Text: H.R.4444 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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[Congressional Bills 106th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 4444 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.4444

                       One Hundred Sixth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

           Begun and held at the City of Washington on Monday,
             the twenty-fourth day of January, two thousand


                                 An Act


 
  To authorize extension of nondiscriminatory treatment (normal trade 
relations treatment) to the People's Republic of China, and to establish 
  a framework for relations between the United States and the People's 
                           Republic of China.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF 
              CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into two divisions as 
follows:
        (1) Division A--Normal trade relations for the People's 
    Republic of China.
        (2) Division B--United States-China Relations.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:
Sec. 1. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.

  DIVISION A--NORMAL TRADE RELATIONS FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

                     TITLE I--NORMAL TRADE RELATIONS

Sec. 101. Termination of application of chapter 1 of title IV of the 
          Trade Act of 1974 to the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 102. Effective date.
Sec. 103. Relief from market disruption.
Sec. 104. Amendment to section 123 of the Trade Act of 1974-compensation 

          authority.

                DIVISION B--UNITED STATES-CHINA RELATIONS

                      TITLE II--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 201. Short title of division; table of contents of division.
Sec. 202. Findings.
Sec. 203. Policy.
Sec. 204. Definitions.

 TITLE III--CONGRESSIONAL-EXECUTIVE COMMISSION ON THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC 
                                OF CHINA

Sec. 301. Establishment of Congressional-Executive Commission on the 
          People's Republic of China.
Sec. 302. Functions of the Commission.
Sec. 303. Membership of the Commission.
Sec. 304. Votes of the Commission.
Sec. 305. Expenditure of appropriations.
Sec. 306. Testimony of witnesses, production of evidence; issuance of 
          subpoenas; administration of oaths.
Sec. 307. Appropriations for the Commission.
Sec. 308. Staff of the Commission.
Sec. 309. Printing and binding costs.

TITLE IV--MONITORING AND ENFORCEMENT OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA'S 
                             WTO COMMITMENTS

 Subtitle A--Review of Membership of the People's Republic of China in 
                                 the WTO

Sec. 401. Review within the WTO.

  Subtitle B--Authorization To Promote Compliance With Trade Agreements

Sec. 411. Findings.
Sec. 412. Purpose.
Sec. 413. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle C--Report on Compliance by the People's Republic of China With 
                             WTO Obligations

Sec. 421. Report on compliance.

 TITLE V--TRADE AND RULE OF LAW ISSUES IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

  Subtitle A--Task Force on Prohibition of Importation of Products of 
       Forced or Prison Labor From the People's Republic of China

Sec. 501. Establishment of Task Force.
Sec. 502. Functions of Task Force.
Sec. 503. Composition of Task Force.
Sec. 504. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 505. Reports to Congress.

   Subtitle B--Assistance To Develop Commercial and Labor Rule of Law

Sec. 511. Establishment of technical assistance and rule of law 
          programs.
Sec. 512. Administrative authorities.
Sec. 513. Prohibition relating to human rights abuses.
Sec. 514. Authorization of appropriations.

                TITLE VI--ACCESSION OF TAIWAN TO THE WTO

Sec. 601. Accession of Taiwan to the WTO.

                        TITLE VII--RELATED ISSUES

Sec. 701. Authorizations of appropriations for broadcasting capital 
          improvements and international broadcasting operations.

 DIVISION A--NORMAL TRADE RELATIONS FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
                    TITLE I--NORMAL TRADE RELATIONS

SEC. 101. TERMINATION OF APPLICATION OF CHAPTER 1 OF TITLE IV OF THE 
              TRADE ACT OF 1974 TO THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

    (a) Presidential Determinations and Extension of Nondiscriminatory 
Treatment.--Notwithstanding any provision of chapter 1 of title IV of 
the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2431 et seq.), as designated by 
section 3(a)(2) of this Act, the President may--
        (1) determine that such chapter should no longer apply to the 
    People's Republic of China; and
        (2) after making a determination under paragraph (1) with 
    respect to the People's Republic of China, proclaim the extension 
    of nondiscriminatory treatment (normal trade relations treatment) 
    to the products of that country.
    (b) Accession of the People's Republic of China to the World Trade 
Organization.--Prior to making the determination provided for in 
subsection (a)(1) and pursuant to the provisions of section 122 of the 
Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3532), the President shall 
transmit a report to Congress certifying that the terms and conditions 
for the accession of the People's Republic of China to the World Trade 
Organization are at least equivalent to those agreed between the United 
States and the People's Republic of China on November 15, 1999.

SEC. 102. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    (a) Effective Date of Nondiscriminatory Treatment.--The extension 
of nondiscriminatory treatment pursuant to section 101(a) shall be 
effective no earlier than the effective date of the accession of the 
People's Republic of China to the World Trade Organization.
    (b) Termination of Applicability of Title IV.--On and after the 
effective date under subsection (a) of the extension of 
nondiscriminatory treatment to the products of the People's Republic of 
China, chapter 1 of title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 (as designated by 
section 103(a)(2) of this Act) shall cease to apply to that country.

SEC. 103. RELIEF FROM MARKET DISRUPTION.

    (a) In General.--Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2431 
et seq.) is amended--
        (1) in the title heading, by striking ``CURRENTLY'';
        (2) by inserting before section 401 the following:

         ``CHAPTER 1--TRADE RELATIONS WITH CERTAIN COUNTRIES'';

    and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new chapter:

``CHAPTER 2--RELIEF FROM MARKET DISRUPTION TO INDUSTRIES AND DIVERSION 
                  OF TRADE TO THE UNITED STATES MARKET

``SEC. 421. ACTION TO ADDRESS MARKET DISRUPTION.

