Text: H.R.3427 — 107th Congress (2001-2002)All Information (Except Text)

There is one version of the bill.

Text available as:

  • TXT
  • PDF (PDF provides a complete and accurate display of this text.) Tip?

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (12/06/2001)

 
[Congressional Bills 107th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 3427 Introduced in House (IH)]







107th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 3427

To provide assistance for the relief and reconstruction of Afghanistan, 
                        and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                            December 6, 2001

 Mr. Lantos (for himself, Ms. Ros-Lehtinen, Mr. Ackerman, Mr. Berman, 
Mr. Pitts, Mr. Faleomavaega, Mrs. Jo Ann Davis of Virginia, Mr. Payne, 
 Mr. Crowley, Mr. Hoeffel, Mrs. Napolitano, Ms. Lee, Mr. Meeks of New 
    York, Mr. Wexler, Mr. Rohrabacher, and Ms. Millender-McDonald) 
 introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on 
                        International Relations

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
To provide assistance for the relief and reconstruction of Afghanistan, 
                        and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Afghanistan 
Freedom and Reconstruction Act of 2001''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 3. United States policy toward Afghanistan.
Sec. 4. United States broadcasting to the people of Afghanistan.
Sec. 5. Urgent humanitarian assistance for the people of Afghanistan.
Sec. 6. Support for security during transition in Afghanistan.
Sec. 7. Rehabilitation and reconstruction of Afghanistan.
Sec. 8. Afghanistan democracy and human rights initiatives.
Sec. 9. Authorization of funds for United Nations Drug Control Program 
                            (UNDCP) initiatives in Afghanistan.
Sec. 10. United States diplomatic facilities.
Sec. 11. Compliance with measures directed against the Taliban by the 
                            United Nations Security Council.
Sec. 12. Definitions.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The people of Afghanistan have suffered for over 20 
        years from continual conflict, civil strife, and from 
        successive repressive regimes supported by foreign governments 
        resulting in one of the lowest levels of life expectancy, adult 
        literacy, and high levels of infant and child mortality, 
        maternal mortality, and malnutrition.
            (2) Afghanistan has experienced near total devastation 
        through two decades of war, resulting in the largest 
        concentration of land mines and unexploded ordinances and the 
        destruction of most urban infrastructure, including schools, 
        hospitals, and powerplants.
            (3) As a result, there are approximately 2,000,000 Afghan 
        refugees in Pakistan, 1,500,000 in Iran, and 1,000,000 
        internally displaced persons in Afghanistan at risk of disease 
        and malnutrition, the largest such group in the world.
            (4) The Taliban have implemented a brutal and repressive 
        regime, particularly with respect to the rights of women and 
        their participation in Afghan society. Under Taliban rule, 
        women have been denied access to work, healthcare, and have 
        been prevented from adequately providing for their children. 
        Women have been segregated from society and virtually 
        imprisoned in their own homes under the Taliban's manipulation 
        of Islamic law.
            (5) Under Taliban rule, Afghanistan has become a training 
        ground, operational base, and safe haven for terrorists and 
        international terrorist organizations as well as the world's 
        largest source of illegal opium, the proceeds from the sale of 
        which the Taliban use to finance their war on the Afghan 
        people.
            (6) Since 1996, the Taliban have harbored Osama bin Laden 
        whom the United Nations has demanded that they surrender in 
        United Nations Security Council Resolution 1267 (1999). As a 
        result of their failure to do so, the United Nations Security 
        Council has imposed progressively more comprehensive sanctions 
        on the Taliban under Resolutions 1267 (1999), 1333 (2000), and 
        1363 (2001), which sanctions are binding on all members of the 
        United Nations under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United 
        Nations.
            (7) The failure of the Taliban to comply with the demands 
        of the United States and the United Nations Security Council 
        allowed Osama bin Laden and his al Qaeda network to orchestrate 
        from Afghanistan the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, 
        on the United States in which thousands of Americans and 
        foreign nationals were murdered.
            (8) After the expulsion or elimination of foreign terrorist 
        organizations from the territory of Afghanistan and the 
        cessation of hostilities, the United States bears a 
        responsibility to help create a stable political, economic, and 
        social environment in Afghanistan. The most effective and 
        efficient way to promote stability and prevent a return to 
        lawlessness and warfare in post-Taliban Afghanistan is support 
        for a broad-based, multiethnic, gender-sensitive, fully 
        representative government, civil society organizations, and the 
        speedy restoration of basic services.
            (9)(A) The President of the United States in his radio 
        address to the Nation on October 6, 2001, urged Congress to 
        make funds available to the reconstruction and development of 
        Afghanistan, recognizing that assisting people in this fashion 
        ``is also a central part of the American tradition'', stated 
        that ``[e]ven as we fight evil regimes we are generous to the 
        people they oppress'', and further stated that ``[f]ollowing 
        World War II, America fed and rebuilt Japan and Germany, and 
        their people became some of our closest friends in the world''.
            (B) The President of the United States in his speech before 
        the United Nations on November 10, 2001, stated that ``[t]he 
        United States will work closely with the United Nations and the 
        [multilateral] development banks to reconstruct Afghanistan''.
            (10) United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan in a 
        speech in Washington, D.C., on November 28, 2001--
                    (A) declared that ``the solution to the Afghan 
                crisis ultimately must come from the women and men of 
                Afghanistan itself'';
                    (B) reaffirmed the commitment of the international 
                community to ``ensuring that an end is put to the long 
                nightmare of women's repression in Afghanistan'' and 
                urged ``the parties to bring Afghan women into every 
                stage of the political process''; and
                    (C) stated that ``in Afghanistan today human rights 
                means, above all, women's rights''.
            (11) As a result of the changing situation in Afghanistan, 
        the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1378, 
        calling on member states to support a transitional 
        administration in Afghanistan, provide urgent humanitarian 
        assistance to the people of Afghanistan, and furnish long-term 
        assistance for the social and economic reconstruction and 
        rehabilitation of Afghanistan.
            (12) On December 5, 2001, in Bonn, Germany, representatives 
        of the Afghan people agreed to a framework for the 
        reestablishment of a government that is broad-based, 
        multiethnic, gender-sensitive, and fully representative of the 
        Afghan people.
            (13) In order to best meet its responsibility, the United 
        States must--
                    (A) contribute to these objectives both directly 
                and indirectly;
                    (B) build a coalition of like-minded countries, 
                with the strong participation of international 
                organizations, to achieve this goal; and
                    (C) establish the principle of noninterference in 
                the domestic affairs of Afghanistan by neighboring 
                states and other countries in the region.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this Act are--
            (1) to promote the removal from power of the Taliban regime 
        in Afghanistan;
            (2) to support a diplomatic framework for the relief, 
        rehabilitation, and reconstruction of Afghanistan;
            (3) to authorize immediate and sustained humanitarian 
        assistance to avert a humanitarian catastrophe in Afghanistan 
        and among Afghan refugees in neighboring countries;
            (4) to authorize assistance to help achieve a broad-based, 
        multiethnic, gender-sensitive, fully representative government 
        freely chosen by the Afghan people that respects the human 
        rights of all Afghans, particularly women, including 
        authorizing assistance for the rehabilitation and 
        reconstruction of Afghanistan with a particular emphasis on 
        meeting the educational, health, and sustenance needs of women 
        and children to better enable their full participation in 
        Afghan society; and
            (5) to otherwise promote a secure environment in 
        Afghanistan that will prevent the resurgence of foreign 
        terrorist organizations within the territory of Afghanistan.

