Text: S.919 — 104th Congress (1995-1996)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 104-235 (10/03/1996)

 
[104th Congress Public Law 235]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]


<DOC>
[DOCID: f:publ235.104]


[[Page 110 STAT. 3063]]

Public Law 104-235
104th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To modify and reauthorize the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, 
       and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Oct. 3, 1996 -  [S. 919]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act Amendments of 1996.>> 

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 42 USC 5101 note.>>  Short Title.--This Act may be cited 
as the ``Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act Amendments of 1996''.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

   TITLE I--AMENDMENTS TO THE CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT ACT

Sec. 100. Findings.

                       Subtitle A--General Program

Sec. 101. Office on Child Abuse and Neglect.
Sec. 102. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect.
Sec. 103. Repeal of Inter-Agency Task Force on Child Abuse and Neglect.
Sec. 104. National clearinghouse for information relating to child 
           abuse.
Sec. 105. Research, evaluation and assistance activities.
Sec. 106. Grants for demonstration programs.
Sec. 107. State grants for prevention and treatment programs.
Sec. 108. Repeal.
Sec. 109. Miscellaneous requirements.
Sec. 110. Definitions.
Sec. 111. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 112. Rule of construction.
Sec. 113. Technical and conforming amendments.

     Subtitle B--Community-Based Family Resource and Support Grants

Sec. 121. Establishment of program.

 Subtitle C--Certain Preventive Services Regarding Children of Homeless 
              Families or Families At Risk of Homelessness

Sec. 131. Repeal of title III.

                  Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 141. Table of contents.
Sec. 142. Repeals of other laws.

                   TITLE II--AMENDMENTS TO OTHER ACTS

         Subtitle A--Family Violence Prevention and Services Act

Sec. 201. State demonstration grants.
Sec. 202. Allotments.
Sec. 203. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle B--Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act 
                of 1978 (``Adoption Opportunities Act'')

Sec. 211. Findings and purpose.

[[Page 110 STAT. 3064]]

Sec. 212. Information and services.
Sec. 213. Authorization of appropriations.

          Subtitle C--Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988

Sec. 221. Priority requirement.
Sec. 222. Reauthorization.

             Subtitle D--Reauthorization of Various Programs

Sec. 231. Missing Children's Assistance Act.
Sec. 232. Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990.

   TITLE I--AMENDMENTS TO THE CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT ACT

SEC. 100. FINDINGS.

    Section 2 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 
5101 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), to read as follows:
            ``(1) each year, close to 1,000,000 American children are 
        victims of abuse and neglect;'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)(C), by inserting ``assessment,'' after 
        ``prevention,'';
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by striking ``tens of''; and
                    (B) by striking ``direct'' and all that follows 
                through the semicolon and inserting ``tangible 
                expenditures, as well as significant intangible 
                costs;'';
            (4) in paragraph (7), by striking ``remedy the causes of'' 
        and inserting ``prevent'';
            (5) in paragraph (8), by inserting ``safety,'' after 
        ``fosters the health,'';
            (6) in paragraph (10)--
                    (A) by striking ``ensure that every community in the 
                United States has'' and inserting ``assist States and 
                communities with''; and
                    (B) after ``child'' insert ``and family''; and
            (7) in paragraph (11)--
                    (A) by striking ``child protection'' each place that 
                such term appears and inserting ``child and family 
                protection''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``sufficient''.

                       Subtitle A--General Program

SEC. 101. OFFICE ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT.

    Section 101 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5101) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 101. OFFICE ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services may 
establish an office to be known as the Office on Child Abuse and 
Neglect.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the Office established under 
subsection (a) shall be to execute and coordinate the functions and 
activities of this Act. In the event that such functions and

[[Page 110 STAT. 3065]]

activities are performed by another entity or entities within the 
Department of Health and Human Services, the Secretary shall ensure that 
such functions and activities are executed with the necessary expertise 
and in a fully coordinated manner involving regular intradepartmental 
and interdepartmental consultation with all agencies involved in child 
abuse and neglect activities.''.

SEC. 102. ADVISORY BOARD ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT.

    Section 102 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5102) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 102. ADVISORY BOARD ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT.

    ``(a) Appointment.--The Secretary may appoint an advisory board to 
make recommendations to the Secretary and to the appropriate committees 
of Congress concerning specific issues relating to child abuse and 
neglect.
    ``(b) <<NOTE: Federal Register, publication.>>  Solicitation of 
Nominations.--The Secretary shall publish a notice in the Federal 
Register soliciting nominations for the appointment of members of the 
advisory board under subsection (a).

    ``(c) Composition.--In establishing the board under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall appoint members from the general public who are 
individuals knowledgeable in child abuse and neglect prevention, 
intervention, treatment, or research, and with due consideration to 
representation of ethnic or racial minorities and diverse geographic 
areas, and who represent--
            ``(1) law (including the judiciary);
            ``(2) psychology (including child development);
            ``(3) social services (including child protective services);
            ``(4) medicine (including pediatrics);
            ``(5) State and local government;
            ``(6) organizations providing services to disabled persons;
            ``(7) organizations providing services to adolescents;
            ``(8) teachers;
            ``(9) parent self-help organizations;
            ``(10) parents' groups;
            ``(11) voluntary groups;
            ``(12) family rights groups; and
            ``(13) children's rights advocates.

    ``(d) Vacancies.--Any vacancy in the membership of the board shall 
be filled in the same manner in which the original appointment was made.
    ``(e) Election of Officers.--The board shall elect a chairperson and 
vice-chairperson at its first meeting from among the members of the 
board.
    ``(f) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Duties.--Not later than 1 year after the 
establishment of the board under subsection (a), the board shall submit 
to the Secretary and the appropriate committees of Congress a report, or 
interim report, containing--
            ``(1) recommendations on coordinating Federal, State, and 
        local child abuse and neglect activities with similar activities 
        at the Federal, State, and local level pertaining to family 
        violence prevention;
            ``(2) specific modifications needed in Federal and State 
        laws and programs to reduce the number of unfounded or 
        unsubstantiated reports of child abuse or neglect while 
        enhancing the ability to identify and substantiate legitimate 
        cases of abuse or neglect which place a child in danger; and

[[Page 110 STAT. 3066]]

            ``(3) recommendations for modifications needed to facilitate 
        coordinated national data collection with respect to child 
        protection and child welfare.''.

SEC. 103. REPEAL OF INTER-AGENCY TASK FORCE ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT.

    Section 103 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5103) is repealed.

SEC. 104. NATIONAL CLEARINGHOUSE FOR INFORMATION RELATING TO CHILD 
            ABUSE.

    Section 104 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5104) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), to read as follows:

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  Establishment.--The Secretary shall 
through the Department, or by one or more contracts of not less than 3 
years duration let through a competition, establish a national 
clearinghouse for information relating to child abuse.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Director'' and inserting ``Secretary'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by inserting ``assessment,'' after 
                      ``prevention,''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``, including'' and all that 
                      follows and inserting ``; and'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``general 
                      population'' and inserting ``United States'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by adding ``and'' at 
                      the end;
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; 
                      and'' at the end and inserting a period; and
                          (iv) by striking subparagraph (D); and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``In establishing'' and 
                      inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--In establishing''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``Director'' and inserting 
                      ``Secretary'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively, and by 
                moving the text of subparagraphs (A) through (D) (as 
                redesignated) 2 ems to the right;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B) (as redesignated), by 
                striking ``that is represented on the task force'' and 
                inserting ``involved with child abuse and neglect and 
                mechanisms for the sharing of such information among 
                other Federal agencies and clearinghouses'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (C) (as redesignated), by 
                striking ``State, regional'' and all that follows and 
                inserting the following: ``Federal, State, regional, and 
                local child welfare data systems which shall include--
                          ``(i) standardized data on false, unfounded, 
                      unsubstantiated, and substantiated reports; and
                          ``(ii) information on the number of deaths due 
                      to child abuse and neglect;'';

[[Page 110 STAT. 3067]]

                    (E) by redesignating subparagraph (D) (as 
                redesignated) as subparagraph (F);
                    (F) by inserting after subparagraph (C) (as 
                redesignated), the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(D) through a national data collection and 
                analysis program and in consultation with appropriate 
                State and local agencies and experts in the field, 
                collect, compile, and make available State child abuse 
                and neglect reporting information which, to the extent 
                practical, shall be universal and case specific and 
                integrated with other case-based foster care and 
                adoption data collected by the Secretary;
                    ``(E) compile, analyze, and publish a summary of the 
                research conducted under section 105(a); and''; and
                    (G) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Confidentiality requirement.--In carrying out 
        paragraph (1)(D), the Secretary shall ensure that methods are 
        established and implemented to preserve the confidentiality of 
        records relating to case specific data.''.

