Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (09/23/2002)

Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 - Division A: Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 - Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 - Title I: Authorizations of Appropriations - Subtitle A: Department of State - (Sec. 111) Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 for: (1) the administration of foreign affairs, including public diplomacy activities and the diplomatic security program; (2) U.S. educational, cultural, and public diplomacy programs; (3) contributions to international organizations; (4) international commissions; (5) migration and refugee assistance; and (6) grants to the Asia Foundation.

Subtitle B: United States International Broadcasting Activities - (121) Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 for certain U.S. international broadcasting activities.

Title II: Department of State Authorities and Activities - Subtitle A: Basic Authorities and Activities - (201) Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary of State to make emergency expenditures (on a reimbursable basis to be credited to the applicable Department of State appropriation, except no reimbursement shall be paid that is greater than the amount the person evacuated would have been charged for a reasonable commercial air fare immediately prior to the events giving rise to the evacuation) with respect to the evacuation of third-country nationals in a foreign country when their lives are endangered by war, civil unrest, or natural disaster.

(Sec. 202) Revises the powers of special agents of the Department of State and the Foreign Service. Subjects such powers to certain agreements between the Secretary of State and the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury.

(Sec. 203) Authorizes the Secretary of State to retain specified amounts received as a result of claims against a foreign country to reimburse the U.S. Government in preparing or prosecuting such a claim against either a foreign government or other foreign entity.

(Sec. 204) Directs the Secretary of State to collect, and make public, certain information with respect to each U.S. citizen who dies in a foreign country from nonnatural causes.

(Sec. 205) Requires the Advisory Committee on Historical Documentation for the Department of State to report annually to specified congressional committees on its review of State Department procedures for declassifying Department records.

Requires the Secretary of State to report annually to specified congressional committees on State Department compliance with such declassification requirements, including: (1) the volumes published in the previous calendar year; (2) the degree that the Department is not in compliance with a certain deadline with respect to the publication of the Foreign Relations of the United States historical series (FRUS); and (3) the factors relevant to the inability of the Department to comply with such requirements.

(Sec. 206) Amends the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 to extend eligibility for the award of contracts exceeding $5 million for the construction, alteration, or repair of buildings and grounds abroad to persons that have performed similar construction work at U.S. diplomatic or consular establishments abroad.

Amends the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 to extend eligibility for bidding on diplomatic construction contracts abroad exceeding $10 million to U.S. persons (including qualified joint venture persons) who have performed at a U.S. diplomatic or consular establishment abroad.

(Sec. 207) Amends the International Center Act to establish in the Treasury an account consisting of advanced payments from the sale or lease of U.S. property for chanceries to foreign governments and international organizations. Sets forth certain account requirements.

(Sec. 208) Amends the Great Lakes Fisheries Act of 1956 to increase from five to a maximum of ten the number of members of all the advisory committees for each of the Great Lakes who may be paid by the U.S. Government for transportation expenses and per diem incident to attendance at the annual meeting of the Great Lakes Fishery Commission or of the United States Section ( U.S. Commissioners on the Commission).

(Sec. 209) Amends the Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967 to change from the Secretary of Commerce to the Secretary of State the mandate (for partial reimbursement purposes) to determine the gross income lost by an owner of a vessel and its crew as a result of its seizure and detention by a foreign country based on claims of exclusive fishery management authority.

(Sec. 210) Makes moneys contributed by or received from the United States of Mexico, including the North American Development Bank, or the Border Environment Cooperation Commission, available for a certain study conducted in conjunction with the International Boundary and Water Commission regarding the equitable use of the waters of the lower Rio Grande and the lower Colorado and Tia Juana Rivers.

(Sec. 211) Amends specified Federal laws to declare that certain fees collected relating to intercountry adoptions and affidavits of support under the Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (done at the Hague on May 29, 1993) shall remain available for obligation until expended.

(Sec. 212) Amends the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 to make permanent the Secretary of State's annual report to Congress on member countries' compliance with the Hague Convention on International Child Abduction.

(Sec. 213) Amends the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 to repeal a specified provision limiting the authority of the State Department to sell overseas property housing for a foreign agricultural attache.

(Sec. 214) Declares that Congress maintains its commitment to relocating the U.S. Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem and urges the President to begin the process of relocating it there.

(Sec. 215) Directs the Secretary of State to report annually to specified congressional committees on U.S. efforts to promote Israel's diplomatic relations with other countries.

(Sec. 216) Continues specified reporting requirements.

Subtitle B: Educational, Cultural, and Public Diplomacy Authorities - (Sec. 221) Amends the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 to authorize the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs also to exercise authorities under this Act (in addition to those pursuant to the FREEDOM Support Act, the Support for East European Democracy Act, the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, or any other Act) to administer educational or cultural exchanges or activities.

(Sec. 222) Amends the Human Rights, Refugee, and Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996 to extend through FY 2003 scholarships to Tibetan and Burmese students and professionals who are outside Tibet and Burma, respectively.

(Sec. 223) Directs the Secretary of State to submit to the appropriate congressional committees a plan related to public diplomacy objectives of the Department of State.

(Sec. 224) Establishes an Advisory Committee on Cultural Diplomacy which shall advise the Secretary of State on programs and policies to advance the use of cultural diplomacy in U.S. foreign policy. Authorizes appropriations.

(Sec. 225) Declares that Congress finds that joint ventures with host libraries in the Russian Federation known as American Corners are an effective means to provide information about U.S. history, government, society, and values. Earmarks specified amounts for FY 2003 for American Corner centers operating in the Russian Federation.

(Sec. 226) Directs the Secretary of State to submit annually to the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe a report discussing the overall U.S. policy objectives that are advanced through meetings of decision-making bodies of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the OSCE implementation review process, and other OSCE activities.

