Text: S.1408 — 105th Congress (1997-1998)All Information (Except Text)
Public Law No: 105-378 (11/12/1998)
[105th Congress Public Law 378]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[[Page 112 STAT. 3395]]
Public Law 105-378
To establish the <<NOTE: Nov. 12, 1998 - [S. 1408]>> Lower East Side
Tenement National Historic Site, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,
TITLE <<NOTE: 16 USC 461 note [table].>> I--LOWER EAST SIDE TENEMENT
NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE, NEW YORK.
SEC. 101. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.
(a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
(1)(A) immigration, and the resulting diversity of cultural
influences, is a key factor in defining the identity of the
United States; and
(B) many United States citizens trace their ancestry to
persons born in nations other than the United States;
(2) the latter part of the 19th century and the early part
of the 20th century marked a period in which the volume of
immigrants coming to the United States far exceeded that of any
time prior to or since that period;
(3) no single identifiable neighborhood in the United States
absorbed a comparable number of immigrants than the Lower East
Side neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City;
(4) the Lower East Side Tenement at 97 Orchard Street in New
York City is an outstanding survivor of the vast number of
humble buildings that housed immigrants to New York City during
the greatest wave of immigration in American history;
(5) the Lower East Side Tenement is owned and operated as a
museum by the Lower East Side Tenement Museum;
(6) the Lower East Side Tenement Museum is dedicated to
interpreting immigrant life within a neighborhood long
associated with the immigrant experience in the United States,
New York City's Lower East Side, and its importance to United
States history; and
(7)(A) the Director of the National Park Service found the
Lower East Side Tenement at 97 Orchard Street to be nationally
(B) the Secretary of the Interior declared the Lower East
Side Tenement a National Historic Landmark on April 19, 1994;
(C) the Director of the National Park Service, through a
special resource study, found the Lower East Side Tenement
suitable and feasible for inclusion in the National Park System.
[[Page 112 STAT. 3396]]
(b) Purposes.--The purposes of this title are--
(1) to ensure the preservation, maintenance, and
interpretation of this site and to interpret at the site the
themes of immigration, tenement life in the latter half of the
19th century and the first half of the 20th century, the housing
reform movement, and tenement architecture in the United States;
(2) to ensure continued interpretation of the nationally
significant immigrant phenomenon associated with New York City's
Lower East Side and the Lower East Side's role in the history of
immigration to the United States; and
(3) to enhance the interpretation of the Castle Clinton,
Ellis Island, and Statue of Liberty National Monuments.
SEC. 102. DEFINITIONS.
As used in this title:
(1) Historic site.--The term ``historic site'' means the
Lower East Side Tenement found at 97 Orchard Street on Manhattan
Island in the City of New York, State of New York, and
designated as a national historic site by section 103.
(2) Museum.--The term ``Museum'' means the Lower East Side
Tenement Museum, a nonprofit organization established in the
City of New York, State of New York, which owns and operates the
tenement building at 97 Orchard Street and manages other
properties in the vicinity of 97 Orchard Street as
administrative and program support facilities for 97 Orchard
(3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary
of the Interior.
SEC. 103. ESTABLISHMENT OF HISTORIC SITE.
(a) In General.--To further the purposes of this title and the Act
entitled ``An Act to provide for the preservation of historic American
sites, buildings, objects, and antiquities of national significance, and
for other purposes'', approved August 21, 1935 (16 U.S.C. 461 et seq.),
the Lower East Side Tenement at 97 Orchard Street, in the City of New
York, State of New York, is designated a national historic site.
(b) Coordination With National Park System.--
(1) Affiliated site.--The historic site shall be an
affiliated site of the National Park System.
(2) Coordination.--The Secretary, in consultation with the
Museum, shall coordinate the operation and interpretation of the
historic site with the Statue of Liberty National Monument,
Ellis Island National Monument, and Castle Clinton National
Monument. The historic site's story and interpretation of the
immigrant experience in the United States is directly related to
the themes and purposes of these National Monuments.