SEC. 105. RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND ASSISTANCE ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Research.--Section 105(a) of the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5105(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``, through the Center, conduct research on'' 
                and inserting ``, in consultation with other Federal 
                agencies and recognized experts in the field, carry out 
                a continuing interdisciplinary program of research that 
                is designed to provide information needed to better 
                protect children from abuse or neglect and to improve 
                the well-being of abused or neglected children, with at 
                least a portion of such research being field initiated. 
                Such research program may focus on'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (C) 
                as subparagraph (B) through (D), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting before subparagraph (B) (as so 
                redesignated) the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(A) the nature and scope of child abuse and 
                neglect;'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated), to 
                read as follows:
                    ``(B) causes, prevention, assessment, 
                identification, treatment, cultural and socio-economic 
                distinctions, and the consequences of child abuse and 
                neglect;''; and
                    (E) in subparagraph (D) (as so redesignated)--
                          (i) by striking clause (ii);
                          (ii) in clause (iii), to read as follows:
                          ``(ii) the incidence of substantiated and 
                      unsubstantiated reported child abuse cases;''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iii) the number of substantiated cases that 
                      result in a judicial finding of child abuse or 
                      neglect or related criminal court convictions;
                          ``(iv) the extent to which the number of 
                      unsubstantiated, unfounded and false reported 
                      cases of child abuse or neglect have contributed 
                      to the inability of a State to respond effectively 
                      to serious cases of child abuse or neglect;

[[Page 110 STAT. 3068]]

                          ``(v) the extent to which the lack of adequate 
                      resources and the lack of adequate training of 
                      individuals required by law to report suspected 
                      cases of child abuse have contributed to the 
                      inability of a State to respond effectively to 
                      serious cases of child abuse and neglect;
                          ``(vi) the number of unsubstantiated, false, 
                      or unfounded reports that have resulted in a child 
                      being placed in substitute care, and the duration 
                      of such placement;
                          ``(vii) the extent to which unsubstantiated 
                      reports return as more serious cases of child 
                      abuse or neglect;
                          ``(viii) the incidence and prevalence of 
                      physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and physical 
                      and emotional neglect in substitute care; and
                          ``(ix) the incidence and outcomes of abuse 
                      allegations reported within the context of 
                      divorce, custody, or other family court 
                      proceedings, and the interaction between this 
                      venue and the child protective services system.''; 
                      and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``and demonstration''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``paragraph (1)(A) and 
                      activities under section 106'' and inserting 
                      ``paragraph (1)''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and 
                demonstration''.

    (b) Repeal.--Subsection (b) of section 105 of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5105(b)) is repealed.
    (c) Technical Assistance.--Section 105(c) of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5105(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(c)'' and inserting ``(b)'';
            (2) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary'';
            (3) by striking ``, through the Center,'';
            (4) by inserting ``State and local'' before ``public and 
        nonprofit'';
            (5) by inserting ``assessment,'' before ``identification''; 
        and
            (6) by adding at the end thereof the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(2) Evaluation.--Such technical assistance may include an 
        evaluation or identification of--
                    ``(A) various methods and procedures for the 
                investigation, assessment, and prosecution of child 
                physical and sexual abuse cases;
                    ``(B) ways to mitigate psychological trauma to the 
                child victim; and
                    ``(C) effective programs carried out by the States 
                under titles I and II.
            ``(3) Dissemination.--The Secretary may provide for and 
        disseminate information relating to various training resources 
        available at the State and local level to--
                    ``(A) individuals who are engaged, or who intend to 
                engage, in the prevention, identification, and treatment 
                of child abuse and neglect; and
                    ``(B) appropriate State and local officials to 
                assist in training law enforcement, legal, judicial, 
                medical, mental

[[Page 110 STAT. 3069]]

                health, education, and child welfare personnel in 
                appropriate methods of interacting during investigative, 
                administrative, and judicial proceedings with children 
                who have been subjected to abuse.''.

    (d) Grants and Contracts.--Section 105(d) of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5105(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(d)'' and inserting ``(c)''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the second sentence.

    (e) Peer Review.--Section 105(e) of the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5105(e)) is amended--
            (1) in the heading preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``(e)'' and inserting ``(d)'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``establish a formal'' and 
                      inserting ``, in consultation with experts in the 
                      field and other federal agencies, establish a 
                      formal, rigorous, and meritorious'';
                          (ii) by striking ``and contracts''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end thereof the 
                      following new sentence: ``The purpose of this 
                      process is to enhance the quality and usefulness 
                      of research in the field of child abuse and 
                      neglect.''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``Office of Human 
                      Development'' and inserting ``Administration on 
                      Children and Families''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end thereof the 
                      following new sentence: ``The Secretary shall 
                      ensure that the peer review panel utilizes 
                      scientifically valid review criteria and scoring 
                      guidelines for review committees.'';
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``, contract, or other financial assistance''; 
                and
                    (B) by adding at the end thereof the following flush 
                sentence:
        ``The <<NOTE: Grants.>>  Secretary shall award grants under this 
        section on the basis of competitive review.''; and
            (4) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``subsection 
        (e)(2)(B)'' each place it appears and inserting ``paragraph 
        (2)(B)''.

    (f) Technical Amendment.--Section 105 of the Child Abuse Prevention 
and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5105) is amended in the section heading by 
striking ``OF THE NATIONAL CENTER ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT''.

SEC. 106. GRANTS FOR DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 106 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5106) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``OR SERVICE'';
            (2) in subsection (a), to read as follows:

    ``(a) Demonstration Programs and Projects.--The Secretary may make 
grants to, and enter into contracts with, public agencies or private 
nonprofit agencies or organizations (or combinations of such agencies or 
organizations) for time limited, demonstration programs and projects for 
the following purposes:

[[Page 110 STAT. 3070]]

            ``(1) Training programs.--The Secretary may award grants to 
        public or private nonprofit organizations under this section--
                    ``(A) for the training of professional and 
                paraprofessional personnel in the fields of medicine, 
                law, education, social work, and other relevant fields 
                who are engaged in, or intend to work in, the field of 
                prevention, identification, and treatment of child abuse 
                and neglect, including the links between domestic 
                violence and child abuse;
                    ``(B) to improve the recruitment, selection, and 
                training of volunteers serving in public and private 
                nonprofit children, youth and family service 
                organizations in order to prevent child abuse and 
                neglect through collaborative analysis of current 
                recruitment, selection, and training programs and 
                development of model programs for dissemination and 
                replication nationally; and
                    ``(C) for the establishment of resource centers for 
                the purpose of providing information and training to 
                professionals working in the field of child abuse and 
                neglect.
            ``(2) Mutual support programs.--The Secretary may award 
        grants to private nonprofit organizations (such as Parents 
        Anonymous) to establish or maintain a national network of mutual 
        support and self-help programs as a means of strengthening 
        families in partnership with their communities.
            ``(3) Other innovative programs and projects.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may award grants to 
                public and private nonprofit agencies that demonstrate 
                innovation in responding to reports of child abuse and 
                neglect including programs of collaborative partnerships 
                between the State child protective services agency, 
                community social service agencies and family support 
                programs, schools, churches and synagogues, and other 
                community agencies to allow for the establishment of a 
                triage system that--
                          ``(i) accepts, screens and assesses reports 
                      received to determine which such reports require 
                      an intensive intervention and which require 
                      voluntary referral to another agency, program or 
                      project;
                          ``(ii) provides, either directly or through 
                      referral, a variety of community-linked services 
                      to assist families in preventing child abuse and 
                      neglect; and
                          ``(iii) provides further investigation and 
                      intensive intervention where the child's safety is 
                      in jeopardy.
                    ``(B) Kinship care.--The Secretary may award grants 
                to public and private nonprofit entities in not more 
                than 10 States to assist such entities in developing or 
                implementing procedures using adult relatives as the 
                preferred placement for children removed from their 
                home, where such relatives are determined to be capable 
                of providing a safe nurturing environment for the child 
                and where such relatives comply with the State child 
                protection standards.
                    ``(C) Promotion of safe, family-friendly physical 
                environments for visitation and exchange.--The Secretary 
                may award grants to entities to assist such entities in 
                establishing and operating safe, family-friendly 
                physical environments--

[[Page 110 STAT. 3071]]

                          ``(i) for court-ordered supervised visitation 
                      between children and abusing parents; and
                          ``(ii) to safely facilitate the exchange of 
                      children for visits with noncustodian parents in 
                      cases of domestic violence.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b);
            (4) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b);
            (5) in subsection (b) (as redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (7) as 
                paragraphs (1) through (5), respectively; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(c) Evaluation.--In making grants for demonstration projects under 
this section, the Secretary shall require all such projects to be 
evaluated for their effectiveness. Funding for such evaluations shall be 
provided either as a stated percentage of a demonstration grant or as a 
separate grant entered into by the Secretary for the purpose of 
evaluating a particular demonstration project or group of projects.''.

