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Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries

Titles (9)

Popular Titles

Crop Insurance bill (Identified by CRS)

Short Titles

Short Titles as Enacted

Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000

Short Titles as Enacted for portions of this bill
  • Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000
  • Plant Protection Act

Short Titles - House of Representatives

Short Titles as Passed House

Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 1999

Short Titles as Reported to House

Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 1999

Short Titles as Introduced

Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 1999

Short Titles - Senate

Short Titles as Passed Senate

Risk Management for the 21st Century Act

Official Titles

Official Titles - House of Representatives

Official Title as Introduced

To amend the Federal Crop Insurance Act to strengthen the safety net for agricultural producers by providing greater access to more affordable risk management tools and improved protection from production and income loss, to improve the efficiency and integrity of the Federal crop insurance program, and for other purposes.


Actions Overview (12)

Date Actions Overview
06/22/2000Became Public Law No: 106-224. (TXT | PDF)
06/20/2000Signed by President.
06/08/2000Presented to President.
05/25/2000Conference report agreed to in Senate: Senate agreed to conference report by Yea-Nay Vote. 91 - 4. Record Vote Number: 115.
05/25/2000Conference report agreed to in House: On agreeing to the conference report Agreed to by voice vote.(consideration: CR H3817-3828)
05/24/2000Conference report filed: Conference report H. Rept. 106-639 filed.(text of conference report: CR H3763-3804)
03/23/2000Passed/agreed to in Senate: Passed Senate in lieu of S. 2251 with an amendment by Yea-Nay Vote. 95 - 5. Record Vote Number: 44.(text: CR S1631-1642)
03/23/2000Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry discharged by Unanimous Consent.
09/29/1999Passed/agreed to in House: On passage Passed by voice vote.
09/22/1999Supplemental report filed by the Committee on Agriculture, H. Rept. 106-300, Part II.
08/05/1999Reported (Amended) by the Committee on Agriculture. H. Rept. 106-300, Part I.
07/20/1999Introduced in House

All Actions (58)

