Text: S.2192 — 108th Congress (2003-2004)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 108-453 (12/10/2004)

 
[108th Congress Public Law 453]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]


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[DOCID: f:publ453.108]


[[Page 118 STAT. 3596]]

Public Law 108-453
108th Congress

                                 An Act


 
 To amend title 35, United States Code, to promote cooperative research 
         involving universities, the public sector, and private 
           enterprises. <<NOTE: Dec. 10, 2004 -  [S. 2192]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Cooperative 
Research and Technology Enhancement (CREATE) Act of 2004. 35 USC 1 
note.>> 

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Cooperative Research and Technology 
Enhancement (CREATE) Act of 2004''.
SEC. 2. COLLABORATIVE EFFORTS ON CLAIMED INVENTIONS.

    Section 103(c) of title 35, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(c)(1) Subject matter developed by another person, which qualifies 
as prior art only under one or more of subsections (e), (f), and (g) of 
section 102 of this title, shall not preclude patentability under this 
section where the subject matter and the claimed invention were, at the 
time the claimed invention was made, owned by the same person or subject 
to an obligation of assignment to the same person.
    ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, subject matter developed by 
another person and a claimed invention shall be deemed to have been 
owned by the same person or subject to an obligation of assignment to 
the same person if--
            ``(A) the claimed invention was made by or on behalf of 
        parties to a joint research agreement that was in effect on or 
        before the date the claimed invention was made;
            ``(B) the claimed invention was made as a result of 
        activities undertaken within the scope of the joint research 
        agreement; and
            ``(C) the application for patent for the claimed invention 
        discloses or is amended to disclose the names of the parties to 
        the joint research agreement.

    ``(3) For purposes of paragraph (2), the term `joint research 
agreement' means a written contract, grant, or cooperative agreement 
entered into by two or more persons or entities for the performance of 
experimental, developmental, or research work in the field of the 
claimed invention.''.

SEC. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE. <<NOTE: 35 USC 103 note.>> 

    (a) In General.--The amendments made by this Act shall apply to any 
patent granted on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Special Rule.--The amendments made by this Act shall not affect 
any final decision of a court or the United States Patent

[[Page 118 STAT. 3597]]

and Trademark Office rendered before the date of the enactment of this 
Act, and shall not affect the right of any party in any action pending 
before the United States Patent and Trademark Office or a court on the 
date of the enactment of this Act to have that party's rights determined 
on the basis of the provisions of title 35, United States Code, in 
effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act.

    Approved December 10, 2004.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 2192 (H.R. 2391):
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HOUSE REPORTS: No. 108-425 accompanying H.R. 2391 (Comm. on the 
Judiciary).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 150 (2004):
            June 25, considered and passed Senate.
            Nov. 20, considered and passed House.

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