Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (04/10/2003)

Sets forth the congressional budget for the Government for FY 2004, including the appropriate budgetary levels for FY 2003 and for FY 2005 through 2013.

Title I: Recommended Levels and Amounts - (Sec. 101) Lists recommended budgetary levels and amounts for FY 2003 through 2013 with respect to: (1) Federal revenues; (2) new budget authority; (3) budget outlays; (4) deficits (on-budget); (5) debt subject to limit; and (6) debt held by the public.

(Sec. 102) Lists recommended Social Security budget authority, revenues, and outlays for FY 2003 through 2013 with respect to the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund and the Federal Disability Trust Fund.

(Sec. 103) Lists the appropriate levels of new budget authority and outlays for specified major functional categories for FY 2003 through 2013.

Title II: Reconciliation - (Sec. 201) Directs the House Committee on Ways and Means and the Senate Committee on Finance to report reconciliation bills consisting of changes in laws within their respective jurisdictions sufficient to reduce revenues and increase the total level of outlays by specified amounts.

(Sec. 202) Makes it out of order in the Senate to consider proposed legislation which would cause the total revenue reduction to exceed $322.524 billion or the total outlays to exceed $27.476 billion for FY 2003 through 2013, except for the purpose of inserting the text of a Senate-passed measure and requesting a conference with the House of Representatives.

Title III: Submissions of Findings Providing for the Elimination of Waste, Fraud, and Abuse in Mandatory Programs - (Sec. 301) Requires specified congressional committees to submit findings that identify changes in law within their jurisdictions that would achieve the specified level of savings through the elimination of waste, fraud, and abuse.

Requires the Comptroller General to submit to the Committees on the Budget a comprehensive report identifying instances in which the committees of jurisdiction may make legislative changes to improve the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness of programs within their jurisdiction.

Title IV: Reserve Funds and Contingency Procedure - Subtitle A: Reserve Funds for Legislation Assumed in Budget Aggregates - (Sec. 401) Authorizes the Chairman of the House Committee on the Budget (House Chairman), if the House Committee on Ways and Means or the House Committee on Energy and Commerce reports legislation that provides a prescription drug benefit and modernizes Medicare, and provides adjustments to the Medicare program on a fee-for-service, capitated, or other basis, to revise committee allocations, aggregates, and allocations of budget authority and outlays in this resolution by the amount provided in such legislation to establish a reserve fund of up to: (1) $7 billion in new budget authority and $7 billion in outlays for FY 2004; and (2) $400 billion in new budget authority and $400 billion in outlays for FY 2004 through 2013.

Requires a separate allocation, which shall be the exclusive allocation, to the appropriate committees for Medicare for FY 2004 and for the total of FY 2004 through 2013.

Authorizes the Chairman of the Senate Committee of the Budget, if the Committee on Finance of the Senate reports legislation that strengthens and enhances the Medicare Program and improves the access of beneficiaries to prescription drugs or promotes geographic equity payments, to revise appropriate budgetary aggregates and committee allocations of new budget authority and outlays in this resolution by the amount provided in such legislation to establish a reserve fund of up to: (1) $7 billion in new budget authority and $7 billion in outlays for FY 2004; and (2) $400 billion in new budget authority and $400 billion in outlays for FY 2004 through 2013.

(Sec. 402) Authorizes the appropriate chairman of the Committee on the Budget, if the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House or the Committee on Finance of the Senate reports legislation that modernizes Medicaid, to revise appropriate budgetary aggregates and committee allocations of new budget authority and outlays in this resolution by the amount provided in such legislation (if it would not increase the deficit over FY 2004 through 2013) to establish a reserve fund of up to: (1) $3.258 billion in new budget authority and outlays for FY 2004; (2) $8.944 billion in new budget authority and outlays for FY 2004 through 2008; and (3) $12.782 billion in budget authority and outlays for FY 2004 through 2010 if the legislation would not increase the deficit over FY 2004 through 2013.

(Sec. 403) Authorizes the Chairman of the appropriate Committee on the Budget, if the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House or the Committee on Finance of the Senate reports legislation that extends the availability of FY 1998 and 1999 expired State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) allotments and the expiring FY 2000 allotments, to revise appropriate budget aggregates and committee allocations of budget authority and outlays in this resolution by the amount provided in such legislation to establish a reserve fund of up to: (1) $1.26 billion in new budget authority and $85 million in outlays for FY 2003; (2) $690 million in new budget authority and $760 million in outlays for FY 2004 through 2008; and (3) $565 million in new budget authority and $890 million in outlays for FY 2004 through 2013.

