Text: H.R.4843 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)All Bill Information (Except Text)

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Reported in House (07/17/2000)


Formatting necessary for an accurate reading of this legislative text may be shown by tags (e.g., <DELETED> or <BOLD>) or may be missing from this TXT display. For complete and accurate display of this text, see the PDF.

 
[Congressional Bills 106th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 4843 Reported in House (RH)]






                                                 Union Calendar No. 433
106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 4843

                          [Report No. 106-753]

 To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for retirement 
                      security and pension reform.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             July 13, 2000

 Mr. Archer (for himself, Mr. Portman, and Mr. Cardin) introduced the 
 following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means

                             July 17, 2000

  Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole 
       House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]
 [For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on July 
                               13, 2000]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for retirement 
                      security and pension reform.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; REFERENCES; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Comprehensive 
Retirement Security and Pension Reform Act of 2000''.
    (b) Amendment of 1986 Code.--Except as otherwise expressly 
provided, whenever in this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in 
terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, 
the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other 
provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
    (c) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; references; table of contents.

           TITLE I--INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNT PROVISIONS

Sec. 101. Modification of IRA contribution limits.

                      TITLE II--EXPANDING COVERAGE

Sec. 201. Increase in benefit and contribution limits.
Sec. 202. Plan loans for subchapter S owners, partners, and sole 
                            proprietors.
Sec. 203. Modification of top-heavy rules.
Sec. 204. Elective deferrals not taken into account for purposes of 
                            deduction limits.
Sec. 205. Repeal of coordination requirements for deferred compensation 
                            plans of State and local governments and 
                            tax-exempt organizations.
Sec. 206. Elimination of user fee for requests to IRS regarding pension 
                            plans.
Sec. 207. Deduction limits.
Sec. 208. Option to treat elective deferrals as after-tax 
                            contributions.

                TITLE III--ENHANCING FAIRNESS FOR WOMEN

Sec. 301. Catch-up contributions for individuals age 50 or over.
Sec. 302. Equitable treatment for contributions of employees to defined 
                            contribution plans.
Sec. 303. Faster vesting of certain employer matching contributions.
Sec. 304. Simplify and update the minimum distribution rules.
Sec. 305. Clarification of tax treatment of division of section 457 
                            plan benefits upon divorce.
Sec. 306. Modification of safe harbor relief for hardship withdrawals 
                            from cash or deferred arrangements.

           TITLE IV--INCREASING PORTABILITY FOR PARTICIPANTS

Sec. 401. Rollovers allowed among various types of plans.
Sec. 402. Rollovers of IRAs into workplace retirement plans.
Sec. 403. Rollovers of after-tax contributions.
Sec. 404. Hardship exception to 60-day rule.
Sec. 405. Treatment of forms of distribution.
Sec. 406. Rationalization of restrictions on distributions.
Sec. 407. Purchase of service credit in governmental defined benefit 
                            plans.
Sec. 408. Employers may disregard rollovers for purposes of cash-out 
                            amounts.
Sec. 409. Minimum distribution and inclusion requirements for section 
                            457 plans.

        TITLE V--STRENGTHENING PENSION SECURITY AND ENFORCEMENT

Sec. 501. Repeal of 150 percent of current liability funding limit.
Sec. 502. Maximum contribution deduction rules modified and applied to 
                            all defined benefit plans.
Sec. 503. Excise tax relief for sound pension funding.
Sec. 504. Excise tax on failure to provide notice by defined benefit 
                            plans significantly reducing future benefit 
                            accruals.
Sec. 505. Treatment of multiemployer plans under section 415.
Sec. 506. Prohibited allocations of stock in S corporation ESOP.

                 TITLE VI--REDUCING REGULATORY BURDENS

Sec. 601. Modification of timing of plan valuations.
Sec. 602. ESOP dividends may be reinvested without loss of dividend 
                            deduction.
Sec. 603. Repeal of transition rule relating to certain highly 
                            compensated employees.
Sec. 604. Employees of tax-exempt entities.
Sec. 605. Clarification of treatment of employer-provided retirement 
                            advice.
Sec. 606. Reporting simplification.
Sec. 607. Improvement of employee plans compliance resolution system.
Sec. 608. Repeal of the multiple use test.
Sec. 609. Flexibility in nondiscrimination, coverage, and line of 
                            business rules.
Sec. 610. Extension to all governmental plans of moratorium on 
                            application of certain nondiscrimination 
                            rules applicable to State and local plans.
Sec. 611. Notice and consent period regarding distributions.

                       TITLE VII--PLAN AMENDMENTS

Sec. 701. Provisions relating to plan amendments.

                TITLE I--INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS

SEC. 101. MODIFICATION OF IRA CONTRIBUTION LIMITS.

    (a) Increase in Contribution Limit.--
            (1) In general.--Paragraph (1)(A) of section 219(b) 
        (relating to maximum amount of deduction) is amended by 
        striking ``$2,000'' and inserting ``the deductible amount''.
            (2) Deductible amount.--Section 219(b) is amended by adding 
        at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Deductible amount.--For purposes of paragraph 
        (1)(A)--
                    ``(A) In general.--The deductible amount shall be 
                determined in accordance with the following table:

                ``For taxable years
                                                         The deductible
                  beginning in:
                                                           amount is:  
                    2001...................................     $3,000 
                    2002...................................     $4,000 
                    2003 and thereafter....................     $5,000.
                    ``(B) Catch-up contributions for individuals 50 or 
                older.--In the case of an individual who has attained 
                the age of 50 before the close of the taxable year, the 
                deductible amount for taxable years beginning in 2001 
                or 2002 shall be $5,000.
                    ``(C) Cost-of-living adjustment.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In the case of any 
                        taxable year beginning in a calendar year after 
                        2003, the $5,000 amount under subparagraph (A) 
                        shall be increased by an amount equal to--
                                    ``(I) such dollar amount, 
                                multiplied by
                                    ``(II) the cost-of-living 
                                adjustment determined under section 
                                1(f)(3) for the calendar year in which 
                                the taxable year begins, determined by 
                                substituting `calendar year 2002' for 
                                `calendar year 1992' in subparagraph 
                                (B) thereof.
                            ``(ii) Rounding rules.--If any amount after 
                        adjustment under clause (i) is not a multiple 
                        of $500, such amount shall be rounded to the 
                        next lower multiple of $500.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 408(a)(1) is amended by striking ``in excess of 
        $2,000 on behalf of any individual'' and inserting ``on behalf 
        of any individual in excess of the amount in effect for such 
        taxable year under section 219(b)(1)(A)''.
            (2) Section 408(b)(2)(B) is amended by striking ``$2,000'' 
        and inserting ``the dollar amount in effect under section 
        219(b)(1)(A)''.
            (3) Section 408(b) is amended by striking ``$2,000'' in the 
        matter following paragraph (4) and inserting ``the dollar 
        amount in effect under section 219(b)(1)(A)''.
            (4) Section 408(j) is amended by striking ``$2,000''.
            (5) Section 408(p)(8) is amended by striking ``$2,000'' and 
        inserting ``the dollar amount in effect under section 
        219(b)(1)(A)''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2000.

                      TITLE II--EXPANDING COVERAGE

SEC. 201. INCREASE IN BENEFIT AND CONTRIBUTION LIMITS.

    (a) Defined Benefit Plans.--
            (1) Dollar limit.--
                    (A) Subparagraph (A) of section 415(b)(1) (relating 
                to limitation for defined benefit plans) is amended by 
                striking ``$90,000'' and inserting ``$160,000''.
                    (B) Subparagraphs (C) and (D) of section 415(b)(2) 
                are each amended by striking ``$90,000'' each place it 
                appears in the headings and the text and inserting 
                ``$160,000''.
                    (C) Paragraph (7) of section 415(b) (relating to 
                benefits under certain collectively bargained plans) is 
                amended by striking ``the greater of $68,212 or one-
                half the amount otherwise applicable for such year 
                under paragraph (1)(A) for `$90,000''' and inserting 
                ``one-half the amount otherwise applicable for such 
                year under paragraph (1)(A) for `$160,000'''.
            (2) Limit reduced when benefit begins before age 62.--
        Subparagraph (C) of section 415(b)(2) is amended by striking 
        ``the social security retirement age'' each place it appears in 
        the heading and text and inserting ``age 62''.
            (3) Limit increased when benefit begins after age 65.--
        Subparagraph (D) of section 415(b)(2) is amended by striking 
        ``the social security retirement age'' each place it appears in 
        the heading and text and inserting ``age 65''.
            (4) Cost-of-living adjustments.--Subsection (d) of section 
        415 (related to cost-of-living adjustments) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``$90,000'' in paragraph (1)(A) and 
                inserting ``$160,000''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(A)--
                            (i) by striking ``$90,000'' in the heading 
                        and inserting ``$160,000''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``October 1, 1986'' and 
                        inserting ``July 1, 2000''.
            (5) Conforming amendment.--Section 415(b)(2) is amended by 
        striking subparagraph (F).
    (b) Defined Contribution Plans.--
            (1) Dollar limit.--Subparagraph (A) of section 415(c)(1) 
        (relating to limitation for defined contribution plans) is 
        amended by striking ``$30,000'' and inserting ``$40,000''.
            (2) Cost-of-living adjustments.--Subsection (d) of section 
        415 (related to cost-of-living adjustments) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``$30,000'' in paragraph (1)(C) and 
                inserting ``$40,000''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(D)--
                            (i) by striking ``$30,000'' in the heading 
                        and inserting ``$40,000''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``October 1, 1993'' and 
                        inserting ``July 1, 2000''.
    (c) Qualified Trusts.--
            (1) Compensation limit.--Sections 401(a)(17), 404(l), 
        408(k), and 505(b)(7) are each amended by striking ``$150,000'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``$200,000''.
            (2) Base period and rounding of cost-of-living 
        adjustment.--Subparagraph (B) of section 401(a)(17) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``October 1, 1993'' and inserting 
                ``July 1, 2000''; and
                    (B) by striking ``$10,000'' both places it appears 
                and inserting ``$5,000''.
    (d) Elective Deferrals.--
            (1) In general.--Paragraph (1) of section 402(g) (relating 
        to limitation on exclusion for elective deferrals) is amended 
        to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Limitation.--Notwithstanding subsections 
                (e)(3) and (h)(1)(B), the elective deferrals of any 
                individual for any taxable year shall be included in 
                such individual's gross income to the extent the amount 
                of such deferrals for the taxable year exceeds the 
                applicable dollar amount.
                    ``(B) Applicable dollar amount.--For purposes of 
                subparagraph (A), the applicable dollar amount shall be 
                the amount determined in accordance with the following 
                table:

                ``For taxable years
                                                         The applicable
                  beginning in
                                                         dollar amount:
                  calendar year:
                    2001...................................    $11,000 
                    2002...................................    $12,000 
                    2003...................................    $13,000 
                    2004...................................    $14,000 
                    2005 or thereafter..................... $15,000.''.
            (2) Cost-of-living adjustment.--Paragraph (5) of section 
        402(g) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(5) Cost-of-living adjustment.--In the case of taxable 
        years beginning after December 31, 2005, the Secretary shall 
        adjust the $15,000 amount under paragraph (1)(B) at the same 
        time and in the same manner as under section 415(d), except 
        that the base period shall be the calendar quarter beginning 
        July 1, 2004, and any increase under this paragraph which is 
        not a multiple of $500 shall be rounded to the next lowest 
        multiple of $500.''.
            (3) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Section 402(g) (relating to limitation on 
                exclusion for elective deferrals), as amended by 
                paragraphs (1) and (2), is further amended by striking 
                paragraph (4) and redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), 
                (7), (8), and (9) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), and 
                (8), respectively.
                    (B) Paragraph (2) of section 457(c) is amended by 
                striking ``402(g)(8)(A)(iii)'' and inserting 
                ``402(g)(7)(A)(iii)''.
                    (C) Clause (iii) of section 501(c)(18)(D) is 
                amended by striking ``(other than paragraph (4) 
                thereof)''.
    (e) Deferred Compensation Plans of State and Local Governments and 
Tax-Exempt Organizations.--
            (1) In general.--Section 457 (relating to deferred 
        compensation plans of State and local governments and tax-
        exempt organizations) is amended--
                    (A) in subsections (b)(2)(A) and (c)(1) by striking 
                ``$7,500'' each place it appears and inserting ``the 
                applicable dollar amount''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(3)(A) by striking ``$15,000'' 
                and inserting ``twice the dollar amount in effect under 
                subsection (b)(2)(A)''.
            (2) Applicable dollar amount; cost-of-living adjustment.--
        Paragraph (15) of section 457(e) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(15) Applicable dollar amount.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The applicable dollar amount 
                shall be the amount determined in accordance with the 
                following table:

                ``For taxable years
                                                         The applicable
                  beginning in
                                                         dollar amount:
                  calendar year:
                    2001...................................    $11,000 
                    2002...................................    $12,000 
                    2003...................................    $13,000 
                    2004...................................    $14,000 
                    2005 or thereafter.....................    $15,000.
                    ``(B) Cost-of-living adjustments.--In the case of 
                taxable years beginning after December 31, 2005, the 
                Secretary shall adjust the $15,000 amount specified in 
                the table in subparagraph (A) at the same time and in 
                the same manner as under section 415(d), except that 
                the base period shall be the calendar quarter beginning 
                July 1, 2004, and any increase under this paragraph 
                which is not a multiple of $500 shall be rounded to the 
                next lowest multiple of $500.''.
    (f) Simple Retirement Accounts.--
            (1) Limitation.--Clause (ii) of section 408(p)(2)(A) 
        (relating to general rule for qualified salary reduction 
        arrangement) is amended by striking ``$6,000'' and inserting 
        ``the applicable dollar amount''.
            (2) Applicable dollar amount.--Subparagraph (E) of 
        408(p)(2) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(E) Applicable dollar amount; cost-of-living 
                adjustment.--
                            ``(i) In general.--For purposes of 
                        subparagraph (A)(ii), the applicable dollar 
                        amount shall be the amount determined in 
                        accordance with the following table:

                ``For taxable years
                                                         The applicable
                  beginning in
                                                         dollar amount:
                  calendar year:
                            2001...........................     $7,000 
                            2002...........................     $8,000 
                            2003...........................     $9,000 
                            2004 or thereafter.............    $10,000.
                            ``(ii) Cost-of-living adjustment.--In the 
                        case of a year beginning after December 31, 
                        2004, the Secretary shall adjust the $10,000 
                        amount under clause (i) at the same time and in 
                        the same manner as under section 415(d), except 
                        that the base period taken into account shall 
                        be the calendar quarter beginning July 1, 2003, 
                        and any increase under this subparagraph which 
                        is not a multiple of $500 shall be rounded to 
                        the next lower multiple of $500.''.
            (3) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Clause (I) of section 401(k)(11)(B)(i) is 
                amended by striking ``$6,000'' and inserting ``the 
                amount in effect under section 408(p)(2)(A)(ii)''.
                    (B) Section 401(k)(11) is amended by striking 
                subparagraph (E).
    (g) Rounding Rule Relating to Defined Benefit Plans and Defined 
Contribution Plans.--Paragraph (4) of section 415(d) is amended to read 
as follows:
            ``(4) Rounding.--
                    ``(A) $160,000 amount.--Any increase under 
                subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) which is not a 
                multiple of $5,000 shall be rounded to the next lowest 
                multiple of $5,000.
                    ``(B) $40,000 amount.--Any increase under 
                subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1) which is not a 
                multiple of $1,000 shall be rounded to the next lowest 
                multiple of $1,000.''.
    (h) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 202. PLAN LOANS FOR SUBCHAPTER S OWNERS, PARTNERS, AND SOLE 
              PROPRIETORS.

    (a) In General.--Subparagraph (B) of section 4975(f)(6) (relating 
to exemptions not to apply to certain transactions) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new clause:
                            ``(iii) Loan exception.--For purposes of 
                        subparagraph (A)(i), the term `owner-employee' 
                        shall only include a person described in 
                        subclause (II) or (III) of clause (i).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall apply 
to loans made after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 203. MODIFICATION OF TOP-HEAVY RULES.

    (a) Simplification of Definition of Key Employee.--
            (1) In general.--Section 416(i)(1)(A) (defining key 
        employee) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``or any of the 4 preceding plan 
                years'' in the matter preceding clause (i);
                    (B) by striking clause (i) and inserting the 
                following:
                            ``(i) an officer of the employer having an 
                        annual compensation greater than $150,000,'';
                    (C) by striking clause (ii) and redesignating 
                clauses (iii) and (iv) as clauses (ii) and (iii), 
                respectively; and
                    (D) by striking the second sentence in the matter 
                following clause (iii), as redesignated by subparagraph 
                (C).
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 416(i)(1)(B)(iii) is 
        amended by striking ``and subparagraph (A)(ii)''.
    (b) Matching Contributions Taken Into Account for Minimum 
Contribution Requirements.--Section 416(c)(2)(A) (relating to defined 
contribution plans) is amended by adding at the end the following: 
``Employer matching contributions (as defined in section 401(m)(4)(A)) 
shall be taken into account for purposes of this subparagraph.''.
    (c) Distributions During Last Year Before Determination Date Taken 
Into Account.--
            (1) In general.--Paragraph (3) of section 416(g) is amended 
        to read as follows:
            ``(3) Distributions during last year before determination 
        date taken into account.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of determining--
                            ``(i) the present value of the cumulative 
                        accrued benefit for any employee, or
                            ``(ii) the amount of the account of any 
                        employee,
                such present value or amount shall be increased by the 
                aggregate distributions made with respect to such 
                employee under the plan during the 1-year period ending 
                on the determination date. The preceding sentence shall 
                also apply to distributions under a terminated plan 
                which if it had not been terminated would have been 
                required to be included in an aggregation group.
                    ``(B) 5-year period in case of in-service 
                distribution.--In the case of any distribution made for 
                a reason other than separation from service, death, or 
                disability, subparagraph (A) shall be applied by 
                substituting `5-year period' for `1-year period'.''.
            (2) Benefits not taken into account.--Subparagraph (E) of 
        section 416(g)(4) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``last 5 years'' in the heading and 
                inserting ``last year before determination date''; and
                    (B) by striking ``5-year period'' and inserting 
                ``1-year period''.
    (d) Definition of Top-Heavy Plans.--Paragraph (4) of section 416(g) 
(relating to other special rules for top-heavy plans) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(H) Cash or deferred arrangements using 
                alternative methods of meeting nondiscrimination 
                requirements.--The term `top-heavy plan' shall not 
                include a plan which consists solely of--
                            ``(i) a cash or deferred arrangement which 
                        meets the requirements of section 401(k)(12), 
                        and
                            ``(ii) matching contributions with respect 
                        to which the requirements of section 401(m)(11) 
                        are met.
                If, but for this subparagraph, a plan would be treated 
                as a top-heavy plan because it is a member of an 
                aggregation group which is a top-heavy group, 
                contributions under the plan may be taken into account 
                in determining whether any other plan in the group 
                meets the requirements of subsection (c)(2).''.
    (e) Frozen Plan Exempt From Minimum Benefit Requirement.--
Subparagraph (C) of section 416(c)(1) (relating to defined benefit 
plans) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``clause (ii)'' in clause (i) and 
                inserting ``clause (ii) or (iii)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) Exception for frozen plan.--For 
                        purposes of determining an employee's years of 
                        service with the employer, any service with the 
                        employer shall be disregarded to the extent 
                        that such service occurs during a plan year 
                        when the plan benefits (within the meaning of 
                        section 410(b)) no employee or former 
                        employee.''.
    (f) Elimination of Family Attribution.--Section 416(i)(1)(B) 
(defining 5-percent owner) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new clause:
                            ``(iv) Family attribution disregarded.--
                        Solely for purposes of applying this paragraph 
                        (and not for purposes of any provision of this 
                        title which incorporates by reference the 
                        definition of a key employee or 5-percent owner 
                        under this paragraph), section 318 shall be 
                        applied without regard to subsection (a)(1) 
                        thereof in determining whether any person is a 
                        5-percent owner.''.
    (g) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 204. ELECTIVE DEFERRALS NOT TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT FOR PURPOSES OF 
              DEDUCTION LIMITS.

    (a) In General.--Section 404 (relating to deduction for 
contributions of an employer to an employees' trust or annuity plan and 
compensation under a deferred payment plan) is amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(n) Elective Deferrals Not Taken Into Account for Purposes of 
Deduction Limits.--Elective deferrals (as defined in section 402(g)(3)) 
shall not be subject to any limitation contained in paragraph (3), (7), 
or (9) of subsection (a), and such elective deferrals shall not be 
taken into account in applying any such limitation to any other 
contributions.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall apply 
to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 205. REPEAL OF COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS FOR DEFERRED COMPENSATION 
              PLANS OF STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND TAX-EXEMPT 
              ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (c) of section 457 (relating to 
deferred compensation plans of State and local governments and tax-
exempt organizations), as amended by section 201, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(c) Limitation.--The maximum amount of the compensation of any 
one individual which may be deferred under subsection (a) during any 
taxable year shall not exceed the amount in effect under subsection 
(b)(2)(A) (as modified by any adjustment provided under subsection 
(b)(3)).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 206. ELIMINATION OF USER FEE FOR REQUESTS TO IRS REGARDING PENSION 
              PLANS.

    (a) Elimination of Certain User Fees.--The Secretary of the 
Treasury or the Secretary's delegate shall not require payment of user 
fees under the program established under section 7527 of the Internal 
Revenue Code of 1986 for requests to the Internal Revenue Service for 
determination letters with respect to the qualified status of a pension 
benefit plan maintained solely by one or more eligible employers or any 
trust which is part of the plan. The preceding sentence shall not apply 
to any request--
            (1) made after the fifth plan year the pension benefit plan 
        is in existence; or
            (2) made by the sponsor of any prototype or similar plan 
        which the sponsor intends to market to participating employers.
    (b) Pension Benefit Plan.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``pension benefit plan'' means a pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, 
annuity, or employee stock ownership plan.
    (c) Eligible Employer.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``eligible employer'' has the same meaning given such term in section 
408(p)(2)(C)(i)(I) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. The 
determination of whether an employer is an eligible employer under this 
section shall be made as of the date of the request described in 
subsection (a).
    (d) Effective Date.--The provisions of this section shall apply 
with respect to requests made after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 207. DEDUCTION LIMITS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Stock bonus and profit sharing trusts.--Subclause (I) 
        of section 404(a)(3)(A)(i) (relating to stock bonus and profit 
        sharing trusts) is amended by striking ``15 percent'' and 
        inserting ``20 percent''.
            (2) Compensation.--Section 404(a) (relating to general 
        rule) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(12) Definition of compensation.--For purposes of 
        paragraphs (3), (7), (8), and (9), the term `compensation 
        otherwise paid or accrued during the taxable year' shall 
        include amounts treated as `participant's compensation' under 
        subparagraph (C) or (D) of section 415(c)(3).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Subparagraph (B) of section 404(a)(3) is amended by 
        striking the last sentence thereof.
            (2) Subparagraph (C) of section 404(h)(1) is amended by 
        striking ``15 percent'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``20 percent''.
            (3) Clause (i) of section 4972(c)(6)(B) is amended by 
        striking ``(within the meaning of section 404(a))'' and 
        inserting ``(within the meaning of section 404(a) and as 
        adjusted under section 404(a)(12))''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 208. OPTION TO TREAT ELECTIVE DEFERRALS AS AFTER-TAX 
              CONTRIBUTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Subpart A of part I of subchapter D of chapter 1 
(relating to deferred compensation, etc.) is amended by inserting after 
section 402 the following new section:

``SEC. 402A. OPTIONAL TREATMENT OF ELECTIVE DEFERRALS AS PLUS 
              CONTRIBUTIONS.