    ``(a) Presidential Action.--If a product of the People's Republic 
of China is being imported into the United States in such increased 
quantities or under such conditions as to cause or threaten to cause 
market disruption to the domestic producers of a like or directly 
competitive product, the President shall, in accordance with the 
provisions of this section, proclaim increased duties or other import 
restrictions with respect to such product, to the extent and for such 
period as the President considers necessary to prevent or remedy the 
market disruption.
    ``(b) Initiation of an Investigation.--(1) Upon the filing of a 
petition by an entity described in section 202(a) of the Trade Act of 
1974 (19 U.S.C. 2252(a)), upon the request of the President or the 
United States Trade Representative (in this subtitle referred to as the 
`Trade Representative'), upon resolution of either the Committee on 
Ways and Means of the House of Representatives, or the Committee on 
Finance of the Senate (in this subtitle referred to as the 
`Committees') or on its own motion, the United States International 
Trade Commission (in this subtitle referred to as the `Commission') 
shall promptly make an investigation to determine whether products of 
the People's Republic of China are being imported into the United 
States in such increased quantities or under such conditions as to 
cause or threaten to cause market disruption to the domestic producers 
of like or directly competitive products.
    ``(2) The limitations on investigations set forth in section 
202(h)(1) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2252(h)(1)) shall apply 
to investigations conducted under this section.
    ``(3) The provisions of subsections (a)(8) and (i) of section 202 
of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2252(a)(8) and (i)), relating to 
treatment of confidential business information, shall apply to 
investigations conducted under this section.
    ``(4) Whenever a petition is filed, or a request or resolution is 
received, under this subsection, the Commission shall transmit a copy 
thereof to the President, the Trade Representative, the Committee on 
Ways and Means of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
Finance of the Senate, except that in the case of confidential business 
information, the copy may include only nonconfidential summaries of 
such information.
    ``(5) The Commission shall publish notice of the commencement of 
any proceeding under this subsection in the Federal Register and shall, 
within a reasonable time thereafter, hold public hearings at which the 
Commission shall afford interested parties an opportunity to be 
present, to present evidence, to respond to the presentations of other 
parties, and otherwise to be heard.
    ``(c) Market Disruption.--(1) For purposes of this section, market 
disruption exists whenever imports of an article like or directly 
competitive with an article produced by a domestic industry are 
increasing rapidly, either absolutely or relatively, so as to be a 
significant cause of material injury, or threat of material injury, to 
the domestic industry.
    ``(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the term `significant cause' 
refers to a cause which contributes significantly to the material 
injury of the domestic industry, but need not be equal to or greater 
than any other cause.
    ``(d) Factors in Determination.--In determining whether market 
disruption exists, the Commission shall consider objective factors, 
including--
        ``(1) the volume of imports of the product which is the subject 
    of the investigation;
        ``(2) the effect of imports of such product on prices in the 
    United States for like or directly competitive articles; and
        ``(3) the effect of imports of such product on the domestic 
    industry producing like or directly competitive articles.
The presence or absence of any factor under paragraph (1), (2), or (3) 
is not necessarily dispositive of whether market disruption exists.
    ``(e) Time for Commission Determinations.--The Commission shall 
make and transmit to the President and the Trade Representative its 
determination under subsection (b)(1) at the earliest practicable time, 
but in no case later than 60 days (or 90 days in the case of a petition 
requesting relief under subsection (i)) after the date on which the 
petition is filed, the request or resolution is received, or the motion 
is adopted, under subsection (b). If the Commissioners voting are 
equally divided with respect to its determination, then the 
determination agreed upon by either group of Commissioners may be 
considered by the President and the Trade Representative as the 
determination of the Commission.
    ``(f) Recommendations of Commission on Proposed Remedies.--If the 
Commission makes an affirmative determination under subsection (b), or 
a determination which the President or the Trade Representative may 
consider as affirmative under subsection (e), the Commission shall 
propose the amount of increase in, or imposition of, any duty or other 
import restrictions necessary to prevent or remedy the market 
disruption. Only those members of the Commission who agreed to the 
affirmative determination under subsection (b) are eligible to vote on 
the proposed action to prevent or remedy market disruption. Members of 
the Commission who did not agree to the affirmative determination may 
submit, in the report required under subsection (g), separate views 
regarding what action, if any, should be taken to prevent or remedy 
market disruption.
    ``(g) Report by Commission.--(1) Not later than 20 days after a 
determination under subsection (b) is made, the Commission shall submit 
a report to the President and the Trade Representative.
    ``(2) The Commission shall include in the report required under 
paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(A) The determination made under subsection (b) and an 
    explanation of the basis for the determination.
        ``(B) If the determination under subsection (b) is affirmative, 
    or may be considered by the President or the Trade Representative 
    as affirmative under subsection (e), the recommendations of the 
    Commission on proposed remedies under subsection (f) and an 
    explanation of the basis for each recommendation.
        ``(C) Any dissenting or separate views by members of the 
    Commission regarding the determination and any recommendation 
    referred to in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
        ``(D) A description of--
            ``(i) the short- and long-term effects that implementation 
        of the action recommended under subsection (f) is likely to 
        have on the petitioning domestic industry, on other domestic 
        industries, and on consumers; and
            ``(ii) the short- and long-term effects of not taking the 
        recommended action on the petitioning domestic industry, its 
        workers, and the communities where production facilities of 
        such industry are located, and on other domestic industries.
    ``(3) The Commission, after submitting a report to the President 
under paragraph (1), shall promptly make it available to the public 
(but shall not include confidential business information) and cause a 
summary thereof to be published in the Federal Register.
    ``(h) Opportunity To Present Views and Evidence on Proposed Measure 
and Recommendation to the President.--(1) Within 20 days after receipt 
of the Commission's report under subsection (g) (or 15 days in the case 
of an affirmative preliminary determination under subsection 
(i)(1)(B)), the Trade Representative shall publish in the Federal 
Register notice of any measure proposed by the Trade Representative to 
be taken pursuant to subsection (a) and of the opportunity, including a 
public hearing, if requested, for importers, exporters, and other 
interested parties to submit their views and evidence on the 
appropriateness of the proposed measure and whether it would be in the 
public interest.
    ``(2) Within 55 days after receipt of the report under subsection 
(g) (or 35 days in the case of an affirmative preliminary determination 
under subsection (i)(1)(B)), the Trade Representative, taking into 
account the views and evidence received under paragraph (1) on the 
measure proposed by the Trade Representative, shall make a 
recommendation to the President concerning what action, if any, to take 
to prevent or remedy the market disruption.
    ``(i) Critical Circumstances.--(1) When a petition filed under 
subsection (b) alleges that critical circumstances exist and requests 
that provisional relief be provided under this subsection with respect 
to the product identified in the petition, the Commission shall, not 
later than 45 days after the petition containing the request is filed--
        ``(A) determine whether delay in taking action under this 
    section would cause damage to the relevant domestic industry which 
    would be difficult to repair; and
        ``(B) if the determination under subparagraph (A) is 
    affirmative, make a preliminary determination of whether imports of 
    the product which is the subject of the investigation have caused 
    or threatened to cause market disruption.
If the Commissioners voting are equally divided with respect to either 
of its determinations, then the determination agreed upon by either 
group of Commissioners may be considered by the President and the Trade 
Representative as the determination of the Commission.
    ``(2) On the date on which the Commission completes its 
determinations under paragraph (1), the Commission shall transmit a 
report on the determinations to the President and the Trade 
Representative, including the reasons for its determinations. If the 
determinations under paragraph (1) are affirmative, or may be 
considered by the President or the Trade Representative as affirmative 
under paragraph (1), the Commission shall include in its report its 
recommendations on proposed provisional measures to be taken to prevent 
or remedy the market disruption. Only those members of the Commission 
who agreed to the affirmative determinations under paragraph (1) are 
eligible to vote on the proposed provisional measures to prevent or 
remedy market disruption. Members of the Commission who did not agree 
to the affirmative determinations may submit, in the report, dissenting 
or separate views regarding the determination and any recommendation of 
provisional measures referred to in this paragraph.
    ``(3) If the determinations under paragraph (1) are affirmative, or 
may be considered by the President or the Trade Representative as 
affirmative under paragraph (1), the Trade Representative shall, within 
10 days after receipt of the Commission's report, determine the amount 
or extent of provisional relief that is necessary to prevent or remedy 
the market disruption and shall provide a recommendation to the 
President on what provisional measures, if any, to take.
    ``(4)(A) The President shall determine whether to provide 
provisional relief and proclaim such relief, if any, within 10 days 
after receipt of the recommendation from the Trade Representative.
    ``(B) Such relief may take the form of--
        ``(i) the imposition of or increase in any duty;
        ``(ii) any modification, or imposition of any quantitative 
    restriction on the importation of an article into the United 
    States; or
        ``(iii) any combination of actions under clauses (i) and (ii).
    ``(C) Any provisional action proclaimed by the President pursuant 
to a determination of critical circumstances shall remain in effect not 
more than 200 days.
    ``(D) Provisional relief shall cease to apply upon the effective 
date of relief proclaimed under subsection (a), upon a decision by the 
President not to provide such relief, or upon a negative determination 
by the Commission under subsection (b).
    ``(j) Agreements With the People's Republic of China.--(1) The 
Trade Representative is authorized to enter into agreements for the 
People's Republic of China to take such action as necessary to prevent 
or remedy market disruption, and should seek to conclude such 
agreements before the expiration of the 60-day consultation period 
provided for under the product-specific safeguard provision of the 
Protocol of Accession of the People's Republic of China to the WTO, 
which shall commence not later than 5 days after the Trade 
Representative receives an affirmative determination provided for in 
subsection (e) or a determination which the Trade Representative 
considers to be an affirmative determination pursuant to subsection 
(e).
    ``(2) If no agreement is reached with the People's Republic of 
China pursuant to consultations under paragraph (1), or if the 
President determines than an agreement reached pursuant to such 
consultations is not preventing or remedying the market disruption at 
issue, the President shall provide import relief in accordance with 
subsection (a).
    ``(k) Standard for Presidential Action.--(1) Within 15 days after 
receipt of a recommendation from the Trade Representative under 
subsection (h) on the appropriate action, if any, to take to prevent or 
remedy the market disruption, the President shall provide import relief 
for such industry pursuant to subsection (a), unless the President 
determines that provision of such relief is not in the national 
economic interest of the United States or, in extraordinary cases, that 
the taking of action pursuant to subsection (a) would cause serious 
harm to the national security of the United States.
    ``(2) The President may determine under paragraph (1) that 
providing import relief is not in the national economic interest of the 
United States only if the President finds that the taking of such 
action would have an adverse impact on the United States economy 
clearly greater than the benefits of such action.
    ``(l) Publication of Decision and Reports.--(1) The President's 
decision, including the reasons therefor and the scope and duration of 
any action taken, shall be published in the Federal Register.
    ``(2) The Commission shall promptly make public any report 
transmitted under this section, but shall not make public any 
information which the Commission determines to be confidential, and 
shall publish notice of such report in the Federal Register.
    ``(m) Effective Date of Relief.--Import relief under this section 
shall take effect not later than 15 days after the President's 
determination to provide such relief.
    ``(n) Modifications of Relief.--(1) At any time after the end of 
the 6-month period beginning on the date on which relief under 
subsection (m) first takes effect, the President may request that the 
Commission provide a report on the probable effect of the modification, 
reduction, or termination of the relief provided on the relevant 
industry. The Commission shall transmit such report to the President 
within 60 days of the request.
    ``(2) The President may, after receiving a report from the 
Commission under paragraph (1), take such action to modify, reduce, or 
terminate relief that the President determines is necessary to continue 
to prevent or remedy the market disruption at issue.
    ``(3) Upon the granting of relief under subsection (k), the 
Commission shall collect such data as is necessary to allow it to 
respond rapidly to a request by the President under paragraph (1).
    ``(o) Extension of Action.--(1) Upon request of the President, or 
upon petition on behalf of the industry concerned filed with the 
Commission not earlier than the date which is 9 months, and not later 
than the date which is 6 months, before the date any relief provided 
under subsection (k) is to terminate, the Commission shall investigate 
to determine whether action under this section continues to be 
necessary to prevent or remedy market disruption.
    ``(2) The Commission shall publish notice of the commencement of 
any proceeding under this subsection in the Federal Register and shall, 
within a reasonable time thereafter, hold a public hearing at which the 
Commission shall afford interested parties and consumers an opportunity 
to be present, to present evidence, and to respond to the presentations 
of other parties and consumers, and otherwise to be heard.
    ``(3) The Commission shall transmit to the President a report on 
its investigation and determination under this subsection not later 
than 60 days before the action under subsection (m) is to terminate.
    ``(4) The President, after receiving an affirmative determination 
from the Commission under paragraph (3), may extend the effective 
period of any action under this section if the President determines 
that the action continues to be necessary to prevent or remedy the 
market disruption.

