Summary: S.1897 — 104th Congress (1995-1996)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Passed Senate amended (09/26/1996)

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Title I: Provisions Relating to the National Institutes of

Health

Title II: Provisions Relating to the National Research

Institutes

Title III: Specific Institutes and Centers

Subtitle A: National Cancer Institute

Subtitle B: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (sic)

Subtitle C: National Institute of Allergy and

Infectious Diseases

Subtitle D: National Institute of Child Health and

Human Development

Subtitle E: National Institute on Aging

Subtitle F: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and

Alcoholism

Subtitle G: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Subtitle H: National Institute of Mental Health

Subtitle I: National Center for Research Resources

Subtitle J: National Library of Medicine

Title IV: Awards and Training

Title V: Research with Respect to AIDS

Title VI: General Provisions

Subtitle A: Authority of the Director of NIH

Subtitle B: Office of Rare Disease Research

Subtitle C: Certain Reauthorizations

Subtitle D: Miscellaneous Provisions

Subtitle E: Repeals and Conforming Amendments

National Institutes of Health Revitalization Act of 1996 - Title I: Provisions Relating to the National Institutes of Health - Amends the Public Health Service Act to authorize appropriations for: (1) the discretionary fund of the Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH); and (2) the development and improvement of vaccines.

Title II: Provisions Relating to the National Research Institutes - Authorizes appropriations for research and related activities concerning osteoporosis, Paget's disease, and related bone disorders.

(Sec. 202) Declares that the purpose of the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) is to characterize the structure and function of the human genome, including: (1) mapping and sequencing of genes; and (2) addressing related ethical, legal, and social issues. Transfers to NHGRI all functions of the National Center for Human Genome Research. Authorizes appropriations.

(Sec. 203) Increases the dollar thresholds for requiring technical and scientific peer review and advisory council approval for contracts and cooperative agreements.

(Sec. 204) Revises advisory council requirements.

(Sec. 205) Eliminates (or reduces the frequency of) mandated reports by: (1) NIH; (2) various coordinating committees and advisory boards and a task force; and (3) the Secretary of Health and Human Services. Revises requirements regarding research on sudden infant death syndrome. Amends the International Health Research Act of 1960 to eliminate a mandated report by the President.

Mandates a report to specified congressional committees with plans and time frames regarding implementation of the findings and recommendations of the report to the Congress entitled "Support for Bioengineering Research."

Title III: Specific Institutes and Centers - Subtitle A: National Cancer Institute - Amends the Public Health Service Act to authorize appropriations for the National Cancer Institute and for activities related to breast, gynecological, prostate, and other cancers. Authorizes appropriations regarding conditions associated with diethylstilbestrol (DES).

Subtitle B: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (sic) - Authorizes appropriations for the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Subtitle C: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases - Authorizes appropriations for community-based clinical trials of treatments for infection with the etiologic agent for acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Subtitle D: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development - Authorizes appropriations for activities regarding contraception and infertility.

Subtitle E: National Institute on Aging - Authorizes appropriations for the National Institute on Aging.

Subtitle F: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - Authorizes appropriations for the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Modifies requirements regarding grants to National Alcohol Research Centers.

Subtitle G: National Institute on Drug Abuse - Authorizes appropriations for the National Institute on Drug Abuse (including the Medication Development Program). Modifies requirements regarding grants to Drug Abuse Research Centers.

Subtitle H: National Institute of Mental Health - Authorizes appropriations for the National Institute of Mental Health.

Subtitle I: National Center for Research Resources - Authorizes appropriations for biomedical and behavioral research facilities. Authorizes (currently, requires) reservation of an unspecified amount (currently, $5 million) for regional centers for primate research.

(Sec. 382) Mandates grants: (1) for the establishment of general clinical research centers; (2) to support individual careers in clinical research; and (3) to support individual clinical research projects. Authorizes appropriations for each of the grants.

(Sec. 384) Modifies: (1) the composition of the Scientific and Technical Review Board on Biomedical and Behavioral Research Facilities; and (2) requirements regarding biomedical and behavioral research facilities grants.

Subtitle J: National Library of Medicine - Authorizes appropriations for the National Library of Medicine.

Title IV: Awards and Training - Mandates expansion of the Medical Scientist Training Program to include fields that will contribute to training clinical investigators in the skills of performing patient-oriented clinical research.

(Sec. 402) Increases the maximum annual educational loan repayment that may be made on behalf of health professionals (including, in some cases, those from disadvantaged backgrounds) conducting AIDS, contraception, infertility, or other research. Authorizes appropriations regarding the AIDS research loan repayments.

(Sec. 403) Mandates a program of educational loan repayments for health professionals conducting research in areas identified by the NIH Director. Authorizes appropriations.

(Sec. 404) Increases the aggregate limit on the number of undergraduate scholarships for professions needed by NIH and the number of loan repayment contracts regarding NIH clinical researchers. Replaces, in provisions authorizing those loan repayments, references to being from disadvantaged backgrounds with a requirement that a specified percentage of appropriated funds be used for such individuals. Authorizes appropriations for the loan repayments.

Title V: Research with Respect to AIDS - Authorizes appropriations for: (1) carrying out a comprehensive plan for NIH AIDS activities; and (2) the AIDS emergency discretionary fund.

Title VI: General Provisions - Subtitle A: Authority of the Director of NIH - Adds to the authorities of the NIH Director conducting and supporting research training and appointing health care professionals.

Subtitle B: Office of Rare Disease Research - Establishes the Office for Rare Disease Research and a related advisory council.

Subtitle C: Certain Reauthorizations - Authorizes appropriations for: (1) National Research Service Awards; and (2) the National Foundation for Biomedical Research.

Subtitle D: Miscellaneous Provisions - Establishes the National Fund for Health Research.

(Sec. 633) Establishes in NIH the Pediatric Research Initiative. Authorizes appropriations and authorizes transfer of funds appropriated to any NIH institutes.

(Sec. 634) Authorizes appropriations for diabetes research.

(Sec. 635) Establishes a Parkinson's disease research and training program. Mandates not more than ten Core Center Grants to encourage innovative multidisciplinary research and provide training regarding Parkinson's. Requires each Center to be designated a Morris K. Udall Center for Research on Parkinson's Disease. Mandates a grant program to support innovative proposals leading to significant breakthroughs in Parkinson's research. Authorizes appropriations.

(Sec. 636) Pain Research Consortium Act of 1996 - Establishes in NIH the Pain Research Consortium to coordinate and support research, training, health information dissemination and related activities regarding pain. Authorizes appropriations.

Subtitle E: Repeals and Conforming Amendments - Replaces, in provisions limiting administrative expenses, a reference to the National Center for Nursing Research with a reference to the National Institute of Nursing Research.

Revises ex officio or other membership regarding various advisory councils and advisory boards. Repeals provisions establishing the National Diabetes Advisory Board, the National Digestive Diseases Advisory Board, the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Advisory Board, the National Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Advisory Board, and the National Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Advisory Board.

Removes provisions requiring that the National Academy of Sciences be requested to conduct certain studies on biomedical and behavioral research personnel.

Amends the Comprehensive Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1979 to repeal provisions establishing the National Commission on Alcoholism and Other Alcohol-Related Problems.

Amends the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) to remove provisions establishing an advisory council relating to hazardous substance research and training.