Text: S.2192 — 108th Congress (2003-2004)All Bill Information (Except Text)

12/10/2004 Became Public Law No: 108-453

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[Congressional Bills 108th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[S. 2192 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        S.2192

                       One Hundred Eighth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
           the twentieth day of January, two thousand and four


                                 An Act


 
 To amend title 35, United States Code, to promote cooperative research 
   involving universities, the public sector, and private enterprises.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Cooperative Research and Technology 
Enhancement (CREATE) Act of 2004''.
SEC. 2. COLLABORATIVE EFFORTS ON CLAIMED INVENTIONS.
    Section 103(c) of title 35, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(c)(1) Subject matter developed by another person, which 
qualifies as prior art only under one or more of subsections (e), (f), 
and (g) of section 102 of this title, shall not preclude patentability 
under this section where the subject matter and the claimed invention 
were, at the time the claimed invention was made, owned by the same 
person or subject to an obligation of assignment to the same person.
    ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, subject matter developed by 
another person and a claimed invention shall be deemed to have been 
owned by the same person or subject to an obligation of assignment to 
the same person if--
        ``(A) the claimed invention was made by or on behalf of parties 
    to a joint research agreement that was in effect on or before the 
    date the claimed invention was made;
        ``(B) the claimed invention was made as a result of activities 
    undertaken within the scope of the joint research agreement; and
        ``(C) the application for patent for the claimed invention 
    discloses or is amended to disclose the names of the parties to the 
    joint research agreement.
    ``(3) For purposes of paragraph (2), the term `joint research 
agreement' means a written contract, grant, or cooperative agreement 
entered into by two or more persons or entities for the performance of 
experimental, developmental, or research work in the field of the 
claimed invention.''.

SEC. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    (a) In General.--The amendments made by this Act shall apply to any 
patent granted on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Special Rule.--The amendments made by this Act shall not affect 
any final decision of a court or the United States Patent and Trademark 
Office rendered before the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall 
not affect the right of any party in any action pending before the 
United States Patent and Trademark Office or a court on the date of the 
enactment of this Act to have that party's rights determined on the 
basis of the provisions of title 35, United States Code, in effect on 
the day before the date of the enactment of this Act.

                               Speaker of the House of Representatives.

                            Vice President of the United States and    
                                               President of the Senate.