H.R.1657 - Children's Environmental Protection and Right to Know Act of 1999106th Congress (1999-2000)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Waxman, Henry A. [D-CA-29] (Introduced 05/03/1999)|
|Committees:||House - Commerce|
|Latest Action:||05/17/1999 Referred to the Subcommittee on Health and Environment. (All Actions)|
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Subject — Policy Area:
- Environmental Protection
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Summary: H.R.1657 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)All Bill Information (Except Text)
Introduced in House (05/03/1999)
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Title I: Children's Environmental Protection
Subtitle A: Disclosure of Industrial Releases That
Present a Significant Risk to Children
Subtitle B: Disclosure of High Health Risk Chemicals in
Children's Consumer Products
Title II: Public Right to Know About Toxic Chemical Use
Children's Environmental Protection and Right to Know Act of 1999 - Title I: Children's Environmental Protection - Subtitle A: Disclosure of Industrial Releases That Present a Significant Risk to Children - Amends the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986 to require the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish thresholds for toxic chemicals which may present significant risks to children's health or the environment. Includes lead, mercury, dioxin, cadmium, chromium, and other specified bioaccumulative chemicals as substances subject to such thresholds.
Makes dioxin and specified bioaccumulative chemicals subject to toxic chemical release form reporting requirements under such Act.
Authorizes citizen suits against the Administrator for failures to establish thresholds under this Act.
Subtitle B: Disclosure of High Health Risk Chemicals in Children's Consumer Products - Amends the Federal Hazardous Substances Act to require the Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the National Toxicology Program, to publish a list of substances which are toxic due to carcinogenic, neurotoxic, or reproductive toxic effects. Directs the Secretary to identify those substances to which infants and young children are exposed.
Requires manufacturers or importers of eligible products (defined as toys or other articles intended for use by children) which contain such substances to report specified information to the Consumer Product Safety Commission, including information supporting that a substance is not a misbranded or banned hazardous substance.
Authorizes exemptions from such reporting requirements if a substance would not cause substantial personal injury or illness as a result of foreseeable handling, including ingestion by children.
Permits citizen suits with respect to certain violations under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act and against the Commission for failure to perform duties under this Act.
Title II: Public Right to Know About Toxic Chemical Use - Expands information to be included in toxic chemical release forms, including the number of employees and occupational exposures at reporting facilities as well as materials accounting information.
Requires the Administrator to take certain actions to: (1) standardize data and obtain and integrate information regarding toxic chemicals; (2) consolidate all annual reporting requirements of Federal environmental laws for small businesses and entities subject to toxic chemical release reporting; and (3) provide the public with one point of contact for access to information gathered by EPA.
Requires disclosures on the uses of toxic chemicals by reporting facilities.
Permits the withholding of portions of materials accounting information reported by covered facilities for purposes of protecting trade secrets.