(Sec. 227) Amends the Vietnam Education Foundation Act of 2000 to revise the Act's purposes to direct the Vietnam Education Foundation to award fellowships to Vietnamese nationals to study at U.S. institutions of higher education at graduate and post-graduate levels in, among other things, the field of technology in the United States. Makes other administrative changes with respect to such Act.

(Sec. 228) Directs the Secretary of State to make funds available for international exchanges to provide opportunities to researchers in developing countries to participate in activities related to ethical issues in human subject research. Requires the Secretary of State to coordinate such activities with similar activities conducted by the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID).

Subtitle C: Consular Authorities - (Sec. 231) Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to require the Secretary of State to report semiannually to the appropriate congressional committees with respect to every instance in which a consular post or the Visa Office of the Department of State issued an immigrant or nonimmigrant visa to an alien who is inadmissable to the United States because of terrorist activity, or failed to object to the issuance of such visa to an alien notwithstanding any such ground of inadmissability.

(Sec. 232) Requires the Secretary of State to direct the consular officers not to issue a visa to any person (except a head of state or cabinet minister) found to have been directly involved with the coercive transplantation of human organs or bodily tissue, unless the Secretary of State has substantial grounds for believing such foreign national has discontinued his or her involvement with, and support for, such practices. Authorizes the Secretary of State to waive such prohibitions if it is in the national interests of the United States.

(Sec. 233) Declares it to be a Department of State policy to process each visa application from an alien classified as an immediate relative of a U.S. citizen or a K-1 nonimmigrant within 30 days (60 days for other than immediate relative) of the receipt of all necessary documents from the applicant and the Immigration and Naturalization Service.

(Sec. 234) Amends the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 with respect to fees charged for processing readable nonimmigrant visas and machine readable combined border crossing identification cards and nonimmigrant visas. Makes any fee collections that exceed a certain amount through FY 2003 available to any Department of State appropriation to recover the costs of providing consular services only if Congress is notified in accordance with specified reprogramming notification procedures.

Subtitle D: Migration and Refugees - (Sec. 241) Prohibits the use of funds (except on certain grounds precluding refugee protection) for the involuntary return of a person to a country in which the person has a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. Denies the availability of certain funds to effect the involuntary return of any person without prior notice to the appropriate congressional committees, except in emergencies involving a threat to human life.

(Se. 243) Directs the Secretary of State to report to the appropriate congressional committees on overseas processing of refugees for admission to the United States.

Title III: Organization and Personnel of the Department of State - Subtitle A: Organizational Matters - (Sec. 301) Directs the Secretary of State to submit to the appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive workforce plan (including consideration of the personnel needs in both the civil service and the Foreign Service and expected domestic and oversees personnel allocations) for the Department of State for FY 2003 through 2007.

(Sec. 302) Directs the Secretary of State to establish: (1) a task force within the Department of State with regard to "rightsizing" overseas posts (reallocating staff and resources based on changing needs); and (2) an interagency working group with regard to "rightsizing" the overseas presence of the U.S. Government.

(Sec. 303) Sets forth certain qualification requirements with respect to certain officers of the Department of State.

Subtitle B: Personnel Matters - (Sec. 311) Renames the "Foreign Service Star" the "Thomas Jefferson Star for Foreign Service," which is awarded to an individual who incurs a wound or other injury or an illness (whether or not it results in death) while overseas as a member of the Foreign Service or a civilian employee of the U.S. Government.

(Sec. 313) Revises Foreign Service compensation plan requirements to permit payments by the Government and Foreign Service employees to: (1) a trust or other fund in a financial institution to finance future benefits for employees; or (2) a Foreign Service National Savings Fund established in the Treasury, which shall be administered and invested at the direction of the Secretary of State in public debt obligations.

(Sec. 314) Revises Foreign Service Grievance Board hearing requirements for separation of an employee from the Foreign Service for misconduct. Declares that the right to a hearing provided to such persons so separated shall not apply to persons who have been convicted of a crime for which a sentence of imprisonment of more than one year may be imposed. Repeals the requirement of a nexus to the efficiency of the Foreign Service.

(Sec. 315) Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to authorize the Secretary of State to pay the travel and related expenses of family members of Foreign Service employees during visitation situations where the family of the employee is prevented by official order from accompanying the employee to, or has been ordered from, the employee's assigned post because of imminent danger due to the prevalence of disturbed conditions.

(Sec. 316) Includes within the Foreign Service's health care program the provision of health education and disease prevention for all of its employees.

(Sec. 317) Revises requirements for the filing by a Foreign Service employee of a grievance with respect to the grievant's rater or reviewer. Extends from two years to three years after the occurrence giving rise to the grievance the time in which the grievant may file such grievance.

(Sec. 319) Authorizes payment to or reimbursement of a Foreign Service employee, in lieu of the transportation of a dependent child's baggage from the dependent's school, for costs incurred to store such baggage at or in the vicinity of the school during the dependent's annual trip between the school and the employee's duty station.

(Sec. 320) Amends Federal law to authorize up to three months advance pay to a Foreign Service employee who pursuant to Government authorization is located outside the country of employment, and requires medical treatment outside such country.

(Sec. 321) Allows credit under the Federal Employees' Retirement System for temporary Government service which was performed abroad after December 31, 1988, and before May 24, 1998, at a U.S. diplomatic mission, consular mission, or other Foreign Service post.

Directs the Office of Personnel Management to inform individuals entitled to have any service credited under this Act or to have any annuity computed or recomputed under this Act.

Sets forth requirements for the computation or recomputation of annuities or survivor annuities as necessitated by this Act.