    ``(a) General Rule.--If an applicable retirement plan includes a 
qualified plus contribution program--
            ``(1) any designated plus contribution made by an employee 
        pursuant to the program shall be treated as an elective 
        deferral for purposes of this chapter, except that such 
        contribution shall not be excludable from gross income, and
            ``(2) such plan (and any arrangement which is part of such 
        plan) shall not be treated as failing to meet any requirement 
        of this chapter solely by reason of including such program.
    ``(b) Qualified Plus Contribution Program.--For purposes of this 
section--
            ``(1) In general.--The term `qualified plus contribution 
        program' means a program under which an employee may elect to 
        make designated plus contributions in lieu of all or a portion 
        of elective deferrals the employee is otherwise eligible to 
        make under the applicable retirement plan.
            ``(2) Separate accounting required.--A program shall not be 
        treated as a qualified plus contribution program unless the 
        applicable retirement plan--
                    ``(A) establishes separate accounts (`designated 
                plus accounts') for the designated plus contributions 
                of each employee and any earnings properly allocable to 
                the contributions, and
                    ``(B) maintains separate recordkeeping with respect 
                to each account.
    ``(c) Definitions and Rules Relating to Designated Plus 
Contributions.--For purposes of this section--
            ``(1) Designated plus contribution.--The term `designated 
        plus contribution' means any elective deferral which--
                    ``(A) is excludable from gross income of an 
                employee without regard to this section, and
                    ``(B) the employee designates (at such time and in 
                such manner as the Secretary may prescribe) as not 
                being so excludable.
            ``(2) Designation limits.--The amount of elective deferrals 
        which an employee may designate under paragraph (1) shall not 
        exceed the excess (if any) of--
                    ``(A) the maximum amount of elective deferrals 
                excludable from gross income of the employee for the 
                taxable year (without regard to this section), over
                    ``(B) the aggregate amount of elective deferrals of 
                the employee for the taxable year which the employee 
                does not designate under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Rollover contributions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A rollover contribution of any 
                payment or distribution from a designated plus account 
                which is otherwise allowable under this chapter may be 
                made only if the contribution is to--
                            ``(i) another designated plus account of 
                        the individual from whose account the payment 
                        or distribution was made, or
                            ``(ii) a Roth IRA of such individual.
                    ``(B) Coordination with limit.--Any rollover 
                contribution to a designated plus account under 
                subparagraph (A) shall not be taken into account for 
                purposes of paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Distribution Rules.--For purposes of this title--
            ``(1) Exclusion.--Any qualified distribution from a 
        designated plus account shall not be includible in gross 
        income.
            ``(2) Qualified distribution.--For purposes of this 
        subsection--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `qualified 
                distribution' has the meaning given such term by 
                section 408A(d)(2)(A) (without regard to clause (iv) 
                thereof).
                    ``(B) Distributions within nonexclusion period.--A 
                payment or distribution from a designated plus account 
                shall not be treated as a qualified distribution if 
                such payment or distribution is made within the 5-
                taxable-year period beginning with the earlier of--
                            ``(i) the first taxable year for which the 
                        individual made a designated plus contribution 
                        to any designated plus account established for 
                        such individual under the same applicable 
                        retirement plan, or
                            ``(ii) if a rollover contribution was made 
                        to such designated plus account from a 
                        designated plus account previously established 
                        for such individual under another applicable 
                        retirement plan, the first taxable year for 
                        which the individual made a designated plus 
                        contribution to such previously established 
                        account.
                    ``(C) Distributions of excess deferrals and 
                earnings.--The term `qualified distribution' shall not 
                include any distribution of any excess deferral under 
                section 402(g)(2) and any income on the excess 
                deferral.
            ``(3) Aggregation rules.--Section 72 shall be applied 
        separately with respect to distributions and payments from a 
        designated plus account and other distributions and payments 
        from the plan.
    ``(e) Other Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
            ``(1) Applicable retirement plan.--The term `applicable 
        retirement plan' means--
                    ``(A) an employees' trust described in section 
                401(a) which is exempt from tax under section 501(a), 
                and
                    ``(B) a plan under which amounts are contributed by 
                an individual's employer for an annuity contract 
                described in section 403(b).
            ``(2) Elective deferral.--The term `elective deferral' 
        means any elective deferral described in subparagraph (A) or 
        (C) of section 402(g)(3).''.
    (b) Excess Deferrals.--Section 402(g) (relating to limitation on 
exclusion for elective deferrals) is amended--
            (1) by adding at the end of paragraph (1) the following new 
        sentence: ``The preceding sentence shall not apply to so much 
        of such excess as does not exceed the designated plus 
        contributions of the individual for the taxable year.''; and
            (2) by inserting ``(or would be included but for the last 
        sentence thereof)'' after ``paragraph (1)'' in paragraph 
        (2)(A).
    (c) Rollovers.--Subparagraph (B) of section 402(c)(8) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
                ``If any portion of an eligible rollover distribution 
                is attributable to payments or distributions from a 
                designated plus account (as defined in section 402A), 
                an eligible retirement plan with respect to such 
                portion shall include only another designated plus 
                account and a Roth IRA.''.
    (d) Reporting Requirements.--
            (1) W-2 information.--Section 6051(a)(8) is amended by 
        inserting ``, including the amount of designated plus 
        contributions (as defined in section 402A)'' before the comma 
        at the end.
            (2) Information.--Section 6047 is amended by redesignating 
        subsection (f) as subsection (g) and by inserting after 
        subsection (e) the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Designated Plus Contributions.--The Secretary shall require 
the plan administrator of each applicable retirement plan (as defined 
in section 402A) to make such returns and reports regarding designated 
plus contributions (as so defined) to the Secretary, participants and 
beneficiaries of the plan, and such other persons as the Secretary may 
prescribe.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 408A(e) is amended by adding after the first 
        sentence the following new sentence: ``Such term includes a 
        rollover contribution described in section 402A(c)(3)(A).''.
            (2) The table of sections for subpart A of part I of 
        subchapter D of chapter 1 is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 402 the following new item:

                              ``Sec. 402A. Optional treatment of 
                                        elective deferrals as plus 
                                        contributions.''.
    (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2000.

                TITLE III--ENHANCING FAIRNESS FOR WOMEN

SEC. 301. CATCH-UP CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INDIVIDUALS AGE 50 OR OVER.

    (a) In General.--Section 414 (relating to definitions and special 
rules) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(v) Catch-up Contributions for Individuals Age 50 or Over.--
            ``(1) In general.--An applicable employer plan shall not be 
        treated as failing to meet any requirement of this title solely 
        because the plan permits an eligible participant to make 
        additional elective deferrals in any plan year.
            ``(2) Limitation on amount of additional deferrals.--A plan 
        shall not permit additional elective deferrals under paragraph 
        (1) for any year in an amount greater than the lesser of--
                    ``(A) $5,000, or
                    ``(B) the excess (if any) of--
                            ``(i) the participant's compensation for 
                        the year, over
                            ``(ii) any other elective deferrals of the 
                        participant for such year which are made 
                        without regard to this subsection.
            ``(3) Treatment of contributions.--In the case of any 
        contribution to a plan under paragraph (1), such contribution 
        shall not, with respect to the year in which the contribution 
        is made--
                    ``(A) be subject to any otherwise applicable 
                limitation contained in section 402(g), 402(h)(2), 
                404(a), 404(h), 408(p)(2)(A)(ii), 415, or 457, or
                    ``(B) be taken into account in applying such 
                limitations to other contributions or benefits under 
                such plan or any other such plan.
            ``(4) Eligible participant.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term `eligible participant' means, with respect 
        to any plan year, a participant in a plan--
                    ``(A) who has attained the age of 50 before the 
                close of the plan year, and
                    ``(B) with respect to whom no other elective 
                deferrals may (without regard to this subsection) be 
                made to the plan for the plan year by reason of the 
                application of any limitation or other restriction 
                described in paragraph (3) or comparable limitation 
                contained in the terms of the plan.
            ``(5) Other definitions and rules.--For purposes of this 
        subsection--
                    ``(A) Applicable employer plan.--The term 
                `applicable employer plan' means--
                            ``(i) an employees' trust described in 
                        section 401(a) which is exempt from tax under 
                        section 501(a),
                            ``(ii) a plan under which amounts are 
                        contributed by an individual's employer for an 
                        annuity contract described in section 403(b),
                            ``(iii) an eligible deferred compensation 
                        plan under section 457 of an eligible employer 
                        as defined in section 457(e)(1)(A), and
                            ``(iv) an arrangement meeting the 
                        requirements of section 408 (k) or (p).
                    ``(B) Elective deferral.--The term `elective 
                deferral' has the meaning given such term by subsection 
                (u)(2)(C).
                    ``(C) Exception for section 457 plans.--This 
                subsection shall not apply to an applicable employer 
                plan described in subparagraph (A)(iii) for any year to 
                which section 457(b)(3) applies.
                    ``(D) Cost-of-living adjustment.--For years 
                beginning after December 31, 2005, the Secretary shall 
                adjust annually the $5,000 amount in subparagraph (A) 
                for increases in the cost-of-living at the same time 
                and in the same manner as adjustments under section 
                415(d); except that the base period shall be the 
                calendar quarter beginning July 1, 2004, and any 
                increase which is not a multiple of $500 shall be 
                rounded to the next lowest multiple of $500.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall apply 
to contributions in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 302. EQUITABLE TREATMENT FOR CONTRIBUTIONS OF EMPLOYEES TO DEFINED 
              CONTRIBUTION PLANS.

    (a) Equitable Treatment.--
            (1) In general.--Subparagraph (B) of section 415(c)(1) 
        (relating to limitation for defined contribution plans) is 
        amended by striking ``25 percent'' and inserting ``100 
        percent''.
            (2) Application to section 403(b).--Section 403(b) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``the exclusion allowance for such 
                taxable year'' in paragraph (1) and inserting ``the 
                applicable limit under section 415'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2); and
                    (C) by inserting ``or any amount received by a 
                former employee after the fifth taxable year following 
                the taxable year in which such employee was 
                terminated'' before the period at the end of the second 
                sentence of paragraph (3).
            (3) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Subsection (f) of section 72 is amended by 
                striking ``section 403(b)(2)(D)(iii))'' and inserting 
                ``section 403(b)(2)(D)(iii), as in effect before the 
                enactment of the Comprehensive Retirement Security and 
                Pension Reform Act of 2000)''.
                    (B) Section 404(a)(10)(B) is amended by striking 
                ``, the exclusion allowance under section 403(b)(2),''.
                    (C) Section 415(a)(2) is amended by striking ``, 
                and the amount of the contribution for such portion 
                shall reduce the exclusion allowance as provided in 
                section 403(b)(2)''.
                    (D) Section 415(c)(3) is amended by adding at the 
                end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) Annuity contracts.--In the case of an annuity 
                contract described in section 403(b), the term 
                `participant's compensation' means the participant's 
                includible compensation determined under section 
                403(b)(3).''.
                    (E) Section 415(c) is amended by striking paragraph 
                (4).
                    (F) Section 415(c)(7) is amended to read as 
                follows:
            ``(7) Certain contributions by church plans not treated as 
        exceeding limit.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of this subsection, at the election of a 
                participant who is an employee of a church or a 
                convention or association of churches, including an 
                organization described in section 414(e)(3)(B)(ii), 
                contributions and other additions for an annuity 
                contract or retirement income account described in 
                section 403(b) with respect to such participant, when 
                expressed as an annual addition to such participant's 
                account, shall be treated as not exceeding the 
                limitation of paragraph (1) if such annual addition is 
                not in excess of $10,000.
                    ``(B) $40,000 aggregate limitation.--The total 
                amount of additions with respect to any participant 
                which may be taken into account for purposes of this 
                subparagraph for all years may not exceed $40,000.
                    ``(C) Annual addition.--For purposes of this 
                paragraph, the term `annual addition' has the meaning 
                given such term by paragraph (2).''.
                    (G) Subparagraph (B) of section 402(g)(7) (as 
                redesignated by section 211) is amended by inserting 
                before the period at the end the following: ``(as in 
                effect before the enactment of the Comprehensive 
                Retirement Security and Pension Reform Act of 2000)''.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.
    (b) Special Rules for Sections 403(b) and 408.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (k) of section 415 is amended 
        by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Special rules for sections 403(b) and 408.--For 
        purposes of this section, any annuity contract described in 
        section 403(b) for the benefit of a participant shall be 
        treated as a defined contribution plan maintained by each 
        employer with respect to which the participant has the control 
        required under subsection (b) or (c) of section 414 (as 
        modified by subsection (h)). For purposes of this section, any 
        contribution by an employer to a simplified employee pension 
        plan for an individual for a taxable year shall be treated as 
        an employer contribution to a defined contribution plan for 
        such individual for such year.''.
            (2) Effective date.--
                    (A) In general.--The amendment made by paragraph 
                (1) shall apply to limitation years beginning after 
                December 31, 1999.
                    (B) Exclusion allowance.--Effective for limitation 
                years beginning in 2000, in the case of any annuity 
                contract described in section 403(b) of the Internal 
                Revenue Code of 1986, the amount of the contribution 
                disqualified by reason of section 415(g) of such Code 
                shall reduce the exclusion allowance as provided in 
                section 403(b)(2) of such Code.
            (3) Modification of 403(b) exclusion allowance to conform 
        to 415 modification.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall 
        modify the regulations regarding the exclusion allowance under 
        section 403(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to 
        render void the requirement that contributions to a defined 
        benefit pension plan be treated as previously excluded amounts 
        for purposes of the exclusion allowance. For taxable years 
        beginning after December 31, 1999, such regulations shall be 
        applied as if such requirement were void.
    (c) Deferred Compensation Plans of State and Local Governments and 
Tax-Exempt Organizations.--
            (1) In general.--Subparagraph (B) of section 457(b)(2) 
        (relating to salary limitation on eligible deferred 
        compensation plans) is amended by striking ``33\1/3\ percent'' 
        and inserting ``100 percent''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by this subsection 
        shall apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 303. FASTER VESTING OF CERTAIN EMPLOYER MATCHING CONTRIBUTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 411(a) (relating to minimum vesting 
standards) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``A plan'' and inserting 
        ``Except as provided in paragraph (12), a plan''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(12) Faster vesting for matching contributions.--In the 
        case of matching contributions (as defined in section 
        401(m)(4)(A)), paragraph (2) shall be applied--
                    ``(A) by substituting `3 years' for `5 years' in 
                subparagraph (A), and
                    ``(B) by substituting the following table for the 
                table contained in subparagraph (B):

                  
                                                     The nonforfeitable
                ``Years of service:
                                                       percentage is:  
                    2......................................        20  
                    3......................................        40  
                    4......................................        60  
                    5......................................        80  
                    6......................................     100.''.
    (b) Effective Dates.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        amendments made by this section shall apply to contributions 
        for plan years beginning after December 31, 2000.
            (2) Collective bargaining agreements.--In the case of a 
        plan maintained pursuant to one or more collective bargaining 
        agreements between employee representatives and one or more 
        employers ratified by the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        the amendments made by this section shall not apply to 
        contributions on behalf of employees covered by any such 
        agreement for plan years beginning before the earlier of--
                    (A) the later of--
                            (i) the date on which the last of such 
                        collective bargaining agreements terminates 
                        (determined without regard to any extension 
                        thereof on or after such date of the 
                        enactment); or
                            (ii) January 1, 2001; or
                    (B) January 1, 2005.
            (3) Service required.--With respect to any plan, the 
        amendments made by this section shall not apply to any employee 
        before the date that such employee has 1 hour of service under 
        such plan in any plan year to which the amendments made by this 
        section apply.

