Text: S.531 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)All Information (Except Text)
Public Law No: 106-26 (05/04/1999)
[106th Congress Public Law 26]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
Public Law 106-26
To authorize the President to award a gold medal on behalf of the
Congress to Rosa Parks in recognition of her contributions to the
Nation. <<NOTE: May 4, 1999 - [S. 531]>>
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: 31 USC 5111
SECTION 1. FINDINGS.
The Congress finds that--
(1) <<NOTE: James McCauley. Leona McCauley.>> Rosa Parks was
born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama, the first child
of James and Leona (Edwards) McCauley;
(2) Rosa Parks is honored as the ``first lady of civil
rights'' and the ``mother of the freedom movement'', and her
quiet dignity ignited the most significant social movement in
the history of the United States;
(3) Rosa Parks was arrested on December 1, 1955, in
Montgomery, Alabama, for refusing to give up her seat on a bus
to a white man, and her stand for equal rights became legendary;
(4) news of Rosa Parks' arrest resulted in 42,000 African
Americans boycotting Montgomery buses for 381 days, beginning on
December 5, 1955, until the bus segregation laws were changed on
December 21, 1956;
(5) the United States Supreme Court ruled on November 13,
1956, that the Montgomery segregation law was unconstitutional,
and on December 20, 1956, Montgomery officials were ordered to
(6) the civil rights movement led to the Civil Rights Act of
1964, which broke down the barriers of legal discrimination
against African Americans and made equality before the law a
reality for all Americans;
(7) Rosa Parks is the recipient of many awards and accolades
for her efforts on behalf of racial harmony, including the
Springarn Award, the NAACP's highest honor for civil rights
contributions, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Nation's
highest civilian honor, and the first International Freedom
Conductor Award from the National Underground Railroad Freedom
(8) Rosa Parks has dedicated her life to the cause of
universal human rights and truly embodies the love of humanity
(9) <<NOTE: Raymond Parks.>> Rosa Parks was the first woman
to join the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP, was an active
volunteer for the Montgomery Voters League, and in 1987,
cofounded the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self-
(10) Rosa Parks, by her quiet courage, symbolizes all that
is vital about nonviolent protest, as she endured threats of
death and persisted as an advocate for the simple, basic lessons
she taught the Nation and from which the Nation has benefited
(11) Rosa Parks, who has resided in the State of Michigan
since 1957, has become a living icon for freedom in America.
SEC. 2. CONGRESSIONAL GOLD MEDAL.
(a) Presentation Authorized.--The President is authorized to award
to Rosa Parks, on behalf of the Congress, a gold medal of appropriate
design honoring Rosa Parks in recognition of her contributions to the
(b) Design and Striking.--For the purposes of the award referred to
in subsection (a), the Secretary of the Treasury (hereafter in this Act
referred to as the ``Secretary'') shall strike a gold medal with
suitable emblems, devices, and inscriptions, to be determined by the
SEC. 3. DUPLICATE MEDALS.
The Secretary may strike and sell duplicates in bronze of the gold
medal struck pursuant to section 2, under such regulations as the
Secretary may prescribe, and at a price sufficient to cover the costs
thereof, including labor, materials, dies, use of machinery, and
overhead expenses, and the cost of the gold medal.
SEC. 4. STATUS AS NATIONAL MEDALS.
The medals struck pursuant to this Act are national medals for
purposes of chapter 51 of title 31, United States Code.
SEC. 5. FUNDING.
(a) Authority To Use Fund Amounts.--There is authorized to be
charged against the United States Mint Public Enterprise Fund an amount
not to exceed $30,000 to pay for the cost of the medals authorized by
(b) Proceeds of Sale.--Amounts received from the sale of duplicate
bronze medals under section 3 shall be deposited in the United States
Mint Public Enterprise Fund.
Approved May 4, 1999.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 531 (H.R. 573):
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 145 (1999):
Apr. 19, considered and passed Senate.
Apr. 20, considered and passed House.
WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS, Vol. 35 (1999):
May 4, Presidential statement.