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Public Law No: 110-81 (09/14/2007)

 
[110th Congress Public Law 81]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]


[DOCID: f:publ081.110]

[[Page 121 STAT. 735]]

Public Law 110-81
110th Congress

                                 An Act


 
           To provide greater transparency in the legislative 
              process. <<NOTE: Sept. 14, 2007 -  [S. 1]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress <<NOTE: Honest Leadership and 
Open Government Act of 2007. 2 USC 1601 note.>> assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Honest Leadership 
and Open Government Act of 2007''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.

                   TITLE I--CLOSING THE REVOLVING DOOR

Sec. 101. Amendments to restrictions on former officers, employees, and 
           elected officials of the executive and legislative branches.
Sec. 102. Wrongfully influencing a private entity's employment decisions 
           or practices.
Sec. 103. Notification of post-employment restrictions.
Sec. 104. Exception to restrictions on former officers, employees, and 
           elected officials of the executive and legislative branch.
Sec. 105. Effective date.

              TITLE II--FULL PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF LOBBYING

Sec. 201. Quarterly filing of lobbying disclosure reports.
Sec. 202. Additional disclosure.
Sec. 203. Semiannual reports on certain contributions.
Sec. 204. Disclosure of bundled contributions.
Sec. 205. Electronic filing of lobbying disclosure reports.
Sec. 206. Prohibition on provision of gifts or travel by registered 
           lobbyists to Members of Congress and to congressional 
           employees.
Sec. 207. Disclosure of lobbying activities by certain coalitions and 
           associations.
Sec. 208. Disclosure by registered lobbyists of past executive branch 
           and congressional employment.
Sec. 209. Public availability of lobbying disclosure information; 
           maintenance of information.
Sec. 210. Disclosure of enforcement for noncompliance.
Sec. 211. Increased civil and criminal penalties for failure to comply 
           with lobbying disclosure requirements.
Sec. 212. Electronic filing and public database for lobbyists for 
           foreign governments.
Sec. 213. Comptroller General audit and annual report.
Sec. 214. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 215. Effective date.

       TITLE III--MATTERS RELATING TO THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Sec. 301. Disclosure by Members and staff of employment negotiations.
Sec. 302. Prohibition on lobbying contacts with spouse of Member who is 
           a registered lobbyist.
Sec. 303. Treatment of firms and other businesses whose members serve as 
           House committee consultants.
Sec. 304. Posting of travel and financial disclosure reports on public 
           website of Clerk of the House of Representatives.

[[Page 121 STAT. 736]]

Sec. 305. Prohibiting participation in lobbyist-sponsored events during 
           political conventions.
Sec. 306. Exercise of rulemaking Authority.

             TITLE IV--CONGRESSIONAL PENSION ACCOUNTABILITY

Sec. 401. Loss of pensions accrued during service as a Member of 
           Congress for abusing the public trust.

       TITLE V--SENATE LEGISLATIVE TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY

                      Subtitle A--Procedural Reform

Sec. 511. Amendments to rule XXVIII.
Sec. 512. Notice of objecting to proceeding.
Sec. 513. Public availability of Senate committee and subcommittee 
           meetings.
Sec. 514. Amendments and motions to recommit.
Sec. 515. Sense of the Senate on conference committee protocols.

                       Subtitle B--Earmark Reform

Sec. 521. Congressionally directed spending.

                    Subtitle C--Revolving Door Reform

Sec. 531. Post-employment restrictions.
Sec. 532. Disclosure by Members of Congress and staff of employment 
           negotiations.
Sec. 533. Elimination of floor privileges for former Members, Senate 
           officers, and Speakers of the House who are registered 
           lobbyists or seek financial gain.
Sec. 534. Influencing hiring decisions.
Sec. 535. Notification of post-employment restrictions.

                   Subtitle D--Gift and Travel Reform

Sec. 541. Ban on gifts from registered lobbyists and entities that hire 
           registered lobbyists.
Sec. 542. National party conventions.
Sec. 543. Proper valuation of tickets to entertainment and sporting 
           events.
Sec. 544. Restrictions on registered lobbyist participation in travel 
           and disclosure.
Sec. 545. Free attendance at a constituent event.
Sec. 546. Senate privately paid travel public website.

                        Subtitle E--Other Reforms

Sec. 551. Compliance with lobbying disclosure.
Sec. 552. Prohibit official contact with spouse or immediate family 
           member of Member who is a registered lobbyist.
Sec. 553. Mandatory Senate ethics training for Members and staff.
Sec. 554. Annual report by Select Committee on Ethics.
Sec. 555. Exercise of rulemaking powers.
Sec. 556. Effective date and general provisions.

              TITLE VI--PROHIBITED USE OF PRIVATE AIRCRAFT

Sec. 601. Restrictions on Use of Campaign Funds for Flights on 
           Noncommercial Aircraft.

                   TITLE VII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 701. Sense of the Congress that any applicable restrictions on 
           congressional officials and employees should apply to the 
           executive and judicial branches.
Sec. 702. Knowing and willful falsification or failure to report.
Sec. 703. Rule of construction.

                   TITLE I--CLOSING THE REVOLVING DOOR

SEC. 101. AMENDMENTS TO RESTRICTIONS ON FORMER OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES, AND 
            ELECTED OFFICIALS OF THE EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES.

    (a) Very Senior Executive Personnel.--The matter after subparagraph 
(C) in section 207(d)(1) of title 18, United States

[[Page 121 STAT. 737]]

Code, is amended by striking ``within 1 year'' and inserting ``within 2 
years''.
    (b) Restrictions on Lobbying by Members of Congress and Employees of 
Congress.--Subsection (e) of section 207 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (9);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (7), respectively;
            (3) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Members of congress and elected officers of the 
        house.--
                    ``(A) Senators.--Any person who is a Senator and 
                who, within 2 years after that person leaves office, 
                knowingly makes, with the intent to influence, any 
                communication to or appearance before any Member, 
                officer, or employee of either House of Congress or any 
                employee of any other legislative office of the 
                Congress, on behalf of any other person (except the 
                United States) in connection with any matter on which 
                such former Senator seeks action by a Member, officer, 
                or employee of either House of Congress, in his or her 
                official capacity, shall be punished as provided in 
                section 216 of this title.
                    ``(B) Members and officers of the house of 
                representatives.--(i) Any person who is a Member of the 
                House of Representatives or an elected officer of the 
                House of Representatives and who, within 1 year after 
                that person leaves office, knowingly makes, with the 
                intent to influence, any communication to or appearance 
                before any of the persons described in clause (ii) or 
                (iii), on behalf of any other person (except the United 
                States) in connection with any matter on which such 
                former Member of Congress or elected officer seeks 
                action by a Member, officer, or employee of either House 
                of Congress, in his or her official capacity, shall be 
                punished as provided in section 216 of this title.
                    ``(ii) The persons referred to in clause (i) with 
                respect to appearances or communications by a former 
                Member of the House of Representatives are any Member, 
                officer, or employee of either House of Congress and any 
                employee of any other legislative office of the 
                Congress.
                    ``(iii) The persons referred to in clause (i) with 
                respect to appearances or communications by a former 
                elected officer are any Member, officer, or employee of 
                the House of Representatives.
            ``(2) Officers and staff of the senate.--Any person who is 
        an elected officer of the Senate, or an employee of the Senate 
        to whom paragraph (7)(A) applies, and who, within 1 year after 
        that person leaves office or employment, knowingly makes, with 
        the intent to influence, any communication to or appearance 
        before any Senator or any officer or employee of the Senate, on 
        behalf of any other person (except the United States) in 
        connection with any matter on which such former elected officer 
        or former employee seeks action by a Senator or an officer or 
        employee of the Senate, in his or her official capacity, shall 
        be punished as provided in section 216 of this title.'';

[[Page 121 STAT. 738]]

            (4) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by paragraph (2) of 
        this subsection)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``of a Senator 
                or an employee of a Member of the House of 
                Representatives'' and inserting ``of a Member of the 
                House of Representatives to whom paragraph (7)(A) 
                applies''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking ``Senator or''; 
                      and
                          (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``Senator 
                      or'';
            (5) in paragraph (4) (as redesignated by paragraph (2) of 
        this subsection)--
                    (A) by striking ``committee of Congress'' and 
                inserting ``committee of the House of Representatives, 
                or an employee of a joint committee of the Congress 
                whose pay is disbursed by the Clerk of the House of 
                Representatives, to whom paragraph (7)(A) applies''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or joint committee (as the case 
                may be)'' after ``committee'' each subsequent place that 
                term appears;
            (6) in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by paragraph (2) of 
        this subsection)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or an 
                employee on the leadership staff of the Senate'' and 
                inserting ``to whom paragraph (7)(A) applies''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``the 
                following:'' and all that follows through the end of 
                clause (ii) and inserting ``any Member of the leadership 
                of the House of Representatives and any employee on the 
                leadership staff of the House of Representatives.'';
            (7) in paragraph (6)(A) (as redesignated by paragraph (2) of 
        this subsection), by inserting ``to whom paragraph (7)(B) 
        applies'' after ``office of the Congress'';
            (8) in paragraph (7) (as redesignated by paragraph (2) of 
        this subsection)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and (4)'' and 
                inserting ``(4), and (5)''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``(5)'' and inserting ``(6)'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(or 
                      any comparable adjustment pursuant to interim 
                      authority of the President)''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``level 5 of the Senior 
                      Executive Service'' and inserting ``level IV of 
                      the Executive Schedule'';
            (9) by inserting after paragraph (7) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2) of this subsection) the following:
            ``(8) Exception.--This subsection shall not apply to 
        contacts with the staff of the Secretary of the Senate or the 
        Clerk of the House of Representatives regarding compliance with 
        lobbying disclosure requirements under the Lobbying Disclosure 
        Act of 1995.''; and
            (10) in paragraph (9)(G) (as redesignated by paragraph (1) 
        of this subsection)--
                    (A) by striking ``the Copyright Royalty Tribunal,''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``or (4)'' and inserting ``(4), or 
                (5)''.

[[Page 121 STAT. 739]]

SEC. 102. WRONGFULLY INFLUENCING A PRIVATE ENTITY'S EMPLOYMENT DECISIONS 
            OR PRACTICES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 11 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 227. Wrongfully influencing a private entity's employment 
                        decisions by a Member of Congress

    ``Whoever, <<NOTE: Penalties.>> being a Senator or Representative 
in, or a Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Congress or an 
employee of either House of Congress, with the intent to influence, 
solely on the basis of partisan political affiliation, an employment 
decision or employment practice of any private entity--
            ``(1) takes or withholds, or offers or threatens to take or 
        withhold, an official act, or
            ``(2) influences, or offers or threatens to influence, the 
        official act of another,

shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for not more than 15 
years, or both, and may be disqualified from holding any office of 
honor, trust, or profit under the United States.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 18 USC 227 note.>> No Inference.--Nothing in section 227 
of title 18, United States Code, as added by this section, shall be 
construed to create any inference with respect to whether the activity 
described in section 227 of title 18, United States Code, was a criminal 
or civil offense before the enactment of this Act, including under 
section 201(b), 201(c), any of sections 203 through 209, or section 872, 
of title 18, United States Code.

    (c) Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 11 of 
title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``227. Wrongfully influencing a private entity's employment decisions by 
           a Member of Congress.''.

SEC. 103. <<NOTE: 2 USC 104d.>> NOTIFICATION OF POST-EMPLOYMENT 
            RESTRICTIONS.

    (a) Notification of Post-Employment Restrictions.--After a Member of 
Congress or an elected officer of either House of Congress leaves 
office, or after the termination of employment with the House of 
Representatives or the Senate of an employee who is covered under 
paragraph (2), (3), (4), or (5) of section 207(e) of title 18, United 
States Code, the Clerk of the House of Representatives, after 
consultation with the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, or the 
Secretary of the Senate, as the case may be, shall notify the Member, 
officer, or employee of the beginning and ending date of the 
prohibitions that apply to the Member, officer, or employee under 
section 207(e) of that title.
    (b) Posting on Internet.--The Clerk of the House of Representatives, 
with respect to notifications under subsection (a) relating to Members, 
officers, and employees of the House, and the Secretary of the Senate, 
with respect to such notifications relating to Members, officers, and 
employees of the Senate, shall post the information contained in such 
notifications on the public Internet site of the Office of the Clerk or 
the Secretary of the Senate, as the case may be, in a format that, to 
the extent technically practicable, is searchable, sortable, and 
downloadable.

[[Page 121 STAT. 740]]

SEC. 104. EXCEPTION TO RESTRICTIONS ON FORMER OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES, AND 
            ELECTED OFFICIALS OF THE EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCH.

