Text: H.R.3229 — 107th Congress (2001-2002)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (11/06/2001)


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[Congressional Bills 107th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 3229 Introduced in House (IH)]







107th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 3229

  To enhance the security of the international borders of the United 
                                States.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                            November 6, 2001

 Mr. Gallegly introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
    Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on 
 International Relations, and Transportation and Infrastructure, for a 
 period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for 
consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the 
                          committee concerned

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To enhance the security of the international borders of the United 
                                States.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Visa Entry Reform Act of 2001''.

SEC. 2. ESTABLISHMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE LOOKOUT DATABASE.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--The Director of the Office of Homeland 
        Security, in conjunction with the Foreign Terrorist Tracking 
        Task Force, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the 
        Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, the Director of 
        the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Director of Central 
        Intelligence, the Secretary of Transportation and with input 
        from appropriate private industry, shall establish and 
        supervise the development of a single, comprehensive 
        computerized database (hereafter in this Act referred to as the 
        ``lookout database'') to screen visa applicants and applicants 
        for admission to the United States to identify those aliens who 
        are inadmissible or deportable under the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act.
            (2) Information about applicants for admission to the 
        united states.--The lookout database shall include the 
        following information about any alien attempting to enter the 
        United States:
                    (A) Full name of alien.
                    (B) Alien identification number.
                    (C) Passport number.
                    (D) Date of birth.
                    (E) Nationality.
                    (F) Place of residence in home country.
                    (G) Anticipated place of residence in the United 
                States.
                    (H) Purpose of visit.
                    (I) Type of visa.
                    (J) Date of entry into the United States.
                    (K) Dates of prior entries to and exit from the 
                United States, if applicable.
                    (L) Names and addresses of alien's immediate 
                family.
                    (M) Anticipated date of departure from the United 
                States or, if applicable, expiration date of visa.
                    (N) Service in foreign military or government 
                agency charged with security.
                    (O) Biometric data or information about the alien, 
                if available.
                    (P) Other information considered necessary by the 
                Attorney General, the Secretary of State, and the 
                Director of Homeland Security.
            (3) Information about visa violators.--In the case of any 
        alien who has violated the terms of a visa--
                    (A) any law enforcement agency that obtains 
                information about an alien who has violated the terms 
                of his or her visa shall submit such information to the 
                Attorney General; and
                    (B) the Attorney General shall promptly enter any 
                information so submitted into the lookout database.
            (4) Other information.--The lookout database shall also 
        include information collected under sections 3, 4, 6(f), and 9.
            (5) Submission of information.--The Attorney General shall 
        prescribe regulations under which information required for the 
        lookout database shall be submitted by the Commissioner of 
        Immigration and Naturalization, Federal, State, and local law 
        enforcement agencies throughout the United States, and the 
        intelligence community.
            (6) Availability of information.--Information contained in 
        the lookout database shall be accessible in real time, within 
        guidelines established by the Attorney General, to--
                    (A) inspectors of the Immigration and Nationality 
                Service or the United States Customs Service at United 
                States ports of entry and consular officers;
                    (B) Federal law enforcement officers and 
                investigators;
                    (C) the intelligence community; and
                    (D) other agencies considered appropriate by the 
                Attorney General.
            (7) Report to congress.--Not later than 3 months after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the office of 
        Homeland Security shall submit to the Committees on the 
        Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
        report describing the progress made in the development of the 
        lookout database.
    (b) INS Data Upgrade.--Effective 6 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall establish a plan to 
upgrade the Immigration and Naturalization Service electronic data 
system to include biometric data, including fingerprints and 
photographs, on all aliens to whom visas are issued.
    (c) Privacy Protections.--
            (1) Lookout database information.--The Attorney General and 
        the Secretary of State shall jointly prescribe regulations--
                    (A) to limit access to the lookout database to 
                authorized immigration and law enforcement personnel; 
                and
                    (B) to determine and control the appropriate use of 
                the information.
            (2) Penalties for unauthorized access and disclosure.--
        Section 1030(a)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended 
        by inserting after ``Atomic Energy Act of 1954'' the following: 
        ``or any restricted information that is included in the 
        database required by section 2 of the Visa Entry Reform Act of 
        2001''.
    (d) Terrorist Lookout Committees.--
            (1) Establishment.--
                    (A) Requirement.--Not later than 30 days after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State 
                shall establish within each United States Embassy a 
                Terrorist Lookout Committee, which shall include the 
                head of the political section and senior 
                representatives of all United States law enforcement 
                agencies, and the intelligence community, under the 
                authority of the chief of mission.
                    (B) Committee leadership.--Each Committee shall be 
                chaired by the respective deputy chief of mission, with 
                the head of the consular section as vice chair.
            (2) Meetings.--Each Terrorist Lookout Committee established 
        under subsection (a) shall meet at least monthly and shall 
        maintain records of its meetings. Upon the completion of each 
        meeting, each Committee shall report to the Department of State 
        all names submitted for inclusion in the visa lookout system.
            (3) Certification.--If no names are submitted upon 
        completion of a meeting under paragraph (2), the deputy chief 
        of mission shall certify to the Secretary of State, subject to 
        potential application the Accountability Review Board 
        provisions of title III of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
        Antiterrorism Act of 1986, that none of the relevant sections 
        of the United States Embassy had knowledge of the identity of 
        any individual eligible for inclusion in the visa lookout 
        system for possible terrorist activity.
            (4) Report.--The Secretary of State shall submit a report 
        on a quarterly basis to the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
        the Senate and the Committee on International Relations of the 
        House of Representatives on the status of the Terrorist Lookout 
        Committees.

