Summary: H.R.1555 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (11/05/1999)

Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 - Title I: Intelligence Activities - Authorizes appropriations for FY 2000 for the conduct of intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the: (1) Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); (2) Department of Defense; (3) Defense Intelligence Agency; (4) National Security Agency (NSA); (5) Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; (6) Departments of State, the Treasury, and Energy; (7) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); (8) National Reconnaissance Office (NRO); and (9) National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA).

(Sec. 102) Specifies that the amounts authorized to be appropriated and the authorized personnel ceilings as of September 30, 2000, for such activities are those specified in the classified Schedule of Authorizations, which shall be made available to the Senate and House Appropriations Committees and the President.

(Sec. 103) Allows the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI), with the approval of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, to authorize employment of civilian personnel in excess of the number authorized for FY 2000 when the DCI determines that such action is necessary to the performance of important intelligence functions, subject to specified limitations. Requires notification of the Senate and House Intelligence Committees whenever such authority is exercised.

(Sec. 104) Authorizes appropriations for the Intelligence Community Management Account of the DCI for FY 2000. Authorizes full-time personnel for elements within such Account as of September 30, 2000. Provides for the reimbursement of any U.S. officer or employee, or member of the armed forces, who is detailed to such staff.

Earmarks funds authorized under this Act for the National Drug Intelligence Center. Requires a transfer of funds from the DCI to the Attorney General (AG) to operate the Center.

(Sec. 105) Increases amounts authorized to be appropriated under the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 by the amount by which appropriations pursuant to such authorization were increased by the 1999 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act and designated as emergency funding.

Title II: Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System - Authorizes appropriations for FY 2000 for the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability Fund.

Title III: General Provisions - Permits appropriations authorized by this Act for salary, pay, retirement, and other benefits for Federal employees to be increased by such additional amounts as may be necessary for increases in such compensation or benefits authorized by law.

(Sec. 302) Specifies that the authorization of appropriations by this Act shall not be deemed to constitute authority for the conduct of any intelligence activity which is not otherwise authorized by the Constitution or laws of the United States.

(Sec. 303) Amends the National Security Act of 1947 to prohibit a diplomatic intelligence support center from being established, operated, or maintained without prior approval of the DCI. Allows the DCI to approve such center only when required to provide necessary intelligence support in furtherance of U.S. national security interests. Prohibits amounts appropriated for intelligence-related activities from being obligated for such center that is not so approved.

(Sec. 304) Amends the National Security Act of 1947 to: (1) include retired officers and employees within provisions concerning the identity protection of intelligence community officers and employees; (2) require any prison term imposed for violation of such protection requirements to be consecutive to any other imprisonment sentence; and (3) permit authorized Federal investigative agencies to access computers used by Federal employees in the performance of government duties.

(Sec. 306) Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to allow the naturalization of a person affiliated with a Communist or similar party if such person: (1) is otherwise eligible; (2) is within a proscribed category solely because of past membership in, or affiliation with, such party or organization; (3) does not fall within any other excluded category; and (4) is determined by the DCI to have made a contribution to the U.S. national security or national intelligence mission.

(Sec. 308) Requires the DCI to review for declassification: (1) a specified national intelligence estimate concerning Vietnamese cooperation with the POW-MIA issue; and (2) an assessment of such estimate by the U.S. Chairman of the Vietnam War Working Group. Provides limitations. Requires review completion within 30 days after enactment of this Act.

(Sec. 309) Requires the DCI, the NSA Director, and the AG to jointly prepare, and the NSA Director to submit to the appropriate congressional committees, a report describing the legal standards employed by elements of the intelligence community in conducting signals intelligence activities, including electronic surveillance.

(Sec. 310) Requires the DCI to report to Congress describing the effects of espionage against the United States on U.S. trade secrets, patents, and technology development.

(Sec. 311) Requires the DCI to report to the appropriate congressional committees describing all activities of intelligence community officers, covert agents, and employees with respect to the following events in the Republic of Chile: (1) the assassination of President Allende in 1973; (2) the succession of General Pinochet to such presidency; and (3) human rights violations committed by officers or agents of former President Pinochet.

(Sec. 312) Directs the DCI to report to the appropriate congressional committees on the organized resistance in Kosovo known as the Kosova Liberation Army.

(Sec. 313) Requires any intelligence community employee having knowledge that an intelligence employee, agent, or asset is involved in the illegal manufacture, purchase, sale, transport, or distribution of drugs to report such knowledge to an appropriate official.

(Sec. 314) Expresses the sense of Congress that: (1) the systematic declassification of records of permanent historical value is in the public interest and that management of the classification and declassification of such records by executive agencies requires comprehensive reform and additional resources; and (2) the DCI should continue to direct that elements of the intelligence community should competitively award contracts in a manner that maximizes the procurement of products properly designated as having been made in the United States.

Title IV: Central Intelligence Agency - Amends the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 to: (1) extend to nonappropriated fund entities or instrumentalities associated or affiliated with the CIA the provision of items and services under the CIA central services program; (2) provide for additional deposits into the Central Services Working Capital Fund; and (3) extend such program through March 31, 2002.