(Sec. 322) Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to declare for purposes of the computation of Foreign Service pension and disability annuities that the basic salary of a Foreign Service employee stationed outside the United States shall be considered to be the salary that would have been paid to that employee had such employee been stationed in Washington, D.C. (including any locality-based comparability adjustments). Increases to 7.25 percent (7.55 percent after January 11, 2003) the amount to be deducted from a Foreign Service employee's salary and contributed to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund for the payment of annuities, cash benefits, refunds, and allowances (including a contribution by the employing agency equal to a specified percentage of the employee's salary, plus .25 percent).

(Sec. 323) Directs the Secretary of State to report to the appropriate congressional committees on a plan for the Department of State to improve the recruitment of veterans for the career Foreign Service.

(Sec. 324) Requires the Secretary of State to report to Congress on April 1, 2003, and April 1, 2004 on the employment of minorities at the Department of State, including the Civil Service and the Foreign Service.

(Sec. 325) Requires amounts authorized to be appropriated for minority recruitment for careers in the Foreign Service and international affairs to be used only for activities directly related to such recruitment. Sets forth certain recruitment requirements at academic institutions of higher learning, including Hispanic-serving institutions in the United States.

(Sec. 326) Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to authorize the Secretary of State to assign a member of the Foreign Service, or otherwise detail an employee of the State Department, for duty at the American Institute in Taiwan, if the Secretary of State determines that to do so is in the national interest of the United States.

(Sec. 327) Changes from March 31st to January 31st the deadline for the annual report of the Director of the Foreign Service to specified congressional committees on the number of positions in each overseas mission requiring foreign language competence that became vacant during the previous year and that were filled by individuals having the required foreign language competence.

(Sec. 328) Revises the Secretary of State's authority to pay the travel expenses of members of the Foreign Service and their families to include the cost for one round-trip per year for each child below age 21 of a member of the Service assigned abroad to visit that member or the other parent who resides in a country other than that to which the member is assigned; except that such payment may not exceed the cost of round-trip travel between the Service member's post and the other parent's residence, or between the Service member's post and the child's residence if the child does not reside with a parent.

Title IV: International Organizations - (Sec. 401) Amends the United Nations Reform Act of 1999 to allow the obligation of appropriated funds for the payment of the third installment of U.S. arrearages for assessed contributions to the United Nations (UN) only if the appropriate certification has been submitted to the appropriate congressional committees 15 days (currently, 30 days) prior to the payment of the funds.

(Sec. 402) Amends the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 to provide for specified reductions in the U.S. share of assessed contributions for UN peacekeeping operations in 2001 through 2004.

(Sec. 403) Amends the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 to bar the use of Department of State funds to pay the U.S. share of assessed contributions for the UN budget in an amount greater than 22 percent of the total of all assessed contributions for that budget.

(Sec. 404) Expresses the sense of Congress that the United States should initiate a process to synchronize the payment of its assessments to the UN and other international organizations over a multiyear period so that the United States can resume paying its dues to such organizations at the beginning of each year. Authorizes appropriations.

(Sec. 405) Amends the United Nations Participation Act to direct the Secretary of State to report to designated congressional committees on the extent and disposition of all U.S. financial contributions made during the preceding year to international organizations in which the United States participates as a member. Directs the President to report annually (currently, quarterly) to designated congressional committees on all U.S. assistance (including by category) provided during the preceding calendar year (currently, calendar quarter) for UN peacekeeping operations.

(Sec. 406) Directs the Secretary of State to report to the appropriate congressional committees on whether the use of secret ballots within the UN and its specialized agencies serves U.S. interests.

(Sec. 407) Expresses the sense of Congress regarding U.S. membership in the UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

(Sec. 408) Requires the United States to: (1) make every reasonable effort to secure a seat on the UN Commission on Human Rights and the UN International Narcotics Control Board; and (2) prevent membership on the Human Rights Commission by any member nation that consistently violates international human rights or has engaged in or tolerated severe violations of religious freedom in that country.

(Sec. 409) Directs the Secretary of State to report to the appropriate congressional committees on an action plan for the Department of State to place U.S. nationals in positions of employment in the UN and its specialized agencies.

Title V: United States International Broadcasting Activities - (Sec. 501) Limits the total amount of grants made for the operating costs of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL), Inc., to no more than $85 million in each of FY 2003.

(Sec. 502) Authorizes the use of RFE/RL, Inc., grant funds to pay up to three employees employed in Washington, D.C., salary or other compensation not to exceed that rate of pay payable for level III of the Executive Schedule.

(Sec. 503) Amends the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 to authorize the United States Information Agency (USIA) to enter into contracts for periods of not more than ten years to acquire local broadcasting services outside the United States.

(Sec. 504) Authorizes the Director of the International Broadcasting Bureau to establish a pilot program to hire U.S. citizens or aliens as personal services contractors for service in the United States as broadcasters, producers, and writers in the Bureau to respond to new or emerging broadcasting needs or to augment broadcast services. Terminates such program on December 31, 2005.

(Sec. 505) Amends the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 and the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to exempt Voice of America correspondents on official assignment abroad from the responsibility of the Secretary of State for security protection, or responsibility and supervision of the chief of mission to a foreign country.

(Sec. 506) Directs the Broadcasting Board of Governors to report to the appropriate congressional committees regarding senior personnel of the U.S. Broadcasting Board of Governors and efforts to diversify its workforce.

Title VI: Miscellaneous Provisions - Subtitle A: Middle East Peace Commitments Act of 2002 - Middle East Peace Commitments Act of 2002 - (Sec. 604) Imposes specified sanctions with respect to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) or the Palestinian authority if the President determines that it has not complied with certain commitments made with Israel. Authorizes the President to waive such sanctions if it is determined to be in the U.S. national interest.

Subtitle B: Tibet Policy - Tibetan Policy Act of 2002 - (Sec. 613) Urges the President and the Secretary of State to encourage the Government of the People's Republic of China to enter into negotiations with the Dalai Lama or his representatives leading to an agreement on Tibet. Requires the President to report to the appropriate congressional committees on steps he and the Secretary of State have taken to encourage such negotiations, including the status of any discussions between China and the Dalai Lama or his representatives.