SEC. 3. IMPLEMENTATION OF A NEW BIOMETRIC ``SMARTVISA''.

    (a) Development of SmartVisa System.--The Attorney General and the 
Secretary of State, acting jointly, shall develop a biometric 
``SmartVisa'' system, which shall include tamper-proof, machine-
readable visas containing biometric identifiers and biometric data, and 
machines to electronically scan and read the visas at each port of 
entry.
    (b) Description of Other Data To Be Contained in the SmartVisa.--In 
addition to the biometric data described in subsection (a), the 
SmartVisa shall include the height, weight, hair color, nationality, 
and country of origin of the cardholder.
    (c) Use of SmartVisa.--The SmartVisa shall be issued to each alien 
seeking to enter the United States. The SmartVisa shall be scanned by a 
machine-readable visa scanner upon entry or departure of the alien.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations for SmartVisa System.--There is 
authorized to be appropriated such amounts as may be necessary for 
issuing the SmartVisas at all United States consulates abroad and the 
technology necessary for implementing the corresponding scanning 
systems at each land, air, and sea ports of entry into the United 
States.
    (e) Machine Readable Visa Fees.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 140(a) of the Foreign Relations 
        Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-
        236) is amended by striking paragraph (3).
            (2) Amount.--The machine readable visa fee charged by the 
        Department of State initially shall be the higher of $65 or the 
        cost of the machine readable visa service, as determined by the 
        Department of State through a cost-of-service study.
            (3) Availability of collected fees.--Amounts collected as 
        fees described in this subsection shall be credited as an 
        offsetting collection to any appropriation for the Department 
        of State to recover costs of providing consular services. 
        Amounts so credited shall be available, until expended, for the 
        same purposes as the appropriation to which credited.

SEC. 4. REFORM OF THE VISA WAIVER PROGRAM.

    (a) Machine-Readable, Tamper-Resistant Passports.--
            (1) Condition for treatment as visa waiver participant.--
        Effective 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, a 
        country may only be treated as a visa waiver participant under 
        section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality Act if the 
        Secretary of State and the Attorney General jointly determine 
        that the country issues to its citizens and nationals machine-
        readable, tamper-resistant passports that are of comparable 
        quality as passports issued by the United States and can be 
        read by machines at United States ports of entry.
            (2) Deadline for implementation.--Not later than 2 years 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, such passports shall 
        contain biometric data, as prescribed by the Secretary of State 
        and the Attorney General.
    (b) Reporting of Stolen Passports.--Effective 1 year after the date 
of enactment of this Act, a country may only be treated as a visa 
waiver participant under section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act if the Secretary of State and the Attorney General jointly 
determine that the country timely transmits to the Attorney General 
reports of thefts of passports issued by that country.
    (c) Authority To Terminate Visa Waiver Country Designations.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Attorney General, in 
consultation with the Secretary of State, may terminate the designation 
of any country as a visa waiver participant under section 217 of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act if the Attorney General determines that 
the continued inclusion of that country in the visa waiver program 
would pose a risk to the national security of the United States.
    (d) Development of Standard Biometric Identifiers.--
            (1) In general.--The Attorney General and the Secretary of 
        State, acting jointly, shall develop standard biometric 
        identifiers for the purpose described in section 4(a).
            (2) Implementation.--Effective 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, no passport may be issued by the 
        Secretary of State under section 217 of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act that does not contain the standard biometric 
        identifiers described in paragraph (1).
            (3) Readers and scanners at ports of entry.--The Attorney 
        General shall install biometric data readers and scanners at 
        each port of entry of the United States no later than 1 year 
        from the date of enactment of this Act.
            (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to the Department of Justice and the 
        Department of State such sums as may be necessary to carry out 
        this subsection.

SEC. 5. PRESCREENING OF ALIENS PRIOR TO ARRIVAL IN THE UNITED STATES.

    Section 286(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1356(g)) is amended by striking ``, within forty-five minutes of their 
presentation for inspection,''.

SEC. 6. PASSENGER MANIFEST INFORMATION.

    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than January 1, 2002, each 
air, land, or sea carrier arriving in the United States from a foreign 
state shall be required to provide to the Attorney General manifest 
information about each passenger, crew member, and other occupants as 
specified in subsection (b), in advance of departure for the United 
States.
    (b) Information.--The information to be provided with respect to 
each person listed on the manifest shall include--
            (1) complete name;
            (2) date of birth;
            (3) citizenship;
            (4) gender;
            (5) passport number and country of issuance;
            (6) country of residence;
            (7) United States visa number, date, and place of issuance, 
        as applicable;
            (8) alien registration number, where applicable; and
            (9) such other information as the Attorney General, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of State, determines is 
        reasonable to protect safety and national security.
    (c) Review.--Information provided under this section shall be 
reviewed against the lookout database established under section 2 of 
this Act.
    (d) Procedures for the Electronic Transmission of Manifest 
Information.--Not later than January 1, 2002, each commercial air, 
land, or sea carrier subject to the requirements of this section shall 
develop procedures to permit the electronic transmission of manifest 
information required by this section.
    (e) Prearrival Messages From Other Vessels Destined to United 
States Ports.--Section 4(a)(5) of the Ports and Waterways Safety Act 
(33 U.S.C. 1223(a)(5)) is amended by striking paragraph (5) and 
inserting the following:
            ``(5)(A) may require the receipt of prearrival messages 
        from any vessel destined for a port or place subject to the 
        jurisdiction of the United States, not later than 96 hours 
        before the vessel's arrival or such time as deemed necessary 
        under regulations promulgated by the Secretary to thoroughly 
        examine all information provided, which shall include with 
        respect to the vessel--
                    ``(i) the route and name of each port and each 
                place of destination in the United States;
                    ``(ii) the estimated date and time of arrival at 
                each port or place;
                    ``(iii) the name of the vessel;
                    ``(iv) the country of registry of the vessel;
                    ``(v) the call sign of the vessel;
                    ``(vi) the International Maritime Organization 
                (IMO) international number or, if the vessel does not 
                have an assigned IMO international number, the official 
                number of the vessel;
                    ``(vii) the name of the registered owner of the 
                vessel;
                    ``(viii) the name of the operator of the vessel;
                    ``(ix) the name of the classification society of 
                the vessel;
                    ``(x) a general description of the cargo on board 
                the vessel;
                    ``(xi) in the case of certain dangerous cargo--
                            ``(I) the name and description of the 
                        dangerous cargo;
                            ``(II) the amount of the dangerous cargo 
                        carried;
                            ``(III) the stowage location of the 
                        dangerous cargo; and
                            ``(IV) the operational condition of the 
                        equipment under section 164.35 of title 33 of 
                        the Code of Federal Regulations;
                    ``(xii) the date of departure and name of the port 
                from which the vessel last departed;
                    ``(xiii) the name and telephone number of a 24-hour 
                point of contact for each port included in the notice 
                of arrival;
                    ``(xiv) the location or position of the vessel at 
                the time of the report;
                    ``(xv) a list of crew members onboard the vessel 
                including with respect to each crew member--
                            ``(I) the full name;
                            ``(II) the date of birth;
                            ``(III) the nationality;
                            ``(IV) the passport number or mariners 
                        document number; and
                            ``(V) the position or duties;
                    ``(xvi) a list of persons other than crew members 
                onboard the vessel including with respect to each such 
                person--
                            ``(I) the full name;
                            ``(II) the date of birth;
                            ``(III) the nationality; and
                            ``(IV) the passport number; and
                    ``(xvii) any other information required by the 
                Secretary; and
            ``(B) any changes to the information required by 
        subparagraph (A), except changes in the arrival or departure 
        time of less than 6 hours, must be reported as soon as 
        practicable but not less than 24 hours before entering the port 
        of destination. The Secretary may deny entry of a vessel into 
        the territorial sea of the United States if the Secretary has 
        not received notification for the vessel in accordance with 
        paragraph (5).''.
    (f) Electronic Visa Files.--The consular officer issuing a visa to 
an alien shall transmit to the lookout database established under 
section 2(a) an electronic version of the alien's visa file prior to 
the departure of that alien for the United States and within such time 
limits as are necessary to ensure that the data in that visa file is 
available to immigration inspectors at the United States ports of entry 
before the arrival of the alien at such a port of entry.

SEC. 7. REQUIREMENTS FOR FEDERAL DOCUMENTS.

    (a) Resistance to Fraud and Tampering.--The Attorney General, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary of 
Health and Human Services, and the Administrator of the Social Security 
Administration, shall establish procedures to ensure that newly issued 
identification documents, licenses, and permits issued by such 
departments and agencies are designed to prevent fraudulent use and 
alteration by tampering.
    (b) Immigration and Visa Documents.--The Secretary of State and the 
Attorney General shall each ensure that every visa and immigration 
document issued under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government--
            (1) is designed to meet the requirements under subsection 
        (a) regarding fraudulent use and alteration by tampering;
            (2) contains biometric data; and
            (3) in the case of an alien issued a visa, includes the 
        date of expiration of such visa.
    (c) Federally Regulated Documents Issued by State and Local 
Governments.--The Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary 
of Transportation, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, and the 
Administrator of the Social Security Administration, shall establish 
procedures to ensure that, in the administration of any law that 
applies Federal requirements or standards to identification documents 
issued by a State or a unit of local government, a requirement is 
imposed to ensure that each such document is designed to meet the 
requirements under subsection (a) regarding fraudulent use and 
alteration by tampering.

SEC. 8. DENIAL OF FOREIGN STUDENT VISAS TO NATIONALS OF STATE SPONSORS 
              OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an 
alien who is a national of a country that is listed on the Department 
of State's list of state sponsors of international terrorism is 
ineligible to receive a foreign student visa or to be admitted to the 
United States as a foreign student.
    (b) Waiver.--
            (1) Authority.--The Secretary of State may waive the 
        application of subsection (a) in the case of an alien whom the 
        Secretary certifies as not posing a risk to the national 
        security of the United States. The certification process under 
        this paragraph shall include heightened scrutiny of the alien's 
        background.
            (2) Nondelegation.--The Secretary may not delegate 
        authority to grant a waiver under paragraph (1) to any official 
        below the level of Under Secretary of State other than to the 
        Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs. If delegated 
        to the Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs, the 
        authority may not be further delegated by the Assistant 
        Secretary.

SEC. 9. FOREIGN STUDENT MONITORING PROGRAM.

    (a) Implementation and Expansion.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2003, the 
        Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State 
        and the Secretary of Education, shall implement the program 
        established by section 641(a) of the Illegal Immigration Reform 
        and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372(a)). 
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the program shall 
        be applied to all foreign nationals described in subparagraphs 
        (F), (J), and (M) of section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)) who are covered by the 
        other subsections of this section.
            (2) Application fee.--The Secretary of State shall impose 
        on each student applying for a foreign student visa an 
        application fee in such amount as the Attorney General 
        determines necessary to provide the funding necessary to 
        maintain the program referred to in paragraph (1). Amounts 
        collected under this paragraph shall supplement and not 
        supplant the $36,800,000 authorized to be appropriated by 
        Public Law 107-36.
    (b) Prohibition on Providing INS Form I-20 to Foreign Students.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no INS Form I-20 shall be 
provided or issued directly to a foreign student or other individual 
not authorized by the Secretary of State under subsection (c).
    (c) Submission of INS Form I-20 to Department of State.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for each foreign student 
seeking to enroll in an approved institution of higher education, the 
institution shall submit to the Department of State a completed INS 
Form I-20 containing the following information:
            (1) The identity of the student.
            (2) The date of entry and port of entry.
            (3) The student's address in the country of origin.
            (4) The names and addresses of the student's parents and 
        siblings.
            (5) Contacts of the student in the student's country of 
        residence who could verify information about the student, 
        including family members, close associates, and persons in 
        organizations with which the student is affiliated in such 
        country.
            (6) Previous work experience, including names and addresses 
        of employers.
            (7) The date of alien's enrollment in an approved 
        institution of higher education, other approved educational 
        institution, or designated exchange visitor program in the 
        United States.
            (8) The date of the alien's termination of enrollment and 
        the reason for such termination (including graduation, 
        disciplinary action, or other dismissal, and failure to enroll 
        or reenroll).
            (9) The academic course of study to be pursued by the 
        student at an institution in the United States.
            (10) The United States consulate where the student intends 
        to apply for a visa.
    (d) Notification of Institutions.--Upon the issuance of a student 
visa for an alien to attend an approved institution of education, the 
Secretary of State shall transmit to the institution a notification of 
the issuance of the visa to that alien.
    (e) Entry of Information in Lookout Database.--The information 
provided by a student on the INS form I-20 shall be entered in the 
lookout database established under section 2(a).
    (f) INS Background Checks.--The Attorney General shall conduct a 
background examination of each foreign student prior to the issuance of 
a visa by a consular officer to ensure that the alien is not subject to 
a bar to reentry as a result of any previous violation of immigration 
law.
    (g) Electronic Updates.--Not later than 30 days after the end of 
the enrollment period at the commencement of each academic term, each 
educational institution shall provide the following information to the 
Attorney General regarding each foreign student enrolled in the 
institution:
            (1) The student's full name.
            (2) The address of the student in student's country of 
        origin.
            (3) The actual address of the student in the United States.
            (4) Date of commencement of studies.
            (5) Degree program and list of courses of study.
            (6) Status of the student (including whether the student is 
        full-time or part-time).
            (7) Date on which the academic term ends.
    (h) Quarterly Reports.--Each approved institution of higher 
education shall, on a quarterly basis, submit to the Attorney General a 
report on the status of each foreign student described in subsection 
(g) who is enrolled in the institution. The quarterly report shall 
include the information described in that subsection and information 
regarding any disciplinary action taken by the institution as a result 
of any crime committed by the foreign student.
    (i) Failure To Enroll.--
            (1) Notification by institution.--Each approved institution 
        of higher education shall immediately inform the Attorney 
        General whenever a foreign student who has been issued a visa 
        fails to enroll at the institution, withdraws from the 
        institution, or violates the terms of his visa. The 
        notification shall be submitted not later than 30 days after 
        the reportable event.
            (2) Notification of state department and others.--The 
        Attorney General shall notify the Secretary of State of any 
        failure of a student to enroll at the approved institution of 
        higher education of the student, any withdrawal of the student 
        from the institution, or any violation of the terms of the 
        student's visa.
    (j) Prohibition on Automatic Extension of Foreign Student Visa.--In 
the case of any foreign student seeking an extension of a foreign 
student visa, the foreign student shall apply for the extension and 
submit to a new background examination.
    (k) Approved Institution of Higher Education Approved.--The term 
``approved institution of higher education'' means--
            (1) a college or university approved by the Attorney 
        General, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, under 
        subparagraph (F) or (J) of section 101(a)(15) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act; and
            (2) a vocational or other nonacademic institution approved 
        by the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of 
        Education, under subparagraph (M) of such section, including a 
        flight training school and language training school 
        (notwithstanding the parenthetical exclusion of language 
        training programs in clause (i) of such subparagraph).

SEC. 10. REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO THE ADMISSION OF NONIMMIGRANT ALIENS.

    (a) Additional Consular Personnel.--
            (1) Requirement.--The Secretary of State shall assign such 
        additional number of Foreign Service personnel to serve as 
        consular officers as may be necessary to achieve effective 
        screening of visa applicants.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out 
        paragraph (1).
    (b) Background Checks.--
            (1) Before issuance of visa.--Prior to the issuance of a 
        nonimmigrant visa to any alien, the consular officer shall 
        obtain notification from the Immigration and Naturalization 
        Service that the Service has conducted a background review of 
        the alien and that such review reveals no grounds of 
        inadmissibility under section 212(a) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act or removability under section 237(a) of such 
        Act.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to the Department of Justice such sums as 
        may be necessary to employ additional examinations personnel 
        within the Immigration and Naturalization Service to carry out 
        paragraph (1).
    (c) Fingerprint and Other Information Required.--No application for 
a nonimmigrant visa under section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act may be approved for an alien until the alien submits to 
the consular officer the fingerprints or other designated biometric 
data required to be submitted.

SEC. 11. ADDITIONAL PORT OF ENTRY PERSONNEL PERSONNEL.

    (a) INS Inspectors.--During each of fiscal years 2002 through 2006, 
the Attorney General shall increase the number of inspectors in the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service by the equivalent of 200 full 
time employees over the number of inspectors in the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service as of the end of the preceding fiscal year.
    (b) INS Investigative Personnel.--The Attorney General shall assign 
such additional number of investigative personnel of the Immigration 
and Nationality Service to pursue investigations of aliens in the 
United States in violation of the terms of their visa as may be 
necessary to achieve timely and effective completion of the 
investigations and action on the results of the investigations.
    (c) Customs Service Inspectors.--During each of fiscal years 2002 
through 2006, the Secretary of the Treasury shall increase the number 
of inspectors in the United States Customs Service by the equivalent of 
200 full time employees over the number of inspectors in the United 
States Customs Service as of the end of the preceding fiscal year.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

SEC. 12. FALSE IDENTIFICATION.

    Section 1028 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(6), by inserting ``or of any foreign 
        nation'' after ``the United States''; and
            (2) in subsections (b)(1)(A)(i) and (c)(1), by inserting 
        ``or the government of any foreign nation'' after ``authority 
        of the United States''.

SEC. 13. GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE STUDY.

    (a) Requirement for Study.--The Comptroller General shall conduct a 
study to determine the feasibility and utility of implementing a 
requirement that each nonimmigrant alien in the United States submit to 
the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization each year 
information on the status of the alien.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report on 
the results of the study under subsection (a). The report shall include 
the Comptroller General's findings, together with any recommendations 
that the Comptroller General considers appropriate.

SEC. 14. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Foreign student.--The term ``foreign student'' means a 
        nonimmigrant alien described in subparagraph (F), (J), or (M) 
        of section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)).
            (2) Intelligence community.--The term ``intelligence 
        community'' has the meaning given that term in section 3(4) of 
        the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4)).

SEC. 15. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
necessary to carry out this Act.
                                 <all>