Summary: S.1281 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Indefinitely postponed in Senate (02/02/1994)

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Title I: Department of State

Part A: Authorization of Appropriations

Part B: Authorities and Activities

Part C: Department of State Organization

Part D: Personnel

Part E: International Organizations

Part F: Other State-Department Related Provisions

Title II: United States Informational, Educational, and

Cultural Programs

Part A: Authorization of Appropriations

Part B: USIA and Related Agencies Authorities and

Activities

Part C: Mike Mansfield Fellowships

Title III: United States International Broadcasting Act

of 1994

Title IV: Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government

Secrecy

Title V: Spoils of War Act of 1993

Title VI: The Khmer Rouge Prosecution and Exclusion Act

Title VII: Miscellaneous

Title VIII: Arms Control and Nonproliferation Act of 1994

Title IX: Anti-Economic Discrimination Act of 1994

Title X: Middle East Peace Facilitation

Title XI: Iran-Iraq Arms Non-Proliferation Amendments of

1994

Title XII: Immigration and Nationality Act

Title XIII: Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994

Subtitle A: Reporting on Nuclear Exports

Subtitle B: Sanction for Nuclear Proliferation

Subtitle C: International Atomic Energy Agency

Title XIV: Croatia

Title XV: United States Participation in United Nations

Peacekeeping Operations

Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 - Title I: Department of State - Part A: Authorization of Appropriations - Authorizes appropriations for the Department of State for FY 1994 and 1995 for the administration of foreign affairs.

(Sec. 102) Authorizes appropriations for FY 1994 and 1995 for: (1) international organizations, programs, and conferences; (2) international commissions; (3) offsetting adverse fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates; (4) migration and refugee assistance; (5) U.S. bilateral science and technology agreements; and (6) the Asia Foundation. Reduces funds for international organizations by a specified amount in such fiscal years unless the President has certified to the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate that no United Nations agency or affiliated agency grants official status or recognition to any organization which promotes, condones, or seeks the legalization of pedophilia or which includes as a member any such organization.

Part B: Authorities and Activities - Establishes limits on the number of Foreign Service personnel in the Department of State and the U.S. Information Agency (USIA).

(Sec. 114) Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary of State to procure the services of experts for use in prosecuting a proceeding before an international tribunal or a claim by or against a foreign entity. Establishes an International Litigation Fund for meeting expenses related to such proceedings.

(Sec. 115) Prohibits the Department of State from entering into any contract that expends funds for an amount in excess of the small purchase threshold with: (1) any foreign person who complies with the Arab League boycott of Israel; or (2) any foreign or U.S. person who discriminates in the award of subcontracts on the basis of religion. Provides for waivers of such prohibition in the national interest.

(Sec. 118) Directs the Secretary to implement an upgrade of all overseas visa lookout operations to computerized systems with automated multiple-name search capabilities.

Establishes procedures for the processing of visas for admission into the United States and considers failure to follow such procedures as a negative factor in annual performance evaluations of consular officers.

(Sec. 120) Directs the Secretary, together with other specified officials, to report to specified congressional leaders on the feasibility of consolidating domestic administrative operations for the Department of State, USIA, and the Agency for International Development (AID).

(Sec. 125) Establishes a Capital Investment Fund in the Department of State to provide for the procurement of information technology and other related capital investments.

Part C: Department of State Organization - Reorganizes the Department of State by eliminating, consolidating, and redesignating certain official positions.

Part D: Personnel - Permits the Secretary, if exceptional circumstances so warrant, to waive a limitation on claims for losses incurred by Government personnel subject to a chief of mission in a foreign country in cases of emergency evacuation. Makes such waiver retroactive to claims made as of October 31, 1988.

(Sec. 144) Prohibits the Secretary from making performance payments for FY 1994 and 1995 for certain members of the Senior Foreign Service until the Director of the Office of Personnel Management issues regulations or authorizes the payment of rank or performance awards to other Federal employees.

(Sec. 145) Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to make such performance pay subject to specified limitations on payments under Federal civil service provisions.