(Sec. 614) Requires specified reports concerning human rights and religious freedom to include a separate section on Tibet.

(Sec. 615) Amends the U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000 to require a specified report from the Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China to the President and Congress to include a description of the status of negotiations between China and the Dalai Lama or his representatives, and measures taken to safeguard Tibet's distinct historical, religious, cultural, and linguistic identity and the protection of human rights.

(Sec. 616) Declares it is U.S. policy to support economic development, cultural preservation, health care, and education and environmental sustainability for Tibetans inside Tibet. Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive director of each international financial institution to use the U.S. vote to support projects that are in accordance with certain principles in Tibet. Urges specified U.S. economic agencies to support projects in Tibet.

(Sec. 617) Urges the President and the Secretary of State to: (1) request the immediate and unconditional release of all prisoners held in Tibet for expressing their political or religious views; (2) seek access to such prisoners by international humanitarian organizations; and (3) seek immediate medical parole of Tibetan prisoners known to be in serious ill health.

(Sec. 618) Urges the Secretary of State to make best efforts to establish an office in Lhasa, Tibet, to monitor political, economic, and cultural developments in Tibet.

(Sec. 619) Directs the Secretary of State to ensure that Tibetan language training be available to Foreign Service officers, including assignment to a U.S. post in China of a Tibetan-speaking Foreign Service officer responsible for monitoring developments in Tibet.

(Sec. 620) Urges the U.S. Ambassador to China to meet with the 11th Panchen Lama who was taken from his home on May 17, 1995, and request that China release him and allow him to pursue his religious studies without interference. Calls for U.S. officials in their exchanges with the Government of China to promote the cessation of all interference by the Government of China or the Communist Party in the religious affairs of the Tibetan people.

(Sec. 621) Establishes in the State Department a U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues who shall coordinate U.S. Government policies, programs, and projects concerning Tibet.

Subtitle C: East Timor Transition to Independence Act of 2002 - East Timor Transition to Independence Act of 2002 - (Sec. 632) Sets forth requirements with respect to the provision to East Timor of bilateral assistance, multilateral assistance, trade and investment assistance, duty-free treatment benefits, Peace Corps assistance, and security assistance. Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003.

(Sec. 637) Directs the President to study and report to specified congressional committees on specified aspects of East Timor's security needs. Authorizes the President, after submitting such report, to transfer excess U.S. defense articles to East Timor and provide military education and training for its armed forces.

(Sec. 638) Directs the Secretary of State to report to the appropriate congressional committees with respect to developments in East Timor.

Subtitle D: Clean Water for the Americas Partnership - Clean Water for the Americas Partnership Act of 2002 - (Sec. 643) Authorizes the President to establish the Clean Water for the Americas Partnership program.

(Sec. 644) Authorizes the President to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the environmental problems in the region (member countries of the Organization of American States, other than the United States and Canada) to determine: (1) which environmental problems threaten human health the most, which are most threatening to the region's natural resources, and which countries have the most pressing environmental problems; and (2) to what extent there is a market for U.S. environmental technology, practices, knowledge, and innovations in the region.

(Sec. 645) Authorizes the President to establish in the region Technology America Centers (TEAMs), which shall support U.S. private sector environmental technology firms seeking local partners (particularly small businesses) and opportunities for environmental projects.

(Sec. 646) Authorizes the President to: (1) provide matching grants to U.S. associations and nonprofit entities to promote joint water quality, water treatment systems, and energy efficiency projects with Latin American and Caribbean associations and entities in the region; and (2) make grants for prefeasibility studies for water projects in any country within a single subregion or in a designated single country.

(Sec. 648) Establishes a Clean Water Technical Assistance Committee to provide technical support and training services for individual water projects.

(Sec. 649) Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 through 2005.

Subtitle E: Freedom Investment Act of 2002 - Freedom Investment Act of 2002 - (Sec. 663) Expresses the sense of Congress that: (1) the budget for the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor for FY 2003 and 2004 should be substantially increased so that not less than one percent of amounts made available to the Department of State for diplomatic and consular programs should be made available for Bureau salaries and expenses; and (2) any assignment of an individual to the position of political officer at a U.S. mission that has primary responsibility for monitoring human rights developments in a foreign country should be made upon the recommendation of the Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor in conjunction with the head of the State Department's regional bureau having primary responsibility for that country.

(Sec. 664) Establishes a Human Rights and Democracy Fund, to be administered by the Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, in order to: (1) support defenders of human rights and assist the victims of human rights violations; and (2) promote and encourage the growth of democracy, including the support for nongovernmental organizations in other countries. Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003. Earmarks amounts for: (1) the Documentation Center of Cambodia for disseminating information about the atrocities committed by the Khmer Rouge against the Cambodian people; and (2) the Father John Kaiser Memorial Fund to advance his extraordinary work with respect to solving ethnic conflict and promoting government accountability and respect for human rights.

(Sec. 665) Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to direct the Secretary to report annually to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and a specified congressional committee about: (1) each country in which extrajudicial killings, torture, or other serious violations of human rights have occurred; and (2) the extent to which the United States has taken or will take action to encourage an end to such practices in the country.

Subtitle F: Elimination and Streamlining of Reporting Requirements - (Sec. 671) Eliminates certain reporting requirements.

(Sec. 672) Changes from annual to biennial the frequency of a certain report to Congress on programs to encourage good governance in countries that receive U.S. assistance.

Subtitle G: Other Matters - (Sec. 681) Amends the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 to require a certain Annual Report on International Religious Freedom to include any foreign government policies that discriminate against particular religious groups or members of such groups.

Establishes staggered terms for members of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 to the Commission.

