Text: H.R.4036 — 104th Congress (1995-1996)All Information (Except Text)
Public Law No: 104-319 (10/19/1996)
[104th Congress Public Law 319]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
HUMAN RIGHTS, REFUGEE, AND OTHER FOREIGN RELATIONS PROVISIONS
ACT OF 1996
[[Page 110 STAT. 3864]]
Public Law 104-319
Making certain provisions with respect to internationally recognized
human rights, refugees, and foreign relations. <<NOTE: Oct. 19,
1996 - [H.R. 4036]>>
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Human Rights,
Refugee, and Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996.>>
SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2151 note.>> SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Human Rights, Refugee, and Other
Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996''.
SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
The table of contents of this Act is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
TITLE I--FOREIGN RELATIONS PROVISIONS
Sec. 101. Extension of certain adjudication provisions.
Sec. 102. Conduct of certain educational and cultural exchange programs.
Sec. 103. Educational and cultural exchanges and scholarships for
Tibetans and Burmese.
Sec. 104. International Boundary and Water Commission.
TITLE II--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROVISIONS
Sec. 201. Human rights reports.
Sec. 202. Assistance for Mauritania.
TITLE III--CLAIBORNE PELL INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND
Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Grant authorized.
Sec. 303. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 304. Effective date.
TITLE IV--GEORGE BUSH SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC SERVICE
Sec. 401. Short title.
Sec. 402. Grant authorized.
Sec. 403. Grant conditions.
Sec. 404. Appropriations authorized.
Sec. 405. Effective date.
TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Sec. 501. Edmund S. Muskie Foundation.
Sec. 502. Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation grant.
[[Page 110 STAT. 3865]]
TITLE I--FOREIGN RELATIONS PROVISIONS
SEC. 101. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN ADJUDICATION PROVISIONS.
The Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related
Programs Appropriations Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-167) is
(1) in section 599D (8 U.S.C. 1157 note)--
(A) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``and 1996''
and inserting ``1996, and 1997''; and
(B) in subsection (e), by striking out ``October 1,
1996'' each place it appears and inserting ``October 1,
(2) in section 599E (8 U.S.C. 1255 note) in subsection
(b)(2), by striking out ``September 30, 1996'' and inserting
``September 30, 1997''.
SEC. 102. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2452 note.>> CONDUCT OF CERTAIN EDUCATIONAL
AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.
In carrying out programs of educational and cultural exchange in
countries whose people do not fully enjoy freedom and democracy
(including but not limited to China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Tibet, and
Burma), the Director of the United States Information Agency shall take
appropriate steps to provide opportunities for participation in such
programs to human rights and democracy leaders of such countries.
SEC. 103. EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGES AND SCHOLARSHIPS FOR
TIBETANS AND BURMESE.
(a) Establishment of Educational and Cultural Exchange for
Tibetans.--The Director of the United States Information Agency shall
establish programs of educational and cultural exchange between the
United States and the people of Tibet. Such programs shall include
opportunities for training and, as the
Director considers appropriate, may include the assignment of personnel
and resources abroad.
(b) Scholarships for Tibetans and Burmese.--
(1) Subject to the availability of appropriations, for
fiscal year 1997 at least 30 scholarships shall be made
available to Tibetan students and professionals who are outside
Tibet, and at least 15 scholarships shall be made available to
Burmese students and professionals who are outside Burma.
(2) Waiver.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the extent
that the Director of the United States Information Agency
determines that there are not enough qualified students to
fulfill such allocation requirement.
(3) Scholarship defined.--For the purposes of this section,
the term ``scholarship'' means an amount to be used for full or
partial support of tuition and fees to attend an educational
institution, and may include fees, books, and supplies,
equipment required for courses at an educational institution,
living expenses at a United States educational
institution, and travel expenses to and from, and within, the United
[[Page 110 STAT. 3866]]
SEC. 104. INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION.
The Act of May 13, 1924 (49 Stat. 660, 22 U.S.C. 277-277f), is
amended in section 3 (22 U.S.C. 277b) by adding at the end the following
``(d) Pursuant to the authority of subsection (a) and in order to
facilitate further compliance with the terms of the Convention for
Equitable Distribution of the Waters of the Rio Grande, May 21, 1906,
United States-Mexico, the Secretary of State, acting through the United
States Commissioner of the International Boundary and Water Commission,
may make improvements to the Rio Grande Canalization Project, originally
authorized by the Act of August 29, 1935 (49 Stat. 961). Such
improvements may include all such works as may be needed to stabilize
the Rio Grande in the reach between the Percha Diversion Dam in New
Mexico and the American Diversion Dam in El Paso.''.
TITLE II--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROVISIONS
SEC. 201. HUMAN RIGHTS REPORTS.
(a) Section 116 Report.--Section 116(d) of the Foreign Assistance
Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(d)) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
(2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (5); and
(3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new
``(3) the votes of each member of the United Nations
Commission on Human Rights on all country-specific and
thematic resolutions voted on at the Commission's annual session
during the period covered during the preceding year;
``(4) the extent to which each country has extended
protection to refugees, including the provision of first asylum
and resettlement; and''.
