H.R.2072 - Clean Congress Act of 1995104th Congress (1995-1996)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Smith, Linda [R-WA-3] (Introduced 07/19/1995)|
|Committees:||House - Government Reform; House Oversight; Rules; Standards of Official Conduct|
|Latest Action:||09/05/1995 Referred to the Subcommittee on Rules and Organization of the House. (All Actions)|
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Text: H.R.2072 — 104th Congress (1995-1996)All Bill Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in House (07/19/1995)
[Congressional Bills 104th Congress] [From the U.S. Government Printing Office] [H.R. 2072 Introduced in House (IH)] 104th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 2072 To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to ban contributions to candidates in elections for Federal office by persons other than individuals and political party committees, to amend the Rules of the House of Representatives to ban gifts, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES July 19, 1995 Mrs. Smith of Washington (for herself, Mr. Brownback, Mr. Fox, Mr. Metcalf, and Mr. Tate) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on House Oversight, and in addition to the Committees on Rules, Government Reform and Oversight, and Standards of Official Conduct, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to ban contributions to candidates in elections for Federal office by persons other than individuals and political party committees, to amend the Rules of the House of Representatives to ban gifts, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Clean Congress Act of 1995''. SEC. 2. BAN ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO CANDIDATES IN ELECTIONS FOR FEDERAL OFFICE BY PERSONS OTHER THAN INDIVIDUALS AND POLITICAL PARTY COMMITTEES. Title III of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section: ``ban on contributions to candidates by persons other than individuals and political party committees ``Sec. 323. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, no person other than an individual or a political committee of a political party may make contributions to any candidate and the authorized political committees of such candidate with respect to any election for Federal office.''. SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION BAN ON CONTRIBUTIONS FROM PERSONS OTHER THAN POLITICAL PARTY COMMITTEES AND IN-STATE INDIVIDUAL RESIDENTS. Section 315 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection: ``(i)(1) A candidate for the office of Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Congress may not accept contributions from persons other than political committees of political parties and in-State individual residents. ``(2) As used in this subsection, the term `in-State individual resident' means an individual who resides in the State in which the election is held.''. SEC. 4. ELIMINATION OF MULTICANDIDATE POLITICAL COMMITTEES AS A SEPARATE CATEGORY OF POLITICAL COMMITTEE FOR CONTRIBUTION LIMITATION PURPOSES. Section 315(a) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)) is amended-- (1) by striking out paragraph (2); (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (8) as paragraphs (2) through (7), respectively; (3) in the first sentence of paragraph (3), as so redesignated by paragraph (2) of this section, by striking out ``paragraphs (1) and (2)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``paragraph (1)''; (4) by striking out the second sentence of paragraph (3), as so redesignated by paragraph (2) of this section; (5) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated by paragraph (2) of this section, by striking out ``paragraph (2)'' each place it appears; and (6) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated by paragraph (2) of this section, by striking out ``paragraphs (1) and (2)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``paragraph (1)''. SEC. 5. LIMITATION ON PERSONAL LOANS BY CANDIDATES FOR FEDERAL OFFICE TO THEIR CAMPAIGNS. Section 315 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a), as amended by section 2, is further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection: ``(j) A candidate for Federal office may not, with respect to an election, make personal loans to the authorized committees of the candidate that total more than $5,000.''. SEC. 6. EXTENSION OF BAN ON FRANKED MASS MAILINGS BY MEMBERS OF CONGRESS FROM 60 DAYS TO 90 DAYS BEFORE AN ELECTION. Section 3210(a)(6)(A) and section 3210(a)(6)(C) of title 39, United States Code, are each amended by striking out ``60 days'' each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``90 days''. SEC. 7. EXTENSION OF ANNUAL LIMITATION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO ALL PERSONS OTHER THAN POLITICAL PARTY COMMITTEES. The first sentence of section 315(a)(3) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(3)) is amended by striking out ``individual'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``person, other than a political committee of a political party,''. SEC. 8. BAN ON GIFTS TO MEMBERS, OFFICERS, AND EMPLOYEES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. (a) In General.--Clause 4 of rule XLIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives is amended to read as follows: ``4. (a)(1) No Member, officer, or employee may accept a gift, whether made directly or indirectly, from anyone. ``(2) For purposes of this rule, the following are not defined gifts subject to the prohibition in subparagraph (1): ``(A) Gifts from a relative, including a fiancee. ``(B) A gift given by an individual which is motivated by a personal friendship rather than the position of the Member, officer, or employee. In determining if a gift is motivated by a personal friendship, the history of the relationship shall be considered and whether the gift giver personally paid for the gift. If the gift exceeds $250, the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct must grant a waiver. ``(C) Gifts of personal hospitality from an individual, not a corporation or organization, for a non-business purpose on facilities owned by that individual or the individual's family. ``(D) Anything for which the recipient pays the market value or does not use and promptly returns to the donor. ``(E) Items of little intrinsic value. ``(F) Bequests, inheritances, and other transfers at death. ``(G) Political contributions as defined by the Federal Election Commission and otherwise reported as required by law. ``(H) Food, lodging, transportation, and entertainment provided on an official basis by Federal, State, and local governments or political subdivisions thereof. ``(I) Informational materials sent to a Member's office, including newspapers, magazines and other periodicals, books, audio tapes, videotapes, and other forms of communication. ``(J) Nonmonetary awards, trophies, mementos, or honorary degrees presented to a Member, officer, or employee. ``(K) Consumable products provided to a Member's office by a home-State business which are primarily intended for consumption by persons other than the Member or staff. ``(L) Awards and prizes given to competitors in contests or events open to the public, including random drawings. ``(M) Opportunities and benefits which are available to the public or to Federal employees. ``(N) Opportunities and benefits offered to members of a group or class in which membership is unrelated to congressional employment. ``(O) Opportunities and benefits based on outside business or employment activities which it is clear that such opportunities and benefits have not been offered or enhanced because of a Member's, officer's, or employee's official status. ``(b)(1) No Member, officer, or employee may accept payment or reimbursement for meals or entertainment. ``(2) For purposes of this rule, the following are not meals or entertainment subject to the prohibition in subparagraph (1): ``(A) Meals and entertainment provided by a relative, including a fiancee. ``(B) Meals or entertainment or both from a friend, given under circumstances which make it clear that the meal or entertainment is provided based on a personal friendship rather than the position of the Member, officer, or employee. Relevant factors in making such a determination include the history of the relationship and whether the friend personally pays for the meal or entertainment. ``(C) Meals, food, and entertainment provided at widely attended gatherings, including conventions, charity events, conferences, symposiums, retreats, dinners, receptions, viewings, or similar events if the meals, food, and entertainment are not solicited by the Member, officer, or employee. ``(c) No Member, officer, or employee may accept payment or reimbursement for travel expenses (including associated transportation, lodging, or entertainment) from anyone (including a foreign government in a foreign country) unless such travel expenses were paid by a relative or personal friend.''. (b) Sanction.--Clause 4(e)(1)(B) of rule X of the Rules of the House of Representatives is amended by inserting before the semicolon the following: ``except that if a Member, officer, or employee violated clause 4 of rule XLIII, such Member, officer, or employee shall be subject to disciplinary action by the committee, including a fine of a value not less than the value of the gift, meals, food, and entertainment, or travel expenses received in violation of such clause and of a value not to exceed three times the value of such gift, meals, food, and entertainment, or travel expenses''. <all>