    (a) In General.--Section 207(j)(1) of title 18, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The restrictions'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--The restrictions'';
            (2) by moving the remaining text 2 ems to the right; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Tribal organizations and inter-tribal 
                consortiums.--The restrictions contained in this section 
                shall not apply to acts authorized by section 104(j) of 
                the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance 
                Act (25 U.S.C. 450i(j)).''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 104(j) of the Indian Self-
Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450i(j)) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(j) Anything in sections 205 and 207 of title 18, United States 
Code, to the contrary notwithstanding--
            ``(1) an officer or employee of the United States assigned 
        to a tribal organization (as defined in section 4(l)) or an 
        inter-tribal consortium (as defined in section 501), as 
        authorized under section 3372 of title 5, United States Code, or 
        section 2072 of the Revised Statutes (25 U.S.C. 48) may act as 
        agent or attorney for, and appear on behalf of, such tribal 
        organization or inter-tribal consortium in connection with any 
        matter related to a tribal governmental activity or Federal 
        Indian program or service pending before any department, agency, 
        court, or commission, including any matter in which the United 
        States is a party or has a direct and substantial interest: 
        Provided, That such officer or employee must advise in writing 
        the head of the department, agency, court, or commission with 
        which the officer or employee is dealing or appearing on behalf 
        of the tribal organization or inter-tribal consortium of any 
        personal and substantial involvement with the matter involved; 
        and
            ``(2) a former officer or employee of the United States who 
        is carrying out official duties as an employee or as an elected 
        or appointed official of a tribal organization (as defined in 
        section 4(l)) or inter-tribal consortium (as defined in section 
        501) may act as agent or attorney for, and appear on behalf of, 
        such tribal organization or intra-tribal consortium in 
        connection with any matter related to a tribal governmental 
        activity or Federal Indian program or service pending before any 
        department, agency, court, or commission, including any matter 
        in which the United States is a party or has a direct and 
        substantial interest: Provided, That such former officer or 
        employee must advise in writing the head of the department, 
        agency, court, or commission with which the former officer or 
        employee is dealing or appearing on behalf of the tribal 
        organization or inter-tribal consortium of any personal and 
        substantial involvement that he or she may have had as an 
        officer or employee of the United States in connection with the 
        matter involved.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 18 USC 207 note.>> Effect of Section.--Except as 
expressly identified in this section and in the amendments made by this 
section, nothing in

[[Page 121 STAT. 741]]

this section or the amendments made by this section affects any other 
provision of law.

SEC. 105. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    (a) <<NOTE: 18 USC 207 note.>> Section 101.--The amendments made by 
section 101 shall apply to individuals who leave Federal office or 
employment to which such amendments apply on or after the date of 
adjournment of the first session of the 110th Congress sine die or 
December 31, 2007, whichever date is earlier.

    (b) <<NOTE: 2 USC 227 note.>> Section 102.--The amendments made by 
section 102 shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (c) <<NOTE: 2 USC 104d note.>> Section 103.--
            (1) Notification of post-employment restrictions.--
        Subsection (a) of section 103 shall take effect on the 60th day 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Posting of information.--Subsection (b) of section 103 
        shall take effect January 1, 2008, except that the Secretary of 
        the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives shall 
        post the information contained in notifications required by that 
        subsection that are made on or after the effective date provided 
        under paragraph (1) of this subsection.

    (d) <<NOTE: 25 USC 450i note.>> Section 104.--The amendments made by 
section 104 shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
except that section 104(j)(2) of the Indian Self-Determination and 
Education Assistance Act (as amended by section 104(b)) shall apply to 
individuals who leave Federal office or employment to which such 
amendments apply on or after the 60th day after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

              TITLE II--FULL PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF LOBBYING

SEC. 201. QUARTERLY FILING OF LOBBYING DISCLOSURE REPORTS.

    (a) Quarterly Filing Required.--Section 5 of the Lobbying Disclosure 
Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1604) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``Semiannual'' and inserting 
                ``Quarterly'';
                    (B) by striking ``45 days'' and all that follows 
                through ``section 4,'' and inserting ``20 days after the 
                end of the quarterly period beginning on the first day 
                of January, April, July, and October of each year in 
                which a registrant is registered under section 4, or on 
                the first business day after such 20th day if the 20th 
                day is not a business day,''; and
                    (C) by striking ``such semiannual period'' and 
                inserting ``such quarterly period''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``semiannual report'' and inserting ``quarterly 
                report'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``semiannual 
                filing period'' and inserting ``quarterly period'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``semiannual 
                period'' and inserting ``quarterly period''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``semiannual 
                filing period'' and inserting ``quarterly period''.

[[Page 121 STAT. 742]]

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Definition.--Section 3(10) of the Lobbying Disclosure 
        Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1602) is amended by striking ``six month 
        period'' and inserting ``3-month period''.
            (2) Registration.--Section 4 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act 
        of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1603) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting after 
                ``earlier,'' the following: ``or on the first business 
                day after such 45th day if the 45th day is not a 
                business day,''; and
                    (B) in subsection (a)(3)(A), by striking 
                ``semiannual period'' and inserting ``quarterly 
                period''.
            (3) Enforcement.--Section 6 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act 
        of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1605) is amended in paragraph (6) by striking 
        ``semiannual period'' and inserting ``quarterly period''.
            (4) Estimates.--Section 15 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 
        1995 (2 U.S.C. 1610) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``semiannual 
                period'' and inserting ``quarterly period''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``semiannual 
                period'' and inserting ``quarterly period''.
            (5) Dollar amounts.--Section 4 of the Lobbying Disclosure 
        Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1603) is further amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(3)(A)(i), by striking 
                ``$5,000'' and inserting ``$2,500'';
                    (B) in subsection (a)(3)(A)(ii), by striking 
                ``$20,000'' and inserting ``$10,000'';
                    (C) in subsection (b)(3)(A), by striking ``$10,000'' 
                and inserting ``$5,000''; and
                    (D) in subsection (b)(4), by striking ``$10,000'' 
                and inserting ``$5,000''.
            (6) Reports.--Section 5(c) of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 
        1995 (2 U.S.C. 1604(c)) is further amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$10,000'' and 
                ``$20,000'' and inserting ``$5,000'' and ``$10,000'', 
                respectively; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$10,000'' both 
                places such term appears and inserting ``$5,000''.

SEC. 202. ADDITIONAL DISCLOSURE.

    Section 5(b) of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 
1604(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period and inserting 
        ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end of the following:
            ``(5) for each client, immediately after listing the client, 
        an identification of whether the client is a State or local 
        government or a department, agency, special purpose district, or 
        other instrumentality controlled by one or more State or local 
        governments.''.

SEC. 203. SEMIANNUAL REPORTS ON CERTAIN CONTRIBUTIONS.

    (a) Other Contributions.--Section 5 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act 
of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1604) is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(d) Semiannual Reports on Certain Contributions.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the end of 
        the semiannual period beginning on the first day of January

[[Page 121 STAT. 743]]

        and July of each year, or on the first business day after such 
        30th day if the 30th day is not a business day, each person or 
        organization who is registered or is required to register under 
        paragraph (1) or (2) of section 4(a), and each employee who is 
        or is required to be listed as a lobbyist under section 4(b)(6) 
        or subsection (b)(2)(C) of this section, shall file a report 
        with the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of 
        Representatives containing--
                    ``(A) the name of the person or organization;
                    ``(B) in the case of an employee, his or her 
                employer;
                    ``(C) the names of all political committees 
                established or controlled by the person or organization;
                    ``(D) the name of each Federal candidate or 
                officeholder, leadership PAC, or political party 
                committee, to whom aggregate contributions equal to or 
                exceeding $200 were made by the person or organization, 
                or a political committee established or controlled by 
                the person or organization within the semiannual period, 
                and the date and amount of each such contribution made 
                within the semiannual period;
                    ``(E) the date, recipient, and amount of funds 
                contributed or disbursed during the semiannual period by 
                the person or organization or a political committee 
                established or controlled by the person or 
                organization--
                          ``(i) to pay the cost of an event to honor or 
                      recognize a covered legislative branch official or 
                      covered executive branch official;
                          ``(ii) to an entity that is named for a 
                      covered legislative branch official, or to a 
                      person or entity in recognition of such official;
                          ``(iii) to an entity established, financed, 
                      maintained, or controlled by a covered legislative 
                      branch official or covered executive branch 
                      official, or an entity designated by such 
                      official; or
                          ``(iv) to pay the costs of a meeting, retreat, 
                      conference, or other similar event held by, or in 
                      the name of, 1 or more covered legislative branch 
                      officials or covered executive branch officials,
                except that this subparagraph shall not apply if the 
                funds are provided to a person who is required to report 
                the receipt of the funds under section 304 of the 
                Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 434);
                    ``(F) the name of each Presidential library 
                foundation, and each Presidential inaugural committee, 
                to whom contributions equal to or exceeding $200 were 
                made by the person or organization, or a political 
                committee established or controlled by the person or 
                organization, within the semiannual period, and the date 
                and amount of each such contribution within the 
                semiannual period; and
                    ``(G) a certification by the person or organization 
                filing the report that the person or organization--
                          ``(i) has read and is familiar with those 
                      provisions of the Standing Rules of the Senate and 
                      the Rules of the House of Representatives relating 
                      to the provision of gifts and travel; and
                          ``(ii) has not provided, requested, or 
                      directed a gift, including travel, to a Member of 
                      Congress or an

[[Page 121 STAT. 744]]

                      officer or employee of either House of Congress 
                      with knowledge that receipt of the gift would 
                      violate rule XXXV of the Standing Rules of the 
                      Senate or rule XXV of the Rules of the House of 
                      Representatives.
            ``(2) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `leadership 
        PAC' has the meaning given such term in section 304(i)(8)(B) of 
        the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 2 USC 1604 note.>> Effective Date.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to the first semiannual 
period described in section 5(d)(1) of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 
1995 (as added by this section) that begins after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and each succeeding semiannual period.

    (c) Report on Requiring Quarterly Reports.--The Clerk of the House 
of Representatives and the Secretary of the Senate shall submit a report 
to the Congress, not later than 1 year after the date on which the first 
reports are required to be made under section 5(d) of the Lobbying 
Disclosure Act of 1995 (as added by this section), on the feasibility of 
requiring the reports under such section 5(d) to be made on a quarterly, 
rather than a semiannual, basis.
    (d) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that after 
the end of the 2-year period beginning on the day on which the amendment 
made by subsection (a) of this section first applies, the reports 
required under section 5(d) of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (as 
added by this section) should be made on a quarterly basis if it is 
practicably feasible to do so.

SEC. 204. DISCLOSURE OF BUNDLED CONTRIBUTIONS.

    (a) Disclosure.--Section 304 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 
1971 (2 U.S.C. 434) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(i) Disclosure of Bundled Contributions.--
            ``(1) Required disclosure.--
        Each <<NOTE: Reports.>> committee described in paragraph (6) 
        shall include in the first report required to be filed under 
        this section after each covered period (as defined in paragraph 
        (2)) a separate schedule setting forth the name, address, and 
        employer of each person reasonably known by the committee to be 
        a person described in paragraph (7) who provided 2 or more 
        bundled contributions to the committee in an aggregate amount 
        greater than the applicable threshold (as defined in paragraph 
        (3)) during the covered period, and the aggregate amount of the 
        bundled contributions provided by each such person during the 
        covered period.
            ``(2) Covered period.--In this subsection, a `covered 
        period' means, with respect to a committee--
                    ``(A) the period beginning January 1 and ending June 
                30 of each year;
                    ``(B) the period beginning July 1 and ending 
                December 31 of each year; and
                    ``(C) any reporting period applicable to the 
                committee under this section during which any person 
                described in paragraph (7) provided 2 or more bundled 
                contributions to the committee in an aggregate amount 
                greater than the applicable threshold.
            ``(3) Applicable threshold.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In this subsection, the 
                `applicable threshold' is $15,000, except that in 
                determining whether

[[Page 121 STAT. 745]]

                the amount of bundled contributions provided to a 
                committee by a person described in paragraph (7) exceeds 
                the applicable threshold, there shall be excluded any 
                contribution made to the committee by the person or the 
                person's spouse.
                    ``(B) Indexing.--In any calendar year after 2007, 
                section 315(c)(1)(B) shall apply to the amount 
                applicable under subparagraph (A) in the same manner as 
                such section applies to the limitations established 
                under subsections (a)(1)(A), (a)(1)(B), (a)(3), and (h) 
                of such section, except that for purposes of applying 
                such section to the amount applicable under subparagraph 
                (A), the `base period' shall be 2006.
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Websites.>> Public availability.--The 
        Commission shall ensure that, to the greatest extent 
        practicable--
                    ``(A) information required to be disclosed under 
                this subsection is publicly available through the 
                Commission website in a manner that is searchable, 
                sortable, and downloadable; and
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Internet.>> the Commission's public 
                database containing information disclosed under this 
                subsection is linked electronically to the websites 
                maintained by the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk 
                of the House of Representatives containing information 
                filed pursuant to the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995.
            ``(5) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>> Regulations.--Not later than 6 
        months after the date of enactment of the Honest Leadership and 
        Open Government Act of 2007, the Commission shall promulgate 
        regulations to implement this subsection. Under such 
        regulations, the Commission--
                    ``(A) may, notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), 
                provide for quarterly filing of the schedule described 
                in paragraph (1) by a committee which files reports 
                under this section more frequently than on a quarterly 
                basis;
                    ``(B) shall provide guidance to committees with 
                respect to whether a person is reasonably known by a 
                committee to be a person described in paragraph (7), 
                which shall include a requirement that committees 
                consult the websites maintained by the Secretary of the 
                Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives 
                containing information filed pursuant to the Lobbying 
                Disclosure Act of 1995;
                    ``(C) may not exempt the activity of a person 
                described in paragraph (7) from disclosure under this 
                subsection on the grounds that the person is authorized 
                to engage in fundraising for the committee or any other 
                similar grounds; and
                    ``(D) shall provide for the broadest possible 
                disclosure of activities described in this subsection by 
                persons described in paragraph (7) that is consistent 
                with this subsection.
            ``(6) Committees described.--A committee described in this 
        paragraph is an authorized committee of a candidate, a 
        leadership PAC, or a political party committee.
            ``(7) Persons described.--A person described in this 
        paragraph is any person, who, at the time a contribution is 
        forwarded to a committee as described in paragraph (8)(A)(i) or

