Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Passed House amended (05/09/1996)

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Title I: General Provisions

Title II: Public Housing

Subtitle A: Block Grants

Subtitle B: Admissions and Occupancy Requirements

Subtitle C: Management

Subtitle D: Homeownership

Subtitle E: Disposition, Demolition, and Revitalization

of Developments

Subtitle F: General Provisions

Title III: Choice-Based Rental Housing and Homeownership

Assistance for Low-Income Families

Subtitle A: Allocation

Subtitle B: Choice-Based Housing Assistance for

Eligible Families

Subtitle C: Payment of Housing Assistance on Behalf of

Assisted Families

Subtitle D: General and Miscellaneous Provisions

Title IV: Accreditation and Oversight of Local Housing and

Management Authorities

Subtitle A: Housing Foundation and Accreditation Board

Subtitle B: Accreditation and Oversight Standards and

Procedures

Title V: Repeals and Conforming Amendments

Title VI: National Commission on Housing Assistance Programs

Cost

Title VII: Native American Housing Assistance

Subtitle A: Block Grants and Grant Requirements

Subtitle B: Affordable Housing Activities

Subtitle C: Allocation of Grant Amounts

Subtitle D: Compliance, Audits, and Reports

Subtitle E: Termination of Assistance for Indian Tribes

under Incorporated Programs

Subtitle F: Loan Guarantees for Affordable Housing

Activities

Subtitle G: Other Housing Assistance for Native

Americans

Title VIII: National Manufactured Housing Construction and

Safety Standards Consensus Committee

United States Housing Act of 1996 - Title I: General Provisions - Provides for the organization of local housing and management authorities (LHMA) to manage and operate public and assisted housing.

Limits housing assistance eligibility and admission of those convicted of drug-related criminal activity and of drug or alcohol abusers. Establishes community work and family self-sufficiency requirements.

(Sec. 115) Prohibits using funds under this Act to indemnify contractors or subcontractors against costs regarding infringement of intellectual property rights.

Title II: Public Housing - Subtitle A: Block Grants - Directs the Secretary to provide eligible LHMAs with block grant funding for capital and operating activities.

Subtitle B: Admissions and Occupancy Requirements - Establishes low-income housing requirements. Authorizes LHMAs to: (1) permit income-mixed occupancy; (2) waive occupancy requirements for law enforcement personnel; (3) establish occupancy preferences; and (4) designate housing for elderly and disabled families.

Subtitle C: Management - Sets forth LHMA management provisions, including regarding: (1) management by other entities, including resident-requested independent managers; (2) housing quality requirements; and (3) resident councils and management corporations.

Subtitle D: Homeownership - Authorizes LHMAs to carry out a low-income family home ownership program.

Subtitle E: Disposition, Demolition, and Revitalization of Developments - Authorizes LHMAs to demolish or dispose of nonviable public housing projects.

(Sec. 262) Authorizes severely distressed public housing revitalization grants. Authorizes appropriations.

(Sec. 263) Allows LHMAs to convert a development to choice-based rental housing under this Act.

Subtitle F: General Provisions - Authorizes appropriations for: (1) capital and operating block grants; and (2) operation safe home relocations.

Title III: Choice-Based Rental Housing and Homeownership Assistance for Low-Income Families - Subtitle A: Allocation - Authorizes contracts with LHMAs for housing assistance for low-income families. Authorizes appropriations. Requires the conversion of certain unused section 8 assistance (United States Housing Act of 1937) to housing assistance under this title.

Subtitle B: Choice-Based Housing Assistance for Eligible Families - Provides housing assistance under this title only to: (1) low-income families; or (2) families that qualify to receive such assistance under other Federal law.

(Sec. 329) Authorizes LHMAs to: (1) provide a home ownership option; and (2) make assistance payments involving manufactured homes.

Subtitle C: Payment of Housing Assistance on Behalf of Assisted Families - Authorizes LHMAs to make housing assistance payments contracts with unit owners.

Subtitle D: General and Miscellaneous Provisions - Defines specified terms for purposes of this title.

(Sec. 372) Authorizes rental assistance fraud recoveries.

Title IV: Accreditation and Oversight of Local Housing and Management Authorities - Subtitle A: Housing Foundation and Accreditation Board - Establishes the Housing Foundation and Accreditation Board to: (1) evaluate deep subsidy housing programs; (2) establish LHMA performance standards; (3) develop effective LHMA financial and performance audits; (4) establish LHMA accreditation guidelines; and (5) classify LHMAs by performance categories.

Subtitle B: Accreditation and Oversight Standards and Procedures - Directs the Board to establish LHMA performance benchmarks and accreditation procedures.

(Sec. 435) Directs the Secretary to seek performance agreements with agencies that are troubled or at risk of becoming troubled. Authorizes redirecting or withholding funds from local governments whose actions substantially contribute to an LHMA being designated as troubled.

(Sec. 437) Authorizes block grant contracts (under title II) to provide for conveyance of title or possession to the Secretary in cases of substantial default.

(Sec. 438) Authorizes removal of ineffective LHMAs.

(Sec. 439) Directs the Secretary to either take over or contract out the management of chronically troubled LHMAs.

(Sec. 440) Provides that a State or local government comprehensive housing affordability strategy shall not be in compliance with provisions of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act unless it includes provisions to improve any troubled public housing agency in its area.

(Sec. 443) Applies this subtitle to resident management corporations.

