H.R.1923 - Restructuring a Limited Government Act104th Congress (1995-1996)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Solomon, Gerald B. H. [R-NY-22] (Introduced 06/22/1995)|
|Committees:||House - Agriculture; National Security; Banking and Financial Services; Budget; Economic and Educational Opportunities; International Relations; Government Reform and Oversight; House Oversight; Commerce; Intelligence (Permanent Select); Resources; Judiciary; Transportation and Infrastructure; Rules; Small Business; Science; Veterans' Affairs; Ways and Means|
|Latest Action:||House - 09/05/1995 Referred to the Subcommittee on the Legislative and Budget Process. (All Actions)|
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Summary: H.R.1923 — 104th Congress (1995-1996)All Information (Except Text)
Introduced in House (06/22/1995)
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Title I: National Defense
Subtitle A: Restore Defense Spending
Subtitle B: Rescission of Funding for Programs Not
Requested by the Department of Defense
Subtitle C: Limitations on Funding for Certain Programs
for Fiscal Year 1996
Subtitle D: Department of Defense Administrative
Subtitle E: Department of Defense Program Reforms
Title II: International Affairs
Subtitle A: Reduce Multilateral Development Bank Credit
Subtitle B: Reduce Foreign Aid Direct Assistance
Subtitle C: Reduce Humanitarian Assistance Programs
Subtitle D: Department Reforms
Subtitle E: State Department Reforms
Title III: Science, Space, and Technology
Subtitle A: Administrative and Research Savings
Subtitle B: Specific Program Reforms
Title IV: Energy
Subtitle A: Abolishment of Department of Energy
Subtitle B: Reform Federal Petroleum Reserve Programs
Subtitle C: Reform Fossil Fuel and Mineral Research
Subtitle D: Reform Energy Conservation Programs
Title V: Environment
Subtitle A: Public Land Use and Purchase Reforms
Subtitle B: Environmental Conservation, Cleanup, and
Subtitle C: Restructuring of Department of the Interior
Subtitle D: Administrative Reform
Subtitle E: National Marine Program Reforms
Subtitle F: Corps of Engineers Reform
Title VI: Agriculture
Subtitle A: Agriculture Research and Extension
Subtitle B: Agricultural Trade
Subtitle C: Department of Agriculture Overhead
Subtitle D: Loan Reform
Subtitle F: Crop Commodity Reform
Title VII: Commerce and Housing Credit
Subtitle A: Small Business Administration Reform
Subtitle B: Housing Credit Reform
Subtitle C: Abolition of Department of Commerce and
Disposition of Particular Programs, Functions, and Agencies
Subtitle D: Banking and Insurance Reforms
Subtitle E: Specific Commerce and Housing Program
Title VIII: Transportation
Subtitle A: Air Transportation Program Reform
Subtitle B: Highway Transportation Program Reform
Subtitle C: Rail Transportation Program Reform
Subtitle D: Miscellaneous Transportation Program Reform
Subtitle E: Administrative Reform
Title IX: Community and Regional Development
Subtitle A: Housing Program Reforms
Subtitle B: Community and Regional Development Program Reforms
Subtitle C: Administrative Reforms
Title X: Education and Training
Subtitle A: Job Training Reform
Subtitle B: Department Reform
Subtitle C: Elementary and Secondary Education Reforms
Subtitle D: Community Program Reforms
Subtitle E: Employment Program Reform
Title XI: Health
Subtitle A: Administrative Reform
Subtitle B: University Research Regarding Health and
Subtitle C: Medicaid Reforms
Subtitle D: Reforms in Health Care Block Grants
Subtitle E: Health Care Program Reforms
Subtitle F: Federal Employee Health Care Reform
Title XII: Medicare
Subtitle A: Copayment Reform
Subtitle B: Part B Premium
Subtitle C: Part A Deductible
Subtitle D: Medicare Payments to Hospitals
Subtitle E: Selected Presidential Medicare Reforms
Title XIII: Income Security
Subtitle A: Administrative Reform
Subtitle B: Housing Program Reforms
Subtitle C: Supplemental Security Income Reforms
Subtitle D: Civil Service Reforms
Subtitle E: Assistance Program Reforms
Title XIV: Personal Responsibility and Family Preservation
Subtitle A: Block Grants for Temporary Assistance for
Subtitle B: Child Protection Block Grant Program
Subtitle C: Block Grants for Child Care and for
Subtitle D: Restricting Welfare and Public Benefits for
Subtitle E: Food Stamp Reform and Commodity
Subtitle F: Supplemental Security Income
Subtitle G: Child Support
Title XV: Veterans' Benefits and Services
Subtitle A: Administrative Reforms
Subtitle B: Extension of Certain Veterans Programs
Subtitle C: Home Loan Guarantee Program Reforms
Subtitle D: Medical Program Reforms
Subtitle E: Other Veterans Programs Reforms
Title XVI: Administration of Justice
Subtitle A: Administration of Appropriations
Subtitle B: Prison Reforms
Subtitle C: Justice Assistance Program Reforms
Subtitle D: Federal Bureau of Investigation Reforms
Subtitle E: Other Justice Program Reforms
Title XVII: General Government
Subtitle A: Administrative Reforms
Subtitle B: Legislative Branch Reductions
Subtitle C: Executive Branch Reductions
Subtitle D: Specific Program Reforms
Restructuring a Limited Government Act - Title I: National Defense - Subtitle A: Restore Defense Spending - States that it is Congress' intent that military readiness and other specified defense-related programs be increased over proposed levels through a specified combination of defense-related increases and reductions, including increases already budgeted by the President.
Subtitle B: Rescission of Funding for Programs Not Requested by the Department of Defense - Rescinds unobligated funds for various specified defense-related programs not requested by the Department of Defense (DOD), including the general purpose bomb program, the C-12F aircraft program, and the P-3 upgrade program.
Subtitle C: Limitations on Funding for Certain Programs for Fiscal Year 1996 - Sets limitations on funding for specified DOD environmental and cooperative threat reduction programs with states of the former Soviet Union for FY 1996.
Subtitle D: Department of Defense Administrative Reforms - Amends Federal law with respect to military severance and aviation career incentive pay.
(Sec. 1313) Directs the Secretary of Defense to cancel DOD's learning resource center program for Department personnel.
Subtitle E: Department of Defense Program Reforms - Directs the President to reorganize the Intelligence Community to reduce redundancy and overlapping jurisdiction and centralize responsibility and authority for intelligence activities. Includes specified personnel reductions as part of such reorganization over a five year period.
(Sec. 1412) Limits: (1) Navy Seawolf (SSN-21) attack submarine procurements to one such vessel; and (2) funds already appropriated for additional vessel procurements to use only in terminating vessel contracts.
(Sec. 1413) Directs the President to dispose of certain obsolete and excess materials in the National Defense Stockpile over a ten-year period, in specified quantities, with certain exceptions and a special rule for silver. Requires all proceeds from the sale of materials required to be disposed of to be deposited in the general fund of the Treasury to reduce the budget deficit. Terminates various specified authorities currently in effect relating to stockpile material disposal.
Title II: International Affairs - Subtitle A: Reduce Multilateral Development Bank Credit Assistance - Amends the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 to limit the authorization of FY 1996 through 2000 appropriations in order to reduce credit assistance by the U.S. Export-Import Bank.
(Sec. 2002) Terminates capital contributions to specified multilateral development institutions.
(Sec. 2003) Directs the President at the beginning of each fiscal year to deobligate, and return to the Treasury, according to certain guidelines, any foreign economic assistance funds that, as of the end of the preceding fiscal year, have been obligated for a period of more than three years but have not been expended.
(Sec. 2004) Provides for various specified reductions over a five year period in U.S. contributions to the International Development Association, and in Economic Support Fund and bilateral development assistance.
(Sec. 2007) Limits U.S. contributions to the United Nations (UN) and its affiliated agencies after 1996 according to a specified formula.