Date Chamber All Actions
06/22/2000Became Public Law No: 106-224. (TXT | PDF)
06/20/2000Signed by President.
06/08/2000HousePresented to President.
05/25/2000SenateMessage on Senate action sent to the House.
05/25/2000SenateSenate agreed to conference report by Yea-Nay Vote. 91 - 4. Record Vote Number: 115.
05/25/2000SenateConference report considered in Senate. (consideration: CR S4416-4443)
05/25/2000-11:28amHouseOn agreeing to the conference report Agreed to by voice vote. (consideration: CR H3817-3828)
05/25/2000-11:28amHouseMotions to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
05/25/2000-11:28amHouseThe previous question was ordered without objection.
05/25/2000-10:20amHouseDEBATE - The House proceeded with one hour of debate on the conference report.
05/25/2000-10:20amHouseMr. Combest brought up conference report H. Rept. 106-639 for consideration under the provisions of H. Res. 512. (consideration: CR S4416-4443)
05/25/2000-10:19amHouseRule H. Res. 512 passed House.
05/25/2000SenateConference papers: Senate report and manager's statement and message on House action held at the desk in Senate.
05/25/2000-12:45amHouseRules Committee Resolution H. Res. 512 Reported to House. Rule provides for consideration of the conference report to H.R. 2559. All points of order against the conference report and against its consideration are waived. The conference report shall be considered as read.
05/24/2000-10:42pmHouseConference report H. Rept. 106-639 filed. (text of conference report: CR H3763-3804)
03/30/2000-2:29pmHouseMotion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
03/30/2000-2:29pmHouseThe Speaker appointed conferees: Combest, Barrett (NE), Boehner, Ewing, Pombo, Stenholm, Condit, Peterson (MN), and Dooley.
03/30/2000-2:29pmHouseOn motion that the House disagree to the Senate amendment, and agree to a conference Agreed to without objection. (consideration: CR H1621)
03/30/2000-2:29pmHouseMr. Combest asked unanimous consent that the House disagree to the Senate amendment, and agree to a conference.
03/27/2000SenateMessage on Senate action sent to the House.
03/23/2000SenateSenate insists on its amendment, asks for a conference, appoints conferees Lugar, Helms, Cochran, Coverdell, Roberts, Harkin, Leahy, Conrad and Kerrey.
03/23/2000SenatePassed Senate in lieu of S. 2251 with an amendment by Yea-Nay Vote. 95 - 5. Record Vote Number: 44. (text: CR S1631-1642)
03/23/2000SenateSenate struck all after the Enacting Clause and substituted the language of S. 2251 amended.
03/23/2000SenateMeasure laid before Senate by unanimous consent. (consideration: CR S1627-1642)
03/23/2000SenateSenate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry discharged by Unanimous Consent.
09/30/1999SenateReceived in the Senate and read twice and referred to the Committee on Agriculture.
09/29/1999-1:02pmHouseThe Clerk was authorized to correct section numbers, punctuation, and cross references, and to make other necessary technical and conforming corrections in the engrossment of H.R. 2559.
09/29/1999-1:01pmHouseMotion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
09/29/1999-1:00pmHouseOn passage Passed by voice vote.
09/29/1999-1:00pmHouseThe House adopted the amendment in the nature of a substitute as agreed to by the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.
09/29/1999-12:59pmHouseThe previous question was ordered pursuant to the rule.
09/29/1999-12:59pmHouseThe House rose from the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union to report H.R. 2559.
09/29/1999-12:58pmHouseH.Amdt.506 On agreeing to the Jackson-Lee (TX) amendment (A003) Agreed to by voice vote.
09/29/1999-12:54pmHouseDEBATE - The Committee is debating the amendment offered by Ms. Jackson-Lee of Texas.
09/29/1999-12:54pmHouseH.Amdt.506 Amendment (A003) offered by Ms. Jackson-Lee (TX).
09/29/1999-12:42pmHouseH.Amdt.505 By unanimous consent, the Upton amendment was withdrawn.
09/29/1999-12:39pmHouseH.Amdt.505 Amendment (A002) offered by Mr. Upton.
09/29/1999-12:34pmHouseH.Amdt.504 On agreeing to the LaHood amendment (A001) Agreed to by voice vote.
09/29/1999-12:29pmHouseDEBATE - The Committee is debating the amendment offered by Mr. LaHood.
09/29/1999-12:29pmHouseH.Amdt.504 Amendment (A001) offered by Mr. LaHood.
09/29/1999-11:33amHouseGENERAL DEBATE - The Committee of the Whole proceeded with one hour of general debate on H.R. 2559.
09/29/1999-11:33amHouseThe Speaker designated the Honorable Steven C. LaTourette to act as Chairman of the Committee.
09/29/1999-11:33amHouseHouse resolved itself into the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union pursuant to H. Res. 308 and Rule XXIII.
09/29/1999-11:33amHouseRule provides for consideration of H.R. 2559 with 1 hour of general debate. Previous question shall be considered as ordered without intervening motions except motion to recommit with or without instructions. Makes in order the Committee on Agriculture amendment in the nature of a substitute as an original bill for the purpose of amendment, modified by the amendments printed in H. Rept. 106-346. Measure will be read by title. Makes in order only those amendments preprinted in the Congressional Record.
09/29/1999-11:33amHouseConsidered under the provisions of rule H. Res. 308. (consideration: CR H8978-8996)
09/29/1999-11:24amHouseRule H. Res. 308 passed House.
09/28/1999-6:47pmHouseRules Committee Resolution H. Res. 308 Reported to House. Rule provides for consideration of H.R. 2559 with 1 hour of general debate. Previous question shall be considered as ordered without intervening motions except motion to recommit with or without instructions. Makes in order the Committee on Agriculture amendment in the nature of a substitute as an original bill for the purpose of amendment, modified by the amendments printed in H.Rept. 106-346. Measure will be read by title. Specified amendments are in order. Makes in order only those amendments preprinted in the Congressional Record.
09/22/1999HouseSupplemental report filed by the Committee on Agriculture, H. Rept. 106-300, Part II.
08/05/1999HousePlaced on the Union Calendar, Calendar No. 179.
08/05/1999HouseReported (Amended) by the Committee on Agriculture. H. Rept. 106-300, Part I.
08/03/1999HouseOrdered to be Reported (Amended) by Voice Vote.
Action By: Committee on Agriculture
08/03/1999HouseCommittee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.
Action By: Committee on Agriculture
07/30/1999HouseCommittee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.
Action By: Committee on Agriculture
07/21/1999HouseForwarded by Subcommittee to Full Committee (Amended) by Voice Vote.
Action By: House Agriculture Subcommittee on Risk Management, Research and Specialty Crops
07/21/1999HouseSubcommittee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.
Action By: House Agriculture Subcommittee on Risk Management, Research and Specialty Crops
07/21/1999HouseReferred to the Subcommittee on Risk Management, Research and Specialty Crops.
Action By: Committee on Agriculture
07/20/1999HouseReferred to the House Committee on Agriculture.
07/20/1999HouseIntroduced in House

