|Latest Action:||House - 11/19/1993 Unfavorable Executive Comment Received from DOD. (All Actions)|
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Text: H.R.731 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in House (02/02/1993)
[Congressional Bills 103th Congress] [From the U.S. Government Printing Office] [H.R. 731 Introduced in House (IH)] 103d CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 731 To reduce the cost of operating the military service academies, to establish a program of college scholarships to assist the education of students in exchange for service in the Federal Government, and to increase Montgomery GI Bill benefits. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES February 2, 1993 Mr. Owens introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on Armed Services and Veterans' Affairs _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To reduce the cost of operating the military service academies, to establish a program of college scholarships to assist the education of students in exchange for service in the Federal Government, and to increase Montgomery GI Bill benefits. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Patriots of Peace Service Act of 1993''. (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. Sec. 2. Findings. Sec. 3. Purpose. Sec. 4. Definitions. TITLE I--REDUCTION IN THE COSTS OF OPERATING THE MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES Sec. 101. Findings. Sec. 102. Reduction in the costs of operating the military service academies. Sec. 103. Sense of Congress on use of savings. TITLE II--PATRIOTS OF PEACE SCHOLARSHIPS Sec. 201. Scholarship program established. Sec. 202. Eligibility for selection as a National Security Scholar. Sec. 203. Selection of National Security Scholars. Sec. 204. Elements of scholarship. Sec. 205. Scholarship contract. Sec. 206. Required course of instruction. Sec. 207. Information provided by the Secretary of Defense. Sec. 208. Breach of contract. TITLE III--MONTGOMERY GI BILL BENEFITS FOR ENLISTED MEN AND WOMEN Sec. 301. Elimination of contribution requirement. Sec. 302. Increase in the amount of Montgomery GI Bill educational assistance payments. Sec. 303. Increase in number of educational assistance payments. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. The Congress finds the following: (1) The access to a quality education is central to the economic strength and national security of the United States, and national security begins at home--with an educated citizenry. (2) Many secondary school students who choose to apply for admission to one of the military service academies or for a Reserve Officers Training Corps scholarship do so because they lack the financial resources to afford a quality college education rather than out of a desire to enter the Armed Forces. (3) These students are very patriotic and would willingly serve the United States in other ways of value to themselves and to society. (4) Many of these students would rather serve their country in a nonmilitary capacity. (5) There is a shortage of qualified college graduates available to work for the Federal Government. (6) Many college graduates are unable to afford to seek employment with the Federal Government due to their student loan indebtedness resulting from several years of college education. (7) There should be an option for those students who are willing to commit to a number of years of nonmilitary government service to receive an education comparable in quality to that available through the military service academies. SEC. 3. PURPOSE. It is the purpose of this Act-- (1) to provide full scholarships and living expenses to certain students to attend institutions of higher learning as an alternative to attending a military service academy; (2) to provide these scholarships at the same or lower cost to the Federal Government than providing educational assistance through a military service academy; and (3) to provide a guaranteed source of qualified professionals to work for a specified number of years in the service of the United States as a civilian employee of the Federal Government. SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this Act: (1) The term ``Member of Congress'' means a United States Senator, a Member of the House of Representatives, a Delegate to the House of Representatives, or the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico. (2) The term ``institution of higher learning'' has the meaning given that term in section 3452(f) of title 38, United States Code. (3) The term ``military service academy'' means the United States Military Academy, the United States Naval Academy, or the United States Air Force Academy. TITLE I--REDUCTION IN THE COSTS OF OPERATING THE MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES SEC. 101. FINDINGS. The Congress finds the following: (1) The average cost to the United States of the attendance of a student at a military service academy for four years is $210,000. (2) The cost referred to in paragraph (1) includes the cost of pay and allowances, tuition, room, board, books, laboratory fees, computers, clothing, travel, equipment, recreation, music development, military training, and other costs associated with preparing the students to become well-educated officers in the Armed Forces. (3) The cost of an education varies greatly between the three military service academies, and the cost to the United States of providing an education at the least expensive military service academy, the United States Air Force Academy, is still two to three times higher than the average cost to a student to attend any other institution of higher learning in the United States. (4) The cost referred to in paragraph (1) is excessive and for the purpose of efficient use of Federal tax revenues must be reduced. SEC. 102. REDUCTION IN THE COSTS OF OPERATING THE MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES. (a) Long-Term Reductions in Operating Costs.--The Secretary of Defense is hereby required to take such steps as may be necessary to reduce the costs of providing an education at the United States Military Academy, the United States Naval Academy, and the United States Air Force Academy so that by January 1, 1995, the average cost per student of operating each military service academy-- (1) is approximately equal; and (2) is not more than 10 percent greater than the average cost per nonacademy student, determined by the Secretary by averaging the cost per student at the ten top-ranked institutions of higher education in the United States, as selected by the Secretary. (b) Further Reductions in Operating Costs.