(Sec. 146) Requires the Comptroller General to conduct a classification audit of all Senior Foreign Service positions in Washington, D.C., assigned to the Department of State, AID, and USIA and to review the methods of classification of such positions.

(Sec. 150) Requires the Secretary, during FY 1994 and 1995, to appoint as Foreign Service officers qualified women and minority applicants who are participants in specified priority placement or referral programs.

(Sec. 151) Directs the Secretary to establish a system that provides job placement assistance to eligible Department of State personnel.

(Sec. 152) Amends the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 to require refresher language training for Foreign Service personnel whose foreign language proficiency has declined and to provide for proficiency reevaluations of personnel who are receiving language diferentials.

(Sec. 153) Directs the Secretary to appoint a Foreign Language Resources Coordinator to coordinate Federal foreign language resource efforts.

(Sec. 154) Requires the Secretary to establish a Foreign Language Translator and Interpreter Career Service Program.

(Sec. 155) Provides for the assignment of a certain number of Foreign Service personnel with full professional foreign language proficiency (S4/R4) in each of a majority of overseas missions.

Part E: International Organizations - Subpart A: United Nations and Related Agencies - Prohibits U.S. contributions to any affiliated organization of the United Nations or to the United Nations if they grant full membership as a state to a group that does not have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood.

(Sec. 165) Permits the President to withhold 20 percent of the funds appropriated for the U.S. assessed contribution to the United Nations if the United Nations has failed to implement consensus-based decisionmaking procedures on budgetary matters which assure that sufficient attention is paid to the views of the United States and other member states who are major financial contributors.

(Sec. 166) Withholds ten percent of funds authorized for U.S. contributions to the United Nations in FY 1994 (and 20 percent in each succeeding fiscal year) until the President certifies to the Congress that the United Nations has fulfilled certain requirements concerning the establishment of an Office of Inspector General.

(Sec. 167) Permits the authorization of appropriations for the U.S. contribution to the United Nations for FY 1995 only if the Secretary certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that the position of Under Secretary-General of the United Nations for Administration and Management is being held by a U.S. citizen as of October 1, 1994. Waives such requirement pursuant to certain conditions.

(Sec. 168) Sets forth U.S. policy with respect to the establishment of an international criminal court.

(Sec. 169) Declares that the Senate will not consent to the ratification of a treaty providing for U.S. participation in an international criminal court: (1) if it permits representatives of any terrorist organization, including the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), or citizens or residents of countries listed under the Export Administration Act of 1979 as supporters of international terrorism to sit in judgment on American citizens; or (2) unless American citizens are guaranteed that the court will take no action infringing upon or diminishing their rights under the First and Fourth Amendments of the Constitution.

(Sec. 170C) Expresses the sense of the Senate that beginning October 1, 1995, funds made available to the Department of Defense shall be available for the following activities only to the extent that the Congress has approved funds: (1) U.S. assessed or voluntary contributions for United Nations peacekeeping activities; or (2) the unreimbursable incremental costs associated with the participation of the armed forces in such activities, unless the activities are necessary to protect American lives or national interests.

States that the Congress does not intend, effective FY 1996, to make funds available for payment of U.S. contributions for United Nations peacekeeping activities that exceed 25 percent of the total amount of contributions of all countries for such activities unless the Congress enacts a statute specifically authorizing a greater percentage contribution.

Requires the President to submit a report on the anticipated budget for U.S. participation in United Nations peacekeeping activities concurrently with the annual budget request to the Congress.

(Sec. 170D) Withholds, beginning in FY 1995, 20 percent of funds for U.S. assessed contributions for United Nations peacekeeping activities unless the President certifies that the United Nations has established, and met other conditions concerning, an Inspector General to monitor peacekeeping activities.

Subpart B: Other International Organizations - Authorizes the President to maintain membership in the Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation Organization.

(Sec. 175) Prohibits funds authorized by this Act to be used for contributions to the International Coffee or Jute Organizations.