``SEC. 422. ACTION IN RESPONSE TO TRADE DIVERSION.

    ``(a) Monitoring by Customs Service.--In any case in which a WTO 
member other than the United States requests consultations with the 
People's Republic of China under the product-specific safeguard 
provision of the Protocol of Accession of the People's Republic of 
China to the World Trade Organization, the Trade Representative shall 
inform the United States Customs Service, which shall monitor imports 
into the United States of those products of Chinese origin that are the 
subject of the consultation request. Data from such monitoring shall 
promptly be made available to the Commission upon request by the 
Commission.
    ``(b) Initiation of Investigation.--(1) Upon the filing of a 
petition by an entity described in section 202(a) of the Trade Act of 
1974, upon the request of the President or the Trade Representative, 
upon resolution of either of the Committees, or on its own motion, the 
Commission shall promptly make an investigation to determine whether an 
action described in subsection (c) has caused, or threatens to cause, a 
significant diversion of trade into the domestic market of the United 
States.
    ``(2) The Commission shall publish notice of the commencement of 
any proceeding under this subsection in the Federal Register and shall, 
within a reasonable time thereafter, hold public hearings at which the 
Commission shall afford interested parties an opportunity to be 
present, to present evidence, to respond to the presentations of other 
parties, and otherwise to be heard.
    ``(3) The provisions of subsections (a)(8) and (i) of section 202 
of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2252(a)(8) and (i)), relating to 
treatment of confidential business information, shall apply to 
investigations conducted under this section.
    ``(c) Actions Described.--An action is described in this subsection 
if it is an action--
        ``(1) by the People's Republic of China to prevent or remedy 
    market disruption in a WTO member other than the United States;
        ``(2) by a WTO member other than the United States to withdraw 
    concessions under the WTO Agreement or otherwise to limit imports 
    to prevent or remedy market disruption;
        ``(3) by a WTO member other than the United States to apply a 
    provisional safeguard within the meaning of the product-specific 
    safeguard provision of the Protocol of Accession of the People's 
    Republic of China to the WTO; or
        ``(4) any combination of actions described in paragraphs (1) 
    through (3).
    ``(d) Basis for Determination of Significant Diversion.--(1) In 
determining whether significant diversion or the threat thereof exists 
for purposes of this section, the Commission shall take into account, 
to the extent such evidence is reasonably available--
        ``(A) the monitoring conducted under subsection (a);
        ``(B) the actual or imminent increase in United States market 
    share held by such imports from the People's Republic of China;
        ``(C) the actual or imminent increase in volume of such imports 
    into the United States;
        ``(D) the nature and extent of the action taken or proposed by 
    the WTO member concerned;
        ``(E) the extent of exports from the People's Republic of China 
    to that WTO member and to the United States;
        ``(F) the actual or imminent changes in exports to that WTO 
    member due to the action taken or proposed;
        ``(G) the actual or imminent diversion of exports from the 
    People's Republic of China to countries other than the United 
    States;
        ``(H) cyclical or seasonal trends in import volumes into the 
    United States of the products at issue; and
        ``(I) conditions of demand and supply in the United States 
    market for the products at issue.
The presence or absence of any factor under any of subparagraphs (A) 
through (I) is not necessarily dispositive of whether a significant 
diversion of trade or the threat thereof exists.
    ``(2) For purposes of making its determination, the Commission 
shall examine changes in imports into the United States from the 
People's Republic of China since the time that the WTO member commenced 
the investigation that led to a request for consultations described in 
subsection (a).
    ``(3) If more than one action by a WTO member or WTO members 
against a particular product is identified in the petition, request, or 
resolution under subsection (b) or during the investigation, the 
Commission may cumulatively assess the actual or likely effects of such 
actions jointly in determining whether a significant diversion of trade 
or threat thereof exists.
    ``(e) Commission Determination; Agreement Authority.--(1) The 
Commission shall make and transmit to the President and the Trade 
Representative its determination under subsection (b) at the earliest 
practicable time, but in no case later than 45 days after the date on 
which the petition is filed, the request or resolution is received, or 
the motion is adopted, under subsection (b). If the Commissioners 
voting are equally divided with respect to its determination, then the 
determination agreed upon by either group of Commissioners may be 
considered by the President and the Trade Representative as the 
determination of the Commission.
    ``(2) The Trade Representative is authorized to enter into 
agreements with the People's Republic of China or the other WTO members 
concerned to take such action as necessary to prevent or remedy 
significant trade diversion or threat thereof into the domestic market 
of the United States, and should seek to conclude such agreements 
before the expiration of the 60-day consultation period provided for 
under the product-specific safeguard provision of the Protocol of 
Accession of the People's Republic of China to the WTO, which shall 
commence not later than 5 days after the Trade Representative receives 
an affirmative determination provided for in paragraph (1) or a 
determination which the Trade Representative considers to be an 
affirmative determination pursuant to paragraph (1).
    ``(3) Report by Commission.--
        ``(A) Not later than 10 days after a determination under 
    subsection (b), is made, the Commission shall transmit a report to 
    the President and the Trade Representative.
        ``(B) The Commission shall include in the report required under 
    subparagraph (A) the following:
            ``(i) The determination made under subsection (b) and an 
        explanation of the basis for the determination.
            ``(ii) If the determination under subsection (b) is 
        affirmative, or may be considered by the President or the Trade 
        Representative as affirmative under subsection (e)(1), the 
        recommendations of the Commission on increased tariffs or other 
        import restrictions to be imposed to prevent or remedy the 
        trade diversion or threat thereof, and explanations of the 
        bases for such recommendations. Only those members of the 
        Commission who agreed to the affirmative determination under 
        subsection (b) are eligible to vote on the proposed action to 
        prevent or remedy the trade diversion or threat thereof.
            ``(iii) Any dissenting or separate views by members of the 
        Commission regarding the determination and any recommendation 
        referred to in clauses (i) and (ii).
            ``(iv) A description of--
                ``(I) the short- and long-term effects that 
            implementation of the action recommended under clause (ii) 
            is likely to have on the petitioning domestic industry, on 
            other domestic industries, and on consumers; and
                ``(II) the short- and long-term effects of not taking 
            the recommended action on the petitioning domestic 
            industry, its workers and the communities where production 
            facilities of such industry are located, and on other 
            domestic industries.
        ``(C) The Commission, after submitting a report to the 
    President under subparagraph (A), shall promptly make it available 
    to the public (with the exception of confidential business 
    information) and cause a summary thereof to be published in the 
    Federal Register.
    ``(f) Public Comment.--If consultations fail to lead to an 
agreement with the People's Republic of China or the WTO member 
concerned within 60 days, the Trade Representative shall promptly 
publish notice in the Federal Register of any proposed action to 
prevent or remedy the trade diversion, and provide an opportunity for 
interested persons to present views and evidence on whether the 
proposed action is in the public interest.
    ``(g) Recommendation to the President.--Within 20 days after the 
end of consultations pursuant to subsection (e), the Trade 
Representative shall make a recommendation to the President on what 
action, if any, should be taken to prevent or remedy the trade 
diversion or threat thereof.
    ``(h) Presidential Action.--Within 20 days after receipt of the 
recommendation from the Trade Representative, the President shall 
determine what action to take to prevent or remedy the trade diversion 
or threat thereof.
    ``(i) Duration of Action.--Action taken under subsection (h) shall 
be terminated not later than 30 days after expiration of the action 
taken by the WTO member or members involved against imports from the 
People's Republic of China.
    ``(j) Review of Circumstances.--(1) The Commission shall review the 
continued need for action taken under subsection (h) if the WTO member 
or members involved notify the Committee on Safeguards of the WTO of 
any modification in the action taken by them against the People's 
Republic of China pursuant to consultation referred to in subsection 
(a). The Commission shall, not later than 60 days after such 
notification, determine whether a significant diversion of trade 
continues to exist and report its determination to the President. The 
President shall determine, within 15 days after receiving the 
Commission's report, whether to modify, withdraw, or keep in place the 
action taken under subsection (h).