SEC. 107. STATE GRANTS FOR PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAMS.

    Section 107 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5106a) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 107. GRANTS TO STATES FOR CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND 
            TREATMENT PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Grants.>>   Development and Operation Grants.--The 
Secretary shall make grants to the States, based on the population of 
children under the age of 18 in each State that applies for a grant 
under this section, for purposes of assisting the States in improving 
the child protective services system of each such State in--
            ``(1) the intake, assessment, screening, and investigation 
        of reports of abuse and neglect;
            ``(2)(A) creating and improving the use of multidisciplinary 
        teams and interagency protocols to enhance investigations; and
            ``(B) improving legal preparation and representation, 
        including--
                    ``(i) procedures for appealing and responding to 
                appeals of substantiated reports of abuse and neglect; 
                and
                    ``(ii) provisions for the appointment of an 
                individual appointed to represent a child in judicial 
                proceedings;
            ``(3) case management and delivery of services provided to 
        children and their families;
            ``(4) enhancing the general child protective system by 
        improving risk and safety assessment tools and protocols, 
        automation systems that support the program and track reports of 
        child abuse and neglect from intake through final disposition 
        and information referral systems;
            ``(5) developing, strengthening, and facilitating training 
        opportunities and requirements for individuals overseeing and 
        providing services to children and their families through the 
        child protection system;
            ``(6) developing and facilitating training protocols for 
        individuals mandated to report child abuse or neglect;
            ``(7) developing, strengthening, and supporting child abuse 
        and neglect prevention, treatment, and research programs in the 
        public and private sectors;

[[Page 110 STAT. 3072]]

            ``(8) developing, implementing, or operating--
                    ``(A) information and education programs or training 
                programs designed to improve the provision of services 
                to disabled infants with life-threatening conditions 
                for--
                          ``(i) professional and paraprofessional 
                      personnel concerned with the welfare of disabled 
                      infants with life-threatening conditions, 
                      including personnel employed in child protective 
                      services programs and health-care facilities; and
                          ``(ii) the parents of such infants; and
                    ``(B) programs to assist in obtaining or 
                coordinating necessary services for families of disabled 
                infants with life-threatening conditions, including--
                          ``(i) existing social and health services;
                          ``(ii) financial assistance; and
                          ``(iii) services necessary to facilitate 
                      adoptive placement of any such infants who have 
                      been relinquished for adoption; or
            ``(9) developing and enhancing the capacity of community-
        based programs to integrate shared leadership strategies between 
        parents and professionals to prevent and treat child abuse and 
        neglect at the neighborhood level.

    ``(b) Eligibility Requirements.--
            ``(1) State plan.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
                under this section, a State shall, at the time of the 
                initial grant application and every 5 years thereafter, 
                prepare and submit to the Secretary a State plan that 
                specifies the areas of the child protective services 
                system described in subsection (a) that the State 
                intends to address with amounts received under the 
                grant.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Additional 
                requirement.--After the submission of the initial grant 
                application under subparagraph (A), the State shall 
                provide notice to the Secretary of any substantive 
                changes to any State law relating to the prevention of 
                child abuse and neglect that may affect the eligibility 
                of the State under this section.
            ``(2) Coordination.--A State plan submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be coordinated 
        with the State plan under part B of title IV of the Social 
        Security Act relating to child welfare services and family 
        preservation and family support services, and shall contain an 
        outline of the activities that the State intends to carry out 
        using amounts received under the grant to achieve the purposes 
        of this title, including--
                    ``(A) an assurance in the form of a certification by 
                the chief executive officer of the State that the State 
                has in effect and is enforcing a State law, or has in 
                effect and is operating a Statewide program, relating to 
                child abuse and neglect that includes--
                          ``(i) provisions or procedures for the 
                      reporting of known and suspected instances of 
                      child abuse and neglect;
                          ``(ii) procedures for the immediate screening, 
                      safety assessment, and prompt investigation of 
                      such reports;
                          ``(iii) procedures for immediate steps to be 
                      taken to ensure and protect the safety of the 
                      abused or

[[Page 110 STAT. 3073]]

                      neglected child and of any other child under the 
                      same care who may also be in danger of abuse or 
                      neglect and ensuring their placement in a safe 
                      environment;
                          ``(iv) provisions for immunity from 
                      prosecution under State and local laws and 
                      regulations for individuals making good faith 
                      reports of suspected or known instances of child 
                      abuse or neglect;
                          ``(v) <<NOTE: Confidentiality. Records.>>  
                      methods to preserve the confidentiality of all 
                      records in order to protect the rights of the 
                      child and of the child's parents or guardians, 
                      including requirements ensuring that reports and 
                      records made and maintained pursuant to the 
                      purposes of this Act shall only be made available 
                      to--
                                    ``(I) individuals who are the 
                                subject of the report;
                                    ``(II) Federal, State, or local 
                                government entities, or any agent of 
                                such entities, having a need for such 
                                information in order to carry out its 
                                responsibilities under law to protect 
                                children from abuse and neglect;
                                    ``(III) child abuse citizen review 
                                panels;
                                    ``(IV) child fatality review panels;
                                    ``(V) a grand jury or court, upon a 
                                finding that information in the record 
                                is necessary for the determination of an 
                                issue before the court or grand jury; 
                                and
                                    ``(VI) other entities or classes of 
                                individuals statutorily authorized by 
                                the State to receive such information 
                                pursuant to a legitimate State purpose;
                          ``(vi) provisions which allow for public 
                      disclosure of the findings or information about 
                      the case of child abuse or neglect which has 
                      resulted in a child fatality or near fatality;
                          ``(vii) the cooperation of State law 
                      enforcement officials, court of competent 
                      jurisdiction, and appropriate State agencies 
                      providing human services in the investigation, 
                      assessment, prosecution, and treatment of child 
                      abuse or neglect;
                          ``(viii) provisions requiring, and procedures 
                      in place that facilitate the prompt expungement of 
                      any records that are accessible to the general 
                      public or are used for purposes of employment or 
                      other background checks in cases determined to be 
                      unsubstantiated or false, except that nothing in 
                      this section shall prevent State child protective 
                      services agencies from keeping information on 
                      unsubstantiated reports in their casework files to 
                      assist in future risk and safety assessment;
                          ``(ix) provisions and procedures requiring 
                      that in every case involving an abused or 
                      neglected child which results in a judicial 
                      proceeding, a guardian ad litem, who may be an 
                      attorney or a court appointed special advocate (or 
                      both), shall be appointed to represent the child 
                      in such proceedings--
                                    ``(I) to obtain first-hand, a clear 
                                understanding of the situation and needs 
                                of the child; and

[[Page 110 STAT. 3074]]