Part F: Other State Department-Related Provisions - Amends the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 to raise the ceiling on the amount of funds authorized to be appropriated for the Emergency Refugee Migration and Assistance Fund.

(Sec. 182) Sets forth U.S. policy on providing assistance for, and protecting, refugee women and children.

(Sec. 183) Revises the amounts authorized to be appropriated annually for the Mexico-United States and Canada-United States Interparliamentary Groups.

(Sec. 186) Requires the Office of Diplomatic Security to ensure that congressional committees of jurisdiction are granted easy access to the Department of State in the conduct of their duties.

(Sec. 190) Directs the Permanent Representative to the United Nations to report annually to the Congress on the dollar value and percentage of total peacekeeping contracts that have been awarded to U.S. contractors during the previous year.

(Sec. 191) Requires the Secretary of State to submit to the Congress a detailed budget justification on the costs of providing domestic and international security.

Title II: United States Informational, Educational, and Cultural Programs - Part A: Authorization of Appropriations - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1994 and 1995 to carry out specified international information activities and educational and cultural exchange programs.

Part B: USIA and Related Agencies Authorities and Activities - Amends the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 to establish a Buying Power Maintenance Account for USIA to offset fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates or changes in overseas wages and prices.

(Sec. 214) Makes the prohibition on religious discrimination applicable to Department of State contracts under title I to USIA contracts.

(Sec. 219) Requires the USIA Director to establish an office in Lhasa, Tibet.

(Sec. 221) Establishes scholarship and exchange programs.

(Sec. 226) Permits the Director to establish and support collections at university libraries abroad to further the study of the United States.

(Sec. 229) Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to authorize the Secretary of State to conduct reductions in force and prescribe regulations for the separation of members of the Foreign Service.

(Sec. 230) Amends the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 to provide for exchanges concerning disability-related matters.

Part C: Mike Mansfield Fellowships - Mike Mansfield Fellowship Act - Establishes the Mike Mansfield Fellowship Program to provide for fellowships to eligible Federal employees to: (1) study the Japanese language and political economy; and (2) serve in an agency of the Government of Japan or, subject to Center approval, a nongovernmental Japanese institution associated with their interests.

Title III: United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 - United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 - Establishes a Broadcasting Board of Governors (Board) within USIA.

(Sec. 304) Sets forth the authorities of the Board, including to: (1) provide guidance and oversight to the International Broadcasting Bureau; (2) review the mission and operation of the Bureau and assess its programming within the context of U.S. foreign policy objectives; and (3) review the mix of traditional Voice of America programming at least annually.

(Sec. 306) Establishes an International Broadcasting Bureau within USIA. Requires the Bureau to consist of: (1) Voice of America; (2) the Office of Surrogate Broadcasting; (3) services of WORLDNET Television and Film Service as determined by the Board; and (4) Engineering and Technical Oeprations.

Requires the Office of Surrogate Broadcasting to administer the grants for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) and Radio Free Asia and to administer the Office of Cuba Broadcasting and other surrogate services as may be established.

(Sec. 307) Authorizes annual grants to RFE/RL, subject to certain conditions, for purposes of operating RFE/RL and Radio Free Asia.

(Sec. 308) Makes such grants available for radio broadcasting to China, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, North Korea, Tibet, or Vietnam. Designates such broadcasting as Radio Free Asia. Requires the submission of an operation plan for Radio Free Asia and a certification that the service can operate within funding limitations prior to receiving a grant. Discontinues grants for Radio Free Asia after September 30, 1998, unless the President determines that continuation of the service for one additional year is in the U.S. interest.

(Sec. 309) Establishes conditions for grants to RFE/RL. Requires a relocation plan for RFE/RL to be submitted to the Comptroller General and the appropriate congressional committees.

Requires the Office of Personnel Management, based on a report submitted by the Board for International Broadcasting, to report to the Congress on the system of personnel classification used by RFE/RL.

(Sec. 310) Authorizes the President to transfer all authorities of the Board for International Broadcasting to USIA, the Board, or the Bureau to implement this title.

