Text: H.R.3167 — 107th Congress (2001-2002)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 107-187 (06/10/2002)

 
[107th Congress Public Law 187]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]


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[DOCID: f:publ187.107]


[[Page 589]]

         GERALD B. H. SOLOMON FREEDOM CONSOLIDATION ACT OF 2002

[[Page 116 STAT. 590]]

Public Law 107-187
107th Congress

                                 An Act


 
   To endorse the vision of further enlargement of the NATO Alliance 
articulated by President George W. Bush on June 15, 2001, and by former 
    President William J. Clinton on October 22, 1996, and for other 
            purposes. <<NOTE: June 10, 2002 -  [H.R. 3167]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress <<NOTE: Gerald B. H. Solomon 
Freedom Consolidation Act of 2002.>> assembled,

SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 22 USC 1928 note.>> SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Gerald B. H. Solomon Freedom 
Consolidation Act of 2002''.

SEC. 2. <<NOTE: 22 USC 1928 note.>> FINDINGS.

    The Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) In the NATO Participation Act of 1994 (title II of 
        Public Law 103-447; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note), Congress declared that 
        ``full and active participants in the Partnership for Peace in a 
        position to further the principles of the North Atlantic Treaty 
        and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic area 
        should be invited to become full NATO members in accordance with 
        Article 10 of such Treaty at an early date . . .''.
            (2) In the NATO Enlargement Facilitation Act of 1996 (title 
        VI of section 101(c) of title I of division A of Public Law 104-
        208; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note), Congress called for the prompt 
        admission of Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovenia 
        to NATO, and declared that ``in order to promote economic 
        stability and security in Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, 
        Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Moldova, and Ukraine . . . the 
        process of enlarging NATO to include emerging democracies in 
        Central and Eastern Europe should not be limited to 
        consideration of admitting Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, 
        and Slovenia as full members of the NATO Alliance''.
            (3) In the European Security Act of 1998 (title XXVII of 
        division G of Public Law 105-277; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note), Congress 
        declared that ``Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic should 
        not be the last emerging democracies in Central and Eastern 
        Europe invited to join NATO'' and that ``Romania, Estonia, 
        Latvia, Lithuania, and Bulgaria . . . would make an outstanding 
        contribution to furthering the goals of NATO and enhancing 
        stability, freedom, and peace in Europe should they become NATO 
        members [and] upon complete satisfaction of all relevant 
        criteria should be invited to become full NATO members at the 
        earliest possible date''.
            (4) At the Madrid Summit of the NATO Alliance in July 1997, 
        Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic were invited to join the 
        Alliance in the first round of NATO enlargement,

[[Page 116 STAT. 591]]

        and the NATO heads of state and government issued a declaration 
        stating ``[t]he Alliance expects to extend further invitations 
        in coming years to nations willing and able to assume the 
        responsibilities and obligations of membership . . . [n]o 
        European democratic country whose admission would fulfill the 
        objectives of the [North Atlantic] Treaty will be excluded from 
        consideration''.
            (5) At the Washington Summit of the NATO Alliance in April 
        1999, the NATO heads of state and government issued a communique 
        declaring ``[w]e pledge that NATO will continue to welcome new 
        members in a position to further the principles of the [North 
        Atlantic] Treaty and contribute to peace and security in the 
        Euro-Atlantic area . . . [t]he three new members will not be the 
        last . . . [n]o European democratic country whose admission 
        would fulfill the objectives of the Treaty will be excluded from 
        consideration, regardless of its geographic location . . .''.
            (6) In late 2002, NATO will hold a summit in Prague, the 
        Czech Republic, at which it will decide which additional 
        emerging democracies in Central and Eastern Europe to invite to 
        join the Alliance in the next round of NATO enlargement.
            (7) In May 2000 in Vilnius, Lithuania, the foreign ministers 
        of Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Former 
        Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia 
        issued a statement (later joined by Croatia) declaring that 
        their countries will cooperate in jointly seeking NATO 
        membership in the next round of NATO enlargement, that the 
        realization of NATO membership by one or more of these countries 
        would be a success for all, and that eventual NATO membership 
        for all of these countries would be a success for Europe and 
        NATO.
            (8) On June 15, 2001, in a speech in Warsaw, Poland, 
        President George W. Bush stated ``[a]ll of Europe's new 
        democracies, from the Baltic to the Black Sea and all that lie 
        between, should have the same chance for security and freedom--
        and the same chance to join the institutions of Europe--as 
        Europe's old democracies have . . . I believe in NATO membership 
        for all of Europe's democracies that seek it and are ready to 
        share the responsibilities that NATO brings . . . [a]s we plan 
        to enlarge NATO, no nation should be used as a pawn in the 
        agenda of others . . . [w]e will not trade away the fate of free 
        European peoples . . . [n]o more Munichs . . . [n]o more Yaltas 
        . . . [a]s we plan the Prague Summit, we should not calculate 
        how little we can get away with, but how much we can do to 
        advance the cause of freedom''.
            (9) On October 22, 1996, in a speech in Detroit, Michigan, 
        former President William J. Clinton stated ``NATO's doors will 
        not close behind its first new members . . . NATO should remain 
        open to all of Europe's emerging democracies who are ready to 
        shoulder the responsibilities of membership . . . [n]o nation 
        will be automatically excluded . . . [n]o country outside NATO 
        will have a veto . . . [a] gray zone of insecurity must not 
        reemerge in Europe''.