--In addition to cost reductions required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall reduce the operating costs of the military service academies for each academic year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act to the extent necessary to achieve a reduction in expenditures for these military service academies for each year that is equal to at least 50 percent of the cost for that year of providing scholarships under title II of this Act. (c) Reduction in Number of Cadets and Midshipmen.--To help achieve the cost reductions required by subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of Defense may reduce the number of appointments made to the military service academies for classes entering these military service academies after the date of the enactment of this Act notwithstanding the authorized strength of the Corps of Cadets of the United States Military Academy, the authorized number of midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy, or the authorized strength of Air Force Cadets at the United States Air Force Academy. SEC. 103. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON USE OF SAVINGS. It is the sense of the Congress that savings achieved by the reduction in expenditures required by section 102 should be used to provide funds for the operation of the scholarship program established under title II of this Act. TITLE II--PATRIOTS OF PEACE SCHOLARSHIPS SEC. 201. SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM ESTABLISHED. (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a program of national security scholarships to assure an adequate supply of college graduates for civilian employee positions with-- (1) the Department of Defense; and (2) other Federal agencies involved in education or other activities related to national security. (b) National Security Scholars.--Each recipient of a scholarship under this title shall be known as a ``National Security Scholar''. SEC. 202. ELIGIBILITY FOR SELECTION AS A NATIONAL SECURITY SCHOLAR. (a) In General.--An individual shall be eligible for selection as a National Security Scholar if such individual-- (1) is age 17 or over; (2) has received a high school diploma or the equivalent of a high school diploma; (3) is a citizen of the United States or lawfully admitted for permanent residence; (4) is accepted for enrollment, or is enrolled, as a full- time student in an institution of higher learning that offers a course of study described in section 206; and (5) is nominated for selection as a National Security Scholar by a Member of Congress. (b) Exception.--An individual who, together with the parents of the individual, has an adjusted income of $50,000 or more for the year preceding application under this title may not be selected as a National Security Scholar. SEC. 203. SELECTION OF NATIONAL SECURITY SCHOLARS. (a) Nomination.--The Secretary shall select National Security Scholars from individuals nominated by Members of Congress. (b) Number of Scholarships.-- (1) Fiscal year 1994.--During fiscal year 1994, the Secretary may award 2,700 four-year scholarships under this title, such that each Member of Congress may nominate five individuals for selection in that fiscal year. (2) Fiscal year 1995.--During fiscal year 1995, the Secretary may award 1,630 four-year scholarships under this title, such that each Member of Congress may nominate three individuals for selection in that fiscal year. (3) Fiscal year 1996.--During fiscal year 1996, the Secretary may award 1,095 four-year scholarships under this title, such that each Member of Congress may nominate two individuals for selection in that fiscal year. SEC. 204. ELEMENTS OF SCHOLARSHIP. (a) Use of Scholarship.--A National Security Scholar may use a national security scholarship provided under this title at any institution of higher learning offering a course of instruction described in section 206. (b) Content of Scholarship.--A national security scholarship provided under this title shall consist of-- (1) a payment to the National Security Scholar, or to an institution of higher learning on behalf of the National Security Scholar, of an amount equal to-- (A) the tuition of the National Security Scholar in an institution of higher learning for not to exceed four school years; and (B) all other reasonable educational expenses, including fees, books, and laboratory expenses, incurred by the National Security Scholar during such school years; and (2) a payment to the National Security Scholar of a stipend of $100 for each month of such school year. SEC. 205. SCHOLARSHIP CONTRACT. (a) Contract Required.--As a condition of receiving a scholarship under this title, each individual selected as a National Security Scholar shall be required to sign a written contract (described in subsection (c)) with the Secretary-- (1) to accept financial assistance provided under this title to assist such individual attend and graduate from an institution of higher learning; and (2) immediately upon the completion of such program of education, to serve for a total of six years as a civilian employee of-- (A) the Department of Defense; or (B) another Federal agency involved in education or other activities related to national security. (b) Parental Consent.--If an individual selected as a National Security Scholar is a minor and has parents or a guardian, the individual may sign the contract referred to in subsection (a) only with the consent of the parents or guardian. (c) Elements of Contract.--The written contract between the Secretary and a National Security Scholar shall contain an agreement that-- (1) subject to subsection (d), the Secretary agrees-- (A) to provide a four-year national security scholarship under this title; (B) to make summer employment opportunities (including internship with Federal agencies) available to the National Security Scholar during the scholarship period; and (C) to place (subject to the availability of appropriated funds for the purpose) the National Security Scholar as a civilian employee of-- (i) the Department of Defense; or (ii) another Federal agency involved in education or other activities related to national security, with the approval of the Secretary of Defense and the head of the Federal agency involved; and (2) subject to subsection (d), the National Security Scholar agrees-- (A) to accept provision of such scholarship; (B) to maintain enrollment in a program of education in an institution of higher learning until the participant completes the program; (C) while enrolled in such program of education, to maintain an acceptable level of academic standing (as determined under rules of the Secretary) with the institution of higher learning; and (D) to serve as a civilian employee of the Department of Defense or another Federal agency for a total of six years, as provided in paragraph (1)(C). (d) Assistance Subject to Funds.