Text: H.R.6003 — 110th Congress (2007-2008)All Information (Except Text)

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Placed on Calendar Senate (06/12/2008)

 
[Congressional Bills 110th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 6003 Placed on Calendar Senate (PCS)]






                                                       Calendar No. 779
110th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 6003


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             June 12, 2008

            Received; read twice and placed on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
             To reauthorize Amtrak, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Passenger Rail Investment and 
Improvement Act of 2008''.

SEC. 2. AMENDMENT OF TITLE 49, UNITED STATES CODE.

    Except as otherwise specifically provided, whenever in this Act an 
amendment is expressed in terms of an amendment to a section or other 
provision of law, the reference shall be considered to be made to a 
section or other provision of title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 3. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Amendment of title 49, United States Code.
Sec. 3. Table of contents.
                        TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 101. Authorization for Amtrak capital and operating expenses and 
                            State capital grants.
Sec. 102. Repayment of long-term debt and capital leases.
Sec. 103. Other authorizations.
Sec. 104. Tunnel project.
Sec. 105. Compliance with Immigration and Nationality Act.
Sec. 106. Authorization for capital and preventive maintenance projects 
                            for Washington Metropolitan Area Transit 
                            Authority.
          TITLE II--AMTRAK REFORM AND OPERATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS

Sec. 201. National railroad passenger transportation system defined.
Sec. 202. Amtrak Board of Directors.
Sec. 203. Establishment of improved financial accounting system.
Sec. 204. Development of 5-year financial plan.
Sec. 205. Establishment of grant process.
Sec. 206. State-supported routes.
Sec. 207. Metrics and standards.
Sec. 208. Northeast Corridor state-of-good-repair plan.
Sec. 209. Northeast Corridor infrastructure and operations 
                            improvements.
Sec. 210. Restructuring long-term debt and capital leases.
Sec. 211. Study of compliance requirements at existing intercity rail 
                            stations.
Sec. 212. Oversight of Amtrak's compliance with accessibility 
                            requirements.
Sec. 213. Access to Amtrak equipment and services.
Sec. 214. General Amtrak provisions.
Sec. 215. Amtrak management accountability.
Sec. 216. Passenger rail study.
Sec. 217. Congestion grants.
Sec. 218. Plan for restoration of service.
Sec. 219. Locomotive biofuel study.
Sec. 220. Study of the use of biobased lubricants.
Sec. 221. Applicability of Buy American Act.
Sec. 222. Intercity passenger rail service performance.
Sec. 223. Amtrak Inspector General utilization study.
Sec. 224. Amtrak service preference study.
Sec. 225. Historic preservation and railroad safety.
Sec. 226. Commuter rail expansion.
Sec. 227. Service evaluation.
               TITLE III--INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL POLICY

Sec. 301. Capital assistance for intercity passenger rail service; 
                            State rail plans.
Sec. 302. State rail plans.
Sec. 303. Next generation corridor train equipment pool.
Sec. 304. Rail cooperative research program.
Sec. 305. Passenger rail system comparison study.
              TITLE IV--COMMUTER RAIL TRANSIT ENHANCEMENT

Sec. 401. Commuter rail transit enhancement.
Sec. 402. Routing efficiency discussions with Amtrak.
                        TITLE V--HIGH-SPEED RAIL

Sec. 501. High-speed rail corridor program.
Sec. 502. Additional high-speed projects.
Sec. 503. High-speed rail study.
Sec. 504. Grant conditions.

                        TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION FOR AMTRAK CAPITAL AND OPERATING EXPENSES AND 
              STATE CAPITAL GRANTS.

    (a) Operating Grants.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
the Secretary of Transportation for the use of Amtrak for operating 
costs the following amounts:
            (1) For fiscal year 2009, $525,000,000.
            (2) For fiscal year 2010, $600,000,000.
            (3) For fiscal year 2011, $614,000,000.
            (4) For fiscal year 2012, $638,000,000.
            (5) For fiscal year 2013, $654,000,000.
    (b) Inspector General.--Out of the amounts authorized under 
subsection (a), there are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary of Transportation for the Office of the Inspector General of 
Amtrak the following amounts:
            (1) For fiscal year 2009, $20,368,900.
            (2) For fiscal year 2010, $22,586,000.
            (3) For fiscal year 2011, $24,337,000.
            (4) For fiscal year 2012, $26,236,000.
            (5) For fiscal year 2013, $28,287,000.
    (c) Accessibility Improvements and Barrier Removal for People With 
Disabilities.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary 
of Transportation for the use of Amtrak to improve the accessibility of 
facilities, including rail platforms, and services the following 
amounts:
            (1) For fiscal year 2009, $68,500,000.
            (2) For fiscal year 2010, $240,000,000.
            (3) For fiscal year 2011, $240,000,000.
            (4) For fiscal year 2012, $240,000,000.
            (5) For fiscal year 2013, $240,000,000.
    (d) Capital Grants.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary of Transportation for the use of Amtrak for capital projects 
(as defined in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 24401(2) of title 
49, United States Code) to bring the Northeast Corridor (as defined in 
section 24102(a)) to a state-of-good-repair, for capital expenses of 
the national rail passenger transportation system, and for purposes of 
making capital grants under section 24402 of that title to States, the 
following amounts:
            (1) For fiscal year 2009, $1,202,000,000.
            (2) For fiscal year 2010, $1,321,000,000.
            (3) For fiscal year 2011, $1,321,000,000.
            (4) For fiscal year 2012, $1,427,000,000.
            (5) For fiscal year 2013, $1,427,000,000.
    (e) Amounts for State Grants.--Out of the amounts authorized under 
subsection (d), the following percentage shall be available each fiscal 
year for capital grants to States under section 24402 of title 49, 
United States Code, to be administered by the Secretary of 
Transportation:
            (1) 41.60 percent for fiscal year 2009.
            (2) 38 percent for fiscal year 2010.
            (3) 38 percent for fiscal year 2011.
            (4) 35 percent for fiscal year 2012.
            (5) 35 percent for fiscal year 2013.
    (f) Project Management Oversight.--The Secretary may withhold up to 
\1/2\ of 1 percent of amounts appropriated pursuant to subsection (d) 
for the costs of project management oversight of capital projects 
carried out by Amtrak.

SEC. 102. REPAYMENT OF LONG-TERM DEBT AND CAPITAL LEASES.

    (a) Amtrak Principal and Interest Payments.--
            (1) Principal and interest on debt service.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of 
        Transportation for the use of Amtrak for retirement of 
        principal and payment of interest on loans for capital 
        equipment, or capital leases, not more than the following 
        amounts:
                    (A) For fiscal year 2009, $345,000,000.
                    (B) For fiscal year 2010, $345,000,000.
                    (C) For fiscal year 2011, $345,000,000.
                    (D) For fiscal year 2012, $345,000,000.
                    (E) For fiscal year 2013, $345,000,000.
            (2) Early buyout option.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation such sums as 
        may be necessary for the use of Amtrak for the payment of costs 
        associated with early buyout options if the exercise of those 
        options is determined to be advantageous to Amtrak.
            (3) Legal effect of payments under this section.--The 
        payment of principal and interest on secured debt, with the 
        proceeds of grants authorized by this section shall not--
                    (A) modify the extent or nature of any indebtedness 
                of the National Railroad Passenger Corporation to the 
                United States in existence of the date of enactment of 
                this Act;
                    (B) change the private nature of Amtrak's or its 
                successors' liabilities; or
                    (C) imply any Federal guarantee or commitment to 
                amortize Amtrak's outstanding indebtedness.

SEC. 103. OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of 
Transportation--
            (1) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2013 
        to carry out the rail cooperative research program under 
        section 24910 of title 49, United States Code; and
            (2) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2009, to remain available 
        until expended, for grants to Amtrak and States participating 
        in the Next Generation Corridor Train Equipment Pool Committee 
        established under section 303 of this Act for the purpose of 
        designing, developing specifications for, and initiating the 
        procurement of an initial order of 1 or more types of 
        standardized next-generation corridor train equipment and 
        establishing a jointly owned corporation to manage that 
        equipment.

SEC. 104. TUNNEL PROJECT.

    (a) New Tunnel Alignment and Environmental Review.--Not later than 
September 30, 2013, the Federal Railroad Administration, working with 
Amtrak, the City of Baltimore, State of Maryland, and rail operators 
described in subsection (b), shall--
            (1) approve a new rail tunnel alignment in Baltimore that 
        will permit an increase in train speed and service reliability; 
        and
            (2) ensure completion of the related environmental review 
        process.
    (b) Affected Rail Operators.--Rail operators other than Amtrak may 
participate in activities described in subsection (a) to the extent 
that they can demonstrate the intention and ability to contribute to 
the construction of the new tunnel.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Federal Railroad Administration for carrying out 
this section $60,000,000 for the period encompassing fiscal years 2009 
through 2013.

SEC. 105. COMPLIANCE WITH IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, none of the funds 
authorized by this Act may be used to employ workers in violation of 
section 274A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a).

SEC. 106. AUTHORIZATION FOR CAPITAL AND PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PROJECTS 
              FOR WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSIT AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authorization.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to the succeeding provisions of 
        this section, the Secretary of Transportation is authorized to 
        make grants to the Transit Authority, in addition to the 
        contributions authorized under sections 3, 14, and 17 of the 
        National Capital Transportation Act of 1969 (sec. 9-1101.01 et 
        seq., D.C. Official Code), for the purpose of financing in part 
        the capital and preventive maintenance projects included in the 
        Capital Improvement Program approved by the Board of Directors 
        of the Transit Authority.
            (2) Definitions.--In this section--
                    (A) the term ``Transit Authority'' means the 
                Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority 
                established under Article III of the Compact; and
                    (B) the term ``Compact'' means the Washington 
                Metropolitan Area Transit Authority Compact (80 Stat. 
                1324; Public Law 89-774).
    (b) Use of Funds.--The Federal grants made pursuant to the 
authorization under this section shall be subject to the following 
limitations and conditions:
            (1) The work for which such Federal grants are authorized 
        shall be subject to the provisions of the Compact (consistent 
        with the amendments to the Compact described in subsection 
        (d)).
            (2) Each such Federal grant shall be for 50 percent of the 
        net project cost of the project involved, and shall be provided 
        in cash from sources other than Federal funds or revenues from 
        the operation of public mass transportation systems. Consistent 
        with the terms of the amendment to the Compact described in 
        subsection (d)(1), any funds so provided shall be solely from 
        undistributed cash surpluses, replacement or depreciation funds 
        or reserves available in cash, or new capital.
            (3) Such Federal grants may be used only for the 
        maintenance and upkeep of the systems of the Transit Authority 
        as of the date of the enactment of this Act and may not be used 
        to increase the mileage of the rail system.
    (c) Applicability of Requirements For Mass Transportation Capital 
Projects Receiving Funds Under Federal Transportation Law.--Except as 
specifically provided in this section, the use of any amounts 
appropriated pursuant to the authorization under this section shall be 
subject to the requirements applicable to capital projects for which 
funds are provided under chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code, 
except to the extent that the Secretary of Transportation determines 
that the requirements are inconsistent with the purposes of this 
section.
    (d) Amendments to Compact.--No amounts may be provided to the 
Transit Authority pursuant to the authorization under this section 
until the Transit Authority notifies the Secretary of Transportation 
that each of the following amendments to the Compact (and any further 
amendments which may be required to implement such amendments) have 
taken effect:
            (1)(A) An amendment requiring that all payments by the 
        local signatory governments for the Transit Authority for the 
        purpose of matching any Federal funds appropriated in any given 
        year authorized under subsection (a) for the cost of operating 
        and maintaining the adopted regional system are made from 
        amounts derived from dedicated funding sources.
            (B) For purposes of this paragraph, the term ``dedicated 
        funding source'' means any source of funding which is earmarked 
        or required under State or local law to be used to match 
        Federal appropriations authorized under this Act for payments 
        to the Transit Authority.
            (2) An amendment establishing an Office of the Inspector 
        General of the Transit Authority.
            (3) An amendment expanding the Board of Directors of the 
        Transit Authority to include 4 additional Directors appointed 
        by the Administrator of General Services, of whom 2 shall be 
        nonvoting and 2 shall be voting, and requiring one of the 
        voting members so appointed to be a regular passenger and 
        customer of the bus or rail service of the Transit Authority.
    (e) Access to Wireless Service in Metrorail System.--
            (1) Requiring transit authority to provide access to 
        service.--No amounts may be provided to the Transit Authority 
        pursuant to the authorization under this section unless the 
        Transit Authority ensures that customers of the rail service of 
        the Transit Authority have access within the rail system to 
        services provided by any licensed wireless provider that 
        notifies the Transit Authority (in accordance with such 
        procedures as the Transit Authority may adopt) of its intent to 
        offer service to the public, in accordance with the following 
        timetable:
                    (A) Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, in the 20 underground rail 
                station platforms with the highest volume of passenger 
                traffic.
                    (B) Not later than 4 years after such date, 
                throughout the rail system.
            (2) Access of wireless providers to system for upgrades and 
        maintenance.--No amounts may be provided to the Transit 
        Authority pursuant to the authorization under this section 
        unless the Transit Authority ensures that each licensed 
        wireless provider who provides service to the public within the 
        rail system pursuant to paragraph (1) has access to the system 
        on an ongoing basis (subject to such restrictions as the 
        Transit Authority may impose to ensure that such access will 
        not unduly impact rail operations or threaten the safety of 
        customers or employees of the rail system) to carry out 
        emergency repairs, routine maintenance, and upgrades to the 
        service.
            (3) Permitting reasonable and customary charges.--Nothing 
        in this subsection may be construed to prohibit the Transit 
        Authority from requiring a licensed wireless provider to pay 
        reasonable and customary charges for access granted under this 
        subsection.
            (4) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, and each of the 3 years thereafter, the 
        Transit Authority shall submit to the Committee on Oversight 
        and Government Reform of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
        Senate a report on the implementation of this subsection.
            (5) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``licensed 
        wireless provider'' means any provider of wireless services who 
        is operating pursuant to a Federal license to offer such 
        services to the public for profit.
    (f) Amount.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary of Transportation for grants under this section an aggregate 
amount not to exceed $1,500,000,000 to be available in increments over 
10 fiscal years beginning in fiscal year 2009, or until expended.
    (g) Availability.--Amounts appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization under this section shall remain available until expended.

          TITLE II--AMTRAK REFORM AND OPERATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS

SEC. 201. NATIONAL RAILROAD PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM DEFINED.

