Summary: S.1868 — 107th Congress (2001-2002)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Passed Senate amended (10/17/2002)

National Child Protection and Volunteers for Children Improvement Act of 2002 - (Sec. 3) Amends the National Child Protection Act of 1993 regarding national criminal background checks to: (1) authorize States to establish procedures to determine whether a provider is under either pending arrest or indictment for a crime that renders the provider unfit to provide care to children, the elderly, or individuals with disabilities; (2) direct the Attorney General to respond to such a State inquiry within 15 business days; and (3) permit a qualified entity to request a background check from the Attorney General if a State does not have a qualified program for making such requests.

Exempts a State authorized agency from compliance with specified statutory procedures when it disseminates criminal history records information directly to qualified entities.

(Sec. 4) Directs the Attorney General to establish an Office for Volunteer and Provider Screening to serve as a point of contact for qualified entities requesting a national criminal background check. Requires the Office to provide model standards to guide qualified entities in making fitness determinations based on criminal background information.

(Sec. 5) Limits Federal Bureau of Investigation fees for a national criminal fingerprint background check to: (1) $5 for a check on a person who volunteers with a qualified entity; and (2) $18 for a check on a provider employed by or applying for a position with a qualified entity.

(Sec. 6) Instructs the Attorney General to establish a model program in each State and the District of Columbia for the purpose of improving fingerprinting technology which shall grant to each State funds to purchase either: (1) Live-Scan fingerprint technology and a State-vehicle to make such technology mobile in units traveling within the State to assist in the processing of fingerprint background checks; or (2) electric fingerprint imaging machines for use throughout the State to send fingerprint images to the Attorney General to conduct background checks.

Mandates provision of funds to each State and the District of Columbia to hire personnel to provide information and training to each county law enforcement agency within the State regarding all requirements for input of criminal and disposition data into the national criminal history background check system.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 2004 through 2008.

(Sec. 7) Sets forth privacy protections governing the dissemination of national criminal fingerprint background check information. Imposes criminal penalties for a violation of such protections.

(Sec. 8) Authorizes appropriations for FY 2004 through 2008.