SEC. 3. UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) United States Policy Toward Taliban Regime.--It should be the 
policy of the United States to promote the removal from power of the 
Taliban regime in Afghanistan so as to diminish the risk of future 
terrorist attacks on the United States and restore basic human freedoms 
to the people of Afghanistan.
    (b) Diplomatic Framework for the Promotion of a Free and 
Independent Afghanistan.--It should be the policy of the United 
States--
            (1) to support the convening of a traditional Afghan 
        assembly (commonly referred to as a ``Loya Jirga'') in order to 
        facilitate Afghanistan's transition from civil war to a broad-
        based, multiethnic, gender-sensitive, fully representative 
        government freely chosen by the Afghan people, help lay the 
        groundwork for Afghanistan's reconstruction and economic 
        recovery, and strengthen Afghanistan's security;
            (2) to maintain a significant United States commitment to 
        the relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction of Afghanistan 
        as part of a larger regional policy framework, paying 
        particular attention to the education and health care needs of 
        the Afghan people, especially the needs of women and children;
            (3) to support the objectives agreed to on December 5, 
        2001, in Bonn, Germany, and work toward ensuring the future 
        neutrality of Afghanistan, establishing the principle that 
        neighboring countries and other countries in the region do not 
        threaten or interfere in one another's sovereignty, territorial 
        integrity, or political independence, and supporting a 
        ``Friends of Afghanistan'' group to coordinate a sustained 
        international effort to reconstruct Afghanistan;
            (4) to work with the United Nations and the international 
        community in the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration 
        of combatants into Afghan society and in demining the Afghan 
        countryside as well as programs to rehabilitate and assist mine 
        victims, war orphans, and widows;
            (5) to support bilateral and regional economic agreements 
        and other measures to foster greater economic opportunity for 
        the citizens of Afghanistan and the region generally;
            (6) to promptly recognize a new broad-based, multiethnic, 
        gender-sensitive, fully representative government in 
        Afghanistan; and
            (7) in order to ensure near-term security of the people of 
        Afghanistan, to support the establishment of a multinational 
        security force in Afghanistan.