SEC. 304. SIMPLIFY AND UPDATE THE MINIMUM DISTRIBUTION RULES.

    (a) Simplification and Finalization of Minimum Distribution 
Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall--
                    (A) simplify and finalize the regulations relating 
                to minimum distribution requirements under sections 
                401(a)(9), 408(a)(6) and (b)(3), 403(b)(10), and 
                457(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and
                    (B) modify such regulations to--
                            (i) reflect current life expectancy; and
                            (ii) revise the required distribution 
                        methods so that, under reasonable assumptions, 
                        the amount of the required minimum distribution 
                        does not decrease over a participant's life 
                        expectancy.
            (2) Fresh start.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (D) of 
        section 401(a)(9) of such Code, during the first year that 
        regulations are in effect under this subsection, required 
        distributions for future years may be redetermined to reflect 
        changes under such regulations. Such redetermination shall 
        include the opportunity to choose a new designated beneficiary 
        and to elect a new method of calculating life expectancy.
            (3) Effective date for regulations.--Regulations referred 
        to in paragraph (1) shall be effective for years beginning 
        after December 31, 2000, and shall apply in such years without 
        regard to whether an individual had previously begun receiving 
        minimum distributions.
    (b) Repeal of Rule Where Distributions Had Begun Before Death 
Occurs.--
            (1) In general.--Subparagraph (B) of section 401(a)(9) is 
        amended by striking clause (i) and redesignating clauses (ii), 
        (iii), and (iv) as clauses (i), (ii), and (iii), respectively.
            (2) Conforming changes.--
                    (A) Clause (i) of section 401(a)(9)(B) (as so 
                redesignated) is amended--
                            (i) by striking ``for other cases'' in the 
                        heading; and
                            (ii) by striking ``the distribution of the 
                        employee's interest has begun in accordance 
                        with subparagraph (A)(ii)'' and inserting ``his 
                        entire interest has been distributed to him''.
                    (B) Clause (ii) of section 401(a)(9)(B) (as so 
                redesignated) is amended by striking ``clause (ii)'' 
                and inserting ``clause (i)''.
                    (C) Clause (iii) of section 401(a)(9)(B) (as so 
                redesignated) is amended--
                            (i) by striking ``clause (iii)(I)'' and 
                        inserting ``clause (ii)(I)'';
                            (ii) by striking ``clause (iii)(III)'' in 
                        subclause (I) and inserting ``clause 
                        (ii)(III)'';
                            (iii) by striking ``the date on which the 
                        employee would have attained age 70\1/2\,'' in 
                        subclause (I) and inserting ``April 1 of the 
                        calendar year following the calendar year in 
                        which the spouse attains 70\1/2\,''; and
                            (iv) by striking ``the distributions to 
                        such spouse begin,'' in subclause (II) and 
                        inserting ``his entire interest has been 
                        distributed to him,''.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.
    (c) Reduction in Excise Tax.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (a) of section 4974 is amended 
        by striking ``50 percent'' and inserting ``10 percent''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by this subsection 
        shall apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 305. CLARIFICATION OF TAX TREATMENT OF DIVISION OF SECTION 457 
              PLAN BENEFITS UPON DIVORCE.

    (a) In General.--Section 414(p)(11) (relating to application of 
rules to governmental and church plans) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or an eligible deferred compensation 
        plan (within the meaning of section 457(b))'' after 
        ``subsection (e))''; and
            (2) in the heading, by striking ``governmental and church 
        plans'' and inserting ``certain other plans''.
    (b) Waiver of Certain Distribution Requirements.--Paragraph (10) of 
section 414(p) is amended by striking ``and section 409(d)'' and 
inserting ``section 409(d), and section 457(d)''.
    (c) Tax Treatment of Payments From a Section 457 Plan.--Subsection 
(p) of section 414 is amended by redesignating paragraph (12) as 
paragraph (13) and inserting after paragraph (11) the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(12) Tax treatment of payments from a section 457 plan.--
        If a distribution or payment from an eligible deferred 
        compensation plan described in section 457(b) is made pursuant 
        to a qualified domestic relations order, rules similar to the 
        rules of section 402(e)(1)(A) shall apply to such distribution 
        or payment.''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to transfers, distributions, and payments made after December 31, 
2000.

SEC. 306. MODIFICATION OF SAFE HARBOR RELIEF FOR HARDSHIP WITHDRAWALS 
              FROM CASH OR DEFERRED ARRANGEMENTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall revise the 
regulations relating to hardship distributions under section 
401(k)(2)(B)(i)(IV) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide 
that the period an employee is prohibited from making elective and 
employee contributions in order for a distribution to be deemed 
necessary to satisfy financial need shall be equal to 6 months.
    (b) Effective Date.--The revised regulations under subsection (a) 
shall apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

           TITLE IV--INCREASING PORTABILITY FOR PARTICIPANTS

SEC. 401. ROLLOVERS ALLOWED AMONG VARIOUS TYPES OF PLANS.

    (a) Rollovers From and to Section 457 Plans.--
            (1) Rollovers from section 457 plans.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 457(e) (relating to other 
                definitions and special rules) is amended by adding at 
                the end the following:
            ``(16) Rollover amounts.--
                    ``(A) General rule.--In the case of an eligible 
                deferred compensation plan established and maintained 
                by an employer described in subsection (e)(1)(A), if--
                            ``(i) any portion of the balance to the 
                        credit of an employee in such plan is paid to 
                        such employee in an eligible rollover 
                        distribution (within the meaning of section 
                        402(c)(4) without regard to subparagraph (C) 
                        thereof),
                            ``(ii) the employee transfers any portion 
                        of the property such employee receives in such 
                        distribution to an eligible retirement plan 
                        described in section 402(c)(8)(B), and
                            ``(iii) in the case of a distribution of 
                        property other than money, the amount so 
                        transferred consists of the property 
                        distributed,
                then such distribution (to the extent so transferred) 
                shall not be includible in gross income for the taxable 
                year in which paid.
                    ``(B) Certain rules made applicable.--The rules of 
                paragraphs (2) through (7) (other than paragraph 
                (4)(C)) and (9) of section 402(c) and section 402(f) 
                shall apply for purposes of subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Reporting.--Rollovers under this paragraph 
                shall be reported to the Secretary in the same manner 
                as rollovers from qualified retirement plans (as 
                defined in section 4974(c)).''.
                    (B) Deferral limit determined without regard to 
                rollover amounts.--Section 457(b)(2) (defining eligible 
                deferred compensation plan) is amended by inserting 
                ``(other than rollover amounts)'' after ``taxable 
                year''.
                    (C) Direct rollover.--Paragraph (1) of section 
                457(d) is amended by striking ``and'' at the end of 
                subparagraph (A), by striking the period at the end of 
                subparagraph (B) and inserting ``, and'', and by 
                inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:
                    ``(C) in the case of a plan maintained by an 
                employer described in subsection (e)(1)(A), the plan 
                meets requirements similar to the requirements of 
                section 401(a)(31).
        Any amount transferred in a direct trustee-to-trustee transfer 
        in accordance with section 401(a)(31) shall not be includible 
        in gross income for the taxable year of transfer.''.
                    (D) Withholding.--
                            (i) Paragraph (12) of section 3401(a) is 
                        amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) under or to an eligible deferred compensation 
                plan which, at the time of such payment, is a plan 
                described in section 457(b) maintained by an employer 
                described in section 457(e)(1)(A); or''.
                            (ii) Paragraph (3) of section 3405(c) is 
                        amended to read as follows:
            ``(3) Eligible rollover distribution.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term `eligible rollover distribution' has the 
        meaning given such term by section 402(f)(2)(A).''.
                            (iii) Liability for withholding.--
                        Subparagraph (B) of section 3405(d)(2) is 
                        amended by striking ``or'' at the end of clause 
                        (ii), by striking the period at the end of 
                        clause (iii) and inserting ``, or'', and by 
                        adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iv) section 457(b).''.
            (2) Rollovers to section 457 plans.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 402(c)(8)(B) (defining 
                eligible retirement plan) is amended by striking 
                ``and'' at the end of clause (iii), by striking the 
                period at the end of clause (iv) and inserting ``, 
                and'', and by inserting after clause (iv) the following 
                new clause:
                            ``(v) an eligible deferred compensation 
                        plan described in section 457(b) of an employer 
                        described in section 457(e)(1)(A).''.
                    (B) Separate accounting.--Section 402(c) is amended 
                by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(11) Separate accounting.--Unless a plan described in 
        clause (v) of paragraph (8)(B) agrees to separately account for 
        amounts rolled into such plan from eligible retirement plans 
        not described in such clause, the plan described in such clause 
        may not accept transfers or rollovers from such retirement 
        plans.''.
                    (C) 10 percent additional tax.--Subsection (t) of 
                section 72 (relating to 10-percent additional tax on 
                early distributions from qualified retirement plans) is 
                amended by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(9) Special rule for rollovers to section 457 plans.--For 
        purposes of this subsection, a distribution from an eligible 
        deferred compensation plan (as defined in section 457(b)) of an 
        employer described in section 457(e)(1)(A) shall be treated as 
        a distribution from a qualified retirement plan described in 
        4974(c)(1) to the extent that such distribution is attributable 
        to an amount transferred to an eligible deferred compensation 
        plan from a qualified retirement plan (as defined in section 
        4974(c)).''.
    (b) Allowance of Rollovers From and to 403(b) Plans.--
            (1) Rollovers from section 403(b) plans.--Section 
        403(b)(8)(A)(ii) (relating to rollover amounts) is amended by 
        striking ``such distribution'' and all that follows and 
        inserting ``such distribution to an eligible retirement plan 
        described in section 402(c)(8)(B), and''.
            (2) Rollovers to section 403(b) plans.--Section 
        402(c)(8)(B) (defining eligible retirement plan), as amended by 
        subsection (a), is amended by striking ``and'' at the end of 
        clause (iv), by striking the period at the end of clause (v) 
        and inserting ``, and'', and by inserting after clause (v) the 
        following new clause:
                            ``(vi) an annuity contract described in 
                        section 403(b).''.
    (c) Expanded Explanation to Recipients of Rollover Distributions.--
Paragraph (1) of section 402(f) (relating to written explanation to 
recipients of distributions eligible for rollover treatment) is amended 
by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C), by striking the 
period at the end of subparagraph (D) and inserting ``, and'', and by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) of the provisions under which distributions 
                from the eligible retirement plan receiving the 
                distribution may be subject to restrictions and tax 
                consequences which are different from those applicable 
                to distributions from the plan making such 
                distribution.''.
    (d) Spousal Rollovers.--Section 402(c)(9) (relating to rollover 
where spouse receives distribution after death of employee) is amended 
by striking ``; except that'' and all that follows up to the end 
period.
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 72(o)(4) is amended by striking ``and 
        408(d)(3)'' and inserting ``403(b)(8), 408(d)(3), and 
        457(e)(16)''.
            (2) Section 219(d)(2) is amended by striking ``or 
        408(d)(3)'' and inserting ``408(d)(3), or 457(e)(16)''.
            (3) Section 401(a)(31)(B) is amended by striking ``and 
        403(a)(4)'' and inserting ``, 403(a)(4), 403(b)(8), and 
        457(e)(16)''.
            (4) Subparagraph (A) of section 402(f)(2) is amended by 
        striking ``or paragraph (4) of section 403(a)'' and inserting 
        ``, paragraph (4) of section 403(a), subparagraph (A) of 
        section 403(b)(8), or subparagraph (A) of section 457(e)(16)''.
            (5) Paragraph (1) of section 402(f) is amended by striking 
        ``from an eligible retirement plan''.
            (6) Subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 402(f)(1) are 
        amended by striking ``another eligible retirement plan'' and 
        inserting ``an eligible retirement plan''.
            (7) Subparagraph (B) of section 403(b)(8) is amended to 
        read as follows:
                    ``(B) Certain rules made applicable.--The rules of 
                paragraphs (2) through (7) and (9) of section 402(c) 
                and section 402(f) shall apply for purposes of 
                subparagraph (A), except that section 402(f) shall be 
                applied to the payor in lieu of the plan 
                administrator.''.
            (8) Section 408(a)(1) is amended by striking ``or 
        403(b)(8),'' and inserting ``403(b)(8), or 457(e)(16)''.
            (9) Subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 415(b)(2) are each 
        amended by striking ``and 408(d)(3)'' and inserting 
        ``403(b)(8), 408(d)(3), and 457(e)(16)''.
            (10) Section 415(c)(2) is amended by striking ``and 
        408(d)(3)'' and inserting ``408(d)(3), and 457(e)(16)''.
            (11) Section 4973(b)(1)(A) is amended by striking ``or 
        408(d)(3)'' and inserting ``408(d)(3), or 457(e)(16)''.
    (f) Effective Date; Special Rule.--
            (1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
        shall apply to distributions after December 31, 2000.
            (2) Special rule.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, subsections (h)(3) and (h)(5) of section 1122 of the Tax 
        Reform Act of 1986 shall not apply to any distribution from an 
        eligible retirement plan (as defined in clause (iii) or (iv) of 
        section 402(c)(8)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) on 
        behalf of an individual if there was a rollover to such plan on 
        behalf of such individual which is permitted solely by reason 
        of any amendment made by this section.