[[Page 121 STAT. 746]]

        is received by a committee as described in paragraph (8)(A)(ii), 
        is--
                    ``(A) a current registrant under section 4(a) of the 
                Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995;
                    ``(B) an individual who is listed on a current 
                registration filed under section 4(b)(6) of such Act or 
                a current report under section 5(b)(2)(C) of such Act; 
                or
                    ``(C) a political committee established or 
                controlled by such a registrant or individual.
            ``(8) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection, the 
        following definitions apply:
                    ``(A) Bundled contribution.--The term `bundled 
                contribution' means, with respect to a committee 
                described in paragraph (6) and a person described in 
                paragraph (7), a contribution (subject to the applicable 
                threshold) which is--
                          ``(i) forwarded from the contributor or 
                      contributors to the committee by the person; or
                          ``(ii) received by the committee from a 
                      contributor or contributors, but credited by the 
                      committee or candidate involved (or, in the case 
                      of a leadership PAC, by the individual referred to 
                      in subparagraph (B) involved) to the person 
                      through records, designations, or other means of 
                      recognizing that a certain amount of money has 
                      been raised by the person.
                    ``(B) Leadership pac.--The term `leadership PAC' 
                means, with respect to a candidate for election to 
                Federal office or an individual holding Federal office, 
                a political committee that is directly or indirectly 
                established, financed, maintained or controlled by the 
                candidate or the individual but which is not an 
                authorized committee of the candidate or individual and 
                which is not affiliated with an authorized committee of 
                the candidate or individual, except that such term does 
                not include a political committee of a political 
                party.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 2 USC 434 note.>> Effective Date.--The amendment made by 
subsection (a) shall apply with respect to reports filed under section 
304 of the Federal Election Campaign Act after the expiration of the 3-
month period which begins on the date that the regulations required to 
be promulgated by the Federal Election Commission under section 
304(i)(5) of such Act (as added by subsection (a)) become final.

SEC. 205. ELECTRONIC FILING OF LOBBYING DISCLOSURE REPORTS.

    Section 5 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1604) is 
further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Electronic Filing Required.--A report required to be filed 
under this section shall be filed in electronic form, in addition to any 
other form that the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House of 
Representatives may require or allow. The Secretary of the Senate and 
the Clerk of the House of Representatives shall use the same electronic 
software for receipt and recording of filings under this Act.''.

[[Page 121 STAT. 747]]

SEC. 206. PROHIBITION ON PROVISION OF GIFTS OR TRAVEL BY REGISTERED 
            LOBBYISTS TO MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND TO CONGRESSIONAL 
            EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Prohibition.--The Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1601 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 25. <<NOTE: 2 USC 1613.>> PROHIBITION ON PROVISION OF GIFTS OR 
            TRAVEL BY REGISTERED LOBBYISTS TO MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND TO 
            CONGRESSIONAL EMPLOYEES.

    ``(a) Prohibition.--Any person described in subsection (b) may not 
make a gift or provide travel to a covered legislative branch official 
if the person has knowledge that the gift or travel may not be accepted 
by that covered legislative branch official under the Rules of the House 
of Representatives or the Standing Rules of the Senate (as the case may 
be).
    ``(b) Persons Subject to Prohibition.--The persons subject to the 
prohibition under subsection (a) are any lobbyist that is registered or 
is required to register under section 4(a)(1), any organization that 
employs 1 or more lobbyists and is registered or is required to register 
under section 4(a)(2), and any employee listed or required to be listed 
as a lobbyist by a registrant under section 4(b)(6) or 5(b)(2)(C).''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 2 USC 1613 note.>> Effective Date.--The amendment made 
by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act.

SEC. 207. DISCLOSURE OF LOBBYING ACTIVITIES BY CERTAIN COALITIONS AND 
            ASSOCIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Disclosure.--Section 4(b)(3) of the Lobbying Disclosure 
        Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1603(b)(3)) is amended--
                    (A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
                    ``(A) contributes more than $5,000 to the registrant 
                or the client in the quarterly period to fund the 
                lobbying activities of the registrant; and''; and
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
                    ``(B) actively participates in the planning, 
                supervision, or control of such lobbying activities;''.
            (2) Updating of information.--Section 5(b)(1) of the 
        Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1604(b)(1)) is amended 
        by inserting ``, including information under section 4(b)(3)'' 
        after ``initial registration''.

    (b) No Donor or Membership List Disclosure.--Section 4(b) of the 
Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1603(b)) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
``No disclosure is required under paragraph (3)(B) if the organization 
that would be identified as affiliated with the client is listed on the 
client's publicly accessible Internet website as being a member of or 
contributor to the client, unless the organization in whole or in major 
part plans, supervises, or controls such lobbying activities. If a 
registrant relies upon the preceding sentence, the registrant must 
disclose the specific Internet address of the web page containing the 
information relied upon. Nothing in paragraph (3)(B) shall be construed 
to require the disclosure of any information about individuals who are 
members of, or donors to, an entity treated as a client by this Act or 
an organization identified under that paragraph.''.

[[Page 121 STAT. 748]]

SEC. 208. DISCLOSURE BY REGISTERED LOBBYISTS OF PAST EXECUTIVE BRANCH 
            AND CONGRESSIONAL EMPLOYMENT.

    Section 4(b)(6) of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 
1603(b)(6)) is amended by striking ``in the 2 years'' and all that 
follows through ``Act)'' and inserting ``in the 20 years before the date 
on which the employee first acted''.

SEC. 209. <<NOTE: Internet.>> PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF LOBBYING DISCLOSURE 
            INFORMATION; MAINTENANCE OF INFORMATION.

    (a) Public Availability.--Section 6 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act 
of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1605) is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(9) maintain all registrations and reports filed under 
        this Act, and make them available to the public over the 
        Internet, without a fee or other access charge, in a searchable, 
        sortable, and downloadable manner, to the extent technically 
        practicable, that--
                    ``(A) includes the information contained in the 
                registrations and reports;
                    ``(B) is searchable and sortable to the maximum 
                extent practicable, including searchable and sortable by 
                each of the categories of information described in 
                section 4(b) or 5(b); and
                    ``(C) provides electronic links or other appropriate 
                mechanisms to allow users to obtain relevant information 
                in the database of the Federal Election Commission; and
            ``(10) retain the information contained in a registration or 
        report filed under this Act for a period of 6 years after the 
        registration or report (as the case may be) is filed.''.

    (b) Availability of Reports.--Section 6(4) of the Lobbying 
Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1605) is amended by inserting before 
the semicolon at the end the following: ``and, in the case of a report 
filed in electronic form under section 5(e), make such report available 
for public inspection over the Internet as soon as technically 
practicable after the report is so filed''.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out paragraph (9) of 
section 6 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1605), as 
added by subsection (a) of this section.

SEC. 210. DISCLOSURE OF ENFORCEMENT FOR NONCOMPLIANCE.

    Section 6 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1605) is 
further amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(a) In 
        General.--The Secretary''; ;
            (2) in paragraph (9), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (3) in paragraph (10), by striking the period and inserting 
        ``; and'';
            (4) by adding after paragraph (10) the following:
            ``(11) <<NOTE: Public information. Deadline.>> make publicly 
        available, on a semiannual basis, the aggregate number of 
        registrants referred to the United States Attorney for the 
        District of Columbia for noncompliance as required by paragraph 
        (8).''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:

[[Page 121 STAT. 749]]

    ``(b) Enforcement Report.--
            ``(1) Report.--The Attorney General shall report to the 
        congressional committees referred to in paragraph (2), after the 
        end of each semiannual period beginning on January 1 and July 1, 
        the aggregate number of enforcement actions taken by the 
        Department of Justice under this Act during that semiannual 
        period and, by case, any sentences imposed, except that such 
        report shall not include the names of individuals, or personally 
        identifiable information, that is not already a matter of public 
        record.
            ``(2) Committees.--The congressional committees referred to 
        in paragraph (1) are the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs and the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
        Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives.''.

SEC. 211. INCREASED CIVIL AND CRIMINAL PENALTIES FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY 
            WITH LOBBYING DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 7 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 
U.S.C. 1606) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Whoever'' and inserting ``(a) Civil 
        Penalty.--Whoever'';
            (2) by striking ``$50,000'' and inserting ``$200,000''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(b) Criminal Penalty.--Whoever knowingly and corruptly fails to 
comply with any provision of this Act shall be imprisoned for not more 
than 5 years or fined under title 18, United States Code, or both.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 2 USC 1606 note.>> Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a) shall apply to any violation committed on or after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 212. ELECTRONIC FILING AND PUBLIC DATABASE FOR LOBBYISTS FOR 
            FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) Electronic Filing.--Section 2 of the Foreign Agents Registration 
Act of 1938, as amended (22 U.S.C. 612), is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Electronic Filing of Registration Statements and 
Supplements.--A registration statement or supplement required to be 
filed under this section shall be filed in electronic form, in addition 
to any other form that may be required by the Attorney General.''.
    (b) Public Database.--Section 6 of the Foreign Agents Registration 
Act of 1938, as amended (22 U.S.C. 616), is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Public Database of Registration Statements and Updates.--
            ``(1) In general.--The <<NOTE: Internet.>> Attorney General 
        shall maintain, and make available to the public over the 
        Internet, without a fee or other access charge, in a searchable, 
        sortable, and downloadable manner, to the extent technically 
        practicable, an electronic database that--
                    ``(A) includes the information contained in 
                registration statements and updates filed under this 
                Act; and
                    ``(B) is searchable and sortable, at a minimum, by 
                each of the categories of information described in 
                section 2(a).

[[Page 121 STAT. 750]]

            ``(2) Accountability.--The Attorney General shall make each 
        registration statement and update filed in electronic form 
        pursuant to section 2(g) available for public inspection over 
        the Internet as soon as technically practicable after the 
        registration statement or update is filed.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 22 USC 612 note.>> Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by this section shall take effect on the 90th day after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 213. COMPTROLLER GENERAL AUDIT AND ANNUAL REPORT.

    (a) Annual Audits and Reports.--The Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 
(2 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 26. <<NOTE: 2 USC 1614.>> ANNUAL AUDITS AND REPORTS BY 
            COMPTROLLER GENERAL.

    ``(a) Audit.--On an annual basis, the Comptroller General shall 
audit the extent of compliance or noncompliance with the requirements of 
this Act by lobbyists, lobbying firms, and registrants through a random 
sampling of publicly available lobbying registrations and reports filed 
under this Act during each calendar year.
    ``(b) Reports to Congress.--
            ``(1) Annual reports.--Not later than April 1 of each year, 
        the Comptroller General shall submit to the Congress a report on 
        the review required by subsection (a) for the preceding calendar 
        year. The report shall include the Comptroller General's 
        assessment of the matters required to be emphasized by that 
        subsection and any recommendations of the Comptroller General 
        to--
                    ``(A) improve the compliance by lobbyists, lobbying 
                firms, and registrants with the requirements of this 
                Act; and
                    ``(B) provide the Department of Justice with the 
                resources and authorities needed for the effective 
                enforcement of this Act.
            ``(2) Assessment of compliance.--The annual report under 
        paragraph (1) shall include an assessment of compliance by 
        registrants with the requirements of section 4(b)(3).

    ``(c) Access to Information.--The Comptroller General may, in 
carrying out this section, request information from and access to any 
relevant documents from any person registered under paragraph (1) or (2) 
of section 4(a) and each employee who is listed as a lobbyist under 
section 4(b)(6) or section 5(b)(2)(C) if the material requested relates 
to the purposes of this section. The Comptroller General may request 
such person to submit in writing such information as the Comptroller 
General may prescribe. The Comptroller General may notify the Congress 
in writing if a person from whom information has been requested under 
this subsection refuses to comply with the request within 45 days after 
the request is made.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 2 USC 1614 note.>> Initial Audit and Report.--The 
initial audit under subsection (a) of section 26 of the Lobbying 
Disclosure Act of 1995 (as added by subsection (a) of this section) 
shall be made with respect to lobbying registrations and reports filed 
during the first calendar quarter of 2008, and the initial report under 
subsection (b) of such section shall be filed, with respect to those 
registrations and reports, not later than 6 months after the end of that 
calendar quarter.

[[Page 121 STAT. 751]]

SEC. 214. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) the use of a family relationship by a lobbyist who is an 
        immediate family member of a Member of Congress to gain special 
        advantages over other lobbyists is inappropriate; and
            (2) the lobbying community should develop proposals for 
        multiple self-regulatory organizations which could--
                    (A) provide for the creation of standards for the 
                organizations appropriate to the type of lobbying and 
                individuals to be served;
                    (B) provide training for the lobbying community on 
                law, ethics, reporting requirements, and disclosure 
                requirements;
                    (C) provide for the development of educational 
                materials for the public on how to responsibly hire a 
                lobbyist or lobby firm;
                    (D) provide standards regarding reasonable fees 
                charged to clients;
                    (E) provide for the creation of a third-party 
                certification program that includes ethics training; and
                    (F) provide for disclosure of requirements to 
                clients regarding fee schedules and conflict of interest 
                rules.