Repeals the Board for International Broadcasting Act of 1973.

(Sec. 312) Expresses the sense of the Congress that the funding of RFE/RL should be assumed by the private sector by December 31, 1999.

Title IV: Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy - Protection and Reduction of Government Secrecy Act - Establishes a Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy to make recommendations to reduce the volume of information classified and to strengthen the classification of legitimately classified information.

Title V: Spoils of War Act of 1993 - Spoils of War Act of 1993 - Permits spoils of war in the possession or control of the United States to be transferred to any other party only to the extent and in the same manner that property of the same type, if otherwise owned by the United States, may be so transferred. Prohibits spoils of war from being transferred to any nation whose government has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.

Title VI: The Khmer Rouge Prosecution and Exclusion Act - Khmer Rouge Prosecution and Exclusion Act - Establishes an Office of Cambodian Genocide Investigation within the Department of State.

(Sec. 605) Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to exclude from admission into the United States any alien who was a member of the national Khmer Rouge military or political leadership between April 17, 1975, and January 7, 1979. Lists specified individuals to be excluded.

Title VII: Miscellaneous - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1994 and 1995 to carry out the Peace Corps Act.

(Sec. 704) Amends the Federal criminal code to establish penalties for providing material support to terrorists and committing, or attempting to commit, torture outside the United States.

(Sec. 708) Sets forth U.S. policy on Iraqi Kurdistan.

(Sec. 709) Prohibits any transaction involving: (1) the commercial sale of goods or technologies to North Korea; and (2) the provision of services for travel to North Korea which was not otherwise authorized as of January 2, 1989. Authorizes a presidential waiver of such prohibition in the national interest.

(Sec. 710) Authorizes the President to exempt U.S.-supported programs involving reform of the electoral process or development of democratic institutions from sanctions imposed against the Republics of Serbia and Montenegro.

(Sec. 711) Amends the International Claims Settlement Act of 1949 to authorize funds in U.S. banks that have been blocked under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act in accounts of foreign banks that issued letters of credit for the benefit of U.S. nationals to be released to pay such letters of credit if the U.S. beneficiaries lawfully shipped or performed underlying contractual obligations before the declaration of a national emergency.

(Sec. 712) Bars assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to any non-nuclear weapon state that has terminated, abrogated, or materially violated an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) full-scope safeguard agreement or a bilateral U.S. nuclear cooperation agreement entered into after the date of enactment of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978.

(Sec. 713) Encourages all parties to the conflict in Northern Ireland to renounce violence.

(Sec. 716) Prohibits sales, the extension of credits or guarantees, or the approval of licenses with respect to the sale of defense articles or services to a foreign country unless the U.S. supplier certifies that it will not make any third-party incentive payments for purposes of satisfying an offset agreement with such country. Defines an "offset agreement" as an agreement under which the supplier agrees to purchase goods from the country in consideration for the country's purchase of defense articles or services.

(Sec. 717) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the President: (1) should not engage in negotiations connected with the normalization of relations with the Government of North Korea until that government meets its full obligations under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; and (2) should undertake diplomatic activity with China as is appropriate to enlist the assistance of China in gaining the compliance of North Korea with its treaty obligations.

(Sec. 718) Expresses the sense of the Senate with respect to normalization of relations with Vietnam and the resolution of the POW/MIA issue.

(Sec. 719) Requires the President to establish a commission for purposes of studying U.S. Government-funded democracy support activities and reporting on a streamlined, cost-effective organization of democracy assistance.

(Sec. 721) Exempts from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act or any other Act certain non-public data collected by sensors during observation flights conducted in connection with the Treaty on Open Skies.

(Sec. 722) Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to transfer certain obsolete or surplus defense articles to South Korea in return for concessions (including cash, compensation, waiver of charges otherwise payable by the United States) negotiated by the Secretary.

(Sec. 725) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the President should terminate the U.S. arms embargo of Bosnia and Herzegovina upon receipt from that country's government of a request for assistance in exercising its right of self-defense under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter. Declares that the President should provide appropriate military assistance to such government upon receipt of such request.

