Text: H.R.2604 — 105th Congress (1997-1998)All Information (Except Text)

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Reported in House (06/03/1998)

 
[Congressional Bills 105th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 2604 Reported in House (RH)]






                                                 Union Calendar No. 311
105th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 2604

                          [Report No. 105-556]

 To amend title 11, United States Code, to protect certain charitable 
                 contributions, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                            October 2, 1997

 Mr. Packard (for himself, Mr. Gingrich, Mr. Fazio of California, Mr. 
  Armey, Mr. Lewis of Georgia, Mr. Watts of Oklahoma, Mr. Jackson of 
Illinois, Mr. Livingston, Mr. Boehner, Mr. McKeon, Mr. Cunningham, Mr. 
Hansen, Mr. Flake, Mr. Herger, Mr. Crapo, Mr. Doolittle, Mr. Stump, Mr. 
Cannon, Mr. Traficant, Mr. Bonilla, Mr. Stenholm, Mr. Souder, Mr. Young 
of Alaska, Mr. Shimkus, Mr. Wolf, Mr. Sawyer, Mr. Sam Johnson of Texas, 
 Mr. Hunter, Mr. Istook, Mr. Cox of California, Mr. Filner, Mr. Ewing, 
 Mr. Christensen, Mr. Redmond, Mr. Gallegly, Mr. Lewis of California, 
Mr. Barr of Georgia, Mr. Dreier, Mr. Cramer, Mr. Taylor of Mississippi, 
Mr. Weldon of Florida, Mr. Miller of California, Mr. Berman, Mr. Capps, 
      Mr. Watkins, Mr. Brady, Mrs. Linda Smith of Washington, Mr. 
  Rohrabacher, Mr. Cook, Mr. Gutierrez, Mr. Pastor, Mr. Bilbray, Mr. 
LaHood, Mr. Pitts, Mr. Ortiz, Mr. Walsh, Mr. McHugh, Mr. Hoekstra, Mr. 
 Bunning, Mr. Condit, Mr. Smith of New Jersey, Mrs. Clayton, Mr. Brown 
 of California, Mr. Radanovich, Mr. Salmon, Mr. Smith of Michigan, and 
Mr. Hall of Ohio) introduced the following bill; which was referred to 
                     the Committee on the Judiciary

                              June 3, 1998

Additional sponsors: Mr. DeLay, Mr. Ramstad, Mr. Underwood, Mr. Lantos, 
Mr. Bartlett of Maryland, Mr. Hobson, Mr. Parker, Mr. Abercrombie, Mr. 
   Hefner, Mr. Callahan, Mr. Farr of California, Mr. Gilchrest, Mr. 
     McDade, Mr. Everett, Mrs. Emerson, Mrs. Myrick, Mr. Ryun, Mr. 
 Pickering, Mr. Manzullo, Mr. Foley, Mr. Inglis of South Carolina, Mr. 
    Spence, Ms. Danner, Mr. Hulshof, Mr. Largent, Mr. Hayworth, Mr. 
   Calvert, Mr. Yates, Mr. Rahall, Mr. Pickett, Ms. Furse, Ms. Eddie 
  Bernice Johnson of Texas, Mr. Clyburn, Ms. Millender-McDonald, Mr. 
Shays, Mr. Boehlert, Mr. Kim, Mr. Neal of Massachusetts, Mr. Klink, Mr. 
 Murtha, Mr. Holden, Ms. Kaptur, Mr. Kanjorski, Mr. Shaw, Ms. Jackson-
 Lee, Mr. Taylor of North Carolina, Mr. Weller, Mr. Torres, Mr. Franks 
 of New Jersey, Mr. Goodlatte, Mr. Tiahrt, Mr. Pappas, Mr. Riggs, Mr. 
Porter, Mr. Barrett of Nebraska, Mr. Canady of Florida, Mr. Talent, Mr. 
    Campbell, Mr. Bentsen, Mr. Snowbarger, Mr. Towns, and Mr. Blunt
 Deleted sponsor: Mr. Berman (added October 2, 1997; deleted February 
                               11, 1998)

                              June 3, 1998

Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union 
                       and ordered to be printed

