Text: S.1865 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)All Information (Except Text)
Public Law No: 106-515 (11/13/2000)
[106th Congress Public Law 515]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[[Page 114 STAT. 2399]]
Public Law 106-515
To provide grants to establish demonstration mental health
courts. <<NOTE: Nov. 13, 2000 - [S. 1865]>>
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress <<NOTE: America's Law Enforcement
and Mental Health Project. Inter-governmental relations.>> assembled,
SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3711 note.>> SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``America's Law Enforcement and Mental
SEC. 2. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796ii note.>> FINDINGS.
Congress finds that--
(1) fully 16 percent of all inmates in State prisons and
local jails suffer from mental illness, according to a July,
1999 report, conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics;
(2) between 600,000 and 700,000 mentally ill persons are
annually booked in jail alone, according to the American Jail
(3) estimates say 25 to 40 percent of America's mentally ill
will come into contact with the criminal justice system,
according to National Alliance for the Mentally Ill;
(4) 75 percent of mentally ill inmates have been sentenced
to time in prison or jail or probation at least once prior to
their current sentence, according to the Bureau of Justice
Statistics in July, 1999; and
(5) Broward County, Florida and King County, Washington,
have created separate Mental Health Courts to place nonviolent
mentally ill offenders into judicially monitored inpatient and
outpatient mental health treatment programs, where appropriate,
with positive results.
SEC. 3. MENTAL HEALTH COURTS.
(a) Amendment.--Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
Streets Act of 1968 is amended by inserting after part U (42 U.S.C.
3796hh et seq.) the following:
``PART V--MENTAL HEALTH COURTS
``SEC. 2201. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796ii.>> GRANT AUTHORITY.
``The Attorney General shall make grants to States, State courts,
local courts, units of local government, and Indian tribal governments,
acting directly or through agreements with other public or nonprofit
entities, for not more than 100 programs that involve--
[[Page 114 STAT. 2400]]
``(1) continuing judicial supervision, including periodic
review, over preliminarily qualified offenders with mental
illness, mental retardation, or co-occurring mental illness and
substance abuse disorders, who are charged with misdemeanors or
nonviolent offenses; and
``(2) the coordinated delivery of services, which includes--
``(A) specialized training of law enforcement and
judicial personnel to identify and address the unique
needs of a mentally ill or mentally retarded offender;
``(B) voluntary outpatient or inpatient mental
health treatment, in the least restrictive manner
appropriate, as determined by the court, that carries
with it the possibility of dismissal of charges or
reduced sentencing upon successful completion of
``(C) centralized case management involving the
consolidation of all of a mentally ill or mentally
retarded defendant's cases, including violations of
probation, and the coordination of all mental health
treatment plans and social services, including life
skills training, such as housing placement, vocational
training, education, job placement, health care, and
relapse prevention for each participant who requires
such services; and
``(D) continuing supervision of treatment plan
compliance for a term not to exceed the maximum
allowable sentence or probation for the charged or
relevant offense and, to the extent practicable,
continuity of psychiatric care at the end of the
``SEC. 2202. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796ii-1.>> DEFINITIONS.
``In this part--
``(1) the term `mental illness' means a diagnosable mental,
behavioral, or emotional disorder--
``(A) of sufficient duration to meet diagnostic
criteria within the most recent edition of the
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
published by the American Psychiatric Association; and
``(B) that has resulted in functional impairment
that substantially interferes with or limits 1 or more
major life activities; and
``(2) the term `preliminarily qualified offender with mental
illness, mental retardation, or co-occurring mental and
substance abuse disorders' means a person who--
``(A)(i) previously or currently has been diagnosed
by a qualified mental health professional as having a
mental illness, mental retardation, or co-occurring
mental illness and substance abuse disorders; or
``(ii) manifests obvious signs of mental illness,
mental retardation, or co-occurring mental illness and
substance abuse disorders during arrest or confinement
or before any court; and
``(B) is deemed eligible by designated judges.
``SEC. 2203. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796ii-2.>> ADMINISTRATION.
``(a) Consultation.--The Attorney General shall consult with the
Secretary of Health and Human Services and any other appropriate
officials in carrying out this part.