Subtitle B: Reduce Foreign Aid Direct Assistance - Outlines various specified reductions in, and restrictions on, foreign assistance, including assistance to Russia. Conditions such assistance, among other things, upon presidential certifications to the Congress of: (1) limited Russian intelligence activities in the United States; and (2) Russian withholding of military assistance to combatants in the Yugoslav conflict and of weapons to Iran, Iraq, Syria, and any other terrorist country. Requires certain annual reports by the President and Comptroller General to the Congress on foreign assistance to Russia.
Subtitle C: Reduce Humanitarian Assistance Programs - Outlines various specified reductions in cultural exchange and humanitarian assistance programs, including the Peace Corps program.
(Sec. 2203) Sets assistance for Israel and Egypt at specified minimum levels from amounts already made available under current law for foreign economic support and military financing.
(Sec. 2204) Eliminates the congressional sales program and the food for development program under the Agricultural Trade Development Assistance Act of 1954.
(Sec. 2205) Abolishes the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission and transfers its functions to the Secretary of State.
Subtitle D: Department Reforms - Provides for a reduction in overhead expenses of the Export-Import Bank.
(Sec. 2302) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to provide for the repayment of amounts appropriated to the exchange stabilization fund, along with the net earnings of that fund.
Subtitle D: State Department Reforms - Provides for comprehensive reorganization of the Department of State and Foreign Service, with changes eliminating the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, United States Information Agency, Agency for International Development (AID), International Development Cooperation Agency, and other specified Department components, as well as certain previously created Assistant Secretary positions. Revises various specified program authorities, consolidating administrative services, and transferring them to the Department under the Secretary of State. Sets funding levels for radio broadcasts to Cuba. Limits the term of the Inspector General, redesignated as the Inspector General for Foreign Affairs. Prescribes end strength personnel levels for the Department and Foreign Service. Requires a specified report to the Congress by the President and other officials on the unification of the Foreign Service with other foreign service components in the Department of Commerce and the Department of Agriculture.
Title III: Science, Space, and Technology - Subtitle A: Administrative and Research Savings - Authorizes appropriations for the Department of Energy's nuclear energy research and development (R&D) activities.
(Sec. 3002) Imposes a fee for National Science Foundation grant applications.
(Sec. 3003) Limits total appropriations for activities under the high performance computing program.
Subtitle B: Specific Program Reforms - Authorizes appropriations for the National Science Foundation.
(Sec. 3012) Prohibits the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from entering into any contract in furtherance of a space station program until FY 2000.
(Sec. 3013) Requires the Secretary of Defense and the Administrator of NASA to cancel the National Aerospace Plane program.
Title IV: Energy - Subtitle A: Abolishment of Department of Energy - Department of Energy Abolishment Act - Abolishes the Department of Energy (DOE) as such, but redesignates it as the Energy Programs Resolution Agency, an independent executive agency headed by an Administrator appointed by the President to wind-up the affairs of the former Department before its own termination three years after enactment of this Act.
(Sec. 4017) Requires a Comptroller General report to the Congress recommending the most efficient means for achieving the complete abolishment of the former Department and the termination or transfer of its functions.
(Sec. 4021) Establishes an independent Energy Laboratory Facilities Commission to make recommendations for reducing the number of energy laboratories and terminating laboratory programs through closure, privatization, and reconfiguration in order to eliminate duplication, reduce overhead, and achieve cost savings while preserving their role in national defense. Authorizes appropriations.
Details specific procedures for making and implementing Commission recommendations, allowing for public comment in the process, unless such recommendations are disapproved by the Congress. Establishes in the Treasury the Energy Laboratory Facility Closure Account for use in conjunction with recommendations implemented above. Requires certain congressional reports on such implementations.
(Sec. 4031) Federal Power Asset Privatization Act of 1995 - Directs the Secretary of Energy to sell, at the highest possible price and with appropriate private sector advice, all Federal electric power generation and transmission facilities supervised by, or coordinated with, the Federal Power Marketing Administrations (FPMA) in accordance with a specified graduated deadline. Restricts such sales to domestic entities or U.S. citizens. Requires the Secretary to terminate FPMA operations upon sales completion. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the purchaser of any such facilities should offer to employ former FPMA personnel where possible. Mandates deposit of sales proceeds in the Treasury.
Limits rate increases by facility purchasers to a maximum of ten percent above the baseline price annually.
Directs the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to issue to the purchaser of a hydroelectric generation facility a ten-year original license under the Federal Power Act to insure that the project will continue operations under the same conditions as were applicable before the sale. Grants FERC Federal Power Act jurisdiction over any such facility sold.
Amends the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act of 1993 to repeal the proscription on use of appropriated funds for studies regarding a changeover from an "at cost" to a "market rate" or other noncost-based methodology for pricing hydroelectric power.
(Sec. 4041) Transfers to the Secretary of the Interior all functions of DOE with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, requiring disposal of certain Louisiana reserves and appointment of an advisory board to monitor the disposal process and recommend whether the entire reserve should be maintained or disposed of. Outlines requirements for the transfer of the naval petroleum reserves to the Department of the Interior for sale, subject to certain conditions, including a sales price not less than fair market value.
Establishes in DOD the Defense Nuclear Programs Agency, headed by an Under Secretary for Defense Nuclear Programs, to carry out various specified nuclear weapons-related functions of certain defense agencies as well as transferred DOE national security functions and certain nondefense-related functions as well at various specified Federal laboratories. Gives the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Secretaries of Defense and of the Navy the authority to wind-up any outstanding affairs associated with the respective functions transferred above.
(Sec. 4059) Amends the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 to add a new title IV governing environmental restoration activities at defense nuclear facilities.
(Sec. 4061) Provides for termination of specified miscellaneous DOE energy supply R&D programs and all clean coal technology, fossil energy, and energy conservation R&D activities. Transfers: (1) all functions of the Energy Information Administration to the Department of the Treasury; and (2) all international regulatory functions of the Energy Regulatory Administration (ERA) to the Secretary of Agriculture, and all ERA functions with respect to pending litigation to the Attorney General.
(Sec. 4071) Terminates waste site work under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982.
(Sec. 4072) Abolishes the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management and transfers its functions with respect to a radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel repository to the U.S. Geological Survey.
(Sec. 4073) Directs the Corps of Engineers to design, construct, and operate a facility with sufficient capacity for interim storage of high-level nuclear waste from civilian power plants at a site chosen by the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board under the jurisdiction of DOE, until the Corps is able to transfer such waste and spent fuel. Requires the facility to be licensed in accordance with applicable regulations. Exempts Corps actions from judicial review
(Sec. 41101) Mandates sale of the naval petroleum reserves at fair market value, with sales proceeds going toward Federal deficit reduction and Department environmental costs associated with the petroleum interests sold.
(Sec. 4102) Prohibits the Secretary of Energy from obligating any funds for the acquisition of petroleum products for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
Subtitle C: Reform Fossil Fuel and Mineral Research Development Programs - Provides for the privatization of the U.S. Enrichment Corporation, including establishment by the Corporation of a private corporation to which some or all of its assets and liabilities may be transferred.
(Sec. 4202) Authorizes diminishing appropriations from FY 1996 through 2000 for fossil fuel, energy conservation, magnetic fusion, solar and renewable energy, and nuclear energy R&D.
(Sec. 4203) Prohibits obligation of funds for the Clean Coal Technology program (except to a specified extent) as well as the atomic vapor laser isotope separation program.
Subtitle D: Reform Energy Conservation Programs - Repeals weatherization, State energy conservation, and institutional conservation programs under the Energy Conservation and Production Act.
Title V: Environment - Subtitle A: Public Land Use and Purchase Reforms - Places a five-year moratorium on certain land acquisitions by Federal agencies with respect to lands to be administered by the Forest Service and other Federal environmental agencies with certain exceptions pertaining to national security interests. Sets restrictions on land exchanges during such period.
(Sec. 5002) Amends the National Forest Management Act of 1976 to prohibit certain below-cost timber sale programs in units of the National Forest System.
(Sec. 5003) Amends various specified Federal laws to set permanent limitations on amounts authorized to be appropriated each fiscal year for the National Forest System and related agriculture conservation and forestry programs.
