S.338 - National Collegiate and Amateur Athletic Protection Act of 2001107th Congress (2001-2002)
|Sponsor:||Sen. Ensign, John [R-NV] (Introduced 02/14/2001)|
|Committees:||Senate - Judiciary|
|Latest Action:||02/14/2001 Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. (All Actions)|
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Text: S.338 — 107th Congress (2001-2002)All Bill Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in Senate (02/14/2001)
[Congressional Bills 107th Congress] [From the U.S. Government Printing Office] [S. 338 Introduced in Senate (IS)] 107th CONGRESS 1st Session S. 338 To protect amateur athletics and combat illegal sports gambling. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES February 14, 2001 Mr. Ensign (for himself and Mr. Reid) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To protect amateur athletics and combat illegal sports gambling. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``National Collegiate and Amateur Athletic Protection Act of 2001''. SEC. 2. TASK FORCE ON ILLEGAL WAGERING ON AMATEUR AND COLLEGIATE SPORTING EVENTS. (a) Establishment.--The Attorney General shall establish a prosecutorial task force on illegal wagering on amateur and collegiate sporting events (referred to in this section as the ``task force''). (b) Duties.--The task force shall-- (1) coordinate enforcement of Federal laws that prohibit gambling relating to amateur and collegiate athletic events; and (2) submit annually, to the House of Representatives and the Senate a report describing specific violations of such laws, prosecutions commenced, and convictions obtained. (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $4,000,000 in fiscal year 2002 and $6,000,000 in each of the fiscal years 2003 through 2006. SEC. 3. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR ILLEGAL SPORTS GAMBLING. (a) Interstate Transmission of Bets or Information Assisting in Placing Bets on Sporting Events.--Section 1084(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking ``two'' and inserting ``5''. (b) Interstate Transportation of Wagering Paraphernalia.--Section 1953(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``If the matter carried or sent in interstate or foreign commerce was intended by the defendant to be used to assist in the placing of bets or wagers on any sporting event or contest, the maximum term of imprisonment for the offense shall be 10 years.''. (c) Illegal Gambling Business.--Section 1955(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``If the gambling business included the placing of bets or wagers on any sporting event or contest, the maximum term of imprisonment for the offense shall be 10 years.''. (d) Interstate Travel To Promote and Conduct an Illegal Gambling Business.--Section 1952 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``(d) If the offense violated paragraph (1) or (3) of subsection (a) and the illegal activity included the placing of bets or wagers on any sporting event or contest, the maximum term of imprisonment for the offense shall be 10 years.''. (e) Sports Bribery.--Section 224(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``If the purpose of the bribery is to affect the outcome of a bet or wager placed on any sporting event or contest, the maximum term of imprisonment for the offense shall be 10 years.''. SEC. 4. STUDY ON ILLEGAL SPORTS GAMBLING BEHAVIOR AMONG MINORS. (a) In General.--The Director of the National Institute of Justice shall conduct a study to determine the extent to which minor persons participate in illegal sports gambling activities. (b) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the National Institute of Justice shall submit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate, a report-- (1) describing the extent to which minor persons participate in illegal sports gambling activities; and (2) making recommendations on actions that should be taken to curtail participation by minor persons in sports gambling activities. SEC. 5. STUDY OF GAMBLING ON COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY CAMPUSES. (a) Establishment of Panel.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall establish a panel, which shall be composed of Federal, State, and local government law enforcement officials, to conduct a study of illegal college sports gambling. (b) Contents of Study.--The study conducted by the panel established under subsection (a) shall include an analysis of-- (1) the scope and prevalence of illegal college sports gambling, including unlawful sports gambling (as defined in section 3702 of title 28, United States Code); (2) the role of organized crime in illegal gambling on college sports; (3) the role of State regulators and the legal sports books in Nevada in assisting law enforcement to uncover illegal sports gambling and related illegal activities; (4) the enforcement and implementation of the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992, including whether it has been adequately enforced; (5) the effectiveness of steps taken by institutions of higher education to date, whether individually or through national organizations, to reduce the problem of illegal gambling on college sports; (6) the factors that influence the attitudes or levels of awareness of administrators, professors, and students, including student athletes, about illegal gambling on college sports; (7) the effectiveness of new countermeasures to reduce illegal gambling on college sports, including related requirements for institutions of higher education and persons receiving