Terminates the Commission on September 30, 2011.

(Sec. 682) Amends the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 with respect to U.S. programs and initiatives established in foreign countries to assist in the safe integration, reintegration, or resettlement of victims of trafficking. Requires such programs and initiatives to include: (1) support for local in-country nongovernmental organization-operated hotlines (including legal services), culturally and linguistically appropriate protective shelter, and regional and international nongovernmental organization networks and databases on trafficking; (2) education and training for trafficked women and girls; and (3) support for increasing or developing programs to assist families of victims in locating, repatriating, and treating their trafficked family members, in assisting the voluntary repatriation of such members or their integration or resettlement into appropriate communities, and in providing them with treatment.

Authorizes appropriations through FY 2003 to combat trafficking in persons, particularly women and children.

(Sec. 683) Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to revise certain reporting requirements regarding human rights and the provision of development and security assistance to foreign countries. Requires such reports to include the extent, wherever applicable, of the compulsory recruitment and conscription of individuals under age 18 by a country's armed forces.

(Sec. 684) Amends the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 to extend the authority of the U.S. Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control through September 30, 2005.

(Sec. 685) Directs the Secretary of State to ensure, where practicable, that appropriate government officials from South Asian countries are eligible to attend courses at the International Law Enforcement Academy located in Bangkok, Thailand, and Budapest, Hungary, in order to enhance regional cooperation in the fight against transnational crime.

(Sec. 686) Amends the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 to revise the time frame under which certain claimants who file suit are considered eligible for payment in connection with certain anti-terrorism judgments against Iran or Cuba.

(Sec. 687) Directs the Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID) to report to designated congressional committees on the total number of contracts and the percentage of all contracts awarded by AID to small businesses, small disadvantaged businesses, women-owned businesses, and section 8(a) businesses, including a plan to increase both the number of contracts and the percentage of all contracts to such businesses.

(Sec. 688) Authorizes the President to carry out a program providing development assistance to improve international building construction practices in Latin American countries (Ecuador, El Salvador, and other Latin American countries). Provides for such assistance through grants for: (1) the training of selected professionals in eligible Latin American countries in all elements of building and housing codes and standards; (2) the translation into Spanish of publications of specified organizations that set forth certain building and housing codes; and (3) other relevant assistance.

(Sec. 689) Expresses the sense of Congress that the President should direct the Secretary of State and the U.S. Representative to the UN to urge the UN to adopt an HIV/AIDS mitigation strategy as a component of UN peacekeeping operations.

(Sec. 690) Expresses the sense of Congress that: (1) the International Committee of the Red Cross should immediately recognize the Magen David Adom Society; (2) the Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies should grant full membership to that Society immediately following such recognition; (3) the Red Shield of David should be accorded the same protections under international law as the Red Cross and the Red Crescent; and (4) the United States should continue to press for full membership for the Magen David Adom in the International Red Cross Movement.

(Sec. 691) Expresses the sense of Congress that the Peace Corps be able to maintain offices in foreign countries at locations separate from the U.S. embassy.

(Sec. 692) Expresses the sense of Congress that resolution of the Taiwan Strait issue must be peaceful and include the assent of the Taiwan people.

(Sec. 693) Expresses the sense of Congress that the American Institute in Taiwan should publicly display the U.S. flag in the same manner as U.S. embassies, consulates, and official residences throughout the world.

(Sec. 694) Sets forth reporting requirements with respect to: (1) the status of Department of State or Department of Defense activities in Colombia to promote alternative development, recovery and resettlement of internally displaced persons, judicial reform, the peace process, and human rights; (2) U.S. activities to eradicate opium cultivation in Colombia; and (3) the extradition practice between the United States and governments of foreign countries with which the United States has an extradition treaty.

(Sec. 697) Expresses the sense of Congress that the United States should support the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Sierra Leone, including through assistance in the collection of human rights data relevant to the Commission's work. Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003.

(Sec. 698) Urges the continuation of a U.S. Envoy for Peace in Sudan until the full implementation of a comprehensive settlement to the conflict in Sudan.

(Sec. 699) Declares that no U.S. assistance, or sales of defense articles or defense services, may be made to a foreign person or entity that has been determined to have knowingly transferred proscribed weapons to Palestinian entities in the West Bank or Gaza.

(Sec. 700) Expresses the sense of Congress that the Secretary of State should work with U.S. agencies and other entities to identify a long-term solution to the arsenic-contaminated drinking water problem in Bangladesh and to report to the appropriate congressional committees on proposals to bring about arsenic-free drinking water there.

(Sec. 701) Calls on the Irish Republican Army to continue and complete the decommissioning of all their arms and explosives (including all weapons held by paramilitaries on all sides) and the immediate cessation of paramilitary punishment attacks and exiling.

Recognizes the United Kingdom's commitment to support the United States in a global war on terrorism.

Directs the President to report to the appropriate congressional committees on policing reform and human rights in Northern Ireland.

(Sec. 702) Directs the Secretary of State to report to the appropriate congressional committees on the extent to which the Government of Vietnam has made progress toward achieving religious and human rights freedoms in Vietnam.

(Sec. 703) Expresses the sense of Congress that the Government of Indonesia should: (1) demonstrate substantial progress toward ending human rights violations by the armed forces in Indonesia (TNI); (2) terminate any TNI support for and cooperation with terrorist organizations, including Laskar Jihad and militias operating in the Malukus, Central Sulawesi, West Papua (Irian Jaya), and elsewhere and prosecute those responsible for human rights violations; and (3) make efforts to find and persecute those responsible for the murders of Papuan leader Theys Elvay, Acehnse human rights advocate Jafar Siddiq Hamzah, and U.S. citizens Edwin L Burgon and Rickey L Spier.