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To amend title 11, United States Code, to protect certain charitable 
                 contributions, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Religious Liberty and Charitable 
Donation Protection Act of 1997''.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 548(d) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(3) In this section, the term `charitable contribution' means a 
charitable contribution, as that term is defined in section 170(c) of 
the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, if that contribution--
            ``(A) is made by a natural person; and
            ``(B) consists of--
                    ``(i) a financial instrument (as that term is 
                defined in section 731(c)(2)(C) of the Internal Revenue 
                Code of 1986); or
                    ``(ii) cash.
    ``(4) In this section, the term `qualified religious or charitable 
entity or organization' means--
            ``(A) an entity described in section 170(c)(1) of the 
        Internal Revenue Code of 1986; or
            ``(B) an entity or organization described in section 
        170(c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.''.

SEC. 3. TREATMENT OF PREPETITION QUALIFIED CHARITABLE CONTRIBUTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 548(a) of title 11, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)'';
            (2) by striking ``(1) made'' and inserting ``(A) made'';
            (3) by striking ``(2)(A)'' and inserting ``(B)(i);
            (4) by striking ``(B)(i)'' and inserting ``(ii)(I)'';
            (5) by striking ``(ii) was'' and inserting ``(II) was'';
            (6) by striking ``(iii)'' and inserting ``(III)''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) A transfer of a charitable contribution to a qualified 
religious or charitable entity or organization shall not be considered 
to be a transfer covered under paragraph (1)(B) in any case in which--
            ``(A) the amount of that contribution does not exceed 15 
        percent of the gross annual income of the debtor for the year 
        in which the transfer of the contribution is made; or
            ``(B) the contribution made by a debtor exceeded the 
        percentage amount of gross annual income specified in 
        subparagraph (A), if the transfer was consistent with the 
        practices of the debtor in making charitable contributions.''.
    (b) Trustee as Lien Creditor and as Successor to Certain Creditors 
and Purchasers.--Section 544(b) of title 11, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``(b) The trustee'' and inserting ``(b)(1) 
        Except as provided in paragraph (2), the trustee''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a transfer of a charitable 
contribution (as that term is defined in section 548(d)(3)) that is not 
covered under section 548(a)(1)(B), by reason of section 548(a)(2).''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 546 of title 11, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking ``548(a)(2)'' and inserting 
                ``548(a)(1)(B)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``548(a)(1)'' and inserting 
                ``548(a)(1)(A)'';
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by striking ``548(a)(2)'' and inserting 
                ``548(a)(1)(B)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``548(a)(1)'' and inserting 
                ``548(a)(1)(A)''; and
            (3) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by striking ``section 548(a)(1)'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``section 548(a)(1)(A)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``548(a)(2)'' and inserting 
                ``548(a)(1)(B)''.

SEC. 4. TREATMENT OF POST-PETITION CHARITABLE CONTRIBUTIONS.

    (a) Confirmation of Plan.--Section 1325(b)(2)(A) of title 11, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting before the semicolon the 
following: ``, including charitable contributions (that meet the 
definition of `charitable contribution' under section 548(d)(3)) to a 
qualified religious or charitable entity or organization (as that term 
is defined in section 548(d)(4)) in an amount not to exceed 15 percent 
of the gross income of the debtor for the year in which the 
contributions are made''.
    (b) Dismissal.--Section 707(b) of title 11, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following: ``In making a determination 
whether to dismiss a case under this section, the court may not take 
into consideration whether a debtor has made, or continues to make, 
charitable contributions (that meet the definition of `charitable 
contribution' under section 548(d)(3)) to any qualified religious or 
charitable entity or organization (as that term is defined in section 
548(d)(4)).''.

SEC. 5. APPLICABILITY.

    This Act and the amendments made by this Act shall apply to any 
case brought under an applicable provision of title 11, United States 
Code, that is pending or commenced on or after the date of enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 6. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in the amendments made by this Act is intended to limit the 
applicability of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 (42 
U.S.C. 2002bb et seq.).
                                     





                                                 Union Calendar No. 311

105th CONGRESS

  2d Session

                               H. R. 2604

                          [Report No. 105-556]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

 To amend title 11, United States Code, to protect certain charitable 
                 contributions, and for other purposes.

_______________________________________________________________________

                              June 3, 1998

Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union 
                       and ordered to be printed