(Sec. 5004) Provides that in accordance with the discretionary authority provided under the Raker Act, certain annual amounts paid to the United States shall be increased to the amount determined by the Secretary of the Interior to be equal to the fair market value of the electric power generated within a described area.
(Sec. 5005) Amends the Alaska National Interest Conservation Act to repeal the prohibition against mineral leasing of lands within the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Requires deposit of leasing revenues in the Treasury.
(Sec. 5006) Requires the charging of admission and other specified user fees at National Park System units for crediting to various special funds for conservation- and park-related uses. Allows donations of money, property, and services for national park use.
Subtitle B: Environmental Conservation, Cleanup, and Research Reforms - Amends the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 to direct the President to give a preference to certain interim measures in Superfund response actions, and report to the Congress on their use.
(Sec. 5101) Amends the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 and the Internal Revenue Code to authorize appropriations from the Superfund.
(Sec. 5102) Amends the Food Security Act of 1985 to eliminate the conservation reserve program.
(Sec. 5103) Eliminates Federal funding for State water pollution control revolving funds under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as well as for certain watershed and flood prevention operations.
(Sec. 5105) Sets obligation limitations for certain flood control (particularly for the Mississippi River and tributaries) and coastal emergency operations by the Corps of Engineers.
Subtitle C: Restructuring of Department of the Interior - Provides for a restructuring of the Department of the Interior, including changes: (1) establishing the Bureau of Land Management Sale and Acquisition (BLMSA) Fund; (2) prohibiting acquisition of lands for the Bureau of Land Management, except by exchange, donation, or with amounts from the BLMSA Fund; (3) abolishing the Bureau of Mines and all of its functions, positions, and offices; (4) mandating cessation of production, refining, and marketing of refined helium by the Department, and the sale of crude helium from helium reserves owned by the United States; (5) transferring to the National Science Foundation and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of all basic research and of all stream monitoring functions, respectively, of the U.S. Geological Survey, abolishing the Survey and all its other functions; (6) requiring transfer to a Department officer of the functions of certain Outer Continental Shelf Regional Offices of the Minerals Management Service, and termination of such regional offices; (7) setting reductions in appropriations for the Bureau of Reclamation; (8) requiring consolidation of Bureau of Indian Affairs area service offices; and (9) abolishing the Office of Territorial and International Affairs and the National Biological Survey. Outlines hardrock mining royalty requirements pertaining to payments, recordkeeping, and other specified matters.
Subtitle D: Administrative Reform - Provides for a reduction in EPA overhead expenses.
Subtitle E: National Marine Program Reforms - Terminates National Coastal Zone Management Grants and National Sea Grant College Program Grants. Directs the Secretary of Commerce to dispose of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) fleet. Rescinds specified FY 1995 funds for NOAA procurement, modernization, and construction.
Subtitle F: Corps of Engineers Reform - Directs the Secretary of the Army to reorganize the Corps of Engineers. Imposes obligational limitations for various specified Corps activities, including general investigations.
Title VI: Agriculture - Subtitle A: Agriculture Research and Extension - Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to: (1) consolidate specified agricultural research agencies, with associated personnel reductions; (2) terminate certain cooperative agricultural extension work; and (3) impose specified agricultural- and extension-related program caps. Repeals rural technology grant authority.
Subtitle B: Agricultural Trade - Makes various specified changes concerning agricultural trade. Mandates phase-out of the Foreign Agricultural Service's co-operator market development program. Eliminates export enhancement and market promotion programs. Reduces the loan guarantee program under the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978.
Subtitle C: Department of Agriculture Overhead Reduction - Provides for a Department overhead reduction.
Subtitle D: Loan Reform - Terminates the grant program under the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 to assist State mediation programs.
Subtitle F: Crop Commodity Reform - Eliminates various specified price support programs for agricultural commodities except for milk, emergency livestock feed assistance, and other specified program components and related marketing quotas.
(Sec. 6402) Terminates Federal price supports for honey.
Title VII: Commerce and Housing Credit - Subtitle A: Small Business Administration Reform - Eliminates the Small Business Administration (SBA), transferring to the OMB Director and other specified officials its respective functions, powers, and duties. Establishes in its place an Office of Small Business Advocacy, in the Executive Office of the President, to carry out functions formerly vested in the SBA Chief Counsel of Advocacy. Provides for winding-up the affairs of SBA, including the transfer of its previously owned financial obligations to the Secretary of the Treasury.
(Sec. 7010) Repeals the Small Business Act and the Small Business Investment Act of 1958 while leaving in effect certain Small Business Act provisions relating to the definition of "small business concern", among other specified provisions that include those on penalties for prohibited acts.
Subtitle B: Housing Credit Reform - Makes specified changes with regard to housing credit under the National Housing Act and the Housing Act of 1949, including increased fees for Farmers Home Administration (FMHA) single family housing loan guarantees, and delegation of single family mortgage insuring authority to mortgagees and secondary market entities.
Subtitle C: Abolition of Department of Commerce and Disposition of Particular Programs, Functions, and Agencies - Redesignates the Department of Commerce as an independent but temporary Commerce Programs Resolution Agency for winding-up outstanding Department affairs not included in the various specified former Department entities and functions either transferred to other specified departments, agencies, and entities of the Federal Government, or terminated in accordance with specified guidelines. Requires a report by the Comptroller General to the Congress recommending the most efficient means of achieving the complete abolishment of the former Department.
(Sec. 7232) Transfers specified export control functions to the Secretary of State. Provides for the transfer to certain departments and agencies of: (1) the Secretary of Commerce's national security, international trade, and spectrum management functions; (2) the Patent and Trademark Office; (3) the Bureau of the Census; and (4) the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Terminates NOAA, the Minority Business Development Administration, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, the Advanced Technology Program, and the Manufacturing Extension Programs.
(Sec. 7244) Expresses the sense of the Congress that the head of each agency that performs a function vested in it by this title should, wherever feasible, explore and implement user fees for the provision of services in the performance of that function in order to offset operating costs.
(Sec. 7260) Limits annual expenditures for continued former Department functions.
Subtitle D: Banking and Insurance Reforms - Amends the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and the Federal Reserve Act with respect to Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and Federal Reserve Board bank examination fees.
(Sec. 7311) Establishes an independent Federal Banking Agency, governed by a board of directors, to receive the current regulatory authority of the Federal Reserve System Board of Governors and other specified banking agencies, including the FDIC, the Office of Comptroller of the Currency, and the Office of Thrift Supervision, which are abolished.
(Sec. 7325) Amends the National Housing Act with respect to mortgage refinancing.
(Sec. 7326) Prescribes a penalty for early redemption of savings bonds.
(Sec. 7328) Terminates issuance of one dollar notes, providing instead for one dollar coins.
Subtitle E: Specific Commerce and Housing Program Reforms - Limits FY 1996 obligations for the Minority Business Development Agency. Terminates the U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration. Limits funds for carrying out the Export Administration Act of 1979. Amends the Communications Act of 1934 to repeal the public telecommunications facilities and telecommunications demonstration grant programs.
(Sec. 7405) Amends the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act to abolish the advanced technology program.
(Sec. 7406) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to collect each fiscal year fees, calculated according to specified formulae, from each Government-sponsored enterprise, including the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae), the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac), the Student Loan Marketing Association (Sallie Mae), and the College Construction Loan Insurance Association (Connie Lee). Amends the National Housing Act to increase from six basis points to ten basis points during FY 1997, and to 15 basis points for succeeding fiscal years, the guaranty fee the Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae) must charge.
(Sec. 7407) Amends the Communications Act of 1934 to extend the spectrum auction authority of the Federal Communications Commission.
(Sec. 7408) Limits amounts made available for salaries and expenses for the Bureau of the Census and the Copyright Office of the Library of Congress.
Title VIII: Transportation - Subtitle A: Air Transportation Program Reform - Air Traffic Control Service Privatization and Improvement Act of 1995 - Establishes a non-profit Airways Corporation to operate the civil air traffic control system without Federal funding after its transfer by the Secretary of Transportation in accordance with specified guidelines. Provides for a reduction in tax on transportation of persons by air.
