Summary: H.R.5533 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for H.R.5533. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (10/24/2000)

Global Action and Investments for New Success for Women and Girls Act of 2000 (GAINS Act of 2000) - Title I: Integration of Women Into National Economies of Developing Countries - Amends the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 and the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 to require such Acts to be administered so as to give particular attention to those programs, projects, and activities which tend to integrate women into the national economies of developing countries.

(Sec. 104) Authorizes appropriations for the Office of Women in Development of the Agency for International Development (AID).

(Sec. 105) Authorizes the President to make a voluntary contribution to the United Nations Development Fund for Women.

Title II: Impact of Trade Agreements On Women - Directs the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) to: (1) establish an Advisory Committee for Trade, Gender, and Development Policy; and (2) appoint to the Advisory Committee on Trade Policy two additional members, one with expertise in gender issues and one with expertise in international development issues.

(Sec. 204) Directs the USTR, the Secretaries of Labor and of Health and Human Services, and the Administrator of AID to review: (1) the impact of U.S. trade agreements on the employment of women, women's health, and educational opportunities; and (2) the relationship between U.S. development assistance policies and U.S. trade policies, including the extent to which issues relating to gender are integrated into U.S. negotiation positions relating to trade agreements.

(Sec. 205) Directs the Administrator of AID and the Secretary of State to conduct periodically time use surveys of unremunerated work performed in foreign countries, including surveys to determine the approximate monetary value of such work.

Title III: Ensuring Opportunities for Women in Developing Countries - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to revise education and human resources development provisions to reaffirm the goals established by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the United Nations (UN) of achieving global gender equity in education by 2005 and universal access to basic education by 2015.

(Sec. 302) Authorizes the President to provide grant assistance for programs to increase the availability of credit and other services to microenterprises lacking full access to capital, training, technical assistance, and business development (with 50 percent of all assistance to be targeted to very poor entrepreneurs).

(Sec. 303) Establishes a U.S. Microfinance Loan Facility to pool and manage risk from natural disasters, war or civil conflict, national financial crisis, or short-term financial movements that threaten the long-term development of U.S.-supported microfinance institutions.

Title IV: Promotion of Health of Women and Girls in Developing Countries - Authorizes appropriations for the U.S. voluntary contribution to the UN Population Fund.

(Sec. 402) Provides for: (1) AID programs to provide maternal health assistance to individuals in need in developing countries; (2) AID programs to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS in developing countries; (3) assistance for the prevention, treatment, and control of tuberculosis; and (4) the establishment by AID of an index to measure the impact of its programs, projects, and activities on the health of children in developing countries.

Title V: Human Rights of Women - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to direct the Administrator of AID to carry out programs to assist governments of developing countries to eliminate de jure discrimination against women.

(Sec. 502) Directs the President to carry out programs in the United States and in foreign countries to prevent the trafficking of women and children.

(Sec. 503) Expresses the sense of Congress that: (1) a specified congressional committee should hold hearings on the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW); and (2) the Senate should give its advice and consent to the ratification of CEDAW.