    (a) In General.--Section 24102 is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) as so redesignated the 
        following:
            ``(5) `national rail passenger transportation system' 
        means--
                    ``(A) the segment of the Northeast Corridor between 
                Boston, Massachusetts and Washington, DC;
                    ``(B) rail corridors that have been designated by 
                the Secretary of Transportation as high-speed corridors 
                (other than corridors described in subparagraph (A)), 
                but only after they have been improved to permit 
                operation of high-speed service;
                    ``(C) long distance routes of more than 750 miles 
                between endpoints operated by Amtrak as of the date of 
                enactment of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
                Improvement Act of 2008; and
                    ``(D) short-distance corridors, or routes of not 
                more than 750 miles between endpoints, operated by--
                            ``(i) Amtrak; or
                            ``(ii) another rail carrier that receives 
                        funds under chapter 244.''.
    (b) Amtrak Routes With State Funding.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 247 is amended by inserting after 
        section 24701 the following:
``Sec. 24702. Transportation requested by States, authorities, and 
              other persons
    ``(a) Contracts for Transportation.--Amtrak may enter into a 
contract with a State, a regional or local authority, or another person 
for Amtrak to operate an intercity rail service or route not included 
in the national rail passenger transportation system upon such terms as 
the parties thereto may agree.
    ``(b) Discontinuance.--Upon termination of a contract entered into 
under this section, or the cessation of financial support under such a 
contract by either party, Amtrak may discontinue such service or route, 
notwithstanding any other provision of law.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The chapter analysis for chapter 
        247 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
        24701 the following:

``24702. Transportation requested by States, authorities, and other 
                            persons.''.
    (c) Amtrak To Continue To Provide Non-High-Speed Services.--Nothing 
in this Act is intended to preclude Amtrak from restoring, improving, 
or developing non-high-speed intercity passenger rail service.
    (d) Applicability of Section 24706.--Section 24706 is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Applicability.--This section applies to all service over 
routes provided by Amtrak, notwithstanding any provision of section 
24701 of this title or any other provision of this title except section 
24702(b).''.

SEC. 202. AMTRAK BOARD OF DIRECTORS.

    (a) In General.--Section 24302 is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 24302. Board of Directors
    ``(a) Composition and Terms.--
            ``(1) The Board of Directors of Amtrak is composed of the 
        following 10 directors, each of whom must be a citizen of the 
        United States:
                    ``(A) The Secretary of Transportation.
                    ``(B) The President of Amtrak, who shall serve ex 
                officio, as a non-voting member.
                    ``(C) Eight individuals appointed by the President 
                of the United States, by and with the advice and 
                consent of the Senate, with general business and 
                financial experience, experience or qualifications in 
                transportation, freight and passenger rail 
                transportation, travel, hospitality, cruise line, and 
                passenger air transportation businesses, or 
                representatives of employees or users of passenger rail 
                transportation or a State government.
            ``(2) In selecting individuals described in paragraph (1) 
        for nominations for appointments to the Board, the President 
        shall consult with the Speaker of the House of Representatives, 
        the minority leader of the House of Representatives, the 
        majority leader of the Senate, and the minority leader of the 
        Senate and try to provide adequate and balanced representation 
        of the major geographic regions of the United States served by 
        Amtrak.
            ``(3) An individual appointed under paragraph (1)(C) of 
        this subsection serves for 5 years or until the individual's 
        successor is appointed and qualified. Not more than 5 
        individuals appointed under paragraph (1)(C) may be members of 
        the same political party.
            ``(4) The Board shall elect a chairman and a vice chairman 
        from among its membership. The vice chairman shall serve as 
        chairman in the absence of the chairman.
            ``(5) The Secretary may be represented at board meetings by 
        the Secretary's designee.
    ``(b) Pay and Expenses.--Each director not employed by the United 
States Government is entitled to $300 a day when performing Board 
duties. Each Director is entitled to reimbursement for necessary 
travel, reasonable secretarial and professional staff support, and 
subsistence expenses incurred in attending Board meetings.
    ``(c) Vacancies.--A vacancy on the Board is filled in the same way 
as the original selection, except that an individual appointed by the 
President of the United States under subsection (a)(1)(C) of this 
section to fill a vacancy occurring before the end of the term for 
which the predecessor of that individual was appointed is appointed for 
the remainder of that term. A vacancy required to be filled by 
appointment under subsection (a)(1)(C) must be filled not later than 
120 days after the vacancy occurs.
    ``(d) Quorum.--A majority of the members serving shall constitute a 
quorum for doing business.
    ``(e) Bylaws.--The Board may adopt and amend bylaws governing the 
operation of Amtrak. The bylaws shall be consistent with this part and 
the articles of incorporation.''.
    (b) Effective Date for Directors' Provision.--The amendment made by 
subsection (a) shall take effect 6 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act. The members of the Amtrak Board serving on the date of 
enactment of this Act may continue to serve for the remainder of the 
term to which they were appointed.

SEC. 203. ESTABLISHMENT OF IMPROVED FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--The Amtrak Board of Directors--
            (1) may employ an independent financial consultant with 
        experience in railroad accounting to assist Amtrak in improving 
        Amtrak's financial accounting and reporting system and 
        practices;
            (2) shall implement a modern financial accounting and 
        reporting system not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act; and
            (3) shall, not later than 90 days after the end of each 
        fiscal year through fiscal year 2013--
                    (A) submit to Congress a comprehensive report that 
                allocates all of Amtrak's revenues and costs to each of 
                its routes, each of its lines of business, and each 
                major activity within each route and line of business 
                activity, including--
                            (i) train operations;
                            (ii) equipment maintenance;
                            (iii) food service;
                            (iv) sleeping cars;
                            (v) ticketing; and
                            (vi) reservations;
                    (B) include the report described in subparagraph 
                (A) in Amtrak's annual report; and
                    (C) post such report on Amtrak's website.
    (b) Verification of System; Report.--The Inspector General of the 
Department of Transportation shall review the accounting system 
designed and implemented under subsection (a) to ensure that it 
accomplishes the purposes for which it is intended. The Inspector 
General shall report his findings and conclusions, together with any 
recommendations, to the House of Representatives Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure and the Senate Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation.
    (c) Categorization of Revenues and Expenses.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Amtrak 
        Board of Directors shall separately categorize routes, assigned 
        revenues, and attributable expenses by type of service, 
        including long distance routes, State-sponsored routes, 
        commuter contract routes, and Northeast Corridor routes.
            (2) Northeast corridor.--Amtrak revenues generated by 
        freight and commuter railroads operating on the Northeast 
        Corridor shall be separately listed to include the charges per 
        car mile assessed by Amtrak to other freight and commuter 
        railroad entities.
            (3) Fixed overhead expenses.--Fixed overhead expenses that 
        are not directly assigned or attributed to any route (or group 
        of routes) shall be listed separately by line item and expense 
        category.

SEC. 204. DEVELOPMENT OF 5-YEAR FINANCIAL PLAN.

    (a) Development of 5-Year Financial Plan.--The Amtrak Board of 
Directors shall submit an annual budget and business plan for Amtrak, 
and a 5-year financial plan for the fiscal year to which that budget 
and business plan relate and the subsequent 4 years, prepared in 
accordance with this section, to the Secretary of Transportation and 
the Inspector General of the Department of Transportation no later 
than--
            (1) the first day of each fiscal year beginning after the 
        date of enactment of this Act; or
            (2) the date that is 60 days after the date of enactment of 
        an appropriation Act for the fiscal year, if later.
    (b) Contents of 5-Year Financial Plan.--The 5-year financial plan 
for Amtrak shall include, at a minimum--
            (1) all projected revenues and expenditures for Amtrak, 
        including governmental funding sources;
            (2) projected ridership levels for all Amtrak passenger 
        operations;
            (3) revenue and expenditure forecasts for non-passenger 
        operations;
            (4) capital funding requirements and expenditures necessary 
        to maintain passenger service which will accommodate predicted 
        ridership levels and predicted sources of capital funding;
            (5) operational funding needs, if any, to maintain current 
        and projected levels of passenger service, including state-
        supported routes and predicted funding sources;
            (6) projected capital and operating requirements, 
        ridership, and revenue for any new passenger service operations 
        or service expansions;
            (7) an assessment of the continuing financial stability of 
        Amtrak, such as Amtrak's ability to efficiently manage its 
        workforce, and Amtrak's ability to effectively provide 
        passenger train service;
            (8) estimates of long-term and short-term debt and 
        associated principal and interest payments (both current and 
        anticipated);
            (9) annual cash flow forecasts;
            (10) a statement describing methods of estimation and 
        significant assumptions;
            (11) specific measures that demonstrate measurable 
        improvement year over year in the financial results of Amtrak's 
        operations;
            (12) prior fiscal year and projected operating ratio, cash 
        operating loss, and cash operating loss per passenger on a 
        route, business line, and corporate basis;
            (13) prior fiscal year and projected specific costs and 
        savings estimates resulting from reform initiatives;
            (14) prior fiscal year and projected labor productivity 
        statistics on a route, business line, and corporate basis; and
            (15) prior fiscal year and projected equipment reliability 
        statistics.
    (c) Standards To Promote Financial Stability.--In meeting the 
requirements of subsection (b), Amtrak shall--
            (1) apply sound budgetary practices, including reducing 
        costs and other expenditures, improving productivity, 
        increasing revenues, or combinations of such practices;
            (2) use the categories specified in the financial 
        accounting and reporting system developed under section 203 
        when preparing its 5-year financial plan; and
            (3) ensure that the plan is consistent with the 
        authorizations of appropriations under title I of this Act.

SEC. 205. ESTABLISHMENT OF GRANT PROCESS.

    (a) Grant Requests.--Amtrak shall submit grant requests (including 
a schedule for the disbursement of funds), consistent with the 
requirements of this Act, to the Secretary of Transportation for funds 
authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for the use of Amtrak 
under sections 101(a), (c), and (d), 102, and 103(2) of this Act.
    (b) Procedures for Grant Requests.--The Secretary shall establish 
substantive and procedural requirements, including schedules, for grant 
requests under this section not later than 30 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act and shall transmit copies to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.
    (c) Review and Approval.--
            (1) 30-day approval process.--The Secretary shall complete 
        the review of a complete grant request (including the 
        disbursement schedule) and approve or disapprove the request 
        within 30 days after the date on which Amtrak submits the grant 
        request. If the Secretary disapproves the request or determines 
        that the request is incomplete or deficient, the Secretary 
        shall include the reason for disapproval or the incomplete 
        items or deficiencies in the notice to Amtrak.
            (2) 15-day modification period.--Within 15 days after 
        receiving notification from the Secretary under the preceding 
        sentence, Amtrak shall submit a modified request for the 
        Secretary's review.
            (3) Revised requests.--Within 15 days after receiving a 
        modified request from Amtrak, the Secretary shall either 
        approve the modified request, or, if the Secretary finds that 
        the request is still incomplete or deficient, the Secretary 
        shall identify in writing to the House of Representatives 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the Senate 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation the 
        remaining deficiencies and recommend a process for resolving 
        the outstanding portions of the request.

SEC. 206. STATE-SUPPORTED ROUTES.

    (a) In General.--Within 2 years after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Board of Directors of Amtrak, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Transportation and the governors of each relevant State 
and the Mayor of the District of Columbia or groups representing those 
officials, shall develop and implement a single, Nationwide 
standardized methodology for establishing and allocating the operating 
and capital costs among the States and Amtrak associated with trains 
operated on routes described in section 24102(5)(B) or (D) or section 
24702 that--
            (1) ensures, within 5 years after the date of enactment of 
        this Act, equal treatment in the provision of like services of 
        all States and groups of States (including the District of 
        Columbia); and
            (2) allocates to each route the costs incurred only for the 
        benefit of that route and a proportionate share, based upon 
        factors that reasonably reflect relative use, of costs incurred 
        for the common benefit of more than 1 route.
    (b) Review.--If Amtrak and the States (including the District of 
Columbia) in which Amtrak operates such routes do not voluntarily adopt 
and implement the methodology developed under subsection (a) in 
allocating costs and determining compensation for the provision of 
service in accordance with the date established therein, the Surface 
Transportation Board shall determine the appropriate methodology 
required under subsection (a) for such services in accordance with the 
procedures and procedural schedule applicable to a proceeding under 
section 24904(c) of title 49, United States Code, and require the full 
implementation of this methodology with regards to the provision of 
such service within 1 year after the Board's determination of the 
appropriate methodology.
    (c) Use of Chapter 244 Funds.--Funds provided to a State under 
chapter 244 of title 49, United States Code, may be used, as provided 
in that chapter, to pay capital costs determined in accordance with 
this section.

SEC. 207. METRICS AND STANDARDS.

    (a) In General.--Within 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration and 
Amtrak shall jointly, in consultation with the Surface Transportation 
Board, rail carriers over whose rail lines Amtrak trains operate, 
States, Amtrak employees, nonprofit employee organizations representing 
Amtrak employees, and groups representing Amtrak passengers, as 
appropriate, develop new or improve existing metrics and minimum 
standards for measuring the performance and service quality of 
intercity passenger train operations, including cost recovery, on-time 
performance and minutes of delay, ridership, on-board services, 
stations, facilities, equipment, and other services. Such metrics, at a 
minimum, shall include the percentage of avoidable and fully allocated 
operating costs covered by passenger revenues on each route, ridership 
per train mile operated, measures of on-time performance and delays 
incurred by intercity passenger trains on the rail lines of each rail 
carrier and, for long distance routes, measures of connectivity with 
other routes in all regions currently receiving Amtrak service and the 
transportation needs of communities and populations that are not well-
served by other forms of public transportation. Amtrak shall provide 
reasonable access to the Federal Railroad Administration in order to 
enable the Administration to carry out its duty under this section.
    (b) Quarterly Reports.--The Administrator of the Federal Railroad 
Administration shall collect the necessary data and publish a quarterly 
report on the performance and service quality of intercity passenger 
train operations, including Amtrak's cost recovery, ridership, on-time 
performance and minutes of delay, causes of delay, on-board services, 
stations, facilities, equipment, and other services.
    (c) Contract With Host Rail Carriers.--To the extent practicable, 
Amtrak and its host rail carriers shall incorporate the metrics and 
standards developed under subsection (a) into their access and service 
agreements.
    (d) Arbitration.--If the development of the metrics and standards 
is not completed within the 180-day period required by subsection (a), 
any party involved in the development of those standards may petition 
the Surface Transportation Board to appoint an arbitrator to assist the 
parties in resolving their disputes through binding arbitration.

SEC. 208. NORTHEAST CORRIDOR STATE-OF-GOOD-REPAIR PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Within 9 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the National Railroad Passenger Corporation, in consultation 
with the Secretary and the States (including the District of Columbia) 
that make up the Northeast Corridor (as defined in section 24102 of 
title 49, United States Code), shall prepare a capital spending plan 
for capital projects required to return the railroad right-of-way 
(including track, signals, and auxiliary structures), facilities, 
stations, and equipment, of the Northeast Corridor to a state of good 
repair by the end of fiscal year 2024, consistent with the funding 
levels authorized in this Act and shall submit the plan to the 
Secretary.
    (b) Approval by the Secretary.--
            (1) The Corporation shall submit the capital spending plan 
        prepared under this section to the Secretary of Transportation 
        for review and approval pursuant to the procedures developed 
        under section 205 of this Act.
            (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall require that the 
        plan be updated at least annually and shall review and approve 
        such updates. During review, the Secretary shall seek comments 
        and review from the commission established under section 24905 
        of title 49, United States Code, and other Northeast Corridor 
        users regarding the plan.
            (3) The Secretary shall make grants to the Corporation with 
        funds authorized by section 101(d) of this Act for Northeast 
        Corridor capital investments contained within the capital 
        spending plan prepared by the Corporation and approved by the 
        Secretary.
            (4) Using the funds authorized by section 101(f) of this 
        Act, the Secretary shall review Amtrak's capital expenditures 
        funded by this section to ensure that such expenditures are 
        consistent with the capital spending plan and that Amtrak is 
        providing adequate project management oversight and fiscal 
        controls.
    (c) Eligibility of Expenditures.--The Federal share of expenditures 
for capital improvements under this section may not exceed 100 percent.