(Sec. 8002) Makes various specified changes with regard to air transportation, imposing obligation limits for airport improvement program and Federal Aviation Administration operations, as well as termination of the essential air service program and funding for the airway science, collegiate training initiative, and air carrier maintenance technician training facility grant programs.
(Sec. 8006) Mandates fees for use of slots at high density airports in an amount sufficient to collect $300 million per fiscal year.
Subtitle B: Highway Transportation Program Reform - Terminates the Interstate Commerce Commission, transferring its functions to the Secretary of Transportation.
(Sec. 8102) Increases customs tonnage fees.
(Sec. 8103) Directs the Secretary to establish fees for operation of foreign repair stations.
(Sec. 8104) Amends the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 to eliminate funding for highway demonstration projects.
Subtitle C: Rail Transportation Program Reform - Amends Federal law to set authorization levels for Amtrak for capital expenditures and other expenses through FY 2000.
(Sec. 8202) Eliminates funding for magnetic levitation (Maglev) prototype development under the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991.
(Sec. 8204) Makes various specified changes with regard to local rail freight assistance and State boating safety grants.
Subtitle D: Miscellaneous Transportation Program Reform - Amends Federal law to reduce the Federal Government's share of funding for mass transit and makes other miscellaneous modifications in transportation provisions, including those eliminating operating assistance.
Subtitle E: Administrative Reform - Provides for a reduction in overhead expenses of the Department of Transportation.
Title IX: Community and Regional Development - Subtitle A: Housing Program Reforms - Amends the Housing Act of 1949 to prohibit new rural rental housing program loans.
Subtitle B: Community and Regional Development Program Reforms - Eliminates funding for environmental research programs of the Tennessee Valley Authority.
(Sec. 9102) Eliminates the community development block grant (CDBG) program under the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974.
(Sec. 9103) Terminates the Economic Development Administration.
Repeals the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 and the Local Public Works Capital Development and Investment Act of 1976, continuing the Economic Development Revolving Fund established under the first named Act to finish up certain business under it.
(Sec. 9104) Terminates the Appalachian Regional Commission and repeals the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965.
(Sec. 9105) Repeals the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, and various rural development loan and grant programs under the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, the Food Security Act of 1985, and other specified Federal agricultural law. Provides for sale of outstanding rural development loans.
Subtitle C: Administrative Reforms - Sets specified limits on amounts made available for Indian program operations and Bureau of Indian Affairs construction.
Title X: Education and Training - Subtitle A: Job Training Reform - Employment Enhancement Reform Act - Authorizes the Secretary of Labor to provide block grants to States for employment assistance to eligible residents in accordance with specified guidelines to help prepare individuals for employment by increasing their occupational and educational skills, resulting in improved long-term employability, increased employment and earnings, and reduced welfare dependency. Outlines provisions for grants to Indian tribes and migrant and seasonal farmworker organizations under the program. Provides for a reduction or termination of payments to participating States unsuccessful in making employment placements under the program. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 10031) Provides for consolidation and repeal of various specified Federal employment assistance programs under the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
(Sec. 10041) Amends the Higher Education Act of 1965 to repeal certain higher education programs for students from migrant and seasonal farmworker families.
(Sec. 10042) Amends Federal law to eliminate various specified homeless and disabled veterans programs.
(Sec. 10043) Amends the Domestic Volunteer Service Act to eliminate the Foster Grandparent and Senior Companion programs, as well as the Older American Community Service Employment Program under the Older Americans Act of 1965.
(Sec. 10044) Repeals the Job Training Partnership Act, except certain provisions relating to the Job Corps, which is reauthorized at specified levels.
(Sec. 10045) Discontinues certain vocational and other education facilities and operations programs under the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965.
(Sec. 10046) Amends the Internal Revenue Code to repeal the targeted jobs credit.
(Sec. 10047) Repeals the Service Members Occupational Conversion and Training Act of 1992, the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act, the National Literacy Act of 1991, the Indian Employment, Training and Related Services Demonstration Act of 1992, the Wagner-Peyser Act, and portions of the Social Security Act (SSA) relating to Indian tribes and of the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973 authorizing the Literacy Corps.
(Sec. 10054) Amends other specified Federal law to repeal various other specified programs.
Subtitle B: Department Reform - Back to Basics Education Reform Act - Abolishes the Department of Education and redefines the Federal role in education. Establishes, in its place, (and sunsets) an Office of Economic Opportunities in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), to which current Department of Education functions are transferred.
(Sec. 10115) Authorizes the HHS Secretary, as is necessary or appropriate, to: (1) allocate or reallocate any function of the Office among its officers; and (2) consolidate, alter, or discontinue in the Office any organizational entities that were entities of the Department of Education. Prohibits transfer of any function or personnel of the Office to any agency outside of the Office.
(Sec. 10116) Directs the President to submit to the Congress a plan for winding-up the affairs of the Department of Education in accordance with this Act.
(Sec. 10117) Directs the Comptroller General to submit to the Congress a report with recommendations for the most efficient means of achieving, in accordance with this Act: (1) the complete abolition of the Department; and (2) the termination, transfer, or other continuation of Department functions.
(Sec. 10120) Limits Federal expenditures in each fiscal year for the administration of a function transferred by this Act to not more than 70 percent of the total amount expended for the administration of that function during fiscal year 1995.
(Sec. 10131) Authorizes the Director of the Office to provide an elementary and secondary education block grant to the Governor of each State that complies with specified requirements.
(Sec. 10132) Authorizes such block grant program, and sets forth provisions for State eligibility, general State requirements, amount of State allotment, local fiscal accountability, and participation of children enrolled in private schools.
(Sec. 10139) Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 10141) Repeals: (1) titles I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, and parts B and C of title IX of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA); (2) the Goals 200: Educate America Act; (3) the School-to-Work Opportunities Act; (4) specified provisions of the General Education Provisions Act; and (5) the National Education Statistics Act of 1994.
Amends ESEA provisions relating to impact aid. Requires that impact aid programs provided under title VIII of ESEA be administered by DOD through the Assistant Secretary for Force Management Policy.
Provides that Indian education programs under part A of title IX of ESEA shall be administered by the Department of the Interior through the Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs.
(Sec. 10142) Amends the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) to transfer authority from the Department and Secretary of Education to the Department and HHS Secretary.
(Sec. 10143) Amends IDEA definitions of excess costs and of native language.
(Sec. 10144) Transfers IDEA administering authority to the Office.
(Sec. 10145) Revises IDEA provisions on outreach services for certain institutions of higher education.
(Sec. 10151) Repeals the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA), with exceptions for its short title and provisions relating to Pell Grants, the Federal Family Education Loan Program, Perkins Loans, needs analysis, certain general provisions, definitions, and the program integrity triad.
Provides that such repeal of HEA provisions shall not affect Federal authority to collect loans.
Discontinues Federal contributions for FY 1997 or any succeeding year to student loan funds established under Perkins Loans provisions of HEA.
Limits Federal funds for Howard University under specified Federal law and the Howard University Endowment Act to: (1) specified maximum amounts and uses in fiscal years through FY 2000; and (2) nothing after FY 2000.
(Sec. 10152) Amends the Congressional Budget Act to revise the Federal Credit Reform Act with respect to defining the cost of a direct loan.
(Sec. 10153) Amends HEA to provide for the sale of Federal Direct Student Loan (FDSL) loan portfolios.
(Sec. 10154) Makes a statement of policy that the Federal student loan programs should be reviewed to evaluate whether reforms need to be made based on the principles of risk sharing, market-based orientation, privatization, and deregulation.
(Sec. 10155) Eliminates in-school interest subsidies under HEA guaranteed loan programs.
(Sec. 10161) Authorizes block grants to States to assist institutions of higher education to improve access to higher education and the quality of educational programs.
(Sec. 10162) Sets forth such block grant program provisions for distribution of funds, State assurances, use of funds, and public disclosure.