(Sec. 404) Authorizes the Chairman of the House Committee on the Budget, if the appropriate committee of jurisdiction reports legislation that establishes a program to accelerate the research, development, and purchase of biomedical threat countermeasures (bioshield), and new budget authority for such a program is provided in one specified way or another, to revise committee allocations, aggregates, and allocations of budget authority and outlays in this resolution by the amount provided in such legislation to establish a reserve fund of up to: (1) $890 million in new budget authority and outlays for FY 2004; and (2) $3.418 billion in new budget authority and outlays for FY 2004 through 2008; or (3) if a measure is reported granting new discretionary authority to carry out such program, $890 million in new budget authority and outlays for FY 2004. Limits the total revision for FY 2004 to $890 million in new budget authority and outlays.

Authorizes the Chairman of the Senate Committee on the Budget, if the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions reports legislation that provides for the Department of Homeland Security to procure countermeasures necessary to protect the public health from current and emerging threats of chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear agents for inclusion by the Secretary of Health and Human Services in the Strategic National Stockpile, and provides new budget authority and outlays for such, to revise appropriate budgetary aggregates and committee allocations of new budget authority and outlays in this resolution by the amount provided in such legislation to establish a reserve fund of up to: (1) $890 million in new budget authority and $575 million in outlays for FY 2004; and (2) $5.593 billion in new budget authority and $5.593 billion in outlays for FY 2004 through 2013.

(Sec. 405) Authorizes the appropriate chairman of the Committee on the Budget, if the committee of jurisdiction in the House or the Committee on Finance of the Senate reports legislation that provides health insurance for the uninsured (and tax deductions for specified others), to revise allocations of new budget authority and outlays in this resolution by the amount provided in such legislation to establish a reserve fund of up to: (1) $28.457 billion for FY 2004 through 2008; and (2) $49.965 billion for FY 2004 through 2013.

(Sec. 406) Authorizes the appropriate chairman of the Committee on the Budget, if the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House or the Committee on Finance of the Senate reports legislation that provides States with the option to expand Medicaid coverage for children with special needs, to revise committee allocations for that committee and other appropriate budgetary aggregates and allocations of new budget authority and outlays in this resolution by the amount provided in such legislation to establish a reserve fund of up to: (1) $43 million in new budget authority and $42 million in outlays for FY 2004; (2) $1.627 billion in new budget authority and $1.566 billion in outlays for FY 2004 through 2008; and (3) $7.462 billion in new budget authority and $7.261 billion in outlays for FY 2004 through 2013.

Subtitle B: Contingency Procedure - (Sec. 411) Authorizes the chairman of the appropriate Committee on the Budget to revise committee allocations, aggregates, and allocations of budget authority and outlays in this resolution by the amount provided in such legislation, with specified limitations, if the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House or the Committee on Environment and Public Works, the Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, or the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate reports legislation that provides new budget authority for accounts in the highway and transit categories in specified amounts and the amount of excess is offset by a reduction in mandatory outlays or receipts to the Highway Trust Fund.

Authorizes the appropriate chairman of the Committee on the Budget to increase the allocation of outlays for the particular fiscal year for the appropriate committee by the amount of outlays corresponding to such excess obligation limitations if such committee reports a measure, or other specified legislative action is taken, establishing obligation limitations in excess of $39.684 billion for FY 2004, or $40.788 billion for FY 2005, for certain highway and transit programs, projects, and activities, if legislation has been enacted that satisfies specified conditions of this subtitle.

Declares the intent of Congress that the increase in new budget authority and outlays above the baseline assumed for highways and highway safety in section 103 of this resolution is derived from the resources available to the Highway Trust Fund.

Subtitle C: Adjustments to Fiscal Year 2003 Levels - (Sec. 421) Requires the appropriate adjustments in the allocations and aggregates of new budget authority and outlays to reflect the difference between such measure and the corresponding levels assumed in this resolution, if legislation making supplemental appropriations for FY 2003 is enacted before May 1, 2003.

Title V: Budget Enforcement - (Sec. 501) Sets forth prohibitions on advance congressional appropriations for FY 2004 and 2005. Allows advance appropriations for FY 2005 and 2006 for specified accounts identified in the joint explanatory statement accompanying this resolution, but only in an aggregate of up to $23.158 billion in new budget authority. Provides for specified advanced appropriations for FY 2006.

(Sec. 502) Enables Congress, if in the absence of an extension of the discretionary spending limits and PAYGO requirements under the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, to designate provisions of legislation as an emergency (meeting specified criteria) in order to exempt such measures from enforcement of this resolution with respect to the new budget authority, outlays, and receipts resulting from them.

(Sec. 503) Continues the supermajority enforcement requirements of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 as a Senate rule through FY 2008.