SEC. 209. NORTHEAST CORRIDOR INFRASTRUCTURE AND OPERATIONS 
              IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 24905 is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 24905. Northeast Corridor Infrastructure and Operations Advisory 
              Commission
    ``(a) Northeast Corridor Infrastructure and Operations Advisory 
Commission.--
            ``(1) Within 180 days after the date of enactment of the 
        Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, the 
        Secretary of Transportation shall establish a Northeast 
        Corridor Infrastructure and Operations Advisory Commission 
        (hereinafter referred to in this section as the `Commission') 
        to promote mutual cooperation and planning pertaining to the 
        rail operations and related activities of the Northeast 
        Corridor. The Commission shall be made up of--
                    ``(A) members representing the National Railroad 
                Passenger Corporation;
                    ``(B) members representing the Secretary of 
                Transportation and the Federal Railroad Administration;
                    ``(C) one member from each of the States (including 
                the District of Columbia) that constitute the Northeast 
                Corridor as defined in section 24102, designated by, 
                and serving at the pleasure of, the chief executive 
                officer thereof; and
                    ``(D) non-voting representatives of freight 
                railroad carriers using the Northeast Corridor selected 
                by the Secretary.
            ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that the membership 
        belonging to any of the groups enumerated under subparagraph 
        (1) shall not constitute a majority of the commission's 
        memberships.
            ``(3) The commission shall establish a schedule and 
        location for convening meetings, but shall meet no less than 
        four times per fiscal year, and the commission shall develop 
        rules and procedures to govern the commission's proceedings.
            ``(4) A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled in the 
        manner in which the original appointment was made.
            ``(5) Members shall serve without pay but shall receive 
        travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in 
        accordance with sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5, United 
        States Code.
            ``(6) The Chairman of the Commission shall be elected by 
        the members.
            ``(7) The Commission may appoint and fix the pay of such 
        personnel as it considers appropriate.
            ``(8) Upon request of the Commission, the head of any 
        department or agency of the United States may detail, on a 
        reimbursable basis, any of the personnel of that department or 
        agency to the Commission to assist it in carrying out its 
        duties under this section.
            ``(9) Upon the request of the Commission, the Administrator 
        of General Services shall provide to the Commission, on a 
        reimbursable basis, the administrative support services 
        necessary for the Commission to carry out its responsibilities 
        under this section.
            ``(10) The commission shall consult with other entities as 
        appropriate.
    ``(b) General Recommendations.--The Commission shall develop 
recommendations concerning Northeast Corridor rail infrastructure and 
operations including proposals addressing, as appropriate--
            ``(1) short-term and long-term capital investment needs 
        beyond the state-of-good-repair under section 208 of the 
        Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008;
            ``(2) future funding requirements for capital improvements 
        and maintenance;
            ``(3) operational improvements of intercity passenger rail, 
        commuter rail, and freight rail services;
            ``(4) opportunities for additional non-rail uses of the 
        Northeast Corridor;
            ``(5) scheduling and dispatching;
            ``(6) safety enhancements;
            ``(7) equipment design;
            ``(8) marketing of rail services;
            ``(9) future capacity requirements; and
            ``(10) potential funding and financing mechanisms for 
        projects of corridor-wide significance.
    ``(c) Access Costs.--
            ``(1) Development of formula.--Within 1 year after 
        verification of Amtrak's new financial accounting system 
        pursuant to section 203(b) of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
        Improvement Act of 2008, the Commission shall--
                    ``(A) develop a standardized formula for 
                determining and allocating costs, revenues, and 
                compensation for Northeast Corridor commuter rail 
                passenger transportation, as defined in section 24102 
                of this title, that use National Railroad Passenger 
                Corporation facilities or services or that provide such 
                facilities or services to the National Railroad 
                Passenger Corporation that ensure that--
                            ``(i) there is no cross-subsidization of 
                        commuter rail passenger, intercity rail 
                        passenger, or freight rail transportation;
                            ``(ii) each service is assigned the costs 
                        incurred only for the benefit of that service, 
                        and a proportionate share, based upon factors 
                        that reasonably reflect relative use, of costs 
                        incurred for the common benefit of more than 1 
                        service; and
                            ``(iii) all financial contributions made by 
                        an operator of a service, including but not 
                        limited to, for any capital infrastructure 
                        investments, as well as for any in-kind 
                        services, are considered;
                    ``(B) develop a proposed timetable for implementing 
                the formula before the end of the 6th year following 
                the date of enactment of that Act;
                    ``(C) transmit the proposed timetable to the 
                Surface Transportation Board; and
                    ``(D) at the request of a Commission member, 
                petition the Surface Transportation Board to appoint a 
                mediator to assist the Commission members through non-
                binding mediation to reach an agreement under this 
                section.
            ``(2) Implementation.--The National Railroad Passenger 
        Corporation and the commuter authorities providing commuter 
        rail passenger transportation on the Northeast Corridor shall 
        implement new agreements for usage of facilities or services 
        based on the formula proposed in paragraph (1) in accordance 
        with the timetable established therein. If the entities fail to 
        implement such new agreements in accordance with the timetable, 
        the Commission shall petition the Surface Transportation Board 
        to determine the appropriate compensation amounts for such 
        services in accordance with section 24904(c) of this title. The 
        Surface Transportation Board shall enforce its determination on 
        the party or parties involved.
    ``(d) Transmission of Recommendations.--The commission shall 
annually transmit the recommendations developed under subsection (b) 
and the formula and timetable developed under subsection (c)(1) to the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 24904(c)(2) is amended by--
            (A) inserting ``commuter rail passenger and'' after 
        ``between''; and
            (B) striking ``freight'' in the second sentence.
    (2) The chapter analysis for chapter 249 is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 24905 and inserting the following:

``24905. Northeast Corridor Infrastructure and Operations Advisory 
                            Commission.''.
    (c) Acela Service Study.--
            (1) In general.--Amtrak shall conduct a conduct a study to 
        determine the infrastructure and equipment improvements 
        necessary to provide regular Acela service--
                    (A) between Washington, DC and New York City--
                            (i) in 2 hours and 30 minutes;
                            (ii) in 2 hours and 15 minutes; and
                            (iii) in 2 hours; and
                    (B) between New York City and Boston--
                            (i) in 3 hours and 15 minutes;
                            (ii) in 3 hours; and
                            (iii) in 2 hours and 45 minutes.
            (2) Issues.--The study conducted under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    (A) an estimated time frame for achieving the trip 
                time described in paragraph (1);
                    (B) an analysis of any significant obstacles that 
                would hinder such an achievement, including but not 
                limited to, any adverse impact on existing and 
                projected intercity, commuter, and freight service; and
                    (C) a detailed description and cost estimate of the 
                specific infrastructure and equipment improvements 
                necessary for such an achievement.
            (3) Report.--Within 1 year after the date of enactment of 
        this Act, Amtrak shall submit a written report containing the 
        results of the study required under this subsection to--
                    (A) the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives;
                    (B) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives;
                    (C) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate;
                    (D) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; 
                and
                    (E) the Federal Railroad Administration.
            (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation to enable 
        Amtrak to conduct the study under this subsection $5,000,000.

SEC. 210. RESTRUCTURING LONG-TERM DEBT AND CAPITAL LEASES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Transportation and Amtrak, may make agreements to 
restructure Amtrak's indebtedness as of the date of enactment of this 
Act. This authorization expires 18 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act.
    (b) Debt Restructuring.--The Secretary of the Treasury, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Transportation and Amtrak, shall 
enter into negotiations with the holders of Amtrak debt, including 
leases, outstanding on the date of enactment of this Act for the 
purpose of restructuring (including repayment) and repaying that debt. 
The Secretary of the Treasury may secure agreements for restructuring 
or repayment on such terms as the Secretary of the Treasury deems 
favorable to the interests of the Government.
    (c) Criteria.--In restructuring Amtrak's indebtedness, the 
Secretary of the Treasury and Amtrak--
            (1) shall take into consideration repayment costs, the term 
        of any loan or loans, and market conditions; and
            (2) shall ensure that the restructuring results in 
        significant savings to Amtrak and the United States Government.
    (d) Payment of Renegotiated Debt.--If the criteria under subsection 
(c) are met, the Secretary of the Treasury may assume or repay the 
restructured debt, as appropriate.
    (e) Amtrak Principal and Interest Payments.--
            (1) Principal on debt service.--Unless the Secretary of the 
        Treasury makes sufficient payments to creditors under 
        subsection (d) so that Amtrak is required to make no payments 
        to creditors in a fiscal year, the Secretary of Transportation 
        shall use funds authorized by section 102(a)(1) of this Act for 
        the use of Amtrak for retirement of principal on loans for 
        capital equipment, or capital leases.
            (2) Interest on debt.--Unless the Secretary of the Treasury 
        makes sufficient payments to creditors under subsection (d) so 
        that Amtrak is required to make no payments to creditors in a 
        fiscal year, the Secretary of Transportation shall use funds 
        authorized by section 102(a)(1) of this Act for the use of 
        Amtrak for the payment of interest on loans for capital 
        equipment, or capital leases.
            (3) Reductions in authorization levels.--Whenever action 
        taken by the Secretary of the Treasury under subsection (a) 
        results in reductions in amounts of principal or interest that 
        Amtrak must service on existing debt, the corresponding amounts 
        authorized by section 102(a)(1) shall be reduced accordingly.
    (f) Legal Effect of Payments Under This Section.--The payment of 
principal and interest on secured debt, other than debt assumed under 
subsection (d), with the proceeds of grants under subsection (e) shall 
not--
            (1) modify the extent or nature of any indebtedness of the 
        National Railroad Passenger Corporation to the United States in 
        existence of the date of enactment of this Act;
            (2) change the private nature of Amtrak's or its 
        successors' liabilities; or
            (3) imply any Federal guarantee or commitment to amortize 
        Amtrak's outstanding indebtedness.
    (g) Secretary Approval.--Amtrak may not incur more debt after the 
date of enactment of this Act without the express advance approval of 
the Secretary of Transportation.
    (h) Report.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall transmit a report 
to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
of the Senate, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, by 
November 1, 2009--
            (1) describing in detail any agreements to restructure the 
        Amtrak debt; and
            (2) providing an estimate of the savings to Amtrak and the 
        United States Government.

SEC. 211. STUDY OF COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS AT EXISTING INTERCITY RAIL 
              STATIONS.

    Amtrak, in consultation with station owners and other railroads 
operating service through the existing stations that it serves, shall 
evaluate the improvements necessary to make these stations readily 
accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, as required 
by such section 242(e)(2) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 
1990, as amended (42 U.S.C. 12162(e)(2)). The evaluation shall include, 
for each applicable station, improvements required to bring it into 
compliance with the applicable parts of such section 242(e)(2), any 
potential barriers to achieving compliance, including issues related to 
the raising of passenger rail station platforms, the estimated cost of 
the improvements necessary, the identification of the responsible 
person (as defined in section 241(5) of that Act (42 U.S.C. 12161(5))), 
and the earliest practicable date when such improvements can be made. 
The evaluation shall also include a detailed plan and schedule for 
bringing all applicable stations into compliance with the applicable 
parts of section 242(e)(2) by the 2010 statutory deadline for station 
accessibility. Amtrak shall submit the evaluation to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives; the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; the 
Department of Transportation; and the National Council on Disability by 
February 1, 2009, along with recommendations for funding the necessary 
improvements. Should the Department of Transportation issue the Final 
Rule to its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking of February 27, 2006, on 
``Transportation for Individuals with Disabilities,'' after Amtrak 
submits its evaluation, Amtrak shall, not later than 120 days after the 
date the Final Rule is published, submit to the above parties a 
supplemental evaluation on the impact of those changes on its cost and 
schedule for achieving full compliance.

SEC. 212. OVERSIGHT OF AMTRAK'S COMPLIANCE WITH ACCESSIBILITY 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    Using the funds authorized by section 101(f) of this Act, the 
Federal Railroad Administration shall monitor and conduct periodic 
reviews of Amtrak's compliance with applicable sections of the 
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Rehabilitation Act of 
1974 to ensure that Amtrak's services and facilities are accessible to 
individuals with disabilities to the extent required by law.

SEC. 213. ACCESS TO AMTRAK EQUIPMENT AND SERVICES.

    If a State desires to select or selects an entity other than Amtrak 
to provide services required for the operation of an intercity 
passenger train route described in section 24102(5)(D) or 24702 of 
title 49, United States Code, the State may make an agreement with 
Amtrak to use facilities and equipment of, or have services provided 
by, Amtrak under terms agreed to by the State and Amtrak to enable the 
State to utilize an entity other than Amtrak to provide services 
required for operation of the route. If the parties cannot agree upon 
terms, and the Surface Transportation Board finds that access to 
Amtrak's facilities or equipment, or the provision of services by 
Amtrak, is necessary to carry out this provision and that the operation 
of Amtrak's other services will not be impaired thereby, the Surface 
Transportation Board shall, within 120 days after submission of the 
dispute, issue an order that the facilities and equipment be made 
available, and that services be provided, by Amtrak, and shall 
determine reasonable compensation, liability and other terms for use of 
the facilities and equipment and provision of the services. 
Compensation shall be determined in accordance with the methodology 
established pursuant to section 206 of this Act.

SEC. 214. GENERAL AMTRAK PROVISIONS.

    (a) Repeal of Self-Sufficiency Requirements.--
            (1) Plan required.--Section 24101(d) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``plan to operate within the 
                funding levels authorized by section 24104 of this 
                chapter, including budgetary goals for fiscal years 
                1998 through 2002.'' and inserting ``plan, consistent 
                with section 204 of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
                Improvement Act of 2008, including the budgetary goals 
                for fiscal years 2009 through 2013.''; and
                    (B) by striking the last sentence and inserting 
                ``Amtrak and its Board of Directors shall adopt a long-
                term plan that minimizes the need for Federal operating 
                subsidies.''.
            (2) Amtrak reform and accountability act amendments.--Title 
        II of the Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997 (49 
        U.S.C. 24101 nt) is amended by striking sections 204 and 205.
    (b) Lease Arrangements.--Amtrak may obtain services from the 
Administrator of General Services, and the Administrator may provide 
services to Amtrak, under section 201(b) and 211(b) of the Federal 
Property and Administrative Service Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 481(b) and 
491(b)) for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2013.