``SEC. 423. REGULATIONS; TERMINATION OF PROVISION.

    ``(a) To Carry Out Restrictions and Monitoring.--The President 
shall by regulation provide for the efficient and fair administration 
of any restriction proclaimed pursuant to the subtitle and to provide 
for effective monitoring of imports under section 422(a).
    ``(b) To Carry Out Agreements.--To carry out an agreement concluded 
pursuant to consultations under section 421(j) or 422(e)(2), the 
President is authorized to prescribe regulations governing the entry or 
withdrawal from warehouse of articles covered by such agreement.
    ``(c) Termination Date.--This subtitle and any regulations issued 
under this subtitle shall cease to be effective 12 years after the date 
of entry into force of the Protocol of Accession of the People's 
Republic of China to the WTO.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents of the Trade Act 
of 1974 is amended--
        (1) in the item relating to title IV, by striking the 
    following:

                             ``CURRENTLY'';

        (2) by inserting before the item relating to section 401 the 
    following:

         ``Chapter 1--Trade Relations With Certain Countries'';

    and
        (3) by adding after the item relating to section 409 the 
    following:

 ``Chapter 2--Relief From Market Disruption to Industries and Diversion 
                  of Trade to the United States Market

``Sec. 421. Action to address market disruption.
``Sec. 422. Action in response to trade diversion.
``Sec. 423. Regulations; termination of provision.''.

SEC. 104. AMENDMENT TO SECTION 123 OF THE TRADE ACT OF 1974--
              COMPENSATION AUTHORITY.

    Section 123(a)(1) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2133(a)(1)) 
is amended by inserting after ``title III'' the following: ``, or under 
chapter 2 of title IV of the Trade Act of 1974''.

               DIVISION B--UNITED STATES-CHINA RELATIONS
                      TITLE II--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE OF DIVISION; TABLE OF CONTENTS OF DIVISION.

    (a) Short Title of Division.--This division may be cited as the 
``U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000''.
    (b) Table of Contents of Division.--The table of contents of this 
division is as follows:

                DIVISION B--UNITED STATES-CHINA RELATIONS

                      TITLE II--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 201. Short title of division; table of contents of division.
Sec. 202. Findings.
Sec. 203. Policy.
Sec. 204. Definitions.

 TITLE III--CONGRESSIONAL-EXECUTIVE COMMISSION ON THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC 
                                OF CHINA

Sec. 301. Establishment of Congressional-Executive Commission on the 
          People's Republic of China.
Sec. 302. Functions of the Commission.
Sec. 303. Membership of the Commission.
Sec. 304. Votes of the Commission.
Sec. 305. Expenditure of appropriations.
Sec. 306. Testimony of witnesses, production of evidence; issuance of 
          subpoenas; administration of oaths.
Sec. 307. Appropriations for the Commission.
Sec. 308. Staff of the Commission.
Sec. 309. Printing and binding costs.

TITLE IV--MONITORING AND ENFORCEMENT OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA'S 
                             WTO COMMITMENTS

 Subtitle A--Review of Membership of the People's Republic of China in 
                                 the WTO

Sec. 401. Review within the WTO.

  Subtitle B--Authorization To Promote Compliance With Trade Agreements

Sec. 411. Findings.
Sec. 412. Purpose.
Sec. 413. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle C--Report on Compliance by the People's Republic of China With 
                             WTO Obligations

Sec. 421. Report on compliance.

 TITLE V--TRADE AND RULE OF LAW ISSUES IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

  Subtitle A--Task Force on Prohibition of Importation of Products of 
       Forced or Prison Labor From the People's Republic of China

Sec. 501. Establishment of Task Force.
Sec. 502. Functions of Task Force.
Sec. 503. Composition of Task Force.
Sec. 504. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 505. Reports to Congress.

   Subtitle B--Assistance To Develop Commercial and Labor Rule of Law

Sec. 511. Establishment of technical assistance and rule of law 
          programs.
Sec. 512. Administrative authorities.
Sec. 513. Prohibition relating to human rights abuses.
Sec. 514. Authorization of appropriations.

                TITLE VI--ACCESSION OF TAIWAN TO THE WTO

Sec. 601. Accession of Taiwan to the WTO.

                        TITLE VII--RELATED ISSUES

Sec. 701. Authorizations of appropriations for broadcasting capital 
          improvements and international broadcasting operations.

SEC. 202. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds the following:
        (1) In 1980, the United States opened trade relations with the 
    People's Republic of China by entering into a bilateral trade 
    agreement, which was approved by joint resolution enacted pursuant 
    to section 405(c) of the Trade Act of 1974.
        (2) Since 1980, the President has consistently extended 
    nondiscriminatory treatment to products of the People's Republic of 
    China, pursuant to his authority under section 404 of the Trade Act 
    of 1974.
        (3) Since 1980, the United States has entered into several 
    additional trade-related agreements with the People's Republic of 
    China, including a memorandum of understanding on market access in 
    1992, two agreements on intellectual property rights protection in 
    1992 and 1995, and an agreement on agricultural cooperation in 
    1999.
        (4) Trade in goods between the People's Republic of China and 
    the United States totaled almost $95,000,000,000 in 1999, compared 
    with approximately $18,000,000,000 in 1989, representing growth of 
    approximately 428 percent over 10 years.
        (5) The United States merchandise trade deficit with the 
    People's Republic of China has grown from approximately 
    $6,000,000,000 in 1989 to over $68,000,000,000 in 1999, a growth of 
    over 1,000 percent.
        (6) The People's Republic of China currently restricts imports 
    through relatively high tariffs and nontariff barriers, including 
    import licensing, technology transfer, and local content 
    requirements.
        (7) United States businesses attempting to sell goods to 
    markets in the People's Republic of China have complained of uneven 
    application of tariffs, customs procedures, and other laws, rules, 
    and administrative measures affecting their ability to sell their 
    products in the Chinese market.
        (8) On November 15, 1999, the United States and the People's 
    Republic of China concluded a bilateral agreement concerning terms 
    of the People's Republic of China's eventual accession to the World 
    Trade Organization.
        (9) The commitments that the People's Republic of China made in 
    its November 15, 1999, agreement with the United States promise to 
    eliminate or greatly reduce the principal barriers to trade with 
    and investment in the People's Republic of China, if those 
    commitments are effectively complied with and enforced.
        (10) The record of the People's Republic of China in 
    implementing trade-related commitments has been mixed. While the 
    People's Republic of China has generally met the requirements of 
    the 1992 market access memorandum of understanding and the 1992 and 
    1995 agreements on intellectual property rights protection, other 
    measures remain in place or have been put into place which tend to 
    diminish the benefit to United States businesses, farmers, and 
    workers from the People's Republic of China's implementation of 
    those earlier commitments. Notably, administration of tariff-rate 
    quotas and other trade-related laws remains opaque, new local 
    content requirements have proliferated, restrictions on importation 
    of animal and plant products are not always supported by sound 
    science, and licensing requirements for importation and 
    distribution of goods remain common. Finally, the Government of the 
    People's Republic of China has failed to cooperate with the United 
    States Customs Service in implementing a 1992 memorandum of 
    understanding prohibiting trade in products made by prison labor.
        (11) The human rights record of the People's Republic of China 
    is a matter of very serious concern to the Congress. The Congress 
    notes that the Department of State's 1999 Country Reports on Human 
    Rights Practices for the People's Republic of China finds that 
    ``[t]he Government's poor human rights record deteriorated markedly 
    throughout the year, as the Government intensified efforts to 
    suppress dissent, particularly organized dissent.''.
        (12) The Congress deplores violations by the Government of the 
    People's Republic of China of human rights, religious freedoms, and 
    worker rights that are referred to in the Department of State's 
    1999 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for the People's 
    Republic of China, including the banning of the Falun Gong 
    spiritual movement, denial in many cases, particularly politically 
    sensitive ones, of effective representation by counsel and public 
    trials, extrajudicial killings and torture, forced abortion and 
    sterilization, restriction of access to Tibet and Xinjiang, 
    perpetuation of ``reeducation through labor'', denial of the right 
    of workers to organize labor unions or bargain collectively with 
    their employers, and failure to implement a 1992 memorandum of 
    understanding prohibiting trade in products made by prison labor.

SEC. 203. POLICY.

    It is the policy of the United States--
        (1) to develop trade relations that broaden the benefits of 
    trade, and lead to a leveling up, rather than a leveling down, of 
    labor, environmental, commercial rule of law, market access, 
    anticorruption, and other standards across national borders;
        (2) to pursue effective enforcement of trade-related and other 
    international commitments by foreign governments through 
    enforcement mechanisms of international organizations and through 
    the application of United States law as appropriate;
        (3) to encourage foreign governments to conduct both commercial 
    and noncommercial affairs according to the rule of law developed 
    through democratic processes;
        (4) to encourage the Government of the People's Republic of 
    China to afford its workers internationally recognized worker 
    rights;
        (5) to encourage the Government of the People's Republic of 
    China to protect the human rights of people within the territory of 
    the People's Republic of China, and to take steps toward protecting 
    such rights, including, but not limited to--
            (A) ratifying the International Covenant on Civil and 
        Political Rights;
            (B) protecting the right to liberty of movement and freedom 
        to choose a residence within the People's Republic of China and 
        the right to leave from and return to the People's Republic of 
        China; and
            (C) affording a criminal defendant--
                (i) the right to be tried in his or her presence, and 
            to defend himself or herself in person or through legal 
            assistance of his or her own choosing;
                (ii) the right to be informed, if he or she does not 
            have legal assistance, of the right set forth in clause 
            (i);
                (iii) the right to have legal assistance assigned to 
            him or her in any case in which the interests of justice so 
            require and without payment by him or her in any such case 
            if he or she does not have sufficient means to pay for it;
                (iv) the right to a fair and public hearing by a 
            competent, independent, and impartial tribunal established 
            by the law;
                (v) the right to be presumed innocent until proved 
            guilty according to law; and
                (vi) the right to be tried without undue delay; and
        (6) to highlight in the United Nations Human Rights Commission 
    and in other appropriate fora violations of human rights by foreign 
    governments and to seek the support of other governments in urging 
    improvements in human rights practices.

SEC. 204. DEFINITIONS.

    In this division:
        (1) Dispute settlement understanding.--The term ``Dispute 
    Settlement Understanding'' means the Understanding on Rules and 
    Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes referred to in 
    section 101(d)(16) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 
    3511(16)).
        (2) Government of the people's republic of china.--The term 
    ``Government of the People's Republic of China'' means the central 
    Government of the People's Republic of China and any other 
    governmental entity, including any provincial, prefectural, or 
    local entity and any enterprise that is controlled by the central 
    Government or any such governmental entity or as to which the 
    central Government or any such governmental entity is entitled to 
    receive a majority of the profits.
        (3) Internationally recognized worker rights.--The term 
    ``internationally recognized worker rights'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 507(4) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 
    2467(4)) and includes the right to the elimination of the ``worst 
    forms of child labor'', as defined in section 507(6) of the Trade 
    Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2467(6)).
        (4) Trade representative.--The term ``Trade Representative'' 
    means the United States Trade Representative.
        (5) WTO; world trade organization.--The terms ``WTO'' and 
    ``World Trade Organization'' mean the organization established 
    pursuant to the WTO Agreement.
        (6) WTO agreement.--The term ``WTO Agreement'' means the 
    Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization entered into on 
    April 15, 1994.
        (7) WTO member.--The term ``WTO member'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 2(10) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 
    U.S.C. 3501(10)).

     TITLE III--CONGRESSIONAL-EXECUTIVE COMMISSION ON THE PEOPLE'S 
                           REPUBLIC OF CHINA

SEC. 301. ESTABLISHMENT OF CONGRESSIONAL-EXECUTIVE COMMISSION ON THE 
              PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

    There is established a Congressional-Executive Commission on the 
People's Republic of China (in this title referred to as the 
``Commission'').

SEC. 302. FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION.

    (a) Monitoring Compliance With Human Rights.--The Commission shall 
monitor the acts of the People's Republic of China which reflect 
compliance with or violation of human rights, in particular, those 
contained in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 
and in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, including, but not 
limited to, effectively affording--
        (1) the right to engage in free expression without fear of any 
    prior restraints;
        (2) the right to peaceful assembly without restrictions, in 
    accordance with international law;
        (3) religious freedom, including the right to worship free of 
    involvement of and interference by the government;
        (4) the right to liberty of movement and freedom to choose a 
    residence within the People's Republic of China and the right to 
    leave from and return to the People's Republic of China;
        (5) the right of a criminal defendant--
            (A) to be tried in his or her presence, and to defend 
        himself or herself in person or through legal assistance of his 
        or her own choosing;
            (B) to be informed, if he or she does not have legal 
        assistance, of the right set forth in subparagraph (A);
            (C) to have legal assistance assigned to him or her in any 
        case in which the interests of justice so require and without 
        payment by him or her in any such case if he or she does not 
        have sufficient means to pay for it;
            (D) to a fair and public hearing by a competent, 
        independent, and impartial tribunal established by the law;
            (E) to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according 
        to law; and
            (F) to be tried without undue delay;
        (6) the right to be free from torture and other forms of cruel 
    or unusual punishment;
        (7) protection of internationally recognized worker rights;
        (8) freedom from incarceration as punishment for political 
    opposition to the government;
        (9) freedom from incarceration as punishment for exercising or 
    advocating human rights (including those described in this 
    section);
        (10) freedom from arbitrary arrest, detention, or exile;
        (11) the right to fair and public hearings by an independent 
    tribunal for the determination of a citizen's rights and 
    obligations; and
        (12) free choice of employment.
    (b) Victims Lists.--The Commission shall compile and maintain lists 
of persons believed to be imprisoned, detained, or placed under house 
arrest, tortured, or otherwise persecuted by the Government of the 
People's Republic of China due to their pursuit of the rights described 
in subsection (a). In compiling such lists, the Commission shall 
exercise appropriate discretion, including concerns regarding the 
safety and security of, and benefit to, the persons who may be included 
on the lists and their families.
    (c) Monitoring Development of Rule of Law.--The Commission shall 
monitor the development of the rule of law in the People's Republic of 
China, including, but not limited to--
        (1) progress toward the development of institutions of 
    democratic governance;
        (2) processes by which statutes, regulations, rules, and other 
    legal acts of the Government of the People's Republic of China are 
    developed and become binding within the People's Republic of China;
        (3) the extent to which statutes, regulations, rules, 
    administrative and judicial decisions, and other legal acts of the 
    Government of the People's Republic of China are published and are 
    made accessible to the public;
        (4) the extent to which administrative and judicial decisions 
    are supported by statements of reasons that are based upon written 
    statutes, regulations, rules, and other legal acts of the 
    Government of the People's Republic of China;
        (5) the extent to which individuals are treated equally under 
    the laws of the of the People's Republic of China without regard to 
    citizenship;
        (6) the extent to which administrative and judicial decisions 
    are independent of political pressure or governmental interference 
    and are reviewed by entities of appellate jurisdiction; and
        (7) the extent to which laws in the People's Republic of China 
    are written and administered in ways that are consistent with 
    international human rights standards, including the requirements of 
    the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
    (d) Bilateral Cooperation.--The Commission shall monitor and 
encourage the development of programs and activities of the United 
States Government and private organizations with a view toward 
increasing the interchange of people and ideas between the United 
States and the People's Republic of China and expanding cooperation in 
areas that include, but are not limited to--
        (1) increasing enforcement of human rights described in 
    subsection (a); and
        (2) developing the rule of law in the People's Republic of 
    China.
    (e) Contacts With Nongovernmental Organizations.--In performing the 
functions described in subsections (a) through (d), the Commission 
shall, as appropriate, seek out and maintain contacts with 
nongovernmental organizations, including receiving reports and updates 
from such organizations and evaluating such reports.
    (f) Cooperation With Special Coordinator.--In performing the 
functions described in subsections (a) through (d), the Commission 
shall cooperate with the Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues in the 
Department of State.
    (g) Annual Reports.--The Commission shall issue a report to the 
President and the Congress not later than 12 months after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and not later than the end of each 12-month 
period thereafter, setting forth the findings of the Commission during 
the preceding 12-month period, in carrying out subsections (a) through 
(c). The Commission's report may contain recommendations for 
legislative or executive action.
    (h) Specific Information in Annual Reports.--The Commission's 
report under subsection (g) shall include specific information as to 
the nature and implementation of laws or policies concerning the rights 
set forth in paragraphs (1) through (12) of subsection (a), and as to 
restrictions applied to or discrimination against persons exercising 
any of the rights set forth in such paragraphs.
    (i) Congressional Hearings on Annual Reports.--(1) The Committee on 
International Relations of the House of Representatives shall, not 
later than 30 days after the receipt by the Congress of the report 
referred to in subsection (g), hold hearings on the contents of the 
report, including any recommendations contained therein, for the 
purpose of receiving testimony from Members of Congress, and such 
appropriate representatives of Federal departments and agencies, and 
interested persons and groups, as the committee deems advisable, with a 
view to reporting to the House of Representatives any appropriate 
legislation in furtherance of such recommendations. If any such 
legislation is considered by the Committee on International Relations 
within 45 days after receipt by the Congress of the report referred to 
in subsection (g), it shall be reported by the committee not later than 
60 days after receipt by the Congress of such report.
    (2) The provisions of paragraph (1) are enacted by the Congress--
        (A) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the House of 
    Representatives, and as such are deemed a part of the rules of the 
    House, and they supersede other rules only to the extent that they 
    are inconsistent therewith; and
        (B) with full recognition of the constitutional right of the 
    House to change the rules (so far as relating to the procedure of 
    the House) at any time, in the same manner and to the same extent 
    as in the case of any other rule of the House.
    (j) Supplemental Reports.--The Commission may submit to the 
President and the Congress reports that supplement the reports 
described in subsection (g), as appropriate, in carrying out 
subsections (a) through (c).

SEC. 303. MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMMISSION.

    (a) Selection and Appointment of Members.--The Commission shall be 
composed of 23 members as follows:
        (1) Nine Members of the House of Representatives appointed by 
    the Speaker of the House of Representatives. Five members shall be 
    selected from the majority party and four members shall be 
    selected, after consultation with the minority leader of the House, 
    from the minority party.
        (2) Nine Members of the Senate appointed by the President of 
    the Senate. Five members shall be selected, after consultation with 
    the majority leader of the Senate, from the majority party, and 
    four members shall be selected, after consultation with the 
    minority leader of the Senate, from the minority party.
        (3) One representative of the Department of State, appointed by 
    the President of the United States from among officers and 
    employees of that Department.
        (4) One representative of the Department of Commerce, appointed 
    by the President of the United States from among officers and 
    employees of that Department.
        (5) One representative of the Department of Labor, appointed by 
    the President of the United States from among officers and 
    employees of that Department.
        (6) Two at-large representatives, appointed by the President of 
    the United States, from among the officers and employees of the 
    executive branch.
    (b) Chairman and Cochairman.--
        (1) Designation of chairman.--At the beginning of each odd-
    numbered Congress, the President of the Senate, on the 
    recommendation of the majority leader, shall designate one of the 
    members of the Commission from the Senate as Chairman of the 
    Commission. At the beginning of each even-numbered Congress, the 
    Speaker of the House of Representatives shall designate one of the 
    members of the Commission from the House as Chairman of the 
    Commission.
        (2) Designation of cochairman.--At the beginning of each odd-
    numbered Congress, the Speaker of the House of Representatives 
    shall designate one of the members of the Commission from the House 
    as Cochairman of the Commission. At the beginning of each even-
    numbered Congress, the President of the Senate, on the 
    recommendation of the majority leader, shall designate one of the 
    members of the Commission from the Senate as Cochairman of the 
    Commission.

SEC. 304. VOTES OF THE COMMISSION.

    Decisions of the Commission, including adoption of reports and 
recommendations to the executive branch or to the Congress, shall be 
made by a majority vote of the members of the Commission present and 
voting. Two-thirds of the Members of the Commission shall constitute a 
quorum for purposes of conducting business.

SEC. 305. EXPENDITURE OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    For each fiscal year for which an appropriation is made to the 
Commission, the Commission shall issue a report to the Congress on its 
expenditures under that appropriation.

SEC. 306. TESTIMONY OF WITNESSES, PRODUCTION OF EVIDENCE; ISSUANCE OF 
              SUBPOENAS; ADMINISTRATION OF OATHS.

    In carrying out this title, the Commission may require, by subpoena 
or otherwise, the attendance and testimony of such witnesses and the 
production of such books, records, correspondence, memoranda, papers, 
documents, and electronically recorded data as it considers necessary. 
Subpoenas may be issued only pursuant to a two-thirds vote of members 
of the Commission present and voting. Subpoenas may be issued over the 
signature of the Chairman of the Commission or any member designated by 
the Chairman, and may be served by any person designated by the 
Chairman or such member. The Chairman of the Commission, or any member 
designated by the Chairman, may administer oaths to any witness.

SEC. 307. APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE COMMISSION.

    (a) Authorization; Disbursements.--
        (1) Authorization.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
    the Commission for fiscal year 2001, and each fiscal year 
    thereafter, such sums as may be necessary to enable it to carry out 
    its functions. Appropriations to the Commission are authorized to 
    remain available until expended.
        (2) Disbursements.--Appropriations to the Commission shall be 
    disbursed on vouchers approved--
            (A) jointly by the Chairman and the Cochairman; or
            (B) by a majority of the members of the personnel and 
        administration committee established pursuant to section 308.
    (b) Foreign Travel for Official Purposes.--Foreign travel for 
official purposes by members and staff of the Commission may be 
authorized by either the Chairman or the Cochairman.

SEC. 308. STAFF OF THE COMMISSION.

    (a) Personnel and Administration Committee.--The Commission shall 
have a personnel and administration committee composed of the Chairman, 
the Cochairman, the senior member of the Commission from the minority 
party of the House of Representatives, and the senior member of the 
Commission from the minority party of the Senate.
    (b) Committee Functions.--All decisions pertaining to the hiring, 
firing, and fixing of pay of personnel of the Commission shall be by a 
majority vote of the personnel and administration committee, except 
that--
        (1) the Chairman shall be entitled to appoint and fix the pay 
    of the staff director, and the Cochairman shall be entitled to 
    appoint and fix the pay of the Cochairman's senior staff member; 
    and
        (2) the Chairman and Cochairman shall each have the authority 
    to appoint, with the approval of the personnel and administration 
    committee, at least four professional staff members who shall be 
    responsible to the Chairman or the Cochairman (as the case may be) 
    who appointed them.
Subject to subsection (d), the personnel and administration committee 
may appoint and fix the pay of such other personnel as it considers 
desirable.
    (c) Staff Appointments.--All staff appointments shall be made 
without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, 
governing appointments in the competitive service, and without regard 
to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of 
such title relating to classification and general schedule pay rates.
    (d) Qualifications of Professional Staff.--The personnel and 
administration committee shall ensure that the professional staff of 
the Commission consists of persons with expertise in areas including 
human rights, internationally recognized worker rights, international 
economics, law (including international law), rule of law and other 
foreign assistance programming, Chinese politics, economy and culture, 
and the Chinese language.
    (e) Commission Employees as Congressional Employees.--
        (1) In general.--For purposes of pay and other employment 
    benefits, rights, and privileges, and for all other purposes, any 
    employee of the Commission shall be considered to be a 
    congressional employee as defined in section 2107 of title 5, 
    United States Code.
        (2) Competitive status.--For purposes of section 3304(c)(1) of 
    title 5, United States Code, employees of the Commission shall be 
    considered as if they are in positions in which they are paid by 
    the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House of 
    Representatives.

SEC. 309. PRINTING AND BINDING COSTS.

    For purposes of costs relating to printing and binding, including 
the costs of personnel detailed from the Government Printing Office, 
the Commission shall be deemed to be a committee of the Congress.

   TITLE IV--MONITORING AND ENFORCEMENT OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF 
                        CHINA'S WTO COMMITMENTS
 Subtitle A--Review of Membership of the People's Republic of China in 
                                the WTO

SEC. 401. REVIEW WITHIN THE WTO.

    It shall be the objective of the United States to obtain as part of 
the Protocol of Accession of the People's Republic of China to the WTO, 
an annual review within the WTO of the compliance by the People's 
Republic of China with its terms of accession to the WTO.

 Subtitle B--Authorization To Promote Compliance With Trade Agreements

SEC. 411. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds as follows:
        (1) The opening of world markets through the elimination of 
    tariff and nontariff barriers has contributed to a 56-percent 
    increase in exports of United States goods and services since 1992.
        (2) Such export expansion, along with an increase in trade 
    generally, has helped fuel the longest economic expansion in United 
    States history.
        (3) The United States Government must continue to be vigilant 
    in monitoring and enforcing the compliance by our trading partners 
    with trade agreements in order for United States businesses, 
    workers, and farmers to continue to benefit from the opportunities 
    created by market-opening trade agreements.
        (4) The People's Republic of China, as part of its accession to 
    the World Trade Organization, has committed to eliminating 
    significant trade barriers in the agricultural, services, and 
    manufacturing sectors that, if realized, would provide considerable 
    opportunities for United States farmers, businesses, and workers.
        (5) For these opportunities to be fully realized, the United 
    States Government must effectively monitor and enforce its rights 
    under the agreements on the accession of the People's Republic of 
    China to the WTO.

SEC. 412. PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this subtitle is to authorize additional resources 
for the agencies and departments engaged in monitoring and enforcement 
of United States trade agreements and trade laws with respect to the 
People's Republic of China.

SEC. 413. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Department of Commerce.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
to the Department of Commerce, in addition to amounts otherwise 
available for such purposes, such sums as may be necessary for fiscal 
year 2001, and each fiscal year thereafter, for additional staff for--
        (1) monitoring compliance by the People's Republic of China 
    with its commitments under the WTO, assisting United States 
    negotiators with ongoing negotiations in the WTO, and defending 
    United States antidumping and countervailing duty measures with 
    respect to products of the People's Republic of China;
        (2) enforcement of United States trade laws with respect to 
    products of the People's Republic of China; and
        (3) a Trade Law Technical Assistance Center to assist small- 
    and medium-sized businesses, workers, and unions in evaluating 
    potential remedies available under the trade laws of the United 
    States with respect to trade involving the People's Republic of 
    China.
    (b) Overseas Compliance Program.--
        (1) Authorization of appropriation.--There are authorized to be 
    appropriated to the Department of Commerce and the Department of 
    State, in addition to amounts otherwise available, such sums as may 
    be necessary for fiscal year 2001, and each fiscal year thereafter, 
    to provide staff for monitoring in the People's Republic of China 
    that country's compliance with its international trade obligations 
    and to support the enforcement of the trade laws of the United 
    States, as part of an Overseas Compliance Program which monitors 
    abroad compliance with international trade obligations and supports 
    the enforcement of United States trade laws.
        (2) Reporting.--The annual report on compliance by the People's 
    Republic of China submitted to the Congress under section 421 of 
    this Act shall include the findings of the Overseas Compliance 
    Program with respect to the People's Republic of China.
    (c) United States Trade Representative.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Office of the United States Trade Representative, 
in addition to amounts otherwise available for such purposes, such sums 
as may be necessary for fiscal year 2001, and each fiscal year 
thereafter, for additional staff in--
        (1) the Office of the General Counsel, the Monitoring and 
    Enforcement Unit, and the Office of the Deputy United States Trade 
    Representative in Geneva, Switzerland, to investigate, prosecute, 
    and defend cases before the WTO, and to administer United States 
    trade laws, including title III of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 
    2411 et seq.) and other trade laws relating to intellectual 
    property, government procurement, and telecommunications, with 
    respect to the People's Republic of China;
        (2) the Office of Economic Affairs, to analyze the impact on 
    the economy of the United States, including United States exports, 
    of acts of the Government of the People's Republic of China 
    affecting access to markets in the People's Republic of China and 
    to support the Office of the General Counsel in presenting cases to 
    the WTO involving the People's Republic of China;
        (3) the geographic office for the People's Republic of China; 
    and
        (4) offices relating to the WTO and to different sectors of the 
    economy, including agriculture, industry, services, and 
    intellectual property rights protection, to monitor and enforce the 
    trade agreement obligations of the People's Republic of China in 
    those sectors.
    (d) Department of Agriculture.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Agriculture, in addition to amounts 
otherwise available for such purposes, such sums as may be necessary 
for fiscal year 2001, and each fiscal year thereafter, for additional 
staff to increase legal and technical expertise in areas covered by 
trade agreements and United States trade law, including food safety and 
biotechnology, for purposes of monitoring compliance by the People's 
Republic of China with its trade agreement obligations.

Subtitle C--Report on Compliance by the People's Republic of China With 
                            WTO Obligations

SEC. 421. REPORT ON COMPLIANCE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the entry into force 
of the Protocol of Accession of the People's Republic of China to the 
WTO, and annually thereafter, the Trade Representative shall submit a 
report to Congress on compliance by the People's Republic of China with 
commitments made in connection with its accession to the World Trade 
Organization, including both multilateral commitments and any bilateral 
commitments made to the United States.
    (b) Public Participation.--In preparing the report described in 
subsection (a), the Trade Representative shall seek public 
participation by publishing a notice in the Federal Register and 
holding a public hearing.

TITLE V--TRADE AND RULE OF LAW ISSUES IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
  Subtitle A--Task Force on Prohibition of Importation of Products of 
       Forced or Prison Labor From the People's Republic of China

SEC. 501. ESTABLISHMENT OF TASK FORCE.

    There is hereby established a task force on prohibition of 
importation of products of forced or prison labor from the People's 
Republic of China (hereafter in this subtitle referred to as the ``Task 
Force'').

SEC. 502. FUNCTIONS OF TASK FORCE.