                                    ``(II) to make recommendations to 
                                the court concerning the best interests 
                                of the child;
                          ``(x) the establishment of citizen review 
                      panels in accordance with subsection (c);
                          ``(xi) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  provisions, 
                      procedures, and mechanisms to be effective not 
                      later than 2 years after the date of the enactment 
                      of this section--
                                    ``(I) for the expedited termination 
                                of parental rights in the case of any 
                                infant determined to be abandoned under 
                                State law; and
                                    ``(II) by which individuals who 
                                disagree with an official finding of 
                                abuse or neglect can appeal such 
                                finding;
                          ``(xii) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  provisions, 
                      procedures, and mechanisms to be effective not 
                      later than 2 years after the date of the enactment 
                      of this section that assure that the State does 
                      not require reunification of a surviving child 
                      with a parent who has been found by a court of 
                      competent jurisdiction--
                                    ``(I) to have committed murder 
                                (which would have been an offense under 
                                section 1111(a) of title 18, United 
                                States Code, if the offense had occurred 
                                in the special maritime or territorial 
                                jurisdiction of the United States) of 
                                another child of such parent;
                                    ``(II) to have committed voluntary 
                                manslaughter (which would have been an 
                                offense under section 1112(a) of title 
                                18, United States Code, if the offense 
                                had occurred in the special maritime or 
                                territorial jurisdiction of the United 
                                States) of another child of such parent;
                                    ``(III) to have aided or abetted, 
                                attempted, conspired, or solicited to 
                                commit such murder or voluntary 
                                manslaughter; or
                                    ``(IV) to have committed a felony 
                                assault that results in the serious 
                                bodily injury to the surviving child or 
                                another child of such parent; and
                          ``(xiii) an assurance that, upon the 
                      implementation by the State of the provisions, 
                      procedures, and mechanisms under clause (xii), 
                      conviction of any one of the felonies listed in 
                      clause (xii) constitute grounds under State law 
                      for the termination of parental rights of the 
                      convicted parent as to the surviving children 
                      (although case-by-case determinations of whether 
                      or not to seek termination of parental rights 
                      shall be within the sole discretion of the State);
                    ``(B) an assurance that the State has in place 
                procedures for responding to the reporting of medical 
                neglect (including instances of withholding of medically 
                indicated treatment from disabled infants with life-
                threatening conditions), procedures or programs, or both 
                (within the State child protective services system), to 
                provide for--
                          ``(i) coordination and consultation with 
                      individuals designated by and within appropriate 
                      health-care facilities;
                          ``(ii) prompt notification by individuals 
                      designated by and within appropriate health-care 
                      facilities of cases

[[Page 110 STAT. 3075]]

                      of suspected medical neglect (including instances 
                      of withholding of medically indicated treatment 
                      from disabled infants with life-threatening 
                      conditions); and
                          ``(iii) authority, under State law, for the 
                      State child protective services system to pursue 
                      any legal remedies, including the authority to 
                      initiate legal proceedings in a court of competent 
                      jurisdiction, as may be necessary to prevent the 
                      withholding of medically indicated treatment from 
                      disabled infants with life threatening conditions;
                    ``(C) a description of--
                          ``(i) the services to be provided under the 
                      grant to individuals, families, or communities, 
                      either directly or through referrals aimed at 
                      preventing the occurrence of child abuse and 
                      neglect;
                          ``(ii) the training to be provided under the 
                      grant to support direct line and supervisory 
                      personnel in report taking, screening, assessment, 
                      decision making, and referral for investigating 
                      suspected instances of child abuse and neglect; 
                      and
                          ``(iii) the training to be provided under the 
                      grant for individuals who are required to report 
                      suspected cases of child abuse and neglect; and
                    ``(D) an assurance or certification that the 
                programs or projects relating to child abuse and neglect 
                carried out under part B of title IV of the Social 
                Security Act comply with the requirements set forth in 
                paragraph (1) and this paragraph.
            ``(3) Limitation.--With regard to clauses (v) and (vi) of 
        paragraph (2)(A), nothing in this section shall be construed as 
        restricting the ability of a State to refuse to disclose 
        identifying information concerning the individual initiating a 
        report or complaint alleging suspected instances of child abuse 
        or neglect, except that the State may not refuse such a 
        disclosure where a court orders such disclosure after such court 
        has reviewed, in camera, the record of the State related to the 
        report or complaint and has found it has reason to believe that 
        the reporter knowingly made a false report.
            ``(4) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `near fatality' means an act that, as 
                certified by a physician, places the child in serious or 
                critical condition; and
                    ``(B) the term `serious bodily injury' means bodily 
                injury which involves substantial risk of death, extreme 
                physical pain, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or 
                protracted loss or impairment of the function of a 
                bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.

    ``(c) Citizen Review Panels.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), each State to which a grant is made 
                under this section shall establish not less than 3 
                citizen review panels.
                    ``(B) Exceptions.--
                          ``(i) Establishment of panels by states 
                      receiving minimum allotment.--A State that 
                      receives the minimum allotment of $175,000 under 
                      section

[[Page 110 STAT. 3076]]

                      203(b)(1)(A) for a fiscal year shall establish not 
                      less than 1 citizen review panel.
                          ``(ii) Designation of existing entities.--A 
                      State may designate as panels for purposes of this 
                      subsection one or more existing entities 
                      established under State or Federal law, such as 
                      child fatality panels or foster care review 
                      panels, if such entities have the capacity to 
                      satisfy the requirements of paragraph (4) and the 
                      State ensures that such entities will satisfy such 
                      requirements.
            ``(2) Membership.--Each panel established pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall be composed of volunteer members who are 
        broadly representative of the community in which such panel is 
        established, including members who have expertise in the 
        prevention and treatment of child abuse and neglect.
            ``(3) Meetings.--Each panel established pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall meet not less than once every 3 months.
            ``(4) Functions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each panel established pursuant 
                to paragraph (1) shall, by examining the policies and 
                procedures of State and local agencies and where 
                appropriate, specific cases, evaluate the extent to 
                which the agencies are effectively discharging their 
                child protection responsibilities in accordance with--
                          ``(i) the State plan under subsection (b);
                          ``(ii) the child protection standards set 
                      forth in subsection (b); and
                          ``(iii) any other criteria that the panel 
                      considers important to ensure the protection of 
                      children, including--
                                    ``(I) a review of the extent to 
                                which the State child protective 
                                services system is coordinated with the 
                                foster care and adoption programs 
                                established under part E of title IV of 
                                the Social Security Act; and
                                    ``(II) a review of child fatalities 
                                and near fatalities (as defined in 
                                subsection (b)(4)).
                    ``(B) Confidentiality.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The members and staff of a 
                      panel established under paragraph (1)--
                                    ``(I) shall not disclose to any 
                                person or government official any 
                                identifying information about any 
                                specific child protection case with 
                                respect to which the panel is provided 
                                information; and
                                    ``(II) shall not make public other 
                                information unless authorized by State 
                                statute.
                          ``(ii) Civil sanctions.--Each State that 
                      establishes a panel pursuant to paragraph (1) 
                      shall establish civil sanctions for a violation of 
                      clause (i).
            ``(5) State assistance.--Each State that establishes a panel 
        pursuant to paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) shall provide the panel access to information 
                on cases that the panel desires to review if such 
                information is necessary for the panel to carry out its 
                functions under paragraph (4); and
                    ``(B) shall provide the panel, upon its request, 
                staff assistance for the performance of the duties of 
                the panel.

[[Page 110 STAT. 3077]]

            ``(6) <<NOTE: Public information.>>  Reports.--Each panel 
        established under paragraph (1) shall prepare and make available 
        to the public, on an annual basis, a report containing a summary 
        of the activities of the panel.

    ``(d) Annual State Data Reports.--Each State to which a grant is 
made under this section shall annually work with the Secretary to 
provide, to the maximum extent practicable, a report that includes the 
following:
            ``(1) The number of children who were reported to the State 
        during the year as abused or neglected.
            ``(2) Of the number of children described in paragraph (1), 
        the number with respect to whom such reports were--
                    ``(A) substantiated;
                    ``(B) unsubstantiated; or
                    ``(C) determined to be false.
            ``(3) Of the number of children described in paragraph (2)--
                    ``(A) the number that did not receive services 
                during the year under the State program funded under 
                this section or an equivalent State program;
                    ``(B) the number that received services during the 
                year under the State program funded under this section 
                or an equivalent State program; and
                    ``(C) the number that were removed from their 
                families during the year by disposition of the case.
            ``(4) The number of families that received preventive 
        services from the State during the year.
            ``(5) The number of deaths in the State during the year 
        resulting from child abuse or neglect.
            ``(6) Of the number of children described in paragraph (5), 
        the number of such children who were in foster care.
            ``(7) The number of child protective services workers 
        responsible for the intake and screening of reports filed in the 
        previous year.
            ``(8) The agency response time with respect to each such 
        report with respect to initial investigation of reports of child 
        abuse or neglect.
            ``(9) The response time with respect to the provision of 
        services to families and children where an allegation of abuse 
        or neglect has been made.
            ``(10) The number of child protective services workers 
        responsible for intake, assessment, and investigation of child 
        abuse and neglect reports relative to the number of reports 
        investigated in the previous year.
            ``(11) The number of children reunited with their families 
        or receiving family preservation services that, within five 
        years, result in subsequent substantiated reports of child abuse 
        and neglect, including the death of the child.
            ``(12) The number of children for whom individuals were 
        appointed by the court to represent the best interests of such 
        children and the average number of out of court contacts between 
        such individuals and children.