SEC. 215. AMTRAK MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 243 is amended by inserting after section 
24309 the following:
``Sec. 24310. Management accountability
    ``(a) In General.--Three years after the date of enactment of the 
Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, and 2 years 
thereafter, the Inspector General of the Department of Transportation 
shall complete an overall assessment of the progress made by Amtrak 
management and the Department of Transportation in implementing the 
provisions of that Act.
    ``(b) Assessment.--The management assessment undertaken by the 
Inspector General may include a review of--
            ``(1) effectiveness in improving annual financial planning;
            ``(2) effectiveness in implementing improved financial 
        accounting;
            ``(3) efforts to implement minimum train performance 
        standards;
            ``(4) progress maximizing revenues and minimizing Federal 
        subsidies and improving financial results; and
            ``(5) any other aspect of Amtrak operations the Inspector 
        General finds appropriate to review.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The chapter analysis for chapter 243 is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 24309 the 
following:

``24310. Management accountability.''.

SEC. 216. PASSENGER RAIL STUDY.

    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the General 
Accountability Office shall conduct a study to determine the potential 
cost and benefits of expanding passenger rail service options in 
underserved communities.
    (b) Submission.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit a report 
containing the results of the study conducted under this section to--
            (1) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
        the House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate.

SEC. 217. CONGESTION GRANTS.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Transportation may make grants to 
States, or to Amtrak in cooperation with States, for financing the 
capital costs of facilities, infrastructure, and equipment for high 
priority rail corridor projects necessary to reduce congestion or 
facilitate ridership growth in intercity passenger rail transportation.
    (b) Eligible Projects.--Projects eligible for grants under this 
section include projects--
            (1) identified by Amtrak as necessary to reduce congestion 
        or facilitate ridership growth in intercity passenger rail 
        transportation along heavily traveled rail corridors; and
            (2) designated by the Secretary as being sufficiently 
        advanced in development to be capable of serving the purposes 
        described in subsection (a) on an expedited schedule.
    (c) Compliance With Environmental Laws.--The Secretary shall not 
make a grant under this section for a project without adequate 
assurances that the project will be completed in full compliance with 
all applicable Federal and State environmental laws and regulations.
    (d) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
financed under this section shall not exceed 80 percent.
    (e) Employee Protection.--The recipient of a grant under this 
section shall agree to comply with the standards of section 24312 of 
title 49, United States Code, as such section was in effect on 
September 1, 2003, with respect to the project in the same manner that 
the National Railroad Passenger Corporation is required to comply with 
those standards for construction work financed under an agreement made 
under section 24308(a) of such title.

SEC. 218. PLAN FOR RESTORATION OF SERVICE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 9 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, Amtrak shall transmit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
plan for restoring passenger rail service between New Orleans, 
Louisiana, and Sanford, Florida. The plan shall include a projected 
timeline for restoring such service, the costs associated with 
restoring such service, and any proposals for legislation necessary to 
support such restoration of service. In developing the plan, Amtrak 
shall consult with representatives from the States of Louisiana, 
Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida, railroad carriers whose tracks may 
be used for such service, rail passengers, rail labor, and other 
entities as appropriate.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation to enable Amtrak to 
conduct the study under this subsection $1,000,000.

SEC. 219. LOCOMOTIVE BIOFUEL STUDY.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Railroad 
Administration, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy and the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, shall conduct a 
study to determine the extent to which freight and passenger rail 
operators could use biofuel blends to power its locomotive fleet and 
other vehicles that operate on rail tracks.
    (b) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``biofuel'' 
means a fuel that utilizes renewable resources and is composed 
substantially of a renewable resource blended with ethanol, methanol, 
or other additive.
    (c) Factors.--In conducting the study, the Federal Railroad 
Administration shall consider--
            (1) the energy intensity of various biofuel blends compared 
        to diesel fuel;
            (2) the emission benefits of using various biofuel blends 
        compared to locomotive diesel fuel;
            (3) the cost of purchasing biofuel blends;
            (4) the public benefits derived from the use of such fuels; 
        and
            (5) the effect of biofuel use on relevant locomotive and 
        other vehicle performance.
    (d) Locomotive Testing.--As part of the study, the Federal Railroad 
Administration shall test locomotive engine performance and emissions 
using blends of biofuel and diesel fuel in order to recommend a premium 
locomotive biofuel blend.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Federal Railroad Administration shall issue the results 
of this study to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
and Transportation of the Senate.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation $1,000,000 to carry out 
this section, to remain available until expended.

SEC. 220. STUDY OF THE USE OF BIOBASED LUBRICANTS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Federal Railroad Administration shall transmit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
report containing the results of a study of the feasibility of using 
readily biodegradable lubricants by freight and passenger railroads. 
The Federal Railroad Administration shall work with an agricultural-
based lubricant testing facility or facilities to complete this study. 
The study shall include--
            (1) an analysis of the potential use of soy-based grease 
        and soy-based hydraulic fluids to perform according to railroad 
        industry standards;
            (2) an analysis of the potential use of other readily 
        biodegradable lubricants to perform according to railroad 
        industry standards;
            (3) a comparison of the health and safety of petroleum-
        based lubricants with biobased lubricants, which shall include 
        an analysis of fire safety; and
            (4) a comparison of the environmental impact of petroleum-
        based lubricants with biobased lubricants, which shall include 
        rate and effects of biodegradability.

SEC. 221. APPLICABILITY OF BUY AMERICAN ACT.

    Section 24305(f) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Applicability of Buy American Act.--Amtrak shall be subject 
to the Buy American Act (41 U.S.C. 10a-d) and the regulations 
thereunder, for purchases of $100,000 or more.''.

SEC. 222. INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL SERVICE PERFORMANCE.

    (a) Development of Evaluation Metrics.--Not later than 6 months 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Inspector General of the 
Department of Transportation shall, using the financial and performance 
metrics developed under section 207, develop metrics for the evaluation 
of the performance and service quality of intercity passenger rail 
services including cost recovery, on-time performance and minutes of 
delay, ridership, onboard services, maintenance of facilities and 
equipment, and other services.
    (b) Identification of Worst Performing Routes.--On the basis of 
these metrics, the Inspector General shall identify the five worst 
performing Amtrak routes.
    (c) Alternative Routes.--The Inspector General shall also establish 
criteria for evaluating routes not currently served by Amtrak which 
might be able to support passenger rail service at a reasonable cost.
    (d) Report to Congress.--The Inspector General shall submit a 
report to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate recommending a process for the Department 
of Transportation to consider proposals by Amtrak and others to serve 
underperforming routes, and routes not currently served by Amtrak. The 
proposals shall require that applicants follow grant requirements of 
section 504. The Inspector General shall recommend one route not 
currently served by Amtrak and two routes (from among the five worst 
routes identified under subsection (b)) currently served by Amtrak, for 
the Department of Transportation to consider under the selection 
process.
    (e) Implementation.--The Secretary shall not implement the 
selection process recommended by the Inspector General under subsection 
(d) until legislation has been enacted authorizing the Secretary to 
take such action.

SEC. 223. AMTRAK INSPECTOR GENERAL UTILIZATION STUDY.

    Not later than 9 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Amtrak Inspector General shall transmit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
report on Amtrak's utilization of its facilities, including the Beech 
Grove Repair facility in Indiana. The report shall include an 
examination of Amtrak's utilization of its existing facilities to 
determine the extent Amtrak is maximizing the opportunities for each 
facility, including any attempts to provide maintenance and repair to 
other rail carriers. In developing this report, the Amtrak Inspector 
General shall consult with other railroad carriers as it deems 
appropriate.

SEC. 224. AMTRAK SERVICE PREFERENCE STUDY.

    Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Surface Transportation Board shall transmit to the Congress a 
report containing--
            (1) the findings of a study of the effectiveness of the 
        implementation of section 24308(c) of title 49, United States 
        Code, in ensuring the preference of Amtrak service over freight 
        transportation service; and
            (2) recommendations with respect to any regulatory or 
        legislative actions that would improve such effectiveness.

SEC. 225. HISTORIC PRESERVATION AND RAILROAD SAFETY.

    (a) Study; Other Actions.--The Secretary of Transportation shall--
            (1) conduct a study, in consultation with the Advisory 
        Council on Historic Preservation, the National Conference of 
        State Historic Preservation Officers, the Department of the 
        Interior, appropriate representatives of the railroad industry, 
        and representative stakeholders, on ways to streamline 
        compliance with the requirements of section 303 of title 49, 
        United States Code, and section 106 of the National Historic 
        Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470f) for federally funded railroad 
        infrastructure repair and improvement projects;
            (2) take immediate action to cooperate with the Alaska 
        Railroad, the Alaska State Historic Preservation Office, the 
        Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, and the Department 
        of the Interior, in expediting the decisionmaking process for 
        safety-related projects of the railroad involving property and 
        facilities that have disputed historic significance; and
            (3) take immediate action to cooperate with the North 
        Carolina Department of Transportation, the North Carolina State 
        Historic Preservation Office, the Virginia State Historic 
        Preservation Office, the Advisory Council on Historic 
        Preservation, and the Department of the Interior, in expediting 
        the decisionmaking process for safety-related projects of the 
        railroad and the Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor involving 
        property and facilities that have disputed historic 
        significance.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit, to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, a 
report on the results of the study conducted under subsection (a)(1) 
and the actions directed under subsection (a)(2) and (3). The report 
shall include recommendations for any regulatory or legislative 
amendments that may streamline compliance with the requirements 
described in subsection (a)(1) in a manner consistent with railroad 
safety and the policies and purposes of section 106 of the National 
Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470f), section 303 of title 49, 
United States Code, and section 8(d) of Public Law 90-543 (16 U.S.C. 
1247(d)).

SEC. 226. COMMUTER RAIL EXPANSION.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress find the following:
            (1) In 2006, Americans took 10,100,000,000 trips on public 
        transportation for the first time since 1949.
            (2) The Northeast region is one of the Nation's largest 
        emerging transportation ``megaregions'' where infrastructure 
        expansion and improvements are most needed.
            (3) New England's road traffic has increased two to three 
        times faster than its population since 1990.
            (4) Connecticut has one of the Nation's longest average 
        commute times according to the United States Census Bureau, and 
        80 percent of Connecticut commuters drive by themselves to 
        work, demonstrating the need for expanded commuter rail access.
            (5) The Connecticut Department of Transportation has 
        pledged to modernize, repair, and strengthen the rail line 
        infrastructure to provide for increased safety and security 
        along a crucial transportation corridor in the Northeast.
            (6) Expanded New Haven-Springfield rail service would 
        improve access to Bradley International Airport, one the 
        region's busiest airports, as well as to Hartford, Connecticut, 
        and Springfield, Massachusetts, two of the region's commercial, 
        residential, and industrial centers.
            (7) Expanded commuter rail service on the New Haven-
        Springfield line will result in an estimated 630,000 additional 
        trips per year and 2,215,384 passenger miles per year, helping 
        to curb pollution and greenhouse gas production that vehicle 
        traffic would otherwise produce.
            (8) The MetroNorth New Haven Line and Shore Line East 
        railways saw respective 3.43 percent and 4.93 percent increases 
        in ridership over the course of 2007, demonstrating the need 
        for expanded commuter rail service in Connecticut.
            (9) Expanded New Haven-Springfield commuter rail service 
        will provide transportation nearly 17 times more efficient in 
        terms of average mileage versus road vehicles, alleviating road 
        congestion and providing a significant savings to consumers 
        during a time of high gas prices.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the Sense of the Congress that 
expanded commuter rail service on the rail line between New Haven, 
Connecticut, and Springfield, Massachusetts, is an important 
transportation priority, and Amtrak should work cooperatively with the 
States of Connecticut and Massachusetts to enable expanded commuter 
rail service on such line.
    (c) Infrastructure Maintenance Report.--Amtrak shall submit a 
report to Congress and the State Departments of Transportation of 
Connecticut and Massachusetts on the total cost of uncompleted 
infrastructure maintenance on the rail line between New Haven, 
Connecticut, and Springfield, Massachusetts.

SEC. 227. SERVICE EVALUATION.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, 
Amtrak shall transmit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report containing 
the results of an evaluation of passenger rail service between 
Cornwells Heights, PA, and New York City, NY, and between Princeton 
Junction, NJ, and New York City, NY, to determine whether to expand 
passenger rail service by increasing the frequency of stops or reducing 
commuter ticket prices for this route.

               TITLE III--INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL POLICY

SEC. 301. CAPITAL ASSISTANCE FOR INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL SERVICE; 
              STATE RAIL PLANS.

    (a) In General.--Part C of subtitle V is amended by inserting the 
following after chapter 243:

   ``CHAPTER 244--INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL SERVICE CORRIDOR CAPITAL 
                               ASSISTANCE