    The Task Force shall monitor and promote effective enforcement of 
and compliance with section 307 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 
1307) by performing the following functions:
        (1) Coordinate closely with the United States Customs Service 
    to promote maximum effectiveness in the enforcement by the Customs 
    Service of section 307 of the Tariff Act of 1930 with respect to 
    the products of the People's Republic of China. In order to assure 
    such coordination, the Customs Service shall keep the Task Force 
    informed, on a regular basis, of the progress of its investigations 
    of allegations that goods are being entered into the United States, 
    or that such entry is being attempted, in violation of the 
    prohibition in section 307 of the Tariff Act of 1930 on entry into 
    the United States of goods mined, produced, or manufactured wholly 
    or in part in the People's Republic of China by convict labor, 
    forced labor, or indentured labor under penal sanctions. Such 
    investigations may include visits to foreign sites where goods 
    allegedly are being mined, produced, or manufactured in a manner 
    that would lead to prohibition of their importation into the United 
    States under section 307 of the Tariff Act of 1930.
        (2) Make recommendations to the Customs Service on seeking new 
    agreements with the People's Republic of China to allow Customs 
    Service officials to visit sites where goods may be mined, 
    produced, or manufactured by convict labor, forced labor, or 
    indentured labor under penal sanctions.
        (3) Work with the Customs Service to assist the People's 
    Republic of China and other foreign governments in monitoring the 
    sale of goods mined, produced, or manufactured by convict labor, 
    forced labor, or indentured labor under penal sanctions to ensure 
    that such goods are not exported to the United States.
        (4) Coordinate closely with the Customs Service to promote 
    maximum effectiveness in the enforcement by the Customs Service of 
    section 307 of the Tariff Act of 1930 with respect to the products 
    of the People's Republic of China. In order to assure such 
    coordination, the Customs Service shall keep the Task Force 
    informed, on a regular basis, of the progress of its monitoring of 
    ports of the United States to ensure that goods mined, produced, or 
    manufactured wholly or in part in the People's Republic of China by 
    convict labor, forced labor, or indentured labor under penal 
    sanctions are not imported into the United States.
        (5) Advise the Customs Service in performing such other 
    functions, consistent with existing authority, to ensure the 
    effective enforcement of section 307 of the Tariff Act of 1930.
        (6) Provide to the Customs Service all information obtained by 
    the departments represented on the Task Force relating to the use 
    of convict labor, forced labor, or/and indentured labor under penal 
    sanctions in the mining, production, or manufacture of goods which 
    may be imported into the United States.

SEC. 503. COMPOSITION OF TASK FORCE.

    The Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Commerce, the 
Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of State, the Commissioner of 
Customs, and the heads of other executive branch agencies, as 
appropriate, acting through their respective designees at or above the 
level of Deputy Assistant Secretary, or in the case of the Customs 
Service, at or above the level of Assistant Commissioner, shall compose 
the Task Force. The designee of the Secretary of the Treasury shall 
chair the Task Force.

SEC. 504. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2001, and 
each fiscal year thereafter, such sums as may be necessary for the Task 
Force to carry out the functions described in section 502.

SEC. 505. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

    (a) Frequency of Reports.--Not later than the date that is 1 year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, and not later than the end 
of each 1-year period thereafter, the Task Force shall submit to the 
Congress a report on the work of the Task Force during the preceding 1-
year period.
    (b) Contents of Reports.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
set forth, at a minimum--
        (1) the number of allegations of violations of section 307 of 
    the Tariff Act of 1930 with respect to products of the Peoples' 
    Republic of China that were investigated during the preceding 1-
    year period;
        (2) the number of actual violations of section 307 of the 
    Tariff Act of 1930 with respect to the products of the People's 
    Republic of China that were discovered during the preceding 1-year 
    period;
        (3) in the case of each attempted entry of products of the 
    People's Republic of China in violation of such section 307 
    discovered during the preceding 1-year period--
            (A) the identity of the exporter of the goods;
            (B) the identity of the person or persons who attempted to 
        sell the goods for export; and
            (C) the identity of all parties involved in transshipment 
        of the goods; and
        (4) such other information as the Task Force considers useful 
    in monitoring and enforcing compliance with section 307 of the 
    Tariff Act of 1930.

   Subtitle B--Assistance To Develop Commercial and Labor Rule of Law

SEC. 511. ESTABLISHMENT OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND RULE OF LAW 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) Commerce Rule of Law Program.--The Secretary of Commerce, in 
consultation with the Secretary of State, is authorized to establish a 
program to conduct rule of law training and technical assistance 
related to commercial activities in the People's Republic of China.
    (b) Labor Rule of Law Program.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Labor, in consultation with 
    the Secretary of State, is authorized to establish a program to 
    conduct rule of law training and technical assistance related to 
    the protection of internationally recognized worker rights in the 
    People's Republic of China.
        (2) Use of amounts.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
    Secretary of Labor shall focus on activities including, but not 
    limited to--
            (A) developing, laws, regulations, and other measures to 
        implement internationally recognized worker rights;
            (B) establishing national mechanisms for the enforcement of 
        national labor laws and regulations;
            (C) training government officials concerned with 
        implementation and enforcement of national labor laws and 
        regulations; and
            (D) developing an educational infrastructure to educate 
        workers about their legal rights and protections under national 
        labor laws and regulations.
        (3) Limitation.--The Secretary of Labor may not provide 
    assistance under the program established under this subsection to 
    the All-China Federation of Trade Unions.
    (c) Legal System and Civil Society Rule of Law Program.--The 
Secretary of State is authorized to establish a program to conduct rule 
of law training and technical assistance related to development of the 
legal system and civil society generally in the People's Republic of 
China.
    (d) Conduct of Programs.--The programs authorized by this section 
may be used to conduct activities such as seminars and workshops, 
drafting of commercial and labor codes, legal training, publications, 
financing the operating costs for nongovernmental organizations working 
in this area, and funding the travel of individuals to the United 
States and to the People's Republic of China to provide and receive 
training.

SEC. 512. ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITIES.

    In carrying out the programs authorized by section 511, the 
Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of Labor (in consultation with 
the Secretary of State) may utilize any of the authorities contained in 
the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Foreign Service Act of 1980.

SEC. 513. PROHIBITION RELATING TO HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES.

    Amounts made available to carry out this subtitle may not be 
provided to a component of a ministry or other administrative unit of 
the national, provincial, or other local governments of the People's 
Republic of China, to a nongovernmental organization, or to an official 
of such governments or organizations, if the President has credible 
evidence that such component, administrative unit, organization or 
official has been materially responsible for the commission of human 
rights violations.

SEC. 514. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Commercial Law Program.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary of Commerce to carry out the program 
described in section 511(a) such sums as may be necessary for fiscal 
year 2001, and each fiscal year thereafter.
    (b) Labor Law Program.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
the Secretary of Labor to carry out the program described in section 
511(b) such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2001, and each 
fiscal year thereafter.
    (c) Legal System and Civil Society Rule of Law Program.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State to carry out 
the program described in section 511(c) such sums as may be necessary 
for fiscal year 2001, and each fiscal year thereafter.
    (d) Construction With Other Laws.--Except as provided in this 
division, funds may be made available to carry out the purposes of this 
subtitle notwithstanding any other provision of law.

                TITLE VI--ACCESSION OF TAIWAN TO THE WTO

SEC. 601. ACCESSION OF TAIWAN TO THE WTO.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--
        (1) immediately upon approval by the General Council of the WTO 
    of the terms and conditions of the accession of the People's 
    Republic of China to the WTO, the United States representative to 
    the WTO should request that the General Council of the WTO consider 
    Taiwan's accession to the WTO as the next order of business of the 
    Council during the same session; and
        (2) the United States should be prepared to aggressively 
    counter any effort by any WTO member, upon the approval of the 
    General Council of the WTO of the terms and conditions of the 
    accession of the People's Republic of China to the WTO, to block 
    the accession of Taiwan to the WTO.

                       TITLE VII--RELATED ISSUES

SEC. 701. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR BROADCASTING CAPITAL 
              IMPROVEMENTS AND INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS.

    (a) Broadcasting Capital Improvements.--In addition to such sums as 
may otherwise be authorized to be appropriated, there are authorized to 
be appropriated for ``Department of State and Related Agency, Related 
Agency, Broadcasting Board of Governors, Broadcasting Capital 
Improvements'' $65,000,000 for the fiscal year 2001.
    (b) International Broadcasting Operations.--
        (1) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to such sums 
    as are otherwise authorized to be appropriated, there are 
    authorized to be appropriated $34,000,000 for each of the fiscal 
    years 2001 and 2002 for ``Department of State and Related Agency, 
    Related Agency, Broadcasting Board of Governors, International 
    Broadcasting Operations'' for the purposes under paragraph (2).
        (2) Uses of funds.--In addition to other authorized purposes, 
    funds appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be used for the 
    following:
            (A) To increase personnel for the program development 
        office to enhance marketing programming in the People's 
        Republic of China and neighboring countries.
            (B) To enable Radio Free Asia's expansion of news research, 
        production, call-in show capability, and web site/Internet 
        enhancement for the People's Republic of China and neighboring 
        countries.
            (C) VOA enhancements, including the opening of new news 
        bureaus in Taipei and Shanghai, enhancement of TV Mandarin, and 
        an increase of stringer presence abroad.

                               Speaker of the House of Representatives.

                            Vice President of the United States and    
                                               President of the Senate.