SEC. 4. UNITED STATES BROADCASTING TO THE PEOPLE OF AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Broadcasting for RFE/RL and VOA.--
            (1) In general.--Until a new surrogate broadcasting 
        operation for Afghanistan (authorized by subsection (b)) is 
        established and operational, the Broadcasting Board of 
        Governors is authorized to increase broadcasting by the Voice 
        of America to Afghanistan. In addition, the Broadcasting Board 
        of Governors is authorized to increase Voice of America and 
        RFE/RL, Incorporated, broadcasts into Central Asia, South Asia, 
        and the Middle East.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to such 
        sums as are otherwise authorized to be appropriated for each of 
        the fiscal years 2002 and 2003 for ``International Broadcasting 
        Operations'', $50,000,000 is authorized to be appropriated for 
        each of the fiscal years 2002 and 2003 for ``International 
        Broadcasting Operations'' for increased broadcasts by Voice of 
        America and RFE/RL, Incorporated, to Afghanistan, Central Asia, 
        South Asia, and the Middle East.
            (3) Use of appropriated funds.--To the extent funds are 
        available, amounts appropriated by Public Law 107-38 should be 
        used to carry out the activities authorized by this subsection.
    (b) Establishment of Radio Free Afghanistan.--The Broadcasting 
Board of Governors is authorized to make grants for surrogate radio 
broadcasting by RFE/RL, Incorporated (also known as Radio Free Europe/
Radio Liberty) to the people of Afghanistan in languages spoken in 
Afghanistan, such broadcasts to be designated ``Radio Free 
Afghanistan''.
    (c) Submission of Plan to Broadcasting Board of Governors.--Not 
later than 15 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, RFE/RL, 
Incorporated, shall submit to the Broadcasting Board of Governors a 
detailed plan for the establishment of the surrogate radio broadcasting 
described in subsection (b).
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            (1) International broadcasting operations.--In addition to 
        such sums as are otherwise authorized to be appropriated for 
        ``International Broadcasting Operations'', there are authorized 
        to be appropriated for ``International Broadcasting 
Operations'' $9,500,000 for the fiscal year 2002 and $8,000,000 for the 
fiscal year 2003 for broadcasting to Afghanistan described in 
subsection (b).
            (2) Broadcasting Capital Improvements.--In addition to such 
        sums as are otherwise authorized to be appropriated for 
        ``Broadcasting Capital Improvements'', there are authorized to 
        be appropriated for ``Broadcasting Capital Improvements'' 
        $10,000,000 for the fiscal year 2002 for transmitting 
        broadcasts into Afghanistan.
    (e) Grants to RFE/RL.--The limitation under section 308(c) of the 
United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 shall not apply to 
grants authorized by this section.
    (f) Repeal of Ban on United States Transmitter in Kuwait.--The 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public 
Law 103-236) is amended--
            (1) by striking section 226; and
            (2) by striking the item relating to section 226 in the 
        table of contents.

