Text: H.R.1493 — 105th Congress (1997-1998)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 105-141 (12/05/1997)

 
[105th Congress Public Law 141]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]


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[DOCID: f:publ141.105]


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Public Law 105-141
105th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To require the Attorney General to establish a program in local prisons 
 to identify, prior to arraignment, criminal aliens and aliens who are 
         unlawfully present in the United States, and for other 
            purposes. <<NOTE: Dec. 5, 1997 -  [H.R. 1493]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. PROGRAM <<NOTE: 8 USC 1226 note.>>  OF IDENTIFICATION OF 
            CERTAIN DEPORTABLE ALIENS AWAITING ARRAIGNMENT.

    (a) Establishment of Program.--Not later than 6 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, and subject to such amounts as are 
provided in appropriations Acts, the Attorney General shall establish 
and implement a program to identify, from among the individuals who are 
incarcerated in local governmental incarceration facilities prior to 
arraignment on criminal charges, those individuals who are within 1 or 
more of the following classes of deportable aliens:
            (1) Aliens unlawfully present in the United States.
            (2) Aliens described in paragraph (2) or (4) of section 
        237(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (as redesignated 
        by section 305(a)(2) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and 
        Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996).

    (b) Description of Program.--The program authorized by subsection 
(a) shall include--
            (1) the detail, to each incarceration facility selected 
        under subsection (c), of at least one employee of the 
        Immigration and Naturalization Service who has expertise in the 
        identification of aliens described in subsection (a); and
            (2) provision of funds sufficient to provide for--
                    (A) the detail of such employees to each selected 
                facility on a full-time basis, including the portions of 
                the day or night when the greatest number of individuals 
                are incarcerated prior to arraignment;
                    (B) access for such employees to records of the 
                Service and other Federal law enforcement agencies that 
                are necessary to identify such aliens; and
                    (C) in the case of an individual identified as such 
                an alien, pre-arraignment reporting to the court 
                regarding the Service's intention to remove the alien 
                from the United States.

    (c) Selection of Facilities.--
            (1) In general.--The Attorney General shall select for 
        participation in the program each incarceration facility that 
        satisfies the following requirements:

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                    (A) The facility is owned by the government of a 
                local political subdivision described in clause (i) or 
                (ii) of subparagraph (C).
                    (B) Such government has submitted a request for such 
                selection to the Attorney General.
                    (C) The facility is located--
                          (i) in a county that is determined by the 
                      Attorney General to have a high concentration of 
                      aliens described in subsection (a); or
                          (ii) in a city, town, or other analogous local 
                      political subdivision, that is determined by the 
                      Attorney General to have a high concentration of 
                      such aliens (but only in the case of a facility 
                      that is not located in a county).
                    (D) The facility incarcerates or processes 
                individuals prior to their arraignment on criminal 
                charges.
            (2) Number of qualifying subdivisions.--For any fiscal year, 
        the total number of local political subdivisions determined 
        under clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (1)(C) to meet the 
        standard in such clauses shall be the following:
                    (A) For fiscal year 1999, not less than 10 and not 
                more than 25.
                    (B) For fiscal year 2000, not less than 25 and not 
                more than 50.
                    (C) For fiscal year 2001, not more than 75.
                    (D) For fiscal year 2002, not more than 100.
                    (E) For fiscal year 2003 and subsequent fiscal 
                years, 100, or such other number of political 
                subdivisions as may be specified in appropriations Acts.
            (3) Facilities in interior states.--For any fiscal year, of 
        the local political subdivisions determined under clauses (i) 
        and (ii) of paragraph (1)(C) to meet the standard in such 
        clauses, not less than 20 percent shall be in States that are 
        not contiguous to a land border.
            (4) Treatment of certain facilities.--All of the 
        incarceration facilities within the county of Orange, 
        California, and the county of Ventura, California, that are 
        owned by the government of a local political subdivision, and 
        satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1)(D), shall be selected 
        for participation in the program.

SEC. 2. <<NOTE: 8 USC 1226 note.>>  STUDY AND REPORT.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Attorney General shall complete a study, and submit a report to the 
Congress, concerning the logistical and technological feasibility of 
implementing the program under section 1 in a greater number of 
locations than those selected under such section through--
            (1) the assignment of a single Immigration and 
        Naturalization Service employee to more than 1 incarceration 
        facility; and

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            (2) the development of a system to permit the Attorney 
        General to conduct off-site verification, by computer or other 
        electronic means, of the immigration status of individuals who 
        are incarcerated in local governmental incarceration facilities 
        prior to arraignment on criminal charges.

    Approved December 5, 1997.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 1493:
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HOUSE REPORTS: No. 105-338 (Comm. on the Judiciary).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 143 (1997):
            Nov. 4, considered and passed House.
            Nov. 13, considered and passed Senate.

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