(Sec. 10167) Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 10173) Directs the HHS Secretary to provide for a consolidated application for elementary and secondary education block grants and higher education block grants. Requires that consolidated applications also be permitted at the local level.
(Sec. 10174) Limits the amount that is authorized to be appropriated for specified programs to not more than the amount appropriated for such programs for FY 1995. Requires that such programs be authorized through FY 2000.
(Sec. 10175) Provides that nothing in this title shall be construed to affect the applicability of civil rights laws relating to any program established, transferred, or consolidated under this Act. Sets forth education-related civil rights enforcement and reporting duties of the HHS Secretary, the Director of the Office of Civil Rights of HHS, and the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice.
(Sec. 10181) Sets forth requirements relating to certain references, exercise of authorities, savings provisions, transfer of assets, delegation and assignment, authority of OMB with respect to functions transferred, and proposed changes in law.
(Sec. 10191) Sets forth statements of policy regarding: (1) Federal education funding (review and evaluation as to the feasibility of further enhancing the ability of States and local communities to fund education by reducing the Federal tax burden and commensurately eliminating Federal Government involvement in providing grants for education programs); (2) job training programs (review and transfer all those under jurisdiction of the Department of Education to the Department of Labor and consolidate them into one or more block grants); and (3) Indian education (review programs transferred to the Department of the Interior to ensure that they benefit Native American children who live on reservations).
Subtitle C: Elementary and Secondary Education Reforms - Amends the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to eliminate impact aid and the Eisenhower Regional Mathematics and Science Education Consortia program.
(Sec. 10203) Amends the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act to limit the authorization of appropriations for individuals with disabilities to the same amount for the period between FY 1996 and 2000.
(Sec. 10204) Sets a limit on the amount of funds which may be made available annually to carry out the Eisenhower Professional Development State Grant program under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. Outlines similar annual limitations with regard to other specified programs under such Act, such as the education infrastructure and magnet school assistance programs, as well as the Education Department's Christa McAuliffe Scholarship program.
(Sec. 10212) Continues annual funding limitations under such Act for dropout demonstrations and other specified programs and activities, as well as with certain described programs and services under the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act and Civil Rights Act, respectively, while totally eliminating other specified programs under such Acts, including those involving immigrant education and education for Native Hawaiians.
(Sec. 10224) Abolishes programs under the Improving America's Schools Act of 1994 relating to public library construction and national assessment of educational progress.
Subtitle D: Community Program Reforms - Repeals the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965, the National and Community Service Act of 1990, the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973, and related provisions.
(Sec. 10303) Repeals the Museum Services Act.
(Sec. 10304) Terminates funding for the Kennedy Center.
(Sec. 10305) Repeals the Older Americans Community Service Employment Act.
(Sec. 10306) Amends SSA title XX (Block Grants to States for Social Services) to consolidate services under various specified Federal Acts relating to community services, child care, and dependent care within the block grant program under SSA.
(Sec. 10307) Makes numerous amendments to the Older Americans Act of 1965, detailing various specified changes reauthorizing and extending various programs, activities, and services under it at lower levels of funding.
(Sec. 10308) Amends the Communications Act of 1934 to terminate funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
Subtitle E: Employment Program Reform - Terminates general trade adjustment assistance extension under the Trade Act of 1974.
(Sec. 10402) Amends SSA title II (Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance) (OASDI) to preempt State laws reducing periodic benefits by reason of entitlement to disability insurance benefits, thus extending to all States the rule providing for reduction of social security disability insurance benefits upon receipt of worker's compensation benefits.
(Sec. 10403) Repeals the Service Contract Act of 1965.
(Sec. 10404) Specifies a reduction in overhead expenses of the Department of Labor.
Title XI: Health - Subtitle A: Administrative Reform - Specifies a reduction in overhead expenses of HHS.
Subtitle B: University Research Regarding Health and Other Matters - Provides for a reduction in rates for the indirect costs of federally-supported university research.
(Sec. 11102) Amends the Public Health Service Act to specify a reduction in budget of the National Institutes of Health and provide for a reduction in health professions budget, as well as authorize appropriations for programs for minority and economically disadvantaged students.
(Sec. 11104) Provides for closure of the uniformed services University of the Health Sciences.
Subtitle C: Medicaid Reforms - Amends SSA title XIX (Medicaid) to provide for: (1) a reduction in Federal payments for disproportionate share hospitals; (2) imposition of State limits on approved nursing facility beds; and (3) a reduction to 50 percent in the matching rate for administrative costs under Medicaid.
Subtitle D: Reforms in Health Care Block Grants - Amends title XIX (Block Grants) of the Public Health Service Act to provide for a consolidation of specified health-related block grants. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 11302) Specifies a reduction in budget for immunization programs. Prohibits warehousing vaccines.
Subtitle E: Health Care Program Reforms - Specifies reductions in agency and program budgets under the Public Health Service Act.
(Sec. 11403) Abolishes the Office of the Surgeon General of the Public Health Service.
Subtitle F: Federal Employee Health Care Reform - Amends Federal civil service law to change the Government contribution to the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program from a percentage of the average subscription charge for a particular program to a uniform dollar amount (adjusted annually according to a specified price index) for all such programs.
Title XII: Medicare - Subtitle A: Copayment Reform - Amends SSA title XVIII (Medicare) to impose a 20 percent copayment for home health services and clinical laboratory services under Medicare parts A (Hospital Insurance) and B (Supplementary Medical Insurance).
Subtitle B: Part B Premium - Provides for an increase in the Medicare part B premium for certain high-income individuals, and associated beneficiary reporting requirements. Requires the Secretary of the Treasury, upon request by the Administrator of the Health Care Financing Administration, to make certain tax return-related disclosures to the Administrator for use in determining whether a beneficiary is subject to such a premium increase.
(Sec. 12103) Sets the monthly part B premium at 50 percent of the monthly actuarial rate for enrollees age 65 and over for the succeeding calendar year.
Subtitle C: Part A Deductible - Provides for an increase in the Medicare Hospital Insurance deductible for certain high-income individuals.
Subtitle D: Medicare Payments to Hospitals - Makes various specified changes with regard to Medicare payments to hospitals, including elimination of payments to hospitals for enrollees' bad debts and reduction in payments for indirect costs of medical education.
Subtitle E: Selected Presidential Medicare Reforms - Requires the HHS Secretary to use a competitive process for contracting with centers of excellence for cataract surgery, coronary artery by-pass surgery, and other appropriate services. Sets payment for services subject to such contracts on the basis of specified negotiated or all- inclusive rates. Provides payment rebates of a portion of the resulting savings for individuals receiving services under such a demonstration project.
(Sec. 12402) Provides for application of a competitive acquisition process for Medicare part B items and services as well as a reduction in payment amounts to the area involved if such acquisition fails to achieve a specified minimum reduction in payments. Provides for a similar application with respect to clinical diagnostic laboratory tests.
(Sec. 12404) Makes various specified changes with regard to Medicare as secondary payer.
(Sec. 12405) Provides under Medicare part B for limitations on payment for physicians' services furnished by high-cost hospital medical staffs.
(Sec. 12406) Delineates various specified update reductions and expenditure goals with regard to inpatient hospital services and physician services, respectively.
(Sec. 12408) Reduces from 112 percent to 100 percent (adjusted to preserve certain savings) the payment for the routine service costs of skilled nursing facilities.
(Sec. 12409) Provides for a reduction in routine cost limits for home health services and elimination of formula-driven overpayments for certain outpatient hospital services.
Title XIII: Income Security - Subtitle A: Administrative Reform - Repeals the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act to eliminate the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Amends the National Housing Act to terminate the Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae). Makes various other specified administrative changes with regard to housing programs and the transfer of Department functions, including providing for their consolidation into a block grant program and privatization of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA).
Subtitle B: Housing Programs Reforms - Eliminates operating subsidies for vacant public housing and provides for an increase of certain tenant contributions under the United States Housing Act of 1937, along with other specified changes under such Act.