SEC. 215. <<NOTE: 2 USC 434 note.>> EFFECTIVE DATE.

    Except as otherwise provided in sections 203, 204, 206, 211, 212, 
and 213, the amendments made by this title shall apply with respect to 
registrations under the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 having an 
effective date of January 1, 2008, or later and with respect to 
quarterly reports under that Act covering calendar quarters beginning on 
or after January 1, 2008.

       TITLE III--MATTERS RELATING TO THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SEC. 301. DISCLOSURE BY MEMBERS AND STAFF OF EMPLOYMENT NEGOTIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The Rules of the House of Representatives are 
amended by redesignating rules XXVII and XXVIII as rules XXVIII and 
XXIX, respectively, and by inserting after rule XXVI the following new 
rule:

                              ``RULE XXVII

      ``Disclosure by Members and Staff of Employment Negotiations

    ``1. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> A Member, Delegate, or Resident 
Commissioner shall not directly negotiate or have any agreement of 
future employment or compensation until after his or her successor has 
been elected, unless such Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner, 
within 3 business days after the commencement of such negotiation or 
agreement of future employment or compensation, files with the Committee 
on Standards of Official Conduct a statement, which must be signed by 
the Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner, regarding such 
negotiations or agreement, including the

[[Page 121 STAT. 752]]

name of the private entity or entities involved in such negotiations or 
agreement, and the date such negotiations or agreement commenced.

    ``2. <<NOTE: Notification.>> An officer or an employee of the House 
earning in excess of 75 percent of the salary paid to a Member shall 
notify the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct that he or she is 
negotiating or has any agreement of future employment or compensation.

    ``3. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> The disclosure and notification under this 
rule shall be made within 3 business days after the commencement of such 
negotiation or agreement of future employment or compensation.

    ``4. <<NOTE: Notification.>> A Member, Delegate, or Resident 
Commissioner, and an officer or employee to whom this rule applies, 
shall recuse himself or herself from any matter in which there is a 
conflict of interest or an appearance of a conflict for that Member, 
Delegate, Resident Commissioner, officer, or employee under this rule 
and shall notify the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct of such 
recusal. A <<NOTE: Public information.>> Member, Delegate, or Resident 
Commissioner making such recusal shall, upon such recusal, submit to the 
Clerk for public disclosure the statement of disclosure under clause 1 
with respect to which the recusal was made.''.

    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply to 
negotiations commenced, and agreements entered into, on or after that 
date.

SEC. 302. PROHIBITION ON LOBBYING CONTACTS WITH SPOUSE OF MEMBER WHO IS 
            A REGISTERED LOBBYIST.

    Rule XXV of the Rules of the House of Representatives is amended by 
adding at the end the following new clause:
    ``7. A Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner shall prohibit all 
staff employed by that Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner 
(including staff in personal, committee, and leadership offices) from 
making any lobbying contact (as defined in section 3 of the Lobbying 
Disclosure Act of 1995) with that individual's spouse if that spouse is 
a lobbyist under the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 or is employed or 
retained by such a lobbyist for the purpose of influencing 
legislation.''.

SEC. 303. TREATMENT OF FIRMS AND OTHER BUSINESSES WHOSE MEMBERS SERVE AS 
            HOUSE COMMITTEE CONSULTANTS.

    Clause 18(b) of rule XXIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives is amended by adding at the end the following: ``In the 
case of such an individual who is a member or employee of a firm, 
partnership, or other business organization, the other members and 
employees of the firm, partnership, or other business organization shall 
be subject to the same restrictions on lobbying that apply to the 
individual under this paragraph.''.

SEC. 304. <<NOTE: 2 USC 104e.>> POSTING OF TRAVEL AND FINANCIAL 
            DISCLOSURE REPORTS ON PUBLIC WEBSITE OF CLERK OF THE HOUSE 
            OF REPRESENTATIVES.

    (a) Requiring Posting on Internet.--The Clerk of the House of 
Representatives shall post on the public Internet site of the Office of 
the Clerk, in a format that is searchable, sortable, and downloadable, 
to the extent technically practicable, each of the following:

[[Page 121 STAT. 753]]

            (1) The advance authorizations, certifications, and 
        disclosures filed with respect to transportation, lodging, and 
        related expenses for travel under clause 5(b) of rule XXV of the 
        Rules of the House of Representatives by Members (including 
        Delegates and Resident Commissioners to the Congress), officers, 
        and employees of the House.
            (2) The reports filed under section 103(h)(1) of the Ethics 
        in Government Act of 1978 by Members of the House of 
        Representatives (including Delegates and Resident Commissioners 
        to the Congress).

    (b) Applicability and Timing.--
            (1) Applicability.--Subject to paragraph (2), subsection (a) 
        shall apply with respect to information received by the Clerk of 
        the House of Representatives on or after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>> Timing.--The Clerk of the House of 
        Representatives shall--
                    (A) not later than August 1, 2008, post the 
                information required by subsection (a) that the Clerk 
                receives by June 1, 2008; and
                    (B) not later than the end of each 45-day period 
                occurring after information is required to be posted 
                under subparagraph (A), post the information required by 
                subsection (a) that the Clerk has received since the 
                last posting under this subsection.
            (3) Omission of personally identifiable information.--
        Members of the House of Representatives (including Delegates and 
        Resident Commissioners to the Congress) shall be permitted to 
        omit personally identifiable information not required to be 
        disclosed on the reports posted on the public Internet site 
        under this section (such as home address, Social Security 
        numbers, personal bank account numbers, home telephone, and 
        names of children) prior to the posting of such reports on such 
        public Internet site.
            (4) Assistance in protecting personal information.--The 
        Clerk of the House of Representatives, in consultation with the 
        Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, shall include in any 
        informational materials concerning any disclosure that will be 
        posted on the public Internet site under this section an 
        explanation of the procedures for protecting personally 
        identifiable information as described in this section.

    (c) <<NOTE: Records.>> Retention.--The Clerk shall maintain the 
information posted on the public Internet site of the Office of the 
Clerk under this section for a period of 6 years after receiving the 
information.

SEC. 305. PROHIBITING PARTICIPATION IN LOBBYIST-SPONSORED EVENTS DURING 
            POLITICAL CONVENTIONS.

    Rule XXV of the Rules of the House of Representatives, as amended by 
section 302, is amended by adding at the end the following new clause:
    ``8. During the dates on which the national political party to which 
a Member (including a Delegate or Resident Commissioner) belongs holds 
its convention to nominate a candidate for the office of President or 
Vice President, the Member may not participate in an event honoring that 
Member, other than in his or her capacity as a candidate for such 
office, if such event is directly paid for by a registered lobbyist 
under the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995

[[Page 121 STAT. 754]]

or a private entity that retains or employs such a registered 
lobbyist.''.

SEC. 306. <<NOTE: 2 USC 104e note.>> EXERCISE OF RULEMAKING AUTHORITY.

    The provisions of this title are adopted by the House of 
Representatives--
            (1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the House; and
            (2) with full recognition of the constitutional right of the 
        House to change those rules at any time, in the same manner, and 
        to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of the 
        House.

             TITLE IV--CONGRESSIONAL PENSION ACCOUNTABILITY

SEC. 401. LOSS OF PENSIONS ACCRUED DURING SERVICE AS A MEMBER OF 
            CONGRESS FOR ABUSING THE PUBLIC TRUST.

    (a) Civil Service Retirement System.--Section 8332 of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(o)(1) <<NOTE: Applicability.>> Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this subchapter, the service of an individual finally 
convicted of an offense described in paragraph (2) shall not be taken 
into account for purposes of this subchapter, except that this sentence 
applies only to service rendered as a Member (irrespective of when 
rendered). Any such individual (or other person determined under section 
8342(c), if applicable) shall be entitled to be paid so much of such 
individual's lump-sum credit as is attributable to service to which the 
preceding sentence applies.

    ``(2)(A) An offense described in this paragraph is any offense 
described in subparagraph (B) for which the following apply:
            ``(i) Every act or omission of the individual (referred to 
        in paragraph (1)) that is needed to satisfy the elements of the 
        offense occurs while the individual is a Member.
            ``(ii) Every act or omission of the individual that is 
        needed to satisfy the elements of the offense directly relates 
        to the performance of the individual's official duties as a 
        Member.
            ``(iii) The offense is committed after the date of enactment 
        of this subsection.

    ``(B) An offense described in this subparagraph is only the 
following, and only to the extent that the offense is a felony:
            ``(i) An offense under section 201 of title 18 (relating to 
        bribery of public officials and witnesses).
            ``(ii) An offense under section 219 of title 18 (relating to 
        officers and employees acting as agents of foreign principals).
            ``(iii) An offense under section 1343 of title 18 (relating 
        to fraud by wire, radio, or television, including as part of a 
        scheme to deprive citizens of honest services thereby).
            ``(iv) An offense under section 104(a) of the Foreign 
        Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (relating to prohibited foreign 
        trade practices by domestic concerns).
            ``(v) An offense under section 1957 of title 18 (relating to 
        engaging in monetary transactions in property derived from 
        specified unlawful activity).

[[Page 121 STAT. 755]]

            ``(vi) An offense under section 1512 of title 18 (relating 
        to tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant).
            ``(vii) An offense under chapter 96 of title 18 (relating to 
        racketeer influenced and corrupt organizations).
            ``(viii) An offense under section 371 of title 18 (relating 
        to conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud United States), to 
        the extent of any conspiracy to commit an act which 
        constitutes--
                    ``(I) an offense under clause (i), (ii), (iii), 
                (iv), (v), (vi), or (vii); or
                    ``(II) an offense under section 207 of title 18 
                (relating to restrictions on former officers, employees, 
                and elected officials of the executive and legislative 
                branches).
            ``(ix) Perjury committed under section 1621 of title 18 in 
        falsely denying the commission of an act which constitutes--
                    ``(I) an offense under clause (i), (ii), (iii), 
                (iv), (v), (vi), or (vii); or
                    ``(II) an offense under clause (viii), to the extent 
                provided in such clause.
            ``(x) Subornation of perjury committed under section 1622 of 
        title 18 in connection with the false denial or false testimony 
        of another individual as specified in clause (ix).

    ``(3) An individual convicted of an offense described in paragraph 
(2) shall not, after the date of the final conviction, be eligible to 
participate in the retirement system under this subchapter or chapter 84 
while serving as a Member.
    ``(4) <<NOTE: Regulations.>> The Office of Personnel Management 
shall prescribe any regulations necessary to carry out this subsection. 
Such regulations shall include--
            ``(A) provisions under which interest on any lump-sum 
        payment under the second sentence of paragraph (1) shall be 
        limited in a manner similar to that specified in the last 
        sentence of section 8316(b); and
            ``(B) provisions under which the Office may provide for--
                    ``(i) the payment, to the spouse or children of any 
                individual referred to in the first sentence of 
                paragraph (1), of any amounts which (but for this 
                clause) would otherwise have been nonpayable by reason 
                of such first sentence, subject to paragraph (5); and
                    ``(ii) an appropriate adjustment in the amount of 
                any lump-sum payment under the second sentence of 
                paragraph (1) to reflect the application of clause (i).

    ``(5) Regulations to carry out clause (i) of paragraph (4)(B) shall 
include provisions to ensure that the authority to make any payment to 
the spouse or children of an individual under such clause shall be 
available only to the extent that the application of such clause is 
considered necessary and appropriate taking into account the totality of 
the circumstances, including the financial needs of the spouse or 
children, whether the spouse or children participated in an offense 
described in paragraph (2) of which such individual was finally 
convicted, and what measures, if any, may be necessary to ensure that 
the convicted individual does not benefit from any such payment.
    ``(6) For purposes of this subsection--
            ``(A) the terms `finally convicted' and `final conviction' 
        refer to a conviction (i) which has not been appealed and is no 
        longer appealable because the time for taking an appeal has

[[Page 121 STAT. 756]]

        expired, or (ii) which has been appealed and the appeals process 
        for which is completed;
            ``(B) the term `Member' has the meaning given such term by 
        section 2106, notwithstanding section 8331(2); and
            ``(C) the term `child' has the meaning given such term by 
        section 8341.''.

    (b) Federal Employees' Retirement System.--Section 8411 of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(l)(1) <<NOTE: Applicability.>> Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this chapter, the service of an individual finally 
convicted of an offense described in paragraph (2) shall not be taken 
into account for purposes of this chapter, except that this sentence 
applies only to service rendered as a Member (irrespective of when 
rendered). Any such individual (or other person determined under section 
8424(d), if applicable) shall be entitled to be paid so much of such 
individual's lump-sum credit as is attributable to service to which the 
preceding sentence applies.

    ``(2) An offense described in this paragraph is any offense 
described in section 8332(o)(2)(B) for which the following apply:
            ``(A) Every act or omission of the individual (referred to 
        in paragraph (1)) that is needed to satisfy the elements of the 
        offense occurs while the individual is a Member.
            ``(B) Every act or omission of the individual that is needed 
        to satisfy the elements of the offense directly relates to the 
        performance of the individual's official duties as a Member.
            ``(C) The offense is committed after the date of enactment 
        of this subsection.

