Text: H.R.1119 — 108th Congress (2003-2004)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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[Congressional Bills 108th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 1119 Reported in House (RH)]






                                                  Union Calendar No. 64
108th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1119

                          [Report No. 108-127]

 To amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to provide compensatory 
               time for employees in the private sector.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             March 6, 2003

 Mrs. Biggert (for herself, Ms. Pryce of Ohio, Ms. Dunn, Ms. Granger, 
 Mr. Boehner, Mr. Norwood, Mrs. Blackburn, Mr. Ballenger, Mrs. Myrick, 
 Ms. Hart, Mr. Blunt, Mr. Stenholm, Mrs. Johnson of Connecticut, Mrs. 
   Wilson of New Mexico, Mr. Lipinski, Mrs. Bono, Mr. Sam Johnson of 
  Texas, Mrs. Musgrave, Mrs. Northup, Mr. Cole, Mrs. Jo Ann Davis of 
    Virginia, Mr. Gingrey, Mr. Reynolds, Mr. Tiberi, Mr. Petri, Mr. 
   Hoekstra, Mr. McKeon, Mr. Greenwood, Mr. Ehlers, Mr. DeMint, Mr. 
   Isakson, Mr. Keller, Mr. Platts, Mr. Osborne, Mr. Wilson of South 
  Carolina, Mr. Kline, Mr. Barrett of South Carolina, Ms. Ginny Brown-
Waite of Florida, Mr. Brady of Texas, Mr. Burton of Indiana, Mr. Buyer, 
 Mr. Brown of South Carolina, Mr. Camp, Mr. Crane, Mr. Culberson, Mr. 
   Cunningham, Mr. Dreier, Mr. Franks of Arizona, Mr. Goodlatte, Mr. 
Hastings of Washington, Mr. Kennedy of Minnesota, Mr. Kirk, Mr. Kolbe, 
 Mr. Manzullo, Mr. Otter, Mr. Ose, Mr. Paul, Mr. Pitts, Mr. Rogers of 
   Michigan, Mr. Rohrabacher, Mr. Schrock, Mr. Simmons, Mr. Smith of 
 Michigan, Mr. Souder, Mr. Tancredo, Mr. Terry, Mr. Walden of Oregon, 
 Mr. Weldon of Florida, Mr. Hyde, Mr. Baker, Mr. Gillmor, Mr. Chabot, 
 and Mr. Shadegg) introduced the following bill; which was referred to 
              the Committee on Education and the Workforce

                              May 22, 2003

Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union 
                       and ordered to be printed

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to provide compensatory 
               time for employees in the private sector.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Family Time Flexibility Act''.

SEC. 2. COMPENSATORY TIME.