Subtitle C: Supplemental Security Income Reforms - Modifies the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program under SSA title XVI concerning: (1) reporting of admissions of SSI recipients to nursing homes; (2) limiting SSI benefits for recipients in nursing homes if Medicaid pays certain care costs; (3) unearned income exclusion under the program; and (4) recovery of SSI overpayments from social security benefits.
Subtitle D: Civil Service Reforms - Increases the retirement age under the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) to 65 for certain post-1993 new employees and Members of Congress.
(Sec. 13302) Defers until age 62 the cost-of-living adjustments for military retirees who first entered military service on or after January 1, 1996.
(Sec. 13303) Amends Federal law to eliminate a portion of the Government contribution to the Thrift Savings Plan for Federal employees hired, or Members of Congress first elected, after December 31, 1994.
Subtitle E: Assistance Program Reforms - Makes various specified changes with regard to low-income home energy assistance programs, setting annual authorization limits under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981, and establishing additional requirements for unemployment benefits.
(Sec. 13403) Denies unemployment benefits to individuals who voluntarily leave military service.
(Sec. 13404) Provides for an increase in the variable rate premium charged by the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation to single-employer plans under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA).
Title XIV: Personal Responsibility and Family Preservation - Personal Responsibility Act of 1995 - Subtitle A: Block Grants For Temporary Assistance For Needy Families - Expresses the sense of the Congress with regard to: (1) the importance of marriage and negative consequences of out-of-wedlock births; and (2) the reduction of such births as an important government interest.
(Sec. 14101) Amends part A (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) (AFDC) of SSA title IV to convert the current AFDC program into a block grant program with specified work, job search, and education and training requirements designed to increase State flexibility in providing time-limited assistance and support services (including birth control and child care services) to needy families in order to enable them to leave the program and become self-sufficient.
Prohibits such assistance, generally, to: (1) certain aliens; (2) families without a minor child; (3) families not cooperating in paternity establishment or child support; (4) children born out-of-wedlock to a minor parent (or the parent until such parent turns age 18); (5) families not assigning support rights to the State; (6) minor children born to benefit recipients (except that vouchers in lieu of certain child care cash benefits shall not be denied); (7) a person convicted of fraudulently misrepresenting residence in order to receive welfare benefits; (8) fugitive felons and probation and parole violators; and (9) minor children absent from the home for specified periods of time. Requires the withholding of a portion of assistance from families which include a child whose paternity is not established.
Provides that in order to be eligible for block grants under such program a State must submit to the HHS Secretary a plan that includes: (1) an outline of the assistance the State intends on providing to needy families with children; and (2) certifications that the State will operate revised SSA title IV part B (Child-Welfare Services) and D (Child Support and Establishment of Paternity) programs in accordance with this Act.
Allows States to use grants for: (1) providing low-income household heating and cooling assistance; (2) implementing an electronic benefit transfer system for providing assistance to needy families with children; and (3) carrying out a State program pursuant to specified provisions of Federal law, including the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990.
Gives States the authority to treat families moving interstate under the former State program rules if they reside in their new State of residence for less than 12 months. Increases the amount of such grants for States which have reduced their out-of-wedlock births.
Prescribes penalties for violations of grant uses and mandatory work requirements.
Establishes in the Treasury a revolving loan fund known as the Federal Rainy Day Fund for making loans to, and receiving payments of principal and interest on such loans from, qualified States under the new State block grant program.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that States: (1) should require noncustodial, nonsupporting parents who have not attained 18 years of age to fulfill community work obligations and attend appropriate parenting or money management classes after school; and (2) operating block grant programs are encouraged to assign the highest priority to requiring families that include older preschool or school-age children to be engaged in work activities.
Directs the Secretary to: (1) research the costs and benefits of State activities under this title; (2) evaluate innovative approaches to employing program recipients; (3) rank States in order of their success under the grant program; and (4) review the most and least successful State work programs.
Sets forth requirements for: (1) State data collection and reporting; and (2) a Census Bureau study obtaining information for evaluating the impact of this title on a random national sample of recipients of assistance under State block grant programs. Appropriates funds for the latter.
Authorizes the Secretary to: (1) conduct research on the effects, costs, and benefits of State block grant programs under this title; (2) assist States in development and evaluation of innovative approaches to employing welfare recipients; and (3) conduct studies of the caseloads of States operating programs under this title.
Directs the Secretary to develop innovative methods of disseminating information on any research, evaluations, and studies conducted under this title.
(Sec. 14102) Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on automated data processing systems under State block grant programs and the modifications necessary for tracking public program participants and checking case records to prohibit participants from participating in public programs of two or more States.
(Sec. 14106) Provides for the continued application of current AFDC standards under Medicaid.
Subtitle B: Child Protection Block Grant Program - Revises SSA title IV part B's Child-Welfare Services program, converting it also into a program of block grants to the States, in this case, for the protection of children in accordance with specified standards.
(Sec. 14201) Sets forth requirements regarding: (1) State eligibility plans with appropriate certifications; (2) grant uses; (3) penalties; (4) data collection and reporting; (5) research; (6) a national random sample study of at-risk children; and (7) continued application of current standards under Medicaid.
Allows grant-receiving States to consider establishing kinship care foster care placement programs with a preferred placement option for adult relatives (who meet all relevant child protection standards) of children separated from their parents.
Adds requirements for: (1) citizen review panels for examining specific cases to ensure that State and local agencies are doing their job properly to protect children; (2) a clearinghouse and telephone hotline on missing and runaway children; (3) decreasing the time children wait for adoption; and (4) preventing discrimination in multiethnic placements of children. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 14205) Expresses the sense of the Congress regarding timely adoption of children.
Subtitle C: Block Grants for Child Care and for Nutrition Assistance - Amends the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 to add the following as goals for such Act: (1) to allow each State maximum flexibility in developing child care programs and policies that best suit the needs of children and parents within such State; (2) to promote parental choice to empower working parents to make their own decisions on the child care that best suits their family's needs; (3) to encourage States to provide consumer education information to help parents make informed choices about child care; (4) to assist States to provide child care to parents trying to achieve independence from public assistance; and (5) to assist States in implementing the health, safety, licensing, and registration standards established in State regulations.
(Sec. 14301) Reauthorizes and extends such Act through 2000.
Makes various specified technical and other changes to the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 with regard to lead State agency designation, State application and plan, and limitations on State allotments.
Repeals earmarked required expenditures. Requires each State to report a plan for annual evaluations of the extent to which the State has achieved each goal established by this Act. Authorizes a State to transfer funds to carry out other State programs operated under specified provisions of Federal law, including AFDC and child-welfare programs.
(Sec. 14302) Repeals certain child care assistance authorized by specified Acts other than SSA, including Native Hawaiian Family-Based Education Centers under the Native Hawaiian Education Act.
Revises the Child Nutrition Act of 1966, among other changes, converting the current child nutrition program under it into a State family nutrition block grant program with goals that include the following: (1) to provide nutritional risk assessment, food assistance based on such risk assessment, and nutrition education and counseling to economically disadvantaged pregnant women, postpartum women, breastfeeding women, infants, and young children at nutritional risk; and (2) to provide food assistance, including nutritious meal supplements, to such women in order to reduce incidences of low- birthweight babies and babies born with birth defects as a result of nutritional deficiencies.
(Sec. 14321) Sets forth the formula for allotting appropriations among the States. Specifies the use of grant amounts, including specified additional requirements with respect to: (1) assistance for economically disadvantaged pregnant women, postpartum women, breastfeeding women, infants, and young children; and (2) child care assistance on military installations. Establishes penalties for misuse of funds. Requires the appropriate State agency to determine that sufficient grant amounts will remain available during a fiscal year to carry out this subtitle before using any such amounts for the fiscal year.
Sets out State reporting requirements.
Directs the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences to develop, and report to specified congressional committees, model nutrition standards for food assistance provided to economically disadvantaged pregnant women, postpartum women, breastfeeding women, infants, and young children.