(Sec. 726) Expresses the sense of the Senate that if North Korea continues to resist the efforts of the international community to allow the IAEA to conduct inspections of its nuclear sites and facilities and refuses to comply with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the President should: (1) coordinate with U.S. allies in the region regarding the military posture of North Korea and U.S. ability to deter any future nuclear attack against South Korea or Japan; and (2) act to defend U.S. security interests on the Korean peninsula and enhance the defense capability of U.S. forces by preparing to reintroduce tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea.

(Sec. 727) Expresses the sense of the Congress with respect to asylum reform.

(Sec. 729) Directs the Secretary of State to report on steps taken to enhance the security and safety of U.S. diplomatic personnel in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.

(Sec. 731) Extends the authorities of the Fair Trade in Auto Parts Act of 1988 through 1998.

(Sec. 735) Directs the President to submit a report containing a detailed accounting analysis and justification for all expenditures made from foreign governments' assets that have been frozen or blocked by the U.S. Government.

(Sec. 740) Permits the President to bring into force the Agreement on State and Local Taxation of Foreign Employees of Public International Organizations.

(Sec. 744) Bars specified foreign assistance for a country whose government has nationalized or expropriated the property of, nullified a contract with, or taken other similar actions with respect to, a U.S. person and has not, within three years (or, within three years of the installation of a democratic government), returned the property or provided adequate compensation.

(Sec. 745) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the Secretary should make the issue of Israel's diplomatic status a priority and urges countries that receive American aid to establish full diplomatic relations with Israel.

(Sec. 746) Encourages Germany to assume full and active participation in international peacekeeping operations.

(Sec. 747) Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to revise provisions governing the employment of family members of government employees. Permits family members to be hired in positions customarily filled by Foreign Service officers and personnel and foreign national employees. Sets forth compensation rates for family and non-family members. Makes individuals ineligible for Foreign Service retirement and disability benefits. Requires the Secretary to establish compensation plans for foreign national employees and non-family members.

(Sec. 749) Sets forth U.S. policy regarding North Korea's nuclear weapon program.

(Sec. 750) Directs the President to report to the Congress on the activities of the Russian Federation's armed forces.

(Sec. 751) Requires the Department of State to report to specified congressional committees on steps to assure that all efforts are being made to assist all cases of Bosnians who are requesting third country resettlement and are eligible to seek refugee status in the United States.

(Sec. 752) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the President should press for further progress towards meeting the standards for continuation of most-favored-nation status for China as contained in the May 1993 Executive Order.

(Sec. 756) Requires, as an additional condition on certain authorities to transfer or lease excess defense articles, that the President first consider the effects of a transfer on the national technology and industrial base.

(Sec. 758) Directs the Attorney General to protect from deportation or exclusion to China Chinese nationals who demonstrate a reasonable likelihood that they will be forced to abort a pregnancy or subject to forced sterilization or severe harm under Chinese Communist Party or government directives. Limits the number of applicants to 2,000 annually.

(Sec. 759) Requires the President to instruct the U.S. executive directors of specified multilateral financial institutions to vote against funding for any country that has engaged in certain activities which have the effect of expropriating property from a U.S. person without adequate compensation.

(Sec. 760) Directs the President to report on: (1) the dismantlement of nuclear weapons of the former Soviet Union; and (2) the achievement of the fullest possible accounting of U.S. personnel unaccounted for from the Vietnam War.

(Sec. 762) Establishes a Coordinator for Counter-Terrorism within the Department of State.

(Sec. 763) Sets forth U.S. policy with respect to Thailand's relationship with the Khmer Rouge and Burma (a.k.a. Myanmar).

(Sec. 764) Authorizes the Secretary, acting through the U.S. Commissioner of the International Boundary and Water Commission, to: (1) enter into an agreement with the Ministry of Foreign Relations of Mexico to address the international problems related to pollution caused by the discharge of raw and inadequately treated sewage originating in Mexico to waters which form or cross the U.S.--Mexican boundary; and (2) supervise planning, construction, and operation of any proposed treatment works. Authorizes appropriations.

