Summary: S.2045 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Passed Senate amended (10/03/2000)

Title I: American Competitiveness in the Twenty-First Century - American Competitiveness in the Twenty-first Century Act of 2000 - Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to increase available nonimmigrant H-1B specialty occupation visas for FY 2001 through 2003.

(Sec. 103) Exempts from H-1B numerical limits an alien who is employed at an institution of higher education or related nonprofit entity, nonprofit research or governmental research entity.

(Sec.104) Makes employment-based immigrant visas available on a quarterly basis without regard to per-country limitations if unused visas are available.

Authorizes a U.S.-residency extension for a nonimmigrant alien for whom an employment-based immigrant petition has been filed but who is subject to the per-country limit until resolution of such alien's application for status adjustment.

(Sec. 105) Authorizes a qualifying H-1B alien to accept new employment upon a prospective employer's filing of a new petition, which shall last until such petition's adjudication.

(Sec. 106) Provides for one-year extensions of authorized H-1B stay in cases of permanent residence adjudications lasting 365 days or longer.

(Sec. 107) Extends: (1) attestation requirements under such Act through October 1, 2002; and (2) investigative authorities under the American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act of 1998 through FY 2002.

(Sec. 108) Provides, with respect to nonimmigrant visa petitions subject to numerical limits, for the numerical restoration of such visas fraudulently obtained, effective for the fiscal year of petition revocation.

(Sec. 109) Directs the National Science Foundation to conduct a study of the divergence in high technology access (digital divide).

(Sec. 110) Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to reduce allocations from the (visa fee) Treasury H-1B Nonimmigrant Petitioner Account for job training and low-income scholarships for mathematics, engineering, or computer studies.

Replaces the existing allocation for National Science Foundation (NSF) enrichment grants in mathematics, engineering, and science with an NSF allocation in support of public-private education partnerships in math, science, and technology.

Reduces application processing and enforcement allocations.

Amends the American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act of 1998 with respect to such low-income National Science Foundation scholarships to: (1) increase maximum amounts; and (2) authorize four-year extensions.

Amends the American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act of 1998 to direct NSF and the Department of Labor to monitor H-1B grant programs.

(Sec. 111) Directs the Secretary of Labor to use Account funds to establish technical skills training demonstration programs for employed and unemployed workers.

(Sec. 112) Kids 2000 Act - Directs the Attorney General to make grants to the Boys and Girls Clubs of America for after-school technology programs, such as PowerUp. Authorizes FY 2001 through 2006 appropriations. Authorizes funding from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.

(Sec. 113) Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to allocate specified Account funds for certain H-1B and immigrant petitions.

(Sec. 114) Excludes foreign student or teacher nonimmigrant aliens from specified H-1B numerical limitations.

(Sec. 115) Directs the Secretary of Commerce to review U.S. (public and private) workforce training programs.

Title II: Immigration Services and Infrastructure Improvements - Immigration Services and Infrastructure Improvements Act of 2000 - Authorizes the Attorney General to take necessary steps to: (1) reduce the immigration backlog; and (2) make infrastructure improvements to effectively provide immigration services. Authorizes appropriations. Sets forth related reporting requirements.