[[Page 114 STAT. 2401]]
``(b) Use of Components.--The Attorney General may utilize any
component or components of the Department of Justice in carrying out
``(c) Regulatory Authority.--The Attorney General shall issue
regulations and guidelines necessary to carry out this part which
include, but are not limited to, the methodologies and outcome measures
proposed for evaluating each applicant program.
``(d) Applications.--In addition to any other requirements that may
be specified by the Attorney General, an application for a grant under
this part shall--
``(1) include a long-term strategy and detailed
``(2) explain the applicant's inability to fund the program
adequately without Federal assistance;
``(3) certify that the Federal support provided will be used
to supplement, and not supplant, State, Indian tribal, and local
sources of funding that would otherwise be available;
``(4) identify related governmental or community initiatives
which complement or will be coordinated with the proposal;
``(5) certify that there has been appropriate consultation
with all affected agencies and that there will be appropriate
coordination with all affected agencies in the implementation of
the program, including the State mental health authority;
``(6) certify that participating offenders will be
supervised by one or more designated judges with responsibility
for the mental health court program;
``(7) specify plans for obtaining necessary support and
continuing the proposed program following the conclusion of
``(8) describe the methodology and outcome measures that
will be used in evaluating the program; and
``(9) certify that participating first time offenders
without a history of a mental illness will receive a mental
``SEC. 2204. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796ii-3.>> APPLICATIONS.
``To request funds under this part, the chief executive or the chief
justice of a State or the chief executive or chief judge of a unit of
local government or Indian tribal government shall submit to the
Attorney General an application in such form and containing such
information as the Attorney General may reasonably require.
``SEC. 2205. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796ii-4.>> FEDERAL SHARE.
``The Federal share of a grant made under this part may not exceed
75 percent of the total costs of the program described in the
application submitted under section 2204 for the fiscal year for which
the program receives assistance under this part, unless the Attorney
General waives, wholly or in part, the requirement of a matching
contribution under this section. The use of the Federal share of a grant
made under this part shall be limited to new expenses necessitated by
the proposed program, including the development of treatment services
and the hiring and training of personnel. In-kind contributions may
constitute a portion of the non-Federal share of a grant.
``SEC. 2206. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796ii-5.>> GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION.
``The Attorney General shall ensure that, to the extent practicable,
an equitable geographic distribution of grant awards is
[[Page 114 STAT. 2402]]
made that considers the special needs of rural communities, Indian
tribes, and Alaska Natives.
``SEC. 2207. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796ii-6.>> REPORT.
``A State, Indian tribal government, or unit of local government
that receives funds under this part during a fiscal year shall submit to
the Attorney General a report in March of the following year regarding
the effectiveness of this part.
``SEC. 2208. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796ii-7.>> TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, TRAINING,
``(a) Technical Assistance and Training.--The Attorney General may
provide technical assistance and training in furtherance of the purposes
of this part.
``(b) Evaluations.--In addition to any evaluation requirements that
may be prescribed for grantees, the Attorney General may carry out or
make arrangements for evaluations of programs that receive support under
``(c) Administration.--The technical assistance, training, and
evaluations authorized by this section may be carried out directly by
the Attorney General, in collaboration with the Secretary of Health and
Human Services, or through grants, contracts, or other cooperative
arrangements with other entities.''.
(b) Technical Amendment.--The table of contents of title I of the
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et
seq.), is amended by inserting after part U the following:
``Part V--Mental Health Courts
``Sec. 2201. Grant authority.
``Sec. 2202. Definitions.
``Sec. 2203. Administration.
``Sec. 2204. Applications.
``Sec. 2205. Federal share.
``Sec. 2206. Geographic distribution.
``Sec. 2207. Report.
``Sec. 2208. Technical assistance, training, and evaluation.''.
[[Page 114 STAT. 2403]]
(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1001(a) of title I of
the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C.
3793(a)) is amended by inserting after paragraph (19) the following:
``(20) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part V,
$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2004.''.
Approved November 13, 2000.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 1865:
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 146 (2000):
Sept. 26, considered and passed Senate.
Oct. 24, considered and passed House.