--The written contract shall contain a provision that any financial obligation of the United States arising out of a contract entered into under this section and any obligation of the National Security Scholar which is conditioned thereon, is contingent upon funds being appropriated for scholarships under this title. (e) Other Terms.--The written contract shall also contain-- (1) a statement of the damages to which the United States is entitled, under section 208 for the breach of the contract; and (2) such other statements of the rights and liabilities of the United States and of the National Security Scholar, not inconsistent with the provisions of this title. SEC. 206. REQUIRED COURSE OF INSTRUCTION. (a) In General.--As part of the agreement under section 205, a National Security Scholar shall agree to pursue a course of study, approved by the Secretary, designed to educate the National Security Scholar in-- (1) the complete workings of the Federal Government, including the executive, legislative, and judicial branches; (2) the operations of the Department of Defense; (3) the relationship of the Department of Defense with other Federal agencies, the Congress, and the judicial branch; and (4) the relationship of the Department of Defense with State and local governments. (b) Length.--The course of study required by subsection (a) shall last at least two semesters and shall include at least three credit hours (or its equivalent) of study per semester. The course of study may also include a six-month internship with the Department of Defense or another Federal agency at the request of the Secretary of Defense. SEC. 207. INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE. (a) Rights and Liabilities.--In disseminating contract forms to individuals nominated for a scholarship under this title, the Secretary shall include with such forms a fair summary of the rights and liabilities of an individual whose contract is accepted by the Secretary, including a clear explanation of the damages to which the United States is entitled under section 208 in the case of the breach of the contract. (b) Application and Contract Forms.--The application form, contract form, and all other information furnished by a Member of Congress or the Secretary under this title shall be written in a manner calculated to be understood by the average individual applying for a scholarship under this title. (c) Availability.--The Secretary shall make contract forms available to individuals nominated for a scholarship under this title on a date sufficiently early to insure that such individuals have adequate time to carefully review and evaluate the information contained in such forms. SEC. 208. BREACH OF CONTRACT. (a) General Rule.--If a National Security Scholar fails to complete the educational requirements specified in the agreement entered into under section 205 or, voluntarily or because of misconduct, fails to complete the term of employment required under the agreement, the National Security Scholar shall reimburse the United States in an amount that bears the same ratio to the total cost of the scholarship provided under this title as the unserved portion of employment bears to the total period of employment required under the agreement. (b) Nature of Obligation.--The obligation to reimburse the United States under an agreement under section 205 is, for all purposes, a debt owing the United States. A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 shall not release a National Security Scholar from an obligation to reimburse the United States required under the terms of such an agreement if the final decree of the discharge in bankruptcy is issued during the 15-year period beginning on the date the National Security Scholar signs the agreement. (c) Interest.--Any amount owed by a National Security Scholar under subsection (a) to the United States shall bear interest at the rate equal to the highest rate being paid by the United States on the day on which the reimbursement is determined to be due for securities having maturities of ninety days or less and shall accrue from the day on which the National Security Scholar is first notified of the amount due to the United States as a reimbursement under this section. (d) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply if the National Security Scholar terminates the agreement entered into under section 205 and withdraws from the scholarship program before the start of the third school year covered by the scholarship. TITLE III--MONTGOMERY GI BILL BENEFITS FOR ENLISTED MEN AND WOMEN SEC. 301. ELIMINATION OF CONTRIBUTION REQUIREMENT. Section 3011 of title 38, United States Code, is amended-- (1) by striking out subsection (b); (2) by striking out subsection (c)(1); and (3) by redesignating subsection (c)(2) and subsection (d) as subsections (b) and (c), respectively. SEC. 302. INCREASE IN THE AMOUNT OF MONTGOMERY GI BILL EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS. (a) Section 3015 of title 38, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking out ``$300'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``$500''; (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking out ``$250'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``$350''; and (3) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows: ``(f) Each of the rates established by or pursuant to subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall be increased on April 1, 1994, and on April 1 of each year thereafter, by a percentage that is equal to the percentage of the increase in the Consumer Price Index (all items, United States city average) published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the calendar year ending before the April 1 on which such rate is to be increased.''. SEC. 303. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS. Section 3013 of title 38, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``36'' in subsections (a)(1) and (d) and inserting in lieu thereof ``48''. <all> HR 731 IH----2