    ``(e) Annual Report by the Secretary.--Within 6 months after 
receiving the State reports under subsection (d), the Secretary shall 
prepare a report based on information provided by the States for the 
fiscal year under such subsection and shall make the report

[[Page 110 STAT. 3078]]

and such information available to the Congress and the national 
clearinghouse for information relating to child abuse.''.

SEC. 108. REPEAL.

    Section 108 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5106b) is repealed.

SEC. 109. MISCELLANEOUS REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 110 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5106d) <<NOTE: 42 USC 5106g.>>  is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).

SEC. 110. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 113 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5106h) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (1), (2), (5), and (9);
            (2)(A) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (6) through 
        (8) as paragraphs (1) through (5), respectively; and
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (6);
            (3) in paragraph (2) (as redesignated), to read as follows:
            ``(2) the term `child abuse and neglect' means, at a 
        minimum, any recent act or failure to act on the part of a 
        parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical or 
        emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or 
        failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious 
        harm;''; and
            (4) in paragraph (4)(B) (as redesignated), by inserting ``, 
        and in cases of caretaker or inter-familial relationships, 
        statutory rape'' after ``rape''.

SEC. 111. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 114(a) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5106h(a)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) General authorization.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this title, $100,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 1997, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 
        fiscal years 1998 through 2001.
            ``(2) Discretionary activities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Of the amounts appropriated for a 
                fiscal year under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
                make available 30 percent of such amounts to fund 
                discretionary activities under this title.
                    ``(B) Demonstration projects.--Of the amounts made 
                available for a fiscal year under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary make available not more than 40 percent of 
                such amounts to carry out section 106.''.

SEC. 112. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Title I of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 
5101 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 115. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5106i.>>  RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    ``(a) In General.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed--
            ``(1) as establishing a Federal requirement that a parent or 
        legal guardian provide a child any medical service or treat

[[Page 110 STAT. 3079]]

        ment against the religious beliefs of the parent or legal 
        guardian; and
            ``(2) to require that a State find, or to prohibit a State 
        from finding, abuse or neglect in cases in which a parent or 
        legal guardian relies solely or partially upon spiritual means 
        rather than medical treatment, in accordance with the religious 
        beliefs of the parent or legal guardian.

    ``(b) State Requirement.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), a State 
shall, at a minimum, have in place authority under State law to permit 
the child protective services system of the State to pursue any legal 
remedies, including the authority to initiate legal proceedings in a 
court of competent jurisdiction, to provide medical care or treatment 
for a child when such care or treatment is necessary to prevent or 
remedy serious harm to the child, or to prevent the withholding of 
medically indicated treatment from children with life threatening 
conditions. Except with respect to the withholding of medically 
indicated treatments from disabled infants with life threatening 
conditions, case by case determinations concerning the exercise of the 
authority of this subsection shall be within the sole discretion of the 
State.''.

SEC. 113. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act.--
            (1)(A) Sections 104 through 107 of the Child Abuse 
        Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5104 through 5106a), as 
        amended by this subtitle, are redesignated as sections 103 
        through 106 of such Act, respectively.
            (B) Sections 109 through 114 of the Child Abuse Prevention 
        and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C 5106c through 5106h), as amended by 
        this subtitle, are redesignated as sections 107 through 112 of 
        such Act, respectively.
            (C) Section 115 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment 
        Act, as added by section 112 of this Act, is redesignated as 
        section 113 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act.
            (2) Section 107 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment 
        Act (as redesignated) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``acting through 
                the Center and'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``sections'' 
                and inserting ``section'';
                    (C) in subsection (c)(1)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                      by inserting a comma after ``maintain''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (F), by adding a 
                      semicolon at the end; and
                    (D) in subsection (d)(1), by adding ``and'' at the 
                end.
            (3) Section 110(b) of the Child Abuse Prevention and 
        Treatment Act (as redesignated) is amended by striking 
        ``effectiveness of--'' and all that follows and inserting 
        ``effectiveness of assisted programs in achieving the objectives 
        of section 107.''.

    (b) Victims of Crime Act of 1984.--Section 1404A of the Victims of 
Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603a) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``1402(d)(2)(D) and (d)(3).'' and inserting 
        ``1402(d)(2)''; and
            (2) by striking ``section 4(d)'' and inserting ``section 
        109''.

[[Page 110 STAT. 3080]]

     Subtitle B--Community-Based Family Resource and Support Grants

SEC. 121. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM.

    Title II of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 
5116 et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

     ``TITLE II--COMMUNITY-BASED FAMILY RESOURCE AND SUPPORT GRANTS

``SEC. 201. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5116.>>  PURPOSE AND AUTHORITY.

    ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this title--
            ``(1) to support State efforts to develop, operate, expand 
        and enhance a network of community-based, prevention-focused, 
        family resource and support programs that coordinate resources 
        among existing education, vocational rehabilitation, disability, 
        respite care, health, mental health, job readiness, self-
        sufficiency, child and family development, community action, 
        Head Start, child care, child abuse and neglect prevention, 
        juvenile justice, domestic violence prevention and intervention, 
        housing, and other human service organizations within the State; 
        and
            ``(2) to foster an understanding, appreciation, and 
        knowledge of diverse populations in order to be effective in 
        preventing and treating child abuse and neglect.

    ``(b) Authority.--The Secretary shall make grants under this title 
on a formula basis to the entity designated by the State as the lead 
entity (hereafter referred to in this title as the `lead entity') under 
section 202(1) for the purpose of--
            ``(1) developing, operating, expanding and enhancing 
        Statewide networks of community-based, prevention-focused, 
        family resource and support programs that--
                    ``(A) offer assistance to families;
                    ``(B) provide early, comprehensive support for 
                parents;
                    ``(C) promote the development of parenting skills, 
                especially in young parents and parents with very young 
                children;
                    ``(D) increase family stability;
                    ``(E) improve family access to other formal and 
                informal resources and opportunities for assistance 
                available within communities;
                    ``(F) support the additional needs of families with 
                children with disabilities through respite care and 
                other services; and
                    ``(G) decrease the risk of homelessness;
            ``(2) fostering the development of a continuum of preventive 
        services for children and families through State and community-
        based collaborations and partnerships both public and private;
            ``(3) financing the start-up, maintenance, expansion, or 
        redesign of specific family resource and support program 
        services (such as respite care services, child abuse and neglect 
        prevention activities, disability services, mental health 
        services, housing services, transportation, adult education, 
        home visiting and other similar services) identified by the 
        inventory and

[[Page 110 STAT. 3081]]

        description of current services required under section 205(a)(3) 
        as an unmet need, and integrated with the network of community-
        based family resource and support program to the extent 
        practicable given funding levels and community priorities;
            ``(4) maximizing funding for the financing, planning, 
        community mobilization, collaboration, assessment, information 
        and referral, startup, training and technical assistance, 
        information management, reporting and evaluation costs for 
        establishing, operating, or expanding a Statewide network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and support 
        program; and
            ``(5) financing public information activities that focus on 
        the healthy and positive development of parents and children and 
        the promotion of child abuse and neglect prevention activities.

``SEC. 202. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5116a.>>  ELIGIBILITY.

