Text: S.338 — 107th Congress (2001-2002)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (02/14/2001)

 
[Congressional Bills 107th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[S. 338 Introduced in Senate (IS)]







107th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 S. 338

    To protect amateur athletics and combat illegal sports gambling.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                           February 14, 2001

 Mr. Ensign (for himself and Mr. Reid) introduced the following bill; 
  which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
    To protect amateur athletics and combat illegal sports gambling.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Collegiate and Amateur 
Athletic Protection Act of 2001''.

SEC. 2. TASK FORCE ON ILLEGAL WAGERING ON AMATEUR AND COLLEGIATE 
              SPORTING EVENTS.

    (a) Establishment.--The Attorney General shall establish a 
prosecutorial task force on illegal wagering on amateur and collegiate 
sporting events (referred to in this section as the ``task force'').
    (b) Duties.--The task force shall--
            (1) coordinate enforcement of Federal laws that prohibit 
        gambling relating to amateur and collegiate athletic events; 
        and
            (2) submit annually, to the House of Representatives and 
        the Senate a report describing specific violations of such 
        laws, prosecutions commenced, and convictions obtained.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $4,000,000 in fiscal year 2002 
and $6,000,000 in each of the fiscal years 2003 through 2006.

SEC. 3. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR ILLEGAL SPORTS GAMBLING.

    (a) Interstate Transmission of Bets or Information Assisting in 
Placing Bets on Sporting Events.--Section 1084(a) of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``two'' and inserting ``5''.
    (b) Interstate Transportation of Wagering Paraphernalia.--Section 
1953(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following: ``If the matter carried or sent in interstate or 
foreign commerce was intended by the defendant to be used to assist in 
the placing of bets or wagers on any sporting event or contest, the 
maximum term of imprisonment for the offense shall be 10 years.''.
    (c) Illegal Gambling Business.--Section 1955(a) of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``If the 
gambling business included the placing of bets or wagers on any 
sporting event or contest, the maximum term of imprisonment for the 
offense shall be 10 years.''.
    (d) Interstate Travel To Promote and Conduct an Illegal Gambling 
Business.--Section 1952 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) If the offense violated paragraph (1) or (3) of subsection 
(a) and the illegal activity included the placing of bets or wagers on 
any sporting event or contest, the maximum term of imprisonment for the 
offense shall be 10 years.''.
    (e) Sports Bribery.--Section 224(a) of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``If the purpose 
of the bribery is to affect the outcome of a bet or wager placed on any 
sporting event or contest, the maximum term of imprisonment for the 
offense shall be 10 years.''.

SEC. 4. STUDY ON ILLEGAL SPORTS GAMBLING BEHAVIOR AMONG MINORS.

    (a) In General.--The Director of the National Institute of Justice 
shall conduct a study to determine the extent to which minor persons 
participate in illegal sports gambling activities.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Director of the National Institute of Justice shall 
submit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President 
pro tempore of the Senate, a report--
            (1) describing the extent to which minor persons 
        participate in illegal sports gambling activities; and
            (2) making recommendations on actions that should be taken 
        to curtail participation by minor persons in sports gambling 
        activities.

SEC. 5. STUDY OF GAMBLING ON COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY CAMPUSES.

    (a) Establishment of Panel.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall establish a panel, 
which shall be composed of Federal, State, and local government law 
enforcement officials, to conduct a study of illegal college sports 
gambling.
    (b) Contents of Study.--The study conducted by the panel 
established under subsection (a) shall include an analysis of--
            (1) the scope and prevalence of illegal college sports 
        gambling, including unlawful sports gambling (as defined in 
        section 3702 of title 28, United States Code);
            (2) the role of organized crime in illegal gambling on 
        college sports;
            (3) the role of State regulators and the legal sports books 
        in Nevada in assisting law enforcement to uncover illegal 
        sports gambling and related illegal activities;
            (4) the enforcement and implementation of the Professional 
        and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992, including whether it 
        has been adequately enforced;
            (5) the effectiveness of steps taken by institutions of 
        higher education to date, whether individually or through 
        national organizations, to reduce the problem of illegal 
        gambling on college sports;
            (6) the factors that influence the attitudes or levels of 
        awareness of administrators, professors, and students, 
        including student athletes, about illegal gambling on college 
        sports;
            (7) the effectiveness of new countermeasures to reduce 
        illegal gambling on college sports, including related 
        requirements for institutions of higher education and persons 
        receiving Federal education funds;
            (8) potential actions that could be taken by the National 
        Collegiate Athletic Association to address illegal gambling on 
        college and university campuses; and
            (9) other matters relevant to the issue of illegal gambling 
        on college sports as determined by the Attorney General.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 12 months after the 
establishment of the panel under this section, the Attorney General 
shall submit to Congress a report on the study conducted under this 
section, which shall include--
            (1) recommendations for actions colleges, universities, and 
        the National Collegiate Athletic Association should implement 
        to address the issue of illegal gambling on college sports;
            (2) recommendations for intensive educational campaigns 
        which the National Collegiate Athletic Association could 
        implement to assist in the effort to prevent illegal gambling 
        on college sports;
            (3) recommendations for any Federal and State legislative 
        actions to address the issue of illegal gambling on college 
        sports; and
            (4) recommendations for any administrative or private 
        sector actions to address the issue of illegal gambling on 
        college sports.