(Sec. 704) Requires the Secretary of State to report periodically to the appropriate congressional committees, until all funds made available to the Foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and the Future" (German Foundation) have been disbursed, on implementation of the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the German Foundation, done at Berlin July 17, 2000.

Expresses the sense of Congress that the resolution of slave and forced labor claims is an urgent issue for aging Holocaust survivors, and the German Bundestag should allocate funds for disbursement by the German Foundation to Holocaust survivors as soon as possible.

(Sec. 705) Expresses the sense of Congress with respect to urging the return of portraits painted by Dina Babbitt during her internment at Auschwitz that are now in the possession of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum.

(Sec. 706) Authorizes the expenditure of withheld bilateral and multilateral development assistance to a major drug transit country or major illicit drug producing country provided the President, in the previous fiscal year, identifies to the appropriate congressional committees each major drug-transit country or major illicit drug producing country, and designates any identified country that has failed during the previous 12 months to make substantial efforts to: (1) adhere to its obligations under international counternarcotics agreements; and (2) take certain counternarcotics measures.

Authorizes the provision of such assistance to such country in a subsequent fiscal year only if the President determines and reports to the appropriate congressional committees that: (1) provision of such assistance to the country is vital to the U.S. national interests; or (2) such country has made substantial efforts to adhere to its obligations under international counternarcotics agreements, and take certain counternarcotic measures.

Division B: Security Assistance Act of 2002 - Title X: General Provisions - Security Assistance Act of 2002 - Title XI: Verification of Arms Control and Nonproliferation Agreements - (Sec. 1101) Mandates specified allocations of appropriations for FY 2003 to the Bureau of Verification and Compliance of the Department of State: (1) for activities related to verification of arms control and nonproliferation agreements, including the Key Verification Assets Fund and to upgrade Bureau spaces for certification as a Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility (SCIF); as well as (2) the hiring of additional Bureau personnel.

(Sec. 1103) Amends the Arms Control and Disarmament Act to change to no later than April 15 the deadline for a certain annual report on the status of U.S. policy and actions with respect to arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament must be made to Congress.

Title XII: Military and Related Assistance - Subtitle A: Foreign Military Sales and Financing Authorities - (Sec. 1201) Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 for foreign military grant assistance (including subsidy cost of direct loans) to finance the procurement of U.S. defense articles and defense services by friendly foreign countries and international organizations.

(Sec. 1202) Revises the purposes for authorized U.S. military sales to friendly foreign countries to include preventing or hindering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and of the means of delivering them.

(Sec. 1203) Raises the limit on certain funds used for official reception and representation expenses related to the sale of such defense articles and defense services to eligible foreign countries and international organizations.

(Sec. 1204) Amends the Arms Export Control Act prohibition on transactions with countries that repeatedly support acts of international terrorism by providing access to nuclear explosive devices or material to individuals or groups. Prohibits also transactions with countries that knowingly aid or abet the efforts of individuals or groups to acquire and use chemical, biological, and radiological agents.

(Sec. 1205) Requires notification to Congress of any licenses for the export of small arms and light weapons sold under a contract in the amount of $1 million or more. Requires specified reports to Congress with respect to the transfer of such small weapons.

(Sec. 1206) Urges treatment of Taiwan as the equivalent of a major non-NATO ally with respect to the sale of defense articles or defense services under the Arms Export Control Act, the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, or any other provision of law.

Military Education and Training - (Sec. 1211) Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 for international military education and training (IMET) to foreign countries.

(Sec. 1212) Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to require the Secretary of State to report annually to Congress on any involvement of a foreign military or defense ministry civilian IMET participant in a violation of internationally recognized human rights reported in the Secretary of State's annual report to Congress on the status of human rights in foreign countries slated to receive development assistance. Authorizes the Secretary of State, for purposes of preparing the human rights report, to request the Secretary of Defense to provide information with respect to a list of foreign personnel or military units. Requires the Secretary of Defense to ensure that the database is updated to contain the name of any foreign person identified in the annual human rights report to have been involved in a violation of internationally recognized human rights.

(Sec. 1213) Authorizes the President to enter into cooperative arrangements for the participation of foreign and U.S. military and civilian defense personnel in post-undergraduate flying training and tactical leadership programs at training locations in Southwest Asia without charge to participating foreign countries (including without charge to funds provided for IMET activities). Sets forth certain cooperative arrangement requirements.

Subtitle C: Assistance for Select Countries - (Sec. 1221) Amends the Security Assistance Act of 2000, the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and the Arms Export Control Act to authorize appropriations for FY 2003 for: (1) Economic Support Fund (ESF) assistance and foreign military financing program assistance for Israel and Egypt (earmarking an additional amount of ESF assistance for Israel for defensive, nonlethal, antiterrorism assistance); and (2) certain security assistance for Greece and Turkey (earmarking amounts for professional military education and joint training of Greek and Turkish officers), and Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary, Jordan, Malta, the Philippines, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia (earmarking specified amounts for IMET assistance to such countries).

(Sec. 1224) Prohibits the obligation of ESF assistance for FY 2003 to Lebanon until the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that: (1) the armed forces of Lebanon have been deployed to the internationally recognized border between Lebanon and Israel; and (2) the Government of Lebanon is effectively asserting its authority in the area in which such forces have been deployed.

Subtitle D: Excess Defense Article and Drawdown Authorities - (Sec. 1231) Authorizes for FY 2003 the use of funds made available to the Department of Defense (DOD) for crating, packing, handling, and transportation of excess defense articles to Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, the Former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia, Georgia, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia, Pakistan, Romania, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. Urges such transfers to be made to those countries demonstrating a genuine commitment to democracy and human rights.

(Sec. 1232) Amends the Arms Export Control Act to require a certain report by the President to Congress, as a part of the annual presentation materials for security assistance programs proposed for the next fiscal year, to include a list of weapons systems that are significant military equipment, including the numbers of such equipment, that are believed likely to become available for transfer as excess defense articles during the next 12 months.