(Sec. 504) Establishes specified discretionary spending limits in the Senate.

(Sec. 505) Revises provisions concerning the Pay-As-You-Go point of order rule in the Senate to: (1) extend its application through FY 2008; and (2) exclude from "direct-spending legislation" and "revenue legislation" any concurrent resolution on the budget or any legislation that affect the full funding of, and continuation of, the deposit insurance guarantee commitment.

(Sec. 506) Requires all House budgetary legislation, as well as the joint explanatory statement accompanying the conference report on any concurrent resolution on the budget, to include in its estimated levels of new budget authority and total outlays, or allocations, any discretionary amounts provided for the Social Security Administration.

(Sec. 507) Sets forth requirements for application of allocations and adjustments made pursuant to this resolution.

(Sec. 508) Requires the appropriate chairman of the Committee on the Budget to make adjustments to the levels and allocations in this resolution upon the enactment of legislation providing a change in concepts or definitions.

Title VI: Sense of the Senate - (Sec. 601) Expresses the sense of the Senate that rates of compensation for civilian employees of the United States should be adjusted at the same time, and in the same proportion, as rates of compensation for members of the uniformed services.

(Sec. 602) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the levels in this resolution assume that within the discretionary allocation provided to the Committee on Appropriations the maximum Pell Grant award should be raised to the maximum extent practicable.

(Sec. 603) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the Senate: (1) should develop a long-term drought plan that effectively recognizes the recurring nature of drought cycles and adequately supports emergency and disaster assistance to livestock and agricultural producers hurt by drought; and (2) establish an agricultural reserve to fund theses activities.

(Sec. 604) Expresses the sense of the Senate that: (1) the President, Congress, and the American people should work together to enact legislation to achieve a solvent and permanently sustainable Social Security system; and (2) Social Security reform must protect current and near retirees from any changes to Social Security benefits, reduce the pressure on future taxpayers and other budgetary priorities, provide benefit levels that adequately reflect individual contributions to the Social Security System, and preserve and strengthen the safety net for vulnerable populations.

(Sec. 605) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the functional totals in this resolution assume that any legislation enacted to provide economic growth for the United States should include at least $30 billion for State fiscal relief over the next 18 months, of which at least half should be provided through a temporary increase in the Federal medical assistance percentage (FMAP).

(Sec. 606) Expresses the sense of the Senate that a commission should be established to review Federal domestic agencies and programs to provide Congress with recommendations to realign or eliminate Government agencies and programs that are duplicative, wasteful, inefficient, outdated, or irrelevant, or have failed to accomplish their intended purpose.

(Sec. 607) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the Senate should only consider legislation that increases highway spending if the legislation changes highway user fees to pay for such increased spending.

(Sec. 608) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the Congressional Budget Office shall consult with the Committee on the Budget of the Senate in order to prepare a report containing: (1) an estimate of the unfunded liabilities of the Federal Government; (2) an estimate of the contingent liabilities of Federal programs; and (3) an accrual-based estimate of the current and future cost of Federal programs.

(Sec. 609) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the functional totals in this resolution assume that: (1) expanded access to health care coverage throughout the United States is a top priority for national policymaking; and (2) a significant portion of such expanded health care coverage funds should be dedicated to expanding access to health care coverage so that fewer individuals are uninsured and fewer individuals are likely to become uninsured.

(Sec. 610) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the Corps of Engineers requires additional funding to perform its vital functions and that the budgetary totals in this resolution assume that the level of funding provided for programs of the Corps will not be reduced below current baseline spending levels.

(Sec. 611) Expresses the sense of the Senate that Congress has recognized the importance of Native American health and has enacted and increased by 500 percent the funding for a program of research for the prevention and treatment of diabetes, a major disease in the Native American community.

(Sec. 612) Expresses the sense of the Senate that if tax relief measures are enacted in accordance with the assumptions in the budget resolution in this session of Congress, such legislation should include incentives to help rural communities attract individuals to live and work and to start and grow a business in those communities.

(Sec. 613) Expresses the sense of the Senate that children's graduate medical education should be funded at $305 million.

(Sec. 614) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the funding levels in this resolution assume that the programs authorized under the Crime Identification Technology Act of 1998 will be fully funded at the levels authorized for FY 2004 through 2007.

(Sec. 615) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the functional totals in this resolution assume that $20 million from funds designated for travel and administrative expenses from drug interdiction activities should be used for service-oriented targeted grants for the utilization of substances that block the craving for heroin and that are newly approved for such use by the Food and Drug Administration.

(Sec. 616) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the President should negotiate a free trade agreement with the United Kingdom.