(b) Section 502B Report.--Section 502B(b) of such Act (22 U.S.C.
2304(b)) is amended by adding after the second sentence the following
new sentence: ``Each report under this section shall list the votes of
each member of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights on all
country-specific and thematic resolutions voted on at the Commission's
annual session during the period covered during the preceding year.''.
SEC. 202. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2151 note.>> ASSISTANCE FOR MAURITANIA.
(a) Prohibition.--The President should not provide economic
assistance, military assistance or arms transfers to the Government of
Mauritania unless the President certifies to the Congress that such
Government has taken appropriate action to eliminate chattel slavery in
(1) the enactment of anti-slavery laws that provide
appropriate punishment for violators of such laws; and
(2) the rigorous enforcement of such laws.
(b) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the following
(1) Economic assistance.--The term ``economic assistance''
means any assistance under part I of the Foreign Assistance Act
of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.), except that such term does not
include humanitarian assistance.
[[Page 110 STAT. 3867]]
(2) Military assistance or arms transfers.--The term
``military assistance or arms transfers'' means--
(A) assistance under chapter 2 of part II of the
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2311 et seq.;
relating to military assistance), including the transfer
of excess defense articles under sections 516 through
519 of that Act (22 U.S.C. 2321j through 2321m);
(B) assistance under chapter 5 of part II of the
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2347 et seq.;
relating to international military education and
(C) assistance under the ``Foreign Military
Financing Program'' under section 23 of the Arms Export
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763); or
(D) the transfer of defense articles, defense
services, or design and construction services under the
Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.),
including defense articles and defense services licensed
or approved for export under section 38 of that Act (22
TITLE III <<NOTE: Claiborne Pell Institute for International Relations
and Public Policy Act. Rhode Island.>> --CLAIBORNE PELL INSTITUTE FOR
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND PUBLIC POLICY
SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the ``Claiborne Pell Institute for
International Relations and Public Policy Act''.
SEC. 302. GRANT AUTHORIZED.
In recognition of the public service of Senator Claiborne Pell, the
Secretary of Education is authorized to award a grant, in accordance
with the provisions of this title, to assist in the establishment and
operation of the Claiborne Pell Institute for International Relations
and Public Policy, located at Salve Regina University, Newport, Rhode
Island, including the purchase and renovation of facilities to house the
SEC. 303. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1997 such
sums, not to exceed $3,000,000, as may be necessary to carry out this
SEC. 304. EFFECTIVE DATE.
This title shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act.
TITLE IV <<NOTE: George Bush School of Government and Public Service
Act. Texas.>> --GEORGE BUSH SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC SERVICE
SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the ``George Bush School of Government
and Public Service Act''.
SEC. 402. GRANT AUTHORIZED.
In recognition of the public service of President George Bush, the
Secretary of Education is authorized to make a grant in accord
[[Page 110 STAT. 3868]]
ance with the provisions of this Act to assist in the establishment of
the George Bush Fellowship Program, located at the George Bush School of
Government and Public Service of the Texas
A & M University.
SEC. 403. GRANT CONDITIONS.
No payment may be made under this title except upon an application
at such time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such
information as the Secretary of Education may require.
SEC. 404. APPROPRIATIONS AUTHORIZED.
There are authorized to be appropriated such sums, not to exceed
$3,000,000, as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this
SEC. 405. EFFECTIVE DATE.
This title shall take effect on October 1, 1996.
TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
SEC. 501. EDMUND S. MUSKIE FOUNDATION. <<NOTE: Washington,
In recognition of the public service of Senator and Secretary of
State Edmund S. Muskie, the Secretary of Education is authorized to
award a grant in accordance with the provisions of this Act to assist in
the establishment of the Edmund S. Muskie Foundation, located in
Washington, D.C., by providing assistance to support the Foundation,
including assistance to be used for awarding stewardships, supporting
the Muskie archives, and supporting the Edmund S. Muskie Institute of
SEC. 502. CALVIN COOLIDGE MEMORIAL FOUNDATION GRANT.
(a) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Foundation.--The term ``Foundation'' means the Calvin
Coolidge Memorial Foundation.
(2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary
(b) Grant Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to make a grant
in the amount of $1,000,000 in accordance with the provisions of this
section to the Foundation.
(c) Grant Conditions.--
(1) Application.--No payment may be made under this section
except upon an application at such time, in such
manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the
Secretary may require.
[[Page 110 STAT. 3869]]
(2) Use of grant funds.--Funds received under this
section may be used for any of the following purposes:
(A) To increase the endowment of the Foundation.
(B) To conduct educational, archival, or
preservation activities of the Foundation.
(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be
appropriated to the Secretary $1,000,000, without fiscal year
limitation, to carry out the provisions of this section.
(e) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on October 1,
Approved October 19, 1996.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 4036:
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 142 (1996):
Sept. 25, considered and passed House.
Oct. 3, considered and passed Senate, amended.
Oct. 4, House concurred in Senate amendments.