    ``A State shall be eligible for a grant under this title for a 
fiscal year if--
            ``(1)(A) the chief executive officer of the State has 
        designated a lead entity to administer funds under this title 
        for the purposes identified under the authority of this title, 
        including to develop, implement, operate, enhance or expand a 
        Statewide network of community-based, prevention-focused, family 
        resource and support programs, child abuse and neglect 
        prevention activities and access to respite care services 
        integrated with the Statewide network;
            ``(B) such lead entity is an existing public, quasi-public, 
        or nonprofit private entity (which may be an entity that has not 
        been established pursuant to State legislation, executive order, 
        or any other written authority of the State) with a demonstrated 
        ability to work with other State and community-based agencies to 
        provide training and technical assistance, and that has the 
        capacity and commitment to ensure the meaningful involvement of 
        parents who are consumers and who can provide leadership in the 
        planning, implementation, and evaluation of programs and policy 
        decisions of the applicant agency in accomplishing the desired 
        outcomes for such efforts;
            ``(C) in determining which entity to designate under 
        subparagraph (A), the chief executive officer should give 
        priority consideration equally to a trust fund advisory board of 
        the State or to an existing entity that leverages Federal, 
        State, and private funds for a broad range of child abuse and 
        neglect prevention activities and family resource programs, and 
        that is directed by an interdisciplinary, public-private 
        structure, including participants from communities; and
            ``(D) in the case of a State that has designated a State 
        trust fund advisory board for purposes of administering funds 
        under this title (as such title was in effect on the date of the 
        enactment of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act 
        Amendments of 1996) and in which one or more entities that 
        leverage Federal, State, and private funds (as described in 
        subparagraph (C)) exist, the chief executive officer shall 
        designate the lead entity only after full consideration of the 
        capacity and expertise of all entities desiring to be designated 
        under subparagraph (A);

[[Page 110 STAT. 3082]]

            ``(2) the chief executive officer of the State provides 
        assurances that the lead entity will provide or will be 
        responsible for providing--
                    ``(A) a network of community-based family resource 
                and support programs composed of local, collaborative, 
                public-private partnerships directed by 
                interdisciplinary structures with balanced 
                representation from private and public sector members, 
                parents, and public and private nonprofit service 
                providers and individuals and organizations experienced 
                in working in partnership with families with children 
                with disabilities;
                    ``(B) direction to the network through an 
                interdisciplinary, collaborative, public-private 
                structure with balanced representation from private and 
                public sector members, parents, and public sector and 
                private nonprofit sector service providers; and
                    ``(C) direction and oversight to the network through 
                identified goals and objectives, clear lines of 
                communication and accountability, the provision of 
                leveraged or combined funding from Federal, State and 
                private sources, centralized assessment and planning 
                activities, the provision of training and technical 
                assistance, and reporting and evaluation functions; and
            ``(3) the chief executive officer of the State provides 
        assurances that the lead entity--
                    ``(A) has a demonstrated commitment to parental 
                participation in the development, operation, and 
                oversight of the Statewide network of community-based, 
                prevention-focused, family resource and support 
                programs;
                    ``(B) has a demonstrated ability to work with State 
                and community-based public and private nonprofit 
                organizations to develop a continuum of preventive, 
                family centered, comprehensive services for children and 
                families through the Statewide network of community-
                based, prevention-focused, family resource and support 
                programs;
                    ``(C) has the capacity to provide operational 
                support (both financial and programmatic) and training 
                and technical assistance, to the Statewide network of 
                community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and 
                support programs, through innovative, interagency 
                funding and interdisciplinary service delivery 
                mechanisms; and
                    ``(D) will integrate its efforts with individuals 
                and organizations experienced in working in partnership 
                with families with children with disabilities and with 
                the child abuse and neglect prevention activities of the 
                State, and demonstrate a financial commitment to those 
                activities.

``SEC. 203. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5116b.>>  AMOUNT OF GRANT.

    ``(a) Reservation.--The <<NOTE: Native Americans.>>  Secretary shall 
reserve 1 percent of the amount appropriated under section 210 for a 
fiscal year to make allotments to Indian tribes and tribal organizations 
and migrant programs.

    ``(b) Remaining Amounts.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall allot the amount 
        appropriated under section 210 for a fiscal year and remaining 
        after the reservation under subsection (a) among the States as 
        follows:

[[Page 110 STAT. 3083]]

                    ``(A) 70 percent of such amount appropriated shall 
                be allotted among the States by allotting to each State 
                an amount that bears the same proportion to such amount 
                appropriated as the number of children under the age of 
                18 residing in the State bears to the total number of 
                children under the age of 18 residing in all States 
                (except that no State shall receive less than $175,000 
                under this subparagraph).
                    ``(B) 30 percent of such amount appropriated shall 
                be allotted among the States by allotting to each State 
                an amount that bears the same proportion to such amount 
                appropriated as the amount leveraged by the State from 
                private, State, or other non-Federal sources and 
                directed through the State lead agency in the preceding 
                fiscal year bears to the aggregate of the amounts 
                leveraged by all States from private, State, or other 
                non-Federal sources and directed through the lead agency 
                of such States in the preceding fiscal year.
            ``(2) Additional requirement.--The Secretary shall provide 
        allotments under paragraph (1) to the State lead entity.

    ``(c) Allocation.--Funds allotted to a State under this section--
            ``(1) shall be for a 3-year period; and
            ``(2) shall be provided by the Secretary to the State on an 
        annual basis, as described in subsection (a).

``SEC. 204. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5115c.>>  EXISTING GRANTS.

    ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding the enactment of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act Amendments of 1996, a State or entity that 
has a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement in effect, on the date 
of the enactment of such Act under any program described in subsection 
(b), shall continue to receive funds under such program, subject to the 
original terms under which such funds were provided under the grant, 
through the end of the applicable grant cycle.
    ``(b) Programs Described.--The programs described in this subsection 
are the following:
            ``(1) The Community-Based Family Resource programs under 
        section 201 of this Act, as such section was in effect on the 
        day before the date of the enactment of the Child Abuse 
        Prevention and Treatment Act Amendments of 1996.
            ``(2) The Family Support Center programs under subtitle F of 
        title VII of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 
        U.S.C. 11481 et seq.), as such title was in effect on the day 
        before the date of the enactment of the Child Abuse Prevention 
        and Treatment Act Amendments of 1996.
            ``(3) The Emergency Child Abuse Prevention Services grant 
        program under section 107A of this Act, as such section was in 
        effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Human 
        Services Amendments of 1994.
            ``(4) Programs under the Temporary Child Care for Children 
        With Disabilities and Crisis Nurseries Act of 1986.

``SEC. 205. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5116d.>>  APPLICATION.

    ``A grant may not be made to a State under this title unless an 
application therefor is submitted by the State to the Secretary and such 
application contains the types of information specified

[[Page 110 STAT. 3084]]

by the Secretary as essential to carrying out the provisions of section 
202, including--
            ``(1) a description of the lead entity that will be 
        responsible for the administration of funds provided under this 
        title and the oversight of programs funded through the Statewide 
        network of community-based, prevention-focused, family resource 
        and support programs which meets the requirements of section 
        202;
            ``(2) a description of how the network of community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support programs will 
        operate and how family resource and support services provided by 
        public and private, nonprofit organizations, including those 
        funded by programs consolidated under this Act, will be 
        integrated into a developing continuum of family centered, 
        holistic, preventive services for children and families;
            ``(3) an assurance that an inventory of current family 
        resource programs, respite care, child abuse and neglect 
        prevention activities, and other family resource services 
        operating in the State, and a description of current unmet 
        needs, will be provided;
            ``(4) a budget for the development, operation and expansion 
        of the State's network of community-based, prevention-focused, 
        family resource and support programs that verifies that the 
        State will expend in non-Federal funds an amount equal to not 
        less than 20 percent of the amount received under this title (in 
        cash, not in-kind) for activities under this title;
            ``(5) an assurance that funds received under this title will 
        supplement, not supplant, other State and local public funds 
        designated for the Statewide network of community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support programs;
            ``(6) an assurance that the State has the capacity to ensure 
        the meaningful involvement of parents who are consumers and who 
        can provide leadership in the planning, implementation, and 
        evaluation of the programs and policy decisions of the applicant 
        agency in accomplishing the desired outcomes for such efforts;
            ``(7) a description of the criteria that the entity will use 
        to develop, or select and fund, individual community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support programs as part 
        of network development, expansion or enhancement;
            ``(8) a description of outreach activities that the entity 
        and the community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and 
        support programs will undertake to maximize the participation of 
        racial and ethnic minorities, children and adults with 
        disabilities, homeless families and those at risk of 
        homelessness, and members of other underserved or 
        underrepresented groups;
            ``(9) a plan for providing operational support, training and 
        technical assistance to community-based, prevention-focused, 
        family resource and support programs for development, operation, 
        expansion and enhancement activities;
            ``(10) a description of how the applicant entity's 
        activities and those of the network and its members will be 
        evaluated;
            ``(11) a description of the actions that the applicant 
        entity will take to advocate systemic changes in State policies, 
        practices, procedures and regulations to improve the delivery of

[[Page 110 STAT. 3085]]

        prevention-focused, family resource and support program services 
        to children and families; and
            ``(13) an assurance that the applicant entity will provide 
        the Secretary with reports at such time and containing such 
        information as the Secretary may require.