SEC. 3. <<NOTE: 22 USC 1928 note.>> DECLARATIONS OF POLICY.

    Congress--

[[Page 116 STAT. 592]]

            (1) reaffirms its previous expressions of support for 
        continued enlargement of the NATO Alliance contained in the NATO 
        Participation Act of 1994, the NATO Enlargement Facilitation Act 
        of 1996, and the European Security Act of 1998;
            (2) supports the commitment to further enlargement of the 
        NATO Alliance expressed by the Alliance in its Madrid 
        Declaration of 1997 and its Washington Summit Communique of 
        1999; and
            (3) endorses the vision of further enlargement of the NATO 
        Alliance articulated by President George W. Bush on June 15, 
        2001, and by former President William J. Clinton on October 22, 
        1996, and urges our NATO allies to work with the United States 
        to realize this vision at the Prague Summit in 2002.

SEC. 4. <<NOTE: 22 USC 1928 note.>> DESIGNATION OF SLOVAKIA TO RECEIVE 
            ASSISTANCE UNDER THE NATO PARTICIPATION ACT OF 1994.

    (a) In General.--Slovakia is designated as eligible to receive 
assistance under the program established under section 203(a) of the 
NATO Participation Act of 1994 (title II of Public Law 103-447; 22 
U.S.C. 1928 note) and shall be deemed to have been so designated 
pursuant to section 203(d)(1) of such Act.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--The designation of Slovakia pursuant to 
subsection (a) as eligible to receive assistance under the program 
established under section 203(a) of the NATO Participation Act of 1994--
            (1) is in addition to the designation of Poland, Hungary, 
        the Czech Republic, and Slovenia pursuant to section 606 of the 
        NATO Enlargement Facilitation Act of 1996 (title VI of section 
        101(c) of title I of division A of Public Law 104-208; 22 U.S.C. 
        1928 note) and the designation of Romania, Estonia, Latvia, 
        Lithuania, and Bulgaria pursuant to section 2703(b) of the 
        European Security Act of 1998 (title XXVII of division G of 
        Public Law 105-277; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note) as eligible to receive 
        assistance under the program established under section 203(a) of 
        the NATO Participation Act of 1994; and
            (2) shall not preclude the designation by the President of 
        other emerging democracies in Central and Eastern Europe 
        pursuant to section 203(d)(2) of the NATO Participation Act of 
        1994 as eligible to receive assistance under the program 
        established under section 203(a) of such Act.

SEC. 5. <<NOTE: 22 USC 1928 note.>> AUTHORIZATION OF SECURITY ASSISTANCE 
            FOR COUNTRIES DESIGNATED UNDER THE NATO PARTICIPATION ACT OF 
            1994.

    (a) Authorization of Foreign Military Financing.--Of the amounts 
made available for fiscal year 2002 under section 23 of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763)--
            (1) $6,500,000 is authorized to be available on a grant 
        basis for Estonia;
            (2) $7,000,000 is authorized to be available on a grant 
        basis for Latvia;
            (3) $7,500,000 is authorized to be available on a grant 
        basis for Lithuania;
            (4) $8,500,000 is authorized to be available on a grant 
        basis for Slovakia;
            (5) $4,500,000 is authorized to be available on a grant 
        basis for Slovenia;

[[Page 116 STAT. 593]]

            (6) $10,000,000 is authorized to be available on a grant 
        basis for Bulgaria; and
            (7) $11,500,000 is authorized to be available on a grant 
        basis for Romania.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (a) of section 515 of the 
Security Assistance Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-280) <<NOTE: 114 Stat. 
858.>> is amended by striking paragraphs (1), (5), (6), (7), and (8) and 
redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (9) as paragraphs (1) 
through (4), respectively.

    Approved June 10, 2002.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 3167:
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HOUSE REPORTS: No. 107-266 (Comm. on International Relations).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
                                                        Vol. 147 (2001):
                                    Nov. 7, considered and passed House.
                                                        Vol. 148 (2002):
                                    May 16, 17, considered and passed 
                                        Senate.

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