Summary: H.R.5061 — 108th Congress (2003-2004)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Passed House amended (10/07/2004)

Comprehensive Peace in Sudan Act - (Sec. 4) Expresses the sense of Congress regarding: (1) the relevance of the Sudan Peace Act and its extension to the Darfur region of Sudan; (2) the genocide unfolding in Darfur and the Government of Sudan's violation of the Convention of the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide; and (3) actions to address the conflict in Sudan.

(Sec. 5) Amends the Sudan Peace Act to authorize the President to assist Sudan to support the implementation of a comprehensive peace agreement that applies to all regions of Sudan, including the Darfur region, and to address the humanitarian and human rights crisis in the Darfur region and its impact on eastern Chad. Authorizes additional FY 2005 through 2007 appropriations.

Makes such assistance contingent upon a continuing certification to the appropriate congressional committees that the Government of Sudan is acting to: (1) ensure that the armed forces and militias are not committing atrocities or blocking assistance; (2) demobilize militias; (3) permit humanitarian assistance to all regions of Sudan, (4) cooperate with aid workers and the African Union monitoring team; (5) allow an international investigation of the actions that occurred in Darfur; and (6) install a new coalition government based upon the Nairobi Declaration on the Final Phase of Peace in the Sudan. Directs the President to suspend assistance if the Government of Sudan ceases to take such actions.

(Sec. 6) Directs the President to implement specified sanctions in support of peace in Darfur. Authorizes such sanctions' suspension for purposes of national interest, or if Sudan complies with certain actions under the Sudan Peace Act.

(Sec. 7) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to: (1) report annually on the identities of entities doing business in Sudan, the nature of such activities, and the governmental agencies of Sudan involved; and (2) make such report available to the public.

(Sec. 8) Directs the President to require the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations (UN) to take specified actions to secure multilateral efforts against the Government of Sudan.

(Sec. 9) Directs the President to report on the planned U.S. response to a comprehensive peace agreement for Sudan, which shall include: (1) U.S. steps to respond to a modified peace process for the implementation of peace in Sudan, in particular Darfur; (2) a contingency plan for extraordinary humanitarian assistance should the Government of Sudan continue to obstruct or delay the international humanitarian response to the Darfur crisis; (3) if applicable, an explanation of the President's intention to decline to impose targeted sanctions on Sudanese government officials and other individuals involved in carrying out the genocide in Darfur; and (4) if applicable, an explanation U.S. intentions to normalize relations with Sudan.

(Sec. 10) Authorizes the President to undertake emergency relief, civil reconstruction, education, and other programs in areas outside the Government of Sudan's control.

States that certain export prohibitions shall not apply to any export or related transaction from an area in Sudan outside of the Government of Sudan's control if the President determines that the export or related transaction would directly benefit the economic development of that area and its people.

(Sec. 11) Amends the International Organizations Immunities Act to replace a reference to "Organization of African Unity" with "African Union."