``SEC. 206. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5116e.>>  LOCAL PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.

    ``(a) In General.--Grants made under this title shall be used to 
develop, implement, operate, expand and enhance community-based, 
prevention-focused, family resource and support programs that--
            ``(1) assess community assets and needs through a planning 
        process that involves parents and local public agencies, local 
        nonprofit organizations, and private sector representatives;
            ``(2) develop a strategy to provide, over time, a continuum 
        of preventive, family centered services to children and 
        families, especially to young parents and parents with young 
        children, through public-private partnerships;
            ``(3) provide--
                    ``(A) core family resource and support services such 
                as--
                          ``(i) parent education, mutual support and 
                      self help, and leadership services;
                          ``(ii) outreach services;
                          ``(iii) community and social service 
                      referrals; and
                          ``(iv) follow-up services;
                    ``(B) other core services, which must be provided or 
                arranged for through contracts or agreements with other 
                local agencies, including all forms of respite care 
                services to the extent practicable; and
                    ``(C) access to optional services, including--
                          ``(i) referral to and counseling for adoption 
                      services for individuals interested in adopting a 
                      child or relinquishing their child for adoption;
                          ``(ii) child care, early childhood development 
                      and intervention services;
                          ``(iii) referral to services and supports to 
                      meet the additional needs of families with 
                      children with disabilities;
                          ``(iv) referral to job readiness services;
                          ``(v) referral to educational services, such 
                      as scholastic tutoring, literacy training, and 
                      General Educational Degree services;
                          ``(vi) self-sufficiency and life management 
                      skills training;
                          ``(vii) community referral services, including 
                      early developmental screening of children; and
                          ``(viii) peer counseling;
            ``(4) develop leadership roles for the meaningful 
        involvement of parents in the development, operation, 
        evaluation, and oversight of the programs and services;
            ``(5) provide leadership in mobilizing local public and 
        private resources to support the provision of needed family 
        resource and support program services; and
            ``(6) participate with other community-based, prevention-
        focused, family resource and support program grantees in the

[[Page 110 STAT. 3086]]

        development, operation and expansion of the Statewide network.

    ``(b) Priority.--In awarding local grants under this title, a lead 
entity shall give priority to effective community-based programs serving 
low income communities and those serving young parents or parents with 
young children, including community-based family resource and support 
programs.

``SEC. 207. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5116f.>>  PERFORMANCE MEASURES.

    ``A State receiving a grant under this title, through reports 
provided to the Secretary--
            ``(1) shall demonstrate the effective development, operation 
        and expansion of a Statewide network of community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support programs that 
        meets the requirements of this title;
            ``(2) shall supply an inventory and description of the 
        services provided to families by local programs that meet 
        identified community needs, including core and optional services 
        as described in section 202;
            ``(3) shall demonstrate the establishment of new respite 
        care and other specific new family resources services, and the 
        expansion of existing services, to address unmet needs 
        identified by the inventory and description of current services 
        required under section 205(3);
            ``(4) shall describe the number of families served, 
        including families with children with disabilities, and the 
        involvement of a diverse representation of families in the 
        design, operation, and evaluation of the Statewide network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and support 
        programs, and in the design, operation and evaluation of the 
        individual community-based family resource and support programs 
        that are part of the Statewide network funded under this title;
            ``(5) shall demonstrate a high level of satisfaction among 
        families who have used the services of the community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support programs;
            ``(6) shall demonstrate the establishment or maintenance of 
        innovative funding mechanisms, at the State or community level, 
        that blend Federal, State, local and private funds, and 
        innovative, interdisciplinary service delivery mechanisms, for 
        the development, operation, expansion and enhancement of the 
        Statewide network of community-based, prevention-focused, family 
        resource and support programs;
            ``(7) shall describe the results of a peer review process 
        conducted under the State program; and
            ``(8) shall demonstrate an implementation plan to ensure the 
        continued leadership of parents in the on-going planning, 
        implementation, and evaluation of such community based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support programs.

``SEC. 208. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5116g.>>  NATIONAL NETWORK FOR COMMUNITY-
            BASED FAMILY RESOURCE PROGRAMS.

    ``The Secretary may allocate such sums as may be necessary from the 
amount provided under the State allotment to support the activities of 
the lead entity in the State--
            ``(1) to create, operate and maintain a peer review process;
            ``(2) to create, operate and maintain an information 
        clearinghouse;

[[Page 110 STAT. 3087]]

            ``(3) to fund a yearly symposium on State system change 
        efforts that result from the operation of the Statewide networks 
        of community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and 
        support programs;
            ``(4) to create, operate and maintain a computerized 
        communication system between lead entities; and
            ``(5) to fund State-to-State technical assistance through 
        bi-annual conferences.

``SEC. 209. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5116h.>>  DEFINITIONS.
      ``For purposes of this title:
            ``(1) Children with disabilities.--The term `children with 
        disabilities' has the same meaning given such term in section 
        602(a)(2) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
            ``(2) Community referral services.--The term `community 
        referral services' means services provided under contract or 
        through interagency agreements to assist families in obtaining 
        needed information, mutual support and community resources, 
        including respite care services, health and mental health 
        services, employability development and job training, and other 
        social services, including early developmental screening of 
        children, through help lines or other methods.
            ``(3) Family resource and support program.--The term `family 
        resource and support program' means a community-based, 
        prevention-focused entity that--
                    ``(A) provides, through direct service, the core 
                services required under this title, including--
                          ``(i) parent education, support and leadership 
                      services, together with services characterized by 
                      relationships between parents and professionals 
                      that are based on equality and respect, and 
                      designed to assist parents in acquiring parenting 
                      skills, learning about child development, and 
                      responding appropriately to the behavior of their 
                      children;
                          ``(ii) services to facilitate the ability of 
                      parents to serve as resources to one another (such 
                      as through mutual support and parent self-help 
                      groups);
                          ``(iii) outreach services provided through 
                      voluntary home visits and other methods to assist 
                      parents in becoming aware of and able to 
                      participate in family resources and support 
                      program activities;
                          ``(iv) community and social services to assist 
                      families in obtaining community resources; and
                          ``(v) follow-up services;
                    ``(B) provides, or arranges for the provision of, 
                other core services through contracts or agreements with 
                other local agencies, including all forms of respite 
                care services; and
                    ``(C) provides access to optional services, directly 
                or by contract, purchase of service, or interagency 
                agreement, including--
                          ``(i) child care, early childhood development 
                      and early intervention services;
                          ``(ii) referral to self-sufficiency and life 
                      management skills training;

[[Page 110 STAT. 3088]]

                          ``(iii) referral to education services, such 
                      as scholastic tutoring, literacy training, and 
                      General Educational Degree services;
                          ``(iv) referral to services providing job 
                      readiness skills;
                          ``(v) child abuse and neglect prevention 
                      activities;
                          ``(vi) referral to services that families with 
                      children with disabilities or special needs may 
                      require;
                          ``(vii) community and social service referral, 
                      including early developmental screening of 
                      children;
                          ``(viii) peer counseling;
                          ``(ix) referral for substance abuse counseling 
                      and treatment; and
                          ``(x) help line services.
            ``(4) Outreach services.--The term `outreach services' means 
        services provided to assist consumers, through voluntary home 
        visits or other methods, in accessing and participating in 
        family resource and support program activities.
            ``(5) Respite care services.--The term `respite care 
        services' means short term care services provided in the 
        temporary absence of the regular caregiver (parent, other 
        relative, foster parent, adoptive parent, or guardian) to 
        children who--
                    ``(A) are in danger of abuse or neglect;
                    ``(B) have experienced abuse or neglect; or
                    ``(C) have disabilities, chronic, or terminal 
                illnesses.

        Such services shall be provided within or outside the home of 
        the child, be short-term care (ranging from a few hours to a few 
        weeks of time, per year), and be intended to enable the family 
        to stay together and to keep the child living in the home and 
        community of the child.

``SEC. 210. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5116i.>>  AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title, 
$66,000,000 for fiscal year 1997 and such sums as may be necessary for 
each of the fiscal years 1998 through 2001.''.

 Subtitle C--Certain Preventive Services Regarding Children of Homeless 
              Families or Families At Risk of Homelessness

SEC. 131. REPEAL OF TITLE III.

