Summary: S.2783 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for S.2783. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Introduced in Senate (06/26/2000)

21st Century Law Enforcement and Public Safety Act - Title I: Supporting Local Law Enforcement and Promoting Crime-Fighting Technologies - Expands the purpose of the COPS (public safety and community policing) program to increase the number of prosecutors as well as police. Authorizes grants for underserved rural areas of less than 25,000 people. Supports the creation or expansion of community-based justice programs. Extends the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant Act.

Integrated Information Technology Assistance Act of 2000 - Authorizes grants and technical assistance to, or contracts with, public agencies, Indian tribal governments, private entities, and international agencies for the development, implementation, and improvement of justice information systems to achieve greater integration and improved information sharing among criminal justice agencies.

Authorizes the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation to expand the Combined DNA Identification System to include information from missing persons and criminal offenses and acts of juvenile delinquency committed under Federal law, the Uniform Code of Military Justice, and the District of Columbia Code.

Title II: Breaking the Cycle of Drugs and Violence - Subtitle A: Zero Tolerance Drug Supervision - Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants for programs that support: (1) developing and implementing comprehensive drug testing policies and practices with regard to criminal justice populations; and (2) establishing appropriate interventions to illegal drug use for offender populations. Reestablishes drug courts.

Subtitle B: Anti-Drug Provisions - Requires the Secretary of Transportation to withhold funds from any State that has not enacted and is not enforcing a law that considers as intoxicated a driver with an alcohol concentration level of 0.08 percent or greater.

Drug-Free Teenage Drivers Act - Directs the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to establish a demonstration program in several States to provide drug testing for all teenaged applicants (or other first time applicants) for a driver's license.

Subtitle C: Anti-Drug and Organized Crime Money Laundering Act - Provides that for purposes of proving a violation of provisions involving an illegal money transmitting business, it shall be sufficient for the Government to prove that the defendant knew that the business lacked a license required by State law or failed to comply with money transmitting business registration requirements.

Sets forth provisions regarding restraint of assets of persons arrested abroad and long-arm jurisdiction over foreign money launderers. Includes a foreign bank within the definition of "financial institution" for purposes of money laundering provisions. Expands the definition of "specified unlawful activity" to cover certain listed offenses, including, with respect to a financial transaction occurring in the United States, an offense against a foreign nation involving a crime of violence, fraud, bribery of a public official, smuggling or export control violations involving munitions, and an offense under which the United States would be obligated by a multilateral treaty either to extradite the alleged offender or to submit the case for prosecution if the offender were found within U.S. territory.

Sets forth provisions regarding criminal forfeiture for money laundering, venue, bulk cash smuggling, and penalties for violations of geographic targeting orders and record-keeping requirements.

Title III: Fighting Terrorism and International Crime - Subtitle A: Investigating and Punishing Violent Crimes Against U.S. Nationals Abroad - Prohibits: (1) extortion against U.S. nationals abroad in furtherance of organized crime; and (2) murder or serious assault of a State or local law enforcement, judicial, or other official abroad.

Subtitle B: Strengthening the Air, Land and Sea Borders of the United States - Provides for the death penalty under specified circumstances involving violence committed along the U.S. border.

Subtitle C: Denying Safe Haven to International Criminals - Provides for extradition for offenses not covered by a list treaty, or absent a treaty, under specified circumstances. Excludes from entry into the United States persons involved in international alien smuggling.

Subtitle D: Seizing and Forfeiting the Assets of International Criminals - Authorizes the U.S. Customs Service to examine outbound mail for contraband. Provides for forfeiture of property used to violate Federal explosives laws.

Subtitle E: Responding to Emerging International Crime Threats - Provides for U.S. jurisdiction over certain financial crimes committed abroad.

Subtitle F: Promoting Global Cooperation in the Fight Against International Crime - Establishes procedures for execution of mutual legal assistance requests. Authorizes training of foreign law enforcement agencies for anti-terrorism purposes.