    Section 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 207) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(r) Compensatory Time Off for Private Employees.--
            ``(1) General rule.--
                    ``(A) Compensatory time off.--An employee may 
                receive, in accordance with this subsection and in lieu 
                of monetary overtime compensation, compensatory time 
                off at a rate not less than one and one-half hours for 
                each hour of employment for which overtime compensation 
                is required by this section.
                    ``(B) Definition.--For purposes of this subsection, 
                the term `employee' does not include an employee of a 
                public agency.
            ``(2) Conditions.--An employer may provide compensatory 
        time to employees under paragraph (1)(A) only if such time is 
        provided in accordance with--
                    ``(A) applicable provisions of a collective 
                bargaining agreement between the employer and the labor 
                organization which has been certified or recognized as 
                the representative of the employees under applicable 
                law; or
                    ``(B) in the case of employees who are not 
                represented by a labor organization which has been 
                certified or recognized as the representative of such 
                employees under applicable law, an agreement arrived at 
                between the employer and employee before the 
                performance of the work and affirmed by a written or 
                otherwise verifiable record maintained in accordance 
                with section 11(c)--
                            ``(i) in which the employer has offered and 
                        the employee has chosen to receive compensatory 
                        time in lieu of monetary overtime compensation; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) entered into knowingly and 
                        voluntarily by such employees and not as a 
                        condition of employment.
        No employee may receive or agree to receive compensatory time 
        off under this subsection unless the employee has worked at 
        least 1000 hours for the employee's employer during a period of 
        continuous employment with the employer in the 12-month period 
        before the date of agreement or receipt of compensatory time 
        off.
            ``(3) Hour limit.--
                    ``(A) Maximum hours.--An employee may accrue not 
                more than 160 hours of compensatory time.
                    ``(B) Compensation date.--Not later than January 31 
                of each calendar year, the employee's employer shall 
                provide monetary compensation for any unused 
                compensatory time off accrued during the preceding 
                calendar year which was not used prior to December 31 
                of the preceding year at the rate prescribed by 
                paragraph (6). An employer may designate and 
                communicate to the employer's employees a 12-month 
                period other than the calendar year, in which case such 
                compensation shall be provided not later than 31 days 
                after the end of such 12-month period.
                    ``(C) Excess of 80 hours.--The employer may provide 
                monetary compensation for an employee's unused 
                compensatory time in excess of 80 hours at any time 
                after giving the employee at least 30 days notice. Such 
                compensation shall be provided at the rate prescribed 
                by paragraph (6).
                    ``(D) Policy.--Except where a collective bargaining 
                agreement provides otherwise, an employer which has 
adopted a policy offering compensatory time to employees may 
discontinue such policy upon giving employees 30 days notice.
                    ``(E) Written request.--An employee may withdraw an 
                agreement described in paragraph (2)(B) at any time. An 
                employee may also request in writing that monetary 
                compensation be provided, at any time, for all 
                compensatory time accrued which has not yet been used. 
                Within 30 days of receiving the written request, the 
                employer shall provide the employee the monetary 
                compensation due in accordance with paragraph (6).
            ``(4) Private employer actions.--An employer which provides 
        compensatory time under paragraph (1) to employees shall not 
        directly or indirectly intimidate, threaten, or coerce or 
        attempt to intimidate, threaten, or coerce any employee for the 
        purpose of--
                    ``(A) interfering with such employee's rights under 
                this subsection to request or not request compensatory 
                time off in lieu of payment of monetary overtime 
                compensation for overtime hours; or
                    ``(B) requiring any employee to use such 
                compensatory time.
            ``(5) Termination of employment.--An employee who has 
        accrued compensatory time off authorized to be provided under 
        paragraph (1) shall, upon the voluntary or involuntary 
        termination of employment, be paid for the unused compensatory 
        time in accordance with paragraph (6).
            ``(6) Rate of compensation.--
                    ``(A) General rule.--If compensation is to be paid 
                to an employee for accrued compensatory time off, such 
                compensation shall be paid at a rate of compensation 
                not less than--
                            ``(i) the regular rate received by such 
                        employee when the compensatory time was earned; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) the final regular rate received by 
                        such employee,
                whichever is higher.
                    ``(B) Consideration of payment.--Any payment owed 
                to an employee under this subsection for unused 
                compensatory time shall be considered unpaid overtime 
                compensation.
            ``(7) Use of time.--An employee--
                    ``(A) who has accrued compensatory time off 
                authorized to be provided under paragraph (1); and
                    ``(B) who has requested the use of such 
                compensatory time,
        shall be permitted by the employee's employer to use such time 
        within a reasonable period after making the request if the use 
        of the compensatory time does not unduly disrupt the operations 
        of the employer.
            ``(8) Definitions.--The terms `overtime compensation' and 
        `compensatory time' shall have the meanings given such terms by 
        subsection (o)(7).''.

SEC. 3. REMEDIES.

    Section 16 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 216) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``(b) Any employer'' and 
        inserting ``(b) Except as provided in subsection (f), any 
        employer''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) An employer which violates section 7(r)(4) shall be liable to 
the employee affected in the amount of the rate of compensation 
(determined in accordance with section 7(r)(6)(A)) for each hour of 
compensatory time accrued by the employee and in an additional equal 
amount as liquidated damages reduced by the amount of such rate of 
compensation for each hour of compensatory time used by such 
employee.''.

SEC. 4. NOTICE TO EMPLOYEES.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Labor shall revise the materials the Secretary 
provides, under regulations published at 29 CFR 516.4, to employers for 
purposes of a notice explaining the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to 
employees so that such notice reflects the amendments made to such Act 
by this Act.

SEC. 5. SUNSET.

    This Act and the amendments made by this Act shall expire 5 years 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.




                                                  Union Calendar No. 64

108th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                               H. R. 1119

                          [Report No. 108-127]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

 To amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to provide compensatory 
               time for employees in the private sector.

_______________________________________________________________________

                              May 22, 2003

Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union 
                       and ordered to be printed