    ``(3) An individual convicted of an offense described in paragraph 
(2) shall not, after the date of the final conviction, be eligible to 
participate in the retirement system under this chapter while serving as 
a Member.
    ``(4) <<NOTE: Regulations.>> The Office of Personnel Management 
shall prescribe any regulations necessary to carry out this subsection. 
Such regulations shall include--
            ``(A) provisions under which interest on any lump-sum 
        payment under the second sentence of paragraph (1) shall be 
        limited in a manner similar to that specified in the last 
        sentence of section 8316(b); and
            ``(B) provisions under which the Office may provide for--
                    ``(i) the payment, to the spouse or children of any 
                individual referred to in the first sentence of 
                paragraph (1), of any amounts which (but for this 
                clause) would otherwise have been nonpayable by reason 
                of such first sentence, subject to paragraph (5); and
                    ``(ii) an appropriate adjustment in the amount of 
                any lump-sum payment under the second sentence of 
                paragraph (1) to reflect the application of clause (i).

    ``(5) Regulations to carry out clause (i) of paragraph (4)(B) shall 
include provisions to ensure that the authority to make any payment 
under such clause to the spouse or children of an individual shall be 
available only to the extent that the application of such clause is 
considered necessary and appropriate taking into account the totality of 
the circumstances, including the financial needs of the spouse or 
children, whether the spouse or children participated in an offense 
described in paragraph (2) of which such individual was finally 
convicted, and what measures, if any,

[[Page 121 STAT. 757]]

may be necessary to ensure that the convicted individual does not 
benefit from any such payment.
    ``(6) For purposes of this subsection--
            ``(A) the terms `finally convicted' and `final conviction' 
        refer to a conviction (i) which has not been appealed and is no 
        longer appealable because the time for taking an appeal has 
        expired, or (ii) which has been appealed and the appeals process 
        for which is completed;
            ``(B) the term `Member' has the meaning given such term by 
        section 2106, notwithstanding section 8401(20); and
            ``(C) the term `child' has the meaning given such term by 
        section 8441.''.

       TITLE V--SENATE LEGISLATIVE TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY

                      Subtitle A--Procedural Reform

SEC. 511. AMENDMENTS TO RULE XXVIII.

    (a) Out of Scope Material Amendment.--Rule XXVIII of the Standing 
Rules of the Senate is amended by--
            (1) redesignating paragraphs 4 through 6 as paragraphs 6 
        through 8, respectively; and
            (2) striking paragraphs 2 and 3 and inserting the following:

    ``2. (a) Conferees shall not insert in their report matter not 
committed to them by either House, nor shall they strike from the bill 
matter agreed to by both Houses.
    ``(b) If matter which was agreed to by both Houses is stricken from 
the bill a point of order may be made against the report, and if the 
point of order is sustained, the report is rejected or shall be 
recommitted to the committee of conference if the House of 
Representatives has not already acted thereon.
    ``(c) If new matter is inserted in the report, a point of order may 
be made against the conference report and it shall be disposed of as 
provided under paragraph 4.
    ``3. (a) In any case in which a disagreement to an amendment in the 
nature of a substitute has been referred to conferees--
            ``(1) it shall be in order for the conferees to report a 
        substitute on the same subject matter;
            ``(2) the conferees may not include in the report matter not 
        committed to them by either House; and
            ``(3) the conferees may include in their report in any such 
        case matter which is a germane modification of subjects in 
        disagreement.

    ``(b) In any case in which the conferees violate subparagraph (a), a 
point of order may be made against the conference report and it shall be 
disposed of as provided under paragraph 4.
    ``4. (a) A Senator may raise a point of order that one or more 
provisions of a conference report violates paragraph 2 or paragraph 3, 
as the case may be. The Presiding Officer may sustain the point of order 
as to some or all of the provisions against which the Senator raised the 
point of order.
    ``(b) If the Presiding Officer sustains the point of order as to any 
of the provisions against which the Senator raised the point of order, 
then those provisions against which the Presiding

[[Page 121 STAT. 758]]

Officer sustains the point of order shall be stricken. After all other 
points of order under this paragraph have been disposed of--
            ``(1) the Senate shall proceed to consider the question of 
        whether the Senate should recede from its amendment to the House 
        bill, or its disagreement to the amendment of the House, and 
        concur with a further amendment, which further amendment shall 
        consist of only that portion of the conference report that has 
        not been stricken;
            ``(2) the question in clause (1) shall be decided under the 
        same debate limitation as the conference report; and
            ``(3) no further amendment shall be in order.

    ``5. (a) Any Senator may move to waive any or all points of order 
under paragraph 2 or 3 with respect to the pending conference report by 
an affirmative vote of three-fifths of the Members, duly chosen and 
sworn. All motions to waive under this paragraph shall be debatable 
collectively for not to exceed 1 hour equally divided between the 
Majority Leader and the Minority Leader or their designees. A motion to 
waive all points of order under this paragraph shall not be amendable.
    ``(b) All appeals from rulings of the Chair under paragraph 4 shall 
be debatable collectively for not to exceed 1 hour, equally divided 
between the Majority and the Minority Leader or their designees. An 
affirmative vote of three-fifths of the Members of the Senate, duly 
chosen and sworn, shall be required in the Senate to sustain an appeal 
of the ruling of the Chair under paragraph 4.''.
    (b) Public Availability Amendment.--
            (1) In general.--Rule XXVIII of the Standing Rules of the 
        Senate is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ``9. (a)(1) It shall not be in order to vote on the adoption of a 
report of a committee of conference unless such report has been 
available to Members and to the general public for at least 48 hours 
before such vote. If a point of order is sustained under this paragraph, 
then the conference report shall be set aside.
    ``(2) For purposes of this paragraph, a report of a committee of 
conference is made available to the general public as of the time it is 
posted on a publicly accessible website controlled by a Member, 
committee, Library of Congress, or other office of Congress, or the 
Government Printing Office, as reported to the Presiding Officer by the 
Secretary of the Senate.
    ``(b)(1) This paragraph may be waived in the Senate with respect to 
the pending conference report by an affirmative vote of three-fifths of 
the Members, duly chosen and sworn. A motion to waive this paragraph 
shall be debatable for not to exceed 1 hour equally divided between the 
Majority Leader and the Minority Leader or their designees.
    ``(2) An affirmative vote of three-fifths of the Members, duly 
chosen and sworn, shall be required to sustain an appeal of the ruling 
of the Chair on a point of order raised under this paragraph. An appeal 
of the ruling of the Chair shall be debatable for not to exceed 1 hour 
equally divided between the Majority and the Minority Leader or their 
designees
    ``(c) This paragraph may be waived by joint agreement of the 
Majority Leader and the Minority Leader of the Senate, upon their 
certification that such waiver is necessary as a result of a significant 
disruption to Senate facilities or to the availability of the 
Internet.''.

[[Page 121 STAT. 759]]

            (2) Implementation.--
        Not <<NOTE: Deadline. Regulations.>> later than 60 days after 
        the date of enactment of this section, the Committee on Rules 
        and Administration, in consultation with the Secretary of the 
        Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives, and the 
        Government Printing Office shall promulgate regulations for the 
        implementation of the requirements of paragraph 9 of rule XXVIII 
        of the Standing Rules of the Senate, as added by this section.

SEC. 512. <<NOTE: 2 USC 30b.>> NOTICE OF OBJECTING TO PROCEEDING.

    (a) In General.--The Majority and Minority Leaders of the Senate or 
their designees shall recognize a notice of intent of a Senator who is a 
member of their caucus to object to proceeding to a measure or matter 
only if the Senator--
            (1) following the objection to a unanimous consent to 
        proceeding to, and, or passage of, a measure or matter on their 
        behalf, submits the notice of intent in writing to the 
        appropriate leader or their designee; and
            (2) not later than 6 session days after the submission under 
        paragraph (1), submits for inclusion in the Congressional Record 
        and in the applicable calendar section described in subsection 
        (b) the following notice:

    ``I, Senator ____, intend to object to proceedings to ____, dated 
____ for the following reasons____.''.
    (b) Calendar.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Senate shall establish 
        for both the Senate Calendar of Business and the Senate 
        Executive Calendar a separate section entitled ``Notice of 
        Intent to Object to Proceeding''.
            (2) Content.--The section required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    (A) the name of each Senator filing a notice under 
                subsection (a)(2);
                    (B) the measure or matter covered by the calendar 
                that the Senator objects to; and
                    (C) the date the objection was filed.
            (3) Notice.--A Senator who has notified their respective 
        leader and who has withdrawn their objection within the 6 
        session day period is not required to submit a notification 
        under subsection (a)(2).

    (c) Removal.--A Senator may have an item with respect to the Senator 
removed from a calendar to which it was added under subsection (b) by 
submitting for inclusion in the Congressional Record the following 
notice:
    ``I, Senator ____, do not object to proceed to ____, dated ____.''.

SEC. 513. PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF SENATE COMMITTEE AND SUBCOMMITTEE 
            MEETINGS.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph 5(e) of rule XXVI of the Standing Rules 
of the Senate is amended by--
            (1) inserting after ``(e)'' the following: ``(1)''; and
            (2) adding at the end the following:

    ``(2)(A) <<NOTE: Internet. Deadline.>> Except with respect to 
meetings closed in accordance with this rule, each committee and 
subcommittee shall make publicly available through the Internet a video 
recording, audio recording, or transcript of any meeting not later than 
21 business days after the meeting occurs.

[[Page 121 STAT. 760]]

    ``(B) Information required by subclause (A) shall be available until 
the end of the Congress following the date of the meeting.
    ``(C) The Committee on Rules and Administration may waive this 
clause upon request based on the inability of a committee or 
subcommittee to comply with this clause due to technical or logistical 
reasons.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect 90 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 514. AMENDMENTS AND MOTIONS TO RECOMMIT.

    Paragraph 1 of rule XV of the Standing Rules of the Senate is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``1. (a) An amendment and any instruction accompanying a motion to 
recommit shall be reduced to writing and read and identical copies shall 
be provided by the Senator offering the amendment or instruction to the 
desks of the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader before being 
debated.
    ``(b) A motion shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the 
Presiding Officer or by any Senator, and shall be read before being 
debated.''.

SEC. 515. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON CONFERENCE COMMITTEE PROTOCOLS.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) conference committees should hold regular, formal 
        meetings of all conferees that are open to the public;
            (2) all conferees should be given adequate notice of the 
        time and place of all such meetings;
            (3) all conferees should be afforded an opportunity to 
        participate in full and complete debates of the matters that 
        such conference committees may recommend to their respective 
        Houses; and
            (4) the text of a report of a committee of conference shall 
        not be changed after the Senate signature sheets have been 
        signed by a majority of the Senate conferees.

                       Subtitle B--Earmark Reform

SEC. 521. CONGRESSIONALLY DIRECTED SPENDING.

    The Standing Rules of the Senate are amended by adding at the end 
the following:

                               ``RULE XLIV

          ``Congressionally Directed Spending and Related Items

    ``1. <<NOTE: Certification.>> (a) It shall not be in order to vote 
on a motion to proceed to consider a bill or joint resolution reported 
by any committee unless the chairman of the committee of jurisdiction or 
the Majority Leader or his or her designee certifies--
            ``(1) that each congressionally directed spending item, 
        limited tax benefit, and limited tariff benefit, if any, in the 
        bill or joint resolution, or in the committee report 
        accompanying the bill or joint resolution, has been identified 
        through lists, charts, or other similar means including the name 
        of each Senator who submitted a request to the committee for 
        each item so identified; and

[[Page 121 STAT. 761]]

            ``(2) <<NOTE: Website.>> that the information in clause (1) 
        has been available on a publicly accessible congressional 
        website in a searchable format at least 48 hours before such 
        vote.

    ``(b) If a point of order is sustained under this paragraph, the 
motion to proceed shall be suspended until the sponsor of the motion or 
his or her designee has requested resumption and compliance with this 
paragraph has been achieved.
    ``2. <<NOTE: Certification.>> (a) It shall not be in order to vote 
on a motion to proceed to consider a Senate bill or joint resolution not 
reported by committee unless the chairman of the committee of 
jurisdiction or the Majority Leader or his or her designee certifies--
            ``(1) that each congressionally directed spending item, 
        limited tax benefit, and limited tariff benefit, if any, in the 
        bill or joint resolution, has been identified through lists, 
        charts, or other similar means, including the name of each 
        Senator who submitted a request to the sponsor of the bill or 
        joint resolution for each item so identified; and
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Website.>> that the information in clause (1) 
        has been available on a publicly accessible congressional 
        website in a searchable format at least 48 hours before such 
        vote.

    ``(b) If a point of order is sustained under this paragraph, the 
motion to proceed shall be suspended until the sponsor of the motion or 
his or her designee has requested resumption and compliance with this 
paragraph has been achieved.
    ``3. <<NOTE: Certification.>> (a) It shall not be in order to vote 
on the adoption of a report of a committee of conference unless the 
chairman of the committee of jurisdiction or the Majority Leader or his 
or her designee certifies--
            ``(1) that each congressionally directed spending item, 
        limited tax benefit, and limited tariff benefit, if any, in the 
        conference report, or in the joint statement of managers 
        accompanying the conference report, has been identified through 
        lists, charts, or other means, including the name of each 
        Senator who submitted a request to the committee of jurisdiction 
        for each item so identified; and
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Website.>> that the information in clause (1) 
        has been available on a publicly accessible congressional 
        website at least 48 hours before such vote.