(Sec. 1233) Amends the Arms Export Control Act to revise the duration of lease agreements for the transfer of excess defense articles to provide that they may not exceed five years (as it is currently), and a specified period of time required to complete major refurbishment work of the leased defense articles to be performed prior to the delivery of such articles.

(Sec. 1234) Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to give the Philippines priority for the delivery of excess DOD defense articles to other countries.

Subtitle E: Other Political-Military Assistance - (Sec. 1241) Authorizes for FY 2003 the use of development assistance appropriated to the President for the destruction of surplus stockpiles of small arms, light weapons, and other munitions.

Subtitle F: Antiterrorism Assistance - (Sec. 1251) Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize appropriations for FY 2003 for antiterrorism assistance to foreign countries.

Subtitle G: Other Matters - (Sec. 1261) Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to increase the value of additions to stockpiles of defense articles in foreign countries to not to exceed $10 million for FY 2003 (earmarking such amount for stockpiles in Israel).

(Sec. 1262) Revises requirements with respect to a certain annual report to Congress regarding military training provided to foreign military personnel by the United States to provide that such requirements shall not apply to any North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member, Australia, Japan, or New Zealand unless one of the appropriate congressional committees has specifically requested inclusion of such country in the report. Repeals certain informational requirements with respect to specified annual military assistance and quarterly government-to-government arms exports reports to Congress.

(Sec. 1263) Directs the President periodically to provide detailed briefings to, and consult with the appropriate congressional committees regarding, U.S. security assistance to Taiwan, including the provision of defense articles and defense services.

Title XIII: Nonproliferation and Export Control Assistance - Subtitle A: General Provisions - (Sec. 1301) Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 for nonproliferation and export control assistance to friendly foreign countries. Allocates specified amounts of such funds for: (1) international nonproliferation export control training to foreign personnel; (2) science and technology centers in the Independent States of the former Soviet Union; (3) nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining, and related programs; (4) the procurement and provision of nuclear, chemical, and biological detection systems, including spectroscopic and pulse echo technologies; and (5) the procurement and provision of x-ray systems capable of imaging sea-cargo containers.

(Sec. 1303) Authorizes the President to furnish (whenever feasible on a reimbursable basis) education and training to appropriate foreign military and civilian personnel for the purpose of enhancing the nonproliferation and export control capabilities of such personnel through their attendance in special courses of instruction conducted by the United States.

(Sec. 1304) Amends the Soviet Scientists Immigration Act of 1992 to reinstate for four more years the authority of the Attorney General to designate a class of eligible scientists from the Independent States of the former Soviet Union and the Baltic States as aliens who possess "exceptional ability in the sciences" for purposes of admission into the United States (whether or not such scientists possess advanced degrees). Sets forth certain classification eligibility requirements.

(Sec. 1305) Urges the Secretary of State to negotiate a gradual and sustained increase in the regular budget of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) beginning with the 2004 budget. Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 for a U.S. voluntary contribution to the IAEA, including to implement the Protection Against Nuclear Terrorism program adopted by the International Atomic Energy Agency Board of Governors in March 2002.

(Sec.1306) Amends the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 to revise requirements for certain reports identifying every foreign person who has transferred to Iran controlled goods, services, and technology, including such items that could contribute to its development of nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons, or of ballistic or cruise missiles (except conventional weapons). Requires such report to include a brief description of the type and quantity of such items transferred to Iran, the circumstances surrounding the transfer, and the usefulness of the transfer to Iranian weapons programs.

(Sec. 1308) Directs the President to report annually to designated congressional committees on the transfer by any country of weapons, technology, components, or materials that can be used to deliver, manufacture (including research and experimentation), or weaponize nuclear, biological, chemical or radiological weapons (NBC weapons) to any country (excluding specified named countries) that is seeking to possess or otherwise acquire such weapons, technology, or materials, or other system that the Secretary of State or the Secretary of Defense has reason to believe could be used to develop, acquire, or deliver NBC weapons.

Repeals specified provisions of Federal laws.

(Sec. 1309) Directs the Secretary of State to submit to the appropriate congressional committees a three-year international arms control and nonproliferation strategy.

Subtitle B: Russian Federation Debt Reduction for Nonproliferation - Russian Federation Debt Reduction for Nonproliferation Act of 2002 - (Sec. 1314) Authorizes the President to: (1) reduce (subject to conditions) the amount of Soviet-era debt owed by the Russian Federation to the United States that is outstanding as of a specified time; and (2) enter into a Russian Federation Nonproliferation Investment Agreement in which an amount equal to the value of the debt reduced will be used to promote the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Earmarks a specified percentage of such amount to establish a Center for an Independent Press and the Rule of Law to promote a vibrant, independent media sector and rule of law in the Russian Federation.

(Sec. 1317) Prohibits the exercise of any debt reduction authority under this Act unless and until the President certifies to Congress that the Russian Federation has made material progress in stemming the flow of sensitive goods, technologies, material, and know-how related to the design, development, and production of weapons of mass destruction to countries that have provided support for acts of international terrorism. Authorizes the President to waive such requirements if it is determined that their imposition would be counter to the national interest of the United States and so reports to the appropriate congressional committees.

(Sec. 1318) Urges the President to pursue discussions with other creditor states to: (1) ensure that they dedicate a significant proportion of their bilateral debt with the Russian Federation or equivalent amounts of assistance to the G-8 Global Partnership against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction, as agreed upon in the Statement by G-8 Leaders on June 27, 2002; and (2) reach agreement to establish a unified Russian Federation debt reduction fund to manage and provide transparency for the resources provided by creditor state through debt reductions.

(Sec. 1321) Directs the President to report annually to Congress concerning actions taken to implement this subtitle.