``Sec.
``24401. Definitions.
``24402. Capital investment grants to support intercity passenger rail 
                            service.
``24403. Project management oversight.
``24404. Use of capital grants to finance first-dollar liability of 
                            grant project.
``24405. Grant conditions.
``Sec. 24401. Definitions
    ``In this chapter:
            ``(1) Applicant.--The term `applicant' means a State 
        (including the District of Columbia), a group of States, an 
        Interstate Compact, or a public agency established by one or 
        more States and having responsibility for providing intercity 
        passenger rail service.
            ``(2) Capital project.--The term `capital project' means a 
        project or program in a State rail plan developed under chapter 
        225 of this title for--
                    ``(A) acquiring, constructing, improving, or 
                inspecting equipment, track and track structures, or a 
                facility for use in or for the primary benefit of 
                intercity passenger rail service, expenses incidental 
                to the acquisition or construction (including 
                designing, engineering, location surveying, mapping, 
                environmental studies, and acquiring rights-of-way), 
                payments for the capital portions of rail trackage 
                rights agreements, highway-rail grade crossing 
                improvements related to intercity passenger rail 
                service, mitigating environmental impacts, 
                communication and signalization improvements, 
                relocation assistance, acquiring replacement housing 
                sites, and acquiring, constructing, relocating, and 
                rehabilitating replacement housing;
                    ``(B) rehabilitating, remanufacturing or 
                overhauling rail rolling stock and facilities used 
                primarily in intercity passenger rail service;
                    ``(C) costs associated with developing State rail 
                plans; and
                    ``(D) the first-dollar liability costs for 
                insurance related to the provision of intercity 
                passenger rail service under section 24404.
            ``(3) Intercity passenger rail service.--The term 
        `intercity passenger rail service' means transportation 
        services with the primary purpose of passenger transportation 
        between towns, cities and metropolitan areas by rail, including 
        high-speed rail, as defined in section 24102 of this title.
``Sec. 24402. Capital investment grants to support intercity passenger 
              rail service
    ``(a) General Authority.--
            ``(1) The Secretary of Transportation may make grants under 
        this section to an applicant to assist in financing the capital 
        costs of facilities, infrastructure, and equipment necessary to 
        provide or improve intercity passenger rail transportation.
            ``(2) The Secretary shall require that a grant under this 
        section be subject to the terms, conditions, requirements, and 
        provisions the Secretary decides are necessary or appropriate 
        for the purposes of this section, including requirements for 
        the disposition of net increases in value of real property 
        resulting from the project assisted under this section and 
        shall prescribe procedures and schedules for the awarding of 
        grants under this title, including application and 
        qualification procedures and a record of decision on applicant 
        eligibility. The Secretary shall issue a final rule 
        establishing such procedures not later than 90 days after the 
        date of enactment of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
        Improvement Act of 2008.
    ``(b) Project as Part of State Rail Plan.--
            ``(1) The Secretary may not approve a grant for a project 
        under this section unless the Secretary finds that the project 
        is part of a State rail plan developed under chapter 225 of 
        this title, or under the plan required by section 302 of the 
        Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, and that 
        the applicant or recipient has or will have the legal, 
        financial, and technical capacity to carry out the project, 
        satisfactory continuing control over the use of the equipment 
        or facilities, and the capability and willingness to maintain 
        the equipment or facilities.
            ``(2) An applicant shall provide sufficient information 
        upon which the Secretary can make the findings required by this 
        subsection.
            ``(3) If an applicant has not selected the proposed 
        operator of its service competitively, the applicant shall 
        provide written justification to the Secretary showing why the 
        proposed operator is the best, taking into account price and 
        other factors, and that use of the proposed operator will not 
        unnecessarily increase the cost of the project.
    ``(c) Project Selection Criteria.--The Secretary, in selecting the 
recipients of financial assistance to be provided under subsection (a), 
shall--
            ``(1) require that each proposed project meet all safety 
        requirements that are applicable to the project under law;
            ``(2) give preference to projects with high levels of 
        estimated ridership, increased on-time performance, reduced 
        trip time, additional service frequency to meet anticipated or 
        existing demand, or other significant service enhancements as 
        measured against minimum standards developed under section 207 
        of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008;
            ``(3) encourage intermodal connectivity through projects 
        that provide direct connections between train stations, 
        airports, bus terminals, subway stations, ferry ports, and 
        other modes of transportation;
            ``(4) ensure that each project is compatible with, and is 
        operated in conformance with--
                    ``(A) plans developed pursuant to the requirements 
                of section 135 of title 23, United States Code; and
                    ``(B) the national rail plan (if it is available); 
                and
            ``(5) favor the following kinds of projects:
                    ``(A) Projects that are expected to have a 
                significant favorable impact on air or highway traffic 
                congestion, capacity, or safety.
                    ``(B) Projects that improve freight or commuter 
                rail operations.
                    ``(C) Projects that have significant environmental 
                benefits, including projects that involve the purchase 
                of environmentally sensitive, fuel-efficient, and cost-
                effective passenger rail equipment.
                    ``(D) Projects that are--
                            ``(i) at a stage of preparation that all 
                        pre-commencement compliance with environmental 
                        protection requirements has already been 
                        completed; and
                            ``(ii) ready to be commenced.
                    ``(E) Projects with positive economic and 
                employment impacts.
                    ``(F) Projects that encourage the use of positive 
                train control technologies.
                    ``(G) Projects that have commitments of funding 
                from non-Federal Government sources in a total amount 
                that exceeds the minimum amount of the non-Federal 
                contribution required for the project.
                    ``(H) Projects that involve donated property 
                interests or services.
                    ``(I) Projects that are identified by the Surface 
                Transportation Board as necessary to improve the on 
                time performance and reliability of intercity passenger 
                rail under section 24308(f).
                    ``(J) Projects described in section 5302(a)(1)(G) 
                of this title that are designed to support intercity 
                passenger rail service.
                    ``(K) Projects that encourage intermodal 
                connectivity, create significant opportunity for State 
                and private contributions toward station development, 
                are energy and environmentally efficient, and have 
                economic benefits.
    ``(d) Amtrak Eligibility.--To receive a grant under this section, 
the National Railroad Passenger Corporation may enter into a 
cooperative agreement with 1 or more States to carry out 1 or more 
projects on a State rail plan's ranked list of rail capital projects 
developed under section 22504(a)(5) of this title.
    ``(e) Letters of Intent, Full Funding Grant Agreements, and Early 
Systems Work Agreements.--
            ``(1)(A) The Secretary may issue a letter of intent to an 
        applicant announcing an intention to obligate, for a major 
        capital project under this section, an amount from future 
        available budget authority specified in law that is not more 
        than the amount stipulated as the financial participation of 
        the Secretary in the project.
            ``(B) At least 30 days before issuing a letter under 
        subparagraph (A) of this paragraph or entering into a full 
        funding grant agreement, the Secretary shall notify in writing 
        the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the House and Senate 
        Committees on Appropriations of the proposed letter or 
        agreement. The Secretary shall include with the notification a 
        copy of the proposed letter or agreement as well as the 
        evaluations and ratings for the project.
            ``(C) An obligation or administrative commitment may be 
        made only when amounts are appropriated.
            ``(2)(A) The Secretary may make a full funding grant 
        agreement with an applicant. The agreement shall--
                    ``(i) establish the terms of participation by the 
                United States Government in a project under this 
                section;
                    ``(ii) establish the maximum amount of Government 
                financial assistance for the project;
                    ``(iii) cover the period of time for completing the 
                project, including a period extending beyond the period 
                of an authorization; and
                    ``(iv) make timely and efficient management of the 
                project easier according to the law of the United 
                States.
            ``(B) An agreement under this paragraph obligates an amount 
        of available budget authority specified in law and may include 
        a commitment, contingent on amounts to be specified in law in 
        advance for commitments under this paragraph, to obligate an 
        additional amount from future available budget authority 
        specified in law. The agreement shall state that the contingent 
        commitment is not an obligation of the Government and is 
        subject to the availability of appropriations made by Federal 
        law and to Federal laws in force on or enacted after the date 
        of the contingent commitment. Interest and other financing 
        costs of efficiently carrying out a part of the project within 
        a reasonable time are a cost of carrying out the project under 
        a full funding grant agreement, except that eligible costs may 
        not be more than the cost of the most favorable financing terms 
        reasonably available for the project at the time of borrowing. 
        The applicant shall certify, in a way satisfactory to the 
        Secretary, that the applicant has shown reasonable diligence in 
        seeking the most favorable financing terms.
            ``(3)(A) The Secretary may make an early systems work 
        agreement with an applicant if a record of decision under the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.) has been issued on the project and the Secretary finds 
        there is reason to believe--
                    ``(i) a full funding grant agreement for the 
                project will be made; and
                    ``(ii) the terms of the work agreement will promote 
                ultimate completion of the project more rapidly and at 
                less cost.
            ``(B) A work agreement under this paragraph obligates an 
        amount of available budget authority specified in law and shall 
        provide for reimbursement of preliminary costs of carrying out 
        the project, including land acquisition, timely procurement of 
        system elements for which specifications are decided, and other 
        activities the Secretary decides are appropriate to make 
        efficient, long-term project management easier. A work 
        agreement shall cover the period of time the Secretary 
        considers appropriate. The period may extend beyond the period 
        of current authorization. Interest and other financing costs of 
        efficiently carrying out the work agreement within a reasonable 
        time are a cost of carrying out the agreement, except that 
        eligible costs may not be more than the cost of the most 
        favorable financing terms reasonably available for the project 
        at the time of borrowing. The applicant shall certify, in a way 
        satisfactory to the Secretary, that the applicant has shown 
        reasonable diligence in seeking the most favorable financing 
        terms. If an applicant does not carry out the project for 
        reasons within the control of the applicant, the applicant 
        shall repay all Government payments made under the work 
        agreement plus reasonable interest and penalty charges the 
        Secretary establishes in the agreement.
            ``(4) The total estimated amount of future obligations of 
        the Government and contingent commitments to incur obligations 
        covered by all outstanding letters of intent, full funding 
        grant agreements, and early systems work agreements may be not 
        more than the amount authorized under section 101(d) of the 
        Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, less an 
        amount the Secretary reasonably estimates is necessary for 
        grants under this section not covered by a letter. The total 
        amount covered by new letters and contingent commitments 
        included in full funding grant agreements and early systems 
        work agreements may be not more than a limitation specified in 
        law.
    ``(f) Federal Share of Net Project Cost.--
            ``(1)(A) Based on engineering studies, studies of economic 
        feasibility, and information on the expected use of equipment 
        or facilities, the Secretary shall estimate the net project 
        cost.
            ``(B) A grant for the project shall not exceed 80 percent 
        of the project net capital cost.
            ``(C) The Secretary shall give priority in allocating 
        future obligations and contingent commitments to incur 
        obligations to grant requests seeking a lower Federal share of 
        the project net capital cost.
            ``(2) Up to an additional 20 percent of the required non-
        Federal funds may be funded from amounts appropriated to or 
        made available to a department or agency of the Federal 
        Government that are eligible to be expended for transportation.
            ``(3) 50 percent of the average amounts expended by a State 
        or group of States (including the District of Columbia) for 
        capital projects to benefit intercity passenger rail service 
        and operating costs in fiscal years 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 
        2006, 2007, and 2008 shall be credited towards the matching 
        requirements for grants awarded in fiscal years 2009, 2010, and 
        2011 under this section. The Secretary may require such 
        information as necessary to verify such expenditures.
            ``(4) 50 percent of the average amounts expended by a State 
        or group of States (including the District of Columbia) in a 
        fiscal year, beginning in fiscal year 2007, for capital 
        projects to benefit intercity passenger rail service or for the 
        operating costs of such service above the average capital and 
        operating expenditures made for such service in fiscal years 
        2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008 shall be credited towards the 
        matching requirements for grants awarded under this section. 
        The Secretary may require such information as necessary to 
        verify such expenditures.
    ``(g) Undertaking Projects in Advance.--
            ``(1) The Secretary may pay the Federal share of the net 
        capital project cost to an applicant that carries out any part 
        of a project described in this section according to all 
        applicable procedures and requirements if--
                    ``(A) the applicant applies for the payment;
                    ``(B) the Secretary approves the payment; and
                    ``(C) before carrying out the part of the project, 
                the Secretary approves the plans and specifications for 
                the part in the same way as other projects under this 
                section.
            ``(2) The cost of carrying out part of a project includes 
        the amount of interest earned and payable on bonds issued by 
        the applicant to the extent proceeds of the bonds are expended 
        in carrying out the part. However, the amount of interest under 
        this paragraph may not be more than the most favorable interest 
        terms reasonably available for the project at the time of 
        borrowing. The applicant shall certify, in a manner 
        satisfactory to the Secretary, that the applicant has shown 
        reasonable diligence in seeking the most favorable financial 
        terms.
            ``(3) The Secretary shall consider changes in capital 
        project cost indices when determining the estimated cost under 
        paragraph (2) of this subsection.
    ``(h) 2-Year Availability.--Funds appropriated under this section 
shall remain available until expended. If any amount provided as a 
grant under this section is not obligated or expended for the purposes 
described in subsection (a) within 2 years after the date on which the 
State received the grant, such sums shall be returned to the Secretary 
for other intercity passenger rail development projects under this 
section at the discretion of the Secretary.
    ``(i) Special Transportation Circumstances.--In carrying out this 
section, the Secretary shall allocate an appropriate portion of the 
amounts available under this section to provide grants to States--
            ``(1) in which there is no intercity passenger rail service 
        for the purpose of funding freight rail capital projects that 
        are on a State rail plan developed under chapter 225 of this 
        title that provide public benefits (as defined in chapter 225) 
        as determined by the Secretary; or
            ``(2) in which the rail transportation system is not 
        physically connected to rail systems in the continental United 
        States or may not otherwise qualify for a grant under this 
        section due to the unique characteristics of the geography of 
        that State or other relevant considerations, for the purpose of 
        funding transportation-related capital projects.
    ``(j) Small Capital Projects.--The Secretary shall make available 
$10,000,000 annually from the amounts authorized under section 101(d) 
of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 beginning 
in fiscal year 2009 for grants for capital projects eligible under this 
section not exceeding $2,000,000, including costs eligible under 
section 206(c) of that Act. The Secretary may wave requirements of this 
section, including state rail plan requirements, as appropriate.
    ``(k) Bicycle Access.--Grants under this chapter may be used to 
provide bicycle access into rolling stock, and to provide bicycle racks 
in trains.
``Sec. 24403. Project management oversight
    ``(a) Project Management Plan Requirements.--To receive Federal 
financial assistance for a major capital project under this chapter, an 
applicant must prepare and carry out a project management plan approved 
by the Secretary of Transportation. The plan shall provide for--
            ``(1) adequate recipient staff organization with well-
        defined reporting relationships, statements of functional 
        responsibilities, job descriptions, and job qualifications;
            ``(2) a budget covering the project management 
        organization, appropriate consultants, property acquisition, 
        utility relocation, systems demonstration staff, audits, and 
        miscellaneous payments the recipient may be prepared to 
        justify;
            ``(3) a construction schedule for the project;
            ``(4) a document control procedure and recordkeeping 
        system;
            ``(5) a change order procedure that includes a documented, 
        systematic approach to handling the construction change orders;
            ``(6) organizational structures, management skills, and 
        staffing levels required throughout the construction phase;
            ``(7) quality control and quality assurance functions, 
        procedures, and responsibilities for construction, system 
        installation, and integration of system components;
            ``(8) material testing policies and procedures;
            ``(9) internal plan implementation and reporting 
        requirements;
            ``(10) criteria and procedures to be used for testing the 
        operational system or its major components;
            ``(11) periodic updates of the plan, especially related to 
        project budget and project schedule, financing, and ridership 
        estimates; and
            ``(12) the recipient's commitment to submit a project 
        budget and project schedule to the Secretary each month.
    ``(b) Secretarial Oversight.--
            ``(1) The Secretary may use no more than 0.5 percent of 
        amounts made available in a fiscal year for capital projects 
        under this chapter to enter into contracts to oversee the 
        construction of such projects.
            ``(2) The Secretary may use amounts available under 
        paragraph (1) of this subsection to make contracts for safety, 
        procurement, management, and financial compliance reviews and 
        audits of a recipient of amounts under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) The Federal Government shall pay the entire cost of 
        carrying out a contract under this subsection.
    ``(c) Access to Sites and Records.--Each recipient of assistance 
under this chapter shall provide the Secretary and a contractor the 
Secretary chooses under subsection (c) of this section with access to 
the construction sites and records of the recipient when reasonably 
necessary.
``Sec. 24404. Use of capital grants to finance first-dollar liability 
              of grant project
    ``Notwithstanding the requirements of section 24402 of this 
chapter, the Secretary of Transportation may approve the use of capital 
assistance under this chapter to fund self-insured retention of risk 
for the first tier of liability insurance coverage for rail passenger 
service associated with the capital assistance grant, but the coverage 
may not exceed $20,000,000 per occurrence or $20,000,000 in aggregate 
per year.
``Sec. 24405. Grant conditions
    ``(a) Domestic Buying Preference.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out a project funded 
                in whole or in part with a grant under this title, the 
                grant recipient shall purchase only--
                            ``(i) unmanufactured articles, material, 
                        and supplies mined or produced in the United 
                        States; or
                            ``(ii) manufactured articles, material, and 
                        supplies manufactured in the United States 
                        substantially from articles, material, and 
                        supplies mined, produced, or manufactured in 
                        the United States.
                    ``(B) De minimis amount.--Subparagraph (A) applies 
                only to a purchase in an total amount that is not less 
                than $1,000,000.
            ``(2) Exemptions.--On application of a recipient, the 
        Secretary may exempt a recipient from the requirements of this 
        subsection if the Secretary decides that, for particular 
        articles, material, or supplies--
                    ``(A) such requirements are inconsistent with the 
                public interest;
                    ``(B) the cost of imposing the requirements is 
                unreasonable; or
                    ``(C) the articles, material, or supplies, or the 
                articles, material, or supplies from which they are 
                manufactured, are not mined, produced, or manufactured 
                in the United States in sufficient and reasonably 
                available commercial quantities and are not of a 
                satisfactory quality.
            ``(3) United states defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        `the United States' means the States, territories, and 
        possessions of the United States and the District of Columbia.
    ``(b) Operators Deemed Rail Carriers and Employers for Certain 
Purposes.--A person that conducts rail operations over rail 
infrastructure constructed or improved with funding provided in whole 
or in part in a grant made under this title shall be considered a rail 
carrier as defined in section 10102(5) of this title for purposes of 
this title and any other statute that adopts that definition or in 
which that definition applies, including--
            ``(1) the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974 (45 U.S.C. 231 et 
        seq.);
            ``(2) the Railway Labor Act (43 U.S.C. 151 et seq.); and
            ``(3) the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act (45 U.S.C. 
        351 et seq.).
    ``(c) Grant Conditions.--The Secretary shall require as a condition 
of making any grant under this title for a project that uses rights-of-
way owned by a railroad that--
            ``(1) a written agreement exist between the applicant and 
        the railroad regarding such use and ownership, including--
                    ``(A) any compensation for such use;
                    ``(B) assurances regarding the adequacy of 
                infrastructure capacity to accommodate both existing 
                and future freight and passenger operations;
                    ``(C) an assurance by the railroad that collective 
                bargaining agreements with the railroad's employees 
                (including terms regulating the contracting of work) 
                will remain in full force and effect according to their 
                terms for work performed by the railroad on the 
                railroad transportation corridor; and
                    ``(D) an assurance that an applicant complies with 
                liability requirements consistent with section 28103 of 
                this title; and
            ``(2) the applicant agrees to comply with--
                    ``(A) the standards of section 24312 of this title, 
                as such section was in effect on September 1, 2003, 
                with respect to the project in the same manner that the 
                National Railroad Passenger Corporation is required to 
                comply with those standards for construction work 
                financed under an agreement made under section 24308(a) 
                of this title; and
                    ``(B) the protective arrangements established under 
                section 504 of the Railroad Revitalization and 
                Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 (45 U.S.C. 836) with 
                respect to employees affected by actions taken in 
                connection with the project to be financed in whole or 
                in part by grants under this chapter.
    ``(d) Replacement of Existing Intercity Passenger Rail Service.--
            ``(1) Collective bargaining agreement for intercity 
        passenger rail projects.--Any entity providing intercity 
        passenger railroad transportation that begins operations after 
        the date of enactment of this Act on a project funded in whole 
        or in part by grants made under this title and replaces 
        intercity rail passenger service that was provided by Amtrak, 
        unless such service was provided solely by Amtrak to another 
        entity, as of such date shall enter into an agreement with the 
        authorized bargaining agent or agents for adversely affected 
        employees of the predecessor provider that--
                    ``(A) gives each such qualified employee of the 
                predecessor provider priority in hiring according to 
                the employee's seniority on the predecessor provider 
                for each position with the replacing entity that is in 
                the employee's craft or class and is available within 3 
                years after the termination of the service being 
                replaced;
                    ``(B) establishes a procedure for notifying such an 
                employee of such positions;
                    ``(C) establishes a procedure for such an employee 
                to apply for such positions; and
                    ``(D) establishes rates of pay, rules, and working 
                conditions.
            ``(2) Immediate replacement service.--
                    ``(A) Negotiations.--If the replacement of 
                preexisting intercity rail passenger service occurs 
                concurrent with or within a reasonable time before the 
                commencement of the replacing entity's rail passenger 
                service, the replacing entity shall give written notice 
                of its plan to replace existing rail passenger service 
                to the authorized collective bargaining agent or agents 
                for the potentially adversely affected employees of the 
                predecessor provider at least 90 days before the date 
                on which it plans to commence service. Within 5 days 
                after the date of receipt of such written notice, 
                negotiations between the replacing entity and the 
                collective bargaining agent or agents for the employees 
                of the predecessor provider shall commence for the 
                purpose of reaching agreement with respect to all 
                matters set forth in subparagraphs (A) through (D) of 
                paragraph (1). The negotiations shall continue for 30 
                days or until an agreement is reached, whichever is 
                sooner. If at the end of 30 days the parties have not 
                entered into an agreement with respect to all such 
                matters, the unresolved issues shall be submitted for 
                arbitration in accordance with the procedure set forth 
                in subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Arbitration.--If an agreement has not been 
                entered into with respect to all matters set forth in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D) of paragraph (1) as 
                described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the 
                parties shall select an arbitrator. If the parties are 
                unable to agree upon the selection of such arbitrator 
                within 5 days, either or both parties shall notify the 
                National Mediation Board, which shall provide a list of 
                seven arbitrators with experience in arbitrating rail 
                labor protection disputes. Within 5 days after such 
                notification, the parties shall alternately strike 
                names from the list until only 1 name remains, and that 
                person shall serve as the neutral arbitrator. Within 45 
                days after selection of the arbitrator, the arbitrator 
                shall conduct a hearing on the dispute and shall render 
                a decision with respect to the unresolved issues among 
                the matters set forth in subparagraphs (A) through (D) 
                of paragraph (1). This decision shall be final, 
                binding, and conclusive upon the parties. The salary 
                and expenses of the arbitrator shall be borne equally 
                by the parties; all other expenses shall be paid by the 
                party incurring them.
            ``(3) Service commencement.--A replacing entity under this 
        subsection shall commence service only after an agreement is 
        entered into with respect to the matters set forth in 
        subparagraphs (A) through (D) of paragraph (1) or the decision 
        of the arbitrator has been rendered.
            ``(4) Subsequent replacement of service.--If the 
        replacement of existing rail passenger service takes place 
        within 3 years after the replacing entity commences intercity 
        passenger rail service, the replacing entity and the collective 
        bargaining agent or agents for the adversely affected employees 
        of the predecessor provider shall enter into an agreement with 
        respect to the matters set forth in subparagraphs (A) through 
        (D) of paragraph (1). If the parties have not entered into an 
        agreement with respect to all such matters within 60 days after 
        the date on which the replacing entity replaces the predecessor 
        provider, the parties shall select an arbitrator using the 
        procedures set forth in paragraph (2)(B), who shall, within 20 
        days after the commencement of the arbitration, conduct a 
        hearing and decide all unresolved issues. This decision shall 
        be final, binding, and conclusive upon the parties.
    ``(e) Inapplicability to Certain Rail Operations.--Nothing in this 
section applies to--
            ``(1) the Alaska Railroad or its contractors; or
            ``(2) the National Railroad Passenger Corporation's access 
        rights to railroad rights of way and facilities under current 
        law.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The chapter analysis for subtitle V is 
amended by inserting the following after the item relating to chapter 
243:

``244. INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL SERVICE CORRIDOR CAPITAL       24401''.
                            ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 302. STATE RAIL PLANS.

    (a) In General.--Part B of subtitle V is amended by adding at the 
end the following:

       ``CHAPTER 225--STATE RAIL PLANS AND HIGH PRIORITY PROJECTS

``Sec.
``22501. Definitions.
``22502. Authority.
``22503. Purposes.
``22504. Transparency; coordination; review.
``22505. Content.
``22506. Review.
``Sec. 22501. Definitions
    ``In this chapter:
            ``(1) Private benefit.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `private benefit'--
                            ``(i) means a benefit accrued to a person 
                        or private entity, other than the National 
                        Railroad Passenger Corporation, that directly 
                        improves the economic and competitive condition 
                        of that person or entity through improved 
                        assets, cost reductions, service improvements, 
                        or any other means as defined by the Secretary; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) shall be determined on a project-by-
                        project basis, based upon an agreement between 
                        the parties.
                    ``(B) Consultation.--The Secretary may seek the 
                advice of the States and rail carriers in further 
                defining this term.
            ``(2) Public benefit.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `public benefit'--
                            ``(i) means a benefit accrued to the public 
                        in the form of enhanced mobility of people or 
                        goods, environmental protection or enhancement, 
                        congestion mitigation, enhanced trade and 
                        economic development, improved air quality or 
                        land use, more efficient energy use, enhanced 
                        public safety, reduction of public expenditures 
                        due to improved transportation efficiency or 
                        infrastructure preservation, and any other 
                        positive community effects as defined by the 
                        Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) shall be determined on a project-by-
                        project basis, based upon an agreement between 
                        the parties.
                    ``(B) Consultation.--The Secretary may seek the 
                advice of the States and rail carriers in further 
                defining this term.
            ``(3) State.--The term `State' means any of the 50 States 
        and the District of Columbia.
            ``(4) State rail transportation authority.--The term `State 
        rail transportation authority' means the State agency or 
        official responsible under the direction of the Governor of the 
        State or a State law for preparation, maintenance, 
        coordination, and administration of the State rail plan.
``Sec. 22502. Authority
    ``(a) In General.--Each State may prepare and maintain a State rail 
plan in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
    ``(b) Requirements.--For the preparation and periodic revision of a 
State rail plan, a State shall--
            ``(1) establish or designate a State rail transportation 
        authority to prepare, maintain, coordinate, and administer the 
        plan;
            ``(2) establish or designate a State rail plan approval 
        authority to approve the plan;
            ``(3) submit the State's approved plan to the Secretary of 
        Transportation for review; and
            ``(4) revise and resubmit a State-approved plan no less 
        frequently than once every 5 years for reapproval by the 
        Secretary.
``Sec. 22503. Purposes
    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of a State rail plan are as follows:
            ``(1) To set forth State policy involving freight and 
        passenger rail transportation, including commuter rail 
        operations, in the State.
            ``(2) To establish the period covered by the State rail 
        plan.
            ``(3) To present priorities and strategies to enhance rail 
        service in the State that benefits the public.
            ``(4) To serve as the basis for Federal and State rail 
        investments within the State.
    ``(b) Coordination.--A State rail plan shall be coordinated with 
other State transportation planning goals and programs and set forth 
rail transportation's role within the State transportation system.
``Sec. 22504. Transparency; coordination; review
    ``(a) Preparation.--A State shall provide adequate and reasonable 
notice and opportunity for comment and other input to the public, rail 
carriers, commuter and transit authorities operating in, or affected by 
rail operations within the State, units of local government, and other 
interested parties in the preparation and review of its State rail 
plan.
    ``(b) Intergovernmental Coordination.--A State shall review the 
freight and passenger rail service activities and initiatives by 
regional planning agencies, regional transportation authorities, and 
municipalities within the State, or in the region in which the State is 
located, while preparing the plan, and shall include any 
recommendations made by such agencies, authorities, and municipalities 
as deemed appropriate by the State.
``Sec. 22505. Content
    ``(a) In General.--Each State rail plan shall contain the 
following:
            ``(1) An inventory of the existing overall rail 
        transportation system and rail services and facilities within 
        the State and an analysis of the role of rail transportation 
        within the State's surface transportation system.
            ``(2) A review of all rail lines within the State, 
        including proposed high-speed rail corridors and significant 
        rail line segments not currently in service.
            ``(3) A statement of the State's passenger rail service 
        objectives, including minimum service levels, for rail 
        transportation routes in the State.
            ``(4) A general analysis of rail's transportation, 
        economic, and environmental impacts in the State, including 
        congestion mitigation, trade and economic development, air 
        quality, land-use, energy-use, and community impacts.
            ``(5) A long-range rail investment program for current and 
        future freight and passenger infrastructure in the State that 
        meets the requirements of subsection (b).
            ``(6) A statement of public financing issues for rail 
        projects and service in the State, including a list of current 
        and prospective public capital and operating funding resources, 
        public subsidies, State taxation, and other financial policies 
        relating to rail infrastructure development.
            ``(7) An identification of rail infrastructure issues 
        within the State that reflects consultation with all relevant 
        stake holders.
            ``(8) A review of major passenger and freight intermodal 
        rail connections and facilities within the State, including 
        seaports, and prioritized options to maximize service 
        integration and efficiency between rail and other modes of 
        transportation within the State.
            ``(9) A review of publicly funded projects within the State 
        to improve rail transportation safety, including all major 
        projects funded under section 130 of title 23.
            ``(10) A performance evaluation of passenger rail services 
        operating in the State, including possible improvements in 
        those services, and a description of strategies to achieve 
        those improvements.
            ``(11) A compilation of studies and reports on high-speed 
        rail corridor development within the State not included in a 
        previous plan under this chapter, and a plan for funding any 
        recommended development of such corridors in the State.
            ``(12) A statement that the State is in compliance with the 
        requirements of section 22102.
    ``(b) Long-Range Service and Investment Program.--
            ``(1) Program content.--A long-range rail investment 
        program included in a State rail plan under subsection (a)(5) 
        shall include the following matters:
                    ``(A) A list of any rail capital projects expected 
                to be undertaken or supported in whole or in part by 
                the State.
                    ``(B) A detailed funding plan for those projects.
            ``(2) Project list content.--The list of rail capital 
        projects shall contain--
                    ``(A) a description of the anticipated public and 
                private benefits of each such project; and
                    ``(B) a statement of the correlation between--
                            ``(i) public funding contributions for the 
                        projects; and
                            ``(ii) the public benefits.
            ``(3) Considerations for project list.--In preparing the 
        list of freight and intercity passenger rail capital projects, 
        a State rail transportation authority should take into 
        consideration the following matters:
                    ``(A) Contributions made by non-Federal and non-
                State sources through user fees, matching funds, or 
                other private capital involvement.
                    ``(B) Rail capacity and congestion effects.
                    ``(C) Effects on highway, aviation, and maritime 
                capacity, congestion, or safety.
                    ``(D) Regional balance.
                    ``(E) Environmental impact.
                    ``(F) Economic and employment impacts.
                    ``(G) Projected ridership and other service 
                measures for passenger rail projects.
``Sec. 22506. Review
    ``The Secretary shall prescribe procedures for States to submit 
State rail plans for review under this title, including standardized 
format and data requirements. State rail plans completed before the 
date of enactment of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act 
of 2008 that substantially meet the requirements of this chapter, as 
determined by the Secretary, shall be deemed by the Secretary to have 
met the requirements of this chapter.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The chapter analysis for subtitle V is 
amended by inserting the following after the item relating to chapter 
223:

``225. STATE RAIL PLANS AND HIGH PRIORITY PROJECTS..........   22501''.

SEC. 303. NEXT GENERATION CORRIDOR TRAIN EQUIPMENT POOL.