    Title III of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 
5118 et seq.) is repealed.

                  Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 141. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment 
Act (42 U.S.C. 5101 note) is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
``Sec. 2. Findings.

                       ``TITLE I--GENERAL PROGRAM

``Sec. 101. Office on Child Abuse and Neglect.

[[Page 110 STAT. 3089]]

``Sec. 102. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect.
``Sec. 103. National clearinghouse for information relating to child 
           abuse.
``Sec. 104. Research and assistance activities.
``Sec. 105. Grants to public agencies and nonprofit private 
           organizations for demonstration programs and projects.
``Sec. 106. Grants to States for child abuse and neglect prevention and 
           treatment programs.
``Sec. 107. Grants to States for programs relating to the investigation 
           and prosecution of child abuse and neglect cases.
``Sec. 108. Miscellaneous requirements relating to assistance.
``Sec. 109. Coordination of child abuse and neglect programs.
``Sec. 110. Reports.
``Sec. 111. Definitions.
``Sec. 112. Authorization of appropriations.
``Sec. 113. Rule of construction.

     ``TITLE II--COMMUNITY-BASED FAMILY RESOURCE AND SUPPORT GRANTS

``Sec. 201. Purpose and authority.
``Sec. 202. Eligibility.
``Sec. 203. Amount of grant.
``Sec. 204. Existing grants.
``Sec. 205. Application.
``Sec. 206. Local program requirements.
``Sec. 207. Performance measures.
``Sec. 208. National network for community-based family resource 
           programs.
``Sec. 209. Definitions.
``Sec. 210. Authorization of appropriations.

SEC. 142. REPEALS OF OTHER LAWS.

    (a) Temporary Child Care for Children With Disabilities and Crisis 
Nurseries Act of 1986.--The Temporary Child Care for Children With 
Disabilities and Crisis Nurseries Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 5117 et seq.) 
is repealed.
    (b) Family Support Centers.--Subtitle F of title VII of the Stewart 
B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11481 et seq.) is 
repealed.

                   TITLE II--AMENDMENTS TO OTHER ACTS

         Subtitle A--Family Violence Prevention and Services Act

SEC. 201. STATE DEMONSTRATION GRANTS.

    Section 303(e) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act 
(42 U.S.C. 10420(e)) <<NOTE: 42 USC 10402.>>  is amended--
            (1) by striking ``following local share'' and inserting 
        ``following non-Federal matching local share''; and
            (2) by striking ``20 percent'' and all that follows through 
        ``private sources.'' and inserting ``with respect to an entity 
        operating an existing program under this title, not less than 20 
        percent, and with respect to an entity intending to operate a 
        new program under this title, not less than 35 percent.''.

SEC. 202. ALLOTMENTS.

    Section 304(a)(1) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act 
(42 U.S.C. 10403(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``$200,000'' and 
inserting ``$400,000''.

SEC. 203. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 310 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 
U.S.C. 10409) is amended--

[[Page 110 STAT. 3090]]

            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``80'' and inserting 
        ``70''; and
            (2) by adding at the end thereof the following new 
        subsections:

    ``(d) Grants for State Coalitions.--Of the amounts appropriated 
under subsection (a) for each fiscal year, not less than 10 percent of 
such amounts shall be used by the Secretary for making grants under 
section 311.
    ``(e) Non-Supplanting Requirement.--Federal funds made available to 
a State under this title shall be used to supplement and not supplant 
other Federal, State, and local public funds expended to provide 
services and activities that promote the purposes of this title.''.

Subtitle B--Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act 
                of 1978 (``Adoption Opportunities Act'')

SEC. 211. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.

    Section 201 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption 
Reform Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 5111) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``50 percent between 1985 and 
                      1990'' and inserting ``61 percent between 1986 and 
                      1994''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``400,000 children at the end 
                      of June, 1990'' and inserting ``452,000 as of June 
                      1994'';
                    (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``local'' and 
                inserting ``legal''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (7), to read as follows:
            ``(7)(A) currently, 40,000 children are free for adoption 
        and awaiting placement;
            ``(B) such children are typically school aged, in sibling 
        groups, have experienced neglect or abuse, or have a physical, 
        mental, or emotional disability; and
            ``(C) while the children are of all races, children of color 
        and older children (over the age of 10) are over represented in 
        such group;''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``conditions, by--'' and all that 
                follows through ``Department of Health and Human 
                Services 
                to--'' and inserting ``conditions, by providing a 
                mechanism to--''; and
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (C) 
                of paragraph (2), as paragraphs (1) through (3), 
                respectively, and by realigning the margins of such 
                paragraphs accordingly.

SEC. 212. INFORMATION AND SERVICES.

    Section 203 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption 
Reform Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 5113) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking the last sentence;
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (6), to read as follows:

[[Page 110 STAT. 3091]]

            ``(6) study the nature, scope, and effects of the placement 
        of children in kinship care arrangements, pre-adoptive, or 
        adoptive homes;'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (7) through (9) as 
                paragraphs (8) through (10), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (6), the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(7) study the efficacy of States contracting with public 
        or private nonprofit agencies (including community-based and 
        other organizations), or sectarian institutions for the 
        recruitment of potential adoptive and foster families and to 
        provide assistance in the placement of children for adoption;''; 
        and
            (3) in subsection (d)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``Each'' and inserting ``(A) Each'';
                    (B) by striking ``for each fiscal year'' and 
                inserting ``that describes the manner in which the State 
                will use funds during the 3 fiscal years subsequent to 
                the date of the application to accomplish the purposes 
                of this section. Such application shall be''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:

    ``(B) <<NOTE: Grants. Contracts.>>  The Secretary shall provide, 
directly or by grant to or contract with public or private nonprofit 
agencies or organizations--
            ``(i) technical assistance and resource and referral 
        information to assist State or local governments with 
        termination of parental rights issues, in recruiting and 
        retaining adoptive families, in the successful placement of 
        children with special needs, and in the provision of pre- and 
        post-placement services, including post-legal adoption services; 
        and
            ``(ii) other assistance to help State and local governments 
        replicate successful adoption-related projects from other areas 
        in the United States.''.

SEC. 213. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 205 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption 
Reform Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 5115) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``$10,000,000'' and all 
        that follows through ``203(c)(1)'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 
        for fiscal year 1997, and such sums as may be necessary for each 
        of the fiscal years 1998 through 2001 to carry out programs and 
        activities authorized'';
            (2) by striking subsection (b); and
            (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).

          Subtitle C--Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988

SEC. 221. PRIORITY REQUIREMENT.

    Section 101 of the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988 (42 
U.S.C. 670 note) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Priority Requirement.--In making grants under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall give priority to applicants located in States that 
have developed and implemented procedures for expedited termination of 
parental rights and placement for adoption of infants determined to be 
abandoned under State law.''.

[[Page 110 STAT. 3092]]

SEC. 222. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 104(a)(1) of the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988 
(42 U.S.C. 670 note) is amended by striking ``$20,000,000'' and all that 
follows and inserting ``$35,000,000 for fiscal year 1997 and such sums 
as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1998 through 2001.''.

             Subtitle D--Reauthorization of Various Programs

SEC. 231. MISSING CHILDREN'S ASSISTANCE ACT.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 408 of the Missing 
Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5777) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``To'' and inserting ``(a) In General.--
        To'';
            (2) by striking ``1993, 1994, 1995, and 1996'' and inserting 
        ``1997 through 2001''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(b) Evaluation.--The Administrator may use not more than 5 percent 
of the amount appropriated for a fiscal year under subsection (a) to 
conduct an evaluation of the effectiveness of the programs and 
activities established and operated under this title.''.
    (b) Special Study and Report.--Section 409 of the Missing Children's 
Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5778) is repealed.

SEC. 232. VICTIMS OF CHILD ABUSE ACT OF 1990.

    Section 214B of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
13004) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``and 1996'' and 
        inserting ``1996, and each of the fiscal years 1997 through 
        2000''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``and 1996'' and 
        inserting ``1996, and each of the fiscal years 1997 through 
        2000''.

    Approved October 3, 1996.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 919:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SENATE REPORTS: No. 104-117 (Comm. on Labor and Human Resources).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 142 (1996):
            July 18, considered and passed Senate.
            Sept. 25, considered and passed House, amended.
            Sept. 27, Senate concurred in House amendment.

                                  <all>