Text: H.R.4036 — 104th Congress (1995-1996)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 104-319 (10/19/1996)

 
[104th Congress Public Law 319]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]


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[DOCID: f:publ319.104]


[[Page 3863]]

      HUMAN RIGHTS, REFUGEE, AND OTHER FOREIGN RELATIONS PROVISIONS
                               ACT OF 1996

[[Page 110 STAT. 3864]]

Public Law 104-319
104th Congress

                                 An Act


 
  Making certain provisions with respect to internationally recognized 
    human rights, refugees, and foreign relations. <<NOTE: Oct. 19, 
                         1996 -  [H.R. 4036]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Human Rights, 
Refugee, and Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996.>> 

SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2151 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Human Rights, Refugee, and Other 
Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents of this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.

                  TITLE I--FOREIGN RELATIONS PROVISIONS

Sec. 101. Extension of certain adjudication provisions.
Sec. 102. Conduct of certain educational and cultural exchange programs.
Sec. 103. Educational and cultural exchanges and scholarships for 
           Tibetans and Burmese.
Sec. 104. International Boundary and Water Commission.

                 TITLE II--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROVISIONS

Sec. 201. Human rights reports.
Sec. 202. Assistance for Mauritania.

  TITLE III--CLAIBORNE PELL INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND 
                              PUBLIC POLICY

Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Grant authorized.
Sec. 303. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 304. Effective date.

      TITLE IV--GEORGE BUSH SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC SERVICE

Sec. 401. Short title.
Sec. 402. Grant authorized.
Sec. 403. Grant conditions.
Sec. 404. Appropriations authorized.
Sec. 405. Effective date.

                    TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 501. Edmund S. Muskie Foundation.
Sec. 502. Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation grant.

[[Page 110 STAT. 3865]]

                  TITLE I--FOREIGN RELATIONS PROVISIONS

SEC. 101. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN ADJUDICATION PROVISIONS.

    The Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related 
Programs Appropriations Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-167) is 
amended--
            (1) in section 599D (8 U.S.C. 1157 note)--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``and 1996'' 
                and inserting ``1996, and 1997''; and
                    (B) in subsection (e), by striking out ``October 1, 
                1996'' each place it appears and inserting ``October 1, 
                1997''; and
            (2) in section 599E (8 U.S.C. 1255 note) in subsection 
        (b)(2), by striking out ``September 30, 1996'' and inserting 
        ``September 30, 1997''.

SEC. 102. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2452 note.>>  CONDUCT OF CERTAIN EDUCATIONAL 
            AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.

    In carrying out programs of educational and cultural exchange in 
countries whose people do not fully enjoy freedom and democracy 
(including but not limited to China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Tibet, and 
Burma), the Director of the United States Information Agency shall take 
appropriate steps to provide opportunities for participation in such 
programs to human rights and democracy leaders of such countries.

SEC. 103. EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGES AND SCHOLARSHIPS FOR 
            TIBETANS AND BURMESE.

    (a) Establishment of Educational and Cultural Exchange for 
Tibetans.--The Director of the United States Information Agency shall 
establish programs of educational and cultural exchange between the 
United States and the people of Tibet. Such programs shall include 
opportunities for training and, as the 
Director considers appropriate, may include the assignment of personnel 
and resources abroad.
    (b) Scholarships for Tibetans and Burmese.--
            (1) Subject to the availability of appropriations, for 
        fiscal year 1997 at least 30 scholarships shall be made 
        available to Tibetan students and professionals who are outside 
        Tibet, and at least 15 scholarships shall be made available to 
        Burmese students and professionals who are outside Burma.
            (2) Waiver.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the extent 
        that the Director of the United States Information Agency 
        determines that there are not enough qualified students to 
        fulfill such allocation requirement.
            (3) Scholarship defined.--For the purposes of this section, 
        the term ``scholarship'' means an amount to be used for full or 
        partial support of tuition and fees to attend an educational 
        institution, and may include fees, books, and supplies, 
        equipment required for courses at an educational institution, 
        living expenses at a United States educational
institution, and travel expenses to and from, and within, the United 
States.

[[Page 110 STAT. 3866]]

SEC. 104. INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION.

    The Act of May 13, 1924 (49 Stat. 660, 22 U.S.C. 277-277f), is 
amended in section 3 (22 U.S.C. 277b) by adding at the end the following 
new subsection:
    ``(d) Pursuant to the authority of subsection (a) and in order to 
facilitate further compliance with the terms of the Convention for 
Equitable Distribution of the Waters of the Rio Grande, May 21, 1906, 
United States-Mexico, the Secretary of State, acting through the United 
States Commissioner of the International Boundary and Water Commission, 
may make improvements to the Rio Grande Canalization Project, originally 
authorized by the Act of August 29, 1935 (49 Stat. 961). Such 
improvements may include all such works as may be needed to stabilize 
the Rio Grande in the reach between the Percha Diversion Dam in New 
Mexico and the American Diversion Dam in El Paso.''.

                 TITLE II--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROVISIONS

SEC. 201. HUMAN RIGHTS REPORTS.

    (a) Section 116 Report.--Section 116(d) of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (5); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(3) the votes of each member of the United Nations 
        Commission on Human Rights on all country-specific and 
        thematic resolutions voted on at the Commission's annual session 
        during the period covered during the preceding year;
            ``(4) the extent to which each country has extended 
        protection to refugees, including the provision of first asylum 
        and resettlement; and''.

