Summary: H.R.1275 — 105th Congress (1997-1998)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Passed House amended (04/24/1997)

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Title I: Authorization of Appropriations

Subtitle A: Authorizations

Subtitle B: Restructuring the National Aeronautics and

Space Administration

Subtitle C: Limitations and Special Authority

Title II: International Space Station

Title III: Miscellaneous Provisions

Civilian Space Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 - Title I: Authorization of Appropriations - Subtitle A: Authorizations - Authorizes appropriations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for: (1) human space flight; (2) science, aeronautics, and technology; (3) mission support; (4) the Inspector General; and (5) the United States-Mexico Foundation for Science.

(Sec. 105) Limits the total NASA authorization of appropriations for each of FY 1998 and 1999.

(Sec. 106) Authorizes appropriations to the Secretary of Transportation for the Office of Commercial Space Transportation.

(Sec. 107) Authorizes appropriations to the Secretary of Commerce for the Office of Space Commerce.

Subtitle B: Restructuring the National Aeronautics and Space Administration - Directs the Administrator of NASA to report to the Congress with respect to NASA restructuring.

Subtitle C: Limitations and Special Authority - Sets forth funds uses, limitations, and special authorities.

Title II: International Space Station - Directs the Administrator to make specified commercialization, accounting, and international hardware agreement reports with respect to the International Space Station (Station).

(Sec. 205) Prohibits: (1) transfer of funds to Russia or Russian contractors for work on the Station which the Russian Government had pledged to pay for; and (2) placement of U.S. astronauts on the Mir Space Station without specified safety certifications. Requires NASA to make contingency plans and the President to decide whether to replace Russian critical path items with respect to the Station.

Title III: Miscellaneous Provisions - Amends Federal law to include reentry vehicles and related launch operations within the scope of commercial space launch activities.

(Sec. 202) Requires an independent cost analysis of NASA projects in excess of $75 million.

(Sec. 303) Establishes within the Department of Commerce an Office of Space Commerce.

(Sec. 304) Amends the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 to revise certain reporting provisions.

(Sec. 305) Directs the Administrator to: (1) establish a procurement demonstration program; (2) coordinate a technology procurement initiative; (3) acquire, where appropriate and cost effective, private sector space science and earth remote sensing data and space goods and services; (4) report with respect to the Earth Observing System Data and Information System; and (5) provide for space shuttle privatization.

(Sec. 311) Amends the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1993 to make the launch voucher (demonstration) program permanent.

(Sec. 316) Prohibits use of funds for the Next Generation Internet.

(Sec. 319) Expresses the sense of the Congress that NASA should give high priority to correcting its computer systems with respect to the year 2000 problem.

(Sec. 320) Authorizes NASA: (1) participation in the National Oceanographic Partnership Program; and (2) assistance in the National Science Foundation Antarctic Program.

(Sec. 322) Requires compliance with the Buy American Act.

(Sec. 323) Amends the Unitary Wind Tunnel Plan Act of 1949 to include hypersonic wind tunnel construction within the scope of covered research and development facilities.