SEC. 402. ROLLOVERS OF IRAS INTO WORKPLACE RETIREMENT PLANS.

    (a) In General.--Subparagraph (A) of section 408(d)(3) (relating to 
rollover amounts) is amended by adding ``or'' at the end of clause (i), 
by striking clauses (ii) and (iii), and by adding at the end the 
following:
                            ``(ii) the entire amount received 
                        (including money and any other property) is 
                        paid into an eligible retirement plan for the 
                        benefit of such individual not later than the 
                        60th day after the date on which the payment or 
                        distribution is received, except that the 
                        maximum amount which may be paid into such plan 
                        may not exceed the portion of the amount 
                        received which is includible in gross income 
                        (determined without regard to this paragraph).
                For purposes of clause (ii), the term `eligible 
                retirement plan' means an eligible retirement plan 
                described in clause (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of 
                section 402(c)(8)(B).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Paragraph (1) of section 403(b) is amended by striking 
        ``section 408(d)(3)(A)(iii)'' and inserting ``section 
        408(d)(3)(A)(ii)''.
            (2) Clause (i) of section 408(d)(3)(D) is amended by 
        striking ``(i), (ii), or (iii)'' and inserting ``(i) or (ii)''.
            (3) Subparagraph (G) of section 408(d)(3) is amended to 
        read as follows:
                    ``(G) Simple retirement accounts.--In the case of 
                any payment or distribution out of a simple retirement 
                account (as defined in subsection (p)) to which section 
                72(t)(6) applies, this paragraph shall not apply unless 
                such payment or distribution is paid into another 
                simple retirement account.''.
    (c) Effective Date; Special Rule.--
            (1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
        shall apply to distributions after December 31, 2000.
            (2) Special rule.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, subsections (h)(3) and (h)(5) of section 1122 of the Tax 
        Reform Act of 1986 shall not apply to any distribution from an 
        eligible retirement plan (as defined in clause (iii) or (iv) of 
        section 402(c)(8)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) on 
        behalf of an individual if there was a rollover to such plan on 
        behalf of such individual which is permitted solely by reason 
        of the amendments made by this section.

SEC. 403. ROLLOVERS OF AFTER-TAX CONTRIBUTIONS.

    (a) Rollovers From Exempt Trusts.--Paragraph (2) of section 402(c) 
(relating to maximum amount which may be rolled over) is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``The preceding sentence shall not 
apply to such distribution to the extent--
                    ``(A) such portion is transferred in a direct 
                trustee-to-trustee transfer to a qualified trust which 
                is part of a plan which is a defined contribution plan 
                and which agrees to separately account for amounts so 
                transferred, including separately accounting for the 
                portion of such distribution which is includible in 
                gross income and the portion of such distribution which 
                is not so includible, or
                    ``(B) such portion is transferred to an eligible 
                retirement plan described in clause (i) or (ii) of 
                paragraph (8)(B).''.
    (b) Optional Direct Transfer of Eligible Rollover Distributions.--
Subparagraph (B) of section 401(a)(31) (relating to limitation) is 
amended by adding at the end the following: ``The preceding sentence 
shall not apply to such distribution if the plan to which such 
distribution is transferred--
                            ``(i) agrees to separately account for 
                        amounts so transferred, including separately 
                        accounting for the portion of such distribution 
                        which is includible in gross income and the 
                        portion of such distribution which is not so 
                        includible, or
                            ``(ii) is an eligible retirement plan 
                        described in clause (i) or (ii) of section 
                        402(c)(8)(B).''.
    (c) Rules for Applying Section 72 to IRAs.--Paragraph (3) of 
section 408(d) (relating to special rules for applying section 72) is 
amended by inserting at the end the following:
                    ``(H) Application of section 72.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If--
                                    ``(I) a distribution is made from 
                                an individual retirement plan, and
                                    ``(II) a rollover contribution is 
                                made to an eligible retirement plan 
                                described in section 402(c)(8)(B)(iii), 
                                (iv), (v), or (vi) with respect to all 
                                or part of such distribution,
                        then, notwithstanding paragraph (2), the rules 
                        of clause (ii) shall apply for purposes of 
                        applying section 72.
                            ``(ii) Applicable rules.--In the case of a 
                        distribution described in clause (i)--
                                    ``(I) section 72 shall be applied 
                                separately to such distribution,
                                    ``(II) notwithstanding the pro rata 
                                allocation of income on, and investment 
                                in, the contract to distributions under 
                                section 72, the portion of such 
                                distribution rolled over to an eligible 
                                retirement plan described in clause (i) 
                                shall be treated as from income on the 
                                contract (to the extent of the 
                                aggregate income on the contract from 
                                all individual retirement plans of the 
                                distributee), and
                                    ``(III) appropriate adjustments 
                                shall be made in applying section 72 to 
                                other distributions in such taxable 
                                year and subsequent taxable years.''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to distributions made after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 404. HARDSHIP EXCEPTION TO 60-DAY RULE.

    (a) Exempt Trusts.--Paragraph (3) of section 402(c) (relating to 
transfer must be made within 60 days of receipt) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(3) Transfer must be made within 60 days of receipt.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), paragraph (1) shall not apply to any 
                transfer of a distribution made after the 60th day 
                following the day on which the distributee received the 
                property distributed.
                    ``(B) Hardship exception.--The Secretary may waive 
                the 60-day requirement under subparagraph (A) where the 
                failure to waive such requirement would be against 
                equity or good conscience, including casualty, 
                disaster, or other events beyond the reasonable control 
                of the individual subject to such requirement.''.
    (b) IRAs.--Paragraph (3) of section 408(d) (relating to rollover 
contributions), as amended by section 403, is amended by adding after 
subparagraph (H) the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(I) Waiver of 60-day requirement.--The Secretary 
                may waive the 60-day requirement under subparagraphs 
                (A) and (D) where the failure to waive such requirement 
                would be against equity or good conscience, including 
                casualty, disaster, or other events beyond the 
                reasonable control of the individual subject to such 
                requirement.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to distributions after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 405. TREATMENT OF FORMS OF DISTRIBUTION.

    (a) Plan Transfers.--
            (1) In general.--Paragraph (6) of section 411(d) (relating 
        to accrued benefit not to be decreased by amendment) is amended 
        by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Plan transfers.--
                            ``(i) In general.--A defined contribution 
                        plan (in this subparagraph referred to as the 
                        `transferee plan') shall not be treated as 
                        failing to meet the requirements of this 
                        subsection merely because the transferee plan 
                        does not provide some or all of the forms of 
                        distribution previously available under another 
                        defined contribution plan (in this subparagraph 
                        referred to as the `transferor plan') to the 
                        extent that--
                                    ``(I) the forms of distribution 
                                previously available under the 
                                transferor plan applied to the account 
                                of a participant or beneficiary under 
                                the transferor plan that was 
                                transferred from the transferor plan to 
                                the transferee plan pursuant to a 
                                direct transfer rather than pursuant to 
                                a distribution from the transferor 
                                plan,
                                    ``(II) the terms of both the 
                                transferor plan and the transferee plan 
                                authorize the transfer described in 
                                subclause (I),
                                    ``(III) the transfer described in 
                                subclause (I) was made pursuant to a 
                                voluntary election by the participant 
                                or beneficiary whose account was 
                                transferred to the transferee plan,
                                    ``(IV) the election described in 
                                subclause (III) was made after the 
                                participant or beneficiary received a 
                                notice describing the consequences of 
                                making the election,
                                    ``(V) if the transferor plan 
                                provides for an annuity as the normal 
                                form of distribution under the plan in 
                                accordance with section 417, the 
                                transfer is made with the consent of 
                                the participant's spouse (if any), and 
                                such consent meets requirements similar 
                                to the requirements imposed by section 
                                417(a)(2), and
                                    ``(VI) the transferee plan allows 
                                the participant or beneficiary 
                                described in subclause (III) to receive 
                                any distribution to which the 
                                participant or beneficiary is entitled 
                                under the transferee plan in the form 
                                of a single sum distribution.
                            ``(ii) Exception.--Clause (i) shall apply 
                        to plan mergers and other transactions having 
                        the effect of a direct transfer, including 
                        consolidations of benefits attributable to 
                        different employers within a multiple employer 
                        plan.
                    ``(E) Elimination of form of distribution.--Except 
                to the extent provided in regulations, a defined 
                contribution plan shall not be treated as failing to 
                meet the requirements of this section merely because of 
                the elimination of a form of distribution previously 
                available thereunder. This subparagraph shall not apply 
                to the elimination of a form of distribution with 
                respect to any participant unless--
                            ``(i) a single sum payment is available to 
                        such participant at the same time or times as 
                        the form of distribution being eliminated, and
                            ``(ii) such single sum payment is based on 
                        the same or greater portion of the 
                        participant's account as the form of 
                        distribution being eliminated.''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by this subsection 
        shall apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.
    (b) Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--The last sentence of paragraph (6)(B) of 
        section 411(d) (relating to accrued benefit not to be decreased 
        by amendment) is amended to read as follows: ``The Secretary 
        shall by regulations provide that this subparagraph shall not 
        apply to any plan amendment that does not adversely affect the 
        rights of participants in a material manner.''.
            (2) Secretary directed.--Not later than December 31, 2001, 
        the Secretary of the Treasury is directed to issue final 
        regulations under section 411(d)(6) of the Internal Revenue 
        Code of 1986, including the regulations required by the 
        amendments made by this subsection. Such regulations shall 
        apply to plan years beginning after December 31, 2001, or such 
        earlier date as is specified by the Secretary of the Treasury.

SEC. 406. RATIONALIZATION OF RESTRICTIONS ON DISTRIBUTIONS.

    (a) Modification of Same Desk Exception.--
            (1) Section 401(k).--
                    (A) Section 401(k)(2)(B)(i)(I) (relating to 
                qualified cash or deferred arrangements) is amended by 
                striking ``separation from service'' and inserting 
                ``severance from employment''.
                    (B) Subparagraph (A) of section 401(k)(10) 
                (relating to distributions upon termination of plan or 
                disposition of assets or subsidiary) is amended to read 
                as follows:
                    ``(A) In general.--An event described in this 
                subparagraph is the termination of the plan without 
                establishment or maintenance of another defined 
                contribution plan (other than an employee stock 
                ownership plan as defined in section 4975(e)(7)).''.
                    (C) Section 401(k)(10) is amended--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking ``An event'' in 
                                clause (i) and inserting ``A 
                                termination''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``the event'' in 
                                clause (i) and inserting ``the 
                                termination'';
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (C); and
                            (iii) by striking ``or disposition of 
                        assets or subsidiary'' in the heading.
            (2) Section 403(b).--
                    (A) Paragraphs (7)(A)(ii) and (11)(A) of section 
                403(b) are each amended by striking ``separates from 
                service'' and inserting ``has a severance from 
                employment''.
                    (B) The heading for paragraph (11) of section 
                403(b) is amended by striking ``separation from 
                service'' and inserting ``severance from employment''.
            (3) Section 457.--Clause (ii) of section 457(d)(1)(A) is 
        amended by striking ``is separated from service'' and inserting 
        ``has a severance from employment''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to distributions after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 407. PURCHASE OF SERVICE CREDIT IN GOVERNMENTAL DEFINED BENEFIT 
              PLANS.