Cosponsors (12)


Committees (2)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Related Documents
House Agriculture07/20/1999 Referred to
08/03/1999 Markup by
09/22/1999 Reported by H. Rept. 106-300 , H. Rept. 106-300,Part 2
House Agriculture Subcommittee on Risk Management, Research and Specialty Crops07/21/1999 Referred to
07/21/1999 Markup by
07/21/1999 Reported by
Senate Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry09/30/1999 Referred to
03/23/2000 Discharged from

A related bill may be a companion measure, an identical bill, a procedurally-related measure, or one with text similarities. Bill relationships are identified by the House, the Senate, or CRS, and refer only to same-congress measures.


Latest Summary (5)

There are 5 summaries for H.R.2559. View summaries

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (05/24/2000)

Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000 - Title I: Crop Insurance Coverage - Subtitle A: Crop Insurance Coverage - Amends the Federal Crop Insurance Act to revise the crop insurance premium schedule for additional coverage, including elimination of the separate coverage-based premium criteria.

Requires plans to disclose premium amounts paid by the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation.

(Sec. 102) Establishes a premium schedule for other insurance plans based upon a percentage of the total premium used to define loss ratio and certain dollar amounts to be paid by the Corporation.

(Sec. 103) Requires the Corporation, as of crop year 2001, to provide agricultural producers with an alternative catastrophic risk protection: (1) based on area yield and loss basis; and (2) which provides, on a uniform national basis, higher yield and price protection than existing coverage.

Increases catastrophic coverage fees to$100 per crop per county.

Directs the Corporation to develop a methodology to adjust actual production history to reflect a producer's participation in effective pest control efforts.

(Sec. 104) Establishes a $30 per crop per county fee for fee for coverage in excess of catastrophic levels.

(Sec. 105) Revises assigned yield and actual production history adjustment provisions.

(Sec. 106) Directs the Corporation to periodically review methodologies for rating insurance plans by area, and make premium adjustments as necessary beginning with crop year 2002.

(Sec. 107) Eliminates specified research and pilot program provisions.

Provides for coverage that permits a quantity reduction loss based upon quality reduction. Permits producers to opt for less than full unit quality reduction coverage under specified circumstances.

(Sec. 108) Provides, with respect to double insurance coverage, that a producer with a total or partial insurable loss of a first crop may elect to: (1) not plant a second crop and receive 100 percent of the first crop's loss; or (2) plant a second crop and receive specified amounts of the first crop's insurable loss depending upon whether there was loss to the second crop.

