Text: H.R.1727 — 105th Congress (1997-1998)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (05/22/1997)


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[Congressional Bills 105th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 1727 Introduced in House (IH)]







105th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1727

    To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to allow for 
additional deferred effective dates for approval of applications under 
           the new drugs provisions, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                              May 22, 1997

Mr. Greenwood (for himself, Mr. Waxman, Mr. Burr of North Carolina, Mr. 
Upton, Mrs. Johnson of Connecticut, Mr. Klug, Mr. Franks of New Jersey, 
 Ms. Lofgren, Ms. Pryce of Ohio, Mr. Towns, Ms. DeGette, Mr. Boucher, 
Mr. Faleomavaega, Mr. Horn, and Ms. Slaughter) introduced the following 
         bill; which was referred to the Committee on Commerce

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
    To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to allow for 
additional deferred effective dates for approval of applications under 
           the new drugs provisions, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Better Pharmaceuticals for Children 
Act''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds that--
            (1) children are the future of the Nation and the 
        preservation and improvement of child health is in the national 
        interest;
            (2) the preservation and improvement of child health may 
        require the use of pharmaceutical products;
            (3) children may metabolize drugs differently from adults 
        and may require smaller doses or different forms of 
        administration of the drugs;
            (4) the testing of drugs for safety and pharmacokinetics is 
        necessary to ensure that the drugs are safe and effective for 
        use by children;
            (5) it is estimated that 4 out of 5 drugs on the market in 
        the United States have not been approved for use by children;
            (6) many other drugs are not manufactured in a form that 
        permits young children to use such drugs and consequently 
        untested and unapproved forms are often employed;
            (7) many of these drugs are nonetheless widely used by 
        children or hold promise for use by children, despite the lack 
        of approval, dosage, labeling, or formulation;
            (8) this Act is intended to encourage manufacturers to 
        perform such research, to develop information about the safe 
        and appropriate use of such drugs, and to label and formulate 
        such drugs for use by children;
            (9) the National Institutes of Health, acting through the 
        Pediatric Pharmacology Research Unit (PPRU) Network, has 
        initiated research on appropriate pediatric indications for 
        drugs that have not been approved for use by children;
            (10) the PPRU Network has performed such research with both 
        public funding and private contracts with industry;
            (11) the Better Pharmaceuticals for Children Act, if 
        enacted, will provide a range of private contractual 
        opportunities for the PPRU Network to work with industry on 
        research involving drugs that are protected by some form of 
        patent or exclusivity and that are candidates for protection 
        under this Act;
            (12) there will, nonetheless, remain a number of drugs that 
        are in widespread use, and that have not been approved for use 
        by children, but that are not protected by some form of patent 
        or exclusivity, and thus are not candidates for protection 
        under this Act;
            (13) if this Act is enacted, the PPRU Network will continue 
        to be well suited to continue to use public funds and such 
        private funds as may be available to conduct research on such 
        drugs for pediatric use; and
            (14) if this Act is enacted, the safety and effectiveness 
        of the use of pharmaceuticals by children will be improved and 
        the health of the children of this Nation will benefit.

SEC. 3. PEDIATRIC STUDIES MARKETING EXCLUSIVITY.

    Chapter V of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 
351 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 505 the following 
new section:

``SEC. 505A. PEDIATRIC STUDIES OF DRUGS.

    ``(a) Market Exclusivity for New Drugs.--If, prior to approval of 
an application that is submitted under section 505(b)(1) the Secretary 
determines that information relating to the use of a drug in the 
pediatric population may produce health benefits in that population, 
the Secretary makes a written request for pediatric studies (which may 
include a time frame for completing such studies), and such studies are 
completed within any such time frame and the reports thereof submitted 
in accordance with subsection (d)(2) or completed within any such time 
frame and the reports thereof are accepted in accordance with 
subsection (d)(3)--
            ``(1)(A) the period during which an application may not be 
        submitted under subsections (c)(3)(D)(ii) and (j)(4)(D)(ii) of 
        section 505 shall be five years and six months rather than five 
        years, and the references in subsections (c)(3)(D)(ii) and 
        (j)(4)(D)(ii) of section 505 to four years, to forty-eight 
        months, and to seven and one-half years shall be deemed to be 
        four and one-half years, fifty-four months, and eight years, 
        respectively; or
            ``(B) the period of market exclusivity under subsections 
        (c)(3)(D) (iii) and (iv) and (j)(4)(D) (iii) and (iv) of 
        section 505 shall be three years and six months rather than 
        three years; and
            ``(2)(A) if the drug is the subject of--
                    ``(i) a listed patent for which a certification has 
                been submitted under section 505(b)(2)(A)(ii) or 
                section (j)(2)(A)(vii)(II) and for which pediatric 
                studies were submitted prior to the expiration of the 
                patent (including any patent extensions), or
                    ``(ii) a listed patent for which a certification 
                has been submitted under section 505(b)(2)(A)(iii) or 
                section 505(j)(2)(A)(vii)(III),
        the period during which an application may not be approved 
        under section 505(c)(3) or section 505(j)(4)(B) shall be 
        extended by a period of six months after the date the patent 
        expires (including any patent extensions); or
            ``(B) if the drug is the subject of a listed patent for 
        which a certification has been submitted under section 
        505(b)(2)(A)(iv) or section 505(j)(2)(A)(vii)(IV), and in the 
        patent infringement litigation resulting from the certification 
        the court determines that the patent is valid and would be 
        infringed, the period during which an application may not be 
        approved under section 505(c)(3) or section 505(j)(4)(B) shall 
        be extended by a period of six months after the date the patent 
        expires (including any patent extensions).
    ``(b) Secretary To Develop List of Drugs for Which Additional 
Pediatric Information May Be Beneficial.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary, after 
consultation with experts in pediatric research (such as the American 
Academy of Pediatrics, the Pediatric Pharmacology Research Unit 
Network, and the United States Pharmacopoeia) shall develop, prioritize 
and publish an initial list of approved drugs for which additional 
pediatric information may produce health benefits in the pediatric 
population. The Secretary shall annually update the list.
    ``(c) Market Exclusivity for Already-Marketed Drugs.--If the 
Secretary makes a written request for pediatric studies (which may 
include a time frame for completing such studies) concerning a drug 
identified in the list described in subsection (b) to the holder of an 
approved application under section 505(b)(1) for the drug, the holder 
agrees to the request, and the studies are completed within any such 
time frame and the reports thereof submitted in accordance with 
subsection (d)(2) or completed within any such time frame and the 
reports thereof accepted in accordance with subsection (d)(3)--
            ``(1)(A) the period during which an application may not be 
        submitted under subsections (c)(3)(D)(ii) and (j)(4)(D)(ii) of 
        section 505 shall be five years and six months rather than five 
        years, and the references in subsections (c)(3)(D)(ii) and 
        (j)(4)(D)(ii) of section 505 to four years, to forty-eight 
        months, and to seven and one-half years shall be deemed to be 
        four and one-half years, fifty-four months, and eight years, 
        respectively; or
            ``(B) the period of market exclusivity under subsections 
        (c)(3)(D) (iii) and (iv) and (j)(4)(D) (iii) and (iv) of 
        section 505 shall be three years and six months rather than 
        three years; and
            ``(2)(A) if the drug is the subject of--
                    ``(i) a listed patent for which a certification has 
                been submitted under section 505(b)(2)(A)(ii) or 
                (j)(2)(A)(vii)(II) and for which pediatric studies were 
                submitted prior to the expiration of the patent 
                (including any patent extensions), or
                    ``(ii) a listed patent for which a certification 
                has been submitted under section 505(b)(2)(A)(iii) or 
                section 505(j)(2)(A)(vii)(III),
        the period during which an application may not be approved 
        under section 505(c)(3) or section 505(j)(4)(B) shall be 
        extended by a period of six months after the date the patent 
        expires (including any patent extensions); or
            ``(B) if the drug is the subject of a listed patent for 