Subtitle C: Nonproliferation Assistance Coordination - Nonproliferation Assistance Coordination Act of 2002 - (Sec. 1331) Directs the President to establish a mechanism to coordinate U.S. efforts in formulating policy and carrying out programs for achieving nonproliferation and threat reduction throughout the world.

(Sec. 1339) Directs the President to report to Congress on general and specific nonproliferation and threat reduction objectives and how executive branch efforts will be coordinated most effectively to achieve those objectives.

Subtitle D: Iran Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 2002 - Iran Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 2002 - (Sec. 1342) Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to withhold the proportionate share of U.S. voluntary contributions to the IAEA if the Secretary of State determines that IAEA programs and projects in Iran are inconsistent with U.S. nuclear nonproliferation and safety goals, will provide Iran with training or expertise in the development of nuclear weapons, or are being used as a cover for the acquisition of sensitive nuclear technology. Requires the Secretary of State to notify the appropriate congressional committees if an affirmative determination is made.

(Sec. 1343) Directs the Secretary of State to review all IAEA programs and projects in Burma, Iraq, North Korea, Syria, Libya, Iran, Cuba, or the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and determine if such programs and projects are consistent with U.S. nuclear nonproliferation and safety goals. Requires the Secretary of State to direct the U.S. representative to the IAEA to oppose IAEA programs that are determined by the Secretary of State under the review to be inconsistent with such goals.

(Sec. 1345) Urges the President to pursue internal reforms at the IAEA that will ensure that all programs and projects funded under the Technical Cooperation and Assistance Fund of the IAEA are compatible with U.S. nuclear nonproliferation policy and international nuclear nonproliferation norms.

Title XIV: Expediting the Munitions Licensing Process - (Sec. 1401) Earmarks certain funds for FY 2003 for the Office of Defense Trade Controls of the Department of State for: (1) salaries and expenses; and (2) modernization of information management systems. Sets forth certain requirements with respect to the assignment of license review officers and other detailees to such Office.

(Sec. 1403) Directs the Secretary of State to establish a secure, Internet-based system for the filing and review of applications for export of Munitions List items. Earmarks amounts to fully automate the Defense Trade Application System.

(Sec. 1404) Earmarks certain funds for FY 2003 for: (1) providing the Department of State with full access to the Automated Export System; (2) ensuring that such system is modified to meet the needs of the Department; and (3) providing operational support.

Directs the Secretary of Commerce to publish regulations in the Federal Register to require the mandatory filing through the Automated Export System by all persons required to file certain export information.

Amends Federal law to increase the bond required to be filed with the Secretary of the Treasury in cases where certain required export information may be filed with the Secretary of the Treasury by a carrier in connection with the exportation or transportation of cargo after the departure of such carrier from the port or place of exportation or transportation. Authorizes the Secretary of Commerce to impose a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 for each day's delinquency in filing such information, not to exceed $10,000 per violation, against such carrier and any other person required to file such information by law.

Sets forth additional civil and criminal penalties for any person who knowingly: (1) fails to file or knowingly submits false or misleading export information through the Shippers Export Declaration (SED) or the Automated Export System (AES); and (2) reports any information on or uses the SED or the AES to further any illegal activity.

(Sec. 1405) Amends the Arms Export Control Act to set forth certain congressional notification thresholds with respect to the transfer of, license to export, letter of offer to sell, or agreement to lease, major defense equipment and articles and defense services or design or construction services (including any enhancement or upgrade thereof) to any country that is a member of NATO or Australia, Japan, or New Zealand. Applies such threshold requirements to India and Pakistan.

Title XV: National Security Assistance Strategy - (Sec. 1501) Directs officials of the Department of State and DOD to brief the appropriate congressional committees on their plans and progress in formulating and implementing a national security assistance strategy.

(Sec. 1502) Earmarks certain funds to the Secretary of State to conduct security assistance surveys or request such surveys, on a reimbursable basis, by the DOD or other U.S. Government agencies.

Title XVI: Miscellaneous Provisions - (Sec. 1601) Declares U.S. policy regarding nuclear and missile proliferation in South Asia (India and Pakistan). Directs the President to report to the appropriate congressional committees describing U.S. efforts and progress made with respect to certain policy goals.

(Sec. 1602) Directs the head of the Air Force Technical Applications Center to make available to the public all raw seismological data provided to the U.S. Government by any international monitoring organization that is directly responsible for seismological monitoring.

(Sec. 1603) Urges the Secretary of State to develop measures to improve the process by which U.S. Government personnel may be detailed to international arms control and nonproliferation organizations without adversely affecting the pay or career advancement of such personnel. Requires the Secretary of State to report to specified congressional committees with respect to such measures.

(Sec. 1604) Authorizes the Secretary of State to establish the position of Counselor for Nonproliferation and Political Military Affairs in U.S. diplomatic missions overseas to be filled by career Civil Service or Foreign Service officers committed to follow-on assignments in the Nonproliferation Bureau or the Political Military Affairs Bureau of the Department of State.

(Sec. 1605) Directs the U.S. National Authority to report to the appropriate congressional committees a plan for securing Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) designation of a nongovernmental U.S. laboratory by December 1, 2004. Directs the National Authority to select a nongovernmental laboratory within the United States to pursue designation by the OPCW.

Title XVII: Authority to Transfer Naval Vessels - (Sec. 1701) Authorizes the President to transfer specified naval vessels to: (1) Poland; (2) Turkey; (3) Mexico; and (4) Taiwan.

Declares that the value of such transferred vessels shall not be counted for the limitation on the aggregate value of excess defense articles that can be transferred to such country in any fiscal year.

Directs the President to require recipient countries, as a condition of transfer, to have such vessels repaired or refurbished at U.S. shipyards, including a U.S. Navy shipyard.