Provides, with respect to prevented planting coverage, that a producer with a first crop that is prevented from being planted may elect to: (1) not plant a second crop and receive an indemnity equal to 100 percent of the prevented crop guarantee; or (2) plant a second crop and receive up to 35 percent of the prevented crop guarantee, with a premium for the first crop adjusted to reflect the reduced indemnity.

Provides for full indemnity where there is an established practice of double cropping in the area and by the particular producer.

(Sec. 109) Amends the Agricultural Market Transition Act with respect to the noninsured crop disaster assistance program to: (1) authorize combining of crop types or varieties into a single eligible crop; (2) require producers to report annually; (3) require assistance applications to be filed within 30 days of the coverage period; (4) eliminate area loss requirements; (5) set forth new eligible crop provisions; (6) establish a service fee for each eligible crop, which may be waived for a limited resource farmer; and (7) revise loss requirements.

Subtitle B: Improving Program Integrity - Amends the Federal Crop Insurance Act to direct the Secretary of Agriculture to improve program compliance and integrity through development of plans to: (1) reconcile producer information received by the Corporation and the Farm Service Agency (FSA); and (2) use FSA field infrastructure to identify and eliminate waste and fraud. Provides for related Corporation consultation with State FSA committees.

Directs: (1) the Secretary to establish procedures to permit the Corporation to identify agents and loss adjusters with disparate claims performance records; and (2) the Corporation to review such persons and take remedial action, and develop related oversight procedures.

Establishes civil penalty and disqualification sanctions for program abuse and fraud.

Makes specified funds available for such activities for FY 2001 through 2005.

(Sec. 122) Provides for protection of confidential information, including application of specified (confidentiality) penalties under the Food Security Act of 1985.

(Sec. 123) Amends the Federal Crop Insurance Act to include scientifically sound and sustainable and organic farming practices as good farming practices for purposes of insurable crop loss determinations. Provides producers with a related administrative review process.

(Sec. 124) Sets forth recordkeeping and reporting provisions.

Subtitle C: Research and Pilot Programs - Amends the Federal Crop Insurance Act to direct the Corporation to: (1) reimburse applicants for research, development, and maintenance costs for insurance policies that are approved and offered for producer sale; (2) establish pasture, range, and forage program priorities; (3) conduct a multiyear coverage study; and (4) enter into research contracts respecting cost of production policy and revenue coverage plans.

Authorizes the Corporation to enter into partnership contracts with private and public entities for risk management development and implementation, with objectives regarding: (1) weather notification; (2) pest management and fertilization; (3) crop and livestock techniques; (4) labor issues; and (5) fire prevention. Sets forth funding provisions.

Obligates specified funding for research and development reimbursement.

Prohibits the Corporation from conducting its own policy research and development.

(Sec. 132) Authorizes the Corporation to conduct loss coverage pilot programs involving: (1) reduced rangeland forage resulting from drought or insects; (2) livestock poisoning or disease; (3) pesticide-caused bee destructions; (4) wild salmon, under specified limitations; and (5) special risks relating to specialty crops, fruits, vegetables, forest production, and aquacultural species.

Directs the Corporation to conduct: (1) two or more pilot programs to evaluate livestock producer risk management tools, including the use of futures and options contracts and insurance plans; and (2) a premium rate reduction pilot program.

Directs the Secretary to carry out a revenue insurance pilot program through crop year 2001.

(Sec. 133) Directs the Corporation to establish an education and risk management assistance program in insurance- underserved areas.

Directs the Secretary, through the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, to establish a program of partnerships for risk management education.

Directs the Secretary to provide cost share assistance to producers in 10 to 15 States with historically low crop insurance participation.

(Sec. 134) Amends the Agricultural Market Transition Act to expand the number of counties eligible for the options pilot program. Limits funding through FY 2003.