SEC. 5. URGENT HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE FOR THE PEOPLE OF AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Current Humanitarian Efforts.--Congress commends the President 
for allocating $320,000,000 in humanitarian assistance to the people of 
Afghanistan and strongly urges that the President continue to provide 
additional humanitarian assistance in 2002 and 2003 in conjunction with 
other donors and international organizations.
    (b) Equitable Distribution of Relief Assistance.--It should be the 
policy of the United States in promoting equitable distribution of 
relief and rehabilitation assistance in Afghanistan--
            (1) to assure noncombatants (particularly refugees and 
        displaced persons) equal and ready access to all emergency food 
        and relief assistance, with special emphasis on the needs of 
        women and children;
            (2) to provide relief, rehabilitation, and recovery 
        assistance to promote self-reliance; and
            (3) to assure that relief is provided on the basis of need 
        without regard to political affiliation, geographic location, 
        or the ethnic, tribal or religious identity of the recipient.
    (c) Authority To Provide Assistance.--The President is authorized 
to furnish assistance in accordance with this section on such other 
terms and conditions as the President may determine for the urgent 
humanitarian needs of the people of Afghanistan.
    (d) Humanitarian Assistance Inside Afghanistan.--Assistance under 
this section shall be targeted to meet the urgent humanitarian needs of 
the war-affected or drought-affected civilian population inside 
Afghanistan and shall include--
            (1) emergency food, shelter, and medical assistance;
            (2) clean drinking water and sanitation;
            (3) preventative health care, including childhood 
        vaccination, therapeutic feeding, maternal child health 
        services, and infectious diseases surveillance and treatment;
            (4) family tracing and reunification services for families 
        separated by war; and
            (5) basic education and vocational training with an 
        emphasis on the educational needs of women and children.
    (e) Assistance to Afghan Refugees.--Assistance under this section 
shall be targeted to meet the needs of Afghan refugees in Pakistan, 
Iran, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and other countries in the 
region and shall include--
            (1) assistance described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of 
        subsection (d) for such refugees;
            (2) assistance to families sheltering Afghan refugees in 
        the form of economic stipends, food assistance, and household 
        implements;
            (3) assistance to communities in neighboring countries that 
        have taken in large numbers of refugees in the form of 
        rehabilitation or expansion of basic services, access to health 
        and education facilities for refugees or other assistance aimed 
        at easing the burden on local populations hosting refugees;
            (4) assistance to international organizations and host 
        governments in maintaining security by screening refugees to 
        ensure the exclusion of armed combatants, members of foreign 
        terrorist organizations, and other individuals not eligible for 
        economic assistance from the United States; and
            (5) assistance for voluntary refugee repatriation and 
        reintegration inside Afghanistan and continued assistance to 
        those refugees who are unable or unwilling to return.
    (f) Food Aid.--Assistance under this section shall be targeted to 
meet the immediate, emergency food needs for the Afghan people and 
shall include assistance under title II of the Agricultural Trade 
Development and Assistance Act of 1954, the Food for Progress Act of 
1985, and section 416(b) of the Agricultural Act of 1949, as well as 
local procurement of commodities where necessary. Such assistance 
should include--
            (1) emergency food distribution to displaced, refugee, and 
        other vulnerable populations affected by war or drought;
            (2) school feeding programs to improve child nutrition and 
        school attendance;
            (3) food for work programs to facilitate the rehabilitation 
        process by improving productivity and decreasing dependency;
            (4) emergency monetization programs to increase 
        commercially available food stocks, decrease and stabilize food 
        prices, and stimulate local economies; and
            (5) food and agricultural production, including the 
        provision of seeds and tools.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the President--
            (1) to carry out the activities described in subsection (d) 
        for fiscal year 2003 $100,000,000;
            (2) to carry out the activities described in subsection (e) 
        for fiscal year 2003 $50,000,000; and
            (3) to carry out the activities described in subsection (f) 
        for fiscal year 2003 $175,000,000.
    (h) Authority To Provide Assistance.--Assistance under this section 
may be provided notwithstanding any other provision of law.

SEC. 6. SUPPORT FOR SECURITY DURING TRANSITION IN AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, during 
the transition to a broad-based, multiethnic, gender-sensitive, fully 
representative government in Afghanistan, the United States should 
support, a multinational security force, primarily composed of forces 
from moderate Islamic countries that do not border Afghanistan, to 
ensure security in the major cities of Afghanistan and, to the extent 
feasible, to facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance 
throughout the country.
    (b) Assistance for Multinational Security Force.--
            (1) In general.--The President is authorized to provide 
        assistance for the establishment and expenses of a 
        multinational security force in Afghanistan.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out paragraph (1) $100,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2002 and $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.
    (c) Support for Civil Administration and Advisers To Help 
Reconstitute Afghanistan.--
            (1) Statement of policy.--It should be the policy of the 
        United States to encourage a broad-based, multiethnic, gender-
        sensitive, fully representative government in Afghanistan 
        freely chosen by the Afghan people composed of Afghans, 
        including Afghans returning from abroad, while, in the 
        transition, supporting an interim or transitional authority 
        with the participation, as may be necessary, of civil advisers 
        from the United Nations or from appropriate countries in an 
        interim government.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to support 
        civil advisers to an interim or transitional authority for 
        Afghanistan that fully represents all major ethnic groups in 
        Afghanistan.