    (a) 403(b) Plans.--Subsection (b) of section 403 is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(13) Trustee-to-trustee transfers to purchase permissive 
        service credit.--No amount shall be includible in gross income 
        by reason of a direct trustee-to-trustee transfer to a defined 
        benefit governmental plan (as defined in section 414(d)) if 
        such transfer is--
                    ``(A) for the purchase of permissive service credit 
                (as defined in section 415(n)(3)(A)) under such plan, 
                or
                    ``(B) a repayment to which section 415 does not 
                apply by reason of subsection (k)(3) thereof.''.
    (b) 457 Plans.--Subsection (e) of section 457 is amended by adding 
after paragraph (16) the following new paragraph:
            ``(17) Trustee-to-trustee transfers to purchase permissive 
        service credit.--No amount shall be includible in gross income 
        by reason of a direct trustee-to-trustee transfer to a defined 
        benefit governmental plan (as defined in section 414(d)) if 
        such transfer is--
                    ``(A) for the purchase of permissive service credit 
                (as defined in section 415(n)(3)(A)) under such plan, 
                or
                    ``(B) a repayment to which section 415 does not 
                apply by reason of subsection (k)(3) thereof.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to trustee-to-trustee transfers after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 408. EMPLOYERS MAY DISREGARD ROLLOVERS FOR PURPOSES OF CASH-OUT 
              AMOUNTS.

    (a) Qualified Plans.--Section 411(a)(11) (relating to restrictions 
on certain mandatory distributions) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
                    ``(D) Special rule for rollover contributions.--A 
                plan shall not fail to meet the requirements of this 
                paragraph if, under the terms of the plan, the present 
                value of the nonforfeitable accrued benefit is 
                determined without regard to that portion of such 
                benefit which is attributable to rollover contributions 
                (and earnings allocable thereto). For purposes of this 
                subparagraph, the term `rollover contributions' means 
                any rollover contribution under sections 402(c), 
                403(a)(4), 403(b)(8), 408(d)(3)(A)(ii), and 
                457(e)(16).''.
    (b) Eligible Deferred Compensation Plans.--Clause (i) of section 
457(e)(9)(A) is amended by striking ``such amount'' and inserting ``the 
portion of such amount which is not attributable to rollover 
contributions (as defined in section 411(a)(11)(D))''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to distributions after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 409. MINIMUM DISTRIBUTION AND INCLUSION REQUIREMENTS FOR SECTION 
              457 PLANS.

    (a) Minimum Distribution Requirements.--Paragraph (2) of section 
457(d) (relating to distribution requirements) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(2) Minimum distribution requirements.--A plan meets the 
        minimum distribution requirements of this paragraph if such 
        plan meets the requirements of section 401(a)(9).''.
    (b) Inclusion in Gross Income.--
            (1) Year of inclusion.--Subsection (a) of section 457 
        (relating to year of inclusion in gross income) is amended to 
        read as follows:
    ``(a) Year of inclusion in gross income.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any amount of compensation deferred 
        under an eligible deferred compensation plan, and any income 
        attributable to the amounts so deferred, shall be includible in 
        gross income only for the taxable year in which such 
        compensation or other income--
                    ``(A) is paid to the participant or other 
                beneficiary, in the case of a plan of an eligible 
                employer described in subsection (e)(1)(A), and
                    ``(B) is paid or otherwise made available to the 
                participant or other beneficiary, in the case of a plan 
                of an eligible employer described in subsection 
                (e)(1)(B).
            ``(2) Special rule for rollover amounts.--To the extent 
        provided in section 72(t)(9), section 72(t) shall apply to any 
        amount includible in gross income under this subsection.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) So much of paragraph (9) of section 457(e) as 
                precedes subparagraph (A) is amended to read as 
                follows:
            ``(9) Benefits of tax exempt organization plans not treated 
        as made available by reason of certain elections, etc.--In the 
        case of an eligible deferred compensation plan of an employer 
        described in subsection (e)(1)(B)--''.
                    (B) Section 457(d) is amended by adding at the end 
                the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Special rule for government plan.--An eligible 
        deferred compensation plan of an employer described in 
        subsection (e)(1)(A) shall not be treated as failing to meet 
        the requirements of this subsection solely by reason of making 
        a distribution described in subsection (e)(9)(A).''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to distributions after December 31, 2000.

        TITLE V--STRENGTHENING PENSION SECURITY AND ENFORCEMENT

SEC. 501. REPEAL OF 150 PERCENT OF CURRENT LIABILITY FUNDING LIMIT.

    (a) In General.--Section 412(c)(7) (relating to full-funding 
limitation) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``the applicable percentage'' in 
        subparagraph (A)(i)(I) and inserting ``in the case of plan 
        years beginning before January 1, 2004, the applicable 
        percentage''; and
            (2) by amending subparagraph (F) to read as follows:
                    ``(F) Applicable percentage.--For purposes of 
                subparagraph (A)(i)(I), the applicable percentage shall 
                be determined in accordance with the following table:

                ``In the case of any plan year
                                                         The applicable
                  beginning in--
                                                        percentage is--
                    2001...................................       160  
                    2002...................................       165  
                    2003...................................     170.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to plan years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 502. MAXIMUM CONTRIBUTION DEDUCTION RULES MODIFIED AND APPLIED TO 
              ALL DEFINED BENEFIT PLANS.

    (a) In General.--Subparagraph (D) of section 404(a)(1) (relating to 
special rule in case of certain plans) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(D) Special rule in case of certain plans.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In the case of any 
                        defined benefit plan, except as provided in 
                        regulations, the maximum amount deductible 
                        under the limitations of this paragraph shall 
                        not be less than the unfunded termination 
                        liability (determined as if the proposed 
                        termination date referred to in section 
                        4041(b)(2)(A)(i)(II) of the Employee Retirement 
                        Income Security Act of 1974 were the last day 
                        of the plan year).
                            ``(ii) Plans with less than 100 
                        participants.--For purposes of this 
                        subparagraph, in the case of a plan which has 
                        less than 100 participants for the plan year, 
                        termination liability shall not include the 
                        liability attributable to benefit increases for 
                        highly compensated employees (as defined in 
                        section 414(q)) resulting from a plan amendment 
                        which is made or becomes effective, whichever 
                        is later, within the last 2 years before the 
                        termination date.
                            ``(iii) Rule for determining number of 
                        participants.--For purposes of determining 
                        whether a plan has more than 100 participants, 
                        all defined benefit plans maintained by the 
                        same employer (or any member of such employer's 
                        controlled group (within the meaning of section 
                        412(l)(8)(C))) shall be treated as one plan, 
                        but only employees of such member or employer 
                        shall be taken into account.
                            ``(iv) Plans established and maintain by 
                        professional service employers.--Clause (i) 
                        shall not apply to a plan described in section 
                        4021(b)(13) of the Employee Retirement Income 
                        Security Act of 1974.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Paragraph (6) of section 4972(c) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(6) Exceptions.--In determining the amount of 
        nondeductible contributions for any taxable year, there shall 
        not be taken into account so much of the contributions to one 
        or more defined contribution plans which are not deductible 
        when contributed solely because of section 404(a)(7) as does 
        not exceed the greater of--
                    ``(A) the amount of contributions not in excess of 
                6 percent of compensation (within the meaning of 
                section 404(a)) paid or accrued (during the taxable 
                year for which the contributions were made) to 
                beneficiaries under the plans, or
                    ``(B) the sum of--
                            ``(i) the amount of contributions described 
                        in section 401(m)(4)(A), plus
                            ``(ii) the amount of contributions 
                        described in section 402(g)(3)(A).
        For purposes of this paragraph, the deductible limits under 
        section 404(a)(7) shall first be applied to amounts contributed 
        to a defined benefit plan and then to amounts described in 
        subparagraph (B).''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to plan years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 503. EXCISE TAX RELIEF FOR SOUND PENSION FUNDING.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (c) of section 4972 (relating to 
nondeductible contributions) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(7) Defined benefit plan exception.--In determining the 
        amount of nondeductible contributions for any taxable year, an 
        employer may elect for such year not to take into account any 
        contributions to a defined benefit plan except to the extent 
        that such contributions exceed the full-funding limitation (as 
        defined in section 412(c)(7), determined without regard to 
        subparagraph (A)(i)(I) thereof). For purposes of this 
        paragraph, the deductible limits under section 404(a)(7) shall 
        first be applied to amounts contributed to defined contribution 
        plans and then to amounts described in this paragraph. If an 
        employer makes an election under this paragraph for a taxable 
        year, paragraph (6) shall not apply to such employer for such 
        taxable year.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall apply 
to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 504. EXCISE TAX ON FAILURE TO PROVIDE NOTICE BY DEFINED BENEFIT 
              PLANS SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCING FUTURE BENEFIT ACCRUALS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 43 (relating to qualified pension, etc., 
plans) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 4980F. FAILURE OF APPLICABLE PLANS REDUCING BENEFIT ACCRUALS TO 
              SATISFY NOTICE REQUIREMENTS.

    ``(a) Imposition of Tax.--There is hereby imposed a tax on the 
failure of any applicable pension plan to meet the requirements of 
subsection (e) with respect to any applicable individual.
    ``(b) Amount of Tax.--
            ``(1) In general.--The amount of the tax imposed by 
        subsection (a) on any failure with respect to any applicable 
        individual shall be $100 for each day in the noncompliance 
        period with respect to such failure.
            ``(2) Noncompliance period.--For purposes of this section, 
        the term `noncompliance period' means, with respect to any 
        failure, the period beginning on the date the failure first 
        occurs and ending on the date the failure is corrected.
    ``(c) Limitations on Amount of Tax.--
            ``(1) Overall limitation for unintentional failures.--In 
        the case of failures that are due to reasonable cause and not 
        to willful neglect, the tax imposed by subsection (a) for 
        failures during the taxable year of the employer (or, in the 
        case of a multiemployer plan, the taxable year of the trust 
        forming part of the plan) shall not exceed $500,000. For 
        purposes of the preceding sentence, all multiemployer plans of 
        which the same trust forms a part shall be treated as one plan. 
        For purposes of this paragraph, if not all persons who are 
        treated as a single employer for purposes of this section have 
        the same taxable year, the taxable years taken into account 
        shall be determined under principles similar to the principles 
        of section 1561.
            ``(2) Waiver by secretary.--In the case of a failure which 
        is due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect, the 
        Secretary may waive part or all of the tax imposed by 
        subsection (a) to the extent that the payment of such tax would 
        be excessive relative to the failure involved.
    ``(d) Liability for Tax.--The following shall be liable for the tax 
imposed by subsection (a):
            ``(1) In the case of a plan other than a multiemployer 
        plan, the employer.
            ``(2) In the case of a multiemployer plan, the plan.
    ``(e) Notice Requirements for Plans Significantly Reducing Benefit 
Accruals.--
            ``(1) In general.--If an applicable pension plan is amended 
        to provide for a significant reduction in the rate of future 
        benefit accrual, the plan administrator shall provide written 
        notice to each applicable individual (and to each employee 
        organization representing applicable individuals).
            ``(2) Notice.--The notice required by paragraph (1) shall 
        be written in a manner calculated to be understood by the 
        average plan participant and shall provide sufficient 
        information (as determined in accordance with regulations 
        prescribed by the Secretary) to allow applicable individuals to 
        understand the effect of the plan amendment.
            ``(3) Timing of notice.--Except as provided in regulations, 
        the notice required by paragraph (1) shall be provided within a 
        reasonable time before the effective date of the plan 
        amendment.
            ``(4) Designees.--Any notice under paragraph (1) may be 
        provided to a person designated, in writing, by the person to 
        which it would otherwise be provided.
            ``(5) Notice before adoption of amendment.--A plan shall 
        not be treated as failing to meet the requirements of paragraph 
        (1) merely because notice is provided before the adoption of 
        the plan amendment if no material modification of the amendment 
        occurs before the amendment is adopted.
    ``(f) Applicable Individual; Applicable Pension Plan.--For purposes 
of this section--
            ``(1) Applicable individual.--The term `applicable 
        individual' means, with respect to any plan amendment--
                    ``(A) any participant in the plan, and
                    ``(B) any beneficiary who is an alternate payee 
                (within the meaning of section 414(p)(8)) under an 
                applicable qualified domestic relations order (within 
                the meaning of section 414(p)(1)(A)),
        who may reasonably be expected to be affected by such plan 
        amendment.
            ``(2) Applicable pension plan.--The term `applicable 
        pension plan' means--
                    ``(A) any defined benefit plan, or
                    ``(B) an individual account plan which is subject 
                to the funding standards of section 412,
        which had 100 or more participants who had accrued a benefit, 
        or with respect to whom contributions were made, under the plan 
        (whether or not vested) as of the last day of the plan year 
        preceding the plan year in which the plan amendment becomes 
        effective. Such term shall not include a governmental plan 
        (within the meaning of section 414(d)) or a church plan (within 
        the meaning of section 414(e)) with respect to which the 
        election provided by section 410(d) has not been made.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 43 is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:

                               ``Sec. 4980F. Failure of applicable 
                                        plans reducing benefit accruals 
                                        to satisfy notice 
                                        requirements.''.
    (c) Effective Dates.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
        apply to plan amendments taking effect on or after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Transition.--Until such time as the Secretary of the 
        Treasury issues regulations under sections 4980F(e)(2) and (3) 
        of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by the 
        amendments made by this section), a plan shall be treated as 
        meeting the requirements of such sections if it makes a good 
        faith effort to comply with such requirements.
            (3) Special rule.--The period for providing any notice 
        required by the amendments made by this section shall not end 
        before the date which is 3 months after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
    (d) Study.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall prepare a report on 
the effects of conversions of traditional defined benefit plans to cash 
balance or hybrid formula plans. Such study shall examine the effect of 
such conversions on longer service participants, including the 
incidence and effects of ``wear away'' provisions under which 
participants earn no additional benefits for a period of time after the 
conversion. As soon as practicable, but not later than 60 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit such 
report, together with recommendations thereon, to the Committee on Ways 
and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance 
of the Senate.

