Text: H.R.5178 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)All Information (Except Text)
Public Law No: 106-430 (11/06/2000)
[106th Congress Public Law 430]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[[Page 114 STAT. 1901]]
Public Law 106-430
To require changes in the bloodborne pathogens standard in effect under
the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. <<NOTE: Nov. 6,
2000 - [H.R. 5178]>>
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress <<NOTE: Needlestick Safety and
Prevention Act.>> assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Needlestick Safety and Prevention
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
The Congress finds the following:
(1) Numerous workers who are occupationally exposed to
bloodborne pathogens have contracted fatal and other serious
viruses and diseases, including the human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV), hepatitis B, and hepatitis C from exposure to blood and
other potentially infectious materials in their workplace.
(2) In 1991 the Occupational Safety and Health
Administration issued a standard regulating occupational
exposure to bloodborne pathogens, including the human
immunodeficiency virus, (HIV), the hepatitis B virus (HBV), and
the hepatitis C virus (HCV).
(3) Compliance with the bloodborne pathogens standard has
significantly reduced the risk that workers will contract a
bloodborne disease in the course of their work.
(4) Nevertheless, occupational exposure to bloodborne
pathogens from accidental sharps injuries in health care
settings continues to be a serious problem. In March 2000, the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that more
than 380,000 percutaneous injuries from contaminated sharps
occur annually among health care workers in United States
hospital settings. Estimates for all health care settings are
that 600,000 to 800,000 needlestick and other percutaneous
injuries occur among health care workers annually. Such injuries
can involve needles or other sharps contaminated with bloodborne
pathogens, such as HIV, HBV, or HCV.
(5) Since publication of the bloodborne pathogens standard
in 1991 there has been a substantial increase in the number and
assortment of effective engineering controls available to
employers. There is now a large body of research and data
concerning the effectiveness of newer engineering controls,
including safer medical devices.
(6) 396 interested parties responded to a Request for
Information (in this section referred to as the ``RFI'')
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by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration in 1998 on
engineering and work practice controls used to eliminate or
minimize the risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne
pathogens due to percutaneous injuries from contaminated sharps.
Comments were provided by health care facilities, groups
representing healthcare workers, researchers, educational
institutions, professional and industry associations, and
manufacturers of medical devices.
(7) Numerous studies have demonstrated that the use of safer
medical devices, such as needleless systems and sharps with
engineered sharps injury protections, when they are part of an
overall bloodborne pathogens risk-reduction program, can be
extremely effective in reducing accidental sharps injuries.
(8) In March 2000, the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention estimated that, depending on the type of device used
and the procedure involved, 62 to 88 percent of sharps injuries
can potentially be prevented by the use of safer medical
(9) The OSHA 200 Log, as it is currently maintained, does
not sufficiently reflect injuries that may involve exposure to
bloodborne pathogens in healthcare facilities. More than 98
percent of healthcare facilities responding to the RFI have
adopted surveillance systems in addition to the OSHA 200 Log.
Information gathered through these surveillance systems is
commonly used for hazard identification and evaluation of
program and device effectiveness.
(10) Training and education in the use of safer medical
devices and safer work practices are significant elements in the
prevention of percutaneous exposure incidents. Staff involvement
in the device selection and evaluation process is also an
important element to achieving a reduction in sharps injuries,
particularly as new safer devices are introduced into the work
(11) Modification of the bloodborne pathogens standard is
appropriate to set forth in greater detail its requirement that
employers identify, evaluate, and make use of effective safer
SEC. 3. BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS STANDARD.
The bloodborne pathogens standard published at 29 CFR 1910.1030
shall be revised as follows:
(1) The definition of ``Engineering Controls'' (at 29 CFR
1910.1030(b)) shall include as additional examples of controls
the following: ``safer medical devices, such as sharps with
engineered sharps injury protections and needleless systems''.
(2) The term ``Sharps with Engineered Sharps Injury
Protections'' shall be added to the definitions (at 29 CFR
1910.1030(b)) and defined as ``a nonneedle sharp or a needle
device used for withdrawing body fluids, accessing a vein or
artery, or administering medications or other fluids, with a
built-in safety feature or mechanism that effectively reduces
the risk of an exposure incident''.
(3) The term ``Needleless Systems'' shall be added to the
definitions (at 29 CFR 1910.1030(b)) and defined as ``a device
that does not use needles for: (A) the collection of bodily
fluids or withdrawal of body fluids after initial venous or
arterial access is established; (B) the administration of
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fluids; or (C) any other procedure involving the potential for
occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens due to
percutaneous injuries from contaminated sharps''.
(4) In addition to the existing requirements concerning
exposure control plans (29 CFR 1910.1030(c)(1)(iv)), the review
and update of such plans shall be required to also--
(A) ``reflect changes in technology that eliminate
or reduce exposure to bloodborne pathogens''; and
(B) ``document annually consideration and
implementation of appropriate commercially available and
effective safer medical devices designed to eliminate or
minimize occupational exposure''.
(5) <<NOTE: Records.>> The following additional
recordkeeping requirement shall be added to the bloodborne
pathogens standard at 29 CFR 1910.1030(h): ``The employer shall
establish and maintain a sharps injury log for the recording of
percutaneous injuries from contaminated sharps. The information
in the sharps injury log shall be recorded and maintained in
such manner as to protect the confidentiality of the injured
employee. The sharps injury log shall contain, at a minimum--
``(A) the type and brand of device involved in the
``(B) the department or work area where the exposure
incident occurred, and
``(C) an explanation of how the incident
The requirement for such sharps injury log shall not apply to
any employer who is not required to maintain a log of
occupational injuries and illnesses under 29 CFR 1904 and the
sharps injury log shall be maintained for the period required by
29 CFR 1904.6.
(6) The following new section shall be added to the
bloodborne pathogens standard: ``An employer, who is required to
establish an Exposure Control Plan shall solicit input from non-
managerial employees responsible for direct patient care who are
potentially exposed to injuries from contaminated sharps in the
identification, evaluation, and selection of effective
engineering and work practice controls and shall document the
solicitation in the Exposure Control Plan.''.
SEC. 4. EFFECT OF MODIFICATIONS.
The modifications under section 3 shall be in force until superseded
in whole or in part by regulations promulgated by the Secretary of Labor
under section 6(b) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29
U.S.C. 655(b)) and shall be enforced in the same manner and to the same
extent as any rule or regulation promulgated under section 6(b).
SEC. 5. PROCEDURE AND EFFECTIVE DATE.
(a) Procedure.--The modifications of the bloodborne pathogens
standard prescribed by section 3 shall take effect without regard to the
procedural requirements applicable to regulations promulgated under
section 6(b) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29
U.S.C. 655(b)) or the procedural requirements of chapter 5 of title 5,
United States Code.
(b) Effective Date.--The modifications to the bloodborne pathogens
standard required by section 3 shall--
(1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Federal Register,
publication.>> within 6 months of the date of the enactment of
this Act, be made and published in the Federal Register by the
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Secretary of Labor acting through the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration; and
(2) at the end of 90 days after such publication, take
Approved November 6, 2000.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 5178:
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 146 (2000):
Oct. 3, considered and passed House.
Oct. 26, considered and passed Senate.
WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS, Vol. 36 (2000):
Nov. 6, Presidential statement.