Title VIII: Arms Control and Nonproliferation Act of 1994 - Arms Control and Nonproliferation Act of 1994 - Amends the Arms Control and Disarmament Act to grant the Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency primary responsibility, as directed by the President, for matters relating to nonproliferation.

(Sec. 809) Grants the Director primary responsibility for the preparation and management of U.S. participation in: (1) all international negotiations and implementation fora in arms control and disarmament; and (2) as directed by the President, negotiations and fora in nonproliferation.

(Sec. 810) Directs the President to report to the Congress on procedures established for the coordination of Federal research and development on arms control and disarmament.

(Sec. 811) Requires the Director to establish and maintain records for each arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreement to which the United States is a party and which was under negotiation or in force on or after January 1, 1990.

(Sec. 812) Directs the Director to participate in all interagency groups within the executive branch that analyze or review U.S. policies, programs, or actions that have a direct bearing on U.S. adherence to arms control, nonproliferation, or disarmament agreements.

(Sec. 813) Amends the Arms Export Control Act to provide for participation of the Director in specified arms export and licensing activities. Permits proposed arms sales under the Arms Export Control Act only after consultation with the Director.

(Sec. 816) Revises congressional reporting requirements and authorizes appropriations.

Title IX: Anti-Economic Discrimination Act of 1994 - Anti-Economic Discrimination Act of 1994 - Prohibits the sale or lease of defense articles or services by the U.S. Government to any country or international organization that is known to have sent letters to U.S. firms requesting compliance with, or soliciting information regarding compliance with, the secondary or tertiary Arab boycott unless the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that the country or organization does not currently maintain such a policy or practice.

(Sec. 903) Authorizes the President to waive such prohibition for one year if the waiver is: (1) in the national interest and will promote objectives to eliminate the Arab boycott; or (2) in the national security interest. Provides for extensions of waivers upon notification of the appropriate congressional committees.

Title X: Middle East Peace Facilitation - Middle East Peace Facilitation Act of 1994 - Grants the President, effective July 1, 1994, the authority to suspend specified provisions of law which prohibit foreign and United Nations assistance to the PLO, the receipt or expenditure of PLO funds, and PLO membership in the International Monetary Fund, upon certification to specified congressional committees that: (1) such waiver is in the national interest; and (2) the PLO continues to abide by commitments made in letters to Israel and the Foreign Minister of Norway and under the Declaration of Principles signed in September 1993. Makes such suspensions effective for up to 180 days and continues a suspension for an additional 180 days if the President makes such certification.

Title XI: Iran-Iraq Arms Non-Proliferation Amendments of 1994 - Iran-Iraq Arms Non-Proliferation Amendments of 1994 - Amends the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 to establish mandatory sanctions (on Government procurement and export licenses) and discretionary sanctions (no transiting U.S. territory of involved goods or persons, no financial dealings, and no commerce with vessels that enter into ports of sanctioned countries) to be imposed on persons who contribute knowingly and materially to efforts by Iran or Iraq to acquire destabilizing numbers and types of advanced conventional weapons. Authorizes the President to exercise the authorities of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act to prohibit any transaction involving the property of a sanctioned person. Provides exceptions to the mandatory sanctions.

(Sec. 1104) Urges the President to initiate consultations with the government of a person sanctioned under this Act and to take steps in the United Nations and other multilateral groups to negotiate comprehensive multilateral sanctions under the United Nations Charter.

(Sec. 1105) Adds to the discretionary sanctions against sanctioned countries (countries contributing to Iran or Iraq's efforts to acquire weapons): (1) the downgrading or suspension of diplomatic relations; (2) the suspension of trade agreements, except those affecting imports into the United States; (3) the revocation of nuclear export licenses; and (4) the suspension of air service to and from the United States.