SEC. 7. REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION OF AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Targeting Assistance To Aid the Poor Majority.--It is the sense 
of Congress that United States development assistance for Afghanistan 
should be targeted to aid the poor majority of the people of 
Afghanistan (particularly refugees, women, and the urban and rural 
poor) to the maximum extent practicable. The United States Government 
should seek to--
            (1) build upon the capabilities and experiences of United 
        States, international, and indigenous private and voluntary 
        organizations active in local grassroots rehabilitation, 
        reconstruction, and development efforts; and
            (2) consult closely with the appropriate Afghan government 
        and civil society representatives as well as other governments 
        and international organizations participating in rehabilitation 
        and reconstruction efforts and significantly incorporate their 
        views into the policymaking process.
    (b) Assistance for Women and Girls.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
                    (A) Taliban restrictions on women's participation 
                in society in Afghanistan have made it nearly 
                impossible for women to exercise their basic human 
                rights. The Taliban restrictions on Afghan women's 
                freedom of expression, association, and movement deny 
                women full participation in society and, consequently, 
                from effectively securing basic access to work, 
                education, and health care.
                    (B) As a result of restrictions placed on women by 
                the Taliban regime, many women have been prevented from 
                securing basic necessities such as health care and food 
                for their children contributing to one of the highest 
                levels of malnutrition and maternal, infant, and child 
                mortality in the world.
                    (C) The Taliban regime prohibited girls and women 
                from attending school further limiting their ability to 
                provide for themselves and their families.
            (2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        all United States assistance for Afghanistan should include a 
        particular emphasis on meeting the educational, health, and 
        sustenance needs of women and children, especially girls, to 
        better enable their full participation in Afghan society.
    (c) Authority to Provide Assistance.--The President is authorized 
to furnish assistance in accordance with this section on such other 
terms and conditions as the President may determine for the 
rehabilitation and reconstruction of Afghanistan if--
            (1) with respect to assistance for fiscal year 2002, the 
        President first determines and certifies to the appropriate 
        congressional committees that a broad-based, multiethnic, 
        gender-sensitive fully representative interim authority has 
        been established to govern Afghanistan and that a special 
        independent commission for the convening of a emergency 
        traditional Afghan assembly (commonly referred to as a ``Loya 
        Jirga'' has been appointed;
            (2) with respect to assistance for fiscal year 2003, the 
        President first determines and certifies to the appropriate 
        congressional committees that a Loya Jirga has been convened 
        and has decided on a broad-based, multiethnic, gender-
        sensitive, fully representative transitional authority for 
        Afghanistan; and
            (3) with respect to assistance for fiscal years 2004 and 
        2005, the President first determines and certifies to the 
        appropriate congressional committees with respect to each such 
        fiscal year that substantial progress has been made toward 
        adopting a constitution and establishing a democratically 
        elected government for Afghanistan.
    (d) Examples of Programs.--Assistance under this section should 
include--
            (1) rehabilitation and reconstruction projects to benefit 
        the poorest people, including--
                    (A) reconstruction of permanent and semi-permanent 
                shelters, including provision of building materials;
                    (B) the furnishing of seeds for planting, 
                fertilizer, pesticides, farm implements, crop storage 
                and preservation supplies, farm animals, vaccine and 
                veterinary services to protect livestock, and repair 
                and reconstruction of well and irrigation systems;
                    (C) vocational training and capacity building 
                programs and food for work programs;
                    (D) primary health care and emergency water and 
                power supplies;
                    (E) disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration 
                programs for ex-combatants;
                    (F) demining of the Afghan countryside and 
                assistance to mine victims, war orphans, and widows; 
                and
                    (G) return of talent programs designed to 
                facilitate recruitment of skilled professionals from 
                the Afghan diaspora to assist in the reconstruction 
                efforts in Afghanistan;
            (2) other programs to reestablish veterinary services, 
        local crop research, and agricultural development projects;
            (3) programs designed to eliminate the cultivation of poppy 
        through alternative development of licit crops;
            (4) programs to provide basic education, particularly for 
        girls, including efforts to support the teaching of displaced 
        children and rebuild schools;
            (5) programs to educate young Afghan refugees, particularly 
        girls, in neighboring countries if conflict within Afghanistan 
        continues;
            (6) assistance to reconstitute and expand the delivery of 
        primary and maternal health care including the reconstruction 
        of health clinics and hospitals, the reestablishment of 
        vaccination campaigns, and the establishment of diseases 
        surveillance and treatment programs;
            (7) programs that combat corruption, improve transparency 
        and accountability, and otherwise promote good governance; and
            (8) assistance to establish credit, micro-enterprise, and 
        income-generation programs for the poor, with particular 
        emphasis on women.
    (e) Contribution to Multilateral Fund.--
            (1) Authority.--In addition to providing assistance under 
        this section for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of 
        Afghanistan on a bilateral basis, the President is authorized, 
        from amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
        appropriations under subsection (g), to make a contribution for 
        any of the fiscal years 2002 through 2005 to a multilateral 
        fund established for the development of a post-conflict 
        Afghanistan if the President first makes a determination and 
        certification under subsection (c) for the fiscal year 
        involved.
            (2) Limitation.--The amount of a contribution under 
        paragraph (1) for any fiscal year may not exceed 25 percent in 
        fiscal year 2002 and 50 percent in any subsequent fiscal year 
        of the amount appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
        appropriations under subsection (g) for such fiscal year.
    (f) Applicable Administrative Authorities.--Except to the extent 
inconsistent with the provisions of this section, the administrative 
authorities under chapters 1 and 2 of part III of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 shall apply to the provision of assistance under 
this section to the same extent and in the same manner as such 
authorities apply to the provision of economic assistance under part I 
of such Act.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the President to carry out this section for fiscal year 
2002, $75,000,000, for fiscal year 2003, $200,000,000, for fiscal year 
2004, $300,000,000, and for fiscal year 2005, $300,000,000.
    (h) Implementation of Programs.--Of the amount made available to 
carry out this section for a fiscal year, not more than 5 percent of 
such amount may be used for administrative expenses for the United 
States Agency for International Development in connection with such 
assistance.
    (i) Report Relating to Rehabilitation and Reconstruction.--As part 
of the annual submission of the budget of the United States, the 
President shall include a description of the activities conducted 
pursuant to this section and section 8 in the prior fiscal year, the 
progress made in meeting the development objectives for such year, a 
description of the United States development objectives for the 
rehabilitation and reconstruction of Afghanistan for the fiscal year 
involved and the amount of funds necessary to meet such objectives and 
the amount of funds to meet such objectives for the subsequent fiscal 
year.
    (j) Authority To Provide Assistance.--Assistance under this section 
may be provided notwithstanding any other provision of law.