SEC. 505. TREATMENT OF MULTIEMPLOYER PLANS UNDER SECTION 415.

    (a) Compensation Limit.--Paragraph (11) of section 415(b) (relating 
to limitation for defined benefit plans) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(11) Special limitation rule for governmental and 
        multiemployer plans.--In the case of a governmental plan (as 
        defined in section 414(d)) or a multiemployer plan (as defined 
        in section 414(f)), subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall not 
        apply.''.
    (b) Combining and Aggregation of Plans.--
            (1) Combining of plans.--Subsection (f) of section 415 
        (relating to combining of plans) is amended by adding at the 
        end the following:
            ``(3) Exception for multiemployer plans.--Notwithstanding 
        paragraph (1) and subsection (g), a multiemployer plan (as 
        defined in section 414(f)) shall not be combined or aggregated 
        with any other plan maintained by an employer for purposes of 
        applying the limitations established in this section, except 
        that such plan shall be combined or aggregated with another 
        plan which is not such a multiemployer plan solely for purposes 
        of determining whether such other plan meets the requirements 
        of subsections (b)(1)(A) and (c).''.
            (2) Conforming amendment for aggregation of plans.--
        Subsection (g) of section 415 (relating to aggregation of 
        plans) is amended by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
        ``Except as provided in subsection (f)(3), the Secretary''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 506. PROHIBITED ALLOCATIONS OF STOCK IN S CORPORATION ESOP.

    (a) In General.--Section 409 (relating to qualifications for tax 
credit employee stock ownership plans) is amended by redesignating 
subsection (p) as subsection (q) and by inserting after subsection (o) 
the following new subsection:
    ``(p) Prohibited Allocations of Securities in an S Corporation.--
            ``(1) In general.--An employee stock ownership plan holding 
        employer securities consisting of stock in an S corporation 
        shall provide that no portion of the assets of the plan 
        attributable to (or allocable in lieu of) such employer 
        securities may, during a nonallocation year, accrue (or be 
        allocated directly or indirectly under any plan of the employer 
        meeting the requirements of section 401(a)) for the benefit of 
        any disqualified person.
            ``(2) Failure to meet requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If a plan fails to meet the 
                requirements of paragraph (1), the plan shall be 
                treated as having distributed to any disqualified 
                person the amount allocated to the account of such 
                person in violation of paragraph (1) at the time of 
                such allocation.
                    ``(B) Cross reference.--

                                ``For excise tax relating to violations 
of paragraph (1) and ownership of synthetic equity, see section 4979A.
            ``(3) Nonallocation year.--For purposes of this 
        subsection--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `nonallocation year' 
                means any plan year of an employee stock ownership plan 
                if, at any time during such plan year--
                            ``(i) such plan holds employer securities 
                        consisting of stock in an S corporation, and
                            ``(ii) disqualified persons own at least 50 
                        percent of the number of shares of stock in the 
                        S corporation.
                    ``(B) Attribution rules.--For purposes of 
                subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) In general.--The rules of section 
                        318(a) shall apply for purposes of determining 
                        ownership, except that--
                                    ``(I) in applying paragraph (1) 
                                thereof, the members of an individual's 
                                family shall include members of the 
                                family described in paragraph (4)(D), 
                                and
                                    ``(II) paragraph (4) thereof shall 
                                not apply.
                            ``(ii) Deemed-owned shares.--
                        Notwithstanding the employee trust exception in 
                        section 318(a)(2)(B)(i), individual shall be 
                        treated as owning deemed-owned shares of the 
                        individual.
                Solely for purposes of applying paragraph (5), this 
                subparagraph shall be applied after the attribution 
                rules of paragraph (5) have been applied.
            ``(4) Disqualified person.--For purposes of this 
        subsection--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `disqualified person' 
                means any person if--
                            ``(i) the aggregate number of deemed-owned 
                        shares of such person and the members of such 
                        person's family is at least 20 percent of the 
                        number of deemed-owned shares of stock in the S 
                        corporation, or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a person not 
                        described in clause (i), the number of deemed-
                        owned shares of such person is at least 10 
                        percent of the number of deemed-owned shares of 
                        stock in such corporation.
                    ``(B) Treatment of family members.--In the case of 
                a disqualified person described in subparagraph (A)(i), 
                any member of such person's family with deemed-owned 
                shares shall be treated as a disqualified person if not 
                otherwise treated as a disqualified person under 
                subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Deemed-owned shares.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The term `deemed-owned 
                        shares' means, with respect to any person--
                                    ``(I) the stock in the S 
                                corporation constituting employer 
                                securities of an employee stock 
                                ownership plan which is allocated to 
                                such person under the plan, and
                                    ``(II) such person's share of the 
                                stock in such corporation which is held 
                                by such plan but which is not allocated 
                                under the plan to participants.
                            ``(ii) Person's share of unallocated 
                        stock.--For purposes of clause (i)(II), a 
                        person's share of unallocated S corporation 
                        stock held by such plan is the amount of the 
                        unallocated stock which would be allocated to 
                        such person if the unallocated stock were 
                        allocated to all participants in the same 
                        proportions as the most recent stock allocation 
                        under the plan.
                    ``(D) Member of family.--For purposes of this 
                paragraph, the term `member of the family' means, with 
                respect to any individual--
                            ``(i) the spouse of the individual,
                            ``(ii) an ancestor or lineal descendant of 
                        the individual or the individual's spouse,
                            ``(iii) a brother or sister of the 
                        individual or the individual's spouse and any 
                        lineal descendant of the brother or sister, and
                            ``(iv) the spouse of any individual 
                        described in clause (ii) or (iii).
                A spouse of an individual who is legally separated from 
                such individual under a decree of divorce or separate 
                maintenance shall not be treated as such individual's 
                spouse for purposes of this subparagraph.
            ``(5) Treatment of synthetic equity.--For purposes of 
        paragraphs (3) and (4), in the case of a person who owns 
        synthetic equity in the S corporation, except to the extent 
        provided in regulations, the shares of stock in such 
        corporation on which such synthetic equity is based shall be 
        treated as outstanding stock in such corporation and deemed-
        owned shares of such person if such treatment of synthetic 
        equity of 1 or more such persons results in--
                    ``(A) the treatment of any person as a disqualified 
                person, or
                    ``(B) the treatment of any year as a nonallocation 
                year.
        For purposes of this paragraph, synthetic equity shall be 
        treated as owned by a person in the same manner as stock is 
        treated as owned by a person under the rules of paragraphs (2) 
        and (3) of section 318(a). If, without regard to this 
        paragraph, a person is treated as a disqualified person or a 
        year is treated as a nonallocation year, this paragraph shall 
        not be construed to result in the person or year not being so 
        treated.
            ``(6) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection--
                    ``(A) Employee stock ownership plan.--The term 
                `employee stock ownership plan' has the meaning given 
                such term by section 4975(e)(7).
                    ``(B) Employer securities.--The term `employer 
                security' has the meaning given such term by section 
                409(l).
                    ``(C) Synthetic equity.--The term `synthetic 
                equity' means any stock option, warrant, restricted 
                stock, deferred issuance stock right, or similar 
                interest or right that gives the holder the right to 
                acquire or receive stock of the S corporation in the 
                future. Except to the extent provided in regulations, 
                synthetic equity also includes a stock appreciation 
                right, phantom stock unit, or similar right to a future 
                cash payment based on the value of such stock or 
                appreciation in such value.
            ``(7) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe such 
        regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of 
        this subsection.''.
    (b) Coordination With Section 4975(e)(7).--The last sentence of 
section 4975(e)(7) (defining employee stock ownership plan) is amended 
by inserting ``, section 409(p),'' after ``409(n)''.
    (c) Excise Tax.--
            (1) Application of tax.--Subsection (a) of section 4979A 
        (relating to tax on certain prohibited allocations of employer 
        securities) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``or'' at the end of paragraph (1), 
                and
                    (B) by striking all that follows paragraph (2) and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(3) there is any allocation of employer securities which 
        violates the provisions of section 409(p), or a nonallocation 
        year described in subsection (e)(2)(C) with respect to an 
        employee stock ownership plan, or
            ``(4) any synthetic equity is owned by a disqualified 
        person in any nonallocation year,
there is hereby imposed a tax on such allocation or ownership equal to 
50 percent of the amount involved.''.
            (2) Liability.--Section 4979A(c) (defining liability for 
        tax) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Liability for Tax.--The tax imposed by this section shall be 
paid--
            ``(1) in the case of an allocation referred to in paragraph 
        (1) or (2) of subsection (a), by--
                    ``(A) the employer sponsoring such plan, or
                    ``(B) the eligible worker-owned cooperative,
        which made the written statement described in section 
        664(g)(1)(E) or in section 1042(b)(3)(B) (as the case may be), 
        and
            ``(2) in the case of an allocation or ownership referred to 
        in paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (a), by the S corporation 
        the stock in which was so allocated or owned.''.
            (3) Definitions.--Section 4979A(e) (relating to 
        definitions) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Definitions and Special Rules.--For purposes of this 
section--
            ``(1) Definitions.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        terms used in this section have the same respective meanings as 
        when used in sections 409 and 4978.
            ``(2) Special rules relating to tax imposed by reason of 
        paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (a).--
                    ``(A) Prohibited allocations.--The amount involved 
                with respect to any tax imposed by reason of subsection 
                (a)(3) is the amount allocated to the account of any 
                person in violation of section 409(p)(1).
                    ``(B) Synthetic equity.--The amount involved with 
                respect to any tax imposed by reason of subsection 
                (a)(4) is the value of the shares on which the 
                synthetic equity is based.
                    ``(C) Special rule during first nonallocation 
                year.--For purposes of subparagraph (A), the amount 
                involved for the first nonallocation year of any 
                employee stock ownership plan shall be determined by 
                taking into account the total value of all the deemed-
                owned shares of all disqualified persons with respect 
                to such plan.
                    ``(D) Statute of limitations.--The statutory period 
                for the assessment of any tax imposed by this section 
                by reason of paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (a) 
                shall not expire before the date which is 3 years from 
                the later of--
                            ``(i) the allocation or ownership referred 
                        to in such paragraph giving rise to such tax, 
                        or
                            ``(ii) the date on which the Secretary is 
                        notified of such allocation or ownership.''.
    (d) Effective Dates.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
        apply to plan years beginning after December 31, 2001.
            (2) Exception for certain plans.--In the case of any--
                    (A) employee stock ownership plan established after 
                July 11, 2000, or
                    (B) employee stock ownership plan established on or 
                before such date if employer securities held by the 
                plan consist of stock in a corporation with respect to 
                which an election under section 1362(a) of the Internal 
                Revenue Code of 1986 is not in effect on such date,
        the amendments made by this section shall apply to plan years 
        ending after July 11, 2000.

                 TITLE VI--REDUCING REGULATORY BURDENS

SEC. 601. MODIFICATION OF TIMING OF PLAN VALUATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (9) of section 412(c)(9) (relating to 
annual valuation) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(9) Annual valuation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of this section, a 
                determination of experience gains and losses and a 
                valuation of the plan's liability shall be made not 
                less frequently than once every year, except that such 
                determination shall be made more frequently to the 
                extent required in particular cases under regulations 
                prescribed by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Valuation date.--
                            ``(i) Current year.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), the valuation referred to in 
                        subparagraph (A) shall be made as of a date 
                        within the plan year to which the valuation 
                        refers or within one month prior to the 
                        beginning of such year.
                            ``(ii) Election to use prior year 
                        valuation.--The valuation referred to in 
                        subparagraph (A) may be made as of a date 
                        within the plan year prior to the year to which 
                        the valuation refers if--
                                    ``(I) an election is in effect 
                                under this clause with respect to the 
                                plan, and
                                    ``(II) as of such date, the value 
                                of the assets of the plan are not less 
                                than 125 percent of the plan's current 
                                liability (as defined in paragraph 
                                (7)(B)).
                            ``(iii) Adjustments.--Information under 
                        clause (ii) shall, in accordance with 
                        regulations, be actuarially adjusted to reflect 
                        significant differences in participants.
                            ``(iv) Election.--An election under clause 
                        (ii), once made, shall be irrevocable without 
                        the consent of the Secretary.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to plan years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 602. ESOP DIVIDENDS MAY BE REINVESTED WITHOUT LOSS OF DIVIDEND 
              DEDUCTION.