    ``(b) If a point of order is sustained under this paragraph, then 
the conference report shall be set aside.
    ``4. <<NOTE: Congressional Record, publication.>> (a) If during 
consideration of a bill or joint resolution, a Senator proposes an 
amendment containing a congressionally directed spending item, limited 
tax benefit, or limited tariff benefit which was not included in the 
bill or joint resolution as placed on the calendar or as reported by any 
committee, in a committee report on such bill or joint resolution, or a 
committee report of the Senate on a companion measure, then as soon as 
practicable, the Senator shall ensure that a list of such items (and the 
name of any Senator who submitted a request to the Senator for each 
respective item included in the list) is printed in the Congressional 
Record.

    ``(b) If a committee reports a bill or joint resolution that 
includes congressionally directed spending items, limited tax benefits, 
or limited tariff benefits in the bill or joint resolution, or in the 
committee report accompanying the bill or joint resolution, the 
committee shall as soon as practicable identify on a publicly accessible 
congressional website each such item through lists, charts,

[[Page 121 STAT. 762]]

or other similar means, including the name of each Senator who submitted 
a request to the committee for each item so identified. Availability on 
the Internet of a committee report that contains the information 
described in this subparagraph shall satisfy the requirements of this 
subparagraph.
    ``(c) To the extent technically feasible, information made available 
on publicly accessible congressional websites under paragraphs 3 and 4 
shall be provided in a searchable format.
    ``5. For the purpose of this rule--
            ``(a) the term `congressionally directed spending item' 
        means a provision or report language included primarily at the 
        request of a Senator providing, authorizing, or recommending a 
        specific amount of discretionary budget authority, credit 
        authority, or other spending authority for a contract, loan, 
        loan guarantee, grant, loan authority, or other expenditure with 
        or to an entity, or targeted to a specific State, locality or 
        Congressional district, other than through a statutory or 
        administrative formula-driven or competitive award process;
            ``(b) the term `limited tax benefit' means--
                    ``(1) any revenue provision that--
                          ``(A) provides a Federal tax deduction, 
                      credit, exclusion, or preference to a particular 
                      beneficiary or limited group of beneficiaries 
                      under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and
                          ``(B) contains eligibility criteria that are 
                      not uniform in application with respect to 
                      potential beneficiaries of such provision;
            ``(c) the term `limited tariff benefit' means a provision 
        modifying the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States in 
        a manner that benefits 10 or fewer entities; and
            ``(d) except as used in subparagraph 8(e), the term `item' 
        when not preceded by `congressionally directed spending' means 
        any provision that is a congressionally directed spending item, 
        a limited tax benefit, or a limited tariff benefit.

    ``6. (a) <<NOTE: Statement. Certification.>> A Senator who requests 
a congressionally directed spending item, a limited tax benefit, or a 
limited tariff benefit in any bill or joint resolution (or an 
accompanying report) or in any conference report (or an accompanying 
joint statement of managers) shall provide a written statement to the 
chairman and ranking member of the committee of jurisdiction, 
including--
            ``(1) the name of the Senator;
            ``(2) in the case of a congressionally directed spending 
        item, the name and location of the intended recipient or, if 
        there is no specifically intended recipient, the intended 
        location of the activity;
            ``(3) in the case of a limited tax or tariff benefit, 
        identification of the individual or entities reasonably 
        anticipated to benefit, to the extent known to the Senator;
            ``(4) the purpose of such congressionally directed spending 
        item or limited tax or tariff benefit; and
            ``(5) a certification that neither the Senator nor the 
        Senator's immediate family has a pecuniary interest in the item, 
        consistent with the requirements of paragraph 9.

    ``(b) <<NOTE: Public information. Internet.>> With respect to each 
item included in a Senate bill or joint resolution (or accompanying 
report) reported by committee or considered by the Senate, or included 
in a conference report (or joint statement of managers accompanying the 
conference report)

[[Page 121 STAT. 763]]

considered by the Senate, each committee of jurisdiction shall make 
available for public inspection on the Internet the certifications under 
subparagraph (a)(5) as soon as practicable.

    ``7. In the case of a bill, joint resolution, or conference report 
that contains congressionally directed spending items in any classified 
portion of a report accompanying the measure, the committee of 
jurisdiction shall, to the greatest extent practicable, consistent with 
the need to protect national security (including intelligence sources 
and methods), include on the list required by paragraph 1, 2, or 3 as 
the case may be, a general program description in unclassified language, 
funding level, and the name of the sponsor of that congressionally 
directed spending item.
    ``8. (a) A Senator may raise a point of order against one or more 
provisions of a conference report if they constitute new directed 
spending provisions. The Presiding Officer may sustain the point of 
order as to some or all of the provisions against which the Senator 
raised the point of order.
    ``(b) If the Presiding Officer sustains the point of order as to any 
of the provisions against which the Senator raised the point of order, 
then those provisions against which the Presiding Officer sustains the 
point of order shall be stricken. After all other points of order under 
this paragraph have been disposed of--
            ``(1) the Senate shall proceed to consider the question of 
        whether the Senate should recede from its amendment to the House 
        bill, or its disagreement to the amendment of the House, and 
        concur with a further amendment, which further amendment shall 
        consist of only that portion of the conference report that has 
        not been stricken; and
            ``(2) the question in clause (1) shall be decided under the 
        same debate limitation as the conference report and no further 
        amendment shall be in order.

    ``(c) Any Senator may move to waive any or all points of order under 
this paragraph with respect to the pending conference report by an 
affirmative vote of three-fifths of the Members, duly chosen and sworn. 
All motions to waive under this paragraph shall be debatable 
collectively for not to exceed 1 hour equally divided between the 
Majority Leader and the Minority Leader or their designees. A motion to 
waive all points of order under this paragraph shall not be amendable.
    ``(d) All appeals from rulings of the Chair under this paragraph 
shall be debatable collectively for not to exceed 1 hour, equally 
divided between the Majority and the Minority Leader or their designees. 
An affirmative vote of three-fifths of the Members of the Senate, duly 
chosen and sworn, shall be required in the Senate to sustain an appeal 
of the ruling of the Chair under this paragraph.
    ``(e) The term `new directed spending provision' as used in this 
paragraph means any item that consists of a specific provision 
containing a specific level of funding for any specific account, 
specific program, specific project, or specific activity, when no 
specific funding was provided for such specific account, specific 
program, specific project, or specific activity in the measure 
originally committed to the conferees by either House.
    ``9. No Member, officer, or employee of the Senate shall knowingly 
use his official position to introduce, request, or otherwise aid the 
progress or passage of congressionally directed spending items, limited 
tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits a principal purpose of which is 
to further only his pecuniary interest, only

[[Page 121 STAT. 764]]

the pecuniary interest of his immediate family, or only the pecuniary 
interest of a limited class of persons or enterprises, when he or his 
immediate family, or enterprises controlled by them, are members of the 
affected class.
    ``10. Any Senator may move to waive application of paragraph 1, 2, 
or 3 with respect to a measure by an affirmative vote of three-fifths of 
the Members, duly chosen and sworn. A motion to waive under this 
paragraph with respect to a measure shall be debatable for not to exceed 
1 hour equally divided between the Majority Leader and the Minority 
Leader or their designees. With respect to points of order raised under 
paragraphs 1, 2, or 3, only one appeal from a ruling of the Chair shall 
be in order, and debate on such an appeal from a ruling of the Chair on 
such point of order shall be limited to one hour.
    ``11. Any Senator may move to waive all points of order under this 
rule with respect to the pending measure or motion by an affirmative 
vote of three-fifths of the Members, duly chosen and sworn. All motions 
to waive all points of order with respect to a measure or motion as 
provided by this paragraph shall be debatable collectively for not to 
exceed 1 hour equally divided between the Majority Leader and the 
Minority Leader or their designees. A motion to waive all points of 
order with respect to a measure or motion as provided by this paragraph 
shall not be amendable.
    ``12. Paragraph 1, 2, or 3 of this rule may be waived by joint 
agreement of the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader of the Senate 
upon their certification that such waiver is necessary as a result of a 
significant disruption to Senate facilities or to the availability of 
the Internet.''.

                    Subtitle C--Revolving Door Reform

SEC. 531. POST-EMPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS.

    (a) Application to Entity.--Paragraph 8 of rule XXXVII of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate is amended by--
            (1) inserting after ``by such a registered lobbyist'' the 
        following ``or an entity that employs or retains a registered 
        lobbyist''; and
            (2) striking ``one year'' and inserting ``2 years''.

    (b) Prohibition.--Paragraph 9 of rule XXXVII of the Standing Rules 
of the Senate is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by inserting after ``by such a 
        registered lobbyist'' the following: ``or an entity that employs 
        or retains a registered lobbyist'';
            (2) in the second sentence, by inserting after ``by such a 
        registered lobbyist'' the following: ``or an entity that employs 
        or retains a registered lobbyist'';
            (3) by designating the first and second sentences as 
        subparagraphs (a) and (b), respectively; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(c) If an officer of the Senate or an employee on the staff of a 
Member or on the staff of a committee whose rate of pay is equal to or 
greater than 75 percent of the rate of pay of a Member and employed at 
such rate for more than 60 days in a calendar year, upon leaving that 
position, becomes a registered lobbyist, or is employed or retained by 
such a registered lobbyist or an entity that employs or retains a 
registered lobbyist for the

[[Page 121 STAT. 765]]

purpose of influencing legislation, such employee may not lobby any 
Member, officer, or employee of the Senate for a period of 1 year after 
leaving that position.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--Paragraph 9(c) of rule XXXVII of the Standing 
Rules of the Senate shall apply to individuals who leave office or 
employment to which such paragraph applies on or after the date of 
adjournment of the first session of the 110th Congress sine die or 
December 31, 2007, whichever date is earlier.

SEC. 532. DISCLOSURE BY MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND STAFF OF EMPLOYMENT 
            NEGOTIATIONS.

    Rule XXXVII of the Standing Rules of the Senate is amended by--
            (1) redesignating paragraph 12 as paragraph 13; and
            (2) adding after paragraph 11 the following:

    ``12. (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> A Member shall not negotiate or have 
any arrangement concerning prospective private employment until after 
his or her successor has been elected, unless such Member files a signed 
statement with the Secretary of the Senate, for public disclosure, 
regarding such negotiations or arrangements not later than 3 business 
days after the commencement of such negotiation or arrangement, 
including the name of the private entity or entities involved in such 
negotiations or arrangements, and the date such negotiations or 
arrangements commenced.

    ``(b) A Member shall not negotiate or have any arrangement 
concerning prospective employment for a job involving lobbying 
activities as defined by the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 until after 
his or her successor has been elected.
    ``(c)(1) <<NOTE: Notification.>> An employee of the Senate earning 
in excess of 75 percent of the salary paid to a Senator shall notify the 
Select Committee on Ethics that he or she is negotiating or has any 
arrangement concerning prospective private employment.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> The notification under this subparagraph 
shall be made not later than 3 business days after the commencement of 
such negotiation or arrangement.

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Applicability.>> An employee to whom this subparagraph 
applies shall--
            ``(A) recuse himself or herself from--
                    ``(i) any contact or communication with the 
                prospective employer on issues of legislative interest 
                to the prospective employer; and
                    ``(ii) any legislative matter in which there is a 
                conflict of interest or an appearance of a conflict for 
                that employee under this subparagraph; and
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Notification.>> notify the Select Committee on 
        Ethics of such recusal.''.

SEC. 533. ELIMINATION OF FLOOR PRIVILEGES FOR FORMER MEMBERS, SENATE 
            OFFICERS, AND SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE WHO ARE REGISTERED 
            LOBBYISTS OR SEEK FINANCIAL GAIN.

    Rule XXIII of the Standing Rules of the Senate is amended by--
            (1) inserting ``1.'' before ``Other'';
            (2) inserting after ``Ex-Senators and Senators-elect'' the 
        following: ``, except as provided in paragraph 2'';
            (3) inserting after ``Ex-Secretaries and ex-Sergeants at 
        Arms of the Senate'' the following: ``, except as provided in 
        paragraph 2'';

[[Page 121 STAT. 766]]

            (4) inserting after ``Ex-Speakers of the House of 
        Representatives'' the following: ``, except as provided in 
        paragraph 2''; and
            (5) adding at the end the following:

    ``2.(a) The floor privilege provided in paragraph 1 shall not apply, 
when the Senate is in session, to an individual covered by this 
paragraph who is--
            ``(1) a registered lobbyist or agent of a foreign principal; 
        or
            ``(2) in the employ of or represents any party or 
        organization for the purpose of influencing, directly or 
        indirectly, the passage, defeat, or amendment of any Federal 
        legislative proposal.