Title V: Repeals and Conforming Amendments - Repeals the United States Housing Act of 1937. Repeals specified program provisions under: (1) the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974; (2) the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act; (3) the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987; (4) the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992; (5) the HUD Demonstration Act of 1993; (6) the Housing Act of 1954; (7) the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1981; (8) the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1991; (9) the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Act, 1992; (10) the Housing and Urban-Rural Recovery Act of 1983; and (11) the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987.

(Sec. 502) Amends the Housing Act of 1959 with regard to elderly housing assistance.

Declares that, for determining assisted housing eligibility, a person does not have a disability or handicap solely because of the use of a controlled substance or alcohol.

Amends the Housing and Urban-Rural Recovery Act of 1983 regarding pet ownership in assisted rental housing for the elderly or handicapped.

Directs the Secretary to investigate security contracts awarded by grantees with over 4,500 units under the Public and Assisted Housing Drug Elimination Act of 1990. Mandates actions regarding non-compliant contracts.

Provides for reductions in the number of units assisted under contracts under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 and section 236 of the National Housing Act.

(Sec. 503) Amends the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 to replace the drug elimination pilot program with an expanded program of crime elimination grants for public and other low-income federally assisted housing. Authorizes appropriations.

(Sec. 504) Deems rehabilitation activities by Pennrose Properties in New Jersey to have been conducted under specified provisions of the United States Housing Act of 1937.

(Sec. 505) Amends the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 to: (1) modify the definition of "metropolitan city;" and (2) extend an exception for the City and County of Los Angeles regarding the provision of public services.

(Sec. 506) Amends the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 to allow the transfer of surplus real property to nonprofit organizations that exist to provide housing for homeless or low-income individuals or families.

(Sec. 507) Amends the Housing Act of 1949 to deem the city of Altus, Oklahoma, a rural area.

(Sec. 508) Presumes State occupancy standards reasonable and, in the absence of State standards, presumes two persons per bedroom reasonable.

(Sec. 509) Mandates implementation of the Ida Barbour Revitalization Plan of Portsmouth, Virginia.

(Sec. 510) Amends the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act and the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 to modify income requirements.

(Sec. 511) Amends National Housing Act provisions relating to rental and cooperative housing for lower income families to modify rental requirements.

(Sec. 512) Amends Federal law to declare that an obligation containing a gold clause issued on or before October 27, 1977, is discharged on payment in U.S. coin or currency, notwithstanding any assignment or novation (or both) after that date, unless all parties agree to a gold clause in the new agreement.

(Sec. 513) Mandates a demonstration program, involving LHMAs and Indian housing authorities, focusing on reducing costs, achieving greater cost effectiveness, and giving incentives to families with children where the head of the household is working (or seeking or preparing for work).

(Sec. 514) Amends the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 to authorize denial of federally assisted housing occupancy for tenants who were, during the last three years, engaged in criminal activity on or off the premises. Allows requiring applicants to consent to criminal record access.

Sets forth tenancy termination causes. Allows criminal record access.

(Sec. 515) Declares that it is the sense of the Congress that products purchased with this Act's funds should be American made.

(Sec. 516) Amends the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 to limit the amount obtained from obligations guaranteed under specified provisions that may be used for certain housing purposes.

(Sec. 517) Mandates consultation with local governments and LHMAs before settlement or consent decree under title III of this Act or the United States Housing Act of 1937, as in effect before this Act.

Title VI: National Commission on Housing Assistance Programs Cost - Establishes the National Commission on Housing Assistance Programs Cost to: (1) analyze the per-unit cost to Federal, State, and local governments, public housing agencies, and other parties, of Federal assisted housing programs; and (2) estimate the future taxpayer liability under Federal assisted housing programs before enactment of this Act. Makes available funds from the amounts available for policy, research, and development activities of the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Title VII: Native American Housing Assistance - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 - Subtitle A: Block Grants and Grant Requirements - Mandates grants to Indian tribes for affordable housing activities. Permits retention of program income. Authorizes appropriations

Subtitle B: Affordable Housing Activities - Sets forth national objectives concerning Indian tribe affordable housing activities. Defines eligible activities, including acquisition, construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation. Requires maintenance of operating assistance.

Permits using grant amounts through certain investments.

Subtitle C: Allocation of Grant Amounts - Provides for grant allocation.

Subtitle D: Compliance, Audits, and Reports - Provides for compliance, audits, and reports.

Subtitle E: Termination of Assistance for Indian Tribes under Incorporated Programs - Terminates, for Indian tribes, public and new rental housing assistance provided under the United States Housing Act of 1937.

(Sec. 763) Terminates Indian housing assistance by amending the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (Youthbuild and HOME programs), the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (emergency shelter and rural homelessness grant programs), and the HUD Demonstration Act of 1993 (Innovative Homeless Initiatives Demonstration Program).

Subtitle F: Loan Guarantees for Affordable Housing Activities - Authorizes: (1) guarantees for tribal obligations issued to finance affordable housing activities; and (2) grants for interest costs. Authorizes appropriations.

Subtitle G: Other Housing Assistance for Native Americans - Amends the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 to authorize guarantees of housing loans to Indian tribes. Authorizes appropriations. Amends the Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act to authorize the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA) to guarantee the loans.

(Sec. 782) Allows Indian owners to lease for a 50-year term any restricted Indian lands.

(Sec. 783) Authorizes appropriations for training and technical assistance to Indian housing authorities and tribally designated housing entities.

Title VIII: National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Consensus Committee - National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1996 - Amends the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 to mandate a consensus committee for maintenance and revision of Federal manufactured home construction and safety standards. Repeals provisions establishing the National Manufactured Home Advisory Council.