SEC. 8. AFGHANISTAN DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS INITIATIVES.

    (a) Assistance to Democracy.--The President is authorized and 
encouraged to provide assistance under part I of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 (including chapter 4 of part II of the Act) to support the 
transition to a multiethnic democratic government in Afghanistan. Such 
assistance shall--
            (1) focus on building the capacity of Afghans, particularly 
        women, to participate in the selection of a broad-based, 
        multiethnic, gender-sensitive, fully representative government 
        in Afghanistan;
            (2) support activities of a transitional administration or 
        interim government to draft a new constitution, other legal 
        frameworks, and other initiatives to promote the rule of law 
        and combat corruption in Afghanistan;
            (3) support activities to prepare Afghanistan for 
        elections, including voter registration, civic education 
        programs, political party building, and technical electoral 
        assistance;
            (4) support the development of civil society and 
        independent news media;
            (5) promote the participation of women in government and 
        civil society through education and training;
            (6) promote reconciliation, conflict resolution, and 
        prevention of further conflict with respect to Afghanistan, 
        including establishing accountability for gross human rights 
        violations.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the President to carry out this section for fiscal year 
2002, $10,000,000, for fiscal year 2003, $25,000,000 and for fiscal 
year 2004, $25,000,000.
    (c) Authority To Provide Assistance.--Assistance under this section 
may be provided notwithstanding any other provision of law.

SEC. 9. AUTHORIZATION OF FUNDS FOR UNITED NATIONS DRUG CONTROL PROGRAM 
              (UNDCP) INITIATIVES IN AFGHANISTAN.

    There is authorized to be appropriated to the President not less 
than $12,500,000 for fiscal year 2002 and $25,000,000 for each of the 
fiscal years 2003 and 2004 for a voluntary contribution of the United 
States to the United Nations Drug Control Program (UNDCP) for antidrug 
initiatives to reduce or eliminate the trafficking of illicit drugs 
from Afghanistan, in particular heroin, including activities relating 
to precursor chemical control efforts.

SEC. 10. UNITED STATES DIPLOMATIC FACILITIES.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--In addition to such sums as 
are otherwise authorized to be appropriated for ``Embassy Security, 
Construction and Maintenance'', there are authorized to be appropriated 
for ``Embassy Security, Construction and Maintenance'', for the fiscal 
year 2003, $65,000,000 to reestablish a United States embassy and 
appropriate consular facilities in Afghanistan, including offices for 
agencies responsible for carrying out the purposes of this Act that are 
located in such facilities.
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Amounts appropriated pursuant to 
subsection (a) are authorized to be remain available until expended.

SEC. 11. COMPLIANCE WITH MEASURES DIRECTED AGAINST THE TALIBAN BY THE 
              UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL.

    (a) Consultation With Congress.--Not later than 1 month after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, and every 3 months thereafter until 
the President determines and reports to the appropriate congressional 
committees that the Taliban no longer exercises power in any part of 
Afghanistan, the President shall consult with the appropriate 
congressional committees regarding the government of each foreign 
country with respect to which there is credible information that the 
government has, on or after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
violated, or permitted persons subject to its jurisdiction to violate, 
measures directed against the Taliban pursuant to United Nations 
Security Council Resolutions 1267 (1999), 1333 (2000), or 1363 (2001), 
or pursuant to any other United Nations Security Council resolution 
adopted under the authority of Chapter VII of the Charter of the United 
Nations.
    (b) Consultation Requirements.--In consulting with the appropriate 
congressional committees under subsection (a), the President shall 
detail with respect to each government of a foreign country identified 
in such report the nature of the violation (other than violations 
detailed in previous reports submitted pursuant to this section), and 
shall evaluate--
            (1) the importance of the violation to the efforts of the 
        Taliban to remain in power in Afghanistan;
            (2) the importance of the violation to the efforts of 
        terrorist groups to continue operating from Afghanistan; and
            (3) the risk posed by such violation to United States 
        national interests, including the safety of the United States 
        Armed Forces, the armed forces of other countries acting in 
        coalition with the United States, and any multinational 
        security force deployed in Afghanistan.
    (c) Authority To Impose United States Sanctions.--The President is 
authorized to impose one or more of the United States sanctions 
provided in subsection (d) if the President determines and reports to 
the appropriate congressional committees that--
            (1) a government of a foreign country identified in a 
        report submitted under subsection (a) has knowingly violated, 
        or knowingly permitted persons subject to its jurisdiction to 
        violate, measures directed against the Taliban pursuant to 
        United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1267 (1999), 1333 
        (2000), or 1363 (2001), or pursuant to any other United Nations 
        Security Council resolution adopted under the authority of 
        Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations; and
            (2) such violation has put at risk the lives of members of 
        the United States Armed Forces, or other United States 
        citizens.
    (d) United States Sanctions Authorized To Be Imposed.--The United 
States sanctions referred to in subsection (c) are the following:
            (1) No assistance may be provided to that government or 
        nationals under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or the Arms 
        Export Control Act.
            (2) No license may be issued for any transfer to that 
        government or nationals of any goods, services, or technology 
        controlled under the Arms Export Control Act, the Export 
        Administration Act of 1979, or the Export Administration 
        Regulations.
            (3) The restrictions of subsections (a) and (b) of section 
        3 of the Trading With the Enemy Act (50 U.S.C. App. 3(a) and 
        (b)) shall apply to relations between the United States and the 
        government of a foreign country and all nationals of that 
        country with respect to which the President makes a 
        determination described in subsection (c).

SEC. 12. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee on 
        International Relations of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
            (2) National.--The term ``national'' means, with respect to 
        a foreign country, a national of the country, including a 
        natural person, corporation, business association, partnership, 
        or other entity operating as a business enterprise under the 
        laws of the country.
                                 <all>