Subtitle G: Streamlining the Investigation and Prosecution of International Crimes in U.S. Courts - Authorizes: (1) Federal reimbursement of State and local law enforcement agencies in international crime cases; and (2) granting safe conduct for foreign witnesses testifying in U.S. courts. Prohibits fugitives from benefitting from time served abroad. Authorizes the suspension of statutes of limitations for the collection of evidence located abroad.

Subtitle H: Terrorism - Prohibits specified conduct with respect to biological agents, toxins, and delivery systems.

Rail and Mass Transportation Anti-Terrorism and Violence Prevention Act of 2000 - Prohibits specified terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against railroad carriers and mass transportation systems.

Title IV: Protecting Americans and Supporting Victims of Crime - Subtitle A: Violence Against Women - Reauthorizes certain Violence Against Women Act programs.

Comprehensive Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2000 - Directs the Secretary of State to establish mechanisms to measure and evaluate global progress in reducing trafficking. Urges the President to promote economic opportunities for women and establish or expand interagency procedures to collect and organize data, including significant research and resource information on domestic and international trafficking in persons.

Creates a new "T" non- immigrant visa classification for certain aliens possessing material information concerning unlawful activity. Authorizes assistance to victims of trafficking without regard to immigration status. Establishes new prohibitions against trafficking and criminal exploitation of workers and unlawful possession of documents in furtherance of trafficking, criminal worker exploitation, involuntary servitude, or peonage.

Subtitle B: Children Exposed to Violence - Directs the U.S. Sentencing Commission to provide a sentencing enhancement for violent crimes committed in the presence of children.

Subtitle C: Victims Assistance - Expands U.S. jurisdiction over child buying and selling offenses.

Subtitle D: Health Care Fraud and Abuse - Directs the Sentencing Commission to study and report on health care fraud sentences.

Nursing Home Abuse and Neglect Prevention and Punishment Act of 2000 - Prescribes punishment and fines for engaging in a pattern of violations resulting in harm to residents of nursing homes and related facilities.

Subtitle E: Consumer Fraud - Provides for the blocking or termination of service in cases of telemarketing scams.

Subtitle F: Pension-Welfare and Labor-Management Racketeering Act - Prescribed fines and terms of imprisonment for: (1) fraud in relation to retirement arrangements; and (2) bribery and graft in connection with employee benefit plans. Provides for forfeiture for retirement offenses.

Subtitle G: Environmental Crimes and Enforcement Act - Provides for reimbursement by a person convicted of Federal environmental crimes of State, local, or tribal government costs for assistance in Federal investigation and prosecution of such crimes. Establishes within the Environmental Protection Agency a State, local, and tribal environmental enforcement training program. Sets a five year statute of limitations for felony environmental crimes, with exceptions. Provides for environmental crime restitution or remediation.

Subtitle H: Hate Crimes Prevention Act - Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2000 - Prescribes punishment to be imposed for certain acts of violence committed because of actual or perceived race, color, religion, or national origin of the victim.

Title V: Strengthening Federal Criminal Laws to Combat Violent and White-Collar Crime - Subtitle A: Bolstering Federal Law to Fight Violent Crime and Apprehend Dangerous Fugitives - Authorizes the Attorney General to subpoena witnesses to produce records relevant to an investigation regarding apprehension of a fugitive.

Subtitle B: Combatting Crime and Improving Operations in Correction Facilities - Increases penalties and expands jurisdiction for sexual abuse and contraband offenses in correctional facilities. Removes wiretap restrictions from prison communications.

Subtitle C: Improvements in Federal Law Relating to White Collar Crime - Eliminates the proof of value requirement for felony theft or conversion of grand jury material. Provides for forfeiture of computers and other devices used for counterfeiting. Increases the maximum corporate penalty for antitrust violations.

Subtitle D: Federal Law Enforcement Programs - Authorizes executive agencies, under certain circumstances, to pay extended assignment incentives for civil service positions in U.S. territories, commonwealths, or possessions.

Subtitle E: Improvements to Federal Sentencing Laws - Rewrites provisions regarding credit for prior custody. Expands a provision allowing for release of non- dangerous offenders who have served at least 30 years in prison who are at least 70 years old.