        which a certification has been submitted under section 
        505(b)(2)(A)(iv) or section 505(j)(2)(A)(vii)(IV), and in the 
        patent infringement litigation resulting from the certification 
        the court determines that the patent is valid and would be 
        infringed, the period during which an application may not be 
        approved under section 505(c)(3) or section 505(j)(4)(B) shall 
        be extended by a period of six months after the date the patent 
        expires (including any patent extensions).
    ``(d) Conduct of Pediatric Studies.--
            ``(1) Agreement for studies.--The Secretary may, pursuant 
        to a written request for studies, after consultation with--
                    ``(A) the sponsor of an application for an 
                investigational new drug under section 505(i),
                    ``(B) the sponsor of an application for a drug 
                under section 505(b)(1), or
                    ``(C) the holder of an approved application for a 
                drug under section 505(b)(1),
        agree with the sponsor or holder for the conduct of pediatric 
        studies for such drug.
            ``(2) Written protocols to meet the studies requirement.--
        If the sponsor or holder and the Secretary agree upon written 
        protocols for the studies, the studies requirement of 
        subsection (a) or (c) is satisfied upon the completion of 
the studies and submission of the reports thereof in accordance with 
the original written request and the written agreement referred to in 
paragraph (1). Not later than 60 days after the submission of the 
report of the studies, the Secretary shall determine if such studies 
were or were not conducted in accordance with the original written 
request and the written agreement and reported in accordance with the 
requirements of the Secretary for filing and so notify the sponsor or 
holder.
            ``(3) Other methods to meet the studies requirement.--If 
        the sponsor or holder and the Secretary have not agreed in 
        writing on the protocols for the studies, the studies 
        requirement of subsection (a) or (c) is satisfied when such 
        studies have been completed and the reports accepted by the 
        Secretary. Not later than 90 days after the submission of the 
        reports of the studies, the Secretary shall accept or reject 
        such reports and so notify the sponsor or holder. The 
        Secretary's only responsibility in accepting or rejecting the 
        reports shall be to determine, within the 90 days, whether the 
        studies fairly respond to the written request, whether such 
        studies have been conducted in accordance with commonly 
        accepted scientific principles and protocols, and whether such 
        studies have been reported in accordance with the requirements 
        of the Secretary for filing.
    ``(e) Delay of Effective Date for Certain Applications; Period of 
Market Exclusivity.--If the Secretary determines that the acceptance or 
approval of an application under section 505(b)(2) or 505(j) for a drug 
may occur after submission of reports of pediatric studies under this 
section, which were submitted prior to the expiration of the patent 
(including any patent extension) or market exclusivity protection, but 
before the Secretary has determined whether the requirements of 
subsection (d) have been satisfied, the Secretary shall delay the 
acceptance or approval under section 505(b)(2) or 505(j), respectively, 
until the determination under subsection (d) is made, but such delay 
shall not exceed 90 days. In the event that requirements of this 
section are satisfied, the applicable period of market exclusivity 
referred to in subsection (a) or (c) shall be deemed to have been 
running during the period of delay.
    ``(f) Notice of Determinations on Studies Requirement.--The 
Secretary shall publish a notice of any determination that the 
requirements of subsection (d) have been met and that submissions and 
approvals under section 505(b)(2) or (j) for a drug will be subject to 
the provisions of this section.
    ``(g) Definitions.--As used in this section, the term `pediatric 
studies' or `studies' means at least one clinical investigation (that, 
at the Secretary's discretion, may include pharmacokinetic studies) in 
pediatric age-groups in which a drug is anticipated to be used.
    ``(h) Limitation.--The holder of an approved application for a new 
drug that has already received six months of market exclusivity under 
subsection (a) or subsection (c) may, if otherwise eligible, obtain six 
months of market exclusivity under subsection (c)(1)(B) for a 
supplemental application, except that the holder is not eligible for 
exclusivity under subsection (c)(2).''
    ``(i) Sunset.--No period of market exclusivity shall be granted 
under this section based on studies commenced after January 1, 2004. 
The Secretary shall conduct a study and report to Congress not later 
than January 1, 2003 based on the experience under the program. The 
study and report shall examine all relevant issues, including--
            ``(1) the effectiveness of the program in improving 
        information about important pediatric uses for approved drugs;
            ``(2) the adequacy of the incentive provided under this 
        section;
            ``(3) the economic impact of the program; and
            ``(4) any suggestions for modification that the Secretary 
        deems appropriate.''.
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