Text: H.R.70 — 104th Congress (1995-1996)All Information (Except Text)

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Placed on Calendar Senate (07/26/1995)

 
[Congressional Bills 104th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 70 Placed on Calendar Senate (PCS)]

                                                       Calendar No. 155
104th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 H. R. 70


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                July 26 (legislative day, July 10), 1995

            Received; read twice and placed on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
 To permit exports of certain domestically produced crude oil, and for 
                            other purposes.
    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. EXPORTS OF ALASKAN NORTH SLOPE OIL.

    Section 28 of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 185) is amended by 
amending subsection (s) to read as follows:
                  ``exports of alaskan north slope oil

    ``(s)(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) through (6) of this subsection 
and notwithstanding any other provision of this Act or any other 
provision of law (including any regulation) applicable to the export of 
oil transported by pipeline over right-of-way granted pursuant to 
section 203 of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act (43 U.S.C. 
1652), such oil may be exported unless the President finds that 
exportation of this oil is not in the national interest. The President 
shall make his national interest determination within five months of 
the date of enactment of this subsection. In evaluating whether exports 
of this oil are in the national interest, the President shall at a 
minimum consider--
            ``(A) whether exports of this oil would diminish the total 
        quantity or quality of petroleum available to the United 
        States;
            ``(B) the results of an appropriate environmental review, 
        including consideration of appropriate measures to mitigate any 
        potential adverse effects of exports of this oil on the 
        environment, which shall be completed within four months of the 
        date of the enactment of this subsection; and
            ``(C) whether exports of this oil are likely to cause 
        sustained material oil supply shortages or sustained oil prices 
        significantly above world market levels that would cause 
        sustained material adverse employment effects in the United 
        States or that would cause substantial harm to consumers, 
        including noncontiguous States and Pacific territories.
If the President determines that exports of this oil are in the 
national interest, he may impose such terms and conditions (other than 
a volume limitation) as are necessary or appropriate to ensure that 
such exports are consistent with the national interest.
    ``(2) Except in the case of oil exported to a country with which 
the United States entered into a bilateral international oil supply 
agreement before November 26, 1979, or to a country pursuant to the 
International Emergency Oil Sharing Plan of the International Energy 
Agency, any oil transported by pipeline over right-of-way granted 
pursuant to section 203 of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act 
(43 U.S.C. 1652) shall, when exported, be transported by a vessel 
documented under the laws of the United States and owned by a citizen 
of the United States (as determined in accordance with section 2 of the 
Shipping Act, 1916 (46 U.S.C. App. 802)).
    ``(3) Nothing in this subsection shall restrict the authority of 
the President under the Constitution, the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), or the National 
Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) to prohibit exports of this 
oil or under Part B of title II of the Energy Policy and Conservation 
Act (42 U.S.C. 6271-76).
    ``(4) The Secretary of Commerce shall issue any rules necessary for 
implementation of the President's national interest determination, 
including any licensing requirements and conditions, within 30 days of 
the date of such determination by the President. The Secretary of 
Commerce shall consult with the Secretary of Energy in administering 
the provisions of this subsection.
    ``(5) If the Secretary of Commerce finds that exporting oil under 
authority of this subsection has caused sustained material oil supply 
shortages or sustained oil prices significantly above world market 
levels and further finds that these supply shortages or price increases 
have caused or are likely to cause sustained material adverse 
employment effects in the United States, the Secretary of Commerce, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Energy, shall recommend, and the 
President may take, appropriate action concerning exports of this oil, 
which may include modifying or revoking authority to export such oil.
    ``(6) Administrative action under this subsection is not subject to 
sections 551 and 553 through 559 of title 5, United States Code.''.

SEC. 2. GAO REPORT.

    (a) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of energy production in California and Alaska and the 
effects of Alaskan North Slope oil exports, if any, on consumers, 
independent refiners, and shipbuilding and ship repair yards on the 
West Coast and in Hawaii. The Comptroller General shall commence this 
review two years after the date of enactment of this Act and, within 
six months after commencing the review, shall provide a report to the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the 
Committee on Resources and the Committee on Commerce of the House of 
Representatives.
    (b) Contents of Report.--The report shall contain a statement of 
the principal findings of the review and recommendations for Congress 
and the President to address job loss in the shipbuilding and ship 
repair industry on the West Coast, as well as adverse impacts on 
consumers and refiners on the West Coast and in Hawaii, that the 
Comptroller General attributes to Alaska North Slope oil exports.

            Passed the House of Representatives July 24, 1995.

            Attest:

                                                ROBIN H. CARLE,

                                                                 Clerk.




                                                       Calendar No. 155

104th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                                H. R. 70

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT

 To permit exports of certain domestically produced crude oil, and for 
                            other purposes.

_______________________________________________________________________

                July 26 (legislative day, July 10), 1995

            Received; read twice and placed on the calendar 

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