    ``(b) The Committee on Rules and Administration may promulgate 
regulations to allow individuals covered by this paragraph floor 
privileges for ceremonial functions and events designated by the 
Majority Leader and the Minority Leader.
    ``3. A former Member of the Senate may not exercise privileges to 
use Senate athletic facilities or Member-only parking spaces if such 
Member is--
            ``(a) a registered lobbyist or agent of a foreign principal; 
        or
            ``(b) in the employ of or represents any party or 
        organization for the purpose of influencing, directly or 
        indirectly, the passage, defeat, or amendment of any Federal 
        legislative proposal.''.

SEC. 534. INFLUENCING HIRING DECISIONS.

    Rule XLIII of the Standing Rules of the Senate is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``6. No Member, with the intent to influence solely on the basis of 
partisan political affiliation an employment decision or employment 
practice of any private entity, shall--
            ``(a) take or withhold, or offer or threaten to take or 
        withhold, an official act; or
            ``(b) influence, or offer or threaten to influence the 
        official act of another.''.

SEC. 535. <<NOTE: 2 USC 104f.>> NOTIFICATION OF POST-EMPLOYMENT 
            RESTRICTIONS.

    (a) In General.--After a Senator or an elected officer of the Senate 
leaves office or after the termination of employment with the Senate of 
an employee of the Senate, the Secretary of the Senate shall notify the 
Member, officer, or employee of the beginning and ending date of the 
prohibitions that apply to the Member, officer, or employee under rule 
XXXVII of the Standing Rules of the Senate.
    (b) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect 60 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act.

                   Subtitle D--Gift and Travel Reform

SEC. 541. BAN ON GIFTS FROM REGISTERED LOBBYISTS AND ENTITIES THAT HIRE 
            REGISTERED LOBBYISTS.

    Paragraph 1(a)(2) of rule XXXV of the Standing Rules of the Senate 
is amended by--
            (1) inserting ``(A)'' after ``(2)''; and
            (2) adding at the end the following:

[[Page 121 STAT. 767]]

    ``(B) A Member, officer, or employee may not knowingly accept a gift 
from a registered lobbyist, an agent of a foreign principal, or a 
private entity that retains or employs a registered lobbyist or an agent 
of a foreign principal, except as provided in subparagraphs (c) and 
(d).''.

SEC. 542. NATIONAL PARTY CONVENTIONS.

    Paragraph (1)(d) of rule XXXV of the Standing Rules of the Senate is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(5) During the dates of the national party convention for the 
political party to which a Member belongs, a Member may not participate 
in an event honoring that Member, other than in his or her capacity as 
the party's presidential or vice presidential nominee or presumptive 
nominee, if such event is directly paid for by a registered lobbyist or 
a private entity that retains or employs a registered lobbyist.''.

SEC. 543. PROPER VALUATION OF TICKETS TO ENTERTAINMENT AND SPORTING 
            EVENTS.

    Paragraph 1(c)(1) of rule XXXV of the Standing Rules of the Senate 
is amended by--
            (1) inserting ``(A)'' before ``Anything''; and
            (2) adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) The market value of a ticket to an entertainment or 
        sporting event shall be the face value of the ticket or, in the 
        case of a ticket without a face value, the value of the ticket 
        with the highest face value for the event, except that if a 
        ticket holder can establish in advance of the event to the 
        Select Committee on Ethics that the ticket at issue is 
        equivalent to another ticket with a face value, then the market 
        value shall be set at the face value of the equivalent ticket. 
        In establishing equivalency, the ticket holder shall provide 
        written and independently verifiable information related to the 
        primary features of the ticket, including, at a minimum, the 
        seat location, access to parking, availability of food and 
        refreshments, and access to venue areas not open to the public. 
        The Select Committee on Ethics may make a determination of 
        equivalency only if such information is provided in advance of 
        the event.''.

SEC. 544. RESTRICTIONS ON REGISTERED LOBBYIST PARTICIPATION IN TRAVEL 
            AND DISCLOSURE.

    (a) Prohibition.--Paragraph 2 of rule XXXV of the Standing Rules of 
the Senate is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (a)(1), by--
                    (A) adding after ``foreign principal'' the 
                following: ``or a private entity that retains or employs 
                1 or more registered lobbyists or agents of a foreign 
                principal'';
                    (B) striking the dash and inserting ``complies with 
                the requirements of this paragraph.''; and
                    (C) striking clauses (A) and (B);
            (2) by redesignating subparagraph (a)(2) as subparagraph 
        (a)(3) and adding after subparagraph (a)(1) the following:

    ``(2)(A) Notwithstanding clause (1), a reimbursement (including 
payment in kind) to a Member, officer, or employee of the Senate from an 
individual, other than a registered lobbyist or agent of a foreign 
principal, that is a private entity that retains or employs 1 or more 
registered lobbyists or agents of a foreign principal

[[Page 121 STAT. 768]]

shall be deemed to be a reimbursement to the Senate under clause (1) 
if--
            ``(i) the reimbursement is for necessary transportation, 
        lodging, and related expenses for travel to a meeting, speaking 
        engagement, factfinding trip, or similar event described in 
        clause (1) in connection with the duties of the Member, officer, 
        or employee and the reimbursement is provided only for 
        attendance at or participation for 1-day (exclusive of travel 
        time and an overnight stay) at an event described in clause (1); 
        or
            ``(ii) the reimbursement is for necessary transportation, 
        lodging, and related expenses for travel to a meeting, speaking 
        engagement, factfinding trip, or similar event described in 
        clause (1) in connection with the duties of the Member, officer, 
        or employee and the reimbursement is from an organization 
        designated under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code 
        of 1986.

    ``(B) When deciding whether to preapprove a trip under this clause, 
the Select Committee on Ethics shall make a determination consistent 
with regulations issued pursuant to section 544(b) of the Honest 
Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007. The committee through 
regulations to implement subclause (A)(i) may permit a longer stay when 
determined by the committee to be practically required to participate in 
the event, but in no event may the stay exceed 2 nights.'';
            (3) in subparagraph (a)(3), as redesignated, by striking 
        ``clause (1)'' and inserting ``clauses (1) and (2)'';
            (4) in subparagraph (b), by inserting before ``Each'' the 
        following: ``Before an employee may accept reimbursement 
        pursuant to subparagraph (a), the employee shall receive advance 
        written authorization from the Member or officer under whose 
        direct supervision the employee works.'';
            (5) in subparagraph (c)--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Records. Deadline.>> by inserting before 
                ``Each'' the following: ``Each Member, officer, or 
                employee that receives reimbursement under this 
                paragraph shall disclose the expenses reimbursed or to 
                be reimbursed, the authorization under subparagraph (b) 
                (for an employee), and a copy of the certification in 
                subparagraph (e)(1) to the Secretary of the Senate not 
                later than 30 days after the travel is completed.'';
                    (B) by striking ``subparagraph (a)(1)'' and 
                inserting ``this subparagraph'';
                    (C) in clause (5), by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon;
                    (D) by redesignating clause (6) as clause (7); and
                    (E) by inserting after clause (5) the following:
            ``(6) a description of meetings and events attended; and'';
            (6) by redesignating subparagraphs (d) and (e) as 
        subparagraphs (f) and (g), respectively;
            (7) by adding after subparagraph (c) the following:

    ``(d)(1) A Member, officer, or employee of the Senate may not accept 
a reimbursement (including payment in kind) for transportation, lodging, 
or related expenses under subparagraph (a) for a trip that was--
            ``(A) planned, organized, or arranged by or at the request 
        of a registered lobbyist or agent of a foreign principal; or

[[Page 121 STAT. 769]]

            ``(B)(i) for trips described under subparagraph (a)(2)(A)(i) 
        on which a registered lobbyist accompanies the Member, officer, 
        or employee on any segment of the trip; or
            ``(ii) for all other trips allowed under this paragraph, on 
        which a registered lobbyist accompanies the Member, officer, or 
        employee at any point throughout the trip.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Regulations.>> The Select Committee on Ethics shall 
issue regulations identifying de minimis activities by registered 
lobbyists or foreign agents that would not violate this subparagraph.

    ``(e) A Member, officer, or employee shall, before accepting travel 
otherwise permissible under this paragraph from any source--
            ``(1) provide to the Select Committee on Ethics a written 
        certification from such source that--
                    ``(A) the trip will not be financed in any part by a 
                registered lobbyist or agent of a foreign principal;
                    ``(B) the source either--
                          ``(i) does not retain or employ registered 
                      lobbyists or agents of a foreign principal and is 
                      not itself a registered lobbyist or agent of a 
                      foreign principal; or
                          ``(ii) certifies that the trip meets the 
                      requirements of subclause (i) or (ii) of 
                      subparagraph (a)(2)(A);
                    ``(C) the source will not accept from a registered 
                lobbyist or agent of a foreign principal or a private 
                entity that retains or employs 1 or more registered 
                lobbyists or agents of a foreign principal, funds 
                earmarked directly or indirectly for the purpose of 
                financing the specific trip; and
                    ``(D) the trip will not in any part be planned, 
                organized, requested, or arranged by a registered 
                lobbyist or agent of a foreign principal and the 
                traveler will not be accompanied on the trip consistent 
                with the applicable requirements of subparagraph 
                (d)(1)(B) by a registered lobbyist or agent of a foreign 
                principal, except as permitted by regulations issued 
                under subparagraph (d)(2); and
            ``(2) after the Select Committee on Ethics has promulgated 
        regulations pursuant to section 544(b) of the Honest Leadership 
        and Open Government Act of 2007, obtain the prior approval of 
        the committee for such reimbursement.''; and
            (8) by striking subparagraph (g), as redesignated, and 
        inserting the following:

    ``(g) <<NOTE: Public information.>> The Secretary of the Senate 
shall make all advance authorizations, certifications, and disclosures 
filed pursuant to this paragraph available for public inspection as soon 
as possible after they are received, but in no event prior to the 
completion of the relevant travel.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 2 USC 31-3.>> Guidelines.--
            (1) In general.--Except <<NOTE: Deadlines.>> as provided in 
        paragraph (4) and not later than 60 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act and at annual intervals thereafter, the 
        Select Committee on Ethics shall develop and revise, as 
        necessary--
                    (A) guidelines, for purposes of implementing the 
                amendments made by subsection (a), on evaluating a trip 
                proposal and judging the reasonableness of an expense or 
                expenditure, including guidelines related to 
                evaluating--
                          (i) the stated mission of the organization 
                      sponsoring the trip;

[[Page 121 STAT. 770]]

                          (ii) the organization's prior history of 
                      sponsoring congressional trips, if any;
                          (iii) other educational activities performed 
                      by the organization besides sponsoring 
                      congressional trips;
                          (iv) whether any trips previously sponsored by 
                      the organization led to an investigation by the 
                      Select Committee on Ethics;
                          (v) whether the length of the trip and the 
                      itinerary is consistent with the official purpose 
                      of the trip;
                          (vi) whether there is an adequate connection 
                      between a trip and official duties;
                          (vii) the reasonableness of an amount spent by 
                      a sponsor of the trip;
                          (viii) whether there is a direct and immediate 
                      relationship between a source of funding and an 
                      event; and
                          (ix) any other factor deemed relevant by the 
                      Select Committee on Ethics; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Regulations.>> regulations describing 
                the information it will require individuals subject to 
                the requirements of the amendments made by subsection 
                (a) to submit to the committee in order to obtain the 
                prior approval of the committee for travel under 
                paragraph 2 of rule XXXV of the Standing Rules of the 
                Senate, including any required certifications.
            (2) Consideration.--In developing and revising guidelines 
        under paragraph (1)(A), the committee shall take into account 
        the maximum per diem rates for official Federal Government 
        travel published annually by the General Services 
        Administration, the Department of State, and the Department of 
        Defense.
            (3) Unreasonable expense.--For purposes of this subsection, 
        travel on a flight described in paragraph 1(c)(1)(C)(ii) of rule 
        XXXV of the Standing Rules of the Senate shall not be considered 
        to be a reasonable expense.
            (4) Extension.--The deadline for the initial guidelines 
        required by paragraph (1) may be extended for 30 days by the 
        Committee on Rules and Administration.

    (c) Reimbursement for Noncommercial Air Travel.--
            (1) Charter rates.--Paragraph 1(c)(1) of rule XXXV of the 
        Standing Rules of the Senate is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:
            ``(C)(i) Fair market value for a flight on an aircraft 
        described in item (ii) shall be the pro rata share of the fair 
        market value of the normal and usual charter fare or rental 
        charge for a comparable plane of comparable size, as determined 
        by dividing such cost by the number of Members, officers, or 
        employees of Congress on the flight.
            ``(ii) A flight on an aircraft described in this item is any 
        flight on an aircraft that is not--
                    ``(I) operated or paid for by an air carrier or 
                commercial operator certificated by the Federal Aviation 
                Administration and required to be conducted under air 
                carrier safety rules; or
                    ``(II) in the case of travel which is abroad, an air 
                carrier or commercial operator certificated by an 
                appropriate foreign civil aviation authority and the 
                flight is required to be conducted under air carrier 
                safety rules.