SEC. 6. REDUCTION OF GAMBLING ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES.

    (a) College Programs to Reduce Illegal Gambling.--
            (1) Comprehensive program.--Each institution of higher 
        education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) shall designate 1 or more full-time 
        senior officers of the institution to coordinate the 
        implementation of a comprehensive program, as determined by the 
        Secretary of Education, to reduce illegal gambling and gambling 
        control disorders by students and employees of the institution.
            (2) Annual reporting.--An institution described in 
        paragraph (1) shall annually prepare and submit to the 
        Secretary of Education a report, in a form and manner 
        prescribed by the Secretary, concerning the progress made by 
        the institution to reduce illegal gambling by students and 
        employees of the institution.
            (3) Continued eligibility.--An institution described in 
        paragraph (1) shall make reasonable further progress (as 
        defined by the Secretary of Education) toward the elimination 
        of illegal gambling at the institution as a condition of the 
        institution remaining eligible for assistance and participation 
        in other programs authorized under the Higher Education Act of 
        1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.).
    (b) Gambling Enforcement Information and Policies.--
            (1) In general.--Each institution described in subsection 
        (a)(1) shall include--
                    (A) statistics and other information on illegal 
                gambling, including gambling over the Internet, in 
                addition to the other criminal offense on which such 
                institution must report pursuant to section 485(f) of 
                the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1092(f)) in 
                the form and manner so prescribed; and
                    (B) a statement of policy regarding underage and 
                other illegal gambling activity at the institution, in 
                the form and manner prescribed for statements of policy 
                on alcoholic beverages and illegal drugs pursuant to 
                such section 485(f), including a description of any 
                gambling abuse education programs available to students 
                and employees of the institution.
            (2) Review of procedures.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2) of 
        section 485(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1092(f)), the Attorney General, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Education, shall periodically review the policies, 
        procedures, and practices of institutions described in 
        subsection (a)(1) with respect to campus crimes and security 
        related directly or indirectly to illegal gambling, including 
        the integrity of the athletic contests in which students of the 
        institution participate.
    (c) Zero Tolerance of Illegal Gambling.--
            (1) Revocation of aid.--A recipient of athletically related 
        student aid (as defined in section 485(e)(8) of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1092(e)(8)) shall cease to be 
        eligible for such aid upon a determination by either the 
        institution of higher education providing such aid, or the 
        applicable amateur sports organization, that the recipient has 
        engaged in illegal gambling activity, including sports bribery, 
        in violation of the policies or by-laws of the institution or 
        organization.
            (2) Report.--An institution of higher education that 
        provides athletically related student aid, and an amateur 
        sports organization that sanctions a competitive game or 
        performance in which 1 or more competitors receives such aid, 
        shall annually report to the Attorney General and the Secretary 
        of Education on actions taken to implement this subsection.

SEC. 7. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) illegal sports gambling poses a significant threat to 
        youth on college campuses and in society in general;
            (2) State and local governments, the National Collegiate 
        Athletic Association, and other youth, school, and collegiate 
        organizations should provide educational and prevention 
        programs to help youth recognize the dangers of illegal sports 
        gambling and the serious consequences it can have;
            (3) such programs should include public service 
        announcements, especially during tournament and bowl game 
        coverage;
            (4) the National Collegiate Athletic Association and other 
        amateur sports governing bodies should adopt mandatory codes of 
        conduct regarding the avoidance and prevention of illegal 
        sports gambling among our youth; and
            (5) the National Collegiate Athletic Association should 
        enlist universities in the United States to develop scientific 
        research on youth sports gambling, and related matters.
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