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Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries

Titles (2)

Short Titles

Short Titles - House of Representatives

Short Titles as Introduced

Bill Emerson English Language Empowerment Act of 1997

Official Titles

Official Titles - House of Representatives

Official Title as Introduced

To amend title 4, United States Code, to declare English as the official language of the Government of the United States.

Actions Overview (1)

01/07/1997Introduced in House

All Actions (4)

01/31/1997Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Youth and Families.
Action By: Committee on Education and the Workforce
01/07/1997Referred to the House Committee on Education and the Workforce.
Action By: House of Representatives
01/07/1997Sponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR E36)
Action By: House of Representatives
01/07/1997Introduced in House
Action By: House of Representatives

Cosponsors (166)

* = Original cosponsor
CosponsorDate Cosponsored
Rep. Emerson, Jo Ann [R-MO-8]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Armey, Richard K. [R-TX-26]* 01/07/1997
Rep. DeLay, Tom [R-TX-22]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Linder, John [R-GA-11]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Goodling, William F. [R-PA-19]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Riggs, Frank [R-CA-1]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Roukema, Marge [R-NJ-5]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Ballenger, Cass [R-NC-10]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Barrett, Bill [R-NE-3]* 01/07/1997
Rep. McKeon, Howard P. "Buck" [R-CA-25]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Johnson, Sam [R-TX-3]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Talent, Jim [R-MO-2]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Knollenberg, Joe [R-MI-11]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Souder, Mark E. [R-IN-4]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Norwood, Charles W. [R-GA-10]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Peterson, John E. [R-PA-5]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Archer, Bill [R-TX-7]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Young, Don [R-AK-At Large]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Stump, Bob [R-AZ-3]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Bereuter, Doug [R-NE-1]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Solomon, Gerald B. H. [R-NY-22]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Thomas, William M. [R-CA-21]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Porter, John Edward [R-IL-10]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Bliley, Tom [R-VA-7]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Hunter, Duncan [R-CA-52]* 01/07/1997
Rep. McCollum, Bill [R-FL-8]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Wolf, Frank R. [R-VA-10]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Burton, Dan [R-IN-6]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Gekas, George W. [R-PA-17]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Kasich, John R. [R-OH-12]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Sisisky, Norman [D-VA-4]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Saxton, Jim [R-NJ-3]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Barton, Joe [R-TX-6]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Bunning, Jim [R-KY-4]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Gallegly, Elton [R-CA-23]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Hastert, J. Dennis [R-IL-14]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Herger, Wally [R-CA-2]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Pickett, Owen