Subtitle D: Administration - Amends the Federal Crop Insurance Act to revise specified provisions with respect to the Board of Directors of the Corporation.

(Sec. 143) Directs the Corporation to contract for rating insurance plans.

(Sec. 144) Provides for the electronic availability of crop insurance information.

(Sec. 145) Directs the Board to review the adequacy of State agricultural commodity coverages.

(Sec. 146) Authorizes an approved insurance provider, university, or trade association or cooperative, or other person to submit a policy or plan for Board approval. States that if the Board does not approve or disapprove an application within 120 days, or it shall be deemed approved.

(Sec. 147) Authorizes funding for the livestock and wild salmon pilot programs, and for specified research and development costs (Sec. 148) Authorizes the Corporation to renegotiate the Standard Reinsurance Agreement once during the 2001 through 2005 reinsurance years.

Subtitle E: Miscellaneous - Amends the Federal Crop Insurance Act to prohibit revenue coverage for potatoes except as part of a whole farm coverage.

(Sec. 162) Directs the Corporation to offer crop insurance for rice and cotton losses resulting from drought-or saltwater-caused irrigation failure.

(Sec. 163) Provides indemnity payments for specified producers (Sec. 164) Expresses the sense of Congress respecting: (1) the Federal crop insurance program, and the respective roles played by farmer-owned cooperatives, insurance providers, and the Risk Management Agency; and (2) the Corporation's promulgation of a specified rule.

(Sec. 165) Expresses the sense of Congress: (1) that rural America, including minority and limited resource farmers, has not experienced the recent period of economic prosperity: (2) in support of rural advocates, including the Rally for Rural America and rural assistance; and (3) respecting its commitment to the need for necessary agricultural program changes.

Subtitle F: Effective Date and Implementation - States that this Act and its amendments shall take effect upon this Act's enactment, with specified exceptions.

Title II: Agricultural Assistance - Subtitle A: Market Loss Assistance - Directs the Secretary to use Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) funds to provide market loss assistance payments to agricultural producers and owners who are eligible for final FY 2000 production flexibility contract payments. Makes such assistance available in proportion to amounts received under a producer's flexibility contract.

(Sec. 202) Directs the Secretary to provide assistance to producers of the 2000 crop of oilseeds who are eligible for marketing assistance loans.

(Sec. 203) Provides assistance for: (1) the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act Fund; and (2) the interstate agricultural commerce inspection reserve fund.

Directs the Secretary to provide assistance for: (1) fruit and vegetable inspection service improvements; (2) purchase of specialty crops that have experienced low 1998 and 1999 prices, including apples, blackeyed peas, cherries, citrus, cranberries, onions, melons, peaches, and potatoes; (3) losses due to plum pox virus, Pierce's disease, and citrus canker; and (4) apple loans.

Directs the Secretary to report respecting economic losses to the produce industry associated with falsified inspection certificates issued at the Hunts Point Terminal Market, Bronx, New York.

(Sec. 204) Directs the Secretary to provide 2000 crop year assistance to producers of: (1) quota and additional peanuts; (2) eligible tobacco, including conditions for payments to Geogia producers; (3) honey; and (4) cottonseed.

Directs the Secretary to provide assistance to wool and mohair producers for the 1999 marketing year.

Permits, upon producer referendum approval, lease and transfer of Burley tobacco quotas to same-State farms in Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, and Virginia.

(Sec. 205) Directs the Secretary, effective for the 2001 crop year, to make payments in lieu of loan deficiency payments to producers who agree to use acreage planted in wheat, barley, or oats for livestock grazing.

(Sec. 206) Amends the Agricultural Market Transition Act to make crop year 2000 producers of contract commodities eligible for loan deficiency payments even though not eligible for marketing loan assistance.

Subtitle B: Conservation - Directs the Secretary to provide assistance for: (1) farmland protection; and (2) soil and water conservation.

(Sec. 212) Directs the Secretary of the Interior, through the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, to prepare an environmental impact statement prior to further development of the Little Darby National Wildlife Refuge in Madison and Union Counties, Ohio.

Subtitle C: Research - Directs the Secretary to provide assistance: (1) to the Consortium for Agricultural Soils Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases, through specified universities, for carbon cycle research; (2) through the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, to Georgetown and North Carolina State Universities for research regarding the use of tobacco to fight cervical cancer; (3) to the University of Nebraska for research on soil science and forest health management; (4) for research on livestock waste streams, and studies and assessments of improved storage and management of livestock and poultry waste; and (5) to Illinois for construction of a corn-based ethanol research pilot plant at Southern Illinois University.

Authorizes the Secretary, through the Agricultural Research Service, to enter into a cooperative agreement with New Mexico State and Iowa State Universities for the establishment and operation of a Bioinformatics Institute for Model Plant Species, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Authorizes appropriations.

Subtitle D: Agricultural Marketing - Directs the Secretary to provide assistance for: (1) vale-added agricultural product market development grants; and (2) establishment of an Agricultural Marketing Resource Center.

Subtitle E: Nutrition Programs - Directs the Secretary to use additional funds to purchase FY 2000 and 2001 food commodities for the school lunch program.

(Sec. 242) Amends the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to authorize the limited use of information concerning children's eligibility for free or reduced price school lunches for their enrollment in medicaid or the State children's health insurance program (SCHIP). Provides for related family notification and nondisclosure election.

Amends the Child Nutrition Act to establish, and provide funding for, a pilot program relating to the use of the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC) for identification and enrollment of children incertain health programs.

(Sec. 243) Amends the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act respecting the child care and adult food program, to: (1) authorize and set forth the conditions under which a State agency may suspend a participating institution for false or fraudulent claims: and (2) increase from two to three the number of State-wide demonstration projects (sets forth eligibility criteria for such additional project) involving private for-profit organizations that provide nonresidential day care services.

Revises the feeding program for at-risk school children to: (1) include one meal daily; and (2) limit participation to six States, which shall include Pennsylvania, Missouri, Delaware, and Michigan.

(Sec. 244) Amends the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 respecting WIC to: (1) define "remote Indian or Native village"; and (2) permit the exclusion for eligibility purposes of overseas cost-of-living allowances for members of the armed forces.

Subtitle F: Other Programs - Directs the Secretary to use specified CCC funds for a loan to the Texas Boll Weevil Eradication Foundation, Inc. to retire certain debt associated with boll weevil eradication zones which no longer participate in the Federal program.

(Sec. 252) Obligates specified funds for: (1) pseudorabies vaccination costs incurred by pork producers; and (2) bovine tuberculosis control in Michigan.

(Sec. 253) Obligates specified funds for non-interest emergency loans to 1999 producers of grass, forage, vegetable, and sorghum seed who have not received payment because of AgriBiotech's bankruptcy.

(Sec. 254) Prohibits, through June 1, 2001, the Secretary from combining, other than offices in the same county, State offices of the: (1) Farm Service Agency; (2) Natural Resources Conservation Service. (3) Rural Utilities Service; and (4) Rural Business-Cooperative Service.

(Sec. 255) Suspends, through December 31, 2002, specified farm operating loan eligibility limitations and private credit source requirements.

(Sec. 256) Amends the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act to increase FY 2001 and 2002 appropriations for water systems for rural and Native villages in Alaska. Authorizes specified fund transfers for technical and training assistance.

(Sec. 257) Authorizes the Secretary to use specified CCC funds for a crop and pasture flood compensation program.

Makes Lake County, Oregon, eligible for specified FY 2000 agricultural assistance.

(Sec. 258) Directs the Secretary of the Army to acquire, for flood mitigation purposes, certain land and property near Pierre, South Dakota. Conditions Oahe Powerplant winter releases upon the Secretary's completion of a specified economic analysis and identification of mitigation benefits respecting ground water flooding.

(Sec. 259 Restores crop loss assistance eligibility to those individuals who lost such assistance due to a legal change in their farming operation.

Subtitle G: Administration - Obligates specified FY 2000 and 2001 amounts for specified provisions of this Act.

Sets forth specified administrative provisions.

Title III: Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000 - Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000 - Directs the Secretary and the Secretary of Energy to cooperate and coordinate research and development activities with respect to production of biobased industrial products. Requires appointment of departmental points of contact.

(Sec. 305) Establishes: (1) the Biomass Research and Development Board to coordinate Federal programs for the promotion and use of biobased industrial products; and (2) the Biomass Research and Development Technical Advisory Committee.

(Sec. 307) Directs the Secretaries to establish and carry out a Biomass Research and Development Initiative to award grants, financial assistance, and contracts for biobased industrial product research. Sets forth as eligible participants: (1) a college or university; (2) a national laboratory; (3) a Federal or State research agency; (4) a private sector entity; (5) a nonprofit entity; or (6) a consortium of two or more entities.

Directs the Administrator of the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service and the Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation Service to ensure that Initiative research results and technology are adopted, made available, and disseminated through their respective services to agricultural users.

Authorizes FY 2000 through 2005 appropriations.

(Sec. 308) Authorizes the Secretaries to provide administrative support and funds as necessary.

(Sec. 309) Sets forth reporting requirements.

(Sec. 310) Sunsets this title on December 31, 2005.

Title IV: Plant Protection Act - Plant Protection Act - Subtitle A: Plant Protection - Prohibits a person from importing, exporting, or moving in interstate commerce an unauthorized plant pest. Authorizes: (1) the Secretary to permit such introduction or movement; and (2) private petitions to add or remove a plant pest from regulation.

Prohibits the unauthorized mailing, and knowing delivery by a mail carrier, of plant pests.

(Sec. 412) Authorizes the Secretary to restrict the importation, movement, and means of conveyance of plants, plant products, biological control organisms, plant pests, and noxious weeds in order to prevent their U.S. introduction and interstate movement. Requires the Secretary to conduct a study of the effectiveness of using systems approaches to achieve such results.

Authorizes: (1) the Secretary to publish lists of noxious weeds and biological control agents; and (2) private petitions to add or remove listings.

(Sec. 413) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to notify the Secretary of such plant articles' arrival, and hold them at the port of entry until inspected and authorized for U.S. movement by the Secretary. Prohibits a person from moving unauthorized and uninspected articles from a port of entry or interstate.

(Sec. 414) Authorizes: (1) the Secretary to take specified remedial and emergency measures either directly or by the owner, including treatment or disposal, to avoid dissemination of a plant pest or noxious weed; and (2) owner compensation for unauthorized disposals.

(Sec. 417) Directs the Secretary to carry out a rangeland protection grasshopper and Mormon Cricket control program, including: (1) cost sharing for State and private land; and (2) personnel training.

(Sec. 418) Authorizes the Secretary to make phytosanitary export certificates based upon foreign requirements.

Subtitle B: Inspection and Enforcement - Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) inspections, warrants, and seizures, (2) information collection; (3) subpoena authority; (4) criminal and civil penalties; and (5) enforcement authority of the Attorney General.

Subtitle C: Miscellaneous Provisions - Authorizes the Secretary to enter into reimbursable fee agreements for preclearance outside the United States.

(Sec. 435) States that this Act shall not apply to U.S. postal employees in the course of their duties.

(Sec. 438) Repeals specified Acts.

Subtitle D: Authorization of Appropriations - Authorizes: (1) appropriations to carry out this title, and (2) emergency fund transfer authority.

Title V: Inspection Animals - Authorizes civil penalties of up to $1,000 for harming or interfering with a Department of Agriculture inspection animal. Provides the Secretary with related subpoena authority.