Federal education funds; (8) potential actions that could be taken by the National Collegiate Athletic Association to address illegal gambling on college and university campuses; and (9) other matters relevant to the issue of illegal gambling on college sports as determined by the Attorney General. (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 12 months after the establishment of the panel under this section, the Attorney General shall submit to Congress a report on the study conducted under this section, which shall include-- (1) recommendations for actions colleges, universities, and the National Collegiate Athletic Association should implement to address the issue of illegal gambling on college sports; (2) recommendations for intensive educational campaigns which the National Collegiate Athletic Association could implement to assist in the effort to prevent illegal gambling on college sports; (3) recommendations for any Federal and State legislative actions to address the issue of illegal gambling on college sports; and (4) recommendations for any administrative or private sector actions to address the issue of illegal gambling on college sports. SEC. 6. REDUCTION OF GAMBLING ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES. (a) College Programs to Reduce Illegal Gambling.-- (1) Comprehensive program.--Each institution of higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) shall designate 1 or more full-time senior officers of the institution to coordinate the implementation of a comprehensive program, as determined by the Secretary of Education, to reduce illegal gambling and gambling control disorders by students and employees of the institution. (2) Annual reporting.--An institution described in paragraph (1) shall annually prepare and submit to the Secretary of Education a report, in a form and manner prescribed by the Secretary, concerning the progress made by the institution to reduce illegal gambling by students and employees of the institution. (3) Continued eligibility.--An institution described in paragraph (1) shall make reasonable further progress (as defined by the Secretary of Education) toward the elimination of illegal gambling at the institution as a condition of the institution remaining eligible for assistance and participation in other programs authorized under the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.). (b) Gambling Enforcement Information and Policies.-- (1) In general.--Each institution described in subsection (a)(1) shall include-- (A) statistics and other information on illegal gambling, including gambling over the Internet, in addition to the other criminal offense on which such institution must report pursuant to section 485(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1092(f)) in the form and manner so prescribed; and (B) a statement of policy regarding underage and other illegal gambling activity at the institution, in the form and manner prescribed for statements of policy on alcoholic beverages and illegal drugs pursuant to such section 485(f), including a description of any gambling abuse education programs available to students and employees of the institution. (2) Review of procedures.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2) of section 485(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1092(f)), the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, shall periodically review the policies, procedures, and practices of institutions described in subsection (a)(1) with respect to campus crimes and security related directly or indirectly to illegal gambling, including the integrity of the athletic contests in which students of the institution participate. (c) Zero Tolerance of Illegal Gambling.-- (1) Revocation of aid.--A recipient of athletically related student aid (as defined in section 485(e)(8) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1092(e)(8)) shall cease to be eligible for such aid upon a determination by either the institution of higher education providing such aid, or the applicable amateur sports organization, that the recipient has engaged in illegal gambling activity, including sports bribery, in violation of the policies or by-laws of the institution or organization. (2) Report.--An institution of higher education that provides athletically related student aid, and an amateur sports organization that sanctions a competitive game or performance in which 1 or more competitors receives such aid, shall annually report to the Attorney General and the Secretary of Education on actions taken to implement this subsection. SEC. 7. SENSE OF CONGRESS. It is the sense of Congress that-- (1) illegal sports gambling poses a significant threat to youth on college campuses and in society in general; (2) State and local governments, the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and other youth, school, and collegiate organizations should provide educational and prevention programs to help youth recognize the dangers of illegal sports gambling and the serious consequences it can have; (3) such programs should include public service announcements, especially during tournament and bowl game coverage; (4) the National Collegiate Athletic Association and other amateur sports governing bodies should adopt mandatory codes of conduct regarding the avoidance and prevention of illegal sports gambling among our youth; and (5) the National Collegiate Athletic Association should enlist universities in the United States to develop scientific research on youth sports gambling, and related matters. <all>