(Sec. 14341) Amends the National School Lunch Act, among other changes, converting the current school lunch program into a program of school-based nutrition block grants to States to provide assistance to schools to establish and carry out nutritious food service programs that provide affordable meals and supplements to students.
Requires the appropriate State agency to determine that sufficient grant amounts will remain available during a fiscal year to carry out this subtitle before using any such amounts for the fiscal year.
Prohibits a State from requiring a school district, private nonprofit school, or DOD domestic dependents' school to accept commodities, except on request, for use in its food service program.
Directs the States to ensure that schools provided State assistance in establishing and carrying out nutritious food service programs do not: (1) physically segregate children eligible to receive free or low cost meals or supplements on the basis of such eligibility; (2) provide for overt identification of such children by special means; or (3) otherwise discriminate against them.
Provides that if, by reason of any other provision of law, a State is prohibited from providing assistance received from a grant under such Act to private nonprofit schools or DOD domestic dependents' schools, or if the State has substantially failed or is unwilling to provide such assistance, the Secretary of Agriculture shall arrange for its provision to such schools in accordance with the requirements of such Act.
Directs the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences to develop, and report to specified congressional committees, model nutrition standards for meals provided to students under such Act.
Eliminates other current school lunch programs, including the summer food service programs for children in service institutions, the child and adult care food program, meal supplements for children in afterschool care, specified pilot projects, as well as the current publication entitled "Nutrition Guidance for Child Nutrition Programs."
Retains the current program for nutritious food service programs in DOD overseas dependents' schools.
(Sec. 14361) Repeals the Commodity Distribution Reform Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 and the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 1989.
(Sec. 14371) Repeals the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988, with conforming amendments to the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973.
Repeals the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (with conforming amendments to the Victims of Crime Act of 1984), as well as the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act of 1978.
Makes technical amendments to the Temporary Child Care for Children with Disabilities and Crisis Nurseries Act of 1986, eliminating the crisis nursery demonstration program, among other changes.
Repeals: (1) the Missing Children's Assistance Act; (2) the family center support provisions of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act; (3) certain investigatory and prosecutory provisions of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990; and (4) the family unification program provisions of the United States Housing Act of 1937.
(Sec. 14381) Directs the Secretary to produce and publish data on the incidence of poverty for each State, county, and local government for which data have been compiled, as well as for each school district. Requires a report to the Congress, if such data cannot be produced, enumerating each government or school district excluded and giving the reasons for the exclusion. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 14382) Requires the Secretary to produce data relating to participation in programs authorized by this Act by families and children. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 14400) Declares that: (1) it is a compelling government interest to enact new rules for eligibility and sponsorship agreements in order to assure that aliens be self-reliant in accordance with national immigration policy; and (2) it is a compelling government interest to remove the incentive for illegal immigration provided by the availability of public benefits.
(Sec. 14401) Makes illegal and lawful nonimmigrant aliens ineligible for any Federal means-tested public benefits program, with certain exceptions.
(Sec. 14403) Makes aliens lawfully present in the United States ineligible for SSI, block grant temporary and social services assistance, Medicaid, and consolidated food assistance.
Exempts from such eligibility restrictions on lawful aliens: (1) refugees until five years after their arrival in the United States; (2) all eligible resident aliens until one year after enactment of this Act; (3) all lawful permanent residents over 75 years of age who have resided in the United States for at least five years; and (4) all lawful permanent residents unable because of physical or developmental disability or mental impairment (including Alzheimer's disease) to comply with certain naturalization requirements.
(Sec. 14411) Requires each Federal agency administering a program covered by this title to post information and provide general notification to the public and program recipients, either directly or through the States, of the requirements concerning alien eligibility for any such program pursuant to this title.
(Sec. 14412) Makes illegal and nonimmigrant aliens ineligible for any State or local means-tested public benefits programs, with certain exceptions including those for non-cash, in-kind emergency services, aliens granted asylum, and temporary agricultural workers.
(Sec. 14413) Authorizes States to determine eligibility requirements for aliens lawfully present in the United States (other than as nonimmigrants) for any State or local means-tested public assistance program except non-cash, in-kind emergency assistance.
Exempts from such eligibility restrictions on lawful aliens: (1) refugees until five years after their arrival in the United States; (2) all eligible resident aliens until one year after enactment of this Act; and (3) all lawful permanent residents over 75 years of age who have resided in the United States for at least five years.
(Sec. 14421) Provides that in determining the eligibility and the amount of benefits of any alien for any means-tested public benefits program (except those for certain housing-related assistance), the income and resources of the alien shall be deemed to include: (1) the income and resources of any person who executed an affidavit of support on the alien's behalf; and (2) the income and resources of the person's spouse (if any). Applies such requirement with respect to an alien until such time as the alien achieves U.S. citizenship through naturalization.
(Sec. 14422) Sets forth requirements for sponsor's affidavit of support.
(Sec. 14431) Sets forth definitions and provides for the determination of lawful presence.
Subtitle E: Food Stamp Reform and Commodity Distribution - Food Stamp Reform and Commodity Distribution Act - Commodity Distribution Act of 1995 - Authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to purchase and distribute food assistance commodities.
(Sec. 14513) Requires the Secretary to establish procedures for supplemental State, local, and private commodity donations.
(Sec. 14514) Requires a State seeking commodity assistance to submit an administrative plan every four years to the Secretary.
(Sec. 14515) Establishes program allocation guidelines. Requires States to make emergency feeding organizations their first priority.
(Sec. 14517) Authorizes the Secretary to use Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) funds to pay initial commodity processing and packaging costs.
(Sec. 14519) Authorizes program appropriations, including separate authorization of appropriations for administrative costs.
(Sec. 14520) Obligates specified funds for a commodity supplemental food program for women, infants, and children or the elderly. Requires the CCC to donate specified amounts of cheese and nonfat dry milk to such program.
(Sec. 14521) States that commodities received under this title shall not be considered income or resources for any Federal, State, or local means-tested program.
(Sec. 14522) Provides that whenever a commodity is made available without charge or credit under this chapter by the Secretary for distribution within the States to eligible recipient agencies, the State may not charge recipient agencies any amount that is in excess of the State's direct costs of storing and transporting to recipient agencies the commodities, minus any amount the Secretary provides the State for the costs of storing and transporting such commodities.
(Sec. 14528) Repeals specified food and commodity distribution programs.
(Sec. 14541) Directs the Secretary to make grants in accordance with specified guidelines to States to provide food assistance to economically disadvantaged individuals and families. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 14542) Directs the Secretary to issue, and make available for purchase by States, coupons for the retail purchase of food from retail food stores that are approved in accordance with specified criteria and are redeemable at face value by the Secretary through the facilities of the Treasury.
(Sec. 14544) Repeals the Food Stamp Act of 1977.
(Sec. 14592) Expresses the sense of the Congress that States that operate electronic benefit systems to transfer benefits provided under the Food Stamp Act of 1977 should operate electronic benefit systems that are compatible with each other.
(Sec. 14593) Expresses the sense of the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives that reductions in outlays resulting from subtitle B shall not be taken into account for purposes of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Gramm- Rudman-Hollings).
Subtitle F: Supplemental Security Income - Amends SSI to: (1) deny SSI by reason of disability to drug addicts and alcoholics; (2) place restrictions on eligibility for cash benefits for disabled children; and (3) establish a program of block grants to States for children with disabilities.
(Sec. 14601) Provides funding for the: (1) Federal Capacity Expansion Program for drug treatment; and (2) medication development project to improve drug abuse and treatment research.
(Sec. 14603) Amends the Social Security Independence and Program Improvements Act of 1994 to provide for the examination of certain mental disorder listings in determining the eligibility of children for SSI benefits by reason of disability.
(Sec. 14604) Amends SSA title XI to limit the total amount payable under SSA titles I (Old Age Assistance), X (Aid to the Blind), XIV (Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled), and XVI to Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam.
(Sec. 14605) Repeals maintenance of effort requirements applicable to optional State programs for supplementation of SSI benefits.
(Sec. 14606) Provides for denial of SSI benefits for ten years to individuals found to have fraudulently misrepresented residence in order to obtain benefits simultaneously in two or more States.
