Text: H.R.2733 — 107th Congress (2001-2002)All Information (Except Text)
Public Law No: 107-277 (11/05/2002)
[107th Congress Public Law 277]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION ACT OF 2002
[[Page 116 STAT. 1936]]
Public Law 107-277
To authorize the National Institute of Standards and Technology to work
with major manufacturing industries on an initiative of standards
development and implementation for electronic enterprise
integration. <<NOTE: Nov. 5, 2002 - [H.R. 2733]>>
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Enterprise
Integration Act of 2002.>>
SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 15 USC 278g-5 note.>> SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Enterprise Integration Act of 2002''.
SEC. 2. <<NOTE: 15 USC 278g-5 note.>> FINDINGS.
The Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Over 90 percent of United States companies engaged in
manufacturing are small- and medium-sized businesses.
(2) Most of these manufacturers produce goods for assemblage
into products of large companies.
(3) The emergence of the World Wide Web and the promulgation
of international standards for product data exchange greatly
accelerated the movement toward electronically integrated supply
chains during the last half of the 1990's.
(4) European and Asian countries are investing heavily in
electronic enterprise standards development, and in preparing
their smaller manufacturers to do business in the new
environment. European efforts are well advanced in the
aerospace, automotive, and shipbuilding industries and are
beginning in other industries including home building, furniture
manufacturing, textiles, and apparel. This investment could give
overseas companies a major competitive advantage.
(5) The National Institute of Standards and Technology,
because of the electronic commerce expertise in its laboratories
and quality program, its long history of working cooperatively
with manufacturers, and the nationwide reach of its
manufacturing extension program, is in a unique position to help
United States large and smaller manufacturers alike in their
responses to this challenge.
(6) It is, therefore, in the national interest for the
National Institute of Standards and Technology to accelerate its
efforts in helping industry develop standards and enterprise
integration processes that are necessary to increase efficiency
and lower costs.
SEC. 3. <<NOTE: 15 USC 278g-5 and note.>> ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION
(a) Establishment.--The Director shall establish an initiative for
advancing enterprise integration within the United States. In
[[Page 116 STAT. 1937]]
carrying out this section, the Director shall involve, as appropriate,
the various units of the National Institute of Standards and Technology,
including the National Institute of Standards and Technology
laboratories (including the Building and Fire Research Laboratory), the
Manufacturing Extension Partnership program established under sections
25 and 26 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15
U.S.C. 278k and 278l), and the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality
Program. This initiative shall build upon ongoing efforts of the
National Institute of Standards and Technology and of the private
sector, shall involve consortia that include government and industry,
and shall address the enterprise integration needs of each United States
major manufacturing industry at the earliest possible date.
(b) Assessment.--For each major manufacturing industry, the Director
may work with industry, trade associations, professional societies, and
others as appropriate, to identify enterprise integration
standardization and implementation activities underway in the United
States and abroad that affect that industry and to assess the current
state of enterprise integration within that industry. The Director may
assist in the development of roadmaps to permit supply chains within the
industry to operate as an integrated electronic enterprise. The roadmaps
shall be based on voluntary consensus standards.
(c) Reports.-- <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Within 180 days after the date of
the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Director shall
submit to the Committee on Science of the House of Representatives and
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a
report on the National Institute of Standards and Technology's
activities under subsection (b).
(d) Authorized Activities.--In order to carry out this Act, the
Director may work with industry, trade associations, professional
societies, and others as appropriate--
(1) to raise awareness in the United States, including
awareness by businesses that are majority owned by women,
minorities, or both, of enterprise integration activities in the
United States and abroad, including by the convening of
(2) on the development of enterprise integration roadmaps;
(3) to support the development, testing, promulgation,
integration, adoption, and upgrading of standards related to
enterprise integration including application protocols; and
(4) to provide technical assistance and, if necessary,
financial support to small- and medium-sized businesses that set
up pilot projects in enterprise integration.
(e) Manufacturing Extension Program.--The Director shall ensure that
the Manufacturing Extension Program is prepared to advise small- and
medium-sized businesses on how to acquire the expertise, equipment, and
training necessary to participate fully in supply chains using
SEC. 4. <<NOTE: 15 USC 278g-5 note.>> DEFINITIONS.
For purposes of this Act--
(1) the term ``automotive'' means land-based engine-powered
vehicles including automobiles, trucks, busses, trains, defense
vehicles, farm equipment, and motorcycles;
(2) the term ``Director'' means the Director of the National
Institute of Standards and Technology;
[[Page 116 STAT. 1938]]
(3) the term ``enterprise integration'' means the electronic
linkage of manufacturers, assemblers, suppliers, and customers
to enable the electronic exchange of product, manufacturing, and
other business data among all partners in a product supply
chain, and such term includes related application protocols and
other related standards;
(4) the term ``major manufacturing industry'' includes the
aerospace, automotive, electronics, shipbuilding, construction,
home building, furniture, textile, and apparel industries and
such other industries as the Director designates; and
(5) the term ``roadmap'' means an assessment of
manufacturing interoperability requirements developed by an
industry describing that industry's goals related to enterprise
integration, the knowledge and standards including application
protocols necessary to achieve those goals, and the necessary
steps, timetable, and assignment of responsibilities for
acquiring the knowledge and developing the standards and
SEC. 5. <<NOTE: 15 USC 278g-5 note.>> AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Director to carry out
functions under this Act--
(1) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;
(2) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;
(3) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2004; and
(4) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2005.
Approved November 5, 2002.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 2733:
HOUSE REPORTS: No. 107-520 (Comm. on Science).
SENATE REPORTS: No. 107-319 (Comm. on Commerce, Science, and
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 148 (2002):
July 11, considered and passed House.
Oct. 17, considered and passed Senate.