B. [D-VA-2]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Shays, Christopher [R-CT-4]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Clement, Bob [D-TN-5]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Duncan, John J., Jr. [R-TN-2]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Rohrabacher, Dana [R-CA-45]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Tanner, John S. [D-TN-8]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Doolittle, John T. [R-CA-4]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Ramstad, Jim [R-MN-3]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Cramer, Robert E. (Bud), Jr. [D-AL-5]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Ewing, Thomas W. [R-IL-15]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Bachus, Spencer [R-AL-6]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Calvert, Ken [R-CA-43]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Collins, Mac [R-GA-3]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Deal, Nathan [R-GA-9]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Dunn, Jennifer [R-WA-8]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Goodlatte, Bob [R-VA-6]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Horn, Stephen [R-CA-38]* 01/07/1997
Rep. King, Peter T. [R-NY-3]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Miller, Dan [R-FL-13]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Royce, Edward R. [R-CA-39]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Lewis, Ron [R-KY-2]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Barr, Bob [R-GA-7]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Bilbray, Brian P. [R-CA-49]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Bryant, Ed [R-TN-7]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Burr, Richard [R-NC-5]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Chambliss, Saxby [R-GA-8]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Christensen, Jon [R-NE-2]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Coburn, Tom [R-OK-2]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Ganske, Greg [R-IA-4]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Hayworth, J. D. [R-AZ-6]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Nethercutt, George R., Jr. [R-WA-5]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Ney, Robert W. [R-OH-18]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Salmon, Matt [R-AZ-1]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Watts, J. C., Jr. [R-OK-4]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Weldon, Dave [R-FL-15]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Hulshof, Kenny C. [R-MO-9]* 01/07/1997
Rep. Sensenbrenner, F. James, Jr. [R-WI-9] 01/20/1997
Rep. Klug, Scott L. [R-WI-2] 01/20/1997
Rep. Kim, Jay [R-CA-41] 01/20/1997
Rep. Graham, Lindsey [R-SC-3] 01/20/1997
Rep. Hostettler, John N. [R-IN-8] 01/20/1997
Rep. Portman, Rob [R-OH-2] 01/20/1997
Rep. Petri, Thomas E. [R-WI-6] 01/21/1997
Rep. Cubin, Barbara [R-WY-At Large] 01/21/1997
Rep. Oxley, Michael G. [R-OH-4] 01/21/1997
Rep. Upton, Fred [R-MI-6] 01/21/1997
Rep. Kolbe, Jim [R-AZ-5] 01/21/1997
Rep. Hilleary, Van [R-TN-4] 01/21/1997
Rep. Nussle, Jim [R-IA-2] 01/21/1997
Rep. Bartlett, Roscoe G. [R-MD-6] 01/21/1997
Rep. Callahan, Sonny [R-AL-1] 01/21/1997
Rep. Gutknecht, Gil [R-MN-1] 02/04/1997
Rep. Regula, Ralph [R-OH-16] 02/04/1997
Rep. McHugh, John M. [R-NY-24] 02/04/1997
Rep. Weller, Jerry [R-IL-11] 02/04/1997
Rep. Lipinski, William O. [D-IL-3] 02/04/1997
Rep. Mascara, Frank [D-PA-20] 02/04/1997
Rep. Hansen, James V. [R-UT-1] 02/04/1997
Rep. Kelly, Sue W. [R-NY-19] 02/04/1997
Rep. Crane, Philip M. [R-IL-8] 02/04/1997
Rep. English, Phil [R-PA-21] 02/04/1997
Rep. Riley, Bob [R-AL-3] 02/04/1997
Rep. Livingston, Bob [R-LA-1] 02/04/1997
Rep. Jones, Walter B., Jr. [R-NC-3] 02/04/1997
Rep. Taylor, Charles H. [R-NC-11] 02/04/1997