(Sec. 14607) Provides for denial of SSI benefits for fugitive felons and probation and parole violators.
(Sec. 14608) Prescribes reapplication requirements for adults receiving SSI benefits by reason of disability.
(Sec. 14609) Repeals certain restrictions regarding determination of ineligibility.
(Sec. 14610) Requires the HHS Secretary to revise certain regulations in order to narrow SSI eligibility on the basis of mental impairment.
Subtitle G: Child Support - Revises SSA title IV part D's child support and paternity establishment program to make various specified changes with regard to: (1) case registries; (2) State obligation to provide child support enforcement services; (3) distribution of child support collections; and (4) privacy safeguards.
(Sec. 14711) Modifies such program further to make various additional specified changes with regard to: (1) automated State case registries and new hire directories for tracking cases, exchanging and comparing information, handling locate requests, and other specified matters; (2) collection and disbursement of support payments through State disbursement units; (3) income withholding; (4) locate information from interstate networks and the Federal Parent Locator Service (FPLS); (5) reimbursement for information from Federal agencies and for reports by State agencies; (6) an expanded FPLS containing the automated Federal Case Registry of Child Support Orders and the National Directory of New Hires; and (7) collection and use of social security numbers for use in child support enforcement.
(Sec. 14721) Requires each State to have in effect the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act, as approved by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws in August 1992, and modified by this Act, and the procedures required to implement such Act. Requires such law to be applied to any case involving an order which is established or modified in a State and which is sought to be modified or enforced in another State.
(Sec. 14722) Amends the Federal judicial code to modify provisions concerning the full faith and credit for child support orders.
(Sec. 14723) Requires each State to have in effect laws: (1) requiring the use of procedures for administrative enforcement in interstate cases; and (2) providing expedited procedures for establishing paternity and for establishing, modifying, and enforcing support obligations using automated means.
(Sec. 14731) Modifies State law procedures for paternity establishment, among other changes, providing for voluntary paternity acknowledgment.
(Sec. 14732) Provides for outreach for voluntary paternity establishment.
(Sec. 14733) Requires a State plan for child and spousal support to provide for the cooperation by applicants for and recipients of temporary family assistance in establishing the paternity of, and in establishing, modifying, or enforcing a support order for, any child of the individual.
(Sec. 14741) Makes various specified changes to State payment provisions, including incentive payment requirements. Revises State plan and other provisions with respect to, among other items, Federal and State reviews and audits and State procedures for collecting and reporting information required by SSA title IV part D.
(Sec. 14745) Revises automated data processing requirements.
(Sec. 14746) Provides funding for technical assistance to States for improving their SSA title IV part D programs and for operating FPLS.
(Sec. 14747) Makes changes with regard to annual congressional reports and data collection by the Secretary.
(Sec. 14751) Modifies the process for the review and adjustment of child support orders.
(Sec. 14761) Amends the Internal Revenue Code and SSA title IV part D with regard to enforcement of child support orders, among other changes: (1) providing for changed order of refund distribution; (2) eliminating the disparities in treatment of assigned and non-assigned arrearages; (3) consolidating and revising authorities for collecting support from Federal employees; (4) providing for laws voiding fraudulent transfers; (5) providing for procedures to ensure that persons owing past-due support work or have a plan for payment of such support; and (6) defining the term "support order."
(Sec. 14763) Provides for enforcement of child support obligations of members of the armed forces.
(Sec. 14765) Expresses the sense of the Congress that each State should suspend any driver's, business, or occupational license issued to any person owing past-due child support. Requires States to have procedures under which: (1) liens arise by operation of law against real and personal property for over due support (and liens arising in other States are accorded full faith and credit); and (2) the State has authority to withhold, suspend, or restrict the use of driver's, professional and occupations, and recreational licenses of individuals owing overdue support or failing, after due notice, to comply with subpoenas or warrants relating to paternity or child support proceedings.
(Sec. 14771) Amends ERISA to make a technical correction to its definition of medical child support order.
(Sec. 14781) Amends SSA title IV part D to require the Administration for Children and Families to make grants to enable States to establish and administer programs to support and facilitate absent parents' access to and visitation of their children.
Amends the Gramm-Rudman Hollings Act to provide for adjustments for discretionary programs resulting under this Act.
(Sec. 14802) Amends the Electronic Fund Transfer Act to encourage electronic benefit transfer systems.
Title XV: Veterans' Benefits and Services - Subtitle A: Administrative Reforms - Provides for a reduction in overhead expenses of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Subtitle B: Extension of Certain Veterans Programs - Extends permanently various specified veterans programs, including those providing authority for medical care cost recovery.
Subtitle C: Home Loan Guarantee Program Reforms - Makes various specified changes with regard to the home loan guarantee program.
Subtitle D: Medical Program Reforms - Mandates certain Department medical care system savings through establishment of a Prospective Payment System for hospital care within it. Provides for specified expenditure reductions for major construction and closure of inefficient veterans' hospitals.
Subtitle E: Other Veterans Programs Reforms - Delineates modifications in other veterans' programs as well, including elimination of certain sunset dates and third-party reimbursement changes.
Title XVI: Administration of Justice - Subtitle A: Authorization of Appropriations - Reauthorizes and extends various specified activities and entities of the Department of Justice through FY 2000, providing for a reduction in Department overhead expenses as well.
(Sec. 16011) Authorizes appropriations for the Customs and Secret Service as well as the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms through FY 2000. Authorizes appropriations for certain defender services.
(Sec. 16021) Reorganizes the U.S. Marshals Service, among other specified changes, phasing out political appointees.
Subtitle B: Prison Reforms - Provides for privatization of Federal correctional institutions, and for priority payments to public safety officers under the Victims of Crime Fund.
Subtitle C: Justice Assistance Program Reforms - Repeals the Legal Services Corporation Act to abolish the Legal Services Corporation, and amends other specified Federal law to eliminate the Bureau of Justice Assistance and the State Justice Institute. Increases the surcharge on debts collected by the United States.
Subtitle D: Federal Bureau of Investigation Reforms - Rescinds the unobligated balance of specified funds for the Federal Bureau of Investigation fingerprinting laboratory in West Virginia.
Subtitle E: Other Justice Program Reforms - Authorizes appropriations for the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
(Sec. 16502) Amends the Internal Revenue Code with respect to harbor maintenance fees.
Title XVII: General Government - Subtitle A: Administrative Reforms - Provides for a reduction in overhead expenses of certain foreign operations activities, the Department of the Treasury, the Office of Personnel Management, and various independent agencies. Terminates the Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, other specified miscellaneous advisory committees, and Federal Information Centers.
Subtitle B: Legislative Branch Reductions - Provides for a reduction in overhead expenses of the Executive Office of the President (sic).
(Sec. 17102) Alters the formula for determining official mail allowances under the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1991, and prohibits certain mail-related fund transfers under the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1993.
(Sec. 17104) Provides for temporary suspension of automatic pay adjustments for Members of Congress.
Subtitle C: Executive Branch Reductions - Provides for a reduction in overhead expenses of the Executive Office of the President.
(Sec. 17202) Repeals unlimited annual leave accumulation for the Senior Executive Service and limits the number of executive branch political appointees.
Subtitle D: Specific Program Reforms - Amends the Internal Revenue Code to provide for a decrease in the presidential election campaign fund check-off.
(Sec. 17302) Provides for a moratorium on construction and acquisition of new Federal buildings.
(Sec. 17303) Terminates annual direct assistance to the Northern Mariana Islands.
(Sec. 17304) Transfers the position of Public Printer and related functions to the legislative branch and likewise switches the position of Superintendent of Documents and related functions to the Library of Congress, to be carried out by such official under the Librarian of Congress' direction. Requires Government publications to be available throughout the Government. Sets forth requirements related to department and agency inventories of Government publications and the availability of such inventory available through a certain electronic directory. Adds additional specified responsibilities for the Public Printer and Superintendent of Documents.
(Sec. 17305) Repeals transitional appropriations authorizations for the Post Office.