Summary: S.1268 — 104th Congress (1995-1996)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for S.1268. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Introduced in Senate (09/22/1995)

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Title I: Grants to Encourage Establishment of Community

Rural Health Networks

Title II: Incentives for Health Professionals to Practice in

Rural Areas

Subtitle A: National Health Service Corps Program

Subtitle B: Incentives Under Other Programs

Title III: Assistance for Institutional Providers

Subtitle A: Hospital-Affiliated Primary Care Centers

Subtitle B: Assistance to Rural Providers Under

Medicare

Subtitle C: Demonstration Projects to Encourage Primary

Care and Rural-Based Graduate Medical Education

Title IV: Medicare Payment Methodologies

Title V: Hospital Antitrust Fairness

Title VI: Financing

Rural Health Development Act - Title I: Grants to Encourage Establishment of Community Rural Health Networks - Mandates grants to a State to develop plans to increase health care access for residents of chronically underserved areas. Authorizes appropriations.

(Sec. 102) Requires that funds be made available for technical assistance for certain entities seeking to establish or enhance a community rural health network in an underserved rural area. Authorizes appropriations.

(Sec. 103) Mandates financial assistance for developing and implementing community rural health networks. Authorizes appropriations.

Title II: Incentives for Health Professionals to Practice in Rural Areas - Subtitle A: National Health Service Corps Program - Amends the Internal Revenue Code to exclude from gross income any payment made on behalf of a taxpayer by the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program.

(Sec. 202) Mandates a study regarding possible modifications to the statutory and administrative criteria for the designation of health professional shortage areas.

(Sec. 203) Amends the Public Health Service Act to modify priorities in assigning National Health Service Corp members. Requires that certain funds be reserved to ensure that a certain number of participants in the National Health Service Corps Scholarship Program are being educated as nurses.

Subtitle B: Incentives Under Other Programs - Amends title XVIII (Medicare) of the Social Security Act to mandate an incentive payment of 20 (currently, 10) percent for physician primary care services (currently, for physician services) in a health professional shortage area. Continues the incentive payments in an area for three years after withdrawal of the health professional shortage area designation. Mandates a study of the effectiveness of additional payments in recruiting and retaining physicians to provide services in such areas.

(Sec. 212) Requires publication of a model State law to increase individuals' health care access in underserved rural areas by expanding the services which non-physician health care professionals may provide in such areas.

Title III: Assistance for Institutional Providers - Subtitle A: Hospital-Affiliated Primary Care Centers - Amends the Public Health Service Act to require that certain funds be reserved for the establishment and operation of hospital-affiliated primary care centers.

Subtitle B: Assistance to Rural Providers Under Medicare - Amends Medicare provisions to include rural emergency access care hospitals (REACHs) in the definition of "hospital" for purposes of provisions relating to examination and treatment for emergency medical conditions and women in labor.

(Sec. 312) Adds inpatient REACH services to the scope of benefits under Medicare part A (Hospital Insurance). Applies existing deductible and coinsurance requirements to such services.

Regulates the amount of payments for inpatient rural primary care hospital services.

Adds references to REACHs to the definition of "spell of illness."

Includes REACHs in the scope of Medicare part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance). Authorizes benefit payments.

Subtitle C: Demonstration Projects to Encourage Primary Care and Rural-Based Graduate Medical Education - Mandates a demonstration project (to increase the number and percentage of medical students entering primary care practice) involving payments to not more than ten States and not more than ten health care training consortia. Requires corresponding reductions in payments (under specified Medicare provisions) to recipient States and hospitals for direct graduate medical education (GME) costs. Authorizes planning and evaluation grants to participating States and consortia. Authorizes appropriations for the grants.

Title IV: Medicare Payment Methodologies - Mandates development of a methodology for making payments under Medicare part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance) for telemedicine services furnished on an emergency basis in a health professional shortage area.

Amends Medicare provisions relating to payments to health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and competitive medical plans to modify the definition of "adjusted average per capita cost" to require that amounts be incrementally adjusted after contract year 1995 so that, before contract year 2002, the amount determined for each geographic area is within ten percentage points of amounts determined for all other geographic areas.

Title V: Hospital Antitrust Fairness - Makes antitrust laws inapplicable to hospital mergers or contracts between hospitals to allocate services if each of the hospitals: (1) is outside of a city, or in a city with less than 150,000 inhabitants; (2) received more than 40 percent of its gross revenue from payments under Federal programs; and (3) the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) has issued a certificate specifying that HCFA has determined that the merger or contract would reduce Federal expenditures, not increase consumer costs, and not reduce access to health care services.

Title VI: Financing - Amends the Internal Revenue Code to impose a tax on Medicare-covered individuals with modified adjusted gross incomes above specified amounts.

(Sec. 602) Declares that, notwithstanding any other provision of law, no funds are authorized to be appropriated to carry out these programs for FY 1996 or any subsequent fiscal year: (1) the grant program for rural health transition under specified provisions of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987; (2) the program for rural outreach grants and the telemedicine grant program that were, for FY 1995, carried out by the Health Resources and Services Administration with funds under a specified Federal law; (3) the program under specified Public Health Service Act provisions relating to State offices of rural health; and (4) the programs under specified parts of title XII (Trauma Care) of the Public Health Service Act.