(Sec. 1106) Provides for waivers. Requires imposed sanctions to apply for at least 24 months and to cease only if the President makes certain certifications to the Congress with respect to the cessation by the country or person of the action for which the sanctions were imposed.

Title XII: Immigration and Nationality Act - Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to authorize certain aliens (including alien crewmen and others who accept unauthorized employment or are in unlawful immigration status) to apply for adjustment to permanent resident status. Requires the fee for the processing of such applications to be five times the fee normally required (in addition to the normal fee).

(Sec. 1202) Makes aliens applying for immigrant visas who have been physically present in the United States within the 90-day period immediately preceding the date of application excludable.

Title XIII: Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994 - Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994 - Subtitle A: Reporting on Nuclear Exports - Amends the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978 to revise requirements of the President's annual report on Government efforts to prevent nuclear proliferation.

Subtitle B: Sanction for Nuclear Proliferation - Requires the President to prohibit the procurement of goods or services from any foreign or U.S. person who has materially and with requisite knowledge contributed, through the exports of goods or technology, to the efforts by any individual, group, or non-nuclear weapon state to acquire unsafeguarded special nuclear material or to use, develop, stockpile, or acquire any nuclear explosive device.

(Sec. 1321) Requires the President to impose sanctions unless he certifies to the Congress that a government has taken actions to terminate the involvement of a foreign person in such activities.

Exempts certain products or services from sanctions, including essential defense articles and services, products and services provided under existing contracts, essential technology or information, and humanitarian items.

Applies sanctions for at least 12 months and terminates sanctions only if the President certifies to the Congress that a person has ceased to, and will not in the future, aid in such prohibited activities.

Grants the President waiver authority with respect to such sanctions.

(Sec. 1322) Amends the Arms Export Control Act to prohibit sales or leases of defense articles or services to any country that is in breach of its commitments to the United States under international agreements concerning nuclear nonproliferation.

(Sec. 1323) Requires the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive directors of specified international institutions to oppose any use of funds to promote the acquisition of unsafeguarded special nuclear material or the development, stockpiling, or use of nuclear explosive devices by non-nuclear weapon states.

(Sec. 1324) Amends the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 to impose specified prohibitions on financial institutions that the President has determined have materially and with requisite knowledge contributed to the efforts by any individual, group, or non-nuclear weapon state to acquire unsafeguarded nuclear material or to use, develop, stockpile, or acquire any nuclear explosive device.

Provides for waivers of prohibitions under certain circumstances.

(Sec. 1325) Amends the Export-Import Bank Act to prohibit Export-Import Bank assistance to any country that has aided or abetted a non-nuclear weapon state in acquiring a nuclear explosive device or unsafeguarded nuclear material.

(Sec. 1326) Amends the Arms Export Control Act to incorporate provisions similar to those under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 that prohibit specified assistance to countries engaging in certain nuclear transfers, detonations, or illegal exports. Includes within the list of activities that makes a country subject to sanctions the transfer or receipt (by a non-nuclear weapon state) of design information or components important for the development of a nuclear explosive device.

Subtitle C: International Atomic Energy Agency - Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should negotiate with other nations to achieve specified nuclear nonproliferation and safeguard objectives to enhance confidence in IAEA safeguards and halt nuclear proliferation.

(Sec. 1342) Urges the President to negotiate with other nations to promote the early adoption of reforms in the implementation of IAEA safeguards.

Title XIV: Croatia - Expresses the sense of the Senate that the President should consider taking specified actions which prohibit loans and economic and military assistance to Croatia and to impose other related sanctions.

Title XV: United States Participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations - Directs the President, prior to any obligation of funds for U.S. participation in international peace operations or any vote by the United Nations Security Council to take action under the United Nations Charter which would involve the use of the armed forces, to submit a cost assessment of the participation of the armed forces in such operations.

(Sec. 1503) Requires the Secretary of State to report annually to specified congressional committees on U.S. contributions to United Nations peacekeeping activities.

(Sec. 1504) Expresses the sense of the Congress with respect to U.S. participation in United Nations peacekeeping operations.