    (a) In General.--Section 404(k)(2)(A) (defining applicable 
dividends) is amended by striking ``or'' at the end of clause (ii), by 
redesignating clause (iii) as clause (iv), and by inserting after 
clause (ii) the following new clause:
                            ``(iii) is, at the election of such 
                        participants or their beneficiaries--
                                    ``(I) payable as provided in clause 
                                (i) or (ii), or
                                    ``(II) paid to the plan and 
                                reinvested in qualifying employer 
                                securities, or''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 603. REPEAL OF TRANSITION RULE RELATING TO CERTAIN HIGHLY 
              COMPENSATED EMPLOYEES.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (4) of section 1114(c) of the Tax Reform 
Act of 1986 is hereby repealed.
    (b) Effective Date.--The repeal made by subsection (a) shall apply 
to plan years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 604. EMPLOYEES OF TAX-EXEMPT ENTITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall modify 
Treasury Regulations section 1.410(b)-6(g) to provide that employees of 
an organization described in section 403(b)(1)(A)(i) of the Internal 
Revenue Code of 1986 who are eligible to make contributions under 
section 403(b) of such Code pursuant to a salary reduction agreement 
may be treated as excludable with respect to a plan under section 
401(k) or (m) of such Code that is provided under the same general 
arrangement as a plan under such section 401(k), if--
            (1) no employee of an organization described in section 
        403(b)(1)(A)(i) of such Code is eligible to participate in such 
        section 401(k) plan or section 401(m) plan; and
            (2) 95 percent of the employees who are not employees of an 
        organization described in section 403(b)(1)(A)(i) of such Code 
        are eligible to participate in such plan under such section 
        401(k) or (m).
    (b) Effective Date.--The modification required by subsection (a) 
shall apply as of the same date set forth in section 1426(b) of the 
Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996.

SEC. 605. CLARIFICATION OF TREATMENT OF EMPLOYER-PROVIDED RETIREMENT 
              ADVICE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 132 (relating to 
exclusion from gross income) is amended by striking ``or'' at the end 
of paragraph (5), by striking the period at the end of paragraph (6) 
and inserting ``, or'', and by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(7) qualified retirement planning services.''.
    (b) Qualified Retirement Planning Services Defined.--Section 132 is 
amended by redesignating subsection (m) as subsection (n) and by 
inserting after subsection (l) the following:
    ``(m) Qualified Retirement Planning Services.--
            ``(1) In general.--For purposes of this section, the term 
        `qualified retirement planning services' means any retirement 
        planning service provided to an employee and his spouse by an 
        employer maintaining a qualified employer plan.
            ``(2) Nondiscrimination rule.--Subsection (a)(7) shall 
        apply in the case of highly compensated employees only if such 
        services are available on substantially the same terms to each 
        member of the group of employees normally provided education 
        and information regarding the employer's qualified employer 
        plan.
            ``(3) Qualified employer plan.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term `qualified employer plan' means a plan, 
        contract, pension, or account described in section 
        219(g)(5).''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 606. REPORTING SIMPLIFICATION.

    (a) Simplified Annual Filing Requirement for Owners and Their 
Spouses.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall modify 
        the requirements for filing annual returns with respect to one-
        participant retirement plans to ensure that such plans with 
        assets of $250,000 or less as of the close of the plan year 
        need not file a return for that year.
            (2) One-participant retirement plan defined.--For purposes 
        of this subsection, the term ``one-participant retirement 
        plan'' means a retirement plan that--
                    (A) on the first day of the plan year--
                            (i) covered only the employer (and the 
                        employer's spouse) and the employer owned the 
                        entire business (whether or not incorporated); 
                        or
                            (ii) covered only one or more partners (and 
                        their spouses) in a business partnership 
                        (including partners in an S or C corporation);
                    (B) meets the minimum coverage requirements of 
                section 410(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 
                without being combined with any other plan of the 
                business that covers the employees of the business;
                    (C) does not provide benefits to anyone except the 
                employer (and the employer's spouse) or the partners 
                (and their spouses);
                    (D) does not cover a business that is a member of 
                an affiliated service group, a controlled group of 
                corporations, or a group of businesses under common 
                control; and
                    (E) does not cover a business that leases 
                employees.
            (3) Other definitions.--Terms used in paragraph (2) which 
        are also used in section 414 of the Internal Revenue Code of 
        1986 shall have the respective meanings given such terms by 
        such section.
    (b) Simplified Annual Filing Requirement for Plans With Fewer Than 
25 Employees.--In the case of a retirement plan which covers less than 
25 employees on the first day of the plan year and meets the 
requirements described in subparagraphs (B), (D), and (E) of subsection 
(a)(2), the Secretary of the Treasury shall provide for the filing of a 
simplified annual return that is substantially similar to the annual 
return required to be filed by a one-participant retirement plan.
    (c) Effective Date.--The provisions of this section shall take 
effect on January 1, 2001.

SEC. 607. IMPROVEMENT OF EMPLOYEE PLANS COMPLIANCE RESOLUTION SYSTEM.

    The Secretary of the Treasury shall continue to update and improve 
the Employee Plans Compliance Resolution System (or any successor 
program) giving special attention to--
            (1) increasing the awareness and knowledge of small 
        employers concerning the availability and use of the program;
            (2) taking into account special concerns and circumstances 
        that small employers face with respect to compliance and 
        correction of compliance failures;
            (3) extending the duration of the self-correction period 
        under the Administrative Policy Regarding Self-Correction for 
        significant compliance failures;
            (4) expanding the availability to correct insignificant 
        compliance failures under the Administrative Policy Regarding 
        Self-Correction during audit; and
            (5) assuring that any tax, penalty, or sanction that is 
        imposed by reason of a compliance failure is not excessive and 
        bears a reasonable relationship to the nature, extent, and 
        severity of the failure.

SEC. 608. REPEAL OF THE MULTIPLE USE TEST.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (9) of section 401(m) is amended to read 
as follows:
            ``(9) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe such 
        regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of 
        this subsection and subsection (k), including regulations 
        permitting appropriate aggregation of plans and 
        contributions.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall apply 
to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 609. FLEXIBILITY IN NONDISCRIMINATION, COVERAGE, AND LINE OF 
              BUSINESS RULES.

    (a) Nondiscrimination.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall, by 
        regulation, provide that a plan shall be deemed to satisfy the 
        requirements of section 401(a)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code 
        of 1986 if such plan satisfies the facts and circumstances test 
        under section 401(a)(4) of such Code, as in effect before 
        January 1, 1994, but only if--
                    (A) the plan satisfies conditions prescribed by the 
                Secretary to appropriately limit the availability of 
                such test; and
                    (B) the plan is submitted to the Secretary for a 
                determination of whether it satisfies such test.
        Subparagraph (B) shall only apply to the extent provided by the 
        Secretary.
            (2) Effective dates.--
                    (A) Regulations.--The regulation required by 
                paragraph (1) shall apply to years beginning after 
                December 31, 2000.
                    (B) Conditions of availability.--Any condition of 
                availability prescribed by the Secretary under 
                paragraph (1)(A) shall not apply before the first year 
                beginning not less than 120 days after the date on 
                which such condition is prescribed.
    (b) Coverage Test.--
            (1) In general.--Section 410(b)(1) (relating to minimum 
        coverage requirements) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(D) In the case that the plan fails to meet the 
                requirements of subparagraphs (A), (B) and (C), the 
                plan--
                            ``(i) satisfies subparagraph (B), as in 
                        effect immediately before the enactment of the 
                        Tax Reform Act of 1986,
                            ``(ii) is submitted to the Secretary for a 
                        determination of whether it satisfies the 
                        requirement described in clause (i), and
                            ``(iii) satisfies conditions prescribed by 
                        the Secretary by regulation that appropriately 
                        limit the availability of this subparagraph.
                Clause (ii) shall apply only to the extent provided by 
                the Secretary.''.
            (2) Effective dates.--
                    (A) In general.--The amendment made by paragraph 
                (1) shall apply to years beginning after December 31, 
                2000.
                    (B) Conditions of availability.--Any condition of 
                availability prescribed by the Secretary under 
                regulations prescribed by the Secretary under section 
                410(b)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall 
                not apply before the first year beginning not less than 
                120 days after the date on which such condition is 
                prescribed.
    (c) Line of Business Rules.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall, 
on or before December 31, 2000, modify the existing regulations issued 
under section 414(r) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 in order to 
expand (to the extent that the Secretary determines appropriate) the 
ability of a pension plan to demonstrate compliance with the line of 
business requirements based upon the facts and circumstances 
surrounding the design and operation of the plan, even though the plan 
is unable to satisfy the mechanical tests currently used to determine 
compliance.

SEC. 610. EXTENSION TO ALL GOVERNMENTAL PLANS OF MORATORIUM ON 
              APPLICATION OF CERTAIN NONDISCRIMINATION RULES APPLICABLE 
              TO STATE AND LOCAL PLANS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Subparagraph (G) of section 401(a)(5) and subparagraph 
        (H) of section 401(a)(26) are each amended by striking 
        ``section 414(d))'' and all that follows and inserting 
        ``section 414(d)).''.
            (2) Subparagraph (G) of section 401(k)(3) and paragraph (2) 
        of section 1505(d) of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 are each 
        amended by striking ``maintained by a State or local government 
        or political subdivision thereof (or agency or instrumentality 
        thereof)''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) The heading for subparagraph (G) of section 401(a)(5) 
        is amended to read as follows: ``Governmental plans''.
            (2) The heading for subparagraph (H) of section 401(a)(26) 
        is amended to read as follows: ``Exception for governmental 
        plans''.
            (3) Subparagraph (G) of section 401(k)(3) is amended by 
        inserting ``Governmental plans.--'' after ``(G)''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to years beginning after December 31, 2000.

SEC. 611. NOTICE AND CONSENT PERIOD REGARDING DISTRIBUTIONS.

    (a) Expansion of Period.--
            (1) In general.--Subparagraph (A) of section 417(a)(6) is 
        amended by striking ``90-day'' and inserting ``180-day''.
            (2) Modification of regulations.--The Secretary of the 
        Treasury shall modify the regulations under sections 402(f), 
        411(a)(11), and 417 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to 
        substitute ``180 days'' for ``90 days'' each place it appears 
        in Treasury Regulations sections 1.402(f)-1, 1.411(a)-11(c), 
        and 1.417(e)-1(b).
            (3) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
        and the modifications required by paragraph (2) shall apply to 
        years beginning after December 31, 2000.
    (b) Consent Regulation Inapplicable to Certain Distributions.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall modify 
        the regulations under section 411(a)(11) of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986 to provide that the description of a 
        participant's right, if any, to defer receipt of a distribution 
        shall also describe the consequences of failing to defer such 
        receipt.
            (2) Effective date.--The modifications required by 
        paragraph (1) shall apply to years beginning after December 31, 
        2000.

                       TITLE VII--PLAN AMENDMENTS

SEC. 701. PROVISIONS RELATING TO PLAN AMENDMENTS.

    (a) In General.--If this section applies to any plan or contract 
amendment--
            (1) such plan or contract shall be treated as being 
        operated in accordance with the terms of the plan during the 
        period described in subsection (b)(2)(A); and
            (2) such plan shall not fail to meet the requirements of 
        section 411(d)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 by 
        reason of such amendment.
    (b) Amendments to Which Section Applies.--
            (1) In general.--This section shall apply to any amendment 
        to any plan or annuity contract which is made--
                    (A) pursuant to any amendment made by this Act, or 
                pursuant to any regulation issued under this Act, and
                    (B) on or before the last day of the first plan 
                year beginning on or after January 1, 2003.
        In the case of a governmental plan (as defined in section 
        414(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986), this paragraph 
        shall be applied by substituting ``2005'' for ``2003''.
            (2) Conditions.--This section shall not apply to any 
        amendment unless--
                    (A) during the period--
                            (i) beginning on the date the legislative 
                        or regulatory amendment described in paragraph 
                        (1)(A) takes effect (or in the case of a plan 
                        or contract amendment not required by such 
                        legislative or regulatory amendment, the 
                        effective date specified by the plan); and
                            (ii) ending on the date described in 
                        paragraph (1)(B) (or, if earlier, the date the 
                        plan or contract amendment is adopted),
                the plan or contract is operated as if such plan or 
                contract amendment were in effect; and
                    (B) such plan or contract amendment applies 
                retroactively for such period.
                                                 Union Calendar No. 433

106th CONGRESS

  2d Session

                               H. R. 4843

                          [Report No. 106-753]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

 To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for retirement 
                      security and pension reform.

_______________________________________________________________________

                             July 17, 2000

  Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole 
       House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed