Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Passed House amended (07/25/2000)

Preparedness Against Terrorism Act of 2000 - Amends the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Act) to include snow droughts, acts of terrorism or other catastrophic events within its definition of "major disaster" for purposes of authorized disaster relief.

(Sec. 4) Requires the President (current law authorizes the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA Director)) to be responsible for carrying out Federal emergency preparedness plans and programs. Includes as a covered hazard a domestic terrorist attack involving a weapon of mass destruction.

(Sec. 6) Requires the President to ensure that Federal response plans and programs are adequate to respond to the consequences of terrorism directed against a target in the United States, including weapons of mass destruction. Includes the development of equipment, clothing, and facilities within authorized preparedness measures.

(Sec. 7) Repeals provisions of the Act which: (1) allow State preparedness funds to be used to prepare for hazards and for providing emergency assistance in response to hazards; and (2) require the FEMA Director to establish emergency preparedness security regulations.

(Sec. 9) Establishes the President's Council on Domestic Preparedness to, among other things: (1) establish Federal policies, objectives, and priorities for enhancing the capabilities of State and local emergency preparedness and response personnel in early detection and warning of and response to all domestic terrorist attacks, including those involving weapons of mass destruction; (2) publish a Domestic Terrorism Preparedness Plan and annual strategy for carrying out such Plan; (3) provide for the creation of a State and local advisory group for the Council; (4) establish voluntary guidelines for State and local preparedness programs; (5) coordinate and oversee the implementation of such Federal policies, objectives, and priorities; and (6) make recommendations to the heads of appropriate Federal departments and agencies with regard to implementation of the Plan. Requires the Plan and annual strategy to be transmitted to Congress. Requires any part of a Plan or strategy involving classified information to be presented separately to Congress.

Requires the Council, in developing the Plan, to designate an entity to assess the risk of terrorist attacks against transportation facilities, personnel, and passengers. Requires the Council to monitor Plan implementation, including conducting program and performance audits and evaluations.

Requires each Federal program manager and department or agency head with responsibilities under the Plan, by specified dates, to transmit to the Council for each fiscal year recommended resource allocations for Plan programs and activities. Requires the Council to recommend for such fiscal years resource allocations with respect to annual strategies, and submit such recommendations to the relevant departments and agencies and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget. Requires the head of a Federal department or agency to consult with the Council before enhancing the capabilities of State and local emergency preparedness and response personnel with respect to terrorist attacks.

Requires the Council to establish voluntary minimum guidelines for preparedness programs in order to provide guidance in the development and implementation of such programs.

Authorizes the Council to attend meetings of the National Security Council pertaining to domestic terrorist attack preparedness matters, subject to the direction of the President.

Requires the Council to have an Executive Director appointed by the President.

Requires cooperation with the Council from each Federal department and agency with responsibilities under the Plan.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 2001 through 2005.