Rep. Foley, Mark [R-FL-16] 02/04/1997
Rep. Hutchinson, Asa [R-AR-3] 02/04/1997
Rep. Myrick, Sue Wilkins [R-NC-9] 02/04/1997
Rep. Chenoweth-Hage, Helen [R-ID-1] 02/04/1997
Rep. Pappas, Michael [R-NJ-12] 02/04/1997
Rep. Cannon, Chris [R-UT-3] 02/04/1997
Rep. Goode, Virgil H., Jr. [D-VA-5] 02/04/1997
Rep. Boehner, John A. [R-OH-8] 02/04/1997
Rep. Hill, Rick [R-MT-At Large] 02/04/1997
Rep. Bateman, Herbert H. [R-VA-1] 02/13/1997
Rep. Shuster, Bud [R-PA-9] 02/13/1997
Rep. Inglis, Bob [R-SC-4] 02/13/1997
Rep. Danner, Pat [D-MO-6] 02/13/1997
Rep. Tiahrt, Todd [R-KS-4] 02/13/1997
Rep. Baker, Richard H. [R-LA-6] 02/13/1997
Rep. Schaefer, Dan [R-CO-6] 02/13/1997
Rep. Pombo, Richard W. [R-CA-11] 02/13/1997
Rep. Davis, Tom [R-VA-11] 02/26/1997
Rep. Manzullo, Donald A. [R-IL-16] 02/26/1997
Rep. Coble, Howard [R-NC-6] 02/26/1997
Rep. Hoekstra, Peter [R-MI-2] 02/26/1997
Rep. Smith, Linda [R-WA-3] 03/13/1997
Rep. Young, C. W. Bill [R-FL-10] 03/13/1997
Rep. Camp, Dave [R-MI-4] 03/13/1997
Rep. Paxon, Bill [R-NY-27] 03/20/1997
Rep. Johnson, Nancy L. [R-CT-6] 04/08/1997
Rep. Fox, Jon D. [R-PA-13] 04/08/1997
Rep. LaTourette, Steven C. [R-OH-19] 04/08/1997
Rep. Fowler, Tillie [R-FL-4] 04/09/1997
Rep. Taylor, Gene [D-MS-5] 04/17/1997
Rep. Bilirakis, Michael [R-FL-9] 05/22/1997
Rep. LaHood, Ray [R-IL-18] 06/05/1997
Rep. Cook, Merrill [R-UT-2] 06/05/1997
Rep. Stearns, Cliff [R-FL-6] 06/05/1997
Rep. Shadegg, John B. [R-AZ-4] 06/05/1997
Rep. Spence, Floyd [R-SC-2] 06/05/1997
Rep. Franks, Bob [R-NJ-7] 06/05/1997
Rep. Wicker, Roger F. [R-MS-1] 06/18/1997
Rep. Rogers, Harold [R-KY-5] 06/18/1997
Rep. Gibbons, Jim [R-NV-2] 07/31/1997
Rep. Radanovich, George [R-CA-19] 07/31/1997
Rep. Cox, Christopher [R-CA-47] 09/08/1997
Rep. Packard, Ron [R-CA-48] 09/08/1997
Rep. Istook, Ernest J., Jr. [R-OK-5] 09/08/1997
Rep. Ehlers, Vernon J. [R-MI-3] 10/06/1997
Rep. Hall, Ralph M. [D-TX-4] 10/06/1997
Rep. Hefley, Joel [R-CO-5] 10/06/1997
Rep. Kingston, Jack [R-GA-1] 10/06/1997
Rep. McCrery, Jim [R-LA-4] 10/06/1997
Rep. Parker, Mike [R-MS-4] 10/06/1997
Rep. Sanford, Marshall (Mark) [R-SC-1] 10/06/1997
Rep. Hastings, Doc [R-WA-4] 10/06/1997
Rep. Weldon, Curt [R-PA-7] 10/06/1997
Rep. Stenholm, Charles W. [D-TX-17] 10/24/1997
Rep. Fawell, Harris W. [R-IL-13] 10/24/1997
Rep. McInnis, Scott [R-CO-3] 10/24/1997
Rep. Quinn, Jack [R-NY-30] 10/24/1997
Rep. Schaffer, Bob [R-CO-4] 10/31/1997
Rep. Wamp, Zach [R-TN-3] 10/31/1997
Rep. Largent, Steve [R-OK-1] 10/31/1997
Rep. Lewis, Jerry [R-CA-40] 10/31/1997
Rep. Aderholt, Robert B. [R-AL-4] 02/12/1998
Rep. Lucas, Frank D. [R-OK-6] 02/12/1998
Rep. Bass, Charles F. [R-NH-2] 04/01/1998

Committees (1)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Reports
House Education and the Workforce01/07/1997 Referred to
House Education and the Workforce Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Youth and Families01/31/1997 Referred to

No related bill information was received for H.R.123.

Latest Summary (1)

There is one summary for H.R.123. View summaries

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (01/07/1997)

Bill Emerson English Language Empowerment Act of 1997 - Amends Federal law to declare English to be the official language of the U.S. Government. States that representatives of the Federal Government have an affirmative obligation to preserve and enhance the role of English as the official language of the Federal Government. Requires such representatives to conduct official business in English. Prohibits anyone from being denied Government services because he or she communicates in English.

Requires that all officials conduct all naturalization ceremonies entirely in English. Directs that nothing in this Act construed to limit the preservation or use of Native Alaskan or Native American languages.

Sets forth definitions for purposes of this Act.