    (a) In General.--Within 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, Amtrak shall establish a Next Generation Corridor Equipment 
Pool Committee, comprised of representatives of Amtrak, the Federal 
Railroad Administration, host freight railroad companies, passenger 
railroad equipment manufacturers, and other passenger railroad 
operators as appropriate and interested States. The purpose of the 
Committee shall be to design, develop specifications for, and procure 
standardized next-generation corridor equipment.
    (b) Functions.--The Committee may--
            (1) determine the number of different types of equipment 
        required, taking into account variations in operational needs 
        and corridor infrastructure;
            (2) establish a pool of equipment to be used on corridor 
        routes funded by participating States; and
            (3) subject to agreements between Amtrak and States, 
        utilize services provided by Amtrak to design, maintain and 
        remanufacture equipment.
    (c) Cooperative Agreements.--Amtrak and States participating in the 
Committee may enter into agreements for the funding, procurement, 
remanufacture, ownership and management of corridor equipment, 
including equipment currently owned or leased by Amtrak and next-
generation corridor equipment acquired as a result of the Committee's 
actions, and may establish a corporation, which may be owned or jointly 
owned by Amtrak, participating States or other entities, to perform 
these functions.
    (d) Funding.--In addition to the authorization provided in section 
103(2) of this Act, capital projects to carry out the purposes of this 
section shall be eligible for grants made pursuant to chapter 244 of 
title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 304. RAIL COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment and Content.--Chapter 249 is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
``Sec. 24910. Rail cooperative research program
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish and carry out a 
rail cooperative research program. The program shall--
            ``(1) address, among other matters, intercity rail 
        passenger and freight rail services, including existing rail 
        passenger and freight technologies and speeds, incrementally 
        enhanced rail systems and infrastructure, and new high-speed 
        wheel-on-rail systems;
            ``(2) address ways to expand the transportation of 
        international trade traffic by rail, enhance the efficiency of 
        intermodal interchange at ports and other intermodal terminals, 
        and increase capacity and availability of rail service for 
        seasonal freight needs;
            ``(3) consider research on the interconnectedness of 
        commuter rail, passenger rail, freight rail, and other rail 
        networks; and
            ``(4) give consideration to regional concerns regarding 
        rail passenger and freight transportation, including meeting 
        research needs common to designated high-speed corridors, long-
        distance rail services, and regional intercity rail corridors, 
        projects, and entities.
    ``(b) Content.--The program to be carried out under this section 
shall include research designed--
            ``(1) to identify the unique aspects and attributes of rail 
        passenger and freight service;
            ``(2) to develop more accurate models for evaluating the 
        impact of rail passenger and freight service, including the 
        effects on highway and airport and airway congestion, 
        environmental quality, and energy consumption;
            ``(3) to develop a better understanding of modal choice as 
        it affects rail passenger and freight transportation, including 
        development of better models to predict utilization;
            ``(4) to recommend priorities for technology demonstration 
        and development;
            ``(5) to meet additional priorities as determined by the 
        advisory board established under subsection (c), including any 
        recommendations made by the National Research Council;
            ``(6) to explore improvements in management, financing, and 
        institutional structures;
            ``(7) to address rail capacity constraints that affect 
        passenger and freight rail service through a wide variety of 
        options, ranging from operating improvements to dedicated new 
        infrastructure, taking into account the impact of such options 
        on operations;
            ``(8) to improve maintenance, operations, customer service, 
        or other aspects of intercity rail passenger and freight 
        service;
            ``(9) to recommend objective methodologies for determining 
        intercity passenger rail routes and services, including the 
        establishment of new routes, the elimination of existing 
        routes, and the contraction or expansion of services or 
        frequencies over such routes;
            ``(10) to review the impact of equipment and operational 
        safety standards on the further development of high-speed 
        passenger rail operations connected to or integrated with non-
        high-speed freight or passenger rail operations;
            ``(11) to recommend any legislative or regulatory changes 
        necessary to foster further development and implementation of 
        high-speed passenger rail operations while ensuring the safety 
        of such operations that are connected to or integrated with 
        non-high-speed freight or passenger rail operations;
            ``(12) to review rail crossing safety improvements, 
        including improvements using new safety technology; and
            ``(13) the development and use of train horn technology, 
        including, but not limited to, broadband horns, with an 
        emphasis on reducing train horn noise and its effect on 
        communities.
    ``(c) Advisory Board.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--In consultation with the heads of 
        appropriate Federal departments and agencies, the Secretary 
        shall establish an advisory board to recommend research, 
        technology, and technology transfer activities related to rail 
        passenger and freight transportation.
            ``(2) Membership.--The advisory board shall include--
                    ``(A) representatives of State transportation 
                agencies;
                    ``(B) transportation and environmental economists, 
                scientists, and engineers; and
                    ``(C) representatives of Amtrak, the Alaska 
                Railroad, freight railroads, transit operating 
                agencies, intercity rail passenger agencies, railway 
                labor organizations, and environmental organizations.
    ``(d) National Academy of Sciences.--The Secretary may make grants 
to, and enter into cooperative agreements with, the National Academy of 
Sciences to carry out such activities relating to the research, 
technology, and technology transfer activities described in subsection 
(b) as the Secretary deems appropriate.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The chapter analysis for chapter 249 is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``24910. Rail cooperative research program.''.

SEC. 305. PASSENGER RAIL SYSTEM COMPARISON STUDY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall complete a study that compares the passenger rail system in the 
United States with the passenger rail systems in Canada, Germany, Great 
Britain, France, China, Spain, and Japan.
    (b) Issues To Be Studied.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
shall include a country-by-country comparison of--
            (1) the development of high-speed rail;
            (2) passenger rail operating costs;
            (3) the amount and payment source of rail line construction 
        and maintenance costs;
            (4) the amount and payment source of station construction 
        and maintenance costs;
            (5) passenger rail debt service costs;
            (6) passenger rail labor agreements and associated costs;
            (7) the net profit realized by the major passenger rail 
        service providers in each of the 4 most recent quarters;
            (8) the percentage of the passenger rail system's costs 
        that are paid from general government revenues; and
            (9) the method used by the government to provide the 
        subsidies described in paragraph (8).
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the completion of the 
study under subsection (a), the Comptroller General shall submit a 
report containing the findings of such study to--
            (1) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
        the House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate.

              TITLE IV--COMMUTER RAIL TRANSIT ENHANCEMENT

SEC. 401. COMMUTER RAIL TRANSIT ENHANCEMENT.

    (a) Amendment.--Part E of subtitle V is amended by adding at the 
end the following:

            ``CHAPTER 285--COMMUTER RAIL TRANSIT ENHANCEMENT

``Sec.
``28501. Definitions
``28502. Surface Transportation Board mediation of trackage use 
                            requests.
``28503. Surface Transportation Board mediation of rights-of-way use 
                            requests.
``28504. Applicability of other laws.
``28505. Rules and regulations.
``Sec. 28501. Definitions
    ``In this chapter--
            ``(1) the term `Board' means the Surface Transportation 
        Board;
            ``(2) the term `capital work' means maintenance, 
        restoration, reconstruction, capacity enhancement, or 
        rehabilitation work on trackage that would be treated, in 
        accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, as a 
        capital item rather than an expense;
            ``(3) the term `fixed guideway transportation' means public 
        transportation (as defined in section 5302(a)(10)) provided on, 
        by, or using a fixed guideway (as defined in section 
        5302(a)(4));
            ``(4) the term `public transportation authority' means a 
        local governmental authority (as defined in section 5302(a)(6)) 
        established to provide, or make a contract providing for, fixed 
        guideway transportation;
            ``(5) the term `rail carrier' means a person, other than a 
        governmental authority, providing common carrier railroad 
        transportation for compensation subject to the jurisdiction of 
        the Board under chapter 105;
            ``(6) the term `segregated fixed guideway facility' means a 
        fixed guideway facility constructed within the railroad right-
        of-way of a rail carrier but physically separate from trackage, 
        including relocated trackage, within the right-of-way used by a 
        rail carrier for freight transportation purposes; and
            ``(7) the term `trackage' means a railroad line of a rail 
        carrier, including a spur, industrial, team, switching, side, 
        yard, or station track, and a facility of a rail carrier.
``Sec. 28502. Surface Transportation Board mediation of trackage use 
              requests
    ``If, after a reasonable period of negotiation, a public 
transportation authority cannot reach agreement with a rail carrier to 
use trackage of, and have related services provided by, the rail 
carrier for purposes of fixed guideway transportation, the public 
transportation authority or the rail carrier may apply to the Board for 
nonbinding mediation. The Board shall conduct the nonbinding mediation 
in accordance with the mediation process of section 1109.4 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the date of enactment of 
this section.
``Sec. 28503. Surface Transportation Board mediation of rights-of-way 
              use requests
    ``If, after a reasonable period of negotiation, a public 
transportation authority cannot reach agreement with a rail carrier to 
acquire an interest in a railroad right-of-way for the construction and 
operation of a segregated fixed guideway facility, the public 
transportation authority or the rail carrier may apply to the Board for 
nonbinding mediation. The Board shall conduct the nonbinding mediation 
in accordance with the mediation process of section 1109.4 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the date of enactment of 
this section.
``Sec. 28504. Applicability of other laws
    ``Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to limit a rail 
transportation provider's right under section 28103(b) to enter into 
contracts that allocate financial responsibility for claims.
``Sec. 28505. Rules and regulations
    ``Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
section, the Board shall issue such rules and regulations as may be 
necessary to carry out this chapter.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of chapters of such subtitle is 
amended by adding after the item relating to chapter 283 the following:

``285. COMMUTER RAIL TRANSIT ENHANCEMENT....................   28501''.

SEC. 402. ROUTING EFFICIENCY DISCUSSIONS WITH AMTRAK.

    Amtrak shall engage in good faith discussions, with commuter rail 
entities and regional and State public transportation authorities 
operating on the same trackage owned by a rail carrier as Amtrak, with 
respect to the routing and timing of trains to most efficiently move a 
maximal number of commuter, intercity, and regional rail passengers, 
particularly during the peak times of commuter usage at the morning and 
evening hours marking the start and end of a typical work day, and with 
respect to the expansion and enhancement of commuter rail and regional 
rail public transportation service.

                        TITLE V--HIGH-SPEED RAIL

SEC. 501. HIGH-SPEED RAIL CORRIDOR PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 261 is amended by adding at the end 
thereof the following:
``Sec. 26106. High-speed rail corridor program
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish 
and implement a high-speed rail corridor program.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Applicant.--The term `applicant' means a State, a 
        group of States, an Interstate Compact, a public agency 
        established by one or more States and having responsibility for 
        providing high-speed rail service, or Amtrak.
            ``(2) Corridor.--The term `corridor' means a corridor 
        designated by the Secretary pursuant to section 104(d)(2) of 
        title 23.
            ``(3) Capital project.--The term `capital project' means a 
        project or program in a State rail plan developed under chapter 
        225 of this title for acquiring, constructing, improving, or 
        inspecting equipment, track, and track structures, or a 
        facility of use in or for the primary benefit of high-speed 
        rail service, expenses incidental to the acquisition or 
        construction (including designing, engineering, location 
        surveying, mapping, environmental studies, and acquiring 
        rights-of-way), payments for the capital portions of rail 
        trackage rights agreements, highway-rail grade crossing 
        improvements related to high-speed rail service, mitigating 
        environmental impacts, communication and signalization 
        improvements, relocation assistance, acquiring replacement 
        housing sites, and acquiring, constructing, relocating, and 
        rehabilitating replacement housing.
            ``(4) High-speed rail.--The term `high-speed rail' means 
        intercity passenger rail service that is reasonably expected to 
        reach speeds of at least 110 miles per hour.
            ``(5) Intercity passenger rail service.--The term 
        `intercity passenger rail service' means transportation 
        services with the primary purpose of passenger transportation 
        between towns, cities, and metropolitan areas by rail, 
        including high-speed rail, as defined in section 24102 of this 
        title.
            ``(6) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
        of Transportation.
            ``(7) State.--The term `State' means any of the 50 States 
        or the District of Columbia.
    ``(c) General Authority.--The Secretary may make grants under this 
section to an applicant to finance capital projects in high-speed rail 
corridors.
    ``(d) Applications.--Each applicant seeking to receive a grant 
under this section to develop a high-speed rail corridor shall submit 
to the Secretary an application in such form and in accordance with 
such requirements as the Secretary shall establish.
    ``(e) Competitive Grant Selection and Criteria for Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) establish criteria for selecting among 
                projects that meet the criteria specified in paragraph 
                (2);
                    ``(B) conduct a national solicitation for 
                applications; and
                    ``(C) award grants on a competitive basis.
            ``(2) Grant criteria.--The Secretary may approve a grant 
        under this section for a project only if the Secretary 
        determines that the project--
                    ``(A) is part of a State rail plan developed under 
                chapter 225 of this title, or under the plan required 
                by section 302 of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
                Improvement Act of 2008;
                    ``(B) is based on the results of preliminary 
                engineering;
                    ``(C) has the legal, financial, and technical 
                capacity to carry out the project; and
                    ``(D) is justified based on the ability of the 
                project--
                            ``(i) to generate national economic 
                        benefits, including creating jobs, expanding 
                        business opportunities, and impacting the gross 
                        domestic product;
                            ``(ii) to increase mobility of United 
                        States citizens and reduce congestion, 
                        including impacts in the State, region, and 
                        Nation; and
                            ``(iii) to otherwise enhance the national 
                        transportation system.
            ``(3) Project selection criteria.--In selecting a project 
        under this section, the Secretary shall consider the extent to 
        which the project--
                    ``(A) makes a substantial contribution to providing 
                the infrastructure and equipment required to complete a 
                high-speed rail corridor;
                    ``(B) leverages Federal investment by encouraging 
                non-Federal financial commitments, including evidence 
                of stable and dependable financing sources to 
                construct, maintain, and operate the high-speed rail 
                corridor and service; and
                    ``(C) helps protect the environment.
    ``(f) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
financed under this section shall not exceed 80 percent of the project 
net capital cost.
    ``(g) Issuance of Regulations.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall issue 
regulations for carrying out this section.
    ``(h) Authorization.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
the Secretary to carry out this section $350,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2009 through 2013.''.
    (b) Table of Sections Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 
261 is amended by adding after the item relating to section 26105 the 
following new item:

``26106. High-speed rail corridor program.''.

SEC. 502. ADDITIONAL HIGH-SPEED PROJECTS.