(Sec. 402) Amends the Central Intelligence Agency Voluntary Separation Pay Act to extend such Act through FY 2002.

Title V: Department of Defense Intelligence Activities - Amends the National Security Act of 1947 to authorize the NIMA Director to exempt NIMA operational files from provisions of the Freedom of Information Act which require publication, disclosure, search, or review. Outlines exceptions, including for investigatory purposes by specified congressional committees and Federal entities. Provides for judicial review whenever any person who has requested NIMA records alleges that such records have been improperly withheld. Requires ex parte, in camera court examination whenever records authorized by executive order to be kept secret for national defense or foreign relations purposes are requested for production. Provides exceptions to such judicial review. Requires the NIMA Director and the DCI, at least once every ten years, to examine any exemptions currently in force to determine whether they should be removed. Provides for judicial review of NIMA's alleged failure to conduct such examinations.

(Sec. 502) Amends the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 to extend through FY 2001 funding for infrastructure and quality of life improvements at the Menwith Hill and Bad Aibling Stations.

Title VI: Foreign Counterintelligence and International Terrorism Investigations - Amends the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 to include within the definition of "agent of a foreign power" for purposes of coverage under such Act a person who knowingly enters the United States under a false or fraudulent identity for or on behalf of a foreign power or, while in the United States, knowingly assumes a false or fraudulent identity for or on behalf of a foreign power.

(Sec. 602) Amends the Counterintelligence and Security Enhancements Act of 1994 to require the FBI to pass on to the appropriate Federal agency information obtained by the FBI concerning the possible disclosure of classified information by an individual within that agency. (Currently, the FBI must pass on such information only after receiving a report from the head of such agency concerning the possibility of such disclosure.)

Title VII: National Commission For the Review of the National Reconnaissance Office - Establishes the National Commission for the Review of the National Reconnaissance Office to review and report to the intelligence committees, the DCI, and the Secretary of Defense on the current organization, practices, and authorities of the NRO, particularly with respect to: (1) roles and missions; (2) organizational structure; (3) technical skills; (4) contractor relationships; (5) use of commercial imagery; (6) acquisition of launch vehicles, launch services, and launch infrastructure, and mission assurance; (7) acquisition authorities; and (8) relationship with other Federal agencies and departments. Requires the DCI and Secretary of Defense to each submit to the intelligence committees an assessment of such final report. Provides Commission funding from appropriations authorized for the NRO under this Act.

Title VIII: International Narcotics Trafficking - Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act - Directs the Secretary of the Treasury, the AG, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of State, and the DCI to consult and provide the appropriate and necessary information to enable the President to submit annually to specified congressional committees a report: (1) identifying publicly the foreign persons appropriate for sanctions pursuant to this title; and (2) detailing publicly the President's intent to impose sanctions upon such significant foreign narcotics traffickers (traffickers). Requires a classified annual report to the intelligence committees on the status of such sanctions. Requires exclusion from such reports of: (1) information the disclosure of which the DCI determines could compromise a U.S. intelligence operation, activity, source, or method; and (2) the names of any person that the AG determines could compromise the identity of a confidential source, jeopardize the integrity or success of an ongoing criminal investigation or prosecution, endanger the life or physical safety of any person, or cause substantial harm to physical property. Requires notification to the intelligence committees of such excluded information or names.

Authorizes the President to waive the application of a sanction authorized by this title with respect to a trafficker when such application would significantly harm U.S. national security (requiring notification to specified congressional committees of such determination). Authorizes the President to add or delete designated traffickers in subsequent reports (requiring appropriate congressional notification).

(Sec. 805) Subjects a trafficker identified by the President to any and all sanctions authorized by this title until revoked or waived. Blocks all U.S. property and interests which are owned or controlled by: (1) any trafficker; (2) any foreign person that the Secretary of the Treasury designates as materially assisting the international narcotics trafficking activities of a trafficker; (3) any foreign person that such Secretary designates as owned, controlled, or directed by a trafficker; and (4) any foreign person that such Secretary designates as playing a significant role in international narcotics trafficking.

Prohibits certain transactions or dealings with such traffickers by U.S. persons. Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to implement this title. Provides that determinations, findings, and designations made under this Act shall not be subject to judicial review.

(Sec. 806) Authorizes the Secretary, to carry out this title, to: (1) investigate, regulate, or prohibit transactions in foreign exchange, currency, or securities and transfers of credit or payments by banking institutions involving foreign interests; (2) investigate, block, or regulate transactions involving foreign interests; and (3) impose record keeping and reporting requirements.

(Sec. 807) Provides criminal and civil penalties for the willful violation of this title.

(Sec. 809) Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to deny or suspend admission into the United States for such traffickers, persons who have aided, abetted, or acted in collusion with such traffickers, or spouses or children of such traffickers who receive a financial or other benefit from illegal activities of such trafficker while knowing that the benefit was the product of the illegal activity.

(Sec. 810) Establishes the Judicial Review Commission on Foreign Asset Control to review and report to specified congressional committees on the current judicial, regulatory, and administrative authorities relating to the blocking of assets of foreign persons by the U.S. Government and the remedies available to U.S. persons affected by the blocking of such assets.