[[Page 121 STAT. 771]]

            ``(iii) This subclause shall not apply to an aircraft owned 
        or leased by a governmental entity or by a Member of Congress or 
        a Member's immediate family member (including an aircraft owned 
        by an entity that is not a public corporation in which the 
        Member or Member's immediate family member has an ownership 
        interest), provided that the Member does not use the aircraft 
        anymore than the Member's or immediate family member's 
        proportionate share of ownership allows.''.
            (2) Unofficial office accounts.--Paragraph 1 of rule XXXVIII 
        of the Standing Rules of the Senate is amended by adding at the 
        end the following:

    ``(c) For purposes of reimbursement under this rule, fair market 
value of a flight on an aircraft shall be determined as provided in 
paragraph 1(c)(1)(C) of rule XXXV.''.
    (d) Review of Travel Allowances.--Not <<NOTE: Deadline.>> later than 
90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Subcommittee on the 
Legislative Branch of the Senate Committee on Appropriations, in 
consultation with the Committee on Rules and Administration of the 
Senate, shall consider and propose, as necessary in the discretion of 
the subcommittee, any adjustment to the Senator's Official Personnel and 
Office Expense Account needed in light of the enactment of this section, 
and any modifications of Federal statutes or appropriations measures 
needed to accomplish such adjustments.

    (e) <<NOTE: 2 USC 31-3 note.>> Separately Regulated Expenses.--
Nothing in this section or section 541 is meant to alter treatment under 
law or Senate rules of expenses that are governed by the Foreign Gifts 
and Decorations Act or the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act.

    (f) <<NOTE: 2 USC 31-3 note.>> Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act or the date the Select Committee on Ethics issues 
new guidelines as required by subsection (b), whichever is later. 
Subsection (c) shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 545. FREE ATTENDANCE AT A CONSTITUENT EVENT.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph 1(c) of rule XXXV of the Standing Rules 
of the Senate is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(24) Subject to the restrictions in subparagraph 
        (a)(2)(A), free attendance at a constituent event permitted 
        pursuant to subparagraph (g).''.

    (b) In General.--Paragraph 1 of rule XXXV of the Standing Rules of 
the Senate is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g)(1) A Member, officer, or employee may accept an offer of free 
attendance in the Member's home State at a conference, symposium, forum, 
panel discussion, dinner event, site visit, viewing, reception, or 
similar event, provided by a sponsor of the event, if--
            ``(A) the cost of meals provided the Member, officer, or 
        employee is less than $50;
            ``(B)(i) the event is sponsored by constituents of, or a 
        group that consists primarily of constituents of, the Member (or 
        the Member by whom the officer or employee is employed); and
            ``(ii) the event will be attended primarily by a group of at 
        least 5 constituents of the Member (or the Member by whom the 
        officer or employee is employed) provided that a registered 
        lobbyist shall not attend the event; and

[[Page 121 STAT. 772]]

            ``(C)(i) the Member, officer, or employee participates in 
        the event as a speaker or a panel participant, by presenting 
        information related to Congress or matters before Congress, or 
        by performing a ceremonial function appropriate to the Member's, 
        officer's, or employee's official position; or
            ``(ii) attendance at the event is appropriate to the 
        performance of the official duties or representative function of 
        the Member, officer, or employee.

    ``(2) A Member, officer, or employee who attends an event described 
in clause (1) may accept a sponsor's unsolicited offer of free 
attendance at the event for an accompanying individual if others in 
attendance will generally be similarly accompanied or if such attendance 
is appropriate to assist in the representation of the Senate.
    ``(3) For purposes of this subparagraph, the term `free attendance' 
has the same meaning given such term in subparagraph (d).''.

SEC. 546. <<NOTE: 2 USC 104g.>> SENATE PRIVATELY PAID TRAVEL PUBLIC 
            WEBSITE.

    (a) Travel Disclosure.--Not <<NOTE: Deadline.>> later than January 
1, 2008, the Secretary of the Senate shall establish a publicly 
available website without fee or without access charge, that contains 
information on travel that is subject to disclosure under paragraph 2 of 
rule XXXV of the Standing Rules of the Senate, that includes, with 
respect to travel occurring on or after January 1, 2008--
            (1) a search engine;
            (2) uniform categorization by Member, dates of travel, and 
        any other common categories associated with congressional 
        travel; and
            (3) forms filed in the Senate relating to officially related 
        travel.

    (b) <<NOTE: Records.>> Retention.--The Secretary of the Senate shall 
maintain the information posted on the public Internet site of the 
Office of the Secretary under this section for a period not longer than 
4 years after receiving the information.

    (c) Extension of Authority.--If the Secretary of the Senate is 
unable to meet the deadline established under subsection (a), the 
Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate may grant an 
extension of the Secretary of the Senate.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this section.

                        Subtitle E--Other Reforms

SEC. 551. COMPLIANCE WITH LOBBYING DISCLOSURE.

    Rule XXXVII of the Standing Rules of the Senate is amended by--
            (1) redesignating paragraphs 10 through 13 as paragraphs 11 
        through 14, respectively; and
            (2) inserting after paragraph 9, the following:

    ``10. Paragraphs 8 and 9 shall not apply to contacts with the staff 
of the Secretary of the Senate regarding compliance with the lobbying 
disclosure requirements of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995.''.

[[Page 121 STAT. 773]]

SEC. 552. PROHIBIT OFFICIAL CONTACT WITH SPOUSE OR IMMEDIATE FAMILY 
            MEMBER OF MEMBER WHO IS A REGISTERED LOBBYIST.

    Rule XXXVII of the Standing Rules of the Senate is amended by--
            (1) redesignating paragraphs 11 through 14 as paragraphs 12 
        through 15, respectively; and
            (2) inserting after paragraph 10, the following:

    ``11. (a) If a Member's spouse or immediate family member is a 
registered lobbyist, or is employed or retained by such a registered 
lobbyist or an entity that hires or retains a registered lobbyist for 
the purpose of influencing legislation, the Member shall prohibit all 
staff employed or supervised by that Member (including staff in 
personal, committee, and leadership offices) from having any contact 
with the Member's spouse or immediate family member that constitutes a 
lobbying contact as defined by section 3 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act 
of 1995 by such person.
    ``(b) Members and employees on the staff of a Member (including 
staff in personal, committee, and leadership offices) shall be 
prohibited from having any contact that constitutes a lobbying contact 
as defined by section 3 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 by any 
spouse of a Member who is a registered lobbyist, or is employed or 
retained by such a registered lobbyist.
    ``(c) The prohibition in subparagraph (b) shall not apply to the 
spouse of a Member who was serving as a registered lobbyist at least 1 
year prior to the most recent election of that Member to office or at 
least 1 year prior to his or her marriage to that Member.''.

SEC. 553. <<NOTE: 2 USC 72a-1h.>> MANDATORY SENATE ETHICS TRAINING FOR 
            MEMBERS AND STAFF.

    (a) Training Program.--The Select Committee on Ethics shall conduct 
ongoing ethics training and awareness programs for Members of the Senate 
and Senate staff.
    (b) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>> Requirements.--The ethics training program 
conducted by the Select Committee on Ethics shall be completed by--
            (1) new Senators or staff not later than 60 days after 
        commencing service or employment; and
            (2) Senators and Senate staff serving or employed on the 
        date of enactment of this Act not later than 165 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 554. <<NOTE: 2 USC 72a-1i.>> ANNUAL REPORT BY SELECT COMMITTEE ON 
            ETHICS.

    The Select Committee on Ethics of the Senate shall issue an annual 
report due no later than January 31, describing the following:
            (1) The number of alleged violations of Senate rules 
        received from any source, including the number raised by a 
        Senator or staff of the committee.
            (2) A list of the number of alleged violations that were 
        dismissed--
                    (A) for lack of subject matter jurisdiction or, in 
                which, even if the allegations in the complaint are 
                true, no violation of Senate rules would exist; or
                    (B) because they failed to provide sufficient facts 
                as to any material violation of the Senate rules beyond 
                mere allegation or assertion.

[[Page 121 STAT. 774]]

            (3) The number of alleged violations in which the committee 
        staff conducted a preliminary inquiry.
            (4) The number of alleged violations that resulted in an 
        adjudicatory review.
            (5) The number of alleged violations that the committee 
        dismissed for lack of substantial merit.
            (6) The number of private letters of admonition or public 
        letters of admonition issued.
            (7) The number of matters resulting in a disciplinary 
        sanction.
            (8) Any other information deemed by the committee to be 
        appropriate to describe its activities in the preceding year.

SEC. 555. <<NOTE: 2 USC 30b note.>> EXERCISE OF RULEMAKING POWERS.

    The Senate adopts the provisions of this title--
            (1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the Senate; 
        and
            (2) with full recognition of the constitutional right of the 
        Senate to change those rules at any time, in the same manner, 
        and to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of the 
        Senate.

SEC. 556. <<NOTE: 2 USC 30b note.>> EFFECTIVE DATE AND GENERAL 
            PROVISIONS.

    Except as otherwise provided in this title, this title shall take 
effect on the date of enactment of this title.

              TITLE VI--PROHIBITED USE OF PRIVATE AIRCRAFT

SEC. 601. RESTRICTIONS ON USE OF CAMPAIGN FUNDS FOR FLIGHTS ON 
            NONCOMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Restrictions.--Section 313 of the Federal Election Campaign Act 
of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 439a) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new subsection:
    ``(c) Restrictions on Use of Campaign Funds for Flights on 
Noncommercial Aircraft.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        this Act, a candidate for election for Federal office (other 
        than a candidate who is subject to paragraph (2)), or any 
        authorized committee of such a candidate, may not make any 
        expenditure for a flight on an aircraft unless--
                    ``(A) the aircraft is operated by an air carrier or 
                commercial operator certificated by the Federal Aviation 
                Administration and the flight is required to be 
                conducted under air carrier safety rules, or, in the 
                case of travel which is abroad, by an air carrier or 
                commercial operator certificated by an appropriate 
                foreign civil aviation authority and the flight is 
                required to be conducted under air carrier safety rules; 
                or
                    ``(B) the candidate, the authorized committee, or 
                other political committee pays to the owner, lessee, or 
                other person who provides the airplane the pro rata 
                share of the fair market value of such flight (as 
                determined by dividing the fair market value of the 
                normal and usual charter fare or rental charge for a 
                comparable plane of comparable size by the number of 
                candidates on the flight)

[[Page 121 STAT. 775]]

                within a commercially reasonable time frame after the 
                date on which the flight is taken.
            ``(2) House candidates.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of this Act, in the case of a candidate for election for the 
        office of Representative in, or Delegate or Resident 
        Commissioner to, the Congress, an authorized committee and a 
        leadership PAC of the candidate may not make any expenditure for 
        a flight on an aircraft unless--
                    ``(A) the aircraft is operated by an air carrier or 
                commercial operator certificated by the Federal Aviation 
                Administration and the flight is required to be 
                conducted under air carrier safety rules, or, in the 
                case of travel which is abroad, by an air carrier or 
                commercial operator certificated by an appropriate 
                foreign civil aviation authority and the flight is 
                required to be conducted under air carrier safety rules; 
                or
                    ``(B) the aircraft is operated by an entity of the 
                Federal government or the government of any State.
            ``(3) Exception for aircraft owned or leased by candidate.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Paragraphs (1) and (2) do not 
                apply to a flight on an aircraft owned or leased by the 
                candidate involved or an immediate family member of the 
                candidate (including an aircraft owned by an entity that 
                is not a public corporation in which the candidate or an 
                immediate family member of the candidate has an 
                ownership interest), so long as the candidate does not 
                use the aircraft more than the candidate's or immediate 
                family member's proportionate share of ownership allows.
                    ``(B) Immediate family member defined.--In this 
                subparagraph (A), the term `immediate family member' 
                means, with respect to a candidate, a father, mother, 
                son, daughter, brother, sister, husband, wife, father-
                in-law, or mother-in-law.
            ``(4) Leadership pac defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        `leadership PAC' has the meaning given such term in section 
        304(i)(8)(B).''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 2 USC 439a note.>> Effective Date.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to flights taken on or after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

                   TITLE VII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 701. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS THAT ANY APPLICABLE RESTRICTIONS ON 
            CONGRESSIONAL OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYEES SHOULD APPLY TO THE 
            EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIAL BRANCHES.

    It is the sense of the Congress that any applicable restrictions on 
congressional officials and employees in this Act should apply to the 
executive and judicial branches.

SEC. 702. KNOWING AND WILLFUL FALSIFICATION OR FAILURE TO REPORT.

    Section 104(a) of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. 
App.) is amended--

[[Page 121 STAT. 776]]

            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), as so designated, by striking 
        ``$10,000'' and inserting ``$50,000''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(2)(A) It shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly and 
willfully--
            ``(i) falsify any information that such person is required 
        to report under section 102; and
            ``(ii) fail to file or report any information that such 
        person is required to report under section 102.

    ``(B) Any person who--
            ``(i) violates subparagraph (A)(i) shall be fined under 
        title 18, United States Code, imprisoned for not more than 1 
        year, or both; and
            ``(ii) violates subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be fined under 
        title 18, United States Code.''.

SEC. 703. <<NOTE: 2 USC 1601 note.>> RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall be 
construed to prohibit any expressive conduct protected from legal 
prohibition by, or any activities protected by the free speech, free 
exercise, or free association clauses of, the First Amendment to the 
Constitution.

    Approved September 14, 2007.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 1:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 153 (2007):
            Jan. 9-12, 16-18, considered and passed Senate.
            July 31, considered and passed House, amended.
            Aug. 2, Senate concurred in House amendment.
WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS, Vol. 43 (2007):
            Sept. 14, Presidential statement.

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