    (b) Section 502B Report.--Section 502B(b) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 
2304(b)) is amended by adding after the second sentence the following 
new sentence: ``Each report under this section shall list the votes of 
each member of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights on all 
country-specific and thematic resolutions voted on at the Commission's 
annual session during the period covered during the preceding year.''.

SEC. 202. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2151 note.>>  ASSISTANCE FOR MAURITANIA.

    (a) Prohibition.--The President should not provide economic 
assistance, military assistance or arms transfers to the Government of 
Mauritania unless the President certifies to the Congress that such 
Government has taken appropriate action to eliminate chattel slavery in 
Mauritania, including--
            (1) the enactment of anti-slavery laws that provide 
        appropriate punishment for violators of such laws; and
            (2) the rigorous enforcement of such laws.

    (b) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            (1) Economic assistance.--The term ``economic assistance'' 
        means any assistance under part I of the Foreign Assistance Act 
        of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.), except that such term does not 
        include humanitarian assistance.

[[Page 110 STAT. 3867]]

            (2) Military assistance or arms transfers.--The term 
        ``military assistance or arms transfers'' means--
                    (A) assistance under chapter 2 of part II of the 
                Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2311 et seq.; 
                relating to military assistance), including the transfer 
                of excess defense articles under sections 516 through 
                519 of that Act (22 U.S.C. 2321j through 2321m);
                    (B) assistance under chapter 5 of part II of the 
                Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2347 et seq.; 
                relating to international military education and 
                training);
                    (C) assistance under the ``Foreign Military 
                Financing Program'' under section 23 of the Arms Export 
                Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763); or
                    (D) the transfer of defense articles, defense 
                services, or design and construction services under the 
                Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.), 
                including defense articles and defense services licensed 
                or approved for export under section 38 of that Act (22 
                U.S.C. 2778).

 TITLE III <<NOTE: Claiborne Pell Institute for International Relations 
 and Public Policy Act. Rhode Island.>> --CLAIBORNE PELL INSTITUTE FOR 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND PUBLIC POLICY

SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Claiborne Pell Institute for 
International Relations and Public Policy Act''.

SEC. 302. GRANT AUTHORIZED.

    In recognition of the public service of Senator Claiborne Pell, the 
Secretary of Education is authorized to award a grant, in accordance 
with the provisions of this title, to assist in the establishment and 
operation of the Claiborne Pell Institute for International Relations 
and Public Policy, located at Salve Regina University, Newport, Rhode 
Island, including the purchase and renovation of facilities to house the 
Institute.

SEC. 303. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1997 such 
sums, not to exceed $3,000,000, as may be necessary to carry out this 
title.

SEC. 304. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This title shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act.

  TITLE IV <<NOTE: George Bush School of Government and Public Service 
Act. Texas.>> --GEORGE BUSH SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC SERVICE

SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``George Bush School of Government 
and Public Service Act''.

SEC. 402. GRANT AUTHORIZED.

    In recognition of the public service of President George Bush, the 
Secretary of Education is authorized to make a grant in accord

[[Page 110 STAT. 3868]]

ance with the provisions of this Act to assist in the establishment of 
the George Bush Fellowship Program, located at the George Bush School of 
Government and Public Service of the Texas 
A & M University.

SEC. 403. GRANT CONDITIONS.

    No payment may be made under this title except upon an application 
at such time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such 
information as the Secretary of Education may require.

SEC. 404. APPROPRIATIONS AUTHORIZED.

    There are authorized to be appropriated such sums, not to exceed 
$3,000,000, as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this 
title.

SEC. 405. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This title shall take effect on October 1, 1996.

                    TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 501. EDMUND S. MUSKIE FOUNDATION. <<NOTE: Washington, 
            DC. Grants.>> 

    In recognition of the public service of Senator and Secretary of 
State Edmund S. Muskie, the Secretary of Education is authorized to 
award a grant in accordance with the provisions of this Act to assist in 
the establishment of the Edmund S. Muskie Foundation, located in 
Washington, D.C., by providing assistance to support the Foundation, 
including assistance to be used for awarding stewardships, supporting 
the Muskie archives, and supporting the Edmund S. Muskie Institute of 
Public Affairs.

SEC. 502. CALVIN COOLIDGE MEMORIAL FOUNDATION GRANT.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Foundation.--The term ``Foundation'' means the Calvin 
        Coolidge Memorial Foundation.
            (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Education.

    (b) Grant Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to make a grant 
in the amount of $1,000,000 in accordance with the provisions of this 
section to the Foundation.
    (c) Grant Conditions.--
            (1) Application.--No payment may be made under this section 
        except upon an application at such time, in such 
        manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the 
        Secretary may require.

[[Page 110 STAT. 3869]]

            (2) Use of grant funds.--Funds received under this 
        section may be used for any of the following purposes:
                    (A) To increase the endowment of the Foundation.
                    (B) To conduct educational, archival, or 
                preservation activities of the Foundation.

    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary $1,000,000, without fiscal year 
limitation, to carry out the provisions of this section.
    (e) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on October 1, 
1996.

    Approved October 19, 1996.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 4036:
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CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 142 (1996):
            Sept. 25, considered and passed House.
            Oct. 3, considered and passed Senate, amended.
            Oct. 4, House concurred in Senate amendments.

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