    (a) Solicitation of Proposals.--
            (1) In general.--
                    (A) Northeast corridor.--Not later than 60 days 
                after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
                of Transportation shall issue a request for proposals 
                for projects for the financing, design, construction, 
                and operation of an initial high-speed rail system 
                operating between Washington, DC, and New York City. 
                Such proposals shall be submitted to the Secretary not 
                later than 150 days after the publication of such 
                request for proposals.
                    (B) Other projects.--After a report is transmitted 
                under subsection (e) with respect to projects described 
                in subparagraph (A), the Secretary of Transportation 
                may issue a request for proposals for additional 
                projects for the financing, design, construction, and 
                operation of a high-speed rail system operating on any 
                other corridor in the United States. Such proposals 
                shall be submitted to the Secretary not later than 150 
                days after the publication of such request for 
                proposals.
            (2) Contents.--A proposal submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) the names and qualifications of the persons 
                submitting the proposal;
                    (B) a detailed description of the proposed route 
                and its engineering characteristics and of all 
                infrastructure improvements required to achieve the 
                planned operating speeds and trip times;
                    (C) how the project would comply with Federal rail 
                safety regulations which govern the track and equipment 
                safety requirements for high-speed rail operations;
                    (D) the peak and average operating speeds to be 
                attained;
                    (E) the type of equipment to be used, including any 
                technologies for--
                            (i) maintaining an operating speed the 
                        Secretary determines appropriate; or
                            (ii) in the case of a proposal submitted 
                        under paragraph (1)(A), achieving less than 2-
                        hour express service between Washington, DC, 
                        and New York City;
                    (F) the locations of proposed stations, 
                identifying, in the case of a proposal submitted under 
                paragraph (1) (A), a plan allowing for station stops at 
                or in close proximity to the busiest Amtrak stations;
                    (G) a detailed description of any proposed 
                legislation needed to facilitate the project;
                    (H) a financing plan identifying--
                            (i) sources of revenue;
                            (ii) the amount of any proposed public 
                        contribution toward capital costs or 
                        operations;
                            (iii) ridership projections;
                            (iv) the amount of private investment;
                            (v) projected revenue;
                            (vi) annual operating and capital costs;
                            (vii) the amount of projected capital 
                        investments required (both initially and in 
                        subsequent years to maintain a state of good 
                        repair); and
                            (viii) the sources of the private 
                        investment required, including the identity of 
                        any person or entity that has made or is 
                        expected to make a commitment to provide or 
                        secure funding and the amount of such 
                        commitment;
                    (I) a description of how the project would 
                contribute to the development of a national high-speed 
                rail system, and an intermodal plan describing how the 
                system will connect with other transportation links;
                    (J) labor protections that would comply with the 
                requirements of section 504;
                    (K) provisions to ensure that the proposal will be 
                designed to operate in harmony with existing and 
                projected future intercity, commuter, and freight 
                service;
                    (L) provisions for full fair market compensation 
                for any asset, property right or interest, or service 
                acquired from, owned, or held by a private person or 
                non-Federal entity that would be acquired, impaired, or 
                diminished in value as a result of a project, except as 
                otherwise agreed to by the private person or entity; 
                and
                    (M) a detailed description of the environmental 
                impacts of the project, and how any adverse impacts 
                would be mitigated.
            (3) Documents.--Documents submitted or developed pursuant 
        to this subsection shall not be subject to section 552 of title 
        5, United States Code.
    (b) Determination of Cost Effectiveness and Establishment of 
Commissions.--Not later than 60 days after receipt of a proposal under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Transportation shall--
            (1) make a determination as to whether the proposal is cost 
        effective; and
            (2) for each corridor for which one or more cost effective 
        proposals are received, establish a commission under subsection 
        (c).
    (c) Commissions.--
            (1) Members.--The commission referred to in subsection 
        (b)(2) shall consist of--
                    (A) the governor of the affected State or States, 
                or their respective designees;
                    (B) a rail labor representative, a representative 
                from a rail freight carrier using the relevant 
                corridor, and a commuter authority using the relevant 
                corridor, appointed by the Secretary of Transportation, 
                in consultation with the chairman and ranking minority 
                member of the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
                the Senate;
                    (C) the Secretary of Transportation or his 
                designee;
                    (D) the president of Amtrak or his designee; and
                    (E) the mayors of the three largest municipalities 
                serviced by the proposed high-speed rail corridor.
            (2) Chairperson and vice-chairperson selection.--The 
        Chairperson and Vice Chairperson shall be elected from among 
        members of the Commission.
            (3) Quorum and vacancy.--
                    (A) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the 
                Commission shall constitute a quorum.
                    (B) Vacancy.--Any vacancy in the Commission shall 
                not affect its powers and shall be filled in the same 
                manner in which the original appointment was made.
    (d) Commission Consideration.--
            (1) In general.--Each commission established under 
        subsection (b)(2) shall be responsible for reviewing the 
        proposal or proposals with respect to which the commission was 
        established, and not later than 90 days after the establishment 
        of the commission, shall transmit to the Secretary, and to the 
        chairman and ranking minority member of the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate, a report which includes--
                    (A) a summary of each proposal received;
                    (B) a ranking of the order of the proposals 
                according to cost effectiveness, advantages over 
                existing services, projected revenue, and cost and 
                benefit to the public and private parties;
                    (C) an indication of which proposal or proposals 
                are recommended by the commission; and
                    (D) an identification of any proposed legislative 
                provisions which would facilitate implementation of the 
                recommended project.
            (2) Verbal presentation.--Proposers shall be given an 
        opportunity to make a verbal presentation to the commission to 
        explain their proposals.
    (e) Selection by Secretary.--Not later than 60 days after receiving 
a report from a commission under subsection (d)(1), the Secretary of 
Transportation shall transmit to the Congress a report that ranks all 
of the recommended proposals according to cost effectiveness, 
advantages over existing services, projected revenue, and cost and 
benefit to the public and private parties.
    (f) Northeast Corridor Economic Development Study.--Not later than 
9 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Transportation shall transmit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate the results of an 
economic development study of Amtrak's Northeast Corridor service 
between Washington, DC, and New York City. Such study shall examine how 
to achieve maximum utilization of the Northeast Corridor as a 
transportation asset, including--
            (1) maximizing the assets of the Northeast Corridor for 
        potential economic development purposes;
            (2) real estate improvement and financial return;
            (3) improved intercity, commuter, and freight services;
            (4) optimum utility utilization in conjunction with 
        potential separated high-speed rail passenger services; and
            (5) any other means of maximizing the economic potential of 
        the Northeast Corridor.

SEC. 503. HIGH-SPEED RAIL STUDY.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Transportation shall conduct--
            (1) an alternatives analysis of the Secretary's December 1, 
        1998, extension of the designation of the Southeast High-Speed 
        Rail Corridor as authorized under section 104(d)(2) of title 
        23, United States Code;
            (2) a feasibility analysis regarding the expansion of the 
        South Central High-Speed Rail Corridor to the Port of Houston, 
        Texas;
            (3) a feasibility analysis regarding the expansion of the 
        South Central High-Speed Rail Corridor to Memphis, Tennessee; 
        and
            (4) a feasibility analysis regarding the expansion of the 
        South Central High-Speed Rail Corridor south of San Antonio to 
        a location in far south Texas to be chosen at the discretion of 
        the Secretary.



These analyses shall consider changes that have occurred in the 
region's population, anticipated patterns of population growth, 
connectivity with other modes of transportation, ability of the 
designation to reduce regional traffic congestion, and the ability of 
current and proposed routings to meet the needs of tourists. The 
Secretary shall submit recommendations to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
and conduct a redesignation of one or both corridors if necessary.

SEC. 504. GRANT CONDITIONS.

    (a) Domestic Buying Preference.--
            (1) Requirement.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out a project funded 
                in whole or in part with a grant under this title, or 
                the amendments made by this title, the grant recipient 
                shall purchase only--
                            (i) unmanufactured articles, material, and 
                        supplies mined or produced in the United 
                        States; or
                            (ii) manufactured articles, material, and 
                        supplies manufactured in the United States 
                        substantially from articles, material, and 
                        supplies mined, produced, or manufactured in 
                        the United States.
                    (B) De minimis amount.--Subparagraph (A) applies 
                only to a purchase in an total amount that is not less 
                than $1,000,000.
            (2) Exemptions.--On application of a recipient, the 
        Secretary may exempt a recipient from the requirements of this 
        subsection if the Secretary decides that, for particular 
        articles, material, or supplies--
                    (A) such requirements are inconsistent with the 
                public interest;
                    (B) the cost of imposing the requirements is 
                unreasonable; or
                    (C) the articles, material, or supplies, or the 
                articles, material, or supplies from which they are 
                manufactured, are not mined, produced, or manufactured 
                in the United States in sufficient and reasonably 
                available commercial quantities and are not of a 
                satisfactory quality.
            (3) United states defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``the United States'' means the States, territories, and 
        possessions of the United States and the District of Columbia.
    (b) Operators Deemed Rail Carriers and Employers for Certain 
Purposes.--A person that conducts rail operations over rail 
infrastructure constructed or improved with funding provided in whole 
or in part in a grant made under this title, or the amendments made by 
this title, shall be considered a rail carrier as defined in section 
10102(5) of title 49, United States Code, for purposes of this title 
and any other statute that adopts that definition or in which that 
definition applies, including--
            (1) the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974 (45 U.S.C. 231 et 
        seq.);
            (2) the Railway Labor Act (43 U.S.C. 151 et seq.); and
            (3) the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act (45 U.S.C. 351 
        et seq.).
    (c) Grant Conditions.--The Secretary shall require as a condition 
of making any grant under this title, or the amendments made by this 
title, for a project that uses rights-of-way owned by a railroad that--
            (1) a written agreement exist between the applicant and the 
        railroad regarding such use and ownership, including--
                    (A) any compensation for such use;
                    (B) assurances regarding the adequacy of 
                infrastructure capacity to accommodate both existing 
                and future freight and passenger operations;
                    (C) an assurance by the railroad that collective 
                bargaining agreements with the railroad's employees 
                (including terms regulating the contracting of work) 
                will remain in full force and effect according to their 
                terms for work performed by the railroad on the 
                railroad transportation corridor; and
                    (D) an assurance that an applicant complies with 
                liability requirements consistent with section 28103 of 
                title 49, United States Code; and
            (2) the applicant agrees to comply with--
                    (A) the standards of section 24312 of title 49, 
                United States Code, as such section was in effect on 
                September 1, 2003, with respect to the project in the 
                same manner that the National Railroad Passenger 
                Corporation is required to comply with those standards 
                for construction work financed under an agreement made 
                under section 24308(a) of title 49, United States Code; 
                and
                    (B) the protective arrangements established under 
                section 504 of the Railroad Revitalization and 
                Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 (45 U.S.C. 836) with 
                respect to employees affected by actions taken in 
                connection with the project to be financed in whole or 
                in part by grants under this chapter.
    (d) Replacement of Existing Intercity Passenger Rail Service.--
            (1) Collective bargaining agreement for intercity passenger 
        rail projects.--Any entity providing intercity passenger 
        railroad transportation that begins operations after the date 
        of enactment of this Act on a project funded in whole or in 
        part by grants made under this title, or the amendments made by 
        this title, and replaces intercity rail passenger service that 
        was provided by Amtrak, unless such service was provided solely 
        by Amtrak to another entity, as of such date shall enter into 
        an agreement with the authorized bargaining agent or agents for 
        adversely affected employees of the predecessor provider that--
                    (A) gives each such qualified employee of the 
                predecessor provider priority in hiring according to 
                the employee's seniority on the predecessor provider 
                for each position with the replacing entity that is in 
                the employee's craft or class and is available within 3 
                years after the termination of the service being 
                replaced;
                    (B) establishes a procedure for notifying such an 
                employee of such positions;
                    (C) establishes a procedure for such an employee to 
                apply for such positions; and
                    (D) establishes rates of pay, rules, and working 
                conditions.
            (2) Immediate replacement service.--
                    (A) Negotiations.--If the replacement of 
                preexisting intercity rail passenger service occurs 
                concurrent with or within a reasonable time before the 
                commencement of the replacing entity's rail passenger 
                service, the replacing entity shall give written notice 
                of its plan to replace existing rail passenger service 
                to the authorized collective bargaining agent or agents 
                for the potentially adversely affected employees of the 
                predecessor provider at least 90 days before the date 
                on which it plans to commence service. Within 5 days 
                after the date of receipt of such written notice, 
                negotiations between the replacing entity and the 
                collective bargaining agent or agents for the employees 
                of the predecessor provider shall commence for the 
                purpose of reaching agreement with respect to all 
                matters set forth in subparagraphs (A) through (D) of 
                paragraph (1). The negotiations shall continue for 30 
                days or until an agreement is reached, whichever is 
                sooner. If at the end of 30 days the parties have not 
                entered into an agreement with respect to all such 
                matters, the unresolved issues shall be submitted for 
                arbitration in accordance with the procedure set forth 
                in subparagraph (B).
                    (B) Arbitration.--If an agreement has not been 
                entered into with respect to all matters set forth in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D) of paragraph (1) as 
                described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the 
                parties shall select an arbitrator. If the parties are 
                unable to agree upon the selection of such arbitrator 
                within 5 days, either or both parties shall notify the 
                National Mediation Board, which shall provide a list of 
                seven arbitrators with experience in arbitrating rail 
                labor protection disputes. Within 5 days after such 
                notification, the parties shall alternately strike 
                names from the list until only 1 name remains, and that 
                person shall serve as the neutral arbitrator. Within 45 
                days after selection of the arbitrator, the arbitrator 
                shall conduct a hearing on the dispute and shall render 
                a decision with respect to the unresolved issues among 
                the matters set forth in subparagraphs (A) through (D) 
                of paragraph (1). This decision shall be final, 
                binding, and conclusive upon the parties. The salary 
                and expenses of the arbitrator shall be borne equally 
                by the parties; all other expenses shall be paid by the 
                party incurring them.
            (3) Service commencement.--A replacing entity under this 
        subsection shall commence service only after an agreement is 
        entered into with respect to the matters set forth in 
        subparagraphs (A) through (D) of paragraph (1) or the decision 
        of the arbitrator has been rendered.
            (4) Subsequent replacement of service.--If the replacement 
        of existing rail passenger service takes place within 3 years 
        after the replacing entity commences intercity passenger rail 
        service, the replacing entity and the collective bargaining 
        agent or agents for the adversely affected employees of the 
        predecessor provider shall enter into an agreement with respect 
        to the matters set forth in subparagraphs (A) through (D) of 
        paragraph (1). If the parties have not entered into an 
        agreement with respect to all such matters within 60 days after 
        the date on which the replacing entity replaces the predecessor 
        provider, the parties shall select an arbitrator using the 
        procedures set forth in paragraph (2)(B), who shall, within 20 
        days after the commencement of the arbitration, conduct a 
        hearing and decide all unresolved issues. This decision shall 
        be final, binding, and conclusive upon the parties.
    (e) Inapplicability to Certain Rail Operations.--Nothing in this 
section applies to--
            (1) the Alaska Railroad or its contractors; or
            (2) the National Railroad Passenger Corporation's access 
        rights to railroad rights of way and facilities under current 
        law.

            Passed the House of Representatives June 11, 2008.

            Attest:

                                            LORRAINE C. MILLER,

                                                                 Clerk.

                               By Robert F. Reeves,

                                                          Deputy Clerk.
                                                       Calendar No. 779

110th CONGRESS

  2d Session

                               H. R. 6003

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT

             To reauthorize Amtrak, and for other purposes.

_______________________________________________________________________

                             June 12, 2008

            Received; read twice and placed on the calendar