(c) Ownership.--The historic site shall continue to be owned,
operated, and managed by the Museum.
SEC. 104. MANAGEMENT OF THE HISTORIC SITE.
(a) Cooperative Agreement.--The Secretary may enter into a
cooperative agreement with the Museum to ensure the marking,
interpretation, and preservation of the national historic site
designated by section 103(a).
[[Page 112 STAT. 3397]]
(b) Technical and Financial Assistance.--The Secretary may provide
technical and financial assistance to the Museum to mark, interpret, and
preserve the historic site, including making preservation-related
capital improvements and repairs.
(c) General Management Plan.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the
Museum, shall develop a general management plan for the historic
site that defines the role and responsibility of the Secretary
with regard to the interpretation and the preservation of the
(2) Integration with national monuments.--The plan shall
outline how interpretation and programming for the historic site
shall be integrated and coordinated with the Statue of Liberty
National Monument, Ellis Island National Monument, and Castle
Clinton National Monument to enhance the story of the historic
site and these National Monuments.
(3) Completion.--The plan shall be completed not later than
2 years after the date of enactment of this Act.
(d) Limited Role of Secretary.--Nothing in this title authorizes the
Secretary to acquire the property at 97 Orchard Street or to assume
overall financial responsibility for the operation, maintenance, or
management of the historic site.
SEC. 105. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary
to carry out this title.
TITLE II--OTHER MATTERS
SEC. 201. CASA MALPAIS NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK, ARIZONA.
(a) Findings.--The Congress finds and declares that--
(1) the Casa Malpais National Historic Landmark was occupied
by one of the largest and most sophisticated Mogollon
communities in the United States;
(2) the landmark includes a 58-room masonry pueblo,
including stairways, Great Kiva complex, and fortification
walls, a prehistoric trail, and catacomb chambers where the
deceased were placed;
(3) the Casa Malpais was designated as a national historic
landmark by the Secretary of the Interior in 1964; and
(4) the State of Arizona and the community of Springerville
are undertaking a program of interpretation and preservation of
(b) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to assist in the
preservation and interpretation of the Casa Malpais National Historic
Landmark for the benefit of the public.
(c) Cooperative Agreements.--
(1) In general.--In furtherance of the purpose of this
section, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to enter
into cooperative agreements with the State of Arizona and the
town of Springerville, Arizona, pursuant to which the Secretary
may provide technical assistance to interpret, operate, and
maintain the Casa Malpais National Historic Landmark and may
also provide financial assistance for planning, staff training,
and development of the Casa Malpais National Historic Landmark,
but not including other routine operations.
[[Page 112 STAT. 3398]]
(2) Additional provisions.--Any such agreement may also
contain provisions that--
(A) the Secretary, acting through the Director of
the National Park Service, shall have right to access at
all reasonable times to all public portions of the
property covered by such agreement for the purpose of
interpreting the landmark; and
(B) no changes or alterations shall be made in the
landmark except by mutual agreement between the
Secretary and the other parties to all such agreements.
(d) Appropriations.--There are authorized to be appropriated such
sums as may be necessary to provide financial assistance in accordance
with this section.
SEC. 202. PROVISION FOR ROADS IN PICTURED ROCKS NATIONAL
Section 6 of the Act of October 15, 1966, entitled ``An Act to
establish in the State of Michigan the Pictured Rocks National
Lakeshore, and for other purposes'' (16 U.S.C. 460s-5), is amended as
(1) In subsection (b)(1) by striking ``including a scenic
shoreline drive'' and inserting ``including appropriate
improvements to Alger County Road H-58''.
(2) By adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(c) Prohibition of Certain Construction.--A scenic shoreline drive
may not be constructed in the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.''.
Approved November 12, 1998.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 1408:
SENATE REPORTS: No. 105-303 (Comm. on Energy and Natural Resources).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 144 (1998):
Oct. 2, considered and passed Senate.
Oct. 10, considered and passed House, amended.
Oct. 14, Senate concurred in House amendment.